2,119 results match your criteria Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience[Journal]


Bereaved Parents More Satisfied With the Care Given to Their Child With Severe Spinal Muscular Atrophy Than Nonbereaved.

J Child Neurol 2018 Dec 5:883073818811544. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

1 Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Department of Health Care Sciences, Palliative Research Centre, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background And Aims:: Children with severe spinal muscular atrophy have complex care needs due to progressive muscle weakness, eventually leading to respiratory failure. To design a care system adapted to families' needs, more knowledge about parents' experience of care and its coordination between settings is required. This study explores (1) whether parents felt that health professionals took every opportunity to help the child feel as good as possible, (2) parents' satisfaction with various care settings, and (3) parents' satisfaction with coordination between settings. Read More

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December 2018

A deliberative dialogue as a knowledge translation strategy on road traffic injuries in Burkina Faso: a mixed-method evaluation.

Health Res Policy Syst 2018 Nov 20;16(1):113. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

IRD (French Institute for Research on sustainable Development), CEPED (IRD-Université Paris Descartes), Universités Paris Sorbonne Cités, ERL INSERM SAGESUD, Paris, France.

Introduction: Deliberative dialogues are increasingly being used, particularly on the African continent. They are a promising interactive knowledge translation strategy that brings together and leverages the knowledge of diverse stakeholders important to the resolution of a societal issue. Following a research project carried out in Burkina Faso on road traffic injuries, a 1-day workshop in the form of a deliberative dialogue was organised in November 2015. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Using a tablet application about nutrition in home care-Experiences and perspectives of healthcare professionals.

Health Soc Care Community 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Health and Society, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.

Undernutrition is an extensive problem among patients in community care services. The literature identifies several barriers that hinder health professionals in identifying nutritional problems and providing nutrition interventions. We developed Appetitus, a tablet application (app) focused on nutrition for older adults. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

[Emotional and social robots for care, ethical challenges and issues].

Soins 2018 Nov;63(830):57-60

Limsi-CNRS, campus universitaire bâtiment, 508, rue John-von-Neumann, 91405 Orsay cedex, France. Electronic address:

The arrival of robots in our society often arouses fantasies and fears. Emotional and social robots are already being used in healthcare. Ethical analysis is necessary to regulate the use of these objects which are able to simulate dialogues, appearing to feel emotions and to be capable of learning. Read More

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November 2018

International experiments with different models of allocating funds to facilitate integrated care: a scoping review protocol.

BMJ Open 2018 Nov 15;8(11):e021374. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

School of Public Policy, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

Introduction: Integrated care is viewed widely as a potential solution to some of the major challenges faced by health and social care systems, such as those posed by service duplication, fragmentation and poor care coordination, and associated impacts on the quality and cost of services. Fragmented models of allocating funds to and across sectors, programmes and providers are frequently cited as a major barrier to integration and countries have experimented with different models of allocating funds to enhance care coordination among service providers and to reduce ineffective care and avoid costly adverse events. This scoping review aims to assess published international experiences of different models of allocating funds to facilitate integration and the evidence on their impacts. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

A Qualitative Comparison of Caregiver and Youth with Autism Perceptions of Sexuality and Relationship Experiences.

J Dev Behav Pediatr 2018 Nov 13. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Health Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO.

Objectives: Caregivers play a critical role in educating their youth with autism about sex and relationships; yet, we know little about caregivers' ability to deliver this support, youth's perspectives, or the congruence of youth and caregiver experiences. To help fill this gap, we explored and compared the perspectives of caregivers and their youth with autism spectrum disorder about and interactions regarding sex and relationships.

Methods: We conducted qualitative one-on-one interviews with youth (n = 27) and focus groups with their caregivers (n = 29). Read More

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November 2018

Scheduled care - as a way of caring. A phenomenological study of being cared for when suffering from alcohol use disorders.

J Clin Nurs 2018 Nov 14. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Section for Nursing, Department of Public Health, Aarhus University.

Aims And Objectives: The aim of this study was to elucidate the lived experience of how patients with alcohol use disorders experience being cared for when admitted to acute medical units.

