5,021 results match your criteria Diagnostic Peritoneal Lavage

Laparoscopic management of generalized peritonitis caused by anastomotic leakage after low anterior rectal cancer resection.

Asian J Surg 2021 Jun 19. Epub 2021 Jun 19.

Department of General Surgery, Shandong University Qilu Hospital, Jinan, Shandong, China.

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Whether preoperative hysteroscopy increases the dissemination of endometrial cancer cells: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2021 Jun 21. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Department of Gynecologic Oncology, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, China.

Aim: To determine whether hysteroscopy (HSC) increases the risk of intraperitoneal dissemination in endometrial cancer patients.

Methods: We conducted a comprehensive review of multiple databases. Quality assessments of eligible studies were performed using the Newcastle-Ottawa and Jadad scales. Read More

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High postoperative neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio and low preoperative lymphocyte-monocyte ratio predict poor prognosis in gastric cancer patients receiving gastrectomy with positive lavage cytology: a retrospective cohort study.

Langenbecks Arch Surg 2021 Jun 17. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Yokohama City University School of Medicine, Yokohama City, Kanagawa, 236-0004, Japan.

Background: Long-term outcomes in gastric cancer patients with positive lavage cytology (CY1) are generally poor. This multi-institutional retrospective cohort study aims to evaluate the clinical significance of the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and the lymphocyte-monocyte ratio (LMR) in CY1 gastric cancer patients.

Methods: A total of 121 CY1 gastric cancer patients without other non-curative factors, who underwent macroscopically curative resection, were enrolled in this study. Read More

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An Experience Of Percutaneous Peritoneal Drainage In High-Risk Perforated Peritonitis In General Surgical Ward Of Tertiary Care Hospital Lahore, Pakistan.

J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad 2021 Apr-Jun;33(2):226-230

Department of Surgery, King Edward Medical University, Mayo Hospital Lahore, Pakistan.

Background: Although conservative treatment has shown a good reduction in mortality and morbidity the majority of patients still need definitive surgery to get rid of the disease completely. It is of note that immediate laparotomy in high-risk patients who have a prolonged history or have multiple comorbidities or in organ failure is not advisable as it is associated with higher morbidity and mortality, besides improved postoperative intensive care.

Methods: We categorized these high-risk patients based on their comorbidities and then performed percutaneous peritoneal lavage to reduce the septic load from the peritoneal cavity before performing the definite procedure. Read More

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Effect of IL-33 on pyroptosis of macrophages in mice with sepsis via NF-κB/p38 MAPK signaling pathway.

Acta Cir Bras 2021 14;36(5):e360501. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

PhD. The 2nd Clinical Medical College - Zhejiang Chinese Medical University - Hangzhou - Zhejiang, China.

Purpose: To demonstrate the effect of IL-33 on the macrophage pyroptosis in mice with sepsis through the NF-kB/p38 MAPK signal pathway.

Methods: In total, 24 C57BL/6 mice were divided into the sham operation group (sham) and the cecal ligation and puncture group (CLP). After CLP, 24 IL-33-/- mice were divided into the IL-33-/- group and the IL-33-/- intervention group. Read More

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Phosphodiesterase 10A Is a Key Mediator of Lung Inflammation.

J Immunol 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Medicine, Aab Cardiovascular Research Institute, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY; and

Cyclic nucleotides cAMP and cGMP are important regulators of immune cell functions. Phosphodiesterases (PDEs) hydrolyze cAMP and/or cGMP and, thus, play crucial roles in cyclic nucleotide homeostasis. Abnormal alterations of PDE expression have been implicated in several diseases. Read More

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J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Division of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, LAC+USC Medical Center, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA.

Background: Focused Assessment with Sonography for Trauma (FAST) has supplanted Diagnostic Peritoneal Lavage (DPL) as the preferred bedside evaluation for traumatic hemoperitoneum. Diagnostic Peritoneal Aspiration (DPA) is a simpler, faster modification of DPL with an unclear role in contemporary practice. This study delineated modern roles for DPA and defined its diagnostic yield. Read More

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Protective Role of Hydrolysate in Lipopolysaccharide-Galactosamine Acute Liver Injury.

Front Pharmacol 2021 18;12:667572. Epub 2021 May 18.

Laboratory of Biochemical Genetics, Department of Molecular Genetics, Institute of Experimental Medicine, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation.

Acute liver injury in its terminal phase trigger systemic inflammatory response syndrome with multiple organ failure. An uncontrolled inflammatory reaction is difficult to treat and contributes to high mortality. Therefore, to solve this problem a search for new therapeutic approaches remains urgent. Read More

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Molecular characterization of Toxoplasma gondii isolates from free-range chickens reveals new genotypes in Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil.

