36,902 results match your criteria Diabetic Nephropathy


Circular RNA circ_0000712 regulates high glucose-induced apoptosis, inflammation, oxidative stress, and fibrosis in (DN) by targeting the miR-879-5p/SOX6 axis.

Endocr J 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Endocrinology, Affliated Dongfeng Hospital, Hubei University of Medicine, Shiyan, 442008, Hubei, P.R.China.

Diabetic nephropathy (DN), a frequent diabetes complication, has complex pathogenesis. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) circ_0000712 has been reported to be upregulated in kidney tissues and high glucose (HG)-inducted Mesangial cells (MCs). This study is designed to explore the role and mechanism of circ_0000712 in the HG-inducted MCs injury in DN. Read More

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[A Case of Liver Metastasis of Colorectal Cancer in a Hemodialysis Patient, Underwent Liver Resection and Chemotherapy after Colorectal Resection].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2021 Apr;48(4):552-554

Dept. of Surgery, Ako City Hospital.

A 60 years old man has undergone hemodialysis due to chronic renal failure by diabetic nephropathy. A sigmoid colon cancer and multiple liver metastases(S2, S6)were found, and he had laparoscopic sigmoid colon resection first, it was local resection. The stage was pT3N2aH1, stage Ⅳ, and histopathological examination revealed that the tumor was well‒differentiated adenocarcinoma and RAS, BRAF mutation was negative. Read More

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Regulatory T cells in diabetes mellitus.

Hum Gene Ther 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Shandong University Qilu Hospital, 91623, wenhua xi road, Jinan, China, 250012;

Immune system dysfunction causes dysregulation of immune homeostasis, which in turn leads to autoimmune diseases. Regulatory T cells (Tregs) are a specialized T-cell subpopulation that maintain peripheral tolerance and immune homeostasis. Diabetic patients are at an increased risk of developing cardiovascular diseases; thus, in terms of coronary risk, diabetes mellitus (DM) is considered coronary heart disease equivalent. Read More

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Presumed cytomegalovirus retinitis late after kidney transplant.

J Bras Nefrol 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Hospital do Rim, Departamento de Nefrologia, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis is a rare manifestation of CMV invasive disease and potentially threatening to vision in immunocompromised individuals. Clinical suspicion is fundamental since it is an unusual entity with a progressive and often asymptomatic installation over a long period. The authors report a 70-year-old man with diabetic nephropathy who underwent a kidney transplant (KT) in August 2014 with good clinical evolution. Read More

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Cardio- and reno-protective effects of dipeptidyl peptidase III in diabetic mice.

J Biol Chem 2021 May 7:100761. Epub 2021 May 7.

Division of Molecular Medical Biochemistry, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Shiga University of Medical Science, Otsu, Japan. Electronic address:

Diabetes mellitus (DM) causes injury to tissues and organs, including to the heart and kidney, resulting in increased morbidity and mortality. Thus, novel potential therapeutics are continuously required to minimize DM-related organ damage. We have previously shown that dipeptidyl peptidase III (DPPIII) has beneficial roles in a hypertensive mouse model, but it is unknown whether DPPIII has any effects on DM. Read More

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Clinical and pathological analysis of renal biopsies of elderly patients in Northeast China: a single-center study.

Ren Fail 2021 Dec;43(1):851-859

The Department of Nephropathy, The Second Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, China.

Purpose: To identify the clinical characteristics, histopathological features, and prognosis of kidney disease in a large cohort of elderly patients from Northeast China.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the renal disease spectrum in 7,122 patients who underwent renal biopsies at the Second Hospital of Jilin University from 2006 to 2020. Patients were grouped according to age: below 60 years (non-elderly group,  = 5923) and at least 60 years (elderly group,  = 1199). Read More

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December 2021

Innate Immunity in Diabetic Wound Healing: Focus on the Mastermind Hidden in Chronic Inflammatory.

Front Pharmacol 2021 21;12:653940. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Faculty of Chinese Medicine, Macau University of Science and Technology, Avenida Wai Long, Taipa, China.

A growing body of evidence suggests that the interaction between immune and metabolic responses is essential for maintaining tissue and organ homeostasis. These interacting disorders contribute to the development of chronic diseases associated with immune-aging such as diabetes, obesity, atherosclerosis, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. In Diabetic wound (DW), innate immune cells respond to the Pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMAs) and/or Damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs), changes from resting to an active phenotype, and play an important role in the triggering and maintenance of inflammation. Read More

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Association between serum bilirubin levels and progression of albuminuria in Taiwanese with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Biomed J 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou, Taoyuan, Taiwan; College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Background: To investigate the association between serum bilirubin (BIL) levels and the progression of albuminuria in type 2 diabetic Taiwanese.

