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    Ultrasound characterization of insulin induced lipohypertrophy in type 1 diabetes mellitus.
    J Endocrinol Invest 2017 Apr 27. Epub 2017 Apr 27.
    SC Reumatologia, Niguarda Ca' Granda Hospital, Milan, Italy.
    Objective: Subcutaneous insulin absorption is one of the key factors affecting glycemic control in patients with diabetes mellitus under insulin therapy. Insulin-induced subcutaneous lipohypertrophy has been reported to impair insulin regular absorption and hence glycemic control. So far, lipohypertrophy diagnosis has only been clinical. Read More

    Islet cell transplant: Update on current clinical trials.
    Curr Transplant Rep 2016 Sep 17;3(3):254-263. Epub 2016 May 17.
    Islet transplantation laboratory, Division of Transplantation, Department of Surgery.
    In the last 15 years clinical islet transplantation has made the leap from experimental procedure to standard of care for a highly selective group of patients. Due to a risk-benefit calculation involving the required systemic immunosuppression the procedure is only considered in patients with type 1 diabetes, complicated by severe hypoglycemia or end stage renal disease. In this review we summarize current outcomes of the procedure and take a look at ongoing and future improvements and refinements of beta cell therapy. Read More

    [Retrograde intramedullary nail fixation for Charcot neuroarthropathy].
    Acta Ortop Mex 2016 Sep-Oct;30(5):223-230
    Instituto Nacional de Rehabilitación «Luis Guillermo Ibarra Ibarra». Calzada México-Xochimilco Núm. 289, Col. Arenal de Guadalupe, CP 14389, Del. Tlalpan, Ciudad de México.
    Charcot arthropathy is defined as an articular degenerative, chronic, progressive disease that affects one or more peripheral joints, develops as a result of a failure in the normal sensory perception (pain and proprioception) in the innervation of joints located in the foot and ankle, is characterized by destructive bone lesions without the presence of infection. Neuropathy is directly associated with diabetes mellitus type 1 and 2. Surgery is indicated when there is severe involvement of soft tissue, foot joints are unstable, at the presence of chronic or recurrent ulcers or when the foot and ankle can not fit to a normal shoe, and had limitation to perform activities of daily living. Read More

    Diabetes Camp as Continuing Education for Diabetes Self-Management in Middle-Aged and Elderly People with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
    Diabetes Metab J 2017 Apr;41(2):99-112
    Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
    Background: Despite the established benefits of diabetes camps for the continuing education of children with type 1 diabetes mellitus, little is known about the long-term metabolic benefits of diabetes camps for middle-aged and elderly people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), especially in terms of glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) variability.

    Methods: The 1-year mean and variability of HbA1c before and after the diabetes camp was compared between the participants of the diabetes camp (n=57; median age 65 years [range, 50 to 86 years]; median diabetes duration 14 years [range, 1 to 48 years]). Additional case-control analysis compared the metabolic outcomes of the participants of the diabetes camp and their propensity score-matched controls who underwent conventional diabetes education (n=93). Read More

    A Case of Autoimmune Polyglandular Syndrome .ype 2 Associated with Atypical Form of Scleromyxedema.
    Ethiop J Health Sci 2016 Sep;26(5):503-507
    Department of Clinical Immunology, Allergology and Endocrinology, Donetsk National Medical University, Ukraine.
    Background: Autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 2 represents an uncommon endocrine disorder composed by Addison's disease with autoimmune thyroid disease (Schmidt's syndrome) and/or type 1 diabetes mellitus. Scleromyxedema is a rare progressive cutaneous mucinosis usually associated with systemic involvement and paraproteinemia. To the best of our knowledge, there is no case report of Schmidt's syndrome associated with scleromyxedema. Read More

    Genetic Polymorphisms of Antioxidant and Antiglycation Enzymes and Diabetic Complications. How Much Can we Learn from the Genes?
    Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes 2017 Apr 25. Epub 2017 Apr 25.
    Department Medicine I and Clinical Chemistry, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 410, Heidelberg, Germany.
    There is growing evidence that reactive metabolites, such as reactive oxygen species and dicarbonyls contribute to diabetic complications. Formation, accumulation, and detoxification of these metabolites are controlled by several enzymes, some of which have genetically determined levels of expression or function. This review not only gives an overview of the different SNPs studied in patients with diabetes mellitus type 1 and type 2, but in addition attempts to bridge the gap between a genetic study and clinical use. Read More

