6,356,675 results match your criteria Diseases of Tetrapyrrole Metabolism - Refsum Disease and the Hepatic Porphyrias

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[Clinical analysis of infective endocarditis with septic pulmonary embolism].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Mar;99(10):775-777

Department of Respiratory, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, China.

To analyze the clinical features of infective endocarditis with septic pulmonary embolism, and to improve the diagnosis and treatment of the disease. Retrospective analysis of clinical manifestations, blood culture, echocardiography, chest CT and diagnosis and treatment of 16 patients with infective endocarditis and septic pulmonary embolism in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2010 to June 2017 was carried out, and the clinical features of the disease were summarized. Out of the 16 patients, 4 were males and 12 were females, aged (29. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.10.014DOI Listing

[Clinical analysis of 8 cases of the mixed epithelial and stromal tumour family of kidney].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Mar;99(10):771-774

National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100021, China.

To investigate the diagnosis and treatment of the mixed epithelial and stromal tumour family of kidney. Eight cases of the mixed epithelial and stromal tumour family of kidney were retrospectively analyzed. Before operation, radiologic evaluation was performed in all cases, including CT and MRI scan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.10.013DOI Listing

[Liver transplantation for polycystic liver disease: 11 cases report and literature review].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Mar;99(10):767-770

Liver Transplantation Center, the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510630, China.

To explore the indications and safety of orthopedic liver transplantation for polycystic liver disease (PLD). Data of 11 patients with PLD who underwent orthotopic liver transplantation between 2004 and 2013 was retrospectively analyzed. Demographic, clinical and follow-up data were collected for statistical analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.10.012DOI Listing

[Risk factors associated with systemic inflammatory response syndrome after flexible ueteroscopic lithotripsy based on enhanced recovery after surgery].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Mar;99(10):758-763

Department of Urology, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210011, China.

To investigate the risk factors of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) in patients undergoing flexible ureteroscopic lithotripsy based on enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS). The clinical data of 243 kidney stone cases who underwent flexible ureteroscopic lithotripsy based on ERAS in the First Affiliated Hospital of Wannan Medical College from January 2016 to December 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. The cases were divided into two groups according to whether they had SIRS after surgery: SIRS group (26 cases) and non-SIRS group (217 cases). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.10.010DOI Listing

[Analysis of factors relevant to primary non-response to infliximab treatment in patients with Crohn's disease].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Mar;99(10):744-749

Department of Gastroenterology, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing 100191, China.

To evaluate factors relevant to primary non-response in patients with Crohn's disease undergoing infliximab (IFX) treatment at week 14. Patients with Crohn's disease in the Third Hospital of Peking University who were subject to IFX treatment more than 3 times and followed-up for more than 14 weeks from October 2015 to October 2018 were reviewed. The response was defined by a decrease of ≥100 points from baseline in the Crohn's Disease Activity Index. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.10.007DOI Listing

[Effect of obstructive sleep apnea on the severity of acute pulmonary thromboembolism].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Mar;99(10):739-743

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing100029, China.

To investigate the effect of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) on the severity of acute pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE). Clinical data of patients with acute PTE and OSA who were admitted to Anzhen Hospital from January 2015 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed in this study.According to the apnea hypopnea index (AHI), patients were divided into AHI≤15/h group and AHI>15/h group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.10.006DOI Listing

[Improving the diagnosis and treatment of monoclonal immunoglobulin-related renal diseases].

Authors:
Z Cheng

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Mar;99(10):728-730

National Clinical Research Center of Kidney Diseases, Jinling Hospital, Nanjing 210016, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.10.003DOI Listing

[Focus on the occurrence, diagnosis and individualized treatment of tumors after renal transplantation].

Authors:
D J Chen J H Chen

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Mar;99(10):725-727

Kidney Disease Center, the First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310003, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.10.002DOI Listing

[Onconephrology: convergence of multi-disciplines in medicine].

