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    Use of selfie sticks and iPhones to record operative photos and videos in plastic surgery.
    Indian J Plast Surg 2017 Jan-Apr;50(1):82-84
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Manipal Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
    Use of smartphone has become ubiquitous. With smartphone cameras becoming powerful, they are replacing digital cameras and digital SLRs as primary instruments to take photos and record videos. It is natural even for plastic surgeons that smartphones are handy to take still photographs and even record high-definition or 4K videos. Read More

    Taxonomy should be more photography based-eliminate need of physical specimen to study morphology.
    Zootaxa 2017 Mar 27;4247(3):331. Epub 2017 Mar 27.
    Ilia State University, Institute of Ecology, G305, 3/5 Cholokashvili Ave., Tbilisi, 0162, Georgia..
    Recently, a new species of Diptera was described without preserving a type specimen (Evenhuis & Masrshall 2015). This publication caused controversy among taxonomists, of which many urged to restrict image-based descriptions to exceptional cases and insisted on the need to preserve specimens for future reproducibility of observations (Ceríaco et al. 2016; Krell 2016). Read More

    Feasibility of the Digital Retinography System Camera in the Pediatric Emergency Department.
    Pediatr Emerg Care 2017 Jun 12. Epub 2017 Jun 12.
    From the *Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, †Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, and ‡Division of Pediatric Ophthalmology, Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, and §Clinical and Translational Science Institute, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA.
    Purpose: Direct ophthalmoscopy may be difficult without pupillary dilation and patient cooperation. Nonmydriatic ocular fundus photography (NMOFP) has been shown to be easily and efficiently accomplished by medical providers and improve the detection of abnormalities in adult emergency department (ED) patients. Nonmydriatic ocular fundus photography for pediatric ED patients has not been studied. Read More

    The adaptation of a 360° camera utilising an alternate light source (ALS) for the detection of biological fluids at crime scenes.
    Sci Justice 2017 Jul 12;57(4):239-249. Epub 2017 Apr 12.
    Foster and Freeman, United Kingdom.
    One of the most important and commonly encountered evidence types that can be recovered at crime scenes are biological fluids. Due to the ephemeral nature of biological fluids and the valuable DNA that they can contain, it is fundamental that these are documented extensively and recovered rapidly. Locating and identifying biological fluids can prove a challenging task but can aid in reconstructing a sequence of events. Read More

    Application of three-dimensional wire localization and orientation in the resection of non-palpable breast lesions.
    Oncol Lett 2017 Jun 10;13(6):4013-4016. Epub 2017 Apr 10.
    Department of Radiology, The Affiliated Xuzhou Center Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221009, P.R. China.
    The aim of the present study was to compare the application value of the 3D stereo wire localization technique guided by a full digital breast X-ray machine, and general location technique in the resection of breast non-palpable lesions. A retrospective analysis of the clinical data of 80 patients with abnormal findings for non-palpable breast molybdenum target X-ray was conducted between June, 2011 and July, 2014. The patients were divided into two groups: 40 cases with a general location of lesions identified by perturbation axial + standard lateral radiograph to guide the clinical operation biopsy (group A); and 40 cases with a general location of lesions identified by the 3D stereo wire localization method to guide the clinical operation biopsy (group B). Read More

    Reproducibility of a Digital Method to Evaluate Soft Tissue Modifications: A study of Inter and Intra-Operative Measurement Concordance.
    Open Dent J 2017 31;11:171-180. Epub 2017 Mar 31.
    Department of Dental Implants, Maxillofacial Surgery and Odontostomatology Unit, University of Milan, Milan, Italy.
    Background: The soft tissue healing and quality around dental implant is a current debated topic in the recent literature. The free gingival margin and the quantity and quality of the mucosa around teeth and surrounding dental implants still determine the hard and soft tissue healing status.

