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    A comparative study of photogrammetric methods using panoramic photography in a forensic context.
    Forensic Sci Int 2017 Feb 4;273:29-38. Epub 2017 Feb 4.
    Department of Criminal Justice and Forensic Science, School of Law, Policing and Forensics, Staffordshire University, Staffordshire, United Kingdom. Electronic address:
    Taking measurements of a scene is an integral aspect of the crime scene documentation process, and accepted limits of accuracy for taking measurements at a crime scene vary throughout the world. In the UK, there is no published accepted limit of accuracy, whereas the United States has an accepted limit of accuracy of 0.25 inch. Read More

    [Diagnossis and treatment of complicated anterior teeth esthetic defects by combination of whole-process digital esthetic rehabilitation with periodontic surgery].
    Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao 2017 Feb;49(1):71-75
    Department of Prosthodontics, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology & National Engineering Laboratory for Digital and Material Technology of Stomatology & Beijing Key Laboratory of Digital Stomatology, Beijing 100081, China.
    Objective: To explore a new method of whole-process digital esthetic prosthodontic rehabilitation combined with periodontic surgery for complicated anterior teeth esthetic defects accompanied by soft tissue morphology, to provide an alternative choice for solving this problem under the guidance of three-dimensional (3D) printing digital dental model and surgical guide, thus completing periodontic surgery and digital esthetic rehabilitation of anterior teeth.

    Methods: In this study, 12 patients with complicated esthetic problems accompanied by soft tissue morphology in their anterior teeth were included. The dentition and facial images were obtained by intra-oral scanning and three-dimensional (3D) facial scanning and then calibrated. Read More

    Variations in anthropogenic silver in a large Patagonian lake correlate with global shifts in photographic processing technology.
    Environ Pollut 2017 Feb 10. Epub 2017 Feb 10.
    Laboratorio de Análisis por Activación Neutrónica (LAAN), Centro Atómico Bariloche, Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica, Av. Bustillo 9500, 8400 Bariloche, Argentina.
    At the beginning of the 21st century, digital imaging technology replaced the traditional silver-halide film photography which had implications in Ag contamination. Lake Nahuel Huapi is a popular Patagonia tourist destination impacted by municipal silver (Ag) contamination from photographic processing facilities since 1990's. Silver concentrations in a dated sediment core from the lake bottom showed a 10-fold increase above background levels in the second half of the 20th century, then a decrease. Read More

    Assessment of musculoskeletal impairment in head and neck cancer patients.
    Support Care Cancer 2017 Feb 13. Epub 2017 Feb 13.
    Division of Hematology Oncology, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, 777 Preston Research Building, 2220 Pierce Avenue, Nashville, TN, 37232, USA.
    Purpose: This study aims to describe the types of musculoskeletal impairment in head and neck cancer survivors and to evaluate objective and subjective measures of musculoskeletal impairment and identify areas of need in future studies.

    Methods: This is a cross-sectional pilot study of 29 head and neck cancer patients who were treated with resection and reconstruction. Subjective measures of musculoskeletal impairment (Neck Disability Index, Shoulder Pain and Disability Index, Vanderbilt Head and Neck Symptom Survey, General Symptom Survey) were collected and compared to objective measures (Cervical Range of Motion Device, Inter-incisal Distance). Read More

    Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) for surveying marine fauna: assessing detection probability.
    Ecol Appl 2017 Feb 8. Epub 2017 Feb 8.
    CSIRO Data61, Castray Esplanade, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia, 7000.
    Aerial surveys are conducted for various fauna to assess abundance, distribution, and habitat use over large spatial scales. They are traditionally conducted using light-aircraft with observers recording sightings in real time. Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) offer an alternative with many potential advantages, including eliminating human-risk. Read More

    Motivational theater to increase consumption of vegetable dishes by preschool children.
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 2017 Feb 7;14(1):16. Epub 2017 Feb 7.
    Founder of Esmartchoice, FutureWise Inc, and Innertainment, Burbank, CA, USA.
    Background: By 3 years of age, many children have developed a dislike for certain foods, particularly vegetables. Seventy-five percent of young children consume less than the recommended levels for vegetables. The objective of this randomized feasibility intervention was to demonstrate the impact of an innovative approach to increase consumption of vegetable dishes by minority preschool children attending Head Start. Read More

    Near Infrared Pulsed Light for Permanent Hair Reduction in Fitzpatrick Skin Types IV and V.
    J Cutan Aesthet Surg 2016 Oct-Dec;9(4):249-253
    Department of Dermatology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Mangalore, Karnataka, India.
    Background: Excessive hair on the face is a significant cause for distress amongst women. Permanent hair reduction methods including lasers and pulsed light devices are increasingly being used.

