442 results match your criteria Dermoid Orbital


Ocular and Periocular Tumors in India: An EyeSmart Electronic Medical Record Analysis of 9633 Cases from a Referral Center.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2020 Oct-Dec;27(4):199-203. Epub 2021 Jan 19.

Department of EyeSmart EMR and AEye (AVD), L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Purpose: To describe the epidemiology of ocular and periocular tumors in patients presenting to a multi-tier ophthalmology hospital network in India using the electronic medical records (EMRs) system.

Methods: A retrospective, observational, referral, hospital-based study of 1,142,098 patients. The data were collected using the in-house developed EyeSmart EMR system. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

Spheno-orbital Lesions-A Major Review of Nonmeningioma Causes.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2021 Mar 24. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Orbital Plastic and Lacrimal Clinic, Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital Centre for Eye Research Australia, University of Melbourne Department of Radiology, St Vincent's Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia Department of Surgery, Royal Melbourne Hospital, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.

Purpose: To review the imaging features of the broad range of nonmeningioma lesions of the greater wing of the sphenoid (GWS) bone and adjacent orbit to assist clinicians in differentiating these lesions from each other and from the most common lesion of the GWS and adjacent orbit, meningioma.

Methods: We reviewed 32 cases of spheno-orbital lesions involving the GWS from our own practice, as well as 109 published cases (total 141), with emphasis on available imaging features on computerized tomography (CT) and MRI. Features that might assist in differentiating meningioma from its mimics were analyzed for each lesion, including the presence of an osteoblastic or hyperostotic response, bone erosion or osteolysis, homogeneous hypo- or hyperintensity on T2-weighted MRI, leptomeningeal involvement, and the absence of a "dural tail" on contrast-enhanced MRI. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

[Fatty Density and Air].

Authors:
Akira Uchino

No Shinkei Geka 2021 Mar;49(2):278-283

Department of Radiology, Saitama Sekishinkai Hospital.

Both fat and air have lower attenuation than water on CT images. Excluding ruptured dermoid cysts, a majority of intracranial fats have no clinical significance. In contrast, intracranial air sometimes indicates serious conditions. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Encephalocraniocutaneous Lipomatosis Associated with Orbital Cyst: A Variant or New Entity?

Turk J Ophthalmol 2021 Feb;51(1):66-69

University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Department of Pediatrics, Maiduguri, Nigeria.

Encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis (ECCL), also known as Haberland or Fishman syndrome, is an extremely rare congenital neurocutaneous disorder that characteristically involves ectomesodermal tissues such as the central nervous system, eyes, and skin. The etiology of the disease remains unknown. Here we present a rare case of ECCL associated with bilateral eye involvement and orbital cyst from Sub-Saharan Africa. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

Frontotemporal dermoid cyst with incomplete dermal sinus tract in an adult: A case report.

Surg Neurol Int 2020 11;11:429. Epub 2020 Dec 11.

Department of Neurosurgery, Kyorin University Hospital, Mitaka, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Non-midline supratentorial dermoid cyst with dermal sinus tract has been rarely reported especially in adults. We recently experienced a noteworthy patient with frontotemporal dermoid cyst with incomplete dermal sinus tract.

Case Description: A 43-year-old female presented with recurrent subcutaneous mass in the left superolateral orbital region. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2020

Clinicopathological analysis of 719 pediatric and adolescents' ocular tumors and tumor-like lesions: a retrospective study from 2000 to 2018 in China.

Int J Ophthalmol 2020 18;13(12):1961-1967. Epub 2020 Dec 18.

Department of Ophthalmology, the Second Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou 310009, Zhejiang Province, China.

Aim: To describe the clinicopathologic features and classification of pediatric and adolescent ocular tumors and tumor-like lesions.

Methods: A total of 719 cases of pathologically confirmed ocular tumors and tumor-like lesions in a pediatric population from two academic institutions over an 18-year period were retrospectively analyzed. The main outcome measures were the clinical and pathological features of the cases. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2020

RESULTS OF 15 YEARS OF COLLABORATION BETWEEN THE DEPARTMENTS OF OPHTHALMOLOGY AND STOMATOLOGY IN ONCOLOGICAL SURGERY OF THE ORBIT: A DIAGNOSTIC AND THERAPEUTIC APPROACH.

Cesk Slov Oftalmol 2020 ;76(4):146-157

Aim: To report an overview of the most frequent tumors of the orbit, suggest diagnostic approach and possible solution according to experience with own cohort of patients.

Material And Methods: From patients files from the Department of Ophthalmology and Department of Stomatology, First Medical Faculty, Charles University, and General Faculty Hospital in Prague, Czech Republic, there were selected patients, who underwent the surgery due to the suspicion of malignant development in the orbit during the period 2005 - 2019. From the surgical records we found information about 497 cases. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2020

Orbital and periorbital dermoid cysts: Comparison of clinical features and management outcomes in children and adults.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2020 Nov 16:1120672120964686. Epub 2020 Nov 16.

Ophthalmic Pathology laboratory, L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Purpose: To compare differences in clinical presentation and management outcomes of orbital and periorbital dermoid cysts in children and adults.