    Objective: The aim of this study is to assess inter and intra-operative measurement concordance of a method aimed at evaluating the apico-coronal migration of free gingival margin, using intra-oral photography. Read More

    Association between childcare educators' practices and preschoolers' physical activity and dietary intake: a cross-sectional analysis.
    BMJ Open 2017 May 30;7(5):e013657. Epub 2017 May 30.
    École des sciences des aliments, de nutrition et d'études familiales, Faculté des sciences de la santé et des services communautaires, Université de Moncton, Moncton, New Brunswick, Canada.
    Introduction: Childcare educators may be role models for healthy eating and physical activity (PA) behaviours among young children. This study aimed to identify which childcare educators' practices are associated with preschoolers' dietary intake and PA levels.

    Methods: This cross-sectional analysis included 723 preschoolers from 50 randomly selected childcare centres in two Canadian provinces. Read More

    Model for Risk-Based Screening of Diabetic Retinopathy in People With Newly-Diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2017 May;58(6):BIO99-BIO105
    Laser and Retina Research Unit, King's College Hospital, London, United Kingdom 3National Institute for Health Research Moorfields Biomedical Research Centre, London, United Kingdom.
    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of inflammatory/lipid markers and potential risk factors for diabetic retinopathy (DR) development in newly diagnosed patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

    Methods: Participants in this study were 1062 patients with newly diagnosed T2DM. Demographic and clinical data of patients were collected. Read More

    Mapping the spatio-temporal distribution of key vegetation cover properties in lowland river reaches, using digital photography.
    Environ Monit Assess 2017 Jun 26;189(6):294. Epub 2017 May 26.
    Department of Biology, Ecosystem Management Research Group, University of Antwerp, Universiteitsplein 1C, 2610, Wilrijk, Belgium.
    The presence of vegetation in stream ecosystems is highly dynamic in both space and time. A digital photography technique is developed to map aquatic vegetation cover at species level, which has a very high spatial and a flexible temporal resolution. A digital single-lens reflex (DSLR) camera mounted on a handheld telescopic pole is used. Read More

    Digital food photography technology improves efficiency and feasibility of dietary intake assessments in large populations eating ad libitum in collective dining facilities.
    Appetite 2017 May 17;116:389-394. Epub 2017 May 17.
    U.S. Military-Baylor University Graduate Program in Nutrition, Joint Base San Antonio, TX 78234, United States.
    Background: Accurate assessment of dietary intake continues to challenge researchers, especially in field, or non-laboratory settings.

    Objective: In this study, digital food photography (DFP) methodology was used to assess nutritional intake (NI) of Soldiers participating in the US Army's Ranger Selection and Assessment Program (RASP).

    Methods: During this high-intensity six-week course, Soldiers complete simulated operational missions, perform various military tasks, and importantly, eating time is severely limited. Read More

    Digital Morphometrics: A New Upper Airway Phenotyping Paradigm in Obstructive Sleep Apnea.
    Chest 2017 May 16. Epub 2017 May 16.
    Center for Sleep & Circadian Neurobiology, Philadelphia PA.
    Background: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with changes in pharyngeal anatomy. The goal of this study was to objectively and reproducibly quantify pharyngeal anatomy using digital morphometrics based on a laser ruler, and to assess differences between apneics and controls and associations with AHI (apnea-hypopnea index). This is the first study to use digital morphometrics to quantify intraoral risk factors for OSA. Read More

    Validity, Usefulness and Cost of RETeval System for Diabetic Retinopathy Screening.
    Transl Vis Sci Technol 2017 May 16;6(3). Epub 2017 May 16.
    King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
    Purpose: We studied the validity, usefulness, and relative cost to detect diabetic retinopathy (DR) and sight-threatening DR (STDR) by using a hand-held electrophysiologic tool compared to digital fundus photography.

