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    Beyond the binaries: Reshaping pain communication through arts workshops.
    Sociol Health Illn 2018 Feb 13. Epub 2018 Feb 13.
    Department of Anthropology, Goldsmiths University of London, UK.
    Pain is difficult to communicate and translate into language, yet most social research on pain experience uses questionnaires and semi-structured interviews that rely on words. In addition to the mind/body dualism prevalent in pain medicine in these studies pain communication is characterised by further value-laden binaries such as real/unreal, visible/invisible, and psychological/physical. Starting from the position that research methods play a role in constituting their object, this article examines the potential of participatory arts workshops for developing different versions of pain communication. Read More

    Validation of assessment of intraoral digital photography for evaluation of dental restorations in clinical research.
    J Dent 2018 Feb 10. Epub 2018 Feb 10.
    Federal University of Pelotas, Graduate Program in Dentistry, Gonçalves Chaves, 457, 5th floor, Pelotas, RS, 96015560, Brazil. Electronic address:
    Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the validity of assessment of intraoral digital photography in the evaluation of dental restorations.

    Methods: Intraoral photographs of anterior and posterior restorations were classified based on FDI criteria according to the need for intervention: no intervention, repair and replacement. Evaluations were performed by an experienced expert in restorative dentistry (gold standard evaluator) and 3 trained dentists (consensus). Read More

    Efficacy of MAS063DP lotion vs 0.02% triamcinolone acetonide lotion in improving post-ablative fractional COlaser resurfacing wound healing: a split-face, triple-blinded, randomized, controlled trial.
    Int J Dermatol 2018 Feb 12. Epub 2018 Feb 12.
    Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Pathumwan, Bangkok, Thailand.
    Proven as effective acne scar treatment, ablative fractional carbon dioxide (AFCO) laser requires post-laser wound healing care. MAS063DP is a multicomponent nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory moisturizer for effective post-laser treatment. This study compares the efficacy of MAS063DP and 0. Read More

    Deep femoral artery branch pseudoaneurysm formation and injury after hip fracture surgery: A case series and a literature review.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Feb;97(6):e9872
    Department of Orthopedic Trauma, Hong-Hui Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University College of Medicine, Beilin District, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, China.
    Introduction: Complications involving vascular injuries after hip fracture are rare, and the diagnosis and management of deep femoral artery (DFA) injuries are challenging. We reported 4 cases of DFA injuries after hip fracture surgery and aimed to discuss their early detection, treatment, and prevention.

    Methods: We reviewed 4 cases of deep femoral injury after hip fracture. Read More

    Optimising the measurement of bruises in children across conventional and cross polarized images using segmentation analysis techniques in Image J, Photoshop and circle diameter measurements.
    J Forensic Leg Med 2018 Jan 31;54:114-120. Epub 2018 Jan 31.
    Division of Population Medicine, College of Biomedical and Life Sciences, Cardiff University, Heath Park, Cardiff CF14 4YS, UK. Electronic address:
    Background: Bruising is a common abusive injury in children, and it is standard practice to image and measure them, yet there is no current standard for measuring bruise size consistently. We aim to identify the optimal method of measuring photographic images of bruises, including computerised measurement techniques.

    Methods: 24 children aged <11 years (mean age of 6. Read More

    Developing improved tissue-engineered buccal mucosa grafts for urethral reconstruction.
    Can Urol Assoc J 2018 Feb 6. Epub 2018 Feb 6.
    University of Sheffield, Department of Materials Science & Engineering, Sheffield; United Kingdom.
    Introduction: We aimed to compare alternative synthetic scaffolds suitable for future implantation and to examine the use of an inhibitor of lysyl oxidase (beta-amino- propionitrile [β-APN]) to reduce contraction in these implants.