Methods: A retrospective interventional comparative consecutive case series. 203 patients in (148 children [Age ⩽18 years] and 55 adults [Age >18 years]), who underwent excision biopsy for orbital/periorbital dermoid cyst were included. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2020

Cranial dermoid cyst with long-term development treated by ethanol sclerotherapy: a case report.

Case Reports Plast Surg Hand Surg 2020 Oct 26;7(1):130-133. Epub 2020 Oct 26.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Shinshu University School of Medicine and Graduate School of Medicine, Matsumoto, Japan.

Here, we describe the case of an 80-year-old woman who presented with cranial dermoid cyst causing orbital disfigurement. The cyst was treated successfully with ethanol sclerotherapy and has shown no growth for 1 year. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2020

Epidermoid and Dermoid Cysts of the Head and Neck.

J Craniofac Surg 2021 Jan-Feb 01;32(1):e25-e27

Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Maxillofacial Surgery, General Hospital Zadar, Zadar, Croatia.

Abstract: Epidermoid and dermoid cysts (ECs and DCs) are congenital anomalies occurring in areas of embryonic fusion. Their incidence in the head and neck region is low and ranges from 1.6% to 7%. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Masquerades of Acquired Dacryocystocele.

Clin Ophthalmol 2020 2;14:1855-1858. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Govindram Seksaria Institute of Dacryology, L.V. Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad 500034, Telangana, India.

Introduction: Dacryocystocele can be congenital or acquired and acute or chronic, based on underlying pathology. An inferomedial anterior orbital mass lesion can masquerade an acquired dacryocystocele with similar symptomatology; however, the treatment varies. Hence, a careful examination of the swelling to differentiate these masquerades is needed to ensure rightful treatment. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Medial orbital dermoid cyst.

Can J Ophthalmol 2020 12 16;55(6):531-532. Epub 2020 Jul 16.

Department of Ophthalmology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont.

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2020

A Case Series of Intramuscular Orbital Choristomatous Cysts.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2021 Mar-Apr 01;37(2):e51-e53

Orbital, Plastic and Lacrimal Clinic, Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, East Melbourne.

Intramuscular choristomatous cystic lesions within the orbit are rare but may require removal due to their volume effects. The authors describe 2 such cases of intramuscular cysts in adult patients. Both patients presented with symptoms due to local mass effects with swelling, proptosis and diplopia. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Dermoid cyst with a congenital sinus tract over the left sternoclavicular joint: a case report and literature review.

J Int Med Res 2020 Jun;48(6):300060520934984

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, P.R. China.

Dermoid cysts are rare benign tumors that arise from ectopic epiblastic inclusions and account for 0.4% to 1.5% of all tumors. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Presentation and Treatment of Deep Orbital Dermoid Cysts.

Ophthalmology 2020 09 5;127(9):1276-1278. Epub 2020 Mar 5.

Adnexal Service, Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2020

Epibulbar Odontogenic Choristoma.

JAMA Ophthalmol 2020 04 9;138(4):e190392. Epub 2020 Apr 9.

Advanced Eye Centre, Department of Ophthalmology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Endoscopic-Assisted Lateral Orbitotomy for Large Orbital Roof Dermoid Cysts With Dural Invasion.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2020 Sep/Oct;36(5):508-511

Eye Department, Eye and Skull Base Research Center, The Five Senses Institute, Iran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran.

Purpose: To demonstrate the technique and report the results of endoscopic-assisted lateral orbitotomy for 6 patients with huge intraorbital dermoid cyst causing orbital roof bone erosion and dural invasion.

Methods: Patients had unilateral cystic tumor with proptosis and hypoglobus for more than 6 months. There was no compressive optic neuropathy. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Ocular and Periocular Tumors in Asian Indian Children and Adolescents.

Indian Pediatr 2020 06 12;57(6):512-514. Epub 2020 Mar 12.

Department of eyeSmart EMR and AEye, LV Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Objective: To describe eye tumors in Indian children (age £ 21 years) presenting to a multi-tier ophthalmology hospital network in India.

Methods: Hospital-record review.

Results: During the 3-year study period (November, 2015-October, 2018), 2911 children were diagnosed with 3003 eye tumors. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Ocular and adnexal anomalies in craniofacial microsomia: a systematic review.

Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2020 Sep 23;49(9):1107-1114. Epub 2020 Mar 23.

The Dutch Craniofacial Centre, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Erasmus University Medical Centre, Sophia's Children's Hospital Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands; Department of Plastic and Oral Surgery, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, USA; Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada.

Ocular anomalies may occur in craniofacial microsomia (CFM). The aim of this systematic review was to review the literature on ocular anomalies and their incidence, in order to estimate the need for ophthalmological screening in CFM patients. Online databases were searched, and data on the number of patients, type and incidence of ocular anomalies, and visual acuity were extracted. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2020

Subconjunctival Lipid Leakage From Deep Orbital Dermoid Cysts.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2020 Sep/Oct;36(5):e110-e112

Adnexal Service, Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, United Kingdom.