Background: Alcohol use is health damaging and is identified as one of the major avoidable risk factors and alcohol use disorder is classified among the most harmful, debilitating disease categories. Patients suffering from alcohol use disorders are characterized by complex problems and health pictures spawned by chaotic lifestyles. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

The Long Journey of Pollen Tube in the Pistil.

Int J Mol Sci 2018 Nov 9;19(11). Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory of Haixia Applied Plant Systems Biology, Key Laboratory of Ministry of Education for Genetics, Breeding and Multiple Utilization of Crops, Center for Genomics and Biotechnology, School of Life Sciences, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China.

In non-cleistogamous plants, the male gametophyte, the pollen grain is immotile and exploits various agents, such as pollinators, wind, and even water, to arrive to a receptive stigma. The complex process of pollination involves a tubular structure, i.e. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

The One Health Leadership Experience at the University of Saskatchewan, Canada.

J Vet Med Educ 2018 Nov 12:1-12. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Competency in One Health (OH) leadership was emphasized in the Roadmap for Veterinary Medical Education in the 21st Century in 2011. Since then, several educational interventions have been aimed at increasing awareness and capacity for inter-professional collaboration. At the University of Saskatchewan, Canada, a 3-day event, the One Health Leadership Experience (OHLE), was initiated in 2012 and continues to the present. Read More

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November 2018

Creating Emancipatory Dialogues About Identity and Health by Modernizing Interviews.

ANS Adv Nurs Sci 2018 Oct/Dec;41(4):305-315

Psychosocial and Community Health, University of Washington School of Nursing, Seattle (Dr Boutain); Nursing and Healthcare Leadership, UW Tacoma, Washington (Dr Evans-Agnew); College of Nursing, Texas Woman's University, Denton (Dr Liu); and Department of Systems, Populations and Leadership, School of Nursing, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (Dr Rosemberg).

Emancipatory insights about health as constituted by demographic identity codifiers remain hidden using current interview methods and analytic techniques. The purpose of this article is to demonstrate how the Identity, Research, and Health Dialogic Open-Ended (I-ReH-DO) Interview was used across 3 separate research topics to enhance emancipatory knowledge development. Three featured research topics focus on health issues relevant to populations worldwide, including asthma management, hypertension management, and preconception care. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Dialogues: The Science and Power of Storytelling.

J Neurosci 2018 Oct;38(44):9468-9470

Nature Neuroscience, New York, New York 10004-1562.

Skillful storytelling helps listeners understand the essence of complex concepts and ideas in meaningful and often personal ways. For this reason, storytelling is being embraced by scientists who not only want to connect more authentically with their audiences, but also want to understand how the brain processes this powerful form of communication. Here we present part of a conversation between a group of scientists actively engaged with the practice and/or the science of storytelling. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

Letters to anorexia. Narrative tools for working with anorectic patientsin a Dialogical Self context.

Psychiatr Pol 2018 Aug 24;52(4):673-683. Epub 2018 Aug 24.

Pracownia Psychologii Wspomagania Rozwoju Człowieka Katedra Psychologii Uniwersytetu Pedagogicznego w Krakowie.

Objectives: Deepening understanding of the experience of patients with anorexia nervosa in the light of a narrative-constructivist approach and Dialogic Self Theory. Exploring the phenomenon of internal dialogues, which occur in patients'minds as an interchange between two competing (healthy and disordered) aspects of their Selves. Describing diagnostic and applicative possibilities of narrative stimuli in the form of "Letters to anorexia". Read More

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August 2018
3 Reads

Work and health dialogues: analysis of interactive activity in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, firefighters' blogs.

Cien Saude Colet 2018 Oct;23(10):3297-3307

Programa de Saúde Pública, Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sérgio Arouca, Fiocruz. R. Leopoldo Bulhões 1480, Manguinhos. 21041-210 Rio de Janeiro RJ Brasil.