    Aims: The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of near infrared pulsed light source for permanent hair reduction in women seeking treatment for excessive hair growth on the upper lip and chin. Read More

    A Technique Using Calibrated Photography and Photoshop for Accurate Shade Analysis and Communication.
    Compend Contin Educ Dent 2017 Feb;38(2):106-113
    Clinical Professor of Oral Rehabilitation, The Dental College of Georgia at Augusta University, Augusta, Georgia; Private Practice, Atlanta, Georgia.
    This article reviews the critical aspects of controlling the shade-taking environment and discusses various modalities introduced throughout the years to acquire and communicate shade information. Demonstrating a highly calibrated digital photographic technique for capturing shade information, this article shows how to use Photoshop® to standardize images and extract color information from the tooth and shade tab for use by a ceramist for an accurate shade-matching restoration. Read More

    A novel cosmetic antifungal/anti-inflammatory topical gel for the treatment of mild to moderate seborrheic dermatitis of the face: a open-label trial utilizing clinical evaluation and erythemadirected digital photography.
    G Ital Dermatol Venereol 2017 Jan 24. Epub 2017 Jan 24.
    Dermatology Clinic, University of Catania, Catania, Italy -
    Bakground: Topical cosmetic agents may play a role in the management of facial seborrheic dermatitis by reducing inflammation and scale production. Advanced digital photography, equipped with technology able to provide a detailed evaluation of red skin components corresponding to vascular flare (erythema-directed digital photography), is a useful tool for evaluation of erythema in patients affected by inflammatory dermatoses. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of a new cosmetic topical gel containing ciclopiroxolamine, lactoferrin, glycero-phosphoinositol (GPI) and Aloe vera, for the treatment of facial seborrheic dermatitis by clinical and advanced digital photography evaluation. Read More

    Investigating the functional morphology of genitalia during copulation in the grasshopper Melanoplus rotundipennis (Scudder, 1878) via correlative microscopy.
    J Morphol 2017 Jan 23. Epub 2017 Jan 23.
    Department of Entomology, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas.
    We investigated probable functions of the interacting genitalic components of a male and a female of the flightless grasshopper species Melanoplus rotundipennis (Scudder, 1878) (frozen rapidly during copulation) via correlative microscopy; in this case, by synergizing micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) with digital single lens reflex camera photography with focal stacking, and scanning electron microscopy. To assign probable functions, we combined imaging results with observations of live and museum specimens, and function hypotheses from previous studies, the majority of which focused on museum specimens with few investigating hypotheses in a physical framework of copulation. For both sexes, detailed descriptions are given for each of the observed genitalic and other reproductive system components, the majority of which are involved in copulation, and we assigned probable functions to these latter components. Read More

    Additive effects of the herbicide glyphosate and elevated temperature on the branched coral Acropora formosa in Nha Trang, Vietnam.
    Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2017 Jan 22. Epub 2017 Jan 22.
    Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences (DEEP), Stockholm University, 106 91, Stockholm, Sweden.
    The combined effects of the herbicide glyphosate and elevated temperature were studied on the tropical staghorn coral Acropora formosa, in Nha Trang bay, Vietnam. The corals were collected from two different reefs, one close to a polluted fish farm and one in a marine-protected area (MPA). In the laboratory, branches of the corals were exposed to the herbicide glyphosate at ambient (28 °C) and at 3 °C elevated water temperatures (31 °C). Read More

    Evaluation of the Safety and Efficacy of a Low Fluence, Picopulsed, Alexandrite Laser in a Pico-Toning Technique With a Diffractive Lens Optic for the Treatment of Photodamage and Textural Improvement in "Off the Face" Applications.
    J Drugs Dermatol 2016 Nov;15(11):1398-1401
    Background: The diffractive optic coupled with a picosecond pulsed alexandrite laser has been shown to effectively minimize pigmen- tation while improving the appearance of textural irregularities and rhytides. We evaluated the safety and ef cacy of the diffractive optic laser treatment for off of the face applications including the hands and décolletage in a pico-toning technique.

    Study: 20 healthy female patients (40-70 years of age) were treated with a picosecond pulsed alexandrite laser with a diffractive lens. Read More

    Treatment of recalcitrant port-wine stains (PWS) using a combined pulsed dye laser (PDL) and radiofrequency (RF) energy device.
    J Am Acad Dermatol 2017 Feb;76(2):321-326
    Ronald O. Perelman Department of Dermatology, New York University Langone Medical Center, New York, New York; Laser and Skin Surgery Center of New York, New York, New York.
    Background: Pulsed dye laser (PDL) is the treatment of choice for port-wine stains (PWS). Some PWS are recalcitrant to this modality. A number of reasons for PDL treatment resistance have been described, including inadequate heat generation. Read More

    "Monkey see, monkey do": Peers' behaviors predict preschoolers' physical activity and dietary intake in childcare centers.
    Prev Med 2017 Jan 10;97:33-39. Epub 2017 Jan 10.
    École des sciences des aliments, de nutrition et d'études familiales, Pavillon Jacqueline-Bouchard, 51 Antonine-Maillet Avenue, Université de Moncton, Moncton, New Brunswick E1A 3E9, Canada. Electronic address:
    Preschoolers observe and imitate the behaviors of those who are similar to them. Therefore, peers may be role models for preschoolers' dietary intake and physical activity in childcare centers. This study examined whether peers' behaviors predict change in preschoolers' dietary intake and physical activity in childcare centers over 9months. Read More

    Diabetes diagnostic thresholds of the glycated hemoglobin A1c and fasting plasma glucose levels considering the 5-year incidence of retinopathy.
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2017 Feb 27;124:20-29. Epub 2016 Dec 27.
    Diabetes Center, Tokyo Women's Medical University, 8-1, Kawada-cho, Shinjuku-ku 162-8666, Tokyo, Japan.
    Aims: As retinopathy is used as a defining threshold of diabetes, we assessed the glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) values associated with an increased risk of 5-year incidence of retinopathy.

    Methods: We studied HbA1c, FPG, and optic fundus findings of 2605 individuals without previously diagnosed diabetes annually during a 5-year period. Retinopathy was examined using non-mydriatic, 45° digital fundus photography. Read More

    BIOPSY 1-2-3 in Dermatologic Surgery: Improving Smartphone use to Avoid Wrong-Site Surgery.
    Technol Innov 2016 Sep;18(2-3):203-206
    Department of Dermatology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
    The smartphone has become a ubiquitous tool in modern culture. Given the current high quality of smartphone cameras, they should be considered a valuable tool for the dermatologic surgeon in the pre-operative consultation. The purpose of this technical note is to describe a methodology using smartphone camera technology to improve the process for capturing biopsy site photographs and including those photos in decision making to maximize cutaneous surgical outcomes. Read More

    Dental photography today. Part 1: basic concepts.
    Oral Implantol (Rome) 2015 Oct-Dec;8(4):122-129. Epub 2016 Jul 23.
    Department of Clinical Science and Translational Medicine, University of Rome "Tor Vergata", Rome, Italy.
    This paper is the first article in a new series on digital dental photography. Part 1 defines the aims and objectives of dental photography for examination, diagnosis and treatment planning, legal and forensic documentation, publishing, education, marketing and communication with patients, dental team members, colleagues and dental laboratory. Read More

    The risk of macular degeneration development in persons antenatally irradiated as a result of Chornobyl NPP accident.
    Probl Radiac Med Radiobiol 2016 Dec;21:172-177
    State Institution National Research Center for Radiation Medicine of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, 53 Melnykova Street, Kyiv, 04050, Ukraine.
    Objective: Assess the risk of macular degeneration development in persons exposed in utero as a result of Chornobyl NPP accident.

