87,336 results match your criteria Diabetes Mellitus Type 1

Gut microbiota differs in composition between adults with type 1 diabetes with or without depression and healthy control participants: a case-control study.

BMC Microbiol 2022 Jun 28;22(1):169. Epub 2022 Jun 28.

German National Reference Center for Multidrug-Resistant Gram-Negative Bacteria, Department of Medical Microbiology, Ruhr-University Bochum, Bochum, Germany.

Background: Individuals with type 1 diabetes and those with depression show differences in the composition of the gut microbiome from that of healthy people. However, these differences have not yet been studied in patients with both diseases. Therefore, we compared the gut microbiome of people with type 1 diabetes with or without depression with matched healthy controls. Read More

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Polysaccharide from Hovenia dulcis (Guaizao) improves pancreatic injury and regulates liver glycometabolism to alleviate STZ-induced type 1 diabetes mellitus in rats.

Int J Biol Macromol 2022 Jun 25. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

College of Food Science, Southwest University, 2 Tiansheng Road, Beibei, Chongqing 400715, PR China. Electronic address:

Hovenia dulcis is a traditional medicinal and edible plant and has a major geographical presence in China. In this study, a polysaccharide purified from H. dulcis (HDPs-2A) was found to ameliorate type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rat. Read More

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The Impact of rs1053005 Variation on Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Susceptibility: Association Study and in Silico Analysis.

Immunol Invest 2022 Jun 28:1-12. Epub 2022 Jun 28.

Pediatric Diseases Research Center, Guilan University of medical sciences, Rasht, Iran.

Aims: Type 1 diabetes (T1DM) is an autoimmune disorder with multiple genetic and environmental risk factors that are still poorly understood. The signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) proteins play a pivotal role in immune-cell genesis and regulation. This study aimed to determine the effect of rs1053005 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in 3'-UTR of STAT3 mRNA on the susceptibility to T1DM in an Iranian population. Read More

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Effect of Different Glucose Monitoring Methods on Bold Glucose Control: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Comput Math Methods Med 2022 18;2022:2851572. Epub 2022 Jun 18.

Department of Endocrine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Hainan Medical University, Haikou, Hainan 570102, China.

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of different glucose monitoring methods on blood glucose control and the incidence of adverse events among patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus.

Methods: Using the method of literature review, the databases PubMed, Cochrane, and Embase were retrieved to obtain relevant research literature, and the selected studies were analyzed and evaluated. This study used Cochrane software RevMan5. Read More

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Demographic and clinical characteristics of patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus initiating sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors in Japan: a real-world administrative database analysis.

Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2022 Jun 24:109973. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Medical Affairs, Astellas Pharma Inc., 2-5-1, Nihonbashi-Honcho, Chuo-ku, Tokyo, 103-8411, Japan. Electronic address:

Aims: To investigate the baseline demographic and clinical characteristics of patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) newly treated with a sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor (SGLT2i) as an add-on to insulin, or treated with insulin alone or in combination with oral anti-diabetic drugs other than an SGLT2i.

Methods: Retrospective study using data from the JMDC Inc. database (December 21, 2018, to October 31, 2020). Read More

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Automated bone healing evaluation: New approach to histomorphometric analysis.

Microsc Res Tech 2022 Jun 27. Epub 2022 Jun 27.

Department of Cell Biology, Histology and Embryology, Biomedical Science Institute, Federal University of Uberlândia, Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

This study aimed to assess different approaches for bone healing evaluation on histological images and to introduce a new automatic evaluation method based on segmentation with distinct thresholds. We evaluated the hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO) effects on bone repair in type 1 diabetes mellitus rats. Twelve animals were divided into four groups (n = 3): non-diabetic, non-diabetic + HBO, diabetic, and diabetic + HBO. Read More

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Lymphotoxins Serve as a Novel Orchestrator in T1D Pathogenesis.

