93,762 results match your criteria Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness [Journal]


ICF Generic Set as new standard for the system wide assessment of functioning in China: a multicentre prospective study on metric properties and responsiveness applying item response theory.

BMJ Open 2018 Dec 14;8(12):e021696. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Swiss Paraplegic Research, Nottwil, Switzerland.

Objectives: To examine metric properties and responsiveness of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) Generic Set when used in routine clinical practice to assess functioning.

Design: Prospective multicentre study.

Setting: 50 hospitals from 20 provinces of Mainland China. Read More

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December 2018

An Approach Towards Reducing Road Traffic Injuries and Improving Public Health Through Big Data Telematics: A Randomised Controlled Trial Protocol.

Arch Iran Med 2018 Nov 1;21(11):495-501. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Non-Communicable Diseases Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Population Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objective: Deaths due to road traffic accidents (RTAs) are a major public health concern around the world. Developing countries are over-represented in these statistics. Punitive measures are traditionally employed to lower RTA related behavioural risk factors. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Layered Double Hydroxides Precursor as Chloride Inhibitor: Synthesis, Characterization, Assessment of Chloride Adsorption Performance.

Materials (Basel) 2018 Dec 13;11(12). Epub 2018 Dec 13.

China Building Materials Academy, Beijing 100024, China.

In this study, the chloride adsorption behaviors of CaAl-Cl LDH precursors with various Ca:Al ratios were investigated. The optimal chloride ion removal rate was 87.06% due to the formation of hydrocalumite. Read More

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December 2018

Human DNA degradation assessment and male DNA detection by quantitative-PCR followed by high-resolution melting analysis.

Forensic Sci Int 2018 Nov 29;295:1-7. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Centro de Referencia en Identificación Genética Humana de la Universidad de Buenos Aires, Cátedra de Genética Forense y Servicio de Huellas Digitales Genéticas, Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Junin 956, CP 1113, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina; Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas-CONICET, Godoy Cruz 2290, CP 1425, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina.

We developed a q-PCR technique that simultaneously evaluates the extent of degradation and determines the gender of a human DNA donor. QYDEG HRM is a triplex real-time PCR whose products are analysed by high-resolution melting (HRM). The system produces three amplicons: (1) transducin (beta)-like 1, Y-linked (TBL1Y) (84bp); (2) large-target sequence (DGlt) (244bp); and (3) small-target sequence (DGst) (152bp). Read More

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November 2018

Effect of education using the virtual social network on the knowledge and attitude of emergency nurses of disaster preparedness: A quasi-experiment study.

Nurse Educ Today 2018 Dec 6;73:88-93. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Background: Nurses play an important role in helping people to cope with disasters. Dealing with disasters requires proper knowledge, attitudes and skills that can be achieved through education. Education through virtual social networks as a method of distance education can be used due to its accessibility and ease of use. Read More

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December 2018

Incidence Rates of Tuberculosis among Children and Adolescents Living in Areas Most Affected by the Chernobyl Disaster.

Authors:
Larissa Gorbach

J Health Pollut 2016 Jun 16;6(10):28-41. Epub 2016 Jun 16.

National Research Practical Centre «Mother and Child», Minsk Belarus.

Background: The Chernobyl accident has attracted the attention of healthcare experts all over the world due to the unprecedented scale of damage the disaster inflicted upon human health.

Objectives: To examine incidence rates of tuberculosis and patterns among children and adolescents living in areas most affected by the Chernobyl disaster between 2004 and 2014.

Methods: The tuberculosis incidence rate was calculated per 100,000 people. Read More

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June 2016
1 Read

Estimating Recent Local Impacts of Sea-Level Rise on Current Real-Estate Losses: A Housing Market Case Study in Miami-Dade, Florida.

Popul Res Policy Rev 2018 26;37(6):871-895. Epub 2018 Jun 26.

2Environmental Health Sciences, Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health, New York, NY USA.

Sea-Level Rise (SLR) Projections from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the U.S. Army Corp of Engineers (USACE) indicate increasing, and imminent, risk to coastal communities from tidal flooding and hurricane storm surge. Read More

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Use of the Normalized Difference Road Landside Index (NDRLI)-based method for the quick delineation of road-induced landslides.