    Materials And Methods: The object of the study was the state of the macular area of the retina of 84 individuals exposed in utero as a result of the Chornobyl disaster. They were surveyed at the age of 14-30. Read More

    Endovascular Revascularization of a Symptomatic Common Carotid Artery Occlusion.
    Can J Neurol Sci 2017 Jan;44(1):120-123
    5Section of Neurology,Department of Medicine,University of Manitoba,Winnipeg,Manitoba,Canada.
    Although the common carotid artery is the second most common site for extracranial carotid artery stenosis, complete symptomatic occlusion in the absence of devastating stroke is rare. We present a case of complete common carotid artery occlusion failing medical management and requiring endovascular intervention. The clinical presentation, diagnostic investigations, and management of complete carotid artery occlusions are discussed. Read More

    Respiratory average CT for attenuation correction in myocardial perfusion SPECT/CT.
    Ann Nucl Med 2017 Feb 20;31(2):172-180. Epub 2016 Dec 20.
    Biomedical Imaging Laboratory, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Macau, Avenida da Universidade, Taipa, Macau SAR, China.
    Objective: Cine average CT (CACT) and interpolated average CT (IACT) have been proposed to improve attenuation correction (AC) for PET/CT in oncologic and cardiac studies. This study aims to evaluate their effectiveness on myocardial perfusion SPECT/CT using computer simulation and physical phantom experiments.

    Methods: We first simulated normal male with (99m)Tc-sestamibi distribution using digital XCAT phantom with respiratory motion amplitudes of 2, 3, and 4 cm. Read More

    A Smartphone Application for Personal Assessments of Body Composition and Phenotyping.
    Sensors (Basel) 2016 Dec 17;16(12). Epub 2016 Dec 17.
    Department of Kinesiology and Public Health Education, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND 58202-7166, USA.
    Personal assessments of body phenotype can enhance success in weight management but are limited by the lack of availability of practical methods. We describe a novel smart phone application of digital photography (DP) and determine its validity to estimate fat mass (FM). This approach utilizes the percent (%) occupancy of an individual lateral whole-body digital image and regions indicative of adipose accumulation associated with increased risk of cardio-metabolic disease. Read More

    Aetiologies of internal carotid artery pseudo-occlusions in acute stroke patients: what neurointerventionalists can expect.
    Br J Radiol 2017 Feb 20;90(1070):20160352. Epub 2016 Dec 20.
    3 Department of Radiology, YeniYüzyıl University, Gaziosmanpaşa Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.
    In cases of acute stroke, differentiation between an occluded and a patent internal carotid artery (ICA) is crucial for diagnosis and management. Although CT angiography (CTA) can be highly accurate in defining high-grade stenosis and ICA occlusions, misleading ICA occlusion patterns are not rare in patients with acute stroke. We investigated the underlying causes of ICA pseudo-occlusions with CTA with respect to digital subtraction angiography. Read More

    Using Dental GPS to Navigate Implant Placement.
    Compend Contin Educ Dent 2016 Sep;37(8):520-525
    Associate Professor, Division of Prosthodontics, Department of Oral Health and Rehabilitation, University of Louisville School of Dentistry, Louisville, Kentucky.
    Digital advances have changed implant planning to improve outcomes in placement and restoration. Layering multiple image inputs, such as volumetric radiology, photography, and 3-dimensional (3D) surface scans, has allowed better assessment of patients with partial or complete edentulism, and this can aid in producing 3D visual predictions, implant guides, and prosthetics to execute the proposed plan. Read More

    Correlation analysis of oral lesion sizes by various standardized criteria.
    Am J Otolaryngol 2016 Nov - Dec;37(6):502-506. Epub 2016 Jul 12.
    University of Minnesota, Department of Otolaryngology. Electronic address:
    Objective: Requirements of an NCI contract examining a novel treatment for leukoplakia were to compare standard bi-dimensional measurement of oral lesions to examine for correlation with Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria, and to examine the feasibility of digital image analysis for automated measurements.

    Study Design: Retrospective review.

    Methods: We examined 13 patients by bi-dimensional measurement and compared these measurements to 1) RECIST criteria, 2) scalar digital measurements using a standardized measuring device within the photograph, and 3) pixel number. Read More

    What is the role of contrast-enhanced ultrasound in the evaluation of the endoleak of aortic endoprostheses? A comparison between CEUS and CT on a widespread scale.
    J Ultrasound 2016 Dec 23;19(4):281-287. Epub 2016 Nov 23.
    Department of Radiology, Oncology, and Anatomo Pathology, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Rome, Italy.
    Objective: To evaluate the accuracy of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in comparison to CT angiography (CTA) to identify and classify endoleaks following abdominal aortic aneurism repair with endoprosthesis.

