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    Dental Shade Guide Variability for Hues B, C, and D Using Cross-Polarized Photography.
    Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 2018 Apr 20. Epub 2018 Apr 20.
    This study evaluated the color variability of hues B, C, and D between the VITA Classical shade guide (Vita Zahnfabrik) and four other VITA-coded ceramic shade guides using a digital camera (Canon EOS 60D) and computer software (Adobe Photoshop CC). A cross-polarizing filter was used to standardize external light sources influencing color match. A total of 275 pictures were taken, 5 per shade tab, for 11 shades (B1, B2, B3, B4, C1, C2, C3, C4, D2, D3, and D4), from the following shade guides: VITA Classical (control); IPS e. Read More

    Post-mortem chemical excitability of the iris should not be used for forensic death time diagnosis.
    Int J Legal Med 2018 Apr 18. Epub 2018 Apr 18.
    Department of Legal Medicine, University Medical Center Hamburg Eppendorf, Butenfeld 34, 22529, Hamburg, Germany.
    Post-mortem chemical excitability of the iris is one of the non-temperature-based methods in forensic diagnosis of the time since death. Although several authors reported on their findings, using different measurement methods, currently used time limits are based on a single dissertation which has recently been doubted to be applicable for forensic purpose. We investigated changes in pupil-iris ratio after application of acetylcholine (n = 79) or tropicamide (n = 58) and in controls at upper and lower time limits that are suggested in the current literature, using a digital photography-based measurement method with excellent reliability. Read More

    The Healing Effect of Sesame Oil, Camphor and Honey on Second Degree Burn Wounds in Rat.
    World J Plast Surg 2018 Jan;7(1):67-71
    Shahid Motahari Burn Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Background: Many studies were carried out to improve sophisticated dressings to accelerate healing processes and reduce the microbial burden in burn wounds. This study evaluated the healing effect of herbal ointment containing extract of sesame oil, camphor and honey on second degree burn wounds in rats in comparison with daily dressing oil vaseline.

    Methods: Forty rats were randomly assigned to two equal groups. Read More

    High-Dynamic-Range Ultrasound: Application for Imaging Tendon Pathology.
    Ultrasound Med Biol 2018 Apr 5. Epub 2018 Apr 5.
    PERFORM Centre, Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
    Raw ultrasound (US) signal has a very high dynamic range (HDR) and, as such, is compressed in B-mode US using a logarithmic function to fit within the dynamic range of digital displays. However, in some cases, hyper-echogenic tissue can be overexposed at high gain levels with the loss of hypo-echogenic detail at low gain levels. This can cause the loss of anatomic detail and tissue texture and frequent and inconvenient gain adjustments, potentially affecting the diagnosis. Read More

    The daily digital practice as a form of self-care: Using photography for everyday well-being.
    Health (London) 2018 Apr 1:1363459318769465. Epub 2018 Apr 1.
    The University of Sheffield, UK.
    Interest in the connection between involvement in digital communities and well-being has increased as these communities become more commonplace. Specific models of interaction that affect well-being have emerged; here, we examine one of those models, termed 'digital daily practice'. Digital daily practices involve a commitment to doing one thing - exercise, photography and writing - every day and sharing it online. Read More

    Integrated computer-aided forensic case analysis, presentation, and documentation based on multimodal 3D data.
    Forensic Sci Int 2018 Mar 23;287:12-24. Epub 2018 Mar 23.
    Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Clinical-Forensic Imaging, Universitätsplatz 4, A-8010 Graz, Austria; Institute of Forensic and Traffic Medicine, Heidelberg University, Voßstraße. 2, D-69115 Heidelberg, Germany.
    Three-dimensional (3D) crime scene documentation using 3D scanners and medical imaging modalities like computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are increasingly applied in forensic casework. Together with digital photography, these modalities enable comprehensive and non-invasive recording of forensically relevant information regarding injuries/pathologies inside the body and on its surface. Furthermore, it is possible to capture traces and items at crime scenes. Read More

    Digital photography provides a fast, reliable, and noninvasive method to estimate anthocyanin pigment concentration in reproductive and vegetative plant tissues.
    Ecol Evol 2018 Mar 16;8(6):3064-3076. Epub 2018 Feb 16.
    Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemical EngineeringPablo de Olavide UniversitySevilleSpain.
    Anthocyanin pigments have become a model trait for evolutionary ecology as they often provide adaptive benefits for plants. Anthocyanins have been traditionally quantified biochemically or more recently using spectral reflectance. However, both methods require destructive sampling and can be labor intensive and challenging with small samples. Read More