Sci Rep 2018 Dec 13;8(1):17815. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Key Laboratory of Environment Change and Resources Use in Beibu Gulf, Ministry of Education, Guangxi Teachers Education University, 175 Mingxiu East St., Nanning, 530001, China.

Recognition and classification of road-related landslides are a critical requirement in pre- and post-disaster hazard analysis. They are primarily done through field mapping or manual image interpretation from commercial satellites images. This paper developed a Normalized Difference Road Landside Index (NDRLI)-based method to delineate road-induced landslides and enhance their presence in remotely sensed digital imagery based on free Landsat Operational Land Imager (OLI) sources. Read More

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December 2018

Guidelines for the Treatment of PTSD Using Clinical EFT (Emotional Freedom Techniques).

Healthcare (Basel) 2018 Dec 12;6(4). Epub 2018 Dec 12.

School of Psychology, Faculty of Society and Design, Bond University, Robina, Gold Coast, QLD 4229, Australia.

Clinical EFT (Emotional Freedom Techniques) is an evidence-based method that combines acupressure with elements drawn from cognitive and exposure therapies. The approach has been validated in more than 100 clinical trials. Its efficacy for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been investigated in a variety of demographic groups including war veterans, victims of sexual violence, the spouses of PTSD sufferers, motor accident survivors, prisoners, hospital patients, adolescents, and survivors of natural and human-caused disasters. Read More

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December 2018

Aneurysm rebleeding before therapy: a predictable disaster?

Authors:

J Neurosurg 2018 Nov 1:1-8. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

OBJECTIVECurrent guidelines for subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) include early aneurysm treatment within 72 hours after ictus. However, aneurysm rebleeding remains a crucial complication of SAH. The aim of this study was to identify independent predictors allowing early stratification of SAH patients for rebleeding risk. Read More

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November 2018

Traumatic stress within disaster-exposed occupations: overview of the literature and suggestions for the management of traumatic stress in the workplace.

Br Med Bull 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

The National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Health Protection Research Unit in Emergency Preparedness and Response at King's College London, Weston Education Centre, 10 Cutcombe Road, London, UK.

Background: Many people who experience a disaster will do so as part of an occupational group, either by chance or due to the nature of their role.

Sources Of Data: This review is based on literature published in scientific journals.

Areas Of Agreement: There are many social and occupational factors, which affect post-disaster mental health. Read More

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December 2018

New Zealand's experience of the 1918-19 influenza pandemic: a systematic review after 100 years.

N Z Med J 2018 Dec 14;131(1487):54-69. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Professor of Public Health, Department of Public Health, University of Otago, Wellington.

Background: The 1918-1919 influenza pandemic has been New Zealand's most severe disaster event (around 9,000 deaths). We aimed to review the literature related to this pandemic in New Zealand and among New Zealanders overseas, to identify any remaining research gaps (given ongoing risks of future influenza pandemics and from new pathogens, eg, synthetic bioweapons).

Methods: Systematic literature searches and comparisons with international findings for this pandemic to facilitate identification of research gaps. Read More

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December 2018

Park 7: A Novel Therapeutic Target for Macrophages in Sepsis-Induced Immunosuppression.

Front Immunol 2018 13;9:2632. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

West China Hospital Emergency Department, State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, and Collaborative Innovation Center of Biotherapy, Chengdu, China.

Sepsis remains a serious and life-threatening condition with high morbidity and mortality due to uncontrolled inflammation together with immunosuppression with few therapeutic options. Macrophages are recognized to play essential roles throughout all phases of sepsis and affect both immune homeostasis and inflammatory processes, and macrophage dysfunction is considered to be one of the major causes for sepsis-induced immunosuppression. Currently, Parkinson disease protein 7 (Park 7) is known to play an important role in regulating the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) through interaction with p47, a subunit of NADPH oxidase. Read More

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November 2018

Beneficial Roles of Social Support for Mental Health Vary in the Japanese Population depending on Disaster Experience: A Nationwide Cross-Sectional Study.