    Sensitivity, Specificity and Predictive Value of Heart Rate Variability Indices in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus.
    Arq Bras Cardiol 2017 Mar;108(3):255-262
    Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho, Presidente Prudente, SP, Brazil.
    Background: Heart rate variability (HRV) indices may detect autonomic changes with good diagnostic accuracy. Type diabetes mellitus (DM) individuals may have changes in autonomic modulation; however, studies of this nature in this population are still scarce.

    Objective: To compare HRV indices between and assess their prognostic value by measurements of sensitivity, specificity and predictive values in young individuals with type 1 DM and healthy volunteers. Read More

    Recognizing type 1 diabetes mellitus in children & adolescents.
    Nurse Pract 2017 Apr 24. Epub 2017 Apr 24.
    Melissa A. Glassford is an instructor of nursing at the Nursing Family Nurse Practitioner Program at Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tenn.
    The common chief complaint of abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting should prompt a broad differential diagnosis list. When a 17-year-old previously healthy male presented to a primary care clinic with these symptoms, it provoked a detailed workup and found a startling diagnosis of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). This article provides an overview of recognizing T1DM in children and adolescents with a thorough and diagnostic evaluation. Read More

    Is HLA the cause of the high incidence of type 1 diabetes in the Canary Islands? Results from the Type 1 Diabetes Genetics Consortium (T1DGC).
    Endocrinol Diabetes Nutr 2017 Mar 16;64(3):146-151. Epub 2017 Feb 16.
    Endocrinology Dept, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario Insular Materno-Infantil, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain; Instituto Universitario de Investigaciones Biomédicas y Sanitarias, ULPGC, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain. Electronic address:
    Introduction: Incidence of childhood-onset type 1 diabetes mellitus in the Canary Islands is the highest reported so far in Spain, and among the highest worldwide. The HLA region accounts for approximately half the genetic risk of type 1 diabetes. Our aim was to assess distribution of high-risk and protective HLA haplotypes in the Canarian families included in the T1DGC, as compared to the rest of Spain. Read More

    A cluster randomised trial, cost-effectiveness analysis and psychosocial evaluation of insulin pump therapy compared with multiple injections during flexible intensive insulin therapy for type 1 diabetes: the REPOSE Trial.
    Health Technol Assess 2017 Apr;21(20):1-278
    Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Sheffield, UK.
    Background: Insulin is generally administered to people with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) using multiple daily injections (MDIs), but can also be delivered using infusion pumps. In the UK, pumps are recommended for patients with the greatest need and adult use is less than in comparable countries. Previous trials have been small, of short duration and have failed to control for training in insulin adjustment. Read More

    High Prevalence of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Adolescents: Is There a Difference Depending on the NIH and Rotterdam Criteria?
    Horm Res Paediatr 2017 Apr 24;87(5):333-341. Epub 2017 Apr 24.
    Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is more frequently observed in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) adult women than in nondiabetic women. No such prevalence has yet been studied in adolescent girls with T1DM.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of PCOS in adolescent girls with T1DM and to determine the clinical and hormonal features associated with the disorder. Read More

    AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGISTS AND AMERICAN COLLEGE OF ENDOCRINOLOGY GUIDELINES FOR MANAGEMENT OF DYSLIPIDEMIA AND PREVENTION OF CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE.
    Endocr Pract 2017 Apr;23(Suppl 2):1-87
    Objective: The development of these guidelines is mandated by the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE) Board of Directors and American College of Endocrinology (ACE) Board of Trustees and adheres with published AACE protocols for the standardized production of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs).

    Methods: Recommendations are based on diligent reviews of the clinical evidence with transparent incorporation of subjective factors, according to established AACE/ACE guidelines for guidelines protocols.

