31,521 results match your criteria Diabetes Mellitus and Pregnancy

Sex Hormone-Binding Globulin Level Enhances Prediction of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus in a Sub-Saharan African Population.

West Afr J Med 2022 Jun;39(6):580-587

Department of Chemical Pathology, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria.

Background: The burden of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) in the Sub-Saharan African region has been on the rise despite increased diagnosis and treatment. Current risk factor-based prediction approaches in the region lack strong predictive value, hence the need for effective early prediction and preventive interventions.

Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic improvement in prediction of GDM by the addition of Sex Hormone-Binding Globulin (SHBG) assay to current approaches which assess early pregnancy maternal clinical risk factors in the study population. Read More

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Co-creating with families and healthcare professionals: shaping a context-sensitive health promotion intervention 'Face-it'.

Health Promot Int 2022 Jun;37(Supplement_2):ii60-ii72

Health Promotion Research, Steno Diabetes Center Copenhagen, Borgmester Ib Juuls Vej 83, 2730 Herlev, Denmark.

Participatory methodologies have become imperative when developing health promotion programmes. However, the concrete adoption of co-creation and its implications for intervention development are less reported. This article aims to convey how fidelity and adaptation were balanced in a structured intervention design by co-creating intervention components with various stakeholders. Read More

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Maternal AA/EPA Ratio and Triglycerides as Potential Biomarkers of Patients at Major Risk for Pharmacological Therapy in Gestational Diabetes.

Nutrients 2022 Jun 16;14(12). Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Obstetrics Unit, Department of Woman Child and Newborn, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda, Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, 20122 Milan, Italy.

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GD) is characterized by glycemic and lipid metabolism alterations in an environment of low-grade inflammation. Our trial aimed to assess the effect of nutraceutical supplements (omega-3 fatty acids, anthocyanins, and alpha-cyclodextrins) in GD patients and evaluate the role of anthropometric, metabolic, and inflammatory parameters as biomarkers to identify subjects who require pharmacological hypoglycemic treatment during gestation. Pregnant women with GD at 24-28 weeks of gestation were enrolled in a double-blind trial and randomized to receive either nutraceutical supplements or a placebo for 12 weeks. Read More

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Role of Beta Cell Function and Insulin Resistance in the Development of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus.

Nutrients 2022 Jun 13;14(12). Epub 2022 Jun 13.

School for Oncology and Developmental Biology (GROW), Maastricht University, 6229 ER Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Background: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a pregnancy complication characterized by second trimester hyperglycemia. Untreated, GDM is related to an increased risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes. Both beta cell dysfunction and insulin resistance underlie impaired glucose tolerance. Read More

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Prevention of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus and Gestational Weight Gain Restriction in Overweight/Obese Pregnant Women: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-Analysis.

Nutrients 2022 Jun 9;14(12). Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Key Laboratory of Reproductive Genetics (Ministry of Education), Department of Reproductive Endocrinology, Women's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou 310006, China.

Background: Overweight/obesity is associated with pregnancy-related disorders, such as gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and excessive gestational weight gain (GWG). Although multiple interventions have been proposed to prevent GDM and restrict GWG, our knowledge of their comparative efficacy is limited.

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness and identify the optimal intervention strategy to prevent GDM and restrict GWG among overweight/obese pregnant women. Read More

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Serine Hydrolases in Lipid Homeostasis of the Placenta-Targets for Placental Function?

Int J Mol Sci 2022 Jun 20;23(12). Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of Graz, 8036 Graz, Austria.

The metabolic state of pregnant women and their unborn children changes throughout pregnancy and adapts to the specific needs of each gestational week. These adaptions are accomplished by the actions of enzymes, which regulate the occurrence of their endogenous substrates and products in all three compartments: mother, placenta and the unborn. These enzymes determine bioactive lipid signaling, supply, and storage through the generation or degradation of lipids and fatty acids, respectively. Read More

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The Role of Kisspeptin in the Pathogenesis of Pregnancy Complications: A Narrative Review.

Int J Mol Sci 2022 Jun 14;23(12). Epub 2022 Jun 14.

Department of Obstetrics and Perinatology, Medical University of Lublin, Jaczewskiego 8, 20-090 Lublin, Poland.

Kisspeptins are the family of neuropeptide products of the gene that exert the biological action by binding with the G-protein coupled receptor 54 (GPR54), also known as the KISS-1 receptor. The kisspeptin level dramatically increases during pregnancy, and the placenta is supposed to be its primary source. The role of kisspeptin has already been widely studied in hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, fertility, puberty disorders, and insulin resistance-related conditions, including type 2 diabetes mellitus, polycystic ovary syndrome, and obesity. Read More

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Transient Polyhydramnios during Pregnancy Complicated with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: Case Report and Systematic Review.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2022 May 28;12(6). Epub 2022 May 28.