Tohoku J Exp Med 2018 ;246(4):213-223

Graduate School of Public Health, Teikyo University.

The purpose of the present study was to assess the effects of social capital on mental health among the Japanese population with or without natural disaster experience. A nationwide cross-sectional study was performed in the population aged 15 to 79 years old. We collected data on psychological status, social capital, disaster experience in ten years prior to the survey, and socio-demographic information. Read More

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January 2018

Nephrology in Bosnia and Herzegovina: impact of the 1992-95 war.

Clin Kidney J 2018 Dec 13;11(6):803-809. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Nephrology, Dialysis and Kidney Transplantation, University Clinical Centre Tuzla, Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

It has now been more than two decades since the end of the 1992-95 war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. This may well be the proper time to provide the nephrology community with an appraisal of the care of patients with chronic kidney disease in the pre-war, war and post-war periods in the European transitional country. This report on nephrology in Bosnia and Herzegovina draws attention to the hurdles faced for three turbulent years on that burdensome path of providing quality care, and the chance it offered in developing a successful transplant programme while facing the dreadful chaos of war and a migrant crisis. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

The Heterogeneity of Global Pediatric Surgery: Defining Needs and Opportunities Around the World.

World J Surg 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Division of Pediatric Surgery, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, USA.

Background: The global burden of pediatric surgical conditions continues to remain inadequately addressed, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. Among the many factors contributing to this gap are a lack of access to care secondary to resource shortages and inequitable distribution, underfinancing of healthcare systems, poor quality of care, and contextual challenges such as natural disasters and conflict. The relative contribution of these and other factors varies widely by region and even with countries of a region. Read More

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December 2018

South African General Surgeon Preparedness for Humanitarian Disasters.

World J Surg 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Surgery, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Background: Humanitarian medical organizations provide surgical care for a broad range of conditions including general surgical (GS), obstetric and gynecologic (OBGYN), orthopedic (ORTHO), and urologic (URO) conditions in unstable contexts. The most common humanitarian operation is cesarean section. The objective of this study was to identify the proportion of South African general surgeons who had operative experience and current competency in GS, OBGYN, ORTHO, and URO humanitarian operations in order to evaluate their potential for working in humanitarian disasters. Read More

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December 2018

Impact of a Narrow Coastal Bay of Bengal Sea Surface Temperature Front on an Indian Summer Monsoon Simulation.

Sci Rep 2018 Dec 6;8(1):17694. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune, India.

A dry bias in climatological Central Indian rainfall plagues Indian summer monsoon (ISM) simulations in multiple generations of climate models. Here, using observations and regional climate modeling, we focus on a warm coastal Bay of Bengal sea surface temperature (SST) front and its impact on Central Indian rainfall. The SST front, featuring sharp gradients as large as 0. Read More

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December 2018

Influence of Nutritional Management and Rehabilitation on Physical Outcome in Japanese Intensive Care Unit Patients: A Multicenter Observational Study.

Ann Nutr Metab 2018 Dec 12;74(1):35-43. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, Tokushima University Graduate School, Tokushima, Japan.

Background: There is lack of evidence regarding nutritional management among intensive care unit (ICU) patients in a population with relatively low body mass index. Therefore, we conducted an observational study to assess the nutritional management in Japanese ICUs. Also, we investigated the impact of nutritional management and rehabilitation on physical outcome. Read More

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December 2018

Comparison of four sarcopenia screening tools in nursing home residents.

Aging Clin Exp Res 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Health Management Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, No. 37 Guoxue Lane, Chengdu, Sichuan, China.

Background: Several screening tools have been developed for identifying sarcopenia in elderly nursing home residents.

Objective: To compare the diagnostic accuracy of four sarcopenia screening tools in nursing homes: Mini Sarcopenia Risk Assessment full version (MSRA-7) and short version (MSRA-5), SARC-F, and SARC-F combined with calf circumference (SARC-CalF).

Methods: Elderly nursing home residents (aged ≥ 65 years) were recruited. Read More

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December 2018

Disaster Prevention and Recovery.

Methods Mol Biol 2019 ;1897:31-41

Tissue Repository, National University Hospital, National University Health System, Singapore, Singapore.

