275,769 results match your criteria Diabetic Ulcers

Ameliorating activity of polyphenolic-rich extracts of L. leaves on pancreatic β-cell dysfunction in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.

J Complement Integr Med 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Biochemistry, Phytomedicine, Natural Products, Drug and Biochemical Toxicology Group, Landmark University, Omu Aran, PMB 1001, Kwara State, Nigeria.

Objectives: To assess the ameliorative activity of polyphenolic-rich extracts of leaves on β-cell dysfunction in type-II diabetes (T2DM).

Methods: Total phenolic and flavonoid contents; α-amylase and α-glucosidase inhibitory actions and qualitative analysis of the bioactive compounds of the polyphenolic-rich extract of leaves were investigated using gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC-MS). Diabetes mellitus (DM) was induced by single intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (60 mg/kg body weight) and the rats were orally given bound phenolic (BPE) and free phenolic extracts (FPE) of (B. Read More

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Association Between Serum Irisin and Diabetic Nephropathy in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Meta-Analysis.

Horm Metab Res 2021 May 7;53(5):293-300. Epub 2021 May 7.

Division of Nephrology, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, China.

Irisin, an emerging adipokine, has been involved in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, previous studies evaluating the association between irisin and diabetic nephropathy (DN) showed inconsistent results. We performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the above association. Read More

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Surgical debridement, maggot therapy, negative pressure wound therapy, and silver foam dressing revive hope for patients with diabetic foot ulcer: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Apr 29;82:105931. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran. Electronic address:

Introduction And Importance: Diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs), as one of the most debilitating complications of diabetes, can lead to amputation. Treatment and management of d DFUs are among the most critical challenges for the patients and their families.

Case Presentation: The present case report is of a 63-year-old man with a 5-year history of uncontrolled type 2 diabetes who has had DFU for the past three years on three sites of the left external ankle in the form of two deep circular ulcers with sizes of 6 × 4 cm and 6 × 8 cm, the sole as a superficial ulcer with a size of 6 × 3 cm, and the left heel as a deep skin groove. Read More

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Melatonin prevents blood-retinal barrier breakdown and mitochondrial dysfunction in high glucose and hypoxia-induced in vitro diabetic macular edema model.

Toxicol In Vitro 2021 May 4:105191. Epub 2021 May 4.

Trakya University, Department of Medicinal Biology, Edirne, Turkey.

Diabetic macular edema (DME) is a leading cause of blindness in diabetic retinopathy. Prolonged hyperglycemia plus hypoxia contributes to DME pathogenesis. Retinal pigmented epithelial cells comprise the outer blood-retinal barrier and are essential for maintaining physiological functioning of the retina. Read More

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Fermentation transforms the phenolic profiles and bioactivities of plant-based foods.

Biotechnol Adv 2021 May 4:107763. Epub 2021 May 4.

School of Agriculture and Food, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC 3010, Australia. Electronic address:

Phenolics are a group of compounds derived from plants that have displayed potent biological activities and health-promoting effects. Fermentation is one of the most conventional but still prevalent bioprocessing methods in the food industry, with the potential to increase phenolic content and enhance its nutritive value. This review details the biotransformation of different classes of phenolics (hydroxycinnamic and hydroxybenzoic acids, flavonoids, tannins, stilbenoids, lignans, alkylresorcinols) by various microorganisms (lactic acid bacteria, yeast, filamentous fungi) throughout the fermentation process in plant-based foods. Read More

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Metformin protects against neuroinflammation through integrated mechanisms of miR-141 and the NF-ĸB-mediated inflammasome pathway in a diabetic mouse model.

Eur J Pharmacol 2021 May 4:174146. Epub 2021 May 4.

Discipline of Medical Biochemistry, School of Laboratory Medicine and Medical Sciences, College of Health Science, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Electronic address:

The brain responds to diabetic stress by inducing the inflammatory response. Under normal circumstances this process is tightly regulated. However, uncontrolled inflammatory responses lead to compromised function and eventual neurodegeneration. Read More

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DBPR108, a novel dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor with antihyperglycemic activity.

Life Sci 2021 May 4:119574. Epub 2021 May 4.

Institute of Biotechnology and Pharmaceutical Research, National Health Research Institutes, Miaoli, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Aims: Dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4) is a valid molecular drug target from which its inhibitors have been developed as medicines for treating diabetes. The present study evaluated a new synthetic DPP-4-specific inhibitor of small molecule DBPR108 for pharmacology and pharmacokinetic profiles.