    Method: Patients with diabetes attending the screening unit of King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia were evaluated by "RETeval", Amsler grid, and digital dilated fundus photography. Fundus images were evaluated by a retina specialist to determine grade of DR. Read More

    Impact of smartphone digital photography, email, and media communication on emergency room visits post-hypospadias repair.
    Can Urol Assoc J 2017 Mar-Apr;11(3-4):E134-E137. Epub 2017 Apr 11.
    Division of Urology, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON, Canada.
    Introduction: Advances in communication technology are shaping our medical practice. To date, there is no clear evidence that this mode of communication will have any effect on unnecessary postoperative emergency room (ER) visits. We aim to evaluate the effect of email and media communication with application of smartphone digital photography on post-hypospadias repair ER visit rates. Read More

    Influence of serum lipids on the incidence and progression of diabetic retinopathy and macular oedema: Sankara Nethralaya Diabetic Retinopathy Epidemiology and Molecular Genetics Study (SN-DREAMS II).
    Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2017 May 17. Epub 2017 May 17.
    Shri Bhagwan Mahavir Vitreoretinal Services, Chennai, India.
    Importance: The importance of lipids on incidence and progression of diabetic retinopathy has not been studied in the Indian population.

    Background: To elucidate the influence of serum lipid control on the incidence and progression of diabetic retinopathy and diabetic macular oedema in subjects with type 2 diabetes.

    Design: population-based longitudinal observational study in a hospital setting. Read More

    Six-Year Incidence and Progression of Age-Related Macular Degeneration in Kenya: Nakuru Eye Disease Cohort Study.
    JAMA Ophthalmol 2017 Jun;135(6):631-638
    International Centre for Eye Health, Clinical Research Department, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, England.
    Importance: The incidence of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is unknown in Africa.

    Objective: To estimate the 6-year cumulative incidence and progression of AMD in older adults (≥50 years old) in Nakuru, Kenya.

    Design, Setting, And Participants: This study assessed a population-based cohort with 6-year follow-up of 4414 participants who had a complete assessment. Read More

    Differentiated seasonal vegetation cover dynamics of degraded grasslands in Inner Mongolia recorded by continuous photography technique.
    Int J Biometeorol 2017 May 11. Epub 2017 May 11.
    Peking University, Beijing, China.
    Influence of climate change on the grassland phenology has attracted more and more attentions of ecologists. Although dozens of studies have been conducted, there have been few records examining the phenology differences of grasslands with different plant species compositions. Using continuous photography and image processing methods, this study examined seasonal vegetation cover dynamics of grasslands along a degradation gradient to clarify the influence of vegetation composition on the dynamics of vegetation cover during growing season. Read More

    Patterns produced when soil is transferred to bras by placing and dragging actions: The application of digital photography and image processing to support visible observations.
    Forensic Sci Int 2017 Jul 8;276:24-40. Epub 2017 Apr 8.
    Forensic Science Research Centre, Flinders University, G.P.O. Box 2100, South Australia 5001, Australia; Centre for Australian Forensic Soil Science, CSIRO Land and Water, Urrbrae, Waite Road, South Australia, Australia. Electronic address:
    A series of soil transference experiments (STEs) were undertaken to determine whether patterns identified in laboratory experiments could also be recognised at a simulated crime scene in the field. A clothed 55kg human rescue dummy dressed in a padded bra was either dragged or merely placed on a soil surface at sites with natural and anthropogenic soil types under both wet and dry soil conditions. Transfer patterns produced by dragging compared favourably with those of laboratory experiments. Read More

    The technique for 3D printing patient-specific models for auricular reconstruction.
    J Craniomaxillofac Surg 2017 Jun 6;45(6):937-943. Epub 2017 Apr 6.
    Department of Biomaterials and Biomimetics, College of Dentistry New York University, New York, NY 10010, USA. Electronic address:
    Purpose: Currently, surgeons approach autogenous microtia repair by creating a two-dimensional (2D) tracing of the unaffected ear to approximate a three-dimensional (3D) construct, a difficult process. To address these shortcomings, this study introduces the fabrication of patient-specific, sterilizable 3D printed auricular model for autogenous auricular reconstruction.