Orbital dermoid cysts are fairly common and arise by sequestration of surface ectoderm along skeletal suture lines during embryologic development. Although anterior dermoid cysts are generally evident in infancy, deeper cysts typically present with inflammatory symptoms in adulthood. The authors report the clinical and imaging features for 6 cases of deep orbital dermoid cysts that were identified by the presence of subconjunctival lipid droplets; to the authors' knowledge, this case report represents the largest series of dermoids with such a presentation. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

An Unusual Case of Unilateral Multiple Periorbital Dermoid Cyst.

Ophthalmology 2020 03;127(3):304

Pediatric Ophthalmology Department at Sant Joan de Deu Hospital, Esplugues de Llobregat, Spain.

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Surgical Treatment of Massive Teratoma of the Orbit.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2020 May/Jun;36(3):e68-e70

Division of Maxillofacial Surgery, Surgical Science Department, Maxillofacial Unit, University of Torino, Torino, Italy.

Orbital location of teratoma is extremely rare. The differential diagnosis can be difficult and they may be mistaken for other tumors as they may have both cystic and solid areas. The authors report a case of a 7-day-old neonate with a massive congenital orbital teratoma in which it was decided to apply a surgical technique that involves the aspiration of the cystic fluid, the subsequent infusion of fibrin glue, and the radical excision. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Paediatric orbital conjunctival epithelial cyst with positive asialotransferrin.

Orbit 2020 Dec 20;39(6):426-432. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

Department of Ophthalmology, Royal Victorian Eye & Ear Hospital , East Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Conjunctival orbital cysts are rare; they are typically either conjunctival dermoid or conjunctival epithelial cysts - congenital or acquired (inclusion). We describe the case of a 15-month-old girl presenting with strabismus and proptosis who had a retrobulbar intraconal cystic lesion displacing the optic nerve, with an adjacent middle cranial fossa anomaly. Aspiration of the orbital cyst tested positive for asialotransferrin, raising the suspicion of a direct communication with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2020

[Dermolipoma: intraoperative features].

Pan Afr Med J 2019 10;34:21. Epub 2019 Sep 10.

Service d'Ophtalmologie, Hôpital Militaire d'Instruction Mohammed V, Rabat, Maroc.

Dermolipoma is an ectopic skin formation with a greasy component which develops at the level of the fornix of the external canthus. Surgery for dermolipoma is not devoid of dangers. There is essentially a risk of causing damage to the right external muscle and levator muscle of the upper eyelid because there is no cleavage plane between the lesion and the adjacent normal tissues to which it adheres. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2019

Orbital and periorbital dermoid/epidermoid cyst: a series of 280 cases and a brief review.

Can J Ophthalmol 2020 04 8;55(2):167-171. Epub 2019 Nov 8.

Oculoplastic, Orbit and Tumor Services, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Objective: To report one of the largest case series on periorbital and orbital dermoid/epidermoid cyst and to highlight some important and unusual findings.

Methods: Retrospective analysis of 280 cases with orbital or periorbital dermoid/epidermoid cyst that presented over a period of 14 years.

Results: Periorbital cyst was more than twice as common as orbital cyst. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Congenital Dermal Facial Temporal Sinus: Rare Presentation of Intraorbital Dermoid in Children.

J Indian Assoc Pediatr Surg 2019 Oct-Dec;24(4):300-302

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Dr. D.Y. Patil Hospital, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

We present a rare case of an intraorbital dermoid which was associated with a small temporal region dermal sinus in a 3-year-old child. This got infected and the child presented with orbital cellulitis. Definitive surgery involved excision of all the dermal elements using a superficial and intraorbital approach. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2019

Older age and larger cyst size in children with spontaneous rupture of periorbital dermoid cysts.

J AAPOS 2019 10 11;23(5):283-285. Epub 2019 Sep 11.

Department of Ophthalmology, Kaiser Permanente Northern California, Vallejo, California.

We analyzed clinical and histopathologic data of 97 pediatric patients who underwent excision of dermoid cysts. On review, 16.5% of the sample population demonstrated localized chronic inflammatory changes, including the presence of giant cells and epithelial disruption. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2019

[Orbital Disorders in Childhood].

Authors:
Daniel J Salchow

Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 2019 Nov 14;236(11):1351-1371. Epub 2019 Aug 14.

Orbital disorders in childhood include various pathologies. Whereas neoplastic lesions and structural anomalies (which frequently cause strabismus) predominate in newborns and infants, vascular lesions become more common in toddlers. Inflammatory lesions are less common than in adults and affect mostly older children and adolescents. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2019

The spectrum of orbital dermoid cysts and their surgical management.

Orbit 2020 Aug 27;39(4):266-275. Epub 2019 Jun 27.

Department of Ophthalmology, University of South Florida , Tampa, USA.

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to describe a spectrum of surgical approaches to orbital dermoid cysts, influenced by the anatomic location of the expanded cyst wall and other factors.

Methods: In this retrospective case series, we reviewed cases of dermoid cysts surgically excised during a 39-year period (1977-2016). Cysts were categorized according to the location of the expanded cyst wall and other considerations. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF