82,337 results match your criteria Diabetes Mellitus Type 1

COVID-19 infection as a trigger for new-onset type 1 diabetes in a susceptible individual - or just coincidence?

GMS Hyg Infect Control 2021 22;16:Doc17. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Internal Medicine II, Thuringia Clinic Saalfeld "Georgius Agricola", Saalfeld/Saale, Germany.

The cytotoxic effects of COVID-19 raise the question of a possible relation between COVID-19 infection and new-onset type 1 diabetes. We report the case of an eight-year-old boy with new-onset type 1 diabetes and an asymptomatic COVID-19 infection. The eight-year-old boy was hospitalized on December 18, 2020 due to increased polyuria during the preceding 1 week. Read More

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The Probable Association between Chronic Infection and Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Case-Control Study.

Interdiscip Perspect Infect Dis 2021 24;2021:2508780. Epub 2021 May 24.

USERN Office, Abadan Faculty of Medical Sciences, Abadan, Iran.

Purpose: The probable association between () infection and diabetes mellitus (DM) is still controversial, and there are several studies with conflicting results. Thus, this study was performed to assess the possible association between chronic infection and type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and T2DM.

Methods: In this case-control study, a total of 105 diabetic subjects including 36 patients with T1DM and 69 patients with T2DM were recruited. Read More

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A ten-year review of childhood obesity in a teaching hospital, South West Nigeria.

Niger J Clin Pract 2021 Jun;24(6):841-846

Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria.

Background: Obesity is an important cosmopolitan cause of morbidity in children and adolescence age groups. Information on obesity in this age group in Nigeria is scant.

Aim: To determine the prevalence of obesity and the associated morbidities seen at the Paediatric Endocrinology clinic of Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, South West, Nigeria. Read More

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Comparable efficacy and safety between LY2963016 insulin glargine and insulin glargine (Lantus®) in Chinese patients with type 1 diabetes: a phase III, randomized, controlled trial.

Diabetes Obes Metab 2021 Jun 13. Epub 2021 Jun 13.

National Clinical Research Center for Metabolic Diseases, Key Laboratory of Diabetes Immunology (Central South University), Ministry of Education, and Department of Metabolism and Endocrinology, The Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China.

Objective: Compare the efficacy and safety of LY2963016 insulin glargine (LY IGlar) with the reference product (Lantus®) insulin glargine (IGlar) in Chinese patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM).

Materials And Methods: This phase III, prospective, multicenter, open-label study enrolled patients with T1DM, age≥18 years, with hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) ≤11.0%, were randomized to LY IGlar (n=137) or IGlar (n=135) in combination with premeal insulin lispro for 24 weeks. Read More

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Is diabetic retinopathy affected by diabetes type? A retrospective study using electronic medical record data from patients with latent autoimmune diabetes in adults, type 1 diabetes, and type 2 diabetes.

Acta Diabetol 2021 Jun 13. Epub 2021 Jun 13.

Medical School of Chinese PLA, Beijing, China.

Aims: To determine whether the occurrence of diabetic retinopathy (DR) and its related factors are affected by diabetes type (latent autoimmune diabetes in adults [LADA], type 1 diabetes mellitus [T1DM], type 2 diabetes mellitus [T2DM]).

Methods: LADA patients were matched for age (± 2 years) and sex to T1DM (1:1) and T2DM (1:2) patients. Retrieved variables included demographic characteristics, diabetes history, laboratory test findings, and history of DR screening, etc. Read More

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A Pilot Study of Youth With Type 1 Diabetes Initiating Use of a Hybrid Closed-Loop System While Receiving a Behavioral Economics Intervention.

Endocr Pract 2021 Jun 15;27(6):545-551. Epub 2020 Dec 15.

Department of Pediatrics, Yale University School of Medicine, One Long Wharf Drive, New Haven, Connecticut.

Objective: Many youth do not use the hybrid closed-loop system for type 1 diabetes effectively. This study evaluated the impact of financial incentives for diabetes-related tasks on use of the 670G hybrid closed-loop system and on glycemia.

Methods: At auto mode initiation and for 16 weeks thereafter, participants received a flat rate for wearing and calibrating the sensor ($1/day), administering at least 3 mealtime insulin boluses per day ($1/day), and uploading ($5/week). Read More

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Tat-CIAPIN1 protein prevents against cytokine-induced cytotoxicity in pancreatic RINm5F β-cells.

BMB Rep 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Biomedical Science and Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Hallym University, Chuncheon 24252, Korea.

Cytokines activate inflammatory signals and are major mediators in progressive β-cell damage, which leads to type 1 diabetes mellitus. We recently showed that the cell-permeable Tat-CIAPIN1 fusion protein inhibits neuronal cell death induced by oxidative stress. However, how the Tat-CIAPIN1 protein affects cytokine-induced β-cell damage has not been investigated yet. Read More

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Safety and immunological proof-of-concept following treatment with tolerance-inducing cell products in patients with autoimmune diseases or receiving organ transplantation: A systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical trials.