    Results: The Executive Summary of this document contains 87 recommendations of which 45 are Grade A (51. Read More

    Xenotransplantation of layer-by-layer encapsulated non-human primate islets with a specified immunosuppressive drug protocol.
    J Control Release 2017 Apr 19. Epub 2017 Apr 19.
    Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Science, College of Pharmacy, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Republic of Korea; Department of Molecular Medicine and Biopharmaceutical Sciences, Graduate School of Convergence Science and Technology, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:
    Islet transplantation is as effective as but also less immunogenic than pancreas transplantation for the treatment of type 1 diabetes mellitus. However, as the complete elimination of immunogenicity still remains a major obstacle in islet transplantation, layer-by-layer encapsulation (LbL) of pancreatic islets using biocompatible polymers offers a rational approach to reducing host immune response towards transplanted islets. We investigated the effect of LbL of non-human primate (NHP) islets on reducing immunogenicity as a preclinical model since NHPs have close phylogenetic and immunological relationship with human. Read More

    Insulin analogues in type 1 diabetes mellitus: getting better all the time.
    Nat Rev Endocrinol 2017 Apr 21. Epub 2017 Apr 21.
    Clinical and Experimental Endocrinology, University of Leuven, Herestraat 49, Leuven 3000, Belgium.
    The treatment of type 1 diabetes mellitus consists of external replacement of the functions of β cells in an attempt to achieve blood levels of glucose as close to the normal range as possible. This approach means that glucose sensing needs to be replaced and levels of insulin need to mimic physiological insulin-action profiles, including basal coverage and changes around meals. Training and educating patients are crucial for the achievement of good glycaemic control, but having insulin preparations with action profiles that provide stable basal insulin coverage and appropriate mealtime insulin peaks helps people with type 1 diabetes mellitus to live active lives without sacrificing tight glycaemic control. Read More

    Altered eigenvector centrality is related to local resting-state network functional connectivity in patients with longstanding type 1 diabetes mellitus.
    Hum Brain Mapp 2017 Apr 21. Epub 2017 Apr 21.
    Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    Introduction: Longstanding type 1 diabetes (T1DM) is associated with microangiopathy and poorer cognition. In the brain, T1DM is related to increased functional resting-state network (RSN) connectivity in patients without, which was decreased in patients with clinically evident microangiopathy. Subcortical structure seems affected in both patient groups. Read More

    The change of serum tumor necrosis factor alpha in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
    PLoS One 2017 20;12(4):e0176157. Epub 2017 Apr 20.
    Center of Diabetic Systems Medicine, Guangxi Key Laboratory of Excellence, Guilin Medical University, Guilin, China.
    Objective: The aim of this study was used meta-analysis to investigate changes of serum tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM).

    Methods: Relevant literatures were identified from PubMed, Cochrane Library, CNKI, WanFang and Chinese-Cqvip databases (published from January 1, 1999 to September 30, 2016). Eligible reports were included for pooled analysis of serum TNF-α level and subgroup analysis was performed in relation with age, disease duration and ethnicity. Read More

    Associations between major life events and adherence, glycemic control, and psychosocial characteristics in teens with type 1 diabetes.
    Pediatr Diabetes 2017 Apr 19. Epub 2017 Apr 19.
    Section on Clinical, Behavioral, and Outcomes Research, Pediatric, Adolescent, and Young Adult Section, Joslin Diabetes Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.
    Aims: This cross-sectional study assessed the type of major life events occurring in a contemporary sample of teens with type 1 diabetes and the association between event frequency and demographic, diabetes management, and psychosocial characteristics.

    Methods: Parents of 178 teens completed the Life Events Checklist to report major events teens had experienced in the last year: 42% experienced 0 to 1 event (n = 75), 32% experienced 2 to 3 events (n = 57), and 26% experienced 4+ events (n = 46). Teens and parents completed validated measures of treatment adherence, diabetes-specific self-efficacy, quality of life, and diabetes-specific family conflict. Read More

    Incidence of autoimmune diseases in patients with scabies: a nationwide population-based study in Taiwan.
    Rheumatol Int 2017 Apr 18. Epub 2017 Apr 18.
    Graduate Institute of Life Sciences, National Defense Medical Center, No. 161, Sec. 6, Minquan E. Road, Neihu District, Taipei, 114, Taiwan.
    Scabies is a commonly occurring infectious immune-mediated inflammatory skin disease. Immune-mediated inflammatory processes are also observed in autoimmune diseases. There have been very few previous studies; however, that have investigated the possible association between scabies and autoimmune diseases. Read More

