1,638 results match your criteria Disk Herniation Imaging


Identification of abnormalities in the lumbar nerve tract using diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance neurography.

Eur Spine J 2019 Jan 17. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Department of Orthopedics, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Tokushima University Graduate School, 3-18-15 Kuramoto-cho, Tokushima, 770-8503, Japan.

Introduction: Abnormalities of the lumbar nerve tract caused by congenital variations or high nerve root take-off angles are difficult to visualize. Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance neurography (DW-MRN) has recently been introduced for imaging of the lumbosacral region. The aims of this study were to identify lumbar nerve tract abnormalities caused by congenital variation or a high nerve root take-off angle using DW-MRN and to assess the diagnostic value of this imaging modality. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00586-018-05867-1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-018-05867-1DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Virtual Noncalcium Dual-Energy CT: Detection of Lumbar Disk Herniation in Comparison with Standard Gray-scale CT.

Radiology 2019 Feb 4;290(2):446-455. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

From the Division of Experimental and Translational Imaging (C.B., J.N., S.S.M., M.H.A., I.Y., L.L., T.D., J.L.W.) and Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (T.G.R., K.E., T.J.V.), University Hospital Frankfurt, Theodor-Stern-Kai 7, 60590 Frankfurt am Main, Germany; and Department of Biomedical Sciences and Morphological and Functional Imaging, University of Messina, Messina, Italy (T.D.).

Purpose To assess the diagnostic performance of dual-energy CT with reconstruction of virtual noncalcium (VNCa) images for the detection of lumbar disk herniation compared with standard CT image reconstruction. Materials and Methods For this retrospective study, 41 patients (243 intervertebral disks; overall mean age, 68 years; 24 women [mean age, 68 years] and 17 men [mean age, 68 years]) underwent clinically indicated third-generation, dual-source, dual-energy CT and 3.0-T MRI within 2 weeks between March 2017 and January 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2018181286DOI Listing
February 2019

Percutaneous Endoscopic Diskectomy using an Interlaminar Approach Based on 3D CT/MR Fusion Imaging.

J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg 2018 Dec 24. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

Department of Orthopaedic and Spine Surgery, Seikei-kai Chiba Medical Center, Chiba, Japan.

Background:  With effective preoperative planning, percutaneous endoscopic diskectomy (PED) via an interlaminar approach (PED-IL) can reduce the need for partial laminectomy. Our aim was to assess the clinical outcomes of PED-IL, planned using three-dimensional fusion of computed tomography and magnetic resonance (3D CT/MR) images.

Material And Methods:  Our retrospective analysis was based on data from 102 patients (66 were men) treated by PED-IL. Read More

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http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0038-1673399
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1673399DOI Listing
December 2018
8 Reads

Open Discectomy vs. Microdiscectomy: Results from 519 Patients Operated for Lumbar Disc Herniation.

Eurasian J Med 2018 Oct;50(3):178-181

Department of Neurosurgery, Atatürk University School of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of patients with lumbar disk hernia operated between 2012 January and 2017 August and to compare the differences between open discectomy (OD) and microdiscectomy (MD).

Materials And Methods: Files of 519 patients who presented at our neurosurgical department with lumbar disk herniation were retrospectively reviewed and recorded. Preoperatively, all patients routinely underwent spinal lumbar magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and anteroposterior as well as lateral lumbar vertebrae X-rays. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/eurasianjmed.2018.18016DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6263239PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Shear Wave Elastography of the Lumbar Multifidus Muscle in Patients With Unilateral Lumbar Disk Herniation.

J Ultrasound Med 2018 Nov 13. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Radiology, Istanbul University, Cerrahpasa Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objectives: To assess lumbar multifidus muscle stiffness in patients with unilateral lumbar disk herniation (LDH) causing nerve root compression using shear wave elastography (SWE).

Methods: Thirty-three patients with unilateral subarticular LDH (L3-L4, L4-L5, and L5-S1) causing nerve root compression, diagnosed by magnetic resonance imaging, were enrolled in the study. Exclusion criteria were bilateral or multilevel LDH confirmed on magnetic resonance imaging, bilateral leg symptoms, and patients with a history of any spinal operation, malignancy, trauma, infection, spondylolisthesis, severe lateral recess stenosis, spinal canal stenosis, and substantial comorbidities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jum.14854DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Prediction of Lumbar Disk Herniation and Clinical Outcome Using Quantitative Magnetic Resonance Imaging: A 5-Year Follow-Up Study.

