33,892 results match your criteria Dipylidiasis


New-onset axillary lymphangioma: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2022 Jun 19;16(1):242. Epub 2022 Jun 19.

Department of Surgery, Banner MD Anderson Cancer Center-Phoenix, University of Arizona College of Medicine-Phoenix, 925 East McDowell Rd., Phoenix, AZ, 85006, USA.

Background: Lymphangioma is a rare diagnosis in adult patients and typically presents in early infancy. These tumors are a result of malformation of the lymphatic vessels and usually involve the head, neck, and axilla.

Case Presentation: We report the case of a 28-year-old African female who recently immigrated from East Africa and presented to our surgical breast clinic with a large and rapidly growing left axillary mass. Read More

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Chemical and physical features of biological fluids in treatment of hydatid disease.

Braz J Biol 2022 13;84:e257021. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia.

The aim of this paper is to better understand the dynamics of crystallogenic and starting activity in biological fluids of patients throughout surgery and the late postoperative phase in alveococcosis. Samples of saliva from 22 individuals with alveococcosis were included in the research. Biological fluid samples were taken at the time of admission and before the patient was discharged. Read More

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Comparative study of indocyanine green (ICG)-R15 and Albumin-Indocyanine Green Evaluation (ALICE) grading system in the prediction of posthepatectomy liver failure and postoperative mortality in patients with hepatic alveolar echinococcosis.

BMC Gastroenterol 2022 Jun 14;22(1):297. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Department of Hepatobiliary-Pancreatic Surgery, Cell Transplantation Center, Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, No. 32, West Second Section, First Ring Road, Qingyang District, Chengdu, 610072, Sichuan, China.

Background: A precise evaluation of liver reserve function in patients with hepatic alveolar echinococcosis (HAE) prior to hepatectomy could substantially increase the success rate of the operation and reduce the incidence of postoperative complications. The present study aimed to investigate the significance of the indocyanine green retention test at 15 min (ICG-R15) and the Albumin-Indocyanine Green Evaluation (ALICE) grading system in predicting severe posthepatectomy liver failure (PHLF) and postoperative mortality in HAE patients undergoing liver resection.

Methods: A total of 105 HAE patients undergoing hepatectomy were enrolled in this study. Read More

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[Correlation between clinical and tomographic variables in patients with neurocysticercosis. A study in a cohort of patients in Sierra Norte, Ecuador, between 2019 and 2020].

Rev Neurol 2022 06;74(12):383-391

Universidad Técnica del Norte, Imbabura, Ecuador.

Introduction: Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is the most frequent parasitic disease in the central nervous system of humans.

Objective: to establish the correlation between clinical and tomographic variables in patients with neurocysticercosis in the neurology consultation of Hospital San Vicente de Paul and Hospital IESS Ibarra, during the year 2020.

Patients And Methods: descriptive, correlational and cross-sectional research. Read More

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Heteroplasmic mitochondrial genomes of a Raillietina tapeworm in wild Pangolin.

Parasit Vectors 2022 Jun 13;15(1):204. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Guangdong Laboratory for Lingnan Modern Agriculture, Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Diseases, College of Veterinary Medicine, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, 510642, China.

Background: Raillietina species belong to the family Davaineidae, which parasitizes in a wide variety of mammals and birds, causing stunted growth, lethargy, emaciation, and digestive tract obstruction. However, only a limited number of Raillietina species have been identified in wild animals.

Methods: We analyzed and annotated the complete mitochondrial (mt) genome of a worm from the intestine of a wild pangolin using Illumina sequencing of whole genomic DNA. Read More

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Knowledge, attitudes and practices related to Taenia solium cysticercosis and taeniasis in Tanzania.

BMC Infect Dis 2022 Jun 13;22(1):534. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Center for Global Health, Department of Neurology, Technical University of Munich (TUM), Munich, Germany.

Background: Taenia solium cysticercosis/taeniasis (TSCT) is reported to be endemic in pig producing areas around the world, causing significant disease burden and economic losses.

Methods: This cross-sectional study aimed at assessing Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) regarding TSCT in four districts, namely Mbulu, Mpwapwa, Mbinga, and Rungwe in Tanzania. Data on KAP were collected through questionnaire-based interviews and household infrastructure observations. Read More

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Heart-Shaped lung hydatid cyst in a chest radiograph.

Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 2022 6;55:e0099. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Ataturk University, Medical Faculty, Erzurum, Turkey.

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Larval cestodes infecting commercial fish of Alexandria coast along the Mediterranean Sea: morphology and phylogeny.

Rev Bras Parasitol Vet 2022 6;31(2):e003022. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Minia University, Minia, Egypt.

Members of the order Trypanorhyncha are cestode parasites that are frequently found infecting the muscles of several marine fish species, affecting fish health and resulting in consumers' rejection. Seventy-five specimens of marine fish were freshly caught from boat landing sites at the Alexandria coast along the Mediterranean Sea in Egypt, including two Carangids, the greater amberjack Seriola dumerili and the gulley jack Pseudocarans dentex; two Serranids, the Haifa grouper Epinephelus haifensis and the mottled grouper Mycteroperca rubra. Forty-five fish were infected; the infection was recorded as blastocysts embedded in fish flesh. Read More

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Mediastinal Hydatidosis with an Unusual Presentation: A rare case report.

Sultan Qaboos Univ Med J 2022 May 26;22(2):300-303. Epub 2022 May 26.

Department of Radiodiagnosis, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Raipur, India.

Hydatidosis is a common zoonotic disease with a high prevalence in developing countries. While a solitary cyst with unilateral lung involvement is common, bilateral involvement and multiple cysts are rare, only seen in 20% and 30% of the cases, respectively. Likewise, extensive involvement of extrapulmonary tissues and mediastinum is rare. Read More

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Neurocysticercosis: an update on diagnosis, treatment, and prevention.

Curr Opin Infect Dis 2022 06;35(3):246-254

Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, USA.

Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is an important cause of neurological disease worldwide, including imported cases in nonendemic countries.

Purpose Of Review: The purpose of this review is to update information on diagnosis, management, and prevention of neurocysticercosis.

Recent Findings: WHO and Infectious Diseases Society of America/American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene guidelines emphasize the importance of corticosteroids and antiparasitic drugs for viable parenchymal disease and single enhancing lesions. Read More

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Risk Factors Associated With Echinococcosis in the General Chinese Population: A Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review.

Front Public Health 2022 17;10:821265. Epub 2022 May 17.

Department of Public Health, Medical College, Qinghai University, Xining, China.

Background: Echinococcosis is a severe zoonotic disease that imposes a substantial burden on human life. This meta-analysis aimed to summarize available data on the prevalence of human echinococcosis and identify the key risk factors for echinococcosis in the Chinese general population.

Methods: Relevant studies were comprehensively searched in the PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chongqing VIP Information (VIP), Wanfang and SinoMed databases until August 22, 2020. Read More

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Porcine model of neurocysticercosis by intracarotid injection of Taenia solium oncospheres: Dose assessment, infection outcomes and serological responses.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2022 06 2;16(6):e0010449. Epub 2022 Jun 2.

Center for Global Health, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru.

Background: Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is the infection of the human central nervous system (CNS) by Taenia solium larvae that cause significant neurological morbidity. Studies on NCC pathophysiology, host-parasite interactions or therapeutic agents are limited by the lack of suitable animal models. We have previously reported that carotid injection of activated T. Read More

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Stability Analysis and Optimal Control Strategies of an Echinococcosis Transmission Model.

Comput Math Methods Med 2022 23;2022:6154866. Epub 2022 May 23.

Faculty of Science and Technology, Sichuan Minzu College, Kangding, China.

This paper presents a deterministic compartmental model for echinococcosis transmission dynamics. The basic reproduction number of the model determines the existence and stability of the disease-free and disease-endemic equilibrium points. We further formulate the optimal control problem and obtain the necessary conditions to minimize the number of infected individuals and the associated costs. Read More

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A simple score for predicting urinary fistula in patients with renal hydatid cysts.

Libyan J Med 2022 Dec;17(1):2084819

Department of Urology, La Rabta Hospital, University of Tunis El Manar, Tunis, Tunisie.

Hydatid cyst is a major health problem in developing countries. The kidney is in third position of organs affected by hydatid cyst. One of the complications of renal hydatid cyst is a urinary fistula. Read More

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December 2022

Understanding pathogen-host interplay by expression profiles of lncRNA and mRNA in the liver of Echinococcus multilocularis-infected mice.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2022 05 31;16(5):e0010435. Epub 2022 May 31.