    The Increased Circulating Plasma Levels of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor in Patients with Type 1 Diabetes Do Not Correlate to Metabolic Control.
    J Diabetes Res 2017 21;2017:6192896. Epub 2017 Mar 21.
    Department of Medical Cell Biology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Aim. To characterize the plasma levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) and its relation to both present and historical metabolic control and microvascular complications. Methods. Read More

    Immune response after autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in type 1 diabetes mellitus.
    Stem Cell Res Ther 2017 Apr 18;8(1):90. Epub 2017 Apr 18.
    The Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao-tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai Institution of Endocrine and Metabolism Diseases, Endocrine and Metabolic E-Institutes of Shanghai Universities and Key Laboratory for Endocrinology and Metabolism of Chinese Health Ministry, No. 197 Ruijin 2nd Road, Shanghai, 200025, People's Republic of China.
    Background: This study explored the details of the immune response after autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHSCT) treatment in type 1 diabetes mellitus.

    Methods: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from 18 patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus were taken at baseline and 12 months after AHSCT or insulin-only therapy. The lymphocyte proliferation, mRNA expression and secretion of pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines belonging to T-helper type 1 (Th1), T-helper type 17 (Th17) and regulatory T (Treg) cells in PBMC culture supernatants were assessed. Read More

    Seasonality of Insulin Use in German Outpatients With Diabetes: A Retrospective Analysis.
    J Diabetes Sci Technol 2017 Apr 1:1932296817703994. Epub 2017 Apr 1.
    3 Faculty of Medicine, University of Paris 5, Paris, France.
    Background: Seasonality in insulin sensitivity has been the focus of controversial literature in the past decades. The aim of this study was to analyze seasonality of insulin use in patients with diabetes who were followed in German general practices.

    Methods: This study included patients affected by type 1 (T1DM) or type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who received intensified conventional insulin therapy over a period of at least 12 months between 2013 and 2015. Read More

    Cognitive behavioural therapy stabilises glycaemic control in adolescents with type 1 diabetes-Outcomes from a randomised control trial.
    Pediatr Diabetes 2017 Apr 17. Epub 2017 Apr 17.
    Department Paediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes, Bristol Royal Hospital for Children, University Hospitals Bristol NHS Foundation Trust, Bristol, UK.
    Background: To compare the impact of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) with non-directive supportive counselling (NDC) on glycaemic control and psychological well-being in adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM).

    Materials And Methods: Participants aged 11 to 16 years with T1DM (duration ≥1 year) from 4 UK-based paediatric diabetes centres were randomised to receive either 6 weekly sessions of 1-to-1 CBT (n = 43) or NDC (n = 42), with 2 further sessions at 6 and 12 months. Follow-up continued for 12 months postintervention. Read More

    Effectiveness of MiniMed 640G with SmartGuard® System for prevention of hypoglycemia in pediatric patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus.
    Endocrinol Diabetes Nutr 2017 Apr 30;64(4):198-203. Epub 2017 Mar 30.
    Unidad de Diabetes Pediátrica, Servicio de Pediatría, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, España.
    Introduction/aims: Treatment with the MiniMed 640G-SmartGuard(®) system (640G-SG, sensor-augmented insulin pump system with low predicted glucose suspension feature) has been shown to decrease risk of hypoglycemia without altering metabolic control in patients with T1DM. The study purpose was to assess the impact of 640G-SG on hipoglycemia frequency and on metabolic control in a pediatric population with T1DM.

    Patients/methods: A retrospective study on 21 children treated with 640G-SG. Read More

    Range of Risk Factor Levels: Control, Mortality, and Cardiovascular Outcomes in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus.
    Circulation 2017 Apr 22;135(16):1522-1531. Epub 2017 Feb 22.
    From Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Institute of Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Sweden (Aidin Rawshani, Araz Rawshani, B.E., A. Rosengren); Swedish National Diabetes Register, Center of Registers in Region, Gothenburg, Sweden (Aidin Rawshani, Araz Rawshani, S.F., B.E., A.-M.S., M.M., S.G.); Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas (D.K.M.); and Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK (N.S.).
    Background: Individuals with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) have a high risk of cardiovascular complications, but it is unknown to what extent fulfilling all cardiovascular treatment goals is associated with residual risk of mortality and cardiovascular outcomes in those with T1DM compared with the general population.