Doctoral School, Faculty of Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, 200349 Craiova, Romania.

Polyhydramnios is an obstetrical condition defined as a pathological increase in the amniotic fluid and is associated with a high risk of maternal-fetal complications. Common causes of polyhydramnios include fetal anatomical and genetic abnormalities, gestational diabetes mellitus, and fetal viral infections. We present the case of a 30-year-old Caucasian woman with transient polyhydramnios associated with gestational diabetes mellitus and obstetric complications. Read More

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Modulates Glucose, Lipid Peroxidation and Hepatic Metabolism in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Pregnant Rats.

Antioxidants (Basel) 2022 May 24;11(6). Epub 2022 May 24.

Departament of Biomaterials and Regenerative Medicine, School of Medicine, Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo-PUC SP, Sorocaba 18030-070, Brazil.

The consumption of functional foods, such as mushrooms, apparently influences Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM), and brings benefits to maternal-fetal health. contains a variety of bioactive compounds, such as polysaccharides, proteins and polyphenols that are able to control blood glucose and be used in anti-cancer therapy. We aimed to evaluate the effects of the consumption of (Gl) on maternal-fetal outcomes in streptozotocin-induced GDM (GDM-STZ). Read More

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Breastfeeding Rates and Related Factors at 1 Year Postpartum in Women With Gestational Diabetes Initially Recruited for a Diabetes Prevention Program.

Can J Diabetes 2022 Jan 31. Epub 2022 Jan 31.

Postgraduate Studies Program in Epidemiology, Department of Social Medicine, School of Medicine, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil; Postgraduate Studies Program in Food, Nutrition and Health, Department of Nutrition, School of Medicine, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objectives: Our aim in this study was to evaluate breastfeeding up to 1 year postpartum and factors related to weaning in women with recent gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).

Methods: We assembled a cohort study of women with GDM enrolled in prenatal clinics of the Brazilian National Health System as possible candidates for the Lifestyle Intervention for Diabetes Prevention After Pregnancy (LINDA-Brasil) postpartum trial (N=2,220). Sociodemographics and clinical and nutritional information, including breastfeeding, were obtained by interview or chart review. Read More

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January 2022

Adiponectin-targeted SERS immunoassay biosensing platform for early detection of gestational diabetes mellitus.

Biosens Bioelectron 2022 Jun 18;213:114488. Epub 2022 Jun 18.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, 02447, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

The anisotropic gold nanotriangles (AuNTs) were synthesized by a fast seedless growth process. The high-yield monodispersed AuNT colloids were obtained through a purification process based on depletion-induced interactions. AuNTs were modulated with a localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) peak of 638 nm wavelength coherent with the Raman excitation light. Read More

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Maternal Glycemic Spectrum and Adverse Pregnancy and Perinatal Outcomes in a Multiracial US Cohort.

J Cardiovasc Dev Dis 2022 Jun 4;9(6). Epub 2022 Jun 4.

Johns Hopkins Ciccarone Center for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Diseases, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, 600 N Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA.

Diabetes mellitus (pregestational (PDM) and gestational (GDM)) is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes (APOs). However, studies exploring the association of APOs with maternal glycemia among women without PDM/GDM are limited. We utilized data from 4119 women (307-PDM; 582-GDM; 3230-non-PDM/GDM) in the Boston Birth Cohort (1998-2016). Read More

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Histomorphometric and oxidative evaluation of the offspring's testis from type 2 diabetic female rats treated with metformin and pentoxifylline.

Int J Exp Pathol 2022 Jun 23. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Department of Veterinary Medicine, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil.

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) during pregnancy is characterized by high levels of reactive oxygen species and pro-inflammatory factors in the placenta. Once these reactive species reach the foetus, they trigger physiological adaptations that allow the foetus to survive, but programme the organism to develop metabolic disorders in adulthood. The male reproductive system is highly susceptible to foetal programming. Read More

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Effects of Probiotic Intervention on Markers of Inflammation and Health Outcomes in Women of Reproductive Age and Their Children.

Front Nutr 2022 6;9:889040. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Nestlé Institute of Health Sciences, Nestlé Research, Société des Produits Nestlé S.A., Lausanne, Switzerland.

