50,594 results match your criteria Die Kontaktlinse [Journal]


Risk Factors and Outcomes for Sepsis after Appendectomy in Adults.

Surg Infect (Larchmt) 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Department of Surgery, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York.

Sepsis is an uncommon occurrence after appendectomy, but the morbidity and mortality of patients who develop sepsis after appendectomy remains exceedingly high. The purpose of this study is to identify risk factors and adverse post-operative outcomes associated with sepsis after appendectomy in adults. The American College of Surgery National Surgical Quality Improvement Program participant user database was queried from 2012 to 2015. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/sur.2019.003
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/sur.2019.003DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Thinning Can Reduce Losses in Carbon Use Efficiency and Carbon Stocks in Managed Forests Under Warmer Climate.

J Adv Model Earth Syst 2018 Oct 15;10(10):2427-2452. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

National Research Council of Italy Institute for Agriculture and Forestry Systems in the Mediterranean (CNR-ISAFOM) Rende Italy.

Forest carbon use efficiency (CUE, the ratio of net to gross primary productivity) represents the fraction of photosynthesis that is not used for plant respiration. Although important, it is often neglected in climate change impact analyses. Here we assess the potential impact of thinning on projected carbon cycle dynamics and implications for forest CUE and its components (i. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2018MS001275DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6472666PMC
October 2018

Effect on Colony Growth Inhibition of Soil-Borne Fungal Pathogens by Available Chlorine Content in Sodium Hypochlorite.

Plant Pathol J 2019 Apr 1;35(2):156-163. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Plant Medicine, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju 28644, Korea.

Our study investigated the available chlorine content, contact time and difference among strains of each pathogen for sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) to control chemically against soil-borne fungal pathogens, such as Phytophthora rot by , violet root rot by , and white root rot by , causing die-back symptom on apple trees. As a result, the colony growth of was inhibited completely by soaking over 5 s in 31.25 ml/l available chlorine content of NaOCl. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5423/PPJ.OA.07.2018.0123DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6464201PMC

National registry for sudden unexpected deaths of infants and children in England: why do we need one and do families want one?

Arch Dis Child 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Child and Adolescent Health, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK.

The sudden and unexpected death of an infant or child is devastating. An inability to explain why an infant or child died is difficult to accept for both families and professionals. No reliable national dataset exists to estimate precisely how many infants and children die unexpectedly each year in England. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2018-316542DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Cervical Cancer Death Rates Among U.S.- and Foreign-Born Women: U.S., 2005-2014.

Am J Prev Med 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Division of Cancer Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia. Electronic address:

Introduction: Historically, foreign-born women in the U.S. are less likely to be screened and are more likely to die from cervical cancer when compared with their U. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07493797193004
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2019.01.007DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Sex-specific differences regarding seasonal variations of incidence and mortality in patients with myocardial infarction in Germany.

Int J Cardiol 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Cardiology, Cardiology I, University Medical Center Mainz (Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz), Mainz, Germany.

Background: Seasonal variation regarding the incidence and the short-term mortality of acute myocardial infarction (MI) was frequently reported, but data about sex-specific differences are sparse.

Methods: We analysed the impact of seasons and temperature on incidence and in-hospital mortality of patients with acute MI in Germany between 2005 and 2015.

Results: The nationwide sample comprised 3,008,188 hospitalizations of MI patients (2005-2015). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2019.04.035DOI Listing

Regulated necrosis in kidney ischemia-reperfusion injury.

Kidney Int 2019 Mar 7. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Immunology Research Centre, St. Vincent's Hospital Melbourne, Fitzroy, Australia; Department of Medicine, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia. Electronic address:

Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is the outcome of an inflammatory process that is triggered when an organ undergoes a transient reduction or cessation of blood flow, followed by re-establishment of perfusion. In the clinical setting, IRI contributes to significant acute kidney injury, patient morbidity and mortality, and adverse outcomes in transplantation. Tubular cell death by necrosis and apoptosis is a central feature of renal IRI. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.kint.2019.02.009DOI Listing

The INTERACT Trial: Long-term results of a randomised trial on preoperative capecitabine-based radiochemotherapy intensified by concomitant boost or oxaliplatin, for cT2 (distal)-cT3 rectal cancer.