    Methods: We included all patients ≥18 years of age with T1DM who were registered in the Swedish National Diabetes Register from January 1, 1998, through December 31, 2014, a total of 33 333 patients, each matched for age and sex with 5 controls without diabetes mellitus randomly selected from the population. Patients with T1DM were categorized according to number of risk factors not at target: glycohemoglobin, blood pressure, albuminuria, smoking, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Read More

    Efficacy and safety of pramlintide injection adjunct to insulin therapy in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
    Oncotarget 2017 Mar 8. Epub 2017 Mar 8.
    Center of Diabetic Systems Medicine, Guangxi Key Laboratory of Excellence, Guilin Medical University, Guilin, China.
    Aims: We aim to assess the efficacy and safety of pramlintide plus insulin therapy in patients with type 1 diabetes.

    Methods: We included clinical studies comparing pramlintide plus insulin to placebo plus insulin. Efficacy was reflected by glycemic control and reduction in body weight and insulin use. Read More

    Glucose Variations and Activity Are Strongly Coupled in Sleep and Wake in Young Adults With Type 1 Diabetes.
    Biol Res Nurs 2017 May 20;19(3):249-257. Epub 2016 Dec 20.
    3 Department of Biobehavioral Health Science, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.
    Background: Glucose variations are common throughout sleep and wakefulness in people with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). The objective of this investigation was to characterize the time-varying coupling between glucose and unstructured physical activity over a 60-hr period in young adults with T1DM. The hypothesis was that coupling would differ during sleep versus wakefulness and would exhibit circadian variations. Read More

    Differential adipokine DNA methylation and gene expression in subcutaneous adipose tissue from adult offspring of women with diabetes in pregnancy.
    Clin Epigenetics 2017 13;9:37. Epub 2017 Apr 13.
    Diabetes and Metabolism, Department of Endocrinology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Background: Offspring of women with diabetes in pregnancy are at increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), potentially mediated by epigenetic mechanisms. The adipokines leptin, adiponectin, and resistin (genes: LEP, ADIPOQ, RETN) play key roles in the pathophysiology of T2DM. We hypothesized that offspring exposed to maternal diabetes exhibit alterations in epigenetic regulation of subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) adipokine transcription. Read More

    Early onset symptomatic neuropathy in a child with Type 1 Diabetes mellitus.
    Diabetes Metab Syndr 2017 Apr 5. Epub 2017 Apr 5.
    Department of Medicine, MM Institute of Medical Sciences, MM University, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, 133207, India. Electronic address:
    Diabetic neuropathy (DN) is a major complication of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM). It is usually subclinical in childhood, but can cause significant impairment with its progression through to adulthood. Current guidelines vary in their recommendation regarding screening for DN in children with T1DM, with some advocating starting screening 5 years after the diagnosis of T1DM. Read More

    Diabetes mellitus in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease-The impact on mortality.
    PLoS One 2017 14;12(4):e0175794. Epub 2017 Apr 14.
    Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.
    Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. There is evidence to support a connection between COPD and diabetes mellitus (DM), another common medical disorder. However, additional research is required to improve our knowledge of these relationships and their possible implications. Read More

    Nano-curcumin safely prevents streptozotocin-induced inflammation and apoptosis in pancreatic ß-cells for effective management of type 1 diabetes mellitus.
    Br J Pharmacol 2017 Apr 13. Epub 2017 Apr 13.
    Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Irma Lerma Rangel College of Pharmacy, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA.
    Background And Purpose: Approaches to prevent selective and progressive loss of insulin-producing ß-cells in Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) will help conquer this prevalent and devastating disease. Curcumin (CUR), a natural anti-inflammatory, suppresses diabetes associated inflammation and cell death. However, very high doses have been tested owing to poor oral bioavailability, making it difficult to translate to the clinic. Read More