    Quantifying the Accuracy of Digital Hemispherical Photography for Leaf Area Index Estimates on Broad-Leaved Tree Species.
    Sensors (Basel) 2018 Mar 29;18(4). Epub 2018 Mar 29.
    Cassandra Lab, Università degli Studi di Milano, DESP, via Celoria 2, I-20133 Milan, Italy.
    Digital hemispherical photography (DHP) has been widely used to estimate leaf area index (LAI) in forestry. Despite the advancement in the processing of hemispherical images with dedicated tools, several steps are still manual and thus easily affected by user's experience and sensibility. The purpose of this study was to quantify the impact of user's subjectivity on DHP LAI estimates for broad-leaved woody canopies using the software Can-Eye. Read More

    Novel 3D geometry and models of the lower regions of large trees for use in carbon accounting of primary forests.
    AoB Plants 2018 Mar 28;10(2):ply015. Epub 2018 Feb 28.
    CSIRO Land & Water, Canberra, ACT, Australia.
    There is high uncertainty in the contribution of land-use change to anthropogenic climate change, especially pertaining to below-ground carbon loss resulting from conversion of primary-to-secondary forest. Soil organic carbon (SOC) and coarse roots are concentrated close to tree trunks, a region usually unmeasured during soil carbon sampling. Soil carbon estimates and their variation with land-use change have not been correspondingly adjusted. Read More

    Using digital photography in a clinical setting: a valid, accurate, and applicable method to assess food intake.
    Eur J Clin Nutr 2018 Mar 21. Epub 2018 Mar 21.
    Department of Internal Medicine III, Division of Endocrinology & Metabolism, Medical University of Vienna, Währinger Gürtel 18-20, 1090, Vienna, Austria.
    Background/objectives: Regular monitoring of food intake is hardly integrated in clinical routine. Therefore, the aim was to examine the validity, accuracy, and applicability of an appropriate and also quick and easy-to-use tool for recording food intake in a clinical setting.

    Subjects/methods: Two digital photography methods, the postMeal method with a picture after the meal, the pre-postMeal method with a picture before and after the meal, and the visual estimation method (plate diagram; PD) were compared against the reference method (weighed food records; WFR). Read More

    Glaucoma Features in an East African Population: A Six-year Cohort Study of Older Adults in Nakuru, Kenya.
    J Glaucoma 2018 Mar 19. Epub 2018 Mar 19.
    International Centre for Eye Health, Clinical Research Department, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, United Kingdom.
    Purpose: Glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness in people of African descent. Minimal data is available from African population-based cohort studies. The primary aims of this study were to describe the normative distribution of glaucoma features to enable glaucoma classification and to assess risk factors for those with glaucoma at follow-up among people aged ≥50 years in Kenya. Read More

    Beyond Compliance Checking: A Situated Approach to Visual Research Ethics.
    J Bioeth Inq 2018 Mar 19. Epub 2018 Mar 19.
    Health, Rights and Development (HEARD@UNSW), School of Social Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.
    Visual research methods like photography and digital storytelling are increasingly used in health and social sciences research as participatory approaches that benefit participants, researchers, and audiences. Visual methods involve a number of additional ethical considerations such as using identifiable content and ownership of creative outputs. As such, ethics committees should use different assessment frameworks to consider research protocols with visual methods. Read More

    Enoxaparin pretreatment effect on local and systemic inflammation biomarkers in the animal burn model.
    Inflammopharmacology 2018 Mar 16. Epub 2018 Mar 16.
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Research Unit of Lipids and Lipoproteins (INLIP), Carabobo University, Maracay, Venezuela.
    Low-molecular weight heparins (LMWH) are anticoagulants that have shown anti-inflammatory activity in several experimental models. Hot water burn inflammatory model accurately simulates human clinical situations allowing its use for nociception test and evaluation of anti-inflammatory drugs. The present study aims to evaluate the enoxaparin pretreatment on local and systemic inflammation biomarkers in the animal burn model. Read More

