1,240 results match your criteria Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness [Journal]


Emergency Preparedness Plans and Perceptions Among a Sample of United States Childcare Providers.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 Apr 3:1-5. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

3Institute for Childhood Preparedness,Washington, DC.

Objectives: Children are at increased risk for experiencing negative physical and mental health outcomes as a result of disasters. Millions of children spend their days in childcare centers or in residential family childcare settings. The purpose of this study was to describe childcare providers' perceived levels of preparedness capabilities and to assess differences in levels of perceived preparedness between different types of childcare providers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.145DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Bystanders: Plasco Building Collapse in Iran, 2017.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 Apr 1:1-3. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

2Department of Health in Emergency and Disaster,School of Health Management and Information Sciences,Iran University of Medical Sciences,Tehran,Iran.

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S193578931
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.69DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Health and Health Seeking in Mosul During ISIS Control and Liberation: Results From a 40-Cluster Household Survey.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 Mar 28:1-9. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

3Department of International Health,The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health,Baltimore,MD,USA.

Objectives: ISIS seized Mosul in June 2014. This survey was conducted to assess health status, health needs, and health-seeking behavior during ISIS control and the subsequent Iraqi military campaign.

Methods: Forty clusters were chosen: 25 from east Mosul and 15 from west Mosul. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2019.11DOI Listing

Ethics and Floods: A Systematic Review - Erratum.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 Mar 15:1-2. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2019.13DOI Listing

Disaster Early Warning Systems: The Potential Role and Limitations of Emerging Text and Data Messaging Mitigation Capabilities.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 Mar 14:1-4. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

2Harvard Humanitarian Initiative, T.H. Chan School of Public Health,Harvard University,Cambridge,Massachusetts.

Objective: The increased risk of mass accidents or major catastrophes taking place necessitates the organization of remedial measures to help protect against these unusual events and adequate preparation in order to minimize their effects. One such initiative is the early notification of residents within a specific area about the risk of a particular calamity. Nowadays, the prevalence of mobile devices enables the installation of various mobile applications allowing for the communication and receiving of information about potential dangers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.171DOI Listing
March 2019
1.142 Impact Factor

A Simultaneous Cluster Analysis of Cognitive, Emotional, and Personality Factors and Insomnia and Sleep Quality Among Earthquake Victims.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 Mar 12:1-8. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

2Clinical Research Development Center,Imam Reza Hospital,Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences,Kermanshah,Iran.

Objective: The current study compares the measures of sleep quality and intensity of insomnia based on the clustering analysis of variables including dysfunctional beliefs and attitudes about sleep, experiential avoidance, personality traits of neuroticism, and complications with emotion regulation among the individuals struck by an earthquake in Kermanshah Province.

Methods: This study is a cross-sectional study that was carried out among earthquake victims of Kermanshah Province (western Iran) in 2017. Data were gathered starting 10 days after the earthquake and lasted for 2 weeks; of 1,200 standard questionnaires distributed, 1,001 responses were received, and the analysis was performed using 999 participants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.156DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read
1.142 Impact Factor

Securing the Emergency Department During Terrorism Incidents: Lessons Learned From the Boston Marathon Bombings.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 Mar 12:1-8. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

4Department of Surgery,Tufts Medical Center,Tufts University School of Medicine,Boston, MA.

ABSTRACTTerrorist incidents that target hospitals magnify morbidity and mortality. Before a real or perceived terrorist mass casualty incident threatens a hospital and its providers, it is essential to have protocols in place to minimize damage to the infrastructure, morbidity, and mortality. In the years following the Boston Marathon bombings, much has been written about the heroic efforts of survivors and responders. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S193578931
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.148DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Ranking the Attributes of Effective Disaster Responders and Leaders.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 Mar 8:1-4. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

6The Altshuler Center for Education & Research at Metrocare Services, Dallas, Texas.

Objective: To investigate the relative importance of 10 attributes identified in prior studies as essential for effective disaster medical responders and leaders.

Methods: Emergency and disaster medical response personnel (N=220) ranked 10 categories of disaster worker attributes in order of their importance in contributing to the effectiveness of disaster responders and leaders.

Results: Attributes of disaster medical leaders and responders were rank ordered, and the rankings differed for leaders and responders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.143DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Integrating Simulation-Based Exercises into Public Health Emergency Management Curricula.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 Mar 8:1-5. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

4Department of Emergency Medicine,University of Colorado School of Medicine;University of Colorado Hospital,Aurora, CO.