    Methods: A high-resolution 3D digital photograph was captured of the patient's unaffected ear and surrounding anatomic structures. Read More

    Revealing information by averaging.
    J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis 2017 May;34(5):743-751
    We present a method for hiding images in synthetic videos and reveal them by temporal averaging. The main challenge is to develop a visual masking method that hides the input image both spatially and temporally. Our masking approach consists of temporal and spatial pixel by pixel variations of the frequency band coefficients representing the image to be hidden. Read More

    MowA®: A simple and economic way of monitoring chronic wounds outcome with your mobile devices.
    Ann Ital Chir 2017 ;88:94
    The treatment of skin ulcers of the lower extremities is a difficult challenge for surgeons as demonstrated in the literature 1,2. Furthermore objective monitoring of skin ulcers represts an important necessity for the plastic surgeon who has to update the treatment over time. In the past we had to write about systems and applications designed to catalog and manage digital libraries 3, so we have gone looking for a system to catalog and manage date related skin in ulcers. Read More

    Retrospective single center study of the efficacy of large spot 532 nm laser for the treatment of facial capillary malformations in 44 patients with the use of three-dimensional image analysis.
    Lasers Surg Med 2017 Apr 22. Epub 2017 Apr 22.
    Klinika Ambroziak, Warsaw, Poland.
    Objective: We wanted to asses the efficacy of large spot 532 nm laser for the treatment of facial capillary malformations with the use of three-dimensional (3D) image analysis.

    Study Design And Methods: Retrospective single center study on previously non-treated patients with facial capillary malformations (CM) was performed. A total of 44 consecutive Caucasian patients aged 5-66 were included. Read More

    Analysis of an electrical impedance spectroscopy system in short-term digital dermoscopy imaging of melanocytic lesions.
    Br J Dermatol 2017 Apr 19. Epub 2017 Apr 19.
    melanoma institute australia, 40 rocklands road, north shore, New South Wales, Australia.
    Background: Electrical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) is a non-invasive diagnostic technique that measures tissue impedance.

    Objectives: This prospective study, conducted at 2 centres in Australia, aimed to evaluate the effect of adding an EIS measurement at baseline to suspicious melanocytic lesions undergoing routine short-term sequential digital dermoscopy imaging (SDDI) METHODS: Patients presented with suspicious melanocytic lesions that were eligible for short-term SDDI (with no clear feature of melanoma on dermoscopy). The EIS measurement was performed at the first visit following the dermoscopic photography. Read More

    Synthesized Digital Mammography Imaging.
    Radiol Clin North Am 2017 May 14;55(3):503-512. Epub 2017 Feb 14.
    Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, University of Utah Hospital and Huntsman Cancer Institute, 30 North 1900 East, Salt Lake City, UT 84132, USA.
    Synthesized mammography (SM) is a new imaging technique similar to digital mammography constructed from an acquired digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) examination. SM allows for widespread screening using DBT, maintaining the benefits of DBT while decreasing the radiation of DBT by nearly half. This article reviews studies evaluating SM, most of which suggest that SM may be appropriate to use clinically to replace an actual acquired conventional 2-dimensional full-field digital mammogram (FFDM) when using DBT for breast cancer screening. Read More

    Breast Tomosynthesis: Practical Considerations.
    Radiol Clin North Am 2017 May 23;55(3):493-502. Epub 2017 Feb 23.
    Department of Radiology, Lynn Sage Comprehensive Breast Center, Prentice Women's Hospital, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 250 East Superior Street, Room 4-2304, Chicago, IL 60611, USA. Electronic address:
    Digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) is rapidly becoming the new standard of care for breast cancer screening. DBT has improved on the limitations of traditional digital mammography by increasing cancer detection and decreasing false-positive examinations. Interpretation of DBT is slightly different than digital mammography and therefore experience with the technology is paramount to achieve best performance. Read More