Radiother Oncol 2019 May 7;134:110-118. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Radiation Oncology Department, Centro di Riferimento Oncologico, IRCCS, Aviano, Italy.

Background And Purpose: Capecitabine-based radiochemotherapy (cbRCT) is standard for preoperative long-course radiochemotherapy of locally advanced rectal cancer. This prospective, parallel-group, randomised controlled trial investigated two intensification regimens. cT4 lesions were excluded. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radonc.2018.11.023DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Retraction Note to: Substrates specificity of tannase from Streptomyces sviceus and Lactobacillus plantarum.

AMB Express 2019 Apr 19;9(1):52. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

School of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Chengdu Medical College, 783 Xindu Avenue, Chengdu, 610500, People's Republic of China.

The Editor-in-Chief has retracted this article (Wang et al. 2018) because the authors do not have ownership of the data they report. An investigation by the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) has concluded that the data reported in this article are the sole property of the CSIRO. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13568-019-0778-5DOI Listing

Colitis-Induced Th17 Cells Increase the Risk for Severe Subsequent Clostridium difficile Infection.

Cell Host Microbe 2019 Apr 13. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Cancer Biology, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA; Department of Medicine, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA; Department of Pathology, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA. Electronic address:

Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is the number one hospital-acquired infection in the United States. CDI is more common and severe in inflammatory bowel disease patients. Here, we studied the mechanism by which prior colitis exacerbates CDI. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S19313128193011
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chom.2019.03.003DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Modeling the Influence of Oil Film, Position and Orientation Parameters on the Accuracy of a Laser Triangulation Probe.

Sensors (Basel) 2019 Apr 18;19(8). Epub 2019 Apr 18.

State Key Laboratory of Material Processing and Die & Mould Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China.

The laser triangulation probe conveniently obtains surface topography data of a measured target. However, compared to the touch probe, its reliability and accuracy can be negatively affected by various factors associated with the object being measured and the probe itself. In this paper, to identify potential compensation strategies to improve the accuracy of depth measurement for laser triangulation probe, the measuring errors caused by an oil film on the measured surface, and the probe's position and orientation parameters with respect to the measuring object (including scan depth, incident angle, and azimuth angle), were studied. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s19081844DOI Listing

Activation of P-TEFb by RBM7: To Live or Let Die.

Mol Cell 2019 Apr;74(2):223-224

IGBMC (CNRS, INSERM, UdS), 1 rue Laurent Fries, 67400 Illkirch Graffenstaden, France. Electronic address:

In this issue of Molecular Cell, Bugai et al. (2019) unveil that a key step of the pro-survival cellular response to a genotoxic attack is the activation of P-TEFb by RBM7. This crucial step triggers RNA polymerase II release from promoter-proximal pausing and expression of DNA damage response genes. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10972765193026
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.molcel.2019.03.039DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Home deaths of children under 5 years in rural South Africa: a population-based longitudinal study.

Trop Med Int Health 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, UK.

Objectives: To determine the proportion of under-5 deaths that occurred at home in rural South Africa, whether care was sought prior to death, and determinants of home deaths amongst those who sought care.

Methods: Verbal autopsy data were used for all under-5 deaths, 2000-2015, in two health and demographic surveillance system sites. Trends in place of death and care-seeking were assessed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tmi.13239DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Nutrition-related factors associated with waiting list mortality in patients with interstitial lung disease: a retrospective cohort study.

Clin Transplant 2019 Apr 19:e13566. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Department of Metabolism and Clinical Nutrition, Kyoto University Hospital, 54 Shogoin Kawahara-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto-city, Kyoto, Japan.

