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    Bier spots - Report of Two Cases and Review of the Literature.
    Curr Rheumatol Rev 2017 Jun 14. Epub 2017 Jun 14.
    Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Medical University - Plovdiv. Bulgaria.
    Bier spots are asymptomatic white anemic macules with irregular shape located on the upper limbs and less often on the lower limbs and trunkus. They are observed predominantly in youg males and may be idiopathic or associated with other conditions. We report two cases with Bier spots in which videodermatoscopy and nailfold capillaroscopy were performed. Read More

    Trichomycosis axillaris dermoscopy.
    Dermatol Online J 2017 Jun 15;23(6). Epub 2017 Jun 15.
    Department of Dermatology, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Granada, Granada, Spain.
    Trichomycosis axillaris is a common but underdiagnosed condition of the skin. The dermoscopic image of this disease is not previously described in the scientific literature. We believe that dermoscopy is a convenient and interesting diagnostic method that may aid in the diagnosis. Read More

    Pushing the edge of dermoscopy in new directions: entomodermoscopy of Trombicula autumnalis.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Alp Pannonica Adriat 2017 Jun;26(2):45-46
    epartment of Dermatology and Venereology, University of Trieste, Ospedale Maggiore, Trieste, Italy.
    Dermatologists are often faced with the challenge of patients presenting with non specific symptoms such as itching and or erythema. These symptoms may be attributed to a number of diseases, many of which are trivial, and others even life-threatening. In order to establish the correct diagnosis, dermatologists must rely on good diagnostic tools and knowledge. Read More

    Dermoscopic features of ocular and extraocular sebaceous carcinomas.
    J Dermatol 2017 Jun 20. Epub 2017 Jun 20.
    Department of Dermatology, Saitama Medical University, Saitama, Japan.
    Sebaceous carcinomas are rare but potentially fatal malignant adenocarcinomas with varying degrees of sebaceous differentiation. Several dermoscopic findings of extraocular sebaceous carcinomas have been reported; however, there are no previous reports of ocular sebaceous carcinomas detected using dermoscopy. We present a case of ocular sebaceous carcinomas showing specific findings from dermoscopy, and describe the common dermoscopic characteristics. Read More

    Dermoscopy in differentiating palmar syphiloderm from palmar papular psoriasis.
    Int J STD AIDS 2017 Jan 1:956462417714178. Epub 2017 Jan 1.
    Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, Institute of Dermatology, University of Udine, Udine, Italy.
    Palmar syphiloderm is one of the most common presentations of secondary syphilis and its recognition is of utmost importance in order to promptly identify such a disease and initiate appropriate workup/management. However, the differential diagnosis with palmar papular psoriasis often poses some difficulties, with consequent possible diagnostic errors/delays and prescription of improper therapies. In this report, we underline the role of dermoscopy as a supportive tool to facilitate the non-invasive recognition of palmar syphiloderm and its distinction from palmar papular psoriasis. Read More

    Photoacoustic confocal dermoscope with a waterless coupling and impedance matching opto-sono probe.
    Opt Lett 2017 Jun;42(12):2342-2345
    Recently, intensive research on photoacoustic (PA) imaging has been conducted to accelerate the development of dermoscopy of the human skin. In this Letter, we first developed a PA dermoscope equipped with a waterless coupling and impedance matching opto-sono probe to achieve quantitative, high-resolution, and high-contrast imaging of the human skin. Compared with the commonly used liquid-coupled PA probes, the human-skin-adapted probe can facilitate implementation in the clinical setting. Read More