Autoimmun Rev 2021 Jun 10:102873. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Laboratory of Experimental Hematology, Vaccine & Infectious Disease Institute (VAXINFECTIO), Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Antwerp, Wilrijk, Belgium; Center for Cell Therapy and Regenerative Medicine, Antwerp University Hospital, Edegem, Belgium.

In the past years, translational approaches have led to early-stage clinical trials assessing safety and efficacy of tolerance-inducing cell-based treatments in patients. This review aims to determine if tolerance-inducing cell-based therapies, including dendritic cells, regulatory T cells and mesenchymal stem cells, are safe in adult patients who underwent organ transplantation or in those with autoimmune diseases, including multiple sclerosis, diabetes mellitus type 1, Crohn's disease and rheumatoid arthritis. Immunological and clinical outcomes were reviewed, to provide evidence for proof-of-concept and efficacy. Read More

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Dietary phytochemical index associated with cardiovascular risk factor in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus.

BMC Cardiovasc Disord 2021 Jun 12;21(1):293. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Hojatdost Street, Naderi Street, Keshavarz Blv, Tehran, 14167-53955, Iran.

Background: Dietary phytochemical index (DPI) is useful and inexpensive method to identify the role of phytochemicals on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. This study aimed to assess the relationship between DPI and CVD risk factors in patients with type1 diabetes mellitus.

Methods: A total of 261 participants aged 18-35 years with T1DM were enrolled in this cross-sectional study to assess the relationship between DPI and CVD risk factors. Read More

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Metformin use is associated with a reduced risk of acute appendicitis in Taiwanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Chin-Hsiao Tseng

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 11;11(1):12400. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan.

This retrospective cohort study used the nationwide database of Taiwan's National Health Insurance to investigate whether metformin would reduce the risk of acute appendicitis in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. We first identified 423,949 patients newly diagnosed of diabetes from 1999 to 2005. After excluding patients having type 1 diabetes mellitus, missing data, previous history of acute appendicitis, aged < 15 years, aged > 80 years and followed up for < 6 months, 338,172 ever users and 21,861 never users of metformin were followed up from January 1, 2006 until December 31, 2011. Read More

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American Association of Clinical Endocrinology Clinical Practice Guideline: The Use of Advanced Technology in the Management of Persons With Diabetes Mellitus.

Endocr Pract 2021 Jun;27(6):505-537

Unger Primary Care Concierge Medical Group, Rancho Cucamonga, California.

Objective: To provide evidence-based recommendations regarding the use of advanced technology in the management of persons with diabetes mellitus to clinicians, diabetes-care teams, health care professionals, and other stakeholders.

Methods: The American Association of Clinical Endocrinology (AACE) conducted literature searches for relevant articles published from 2012 to 2021. A task force of medical experts developed evidence-based guideline recommendations based on a review of clinical evidence, expertise, and informal consensus, according to established AACE protocol for guideline development. Read More

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A rare case of diabetic ketoacidosis presenting with severe hypertriglyceridemia requiring plasmapheresis in an adult with type-2 diabetes mellitus: Case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jun;100(23):e26237

Internal Medicine Residency Program, UPMC Pinnacle Harrisburg Hospital.

Introduction: Severe hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) is a rare complication of insulin resistance. Its presentation with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) has been reported in a few cases, where most patients have type-1 diabetes mellitus (DM). Our case represents a unique presentation of DKA associated with severe HTG above 10,000 mg/dL in an adult with type-2 DM. Read More

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A case report on severe nivolumab-induced adverse events similar to primary sclerosing cholangitis refractory to immunosuppressive therapy.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jun;100(23):e25774

Division of Medical Oncology, Department of Medicine, Showa University School of Medicine.

Introduction: Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs), particularly anti-PD-1 antibody, have dramatically changed cancer treatment; however, fatal immune-related adverse events (irAEs) can develop. Here, we describe a severe case of sclerosing cholangitis-like irAE. We report the use of 3 immunosuppressive agents that resulted in the death of the patient due to treatment inefficacy. Read More

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Spontaneous and Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor-Induced Autoimmune Diseases: Analysis of Temporal Information by Using the Japanese Adverse Drug Event Report Database.

Clin Drug Investig 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Laboratory of Regulatory Science, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Ritsumeikan University, 1-1-1 Noji-Higashi, Kusatsu, Shiga, 525-8577, Japan.