ABSTRACTThe aim of this study is to enrich public health emergency management (PHEM) curricula and increase the workforce readiness of graduates through the implementation of an innovative curriculum structure centered around simulation and the creation of authentic learning experiences into a mastery-based Disaster Preparedness graduate certificate program launched in 2016 at the Colorado School of Public Health. Learners progress through a sequence of increasingly complex discussion and operations-based exercises designed to align with training methodologies used by future employers in the disaster response field, covering PHEM fundamentals and domestic and international disaster preparedness and response. Preliminary feedback is overwhelmingly positive, equating the experience to securing an internship. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.137DOI Listing

Editorial.

Authors:
James J James

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 02;13(1)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2019.19DOI Listing
February 2019

Post-Hurricane Distress Scale (PHDS): A Novel Tool for First Responders and Disaster Researchers.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 02;13(1):82-89

San Juan Bautista School of Medicine,Caguas,Puerto Rico.

Objective: The aim of this study was the construction and validation of a novel research instrument to quantify the degree of post-hurricane trauma and distress in an affected population. The Post-Hurricane Distress Scale (PHDS) has quantitative measures of both acute and prolonged distress, attributable to meteorological and hydrological disasters.

Methods: A careful evaluation of existing questionnaires, as well as extensive canvasing of the post-Maria population of Puerto Rico, availed the construction of the PHDS. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S193578931
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2019.12DOI Listing
February 2019
6 Reads

Before the Storm: Stressors Associated with the Hurricane Irma Evacuation Process for Families.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 02;13(1):63-73

2Department of Psychology,Florida International University,Miami, FL (Ms Silva, Dr Comer).

Objective: Parents and children are vulnerable populations following hurricanes, and evacuation is an important safety strategy. Yet, little is known about "before the storm" stressors, particularly the surrounding evacuation, affecting families. Thus, following Hurricane Irma, we evaluated both stressful and positive aspects of the evacuation process for families, and we compared perceived safety and stress before, during, and after the hurricane across evacuating and non-evacuating families. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2019.9DOI Listing
February 2019

Addressing Community Needs During the Hurricane Response and Recovery Efforts Through Community Assessments for Public Health Emergency Response (CASPER)-United States Virgin Islands, 2017-2018.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 02;13(1):53-62

3US Virgin Islands Department of Health(Dr Bret Ellis, Ms Seger, Dr Davis, and Dr Esther Ellis).

Objectives: Two category 5 storms hit the US Virgin Islands (USVI) within 13 days of each other in September 2017. This caused an almost complete loss of power and devastated critical infrastructure such as the hospitals and airports METHODS: The USVI Department of Health conducted 2 response Community Assessments for Public Health Emergency Response (CASPERs) in November 2017 and a recovery CASPER in February 2018. CASPER is a 2-stage cluster sampling method designed to provide household-based information about a community's needs in a timely, inexpensive, and representative manner. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2019.6DOI Listing
February 2019

Influenza A (H3) Outbreak at a Hurricane Harvey Megashelter in Harris County, Texas: Successes and Challenges in Disease Identification and Control Measure Implementation.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 02;13(1):97-101

Harris County Public Health,Houston, Texas(Dr. Aisha Haynie is no longer affiliated with the agency).

ABSTRACTWhen Hurricane Harvey landed along the Texas coast on August 25, 2017, it caused massive flooding and damage and displaced tens of thousands of residents of Harris County, Texas. Between August 29 and September 23, Harris County, along with community partners, operated a megashelter at NRG Center, which housed 3365 residents at its peak. Harris County Public Health conducted comprehensive public health surveillance and response at NRG, which comprised disease identification through daily medical record reviews, nightly "cot-to-cot" resident health surveys, and epidemiological consultations; messaging and communications; and implementation of control measures including stringent isolation and hygiene practices, vaccinations, and treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.159DOI Listing
February 2019

After the Storm: Short-term and Long-term Health Effects Following Superstorm Sandy among the Elderly.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 02;13(1):28-32

1Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics,School of Public Health,University at Albany,State University of New York,Rensselaer,New York(Mr Lawrence, Dr Birkhead, and Dr Shao Lin).