Rev Bras Parasitol Vet 2021 28;30(2):e000321. Epub 2021 May 28.

Laboratório de Estudos da Relação Parasito-Hospedeiro, Instituto de Patologia Tropical e Saúde Pública, Universidade Federal de Goiás - UFG, Goiânia, GO, Brasil.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the genotypic characteristics of Toxoplasma gondii isolated from free-range chickens in the metropolitan area of Goiânia, Goiás, in Brazil's central-west region. The seroprevalence rate was found to be 96%, according to an indirect hemagglutination assay. Brain and heart samples were processed by peptic digestion for a mice bioassay. Read More

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Primary pneumococcal peritonitis with a fulminant course.

Vnitr Lek 2021 ;67(E-2):34-37

Introduction: Primary peritonitis is an inflammation of the peritoneal cavity in the absence of a localized intra-abdominal source. It is included in the differential diagnosis of acute abdomen and can be potentially life-threatening. Pneumococci were a frequent pathogen causing primary peritonitis especially in the preantibiotic era. Read More

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The Interaction between Reactive Peritoneal Mesothelial Cells and Tumor Cells via Extracellular Vesicles Facilitates Colorectal Cancer Dissemination.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 May 20;13(10). Epub 2021 May 20.

Laboratory of Experimental Pharmacology, IRCCS Istituto Tumori Giovanni Paolo II, Viale O. Flacco 65, 70124 Bari, Italy.

Advanced colorectal cancer (CRC) is highly metastatic and often results in peritoneal dissemination. The extracellular vesicles (EVs) released by cancer cells in the microenvironment are important mediators of tumor metastasis. We investigated the contribution of EV-mediated interaction between peritoneal mesothelial cells (MCs) and CRC cells in generating a pro-metastatic environment in the peritoneal cavity. Read More

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Olaparib attenuates sepsis-induced acute multiple organ injury via ERK-mediated CD14 expression.

Exp Biol Med (Maywood) 2021 May 29:15353702211015620. Epub 2021 May 29.

Department of Anesthesiology, National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital & Shenzhen Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, and Peking Union Medical College, Shenzhen 518116, China.

Sepsis is characterized by persistent systemic inflammation, which can cause multi-organ dysfunction. The poly polymerase-1 inhibitor olaparib possesses anti-inflammatory properties. This study aimed to assess the effects of olaparib (pre- and post-treatments) on sepsis, and to investigate whether it could suppress CD14 expression via the ERK pathway in polymicrobial sepsis and peritoneal macrophages models. Read More

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Successful treatment of peritoneal nocardiosis caused by in a dog.

N Z Vet J 2021 Jun 9:1-6. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Clinic for Small Animals, Surgical Department, Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Justus Liebig University, Giessen, Germany.

Case History: A 7-year-old neutered female Labrador Retriever from Hesse (Germany) was referred for evaluation of peritoneal nodular masses identified by the referring veterinarian during an investigation for a 2-month history of lethargy.

Clinical Findings And Treatment: Ultrasonographic examination of the abdomen showed multiple cavernous nodules in the intra-abdominal fat and greater omentum surrounded by free fluid. These findings were suspicious of steatitis and fatty tissue necrosis in the cranial abdomen. Read More

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Descending necrotising mediastinitis: how a sore throat can result in purulent peritonitis.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 May 24;14(5). Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of General and Upper GI Surgery, St James Hospital, Dublin, Ireland.

This is a rare case of descending necrotising mediastinitis (DNM) that originated as an oropharyngeal infection, before spreading caudally to include all compartments of the mediastinum and the peritoneum beyond. The mediastinitis was treated early and aggressively with drainage, lavage and debridement in conjunction with broad-spectrum antimicrobial treatment. This case includes a right cervical incision, and a seldom needed surgical laparotomy approach to address the intra-abdominal involvement, and necessity of peritoneal washout. Read More

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Molecular Peritoneal Staging for Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma Using Mutant KRAS Droplet-Digital Polymerase Chain Reaction: Results of a Prospective Clinical Trial.

J Am Coll Surg 2021 May 20. Epub 2021 May 20.

Section of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery, Division of Subspecialty General Surgery, Department of Surgery. Electronic address:

Background: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is an aggressive malignancy with predilection for peritoneal dissemination. Accurate peritoneal staging is imperative for treatment recommendations, as one-third of patients develop peritoneal recurrence after resection. Because >90% of PDAC tumors harbor mutant KRAS (mKRAS), we sought to determine feasibility of mKRAS DNA detection in peritoneal lavage (PL) fluid using droplet-digital polymerase chain reaction (ddPCR) via a prospective trial. Read More

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Circulating tumor DNA as a predictive marker for occult metastases in pancreatic cancer patients with radiographically non-metastatic disease.