    Diagnostic accuracy of skin lesions amongst plastic surgeons and a dermatologist.
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2017 Jun 13. Epub 2017 Jun 13.
    Depts of Dermatology, Exeter Medical Limited, Admiral House, Grenadier Road, Exeter, EX1 3QF, United Kingdom.
    There have been few studies investigating diagnostic accuracy between plastic surgeons, or comparing this with dermatologists. Use of dermoscopy by dermatologists has widened the diagnostic gap between dermatologists and plastic surgeons, with plastic surgery lagging behind dermatology in learning this technique. Consequently, plastic surgeons are likely to have a lower threshold for performing a diagnostic or excisional biopsy than dermatologists, leading to a higher rate of intervention for lesions that could otherwise be managed non-surgically. Read More

    Baldness and scalp melanoma.
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2017 Jun 11. Epub 2017 Jun 11.
    Dermatology Unit, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy.
    Nearly 20% of melanomas occur on the head and neck area(1) but only 2-5% arise on the scalp.(2) Several studies reported a worse prognosis of scalp melanoma compared to other body sites, being unclear the reason for this phenomenon.(3) Melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancer of the scalp are most frequent in bald men older than 65 years. Read More

    Recurrence of melanocytic lesions after laser treatment: benign versus malignant upon dermoscopy.
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2017 Jun 11. Epub 2017 Jun 11.
    Dermatology Unit, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy.
    The treatment of pigmented lesions includes several approaches depending on the nature of the cutaneous lesion to be treated. When considering melanocytic lesions, a balance between therapeutic aspects and cosmetic concerns for aesthetic sites have to be taken into account, with particular attention for the differential diagnosis between benign and malignant.(1-3) In particular, the increasing awareness for good cosmetic results lead to the development of less invasive techniques, although they hamper the histological assessment, which is the gold standard for the diagnosis of melanocytic lesions. Read More

    Lentigo maligna of the face: A quantitative simple method to identify individual patient risk probability on dermoscopy.
    Australas J Dermatol 2017 Jun 7. Epub 2017 Jun 7.
    Department of Oncological and Preventative Dermatological, San Gallicano Dermatological Institute, IRCCS, Rome, Italy.
    Background/objectives: The clinical and dermoscopic differential diagnosis of flat pigmented facial lesions represents a great challenge for the clinicians. Our aim was to report a quantitative method based on dermoscopic features to better classify pigmented facial lesions.

    Methods: This is a retrospective case-series study that analysed the dermoscopic features of 582 pigmented facial lesions. Read More

    Detection of desmoplastic melanoma with dermoscopy and reflectance confocal microscopy.
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2017 Jun 2. Epub 2017 Jun 2.
    Melanoma Institute Australia, Sydney, Australia.
    Background: Desmoplastic melanoma (DM) is frequently misdiagnosed clinically and often associated with melanoma in situ (MIS).

    Objective: To improve the detection of DM using dermoscopy and reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM).

    Methods: A descriptive analysis of DM dermoscopy features and a case-control study within a melanoma population for RCM feature evaluation, performed blindly, using data obtained between 2005 and 2015. Read More

    Arborizing Vessels on Dermoscopy in Various Skin Diseases Other Than Basal Cell Carcinoma.
    Ann Dermatol 2017 Jun 11;29(3):288-294. Epub 2017 May 11.
    Department of Dermatology, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Yangsan, Korea.
    Background: Arborizing vessels (AVs) are dermoscopically defined as telangiectasias with distinct treelike branching, and are a characteristic feature of basal cell carcinoma (BCC). However, AVs are observed in various conditions other than BCC.

    Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate skin diseases showing AV and investigates dermoscopic differences between BCC and non-BCC. Read More

    Age and Anatomical Location-Related Dermoscopic Patterns of 210 Acral Melanocytic Nevi in a Turkish Population.
    J Cutan Med Surg 2017 May 1:1203475417712496. Epub 2017 May 1.
    1 Bezmialem Vakif University, Dermatology, İstanbul, Turkey.
    Background: Dermoscopy is a useful tool for earlier diagnosis and differentiating benign lesions from melanoma.

    Objectives: We aim to investigate dermoscopic features of acral nevi, age, and localisation-related findings of these lesions.

