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    Randomized Controlled Trial of Topical Insulin for Healing Corneal Epithelial Defects Induced During Vitreoretinal Surgery in Diabetics.
    Asia Pac J Ophthalmol (Phila) 2017 Aug 22. Epub 2017 Aug 22.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital Canselor Tuanku Muhriz, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
    Purpose: To determine the effect of topical insulin of 3 concentrations [0.5, 1, and 2 units per drop 4 times per day (QID)] on postoperative corneal epithelial wound healing in diabetic patients.

    Design: A double blind randomized controlled hospital-based study involving diabetic patients with postoperative corneal epithelial defect after vitreoretinal surgery. Read More

    The influence of ocular sighting dominance on Fundus torsion in patients with unilateral congenital superior oblique palsy.
    Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2017 Aug 19. Epub 2017 Aug 19.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, 88, Olympic-Ro 43 Gil, Songpa-Gu, Seoul, 05505, South Korea.
    Purpose: The purpose of our study was to determine whether ocular sighting dominance may influence the ocular torsion in patients with unilateral congenital superior oblique palsy (UCSOP).

    Methods: This retrospective study included 22 UCSOP patients with radiologic evidence of unilateral superior oblique muscle hypoplasia on orbital magnetic resonance imaging and 66 healthy individuals with normal ocular motility as controls. Ocular torsion was assessed both quantitatively and qualitatively using digital fundus photography. Read More

    Precision Diagnosis Of Melanoma And Other Skin Lesions From Digital Images.
    AMIA Jt Summits Transl Sci Proc 2017 26;2017:220-226. Epub 2017 Jul 26.
    Institute for Computational Health Sciences, San Francisco, CA 94143.
    Melanoma will affect an estimated 73,000 new cases this year and result in 9,000 deaths, yet precise diagnosis remains a serious problem. Without early detection and preventative care, melanoma can quickly spread to become fatal (Stage IV 5-year survival rate is 20-10%) from a once localized skin lesion (Stage IA 5- year survival rate is 97%). There is no biomarker for melanoma in clinical use, and the current diagnostic criteria for skin lesions remains subjective and imprecise. Read More

    Food Waste in the National School Lunch Program 1978-2015: A Systematic Review.
    J Acad Nutr Diet 2017 Aug 11. Epub 2017 Aug 11.
    Background: Food waste studies have been used for more than 40 years to assess nutrient intake, dietary quality, menu performance, food acceptability, cost, and effectiveness of nutrition education in the National School Lunch Program (NSLP).

    Objective: Describe methods used to measure food waste and respective results in the NSLP across time.

    Methods: A systematic review using PubMed, Science Direct, Informaworld, and Institute of Scientific Information Web of Knowledge was conducted using the following search terms: waste, school lunch, plate waste, food waste, kitchen, half method, quarter method, weight, and photography. Read More

    Retrospective cohort study shows that the risks for retinopathy of prematurity included birth age and weight, medical conditions and treatment.
    Acta Paediatr 2017 Aug 11. Epub 2017 Aug 11.
    Department of Ophthalmology Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.
    Aim: This study described the characteristics and risk factors of neonates who developed retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and severe treatable ROP in two Egyptian neonatal intensive care units (NICUs).

    Methods: This retrospective cohort study comprised 108 preterm neonates who were screened for ROP after being admitted to the two NICUs run by Cairo University Hospital from June 2014 to May 2015. Patients were examined using digital fundus photography and indirect ophthalmoscopy was performed if ROP was detected. Read More

    Enhancement of low light level images using color-plus-mono dual camera.
    Opt Express 2017 May;25(10):12029-12051
    In digital photography, the improvement of imaging quality in low light shooting is one of the users' needs. Unfortunately, conventional smartphone cameras that use a single, small image sensor cannot provide satisfactory quality in low light level images. A color-plus-mono dual camera that consists of two horizontally separate image sensors, which simultaneously captures both a color and mono image pair of the same scene, could be useful for improving the quality of low light level images. Read More