    Mendelian randomization to establish the causality of uric acid with diabetic nephropathy in type 1 diabetics.
    Kidney Int 2017 May;91(5):1005-1007
    Dialysis Clinic, Inc., Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA; University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA. Electronic address:
    Previous studies have demonstrated an association of serum uric acid with kidney disease. However, it is unknown whether this relationship is causal. Mendelian randomization takes advantage of allele randomization at birth to assess causation. Read More

    Ethnic differences in association of high body mass index with early onset of Type 1 diabetes - Arab ethnicity as case study.
    PLoS One 2017 13;12(4):e0175728. Epub 2017 Apr 13.
    Dasman Diabetes Institute, Dasman, Kuwait.
    Objective: The "accelerator hypothesis" predicts early onset of Type 1 diabetes (T1D) in heavier children. Studies testing direction of correlation between body mass index (BMI) and age at onset of T1D in different continental populations have reported differing results-inverse, direct, and neutral. Evaluating the correlation in diverse ethnic populations is required to generalize the accelerator hypothesis. Read More

    Microbiological, lipid and immunological profiles in children with gingivitis and type 1 diabetes mellitus.
    J Appl Oral Sci 2017 Mar-Apr;25(2):217-226
    Universidade de Campinas, Faculdade de odontologia de Piracicaba, Departamento de Diagnóstico Oral, Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brasil.
    Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of periodontal pathogens, systemic inflammatory mediators and lipid profiles in type 1 diabetes children (DM) with those observed in children without diabetes (NDM), both with gingivitis.

    Material And Methods: Twenty-four DM children and twenty-seven NDM controls were evaluated. The periodontal status, glycemic and lipid profiles were determined for both groups. Read More

    Determinants of diabetic nephropathy in Ayder Referral Hospital, Northern Ethiopia: A case-control study.
    PLoS One 2017 12;12(4):e0173566. Epub 2017 Apr 12.
    Department of Epidemiology, College of Health Sciences, Jimma University Jimma, Ethiopia.
    Background: Diabetic nephropathy is the most serious complication of diabetes which leads to end-stage renal failure and other complication of diabetes mellitus. Determinants of Diabetic nephropathy are not consistent in different studies and associated factors to chronic complications of diabetes are not specific and there are limited studies specific to diabetic nephropathy. Thus, the aim of this study is to identify determinants of diabetic nephropathy in Ayder Referral Hospital, Northern Ethiopia. Read More

    Incidence Trends of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes among Youths, 2002-2012.
    N Engl J Med 2017 04;376(15):1419-1429
    From the Departments of Nutrition and Medicine, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill (E.J.M.-D.), and the Department of Biostatistical Sciences (J.D., S.I.) and the Division of Public Health Sciences (L.W.), Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem - both in North Carolina; the Department of Research and Evaluation, Kaiser Permanente Southern California, Pasadena (J.M.L.), and Santa Barbara (D.J.P.) - both in California; the Department of Epidemiology, Colorado School of Public Health, Aurora (D.D.); the Department of Endocrinology, Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati (L.D.); the Division of Diabetes Translation, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta (G.I., S.S.); the Division of Diabetes, Endocrinology, and Metabolic Diseases, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Bethesda, MD (B.L.); and the Northwest Lipid Research Laboratory (S.M.) and the Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington (C.P.) - both in Seattle.
    Background: Diagnoses of type 1 and type 2 diabetes in youths present a substantial clinical and public health burden. The prevalence of these diseases increased in the 2001-2009 period, but data on recent incidence trends are lacking.

    Methods: We ascertained cases of type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus at five study centers in the United States. Read More

    Mortality and Cardiovascular Disease in Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes.
    N Engl J Med 2017 04;376(15):1407-1418
    From the Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Institute of Medicine, University of Gothenburg (Aidin Rawshani, Araz Rawshani, B.E., A. Rosengren, S.G.), and the Swedish National Diabetes Register, Center of Registers in Region (Aidin Rawshani, Araz Rawshani, S.F., B.E., A.-M.S., M.M., S.G.), Gothenburg, Sweden; the Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas (D.K.M.); and the Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom (N.S.).
    Background: Long-term trends in excess risk of death and cardiovascular outcomes have not been extensively studied in persons with type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes.

