9,492,291 results match your criteria Diagnostic microbiology and infectious disease[Journal]
Theriogenology 2018 Dec 8;126:145-152. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Department of Animal Science & Technology, Chung-Ang University, Anseong, Gyeonggi-Do, 17546, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:
Fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) is a type III kinase that is highly expressed in seminal plasma of infertile men. FLT3 activation can be blocked by inhibition of its phosphorylation using the nontoxic and selective inhibitor, quizartinib. We investigated the function of FLT3 and the corresponding effects of quizartinib in mouse spermatozoa. Read More
Leuk Res 2018 Nov 27;76:39-47. Epub 2018 Nov 27.
Department of Hematology, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Flow-cytometric detection of now termed measurable residual disease (MRD) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) has proven to have an independent prognostic impact. In a previous multicenter study we developed protocols to accurately define leukemia-associated immunophenotypes (LAIPs) at diagnosis. It has, however, not been demonstrated whether the use of the defined LAIPs in the same multicenter setting results in a high concordance between centers in MRD assessment. Read More
Breast 2018 Dec 7;43:135-141. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Department of Biophysics and Human Physiology, Medical University of Warsaw, Chalubinskiego 5, 02-004 Warsaw, Poland.
Introduction: Metaplastic breast cancer (MpBC) is a rare but aggressive type of breast cancer accounting for 0.25-1% of all diagnosed invasive breast cancers. Morphologically, it is characterized by differentiation of the neoplastic epithelium into squamous cells and/or mesenchymal-looking tissue. Read More
Micron 2018 Nov 23;118:9-21. Epub 2018 Nov 23.
Biomedical Research Institute, National Institute of Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Higashi 1-1-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-8566, Japan. Electronic address:
Neural networking, including axon targeting and synapse formation, is the basis of various brain functions, including memory and learning. Diabetes-mellitus affects peripheral nerves and is known to cause fatty liver disease. Electron microscopy (EM) provides the resolution required to observe changes in fine subcellular structures caused by such physiological and pathological processes, but samples are observed in vacuum. Read More
Mult Scler Relat Disord 2018 Dec 3;28:50-56. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of Neurology, Clinical Neuroimmunology and Multiple Sclerosis Unit, "Donostia" Universitary Hospital, San Sebastian, Spain.
Objective: Although cognitive impairment (CI) is common in multiple sclerosis (MS), it is difficult to suspect in patients with low disability and there is a lack of brief and effective CI screening tools with a define cut-off point to be used during routine clinic visits. This study aims to validate the Electronic Screening Cognitive Impairment in Multiple Sclerosis (SCI-MS) test for CI among MS patients.
Methods: Cross-sectional, observational study that included adult patients, diagnosed with MS, Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score ≤6. Read More
Mult Scler Relat Disord 2018 Dec 5;28:34-43. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Neuroimmunological Diseases Section (NDS), National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Building 10, Room 5N248, 10 Center Drive, MSC1444, Bethesda, MD 20892, United States. Electronic address:
Background: Once multiple sclerosis (MS) reaches the progressive stage, immunomodulatory treatments have limited efficacy. This suggests that processes other than activation of innate immunity may at least partially underlie disability progression during late stages of MS. Pathology identified these alternative processes as aberrant activation of astrocytes and microglia, and subsequent degeneration of oligodendrocytes and neurons. Read More
Neurobiol Aging 2018 Nov 16;75:71-82. Epub 2018 Nov 16.
Dementia Care & Research Center, Peking University Institute of Mental Health (Sixth Hospital), Beijing, China; Beijing Key Laboratory for Translational Research on Diagnosis and Treatment of Dementia, Beijing, China; National Clinical Research Center for Mental Disorders (Peking University Sixth Hospital), Beijing, China. Electronic address:
Studies have demonstrated that the clinical manifestations of Alzheimer's disease (AD) are associated with abnormal connections in either functional connectivity networks (FCNs) or structural connectivity networks (SCNs). However, the FCN and SCN of AD have usually been examined separately, and the results were inconsistent. In this multimodal study, we collected resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging and diffusion magnetic resonance imaging data from 46 patients with AD and 39 matched healthy controls (HCs). Read More
Gait Posture 2018 Dec 6;68:300-304. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
School of Physiotherapy, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, 123 St Stephen's Green, Dublin 2, Ireland.