    Methods: Three synthetic scaffolds were compared to natural dermis as substrates for the production of tissue-engineered skin. For natural dermis, Euroskin was used to provide a cell-free cadaveric dermis. Read More

    Biaxial reduction technique for the medially displaced quadrilateral surface in acetabular fracture through the modified iliofemoral approach: An observational study.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Dec;96(51):e9238
    Treatment of acetabular fractures is technically demanding injuries. The complex surgical approaches and special equipment have been introduced for achieving accurate anatomical reduction.The aim of the study was to present our experiences of using a newly operative technique to achieve accurate reduction of articular dome impaction and of the quadrilateral surface without special equipment or traction device in reference to fracture reduction and fixation, technical aspects, and the incidence of complications. Read More

    Unexpected hemorrhage of a rare vessel, a pubic branch of the external iliac artery, after laparoscopic radical prostatectomy: Case report.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Dec;96(50):e9357
    Department of Urology.
    Rationale: Postoperative hemorrhage is a rare complication after laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP), with no case reports of bleeding from the external iliac artery in the literature.

    Patient Concerns: A 73-year-old man diagnosed with clinical stage 2c prostate cancer underwent LRP successfully with only approximately 200 mL of intraoperative blood loss. However, his blood pressure dropped from 135/74 to 80/49 mm Hg and his hemoglobin decreased by 66 g/L compared with the preoperative level within 5 hours. Read More

    Endovascular stent graft repair of aortogastric fistula caused by peptic ulcer after esophagectomy: A case report.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Dec;96(50):e8959
    Interventional Therapy Department, The Second Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian, China.
    Rationale: Aortogastric fistula (AGF) is a rare but devastating clinical complication after esophagectomy. In a recent report, nearly all AGF patients died of massive hemorrhage or aspiration of massive hematemesis. Therefore, timely appropriate treatment of AGF remains a challenge. Read More

    A rare case report of bilateral common and internal iliac arterial fibromuscular dysplasia: Coexisted dissection, aneurysm, and stenosis.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Dec;96(50):e8896
    State Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Disease, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Fuwai Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.
    Rationale: Iliac arterial fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) was rarely reported and its demographic, clinical, and imaging features have not been precisely described resulting in uncertain therapeutic methods.

    Patient Concerns: A 31-year-old man was referred because of 3-month-ago onset hypertension, low serum potassium, and a small-sized right kidney with normal renal artery under ultrasound examination. This patient was suspected of primary aldosteronism, whereas spirolactone was poorly effective. Read More

    Erythema-directed digital photography for the enhanced evaluation of topical treatments for acne vulgaris.
    Skin Res Technol 2018 Jan 31. Epub 2018 Jan 31.
    Dermatology Clinic, University of Catania, Catania, Italy.
    Background: Erythema-directed digital photography is a novel method for evaluating the efficacy and tolerability of topical acne treatments. Here, we describe three case reports in which erythema-directed digital photography was used to evaluate acne before and after up to 12 weeks of treatment with clindamycin 1%/tretinoin 0.025% (Clin-RA). Read More

    The pathogenesis of iodide mumps: A case report.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Nov;96(47):e8881
    Relation: Iodide mumps is an uncommon condition, induced by iodide-containing contrast, and is characterized by a rapid, painless enlargement of the bilateral or unilateral salivary gland. At present, the pathogenesis of iodide mumps is not yet clear. It may be related to an idiosyncratic reaction, a toxic accumulation of iodine in the gland duct, or renal function damage leading to an iodine excretion disorder. Read More

    Utilizing flat-panel detector parenchymal blood volume imaging (FD-PBV) for quantitative kidney perfusion analysis during the process of percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty (PTRA): A case report.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Nov;96(47):e8654
    Department of Vascular Surgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Beijing, China.
    Rationale: Traditional digital subtraction angiography (DSA) provides lumen morphology of renal artery as indicators for vascular patency in patients with renal artery stenosis (RAS). It, however, lacks hemodynamic information toward target kidney. To solve this shortcoming, a novel technique, flat-panel detector parenchymal blood volume imaging (FD-PBV), is introduced, which is able to evaluate hemodynamic changes of target kidney intraoperatively. Read More

    The diagnosis and endovascular therapy of renal artery aneurysm: A 32-patient case report.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Nov;96(47):e8615
    Department of Urology, Peking University First Hospital, Institute of Urology, Peking, University.
    Rationale: Renal aneurysm is a rare disease with the atypical symptoms and mostly diagnosed by imaging modalities. Endovascular therapy is a one of treatment methods.