Invest Radiol 2019 Mar;54(3):183-189

High-Field MR Centre, Department of Biomedical Imaging and Image-Guided Therapy, and.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the predictive value of T2 mapping at baseline with regard to the development of disk herniation and clinical outcome at a 5-year follow-up in patients with low back pain.

Materials And Methods: Twenty-five symptomatic patients (13 male; mean age, 44.0 years; range, 24-64 years at baseline) were examined at 3 T magnetic resonance imaging, with a 5-year follow-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/RLI.0000000000000527DOI Listing
March 2019
7 Reads

Preliminary efficacy of inter-spinal distraction fusion which is a new technique for lumbar disc herniation.

Int Orthop 2018 Oct 23. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Beijing University of Chinese Medicine China-Japan Friendship School of Clinical Medicine, 2 Yinghuadong Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100029, China.

Introduction: To investigate the short- and medium-term efficacy of inter-spinal distraction fusion (ISDF) for lumbar disc herniation with a spinal internal fixation device, the BacFuse Spinous Process Fusion Plate.

Methods: Ninety-five patients who received ISDF between January 2014 and January 2015 were included for the current retrospective study. The symptoms and imaging results before surgery, immediately after surgery, at six months, and at the last follow-up were assessed using the leg visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI), and 12-item short-form survey (SF-12). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00264-018-4188-0DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Significance of Provocative Perfusion Computed Tomography for Evaluation of Bow Hunter Syndrome.

World Neurosurg 2019 Jan 25;121:1-3. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Department of Neurosurgery, St. Vincent's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Suwon, South Korea; Department of Neurosurgery, Eun Pyeong St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, South Korea. Electronic address:

Bow hunter syndrome (BHS) is a rare vascular phenomenon of vertebrobasilar insufficiency caused by dynamic stenosis of the vertebral artery (VA) by osteophytes, fibrous bands, or disk herniation with neck rotation. We present a rare case of a patient with bilaterally patent VAs on neutral imaging and bilateral dynamic compression of VA with left head rotation. Provocation tests are critical toward understanding dynamic pathophysiology of BHS because normal neutral vascular imaging does not preclude diagnosis of BHS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.09.107DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Ultrasound-guided Dry Needling Treatment of Myofascial Trigger Points for Piriformis Syndrome Management: A Case Series.

J Chiropr Med 2018 Sep 26;17(3):198-200. Epub 2018 Aug 26.

Department of Life, Health and Environmental Sciences, University of L'Aquila, L'Aquila, Italy.

Objective: The purpose of this case series was to describe the outcomes of diagnostic ultrasound-assisted dry needling in the management of piriformis syndrome.

Clinical Features: Case 1: a 45-year-old woman reported gluteal pain occasionally radiating in the sciatic region. Her magnetic resonance imaging showing sciatic nerve edema in the underlying portion of the piriformis muscle. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcm.2018.04.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6141415PMC
September 2018
12 Reads

Delayed Infected Pseudomeningocele After Percutaneous Endoscopic Lumbar Diskectomy.

World Neurosurg 2018 Nov 23;119:315-320. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, Spine Center, Department of Neurosurgery, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, South Korea. Electronic address:

Background: Percutaneous endoscopic lumbar diskectomy (PELD) has evolved over the last decades and has become an effective treatment for soft disk herniations. However, while its use increases, newer complications have been discovered.

Case Description: We present the unique case of a woman who underwent PELD/foraminotomy to treat right-side foraminal disk herniations on L4-5 and L5-S1 in the same procedure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.08.057DOI Listing
November 2018

Spontaneous Regression of Posterior Ring Apophysis Separation in Lumbar Spine.

World Neurosurg 2018 11 21;119:304-305. Epub 2018 Aug 21.

Department of Neurosurgery, Avicenne Military Hospital, Marrakech, Morocco; Mohammed V University, Rabat, Morocco.

The pathogenesis of spinal posterior ring apophysis separation (PRAS) remains controversial, and spontaneous regression of PRAS has not been established previously. This is a case report about a 33-year-old man with a PRAS of the posterior superior end plate of S1 who presented with spontaneous low back pain followed by right leg pain. The patient was managed conservatively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.08.062DOI Listing
November 2018
12 Reads
2.420 Impact Factor

A Modified Percutaneous Endoscopic Technique to Remove Extraforaminal Disk Herniation at the L5-S1 Segment.

World Neurosurg 2018 Nov 6;119:e671-e678. Epub 2018 Aug 6.

Department of Spinal Surgery, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.

Objective: To introduce a modified percutaneous endoscopic lumbar diskectomy (PELD) technique to remove extraforaminal disk herniation at the L5-S1 segment, including the technical essentials and preliminary results.