Background: Toe-walking is a normal variant in children up to 3 years of age but beyond this a diagnosis of idiopathic toe-walking (ITW) must be considered. ITW is an umbrella term that covers all cases of toe-walking without any diagnosed underlying medical condition and before assigning these diagnosis potential differential diagnoses such as cerebral palsy, peripheral neuropathy, spinal dysraphism and myopathy must be ruled out. Gait laboratory assessment (GLA) is thought to be useful in the evaluation of ITW, and kinematic, kinetic and electromyography features associated with ITW have been described. Read More
J Psychiatr Res 2018 Dec 6;109:173-177. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Queensland Centre for Mental Health Research, The Park Centre for Mental Health, Wacol, Australia; School of Public Health, The University of Queensland, Herston, Australia; Metro North Mental Health, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Herston, Australia.
Low physical activity is a major public health concern. There has been extensive research examining the role of physical activity as a potentially modifiable risk factor for the onset of mental illness. However, fewer studies have reported how mental disorders affect future physical activity. Read More
J Pharm Biomed Anal 2018 Nov 17;165:213-223. Epub 2018 Nov 17.
Jiangxi University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, No. 1688 Meiling Road, Nanchang, 330004, PR China. Electronic address:
TongFengTangSan (TFTS), a traditional Tibetan medicine comprising of Tinospora sinensis (TS), Terminalia chebula Retz (TC) and Trogopterori faeces (TF), is used to treat joint diseases like gout, gout arthritis, swelling, pain etc. Despite the significant therapeutic effects of TFTS, its pharmacological components have not been analyzed so far. Therefore, the chemical composition of the effective part of TFTS was analyzed by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS). Read More
Virology 2018 Dec 12;528:19-29. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Ruminant Diseases and Immunology Research Unit, National Animal Disease Center, USDA, ARS, Ames, IA 50010, USA.
Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV), a ubiquitous pathogen of cattle, causes subclinical to severe acute disease. Two species of BVDV are recognized, BVDV1 and BVDV2 with BVDV1 divided into at least 21 subgenotypes and BVDV2 into 3-4 subgenotypes, most commonly using sequences from the 5' untranslated region (5' UTR). We report genomic sequencing of 8 BVDV2 isolates that did not segregate into the 2a subgenotype; but represented two additional BVDV2 subgenotypes. Read More
Biosens Bioelectron 2018 Oct 11;126:725-733. Epub 2018 Oct 11.
Department of Bioengineering, University of California Berkeley, CA 94720, USA; Berkeley Sensor and Actuator Center, University of California Berkeley, CA 94720, USA; UC Berkeley and UCSF Joint Graduate Program in Bioengineering, Berkeley/San Francisco, USA; Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of California Berkeley, CA 94720, USA; Biophysics Graduate Program, University of California Berkeley, CA 94720, USA. Electronic address:
Microfluidic polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has been of great interest owing to its ability to perform rapid and specific nucleic acid amplification and analysis on small volumes of samples. One of the major drawbacks of microfluidic PCR is bubble generation and reagent evaporation, which can cause malfunctions. Here, through theoretical modeling and characterization of bubble behavior, we propose a bubble-free microfluidic PCR device via controlled fluid transfer. Read More
Epilepsy Res 2018 Nov 26;149:92-101. Epub 2018 Nov 26.
A.I. Virtanen Institute for Molecular Sciences, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland.
The Epilepsy Bioinformatics Study for Antiepileptogenic Therapy (EpiBioS4Rx) is an international, multicenter, multidisciplinary study aimed at preventing epileptogenesis (EpiBioS4Rx: https://epibios.loni.usc. Read More
Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 Nov 27;54:83-86. Epub 2018 Nov 27.
Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Higashiosaka City Medical Center, Nishiiwata 3-4-5, Higashiosaka, Osaka, 567-8588, Japan.
Introduction: Enteric duplication cysts are rare and, in addition, isolated enteric duplication cysts are lower morbidity prevalence rate. These cysts lack a connection to the gastrointestinal tract or the adjacent mesenteric vasculature and have only been reported in 10 case reports. In these reports, only two reports were cases with malignant transformation. Read More
Contemp Clin Trials 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Moores Cancer Center, University of California, San Diego, 3855 Health Sciences Dr. La Jolla, CA 92093-090, USA; Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of California San Diego, 9300 Campus Pointe Drive, MC 7433, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA. Electronic address:
Background: Young breast cancer survivors (YBCS) have unmet needs for managing hot flashes, fertility-related concerns, sexual health and contraception.
Purpose: Describe the design and participant characteristics of a randomized controlled trial testing the efficacy of the survivorship care plan on reproductive health (SCP-R) intervention on improving hot flashes, fertility-related concerns, sexual health, and contraception in YBCS.
Methods: SCP-R is a web-based intervention with text message support encompassing evidence- based practices on four reproductive health issues. Read More
J Proteomics 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Proteomics Unit, Cancer Research Centre (IBMCC/CSIC/USAL/IBSAL), 37007 Salamanca, Spain; Department of Medicine and General Cytometry Service-Nucleus, Cancer Research Centre (IBMCC/CSIC/USAL/IBSAL), 37007 Salamanca, Spain. Electronic address:
Understanding the dynamic of the proteome is a critical challenge because it requires high sensitive methodologies in high-throughput formats in order to decipher its modifications and complexity. While molecular biology provides relevant information about cell physiology that may be reflected in post-translational changes, High-Throughput (HT) experimental proteomic techniques are essential to provide valuable functional information of the proteins, peptides and the interconnections between them. Hence, many methodological developments and innovations have been reported during the last decade. Read More
Infect Genet Evol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Infectious Diseases, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China; Key Laboratory of Microorganism Technology and Bioinformatics Research of Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China. Electronic address:
Here we report the prevalence of the suppressed vanM gene cluster as a reservoir of vancomycin resistance genes. Among 1284 clinical isolates of enterococci from four hospitals in Hangzhou, China, 55 isolates of Enterococcus faecium and one isolate of Enterococcus faecalis screened positive for the vanM genotype. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing showed that 55 of the 56 vanM-positive isolates were susceptible to vancomycin and teicoplanin. Read More
J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Obs/Gyn, Epidemiologist. INSERM CIC1402, Université de Poitiers, CHU de Poitiers, France. Electronic address:
Introduction: The objective of these clinical practice guidelines was to analyse all of the interventions during pregnancy and childbirth that might prevent obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS) and postnatal pelvic floor symptoms.
Material And Methods: These guidelines were developed in accordance with the methods prescribed by the French Health Authority (HAS).
Results: A prenatal clinical examination of the perineum is recommended for women with a history of Crohn's disease, OASIS, genital mutilation, or perianal lesions (professional consensus). Read More
Clin Microbiol Infect 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Medicine, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine. Miami, FL, 33133 USA.
Background: Since its sudden appearance and link to microcephaly in 2015, the number of PubMed references for Zika virus (ZIKV) has risen from 181 to 5,163, as of writing, with a vast proportion focused on the consequences of ZIKV infection during pregnancy. This level of attention underlies increased demand for sensitive and specific diagnostic tools able to assess risk to an unborn child, as well as to understand the dynamics and consequences of viral persistence.
