1,220 results match your criteria Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness [Journal]


Disaster Preparedness in Hospitals in the Middle East: An Integrative Literature Review.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 Feb 11:1-11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

School of Health,University of New England,Armidale,Australia.

ABSTRACTDisasters occur rarely but have significant adverse consequences when they do. Recent statistics suggest that millions of lives and billions of US dollars have been lost in the last decade due to disaster events globally. It is crucial that hospitals are well prepared for disasters to minimize their effects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.138DOI Listing
February 2019

Profiles of Human Enteroviruses Associated with Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease in Nanjing, China.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 Feb 1:1-5. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Institute of Pediatrics,Children's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University,Nanjing,Jiangsu,China.

Objective: Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is a common infectious disease caused by a group of viruses. The causative viruses have changed over time, and there is a need for a more effective protective vaccine. In this study, we investigated the profiles of human enteroviruses that caused HFMD outbreaks in Nanjing in 2015, with the goal of guiding the future prevention and treatment of HFMD. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S193578931
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.155DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

The Mental Health Impact of Hurricane Maria on Puerto Ricans in Puerto Rico and Florida.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 Jan 30:1-4. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

1Division of Epidemiology,Department of Public Health Sciences,University of Miami Miller School of Medicine,Miami,Florida.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the effect of Hurricane Maria on internalizing and posttraumatic stress disorders (PTSD) among Puerto Ricans who moved to Florida after the storm versus those who stayed on the island.

Methods: In March through April 2018 (6 months after Hurricane Maria), an online survey was used to assess the effects of the storm on mental health. A sample of 213 displaced Puerto Ricans living in urban and rural/suburban areas in Florida, as well as urban and rural areas of Puerto Rico, participated in the study. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S193578931
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.151DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Reflections.

Authors:
James J James

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 12;12(6):669

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.165DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Airbnb: A New Disaster Shelter?

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 Jan 10:1-2. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Texas Department of State Health Services,Harlingen,Texas.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.149DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Where There Is No Trauma System: A Successful Patient Evacuation in the Republic of Kiribati.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 Jan 10:1-3. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Keck School of Medicine,University of Southern California,Los Angeles, CA.

Research is lacking around how best to approach trauma care in resource poor settings, particularly in remote areas such as the islands of the South Pacific. Without examples of successful treatment of high-risk cases in these settings, countries are unable to move forward with developing policies and standardized procedures for emergency care.The Republic of Kiribati is a Pacific Island nation composed of 33 islands spanning over 2,000 miles in the central Pacific Ocean. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.135DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Ethics and Floods: A Systematic Review.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 Jan 10:1-12. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

3University of Zagreb,School of Medicine,Andrija Stampar School of Public Health,Zagreb,Croatia.

Disaster ethics is a developing field of inquiry recognizing the wide variety of ethical issues confronting various professionals involved in planning for and responding to different types of disasters. This article explores how ethical issues related to floods are addressed in academic literature. The review involved analysis of publications on ethics and floods identified in a systematic literature search of electronic databases that included sociological, biomedical, and geophysical sources. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.154DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Long-term Effects of Disasters on Health Care Utilization: Hurricane Katrina and Older Individuals with Diabetes.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 Jan 9:1-8. Epub 2019 Jan 9.

2Department of Economics,University of South Florida,Tampa,Florida.

Objective: While the short-term effects of disasters on health care utilization are well documented, less is known regarding potential longer-term effects. This study investigates the effects of Hurricane Katrina on the health care utilization of older individuals with diabetes.

Methods: We examined Medicare claims and enrollment data for the 2002-2004 and 2006-2008 time periods for older individuals with diabetes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.128DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Mental Distress Following the 2004 and 2005 Florida Hurricanes.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 Jan 8:1-9. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress,Department of Psychiatry,Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences,Bethesda, Maryland.

Objective: Community characteristics, such as perceived collective efficacy, a measure of community strength, can affect mental health outcomes following disasters. We examined the association of perceived collective efficacy with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and frequent mental distress (14 or more mentally unhealthy days in the past month) following exposure to the 2004 and 2005 hurricane seasons.