Methods: The geometric parameters of the transverse process, facet joint, and sacrum (TFS) space based on imaging examination were measured in 100 common patients. The technical essentials, including working cannula placement and disk removal involved in the technique, were described. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183172
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.07.240DOI Listing
November 2018
11 Reads

Transforaminal Endoscopic Excision of Intradural Lumbar Disk Herniation and Dural Repair.

World Neurosurg 2018 Nov 6;119:163-167. Epub 2018 Aug 6.

Department of Neurosurgery, Nanoori Incheon Hospital, Incheon, Republic of Korea.

Background: Intradural disk herniation is a rare entity with <0.3%-1% of all disk herniations and at an L2-L3 level even rarer. The dural defects repairs on ventral aspect are technically challenging and may not be possible after durotomy, so many authors have placed fascia, muscle, or plugging by the hemostatic material. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.07.244DOI Listing
November 2018
10 Reads
2.420 Impact Factor

Clinical Utility of Diffusion Tensor Imaging Metrics in Lumbar Disk Herniation.

World Neurosurg 2018 08;116:475

Department of Radiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.03.215DOI Listing
August 2018
2.420 Impact Factor

Superficial Siderosis of Central Nervous System as Primary Clinical Manifestation Secondary to Intradural Thoracic Disk Herniation.

World Neurosurg 2018 Nov 23;119:40-44. Epub 2018 Jul 23.

Department of Neurological Surgery, Weill Cornell Brain and Spine Center, New York-Presbyterian Hospital, New York, New York, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Superficial siderosis of the central nervous system is a rare neurologic disorder characterized by the superficial deposition of hemosiderin in the subpial layer resulting in iron-related progressive neurodegeneration.

Case Description: In this report, we present a case of superficial siderosis of the central nervous system secondary to an intradural thoracic disk herniation causing a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak.

Conclusions: The patient was successfully treated with T6-T8 transpedicular partial corpectomy, as well as diskectomy with decompression followed by watertight closure of the CSF leak. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183159
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.07.117DOI Listing
November 2018
22 Reads
2.420 Impact Factor

Usefulness of Oblique Lumbar Magnetic Resonance Imaging for Nerve Root Anomalies and Extraforaminal Entrapment Lesions.

Asian Spine J 2018 Jun 4;12(3):423-427. Epub 2018 Jun 4.

Department of Neurosurgery, Spine Center, Spine Research Institute, The Leon Wiltse Memorial Hospital, Suwon, Korea.

Study Design: A retrospective review of prospectively evaluated magnetic resonance (MR) images.

Purpose: Routine lumbar axial and sagittal MR images may not clearly demonstrate nerve root anomalies and entrapments in the extraforaminal region. Thus, lumbar extraforaminal lesions or nerve root anomalies may be underdiagnosed because of unfamiliar radiological anatomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4184/asj.2018.12.3.423DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6002181PMC
June 2018
4 Reads

Posterior epidural migration of a lumbar disk: an entity not to ignore.

Pan Afr Med J 2018;29:59. Epub 2018 Jan 22.

Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Department, Sahloul Hospital Sousse, Tunisia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2018.29.59.9492DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5987103PMC
January 2018
2 Reads

Intradural Disk Herniation Mimicking a Spinal Tumor: Radiologic Imaging, Pathogenesis, and Operative Management.

Case Rep Orthop 2018 29;2018:9810762. Epub 2018 Apr 29.

Spine and Spinal Cord Center, Osaka Police Hospital, 10-31 Kitayama-cho, Tennoji-ku, Osaka 543-0035, Japan.

Intradural disk herniation (IDH) is a rare condition, occurring more often at the L4-5 level. We examined a case of an IDH at the L1-2 level mimicking an intradural spinal tumor. A 71-year-old woman with a long history of backache and pain radiating down the left leg was admitted to our hospital with the worsening of these symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9810762DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5949157PMC
April 2018
2 Reads

Transforaminal Endoscopic Decompression for Foot Drop 12 Years After Lumbar Total Disk Replacement.

World Neurosurg 2018 Aug 19;116:136-139. Epub 2018 May 19.

Department of Neurosurgery, Rhode Island Hospital, and The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.

Lumbar total disk replacement is considered for the treatment of lumbar degenerative disk disease with the hope that by preserving motion, the long-term fusion complication of adjacent segment disease can be avoided. The complications of lumbar total disk replacement can be divided into approach-related and long-term complications. Little has been described about the complications and treatment for complications >10 years after the device has been implanted. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183104
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.05.089DOI Listing
August 2018
14 Reads

Percutaneous Endoscopic Cervical Discectomy: Surgical Approaches and Postoperative Imaging Changes.