    Patient Concerns: A retrospective analysis of 32 patients with renal artery aneurysm, from June 2010 to May 2016 in our hospital, was made in our study. Read More

    Evaluation of inguinal vascular surgical scars treated with closed incisional negative pressure wound therapy using three-dimensional digital imaging - a randomized controlled trial on bilateral incisions.
    Wound Repair Regen 2018 Jan 30. Epub 2018 Jan 30.
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Malmö, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Purpose of the investigation: Scar formation is an important, permanent surrogate marker for wound healing. The main aim of this randomized trial was to evaluate the effects of incisional negative pressure wound therapy (iNPWT) on scar formation in uncomplicated wound healing with 3-dimensional (3D) digital imaging.

    Basic Procedures: Patients undergoing bilateral inguinal incisions after vascular surgery were randomized to receive iNPWT and standard dressing on separate sides. Read More

    Assessment of the efficacy of a new complex antisensitive skin cream.
    J Cosmet Dermatol 2018 Jan 22. Epub 2018 Jan 22.
    Engineering and Cutaneous Biology Laboratory, University of Bourgogne Franche-Comté, Besançon, France.
    Background: Sensitive skin is frequently complaint in dermatology consultation with cutaneous manifestations such as stinging, redness, dryness, and burning sensation that affect the quality of life. Its pathogenesis is mainly related to dysfunction of neurosensory, skin barrier, and also immune activity. The treatment is generally based on continuous and topical therapy by nonirritating complex. Read More

    Using Human Vision to Detect Variation in Avian Coloration: How Bad Is It?
    Am Nat 2018 Feb 1;191(2):269-276. Epub 2017 Dec 1.
    Assessing variation in animal coloration is difficult, as animals differ in their visual system properties. This has led some to propose that human vision can never be used to evaluate coloration, yet many studies have a long history of relying on human vision. To reconcile these views, we compared the reflectance spectra of preserved avian plumage elements with two measures that are human biased: RGB values from digital photographs and the corresponding reflectance spectra from a field guide. Read More

    Evaluation and efficacy of carbon dioxide therapy (carboxytherapy) versus mesolipolysis in the treatment of cellulite.
    J Cosmet Laser Ther 2018 Jan 17:1-6. Epub 2018 Jan 17.
    a Lecturer of Dermatology, Venereology and Andrology Department, Faculty of Medicine , Zagazig University , Zagazig, Egypt.
    Background: Cellulite is an irregular alteration of the skin surface giving it cottage cheese appearance. Carboxytherapy is transcutaneous infusion of carbon dioxide into the affected site. Mesolipolysis aims to remove cellulite and improve skin texture. Read More

    Pimasertib-associated ophthalmological adverse events.
    Acta Ophthalmol 2018 Jan 16. Epub 2018 Jan 16.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, the Netherlands.
    Purpose: To analyse ophthalmological adverse events associated with mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK) inhibition with pimasertib treatment for metastatic cutaneous melanoma (CM).

