6,329,280 results match your criteria Diseases of Tetrapyrrole Metabolism: Refsum Disease and the Hepatic Porphyrias

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[Different care models and symptom progression of Alzheimer's disease in China].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Feb;99(7):532-536

Department of Psychiatry, Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital, People's Hospital of Hangzhou Medical College, Hangzhou 310014, China.

To compare the differences of cognitive function, daily living ability and neuropsychiatric symptoms in patients with sporadic type of Alzheimer's disease (AD) under different care modes, and find the most favorable care mode for delaying the progress of disease. One hundred and twenty cases of AD patients were divided into three groups: Spouse Care Group, Adult Child Care Group and Nursing Home Group. Medical history collection and scale evaluation were carried out by trained specialists on 3 groups of patients and caregivers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.07.011DOI Listing
February 2019

[Construction and analysis of gene co-expression networks in intracranial aneurysm].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Feb;99(7):525-531

Department of Neurology, First Affiliated Hospital, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning 530021, China.

To analyze the expression microarray data in the public databases of intracranial aneurysms (IA) using bioinformatics, and to provide important information for the study of disease mechanisms. Gene co-expression network was constructed by weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) based on the dataset (GSE75436) and pivot genes were identified. Using the online tool DAVID (Database for Annotation, Visualization, and Integrated Discovery) to perform GO function enrichment and KEGG path analysis on modules highly related to IA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.07.010DOI Listing
February 2019

[Correlation between polymorphism of CYP19A1, GSTM1, GSTT1 and GSTP1 gene and endometriosis].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Feb;99(7):515-519

Reproductive Medicine Center, the Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical University, Huhehot 010050, China.

To study the association between polymorphisms in CYP19A1 rs2899470, GSTM1, GSTT1, and GSTP1 rs1695 and the development of endometriosis. Between October 2015 and October 2017, 262 endometriosis patients and 275 control subjects were recruited from the Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical University. Genotyping was conducted using polymerase chain reaction-coupled with restriction fragment length polymorphism and multiplex allele specific polymerase chain reaction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.07.008DOI Listing
February 2019

[Application of stretched exponential diffusion-weighted imaging model in quantitative diagnosis of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: in a rabbit model].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Feb;99(7):500-504

Department of Radiology, Northern Jiangsu People's Hospital, Clinical Medical School of Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225001, China.

To evaluate the feasibility of diffusion parameters obtained from mono-exponential and stretched exponential diffusion-weighted imaging models in staging of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and compare the diagnosis ability of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. Thirty-two 12 -week-old male New Zealand rabbits, about 2.5 kg of each, were randomly divided into five groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.07.005DOI Listing
February 2019

[Establishment of rat model of cardiorenal syndrome by transabdominal subtotal nephrectomy].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Feb;99(6):447-452

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Shanghai East Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200120, China.

To evaluate the changes of rat renal function and cardiac function after transabdominal subtotal nephrectomy (STNx) and provide an ideal animal model for the study of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and cardiorenal syndrome (CRS). The SD rats (male, 5-6 weeks) were randomly divided into Sham group (10) and STNx group (10). The rats from Sham group underwent sham surgery, and the right nephrectomy plus the 2/3 left kidney artery ligation through abdominal incision were performed in the rats from STNx group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.06.013DOI Listing
February 2019

[Bronchial asthma and obstructive sleep apnea].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Feb;99(6):414-415

The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Health, National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Disease, State Key Laboratory of Respiratory Disease, Guangzhou 510120, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.06.005DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

[Sleep and sleep related breathing disorders in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease].

Authors:
W Wang

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Feb;99(6):411-413

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, the First Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang 110001, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.06.004DOI Listing
February 2019

[Recognize sleep disorder in patients with common respiratory diseases].

Authors:
F Han B Y Chen

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2019 Feb;99(6):401-403

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin 300052, China.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.06.001DOI Listing
February 2019

The self-perceptions of aging were an important factor associated with the quality of life in Chinese elderly with hypertension.

Psychogeriatrics 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Division of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, China.