Methods: Longitudinal data from January 2001 to June 2015 were retrospectively reviewed from Chang Gung Memorial Hospital in Taiwan. A total of 2877 type 2 diabetic patients with normal total BIL levels were divided into 4 groups according to BIL, with the highest BIL in the fourth group. Read More

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Remnant cholesterol predicts progression of diabetic nephropathy and retinopathy in type 1 diabetes.

J Intern Med 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

From the, Folkhälsan Institute of Genetics, Folkhälsan Research Center, Helsinki, Finland.

Background: We aimed to assess whether remnant cholesterol concentration and variability predict the progression of diabetic nephropathy (DN) and severe diabetic retinopathy (SDR) in type 1 diabetes.

Methods: This observational prospective study covered 5150 FinnDiane Study participants. Remnant cholesterol was calculated as total cholesterol - LDL cholesterol - HDL cholesterol and variability as the coefficient of variation. Read More

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Carbon monoxide alleviates senescence in diabetic nephropathy by improving autophagy.

Cell Prolif 2021 May 7:e13052. Epub 2021 May 7.

Hubei Key Laboratory of Food Nutrition and Safety, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Environment and Health and MOE Key Laboratory of Environment and Health, Key Laboratory of Environment and Health (Wuhan), Ministry of Environmental Protection, State Key Laboratory of Environment Health (Incubation), Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Objectives: Senescence, characterized by permanent cycle arrest, plays an important role in diabetic nephropathy (DN). However, the mechanism of renal senescence is still unclear, and the treatment targeting it remains to be further explored.

Materials And Methods: The DN mice were induced by HFD and STZ, and 3 types of renal cells were treated with high glucose (HG) to establish in vitro model. Read More

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Association Between Serum Irisin and Diabetic Nephropathy in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Meta-Analysis.

Horm Metab Res 2021 May 7;53(5):293-300. Epub 2021 May 7.

Division of Nephrology, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, China.

Irisin, an emerging adipokine, has been involved in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, previous studies evaluating the association between irisin and diabetic nephropathy (DN) showed inconsistent results. We performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the above association. Read More

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The Role of Non-coding RNAs in Diabetic Nephropathy-Related Oxidative Stress.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2021 20;8:626423. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Pathology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China.

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the main complications of diabetes and the main cause of diabetic end-stage renal disease, which is often fatal. DN is usually characterized by progressive renal interstitial fibrosis, which is closely related to the excessive accumulation of extracellular matrix and oxidative stress. Non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) are RNA molecules expressed in eukaryotic cells that are not translated into proteins. Read More

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Efficacy and Safety of Tripterygium Glycoside in the Treatment of Diabetic Nephropathy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Based on the Duration of Medication.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 20;12:656621. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

School of Life and Science, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, China.

Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the clinical efficacy and safety of Tripterygium-derived glycosides (TG) after 3-month and 6-month of treatments of diabetic nephropathy (DN) and to resolve the conflict between medicine guidance and clinical practice for TG application.

Methods: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials involving TG application in treating DN. We extensively searched PubMed, Cochrane Library, CNKI, VIP, Wan-Fang, CBM, Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, and WHO International Clinical Trial Registration Platform till November 2020, along with grey literature for diabetes and all other relevant publications to gather eligible studies. Read More

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The Effects of M1/M2 Macrophages on the mRNA Expression Profile of Diabetic Glomerular Endothelial Cells.

Nephron 2021 May 6:1-11. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Nephrology, the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha, China.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to explore the effects of M1/M2 macrophages on the mRNA expression profile of glomerular endothelial cells (GECs) treated with advanced glycosylation end products (AGEs).

Methods: We cocultured M1/M2 macrophages and GECs treated with AGEs. The mRNA expression profile was detected by transcriptome sequencing. Read More

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Faster lipid β-oxidation rate by acetyl-CoA carboxylase 2 inhibition alleviates high-glucose-induced insulin resistance via SIRT1/PGC-1α in human podocytes.

J Biochem Mol Toxicol 2021 May 6:e22797. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Nephrology, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, China.

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is becoming a research hotspot in recent years because the prevalence is high and the prognosis is poor. Lipid accumulation in podocytes induced by hyperglycemia has been shown to be a driving mechanism underlying the development of DN. However, the mechanism of lipotoxicity remains unclear. Read More

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Rapamycin protects against aristolochic acid nephropathy in mice by potentiating mammalian target of rapamycin‑mediated autophagy.

Mol Med Rep 2021 Jul 6;24(1). Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Nephrology, Qilu Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong 250015, P.R. China.