Advances in the techniques of automatic document analysis allow the understanding of objectives and subjective aspects in texts extracted from social media. This paper proposes a study on the work-health relationship of military firefighters of the Prehospital Care in the city of Rio de Janeiro, through publications in the blogs SOS Bombeiros and SOS Bombeiros RJ. Thanks to the methodological approach, through network analysis, a strong correlation between the words used by the stakeholders was uncovered, revealing precarious working conditions and the need for increased attention to workers' health. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads

Addressing Unmet Information Needs: Results of a Clinician-Led Consultation Service About Complementary and Alternative Medicine for Cancer Patients and Their Relatives.

Integr Cancer Ther 2018 Dec 23;17(4):1172-1182. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

1 Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Oncology and Hematology, Paracelsus Medical University, Klinikum Nuernberg, Nuernberg, Germany.

Purpose: To report on a telephone consultation service with cancer patients and their relatives about complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) between 1999 and 2011.

Methods: We offered a Germany-wide, free-of-charge telephone consultation service about CAM led by oncology clinicians from a comprehensive cancer center. The consultations followed a patient-centered approach with the aim to provide guidance and evidence-based information. Read More

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December 2018
5 Reads

Creating and sustaining cooperative relationships between supervised injection services and police: A qualitative interview study of international stakeholders.

Int J Drug Policy 2018 Oct 2;61:1-6. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, 155 College Street, Toronto, Ontario, M5T 3M7, Canada. Electronic address:

Background: Supervised injection services (SIS) operate with special exemptions from drug law enforcement. Given the expansion of SIS and the opioid overdose crisis in numerous jurisdictions, now is a critical time to examine factors that contribute to cooperative SIS-police relationships. We sought to learn about SIS-police relationships from international jurisdictions with well-established as well as newer SIS. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

The ability to recognise emotions predicts the time-course of sarcasm processing: Evidence from eye movements.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2018 Oct 31:1747021818807864. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

1 Department of Psychology, University of Turku, Turku, Finland.

A core feature of sarcasm is that there is a discrepancy between the literal meaning of the utterance and the context in which it is presented. This means that a sarcastic statement embedded in a story introduces a break in local coherence. Previous studies have shown that sarcastic statements in written stories often elicit longer processing times than their literal counterparts, possibly reflecting the difficulty of integrating the statement into the story's context. Read More

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October 2018
4 Reads

Vertebral infection in a male individual buried in the monastic cemetery (Cemetery 2) at Ghazali (ca. 670-1270 CE), northern Sudan.

Int J Paleopathol 2018 Sep 25;24:34-40. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Institute of Archaeology, University of Warsaw, Krakowskie Przedmiescie 26/28, 00-927 Warsaw, Poland. Electronic address:

Purpose/research Question: This article examines pronounced osteoblastic-osteolytic vertebral lesions in a middle adult male (Ghz-2-033), from the Christian Nubian monastic settlement of Ghazali (ca. 670-1270 CE), Sudan, to explore their potential etiology.

Methods: Morphological assessments of sex and age were undertaken in conjunction with macroscopic and radiological methods of assessment for the skeletal lesions documented. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

Get With the PROGRAM: A Guide to Compassionate Communication.

Authors:
Anthony J Orsini

J Am Osteopath Assoc 2018 Oct;118(10):679-684

Despite growing interest in the importance of compassionate communication and patient experience, many physicians still feel unprepared when faced with delivering bad medical news. To address this need, few methods have been developed to offer physicians a structure for these conversations, with the goal of making the dialogues less traumatic for patients and families and less stressful for physicians. The PROGRAM method promotes compassionate communication to help physicians make a connection with their patients, which is central to improving health care quality. Read More

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October 2018
5 Reads

Association of men's exposure to family planning programming and reported discussion with partner and family planning use: The case of urban Senegal.

PLoS One 2018 25;13(9):e0204049. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, United States of America.

Background: Family planning programs increasingly aim to encourage men to be involved in women's reproductive health decision-making as well as support men to be active agents of change for their own and the couple's reproductive health needs. This study contributes to this area of work by examining men's exposure to family planning (FP) program activities in urban Senegal and determining whether exposure is associated with reported FP use and discussion of family planning with female partners.