    Methods: We included patients registered in the Swedish National Diabetes Register from 1998 through 2012 and followed them through 2014. Trends in deaths and cardiovascular events were estimated with Cox regression and standardized incidence rates. Read More

    An Audit of Clinical Practice in a Single Centre in Kuwait: Management of Children on Continuous Subcutaneous Insulin Infusion and Cardiovascular Risk Factors Screening.
    Open Cardiovasc Med J 2017 28;11:19-27. Epub 2017 Feb 28.
    Dasman Diabetes Institute, Al-Amiri Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kuwait, Kuwait, Kuwait.
    Objectives: To audit the current clinical practice of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) for the treatment of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) in children and adolescents attending a single centre in Kuwait.

    Methods: A one year retrospective audit was performed in children and adolescents with T1D on CSII, who attended the paediatric diabetes clinic, Dasman Diabetes Institute during 2012. The primary outcome measure was glycaemic control as evidenced by glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) level and the secondary outcome measures were the frequency of monitoring of the risk for microvascular complications and occurrence of acute complications and adverse events. Read More

    A Study of Vitiligo in Type 2 Diabetic Patients.
    Indian J Dermatol 2017 Mar-Apr;62(2):168-170
    Department of Dermatology, Rajarajeswari Medical College and Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
    Context: Diabetes mellitus is associated with many skin manifestations including vitiligo. Vitiligo occurs more commonly in Type 1 diabetes mellitus. A few recent studies have shown its increased occurrence in Type 2 diabetes mellitus. Read More

    Efficacy and Safety of SGLT2 Inhibitors in Patients with Type 1 Diabetes: A Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.
    Chin Med Sci J 2017 Apr;32(1):22-27
    Department of Endocrinology, Key Laboratory of Endocrinology of Ministry of Health, Peking Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Medical College, Beijing 100730, China.
    Objective To assess the efficiency and safety of a novel sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor-SGLT2 inhibitors, in combination with insulin for type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Methods We searched Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Collaboration Library to identify the eligible studies published between January 2010 and July 2016 without restriction of language. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) data and ClinicalTrials (http://www. Read More

    A histological study of fulminant type 1 diabetes mellitus related to human cytomegalovirus reactivation.
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2017 Apr 10. Epub 2017 Apr 10.
    Department of Metabolic Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, Suita, Japan.
    Context: Fulminant type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is thought to be partly caused by virus infection.

    Objective: This study investigated the mechanism of β cell destruction in fulminant T1DM after drug-induced hypersensitivity syndrome (DIHS).

    Methods: We determined the localization of viruses of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV), human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), and the expression of interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF3) and viral receptors of Z DNA binding protein 1 (ZBP1) and retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I), together with inflammatory cells by immunohistochemistry of pancreas from an autopsy fulminant T1DM patient with DIHS or seven subjects with normal glucose tolerance who underwent pancreatectomy. Read More

    Preconception care for women with type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus: a mixed-methods study exploring uptake of preconception care.
    Health Technol Assess 2017 Mar;21(14):1-130
    Primary Care Clinical Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK.
    Background: Diabetes mellitus is a global health problem and one of the most common medical conditions in pregnancy. A wide range of modifiable risk factors are associated with diabetes mellitus in pregnancy, and it is widely acknowledged that preconception care (PCC) is beneficial for women with pre-existing diabetes mellitus. However, uptake of PCC services is low. Read More

    Flash glucose monitoring system may benefit children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes during fasting at Ramadan.
    Saudi Med J 2017 Apr;38(4):366-371
    Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail.
    Objectives: To assess the benefit of using the flash glucose monitoring system (FGMS) in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) during Ramadan fasting. Methods: A prospective pilot study of 51 participants visited the pediatric diabetes clinic at King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia from between June until and July 2016. The FreeStyle® Libre™ FGMS (Abbott Diabetes Care, Alameda, CA, USA) was used. Read More

    Protective effect of cirsimaritin against streptozotocin-induced apoptosis in pancreatic beta cells.
    J Pharm Pharmacol 2017 Apr 11. Epub 2017 Apr 11.
    College of Korean Medicine, Gachon University, Seongnam, Korea.
    Objectives: Maintaining glucose homoeostasis is essential for the survival of cells. Despite the various health benefits of Korean thistle (Cirsium japonicum var. maackii), their effects on pancreatic β-cell apoptosis in type 1 diabetes mellitus and the underlying mechanisms remain unclear, and experimentally investigated in this study. Read More