Japanese patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD) sometimes die waiting for lung transplantation (LTx) because it takes about 2 years to receive it in Japan. We evaluated nutrition-related factors associated with waiting list mortality. Seventy-six ILD patients were hospitalized in Kyoto University Hospital at registration for LTx from 2013 to 2015. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ctr.13566DOI Listing

Anthrax Epizootic in Wildlife, Bwabwata National Park, Namibia, 2017.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 May;25(5):947-950

In late September 2017, Bwabwata National Park in Namibia experienced a sudden die-off of hippopotamuses and Cape buffalo. A multiorganizational response was initiated, involving several ministries within Namibia and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Rapid interventions resulted in zero human or livestock cases associated with this epizootic. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/25/5/18-0867_article.htm
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2505.180867DOI Listing
May 2019
4 Reads

Low Rate of Cancer Events After Partial Nephrectomy for Renal Cell Carcinoma: Clinicopathologic Analysis of 1994 Cases with Emphasis on Definition of "Recurrence".

Clin Genitourin Cancer 2019 Mar 23. Epub 2019 Mar 23.

Glickman Urological and Kidney Institute, Department of Urology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH. Electronic address:

Background: Systematic pathology reviews in patients who experienced a clinical "recurrence" after partial nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) are anecdotal; therefore, definitions of "recurrence" varies considerably. We aimed to better define local recurrence by re-evaluation of surgical specimens of patients who experienced "recurrences" after partial nephrectomy at our institution.

Materials And Methods: Retrospective analysis of our institutional partial nephrectomy data set was performed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clgc.2019.03.004DOI Listing

[S1-Guideline for Diagnosis and Treatment of Erectile Dysfunction].

Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr 2019 Apr 18;87(4):225-233. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Ordination.

Die S1-Leitlinie "Diagnostik und Therapie der erektilen Dysfunktion" (AWMF-Registernummer 030 / 112) steht in einer vollständig überarbeiteten Neufassung zur Verfügung. Erektile Dysfunktion ist definiert als die fortwährende Unfähigkeit, eine penile Erektion, die für einen befriedigenden Geschlechtsverkehr ausreicht, zu erreichen oder aufrechtzuerhalten. Betroffen sind Millionen Bundesbürger: Bei Männern mit regelmäßiger sexueller Aktivität nimmt die erektile Dysfunktion von 2,3 Prozent in der dritten Lebensdekade auf 53,4 Prozent in der siebten Lebensdekade zu. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/a-0747-5892
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0747-5892DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

[Pupil disorders].

Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

The evaluation of pupillary function is a keystone in the neuro-ophthalmic assessment of patients. The diagnosis of an afferent or efferent pupillary disorder is crucial in the acquisition of a broad range of diseases of the brain or the peripheral nervous system. This "update" of pupillary disorders covers a major part of clinical conditions eye doctors have to expect in their daily practice. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0885-2467DOI Listing

[Botulinumtoxin in Ophthalmology].

Authors:
Bettina Wabbels

Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Botulinum toxin has been first applied in ophthalmology (as treatment for strabismus) and is nowadays widely used in many clinical areas. Currently the main application in ophthalmology is the treatment of essential blepharospasm and hemifacial spasm. Other important indications for botulinum toxin in ophthalmology are eyelid retraction in Graves' disease and the induction of protective ptosis in lagophthalmos or corneal diseases. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0885-2107DOI Listing

[Benign Neoplasms of the Orbit].

Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Benign orbital neoplasms comprise a wide spectrum of different entities. The origin of the tumours can be epithelial or mesenchymal. Epithelial neoplasms of the orbit originate from the lacrimal gland. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0885-2402DOI Listing

[Basics for the Preparation of an Ophthalmological Expert Assessment].

Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

The position of the ophthalmologist as an unbiased and impartial expert in the field of tension between the client and the patient is a responsible task that should not be underestimated. Since the ophthalmological expert assessment often has far-reaching legal and financial consequences, it is very important that it is both formally correct and of high quality. Unfortunately, it is becoming increasingly common to find that the examinations required for the preparation of an expert opinion are not carried out optimally, that findings are not substantiated or that formalities are not adhered to correctly. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0889-9523DOI Listing

[Melanosis of adipose tissue in a 17-month-old German Fleckvieh bull (Bos taurus)].