Background: In China, quality of life (QOL) of the elderly with hypertension was lower than that of normal elderly and lower self-perceptions of aging (SPA) in the elderly with chronic diseases have been shown. Previous studies showed that SPA played a key role in QOL of the elderly. We hypothesised that SPA were associated with QOL in Chinese elderly with hypertension, with more negative SPA predicting lower QOL. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/psyg.12400DOI Listing
February 2019

Quantitative CT-derived vessel metrics in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: A structure-function study.

Respirology 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Lung Vascular Research, Graz, Austria.

Background And Objective: This study aimed to investigate whether quantitative lung vessel morphology determined by a new fully automated algorithm is associated with functional indices in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF).

Methods: A total of 152 IPF patients had vessel volume, density, tortuosity and heterogeneity quantified from computed tomography (CT) images by a fully automated algorithm. Separate quantitation of vessel metrics in pulmonary arteries and veins was performed in 106 patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/resp.13485DOI Listing
February 2019
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Abdominal CT evaluation of the liver and spleen for staging mast cell tumors in dogs yields nonspecific results.

Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Clinical Sciences and Services, The Royal Veterinary College, North Mymms, Hatfield, AL9 7TA, UK.

Canine mast cell tumor staging is commonly performed using abdominal ultrasonography and fine-needle aspiration cytology of masses, lymph nodes, and hepatic and splenic parenchyma. Computed tomography is used for abdominal, thoracic, or whole body imaging in staging mast cell tumors in the authors' institution enabling evaluation of multiple body areas in one examination. The aim of this study was to compare the CT examinations acquired for staging of mast cell disease to their subsequent liver and spleen cytology findings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/vru.12717DOI Listing
February 2019

Clonal expansion of hepatic progenitor cells and differentiation into hepatocyte-like cells.

Dev Growth Differ 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China.

Hepatic progenitor cells (HPCs) in adult liver are promising for treatment of liver diseases. A biliary-derived HPC population in adult mice has been characterized by co-expression of stem cell marker Sry (sex determining region Y)-box 9 (SOX9) and biliary marker cytokeratin 7 (CK7). However, isolation of these HPCs in adult healthy liver without any selection procedures remains a big challenge in this field. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dgd.12596DOI Listing
February 2019

Sphincterotomy plus balloon dilation versus sphincterotomy alone for choledocholithiasis: a meta-analysis.

Endoscopy 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Gastroenterology, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, China.

Background:  Endoscopic sphincterotomy plus balloon dilation (ESBD) is considered to be a promising method for the removal of large common bile duct (CBD) stones. However, when compared with endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST) alone, the efficacy and safety of ESBD remain controversial. This meta-analysis aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of ESBD vs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0848-8271DOI Listing
February 2019

Syphilis in Pregnancy: The Reality in a Public Hospital.

Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet 2019 Feb 20;41(2):90-96. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Fetal Medicine, Universidade Federal do Triângulo Mineiro, Uberaba, MG, Brazil.

Objective:  The present study assessed epidemiological and obstetrical data from pregnant women with syphilis at the Hospital de Clínicas of the Universidade Federal do Triângulo Mineiro (UFTM, in the Portuguese acronym), describing this disease during pregnancy and its vertical transmission for future healthcare actions.

Methods:  Records from pregnant women who had been admitted to the Obstetrics Department of the Hospital de Clínicas of the UFTM and were diagnosed with syphilis between 2007 and 2016 were reviewed. A standardized form was used to collect epidemiological, obstetric data and outcomes of congenital infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1676569DOI Listing
February 2019

Using Electronic Health Records to Identify Adverse Drug Events in Ambulatory Care: A Systematic Review.

Appl Clin Inform 2019 Jan 20;10(1):123-128. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Global Biostatistics and Data Science, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States.

Objective:  We identified the methods used and determined the roles of electronic health records (EHRs) in detecting and assessing adverse drug events (ADEs) in the ambulatory setting.

Methods:  We performed a systematic literature review by searching PubMed and Google Scholar for studies on ADEs detected in the ambulatory setting involving any EHR use published before June 2017. We extracted study characteristics from included studies related to ADE detection methods for analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1677738DOI Listing
January 2019

[Health Expertise of Seasonal Influenza Vaccination among Midwife Trainees in North Rhine-Westphalia: Results of a Cross-Sectional Study].