Asian Spine J 2018 Apr 16;12(2):294-299. Epub 2018 Apr 16.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Aichi Spine Institute, Niwa-gun, Aichi, Japan.

Study Design: Retrospective clinical study.

Purpose: This study investigated the relationship between surgical approaches and surgical outcomes in patients undergoing percutaneous endoscopic cervical discectomy (PECD), including the reduction in intervertebral disc height and the incidence of Modic changes.

Overview Of Literature: The anterior approach involves partial invasion of the intervertebral disc, with a reported reduction in intervertebral disc height after PECD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4184/asj.2018.12.2.294DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5913021PMC
April 2018
3 Reads

Magnetic Resonance Imaging Signal Alterations in Paraspinal Muscles in Dogs with Acute Thoracolumbar Intervertebral Disk Extrusion.

Front Vet Sci 2018 15;5:16. Epub 2018 Feb 15.

Division of Clinical Radiology, Vetsuisse-Faculty, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

Muscle signal alteration detected on MRI is seen in diverse pathologic conditions. We observed signal alterations within the paraspinal muscles in dogs with acute thoracolumbar intervertebral disk extrusion. The aim of this retrospective study was to describe MRI features of paraspinal muscle signal alteration in dogs with acute thoracolumbar intervertebral disk extrusion and to investigate an association of the signal alterations with neurological grade, type and location of intervertebral disk extrusion, degree of spinal cord compression, and presence of epidural hemorrhage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2018.00016DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5819315PMC
February 2018
13 Reads

Safe placement of pedicle screw in lumbar spine with minimum three year follow-up: a case series and technical note.

Int Orthop 2018 03 2;42(3):567-573. Epub 2018 Feb 2.

Department of Anatomy, Hebei Medical University, No. 361 Zhongshan East Road, Shijiazhuang, 050017, China.

Purpose: This study aims to find a safe and easy-to-perform strategy for lumbar pedicle screw insertion based on anatomical landmarks.

Methods: From March 2011 to January 2012, 74 patients underwent posterior lumbar interbody fusion or transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion using the new-designed screw insertion technique. During the operation, the entry site for screw insertion was on the outer edge of the superior facet joint, 4 mm downward from upper border of processus transversus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00264-018-3806-1DOI Listing
March 2018
4 Reads

Lumbar hemilaminectomy for treatment of diskospondylitis in an aardvark (Orycteropus afer).

J Am Vet Med Assoc 2018 Feb;252(4):464-472

CASE DESCRIPTION A 17-year-old sexually intact male aardvark (Orycteropus afer) was evaluated because of hind limb proprioception deficits and ataxia. CLINICAL FINDINGS Results of examination and CT suggested a diagnosis of intervertebral disk disease and diskospondylitis at the L2-3 intervertebral space. Magnetic resonance imaging of the vertebral column also indicated intervertebral disk rupture with spinal cord compression and inflammation of the adjacent epaxial musculature TREATMENT AND OUTCOME Hemilaminectomy was performed according to the technique described for dogs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2460/javma.252.4.464DOI Listing
February 2018
2 Reads

Accuracy of Clinical Tests in Detecting Disk Herniation and Nerve Root Compression in Subjects With Lumbar Radicular Symptoms.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2018 04 15;99(4):726-735. Epub 2017 Dec 15.

Department of Orthopaedics, Clinical Sciences Lund, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.

Objectives: To investigate the accuracy of 3 commonly used neurodynamic tests (slump test, straight-leg raise [SLR] test, femoral neurodynamic test) and 2 clinical assessments to determine radiculopathy (radiculopathy I, 1 neurologic sign; radiculopathy II, 2 neurologic signs corresponding to 1 specific nerve root) in detecting magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings (extrusion, subarticular nerve root compression, and foraminal nerve root compression).

Design: Validity study.

Setting: Secondary care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2017.11.006DOI Listing
April 2018
10 Reads

Magnetic Resonance Imaging Undetectable Epiduroscopic Hotspot in Chronic Diskogenic Back Pain-Does Sinuvertebral Neuropathy Actually Exist?

World Neurosurg 2018 Feb 2;110:354-358. Epub 2017 Dec 2.

Department of Neurosurgery, Nanoori Incheon Hospital, Incheon, Korea.

Background: The causes of chronic diskogenic back pain have not yet been clearly identified. Neural ingrowth around the annulus is widely considered to be one of the possible cause. However, neuropathy around the annulus has yet to be observed visually. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2017.11.151DOI Listing
February 2018
20 Reads
2.420 Impact Factor

Acute Bilateral Isolated Foot Drop: Changing the Paradigm in Management of Degenerative Spine Surgery with Percutaneous Endoscopy.

World Neurosurg 2018 Feb 28;110:319-322. Epub 2017 Nov 28.

Department of Neurosurgery, Nanoori Incheon Hospital, Incheon, Korea.

Background: Acute bilateral isolated foot drop due to lumbar disk prolapse with canal stenosis is rare with only 3 cases reported in literature. Our patient was managed using the percutaneous full endoscopic technique. This is mainly to highlight the ease of access and patient outcome with preoperative and postoperative images to support our minimally invasive treatment for this rare condition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2017.11.128DOI Listing
February 2018
18 Reads
1 Citation
2.420 Impact Factor

A Finite Element Analysis of Stress Distribution and Disk Displacement in Response to Lumbar Rotation Manipulation in the Sitting and Side-Lying Positions.

J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2017 Oct;40(8):580-586

School of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China.

Objective: This study aimed to investigate stress distribution and disk displacement in healthy and degenerated intervertebral disks during simulated lumbar rotation manipulation (LRM) in the sitting and side-lying positions.

Methods: Three-dimensional (3D) finite element models of healthy, mildly degenerated and moderately degenerated L4/5 spinal units were reconstructed. Lumbar rotation manipulation in the sitting and side-lying positions were simulated, and alterations in stress distribution and disk displacement in the lumbar disks were observed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmpt.2017.07.006DOI Listing
October 2017
2 Reads

Regression of Giant Calcified Thoracic Disk and Spinal Cord Compression Following Thoracic Laminectomy and Posterior Instrumented Fusion.

World Neurosurg 2018 02 31;110:64. Epub 2017 Oct 31.

Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospitals of Cleveland, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

The authors present a case report of a patient with a giant thoracic calcified disc. The patient underwent a posterior thoracic laminectomy and fusion without resection of the disc. The calcified disc regressed in size and lost its calcified component postoperatively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2017.10.122DOI Listing
February 2018
10 Reads

The Role of Fenestration in Management of Type I Thoracolumbar Disk Degeneration.

Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 2018 Jan 23;48(1):187-200. Epub 2017 Oct 23.

Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB3 0ES, UK.

Fenestration offers the advantages of prophylaxis without the need for specialized instrumentation and imaging. Currently there is a lack of equipoise regarding the efficacy of fenestration relative to decompression for treatment of acute canine intervertebral disk herniation; most veterinary spinal surgeons do not consider the 2 procedures equivalently efficacious. Therapeutic fenestration should perhaps be given greater consideration, especially if advanced imaging shows only mild to moderate spinal cord compression or there are restrictions on the duration of surgery, when it might be better to spend the time on fenestration rather than decompression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cvsm.2017.08.012DOI Listing
January 2018
7 Reads

Choices and Decisions in Decompressive Surgery for Thoracolumbar Intervertebral Disk Herniation.

Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 2018 Jan 23;48(1):169-186. Epub 2017 Oct 23.

Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, Texas A&M University, 4474 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843, USA.

Once decompressive surgery has been elected, the approach that maximizes the likelihood of gaining access to the herniated material for complete removal should be chosen. In most cases, a procedure that optimizes access to the ventrolateral aspect of the spinal cord will be advantageous but it is important to tailor the details of the surgical procedure to suit individual patients. Decompressive surgery for chronic (type II) herniations will frequently demand a ventral approach with partial corpectomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cvsm.2017.08.014DOI Listing
January 2018
13 Reads

Magnetic resonance imaging features of dogs with incomplete recovery after acute, severe spinal cord injury.

Spinal Cord 2018 02 23;56(2):133-141. Epub 2017 Oct 23.

Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA.

Study Design: Retrospective case series.

Objectives: Describe the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of dogs chronically impaired after severe spinal cord injury (SCI) and investigate associations between imaging variables and residual motor function.

Setting: United States of America. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41393-017-0004-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41393-017-0004-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5809200PMC
February 2018
17 Reads

Preliminary Experience with a Novel System of Facet Fixation to Treat Patients with Lumbar Degenerative Disease. A New Perspective in Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery?

J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg 2018 Jul 17;79(4):296-301. Epub 2017 Oct 17.

Department of Neurosurgery, Università degli Studi di Palermo, Palermo, Italy.

Purpose:  We report our experience with a novel surgical device for the treatment of lumbar degenerative microinstability. Facet Wedge (DePuy Synthes, Raynham, Massachusetts, United States) is a novel technique of intra-articular lumbar facet fixation that provides a minimally invasive alternative to standard posterior fixation.