    A Soil-Plate Based Pipeline for Assessing Cereal Root Growth in Response to Polyethylene Glycol (PEG)-Induced Water Deficit Stress.
    Front Plant Sci 2017 19;8:1272. Epub 2017 Jul 19.
    United States Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Services and Interdisciplinary Plant Group, University of Missouri, ColumbiaMO, United States.
    Drought is a serious problem that causes losses in crop-yield every year, but the mechanisms underlying how roots respond to water deficit are difficult to study under controlled conditions. Methods for assaying root elongation and architecture, especially for seedlings, are commonly achieved on artificial media, such as agar, moistened filter paper, or in hydroponic systems. However, it has been demonstrated that measuring root characteristics under such conditions does not accurately mimic what is observed when plants are grown in soil. Read More

    The use of mastoid fascia for dorsal nasal augmentation.
    Clujul Med 2017 15;90(3):294-304. Epub 2017 Jul 15.
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Plastic Surgery Center, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Egypt.
    Background And Aim: Dorsal augmentation of the nose is needed after trauma, rhinoplasty or for ethnic reasons. Alloplastic or autogenous materials may be used. In this paper, postauricular mastoid fascia was used for dorsal nasal augmentation. Read More

    Wide-field fundus imaging with trans-palpebral illumination.
    Proc SPIE Int Soc Opt Eng 2017 Jan 8;10045. Epub 2017 Feb 8.
    Department of Bioengineering, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60607, USA.
    In conventional fundus imaging devices, transpupillary illumination is used for illuminating the inside of the eye. In this method, the illumination light is directed into the posterior segment of the eye through the cornea and passes the pupillary area. As a result of sharing the pupillary area for the illumination beam and observation path, pupil dilation is typically necessary for wide-angle fundus examination, and the field of view is inherently limited. Read More

    Reliability of digital photography for assessing lower extremity alignment in individuals with flatfeet and normal feet types.
    J Bodyw Mov Ther 2017 Jul 22;21(3):704-710. Epub 2016 Dec 22.
    Physical Therapy Department, School of Rehabilitation, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:
    Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the intratester reliability of digital photographic method for quantifying static lower extremity alignment in individuals with flatfeet and normal feet types.

    Methods: Thirteen females with flexible flatfeet and nine females with normal feet types were recruited from university communities. Reflective markers were attached over the participant's body landmarks. Read More

    Adaptable pattern recognition system for discriminating Melanocytic Nevi from Malignant Melanomas using plain photography images from different image databases.
    Int J Med Inform 2017 Sep 27;105:1-10. Epub 2017 May 27.
    Medical Image and Signal Processing Lab (MEDISP), Department of Biomedical Engineering, Technological Educational Institute of Athens, Greece; Department of Medical Physics, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Patras, Rio, Patras, Greece. Electronic address:
    Objective: The aim of this study was to propose features that evaluate pictorial differences between melanocytic nevus (mole) and melanoma lesions by computer-based analysis of plain photography images and to design a cross-platform, tunable, decision support system to discriminate with high accuracy moles from melanomas in different publicly available image databases.

    Material And Methods: Digital plain photography images of verified mole and melanoma lesions were downloaded from (i) Edinburgh University Hospital, UK, (Dermofit, 330moles/70 melanomas, under signed agreement), from 5 different centers (Multicenter, 63moles/25 melanomas, publicly available), and from the Groningen University, Netherlands (Groningen, 100moles/70 melanomas, publicly available). Images were processed for outlining the lesion-border and isolating the lesion from the surrounding background. Read More

    Association of C-Reactive Protein Genetic Polymorphisms With Late Age-Related Macular Degeneration.
    JAMA Ophthalmol 2017 Jul 27. Epub 2017 Jul 27.
    Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, England.
    Importance: C-reactive protein (CRP) is a circulating inflammatory marker associated with late age-related macular degeneration (AMD). It remains uncertain whether the association between CRP concentrations and AMD is causal.