Gesundheitswesen 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Institut für Hausarztmedizin, Medizinische Fakultät der Universität Bonn, Bonn.

Objective: For the first time, the level of knowledge and attitude towards vaccinations in general as well as seasonal influenza vaccination of midwife trainees in Germany was assessed.

Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted between May and July 2017. The written standardized questionnaire was completed by all midwife-trainees in North Rhine-Westphalia. Read More

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http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/a-0839-4810
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0839-4810DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

[Developments in Emergency Care - Analysis of Emergency Cases in In- and Outpatient Care from 2009 To 2015 in Germany].

Gesundheitswesen 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Fachgebiet Management im Gesundheitswesen, Gesundheitsökonomisches Zentrum Berlin, Technische Universität Berlin, Berlin.

Background: Increasing numbers of emergency cases, different stakeholders involved (physicians' practices vs. hospitals providing ambulatory and inpatient care) and changing patient utilization patterns lead to changes in health care needs. This study aimed at analyzing changes in patient characteristics as well as indications for in- and outpatient emergency care between 2009 and 2015 and their potential reasons. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0820-3904DOI Listing
February 2019

Transformation of the Transcriptomic Profile of Mouse Periocular Mesenchyme During Formation of the Embryonic Cornea.

Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2019 Feb;60(2):661-676

BioSciences Department, Rice University, Houston, Texas, United States.

Purpose: Defects in neural crest development are a major contributing factor in corneal dysgenesis, but little is known about the genetic landscape during corneal development. The purpose of this study was to provide a detailed transcriptome profile and evaluate changes in gene expression during mouse corneal development.

Methods: RNA sequencing was used to uncover the transcriptomic profile of periocular mesenchyme (pNC) isolated at embryonic day (E) 10. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1167/iovs.18-26018DOI Listing
February 2019

Circular RNA biogenesis is decreased in postmortem cortical gray matter in schizophrenia and may alter the bioavailability of associated miRNA.

Neuropsychopharmacology 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

School of Biomedical Sciences and Pharmacy, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW, 2308, Australia.

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a covalently closed subclass of lncRNA molecules formed by back splicing of linear precursor RNA. These molecules are relatively stable and particularly abundant in the mammalian brain and therefore may participate in neural development and function. With the emergence of circRNAs activity in gene regulation, these molecules have been implicated in several biological processes, including synaptic plasticity, and we therefore suspect they may have a role in neurobehavioral disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41386-019-0348-1DOI Listing
February 2019

Continuous intracerebroventricular injection of Porphyromonas gingivalis lipopolysaccharide induces systemic organ dysfunction in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease.

Exp Gerontol 2019 Feb 17. Epub 2019 Feb 17.

Department of Pharmacology and Molecular Therapeutics, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kumamoto University, Japan.

Systemic organ dysfunction is one of the important issues for the patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and their caregivers. Recent evidences suggest that periodontitis is a possible risk factor for progression of AD and lipopolysaccharide derived from Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg-LPS) which is a major periodontopathic bacteria induces cognitive impairment in mice. However, the precise relationships between the brain exposure of Pg-LPS and systemic organ dysfunction in AD patients are still undetermined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.exger.2019.02.007DOI Listing
February 2019

Maternal Outcomes by Race during Postpartum Readmissions.

Am J Obstet Gynecol 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY. Electronic address:

Background: Maternal race may be an important risk factor for postpartum readmissions and associated adverse outcomes.

Objective: To determine the association of race with serious complications during postpartum readmissions.

Study Design: This repeated cross sectional analysis utilized the National (Nationwide) Inpatient Sample from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project from 2012 to 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2019.02.016DOI Listing
February 2019

Associations between aerobic and muscle-strengthening exercise with depressive symptom severity among 17,839 U.S. adults.

Prev Med 2019 Feb 17. Epub 2019 Feb 17.

Physically Active Lifestyles Research Group (USQ PALs), Institute for Resilient Regions, University of Southern Queensland, Springfield, Queensland, Australia.

For the prevention and management of chronic diseases, global physical activity guidelines state that an adult should engage in regular moderate-to-vigorous aerobic physical activity (MVPA; e.g. walking, cycling, running) and muscle-strengthening exercise (MSE; e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2019.02.022DOI Listing
February 2019

History of Psychopharmacology.

Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095-1759, USA; email:

We live in an age of psychopharmacology. One in six persons currently takes a psychotropic drug. These drugs have profoundly shaped our scientific and cultural understanding of psychiatric disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-050718-095514DOI Listing
February 2019

Accuracy of Clinical Diagnostic Criteria for Patients with Vascular Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome in a Tertiary Referral Centre.

Circ Genom Precis Med 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

AP-HP, Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou, Département de Génétique, Centre de Référence des Maladies Vasculaires Rares & INSERM, U970, Paris centre de Recherche Cardiovasculaire-PARCC, Paris, France.

Background: Vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (vEDS) is a rare inherited connective tissue disease secondary to mutations within the COL3A1 gene. The diagnosis of vEDS is challenging and patient selection for genetic testing relies on diagnostic criteria, which have never been evaluated.

Methods: All patients seen at a dedicated tertiary referral centre for a suspicion of vEDS between January 2001 and March 2016 were retrospectively included in a diagnostic accuracy study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/CIRCGENETICS.117.001996DOI Listing
February 2019

High-resolution Regulatory Maps Connect Vascular Risk Variants to Disease Related Pathways.

Circ Genom Precis Med 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Science for Life Laboratory, KTH - Royal Institute of Technology, Solna, Sweden.

Background: Genetic variant landscape of coronary artery disease (CAD) is dominated by non-coding variants among which many occur within putative enhancers regulating the expression levels of relevant genes. It is crucial to assign the genetic variants to their correct genes both to gain insights into perturbed functions and better assess the risk of disease.

Methods: In this study, we generated high-resolution genomic interaction maps (~750 bases) in aortic endothelial, smooth muscle cells and THP-1 macrophages stimulated with lipopolysaccharide using Hi-C coupled with sequence capture targeting 25,429 features including variants associated with CAD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/CIRCGEN.118.002353DOI Listing
February 2019

Multipotent Mesenchymal Stromal Cells and Lung Disease: Not Ready for Prime Time.

Ann Am Thorac Soc 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

University of Miami - Miller School of Medicine, Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Miami, Florida, United States.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1513/AnnalsATS.201811-843PSDOI Listing
February 2019

Sacituzumab Govitecan-hziy in Refractory Metastatic Triple-Negative Breast Cancer.

N Engl J Med 2019 02;380(8):741-751

From the Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center (A.B., S.J.I.) and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute (S.M.T.), Harvard Medical School, Boston; Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, Nashville (I.A.M., V.G.A.); Weill Cornell Medical College (L.T.V.) and New York-Presbyterian-Columbia University Irving Medical Center (K.K.), New York; University of Colorado Cancer Center, Aurora (J.R.D.); Texas Oncology, Baylor University Medical Center, US Oncology, Dallas (J.O.); Orlando Health University of Florida Health Cancer Center, Orlando (R.L.M., N.C.S.); Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT (A.D.S.); University of California, San Francisco, Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, San Francisco (H.S.R.); Immunomedics, Morris Plains, NJ (D.M.G., R.I., S.W., R.M.S., W.A.W.); and AIS Consulting, Ann Arbor, MI (A.M.S.).

Background: Standard chemotherapy is associated with low response rates and short progression-free survival among patients with pretreated metastatic triple-negative breast cancer. Sacituzumab govitecan-hziy is an antibody-drug conjugate that combines a humanized monoclonal antibody, which targets the human trophoblast cell-surface antigen 2 (Trop-2), with SN-38, which is conjugated to the antibody by a cleavable linker. Sacituzumab govitecan-hziy enables delivery of high concentrations of SN-38 to tumors. Read More

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http://www.nejm.org/doi/10.1056/NEJMoa1814213
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1814213DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Histopathological and hematological changes in recurrent nasal polyposis.

Int Forum Allergy Rhinol 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Otolaryngology Section, Department of Neuroscience (DNS), Padova University, Padova, Italy.

Background: There is a dearth of information regarding the histological and hematological differences between primary and recurrent chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP). The present study analyzed the histological changes in recurrent CRSwNP in terms of eosinophilic infiltrate, subepithelial edema, goblet cell hyperplasia, and basement membrane thickness. Blood levels of eosinophils and basophils were also measured prior to surgery on both primary and recurrent disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/alr.22314DOI Listing
February 2019

Genitourinary cancer patients have worse baseline semen parameters than healthy sperm bankers.