Materials And Methods:  From November 2014 to July 2015, 38 patients underwent single-level Facet Wedge implantation. Read More

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http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0037-1607196
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0037-1607196DOI Listing
July 2018
19 Reads

Spine Conditions: Cervical Spine Conditions.

Authors:
Marc A Childress

FP Essent 2017 Oct;461:11-14

Virginia Commonwealth University Fairfax Family Medicine Residency Program, 3650 Joseph Siewick Drive Suite 400, Fairfax, VA 22033.

There are a variety of causes of neck pain, including trauma and degenerative changes. The history of onset helps to direct evaluation, including the need for imaging or ancillary testing. Patterns of pain, weakness, and other specific physical examination findings also aid in diagnosis. Read More

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October 2017
12 Reads

Posterior Epidural Herniation of a Lumbar Disk Fragment at L2-3 That Mimicked an Epidural Hematoma.

Korean J Spine 2017 Sep 30;14(3):115-117. Epub 2017 Sep 30.

Department of Neurosurgery, Institute of Wonkwang Medical Science, Wonkwang University School of Medicine & Hospital, Iksan, Korea.

Lumbar disk herniation is common. Because of the posterior longitudinal ligament, migration usually occurs into the ventral epidural space. Rarely, fragments migrate into the dorsal epidural space. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14245/kjs.2017.14.3.115DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5642095PMC
September 2017
3 Reads

Acute Herniation of Nondegenerate Nucleus Pulposus: Acute Noncompressive Nucleus Pulposus Extrusion and Compressive Hydrated Nucleus Pulposus Extrusion.

Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 2018 Jan 28;48(1):95-109. Epub 2017 Sep 28.

Department of Clinical Science and Services, Royal Veterinary College, University of London, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, UK.

Acute herniation of nondegenerate nucleus pulposus material is an important and relative common cause of acute spinal cord dysfunction in dogs. Two types of herniation of nondegenerate or hydrated nucleus pulposus have been recognized: acute noncompressive nucleus pulposus extrusion (ANNPE) and acute compressive hydrated nucleus pulposus extrusion (HNPE). Spinal cord contusion plays an important role in the pathophysiology of both conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cvsm.2017.08.004DOI Listing
January 2018
6 Reads

A Case of Persistent Low Back Pain in a Young Female Caused by a Trauma-Induced Schmorl's Node in the Lumbar Spine Five Vertebra.

Cureus 2017 Jul 21;9(7):e1502. Epub 2017 Jul 21.

Department of Family Medicine, University of Arizona.

Physicians are often faced with managing difficult conditions such as chronic lower back pain. Intervertebral disk herniation typically occurs horizontally, leading to impingement of the spinal cord which can potentially cause radicular symptoms or other spinal cord pathologies; however, disk herniations can also occur vertically and extend through the endplate of an adjacent cranial or caudal vertebra: a phenomenon known as a Schmorl's node. Although Schmorl's nodes can be seen in many asymptomatic individuals, they can be a cause of degenerative disk disease and low back pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.1502DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5608482PMC
July 2017
11 Reads

T1-T2 Herniated Disk Presenting with Horner Syndrome.

World Neurosurg 2017 Nov 24;107:1050.e13-1050.e15. Epub 2017 Aug 24.

Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital CUF Infante Santo, Lisbon, Portugal.

Background: The incidence of thoracic disk herniation is estimated to be 1000 to 1,000,000. Upper thoracic disk herniation is an exceedingly rare pathology with unique neurologic features. We report a case of a young patient who presented with Horner syndrome caused by a T1-T2 disk herniation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2017.08.069DOI Listing
November 2017
3 Reads

Acute Cervical Disk Herniation Resulting in Sudden and Severe Neurologic Deterioration: A Case Series.

Surg J (N Y) 2016 Jul 17;2(3):e96-e101. Epub 2016 Sep 17.

Spine Surgery Unit, Talpiot Medical Leadership Program, Department of Neurosurgery, Sheba Medical Center, affiliated to Sackler Medical School, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel.

 Nontraumatic acute cervical disk herniation resulting in acute severe neurologic deficit is a rare entity described in a limited number of case reports. We describe the management and outcome in patients presenting with severe neurologic deterioration caused by acutely herniated cervical disks.  Four patients (mean age 39. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0036-1593357DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5553475PMC
July 2016
7 Reads

Operative techniques of percutaneous endoscopic mini-hemilaminectomy using a uniportal approach in dogs.

J Vet Med Sci 2017 Sep 31;79(9):1532-1539. Epub 2017 Jul 31.