    Methods: In this prospective observational, cohort-based, cross-sectional study, eight patients treated with the MEK inhibitor pimasertib received a complete ophthalmic examination. This included Early Treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy Study best-corrected visual acuity, visual field testing, colour vision testing, slit-lamp examination, applanation tonometry, indirect ophthalmoscopy, digital colour fundus photography and optical coherence tomography (OCT). Read More

    Single-shot, dual-mode, water-immersion microscopy platform for biological applications.
    Appl Opt 2018 Jan;57(1):A242-A249
    A single-shot water-immersion digital holographic microscope combined with broadband (white light) illumination mode is presented. This double imaging platform allows conventional incoherent visualization with phase holographic imaging of inspected samples. The holographic architecture is implemented at the image space (that is, after passing the microscope lens), thus reducing the sensitivity of the system to vibrations and/or thermal changes in comparison to regular interferometers. Read More

    Understorey productivity in temperate grassy woodland responds to soil water availability but not to elevated [CO].
    Glob Chang Biol 2018 Jan 7. Epub 2018 Jan 7.
    Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment, Western Sydney University, Penrith, NSW, Australia.
    Rising atmospheric [CO] and associated climate change are expected to modify primary productivity across a range of ecosystems globally. Increasing aridity is predicted to reduce grassland productivity, although rising [CO] and associated increases in plant water use efficiency may partially offset the effect of drying on growth. Difficulties arise in predicting the direction and magnitude of future changes in ecosystem productivity, due to limited field experimentation investigating climate and COinteractions. Read More

    Noninvasive measurement of reepithelialization and microvascularity of suction-blister wounds with benchmarking to histology.
    Wound Repair Regen 2018 Jan 8. Epub 2018 Jan 8.
    Department of Dermatology and Copenhagen Wound Healing Center, Bispebjerg Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    We explored use of the suction-blister wound model in the assessment of not only epidermal regeneration but also pain, the microvascular response and bacteriology. The effects of topical zinc sulfate were studied to articulate the methodologies in this double-blind trial. One epidermal suction blister (10 mm) was induced on each buttock in 30 healthy volunteers (15 females:15 males) and deroofed on day 0. Read More

    A National Budget Impact Analysis of a Specialised Surveillance Programme for Individuals at Very High Risk of Melanoma in Australia.
    Appl Health Econ Health Policy 2018 Jan 5. Epub 2018 Jan 5.
    Sydney School of Public Health, The University of Sydney, The Lifehouse, Level 6-North, 119-143 Missenden Road, Camperdown, NSW, 2050, Australia.
    Background: Specialised surveillance using total body photography and digital dermoscopy to monitor people at very high risk of developing a second or subsequent melanoma has been reported as cost effective.

    Objectives: We aimed to estimate the 5-year healthcare budget impact of providing specialised surveillance for people at very high risk of subsequent melanoma from the perspective of the Australian healthcare system.

    Methods: A budget impact model was constructed to assess the costs of monitoring and potential savings compared with current routine care based on identification of patients at the time of a melanoma diagnosis. Read More

    Association Between Optic Disc Hemorrhage and Renal Function in South Korea.
    J Glaucoma 2018 Jan 4. Epub 2018 Jan 4.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.
    Purpose: To investigate the relationship between renal function and disc hemorrhage (DH).

    Methods: This retrospective cross-sectional survey was conducted at Kangbuk Samsung Hospital Health Screening Center between August 2012 and July 2013, and a total of 168,044 participants at least 20 years of age who voluntarily visited the health screening center for systemic and ophthalmologic examinations, including fundus photography, were enrolled. All subjects underwent a physical examination and provided samples for laboratory analysis. Read More

    Intra-operative digital imaging: assuring the alignment of components when undertaking total hip arthroplasty.
    Bone Joint J 2018 Jan;100-B(1 Supple A):36-43
    Barnes-Jewish Hospital, 660 South Euclid, Campus Box 8233, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA.
    Aims: The aims of this study were to examine the rate at which the positioning of the acetabular component, leg length discrepancy and femoral offset are outside an acceptable range in total hip arthroplasties (THAs) which either do or do not involve the use of intra-operative digital imaging.