Front Immunol 2022 9;13:917577. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, The Center for Biomedical Research, National Health Commission (NHC) Key Laboratory of Respiratory Diseases, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Sciences and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Type 1 diabetes (T1D) stems from pancreatic β cell destruction by islet reactive immune cells. Similar as other autoimmune disorders, there is no curative remedy for T1D thus far. Chronic insulitis is the hallmark of T1D, which creates a local inflammatory microenvironment that impairs β cell function and ultimately leads to β cell death. Read More

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Real-World Application of Insulin Pump Therapy Among Patients With Type 1 Diabetes in China: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2022 10;13:891718. Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Peking University People's Hospital, Beijing, China.

Background: Although insulin pump therapy is an important treatment modality for patients with type 1 diabetes, rates of pump use appear to vary broadly internationally. This study aimed to investigate the application of insulin pump therapy among patients with type 1 diabetes in China.

Methods: Data were collected from the Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus in China: Coverage, Costs and Care Study (3C Study). Read More

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New Developments in T Cell Immunometabolism and Therapeutic Implications for Type 1 Diabetes.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2022 10;13:914136. Epub 2022 Jun 10.

National Clinical Research Center for Metabolic Diseases, Key Laboratory of Diabetes Immunology, Ministry of Education, and Department of Metabolism and Endocrinology, The Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha, China.

Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disease mediated by T cells and is becoming a serious public health threat. Despite the increasing incidence rate of T1D worldwide, our understanding of why T1D develops and how T cells lose their self-tolerance in this process remain limited. Recent advances in immunometabolism have shown that cellular metabolism plays a fundamental role in shaping T cell responses. Read More

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Ectopic Colonization and Immune Landscapes of Periodontitis Microbiota in Germ-Free Mice With Streptozotocin-Induced Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus.

Front Microbiol 2022 10;13:889415. Epub 2022 Jun 10.

State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

A two-way relationship between diabetes and periodontitis has been discussed recently. Periodontitis microbiota might affect the immune homeostasis of diabetes, but the molecular mechanism of their interactions is still not clear. The aims of this study were to clarify the possible immune regulatory effects of periodontitis microbiota on diabetes and the correlation between immunomodulation and ectopic colonization. Read More

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A Rare Case of Eustachian Valve Endocarditis in a Young Male With Poorly Controlled Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus.

Cureus 2022 May 25;14(5):e25314. Epub 2022 May 25.

Cardiology/Internal Medicine, Rutgers University New Jersey Medical School, Elizabeth, USA.

The eustachian valve (EV) is a vestigial structure found at the junction of the inferior vena cava and the right atrium, a remnant of the embryological sinus venosus that may persist throughout life. Right-sided infective endocarditis of the eustachian valve remains a distinctly rare and under-diagnosed entity. Commonly known risk factors of eustachian valve endocarditis (EVE) are intravenous drug use, in-dwelling intracardiac devices, and central lines, although more recently immunocompromised states, e. Read More

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Altered Tim-1 and IL-10 Expression in Regulatory B Cell Subsets in Type 1 Diabetes.

Front Immunol 2021 21;12:773896. Epub 2021 Dec 21.

National Clinical Research Center for Metabolic Diseases, Key Laboratory of Diabetes Immunology, Ministry of Education, and Department of Metabolism and Endocrinology, The Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha, China.

Background: Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disease with a complex aetiology. B cells play an important role in the pathogenesis of T1D. Regulatory B cells (Bregs) are a subset of B cells that produce and secrete the inhibitory factor interleukin-10 (IL-10), thereby exerting an anti-inflammatory effect. Read More

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December 2021

Recent information on test utilization and intraindividual change in anti-glutamic acid decarboxylase antibody in Korea: a retrospective study.

BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care 2022 Jun;10(3)

Green Cross Laboratories, Yongin-si, Republic of Korea

Introduction: This study aimed to evaluate the test utilization and intraindividual changes of anti-glutamic acid decarboxylase antibody (GADA), a biomarker for autoimmune diabetes in Korean adults.

Research Design And Methods: We retrospectively investigated longitudinally measured GADA test results to assess test utilization and intraindividual changes through a laboratory information system.

Results: During the 3-year study period, 11 668 GADA tests were performed in 11 184 Korean adults. Read More

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Helpful or harmful? The impact of the ketogenic diet on eating disorder outcomes in type 1 diabetes mellitus.

Expert Rev Endocrinol Metab 2022 Jun 24:1-13. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Division of Biomedical Sciences, Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK.

Introduction: Eating disorders (EDs) are common complications in people with type 1 diabetes (PwT1D), given the rigid focus on food and insulin dose adjustment. Dietary recommendations for T1D match those for the general population, yet many fail to achieve target HbA1c. Evidence suggests that lower carbohydrate meals and thus reduced insulin requirements may decrease inconsistencies in insulin absorption, maintain euglycemia and weight. Read More

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Performance of Fast-Acting Aspart Insulin as Compared to Aspart Insulin in Insulin Pump for Managing Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: A Meta-Analysis.

Diabetes Metab J 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Rheumatology, CEDAR Superspeciality Healthcare, New Delhi, India.

Background: No meta-analysis has analysed efficacy and safety of fast-acting aspart insulin (FIAsp) with insulin pump in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM).

Methods: Electronic databases were searched for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) involving T1DM patients on insulin pump receiving FIAsp in intervention arm, and placebo/active comparator insulin in control arm. Primary outcome was to evaluate changes in 1- and 2-hour post-prandial glucose (1hPPG and 2hPPG). Read More

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Biomarkers Predictive for In-Hospital Mortality in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus and Prediabetes Hospitalized for COVID-19 in Austria: An Analysis of COVID-19 in Diabetes Registry.

Viruses 2022 Jun 13;14(6). Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Interdisciplinary Metabolic Medicine Trials Unit, Department of Endocrinology and Diabetology, Medical University of Graz, 8036 Graz, Austria.

Background: This study assessed the predictive performance of inflammatory, hepatic, coagulation, and cardiac biomarkers in patients with prediabetes and diabetes mellitus hospitalized for COVID-19 in Austria.

Methods: This was an analysis of a multicenter cohort study of 747 patients with diabetes mellitus or prediabetes hospitalized for COVID-19 in 11 hospitals in Austria. The primary outcome of this study was in-hospital mortality. Read More

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European Safety Analysis of mRNA and Viral Vector COVID-19 Vaccines on Glucose Metabolism Events.

Pharmaceuticals (Basel) 2022 May 27;15(6). Epub 2022 May 27.

Campania Regional Centre for Pharmacovigilance and Pharmacoepidemiology, 80138 Naples, Italy.

Few data have been published on the effects of impaired glucose metabolism induced by COVID-19 vaccines. We decided to perform a study to describe Individual Case Safety Reports (ICSRs) of impaired glucose metabolism events reported in the European database (Eudravigilance, EV). ICSRs were retrieved from the online website of Eudravigilance. Read More

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The Role of Nutritional Factors in the Modulation of the Composition of the Gut Microbiota in People with Autoimmune Diabetes.

Nutrients 2022 Jun 16;14(12). Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Department of Bromatology and Nutrition Physiology, Institute of Animal Nutrition and Bromatology, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Akademicka St. 13, 20-950 Lublin, Poland.

Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is a disease marked by oxidative stress, chronic inflammation, and the presence of autoantibodies. The gut microbiota has been shown to be involved in the alleviation of oxidative stress and inflammation as well as strengthening immunity, thus its' possible involvement in the pathogenesis of T1DM has been highlighted. The goal of the present study is to analyze information on the relationship between the structure of the intestinal microbiome and the occurrence of T1DM. Read More

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Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome in Relation to Cardiovascular Biomarkers and Dietary Factors among Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus.

Nutrients 2022 Jun 12;14(12). Epub 2022 Jun 12.

Clinic of Paediatrics, Endocrinology, Diabetology with Subdivision of Cardiology, Children's University Clinical Hospital in Białystok, 15-274 Białystok, Poland.

The occurrence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) significantly affects the course of diabetes mellitus (DM), resulting in deterioration of insulin sensitivity and metabolic control, as well as many cardiometabolic complications. The aim of the study was to investigate the relationships between cardiovascular biomarkers, nutritional status, dietary factors and the occurrence of MetS among 120 participants from northeast Poland (adolescents with type 1 DM and healthy peers). MetS was assessed using several criteria: nutritional status by anthropometric measurements, body composition analysis by bioelectrical impedance, and diet using a food diary and questionnaire. Read More

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Influence of Insulin Receptor Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms on Glycaemic Control and Formation of Anti-Insulin Antibodies in Diabetes Mellitus.