The human intestinal microbiota has been shown to be modulated during inflammatory conditions. Probiotic administration has been shown to affect the immune system and cytokine expression which can affect inflammation and health outcomes. There seems to be an association between the mother's intestinal microbiota and inflammation biomarkers, both of which may contribute to newborn early life immune and metabolic programming and impact short and long-term health outcomes. Read More

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Pregnancy with Renal Disease: Present Scenario in Tertiary Care Institute in Northern India.

J Obstet Gynaecol India 2022 Jun 23;72(3):201-207. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Department of Maternal and Reproductive Health, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India.

Abstract: Renal disease has always been a challenge for the treating obstetrician. With new advances in the management of renal disease, an increasing number of patients can continue the pregnancy and with individualization have a better outcome.

Material And Methods: To analyze the pregnancy outcomes in renal disease, a retrospective cohort observational study over 5 years at a tertiary care institute in northern India was done. Read More

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Prevalence, characteristics, and predictors of healthcare workers with COVID-19 infection in an urban district in Malaysia.

Pan Afr Med J 2022 24;41:243. Epub 2022 Mar 24.

Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Jalan Yaakob Latif, Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, 56000, Malaysia.

Introduction: healthcare workers (HCWs) are at high risk of acquiring COVID-19 occupational transmission and subsequently, exposing patients and others. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and examine the characteristics and predictors of HCWs with COVID-19 infection in a Malaysian district.

Methods: this is a cross-sectional study of HCWs working at Cheras District Health Office, with COVID-19 infection from 1 January to 31 October 2021. Read More

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Adverse Effects of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome on Pregnancy Outcomes in Women With Frozen-Thawed Embryo Transfer: Propensity Score-Matched Study.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2022 6;13:878853. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine Gynecology, Changhai Hospital, Shanghai, China.

Purpose: This work aimed to evaluate the adverse effect of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) on pregnancy outcomes of singletons after vitrification in women with frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET).

Methods: Patients with/without PCOS who underwent FET from January 2013 and December 2018 were included. Propensity score matching (PSM) was used to reduce the influence of bias. Read More

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Sequential Screening Strategy in Early, Middle, and Late Pregnancy in Women at High Risk of Hyperglycemia.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2022 6;13:829388. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Key Laboratory of Birth Defects and Related Diseases of Women and Children of the Ministry of Education, West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Background: Hyperglycaemia in pregnancy (HIP) is closely associated with short- and long-term adverse fetal and maternal outcomes. However, the screening and diagnostic strategies for pregnant women with risk factors for HIP are not set. This prospective study aimed to explore a screening strategy for women at high risk for HIP. Read More

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Prevalence and Trends in Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Among Women in the United States, 2006-2017: A Population-Based Study.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2022 6;13:868094. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA, United States.

The prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has increased with the increasing rate of obesity. However, national data on the prevalence and secular trends of GDM during the past decade in the United States are lacking. This study included 37,357 women aged more than 18 years and who had ever been pregnant from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). Read More

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Smog and risk of maternal and fetal birth outcomes: A retrospective study in Baoding, China.

Open Med (Wars) 2022 31;17(1):1007-1018. Epub 2022 May 31.

Department of Nutrition, Hebei Key Laboratory of Nutrition and Health, The First Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, 050031, China.

Pregnant women are more susceptible to smog pollution than the general population. This study focused on the association between smog and birth outcomes, considering both pregnant mothers and their offspring. In this retrospective study, conducted in Baoding between 2013 and 2016, we enrolled 842 participants. Read More

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Dose-response association between maternal pre-pregnancy bodyweight and gestational diabetes mellitus following ART treatment: a population-based cohort study.

Reprod Biol Endocrinol 2022 Jun 22;20(1):92. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Chinese Evidence-Based Medicine Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610041, China.

Background: The impact of maternal pre-pregnancy bodyweight on gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) following assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment has been insufficiently investigated. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between maternal pre-pregnancy bodyweight and GDM following ART.

Methods: From January 2014 to March 2019, this population-based retrospective cohort study included pregnancies achieved by ART treatment in a pregnancy registration database in China. Read More

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Association between pregnancy and nocturia: A National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey analysis.

Neurourol Urodyn 2022 Jun 22. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Department of Urology, State University of New York Downstate Health Sciences University, Brooklyn, New York, USA.

Aims: This study aimed to determine the impact of pregnancy and pregnancy-associated characteristics on nocturia.