Institute of Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju-si, 52828, South Korea.

The present study aimed to investigate the technical feasibility of percutaneous endoscopic mini-hemilaminectomy via a uniportal approach, and to evaluate the possibility of decompression and endoscopic examination of the thoracic and lumbar spinal canals in small dogs during such procedures. Fresh canine cadavers of mixed-breed dogs (n=7) were used in this study. Following injection of a barium and agarose mixture (BA-gel) to stimulate intervertebral disc herniation, percutaneous endoscopic mini-hemilaminectomy was performed using a lateral approach to the thoracic and lumbar vertebrae. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1292/jvms.17-0148DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5627323PMC
September 2017
19 Reads

Correlation between high-intensity zone on MRI and discography in patients with low back pain.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Jul;96(30):e7222

aDepartment of Orthopaedics, First Affiliated Hospital of PLA General Hospital, Beijing bDepartment of Orthopaedics cEducation Department, First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian, the People's Republic of China.

The aim of this study was to analyze the correlation between high-intensity zone (HIZ) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of a lumbar disc and positive pain response assessed by discography for the diagnosis and treatment of discogenic low back pain (LBP). Thirty-seven patients aged 21 to 59 years with chronic LBP but without any neurological symptoms or lumbar disc herniation who underwent MRI and subsequent discography were included in this study. During discography, concordant pain was regarded as positive, whereas discordant pain and no pain were regarded as negative. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000007222DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5627803PMC
July 2017
23 Reads

Endopelvic Approach for Iliac Crest Bone Harvesting.

World Neurosurg 2017 Oct 21;106:764-767. Epub 2017 Jul 21.

Regional Spine Institute, University Hospital of Rouen, Rouen, France.

Background: The anterior approach to lumbar spine surgery has grown in popularity in the past few years; spinal fusion of the last 2 lumbar levels is often required. Although alternatives to bone grafting are available, including recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2 or bone substitutes, only cancellous autologous bone has all the required factors for bone growth. To avoid the use of bone substitutes, remote iliac crest bone harvesting remains the gold standard. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2017.07.091DOI Listing
October 2017
10 Reads

Artificial Disk Replacement Combined With Fusion Versus 2-Level Fusion in Cervical 2-Level Disk Disease With a 5-Year Follow-up.

Clin Spine Surg 2017 Jun;30(5):E620-E627

*Department of Neurosurgery, Spine and Spinal Cord Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea †Department of Neurosurgery, Guro Cham Teun Teun Hospital, Seoul, Korea ‡Department of Neurosurgery, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Study Design: Prospective study.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare the long-term clinical and radiologic outcomes of hybrid surgery (HS) and 2-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (2-ACDF) in patients with 2-level cervical disk disease.

Summary Of Background Data: In a previous study with a 2-year follow-up, HS was shown to be superior to 2-ACDF, with a better Neck Disability Index (NDI) score, less postoperative neck pain, faster C2-C7 range of motion (ROM) recovery, and less adjacent ROM increase. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BSD.0000000000000316DOI Listing
June 2017
14 Reads

Cervical Disk Replacement With Discover Versus Fusion in a Single-Level Cervical Disk Disease: A Prospective Single-Center Randomized Trial With a Minimum 2-Year Follow-up.

Clin Spine Surg 2017 Jun;30(5):E515-E522

Department of Neurosurgery, School of Medicine, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.

Study Design: Prospective randomized study.

Objective: To compare the clinical outcome after Discover arthroplasty versus anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) in patients treated for symptomatic single-level cervical disk disease.

Summary Of Background Data: ACDF is still the gold standard for surgical treatment of cervical spine degenerative disk disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BSD.0000000000000170DOI Listing
June 2017
21 Reads

Comparison of Adjacent Segment Degeneration After Nonrigid Fixation System and Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion for Single-Level Lumbar Disc Herniation: A New Method of MRI Analysis of Lumbar Nucleus Pulposus Volume.

J Invest Surg 2018 Aug 19;31(4):307-312. Epub 2017 May 19.

a Department of Orthopaedic Surgery , The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University , Suzhou , China.

Purpose: To evaluate the influence of a nonrigid fixation system and posterior lumbar interbody fusion on adjacent intervertebral disc degeneration by using MRI analysis of lumbar nucleus pulposus volume for single-level lumbar disc herniation.