Objective: Investigate short- and long-term effects of Superstorm Sandy on multiple morbidities among the elderly.

Methods: We examined emergency department visits; outpatient visits; and hospital admissions for cardiovascular disease (CVD), respiratory disease, and injury among residents residing in 8 affected counties immediately, 4 months, and 12 months following Superstorm Sandy. Control groups were defined as visits/admissions during the identical time window in the 5 years before (2007-2011) and 1 year after (2013-2014) the storm in affected and nonaffected counties in New York. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.152DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Disaster-Related Surveillance Among US Virgin Islands (USVI) Shelters During the Hurricanes Irma and Maria Response.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 02;13(1):38-43

3US Virgin Islands Department of Health,St Thomas,USVI(Ms LaPlace Ekpo, Drs Guendel, Davis, Ellis).

Objectives: Two Category 5 storms, Hurricane Irma and Hurricane Maria, hit the U.S. Virgin Islands (USVI) within 13 days of each other in September 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.146DOI Listing
February 2019

"Lost Generation" in South Sudan: A Broader Approach Toward Peace Urgently Needed.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 Mar 6:1-9. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

3Harvard Humanitarian Initiative,Cambridge,Massachusetts.

ABSTRACTWhat began in 2013 as the eruption of a political struggle between forces loyal to President Salva Kiir, a member of the Dinka ethnic group, and then-vice president Riek Machar, a Nuer, has splintered into a multifaction conflict. A dizzying array of armed groups have entered the fray, many unmotivated by political leverage that conventionally brings parties to a conflict to the negotiating table. Two years and tens of thousands of deaths after the 2015 signing of the Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan, with no substantive progress toward meetings its terms, it is unrealistic to think that Intergovernmental Authority on Development's recently announced High-Level Revitalization Forum will be sufficient to address the drivers of this conflict. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.144DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Anatomy of Mine Rescue Teams' Casualty Incidents: A Basis for Medical Emergency Preparedness and Injury Prevention.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 Mar 5:1-5. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

4The Beijing Prevention and Treatment Hospital of Occupational Disease for Chemical Industry,Beijing,China.

Objective: Mine rescue teams bear a high risk of injury. To improve medical emergency preparedness and injury prevention, this work analyzed the causes and severity of mine rescue teams' casualty incidents, the primary injuries, and the link between the causes and the occurrences of the casualty incidents.

Methods: A total of 81 cases from 1953 to 2013 were used to analyze the casualty incidents of mine rescue teams based on the frequency of accidents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.140DOI Listing

Current Status of Disaster Preparedness of Pharmacies and Differences in Disaster Awareness Based on Pharmacy Size.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 Mar 5:1-5. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Hamamatsu University School of Medicine,Department of Community Health and Preventive Medicine,Hamamatsu,Shizuoka,Japan.

Objective: The prevention of deaths caused indirectly by disasters is important, especially for evacuees requiring medication. Pharmacies play a major role in providing medication to disaster victims. Therefore, this study evaluated the current status of disaster preparedness among pharmacies, the extent of disaster awareness and knowledge of disaster mitigation measures, and any associations of these with the characteristics of pharmacies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.160DOI Listing

An Overview of the Health Services Provision in the 2017 Kermanshah Earthquake.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 Feb 26:1-4. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

2Health Human Resources Research Center,School of Management and Information Sciences,Shiraz University of Medical Sciences,Shiraz,Iran.

Objective: Iran, in terms of disasters, is among the top 10 countries in the world. Therefore, timely coordination and provision of rescue, transport, and treatment services after disasters are of particular importance. This study aimed to investigate and provide a short report on the provision of rescue, transport, and treatment services after the 2017 earthquake in Kermanshah. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.139DOI Listing
February 2019

Disaster Preparedness in Hospitals in the Middle East: An Integrative Literature Review.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 Feb 11:1-11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

School of Health,University of New England,Armidale,Australia.

ABSTRACTDisasters occur rarely but have significant adverse consequences when they do. Recent statistics suggest that millions of lives and billions of US dollars have been lost in the last decade due to disaster events globally. It is crucial that hospitals are well prepared for disasters to minimize their effects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.138DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Profiles of Human Enteroviruses Associated with Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease in Nanjing, China.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 Feb 1:1-5. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Institute of Pediatrics,Children's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University,Nanjing,Jiangsu,China.