State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Etiological Biology, National Professional Laboratory for Animal Echinococcosis, Key Laboratory of Veterinary Parasitology of Gansu Province, Key Laboratory of Zoonoses of Agriculture Ministry, Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute, CAAS, Lanzhou, Gansu, P. R. China.

Almost all Echinococcus multilocularis (Em) infections occur in the liver of the intermediate host, causing a lethal zoonotic helminthic disease, alveolar echinococcosis (AE). However, the long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) expression profiles of the host and the potential regulatory function of lncRNA during Em infection are poorly understood. In this study, the profiles of lncRNAs and mRNAs in the liver of mice at different time points after Em infection were explored by microarray. Read More

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Electrical potentials of protoscoleces of the cestode Echinococcus granulosus from bovine origin.

Exp Parasitol 2022 Jul 27;238:108282. Epub 2022 May 27.

Laboratorio de Canales Iónicos, Instituto Multidisciplinario de Salud, Tecnología y Desarrollo (IMSaTeD, CONICET-UNSE), Santiago Del Estero, 4206, Argentina. Electronic address:

Larval stages of taeniid Echinococcus granulosus are the infective forms of cystic echinococcosis or hydatidosis, a worldwide zoonosis. The protoscolex that develops into the adult form in the definitive host is enveloped by a complex cellular syncytial tegument, where all metabolic interchange takes place. Little information is available as to the electrical activity of the parasite in this developmental stage. Read More

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Mathematical modelling of echinococcosis in human, dogs and sheep with intervention.

J Biol Dyn 2022 Dec;16(1):439-463

Department of Mathematical Science, University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa.

In this study, a model for the spread of cyst echinococcosis with interventions is formulated. The disease-free and endemic equilibrium points of the model are calculated. The control reproduction number for the model is derived, and the global dynamics are established by the values of . Read More

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December 2022

Cell-Membrane Biomimetic Indocyanine Green Liposomes for Phototheranostics of Echinococcosis.

Biosensors (Basel) 2022 May 9;12(5). Epub 2022 May 9.

The First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi 830011, China.

Echinococcosis is an important zoonotic infectious disease that seriously affects human health. Conventional diagnosis of echinococcosis relies on the application of large-scale imaging equipment, which is difficult to promote in remote areas. Meanwhile, surgery and chemotherapy for echinococcosis can cause serious trauma and side effects. Read More

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The Genomes of Two Strains of the Animal Model for the Study of Human Cysticercosis.

Front Cell Infect Microbiol 2022 10;12:876839. Epub 2022 May 10.

Biomedical Research Institute, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, CDMX, Mexico.

Human cysticercosis by is the major cause of neurological illness in countries of Africa, Southeast Asia, and the Americas. Publication of four cestode genomes (, , and ) in the last decade, marked the advent of novel approaches on the study of the host-parasite molecular crosstalk for cestode parasites of importance for human and animal health. is another cestode parasite, closely related to , which has been used in numerous studies as an animal model for human cysticercosis. Read More

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Assessment of echinococcosis control in Tibet Autonomous Region, China.

Infect Dis Poverty 2022 May 26;11(1):59. Epub 2022 May 26.

Espace-Dev, UMR D-228, Université de Montpellier, 34000, Montpellier, France.

Background: In China the highest prevalence of echinococcosis is in Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR). The government has issued documents and implemented comprehensive prevention and control measures focusing on controlling the source of infection of echinococcosis. It was very important to understand the implementation and effect of infectious source control measures. Read More

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A recombinant monoclonal-based Taenia antigen assay that reflects disease activity in extra-parenchymal neurocysticercosis.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2022 05 26;16(5):e0010442. Epub 2022 May 26.

Laboratory of Parasitic Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America.

Background: Antigen tests for diagnosis and disease monitoring in some types of neurocysticercosis (NCC) are useful but access to testing has been limited by availability of proprietary reagents and/or kits.

Methods/principal Findings: Three previously identified IgM-secreting hybridomas whose IgM products demonstrated specificity to Taenia solium underwent variable heavy and light chain sequencing and isotype conversion to mouse IgG. Screening of these recombinantly expressed IgG anti-Ts hybridomas, identified one (TsG10) with the highest affinity to crude Taenia antigen. Read More

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Primary pelvic hydatid cyst causing acute urinary retention.