    Breast Tomosynthesis: Clinical Evidence.
    Radiol Clin North Am 2017 May;55(3):475-492
    Breast Imaging Section, Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Washington University School of Medicine, 510 South Kingshighway Boulevard, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA. Electronic address:
    In the last 20 years, there has been rapid evolution of the clinical research on digital breast tomosynthesis supporting its adoption in clinical breast imaging practice. Beginning with proof of principle pilot observational studies and culminating in prospective population-based screening trials and outcome reporting from clinical practice, there is a wealth of data on the DBT technology. This article catalogs the scientific and clinical evidence of DBT, highlighting some of the most important studies that have been reported to date. Read More

    Integrated Digital Tomosynthesis for patient positioning of image-guided radiation therapy.
    Phys Med 2017 Apr 16;36:24-31. Epub 2017 Mar 16.
    Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, PO Box 2258, Beijing 100021, China.
    Purpose: Digital Tomosynthesis (DTS), originally developed for diagnostic applications, has been recently introduced to image guided radiotherapy (IGRT). Due to limited scan range, DTS was featured by anisotropic spatial resolution. A new approach, integrated DTS (IDTS), was developed to improve image resolution of DTS for patient positioning in IGRT. Read More

    Diagnosis of alveolar and root fractures: an in vitro study comparing CBCT imaging with periapical radiographs.
    J Appl Oral Sci 2017 Mar-Apr;25(2):227-233
    Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Odontologia, Departamento de Estomatologia, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.
    Objective: To compare periapical radiograph (PR) and cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) in the diagnosis of alveolar and root fractures.

    Material And Methods: Sixty incisor teeth (20 higid and 40 with root fracture) from dogs were inserted in 60 anterior alveolar sockets (40 higid and 20 with alveolar fracture) of 15 macerated canine maxillae. Each fractured socket had a root fractured tooth inserted in it. Read More

    Clinical Assessment of Immediate and Long-Term Effects of a Two-Step Topical Hyaluronic Acid Lip Treatment.
    J Drugs Dermatol 2017 Apr;16(4):366-371

    Key features of lip aging include loss of volume, color, and definition as well as increases in lines/wrinkles and uneven skin texture. A single-center, open-label clinical study was conducted to assess the efficacy and tolerability of a novel, topical two-step lip treatment (HA5 LS) in female subjects presenting with mild to moderate lip dryness and mild to severe lip condition. Subjects were instructed to apply HA5 LS at least three times a day to ensure coverage 8 hours a day for four weeks. Read More

    Combination of In-Office Chemical Peels With a Topical Comprehensive Pigmentation Control Product in Skin of Color Subjects With Facial Hyperpigmentation.
    J Drugs Dermatol 2017 Apr;16(4):301-306

    Dyschromia is one of the primary complaints for patients with skin of color. Treatments need to achieve a balance between tolerability and efficacy to address existing hyperpigmentation without causing additional damage that could trigger post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH). An open-label, single-center study was conducted to assess the efficacy of a novel comprehensive pigmentation control serum (LYT2) combined with a series of three very superficial chemical peels (VP) in skin of color subjects. Read More

    WhatsApp for Teaching Pathology Postgraduates: A Pilot Study.
    J Pathol Inform 2017 28;8. Epub 2017 Feb 28.
    Department of Pathology, University College of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.
    Introduction: Postgraduate students spend a sizeable proportion of their time on social media platforms such as WhatsApp and Facebook. This change in our social interaction needs to be accommodated in our teaching methods. To engage them and arouse their curiosity, WhatsApp is an ideal platform. Read More

    A Preliminary Case Report of a High-Quality Cost-effective Rigid Laryngoscopy Setup.
    Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2017 May 1;126(5):411-414. Epub 2017 Feb 1.
    1 Department of Otolaryngology, Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat Hospital. Fudan University Medical School, Shanghai, China.
    Objective: To evaluate a cost-effective modified rigid laryngoscopy setup with a portable light source and high-resolution commercially available digital camera for use in smaller otolaryngology and family practice clinics.