Andrology 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: While the spermatotoxic properties of cancer treatments such as chemotherapy and radiation therapy are widely recognized, the effect of malignancy itself on male fertility is not clearly understood.

Objectives: To determine whether malignancy is associated with diminished semen quality prior to spermatotoxic treatment among sperm bankers.

Materials And Methods: Retrospective database review of de-identified records was obtained for all episodes of sperm banking performed at a cryobank from January 2004 to May 2017 for one of the following reasons: 'future use' (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/andr.12602DOI Listing
February 2019

Drug Discovery for Pemphigoid Diseases.

Curr Protoc Pharmacol 2019 Feb 20:e55. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Lübeck Institute of Experimental Dermatology, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany.

Pemphigoid diseases (PDs) are a group of autoimmune bullous diseases characterized and caused by autoantibodies targeting structural proteins of the skin and mucous membranes. Chronic inflammation, subepidermal blistering, and often scaring are the clinical characteristics of PDs. Itching and, in severe cases, disabilities resulting from scaring (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cpph.55DOI Listing
February 2019

Concurrent Proteomic Fingerprinting and Molecular Analysis Of Cyathostomins.

Proteomics 2019 Feb 20:e1800290. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Institute for Parasitology and Tropical Veterinary Medicine, Department of Veterinary Medicine, Freie Universität Berlin, Germany.

Rapid, cost-effective, efficient and reliable helminth species identification is of considerable importance to understand host-parasite interactions, clinical disease and drug resistance. Cyathostomins (Nematoda: Strongylidae) are considered to be the most important equine parasites, yet research on this group has been hampered by the large number of 50 morphologically differentiated species, their occurrence in mixed infections with up to 15 species and the difficulties associated with conventional identification methods. Here, MALDI-TOF MS, previously successfully applied to identify numerous organisms, was evaluated and compared with conventional and molecular genetic approaches. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pmic.201800290DOI Listing
February 2019

Age- and sex-specific reference intervals for hematologic analytes in Chinese children.

Int J Lab Hematol 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Clinical Laboratory, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China.

Introduction: Reference intervals for pediatric laboratory tests need to be interpreted in the context of age- and sex-dependent dynamics. However, few reference intervals for healthy ethnic Han Chinese children have previously attempted to establish using large sample sizes. As such, there are no national hematological standards in China for pediatric reference intervals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ijlh.12979DOI Listing
February 2019

Genetic association of DNMT variants can play a critical role in defining the methylation patterns in autism.

IUBMB Life 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Human Molecular Genetics Laboratory, Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology, Trivandrum, Kerala, India.

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder with impairments in social communication, restricted, repetitive and stereotyped behaviors. Both genetic and environmental factors are known to contribute toward pathophysiology of Autism. Environmental influences on gene expression can be mediated by methylation patterns which are established and maintained by DNA methyltransferases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/iub.2021DOI Listing
February 2019

Impact of maternal body mass index and gestational weight gain on pregnancy complications: An individual participant data meta-analysis of European, North American and Australian cohorts.

BJOG 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

The Generation R Study Group, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

Objective: To assess the separate and combined associations of maternal pre-pregnancy BMI and gestational weight gain with the risks of pregnancy complications and their population impact.

Design: Individual participant data meta-analysis of 39 cohorts.

Setting: Europe, North America and Oceania. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1471-0528.15661DOI Listing
February 2019

Correction of pulmonary hypertension with intensive hemodialysis: A case report.

Hemodial Int 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Division of Nephrology, University Health Network, Toronto, Canada.

Pulmonary hypertension (PH) defined as a mean pulmonary arterial pressure ≥25 mmHg is a common complication in hemodialysis occurring in up to 58% of patients. PH is classified according to its etiology. We report in a patient with severe PH of mixed etiology (connective tissue disease and left-sided heart failure) who improved after initiation of intensive home hemodialysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/hdi.12691DOI Listing
February 2019

The nationwide epidemiologic survey of Kawasaki disease in Japan, 2015-2016.