Autophagy serves a crucial role in the etiology of kidney diseases, including drug‑induced renal impairment, inherited kidney disease, diabetic nephropathy and aristolochic acid nephropathy (AAN) and is, therefore, a potential target for treatment. We previously demonstrated that rapamycin could attenuate AAN in mice; however, the underlying mechanism remains to be elucidated. Therefore, whether the renal protective effect of rapamycin (an autophagy activator) is related to autophagy in aristolochic acid (AA)‑treated mice was of particular interest. Read More

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Forsythoside A Alleviates High Glucose-Induced Oxidative Stress and Inflammation in Podocytes by Inactivating MAPK Signaling via MMP12 Inhibition.

Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes 2021 28;14:1885-1895. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Clinical Research Center for Medical Sciences, IMMU, Chifeng University School of Basic Medical Sciences, Chifeng, Inner Mongolia, 024000, People's Republic of China.

Background: Podocyte injury serves an important role during the progression of diabetic nephropathy (DN). The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of forsythoside A (FA) on high glucose (HG)-induced podocyte injury and to identify the possible mechanisms.

Methods: MPC-5 podocytes were cultured under HG conditions. Read More

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Microvascular Disease and Risk of Cardiovascular Events and Death From Intensive Treatment in Type 2 Diabetes: The ACCORDION Study.

Mayo Clin Proc 2021 May 2. Epub 2021 May 2.

Diabetes Research Centre, Leicester Diabetes Centre, Leicester General Hospital, United Kingdom; Leicester Real World Evidence Unit, Leicester Diabetes Centre, Leicester General Hospital, United Kingdom.

Objective: To assess whether the presence of microvascular complications modifies the effect of intensive glucose reduction on long-term outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Patients And Methods: Using ACCORD and ACCORDION study data, we investigated the risk of the primary outcome (nonfatal myocardial infarction, nonfatal stroke, or cardiovascular death) or death in relation to the prerandomization type and extent of microvascular complications. Interaction terms were fitted in survival models to estimate the risk of both outcomes across levels of an overall microvascular disease score (range 0 to 100) and its individual components: diabetic nephropathy, retinopathy, and neuropathy. Read More

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KIM-1 mediates fatty acid uptake by renal tubular cells to promote progressive diabetic kidney disease.

Cell Metab 2021 May;33(5):1042-1061.e7

Division of Renal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. Electronic address:

Tubulointerstitial abnormalities are predictive of the progression of diabetic kidney disease (DKD), and their targeting may be an effective means for prevention. Proximal tubular (PT) expression of kidney injury molecule (KIM)-1, as well as blood and urinary levels, are increased early in human diabetes and can predict the rate of disease progression. Here, we report that KIM-1 mediates PT uptake of palmitic acid (PA)-bound albumin, leading to enhanced tubule injury with DNA damage, PT cell-cycle arrest, interstitial inflammation and fibrosis, and secondary glomerulosclerosis. Read More

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Effect of empagliflozin on cardiorenal outcomes and mortality according to body-mass index: A subgroup analysis of the EMPA-REG OUTCOME trial with a focus on Asia.

Diabetes Obes Metab 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Boehringer Ingelheim Norway KS, Asker, Norway.

We investigated whether the cardiorenal benefits of the sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitor empagliflozin were affected by body mass index (BMI) in the EMPA-REG OUTCOME trial in type 2 diabetes patients with established cardiovascular disease, which included Asians. In this exploratory analysis, we used Cox regression to evaluate the effects of empagliflozin on all-cause mortality, hospitalization for heart failure (HHF) or CV death, and incident or worsening nephropathy by baseline BMI category. Of the 7020 participants (1517 Asians [21. Read More

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Bilirubin is inversely related to diabetic peripheral neuropathy assessed by sural nerve conduction study.

J Diabetes Investig 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Fukuoka City Health Promotion Support Center, 2-5-1 Maizuru, Chuo-ku, Fukuoka, 810-0073, Japan.

Aims/introduction: Diagnosis of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) depends on subjective findings, disturbing certain investigations for DPN risks. Bilirubin protects against vascular complications by reducing oxidative stress in diabetes, but not fully tested for DPN. This study aimed to evaluate sural nerve conduction impairments (SNCI) as an objective DPN marker and the contribution of bilirubin to SNCI. Read More

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Krϋppel-like factor 15 suppresses renal glomerular mesangial cell proliferation via enhancing P53 SUMO1 conjugation.

J Cell Mol Med 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Nephrology, First Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital, Nephrology Institute of the Chinese People's Liberation Army, State Key Laboratory of Kidney Diseases, National Clinical Research Center for Kidney Diseases, Beijing Key Laboratory of Kidney Diseases, Chinese PLA Institute of Nephrology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, China.