    Materials And Methods: A retrospective analysis of 181 patients treated with EVAR, from September 2009 to September 2014, was performed. Patients were evaluated with CEUS, CTA and angiography in the cases requiring treatment. Read More

    Accuracy of Three Shade-matching Devices in Replicating the Shade of Metal Ceramic Restorations: An in vitro Study.
    J Contemp Dent Pract 2016 Dec 1;17(12):1003-1008. Epub 2016 Dec 1.
    Department of Prosthodontics and Implantology, P.S.M. College of Dental Science and Research, Akkikavu, Thrissur, Kerala, Phone: +919447839034, e-mail:
    Introduction: In restorative dentistry, the clinician commonly encounters the challenge of replicating the color of natural teeth due to the subjectivity of perceptual evaluation. Recent advances in photography and computing have resulted in the widespread use of the digital camera for color imaging. These instruments can be used effectively for shade matching and communication to yield predictable results. Read More

    Uncovering Urban Temporal Patterns from Geo-Tagged Photography.
    PLoS One 2016 9;11(12):e0165753. Epub 2016 Dec 9.
    SENSEable City Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, United States of America.
    We live in a world where digital trails of different forms of human activities compose big urban data, allowing us to detect many aspects of how people experience the city in which they live or come to visit. In this study we propose to enhance urban planning by taking into a consideration individual preferences using information from an unconventional big data source: dataset of geo-tagged photographs that people take in cities which we then use as a measure of urban attractiveness. We discover and compare a temporal behavior of residents and visitors in ten most photographed cities in the world. Read More

    Strategies to Improve the Efficacy of Epicardial Linear Ablation on the Beating Heart.
    Innovations (Phila) 2016 Nov/Dec;11(6):414-419
    From the *Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Nippon Medical School, Chiba Hokusoh Hospital, Tokyo, Japan; †Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, Barnes-Jewish Hospital, St Louis, MO USA; and ‡Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of Arizona Medical Center, Tucson, AZ USA.
    Objective: Creating transmural linear lesions on the beating heart is an important component of minimally invasive surgical ablation for atrial fibrillation. Animal studies have shown poor efficacy for surface bipolar radiofrequency ablation (RFA). Clinicians have developed strategies including multiple device applications and vena caval occlusion (VCO) to improve ablation efficacy. Read More

    Establishment of the intracranial hemodynamic model based on contrast medium and clinical applications.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2016 Dec;95(49):e5550
    Department of Radiology, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.
    Ischemic cerebrovascular diseases are one of the most common vascular diseases in aged people and CT perfusion (CTP) is a very popular tool to detect the ischemic changes in brain vascular. The present study aims to establish a novel intracranial hemodynamic model to simulate anterior cerebral artery blood flow, and compare the actual and simulated hemodynamic parameters of healthy people and patients with carotid stenosis or occlusion.A mathematical model of the intracranial hemodynamic was generated using MATLAB software, and data from patients with or without infarct disease (57 and 44 cases, respectively) were retrospectively collected to test the new model. Read More

    Intraoperative Archive of Right Colonic Vascular Variability Aids Central Vascular Ligation and Redefines Gastrocolic Trunk of Henle Variants.
    Dis Colon Rectum 2017 Jan;60(1):22-29
    Department of Surgery, Division of Colorectal Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
    Background: Vascular supply to the right colon has become an issue because of high variability and subsequent impact on minimally invasive surgery. Past cadaveric or radiologic anatomic assessments are noncomprehensive.