Methods: Using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) database from 2005/06 to 2017/18, we analyzed women who completed the "Reproductive Health" and "Kidney Conditions-Urology" questionnaires by sorting them into three groups: nulligravida, previously pregnant (nonpregnant with prior pregnancies), and currently pregnant. After excluding patients with pre-existing conditions impacting nocturia or with incomplete data, we weighed and matched the groups for age, race, BMI, and number of pregnancies. Read More

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First-trimester prediction of gestational hypertension through the bioelectrical impedance analysis of the body composition.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2022 Jan;26(11):3967-3972

Department of Biomedical, Metabolic and Neural Sciences, International Doctorate School in Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Obstetrics and Gynecology Unit, Mother-Infant Department, Policlinic Hospital, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy.

Objective: Obesity is a risk factor for the development of gestational hypertension, with important consequences for both the mother and fetus. This prospective observational study aims to propose an early prediction model of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy among obese women, through the bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) at the first trimester, thus allowing early recognition of obese women that are at risk to develop gestational hypertension, in order to target preventive interventions.

Patients And Methods: Singleton obese women (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2) between the 9th and 12th week of pregnancy were included in the study. Read More

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January 2022

Gestational diabetes mellitus is associated with changes in the concentration and bioactivity of placental exosomes in the maternal circulation across gestation.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2022 Jun;26(11):3797

Xuzhou Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital, Xuzhou, Jiangsu, China.

The article "Gestational diabetes mellitus is associated with changes in the concentration and bioactivity of placental exosomes in the maternal circulation across gestation, by J. Liu, S.-Z. Read More

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USPSTF recommendation roundup.

J Fam Pract 2022 May;71(4):170-175

University of Arizona, Phoenix.

Offer pregnant women behavioral counseling to promote healthy weight gain. Screen for type 2 diabetes and prediabetes in adults ages 35 to 70 years who are overweight or obese. Read More

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Development and internal validation of a model to predict type 2 diabetic complications after gestational diabetes.

Sci Rep 2022 Jun 20;12(1):10377. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada.

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) increases the risk of early-onset type 2 diabetes, which further exacerbates the risk of developing diabetic complications such as kidney, circulatory, and neurological complications. Yet, existing models have solely focused on the prediction of type 2 diabetes, and not of its complications, which are arguably the most clinically relevant outcomes. Our aim was to develop a prediction model for type 2 diabetic complications in patients with GDM. Read More

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Transcriptome dataset of omental and subcutaneous adipose tissues from gestational diabetes patients.

Sci Data 2022 Jun 17;9(1):344. Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, 48824, USA.

Gestational diabetes (GD) is one of the most prevalent metabolic diseases in pregnant women worldwide. GD is a risk factor for adverse pregnancy outcomes, including macrosomia and preeclampsia. Given the multifactorial etiology and the complexity of its pathogenesis, GD requires advanced omics analyses to expand our understanding of the disease. Read More

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The association between chronic liver diseases and preeclampsia.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2022 Jun 20;22(1):500. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Background: Preeclampsia is a multisystem disorder characterized by an abnormal vascular response to placentation associated with increased systemic vascular resistance. As liver involvement is one of the main clinical features of preeclampsia, we sought to determine if there is an association between chronic liver diseases and preeclampsia.

Methods: A retrospective matched case-control analysis was conducted in a tertiary medical center. Read More

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Preconception reproductive tract infections status and adverse pregnancy outcomes: a population-based retrospective cohort study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2022 Jun 20;22(1):501. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

NHC Key Lab. of Reproduction Regulation, Shanghai Institute for Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Technologies, Fudan University, 400020, Shanghai, China.

Background: Reproductive tract infections can cause serious adverse outcomes for pregnant women such as spontaneous abortion and preterm birth. However, it is unclear whether maternal reproductive tract infection before pregnancy would also be related to any adverse pregnancy outcomes. This study aims to investigate the association of maternal preconception reproductive tract infections with subsequent adverse pregnancy outcomes. Read More

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Uptake of guideline-recommended postpartum diabetes screening among diverse women with gestational diabetes: associations with patient factors in an integrated health system in USA.

BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care 2022 06;10(3)

Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente Northern California, Oakland, California, USA.

Introduction: Clinical guidelines urge timely postpartum screening for diabetes among women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), yet patient factors associated with screening uptake remain unclear. We aimed to identify patient factors associated with completed postpartum diabetes screening (2-hour oral glucose tolerance test within 4-12 weeks postpartum), as recommended by the American Diabetes Association (ADA).

Research Design And Methods: Within the context of Gestational Diabetes' Effects on Moms (GEM), a pragmatic cluster randomized trial (2011-2012), we examined survey and electronic health record data to assess clinical and sociodemographic factors associated with uptake of ADA-recommended postpartum screening. Read More

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