J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Sci 2021 May 22. Epub 2021 May 22.

Department of Surgery, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.

Purpose: To elucidate the effectiveness of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) for predicting occult metastases in patients with pancreatic cancer without apparent metastases.

Methods: Circulating tumor DNA was obtained from plasma samples of 165 patients with pancreatic cancer and analyzed using droplet digital PCR. The prevalence and allele frequencies of ctDNA were compared across different patterns and degrees of metastatic spread. Read More

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Concomitant empyema and peritonitis with Morganella morganii in an immunocompetent patient: A case report.

Caspian J Intern Med 2021 Mar;12(2):232-235

Lung Diseases Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Background: Peritoneal infection following pleural empyema is not a common occurrence. Concomitant pleural empyema and peritonitis have been described in the literature mostly in immunocompromised patients with different pathogenic mechanisms and a wide array of microorganisms. Here we report a case of concomitant pleural empyema and peritonitis with an unusual microorganism in an immunocompetent host. Read More

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Interdigitating Dendritic Cell Sarcoma of the Small Intestine Presenting as Spontaneous Hemoperitoneum - A Rare Case Report.

Niger J Surg 2021 Jan-Jun;27(1):71-74. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Department of General Surgery, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, India.

Interdigitating dendritic cell sarcoma (IDCS) is an extremely rare neoplasm arising from the antigen-presenting cells of the immune system. It usually involves the lymph nodes, and extranodal sites are rarely affected. Here, we report a first known case of spontaneous hemoperitoneum caused by the rupture of IDCS of the small bowel. Read More

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microRNA-223 Deficiency Exacerbates Acute Inflammatory Response to Monosodium Urate Crystals by Targeting NLRP3.

J Inflamm Res 2021 11;14:1845-1858. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, Clinical Medical College and The First Affiliated Hospital of Chengdu Medical College, Chengdu, 610500, Sichuan Province, People's Republic of China.

Objective: MicroRNAs were identified as master-switch molecules limiting acute inflammatory response. This study investigated the potential role of microRNA (miR)-223 in the mechanism of gout.

Methods: Wild-type (WT) and miR-223 knock-out (KO) mice were used to evaluate the phenotypes of gout models. Read More

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[Progress in gastric cancer with positive peritoneal cytology].

Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi 2021 May;24(5):458-462

Center of Gastrointestinal Tumors, Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Translational Research (Ministry of Education), Peking University Cancer Hospital & Institute, Beijing 100142, China.

Gastric cancer with positive peritoneal cytology is a hotspot in the study of gastric cancer, and its prognosis is poor. Intraperitoneal free cancer cells may be associated with cancer cells migration, invasion and metastasis. Tumor T stage, peritoneal metastasis, lymph node metastasis, low histological differentiation, linitis plastica, adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction, and operation are the clinicopathological risk factors of gastric cancer with positive peritoneal cytology. Read More

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Clinical importance of carcinoembryonic antigen messenger RNA level in peritoneal lavage fluids measured by transcription-reverse transcription concerted reaction for advanced gastric cancer in laparoscopic surgery.

Surg Endosc 2021 May 17. Epub 2021 May 17.

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Osaka International Cancer Institute, 3-1-69 Otemae, Chuo-ku, Osaka, 541-8567, Japan.

Background: Transcription-reverse transcription concerted reaction (TRC) is recognized as a useful method for detecting free cancer cells in the peritoneal cavity and predicting peritoneal recurrence in patients with gastric cancer. Nonetheless, the clinical significance of TRC in laparoscopic surgery remains unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical importance of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) messenger RNA (mRNA) level in peritoneal lavage fluids measured by TRC in laparoscopic surgery for locally advanced gastric cancer. Read More

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EGCG Induces Pro-inflammatory Response in Macrophages to Prevent Bacterial Infection through the 67LR/p38/JNK Signaling Pathway.

J Agric Food Chem 2021 May 17;69(20):5638-5651. Epub 2021 May 17.

Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Infection and Immunity, Institutes of Biology and Medical Sciences, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123, Jiangsu, China.

Extensive studies focused on the therapeutic efficacy of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) against bacterial infection. However, little is known about its prophylactic efficacy against bacterial infection. Herein, we found that EGCG showed an effective prophylactic efficacy against bacterial infection with a broad spectrum, including Gram-negative, Gram-positive, and drug-resistant bacteria. Read More

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Standardised pomegranate peel extract lavage prevents postoperative peritoneal adhesion by regulating TGF-β and VEGF levels.