    Patients And Methods: A retrospective case-control study was undertaken with 50 patients before and 50 patients after the integration of an intra-operative digital imaging system in THA. The demographics of the two groups were comparable for body mass index, age, laterality and the indication for surgery. Read More

    Digital Intraoral Imaging Re-Exposure Rates of Dental Students.
    J Dent Educ 2018 Jan;82(1):61-68
    Dr. Senior is Associate Chair, DDS Clinical Education, and Clinical Associate Professor, School of Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta; Dr. Winand was a DDS student, School of Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta; Dr. Ganatra is Clinical Professor, School of Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta; Dr. Lai is Associate Professor and Director of Assessment and Evaluation, School of Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta; Dr. Alsulfyani, a Diplomate ABOMR, is Assistant Professor, Oral Medicine and Diagnostic Sciences, College of Dentistry, King Saud University and Adjunct Professor, School of Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta; and Dr. Pachêco-Pereira is Clinical Assistant Professor, School of Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of Alberta.
    A guiding principle of radiation safety is ensuring that radiation dosage is as low as possible while yielding the necessary diagnostic information. Intraoral images taken with conventional dental film have a higher re-exposure rate when taken by dental students compared to experienced staff. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of and reasons for re-exposure of digital intraoral images taken by third- and fourth-year dental students in a dental school clinic. Read More

    Anterior lens capsule strains during simulated accommodation in porcine eyes.
    Exp Eye Res 2017 Dec 26;168:19-27. Epub 2017 Dec 26.
    Institut Universitari Barraquer, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
    Experimental protocols have been developed to measure the spatial variation of the mechanical strains induced in the lens capsule during ex vivo lens stretching. The paper describes the application of these protocols to porcine lenses. The deformations and mechanical strains developed in the anterior capsule during each experiment were determined using full field digital image correlation techniques, by means of a speckle pattern applied to the lens surface. Read More

    The diagnostic accuracy of single- and five-field fundus photography in diabetic retinopathy screening by primary care physicians.
    Indian J Ophthalmol 2018 Jan;66(1):94-97
    Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Suddhavej Hospital, Mahasarakham University, Mueang, Maha Sarakham, Thailand.
    Purpose: The aim is to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of digital fundus photography in diabetic retinopathy (DR) screening at a single university hospital.

    Methods: This was a cross-sectional hospital-based study. One hundred and ninety-eight diabetic patients were recruited for comprehensive eye examination by two ophthalmologists. Read More

    Two-dimensional digital photography for child body posture evaluation: standardized technique, reliable parameters and normative data for age 7-10 years.
    Scoliosis Spinal Disord 2017 19;12:38. Epub 2017 Dec 19.
    Department of Spine Disorders and Pediatric Orthopedics, University of Medical Sciences, 28 Czerwca 1956r. no. 135/147, 61-545 Poznan, Poland.
    Background: Digital photogrammetry provides measurements of body angles or distances which allow for quantitative posture assessment with or without the use of external markers. It is becoming an increasingly popular tool for the assessment of the musculoskeletal system. The aim of this paper is to present a structured method for the analysis of posture and its changes using a standardized digital photography technique. Read More

    Is digital photography an accurate and precise method for measuring range of motion of the shoulder and elbow?
    J Orthop Sci 2017 Dec 20. Epub 2017 Dec 20.
    Houston Methodist Hospital, Department of Orthopedics & Sports Medicine, Houston, TX, USA. Electronic address:
    Background: Accurate measurements of shoulder and elbow motion are required for the management of musculoskeletal pathology. The purpose of this investigation was to compare three techniques for measuring motion. The authors hypothesized that digital photography would be equivalent in accuracy and show higher precision compared to the other two techniques. Read More

    Ophthalmoscopy in the 21st century: The 2017 H. Houston Merritt Lecture.
    Neurology 2018 Jan 22;90(4):167-175. Epub 2017 Dec 22.
    From the Departments of Ophthalmology (V.B., B.B.B., N.J.N.), Neurology (V.B., B.B.B., N.J.N.), Epidemiology (B.B.B.), and Neurological Surgery (N.J.N.), Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA.
    Although the usefulness of viewing the ocular fundus is well-recognized, ophthalmoscopy is infrequently and poorly performed by most nonophthalmologist physicians, including neurologists. Barriers to the practice of ophthalmoscopy by nonophthalmologists include not only the technical difficulty related to direct ophthalmoscopy, but also lack of adequate training and discouragement by preceptors. Recent studies have shown that digital retinal fundus photographs with electronic transmission and remote interpretation of images by an ophthalmologist are an efficient and reliable way to allow examination of the ocular fundus in patients with systemic disorders such as diabetes mellitus. Read More