Methods: Participants were 1486 Florida Department of Health workers who completed anonymous questionnaires that were distributed electronically 9 months after the 2005 hurricane season. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S193578931
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.153DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Multiple Patients With Burn Injury Induced by a Chemical Explosion Managed by Physician-Staffed Helicopters.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 Jan 3:1-7. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Shizuoka Medical Research Center for Disaster,Juntendo University,Shizuoka,Japan.

ABSTRACTOn December 1, 2017, the Fuji factory of Arakawa Chemical Industries exploded. Dust that formed as a byproduct from the crushing and packing process of the resin for ink exploded at the facility. The Fuji City Fire Department requested the dispatch of 2 physician-staffed helicopters (known as a doctor helicopter [DH] in Japan). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.150DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Reaction to Severe Stress and Adjustment Disorders After the September 2017 Earthquakes in a Psychiatric Emergency Department in Mexico City.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 Jan 3:1-5. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

6Continuous Psychiatric Care Department,National Institute of Psychiatry Ramón de la Fuente,Mexico City,Mexico.

Objective: Earthquakes may lead to a reaction to severe stress and adjustment disorders (RSSAD). On September 7, 19, and 23, 2017, Mexico was struck by many severe earthquakes. The aim of this study was to examine whether there was an increase in the number of consultations and RSSAD in a psychiatric emergency department in Mexico City after these earthquakes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.136DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Vaccination Data When the Outbreak Happens: A Qualitative Evaluation of Oregon's Rapid Response Tool.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 Jan 3:1-4. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Oregon Immunization Program,Oregon Health Authority,Portland,Oregon.

Objective: Immunization data are vital to support responses to vaccine-preventable disease outbreaks. The Oregon Immunization Program developed a unique prototype instrument-the Rapid Response Tool (RRT)-that provides population data to local responders within 2 hours of a request. Data outputs include vaccination coverage by age group and zip code; percentages of students with nonmedical exemptions to vaccination requirements, by school; and current, comprehensive lists of local vaccination providers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.130DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Evaluation of an Online Educational Intervention to Increase Knowledge and Self-efficacy in Disaster Responders and Critical Care Transporters Caring for Individuals with Developmental Disabilities.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 Jan 3:1-5. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

3Carolinas Healthcare System,Carolinas Medical Center,Department of Emergency Medicine,Charlotte,North Carolina.

Objective: Disability-related education is essential for disaster responders and critical care transporters to ensure positive patient outcomes. This pilot study evaluated the effect of an online educational intervention on disaster responders and critical care transporters' knowledge of and feelings of self-efficacy about caring for individuals with developmental disabilities.

Methods: A 1-group, pretest-posttest, quasi-experimental design was used. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S193578931
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.129DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Emergency Department Ceiling Collapse: Response to an Internal Emergency.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2019 Jan 2:1-2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Department of Emergency Medicine,VieCuri Medical Center,Venlo,the Netherlands.

ABSTRACTHospital disaster resilience is often conceived as the ability to respond to external disasters. However, internal disasters appear to be more common events in hospitals than external events. This report describes the aftermath of a ceiling collapse in the emergency department of VieCuri Medical Center in Venlo, the Netherlands, on May 18, 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.133DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Psychosocial Consequences Among Nurses in the Affected Area of the Great East Japan Earthquake of 2011 and the Fukushima Complex Disaster: A Qualitative Study.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Dec 28:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

2Department of Global Health and Socio-epidemiology,Kyoto University School of Public Health,Kyoto,Japan.

Objective: The goal of this study was to assess the psychosocial consequences among nurses affected by the Great East Japan Earthquake in order to identify their coping strategies and explore possible countermeasures against complex disasters.

Methods: In 2012, we conducted a qualitative study and screened participants for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Results: Thirty-eight nurses participated in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.100DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Earthquake-Induced Injuries: Retrospective Epidemiological Analysis of the 2015 Hindu Kush Earthquake in Pakistan.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Dec 28:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 28.

3Departamento Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública,Facultad de Farmacia,Universidad de Granada,Campus Universitario de Cartuja,Granada,Spain.

Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze retrospectively the earthquake-induced injuries caused by the October 2015 Hindu Kush earthquake in Pakistan. This is the first population-based study to assess epidemiologically earthquake-induced injuries in the Hindu Kush region, one of the world's most mountainous and seismically active regions. Unfortunately, only limited studies have investigated the earthquake-induced injuries and deaths in the region epidemiologically. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.134DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

The Imbalance in Medical Demand and Supply for Pediatric Victims in an Earthquake.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Dec 21:1-5. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

8Department of Acute Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine,the University of Tokyo,Tokyo,Japan.

Objectives: We quantified an absolute imbalance of the medical risks and the support needs for children at each disaster-based hospital in Kanagawa immediately following the occurrence of a large earthquake by using the risk resource ratio (RRR) and need for medical resources (NMR).

Methods: The RRR and NMR of 33 disaster-based hospitals were estimated through dividing the estimated number of pediatric victims by the number of critically patients. We calculated the ratio of the NMR of each hospital. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S193578931
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.127DOI Listing
December 2018
8 Reads

The Angolan Pandemic Rapid Response Team: An Assessment, Improvement, and Development Analysis of the First Self-sufficient African National Response Team Curriculum.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Nov 27:1-5. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

2Navy Environmental and Preventive Medicine Unit 7,Rota,Spain.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess, through participant self-assessment, the effectiveness of a rapid response team curriculum based on the World Health Organization (WHO) Ebola Virus Disease Consolidated Preparedness Checklist, Revision 1.

Methods: A pre-and-post survey for the purpose of process improvement assessment involving 44 individuals was conducted in Angola. The survey was conducted before and after a 6-day training workshop held in Luanda, Angola, in December 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.122DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Developing a Comprehensive Trauma- and Resiliency- Focused Program After Superstorm Sandy in New York City.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Nov 20:1-5. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

1Children's Health Fund,Medical Affairs, New York, New York.

ABSTRACTTo contribute to the ongoing discourse about successful programming supporting intermediate behavioral and mental health needs of vulnerable communities affected by disaster, this article presents the Children's Health Fund (CHF) Sandy Recovery and Resiliency Program as a descriptive case study for a multifaceted, community-based approach to building resiliency, coping, and socioemotional skills in an underserved community in New York City that was affected by Superstorm Sandy. The case study involves retrospective review and analysis of qualitative and quantitative data that were collected as part of routine care and program implementation. From the analysis emerged a program consisting of 3 components: (1) delivery of workshops and community events to decrease stigma and build community-wide resilience, (2) delivery of workshops for students and educators in the local school to increase coping skills as well as referrals to clinical mental health care, and (3) provision of mental health care via a mobile mental health clinic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.118DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Public Health Emergency Preparedness System Evaluation Criteria and Performance Metrics: A Review of Contributions of the CDC-Funded Preparedness and Emergency Response Research Centers.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Nov 13:1-13. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

1Office of Science and Public Health Practice,Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response,United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,Atlanta,Georgia.

Objectives: The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)-funded Preparedness and Emergency Response Research Centers (PERRCs) conducted research from 2008 to 2015 aimed to improve the complex public health emergency preparedness and response (PHEPR) system. This paper summarizes PERRC studies that addressed the development and assessment of criteria for evaluating PHEPR and metrics for measuring their efficiency and effectiveness.

Methods: We reviewed 171 PERRC publications indexed in PubMed between 2009 and 2016. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S193578931
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.110DOI Listing
November 2018
11 Reads

The Knowledge Level of Dentists in Turkey About Their Potential Role on the Disaster Victims Identification (DVI) Team.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Nov 12:1-6. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

1Baskent University School of Medicine,Department of Forensic Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Objective: Although dentists are valuable assets in identification teams during disaster events, forensic dentistry is not used effectively in the identification studies conducted in Turkey, and the importance of dental data is ignored. The aim of this study was to determine the level of knowledge of dentists regarding their duties and responsibilities during major disasters.

Methods: This descriptive study was conducted between December 2015 and June 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.111DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Anthrax Exposure, Belief in Exposure, and Postanthrax Symptoms Among Survivors of a Bioterrorist Attack on Capitol Hill.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Nov 12:1-6. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

5The Altshuler Center for Education & Research at Metrocare Services and the Department of Psychiatry,The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center,Dallas,Texas.