Int J Mol Sci 2022 Jun 9;23(12). Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Institute for Inflammation Research, Center for Rheumatology and Spine Disease, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, 2200 Copenhagen, Denmark.

Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in insulin and insulin receptor genes may influence the interaction between the two molecules, as may anti-insulin antibodies (IAs), commonly found in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) or type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) treated with exogenous insulin. We examined the impact of two SNPs in the human insulin gene (), rs3842752 and rs689, and two in the insulin receptor gene ( rs2245649 and rs2229429, on disease susceptibility, glycaemic control, and IAs formation in 100 T1D patients and 101 T2D patients treated with insulin. 79 individuals without diabetes were typed as healthy controls. Read More

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Potential Influence of Age and Diabetes Mellitus Type 1 on MSH2 (MutS homolog 2) Expression in a Rat Kidney Tissue.

Genes (Basel) 2022 Jun 13;13(6). Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Department of Anatomy, Histology and Embryology, University of Split School of Medicine, 21 000 Split, Croatia.

Background: Homeostasis of proliferating tissues is strongly dependent on intact DNA. Both neoplastic and non-neoplastic diseases have been associated with MSH2 (MutS homolog 2, a mismatch repair protein) deficiency. In this study, we examined how age and diabetes mellitus influence the expression of MSH2 in the kidney. Read More

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HLA Genotypes and Type 1 Diabetes and Its Relationship to Reported Race/Skin Color in Their Relatives: A Brazilian Multicenter Study.

Genes (Basel) 2022 May 29;13(6). Epub 2022 May 29.

Research Group in Clinical and Molecular Endocrinology and Metabology, Federal University of Maranhão, São Luís 65080-805, Brazil.

We aimed to investigate the relationship between HLA alleles in patients with type 1 diabetes from an admixed population and the reported race/skin color of their relatives. This cross-sectional, multicenter study was conducted in public clinics in nine Brazilian cities and included 662 patients with type 1 diabetes and their relatives. Demographic data for patients and information on the race/skin color and birthplace of their relatives were obtained. Read More

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Dysregulated Ca Homeostasis as a Central Theme in Neurodegeneration: Lessons from Alzheimer's Disease and Wolfram Syndrome.

Cells 2022 06 18;11(12). Epub 2022 Jun 18.

KU Leuven, Laboratory of Molecular & Cellular Signaling, Department of Cellular & Molecular Medicine, Campus Gasthuisberg, O/N-I bus 802, Herestraat 49, BE-3000 Leuven, Belgium.

Calcium ions (Ca) operate as important messengers in the cell, indispensable for signaling the underlying numerous cellular processes in all of the cell types in the human body. In neurons, Ca signaling is crucial for regulating synaptic transmission and for the processes of learning and memory formation. Hence, the dysregulation of intracellular Ca homeostasis results in a broad range of disorders, including cancer and neurodegeneration. Read More

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Diagnostic Performance of Height-Estimated Baseline Creatinine in Diagnosing Acute Kidney Injury in Children with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Onset.

Children (Basel) 2022 Jun 16;9(6). Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Department of Woman, Child and of General and Specialized Surgery, Università degli Studi della Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli", Via Luigi De Crecchio 2, 80138 Naples, Italy.

At type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) onset, acute kidney injury (AKI) is very common. To diagnose AKI, the availability of a baseline serum creatinine (bSCr) is pivotal. However, in most hospitalized children the bSCr is unknown. Read More

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Viability and Functionality of Neonatal Porcine Islet-like Cell Clusters Bioprinted in Alginate-Based Bioinks.

Biomedicines 2022 Jun 15;10(6). Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Centre for Translational Bone, Joint and Soft Tissue Research, University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus, Faculty of Medicine, Technische Universität, 01307 Dresden, Germany.