    Insulin Resistance and Chronic Kidney Disease in Patients with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus.
    J Nutr Metab 2017 14;2017:6425359. Epub 2017 Mar 14.
    University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Craiova, Romania; Clinical Municipal Hospital "Philanthropy" of Craiova, Craiova, Romania.
    Background and Aims. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic disease which can evolve towards devastating micro- and macrovascular complications. DM is the most frequent cause of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Read More

    Carbohydrate Counting during Pregnancy in Women with Type 1 Diabetes: Are There Predictable Changes That We Should Know?
    Ann Nutr Metab 2017 8;70(2):140-146. Epub 2017 Apr 8.
    Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Maternity-School of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
    Background/aims: Carbohydrate counting (CC) is a helpful strategy for the treatment of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and the main parameters used in this method are the insulin to carbohydrate ratio (ICR) and the sensitivity factor (SF). Throughout pregnancy, a state of insulin resistance develops. Therefore, we hypothesized that ICR and SF change and our aim was to describe the pattern of modification of these parameters in pregnant women with T1DM on CC. Read More

    Single Retinal Layer Evaluation in Patients with Type 1 Diabetes with No or Early Signs of Diabetic Retinopathy: The First Hint of Neurovascular Crosstalk Damage between Neurons and Capillaries?
    Ophthalmologica 2017 Apr 8. Epub 2017 Apr 8.
    Department of Ophthalmology, G.B. Bietti Eye Foundation-IRCCS, Rome, Italy.
    Purpose: To analyze the retinal-choroidal changes in type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1) patients with no or early signs of diabetic retinopathy (DR).

    Methods: Seventy-six eyes of 38 DM1 patients and 26 control eyes were included. Nine individual retinal layer thickness measurements were obtained using the spectral domain-optical coherence tomography automated segmentation algorithm. Read More

    High Sclerostin and Dickkopf-1 (DKK-1) Serum Levels in Children and Adolescents With Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus.
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2017 Apr;102(4):1174-1181
    Basic and Medical Sciences, Neurosciences and Sense Organs, Section of Human Anatomy and Histology, University of Bari A. Moro, 70124 Bari, Italy.
    Context: Childhood type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is associated with decreased bone mass. Sclerostin and dickkopf-1 (DKK-1) are Wnt inhibitors that regulate bone formation.

    Objective: To evaluate sclerostin and DKK-1 levels in T1DM children and to analyze the influence of glycemic control on bone health. Read More

    Polymorphism E23K (rs5219) in the KCNJ11 gene in Euro-Brazilian subjects with type 1 and 2 diabetes.
    Genet Mol Res 2017 Apr 5;16(2). Epub 2017 Apr 5.
    Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Farmacêuticas, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, PR, Brasil.
    Insulin secretion is regulated by ATP-sensitive potassium channels (KATP). The potassium inwardly-rectifying channel, subfamily J, member 11 (KCNJ11) gene, located on chromosome 11p15.1, encodes the subunit Kir6. Read More

    Dysmorphic features, frontal cerebral cavernoma and hyperglycemia in a girl with a de novo deletion of 7.23 Mb in region 7p13-p12.1.
    J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol 2017 Apr 7. Epub 2017 Apr 7.
    We describe the case of a 7 year old girl referred to our Diabetes Unit for hyperglycemia associated to facial dysmorphic features, intellectual disability and cerebral cavernomas, who was initially diagnosed with type 1 diabetes mellitus (positive anti-IA2 antibody and HLA DR3/DR4/DQ2). In follow up, due to the evolution of the diabetes (very good metabolic control with low insulin dose and negative IA-2 antibodies - samples analyzed in two different laboratories-), first clinical suspicion was GCK-related Maturity-Onset Diabetes of the Young (MODY 2) by persistent mild hyperglycemia in the fasting state, which was substantiated in Multiplex Ligation-dependent Probe Amplification (MLPA). MLPA showed a heterozygous GCK deletion (exons 1 to 12). Read More

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