458 results match your criteria Dermoid Orbital

Orbital and periorbital dermoid cysts: a retrospective analysis of 270 lesions.

Orbit 2022 Jun;41(3):341-345

Department of Ophthalmology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Purpose: To report the clinical characteristics and intraoperative findings of periorbital and orbital dermoid cysts and their relationship to location and rupture.

Methods: Retrospective review of 270 cases with orbital or periorbital dermoid cysts that presented over a period of 11 years. Patients were included if diagnosis of dermoid cyst was made by histopathologic analysis. Read More

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Is pre-operative imaging of external angular dermoid cysts in children necessary?

J Paediatr Child Health 2022 May 4. Epub 2022 May 4.

Department of Paediatric Surgery, Wellington Hospital, Wellington, New Zealand.

Aim: To investigate the frequency and modality of pre-operative imaging in children with an external angular dermoid cyst and whether this influenced subsequent management.

Methods: A retrospective study was undertaken to assess the presentation, investigation, treatment and outcomes in children aged less than 16 years with an external angular dermoid cyst. All children who underwent external angular dermoid cyst excision between January 2008 and April 2021 at a regional children's hospital were analysed. Read More

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Lacrimal Sac Reconstruction Using a Nasal Mucosal Graft.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2022 Apr 25. Epub 2022 Apr 25.

Govindram Seksaria Institute of Dacryology, L.V. Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India.

Iatrogenic lacrimal drainage trauma during surgery is not common. It has been reported during orbital surgeries, medial maxillectomies, post-trauma repairs, excision of adherent lesions in the vicinity, and facial reconstructive procedures. The present case reports a focal loss of the lacrimal sac wall during the excision of an intricate dermoid cyst. Read More

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Epidemiology and clinical characteristics of congenital choristomas in the ocular adnexa of pediatric patients.

Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2022 Apr 21. Epub 2022 Apr 21.

Department of Ophthalmology, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Purpose: To investigate the epidemiology and clinical characteristics of infants presenting with conjunctival, palpebral, or orbital congenital choristomas (dermolipomas, epidermoids, and dermoid cysts) and children undergoing surgery for congenital choristomas in the ocular adnexa.

Methods: We reviewed the medical files of congenital choristomas in children seen in The Capital Region of Denmark during a 5-year period (2014-2018). Children (< 18 years) were divided into two groups: those referred < 1 year of age (Group I) and those undergoing surgery to remove the lesion (Group II). Read More

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Imaging Findings of Pediatric Orbital Masses and Tumor Mimics.

Radiographics 2022 May-Jun;42(3):880-897. Epub 2022 Mar 4.

From the Departments of Radiology (A.K.J., J.B.G., L.J.E., G.B.L., J.C.B., W.B., V.M.S.), Ophthalmology (L.A.D.), Neurology (G.F.K.), Neurosurgery (W.B.), and Radiation Oncology (N.N.L.), Mayo Clinic, 200 1st St SW, Rochester, MN 55905.

Pediatric orbital masses are not common but encompass a wide spectrum of benign and malignant entities that range from developmental anomalies to primary and secondary orbital malignancies and metastatic disease. Certain orbital tumors are unique to pediatric patients, such as retinoblastoma and neuroblastoma. Clinical symptoms and signs are often insufficient to differentiate between orbital lesions, and imaging is essential for narrowing the diagnostic considerations and determining the most appropriate management strategy. Read More

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Orbital dermoid cyst.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2022 Feb;70(2):709

Department of Ophthalmic Plastic Surgery, Orbit and Ocular Oncology, Centre for Sight, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Background: Dermoid cyst, a developmental benign choristoma, is the most common orbital tumor of childhood, arising from ectodermal sequestration along the lines of embryonic fusion of mesodermal processes, lined by keratinized stratified squamous epithelium and expanding slowly due to constant desquamation and dermal glandular elements. Approximately 80% are found in the head and neck region and comprise 3-9% all orbital masses.

Purpose: It is mandatory to know about the variable presentations of orbital dermoids and the surgical techniques that can be adopted based on the site, extent, age and aesthetic needs, presence of inflammation and possibility of intraoperative rupture. Read More

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February 2022

Presenting features for developmental cysts of the orbit.