Biobanking is a costly activity that manages valuable and sometimes irreplaceable specimens. These specimens must be managed and protected carefully as the loss of specimens can destroy years of research efforts, and potentially result in reputational damage to the institution. Therefore, risk management, mitigation, and disaster recovery plans must be in place for unexpected man-made or natural disaster events that will affect biobanking operations. Read More

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January 2019

Inevitable Decay: Debates over Climate, Food Security, and Plant Heredity in Nineteenth-Century Britain.

J Hist Biol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

History Faculty, University of Oxford, George St., Oxford, OX1 2RL, UK.

Climate change and the failure of crops are significant but overlooked events in the history of heredity. Bad weather and dangerously low harvests provided momentum and urgency for answers to questions about how best to improve and acclimatize staple varieties. In the 1790s, a series of crop failures in Britain led to the popularization of and widespread debate over Thomas Andrew Knight's suggestion that poor weather was in fact largely unconnected to the bad harvests. Read More

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December 2018

Crisis on the game board - a novel approach to teach medical students about disaster medicine.

GMS J Med Educ 2018 15;35(4):Doc46. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

McGill University, Department of Political Science, Montreal, Canada.

Every year, natural and other disasters cause significant loss of life around the world. This calls for an improved response from, among others, the health professions to strengthen disaster medicine, whether relating to prevention, emergency response or recovery. It includes both knowledge and competencies, such as planning, coordination, and communication. Read More

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November 2018

Chemical Synergy between Ionophore PBT2 and Zinc Reverses Antibiotic Resistance.

MBio 2018 Dec 11;9(6). Epub 2018 Dec 11.

School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences and Australian Infectious Diseases Research Centre, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia

The World Health Organization reports that antibiotic-resistant pathogens represent an imminent global health disaster for the 21st century. Gram-positive superbugs threaten to breach last-line antibiotic treatment, and the pharmaceutical industry antibiotic development pipeline is waning. Here we report the synergy between ionophore-induced physiological stress in Gram-positive bacteria and antibiotic treatment. Read More

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December 2018

Transient left ventricular apical ballooning in a patient with cardiac arrest after subarachnoid hemorrhage.

J Cardiol Cases 2011 Feb 1;3(1):e33-e36. Epub 2011 Feb 1.

Division of Cardiology, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Niigata, Japan.

Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) often accompanies cardiac abnormalities. Sudden cardiac arrest is also known to occur after SAH. A 32-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital because of cardiac arrest immediately after the onset of SAH. Read More

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February 2011

Metabolic and biochemical responses of Potamogeton anguillanus Koidz. (Potamogetonaceae) to low oxygen conditions.

J Plant Physiol 2018 Nov 23;232:171-179. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Saitama University, 255 Shimo-Okubo, Sakura-ku, Saitama 338-8570, Japan; Research Institute of Chuo University, Kasuga, Bunkyo, Tokyo 112-8551, Japan. Electronic address:

Oxygen availability in water is considered one of the most important factors for growth and productivity in aquatic submerged macrophytes. In the present study, the growth, stress responses, and metabolic changes in Potamogeton anguillanus Koidz. (Potamogetonaceae) were assessed after a 21-day exposure to low (hypoxia; dissolved oxygen, DO < 1 mg/L) or null (anoxia) oxygen concentrations in water. Read More

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November 2018

Understanding nitrate contamination based on the relationship between changes in groundwater levels and changes in water quality with precipitation fluctuations.

Sci Total Environ 2018 Dec 5;657:146-153. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Center for Water Cycle, Marine Environment and Disaster Management, Kumamoto University, Japan.

There are growing concerns about nitrate contamination in Kumamoto City, where >700,000 people completely depend on groundwater as a source of drinking water. We found that some groundwater samples showed considerably different nitrate concentrations although their sampling locations were close to one another, and we speculated that this phenomenon was due to the differences in subsurface geological properties. In order to verify this hypothesis, we carried out temporally intensive long-term monitoring of the groundwater levels and water qualities at three of the closely related sampling wells, and the results revealed that the changes in water level and water quality were different at each well. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Long-Term Consequences of the Chernobyl Radioactive Fallout: An Exploration of the Aggregate Data.