    Objective: To assess whether CRP (OMIM 123260) single-nucleotide polymorphisms that influence circulating CRP concentrations are associated with late AMD. Read More

    Presentation, clinical features, and results of intervention in upper extremity fibromuscular dysplasia.
    J Vasc Surg 2017 Aug;66(2):554-563
    Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio. Electronic address:
    Background: We present a case series of upper extremity fibromuscular dysplasia (UE FMD) consisting of 22 patients from two tertiary referral centers focusing on clinical presentation, diagnostic findings, and interventional outcomes. FMD is a noninflammatory, nonatherosclerotic arteriopathy that has a predisposition for middle-aged women. Involvement of the UE is thought to be rare. Read More

    A user-friendly technical set-up for infrared photography of forensic findings.
    Forensic Sci Int 2017 Jul 10;278:148-155. Epub 2017 Jul 10.
    Institute of Forensic Medicine, Department of Biomedical Engineering, University Basel, Pestalozzistr. 22, 4056 Basel, Switzerland; Institute of Forensic Medicine, Health Department Basel-Stadt, Pestalozzistr. 22, 4056 Basel, Switzerland. Electronic address:
    Infrared photography is interesting for a use in forensic science and forensic medicine since it reveals findings that normally are almost invisible to the human eye. Originally, infrared photography has been made possible by the placement of an infrared light transmission filter screwed in front of the camera objective lens. However, this set-up is associated with many drawbacks such as the loss of the autofocus function, the need of an external infrared source, and long exposure times which make the use of a tripod necessary. Read More

    Error rate of automated calculation for wound surface area using a digital photography.
    Skin Res Technol 2017 Jul 17. Epub 2017 Jul 17.
    Department of Dermatology, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Daegu, Republic of Korea.
    Background: Although measuring would size using digital photography is a quick and simple method to evaluate the skin wound, the possible compatibility of it has not been fully validated.

    Purpose: To investigate the error rate of our newly developed wound surface area calculation using digital photography.

    Methods: Using a smartphone and a digital single lens reflex (DSLR) camera, four photographs of various sized wounds (diameter: 0. Read More

    Quantifying phenotype-environment matching in the protected Kerry spotted slug (Mollusca: Gastropoda) using digital photography: exposure to UV radiation determines cryptic colour morphs.
    Front Zool 2017 10;14:35. Epub 2017 Jul 10.
    Applied Ecology Unit, School of Natural Sciences, National University of Ireland Galway, Galway, Ireland.
    Background: Animal colours and patterns commonly play a role in reducing detection by predators, social signalling or increasing survival in response to some other environmental pressure. Different colour morphs can evolve within populations exposed to different levels of predation or environmental stress and in some cases can arise within the lifetime of an individual as the result of phenotypic plasticity. Skin pigmentation is variable for many terrestrial slugs (Mollusca: Gastropoda), both between and within species. Read More

    Microscopy and Image Analysis.
    Curr Protoc Hum Genet 2017 Jul 11;94:4.4.1-4.4.89. Epub 2017 Jul 11.
    Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.
    This unit provides an overview of light microscopy, including objectives, light sources, filters, film, and color photography for fluorescence microscopy and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). We believe there are excellent opportunities for cytogeneticists, pathologists, and other biomedical readers, to take advantage of specimen optical clearing techniques and expansion microscopy-we briefly point to these new opportunities. © 2017 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Read More

    Dermoscopy, Digital Dermoscopy and Other Diagnostic Tools in the Early Detection of Melanoma and Follow-up of High-risk Skin Cancer Patients.
    Acta Derm Venereol 2017 Jul 5. Epub 2017 Jul 5.
    Dermatology Department, Centre hospitalier Lyon Sud, Claude Bernard University, Lyon 1 - Lyon, France.
    Early detection is a key strategy for reducing the mortality and economic burden associated with melanoma. Dermoscopy is a non-invasive and cost-effective tool for melanoma diagnosis, which has been shown to be a reliable and sensitive method for detecting early-stage skin cancer and reducing the number of unnecessary excisions. Patients at high risk of developing melanoma require long-term surveillance. Read More

    Personality and Total Health Through Life Project Eye Substudy: Methodology and Baseline Retinal Features.
    Asia Pac J Ophthalmol (Phila) 2017 Jun 27. Epub 2017 Jun 27.
    Centre for Eye Research Australia, Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, Melbourne, Australia.
    Purpose: To describe the methodology and present the retinal grading findings of an older sample of Australians with well-defined indices of neurocognitive function in the Personality and Total Health (PATH) Through Life project.