Main Methods: DBPR108 of various doses was orally administered to rats, diabetic mice, and dogs and the systemic circulating DPP-4 activities in the animals were measured to demonstrate the pharmacological mechanisms of action via DPP-4 inhibition. Read More

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Am J Med Sci 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Division of Cardiology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Jacksonville, FL. Electronic address:

Background: This study aimed to assess sex and racial differences related to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels in those presenting with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) .

Methods: Records from patients with ACS presenting to the Emergency Department of University of Florida Hospital Jacksonville from 2009-2012, were reviewed. Detailed medical history was obtained. Read More

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Robust Collaborative Learning of Patch-Level and Image-Level Annotations for Diabetic Retinopathy Grading From Fundus Image.

IEEE Trans Cybern 2021 May 7;PP. Epub 2021 May 7.

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) grading from fundus images has attracted increasing interest in both academic and industrial communities. Most convolutional neural network-based algorithms treat DR grading as a classification task via image-level annotations. However, these algorithms have not fully explored the valuable information in the DR-related lesions. Read More

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Assessment of Inflammation Biomarkers in Diabetic Macular Edema Treated with Intravitreal Dexamethasone Implant.

J Ocul Pharmacol Ther 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Ophthalmology, Dicle University School of Medicine, Diyarbakır, Turkey.

To evaluate inflammation biomarkers in diabetic macular edema (DME) treated with intravitreal dexamethasone implant (Ozurdex). This retrospective single-center study investigated 64 eyes of 64 patients with DME who were nonresponsive to prior antivascular endothelial growth factor and treated with intravitreal Ozurdex. The neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), monocyte/lymphocyte ratio (MLR), and platelet/lymphocyte ratio were calculated. Read More

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SGLT-2 Inhibitors in Heart Failure: Guide for Prescribing and Future Perspectives.

Curr Cardiol Rep 2021 May 7;23(6):59. Epub 2021 May 7.

Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes, Dept. of Internal Medicine, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Heart failure is responsible for a significant part of diabetes-associated cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors are novel agents approved for the treatment of diabetes mellitus; in recent clinical trials, these agents have shown a significant reduction in cardiovascular death and hospitalization secondary to heart failure.

Recent Findings: Clinical trials with specific heart failure outcomes have shown the benefit of SGLT-2 inhibitors in reducing the mortality and morbidity associated with heart failure. Read More

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Effect of gestational age at birth, sex, and race on foveal structure in children.

Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Biological and Vision Sciences, State University of New York College of Optometry, New York, NY, USA.

Purpose: Premature birth, race, and sex are contributing risk factors for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and have long-term impact on children's retinal structure. Few studies investigate impact of race and sex on macular structure in children born preterm. This study compared foveal structure in preterm and full-term children. Read More

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The catabolic triad: case report of fasting, major cardiac surgery and sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitors leading to perioperative euglycaemic ketoacidosis.

Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Blackrock Clinic, Dublin, Ireland.

Sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) are novel oral hypoglycaemic agents. For patients with diabetes mellitus, without a prior history of myocardial infarction or atherosclerotic disease, SGLT2i have been shown to reduce incident heart failure and worsening renal function. SGLT2i therapy is increasing among patients presenting for cardiac surgery. Read More

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Antidiabetic activities of glycoprotein from pea ( L.) in STZ-induced diabetic mice.

Food Funct 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

College of Engineering/National R&D Center for Chinese Herbal Medicine Processing, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, 211198, China.

Polysaccharides have hypoglycemic activity and pea protein has high nutritional value. The purified pea glycoprotein PGP2 has been shown to inhibit the activity of α-glucosidase and α-amylase in previous studies. To study the mechanism of PGP2-induced blood glucose lowering in vivo, this paper established a diabetic mouse model by intraperitoneal injection of STZ and high-fat diet, and evaluated the blood-glucose-lowering activity of the pea component PGP2 at different doses. Read More

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Cross-Cultural Adaptation and Reliability Testing of Arabic Versions of Several Diabetic Foot Psychosocial Scales.

Int J Low Extrem Wounds 2021 May 7:15347346211016699. Epub 2021 May 7.