Tierarztl Prax Ausg G Grosstiere Nutztiere 2019 Apr 18;47(2):121-124. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Fleischygieneamt.

At meat inspection of a 17-month-old bull (German Fleckvieh), patchy dark discoloration of various organs and tissue sites was noted that was most prominent in perirenal adipose tissue. Microscopic analysis revealed melanosis, that is a congenital melanocytic dystopia, as the underlying cause. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of melanosis detected in adipose tissue in cattle. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/a-0866-6421
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0866-6421DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

[New drugs for horses and production animals in 2018].

Tierarztl Prax Ausg G Grosstiere Nutztiere 2019 Apr 18;47(2):116-120. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Institut für Pharmakologie, Pharmazie und Toxikologie, Veterinärmedizinische Fakultät der Universität Leipzig.

In 2018, no new active pharmaceutical ingredients were released on the German market for horses or food-producing animals. One established veterinary active pharmaceutical ingredient became available for an additional species: the inhalant anesthetic Isoflurane (Isofluran Baxter vet) from the group of halogenated hydrocarbon compounds was additionally authorized for pigs (piglets). With Acepromazine, Mepivacaine and Oxyclozanide, three temporarily non-available active ingredients were reapproved in new drugs. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0858-7380DOI Listing

[Therapeutic options of obstructive urolithiasis in small ruminants].

Tierarztl Prax Ausg G Grosstiere Nutztiere 2019 Apr 18;47(2):111-115. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Klinikum Veterinärmedizin, Klinik für Wiederkäuer (Innere Medizin und Chirurgie).

The diagnosis of obstructive urolithiasis in small ruminants frequently results in a multitude of decisions that have to be made by the consulted practitioner. Factors that influence the decision for therapy (or euthanasia) are the type of the animal's use, economic aspects and specific options of the veterinarian practice as well as emotional aspects depending on the owners of small ruminants kept as companion animals. The present article aims to present the currently available methods of therapy to facilitate a decision by the practicing veterinarian based on the present state of the science. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/a-0863-7008
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0863-7008DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

[Determination of the immunoglobulin G supply in the newborn calf].

Tierarztl Prax Ausg G Grosstiere Nutztiere 2019 Apr 18;47(2):97-108. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Klinik für Geburtshilfe, Gynäkologie und Andrologie der Groß- und Kleintiere der Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen.

A sufficient supply of colostral antibodies within the first hours of life is crucial for the development and the health status in young calves. It is rational to examine the immunoglobulin uptake of single animals, but particularly on a herd basis, during herd controls and consultations. This enables economical calf rearing in accordance with animal welfare. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0858-4038DOI Listing

[Pain and distress responses of suckling piglets to injection and castration under local anaesthesia with procaine and lidocaine - Part 1: Cortisol, chromogranin A, wound healing, weights, losses].

Tierarztl Prax Ausg G Grosstiere Nutztiere 2019 Apr 18;47(2):87-96. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Klinik für Schweine der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München.

Objective: Comparison of the effectiveness of local anaesthesia (LA) in piglet castration by procaine 2 % and lidocaine 5 % both through combined inguinal and scrotal application as well as by intratesticular application of lidocaine 1 %. The parameters used were serum cortisol and chromogranin A (CgA) concentrations as well as wound healing, body weight and animal losses.

Material And Methods: In 2 substudies, a total of 232 male piglets aged 3-6 days were included. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0861-9640DOI Listing

[Peripheral Exudative Hemorrhagic Chorioretinopathy (PEHCR) Simulating a Malignant Melanoma of the Choroid].

Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 2019 Apr 18;236(4):575-577. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Augenklinik, Universitätsmedizin (UMC) der Johannes-Gutenberg Universität, Mainz.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0832-1770DOI Listing

[Clinical Features, Imaging and Treatment of a Symptomatic Vasoproliferative Tumour of the Retina (VPTR)].

Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 2019 Apr 18;236(4):571-574. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Augenklinik, Universitätsmedizin der Johannes-Gutenberg Universität, Mainz.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0857-6455DOI Listing

[Acute Juvenile Ophthalmoplegia (Miller Fisher Syndrome): an Interesting Case].

Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 2019 Apr 18;236(4):469-471. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Ophthalmica, Institute of Ophthalmology and Ocular Microsurgery, Thessaloniki, Griechenland.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0832-1815DOI Listing

[Long-term Follow-up After Cryocoagulation in Preterm Newborns from Northern Greece with Retinopathy of Prematurity: Three Year Results].

Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 2019 Apr 18;236(4):542-546. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Ophthalmologie, 2. Institut für Augenheilkunde und Ophthalmochirurgie "Ophthalmica", Thessaloniki, Griechenland.

Background: This is a retrospective study of the efficacy of treatment of neonates (NN) with exocryocoagulation retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) with respect to morphology of the retina and visual function.

Materials And Methods: Out of a total of 3103 neonates, 304 (9.8%) had a ROP. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0880-5168DOI Listing

The macroeconomic burden of noncommunicable diseases associated with air pollution in China.

PLoS One 2019 18;14(4):e0215663. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, United States of America.

Background: While a few studies have tried to estimate the economic burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) associated with air pollution, most previous studies have methodological limitations. For example, neither the cost of illness approach nor the value of a statistical life approach accounts for economic adjustment mechanisms (i.e. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215663PLOS
April 2019
1 Read

Performance analysis of the « Blast » flag on ADVIA 2120/2120i - Results of a multicenter study.

Ann Biol Clin (Paris) 2019 Apr;77(2):174-178

CH Charleville-Mézières, France.

Nowadays, laboratories have more efficient haematology analyzers. These analyzers have to be used in the most efficient and the most adapted way according to the internal organisation of laboratories and prescribers' expectations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of the blast flag on ADVIA 2120/2120i, and to suggest what to do, depending on the flag intensity, to identify positive samples the most surely and the most rapidly as possible. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1684/abc.2019.1423DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Contribution of adverse events to death of hospitalised patients.

BMJ Open Qual 2019 13;8(1):e000377. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Community Medicine, University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway.

Background: There is no standardised method to investigate death as a patient safety indicator and we need valid and reliable measurements to use adverse events contributing to death as a quality measure.

Objective: To investigate the contribution of severe adverse events to death in hospitalised patients and clarify methodological differences using the Global Trigger Tool method on all inpatient deaths compared with a sample of general hospitalised patients.

Method: Retrospective records reviewing using the Global Trigger Tool method. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://qir.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bmjoq-2018-000377
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjoq-2018-000377DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440591PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Two fatal cases of rabies in humans who did not receive rabies postexposure prophylaxis in Nigeria.

Clin Case Rep 2019 Apr 6;7(4):749-752. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Department of Pathobiology Ontario Veterinary College Guelph Ontario Canada.

These two cases highlight some of the many challenges encountered when handling dog bite and rabies exposure. They also provide examples of the many barriers, and while highlighting only two individuals, they are likely representative of large numbers of the over 59 000 people that die every year from this preventable disease. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ccr3.1972DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6452487PMC

Timing of Palliative Consultation for Children During a Fatal Illness.

Hosp Pediatr 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio;

Background: The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends palliative care for children at the diagnosis of serious illness. Yet few children who die receive specialty palliative care consultation, and when it is provided, palliative care consultation tends to occur after >75% of the time from diagnosis until death. Focusing on the timing of palliative consultation in relation to the date of diagnosis, we evaluated factors predicting earlier receipt of pediatric palliative care in a cohort of decedents. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/hpeds.2018-0169DOI Listing

The Welfare of Cows in Indian Shelters.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Apr 16;9(4). Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Centre for Animal Welfare and Ethics, School of Veterinary Science, The University of Queensland, Gatton Campus, Australia 4343, Australia.