    Design: A cross-sectional study.

    Methods: Three hundred twenty-six individuals from the PATH Through Life project were invited to participate. Read More

    Assessment of gingival symmetry with digital measuring tools and its reproducibility.
    Int J Esthet Dent 2017;12(2):232-242
    Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the accuracy of digital measuring tools to measure the position of gingival zeniths and to assess its reproducibility between different examiners.

    Materials And Methods: A total of 108 subjects were photographed at the Louisiana State University School of Dentistry. The settings, positioning of the digital camera, and subjects' Frankfurt levels were standardized. Read More

    eLABor_aid: a new approach 
to digital shade management.
    Int J Esthet Dent 2017;12(2):186-202
    Contemporary dental patients present with high expectations and demand seamless optical integration of restorative interventions. As a result, clinicians and technicians are required to develop methodologies that remain practical yet increase the accuracy and objectivity of shade analysis and estimation. There have been significant advances in digital technologies over the past 20 years, with digital photography being at the forefront. Read More

    Ex vivo investigation on the postoperative integrity of the apical constriction after the sole use of electronic working length determination.
    J Dent 2017 Sep 20;64:52-57. Epub 2017 Jun 20.
    Center for Operative Dentistry, Periodontology, and Endodontology, University of Dental Medicine and Oral Health, Danube Private University (DPU), Steiner Landstraße 124, 3500 Krems, Austria. Electronic address:
    Aim: The present study investigated the accuracy of root canal preparation with regard to the integrity of the apical constriction (AC) using two different working length determination approaches: (1) the electronic method of working length determination (EWLD), and (2) the radiologic "gold standard" method (GS).

    Methodology: Simulation models were constructed by arranging extracted human teeth by means of silicon bolstered gingiva masks, along with a conductive medium (alginate). Electronic working length determination (group 1; EWLD) and radiologic plus initial electronic working length determination for posterior comparability (group 2; GS) preceded manual root canal preparation of teeth in both groups. Read More

    Validity of a Digital Diet Estimation Method for Use with Preschool Children.
    J Acad Nutr Diet 2017 Jun 18. Epub 2017 Jun 18.
    Background: The validity of using the Remote Food Photography Method (RFPM) for measuring food intake of minority preschool children's intake is not well documented.

    Objective: Our aim was to determine the validity of intake estimations made by human raters using the RFPM compared with those obtained by weighing all foods and beverages consumed by 3- to 5-year-old children (weighed method).

    Design: We conducted a cross-sectional observational study. Read More

    Use of selfie sticks and iPhones to record operative photos and videos in plastic surgery.
    Indian J Plast Surg 2017 Jan-Apr;50(1):82-84
    Department of Plastic Surgery, Manipal Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
    Use of smartphone has become ubiquitous. With smartphone cameras becoming powerful, they are replacing digital cameras and digital SLRs as primary instruments to take photos and record videos. It is natural even for plastic surgeons that smartphones are handy to take still photographs and even record high-definition or 4K videos. Read More

    Taxonomy should be more photography based-eliminate need of physical specimen to study morphology.
    Zootaxa 2017 Mar 27;4247(3):331. Epub 2017 Mar 27.
    Ilia State University, Institute of Ecology, G305, 3/5 Cholokashvili Ave., Tbilisi, 0162, Georgia..
    Recently, a new species of Diptera was described without preserving a type specimen (Evenhuis & Masrshall 2015). This publication caused controversy among taxonomists, of which many urged to restrict image-based descriptions to exceptional cases and insisted on the need to preserve specimens for future reproducibility of observations (Ceríaco et al. 2016; Krell 2016). Read More