    Dissecting the pathobiology of altered MRI signal in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: A post mortem whole brain sampling strategy for the integration of ultra-high-field MRI and quantitative neuropathology.
    BMC Neurosci 2018 Mar 13;19(1):11. Epub 2018 Mar 13.
    Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.
    Background: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a clinically and histopathologically heterogeneous neurodegenerative disorder, in which therapy is hindered by the rapid progression of disease and lack of biomarkers. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has demonstrated its potential for detecting the pathological signature and tracking disease progression in ALS. However, the microstructural and molecular pathological substrate is poorly understood and generally defined histologically. Read More

    A Multicenter Survey: How Do Transplant Dermatologists Monitor Organ Transplant Recipients With Nevi?
    Exp Clin Transplant 2018 Mar;16(Suppl 1):198-202
    Department of Dermatology, Baskent University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.
    Objectives: The incidence and mortality of melanoma are increased in organ transplant recipients. Multiple acquired common and dysplastic nevi are risk factors for melanoma. A new or changing nevus may suggest melanoma. Read More

    Surgical site identification with personal digital device: A prospective pilot study.
    J Am Acad Dermatol 2018 Mar 7. Epub 2018 Mar 7.
    Department of Dermatology, The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas; Department of Head and Neck Surgery, The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas. Electronic address:
    Background: Various means to facilit ate accurate biopsy site identification have been proposed.

    Objective: To determine the accuracy of biopsy site identification by using photographs taken with a patient's digital device by a dermatologist versus professional medical photography.

    Methods: Photographs of circled biopsy sites were taken with personal digital devices by the principal investigator (PI). Read More

    PlantSize Offers an Affordable, Non-destructive Method to Measure Plant Size and Color .
    Front Plant Sci 2018 22;9:219. Epub 2018 Feb 22.
    Institute of Plant Biology, Biological Research Centre, Szeged, Hungary.
    Plant size, shape and color are important parameters of plants, which have traditionally been measured by destructive and time-consuming methods. Non-destructive image analysis is an increasingly popular technology to characterize plant development in time. High throughput automatic phenotyping platforms can simultaneously analyze multiple morphological and physiological parameters of hundreds or thousands of plants. Read More

    Three-dimensional brain arteriovenous malformation models for clinical use and resident training.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Jan;97(3):e9516
    Department of Neurosurgery, Guangdong General Hospital, Institute of Neuroscience, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences.
    Background: To fabricate three-dimensional (3D) models of brain arteriovenous malformation (bAVM) and report our experience with customized 3D printed models of patients with bAVM as an educational and clinical tool for patients, doctors, and surgical residents.

    Methods: Using computerized tomography angiography (CTA) or digital subtraction angiography (DSA) images, the rapid prototyping process was completed with specialized software and "in-house" 3D printing service. Intraoperative validation of model fidelity was performed by comparing to DSA images of the same patient during the endovascular treatment process. Read More

    Dental Students' Interpretations of Digital Panoramic Radiographs on Completely Edentate Patients.
    J Dent Educ 2018 Mar;82(3):313-321
    Dr. Kratz is a Prosthodontist in Victoria, BC, Canada; Dr. Nguyen is Assistant Professor, Division of Prosthodontics and Dental Geriatrics, Department of Oral Health Sciences, University of British Columbia Faculty of Dentistry and Provincial Practice Leader in Prosthodontics, Department of Dentistry and Oral Oncology, BC Cancer Agency, Vancouver, Canada; Dr. Walton is Professor Emeritus, Division of Prosthodontics and Dental Geriatrics, Department of Oral Health Sciences, University of British Columbia Faculty of Dentistry; and Dr. MacDonald is Associate Professor and Chair, Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Department of Oral, Biological, and Medical Sciences, University of British Columbia Faculty of Dentistry.
    The ability of dental students to interpret digital panoramic radiographs (PANs) of edentulous patients has not been documented. The aim of this retrospective study was to compare the ability of second-year (D2) dental students with that of third- and fourth-year (D3-D4) dental students to interpret and identify positional errors in digital PANs obtained from patients with complete edentulism. A total of 169 digital PANs from edentulous patients were assessed by D2 (n=84) and D3-D4 (n=85) dental students at one Canadian dental school. Read More

    Comparison of Commercial Calcium Hydroxide Pastes for Prolonged Antibacterial Effect using a Colourimetric Assessment.
    Materials (Basel) 2018 Feb 27;11(3). Epub 2018 Feb 27.
    School of Dentistry, The University of Queensland, Herston, QLD 4006, Australia.
    The anti-microbial activity of calcium hydroxide pastes used in endodontics is dependent on establishing high levels of hydroxyl ions in dentine. This study investigated hydroxyl ion diffusion from different commercial calcium hydroxide pastes using a novel colourimetric method. In this method, human tooth roots were stained with anthocyanin dye, which changed their colour according to the local pH conditions. Read More

    Comparison of 3D Scanning 2D Photography for the Identification of Facial Soft-Tissue Landmarks.
    Open Dent J 2018 31;12:61-71. Epub 2018 Jan 31.
    OMFS-IMPATH Research Group, Department of Imaging and Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Leuven and Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.
    Background: Three dimensional facial scanning is an innovation that provides opportunity for digital data acquisition, smile analysis and communication of treatment plan and outcome with patients.