BMJ Case Rep 2022 05 25;15(5). Epub 2022 May 25.

Radiodiagnosis, Pacific Institute of Medical Sciences Umarda Campus, Udaipur, India.

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Diversity and phylogenetic relationships of 'tetraphyllidean' Clade 3 (Cestoda) based on new material from orectolobiform sharks in Australia and Taiwan.

Folia Parasitol (Praha) 2022 May 16;69. Epub 2022 May 16.

Department of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology and the Biodiversity Institute, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas, USA.

In an effort to expand knowledge of Clade 3-one of the ten clades that compose the non-monophyletic order 'Tetraphyllidea' all current members of which parasitise orectolobiform sharks-we targeted species of orectolobiform sharks that had not previously been examined for 'tetraphyllidean' cestodes. That work led to the discovery of three new species off Australia and Taiwan. Ambitalveolus gen. Read More

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Primary retroperitoneal hydatid cyst with intraperitoneal rupture: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2022 May 25;16(1):202. Epub 2022 May 25.

Departement of surgery, Habib Bourguiba Hospital, Sfax, Tunisia.

Background: Hydatid disease is endemic in Mediterranean countries and most commonly occurs in the liver followed by the lung. A primary localization in the retroperitoneum is extremely rare.

Case Presentation: We report the case of a 29-year-old Tunisian patient presenting with progressive left flank pain and skin urticaria. Read More

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Identification of a dominant murine T-cell epitope in recombinant protein P29 from.

Acta Biochim Biophys Sin (Shanghai) 2022 Apr;54(4):482-493

School of Basic Medicine, Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan 750004, China.

causes echinococcosis, an important zoonotic disease worldwide and a major public health issue. Vaccination is an economical and practical approach for controlling . . Read More

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Massive sympathetic nerve infiltration in advanced hepatic alveolar echinococcosis: a case report and review of the literature.

BMC Infect Dis 2022 May 23;22(1):489. Epub 2022 May 23.

State Key Laboratory of Pathogenesis, Prevention, and Treatment of High Incidence Diseases in Central Asia, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, NO.137 Li Yu Mountain South Road, Ürümqi, 830054, Xinjiang, People's Republic of China.

Background: Alveolar echinococcosis is a zoonotic disease that mostly affects the liver, with vascular invasion and a protean clinical symptom. However, no reports of sympathetic nerve infiltration in hepatic alveolar echinococcosis have been reported. Here, we report a case of hepatic alveolar echinococcosis in a 33-year-old man. Read More

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Meta-analysis on the prevalence of bovine hydatid disease in China from 2000 to 2021.

Microb Pathog 2022 Jul 20;168:105586. Epub 2022 May 20.

Animal Science College, Tibet Agriculture & Animal Husbandry University, Linzhi, China.

Cystic Echinococcosis (hydatidosis) is caused by the larval stage of Echinococcus spp. It is an animal-borne zoonotic parasitic disease with local epidemic and natural foci, which is very common in northwest China. In recent years, a considerable attention has been paid to the epidemic investigation of hydatid disease in humans and sheep, but there are few large-scale epidemic investigation and data analysis of bovine hydatid disease. Read More

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One-tube nested MGB Probe Real-time PCR assay for detection of Echinococcus multilocularis infection in plasma cell free DNA.

Acta Trop 2022 Aug 21;232:106518. Epub 2022 May 21.

Research Center for High Altitude Medicine, Qinghai-Utah Joint Research Key Lab for High Altitude Medicine, Qinghai University, Xining, People's Republic of China, 810001. Electronic address:

Introduction: The main objective of this study was to develop a One-tube nested MGB probe real-time PCR Assay for detecting Echinococcus multilocularis infection in human plasma cell free DNA (cfDNA).

Methods: cfDNA was extracted from 10 E.m. Read More

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Primary Soft Tissue Hydatid Cysts

Turkiye Parazitol Derg 2022 05;46(2):145-149

Şanlıurfa Training and Research Hospital, Clinic of Orthopedia and Traumatology, Şanlıurfa, Turkey

Objective: Hydatid cyst disease is a helminthic infection caused by , which is encountered with cysts in many organs, especially the liver and lungs. Soft tissue and intramuscular hydatid cyst are rare even in endemic countries. It is challengig to distinguish subcutaneous and intramuscular hydatid cysts from soft tissue tumors. Read More

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