Methods: This study uses data from two cross-sectional surveys of men in four urban sites of Senegal (Dakar, Pikine, Guédiawaye, Mbao). Read More

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September 2018
3 Reads

Evolving a new neuropsychiatry.

Dialogues Clin Neurosci 2018 06;20(2):141-145

Associate Chief of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital; Mind Body Medical Professor of Psychiatry; Harvard Medical School Boston MA, USA.

Clinical neuroscience struggles with poor scientific validity of neuropsychiatric diagnosis and its negative impact on management. Sydenham's ancient conformity of type approach to nosology with its assumption that the symptom cluster and course of a disorder are due to a common etiology, has proven no match for the complicated comorbidities faced in neuropsychiatry. In the absence of accurate pathological biomarkers there is a challenge in finding a solid foundation for modern neuropsychiatry. Read More

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The frontoparietal network: function, electrophysiology, and importance of individual precision mapping.

Dialogues Clin Neurosci 2018 06;20(2):133-140

Department of Neurology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, USA; Program in Occupational Therapy, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, USA; Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, USA.

The frontoparietal network is critical for our ability to coordinate behavior in a rapid, accurate, and flexible goal-driven manner. In this review, we outline support for the framing of the frontoparietal network as a distinct control network, in part functioning to flexibly interact with and alter other functional brain networks. This network coordination likely occurs in a 4 Hz to 73 Hz θ/α rhythm, both during resting state and task state. Read More

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June 2018
1 Read

Rich-club neurocircuitry: function, evolution, and vulnerability.

Dialogues Clin Neurosci 2018 06;20(2):121-132

Dutch Connectome Lab, Department of Complex Trait Genetics, Center for Neurogenomics and Cognitive Research, Amsterdam Neuroscience, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Department of Clinical Genetics, Amsterdam Neuroscience, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Over the past decades, network neuroscience has played a fundamental role in the understanding of large-scale brain connectivity architecture. Brains, and more generally nervous systems, can be modeled as sets of elements (neurons, assemblies, or cortical chunks) that dynamically interact through a highly structured and adaptive neurocircuitry. An interesting property of neural networks is that elements rich in connections are central to the network organization and tend to interconnect strongly with each other, forming so-called rich clubs. Read More

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Graph theory methods: applications in brain networks.

Authors:
Olaf Sporns

Dialogues Clin Neurosci 2018 06;20(2):111-121

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, USA; IU Network Science Institute, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, USA.

Network neuroscience is a thriving and rapidly expanding field. Empirical data on brain networks, from molecular to behavioral scales, are ever increasing in size and complexity. These developments lead to a strong demand for appropriate tools and methods that model and analyze brain network data, such as those provided by graph theory. Read More

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June 2018
1 Read

Connectome development and a novel extension to the neurodevelopmental model of schizophrenia.

Dialogues Clin Neurosci 2018 06;20(2):101-111

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, McGovern Institute for Brain Research, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA.

The brain is the ultimate adaptive system, a complex network organized across multiple levels of spatial and temporal resolution that is sculpted over several decades via its interactions with the environment. This review sets out to examine how fundamental biological processes in early and late neurodevelopment, in interaction with environmental inputs, guide the formation of the brain's network and its ongoing reorganization throughout the course of development. Moreover, we explore how disruptions in these processes could lead to abnormal brain network architecture and organization and thereby give rise to schizophrenia. Read More

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June 2018
1 Read

Data-driven approaches for identifying links between brain structure and function in health and disease.

Authors:
Vincent Calhoun

Dialogues Clin Neurosci 2018 06;20(2):87-99

Mind Research Network, University of New Mexico Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA.

Brain imaging technology provides a powerful tool to visualize the living human brain, provide insights into disease mechanisms, and potentially provide a tool to assist clinical decision-making. The brain has a very specific structural substrate providing a foundation for functional information; however, most studies ignore the very interesting and complex relationships between brain structure and brain function. While a variety of approaches have been used to study how brain structure informs function, the study of such relationships in living humans in most cases is limited to noninvasive approaches at the macroscopic scale. Read More

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June 2018
5 Reads

New ways of understanding brain neurocircuitry.