Cow shelters (gaushalas) are unique traditional institutions in India, where aged, infertile, diseased, rescued, and abandoned cows are sheltered for the rest of their life, until they die of natural causes. These institutions owe their existence to the reverence for the cow as a holy mother goddess for Hindus, the majority religion in India. There is a religious and legal prohibition on cow slaughter in most Indian states. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.mdpi.com/2076-2615/9/4/172
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9040172DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Nanocrystalline Al-Zn-Mg-Cu Alloy Prepared by Mechanical Alloying and Spark Plasma Sintering.

Materials (Basel) 2019 Apr 16;12(8). Epub 2019 Apr 16.

State Key Laboratory of Materials Processing and Die & Mould Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China.

In this study, Al, Zn, Mg and Cu elemental metal powders were chosen as the raw powders. The nanocrystalline Al-7Zn-2.5Mg-2. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ma12081255DOI Listing

[Maternal Emergencies: Methodically qualified - Conclusive Treatment].

Z Geburtshilfe Neonatol 2019 Apr 17;223(2):73-84. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Institut für Rettungs- und Notfallmedizin, Universitätsklinikum Schleswig Holstein.

Maternal emergencies can significantly affect the outcome of pregnancy and childbirth. Since obstetrical emergencies may happen at any time during pregnancy an emergency transport to a hospital nearby may not always be possible. So, obstetrical emergency-management may already become mandatory in a prehospital setting. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/a-0762-1024
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0762-1024DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Overlapping Activities of Two Neuronal Splicing Factors Switch the GABA Effect from Excitatory to Inhibitory by Regulating REST.

Cell Rep 2019 Apr;27(3):860-871.e8

Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA; Inflammation Program, Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA; Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA; Department of Internal Medicine, Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA. Electronic address:

A truncating mutation in the mouse Srrm4 gene, which encodes a neuronal splicing factor, causes alternative splicing defects selectively in the ear. The mechanism by which splicing is preserved in the brain of these mice is not known. Here, we show that SRRM3 limits the Srrm4 mutation-associated defects to the ear and that, in cortical neurons, overlapping SRRM3-SRRM4 activity regulates the development of interneuronal inhibition. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.celrep.2019.03.072DOI Listing

Causes of mortality in cases with extra nodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type: A cohort study.

PLoS One 2019 17;14(4):e0214860. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan Province, China.

Objective: Extra nodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL), nasal type is a rare and highly aggressive type of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) commonly presented in the nasal cavity or lymphatic system. However, the common causes of mortality in ENKTL remain unclear. We conducted a retrospective population-based cohort study to elucidate the different causes of mortality in ENKTL and illustrate the main causal and associated risk factors leading to death. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0214860PLOS

Plague-Positive Mouse Fleas on Mice Before Plague Induced Die-Offs in Black-Tailed and White-Tailed Prairie Dogs.

Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

1 U.S. Geological Survey National Wildlife Health Center, Madison, Wisconsin.

Plague is a lethal zoonotic disease associated with rodents worldwide. In the western United States, plague outbreaks can decimate prairie dog ( spp.) colonies. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/vbz.2018.2322DOI Listing

Development and Initial Validation of a Frontline Health Worker mHealth Assessment Platform (MEDSINC) for Children 2-60 Months of Age.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

THINKMD, Inc., Burlington, Vermont.

Approximately 3 million children younger than 5 years living in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) die each year from treatable clinical conditions such as pneumonia, dehydration secondary to diarrhea, and malaria. A majority of these deaths could be prevented with early clinical assessments and appropriate therapeutic intervention. In this study, we describe the development and initial validation testing of a mobile health (mHealth) platform, MEDSINC, designed for frontline health workers (FLWs) to perform clinical risk assessments of children aged 2-60 months. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.18-0869
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.18-0869DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read
2.699 Impact Factor

Living Donation by Individuals with Life-Limiting Conditions.

J Law Med Ethics 2019 Mar;47(1):112-122

Lainie Friedman Ross, M.D., Ph.D., is the Carolyn and Matthew Bucksbaum Professor of Clinical Ethics, Professor, Departments of Pediatrics, Medicine and Surgery, Associate Director, MacLean Center for Clinical Medical Ethics, University of Chicago, Chicago IL. J. Richard Thistlethwaite, M.D., Ph.D., is Professor Emeritus, Department of Surgery and the MacLean Center for Clinical Medical Ethics, University of Chicago, Chicago IL.