Materials And Methods: We selected 112 patients who underwent nonrigid fixation (17 men and 44 women) or posterior lumbar interbody fusion (13 men and 38 women) for this retrospective study. Based on the T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans taken preoperatively, and 6, 12, and 24 months after surgery, the nucleus pulposus in the upper segments of the operated level was considered an ellipsoid, and their volumes were measured respectively and then compared between the two groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08941939.2017.1325542DOI Listing
August 2018
15 Reads

[MRI for diagnosis of low back pain: Usability, association with symptoms and influence on treatment].

Laeknabladid 2017 Januar;103(1):17-22

Background: Non-specific low-back pain is a worldwide problem. More specific diagnosis could improve prognosis. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) became available in Akureyri Hospital in 2004 but its utilisation in diagnosing low-back pain has not been investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17992/lbl.2017.01.116DOI Listing
June 2017
26 Reads

Traumatic lumbar vertebral ring apophysis fracture with disk herniation in an adolescent.

Radiol Case Rep 2017 Jun 4;12(2):427-430. Epub 2017 Feb 4.

Department of Radiology, Deenanath Mangeshkar Hospital, Erandwane, Pune 411004, India.

We present a case of a 15-year-old male with history of back pain and bilateral lower limb radiculopathy due to fall. The magnetic resonance imaging scan showed disc bulge at L2-L3 level causing compression on contained nerve roots. In this case, computed tomography scan was indispensable for diagnosis and classification of the vertebral apophyseal fracture and to guide appropriate further management. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radcr.2016.11.026DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5417619PMC
June 2017
5 Reads

Combination of Transforaminal and Interlaminar Percutaneous Endoscopic Lumbar Diskectomy for Extensive Down-migrated Disk Herniation.

J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg 2018 Jan 28;79(1):60-65. Epub 2017 Apr 28.

Department of Neurosurgery, the Leon Wiltse Memorial Hospital, Suwon, Korea.

Background And Study Aims:  The technique and instrumentation of percutaneous endoscopic lumbar diskectomy (PELD) have significantly improved. Thus its indications have been gradually expanding. Down-migrated disk, in particular, is regarded inaccessible by rigid instrumentation due to poor visualization and limited accessibility. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0037-1601875DOI Listing
January 2018
4 Reads

Comparison of Preoperative Quantitative Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Clinical Assessment of Deep Pain Perception as Prognostic Tools for Early Recovery of Motor Function in Paraplegic Dogs with Intervertebral Disk Herniations.

J Vet Intern Med 2017 May 25;31(3):842-848. Epub 2017 Apr 25.

Department of Small Animal Medicine and Surgery, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Hannover, Germany.

Background: Prognostic tools to predict early postoperative motor function recovery (MFR) after thoracolumbar intervertebral disk herniation (IVDH) in paraplegic dogs represent an opportunity to timely implement novel therapies that could shorten recovery times and diminish permanent neurological dysfunctions.

Hypothesis: Fractional anisotropy (FA) values obtained using diffusion tensor imaging have a higher prognostic value than a lesion extension ratio in T2-weighted images (T2W-LER) and clinical assessment of deep pain perception (DPP) for MFR.

Animals: Thirty-five paraplegic dogs with diagnosis of acute or subacute thoracolumbar IVDH. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jvim.14715DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5435037PMC
May 2017
3 Reads

How to treat lumbar disc herniation in pregnancy? A systematic review on current standards.

Eur Spine J 2017 10 20;26(Suppl 4):496-504. Epub 2017 Apr 20.

Department of Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery, University Campus Bio-Medico of Rome, Via Alvaro del Portillo 200, 00128, Rome, Italy.

Purpose: In this systematic review, we aim to illustrate the current and safe concepts in the assessment, diagnosis and management of herniated lumbar disc (HLD) during pregnancy.

Methods: A systematic review and reporting on the diagnosis, treatment and clinical results of HLD during pregnancy is performed.

Results: The MRI represents the first level and safest diagnostic tool for pregnant women affected by spinal problems allowing for a noninvasive and detailed radiological examination of the spine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00586-017-5040-8DOI Listing
October 2017
7 Reads

Analysis of Clinical Results of Three Different Routes of Percutaneous Endoscopic Transforaminal Lumbar Discectomy for Lumbar Herniated Disk.

World Neurosurg 2017 Jul 11;103:442-448. Epub 2017 Apr 11.

Department of Neurosurgery, Nanoori Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Objective: Percutaneous endoscopic transforaminal lumbar discectomy (PETLD) can be performed by using foraminal, intervertebral, and suprapedicular routes. The aim of this study was to assess clinical results of three different routes of PETLD.

Methods: One hundred eleven patients who underwent PETLD between January 2016 and October 2016 were included in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2017.04.008DOI Listing
July 2017
24 Reads
3 Citations
2.420 Impact Factor