    Sirolimus Ointment for Facial Angiofibromas in Individuals with Tuberous Sclerosis Complex.
    Int Sch Res Notices 2017 15;2017:8404378. Epub 2017 Nov 15.
    Paediatric Neurosciences, University College London, London, UK.
    Facial angiofibromas affect most patients with tuberous sclerosis complex. They tend to progress, can cause recurrent bleeding and facial disfigurement, and have significant psychological effects. We reviewed the effectiveness and safety of topical sirolimus ointment 0. Read More

    An evaluation of two novel capillaroscopy techniques in suspected scleroderma-spectrum disorders: A single-centre cross-sectional study.
    Mod Rheumatol 2017 Dec 20:1-5. Epub 2017 Dec 20.
    a Department of Rheumatology, The Institute of Rheumatology and Orthopaedics , Royal Prince Alfred Hospital , Camperdown, Sydney , Australia.
    Objectives: The primary aim was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of digital photographs taken with a smartphone camera using both a lens attachment and, separately, a dermatoscope. The secondary aims were to assess the influence of prior capillaroscopy experience and familiarity with the novel techniques on diagnostic accuracy.

    Methods: All patients referred for capillaroscopy between May 2016 and January 2017 were eligible for inclusion. Read More

    Digital Storytelling: Families' Search for Meaning after Child Death.
    J Soc Work End Life Palliat Care 2017 Oct-Dec;13(4):239-250
    a School of Medicine , University of Missouri , Columbia , Missouri , USA.
    Bereaved families that collectively make meaning of their grief experiences often function better than those that do not, yet most social work bereavement interventions target individuals rather than family units. In this article, authors describe an innovative social work intervention that employs digital storytelling. This is a narrative technique that combines photography, music, and spoken word to help families bereaved by child death make meaning of their loss and envision a future without their deceased child. Read More

    Wearable Devices for Caloric Intake Assessment: State of Art and Future Developments.
    Open Nurs J 2017 31;11:232-240. Epub 2017 Oct 31.
    Unit of Biostatistics, Epidemiology and Public Health, Department of Cardiac, Thoracic and Vascular Sciences, University of Padova, Padova, Italy.
    Background: The self-monitoring of caloric intake is becoming necessary as the number of pathologies related to eating increases. New wearable devices may help people to automatically record energy assumed in their meals.

    Objective: The present review collects the released articles about wearable devices or method for automatic caloric assessments. Read More

    Peri-implant assessment via cone beam computed tomography and digital periapical radiography: an ex vivo study.
    Clinics (Sao Paulo) 2017 Nov;72(11):708-713
    Departamento de Odontologia, Universidade de Passo Fundo, Passo Fundo, RS, BR.
    Objectives: This research evaluated detail registration in peri-implant bone using two different cone beam computer tomography systems and a digital periapical radiograph.

    Methods: Three different image acquisition protocols were established for each cone beam computer tomography apparatus, and three clinical situations were simulated in an ex vivo fresh pig mandible: buccal bone defect, peri-implant bone defect, and bone contact. Data were subjected to two analyses: quantitative and qualitative. Read More

    Monitoring butterflies using counts of puddling males: A case study of the Rajah Brooke's Birdwing (Trogonoptera brookiana albescens).
    PLoS One 2017 12;12(12):e0189450. Epub 2017 Dec 12.
    Zoological and Ecological Research Network, Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
    The Rajah Brooke's Birdwing, Trogonoptera brookiana, is a large, iconic butterfly that is facing heavy commercial exploitation and habitat loss. Males of some subspecies exhibit puddling behavior. A method of conservation monitoring was developed for subspecies albescens in Ulu Geroh, Peninsular Malaysia, where the males consistently puddle in single-species aggregations at stable geothermal springs, reaching well over 300 individuals when the population is at its highest. Read More