    Objective: Intraoperative charting of right colonic arteriovenous anatomy was undertaken to determine the incidence and scope of vascular variations. Read More

    Recent developments of imaging modalities of carotid artery stenting.
    J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino) 2017 Feb 6;58(1):25-34. Epub 2016 Dec 6.
    Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Humanitas Clinical and Research Institute, Rozzano, Milan, Italy.
    Compared with conventional angiogram-guided procedure, intravascular imaging modalities give us a lot of useful information to make the procedure better. Intravascular imaging modalities give us the information about lesion characters, reference vessel diameter and the interaction between the stent strut and the plaque such as stent strut malapposition or plaque prolapse in real time during the procedure. We can change our strategy according to this information. Read More

    Are Lasers superior to lights in the photoepilation of Fitzpatrick V and VI skin types? - A comparison between Nd:YAG laser and Intense pulsed light.
    J Cosmet Laser Ther 2016 Dec 2:1-17. Epub 2016 Dec 2.
    a Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research, Plastic Surgery , Pondicherry , India.
    Background And Objectives: There are no large volume comparative studies available to compare the efficacy of lasers over lights for hair removal in Fitzpatrick V and VI skin types. This study is designed to compare the efficacy of Nd:YAG Laser versus IPL in the darker skin types.

    Study Design/materials And Methods: Thirty nine patients included in Group-1 were treated with Nd:YAG and 31 in group-2 with IPL. Read More

    Light-field and holographic three-dimensional displays [Invited].
    J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis 2016 Dec;33(12):2348-2364
    A perfect three-dimensional (3D) display that satisfies all depth cues in human vision is possible if a light field can be reproduced exactly as it appeared when it emerged from a real object. The light field can be generated based on either light ray or wavefront reconstruction, with the latter known as holography. This paper first provides an overview of the advances of ray-based and wavefront-based 3D display technologies, including integral photography and holography, and the integration of those technologies with digital information systems. Read More

    Non-invasive tools for the diagnosis of cutaneous melanoma.
    Skin Res Technol 2016 Nov 22. Epub 2016 Nov 22.
    Department of Dermatology, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.
    Background: While the excisional biopsy and histological examination of suspicious lesions remains the current gold standard for diagnosing cutaneous melanoma (CM), there is a demand for more objective and non-invasive examination methods that may support clinicians in their decision when to biopsy or not.

    Methods: This review is based on publications and guidelines retrieved by a selective search in PubMed and MEDLINE and focused on non-invasive diagnostic strategies for detecting melanoma.

    Results: Ten different non-invasive techniques were compared with regard to applicability, status of development, and resources necessary for introduction into clinical routine (dermoscopy, sequential digital dermoscopy, total body photography, computer-aided multispectral digital analysis, electrical impedance spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, reflectance confocal microscopy, multiphoton tomography, stepwise two-photon-laser spectroscopy, quantitative dynamic infrared imaging). Read More

    Aggressive Digital Papillary Adenocarcinoma With Multiple Organ Metastases: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.
    Am J Dermatopathol 2016 Dec;38(12):910-914
    *Department of Dermatology, Toranomon Hospital, Tokyo, Japan; †Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Medical, Pharmaceutical, and Health Sciences, Kanazawa University, Ishikawa, Japan; and ‡Department of Respiratory Medicine, Respiratory Center, Toranomon Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.
    Aggressive digital papillary adenocarcinoma (ADPA) is a rare sweat gland neoplasm with a high recurrence rate and metastatic potential. In this study, the authors describe a case that originally appeared to benign spiradenoma, but took an ominous course eventually resulting in the diagnosis of ADPA. A 73-year-old woman developed a gradually growing nodule on the second toe of her left foot, which she had first noticed 4 years previously. Read More

    Extracting Plant Phenology Metrics in a Great Basin Watershed: Methods and Considerations for Quantifying Phenophases in a Cold Desert.
    Sensors (Basel) 2016 Nov 18;16(11). Epub 2016 Nov 18.
    Department of Agriculture, Nutrition and Veterinary Science, University of Nevada, Reno, NV 89557, USA.
    Plant phenology is recognized as important for ecological dynamics. There has been a recent advent of phenology and camera networks worldwide. The established PhenoCam Network has sites in the United States, including the western states. Read More

    Low wall shear stress is associated with the rupture of intracranial aneurysm with known rupture point: case report and literature review.
    BMC Neurol 2016 Nov 18;16(1):231. Epub 2016 Nov 18.
    Department of Interventional Neuroradiology, Beijing Neurosurgical Institute and Beijing Tian Tan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100050, China.
    Background: Few previous hemodynamic studies demonstrated the detailed features of rupture point of intracranial aneurysms. The hemodynamic simulation for the case that ruptured during angiography was even rare. In the present study, we studied the hemodynamic characteristics of a posterior communicating artery segment aneurysm that ruptured during angiography and detailed the hemodynamic features at the rupture point. Read More