    Objectives: To assess the applicability of 3D facial scanning as compared to 2D clinical photography.

    Materials & Methods: Sample consisted of thirty Caucasians aged between 25 and 50 years old, without any dentofacial deformities. Read More

    Duplicated middle cerebral artery origin with an aneurysm.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Mar;97(9):e9947
    Department of Neurosurgery, Tianjin Huanhu Hospital, Tianjin, China.
    Rationale: Middle cerebral artery (MCA) anomalies are relatively rare and often related to aneurysms. Familiarity with these anomalies is important in resolving problems that arise in the complex angioarchitecture. Reports often describe that aneurysms that are related to accessory or duplicated MCA are often located at its origin. Read More

    Three-Dimensional Printed Facial Models in Rhinoplasty.
    Facial Plast Surg 2018 Apr 21;34(2):201-204. Epub 2018 Feb 21.
    Department of Otolaryngology, Manhattan Eye Ear and Throat Institute, New York.
    Digital patient photography and morphing software have become an important part of rhinoplasty over the past few decades. Presented is a novel technology incorporating 3D photography and printing to produce life-size models for use in patient evaluation and treatment. Surveys were conducted to assess patient response and were universally positive. Read More

    Measurement of the nerve root of the lower lumbar region using digital images.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Feb;97(8):e9848
    Shanghai Key Laboratory of Orthopedic Implant, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, PR of China.
    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the nerve root of lower lumbar and the surrounding structures using three-dimensional computed tomography (3D CT).Twenty-three consecutive patients with thoracolumbar fractures without obvious radiological degeneration were retrospectively studied at the spinal surgery department of the hospital. The parameters of the relationship between the nerve root of the lower lumbar and the surrounding structures were measured using 3D CT in the work station of the picture archiving and communication system. Read More

    Three-dimensional photography for the evaluation of facial profiles in obstructive sleep apnoea.
    Respirology 2018 Feb 20. Epub 2018 Feb 20.
    Sleep Center, Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan.
    Background And Objective: Craniofacial structure is an important determinant of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) syndrome risk. Three-dimensional stereo-photogrammetry (3dMD) is a novel technique which allows quantification of the craniofacial profile. This study compares the facial images of OSA patients captured by 3dMD to three-dimensional computed tomography (3-D CT) and two-dimensional (2-D) digital photogrammetry. Read More

    Clinical findings and normative ocular data for free-living Anna's (Calypte anna) and Black-chinned (Archilochus alexandri) Hummingbirds.
    Vet Ophthalmol 2018 Feb 20. Epub 2018 Feb 20.
    Department of Surgical and Radiological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California-Davis, Davis, CA, USA.
    Objective: To estimate the prevalence of ocular disease and obtain normative ocular data for free-living hummingbirds.

    Animals Studied: Two hundred and sixty-three free-living, adult Hummingbirds from coastal and inland central California were studied, including Anna's (Calypte anna, n = 186) and Black-chinned (Archilochus alexandri; n = 77) hummingbirds.

    Procedures: Slit lamp biomicroscopy and indirect ophthalmoscopy were performed on all individuals. Read More

    Beyond the binaries: reshaping pain communication through arts workshops.
    Sociol Health Illn 2018 Mar 13;40(3):577-592. Epub 2018 Feb 13.
    Department of Anthropology, Goldsmiths University of London, UK.
    Pain is difficult to communicate and translate into language, yet most social research on pain experience uses questionnaires and semi-structured interviews that rely on words. In addition to the mind/body dualism prevalent in pain medicine in these studies pain communication is characterised by further value-laden binaries such as real/unreal, visible/invisible, and psychological/physical. Starting from the position that research methods play a role in constituting their object, this article examines the potential of participatory arts workshops for developing different versions of pain communication. Read More

    Validation of assessment of intraoral digital photography for evaluation of dental restorations in clinical research.
    J Dent 2018 Apr 10;71:54-60. Epub 2018 Feb 10.
    Federal University of Pelotas, Graduate Program in Dentistry, Gonçalves Chaves, 457, 5th floor, Pelotas, RS, 96015560, Brazil. Electronic address:
    Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the validity of assessment of intraoral digital photography in the evaluation of dental restorations.