    Emergent Endovascular Treatment of Penetrating Trauma: Solid Organ and Extremity.
    Tech Vasc Interv Radiol 2017 Dec 7;20(4):243-247. Epub 2017 Oct 7.
    Department of Radiology and Imaging Science, Emory University Hospital, Atlanta, GA.
    Penetrating injuries can result in acute or subacute arterial injuries of the solid organs or extremities. Although most penetrating injuries are managed conservatively, some patients require endovascular or surgical treatment. Often, the best method for management is controversial and the level of urgency for clinical decision-making is high. Read More

    Evaluation and Treatment of Blunt Pelvic Trauma.
    Tech Vasc Interv Radiol 2017 Dec 7;20(4):237-242. Epub 2017 Oct 7.
    Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Emory University Hospital, Atlanta, GA.
    Trauma is a significant contributor to mortality, especially in the young. Pelvic trauma with pelvic ring fractures may result in associated arterial injury, necessitating endovascular intervention. As a result, interventional radiology plays a critical role in partnering with trauma providers in the care of these patients. Read More

    Integrated pillar scatterers for speeding up classification of cell holograms.
    Opt Express 2017 Nov;25(24):30526-30538
    The computational power required to classify cell holograms is a major limit to the throughput of label-free cell sorting based on digital holographic microscopy. In this work, a simple integrated photonic stage comprising a collection of silica pillar scatterers is proposed as an effective nonlinear mixing interface between the light scattered by a cell and an image sensor. The light processing provided by the photonic stage allows for the use of a simple linear classifier implemented in the electric domain and applied on a limited number of pixels. Read More

    The "G-Spot" Is Not a Structure Evident on Macroscopic Anatomic Dissection of the Vaginal Wall.
    J Sex Med 2017 Dec;14(12):1524-1532
    Department of Surgery, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne, VIC, Australia; Department of Surgery, Western Hospital, Melbourne, VIC, Australia; Department of Surgery, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia. Electronic address:
    Background: Controversy exists in the literature regarding the presence or absence of an anatomic "G-spot." However, few studies have examined the detailed topographic or histologic anatomy of the putative G-spot location.

    Aim: To determine the anatomy of the anterior vaginal wall and present detailed, systematic, accessible findings from female cadaveric dissections to provide anatomic clarity with respect to this location. Read More

    Comparison of digital color fundus imaging and fluorescein angiographic findings for the early detection of diabetic retinopathy in young type 1 diabetic patients.
    J Fr Ophtalmol 2018 Jan 28;41(1):39-44. Epub 2017 Nov 28.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Medical School, University of Crete, P.O. Box 2208, 71003 Heraklion, Greece.
    Purpose: To compare the findings from digital 7-field color fundus (CF) photography and fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA) in young patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) type 1 without known diabetic retinopathy.

    Methods: In this prospective, observational cohort study, 54 type 1 diabetic patients were recruited. Participants had been diagnosed with diabetes mellitus (DM) for at least 6 years, had Best Corrected Visual Acuity of 20/25 or better and did not have any known retinal pathology. Read More

    Retina 2017 Nov 28. Epub 2017 Nov 28.
    *Department of Ophthalmology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, the Netherlands;†Department of Ophthalmology, Donders Institute of Brain, Cognition, and Behaviour, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands;‡Medical Retina Service, Rotterdam Eye Hospital, Rotterdam, the Netherlands; and§Department of Ophthalmology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
    Purpose: To assess ophthalmologic characteristics in patients and unaffected individuals in families with multiple members affected by central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC), both at presentation and long-term follow-up.