    Comparison of extracranial artery stenosis and cerebral blood flow, assessed by quantitative magnetic resonance, using digital subtraction angiography as the reference standard.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2016 Nov;95(46):e5370
    aDepartment of Neurology, The Affiliated College Shenzhen Second People's Hospital, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui province bDepartment of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Shenzhen University cShenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenzhen, Guangdong Province dDepartment of Neurology, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.
    Extracranial arteriosclerosis usually indicates a high risk of ischemic stroke. In the past, a clinical decision following diagnosis was dependent on the percentage of vessel stenosis determined by an invasive technique. We aimed to develop a quantitative magnetic resonance (QMR) technique to evaluate artery structure and cerebral hemodynamics noninvasively. Read More

    Topical Silicone Sheet Application in the Treatment of Hypertrophic Scars and Keloids.
    J Clin Aesthet Dermatol 2016 Oct 1;9(10):28-35. Epub 2016 Oct 1.
    Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Hand Surgery, VU University Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    Objective: Since the early 1980s, topical silicone sheets have been used in the treatment of hypertrophic scars and keloids.This study aimed to determine the optimal duration and application of these sheets. Design: multi-centered therapeutic study. Read More

    Diagnostic performance of digital breast tomosynthesis with a wide scan angle compared to full-field digital mammography for the detection and characterization of microcalcifications.
    Eur J Radiol 2016 Dec 7;85(12):2161-2168. Epub 2016 Oct 7.
    Department of Biomedical Imaging and Image-Guided Therapy, Division of Molecular and Gender Imaging, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, 1090 Vienna, Austria.
    Objectives: To assess the diagnostic performance of digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT), with a wide scan-angle, compared to full-field digital mammography (FFDM), for the detection and characterization of microcalcifications.

    Methods: IRB approval was obtained for this retrospective study. We selected 150 FFDM and DBT (50 benign and 50 malignant histologically verified microcalcifications, 50 cases classified as BI-RADS 1). Read More

    Diagnosis and clinical features of common optic neuropathies.
    Lancet Neurol 2016 Dec;15(13):1355-1367
    Neuro-Ophthalmology Unit, Emory Eye Center, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA.
    Disorders of the optic nerves (optic neuropathies) are some of the most common causes of visual loss, and can present in isolation or with associated neurological or systemic symptoms and signs. Several optic neuropathies-especially inflammatory optic neuropathies-are associated with neurological disorders and thus are often diagnosed and treated by neurologists. The mechanisms underlying optic neuropathies are diverse and typically manifest with decreased visual acuity, altered colour vision, and abnormal visual field in the affected eye. Read More

    Effective use of simple computer programmes and clay models to demonstrate the planning and operative steps for teaching and presentations.
    Indian J Plast Surg 2016 May-Aug;49(2):185-190
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Hand and Micro-Vascular Surgery, Sparsh Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
    Background: Presenting and demonstrating a surgical procedure in the current era is difficult without good intraoperative pictures and videos. A long, complex, multi-staged surgery is better illustrated by detailed intraoperative images at various stages. Although desirable, it may be difficult due to various reasons. Read More

    Mediterranean Diet Score and Its Association with Age-Related Macular Degeneration: The European Eye Study.
    Ophthalmology 2017 Jan 5;124(1):82-89. Epub 2016 Nov 5.
    Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom.
    Purpose: To examine associations between adherence to a Mediterranean diet and prevalence of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in countries ranging from Southern to Northern Europe.

    Design: Cross-sectional, population-based epidemiologic study.