Eye (Lond) 2022 Jan 21. Epub 2022 Jan 21.

Orbital Service, Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, EC1V 2PD, UK.

Purpose: To evaluate the clinical features of developmental cysts of the orbit.

Patients And Methods: Retrospective study of patients who had excision of cysts between 1992 and 2020.

Results: Three hundred and 58 patients (189 male; 53%) with orbital developmental cysts were identified, all being unilateral. Read More

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January 2022

Persistent orbital inflammation following complete excision of deep dermoid cysts.

Orbit 2022 Jan 19:1-3. Epub 2022 Jan 19.

Orbital Service, Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, UK.

Piecemeal excision of dermoid cysts carries the risk of implanting epithelial fragments into orbital fat, which is well recognized to continue secreting oily debris, inciting chronic, often granulomatous inflammation. The authors present the clinical and histological details for two patients with persistent lipogranulomatous inflammation for years after piecemeal excision of deep orbital dermoid cysts, in the absence of any residual epithelium. The importance of copious saline lavage - to 'float-out" and reduce microscopic lipid droplets - is also emphasised. Read More

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January 2022

Congenital Conjunctival Cysts of the Orbit.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2022 May-Jun 01;38(3):280-282. Epub 2021 Nov 8.

Orbital Service, Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, United Kingdom.

Purpose: To evaluate the clinical presentation, anatomical location, and histological features of congenital conjunctival cysts of the orbit. The location and the histological features of inflammation in these patients were compared with those for 293 orbital dermoid cysts.

Patients And Methods: Retrospective review of the clinical details, imaging, and histopathology for patients who had excision of conjunctival cysts from their orbit between 1992 and 2020; patients with a history of trauma or surgery were omitted. Read More

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Newborn with massive right eye proptosis revealing quintessence cystic orbital teratoma.

Pan Afr Med J 2021;39:110. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Radiodiagnosis, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha, India.

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February 2022

[Treatment and management of orbital tumors].

Ophthalmologe 2021 Oct 18;118(10):1004-1011. Epub 2021 Aug 18.

Klinik für Augenheilkunde, Universitätsklinikum Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Lübeck, Universität zu Lübeck, Ratzeburger Allee 160, 23538, Lübeck, Deutschland.

Background: There are various options for the conservative treatment of the most frequent orbital tumors. These can delay, complement or be superior to the surgical approach, which is often prone to complications.

Objective: This article gives a summary of the possible treatment options for the most common orbital tumors in childhood and adulthood. Read More

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October 2021

Spheno-Orbital Dermoid Masquerading as Recurrent Orbital Abscess.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2021 Nov-Dec 01;37(6):e213-e215

Ophthalmic Plastic Surgery, Department of Ophthalmology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, U.S.A.

A 10-month-old girl presented with eyelid edema and erythema that did not improve with systemic antibiotics. Due to a lack of improvement, MRI was performed to avoid ionizing radiation from CT. An orbital abscess was recognized and drained. Read More

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November 2021

Intraconal orbital dermoid cyst: a rare location.

Autops Case Rep 2021 25;11:e2021282. Epub 2021 Jun 25.

All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Department of ENT and Head Neck Surgery, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.

Intraconal dermoid cysts are very unusual in routine clinical practice. Clinical symptoms depend upon the site and extension of the lesion. Though rare, proptosis, diplopia, and orbital pain are the presenting symptoms encountered in patients with an intraorbital dermoid cyst. Read More

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Giant Deep Orbital Dermoid Cyst Presenting in Infancy.

J Craniofac Surg 2021 Nov-Dec 01;32(8):e813-e814

Viterbi Family Department of Ophthalmology, UC San Diego, San Diego.

Abstract: Orbital dermoid cysts are benign choristomas that are very common in children and occur most often as a lateral or medial mass associated with the frontozygomatic or frontoethmoidal suture line. The authors present an unusual case of an occult giant deep orbital dermoid cyst in infancy that initially presented with a small, benign appearance and central upper eyelid location on clinical exam. Orbitotomy with complete excision prevented further ocular sequelae in this 11-month-old. Read More

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November 2021

[Diagnostics of benign and malignant tumors of the orbit].