Pediatr Int 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Public Health, Jichi Medical University, Shimotsuke, Japan.

Background: Approximately 50 years have passed since Kawasaki disease (KD) was first reported. The Kawasaki disease nationwide survey began in 1970. Although more than 360,000 patients have already been reported in Japan, the cause is still unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ped.13809DOI Listing
February 2019

Successful hematopoietic stem cell transplantation from an HLA-mismatched parent for engraftment failure after unrelated cord blood transplantation in patients with juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia: Report of two cases.

Pediatr Transplant 2019 Feb 20:e13378. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Yamanashi, Yamanashi, Japan.

JMML is an aggressive hematopoietic malignancy of early childhood, and allogeneic HSCT is the only curative treatment for this disease. Umbilical cord blood is one of donor sources for HSCT in JMML patients who do not have an HLA-compatible relative, but engraftment failure remains a major problem. Here, we report two cases of JMML who were successfully rescued by HSCT from an HLA-mismatched parent after development of primary engraftment failure following unrelated CBT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/petr.13378DOI Listing
February 2019

HspBP1 and anti-HspBP1 levels in the serum of HIV-infected individuals are associated to the disease progression.

J Appl Microbiol 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Immunology - Federal University of Health Sciences of Porto Alegre, Av. Sarmento Leite, 245, Centro Historico, 90050-170, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Aims: The objective of this research was to quantify the levels of circulating HspBP1 and anti-HspBP1 IgG in HIV-infected individuals and to correlate them with CD4 T cell counts and viral load, as well as to determine the kinetics of those proteins during acute phase.

Methods And Results: Sixty serum samples from HIV-positive outpatients, thirty with high viral load and thirty with low viral load were analyzed. The HspBP1and anti-HspBP1 were quantified by ELISA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jam.14230DOI Listing
February 2019

Cytomegalovirus and Epstein-Barr virus infections among pediatric kidney transplant recipients at a center using universal Valganciclovir Prophylaxis.

Pediatr Transplant 2019 Feb 20:e13382. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Center for Vaccines and Immunity, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio.

Background: CMV is associated with adverse effects in renal transplant recipients. The objective of this study was to characterize the incidence and timing of CMV and EBV infections in relation to valGCV prophylaxis in a pediatric renal transplant cohort.

Methods: Retrospective cohort of pediatric renal transplant patients given universal valGCV prophylaxis and universal viral surveillance was evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/petr.13382DOI Listing
February 2019

Psychotropic medication use trends in a large pediatric and young adult solid organ transplant population.

Pediatr Transplant 2019 Feb 20:e13380. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Boston Children's Hospital Department of Psychiatry, Boston, Massachusetts.

Introduction: This study describes psychotropic medication use in a pediatric and young adult solid organ transplant population.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of the lifetime incidence of psychotropic medication use and associated characteristics in patients seen over a 6-year period at a large pediatric transplant center utilizing univariate and multivariate statistical analyses.

Results: The lifetime incidence of psychotropic medication use was 36. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/petr.13380DOI Listing
February 2019

Novel PHOX2B mutations in congenital central hypoventilation syndrome.

Pediatr Int 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Pediatrics, Yamagata University School of Medicine, Yamagata, Japan.

Background: Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS) is caused by the mutation of PHOX2B. Approximately 90% of cases were found to carry polyalanine repeat expansion mutation (PARM), and the remaining 10% had non-PARM (NPARM). In PARMs, the length of the polyalanine expansion correlates with clinical disease severity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ped.13812DOI Listing
February 2019

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in children with sickle cell anemia: The parents' experience.

Pediatr Transplant 2019 Feb 20:e13376. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Psychopathology, Avicenne Hospital, Paris XIII University & Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Bobigny, France.

Genoidentical HSCT is currently the only curative treatment for SCA, preventing further vascular complications in high-risk children. Studies on the psychological implications of HSCT for recipient, sibling donor, and the rest of the family have been limited in SCA. This study enrolled ten families and used semi-structured interviews to explore the parents' experience at three time points: first before transplantation, then 3 months later, and 1 year later. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/petr.13376DOI Listing
February 2019

Gastrostomy tubes appear to be safe following pediatric orthotopic heart transplant.