Background: Following chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear disasters, medically unexplained symptoms have been observed among unexposed persons.

Objectives: This study examined belief in exposure in relation to postdisaster symptoms in a volunteer sample of 137 congressional workers after the 2001 anthrax attacks on Capitol Hill.

Methods: Postdisaster symptoms, belief in exposure, and actual exposure status were obtained through structured diagnostic interviews and self-reported presence in offices officially designated as exposed through environmental sampling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.115DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Medical Spending for the 2001 Anthrax Letter Attacks.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Nov 12:1-8. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

2Concordia University, Montreal,Quebec.

ABSTRACTIntroductionThis paper assesses the total medical costs associated with the US anthrax letter attacks of 2001. This information can be used to inform policies, which may help mitigate the potential economic impacts of similar bioterrorist attacks.

Methods: Journal publications and news reports were reviewed to establish the number of people who were exposed, were potentially exposed, received prophylactics, and became ill. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.113DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Operational and Financial Considerations of Using Drones for Medical Support of Mass Events in Poland.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Nov 8:1-6. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

7Medical University of Bialystok,Department of Emergency Medicine and Disasters,Voivodeship Rescue Service in Katowice.

Objective: The implementation of drones in the medical security system requires a proper planning of the cooperation of different services, dividing the area into sectors, assessing potential risks, and other factors. This study refers to the cost analysis of using drones in the medical support of mass events. The aim of this research is to analyze the costs of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) implementation in the mass event medical support system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.106DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Environmental Heat Exposure and Heat-Related Symptoms in United States Coast Guard Deepwater Horizon Disaster Responders.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Nov 6:1-9. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

1Department of Preventive Medicine and Biostatistics,F. Edward Hebert School of Medicine,Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences,Bethesda,Maryland.

Objectives: The response to the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill was impacted by heat. We evaluated the association between environmental heat exposure and self-reported heat-related symptoms in US Coast Guard Deepwater Horizon disaster responders.

Methods: Utilizing climate data and postdeployment survey responses from 3648 responders, we assigned heat exposure categories based on both wet bulb globe temperature (WBGT) and heat index (HI) measurements (median, mean, maximum). Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S193578931
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.120DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

Hurricane Maria's Impact on Punta Santiago, Puerto Rico: Community Needs and Mental Health Assessment Six Months Postimpact.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Nov 5:1-6. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

3Professor,Department of Public Health Sciences,University of Miami Miller School of Medicine,Miami,Florida.

Objectives: This pilot study aimed to assess the community needs and population health status for the low-income town of Punta Santiago, situated on the southeastern coast of Puerto Rico at the point where Hurricane Maria made landfall on September 20, 2017.

Methods: A cross-sectional, interviewer-administered survey was conducted 6 months after the storm with a representative random sample of 74 households. The survey characterized population demographics and resident needs in relation to storm damage and disruption. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.103DOI Listing
November 2018
13 Reads

Medical Countermeasures for Children in Radiation and Nuclear Disasters: Current Capabilities and Key Gaps.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Nov 2:1-8. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

3CDC,Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response,Atlanta,GA.

Objective: Despite children's unique vulnerability, clinical guidance and resources are lacking around the use of radiation medical countermeasures (MCMs) available commercially and in the Strategic National Stockpile to support immediate dispensing to pediatric populations. To better understand the current capabilities and shortfalls, a literature review and gap analysis were performed.

Methods: A comprehensive review of the medical literature, Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved labeling, FDA summary reviews, medical references, and educational resources related to pediatric radiation MCMs was performed from May 2016 to February 2017. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S193578931
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.112DOI Listing
November 2018
5 Reads

Public Preparedness - Rethinking the Unthinkable.

Authors:
James J James

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 10;12(5):553

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.126DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Provider Delivery of Emergency Preparedness Education in Home-Based Primary Care.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Oct 31:1-8. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

1Veterans Emergency Management Evaluation Center,Office of Patient Care Services,US Department of Veterans Affairs.