    Methods: The modified setup was used to obtain images of the larynx using both a traditional light source and a portable light source. Varying shutter speeds and ISOs were evaluated, and the optimal settings were determined for the modified setup. Read More

    Study on multi-density contrast agent fillers of duct casting based on CT three-dimensional reconstruction.
    J Huazhong Univ Sci Technolog Med Sci 2017 Apr 11;37(2):300-306. Epub 2017 Apr 11.
    Department of Human Morphology Laboratory, Zhaoqing Medical College, Zhaoqing, 526020, China.
    The three-dimensional visualization model of human body duct is based on virtual anatomical structure reconstruction with duct angiography, which realizes virtual model transferred from two-dimensional, planar and static images into three-dimensional, stereoscopic and dynamic ones repectively. In recent years, the multi-duct segmentation and division of the same specimen (or organ) is the focus of attention shared by surgeons and clinical anatomists. On the basis of 4. Read More

    Vascular imaging of the mesenteric vasculature.
    Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol 2017 Feb 5;31(1):3-14. Epub 2017 Jan 5.
    Department of Radiology, Erasmus University Medical Center, 's Gravendijkwal 230, 3015 CE, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address:
    Imaging of the mesenteric vasculature is crucial in diagnosing vascular disease of the gastro-intestinal tract such as acute or chronic mesenteric ischemia caused by arterial stenosis, embolism or thrombosis, mesenteric vein thrombosis and mesenteric aneurysm or dissection. The reference standard for imaging of the mesenteric vasculature is digital subtraction angiography. However, modalities as duplex ultrasonography, computed tomography angiography and magnetic resonance angiography are developing rapidly and may provide accurate imaging non-invasively. Read More

    A novel approach for classifying protruding ears is easy to calculate and implement in daily clinical practice.
    Acta Paediatr 2017 Apr 10. Epub 2017 Apr 10.
    Department of Paediatric Surgery, Centro Hospitalar do Porto (CHP)/Centro Materno Infantil do Norte (CMIN), Porto, Portugal.
    Aim: Protruding ears are a prevalent deformity, with a reported incidence of 5% in the paediatric population, but it lacks a simple digital classification. The aim of this study was to find a parameter that would objectively allow the photographic classification of protrusion, by comparing frontal facial images of patients with protruding ears with aged-matched controls.

    Methods: This prospective cohort study compared the frontal facial images of 105 patients with protruding ears with 112 aged-matched controls without protruding ears. Read More

    Diagnostic performance of retinal digital photography for diabetic retinopathy screening in primary care.
    Fam Pract 2017 Mar 30. Epub 2017 Mar 30.
    Postgraduate Program in Epidemiology, School of Medicine, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.
    Introduction.: We must study alternatives to structure an effective diabetic retinopathy screening program for Brazilian public health system.

    Objectives. Read More

    Impact of schoolchildren's involvement in the design process on the effectiveness of healthy food promotion materials.
    Prev Med Rep 2017 Jun 23;6:246-250. Epub 2017 Mar 23.
    Department of Kinesiology and Sport Sciences, University of Nebraska-Kearney, United States.
    Marketing techniques may improve children's vegetable consumption. However, student participation in the design of marketing materials may increase the material's salience, while also improving children's commitment and attitudes towards healthy eating. The impact of student-led design of vegetable promotional materials on choice and consumption was investigated using 1614 observations of students' vegetable choice and plate waste in four public elementary schools in Kearney, Nebraska. Read More

    Developing a digital photography-based method for dietary analysis in self-serve dining settings.
    Appetite 2017 Jul 2;114:217-225. Epub 2017 Apr 2.
    Department of Agricultural and Consumer Economics, University of Illinois, 1301 W. Gregory, Urbana, IL 61801, United States. Electronic address:
    Current population-based methods for assessing dietary intake, including food frequency questionnaires, food diaries, and 24-h dietary recall, are limited in their ability to objectively measure food intake. Digital photography has been identified as a promising addition to these techniques but has rarely been assessed in self-serve settings. We utilized digital photography to examine university students' food choices and consumption in a self-serve dining hall setting. Read More

    Glistenings, anterior/posterior capsular opacification and incidence of Nd:YAG laser treatments with two aspheric hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lenses - a long-term intra-individual study.
    Acta Ophthalmol 2017 Mar 30. Epub 2017 Mar 30.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Purpose: To compare two hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lenses (IOLs) regarding long-term anterior/posterior capsular opacification (ACO/PCO) development and need for neodymium:Yttrium-Aluminum-Garnet (Nd:YAG) laser treatment due to visually disturbing PCO, and to study development of glistenings in the IOL materials.