    Methods: This was an observational, descriptive study. Read More

    Histopathologic and Immunohistochemical Correlates of Confocal Descriptors in Pigmented Facial Macules on Photodamaged Skin.
    JAMA Dermatol 2017 May 31. Epub 2017 May 31.
    Department of Dermatology, Hospital del Mar-Parc de Salut Mar, Univesitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain2Institut Mar d'Investigacions Mèdiques, Barcelona, Spain.
    Importance: Pigmented facial macules on photodamaged skin are a clinical, dermoscopic, and histopathologic challenge.

    Objectives: To clinically and dermoscopically characterize, by means of reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM), ambiguous pigmented facial macules and establish a correlation between RCM, histopathologic, and immunohistochemical findings.

    Design, Setting, And Participants: A prospective study of ambiguous pigmented facial macules on photodamaged skin was conducted in a tertiary referral center for dermatology between January 1, 2009, and December 31, 2015. Read More

    Dermoscopic Analysis of Nevus Sebaceus of Jadassohn: A Study of 13 Cases.
    Skin Appendage Disord 2017 May 16;3(2):83-91. Epub 2017 Mar 16.
    Department of Dermatology, University Hospital Hassan II, Fez, Morocco.
    Background: Nevus sebaceus of Jadassohn (NSJ) is a complex cutaneous hamartoma with various clinical appearances.

    Aim: To describe different dermoscopic patterns of this nevus according to its evolutionary stages.

    Methods: This was an analytical study of NSJ carried out in the Department of Dermatology at the University Hospital Hassan II, Fez, Morocco. Read More

    Dermoscopy in the Evaluation of Nail Disorders.
    Skin Appendage Disord 2017 May 8;3(2):70-82. Epub 2017 Mar 8.
    Dermatology, Department of Experimental, Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.
    Nail dermoscopy was initially used only in the assessment of nail pigmentation, but now it is widely utilized for the evaluation of many nail disorders. In daily practice, dermoscopy may confirm clinical diagnoses and guides in the management of nail diseases and treatments, permitting a better visualization of symptoms. Dry dermoscopy is required for evaluation of the nail plate surface, while gel as an interface is necessary for assessment of nail pigmentation and onycholysis, as well as for the evaluation of the distal nail margin. Read More

    Amelanotic melanoma in oculocutaneous albinism: a genetic, dermoscopic and reflectance confocal microscopy study.
    Br J Dermatol 2017 May 27. Epub 2017 May 27.
    Dermatology Department, Melanoma Unit, Hospital Clínic de Barcelona, IDIBAPS, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
    Herein we describe the usefulness of a successful combination of dermoscopy and in vivo RCM for the early diagnosis of 3 AM in 2 OCA patients OCA is a group of rare autosomal recessive disorders of pigmentation. It consists in the absence or reduction of melanin in the skin, hair, and eyes due to a partial or total deficit in the activity of tyrosinase(TYR)(1) or other related genes(2,3) . Those patients are at higher risk of non melanoma skin cancer, while still debated is their increased risk of melanoma, in particular amelanotic(4) . Read More

    Reflectance confocal microscopy analysis of equivocal melanocytic lesions with severe regression.
    Skin Res Technol 2017 May 21. Epub 2017 May 21.
    Department of Dermatologic Clinic, San Gallicano Dermatological Institute - IRCCS, Rome, Italy.
    Background: The differential diagnosis between regressing nevi and melanoma might be challenging; regressing areas can represent a confounding factor for the diagnosis and the histology still remain mandatory to rule out melanoma. Reflectance confocal microscopy may add valuable information by revealing features suggestive of the nature of the melanocytic proliferation.

    Objective: To assess the impact of confocal microscopy in the management of regressive melanocytic lesions. Read More

    [Trichomycosis (trichobacteriosis) capitis in an infant: Microbiological, dermoscopic and ultrastructural features].
    Rev Chil Pediatr 2017 Apr;88(2):258-262
    Servicio de Dermatología, Hospital Infantil de México Dr. Federico Gómez, Ciudad de México, México.
    Trichomycosis is a superficial infection caused by Corynebacterium flavescens, which regularly affects axillary, and to a a lesser extent, pubic, scrotal and intergluteal, and exceptionally, head hairs or trichomycosis capitis (TC). This condition is characterised by the formation of bacterial nodules. Clinically, it can be confused with white piedra or pediculosis. Read More

    An incomplete picture: challenges of partial biopsies in large diameter atypical melanocytic lesions.
    Dermatol Online J 2017 Apr 15;23(4). Epub 2017 Apr 15.
    Pigmented Lesion Clinic; Department of Dermatology, Harvard Medical School, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts.
    Large diameter atypical pigmented lesions (LDAPL) can be challenging to diagnose accurately using partial biopsies because of pathologic heterogeneity, while at the same time large excisions of these lesions confer significant morbidity to patients. Consequently, clinicians are often challenged by the management of these lesions. In this case, we describe an elderly patient with a history of multiple basal cell carcinomas, prior melanomas, and a family history of melanoma who presented with an irregularly pigmented brown and dark brown patch on his upper back. Read More

    Hidroacanthoma simplex: dermoscopy and cryosurgery treatment.
    An Bras Dermatol 2017 Mar-Apr;92(2):253-255
    Department of Dermatology. Hospital do Servidor Público Estadual de São Paulo - São Paulo (SP), Brazil.
    Hidroacanthoma simplex is a rare intraepidermal neoplasia that arises from the acrosyringial portion of the eccrine duct. Malignant transformation of hidroacanthoma simplex is reported in the literature and the treatment is performed with wide excision or Mohs micrographic surgery. We report the first case successfully treated with cryosurgery with a long-term follow up. Read More

    Basaloid follicular hamartoma: clinical, dermoscopic, and histopathological characteristics of case.
    Dermatol Online J 2017 May 15;23(5). Epub 2017 May 15.
    Division of Dermatology, Department of Medicine, National University Hospital, Singapore. ellie_
    Basaloid follicular hamartoma (BFH) is a rare benign adnexal tumor with variable clinical presentation. We report a case of a 64-year-old man, who presented with an incidental finding of a 3mm hyperpigmented macule on his cheek. Dermoscopy revealed a structureless blue lesion. Read More

    Analysis of trichoscopic signs observed in 24 patients presenting tinea capitis: Hypotheses based on physiopathology and proposed new classification.
    Ann Dermatol Venereol 2017 May 18. Epub 2017 May 18.
    Faculté de pharmacie de Montpellier, 15, avenue Charles-Flahault, 34000 Montpellier, France.
    Introduction: Trichoscopy (hair dermoscopy) is a non-invasive and very useful technique for the diagnosis and follow-up of hair and scalp disorders. In tinea capitis, specific aspects of the hair shaft have been described, with the main ones being: comma hair, corkscrew hair, bar code-like hair (BCH) and zigzag hair (ZZH).

    Method: Herein we report on a retrospective study of 24 patients with tinea capitis (TC). Read More

    Melanoma frequency among symmetrical Spitzoid-looking lesions: a retrospective study.
    G Ital Dermatol Venereol 2017 May 16. Epub 2017 May 16.
    Department of Dermatology, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy.
    Background: Many efforts have been spent attempting to define clinical, histopathological and molecular markers for differential diagnosis of Spitz nevus and melanoma. Dermoscopy has been widely used but it may be not always sufficient.