ABSTRACTIntroductionHome health agencies have been tasked to improve their patients' disaster preparedness. Few studies have evaluated the robustness of tools to support preparedness in home health. Through evaluation of the Home-Based Primary Care (HBPC) Patient Assessment Tool, we conducted a survey to identify strengths and challenges in supporting the preparedness of patients served by home health programs such as the Veterans Health Administration's HBPC program. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.114DOI Listing
October 2018
8 Reads

Examination of Hospital Workers' Emotional Responses to an Infectious Disease Outbreak: Lessons From the 2015 MERS Co-V Outbreak in South Korea.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Oct 18:1-7. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

2Department of Public Health Sciences,Graduate School of Public Health & Institute of Health and Environment,Seoul National University,Seoul,Republic of Korea.

ABSTRACTHospital workers are critical for a successful response to an infectious disease outbreak and for preventing disease transmission to the community. Therefore, hospital crisis management should implement efforts to improve hospital workers' preparedness in responding to public health emergencies caused by infectious diseases. Traditionally, preparedness and skill of hospital workers have been emphasized, but awareness of the importance of the emotional mindset of hospital workers in dealing with disease outbreaks has only recently increased; therefore, empirical approaches to examining emotional responses of hospital workers has been limited. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.95DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Obstetrician-Gynecologists' Role Conflict in a Natural Disaster: Professional Versus Family Responsibilities.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Oct 17:1-5. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology,Baylor College of Medicine,Houston, TX.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate role conflict between professional and familial responsibilities among obstetric health care providers during a natural disaster between those required to stay in the hospital versus those who were at home during a catastrophic weather event.

Methods: A survey was used of obstetric attending and resident physicians in the Baylor College of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology following Hurricane Harvey on August 26, 2017.

Results: Ninety one of 103 physicians (88%) completed the survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.123DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Contingency Medical Countermeasures for Mass Nerve-Agent Exposure: Use of Pharmaceutical Alternatives to Community Stockpiled Antidotes.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Oct 15:1-8. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

1Chemical Defense Program/Countering Weapons of Mass Destruction/Department of Homeland Security.

ABSTRACTHaving sufficient medical countermeasures (MCMs) available for the treatment of acetylcholinesterase-inhibiting nerve agent poisoned patients following a mass chemical exposure is a challenge for communities. After stockpiles containing auto-injectors are exhausted, communities need to be aware of alternative pharmaceutical options. The Department of Homeland Security Chemical Defense Program convened a federal interagency working group consisting of first responders, clinicians, and experts from the fields of medical toxicology, pharmacology, and emergency management. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.99DOI Listing
October 2018
7 Reads

Successful Renovation of a Closed School Into a Long-Term Care Facility in the Affected Area After the 2011 Fukushima Disaster.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Oct 11:1-2. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

2Department of Internal Medicine,Hirata Central Hospital,Fukushima,Japan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.107DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Celebrity Role in Sarpol-e Zahab Earthquake in Iran 2017.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Oct 11:1-2. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

3Urbanism,School of Civil,Architecture and Art,Science and Research Branch,Islamic Azad University,Tehran,Iran.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.104DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Monitoring the Health of Public Health Responders: Development and Use of the Responder Safety, Tracking, and Resilience System (R-STaR) for Hurricane Matthew.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Oct 9:1-8. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

1Georgia Department of Public Health,Atlanta,GA.

ABSTRACTOn October 7, 2016, Hurricane Matthew traveled along the coasts of Florida, Georgia, and South Carolina causing flooding and power outages. The Georgia Department of Public Health (DPH) developed the Web-based Responder Safety, Tracking, and Resilience (R-STaR) system to monitor the health and safety of public health responders and to inform disaster response planning for Hurricane Matthew. Using R-STaR, responders (n = 126) were e-mailed a daily survey while deployed to document injuries or harmful exposures and a post-deployment survey on their post-deployment health and satisfaction with using R-STaR. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.102DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Varzaghan Earthquake Affected Mothers' and Their Newborns' Health More Severely, in Socioeconomically Vulnerable Area.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Oct 8:1-8. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

2Social Determinant of Health Research Center,Department of Nutrition in Community,School of Nutrition and Food Sciences,Tabriz University of Medical Sciences,Tabriz,Iran.

Objective: We aimed to compare the pregnancy status of the pregnant women and birth status of their newborns, socioeconomic status, and access to health services, between high- and low-damage areas in Heris, affected by the Varzaghan Earthquake, 2012.