Milbank Q 2018 12;96(4):814-857

University of Padua.

Policy Points Policymakers should invest more on researching the long-term health effects of low-ionizing radiation exposure, as we are far from reaching a consensus on a topic that is of enormous importance for public health and safety. Public policies such as those limiting the import of contaminated food from areas hit by a radioactive disaster or those regulating the resident population's access to such areas should follow a precautionary approach. Neoplasm diagnosis and medical care should be designed in order to take into account the possible role of long-term, low-dose radiation exposure. Read More

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December 2018
3 Reads

Fieldwork after conflict: contextualising the challenges of access and data quality.

Disasters 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Lecturer, Department of International Politics, City, University of London, United Kingdom.

Despite sustained scholarly interest in post-conflict states, there has not been a thorough review and analysis of associated methodology and the challenges of conducting research in these contexts. Addressing this gap, this paper directs attention to the particular effects of these settings on access and data quality and their ramifications for the resulting scholarship. It assesses the intrinsic challenges of performing fieldwork in these environments, drawing on both relevant social science literature and the authors' experiences of carrying out research in Afghanistan and Timor-Leste. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Safeguarding older adults with dementia, depression, and delirium in a temporary disaster shelter.

Nurs Forum 2018 Dec 9. Epub 2018 Dec 9.

Center of Innovation in Long-Term Services and Supports, Providence VA Medical Center, Providence, RI.

Natural disasters impact people of every age in the communities where they occur, with older adults being a vulnerable subset of the population. Most disaster shelter volunteer nurses are experienced in addressing common health needs of older adult clients such as diabetes, hypertension, and pulmonary disease. These nurses also have the requisite training to respond to more acute medical events, including the symptoms of a heart attack or stroke. Read More

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December 2018
2 Reads

Mechanical, nanomorphological and biological reconstruction of early‑stage apoptosis in HeLa cells induced by cytochalasin B.

Oncol Rep 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

College of Civil Engineering and Mechanics, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, Gansu 730000, P.R. China.

There is a growing interest in the fact that mechanical signals may be as important as biological signals in evaluating cell viability. To investigate the alterations in biomechanics, nanomorphology and biological apoptotic signals during early apoptosis, an apoptosis model was established for cervical cancer HeLa cells induced by cytochalasin B (CB). The cellular mechanical properties, geometry, morphology and expression of key apoptotic proteins were systematically analyzed. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read
2.191 Impact Factor

Stable Iodine Distribution among Children after the 2011 Fukushima Nuclear Disaster in Japan: An Observational Study.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Internal Medicine, Hirata Central Hospital, Kami-Yomogida, Hirata-mura, Ishikawa-gun, Fukushima, Japan.

Context: Intake of stable iodine helps prevent childhood thyroid cancer in nuclear emergencies but there is limited case information.

Objective: We identified the intake rate and the factors associated with no intake among children who did not take stable iodine after the Fukushima disaster.

Design: Retrospective observational study. Read More

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December 2018
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A review of methodology and tools for measuring maternal mortality in humanitarian settings.

Health Policy Plan 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organisation, 20, Avenue Appia - 1211 Geneva, Switzerland.

Estimation of maternal mortality ratio (MMR) in humanitarian settings ('settings of conflict, displacement and natural disaster') is challenging, particularly where communities have dissolved and geographical areas are inaccessible. During humanitarian events, the reproduction of maternal mortality figures by the media is common, and are often based on inaccurate reports. In light of such uncertainties and challenges, the aim of this article was to review and appraise the methodology and data collection tools used to measure MMR in humanitarian settings. Read More

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December 2018

It's Harder to Push, When I Have to Push Hard-Physical Exertion and Fatigue Changes Reasoning and Decision-Making on Hypothetical Moral Dilemmas in Males.

Front Behav Neurosci 2018 23;12:268. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of Psychology, University of Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany.