    Feasibility of the Digital Retinography System Camera in the Pediatric Emergency Department.
    Pediatr Emerg Care 2017 Jun 12. Epub 2017 Jun 12.
    From the *Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, †Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, and ‡Division of Pediatric Ophthalmology, Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, and §Clinical and Translational Science Institute, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA.
    Purpose: Direct ophthalmoscopy may be difficult without pupillary dilation and patient cooperation. Nonmydriatic ocular fundus photography (NMOFP) has been shown to be easily and efficiently accomplished by medical providers and improve the detection of abnormalities in adult emergency department (ED) patients. Nonmydriatic ocular fundus photography for pediatric ED patients has not been studied. Read More

    The adaptation of a 360° camera utilising an alternate light source (ALS) for the detection of biological fluids at crime scenes.
    Sci Justice 2017 Jul 12;57(4):239-249. Epub 2017 Apr 12.
    Foster and Freeman, United Kingdom.
    One of the most important and commonly encountered evidence types that can be recovered at crime scenes are biological fluids. Due to the ephemeral nature of biological fluids and the valuable DNA that they can contain, it is fundamental that these are documented extensively and recovered rapidly. Locating and identifying biological fluids can prove a challenging task but can aid in reconstructing a sequence of events. Read More

    Application of three-dimensional wire localization and orientation in the resection of non-palpable breast lesions.
    Oncol Lett 2017 Jun 10;13(6):4013-4016. Epub 2017 Apr 10.
    Department of Radiology, The Affiliated Xuzhou Center Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221009, P.R. China.
    The aim of the present study was to compare the application value of the 3D stereo wire localization technique guided by a full digital breast X-ray machine, and general location technique in the resection of breast non-palpable lesions. A retrospective analysis of the clinical data of 80 patients with abnormal findings for non-palpable breast molybdenum target X-ray was conducted between June, 2011 and July, 2014. The patients were divided into two groups: 40 cases with a general location of lesions identified by perturbation axial + standard lateral radiograph to guide the clinical operation biopsy (group A); and 40 cases with a general location of lesions identified by the 3D stereo wire localization method to guide the clinical operation biopsy (group B). Read More

    Reproducibility of a Digital Method to Evaluate Soft Tissue Modifications: A study of Inter and Intra-Operative Measurement Concordance.
    Open Dent J 2017 31;11:171-180. Epub 2017 Mar 31.
    Department of Dental Implants, Maxillofacial Surgery and Odontostomatology Unit, University of Milan, Milan, Italy.
    Background: The soft tissue healing and quality around dental implant is a current debated topic in the recent literature. The free gingival margin and the quantity and quality of the mucosa around teeth and surrounding dental implants still determine the hard and soft tissue healing status.

    Objective: The aim of this study is to assess inter and intra-operative measurement concordance of a method aimed at evaluating the apico-coronal migration of free gingival margin, using intra-oral photography. Read More

    Association between childcare educators' practices and preschoolers' physical activity and dietary intake: a cross-sectional analysis.
    BMJ Open 2017 May 30;7(5):e013657. Epub 2017 May 30.
    École des sciences des aliments, de nutrition et d'études familiales, Faculté des sciences de la santé et des services communautaires, Université de Moncton, Moncton, New Brunswick, Canada.
    Introduction: Childcare educators may be role models for healthy eating and physical activity (PA) behaviours among young children. This study aimed to identify which childcare educators' practices are associated with preschoolers' dietary intake and PA levels.