Authors:
Z H Liu

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Mar;99(10):721-724

National Clinical Research Center of Kidney Diseases, Jinling Hospital, Nanjing 210016, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.10.001DOI Listing

[Antimicrobial resistance and molecular epidemiology of foodborne in Pudong New District, Shanghai].

Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 2019 Mar;40(3):354-359

Pudong Institute of Preventive Medicine, Fudan University, Shanghai 200136, China.

To investigate the antimicrobial resistance and molecular epidemiology of foodborne (.) in Pudong New District of Shanghai. Four kinds of raw food samples were collected in retail circulation sites in Pudong from 2012 to 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2019.03.019DOI Listing

[Analysis on brucellosis epidemiological characteristics in Hainan province].

Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 2019 Mar;40(3):350-353

Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, State Key Laboratory of Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, National Institute for Communicable Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 102206, China; Engineering Technology Research Center of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Tongliao 028000, China.

To understand the epidemiological characteristics of brucellosis in Hainan province. Automatic microbial identification system of Vitek 2 compact was used for the preliminary identification of 16 brucellosis cases in Hainan province from 2012 to 2017, and further confirmation was performed with traditional biological typing methods. The epidemiological and clinical characteristics of the patients were analyzed in combination with the results of serological and etiological tests for raised livestock. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2019.03.018DOI Listing

[Follow-up of people living with HIV/AIDS by primary health care institutions in rural area of Jiangxi province].

Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 2019 Mar;40(3):346-349

Guixi City Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Guixi 335400, China.

To understand the current status of follow up of people living with HIV/AIDS by health service at grass root in rural area of Jiangxi province and related factors, and provide references for the promotion of the follow up by grass root health service. People living HIV/AIDS aged ≥18 years and diagnosed before 31 December 2017 in 6 townships of Xinjian, Yushan counties and Guixi city were included in the study in Jiangxi province. They had been followed up for more than one time after the first epidemiologic survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2019.03.017DOI Listing

[Association between dyslipidemia and carotid plaque incidence in a research group: a prospective cohort study].

Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 2019 Mar;40(3):341-345

Institute of Geriatrics, Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China; Beijing Key Laboratory of Research on Aging and Related Diseases, Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China; State Key Laboratory of Kidney Disease, Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China; National Clinical Research Center for Geriatrics Diseases, Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China.

To assess the association and intensity of baseline dyslipidemia with the incidence of carotid plaque in a researchers group in China. A total of 716 researchers were enrolled in this prospective cohort study. Dyslipidemia was assessed in 2010. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2019.03.016DOI Listing

[Short term effect of PM(2.5) on cardiovascular mortality in residents in Changping district, Beijing].

Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 2019 Mar;40(3):331-334

National Institute for Communicable Disease Control and Prevention, State Key Laboratory for Infectious Diseases Prevention and Control, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 102206, China.

To make a quantitative evaluation on the short term effect of particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter no more than 2.5 μm (PM(2.5)) on cumulative excess mortality rate (CER) and years of life lost (YLL) in residents in Changping district of Beijing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2019.03.014DOI Listing

[Survey of exposure to second-hand smoke in residents aged 15 years and over one year after implementation of tobacco control regulation in public places in Beijing].

Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 2019 Mar;40(3):327-330

Health Education Institute of Beijing Center for Disease Prevention and Control, Health Education Institute of Beijing Preventive Medicine Research Center, Beijing 100020, China.

To monitor the second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure in residents aged 15 years and over in public venues, indoor workplaces, on public transportation vehicles and at home in Beijing and evaluate the effect of Beijing Tobacco Control Regulation. Data from 2014 and 2016 Beijing Adult Tobacco Survey were used. The surveys covered 16 districts in Beijing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2019.03.013DOI Listing

[HIV infection status and characteristics of non-remunerated blood donors in Hangzhou, 2008-2017].

Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 2019 Mar;40(3):322-326

Blood Center of Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou 310052, China.

To understand HIV infection status and characteristics of non-remunerated blood donors in Hangzhou. HIV antibody test were conducted for non-remunerated blood donors in Hangzhou and their demographic and epidemiological information were collected from 2008-2017. (2) test for trend (liner by liner association chi square test) was used for the comparison of the HIV infection trends in each year. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2019.03.012DOI Listing

[Epidemiological characteristics of HIV/AIDS in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, 2010-2017].

Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 2019 Mar;40(3):315-321

Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Nanning 530028, China.

To understand the characteristics of HIV/AIDS epidemic in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region (Guangxi) with a purpose to accurately provide scientific basis for prevention and control measures, 2010-2017. Data were retrieved from case reporting cards of Guangxi during 2010 to 2017 through National HIV/AIDS Comprehensive Response Information Management System. Data was analyzed using epidemiological methods such number of cases, proportion and rate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2019.03.011DOI Listing

[Survival analysis of people living with HIV/AIDS in Sichuan province, 1991-2017].

Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 2019 Mar;40(3):309-314

Department of AIDS/STD Control and Prevention, Sichuan Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Chengdu 610041, China.

To analyze the survival time of people living with HIV/AIDS and related influencing factors in Sichuan province during 1991-2017. A retrospective cohort study was conducted to analyze the data of 143 988 HIV/AIDS cases. The data were collected from Chinese HIV/AIDS Comprehensive Information Management System. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2019.03.010DOI Listing

[Medical treatment seeking behaviors and its influencing factors in employed floating population in China].

Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 2019 Mar;40(3):301-308

Division of Chronic Disease Risk Factor Surveillance, National Center for Chronic and Non-communicable Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100050, China.

To understand medical treatment seeking behaviors and its influencing factors in employed floating population in China and provide evidence for the development of health service policies for floating population. Data were from the national chronic disease and risk factor surveillance (floating population part) in 2012. Floating population were selected through multistage clustering sampling stratified by industries in 170 counties and districts from 31 provinces (autonomous regions, municipality directly under the central government) and Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps in the mainland of China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2019.03.009DOI Listing

[Prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in elderly residents in Hebei province].

Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 2019 Mar;40(3):296-300

Department of Non-communicable Disease Prevention and Control, Hebei Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shijiazhuang 050021, China.

To understand the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in elderly residents in Hebei province. Elderly residents aged ≥60 were selected though multistage clustering sampling during August to December, 2015. Design based methods were adopted to analyze the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in local residents of Hebei. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2019.03.008DOI Listing

[Blood pressure level, hypertension prevalence and control status in oldest old in China].

Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 2019 Mar;40(3):290-295

Institute of Geriatrics, Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China; Beijing Key Laboratory of Research on Aging and Related Diseases, Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China; State Key Laboratory of Kidney Disease, Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China; National Clinical Research Center for Geriatrics Diseases, Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China.

To investigate blood pressure level, hypertension prevalence and control status in the oldest old in China. A cross-sectional data set of Chinese Longitudinal and Health Longevity Study (CLHLS) in 2014 was used to investigate the blood pressure level and hypertension prevalence and control status in the oldest old. A total of 4 587 elderly people aged ≥80 years were surveyed with mean age (91. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2019.03.007DOI Listing

[Study of epidemiological characteristics of metabolic syndrome and influencing factors in elderly people in China].

Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 2019 Mar;40(3):284-289

National Center for Chronic and Non-communicable Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100050, China.

To estimate the prevalence of MS in elderly people aged ≥60 years and its related factors in China and provide scientific evidence for prevention and control of MS in the elderly. Data used in this study were obtained from the 2013 Chinese Chronic Diseases and Risk Factor Surveillance Program. A total of 50 497 people aged ≥60 years were selected and interviewed through multistage stratified cluster sampling at 298 surveillance sites in 31 provinces. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2019.03.006DOI Listing

[Study of the prevalence and disease burden of chronic disease in the elderly in China].

Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 2019 Mar;40(3):277-283

National Center for Chronic and Non-communicable Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100050, China.

To understand the prevalence and disease burden of major chronic diseases in the elderly in China and provide scientific basis for the prevention and control of chronic diseases and for the rational allocation of health resources. We analyzed the prevalence of chronic diseases in residents aged ≥60 years in China by using national and provincial surveillance data of chronic diseases and related risk factors in China. We conducted the analysis on the burden of chronic diseases in the elderly in China by using the data of global burden of disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2019.03.005DOI Listing

[Incidence of activities of daily living disability and related factors in community-dwelling older adults in China].

Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 2019 Mar;40(3):272-276

National Center for Chronic and Non-communicable Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100050; China.

To analyze the decline of activities of daily living (ADL) ability and influencing factors over a period of 2 years in community-dwelling older adults in China. The study subjects were from the project of Prevention and Intervention on Neurodegenerative Disease for Elderly in China of 2015-2017 to select the samples. In 2015, a total of 23 803 community- dwelling residents adults, aged ≥60 years old, came from both urban and rural areas, were selected through a stratified multi-stage cluster sampling in 6 provinces and joint baseline survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2019.03.004DOI Listing

[Study on activities of daily living disability in community-dwelling older adults in China].

Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 2019 Mar;40(3):266-271

National Center for Chronic and Non-communicable Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100050, China.

To investigate the disability status and its epidemiological characteristics in the elderly in urban and rural communities in China. The participants were from the project of Prevention and Intervention on Neurodegenerative Disease for Elderly in China conducted in 2015. A total of 23 803 urban and rural residents aged over 60 years were selected through stratified multi-stage cluster sampling in 6 provinces for a set of standardized questionnaire interview and physical examinations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2019.03.003DOI Listing

[Attaching importance to health of elderly population and promoting national healthy ageing actively in China].

Authors:
H M Wang

Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 2019 Mar;40(3):259-265

School of Health Humanities, Peking University, Beijing 100083, China.

China has entered an aging society since 1999. By the end of 2017, the number of persons aged ≥60 years had increased to 240.90 million. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2019.03.002DOI Listing

[Challenges to public health risk prevention and responses in the context of building the Belt and Road].

Authors:
J Liu M Liu

Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 2019 Mar;40(3):255-258

School of Public Health, Peking University, Beijing 100191, China.

Nowadays, human has entered a "risk society" . The occurrence of major public health events can seriously affect the social stability, economic development and political order, as well as the survival and future of country and people. Our country has proposed a major initiative to jointly build the "Silk Road Economic Belt" and the "21(st) Century Maritime Silk Road" , which is highly valued by the international community. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2019.03.001DOI Listing

[International incidence trend of coal workers' pneumoconiosis and silicosis].

Authors:
B W Cheng M Su

Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi 2019 Jan;37(1):75-78

Shantou University Medical College, Shantou 515041, China.

Pneumoconiosis is a group of occupational disease that seriously threaten the health of workers, which was regard as incurable for the irreversibility of pulmonary fibrotic lesions. It was successfully controlled in a few countries but resurgent in resent years. At the same time, the silicosis in the emerging industries has gradually appeared in many countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1001-9391.2019.01.020DOI Listing
January 2019

[Analysis of qualifications of medical and health institutions and certified doctors for providing occupational disease diagnosis in Jiangsu province].

Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi 2019 Jan;37(1):69-72

Jiangsu Province Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Nanjing 210000, China.

To investigate the qualifications current situations of the medical and health institutions and certified doctors for providing occupational disease diagnosis in Jiangsu Province to provide reference for occupational disease prevention and control. Quantitative and qualitative analysis was carried out on 28 institutionsfor occupational disease diagnosis and 1 278 certified doctors for occupational disease diagnosis in Jiangsu Province between 2012 and 2017, announcement from Jiangsu provincial commission of health and family planning commission, SPSS16.0 was used for statistical analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1001-9391.2019.01.018DOI Listing
January 2019

[A case report on multiple organ dysfunction syndrome caused by acute carbon tetrachloride poisoning].

Authors:
N Xue Z Li Y J Yan

Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi 2019 Jan;37(1):63-65

Shandong Provincial Hospital of Occupational Disease, Jinan 250062, China.