Authors:
Florence Thibaut

Dialogues Clin Neurosci 2018 06;20(2):83-84

Professor of Psychiatry, University Hospital Cochin (site Tarnier), Faculty of Medicine Paris Descartes (University SorbonneParis Cite), INSERM U 894 Centre Psychiatry-Neurosctences, Paris, France.

Inside the brain, neural regions dynamically interact at multiple spatial and temporal scales through a highly structured and adaptive neurocircuitry. Comprehensive maps of brain connectivity have led to the emerging field of connectomics. Graph theory methods are interesting tools to improve our understanding of the brain as a complex interconnected system. Read More

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EARLY DIALOGUE IN EUROPE: PERSPECTIVES ON VALUE, CHALLENGES, AND CONTINUING EVOLUTION.

Int J Technol Assess Health Care 2018 Jan 24;34(5):514-518. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

Department of Health Services Research,CAPHRI Care and Public Health Research Institute,Maastricht University.

Objectives: This study aims to assess participants' views on previous experiences, the current situation and future perspectives for early dialogue between the pharmaceutical industry, a regulatory agency and health technology assessment bodies (HTABs) in Europe.

Methods: Eleven semi-structured interviews were arranged purposively with experienced people from the pharmaceutical industry, the European Medicines Agency, and an expert in Health Economics. The interview questions focused on the value of early dialogue, the challenges faced during the process of early dialogue, the best time to start an early dialogue, the kind of products most suitable for early dialogue, the current situation, and future perspectives for the early dialogue process. Read More

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January 2018

Geography's contribution to the Sustainable Development Goals: Ambivalence and performance.

Dialogues Hum Geogr 2018 Jul 8;8(2):196-200. Epub 2018 Jul 8.

Swedish University for Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Sweden.

Building on Liverman's critique of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), I argue SDGs must be conceptualized as by (i) unpacking the black box of social, political and intellectual consensus behind indicators and (ii) reimagining development goals as dynamic performances that are uneven over time and space for both populations and individuals. Poverty, justice and other targets of SDGs are not a state of being but rather a punctuated experience for the individuals and populations in question. For the SDGs to be effective, they need to go beyond simple statistics to account for how situated, performative aspects of lives , rather than as they Read More

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[Dialogues on the work process in oral health in Brazil: an analysis based on the PMAQ-AB survey].

Cad Saude Publica 2018 09 6;34(9):e00049817. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brasil.

The study aimed to: (1) describe the work process in Brazil's oral health teams, based on the essential attributes of primary health care, according to geographic region, type of team, and the municipality's socioeconomic characteristics and (2) verify whether the data in the work process of the oral health teams in the Brazilian National Program to Improve Access and Quality in primary health (PMAQ-AB) were capable of measuring such attributes. This was a nationwide ecological study with data from cycle I of PMAQ-AB. The study included descriptive, exploratory factor, and confirmatory factor analyses (α = 5%). Read More

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September 2018
7 Reads

Time to tackle rheumatic heart disease: Data needed to drive global policy dialogues.

Glob Public Health 2018 Sep 7:1-13. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

a Telethon Kids Institute , Perth , Australia.

Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is an avoidable disease of poverty that persists predominantly in low resource settings and among Indigenous and other high-risk populations in some high-income nations. Following a period of relative global policy inertia on RHD, recent years have seen a resurgence of research, policy and civil society activity to tackle RHD; this has culminated in growing momentum at the highest levels of global health diplomacy to definitively address this disease of disadvantage. RHD is inextricably entangled with the global development agenda, and effective RHD action requires concerted efforts both within and beyond the health policy sphere. Read More

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September 2018
2 Reads

Talking About Feelings: Mother-Child Emotion Dialogues Among Sexually Abused Children.

J Interpers Violence 2018 Aug 27:886260518795176. Epub 2018 Aug 27.