    Methods: This cross-sectional analysis included 723 preschoolers from 50 randomly selected childcare centres in two Canadian provinces. Read More

    Model for Risk-Based Screening of Diabetic Retinopathy in People With Newly-Diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2017 May;58(6):BIO99-BIO105
    Laser and Retina Research Unit, King's College Hospital, London, United Kingdom 3National Institute for Health Research Moorfields Biomedical Research Centre, London, United Kingdom.
    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of inflammatory/lipid markers and potential risk factors for diabetic retinopathy (DR) development in newly diagnosed patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

    Methods: Participants in this study were 1062 patients with newly diagnosed T2DM. Demographic and clinical data of patients were collected. Read More

    Mapping the spatio-temporal distribution of key vegetation cover properties in lowland river reaches, using digital photography.
    Environ Monit Assess 2017 Jun 26;189(6):294. Epub 2017 May 26.
    Department of Biology, Ecosystem Management Research Group, University of Antwerp, Universiteitsplein 1C, 2610, Wilrijk, Belgium.
    The presence of vegetation in stream ecosystems is highly dynamic in both space and time. A digital photography technique is developed to map aquatic vegetation cover at species level, which has a very high spatial and a flexible temporal resolution. A digital single-lens reflex (DSLR) camera mounted on a handheld telescopic pole is used. Read More

    Imaging the Cervical Vasculature.
    Prog Cardiovasc Dis 2017 May - Jun;59(6):555-584. Epub 2017 May 22.
    Radiology Research and Consultation, Sacramento, CA 95864.
    There are many ways to image the cervical vasculature. Each of the imaging techniques will be discussed in detail, including the method of performance, the quality of the images, the advantages and disadvantages compared to other techniques, and the potential complications. The disease entities will be discussed and illustrated with pathologically and clinically proven case material. Read More

    Digital food photography technology improves efficiency and feasibility of dietary intake assessments in large populations eating ad libitum in collective dining facilities.
    Appetite 2017 Sep 17;116:389-394. Epub 2017 May 17.
    U.S. Military-Baylor University Graduate Program in Nutrition, Joint Base San Antonio, TX 78234, United States.
    Background: Accurate assessment of dietary intake continues to challenge researchers, especially in field, or non-laboratory settings.

    Objective: In this study, digital food photography (DFP) methodology was used to assess nutritional intake (NI) of Soldiers participating in the US Army's Ranger Selection and Assessment Program (RASP).

    Methods: During this high-intensity six-week course, Soldiers complete simulated operational missions, perform various military tasks, and importantly, eating time is severely limited. Read More

    Digital Morphometrics: A New Upper Airway Phenotyping Paradigm in OSA.
    Chest 2017 Aug 17;152(2):330-342. Epub 2017 May 17.
    Center for Sleep & Circadian Neurobiology, Philadelphia, PA.
    Background: OSA is associated with changes in pharyngeal anatomy. The goal of this study was to objectively and reproducibly quantify pharyngeal anatomy by using digital morphometrics based on a laser ruler and to assess differences between subjects with OSA and control subjects and associations with the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI). To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first to use digital morphometrics to quantify intraoral risk factors for OSA. Read More

    Validity, Usefulness and Cost of RETeval System for Diabetic Retinopathy Screening.
    Transl Vis Sci Technol 2017 May 16;6(3). Epub 2017 May 16.
    King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
    Purpose: We studied the validity, usefulness, and relative cost to detect diabetic retinopathy (DR) and sight-threatening DR (STDR) by using a hand-held electrophysiologic tool compared to digital fundus photography.

    Method: Patients with diabetes attending the screening unit of King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia were evaluated by "RETeval", Amsler grid, and digital dilated fundus photography. Fundus images were evaluated by a retina specialist to determine grade of DR. Read More

    Impact of smartphone digital photography, email, and media communication on emergency room visits post-hypospadias repair.
    Can Urol Assoc J 2017 Mar-Apr;11(3-4):E134-E137. Epub 2017 Apr 11.
    Division of Urology, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON, Canada.
    Introduction: Advances in communication technology are shaping our medical practice. To date, there is no clear evidence that this mode of communication will have any effect on unnecessary postoperative emergency room (ER) visits. We aim to evaluate the effect of email and media communication with application of smartphone digital photography on post-hypospadias repair ER visit rates. Read More

    Influence of serum lipids on the incidence and progression of diabetic retinopathy and macular oedema: Sankara Nethralaya Diabetic Retinopathy Epidemiology And Molecular genetics Study-II.
    Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2017 May 17. Epub 2017 May 17.
    Shri Bhagwan Mahavir Vitreoretinal Services, Chennai, India.
    Importance: The importance of lipids on incidence and progression of diabetic retinopathy has not been studied in the Indian population.