Occupational acute carbon tetrachloride poisoning occurs when a worker is exposed to highly condensed carbon tetrachloride in a short time and suffers from diseases damaging mainly his neutral system and (or) liver and kidney. This article reports a case of what clinical symptoms MODS patients show and how to diagnose, differential diagnosis and therapy process. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1001-9391.2019.01.015DOI Listing
January 2019

[Investigation and analysis of 7 cases of acute lung injury caused by a welding operation].

Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi 2019 Jan;37(1):60-62

Jiangxi Occupational Disease Prevention and Control, Institute Jiangxi Vocational Hospital, Nanchang 330006, China.

Throughing the investigation and analysis of seven cases of acute lung injury caused by a welding operation, the hazards and production pathways of harmful gases such as phosgene and nitrogen oxides are understood, which will serve as a reference for preventing similar events in the future. Throughing the accident scene environment investigation and clinical case analysis, combined with the laboratory test results, carried on the comprehensive analysis. The accident caused a total of 7 people to suffer from acute lung injury to varying degrees. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1001-9391.2019.01.014DOI Listing
January 2019

[Complications and influencing factors of pneumoconiosis patients undergoing CT guided percutaneous lung biopsy].

Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi 2019 Jan;37(1):56-60

Hunan institute of Occupational Disease Prevention and Treatment, Changsha 410007, China.

To investigate the safety and influencing factors of ct-guided percutaneous lung biopsy in pneumoconiosis patients. The data of 63 patients with pneumoconiosis who underwent ct-guided percutaneous lung biopsy in our hospital were studied to analyze the incidence of complications and influencing factors of percutaneous lung biopsy. 63 cases of pneumoconiosis patients received CT guided percutaneous lung biopsy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1001-9391.2019.01.013DOI Listing
January 2019

[Incidence and trend of occupational diseases in a district of Beijing from 2004 to 2017].

Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi 2019 Jan;37(1):46-49

Shunyi District of Beijing Center for Disease Prevention and Control, Beijing 101300, China.

To investigate the incidence of occupational diseases in a District of Beijing, from 2004 to 2017 and to analyze the distribution characteristics and incidence trends of occupational diseases. The data of confirmed occupational disease cases data in the occupational disease and occupational health information monitoring system in a district of Beijing from 2004~2017 were collected to analyze the incidence and trends of occupational diseases. In 2004~2017, a total of 161cases of occupational diseases were reported in a district of Beijing, mainly pneumoconiosis (113 cases, 70. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1001-9391.2019.01.010DOI Listing
January 2019

[Relationship between occupational stress, psychological capital and depressive symptoms among female workers in five electronic manufacturing enterprises].

Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi 2019 Jan;37(1):38-42

Guangdong Province Hospital for Occupational Disease Prevention and Treatment, Guangzhou 510300, China.

To explore the relationship between occupational stress, psychological capital and depressive symptoms among electronic manufacturing female workers in the Pearl River Delta region. Using cluster sampling method, 845 female workers from 5 electronic manufacturing enterprises in the Pearl River Delta region were selected as research subjects from June to August 2017. The Effort Reward Imbalance questionnaire (ERI) , Psychological Capital questionnaire-24 (PCQ-24) and Patient Health questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) were applied to measure the level of occupational stress, psychological capital and depressive symptoms in female workers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1001-9391.2019.01.008DOI Listing
January 2019

[Changes in mass spectrometry of proteins in patients with 1-bromopropane poisoning after treatment].

Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi 2019 Jan;37(1):34-37

Institute of Occupational Disease Prevention, Jiangsu Provincial Center for Disease Prevention and Control, Nanjing 210009, China.

To investigate the changes in mass spectrometry of proteins in patients with 1-bromopropane (1-BP) poisoning after treatment and their biological functions. From May 2016 to December 2017, 3 male patients aged 31-47 years with 1-BP poisoning in Bao'an District of Shenzhen, China were enrolled in this study. The whole blood sample (2 ml) was collected before and after treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1001-9391.2019.01.007DOI Listing
January 2019

[Relationship of BMI and wrist joint index with carpal tunnel syndrome in manual laborers].

Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi 2019 Jan;37(1):30-33

Department of Neurology, Tianjin Third Central Hospital, Tianjin 300170, China; Tianjin Key Laboratory of Artificial Cell, Artificial Cell Engineering Technology Research Center of Public Health Ministry, Tianjin Institute of Hepatobiliary Disease, Tianjin 300170, China.

To evaluate the severity of median nerve damage in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) , and to analyze its relationship with body mass index (BMI) and wrist joint index. From May 2016 to January 2017, 23 patients with mild CTS (mild group) and 35 patients with moderate to severe CTS (moderate to severe group) were enrolled in this study. And 22 healthy volunteers matched for sex and age were selected as control group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1001-9391.2019.01.006DOI Listing
January 2019

[The preliminary study on the combined application model of serum miRNAs in the diagnosis of pneumoconiosis].

Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi 2019 Jan;37(1):26-29

Wuxi Rehabilitation Hospital, Wuxi 214011, China.

To explore the role of serum microRNA (miRNAs) levels in the detection of pneumoconiosis, and to establish a combined application model of multiple serums miRNAs for pneumoconiosis diagnosis. 152 cases were selected in the case group and the control group respectively. The TaqMan Low Density Array method was used to screen out the candidate miRNAs for early screening of pneumoconiosis, and RT-qPCR was used to verify. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1001-9391.2019.01.005DOI Listing
January 2019

[Construction of 3β-HSD gene silencing cell line and its effects on apoptosis induced by DEHP].

Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi 2019 Jan;37(1):13-19

The Public Sanitation College of Nanhua University, Hengyang 421001, China.

To construct 3β-HSD gene shRNA lentivirus interference vecto, then transfect into human MCF-7 cells, and construct cell line with 3β-HSD gene silencing, finally to study the effects of 3β-HSD on apoptosis induced by di- (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) . According to the mRNA sequence of 3β-HSD gene provided by GenBank, three interference sequences were designed and connected to PLVX-shRNA2-puro after annealing. The recombinant lentivirus vector was transfected into 293FT cells, the virus supernatants were collected and infected with MCF-7 cells. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1001-9391.2019.01.003DOI Listing
January 2019

Health-related Research Ethics and Social Value: Antibiotic Resistance Intervention Research and Pragmatic Risks.

Bioethics 2019 Mar;33(3):335-342

Institute for Biomedicine, Department of Infectious Diseases, and the Centre for Antibiotic Resistance Research, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.

We consider the implications for the ethical evaluation of research programs of two fundamental changes in the revised research ethical guideline of the Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences. The first is the extension of scope that follows from exchanging "biomedical" for "health-related" research, and the second is the new evaluative basis of "social value," which implies new ethical requirements of research. We use the example of antibiotic resistance interventions to explore the need to consider the instances of what we term the pragmatic risks of such interventions to evaluate the social value of certain kinds of health-related research. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bioe.12580DOI Listing

How to apply the movement disorder society criteria for diagnosis of progressive supranuclear palsy.

Mov Disord 2019 Mar 18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Department of Neurology, Technische Universität München, Munich, Germany.

Background: The Movement Disorder Society criteria for progressive supranuclear palsy define diagnostic allocations, stratified by certainty levels and clinical predominance types. We aimed to study the frequency of ambiguous multiple allocations and to develop rules to eliminate them.

Methods: We retrospectively collected standardized clinical data by chart review in a multicenter cohort of autopsy-confirmed patients with progressive supranuclear palsy, to classify them by diagnostic certainty level and predominance type and to identify multiple allocations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mds.27666DOI Listing

Establishment of gene-edited pigs expressing human blood coagulation factor VII and albumin for bioartificial liver use.

J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2019 Mar 18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery II, Guangdong Provincial Research Center for Artificial Organ and Tissue Engineering, Institute of Regenerative Medicine, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University.