3 Amsterdam Public Health research institute, The Netherlands.

Mother-child dialogues about children's emotional experiences are associated with children's adaptive coping with stressful situations and mental health. Despite these findings, dialogues have not been examined yet in the context of child sexual abuse. This gap is surprising given that mother-child dialogues may particularly promote children's recovery from traumatic events. Read More

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August 2018
15 Reads

[Keys to the success of community engagement: dialogues on engagement at local level. SESPAS Report 2018].

Gac Sanit 2018 10 20;32 Suppl 1:48-51. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

Asociación Partycipa, Oviedo, España.

In recent years, successful local health interventions have emerged in the field of community engagement in health. This paper presents a dialogue between different local actors about the key aspects which can enhance the success of these community experiences. The format chosen for our work is a semi-structured conversation where authors discuss different aspects related to the current context of community engagement in health, the identified barriers to participating, and the effective tools which might facilitate the development of successful experiences. Read More

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October 2018

Embedded Merge & Split: Visual Adjustment of Data Grouping.

IEEE Trans Vis Comput Graph 2018 Aug 20. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

Data grouping is among the most frequently used operations in data visualization. It is the process through which relevant information is gathered, simplified, and expressed in summary form. Many popular visualization tools support automatic grouping of data (e. Read More

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Zero hour of eugenics in Argentina: disputes and ideologies surrounding the emergence of a scientific field, 1916-1932.

Authors:
Gustavo Vallejo

Hist Cienc Saude Manguinhos 2018 Aug;25(suppl 1):15-32

Investigador independiente, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Departamento de Ciencias Sociales/Universidad Nacional de Quilmes. Bernal - Buenos Aires - Argentina

From the 1930s until the end of the Second World War, Count Keyserling's statement that "the hour of eugenics is at hand" was used to champion ideas and practices that Nancy Stepan argues were shared by different Latin American countries. We focus on the period prior to that, a sort of zero hour of eugenics in Argentina, which began institutionalizing in 1910 and emerged as a new scientific field. This period was marked by intra- and interdisciplinary tensions, a struggle to monopolize scientific authority, and dialogues between ideology and power in which a viscous type of eugenics was inscribed, whose initial polyphony lasted until 1932. Read More

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"I DIDN'T TELL YOU SOONER BECAUSE I DIDN'T KNOW HOW TO HANDLE IT MYSELF." DEVELOPING A VIRTUAL REALITY PROGRAM TO SUPPORT HIV-STATUS DISCLOSURE DECISIONS.

Digit Cult Educ 2018 13;10:22-48. Epub 2018 Jul 13.

Institute for Global Health and Infectious Diseases, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599.

HIV status disclosure is associated with increased sorcial support and protective behaviors against HIV transmission. Yet disclosure poses significant challenges in the face of persistent societal stigma. Few interventions focus on decision-making self-efficacy, and communication skills to support disclosing HIV status to an intimate partner. Read More

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Developing a Medical School Curriculum on Racism: Multidisciplinary, Multiracial Conversations Informed by Public Health Critical Race Praxis (PHCRP).

Ethn Dis 2018 9;28(Suppl 1):271-278. Epub 2018 Aug 9.

Department of Family Medicine & Community Health, University of Minnesota School Medical School, Minneapolis, MN.

Background: To fight racism and its potential influence on health, health care professionals must recognize, name, understand and talk about racism. These conversations are difficult, particularly when stakes feel high-in the workplace and in interracial groups. We convened a multidisciplinary, multi-racial group of professionals in two phases of this exploratory project to develop and pilot an intervention to promote effective dialogues on racism for first year medical students at the University of Minnesota Medical School. Read More

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Educational animation about home care with premature newborn infants.

Rev Bras Enferm 2018 ;71(suppl 4):1604-1610

Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo. Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brazil.

Objective: to elaborate and validate animation on the care of premature newborn infants at home.

Method: Methodological study in three stages: integrative review on home care; animation design based on Roper, Logan and Tierney's Model named "Activities of Living" (ALs), and validation of content and appearance by neonatology specialists. The steps to develop the animation were: creation of storyboard; definition of objects; specification of keyframes; and frame generation among key frameworks. Read More

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January 2018

The possible impact of vulnerability on clinical communication: Some reflections and a call for empirical studies.