Despite the prevalence of physical exertion and fatigue during military, firefighting and disaster medicine operations, sports or even daily life, their acute effects on moral reasoning and moral decision-making have never been systematically investigated. To test the effects of physical exertion on moral reasoning and moral decision-making, we administered a moral dilemma task to 32 male participants during a moderate or high intensity cycling intervention. Participants in the high intensity cycling group tended to show more non-utilitarian reasoning and more non-utilitarian decision-making on impersonal but not on personal dilemmas than participants in the moderate intensity cycling group. Read More

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November 2018

Three-Dimensional Models in Planning of Revision Hip Arthroplasty with Complex Acetabular Defects.

Indian J Orthop 2018 Nov-Dec;52(6):625-630

Department of Trauma, Orthopaedics and Disaster Surgery, Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Education, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow 119991, Russia.

Background: Careful preoperative planning in revision cases with complex acetabular defects is crucial for optimal surgery outcome. However, in many cases, computed tomography (CT) scans cannot give a clear understanding of the pelvic destruction. Three-dimensional (3D) models-based on CT data can help surgeon in planning of complex acetabular reconstruction. Read More

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December 2018

Attitudes of Iranian Nurses Toward Spirituality and Spiritual Care.

J Christ Nurs 2019 Jan/Mar;36(1):E11-E16

Asma Abdollahyar, PhD, RN, is a nurse with more than 10 years of nursing work experience in the emergency department. She has taught overseas and worked in critical respiratory care in university-affiliated hospitals. Hamidehe Baniasadi, RN, has more than 10 years of experience working in the hospital emergency department. Mohammad M. Doustmohammadi, RN, has more than 16 years of in the emergency department and emergency medical transport services. He is the author of numerous publications. Hojjat Sheikhbardesiri, PhD(c), is a student of health in emergencies and disasters management at the Medical University of Isfahan. He has 16 years of experience in the emergency department and emergency medical transport services. He is the author of numerous publications. Mohammad H. Yarmohammadian, PhD, is a professor of health in emergencies and disasters management at the Medical University of Isfahan. He has more than 16 years of experience in the emergency department and emergency medical transport services. He has written numerous articles.

Spirituality and spiritual care play a crucial role in providing more effective treatment for patients. The purpose of this study was to determine nurses' attitudes toward spirituality and spiritual care in an educational hospital in Iran. A significant association was found between nurses' spirituality/spiritual care attitudes and age, education level, and type of hospital ward employment (noncritical vs. Read More

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December 2018

Motivational drivers of action in response to an environmental biosecurity incursion.

J Environ Manage 2018 Dec 6;232:851-857. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

CSIRO L&W, ATSIP Bldg 145, James Cook University, James Cook Dr., Townsville QLD 4811, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: Environmental changes caused by plant pathogen incursions can have significant economic and social impacts on agricultural communities. Proactive and vigilant biosecurity actions on-ground are essential in preventing outbreaks from occurring and/or spreading. However, little is known about psychological drivers for action. Read More

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December 2018

Emergency department registered nurses' disaster medicine competencies. An exploratory study utilizing a modified Delphi technique.

Int Emerg Nurs 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Karolinska Institutet, Department of Clinical Science and Education, Södersjukhuset, Stockholm, Sweden; Sophiahemmet University, Stockholm, Sweden.

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December 2018

Thrombectomy for Stroke at 6-24 hours without Perfusion CT Software for Patient Selection.

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Medicine, Kyorin University, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address:

Background: Although, thrombectomy for stroke more than 6 hours after onset supported by automated perfusion computed tomography (CT) software (RAPID, iSchemaView) is effective, this software is not available in Japan. This study aimed to elucidate the efficacy of thrombectomy 6-24 hours after onset in our patient cohort using conventional imaging mismatch.

Methods: Of 586 ischemic stroke patients who underwent thrombectomy registered from January 2015 to December 2017, patients with occlusion of the intracranial internal carotid artery or middle cerebral artery, who had last been known to be well 6-24 hours earlier and who had a prestroke modified Rankin scale (mRS) score 0 or 1 were enrolled. Read More

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December 2018

Estimation and inter-comparison of dust aerosols based on MODIS, MISR and AERONET retrievals over Asian desert regions.

J Environ Sci (China) 2019 Feb 27;76:154-166. Epub 2018 Apr 27.