Mesangial cell (MC) proliferation is a key pathological feature in a number of common human renal diseases, including mesangial proliferative nephritis and diabetic nephropathies. Knowledge of MC responses to pathological stimuli is crucial to the understanding of these disease processes. We previously determined that Krϋppel-like factor 15 (KLF15), a kidney-enriched zinc-finger transcription factor, was required for inhibition of MC proliferation. Read More

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Transcriptional Suppression of Diabetic Nephropathy with Novel Gene Silencer Pyrrole-Imidazole Polyamides Preventing USF1 Binding to the TGF-β1 Promoter.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Apr 29;22(9). Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Division of Nephrology, Hypertension and Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, Nihon University School of Medicine, Ooyaguchi-kami 30-1, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo 173-8610, Japan.

Upstream stimulatory factor 1 (USF1) is a transcription factor that is increased in high-glucose conditions and activates the transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 promoter. We examined the effects of synthetic pyrrole-imidazole (PI) polyamides in preventing USF1 binding on the TGF-β1 promoter in Wistar rats in which diabetic nephropathy was established by intravenous administration of streptozotocin (STZ). High glucose induced nuclear localization of USF1 in cultured mesangial cells (MCs). Read More

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Impact of Isolated High Home Systolic Blood Pressure and Diabetic Nephropathy in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A 5-Year Prospective Cohort Study.

J Clin Med 2021 Apr 29;10(9). Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto 602-8566, Japan.

Background: A previous 2-year cohort study has shown that isolated high home systolic blood pressure (IH-HSBP) may increase the risk of diabetic nephropathy, using normal HBP as a reference. However, this association has not been previously assessed in the medium to long term.

Methods: This prospective 5-year cohort study of 424 patients, with normal or mildly increased albuminuria, investigated the effect of IH-HSBP on the risk of diabetic nephropathy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Read More

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Vitamin D protects glomerular mesangial cells from high glucose-induced injury by repressing JAK/STAT signaling.

Int Urol Nephrol 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Nephrology and Laboratory of Kidney Disease, Changsha Clinical Research Center for Kidney DiseaseHunan Clinical Research Center for Chronic Kidney Disease, Hunan Provincial People's Hospital, Hunan Normal University, 61#, Jiefang West Road, Changsha, 410005, Hunan Province, People's Republic of China.

Aim: High glucose (HG) induces the production of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β and reactive oxygen species, which further activates JAK/STAT signaling and promotes the synthesis of matrix proteins, contributes to the pathophysiological processes of diabetic nephropathy. This study aims to investigate the protection role of vitamin D (VD) in the kidney in high glucose condition.

Methods: Rat glomerular mesangial cells were cultured in high glucose medium, with or without VD or VD receptor (VDR) siRNAs treatment. Read More

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Lack of association of HFE gene polymorphism with high body iron status in Pakistani patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

J Pak Med Assoc 2021 Feb;71(2(B)):608-613

Department of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan.

Objective: The Aim of this study was to investigate the relationship of 3 common polymorphisms in the HFE gene (C282Y, H63D and S65C) with high body iron status in a population of Pakistani subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and to explore if there is any novel mutation in HFE gene in a sample of Pakistani subjects with type 2 DM.

Methods: In a case-control design, 200 healthy controls and 200 consecutive adult subjects with type 2 DM (both gender; age range of 30-70 years) were enrolled with informed consent. Their serum samples were analyzed for body iron status (ratio of concentration of soluble transferrin receptor to ferritin concentration). Read More

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February 2021

The 100 top-cited articles in diabetic kidney disease: a bibliometric analysis.

Ren Fail 2021 Dec;43(1):781-795

Department of Nephrology, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China.

Background: Tremendous scientific researches have been conducted in the field of diabetic kidney disease (DKD), while few bibliometric analyses have been performed. We aim to identify 100 top-cited published articles about DKD and analyze their main characteristics quantitatively.

Methods: Web of Science was searched with the term 'diabetic kidney disease' OR 'diabetic nephropathy' to identify the top 100 most cited articles. Read More

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December 2021

DUSP1 overexpression attenuates renal tubular mitochondrial dysfunction by restoring Parkin-mediated mitophagy in diabetic nephropathy.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2021 Apr 30;559:141-147. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Nephrology, Xuhui District Central Hospital of Shanghai, Shanghai, 200003, China. Electronic address:

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the primary cause of end-stage renal disease, and renal tubular cell dysfunction contributes to the pathogenesis of many kidney diseases. Our previous study demonstrated that dual-specificity protein phosphatase 1 (DUSP1) reduced hyperglycemia-mediated mitochondrial damage; however, its role in hyperglycemia-driven dysfunction of tubular cells is still not fully understood. In this study, we found that DUSP1 is reduced in human proximal tubular epithelial (HK-2) cells under high-glucose conditions. Read More

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