Aim: Review the expanding knowledge on ZIKV persistence and diagnostic challenges and summarize current advancements in detection. Read More
Int J Pharm 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
The First Affiliated Hospital, Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, Key Laboratory of Combined Multi-Organ Transplantation, Ministry of Public Health, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310003, PR China. Electronic address:
Maytansine and its related analogues are a class of highly potent anti-proliferation agents that have failed to be exploited as clinical drugs for human therapy due to unacceptable systemic toxicity. Here, we delineate a novel strategy that combines rational drug conjugation with subsequent nanoparticle assembly to systemically deliver this highly potent and toxic drug. To demonstrate this concept, we covalently coupled the thiolated maytansine derivative, the DM1 agent, to amphiphilic block co-polymers, polyethylene glycol (PEG)-block-polylactide (PLA), in varying molecular weights to generate two prodrug constructs (i. Read More
Free Radic Biol Med 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Tumor Pathology, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Hamamatsu, Japan.
The NTHL1 gene encodes DNA glycosylase, which is involved in base excision repair, and biallelic mutations of this gene result in NTHL1-associated polyposis (NAP), a hereditary disease characterized by colorectal polyposis and multiple types of carcinomas. However, no proper functional characterization of variant NTHL1 proteins has been done so far. Herein, we report functional evaluation of variant NTHL1 proteins to aid in the accurate diagnosis of NAP. Read More
J Microbiol Methods 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
IRCSS Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna, Italy.
Background: In a two-stage exchange protocol for prosthetic joint infection (PJI), bacteria surviving over the antibiotic-loaded cement spacers may cause the persistence of infection with renewed clinical symptoms following the surgery. Culture after sonication of removed prosthesis is more sensitive than conventional periprosthetic tissue culture for the microbiological diagnosis of PJI. The aim of this study was to assess whether sonication of the spacer at the time of the second-stage procedure may improve the diagnosis of persistent PJI. Read More
Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Biomarker and research, Nordic Bioscience, Herlev, Denmark. Electronic address:
Objective: The aim of this narrative review is to summarize important findings from biochemical marker studies relevant to osteoarthritis (OA) in the context of new discoveries and clinical and scientific need.
Design: We conducted a systematic search of electronic medical databases (Embase, Medline, Web of Science, Cochrane central) between 01-03-2017 and 31-03-2018. The search was restricted to human studies, English language and full text available publications while reviews were excluded. Read More
Neurosci Lett 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Applied Biophotonics Research Center, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:
The production of dopaminergic (DA) neurons from stem cells holds a great promise for future clinical treatment of neurodegenerative diseases, such as Parkinson's disease (PD). Olfactory ecto-mesenchymal stem cells (OE-MSCs) derived from the adult human olfactory mucosa can be easily isolated and expanded in culture while maintaining their immense plasticity. In addition to reduced ethical concerns, OE-MSCs could be transplanted across allogeneic barriers, making them desirable stem cells for clinical applications. Read More
Urology 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Urology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL.
Objectives: To evaluate the ability of Aorta-Lesion-Attenuation-Difference (ALAD) to differentiate malignant renal tumors from renal oncocytomas.
Methods: A retrospective review of preoperative CT scans and surgical pathology was performed on patients undergoing partial nephrectomy for small, solid renal masses. ALAD was calculated by measuring the difference in Hounsfield units (HU) between the aorta and the lesion of interest on the same image slice on preoperative CT scan. Read More
Urology 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
University of Washington, Department of Urology. Electronic address:
Objective: To evaluate the effects of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and urinary function within patients diagnosed with NMIBC as compared to the general population.
Methods: Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare Health Outcome Survey (SEER-MHOS) database (1998-2013), 325 patients diagnosed with NMIBC with baseline and post-diagnosis MHOS surveys were propensity-matched 1:5 to non-cancer controls (NCC). Multivariate linear regression analysis compared NMIBC patients with matched NCC in terms of physical component summary (PCS), mental component summary (MCS), and health domain scales. Read More
Int J Biol Macromol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Faculty of Pharmacy, Analytical Chemistry Department, Ege University, Bornova, Izmir 35100, Turkey; Biotechnology Department, Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Ege University, Bornova, Izmir 35100, Turkey.