    Methods: A retrospective study was performed evaluating Spitzoid-looking lesions showing symmetry at clinical and dermoscopic examination in patients ≥ 12 years attending our Clinic from 2004 to 2014. Read More

    Enhancing hair growth in male androgenetic alopecia by a combination of fractional CO2 laser therapy and hair growth factors.
    Lasers Med Sci 2017 May 21. Epub 2017 May 21.
    Department of Dermatology, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100050, China.
    Laser therapy and growth factors have been used as alternative treatments for male androgenetic alopecia (MAA). The aim of this study is to determine the efficacy and safety of hair growth factors alone or combined with ablative carbon dioxide (CO2) fractional laser therapy in MAA. Twenty-eight men were enrolled in this randomized half-split study based on a left-head to right-head pattern. Read More

    A case series of verrucae vulgares mimicking hyperkeratosis in individuals with diabetic foot ulcers.
    Diabet Med 2017 May 19. Epub 2017 May 19.
    Diabetes Division, Department of Medicine I, St. Josef-Hospital, Ruhr-University Bochum.
    Background: Diabetic foot ulcers are a common complication in the advanced stages of diabetes mellitus. Certain lesions may be refractory to usual treatments with prolonged healing. In these cases, differential diagnoses to classical ulcers should be considered. Read More

    Clinical, histological and therapeutic features of Bowen's disease.
    Rom J Morphol Embryol 2017 ;58(1):33-40
    Department of Plastic Surgery and Reconstructive Microsurgery, Emergency Clinical Hospital of Bucharest, Romania;
    Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in situ or Bowen's disease (BD) is a slowly progressive malignancy. However, cases of regression have been reported. Recent reviews cover only certain aspects of this disease; therefore, this paper's aim is to cover all the relevant aspects for medical practice, such as clinical, histological and therapeutic details. Read More

    Primary myxoid melanoma with dermoscopic findings.
    Dermatol Pract Concept 2017 Apr 30;7(2):59-61. Epub 2017 Apr 30.
    Department of Dermatology, Istanbul Medeniyet University, Goztepe Research and Training Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Myxoid melanoma is a rare variant of melanoma, which is characterized by atypical spindle cells and dense mucin deposition in dermis. This tumor is usually seen in elderly people with a similar progress in other variants of melanoma. A 28-year-old male presented to our outpatient clinic with a 6-month history of a slowly growing asymptomatic pink lesion on his arm. Read More

    Dermoscopy of alopecia areata-a retrospective analysis.
    Dermatol Pract Concept 2017 Apr 30;7(2):53-57. Epub 2017 Apr 30.
    Department of Skin and VD, Patna Medical College & Hospital, Patna, Bihar, India.
    Background: Dermoscopy devices can overcome the refractive properties of stratum corneum by interface medium or cross polarization such that the lesion can be easily seen.

    Aim: To examine the dermoscopic feature in alopecia areata and correlate the severity of disease with dermoscopic features.

    Materials And Methods: Retrospective analysis of 72 patients suffering from alopecia areata (AA), irrespective of age and sex, who visited the dermatology outpatient department of a tertiary care center in Eastern India was carried out. Read More

    Dermoscopy and reflectance confocal microscopy in pedunculated basal cell carcinoma.
    Dermatol Pract Concept 2017 Apr 30;7(2):51-52. Epub 2017 Apr 30.
    Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ege, Izmir, Turkey.
    There have been limited cases of pedunculated basal cell carcinoma (BCC) reported in the literature. The dermoscopic features were described in only one of them. However, not one of them described the confocal microscopy features. Read More

    Triage amalgamated dermoscopic algorithm (TADA) for skin cancer screening.
    Dermatol Pract Concept 2017 Apr 30;7(2):39-46. Epub 2017 Apr 30.
    Dermatology Service, Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York.
    Importance: Dermoscopic triage algorithms have been shown to improve beginners' abilities for identifying pigmented skin lesions requiring biopsy.