Inflammopharmacology 2021 May 15. Epub 2021 May 15.

Applied Biomedical Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Peritoneal adhesion represents a severe complication following surgery. Punica granatum (pomegranate) possesses several anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory properties. Pomegranate peel extract (PPEx) can alleviate the production of various inflammatory factors and cytokines. Read More

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Hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy in prevention of gastric cancer metachronous peritoneal metastases: a systematic review.

J Gastrointest Oncol 2021 Apr;12(Suppl 1):S5-S17

Gastroesophageal Pathology Department, N.N. Alexandrov National Cancer Center, Minsk, Belarus.

Gastric cancer progression resulting in metachronous peritoneal metastasizing is almost always associated with an adverse prognosis. This review discusses various options of preventing metachronous peritoneal metastases in radically operated gastric cancer patients. Also examined are different hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) regimens employed in gastric cancer treatment, postoperative morbidity and mortality rates and long-term treatment outcomes. Read More

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Intraperitoneal Barium From Gastrointestinal Perforations: Reassessment of the Prognosis and Long-Term Effects.

AJR Am J Roentgenol 2021 May 6:1-7. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Radiology, NorthShore University HealthSystem, Evanston, IL.

The purpose of this study was to reassess the outcome and potential consequences of intraperitoneal barium leakage during radiologic evaluation of the gastrointestinal tract. This retrospective study included 18 patients who had significant intraperitoneal leakage of barium from gastrointestinal perforations that were not suspected or diagnosed before the radiologic procedures. This complication occurred during a barium enema examination in nine patients, an upper gastrointestinal study in seven, and a small bowel series in two patients. Read More

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Plasma-Treated Solutions (PTS) in Cancer Therapy.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 Apr 6;13(7). Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Plasma Engineering and Medicine Institute, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA 23508, USA.

Cold physical plasma is a partially ionized gas generating various reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (ROS/RNS) simultaneously. ROS/RNS have therapeutic effects when applied to cells and tissues either directly from the plasma or via exposure to solutions that have been treated beforehand using plasma processes. This review addresses the challenges and opportunities of plasma-treated solutions (PTSs) for cancer treatment. Read More

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Sevoflurane Exerts Protective Effects in Murine Peritonitis-induced Sepsis via Hypoxia-inducible Factor 1α/Adenosine A2B Receptor Signaling.

Anesthesiology 2021 Apr 29. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Background: Sepsis is one of the leading causes of mortality in intensive care units, and sedation in the intensive care unit during sepsis is usually performed intravenously. The inhalative anesthetic sevoflurane has been shown to elicit protective effects in various inflammatory studies, but its role in peritonitis-induced sepsis remains elusive. The hypothesis was that sevoflurane controls the neutrophil infiltration by stabilization of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α and elevated adenosine A2B receptor expression. Read More

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Unusual segmental ischemia of the small bowel from cocaine abuse.

J Surg Case Rep 2021 Apr 14;2021(4):rjab074. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

General Surgery Unit, Sandro Pertini Hospital - ASL Roma 2, Roma, Italy.

Cocaine abuse is rising in the young population, triggering uncommon and potentially life-threatening causes of acute abdomen in this age group. The authors present the case of a 30-year-old man with emergency admission due to abdominal pain, with no history of drug abuse. Several signs and symptoms elicited toxicologic blood screening, which disclosed high serum levels of cocaine and its metabolites. Read More

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Intentional internal drainage tube method for nonlocalized persistent pancreatic leakage: a case report.

BMC Surg 2021 Apr 19;21(1):198. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Gastrointestinal and Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, 2-1-1, Amakubo, Tsukuba-shi, 305-8575, Ibaraki, Japan.

Background: Persistent pancreatic leakage (PL) due to disconnected pancreatic duct syndrome (DPDS) is associated with severe morbidity and mortality and it usually treated with internal drainage. However, in cases without localized fistula formation, internal drainage is challenging to perform. We report an original one-stage surgical approach for nonlocalized persistent PL, namely, the "intentional internal drainage tube method". Read More

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Standing laparoscopic abdominal lavage using a suction-irrigation device in 2 horses with primary suppurative peritonitis.

Can Vet J 2021 04;62(4):397-402

Department of Clinical Studies, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1.

The use of a laparoscopic suction-irrigation device in 2 standing horses for lavage of the abdomen for the treatment of primary suppurative peritonitis is reported. Two horses were presented with a 1- to 2-week history of weight loss. Abdominocentesis revealed highly elevated total nucleated cell count. Read More

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