Objective: Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is a common infectious disease caused by a group of viruses. The causative viruses have changed over time, and there is a need for a more effective protective vaccine. In this study, we investigated the profiles of human enteroviruses that caused HFMD outbreaks in Nanjing in 2015, with the goal of guiding the future prevention and treatment of HFMD. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S193578931
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.155DOI Listing
February 2019
9 Reads

The Mental Health Impact of Hurricane Maria on Puerto Ricans in Puerto Rico and Florida.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 02 30;13(1):24-27. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

1Division of Epidemiology,Department of Public Health Sciences,University of Miami Miller School of Medicine,Miami,Florida.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the effect of Hurricane Maria on internalizing and posttraumatic stress disorders (PTSD) among Puerto Ricans who moved to Florida after the storm versus those who stayed on the island.

Methods: In March through April 2018 (6 months after Hurricane Maria), an online survey was used to assess the effects of the storm on mental health. A sample of 213 displaced Puerto Ricans living in urban and rural/suburban areas in Florida, as well as urban and rural areas of Puerto Rico, participated in the study. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S193578931
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.151DOI Listing
February 2019
6 Reads

Reflections.

Authors:
James J James

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 12;12(6):669

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.165DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Airbnb: A New Disaster Shelter?

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 02 10;13(1):3-4. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Texas Department of State Health Services,Harlingen,Texas.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.149DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Where There Is No Trauma System: A Successful Patient Evacuation in the Republic of Kiribati.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 Jan 10:1-3. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Keck School of Medicine,University of Southern California,Los Angeles, CA.

Research is lacking around how best to approach trauma care in resource poor settings, particularly in remote areas such as the islands of the South Pacific. Without examples of successful treatment of high-risk cases in these settings, countries are unable to move forward with developing policies and standardized procedures for emergency care.The Republic of Kiribati is a Pacific Island nation composed of 33 islands spanning over 2,000 miles in the central Pacific Ocean. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.135DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Ethics and Floods: A Systematic Review.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 Jan 10:1-12. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

3University of Zagreb,School of Medicine,Andrija Stampar School of Public Health,Zagreb,Croatia.

Disaster ethics is a developing field of inquiry recognizing the wide variety of ethical issues confronting various professionals involved in planning for and responding to different types of disasters. This article explores how ethical issues related to floods are addressed in academic literature. The review involved analysis of publications on ethics and floods identified in a systematic literature search of electronic databases that included sociological, biomedical, and geophysical sources. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.154DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

Long-term Effects of Disasters on Health Care Utilization: Hurricane Katrina and Older Individuals with Diabetes.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 Jan 9:1-8. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

2Department of Economics,University of South Florida,Tampa,Florida.

Objective: While the short-term effects of disasters on health care utilization are well documented, less is known regarding potential longer-term effects. This study investigates the effects of Hurricane Katrina on the health care utilization of older individuals with diabetes.

Methods: We examined Medicare claims and enrollment data for the 2002-2004 and 2006-2008 time periods for older individuals with diabetes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.128DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Mental Distress Following the 2004 and 2005 Florida Hurricanes.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 02 8;13(1):44-52. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress,Department of Psychiatry,Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences,Bethesda, Maryland.

Objective: Community characteristics, such as perceived collective efficacy, a measure of community strength, can affect mental health outcomes following disasters. We examined the association of perceived collective efficacy with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and frequent mental distress (14 or more mentally unhealthy days in the past month) following exposure to the 2004 and 2005 hurricane seasons.

Methods: Participants were 1486 Florida Department of Health workers who completed anonymous questionnaires that were distributed electronically 9 months after the 2005 hurricane season. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S193578931
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.153DOI Listing
February 2019
11 Reads

Multiple Patients With Burn Injury Induced by a Chemical Explosion Managed by Physician-Staffed Helicopters.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 Jan 3:1-7. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Shizuoka Medical Research Center for Disaster,Juntendo University,Shizuoka,Japan.

ABSTRACTOn December 1, 2017, the Fuji factory of Arakawa Chemical Industries exploded. Dust that formed as a byproduct from the crushing and packing process of the resin for ink exploded at the facility. The Fuji City Fire Department requested the dispatch of 2 physician-staffed helicopters (known as a doctor helicopter [DH] in Japan). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.150DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Reaction to Severe Stress and Adjustment Disorders After the September 2017 Earthquakes in a Psychiatric Emergency Department in Mexico City.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 Jan 3:1-5. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

6Continuous Psychiatric Care Department,National Institute of Psychiatry Ramón de la Fuente,Mexico City,Mexico.