Background And Aim: Bioartificial livers (BALs) are considered as a solution to bridge patients with acute liver failure to liver transplantation or to assist in spontaneous recovery for patients with end-stage liver disease. Pig is the best donor of hepatocytes for BALs in clinical trials, because metabolic and detoxification function of its liver are close to human. However, using pig hepatocytes for BALs remains controversial for safety concern owing to nonhuman proteins secretion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jgh.14666DOI Listing

Retinal Microvascular Abnormalities in Children with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Without Visual Impairment or Diabetic Retinopathy.

Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2019 Mar;60(4):990-998

Shanghai General Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Purpose: To study the characteristics and associated factors of retinal microvascular abnormalities in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) without visual impairment and diabetic retinopathy (DR).

Methods: Case-control hospital-based study including children with or without DM. Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA; CIRRUS HD-OCT model 5000) was used to scan 6 × 6 mm square area of posterior retina and optic disc. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1167/iovs.18-25499DOI Listing

Development and Performance of a Checklist for Initial Triage After an Anthrax Mass Exposure Event.

Ann Intern Med 2019 Mar 19. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia (M.P., R.M.T., W.A.B., K.H.).

Background: Population exposure to Bacillus anthracis spores could cause mass casualties requiring complex medical care. Rapid identification of patients needing anthrax-specific therapies will improve patient outcomes and resource use.

Objective: To develop a checklist that rapidly distinguishes most anthrax from nonanthrax illnesses on the basis of clinical presentation and identifies patients requiring diagnostic testing after a population exposure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7326/M18-1817DOI Listing

Neuroprotective Effects of HSF1 in Retinal Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury.

Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2019 Mar;60(4):965-977

Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, United States.

Purpose: Retinal ischemia, a common cause of several vision-threatening diseases, contributes to the death of retinal neurons, particularly retinal ganglion cells (RGCs). Heat shock transcription factor 1 (HSF1), a stress-responsive protein, has been shown to be important in response to cellular stress stimuli, including ischemia. This study is to investigate whether HSF1 has a role in retinal neuronal injury in a mouse model of retinal ischemia-reperfusion (IR). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1167/iovs.18-26216DOI Listing

Mice Lacking Fatty Acid-Binding Protein 5 Are Resistant to Listeria monocytogenes.

J Innate Immun 2019 Mar 18:1-12. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

To investigate the role of fatty acid-binding protein 5 (FABP5) in infectious diseases, FABP5-deficient mice were challenged with Listeria monocytogenes, a facultative intracellular bacterial pathogen. Interestingly, FABP5-deficient animals were able to clear the infection within 3 days whereas control wild-type (WT) animals showed comparatively higher bacterial burdens in the liver and spleen. Sections of infected tissues showed an increase in inflammatory foci in WT mice compared to FABP5-deficient mice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000496405DOI Listing

Extrusion-based printing of sacrificial Carbopol ink for fabrication of microfluidic devices.

Biofabrication 2019 Mar 18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Iowa, 2405 Seamans Center for the Engineering Arts and Sciences, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA, Iowa City, Iowa, UNITED STATES.

Current technologies for manufacturing of microfluidic devices include soft-lithography, wet and dry etching, thermoforming, micro-machining and three-dimensional (3D) printing. Among them, soft-lithography has been the mostly preferred one in medical and pharmaceutical fields due to its ability to generate polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) devices with resin biocompatibility, throughput and transparency for imaging. It is a multi-step process requiring the preparation of a silicon wafer pattern, which is fabricated using photolithography according to a defined mask. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1758-5090/ab10aeDOI Listing

A patient-specific mass-spring model for biomechanical simulation of aortic root tissue during transcatheter aortic valve implantation.

Phys Med Biol 2019 Mar 18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Department of Physics, University of Trento, Via Sommarive, 14, Trento, 38123, ITALY.

The success of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is highly dependent on the prediction of the interaction between the prosthesis and the aortic root anatomy. The simulation of the surgical procedure may be useful to guide artificial valve selection and delivery, nevertheless the introduction of simulation models into the clinical workflow is often hindered by model complexity and computational burden. To address this point, we introduced a patient-specific mass-spring model (MSM) with viscous damping, as a good trade-off between simulation accuracy and time-efficiency. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1361-6560/ab10c1DOI Listing
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