    Background: To elucidate the influence of serum lipid control on the incidence and progression of diabetic retinopathy and diabetic macular oedema in subjects with type 2 diabetes.

    Design: Population-based longitudinal observational study in a hospital setting. Read More

    Comparison Between Digital and Synthetic 2D Mammograms in Breast Density Interpretation.
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 2017 Jul 15;209(1):W36-W41. Epub 2017 May 15.
    1 Department of Radiology and Medical Imaging, University of Virginia Health System, PO Box 800170, Charlottesville, VA 22908.
    Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare assessments of breast density on synthetic 2D images as compared with digital 2D mammograms.

    Materials And Methods: This retrospective study included consecutive women undergoing screening with digital 2D mammography and tomosynthesis during May 2015 with a negative or benign outcome. In separate reading sessions, three radiologists with 5-25 years of clinical experience and 1 year of experience with synthetic 2D mammography read digital 2D and synthetic 2D images and assigned breast density categories according to the 5th edition of BI-RADS. Read More

    Six-Year Incidence and Progression of Age-Related Macular Degeneration in Kenya: Nakuru Eye Disease Cohort Study.
    JAMA Ophthalmol 2017 Jun;135(6):631-638
    International Centre for Eye Health, Clinical Research Department, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, England.
    Importance: The incidence of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is unknown in Africa.

    Objective: To estimate the 6-year cumulative incidence and progression of AMD in older adults (≥50 years old) in Nakuru, Kenya.

    Design, Setting, And Participants: This study assessed a population-based cohort with 6-year follow-up of 4414 participants who had a complete assessment. Read More

    Differentiated seasonal vegetation cover dynamics of degraded grasslands in Inner Mongolia recorded by continuous photography technique.
    Int J Biometeorol 2017 May 11. Epub 2017 May 11.
    Peking University, Beijing, China.
    Influence of climate change on the grassland phenology has attracted more and more attentions of ecologists. Although dozens of studies have been conducted, there have been few records examining the phenology differences of grasslands with different plant species compositions. Using continuous photography and image processing methods, this study examined seasonal vegetation cover dynamics of grasslands along a degradation gradient to clarify the influence of vegetation composition on the dynamics of vegetation cover during growing season. Read More

    Patterns produced when soil is transferred to bras by placing and dragging actions: The application of digital photography and image processing to support visible observations.
    Forensic Sci Int 2017 Jul 8;276:24-40. Epub 2017 Apr 8.
    Forensic Science Research Centre, Flinders University, G.P.O. Box 2100, South Australia 5001, Australia; Centre for Australian Forensic Soil Science, CSIRO Land and Water, Urrbrae, Waite Road, South Australia, Australia. Electronic address:
    A series of soil transference experiments (STEs) were undertaken to determine whether patterns identified in laboratory experiments could also be recognised at a simulated crime scene in the field. A clothed 55kg human rescue dummy dressed in a padded bra was either dragged or merely placed on a soil surface at sites with natural and anthropogenic soil types under both wet and dry soil conditions. Transfer patterns produced by dragging compared favourably with those of laboratory experiments. Read More

    The technique for 3D printing patient-specific models for auricular reconstruction.
    J Craniomaxillofac Surg 2017 Jun 6;45(6):937-943. Epub 2017 Apr 6.
    Department of Biomaterials and Biomimetics, College of Dentistry New York University, New York, NY 10010, USA. Electronic address:
    Purpose: Currently, surgeons approach autogenous microtia repair by creating a two-dimensional (2D) tracing of the unaffected ear to approximate a three-dimensional (3D) construct, a difficult process. To address these shortcomings, this study introduces the fabrication of patient-specific, sterilizable 3D printed auricular model for autogenous auricular reconstruction.