    Methods: Intraoral photographs of anterior and posterior restorations were classified based on FDI criteria according to the need for intervention: no intervention, repair and replacement. Evaluations were performed by an experienced expert in restorative dentistry (gold standard evaluator) and 3 trained dentists (consensus). Read More

    Efficacy of MAS063DP lotion vs 0.02% triamcinolone acetonide lotion in improving post-ablative fractional CO laser resurfacing wound healing: a split-face, triple-blinded, randomized, controlled trial.
    Int J Dermatol 2018 Apr 12;57(4):480-487. Epub 2018 Feb 12.
    Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Pathumwan, Bangkok, Thailand.
    Proven as effective acne scar treatment, ablative fractional carbon dioxide (AFCO ) laser requires post-laser wound healing care. MAS063DP is a multicomponent nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory moisturizer for effective post-laser treatment. This study compares the efficacy of MAS063DP and 0. Read More

    A national survey of lung cancer specialists' views on low-dose CT screening for lung cancer in Korea.
    PLoS One 2018 8;13(2):e0192626. Epub 2018 Feb 8.
    Department of Radiation Oncology, Chungnam National University School of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea.
    Lung cancer specialists play an important role in designing and implementing lung cancer screening. We aimed to describe their 1) attitudes toward low-dose lung computed tomography (LDCT) screening, 2) current practices and experiences of LDCT screening and 3) attitudes and opinions towards national lung cancer screening program (NLCSP). We conducted a national web-based survey of pulmonologists, thoracic surgeons, medical oncologists, and radiological oncologists who are members of Korean Association for Lung Cancer (N = 183). Read More

    Deep femoral artery branch pseudoaneurysm formation and injury after hip fracture surgery: A case series and a literature review.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Feb;97(6):e9872
    Department of Orthopedic Trauma, Hong-Hui Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University College of Medicine, Beilin District, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, China.
    Introduction: Complications involving vascular injuries after hip fracture are rare, and the diagnosis and management of deep femoral artery (DFA) injuries are challenging. We reported 4 cases of DFA injuries after hip fracture surgery and aimed to discuss their early detection, treatment, and prevention.

    Methods: We reviewed 4 cases of deep femoral injury after hip fracture. Read More

    Optimising the measurement of bruises in children across conventional and cross polarized images using segmentation analysis techniques in Image J, Photoshop and circle diameter measurements.
    J Forensic Leg Med 2018 Feb 31;54:114-120. Epub 2018 Jan 31.
    Division of Population Medicine, College of Biomedical and Life Sciences, Cardiff University, Heath Park, Cardiff CF14 4YS, UK. Electronic address:
    Background: Bruising is a common abusive injury in children, and it is standard practice to image and measure them, yet there is no current standard for measuring bruise size consistently. We aim to identify the optimal method of measuring photographic images of bruises, including computerised measurement techniques.

    Methods: 24 children aged <11 years (mean age of 6. Read More

    Three-dimensional printing enhances preparation for repair of double outlet right ventricular surgery.
    J Card Surg 2018 Jan;33(1):24-27
    Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Henan Provincial People's Hospital, People's Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China.
    Objective: To assess the clinical value of three-dimensional (3D) printing technology for treatment strategies for complex double outlet right ventricle (DORV).

    Methods: Twenty-five patients with complex double outlet right ventricle were enrolled in this study. The patients were divided into two groups: 3D printing group (eight patients) and a non-3-D printing control group (17 patients). Read More

    Intra-aneurysmal flow disruption after implantation of the Medina® Embolization Device depends on aneurysm neck coverage.
    PLoS One 2018 6;13(2):e0191975. Epub 2018 Feb 6.
    Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.
    Background And Purpose: Flow disruption achieved by braided intrasaccular implants is a novel treatment strategy for cerebrovascular aneurysms. We hypothesized that the degree of intra-aneurysmal flow disruption can be quantified in vitro and is influenced by device position across the aneurysm neck. We tested this hypothesis using the Medina® Embolization Device (MED). Read More

    Developing improved tissue-engineered buccal mucosa grafts for urethral reconstruction.
    Can Urol Assoc J 2018 Feb 6. Epub 2018 Feb 6.
    University of Sheffield, Department of Materials Science & Engineering, Sheffield; United Kingdom.
    Introduction: We aimed to compare alternative synthetic scaffolds suitable for future implantation and to examine the use of an inhibitor of lysyl oxidase (beta-amino- propionitrile [β-APN]) to reduce contraction in these implants.