1969Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

The main aims of this study were cross-cultural adaptation and reliability testing of an Arabic version of Foot Care Confidence Scale (FCCS), Foot Care Outcomes Expectations Scale (FCOES), Patient Interpretation of Neuropathy Scales (PINS), Neuropathy-specific Quality of Life Scales (NQOLS), and offloading-related Visual Analog Scales (VAS). Two phases of translation and reliability testing were conducted in Jordan. Phase 1 included 2 forward and backward translations with 2 panel consensuses (translators, clinicians, and experts). Read More

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Stage 0 Charcot Neuroarthropathy in the Diabetic Foot: An Emerging Narrow Window of Opportunity?

Int J Low Extrem Wounds 2021 May 7:15347346211011844. Epub 2021 May 7.

8948King's College Hospital, London, UK.

In a world where popular culture and concepts can become the norm without all the rigors of normal scrutiny, our attention is focused on identifying Charcot neuroarthropathy (CN) at a stage before radiological bone destruction occurs. The rationale is that early recognition can prevent a destructive chain of events and thus potentially reduce the burden to patients and health care providers. In this article, we describe the evolution of stage 0 CN, and the use of modern imaging in characterizing the abnormalities recognized by these modalities and how they aid our understanding and supplement our knowledge. Read More

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A pharmacological perspective of banana: implications relating to therapeutic benefits and molecular docking.

Food Funct 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Institute of Advanced Study in Science and Technology, Vigyan Path, Paschim Boragaon, Guwahati-781035, Assam, India. and Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Banana is one of the most nutritious fruits, as it is rich in carbohydrates, proteins, fatty acids, and minerals. Banana has been used in traditional medicines for managing coughs and colds, ulcers, burns, and diarrhea. Banana contains various bioactive compounds, such as alkaloids, phenols, flavonoids, tannins, and saponins, with reported therapeutic benefits, including antioxidant, anti-diabetic, anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, and anti-microbial activities. Read More

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Status epilepticus and diabetes ketoacidosis: uncommon clinical presentations of acromegaly.

Endocrinol Diabetes Metab Case Rep 2021 Apr 1;2021. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Internal Medicine, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre, Moshi, Tanzania.

Summary: Acromegaly is a rare disease caused by hypersecretion of the growth hormone (GH). Most cases are caused by either pituitary microadenoma or macroadenoma. The GH producing tumors present with clinical manifestations of acromegaly due to excessive GH secretion or symptoms resulting from mass effects of the enlarging tumor. Read More

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Different types of macular telangiectasia in two eyes of a patient.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2021 May 7:11206721211016314. Epub 2021 May 7.

University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Medical Retina and Vitreoretinal Surgery, Pittsburg, PA, USA.

Purpose: To report a case of macular telangiectasia (MacTel) showing the features of type 3 disease in one eye and type 2 disease in the other eye.

Methods: Descriptive case report.

Case Description: A 50-year-old well-controlled diabetic man presented with complaints of distorted vision in the right eye for the past 1 year. Read More

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Saffron improves life and sleep quality, glycemic status, lipid profile and liver function in diabetic patients: A double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 May 7:e14334. Epub 2021 May 7.

Nutrition Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Background: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a metabolic disorder that is related to hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, and liver dysfunction and has detrimental effects on a patient's mental health. Hence, the current study investigated the effects of saffron supplementation on dietary intake, anthropometric measures, mood, sleep quality, and metabolic biomarkers in overweight/obese patients with T2D.

Methods: In a double-blind, randomized controlled trial, 70 overweight/obese patients with T2D were randomly allocated to two groups and received 100 mg/day saffron or placebo for eight weeks. Read More

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A case report: adenosine triggered myocardial infarction during myocardial perfusion stress test imaging in a diabetic patient.

Eur Heart J Case Rep 2021 Apr 30;5(4):ytab133. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Cardiology, Amphia Hospital, Breda, Amphia Ziekenhuis, Molengracht 21, 4818 CK, Breda, The Netherlands.

Background: Myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) using single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) can in general be used safely in daily clinical practice. However, under the right circumstances, it can lead to serious complications.

Case Summary: A 68-year-old female patient with diabetes and a history of inferior ST-elevation myocardial infarction 8 years earlier, visited our outpatient clinic with atypical chest discomfort. Read More

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Bilobalide Enhances AMPK Activity to Improve Liver Injury and Metabolic Disorders in STZ-Induced Diabetes in Immature Rats via Regulating HMGB1/TLR4/NF-B Signaling Pathway.