Center for Environmental Protection Studies, PCSIR Laboratories Complex, Lahore, Pakistan.

This study presents detailed analysis of spatiotemporal variations and trend of dust optical properties i.e., Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD) and Angstrom component over Asian desert regions using thirteen years of data (i. Read More

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February 2019
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Urban Food Supply Chain Resilience for Crises Threatening Food Security: A Qualitative Study.

J Acad Nutr Diet 2018 Nov 29. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Background: Businesses and organizations involved in growing, distributing, and supplying food may face severe disruptions from natural and human-generated hazards, ranging from extreme weather to political unrest. Baltimore, Maryland, is developing policies to improve local food system organizations' ability to prepare for, respond to, and recover from disruptive events and ultimately to contribute to food system resilience.

Objectives: To identify factors that may be associated with organization-level food system resilience, how these factors may play out in disaster response, and how they may relate to organizations' confidence in their ability to withstand disruptive events. Read More

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November 2018

Bifidobacterium infantis M-63 improves mental health in victims with irritable bowel syndrome developed after a major flood disaster.

Benef Microbes 2018 Dec 10:1-10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

1 School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kota Bharu 16150, Kelantan, Malaysia.

Individuals in a community who developed irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) after major floods have significant mental health impairment. We aimed to determine if Bifidobacterium infantis M-63 was effective in improving symptoms, psychology and quality of life measures in flood-affected individuals with IBS and if the improvement was mediated by gut microbiota changes. Design was non-randomised, open-label, controlled before-and-after. Read More

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December 2018

Physician burnout: a recipe for disaster.

Authors:
Fergus Jw Morris

Med J Aust 2018 Dec;209(11):486-487

Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Perth, WA

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December 2018
1 Read

Sick leave before and after a work-place targeted terror attack.

Int Arch Occup Environ Health 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Norwegian Centre for Violence and Traumatic Stress Studies, Nydalen, Post Box 181, 0409, Oslo, Norway.

Objectives: To estimate the rate of sick leave and sick leave diagnosis among employees before and after a work-place targeted terror attack, and to compare sick leave in subgroups of employees based on gender and trauma exposure.

Methods: Data on sick leave and diagnosis in ministerial employees from the period 3 years before to 3 years after the 2011 bombing in the governmental district of Oslo was retrieved from the Norwegian Social Insurance Administration Registries.

Results: Prior to the attack, sick leave was twice as high in women as in men. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Participatory Action Research: Tools for Disaster Resilience Education.

Int J Disaster Resil Built Environ 2018 ;9(4-5):402-419

Department of Landscape Architecture and Urban Planning, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX.

Purpose: Participatory action research can improve scientific knowledge and community capacity to address disaster resilience and environmental justice. Evidence from the literature suggests that resident participation enhances assessment of environmental risks, raises awareness, and empowers residents to fight for equitable distribution of hazard and climate risk adaptations. Yet, risk assessment and urban planning processes still frequently operate within expertise-driven groups without significant community engagement. Read More

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January 2018
1 Read

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptom Network Analysis in U.S. Military Veterans: Examining the Impact of Combat Exposure.

Front Psychiatry 2018 20;9:608. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Duke-UNC Brain Imaging and Analysis Center, Duke University, Durham, NC, United States.

Recent work inspired by graph theory has begun to conceptualize mental disorders as networks of interacting symptoms. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom networks have been investigated in clinical samples meeting full diagnostic criteria, including military veterans, natural disaster survivors, civilian survivors of war, and child sexual abuse survivors. Despite reliable associations across reported networks, more work is needed to compare central symptoms across trauma types. Read More

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November 2018
3 Reads

Public health emergency preparedness: a framework to promote resilience.

BMC Public Health 2018 Dec 5;18(1):1344. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Public Health Ontario, 480 University Avenue, Suite 300, Toronto, ON, M5G 1V2, Canada.

Background: Emergencies and disasters impact population health. Despite the importance of upstream readiness, a persistent challenge for public health practitioners is defining what it means to be prepared. There is a knowledge gap in that existing frameworks lack consideration for complexity relevant to health systems and the emergency context. Read More

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December 2018