Methods: The study was conducted on pregnant women at any trimester of pregnancy (with complete medical profiles in local health centers) in August 2012 (time of the earthquake) who lived in Heris and delivered up to March 2013. Data were obtained on pregnancy- and infant-related variables, housing, socioeconomic status, and access to health services, including food supplies, before and after the earthquake. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.96DOI Listing
October 2018
6 Reads

Advancing population health science to public health policy.

Authors:
James J James

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 08;12(4):421

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.108DOI Listing
August 2018
10 Reads

The United States Virgin Islands and Hurricanes of 2017.

Authors:
Richard F Gillum

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Oct 8. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.105DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Effects of Virtual Reality Simulation on Worker Emergency Evacuation of Neonates.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Oct 8:1-8. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

1Wright State University,Dayton,Ohio.

Objective: This study examined differences in learning outcomes among newborn intensive care unit (NICU) workers who underwent virtual reality simulation (VRS) emergency evacuation training versus those who received web-based clinical updates (CU). Learning outcomes included a) knowledge gained, b) confidence with evacuation, and c) performance in a live evacuation exercise.

Methods: A longitudinal, mixed-method, quasi-experimental design was implemented utilizing a sample of NICU workers randomly assigned to VRS training or CUs. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S193578931
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.58DOI Listing
October 2018
7 Reads

Hospitals' Preparedness to Treat Pediatric Patients During Mass Casualty Incidents.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Oct 2:1-4. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

Disaster Response Working Group,National Center for Child Health and Development,Tokyo,Japan.

Objectives: Little is known about the preparedness of hospitals to care for pediatric patients during a major incident in Japan. This study assessed the disaster preparedness of a children's hospital in Japan by using a disaster drill.Materials and MethodsWe performed a triage drill with all hospitalized patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.98DOI Listing
October 2018
11 Reads

Needs Assessment for a Targeted Health Promotion Campaign.

Authors:
Greta Tam

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Oct 2:1-9. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

Jockey Club School of Public Health and Primary Care,The Chinese University of Hong Kong,Hong Kong.

ABSTRACTSince the first human A/H7N9 infection in Hong Kong, there has been an ongoing threat of human-to-human transmission, potentially causing a pandemic. Because there is no vaccine for A/H7N9, the individual preventive measures become all the more important for reducing transmission. However, due to the ongoing threat of numerous avian influenza viruses, the public may suffer from pandemic-media-fatigue. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S193578931
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.97DOI Listing
October 2018
8 Reads

Impact of the Aliso Canyon Gas Leak on Respiratory-Related Conditions Among US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Users.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Oct 2:1-5. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

1Veterans Emergency Management Evaluation Center,US Department of Veterans Affairs,North Hills,California.

Background: The largest gas leak in United States history occurred October 2015 through February 2016 near Porter Ranch (PR), California, and prompted the temporary relocation of nearby residents because of health concerns related to natural gas exposure.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) administrative and clinical data. On the basis of zip codes, we created two groups: PR (1920 patients) and San Fernando Valley (SFV) (15 260 patients) and examined the proportion of outpatient visits to VA providers with respiratory-related diagnoses between October 2014 and September 2017. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S193578931
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.83DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Comparison of Disaster Preparedness Between Urban and Rural Community Hospitals in New York State.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Oct 2:1-5. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

4Rural Medical Scholars ProgramSUNY Upstate Medical University,Syracuse,New York.

Objective: The intent of this study was to determine whether there are differences in disaster preparedness between urban and rural community hospitals across New York State.

Methods: Descriptive and analytical cross-sectional survey study of 207 community hospitals; thirty-five questions evaluated 6 disaster preparedness elements: disaster plan development, on-site surge capacity, available materials and resources, disaster education and training, disaster preparedness funding levels, and perception of disaster preparedness.

Results: Completed surveys were received from 48 urban hospitals and 32 rural hospitals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.85DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Behavioral Health of Gulf Coast Residents 6 Years After the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: The Role of Trauma History.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Sep 26:1-7. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

RAND Corporation, Arlington, VA.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between oil spill exposure, trauma history, and behavioral health 6 years after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill (DHOS). We hypothesized that prior trauma would exacerbate the relationship between oil spill exposure and behavioral health problems.