Objective: Earthquakes may lead to a reaction to severe stress and adjustment disorders (RSSAD). On September 7, 19, and 23, 2017, Mexico was struck by many severe earthquakes. The aim of this study was to examine whether there was an increase in the number of consultations and RSSAD in a psychiatric emergency department in Mexico City after these earthquakes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.136DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Vaccination Data When the Outbreak Happens: A Qualitative Evaluation of Oregon's Rapid Response Tool.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 Jan 3:1-4. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Oregon Immunization Program,Oregon Health Authority,Portland,Oregon.

Objective: Immunization data are vital to support responses to vaccine-preventable disease outbreaks. The Oregon Immunization Program developed a unique prototype instrument-the Rapid Response Tool (RRT)-that provides population data to local responders within 2 hours of a request. Data outputs include vaccination coverage by age group and zip code; percentages of students with nonmedical exemptions to vaccination requirements, by school; and current, comprehensive lists of local vaccination providers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.130DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Evaluation of an Online Educational Intervention to Increase Knowledge and Self-efficacy in Disaster Responders and Critical Care Transporters Caring for Individuals with Developmental Disabilities.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 Jan 3:1-5. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

3Carolinas Healthcare System,Carolinas Medical Center,Department of Emergency Medicine,Charlotte,North Carolina.

Objective: Disability-related education is essential for disaster responders and critical care transporters to ensure positive patient outcomes. This pilot study evaluated the effect of an online educational intervention on disaster responders and critical care transporters' knowledge of and feelings of self-efficacy about caring for individuals with developmental disabilities.

Methods: A 1-group, pretest-posttest, quasi-experimental design was used. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S193578931
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.129DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Emergency Department Ceiling Collapse: Response to an Internal Emergency.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 Jan 2:1-2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Department of Emergency Medicine,VieCuri Medical Center,Venlo,the Netherlands.

ABSTRACTHospital disaster resilience is often conceived as the ability to respond to external disasters. However, internal disasters appear to be more common events in hospitals than external events. This report describes the aftermath of a ceiling collapse in the emergency department of VieCuri Medical Center in Venlo, the Netherlands, on May 18, 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.133DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Psychosocial Consequences Among Nurses in the Affected Area of the Great East Japan Earthquake of 2011 and the Fukushima Complex Disaster: A Qualitative Study.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Dec 28:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

2Department of Global Health and Socio-epidemiology,Kyoto University School of Public Health,Kyoto,Japan.

Objective: The goal of this study was to assess the psychosocial consequences among nurses affected by the Great East Japan Earthquake in order to identify their coping strategies and explore possible countermeasures against complex disasters.

Methods: In 2012, we conducted a qualitative study and screened participants for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Results: Thirty-eight nurses participated in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.100DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Earthquake-Induced Injuries: Retrospective Epidemiological Analysis of the 2015 Hindu Kush Earthquake in Pakistan.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Dec 28:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

3Departamento Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública,Facultad de Farmacia,Universidad de Granada,Campus Universitario de Cartuja,Granada,Spain.

Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze retrospectively the earthquake-induced injuries caused by the October 2015 Hindu Kush earthquake in Pakistan. This is the first population-based study to assess epidemiologically earthquake-induced injuries in the Hindu Kush region, one of the world's most mountainous and seismically active regions. Unfortunately, only limited studies have investigated the earthquake-induced injuries and deaths in the region epidemiologically. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.134DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

The Imbalance in Medical Demand and Supply for Pediatric Victims in an Earthquake.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Dec 21:1-5. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

8Department of Acute Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine,the University of Tokyo,Tokyo,Japan.

Objectives: We quantified an absolute imbalance of the medical risks and the support needs for children at each disaster-based hospital in Kanagawa immediately following the occurrence of a large earthquake by using the risk resource ratio (RRR) and need for medical resources (NMR).