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are the most common type of genetic variation among people. Development of reliable methods for the detection of SNP is crucial in aspects of molecular diagnosis and personalized medicine. In our study, a genomagnetic assay in combination with zip nucleic acid (ZNA) for electrochemical detection of SNP related to Factor V Leiden (FV Leiden) mutation. Read More
Hum Immunol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Renal Transplant Surgery, Aichi Medical University School of Medicine, 1-1 Yazakokarimata, Nagakute, Aichi 480-1195, Japan. Electronic address:
Recently, in vitro experiments have demonstrated that anti-blood group A/B antibody binding to endothelial cells induce a protective effect against antibody-mediated injury. This study aimed to clarify the potential clinical benefit of ABO incompatibility in donor-specific HLA antibody (DSA)-induced chronic antibody-mediated rejection (ABMR). We enrolled 215 ABO-incompatible renal transplant (ABO-I) and 467 ABO-identical/compatible renal transplant recipients (ABO-Id/C). Read More
Brain Res 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Université de Moncton, 18 Antonine-Maillet Avenue, Moncton, New Brunswick, E1A 3E9, Canada. Electronic address:
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disorder associated with the progressive death of motor neurons. Mean survival for a patient diagnosed with ALS is between 2 to 5 years. Early and efficient diagnosis of the various forms of ALS remains a significant challenge, resulting in a need to identify clinically-relevant biomarkers in readily accessible body fluids. Read More
Gastroenterology 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Unit of Internal Medicine and Hepatology (UIMH), Department of Medicine - DIMED, University of Padova, Padova, Italy. Electronic address:
Background And Aims: Bacterial infections are common and life-threatening in patients with cirrhosis. Little is known about the epidemiology of bacterial infections in different regions. We performed a multicenter prospective intercontinental study to assess the prevalence and outcomes of bacterial and fungal infections in patients with cirrhosis. Read More
Am J Ophthalmol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Ophthalmology, Beijing Key Laboratory of Restoration of Damaged Ocular Nerve, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing, 100191, China. Electronic address:
Purpose: To enhance the understanding of dry eye (DE) in diabetes by evaluating the ocular surface characteristics and the levels of tear inflammatory cytokines.
Design: Cross-sectional study.
Methods: Subjects were divided into four groups: 32 patients in diabetes with DE group; 24 patients in diabetes without DE group; 28 patients in non-diabetes with DE group and 29 volunteers in normal group. Read More
Acta Trop 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde, Departamento de Ciências Básicas em Saúde, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso, Av. Fernando Correa da Costa, n. 2367, CCBS-I, sala 82, CEP 78060-900, Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, Brazil. Electronic address:
Arboviruses have become a major public health concern in Brazil, especially after Zika virus (ZIKV) and Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) introduction, leading to massive epidemics. We conducted an investigation of arboviruses in patients with acute febrile illness for less than five days in Mato Grosso state (MT) during the period of ZIKV and CHIKV dissemination in Brazil. To achieve that, 453 human serum samples of patients suspected of Dengue (DENV), Yellow Fever (YFV), ZIKV or CHIKV collected in health units of 31 cities of MT were subjected to RT-PCR protocols for 10 flaviviruses, 5 alphaviruses and orthobunyaviruses from Simbu serogroup, nucleotide sequencing and viral isolation. Read More
Acta Trop 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Laboratório de Investigação Médica (LIM/06 - Laboratório de Imunopatologia da esquistossomose), Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina, USP, São Paulo, Brazil; Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo, USP, São Paulo, Brazil.
Immunocompromised patients constitute a risk group for the development of severe clinical forms of human strongyloidiasis. The diagnosis of this infection is primarily performed by parasitological techniques, but with low sensitivity. Serological techniques appear as an alternative, especially with heterologous antigens use. Read More
J Immunol Methods 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Chemical, Biological, Pharmaceutical and Environmental Sciences, University of Messina, Viale F. Stagno d'Alcontres 31, 98166 Messina, Italy. Electronic address:
Sepsis is a systemic inflammatory response ensuing from presence and persistence of microorganisms in the bloodstream. The possibility to identify them at low concentrations may improve the problem of human health and therapeutic outcomes. So, sensitive and rapid diagnostic systems are essential to evaluate bacterial infections during the time, also reducing the cost. Read More
Hematol Oncol Stem Cell Ther 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Objective/background: Glioblastoma (GB) is the most common primary malignant brain tumor in adults. Ki-67 is a nonhistone nuclear protein that is expressed by cells entering the mitotic cycle and is associated with the transcription of ribosomal RNA (rRNA). In gliomas, the extent of expression of Ki-67 is roughly proportional to the histologic grade. Read More
Swiss Med Wkly 2018 Dec 15;148:w14693. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics, Lausanne, Switzerland.