Authors:
Pål Gulbrandsen

Patient Educ Couns 2018 Nov 1;101(11):1990-1994. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway; HØKH Research Centre, Akershus University Hospital, Lørenskog, Norway. Electronic address:

Objective: To direct attention to the concept of vulnerability, how it affects interactions in subtle ways and is difficult to detect in studies of clinical dialogues.

Methods: A reflection on three everyday examples of what seems like insignificant details in physician-patient interaction, enlightened by readings with an emphasis on unacknowledged shame, illness and social bonds, and the physician's role.

Results: Physicians are aware of patients' vulnerability as risk and susceptibility to harm under certain circumstances, but often miss the vulnerability related to perceived or anticipated loss of social bonds. Read More

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November 2018
7 Reads

The status of ethics in Swedish health care management: a qualitative study.

BMC Health Serv Res 2018 Aug 6;18(1):608. Epub 2018 Aug 6.

SCORE, Stockholm University, SE-106 91, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: By tradition, the Swedish health care system is based on a representative and parliamentary form of government. Recently, new management forms, inspired by market principles, have developed. The steering system is both national and regional, in that self-governing county councils are responsible for the financing and provision of health care in different regions. Read More

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Laying Anchor: Inserting Precision Health into a Public Health Genetics Policy Course.

Healthcare (Basel) 2018 Aug 3;6(3). Epub 2018 Aug 3.

Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan School of Public Health, M5174, SPH II, 1415 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2029, USA.

The United States Precision Medicine Initiative (PMI) was announced by then President Barack Obama in January 2015. It is a national effort designed to take into account genetic, environmental, and lifestyle differences in the development of individually tailored forms of treatment and prevention. This goal was implemented in March 2015 with the formation of an advisory committee working group to provide a framework for the proposed national research cohort of one million or more participants. Read More

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Fibroblast growth factor-transforming growth factor beta dialogues, endothelial cell to mesenchymal transition, and atherosclerosis.

Curr Opin Lipidol 2018 Oct;29(5):397-403

Yale Cardiovascular Research Center, Department of Internal Medicine.

Purpose Of Review: Despite much effort, atherosclerosis remains an important public health problem, leading to substantial morbidity and mortality worldwide. The purpose of this review is to provide an understanding of the role of endothelial cell fate change in atherosclerosis process.

Recent Findings: Recent studies indicate that a process known as endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndMT) may play an important role in atherosclerosis development. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

[Introduction].

Authors:
Yannick Jaffré

Sante Publique 2018 Mar;S1(HS):151-166

Introduction: This paper is based on two observations. First, despite multiple health programmes, access to services and quality of obstetric care remain inadequate in Africa. Secondly, although several qualitative studies have described the poor quality of admission facilities, violence during delivery and neglect of the poorest women, the reasons behind these behaviours have not been elucidated. Read More

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March 2018
2 Reads

Indirect Music Therapy Practice and Skill-Sharing in Dementia Care.

J Music Ther 2018 Sep;55(3):255-279

University of Bergen.

Public interest in the benefits of music for people with dementia has rapidly increased in recent years. In addition to clinical work with clients, music therapists are often required to support and train staff, families, and volunteers and skill-share some music therapeutic skills. Six music therapy researchers from six countries agreed it was timely to organize a roundtable and share their indirect music therapy practice and examples of skill-sharing in dementia care. Read More

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September 2018
6 Reads

Similarity to imagined interlocutor and integration of viewpoints in internal dialogues.

Int J Psychol 2018 Jul 18. Epub 2018 Jul 18.

Department of Personality Psychology, Institute of Psychology, The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland.

Numerous positive functions are ascribed to integrative internal dialogues (IDs). Additionally, IDs simulating social relationships are thought to serve as "prototypes" for interpersonal communication. Therefore, it would be useful to know how to increase the frequency of integrative IDs. Read More

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July 2018
2 Reads

To guide or to follow? Teaching visual problem solving at the workplace.

Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 2018 Dec 18;23(5):961-976. Epub 2018 Jul 18.

Centre for Learning Sciences and Technologies, Open University of The Netherlands, Heerlen, The Netherlands.

Visual problem solving is essential to highly visual and knowledge-intensive professional domains such as clinical pathology, which trainees learn by participating in relevant tasks at the workplace (apprenticeship). Proper guidance of the visual problem solving of apprentices by the master is necessary. Interaction and adaptation to the expertise level of the learner are identified as key ingredients of this guidance. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Sophistry in American medicine? Platonic reflections on expertise, influence and the public's health in the democratic context.

Authors:
Evan V Goldstein

Med Humanit 2018 Jul 14. Epub 2018 Jul 14.

Without question, the American medical craft-the physicians, clinicians and healthcare organisations that comprise the American healthcare sector-provides immense value to patients and contributes expertise on matters relevant to the public's health. However, several conspicuous realities about healthcare in America should give the reader pause. Most problematic are the comparative measures of access to care, quality of care, life expectancy, racial health disparity and cost, all of which demonstrate how many Americans experience relatively lower value public health than other Western liberal democratic states. Read More

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Primatology: the beginning.

Primates 2018 Jul;59(4):313-326

Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

The journal Primates was founded by Kinji Imanishi (1902-1992) in 1957: It is the oldest and longest-running international primatology journal in the world. In this series of dialogues between Tetsuro Matsuzawa, Editor-in-Chief of Primates and the General Director of the Japan Monkey Centre (JMC) and Juichi Yamagiwa, former Editor-in-Chief of Primates and the Museum Director of the JMC, we look back at the achievements of our spiritual ancestors in primate research and talk about the back story of Imanishi and his fellow primatologists: founding the JMC as a research institute focused on primates and launching this journal. What was their motivation? What challenges did they face? What is their continued influence on the field right up to the present? What will be the legacy of our influence on the discipline? Read More

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Effectiveness of a comprehensive interactive eHealth intervention on patient-reported and clinical outcomes in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator [ACQUIRE-ICD trial]: study protocol of a national Danish randomised controlled trial.

BMC Cardiovasc Disord 2018 Jul 3;18(1):136. Epub 2018 Jul 3.

Department of Cardiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.

Background: In Denmark and other countries, there has been a shift in the management of patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) with remote device monitoring largely replacing in-hospital visits. Less patient-nurse and patient-physician interaction may lead to gaps in patients' quality of care and impede patients' adaptation to living successfully with the ICD. A comprehensive eHealth intervention that include goal-setting, monitoring of symptoms of depression, anxiety, and quality of life, psychological treatment, information provision, supportive tools, online dialogues with nursing staff and access to an online community network, may help fill these gaps and be particularly beneficial to patients who suffer from anxiety and depression. Read More

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July 2018
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Psychiatric sequelae of cardiac arrest.

Dialogues Clin Neurosci 2018 03;20(1):73-77

Institute of Medical Psychology, University of Hamburg, Germany.

This manuscript summarizes the literature on mental health outcomes after cardiac arrest. Survivors of cardiac arrest show high rates of mental illness with more than 40% suffering from anxiety, 30% from depression, and 25% from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Mental health outcomes may differ depending on the setting in which the cardiac arrest occurred. Read More

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Metabolic syndrome in psychiatric patients: overview, mechanisms, and implications.

Dialogues Clin Neurosci 2018 03;20(1):63-73

Department of Psychiatry, VU University Medical Center & GGZ InGeest, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Psychiatric patients have a greater risk of premature mortality, predominantly due to cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Convincing evidence shows that psychiatric conditions are characterized by an increased risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS), a clustering of cardiovascular risk factors including dyslipidemia, abdominal obesity, hypertension, and hyperglycemia. This increased risk is present for a range of psychiatric conditions, including major depressive disorder (MDD), bipolar disorder (BD), schizophrenia, anxiety disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Read More

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March 2018
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