Biomed Res Int 2021 17;2021:8835408. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Pediatrics, Xiangyang Central Hospital, Affiliated Hospital of Hubei University of Arts and Science, Xiangyang, 441021 Hubei Province, China.

This study was aimed at examining the effect and underlying mechanisms of bilobalide (BB) on hepatic injury in streptozotocin- (STZ-) induced diabetes mellitus (DM) in immature rats. Immature rats (one day old) were randomly divided into five groups: group I, control nondiabetic rats; group II, STZ-induced, untreated diabetic rats; groups III/IV/V, STZ-induced and BB-treated diabetic rats, which were intraperitoneally injected with BB (2.5 mg/kg, 5 mg/kg, or 10 mg/kg) after 3 days followed by STZ treatment. Read More

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The Role of Non-coding RNAs in Diabetic Nephropathy-Related Oxidative Stress.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2021 20;8:626423. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Pathology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China.

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the main complications of diabetes and the main cause of diabetic end-stage renal disease, which is often fatal. DN is usually characterized by progressive renal interstitial fibrosis, which is closely related to the excessive accumulation of extracellular matrix and oxidative stress. Non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) are RNA molecules expressed in eukaryotic cells that are not translated into proteins. Read More

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Recurrent Concurrent Diabetic Ketoacidosis and Thyroid Storm.

Cureus 2021 Apr 3;13(4):e14273. Epub 2021 Apr 3.

Pediatric Endocrinology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, USA.

Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and thyroid storm are serious complications of underlying disease states. Either condition can induce the other, and the co-occurrence of these conditions is uncommon. We present the case of an adolescent patient with type 1 diabetes and autoimmune hypothyroidism who developed recurrent concurrent DKA and thyroid storm twice in an eight-month period. Read More

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Recombinant fusion protein by lysozyme and antibacterial peptide enhances ischemic wound healing via angiogenesis and reduction of inflammation in diabetic mice.

PeerJ 2021 16;9:e11256. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Pathophysiology, School of Basic Medicine, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu, Anhui, China.

Background & Aims: Lysozyme and antibacterial peptides have been reported to broad-spectrum antibacterial activity and can further improve wound healing. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a recombinant fusion protein created by combining lysozyme and an antibacterial peptide in forming new vessels and wound healing in an ischemic hind limb.

Methods: An ischemic hind limb model was established by isolation and ligation of the femoral artery in diabetic mice. Read More

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Ketogenic Diet Suppressed T-Regulatory Cells and Promoted Cardiac Fibrosis via Reducing Mitochondria-Associated Membranes and Inhibiting Mitochondrial Function.

Oxid Med Cell Longev 2021 19;2021:5512322. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Cardiovascular surgery, Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

Ketogenic diet (KD) is popular in diabetic patients but its cardiac safety and efficiency on the heart are unknown. The aim of the present study is to determine the effects and the underlined mechanisms of KD on cardiac function in diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM). We used db/db mice to model DCM, and different diets (regular or KD) were used. Read More

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Efficacy and Safety of Tripterygium Glycoside in the Treatment of Diabetic Nephropathy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Based on the Duration of Medication.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 20;12:656621. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

School of Life and Science, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, China.

Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the clinical efficacy and safety of Tripterygium-derived glycosides (TG) after 3-month and 6-month of treatments of diabetic nephropathy (DN) and to resolve the conflict between medicine guidance and clinical practice for TG application.

Methods: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials involving TG application in treating DN. We extensively searched PubMed, Cochrane Library, CNKI, VIP, Wan-Fang, CBM, Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, and WHO International Clinical Trial Registration Platform till November 2020, along with grey literature for diabetes and all other relevant publications to gather eligible studies. Read More

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Development of Vasoinhibin-Specific Monoclonal Antibodies.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 20;12:645085. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Institute for Clinical Chemistry, Laboratory Medicine and Transfusion Medicine, Nuremberg General Hospital & Paracelsus Medical University, Nuremberg, Germany.

Vasoinhibin is a protein hormone with antiangiogenic, antivasodilatatory, and antivasopermeability effects generated by the proteolytic cleavage of prolactin. The discovery of its role in diabetic retinopathy and peripartum cardiomyopathy led to the evaluation of new pharmacological treatments in clinical interventional trials. However, the quantitative evaluation of vasoinhibin in biological samples from patients has not been possible due to the lack of vasoinhibin-specific antibodies. Read More

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