    Methods: In a prospective, randomized, intra-individual, comparative trial, 50 cataract patients received either an AcrySof IQ(®) SN60WF (Alcon, Fort Worth, TX, USA) or a Tecnis(®) ZCB00 (Abbott Medical Optics, Santa Ana, CA, USA) IOL in the first operated eye, and the second eye received the IOL type not implanted in the first eye. Anterior/posterior capsular opacification (ACO/PCO) and fibrosis were monitored with slit-lamp photography and semi-automated digital analysis 2 and 3 years postoperatively. Read More

    Photography in Dermatologic Surgery: Selection of an Appropriate Camera Type for a Particular Clinical Application.
    Dermatol Surg 2017 Mar 29. Epub 2017 Mar 29.
    Departments of *Dermatology, †Otolaryngology, and ‡Surgery, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois.
    Background: Photographs are an essential tool for the documentation and sharing of findings in dermatologic surgery, and various camera types are available.

    Objective: To evaluate the currently available camera types in view of the special functional needs of procedural dermatologists.

    Methods: Mobile phone, point and shoot, digital single-lens reflex (DSLR), digital medium format, and 3-dimensional cameras were compared in terms of their usefulness for dermatologic surgeons. Read More

    Automated Software Acceleration in Programmable Logic for an Efficient NFFT Algorithm Implementation: A Case Study.
    Sensors (Basel) 2017 Mar 28;17(4). Epub 2017 Mar 28.
    Department of Industrial Engineering, Universidad de La Laguna, 38203 San Cristóbal de La Laguna, Spain.
    Non-equispaced Fast Fourier transform (NFFT) is a very important algorithm in several technological and scientific areas such as synthetic aperture radar, computational photography, medical imaging, telecommunications, seismic analysis and so on. However, its computation complexity is high. In this paper, we describe an efficient NFFT implementation with a hardware coprocessor using an All-Programmable System-on-Chip (APSoC). Read More

    Epidemiological Features of Nontraumatic Spontaneous Subarachnoid Hemorrhage in China: A Nationwide Hospital-based Multicenter Study.
    Chin Med J (Engl) 2017 Apr;130(7):776-781
    Department of Neurosurgery, Huashan Hospital, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200040; State Key Laboratory of Medical Neurobiology, School of Basic Medical Sciences and Institutes of Brain Science, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China.
    Background: Nontraumatic spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is associated with a high mortality. This study was conducted to investigate the epidemiological features of nontraumatic spontaneous SAH in China.

    Methods: From January 2006 to December 2008, the clinical data of patients with nontraumatic SAH from 32 major neurosurgical centers of China were evaluated. Read More

    A multidisciplinary approach to digital mapping of dinosaurian tracksites in the Lower Cretaceous (Valanginian-Barremian) Broome Sandstone of the Dampier Peninsula, Western Australia.
    PeerJ 2017 21;5:e3013. Epub 2017 Mar 21.
    School of Biological Sciences, The University of Queensland , Brisbane , Queensland , Australia.
    The abundant dinosaurian tracksites of the Lower Cretaceous (Valanginian-Barremian) Broome Sandstone of the Dampier Peninsula, Western Australia, form an important part of the West Kimberley National Heritage Place. Previous attempts to document these tracksites using traditional mapping techniques (e.g. Read More