    Participants: Of 5060 randomly sampled people aged 65 years or older from 7 study centers across Europe (Norway, Estonia, United Kingdom, France, Italy, Greece, and Spain), full dietary data were available in 4753. Read More

    Towards a more representative morphology: clinical and ethical considerations for including diverse populations in diagnostic genetic atlases.
    Genet Med 2016 Nov 10;18(11):1069-1074. Epub 2016 Mar 10.
    Department of Bioethics, Clinical Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.
    An important gap exists in textbooks (or atlases) of dysmorphology used by health-care professionals to help diagnose genetic syndromes. The lack of varied phenotypic images in available atlases limits the utility of these atlases as diagnostic tools in globally diverse populations, causing geneticists difficulty in diagnosing conditions in individuals of different ancestral backgrounds who may present with variable morphological features. Proposals to address the underinclusion of images from diverse populations in existing atlases can take advantage of the Internet and digital photography to create new resources that take into account the broad global diversity of populations affected by genetic disease. Read More

    Platelets rich plasma versus minoxidil 5% in treatment of alopecia areata: A trichoscopic evaluation.
    Dermatol Ther 2017 Jan 28;30(1). Epub 2016 Oct 28.
    Department of Dermatology, Qina General Hospital, Qena, Egypt.
    Alopecia areata is a common cause of nonscarring alopecia that occurs in a patchy, confluent, or diffuse pattern. Dermoscopy is a noninvasive technique for the clinical diagnosis of many skin diseases. Topical minoxidil solution 5% and platelet rich plasma are important modalities used in treatment of alopecia areata. Read More

    Reduction of facial wrinkles by hydrolyzed water-soluble egg membrane associated with reduction of free radical stress and support of matrix production by dermal fibroblasts.
    Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol 2016 14;9:357-366. Epub 2016 Oct 14.
    Department of Neurobiology, Center for Drug Discovery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC.
    Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of water-soluble egg membrane (WSEM) on wrinkle reduction in a clinical pilot study and to elucidate specific mechanisms of action using primary human immune and dermal cell-based bioassays.

    Methods: To evaluate the effects of topical application of WSEM (8%) on human skin, an open-label 8-week study was performed involving 20 healthy females between the age of 45 years and 65 years. High-resolution photography and digital analysis were used to evaluate the wrinkle depth in the facial skin areas beside the eye (crow's feet). Read More

    Does patient perception of shoulder balance correlate with clinical balance?
    Eur Spine J 2016 Nov 24;25(11):3560-3567. Epub 2015 Apr 24.
    Service of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, Hospital Vall d'Hebrón, Passeig de la Vall d'Hebron 119, 08035, Barcelona, Spain.
    Objective: To evaluate the relationship between radiological, clinical and perceived shoulder balance (ShB) in a sample of non-operated, moderate, idiopathic scoliosis (IS) patients.

    Methods: 80 patients (85 % women) with a mean age of 20.3 years (SD 8. Read More

    Digital preservation of anatomical variation: 3D-modeling of embalmed and plastinated cadaveric specimens using uCT and MRI.
    Ann Anat 2017 Jan 21;209:69-75. Epub 2016 Oct 21.
    School of Kinesiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON N6A 3K7, Canada; Department of Anatomy & Cell Biology, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON N6A 3K7, Canada. Electronic address:
    Anatomy educators have an opportunity to teach anatomical variations as a part of medical and allied health curricula using both cadaveric and three-dimensional (3D) digital models of these specimens. Beyond published cadaveric case reports, anatomical variations identified during routine gross anatomy dissection can be powerful teaching tools and a medium to discuss several anatomical sub-disciplines from embryology to medical imaging. The purpose of this study is to document how cadaveric anatomical variation identified during routine dissection can be scanned using medical imaging techniques to create two-dimensional axial images and interactive 3D models for teaching and learning of anatomical variations. Read More

    Discrepancy between cervical disc prostheses and anatomical cervical dimensions.
    Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2016 Oct 21;50(5):544-547. Epub 2016 Oct 21.
    Hisar Intercontinental Hospital, Turkey.
    Objective: The aim of this study was to assess appropriateness of the sizes of available cervical disc prostheses based on tomographic measurement of human cervical vertebrae.

    Methods: The anatomic dimensions of the C3-C7 segments were measured on 50 patients (age range 26-47 years) with computerized tomography scan and compared with the sizes of the popular cervical total disc prostheses (CTDP) at the market [Bryan (Medtronic), Prodisc-C (Synthes), Prestige LP (Medtronic), Discover (DePuy)]. The mediolateral and anteriorposterior diameters of the upper and lower endplates were measured with a digital measuring system. Read More

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