The transplantation of pancreatic islets can prevent severe long-term complications in diabetes mellitus type 1 patients. With respect to a shortage of donor organs, the transplantation of xenogeneic islets is highly attractive. To avoid rejection, islets can be encapsulated in immuno-protective hydrogel-macrocapsules, whereby 3D bioprinted structures with macropores allow for a high surface-to-volume ratio and reduced diffusion distances. Read More

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Development and Validation of the Transition Readiness Assessment Instrument in Type 1 Diabetes "On TRAck".

Can J Diabetes 2022 Feb 11. Epub 2022 Feb 11.

Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Pediatrics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:

Objectives: Transition to adult care is challenging for youth with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and their caregivers. We have developed the diabetes-specific "On TRAck" transition readiness scale, and in this study we assess its reliability and validity compared with TRANSITION-Q, a generic transition readiness questionnaire.

Methods: We systematically created 3 versions of On TRAck: adolescent, parent and health-care provider (HCP) versions (for case managers and physicians). Read More

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February 2022

Diabetic ketoacidosis fluid management in children: systematic review and meta-analyses.

Arch Dis Child 2022 Jun 23. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Paediatric Emergency Department, Sidra Medicine, Doha, Qatar.

Importance: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a serious complication of type 1 diabetes mellitus, which may lead to significant morbidity and mortality.

Objectives: To compare the safety and efficacy of liberalised versus conservative intravenous fluid regimens in the management of DKA in children.

Data Source And Study Selection: Databases from inception to January 2022: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were included. Read More

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Acta Clin Croat 2021 Dec;60(4):609-616

1Department of Pediatrics, Sestre milosrdnice University Hospital Center, Zagreb, Croatia; 2Department of Pediatrics, School of Dental Medicine, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.

Sensors for continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) in intercellular fluid are used as a contemporary method to achieve better control in type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM), which is best shown through lower glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels.The aim of this study was to assess how many of our patients used CGM (parents were solely financing all the cost of the device) and what was the effect of CGM on the control of DM. Data were retrospectively collected from medical records of patients actively treated at the Division of Endocrinology, Diabetology, Pulmonology and Allergology, Department of Pediatrics, Sestre milosrdnice University Hospital Center. Read More

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December 2021

Closed-Loop Insulin Delivery Systems: Past, Present, and Future Directions.

Sophie Templer

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2022 6;13:919942. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Department of Endocrinology, St Vincent's Hospital, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Closed-loop (artificial pancreas) systems for automated insulin delivery have been likened to the holy grail of diabetes management. The first iterations of glucose-responsive insulin delivery were pioneered in the 1960s and 1970s, with the development of systems that used venous glucose measurements to dictate intravenous infusions of insulin and dextrose in order to maintain normoglycemia. Only recently have these bulky, bedside technologies progressed to miniaturized, wearable devices. Read More

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Microfluidic Production of Zwitterion Coating Microcapsules with Low Foreign Body Reactions for Improved Islet Transplantation.

Small 2022 Jun 22:e2202596. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Institute of Functional Nano & Soft Materials (FUNSOM), Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Carbon-Based Functional Materials and Devices, Soochow University, Suzhou, 215123, China.

Islet transplantation is a promising strategy for type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) treatment, whereas implanted-associated foreign body reaction (FBR) usually induces the necrosis of transplanted islets and leads to the failure of glycemic control. Benefiting from the excellent anti-biofouling property of zwitterionic materials and their successful application in macroscopic implanted devices, microcapsules with zwitterionic coatings may be promising candidates for islet encapsulation. Herein, a series of zwitterion-coated core-shell microcapsules is fabricated (including carboxybetaine methacrylate [CBMA]-coated gelatin methacrylate [GelMA] [CBMA-GelMA], sulfobetaine methacrylate [SBMA]-coated GelMA [SBMA-GelMA], and phosphorylcholine methacrylate [MPC]-coated GelMA [MPC-GelMA]) by one-step photopolymerization of inner GelMA and outer zwitterionic monomers via a handmade two-fluid microfluidic device and it is demonstrated that they can effectively prevent protein adsorption, cell adhesion, and inflammation in vitro. Read More

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