    Methods: In 103 subjects from 23 families with at least 2 affected patients with CSC per family, prospective extensive ophthalmologic examination was performed, including best-corrected visual acuity, indirect ophthalmoscopy, digital color fundus photography, optical coherence tomography, fundus autofluorescence, and fluorescein angiography imaging. From these, 24 individuals from 6 families had undergone extensive ophthalmologic examination in either 1994 or 1995 and were followed up in this study. Read More

    Prevalence and associated risk factors of undercorrected refractive errors among people with diabetes in Shanghai.
    BMC Ophthalmol 2017 Nov 28;17(1):220. Epub 2017 Nov 28.
    Shanghai Eye Disease Prevention and Treatment Center, No. 380 Kangding Road, Jingan District, Shanghai, 200040, China.
    Background: To investigate the prevalence and risk factors of undercorrected refractive error (URE) among people with diabetes in the Baoshan District of Shanghai, where data for undercorrected refractive error are limited.

    Methods: The study was a population-based survey of 649 persons (aged 60 years or older) with diabetes in Baoshan, Shanghai in 2009. One copy of the questionnaire was completed for each subject. Read More

    [Updates of 2017 ESMO guideline for rectal cancer].
    Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi 2017 Nov;20(11):1236-1242
    Department of Radiology, Peking University People's Hospital, Beijing 100044, China.
    Compared with the 2013 version, the basic strategies of diagnosis and treatment for rectal cancer in the 2017 version guideline remain the same. These strategies include accurate local staging approaches which combines digital rectal examination, endorectal ultrasound (ERUS), and high resolution pelvic MRI, and local recurrence risk grading system which combines tumor location/distance, T staging, N staging, EMVI (extramural vascular invasion) and MRF(mesorectal fascia). And personalized therapeutic principle based on the above local risk grading. Read More

    Novel scintillating material 2-(4-styrylphenyl)benzoxazole for the fully digital and MRI compatible J-PET tomograph based on plastic scintillators.
    PLoS One 2017 27;12(11):e0186728. Epub 2017 Nov 27.
    Faculty of Physics, Astronomy and Applied Computer Science, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland.
    A novel plastic scintillator is developed for the application in the digital positron emission tomography (PET). The novelty of the concept lies in application of the 2-(4-styrylphenyl)benzoxazole as a wavelength shifter. The substance has not been used as scintillator dopant before. Read More

    Endovascular Renal Artery Stent Retriever Embolectomy in a Young Patient With Cardiac Myxoma: Case Report and Review of the Literature.
    Vasc Endovascular Surg 2018 Jan 21;52(1):70-74. Epub 2017 Nov 21.
    1 Department of Neurosurgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.
    Purpose: Cardiac myxomas are common tumors of the heart with disproportionate impact on young patients, occasionally with dramatic systemic dissemination of tumor emboli with catastrophic multiorgan system ischemia. The coincident comorbidities can increase the risk of traditional treatments for tumor embolus in each region.

    Case Report: A young patient with previously unknown cardiac myxoma presented with seizure and was found to have stress cardiomyopathy, multiple cerebral large vessel occlusions with acute ischemic stroke, bilateral lower extremity tumor emboli and rhabdomyolysis, and renal tumor embolus with acute tubular necrosis. Read More

    Eyelid fissure dimensions in Japanese and in Brazilians of European descent over 50 years of age.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2017 Sep-Oct;80(5):304-308
    Department of Ophthalmology, Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu, Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho", Botucatu, SP, Brazil.
    Purpose: To investigate differences in the palpebral fissure eyelid position in Japanese subjects and in Brazilian subjects of European descent over 50 years of age.

    Methods: A cross-sectional study evaluating 50 Japanese subjects and 50 Bra---zilian subjects of European descent over 50 years of age was performed to evaluate the effect of aging on eyelid position. Digital photographs were taken with the eyes in the primary position and transferred to a computer to be processed by Scion imaging software for evaluation of palpebral fissure width, height, and margin reflex distance (MRD). Read More

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