The traditional living donor was very healthy. However, as the supply-demand gap continues to expand, transplant programs have become more accepting of less healthy donors. This paper focuses on the other extreme, asking whether and when individuals who have life-limiting conditions (LLC) should be considered for living organ donation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073110519840490DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Patient safety in undergraduate medical education: Implementation of the topic in the anaesthesiology core curriculum at the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf.

GMS J Med Educ 2019 15;36(2):Doc12. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

RWTH Aachen, Faculty of Medicine, University Hospital RWTH Aachen, Anaesthesiology Clinic, Aachen, Germany.

The focus of public attention and health policy is increasingly being drawn to patient safety. According to studies, more than 30,000 patients die each year as a result of medical errors. To date, learning objectives such as patient safety have not played a role in the core curriculum for medical education in Germany. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3205/zma001220DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6446467PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Spatial and temporal trends of cesarean deliveries in Uganda: 2012-2016.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Apr 16;19(1):132. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

African Field Epidemiology Network, Kampala, Uganda.

Background: Cesarean section (CS) is an important intervention in complicated births when the safety of the mother or baby is compromised. Despite worldwide concerns about the overutilization of CS in recent years, many African women and their newborns still die because of limited or no access to CS services. We evaluated temporal and spatial trends in CS births in Uganda and modeled future trends to inform programming. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://bmcpregnancychildbirth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2279-6DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

[Breathing: Ambient Air Pollution and Health - Part I].

Pneumologie 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf, Medizinische Fakultät, Institut für Arbeits-, Sozial- und Umweltmedizin, Düsseldorf.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0882-9366DOI Listing

[Prior cost approval for treatment of lipoedema: things to consider].

Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir 2019 Apr 16;51(2):139-143. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Sana Klinikum Hameln Pyrmont Plastische und Ästhetische Chirurgie, Handchirurgie.

Lipoedema used to be a rather unknown disease. In the past five years, it has gained increasing awareness, especially through media attention. Besides non-surgical treatment by complex conservative decongestion, there are an increasing number of studies pointing out the potential of liposuction for a successful treatment of lipoedema. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0826-4844DOI Listing

[Conditioning psychosis - A new type of epileptic psychosis? A case report on a bidirectional connection between epilepsy and psychosis.]

Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Introduction: Epilepsy and psychosis are not only closely related by clinical phenomena but presumably by causal factors, too. There is evidence that long-standing epileptic seizures can induce chronic psychosis. Whether chronic psychosis can cause epilepsy remains to be further investigated. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0832-8557DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Incentivizing healthy lifestyle behaviors to reduce cardiovascular risk in people with serious mental illness: An equipoise randomized controlled trial of the wellness incentives program.

Contemp Clin Trials 2019 Apr 13;81:1-10. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Division of Behavioral Health, New Hampshire Department of Health and Human Services, Concord, NH, United States of America.

Background: Medicaid recipients with serious mental illness die 25-30 years earlier than people in the general population due to health conditions that are modifiable through lifestyle changes. Cardiovascular diseases from excess weight, smoking, and sedentary lifestyle contribute substantially to this life expectancy disparity. The current study evaluated the impact of incentives on participation in weight management programming (for overweight and obese adults) and smoking cessation treatment (for regular smokers). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S15517144183055
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cct.2019.04.005DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

[Auditory processing disorder: Our experience with questionnaires].

Laryngorhinootologie 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

MHH Klinik und Poliklinik für Phoniatrie und Pädaudiologie.

Background: Impairments of sound discrimination, speech comprehension in background noise, memory, etc. can be assessed within the diagnosis of an auditory processing and perception disorder (AVWS) in a structured manner using the questionnaire (DGPP-AVWS-FB) provided by the German Society for Phoniatrics and Pedaudiology. The aim is to report on experiences with the use of this questionnaire in a pedaudiology practice. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0881-2937DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read