    The incidence of diabetes mellitus and diabetic retinopathy in a population-based cohort study of people age 50 years and over in Nakuru, Kenya.
    BMC Endocr Disord 2017 Mar 23;17(1):19. Epub 2017 Mar 23.
    International Centre for Eye Health, Clinical Research Department, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, UK.
    Background: The epidemic rise of diabetes carries major negative public health and economic consequences particularly for low and middle-income countries. The highest predicted percentage growth in diabetes is in the sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) region where to date there has been no data on the incidence of diabetic retinopathy from population-based cohort studies and minimal data on incident diabetes. The primary aims of this study were to estimate the cumulative six-year incidence of Diabetes Mellitus (DM) and DR (Diabetic Retinopathy), respectively, among people aged ≥50 years in Kenya. Read More

    Retin Cases Brief Rep 2017 Mar 22. Epub 2017 Mar 22.
    *Ophthalmology Unit, S. Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy; †Ophthalmology Unit, Sacco Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy; ‡University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy; and §Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.
    Purpose: The aim of this study is to describe the clinical presentation of vortex vein varices with multimodal imaging.

    Methods: The authors carried out a retrospective case series of eight patients (7 female, 1 male) with an average age of 60.2 years (min 8, max 84, median 68. Read More

    A Cross-Sectional Study of the Relationship between Nutrition Label Use and Food Selection, Servings, and Consumption in a University Dining Setting.
    J Acad Nutr Diet 2017 Mar 16. Epub 2017 Mar 16.
    Background: Nutrition labels at the point of purchase are recommended to improve food choice, yet food choice does not always translate into food consumption. It is important to understand the relationship between label use, food selection, servings, and consumption. Previous research, which has relied on self-reported intake or inferred label use or intake based on sales data, has not adequately answered this question. Read More

    The advantage of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of extracranial vertebral artery dissection: Two case reports.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Mar;96(12):e6379
    aInstitute of Ultrasound Imaging, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China bDepartment of Neurology, Baotou Central Hospital, Baotou, Inner Mongolia, China cDepartment of Ultrasonography, The Second Affiliated Hospital, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China.
    Rationale: With the rapid development in technology of vascular imaging, the detection of artery dissection is also gradually increasing. Cervical artery dissection, including carotid artery and vertebral artery dissection, is associated in at least 20% of young adult patients with stroke. So, the diagnosis of cervical artery has become a great challenge. Read More

    Assessment of disease extent on contrast-enhanced MRI in breast cancer detected at digital breast tomosynthesis versus digital mammography alone.
    Clin Radiol 2017 Jul 17;72(7):573-579. Epub 2017 Mar 17.
    Department of Radiology, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, 3400 Spruce Street/1 Silverstein, Philadelphia, PA 19104-4283, USA. Electronic address:
    Aim: To compare the utility of breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in determining the extent of disease in patients with newly diagnosed breast cancer detected on combination digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) versus digital screening mammography (DM).

    Materials And Methods: Review of 24,563 DBT-screened patients and 10,751 DM-screened patients was performed. Two hundred and thirty-five DBT patients underwent subsequent MRI examinations; 82 to determine extent of disease after newly diagnosed breast cancer. Read More

    Expert Consensus on Cosmetic Outcomes After Treatment of Actinic Keratosis.
    J Drugs Dermatol 2017 Mar;16(3):260-264

    Dermatologists treat actinic keratosis (AK) primarily because these lesions have the potential to progress to invasive squamous cell carcinoma. Patients, on the other hand, generally seek treatment to remove the lesions and achieve an improved appearance of their skin following treatment. In selecting a treatment option for AK, dermatologists should consider post-treatment cosmesis, because cosmetic outcomes differ across AK treatments. Read More

    Dynamic Antibiotic Susceptibility Test via a 3D Microfluidic Culture Device.
    Methods Mol Biol 2017 ;1572:365-377
    Department of Engineering Sciences, Microsystem Technology, Uppsala University, The Angstrom Laboratory, Box 534, 751 21, Uppsala, Sweden.
    This study presents a novel microfluidic approach to the investigation of bacterial susceptibility against antibiotics gradient concentration in a quantitative way. A linear concentration gradient of antibiotics in a microfluidic chamber is used with time-lapse photography. This approach provides high-resolution information in real time. Read More

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