    Methods: Three synthetic scaffolds were compared to natural dermis as substrates for the production of tissue-engineered skin. For natural dermis, Euroskin was used to provide a cell-free cadaveric dermis. Read More

    Biaxial reduction technique for the medially displaced quadrilateral surface in acetabular fracture through the modified iliofemoral approach: An observational study.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Dec;96(51):e9238
    Treatment of acetabular fractures is technically demanding injuries. The complex surgical approaches and special equipment have been introduced for achieving accurate anatomical reduction.The aim of the study was to present our experiences of using a newly operative technique to achieve accurate reduction of articular dome impaction and of the quadrilateral surface without special equipment or traction device in reference to fracture reduction and fixation, technical aspects, and the incidence of complications. Read More

    Unexpected hemorrhage of a rare vessel, a pubic branch of the external iliac artery, after laparoscopic radical prostatectomy: Case report.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Dec;96(50):e9357
    Department of Urology.
    Rationale: Postoperative hemorrhage is a rare complication after laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP), with no case reports of bleeding from the external iliac artery in the literature.

    Patient Concerns: A 73-year-old man diagnosed with clinical stage 2c prostate cancer underwent LRP successfully with only approximately 200 mL of intraoperative blood loss. However, his blood pressure dropped from 135/74 to 80/49 mm Hg and his hemoglobin decreased by 66 g/L compared with the preoperative level within 5 hours. Read More

    Endovascular stent graft repair of aortogastric fistula caused by peptic ulcer after esophagectomy: A case report.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Dec;96(50):e8959
    Interventional Therapy Department, The Second Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian, China.
    Rationale: Aortogastric fistula (AGF) is a rare but devastating clinical complication after esophagectomy. In a recent report, nearly all AGF patients died of massive hemorrhage or aspiration of massive hematemesis. Therefore, timely appropriate treatment of AGF remains a challenge. Read More

    A rare case report of bilateral common and internal iliac arterial fibromuscular dysplasia: Coexisted dissection, aneurysm, and stenosis.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Dec;96(50):e8896
    State Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Disease, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Fuwai Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.
    Rationale: Iliac arterial fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) was rarely reported and its demographic, clinical, and imaging features have not been precisely described resulting in uncertain therapeutic methods.

    Patient Concerns: A 31-year-old man was referred because of 3-month-ago onset hypertension, low serum potassium, and a small-sized right kidney with normal renal artery under ultrasound examination. This patient was suspected of primary aldosteronism, whereas spirolactone was poorly effective. Read More

    Use of radiography in small animal practice in the UK and Republic of Ireland in 2013.
    Vet Rec 2018 02 31;182(8):225. Epub 2018 Jan 31.
    School of Veterinary Medicine & Science, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK.
    Radiography is an essential diagnostic tool in small animal practice. A major transition is currently underway from film screen to digital systems. However, there is limited published research detailing the use of radiography in practices in the UK and Republic of Ireland (ROI). Read More

    A rare case report of complications in craniofacial injuries: Cavernous sinus-carotid fistula.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Dec;96(52):e9511
    Department of Pediatrics, West China Second Hospital, Sichuan University.
    Rationale: Cavernous sinus-carotid fistula (CCF) is a rare complication of craniofacial injuries in patients receiving oral and maxillofacial surgical care.

    Patient Concerns: A retrospective review of 15 patients with CCF records was conducted. In addition, we present a rare case of a 32-year-old Chinese woman with CCF receiving oral and maxillofacial surgical care. Read More

    Erythema-directed digital photography for the enhanced evaluation of topical treatments for acne vulgaris.
    Skin Res Technol 2018 Jan 31. Epub 2018 Jan 31.
    Dermatology Clinic, University of Catania, Catania, Italy.
    Background: Erythema-directed digital photography is a novel method for evaluating the efficacy and tolerability of topical acne treatments. Here, we describe three case reports in which erythema-directed digital photography was used to evaluate acne before and after up to 12 weeks of treatment with clindamycin 1%/tretinoin 0.025% (Clin-RA). Read More