Facing multidrug resistant (MDR) bacterial pathogens is one of the most important challenges for our society. The spread of highly virulent and resistant pathogens can be described using molecular typing technologies; in particular, whole genome sequencing (WGS) data can be used for molecular typing purposes with high resolution. WGS data analysis can explain the spatiotemporal patterns of pathogen transmission. Read More
Swiss Med Wkly 2018 Dec 15;148:w14691. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Lung Centre, Cantonal Hospital St Gallen, Switzerland.
Aim: Our aim was to estimate the diagnostic performance of institutions and healthcare regions from a nationwide hospitalisation database.
Methods: The Shannon diversity index was used as an indicator of diagnostic performance based on the International Classification of Disease, 10th revision, German Modification (ICD-10-GM codes). The dataset included a total of 9,325,326 hospitalisation cases from 2009 to 2015 and was provided by the Swiss Federal Office for Statistics. Read More
Head Neck 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Department of Thoracic/Head and Neck Medical Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas.
Salivary gland cancers represent a rare group of tumors composed by over 20 histological subtypes. Initially treated as one single disease, its diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment are currently being stratified based on morphology. More recently, insight has been provided on the molecular characterization of each subtype, further improving diagnostic accuracy and paving the way for personalized therapy. Read More
Head Neck 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory of Environment Factors and Cancer, School of Public Health, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, Fujian, China.
Background: To develop and validate practical prognostic indexes (PIs) for predicting the prognosis and response to postoperative adjuvant therapy in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC).
Methods: A large cohort of 1071 OSCC patients were randomized to either training set (N = 708) or validation set (N = 363). Three types of PIs were developed according to the nomogram scores, β coefficients and excess hazard ratios, respectively. Read More
J Magn Reson Imaging 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Department of Biomedical Imaging and Image-guided Therapy, Division of Molecular and Gender Imaging, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
Background: Contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (CE-MRI) of the breast is highly sensitive for breast cancer detection. Multichannel coils and 3T scanners can increase signal, spatial, and temporal resolution. In addition, the T -reduction effect of a gadolinium-based contrast agent (GBCA) is higher at 3T. Read More
Head Neck 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Laboratory of Radiobiology and Experimental Radiation Oncology, Hubertus Wald Tumorzentrum-University Cancer Center Hamburg, Hamburg-Eppendorf, Germany.
Background: The multi-kinase inhibitor sorafenib displays antitumoral effects in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC); however, the targeted kinases are unknown. Here we aimed to identify those kinases to determine the mechanism of sorafenib-mediated effects and establish candidate biomarkers for patient stratification.
Methods: The effects of sorafenib and MET inhibitors crizotinib and SU11274 were analyzed using a slide-based antibody array, Western blotting, proliferation, and survival assays. Read More
Head Neck 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Oral Pathology, Department of Stomatology, University of Sao Paulo School of Dentistry, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
Background: Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) is the most prevalent malignant neoplasia in human immunodeficiency virus positive (HIV+) patients for which the primary mode of management was chemotherapy.
Methods: We have presented the case of a newly diagnosed HIV+ male patient who was diagnosed with a pedunculated nodule in the anterior region of the hard palate, measuring 3.5 cm in diameter and with 2 months of evolution. Read More
Actas Esp Psiquiatr 2018 Nov 1;46(6):226-33. Epub 2018 Nov 1.
Department of Psychiatry, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Barcelona (Spain) Department of Psychiatry and Forensic Medicine, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), Barcelona (Spain) Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica- Sant Pau (IIB-SANT PAU), Barcelona (Spain) Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental, CIBERSAM (Spain).