Methods: The RRR and NMR of 33 disaster-based hospitals were estimated through dividing the estimated number of pediatric victims by the number of critically patients. We calculated the ratio of the NMR of each hospital. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S193578931
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.127DOI Listing
December 2018
17 Reads

The Angolan Pandemic Rapid Response Team: An Assessment, Improvement, and Development Analysis of the First Self-sufficient African National Response Team Curriculum.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Nov 27:1-5. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

2Navy Environmental and Preventive Medicine Unit 7,Rota,Spain.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess, through participant self-assessment, the effectiveness of a rapid response team curriculum based on the World Health Organization (WHO) Ebola Virus Disease Consolidated Preparedness Checklist, Revision 1.

Methods: A pre-and-post survey for the purpose of process improvement assessment involving 44 individuals was conducted in Angola. The survey was conducted before and after a 6-day training workshop held in Luanda, Angola, in December 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.122DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Developing a Comprehensive Trauma- and Resiliency- Focused Program After Superstorm Sandy in New York City.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Nov 20:1-5. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

1Children's Health Fund,Medical Affairs, New York, New York.

ABSTRACTTo contribute to the ongoing discourse about successful programming supporting intermediate behavioral and mental health needs of vulnerable communities affected by disaster, this article presents the Children's Health Fund (CHF) Sandy Recovery and Resiliency Program as a descriptive case study for a multifaceted, community-based approach to building resiliency, coping, and socioemotional skills in an underserved community in New York City that was affected by Superstorm Sandy. The case study involves retrospective review and analysis of qualitative and quantitative data that were collected as part of routine care and program implementation. From the analysis emerged a program consisting of 3 components: (1) delivery of workshops and community events to decrease stigma and build community-wide resilience, (2) delivery of workshops for students and educators in the local school to increase coping skills as well as referrals to clinical mental health care, and (3) provision of mental health care via a mobile mental health clinic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.118DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Public Health Emergency Preparedness System Evaluation Criteria and Performance Metrics: A Review of Contributions of the CDC-Funded Preparedness and Emergency Response Research Centers.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Nov 13:1-13. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

1Office of Science and Public Health Practice,Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response,United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,Atlanta,Georgia.

Objectives: The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)-funded Preparedness and Emergency Response Research Centers (PERRCs) conducted research from 2008 to 2015 aimed to improve the complex public health emergency preparedness and response (PHEPR) system. This paper summarizes PERRC studies that addressed the development and assessment of criteria for evaluating PHEPR and metrics for measuring their efficiency and effectiveness.

Methods: We reviewed 171 PERRC publications indexed in PubMed between 2009 and 2016. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S193578931
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.110DOI Listing
November 2018
34 Reads

The Knowledge Level of Dentists in Turkey About Their Potential Role on the Disaster Victims Identification (DVI) Team.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Nov 12:1-6. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

1Baskent University School of Medicine,Department of Forensic Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Objective: Although dentists are valuable assets in identification teams during disaster events, forensic dentistry is not used effectively in the identification studies conducted in Turkey, and the importance of dental data is ignored. The aim of this study was to determine the level of knowledge of dentists regarding their duties and responsibilities during major disasters.

Methods: This descriptive study was conducted between December 2015 and June 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.111DOI Listing
November 2018
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Anthrax Exposure, Belief in Exposure, and Postanthrax Symptoms Among Survivors of a Bioterrorist Attack on Capitol Hill.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Nov 12:1-6. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

5The Altshuler Center for Education & Research at Metrocare Services and the Department of Psychiatry,The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center,Dallas,Texas.

Background: Following chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear disasters, medically unexplained symptoms have been observed among unexposed persons.

Objectives: This study examined belief in exposure in relation to postdisaster symptoms in a volunteer sample of 137 congressional workers after the 2001 anthrax attacks on Capitol Hill.

Methods: Postdisaster symptoms, belief in exposure, and actual exposure status were obtained through structured diagnostic interviews and self-reported presence in offices officially designated as exposed through environmental sampling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.115DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

Medical Spending for the 2001 Anthrax Letter Attacks.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Nov 12:1-8. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

2Concordia University, Montreal,Quebec.

ABSTRACTIntroductionThis paper assesses the total medical costs associated with the US anthrax letter attacks of 2001. This information can be used to inform policies, which may help mitigate the potential economic impacts of similar bioterrorist attacks.

Methods: Journal publications and news reports were reviewed to establish the number of people who were exposed, were potentially exposed, received prophylactics, and became ill. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.113DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Operational and Financial Considerations of Using Drones for Medical Support of Mass Events in Poland.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Nov 8:1-6. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

7Medical University of Bialystok,Department of Emergency Medicine and Disasters,Voivodeship Rescue Service in Katowice.