    The pathogenesis of iodide mumps: A case report.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Nov;96(47):e8881
    Relation: Iodide mumps is an uncommon condition, induced by iodide-containing contrast, and is characterized by a rapid, painless enlargement of the bilateral or unilateral salivary gland. At present, the pathogenesis of iodide mumps is not yet clear. It may be related to an idiosyncratic reaction, a toxic accumulation of iodine in the gland duct, or renal function damage leading to an iodine excretion disorder. Read More

    Utilizing flat-panel detector parenchymal blood volume imaging (FD-PBV) for quantitative kidney perfusion analysis during the process of percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty (PTRA): A case report.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Nov;96(47):e8654
    Department of Vascular Surgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Beijing, China.
    Rationale: Traditional digital subtraction angiography (DSA) provides lumen morphology of renal artery as indicators for vascular patency in patients with renal artery stenosis (RAS). It, however, lacks hemodynamic information toward target kidney. To solve this shortcoming, a novel technique, flat-panel detector parenchymal blood volume imaging (FD-PBV), is introduced, which is able to evaluate hemodynamic changes of target kidney intraoperatively. Read More

    The diagnosis and endovascular therapy of renal artery aneurysm: A 32-patient case report.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Nov;96(47):e8615
    Department of Urology, Peking University First Hospital, Institute of Urology, Peking, University.
    Rationale: Renal aneurysm is a rare disease with the atypical symptoms and mostly diagnosed by imaging modalities. Endovascular therapy is a one of treatment methods.

    Patient Concerns: A retrospective analysis of 32 patients with renal artery aneurysm, from June 2010 to May 2016 in our hospital, was made in our study. Read More

    Evaluation of inguinal vascular surgical scars treated with closed incisional negative pressure wound therapy using three-dimensional digital imaging-A randomized controlled trial on bilateral incisions.
    Wound Repair Regen 2018 01 7;26(1):77-86. Epub 2018 Mar 7.
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Malmö, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Purpose Of The Investigation: Scar formation is an important, permanent surrogate marker for wound healing. The main aim of this randomized trial was to evaluate the effects of incisional negative pressure wound therapy (iNPWT) on scar formation in uncomplicated wound healing with 3-dimensional (3D) digital imaging.

    Basic Procedures: Patients undergoing bilateral inguinal incisions after vascular surgery were randomized to receive iNPWT and standard dressing on separate sides. Read More

    Erythrocyte Fraction Within Retrieved Thrombi Contributes to Thrombolytic Response in Acute Ischemic Stroke.
    Stroke 2018 03 26;49(3):652-659. Epub 2018 Jan 26.
    From the Departments of Neurology (M.H.C., J.S.L., S.E.L., S.-J.L., J.M.H.), Biomedical Sciences (G.H.P.), and Pathology (J.-H.K.), Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, South Korea.
    Background And Purpose: Recent advent of endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) enables us to provide a new perspective on the use of tPA (tissue-type plasminogen activator) through histological analysis of retrieved thrombus. We investigated the responsiveness of intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) according to the thrombus composition in EVT-attempted patients with acute ischemic stroke.

    Methods: We reviewed 92 consecutive patients with anterior circulation stroke who received combined IVT and EVT for 2 years. Read More

    Assessment of the efficacy of a new complex antisensitive skin cream.
    J Cosmet Dermatol 2018 Jan 22. Epub 2018 Jan 22.
    Engineering and Cutaneous Biology Laboratory, University of Bourgogne Franche-Comté, Besançon, France.
    Background: Sensitive skin is frequently complaint in dermatology consultation with cutaneous manifestations such as stinging, redness, dryness, and burning sensation that affect the quality of life. Its pathogenesis is mainly related to dysfunction of neurosensory, skin barrier, and also immune activity. The treatment is generally based on continuous and topical therapy by nonirritating complex. Read More

    Using Human Vision to Detect Variation in Avian Coloration: How Bad Is It?
    Am Nat 2018 Feb 1;191(2):269-276. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    Assessing variation in animal coloration is difficult, as animals differ in their visual system properties. This has led some to propose that human vision can never be used to evaluate coloration, yet many studies have a long history of relying on human vision. To reconcile these views, we compared the reflectance spectra of preserved avian plumage elements with two measures that are human biased: RGB values from digital photographs and the corresponding reflectance spectra from a field guide. Read More

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