Background: Dialectical behaviour therapy skills training (DBT-ST) has proven effective to treat individuals with borderline personality disorder (BPD). However, therapy still faces the problem of early dropout. The aim of the present study is to examine which factors are associated with early dropout from DBT-ST in a sample of subjects with BPD. Read More
Actas Esp Psiquiatr 2018 Nov 1;46(6):217-25. Epub 2018 Nov 1.
Unidad de Gestión Clínica de Salud Mental. Hospital Universitario de Valme. Sevilla. España.
Introduction: Despite the high prevalence of sexual dysfunction in patients with schizophrenia, its origins are still unclear.
The Aim Of This Study: to determine the prevalence and causal factors of sexual dysfunction in a group of outpatients with schizophrenia.
Methods: The study was designed to be cross-sectional and naturalistic, including outpatients with schizophrenia undergoing second generation antipsychotic monotherapy. Read More
BJU Int 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Department of Uro-Neurology, The National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, and UCL Institute of Neurology, Queen Square, London, WC1N 3BG, United Kingdom.
Objectives: To identify factors influencing return for maintenance Percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS) treatment after successful completion of a 12-week course of treatment for the overactive bladder (OAB).
Patients And Methods: Patients with OAB symptoms referred for PTNS treatment underwent twelve sessions of weekly PTNS treatment and evaluated at baseline and week 12 using the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire on OAB (ICIQ-OAB), lower urinary tract symptoms related quality of life questionnaire (ICIQ-LUT symptoms QOL) and bladder diary (BD). Responders to treatment, evaluated using two patient-reported outcome measurements, were invited to return for maintenance treatments when symptoms returned. Read More
Acta Psychiatr Scand 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, Norway.
Objective: The relationship between borderline personality disorder (BPD) and bipolar II disorder (BIP-II) is disputed but understudied. Here, we investigated brain glucose metabolism in these patient groups and healthy control subjects (HCs).
Methods: Sixty-five subjects, 22 BPD (19 females); 22 BIP-II (17 females); 21 HC (14 females) were examined using 2-deoxy-2[18F]-fluoro-d-glucose Positron-Emission Tomography (PET) scanning. Read More
Diagn Cytopathol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Pathology, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Cleveland, OH.
Pulmonary artery intimal sarcoma is a rare aggressive intraluminal tumor often misdiagnosed as acute or chronic pulmonary thromboembolism due to its clinical presentation and radiological findings. Thus early diagnosis is very crucial and may improve patient outcome. There is limited literature on diagnosis of pulmonary artery sarcoma by endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA). Read More
Diagn Cytopathol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Laboratory Medicine, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio.
Solid pseudopapillary neoplasm of the pancreas (SPN) is a rare low-grade malignancy typically occurring in young women. Occasionally, these neoplasms present with pleomorphic to atypical multinucleated giant tumor cells which may mimic high-grade malignancy. Our patient is a 25-year-old male who presented with one year of intermittent epigastric pain. Read More
J Thromb Haemost 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
University of Arizona College of Medicine - Phoenix, Division of Clinical Data Analytics and Decision Support, Phoenix, Arizona.
Background: Heparin induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is an immune-mediated adverse drug event associated with life-threatening thrombotic complications. The four T's (4Ts) score is widely used to estimate the risk for HIT and guide diagnostic testing, but it is not easily amenable to computerized clinical decision support (CDS) implementation.
Objectives: Our main objective was to develop a HIT computerized risk (HIT-CR) scoring system that provides platelet count surveillance for timing and degree of thrombocytopenia to identify those for whom diagnostic testing should be considered. Read More
Cancer Med 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Radiation Oncology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri.
Background: Prognosis among patients with differentiated thyroid cancer is widely variable. Better understanding of biologic subtypes is necessary to stratify patients and improve outcomes.
Methods: In patients diagnosed with classic histology papillary thyroid cancer treated from 1973 to 2009, BRAF V600E mutation status was determined on surgical tumor specimens by restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. Read More