Objective: The implementation of drones in the medical security system requires a proper planning of the cooperation of different services, dividing the area into sectors, assessing potential risks, and other factors. This study refers to the cost analysis of using drones in the medical support of mass events. The aim of this research is to analyze the costs of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) implementation in the mass event medical support system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.106DOI Listing
November 2018
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Environmental Heat Exposure and Heat-Related Symptoms in United States Coast Guard Deepwater Horizon Disaster Responders.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Nov 6:1-9. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

1Department of Preventive Medicine and Biostatistics,F. Edward Hebert School of Medicine,Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences,Bethesda,Maryland.

Objectives: The response to the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill was impacted by heat. We evaluated the association between environmental heat exposure and self-reported heat-related symptoms in US Coast Guard Deepwater Horizon disaster responders.

Methods: Utilizing climate data and postdeployment survey responses from 3648 responders, we assigned heat exposure categories based on both wet bulb globe temperature (WBGT) and heat index (HI) measurements (median, mean, maximum). Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S193578931
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.120DOI Listing
November 2018
11 Reads

Hurricane Maria's Impact on Punta Santiago, Puerto Rico: Community Needs and Mental Health Assessment Six Months Postimpact.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 02 5;13(1):18-23. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

3Professor,Department of Public Health Sciences,University of Miami Miller School of Medicine,Miami,Florida.

Objectives: This pilot study aimed to assess the community needs and population health status for the low-income town of Punta Santiago, situated on the southeastern coast of Puerto Rico at the point where Hurricane Maria made landfall on September 20, 2017.

Methods: A cross-sectional, interviewer-administered survey was conducted 6 months after the storm with a representative random sample of 74 households. The survey characterized population demographics and resident needs in relation to storm damage and disruption. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.103DOI Listing
February 2019
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Medical Countermeasures for Children in Radiation and Nuclear Disasters: Current Capabilities and Key Gaps.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Nov 2:1-8. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

3CDC,Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response,Atlanta,GA.

Objective: Despite children's unique vulnerability, clinical guidance and resources are lacking around the use of radiation medical countermeasures (MCMs) available commercially and in the Strategic National Stockpile to support immediate dispensing to pediatric populations. To better understand the current capabilities and shortfalls, a literature review and gap analysis were performed.

Methods: A comprehensive review of the medical literature, Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved labeling, FDA summary reviews, medical references, and educational resources related to pediatric radiation MCMs was performed from May 2016 to February 2017. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S193578931
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.112DOI Listing
November 2018
6 Reads

Public Preparedness - Rethinking the Unthinkable.

Authors:
James J James

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 10;12(5):553

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.126DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Provider Delivery of Emergency Preparedness Education in Home-Based Primary Care.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Oct 31:1-8. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

1Veterans Emergency Management Evaluation Center,Office of Patient Care Services,US Department of Veterans Affairs.

ABSTRACTIntroductionHome health agencies have been tasked to improve their patients' disaster preparedness. Few studies have evaluated the robustness of tools to support preparedness in home health. Through evaluation of the Home-Based Primary Care (HBPC) Patient Assessment Tool, we conducted a survey to identify strengths and challenges in supporting the preparedness of patients served by home health programs such as the Veterans Health Administration's HBPC program. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S193578931
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.114DOI Listing
October 2018
14 Reads

Examination of Hospital Workers' Emotional Responses to an Infectious Disease Outbreak: Lessons From the 2015 MERS Co-V Outbreak in South Korea.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Oct 18:1-7. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

2Department of Public Health Sciences,Graduate School of Public Health & Institute of Health and Environment,Seoul National University,Seoul,Republic of Korea.

ABSTRACTHospital workers are critical for a successful response to an infectious disease outbreak and for preventing disease transmission to the community. Therefore, hospital crisis management should implement efforts to improve hospital workers' preparedness in responding to public health emergencies caused by infectious diseases. Traditionally, preparedness and skill of hospital workers have been emphasized, but awareness of the importance of the emotional mindset of hospital workers in dealing with disease outbreaks has only recently increased; therefore, empirical approaches to examining emotional responses of hospital workers has been limited. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.95DOI Listing
October 2018
7 Reads