Background And Objective: Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) such as programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) and cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA-4) inhibitors have greatly improved cancer treatment. However, they are associated with immune-related adverse events, including autoimmune diseases (ADs) owing to their immune enhancement effect. As there are few comprehensive studies of ADs by ICIs, it is necessary to analyze the period information of drug-induced ADs. Read More

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Developing and testing a cognitive bolt-on for the EQ-5D-Y (Youth).

Qual Life Res 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Health Economics and Health Care Management, School of Public Health, Bielefeld University, Universitätsstraße 25, 33615, Bielefeld, Germany.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to develop and test a cognitive dimension as a bolt-on for the German version of the EQ-5D-Y (Youth).

Methods: A literature review and six focus groups with children and adolescents were used to develop the cognitive dimension for the EQ-5D-Y. In a two-phase pretest, the acceptability, feasibility and performance of this dimension were assessed (phase 1: qualitative face-to-face interviews, phase 2: standard pretest in a clinical setting). Read More

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Point Prevalence of Peripheral Neuropathy in Children and Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus.

Indian J Pediatr 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Pediatrics, Lady Hardinge Medical College and Kalawati Saran Children's Hospital, New Delhi, 110001, India.

Objective: To assess the point prevalence of peripheral neuropathy (PN) in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and to determine their predictors.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, children aged 8-18 y with T1DM on insulin therapy for > 2 y and free from acute complications were enrolled. All participants were evaluated for symptoms of PN with diabetic neuropathy symptom (DNS) score and underwent a detailed neurological examination. Read More

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Sintilimab induced diabetic ketoacidosis in a patient with small cell lung cancer: A case report and literature review.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 May;100(19):e25795

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism.

Rationale: Sintilimab is a novel programmed cell death receptor-1 (PD-1) inhibitor approved in the treatment of classical Hodgkin's lymphoma and undergoing clinical trials for various malignancies. As a PD-1 inhibitor, sintilimab is known to cause autoimmune adverse events similar to other PD-1 inhibitors. Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a rare but severe adverse event of this therapy. Read More

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Sociodemographic determinants of glycaemic control among children with type 1 diabetes in South Eastern Nigeria.

Pan Afr Med J 2021 9;38:250. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Paediatric Endocrinology Unit, Department of Paediatrics, Alex Ekwueme Federal University Teaching Hospital Abakaliki, Abakaliki, Nigeria.

Introduction: diabetic complications have been identified as the major causes of morbidity and mortality in persons with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Lack of appropriate glycaemic control is a significant risk factor for the onset and progression of long term complications of diabetes. Identifying the determinants of good glycaemic control is therefore imperative. Read More

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Cinnamaldehyde Improves Metabolic Functions in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Mice by Regulating Gut Microbiota.

Drug Des Devel Ther 2021 1;15:2339-2355. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Fuwai Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Shenzhen, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: The aim of the present study was to examine the protective effects of cinnamaldehyde (CA) on type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and explore the underlying molecular mechanisms by using multiple omics technology.

Methods: T1DM was induced by streptozotocin in the mice. Immunostaining was performed to evaluate glycogen synthesis in the liver and morphological changes in the heart. Read More

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A case report of percutaneous direct injection of N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (NBCA) to treat a pancreatic duodenal stump leak after a simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplantation.

Surg Case Rep 2021 Jun 8;7(1):139. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Hokkaido University Hospital, Kita-15 Nishi-7, kita-ku, Sapporo, 060-8638, Japan.

Background: Simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplantation (SPK) is a treatment option for patients with end-stage renal disease due to type 1 diabetes mellitus. We report a patient with a refractory fistula due to leakage from the duodenal stump of the pancreas graft after an SPK with bladder drainage who was successfully treated with a percutaneous direct injection of N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (NBCA).

Case Presentation: A 60-year-old female with a 33-year history of type 1 diabetes mellitus and a 10-year history of renal replacement therapy underwent an SPK in 2015. Read More

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Pharmacokinetics of Intraperitoneally Delivered Glucagon in Pigs: A Hypothesis of First Pass Metabolism.

Eur J Drug Metab Pharmacokinet 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Clinical and Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), 7491, Trondheim, Norway.

Background And Objective: Artificial pancreases administering low-dose glucagon in addition to insulin have the scope to improve glucose control in patients with diabetes mellitus type 1. If such a device were to deliver both hormones intraperitoneally, it would mimic normal physiology, which may be beneficial. However, the pharmacokinetic properties of glucagon after intraperitoneal administration are not well known. Read More

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[The smartphone as a therapeutic tool in adolescents with type 1 diabetes].

Nour Ibrahim

Soins Pediatr Pueric 2021 May-Jun;42(320):16-17. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Maison de Solenn- Maison des adolescents de l'hôpital Cochin, AP-HP, 97 boulevard de Port-Royal, 75014 Paris, France. Electronic address:

Over the past 15 years, the literature on mobile phone-based interventions for adolescents with type 1 diabetes has increased. While the majority of these interventions focus on therapeutic education of patients, others encourage them to take care of themselves in a broader sense. Young people express great satisfaction with these interventions, but the effectiveness in terms of metabolic control remains to be confirmed. Read More

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[Technologies and type 1 diabetes: what measures and effects in adolescents?]