Methods: The sample included 2,520 randomly selected adults in coastal areas along the Gulf of Mexico. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.84DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Bench to Bedside to Bystanders - Moving Antidotes and Management Guidelines Out of the Hospital and Into the Field.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Sep 24:1-3. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

Department of Emergency Medicine,Medical Toxicology and Pharmacology,University of Colorado School of Medicine,Aurora,CO.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.101DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Enhancing Reporting of After Action Reviews of Public Health Emergencies to Strengthen Preparedness: A Literature Review and Methodology Appraisal.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Sep 17:1-8. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

3Country Preparedness Section,European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control,Stockholm,Sweden.

Objective: This literature review aimed to identify the range of methods used in after action reviews (AARs) of public health emergencies and to develop appraisal tools to compare methodological reporting and validity standards.

Methods: A review of biomedical and gray literature identified key approaches from AAR methodological research, real-world AARs, and AAR reporting templates. We developed a 50-item tool to systematically document AAR methodological reporting and a linked 11-item summary tool to document validity. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S193578931
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.82DOI Listing
September 2018
6 Reads

Prevalence of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Its Correlates Among Junior High School Students at 53 Months After Experiencing an Earthquake.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Sep 12:1-5. Epub 2018 Sep 12.

1Department of Health-Related Social and Behavioral Science,West China School of Public Health,Sichuan University,Chengdu,P. R. China(Drs Liu, Yang, Zhou, Xu, and Ms Ji).

Objective: To identify the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and its determinants among adolescents more than 4 years after the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake.

Method: Adolescents (1,125 total) from 2 junior high schools in areas affected by the catastrophic earthquake were followed up for 3 years. The self-rating PTSD scale based on the Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition (DSM-IV) and the Chinese Classification and Diagnostic Criteria of Mental Disorders, 2nd Edition, Revised (CCMD-2-R) was collected at 53 months, and determinant data were collected repeatedly. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.76DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads
1.140 Impact Factor

Snow Storms and Vulnerable Populations: Local Public Health Activities in Response to the 2014-2015 Severe Winter Weather.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Sep 7:1-3. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

2Department of Biostatistics,Emergency Preparedness,Research,Evaluation and Practice Program,Division of Policy Translation and Leadership Development,Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts.

ABSTRACTThe Northeastern United States experienced some of its coldest and snowiest conditions ever recorded during the winter of 2014-2015. The snowfall and extreme temperatures created significant challenges for local health departments attempting to continue critical services and respond to storm-related needs of the community. This report from the field aims to describe the impact of the severe weather on local health departments' operations, to examine the disruption to public health services, and to document public health support provided to vulnerable populations during the 2014-2015 winter season. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.81DOI Listing
September 2018
16 Reads

Modeling Cutaneous Radiation Injury from Fallout.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Aug 31:1-7. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

4Gryphon Scientific LLC,Takoma Park,Maryland,supporting the Department of Health and Human Services Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority Division of Quantitative Analysis.

Objective: Beta radiation from nuclear weapons fallout could pose a risk of cutaneous radiation injury (CRI) to evacuating populations but has been investigated only cursorily. This work examines 2 components of CRI necessary for estimating the potential public health consequences of exposure to fallout: dose protraction and depth of dose.

Methods: Dose protraction for dry and moist desquamation was examined by adapting the biological effective dose (BED) calculation to a hazard function calculation similar to those recommended by the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements for other acute radiation injuries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.74DOI Listing
August 2018
11 Reads

Gender-Based Risk and Protective Factors for Psychological Distress in the Midterm Recovery Period Following the Great East Japan Earthquake.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2018 Aug 28:1-10. Epub 2018 Aug 28.

5Graduate School of Public Health,Teikyo University,Tokyo,Japan.

Objectives: Women and men might experience psychological distress differently during a disaster. This study investigated gender differences in the factors associated with psychological distress among working-age people 1 to 2 years after the Great East Japan Earthquake.

Methods: A cross-sectional household survey of victims who remained living in their homes was conducted between May and December 2012 in Ishinomaki City, Japan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2018.80DOI Listing
August 2018
3 Reads