Pediatr Transplant 2019 Feb 20:e13374. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Division of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Background: Gastrostomy tube (GT) placement is a common pediatric surgical procedure typically indicated for oral aversion. This may develop in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) who require an orthotopic heart transplant (OHT). The safety profile of GT placement in OHT patients who are immunosuppressed is unknown. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/petr.13374
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/petr.13374DOI Listing
February 2019
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Creating Cell and Animal Models of Human Disease by Genome Editing Using CRISPR/Cas9.

J Gene Med 2019 Feb 20:e3082. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Genetics, Shiraz University of Medical Science, Shiraz, Iran.

Aims: Set of unique sequences in bacterial genomes, responsible for protecting bacteria against bacteriophages, have been recently used for genetic manipulation of specific points in the genome. These system comprises of one RNA component and one enzyme component, known as CRISPR and Cas9, respectively. The present review focuses on the applications of the CRISPR/Cas9 technology in the development of cellular and animal models of human disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jgm.3082DOI Listing
February 2019

Bed Bath with Soap and Water or Disposable Wet Wipes: Patients' Experiences and Preferences.

J Clin Nurs 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Regional Health Research, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.

Aims And Objectives: To gain an in-depth understanding of patients' preferences regarding two bed bath methods: soap and water and disposable wet wipes.

Background: Bed baths allow hospitalized, bedridden patients to stay clean and fresh. They serve a number of purposes: health promotion, social propriety and pure pleasure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocn.14825DOI Listing
February 2019

Coordinating Tissue Regeneration through TGF-β Activated Kinase 1 (TAK1) In-activation and Re-activation.

Stem Cells 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Aberrant wound healing presents as inappropriate or insufficient tissue formation. Using a model of musculoskeletal injury, we demonstrate that loss of TGF-β activated kinase 1 (TAK1) signaling reduces inappropriate tissue formation (heterotopic ossification) through reduced cellular differentiation. Upon identifying increased proliferation with loss of TAK1 signaling, we considered a regenerative approach to address insufficient tissue production through coordinated inactivation of TAK1 to promote cellular proliferation, followed by re-activation to elicit differentiation and extracellular matrix (ECM) production. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/stem.2991DOI Listing
February 2019

Adherence assessment practices in haemodialysis settings: a qualitative exploration of nurses and pharmacists' perspectives.

J Clin Nurs 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

School of Healthcare, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom.

Aims And Objectives: To explore clinician assessment of patient adherence, and identify strategies to improve adherence assessment practices in haemodialysis settings.

Background: Patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing haemodialysis are typically prescribed complex regimens; as such, they are at high risk of medication nonadherence. Current clinical practices focus on prescribing medications, however, little attention is paid to measuring and ensuring patient adherence to their prescribed treatments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocn.14821DOI Listing
February 2019

Surgical perioperative pathways - patient experiences of unmet needs show that a person-centred approach is needed.

J Clin Nurs 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Clinical Nurse Specialist, Aarhus University Hospital, Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Palle Juul -Jensens Boulevard 99, DK-8200, Aarhus N, Denmark.

Aim: To explore patients' and healthcare professionals' experiences of patients' surgical pathways in a perioperative setting.

Background: Elective surgical pathways have improved over the past decades due to fast track programs, but patients desire more personalised and coordinated care and treatment. There is little knowledge of how healthcare professionals' collaboration and communication affect patients' pathways. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocn.14817DOI Listing
February 2019

Why do we break one of the first rules of anatomy when describing the components of the heart?

Clin Anat 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Institute of Genetic Medicine, Newcastle University, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, United Kingdom.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ca.23356DOI Listing
February 2019

Crowdsourcing to delineate skin affected by chronic graft-vs-host disease.

Skin Res Technol 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Biomedical Informatics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee.

Background: Estimating the extent of affected skin is an important unmet clinical need both for research and practical management in many diseases. In particular, cutaneous burden of chronic graft-vs-host disease (cGVHD) is a primary outcome in many trials. Despite advances in artificial intelligence and 3D photography, progress toward reliable automated techniques is hindered by limited expert time to delineate cGVHD patient images. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/srt.12688DOI Listing
February 2019
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