Soins Pediatr Pueric 2021 May-Jun;42(320):12-15. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Hôpital Clocheville, Centre hospitalier régional universitaire de Tours, 49 boulevard Béranger, 37000 Tours, France. Electronic address:

The management of type 1 diabetes in paediatrics has evolved considerably over the last 20 years, mainly through the use of new technologies. The challenge of managing this disease is to achieve good glycaemic control in order to prevent complications while maintaining a good quality of life. What are the current and future means of achieving this? Read More

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Computerized cardiotocography in singleton gestations with diabetes mellitus: a retrospective study.

Minerva Obstet Gynecol 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Neuroscience, Reproductive Sciences and Dentistry, School of Medicine, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy.

Objective: To evaluate the use of computerized cardiotocography (C-CTG) in women with diabetes mellitus.

Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study of women with diabetes mellitus referred to University of Naples Federico II from January 2018 to January 2020 for antenatal monitoring. Only women who underwent antenatal monitoring with C-CTG were included in the study. Read More

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Efficacy of Hybrid Closed-Loop Insulin Delivery System in a Hospital Setting: A Case Series.

AACE Clin Case Rep 2021 May-Jun;7(3):184-188. Epub 2021 Jan 6.

Division of Endocrinology, NYU Long Island School of Medicine, Mineola, New York.

Objective: We report a case series of 4 patients with type 1 diabetes who used hybrid closed-loop insulin pumps (Medtronic MiniMed 670 G) during hospitalization.

Methods: Clinical data and point-of-care glucose values are presented for each patient. Glucose values are shown graphically while in manual mode as well as in auto mode. Read More

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January 2021

Commercialized Hybrid Closed-Loop System (Minimed Medtronic 670G) Results During Pregnancy.

AACE Clin Case Rep 2021 May-Jun;7(3):177-179. Epub 2021 Jan 6.

Endocrinology and Nutrition Department, Ciudad Real University Hospital, Ciudad Real, Spain.

Objective: Hybrid closed-loop (HCL) devices can achieve tight glycemic control but are rarely used in pregnancy, which remains an off-label indication. We present a case of a pregnant patient with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) who used the Medtronic MiniMed 670G HCL system.

Methods: MiniMed 670G includes an advanced automode option (HCL therapy), which our patient used from the first trimester to the end of the pregnancy. Read More

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January 2021

Peptidome Analysis of Pancreatic Tissue Derived from T1DM Mice: Insights into the Pathogenesis and Clinical Treatments of T1DM.

Biomed Res Int 2021 21;2021:9987042. Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of Pediatrics, Affiliated Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital of Nantong University, Nantong, Jiangsu, China.

Bioactive peptides attract growing concerns for their participation in multiple biological processes. Their roles in the pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes mellitus remain poorly understood. In this study, we used LC-MS/MS technology to compare the peptide profiling between pancreatic tissue of T1DM mice and pancreatic tissue of matched control groups. Read More

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Prevalence and special clinical and biochemical characteristics of familial type 1 (insulin dependent) diabetes mellitus in pediatric patients in a tertiary care setting.

Int J Pediatr Adolesc Med 2021 Jun 23;8(2):107-111. Epub 2020 Nov 23.

College of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Ministry of National Guard Health Affairs (MNGHA), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background And Objectives: The hereditable nature of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) makes it a condition that is in some cases shared among siblings. Studies that focus on the epidemiology of T1DM among siblings are scarce. The primary focus of the study is to estimate the prevalence of familial T1DM among siblings and the secondary focus is to identify the presence of any special clinical or biochemical characteristics specific to this entity. Read More

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The potential effect of metabolic alkalosis on insulin sensitivity in an adolescent with new-onset type 1 diabetes.

Clin Case Rep 2021 May 24;9(5):e03915. Epub 2021 May 24.

Brody School of Medicine East Carolina University Greenville NC USA.

Metabolic alkalosis induced by ingestion of alkaline water may enhance insulin sensitivity in type 1 diabetes mellitus. Read More

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Healthy Dietary Pattern is Related to Blood Lipids in Patients with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: A Cross-sectional Study from a Developing Country.

Int J Prev Med 2021 19;12. Epub 2021 Jan 19.

Department of Community Nutrition, Zahra Sajjadpour School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: The association between dietary patterns and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors has been investigated in very limited studies in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between the major dietary patterns and CVD risk factors in these patients.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed on 169 females of 18--35 years who were diagnosed with T1DM attending Iranian Diabetes Association in Tehran. Read More

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January 2021