    Methods: A high-resolution 3D digital photograph was captured of the patient's unaffected ear and surrounding anatomic structures. Read More

    [Clinical useness of multimodal techniques in microsurgical resection of cerebral arteriovenous malformation].
    Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi 2017 May;55(5):389-393
    Department of Neurosurgery, People's Liberation Army General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China.
    Objective: To explore the clinical useness of intraoperative functional neuronavigation and fluorescent indocyanine green(ICG) angiography as well as electrophysiological evaluation during microsurgical resection of cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVM). Methods: A series of 42 consecutive cases with AVM underwent microsurgery by intraoperative functional neuronavigation at Department of Neurosurgery of People's Liberation Army General Hospital from January 2009 to February 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Of the 42 patients, 29 were males and 13 were females aging from 4 to 62 years (mean age 32. Read More

    Imaging With Synthesized 2D Mammography: Differences, Advantages, and Pitfalls Compared With Digital Mammography.
    AJR Am J Roentgenol 2017 Jul 2;209(1):222-229. Epub 2017 May 2.
    1 Department of Radiology, Division of Breast Imaging, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Spruce St, 1 Silverstein, Philadelphia, PA 19104.
    Objective: Synthesized 2D (s2D) mammography is rapidly replacing digital mammography in breast imaging with digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) to reduce radiation dose and maintain screening outcomes. We illustrate variations in the appearance of s2D and digital mammograms to aid in implementation of this technology.

    Conclusion: Despite subjective differences in the appearance of s2D and digital mammograms, early outcomes of screening using s2D mammography and DBT are not inferior to those achieved with digital mammography and DBT. Read More

    Revealing information by averaging.
    J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis 2017 May;34(5):743-751
    We present a method for hiding images in synthetic videos and reveal them by temporal averaging. The main challenge is to develop a visual masking method that hides the input image both spatially and temporally. Our masking approach consists of temporal and spatial pixel by pixel variations of the frequency band coefficients representing the image to be hidden. Read More

    Delayed genital blisters following iodixanol administration.
    Clin Toxicol (Phila) 2017 Sep 2;55(8):939-940. Epub 2017 May 2.
    a Department of Pharmacy , Anning Branch Lanzhou General Hospital Lanzhou Command , Lanzhou , Gansu , P.R. China.
    Iodixanol is a non-ionic contrast medium for general vascular use. The most common adverse effects from iodixanol include skin rashes, hives, erythema, itching, and angioedema. To date, there have been no reports of delayed genital blisters of iodixanol. Read More

    Accuracy of a computed tomography scanning procedure to manufacture digital models.
    Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2017 May;151(5):995-1003
    Department of Dentistry, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
    Introduction: Accurate articulation of the digital dental casts is crucial in orthodontic diagnosis and treatment planning. We aimed to determine the accuracy of manufacturing digital dental casts from computed tomography scanning of plaster casts regarding linear dimensions and interarch relationships and to test whether eventual differences in interarch relationships between plaster and digital casts would affect orthodontic diagnostics.

    Methods: Plaster casts with the wax bites of 2 patients were used to create digital dental casts with a computed tomography scanner. Read More

    The advantage of digital tomosynthesis for pulmonary nodule detection concerning influence of nodule location and size: a phantom study.
    Clin Radiol 2017 Sep 25;72(9):796.e1-796.e8. Epub 2017 Apr 25.
    Department of Radiology, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, South Korea. Electronic address:
    Aim: To investigate the advantage of digital tomosynthesis (DTS) over chest radiography (CXR) and dual-energy subtraction radiography (DES) for pulmonary nodule detection according to the location and size of solid simulated pulmonary nodules (SPNs).

    Materials And Methods: Ninety-six SPNs of variable sizes were inserted into eight different regions of a lung phantom. These regions were further classified into two groups of danger and non-danger zones based on anatomical location influencing the detection of pulmonary nodules. Read More

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