    Objective: To estimate the diagnostic accuracy of the Triage Amalgamated Dermoscopic Algorithm (TADA) for pigmented and nonpigmented skin cancers. Secondarily, to compare TADAs performance to those of existing triage algorithms for the identification of pigmented skin cancers. Read More

    Dermoscopy of cutaneous lymphangioma circumscriptum.
    Dermatol Pract Concept 2017 Apr 30;7(2):37-38. Epub 2017 Apr 30.
    Skinnocence: The Skin Clinic, Gurgaon, India.
    Lymphangiomas are congenital lymphatic malformations. They are clinically characterized by clusters of translucent vesicles, and on dermoscopy, yellow lacunae surrounded by pale septa as well as reddish to bluish lacunae have been described. A young male presented with a seven-year history of a vesicular lesion. Read More

    Non-follicular milky globules-dermoscopy saves the day.
    Dermatol Pract Concept 2017 Apr 30;7(2):35-36. Epub 2017 Apr 30.
    First Department of Dermatology, Aristotle University, Thessaloniki, Greece.
    Acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP) is a rare severe cutaneous adverse reaction caused mostly by medication. Early diagnosis is important as initiation of supportive treatment and avoidance of drug is of prime importance. A young male presented with an erythematous rash after taking diclofenac for pain. Read More

    The need for improved dermoscopy training in residency: a survey of US dermatology residents and program directors.
    Dermatol Pract Concept 2017 Apr 30;7(2):17-22. Epub 2017 Apr 30.
    Department of Medicine, Division of Dermatology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA.
    Background: Inadequate dermoscopy training represents a major barrier to proper dermoscopy use.

    Objective: To better understand the status of dermoscopy training in US residency programs.

    Methods: A survey was sent to 417 dermatology residents and 118 program directors of dermatology residency programs. Read More

    Use of and intentions to use dermoscopy among physicians in the United States.
    Dermatol Pract Concept 2017 Apr 30;7(2):7-16. Epub 2017 Apr 30.
    College of Osteopathic Medicine, Nova Southeastern University, Ft. Lauderdale, FL, USA.
    Background: Dermatologists routinely use dermoscopy to improve diagnostic accuracy of skin cancers. Much less is known about its use among other physicians who routinely examine the skin, such as family physicians, internists and plastic surgeons.

    Objectives: To document the use of dermoscopy in a sample of US physicians and to examine physician and practice characteristics associated with ever having used a dermascope and having some intentions to incorporate dermoscopy into clinical practice during the next 12 months. Read More

    Diagnostic Efficacy of Digital Dermoscopy and Clinical Findings in Thin Melanoma of the Lower Limbs.
    Acta Derm Venereol 2017 May 17. Epub 2017 May 17.
    Dermatology, Department of Experimental, Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine, University of Bologna, Via Massarnti 1, IT-40138 Bologna, Italy.
    The introduction of dermoscopy has improved the accuracy of diagnosis of melanoma. However, early stage melanoma can be difficult to diagnose. Eighty-nine cases of thin melanoma with a Breslow thickness ≤1 mm located on the lower limb and diagnosed between 2008 and 2016 were assessed using 4 dermoscopic algorithms: (i) modified pattern analysis; (ii) ABCD rule of dermoscopy; (iii) 7-point checklist; and (iv) Menzies' method. Read More

    Melanoma Is Skin Deep: A 3D Reconstruction Technique for Computerized Dermoscopic Skin Lesion Classification.
    IEEE J Transl Eng Health Med 2017 16;5:4300117. Epub 2017 Jan 16.
    Research and Development TeamPlanet-I Technologies.
    Melanoma mortality rates are the highest amongst skin cancer patients. Melanoma is life threating when it grows beyond the dermis of the skin. Hence, depth is an important factor to diagnose melanoma. Read More

    Dermoscopic features of digital mucous cysts: A study of 23 cases.
    J Dermatol 2017 May 10. Epub 2017 May 10.
    Department of Dermatology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
    Digital mucous cysts (DMC) are common benign myxoid cysts typically located on the fingers and toes. Recently, dermoscopic patterns of DMC were reported. However, only a small number of cases were described in the published work; therefore, information on this topic is scarce in the published work. Read More

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