Ophthalmologe 2021 Oct 1;118(10):987-994. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Zentrum für Augenheilkunde, Medizinische Fakultät und Uniklinik Köln, Universität zu Köln, Kerpener Str. 62, 50931, Köln, Deutschland.

Background: Orbital space-occupying lesions can have a significant impact on the quality of life. Depending on the dignity and etiology of the mass, they can even represent a life-threatening process, which must be timely treated in an interdisciplinary cooperation.

Objective: To achieve a comprehensive overview about the diagnostics and frequency of malignant and benign masses of the orbit. Read More

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October 2021

Mature Orbital Teratoma.

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2021 May;30(5):596-598

Department of Ophthalmology, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, Pakistan.

Orbital teratoma is a rare tumour that is composed of tissues derived from all three germ cell layers. It presents, in otherwise, healthy neonates with unilateral proptosis that progresses rapidly, threatening vision through optic nerve compromise or exposure keratopathy. Globe conservation may be difficult too in advanced cases. Read More

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Ocular and Periocular Tumors in India: An EyeSmart Electronic Medical Record Analysis of 9633 Cases from a Referral Center.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2020 Oct-Dec;27(4):199-203. Epub 2021 Jan 19.

Department of EyeSmart EMR and AEye (AVD), L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Purpose: To describe the epidemiology of ocular and periocular tumors in patients presenting to a multi-tier ophthalmology hospital network in India using the electronic medical records (EMRs) system.

Methods: A retrospective, observational, referral, hospital-based study of 1,142,098 patients. The data were collected using the in-house developed EyeSmart EMR system. Read More

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Spheno-orbital Lesions-A Major Review of Nonmeningioma Causes.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2021 Nov-Dec 01;37(6):522-533

Orbital Plastic and Lacrimal Clinic, Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital.

Purpose: To review the imaging features of the broad range of nonmeningioma lesions of the greater wing of the sphenoid (GWS) bone and adjacent orbit to assist clinicians in differentiating these lesions from each other and from the most common lesion of the GWS and adjacent orbit, meningioma.

Methods: We reviewed 32 cases of spheno-orbital lesions involving the GWS from our own practice, as well as 109 published cases (total 141), with emphasis on available imaging features on computerized tomography (CT) and MRI. Features that might assist in differentiating meningioma from its mimics were analyzed for each lesion, including the presence of an osteoblastic or hyperostotic response, bone erosion or osteolysis, homogeneous hypo- or hyperintensity on T2-weighted MRI, leptomeningeal involvement, and the absence of a "dural tail" on contrast-enhanced MRI. Read More

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November 2021

[Fatty Density and Air].

Akira Uchino

No Shinkei Geka 2021 Mar;49(2):278-283

Department of Radiology, Saitama Sekishinkai Hospital.

Both fat and air have lower attenuation than water on CT images. Excluding ruptured dermoid cysts, a majority of intracranial fats have no clinical significance. In contrast, intracranial air sometimes indicates serious conditions. Read More

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Encephalocraniocutaneous Lipomatosis Associated with Orbital Cyst: A Variant or New Entity?

Turk J Ophthalmol 2021 02;51(1):66-69

University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Department of Pediatrics, Maiduguri, Nigeria.

Encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis (ECCL), also known as Haberland or Fishman syndrome, is an extremely rare congenital neurocutaneous disorder that characteristically involves ectomesodermal tissues such as the central nervous system, eyes, and skin. The etiology of the disease remains unknown. Here we present a rare case of ECCL associated with bilateral eye involvement and orbital cyst from Sub-Saharan Africa. Read More

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February 2021

Frontotemporal dermoid cyst with incomplete dermal sinus tract in an adult: A case report.

Surg Neurol Int 2020 11;11:429. Epub 2020 Dec 11.

Department of Neurosurgery, Kyorin University Hospital, Mitaka, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Non-midline supratentorial dermoid cyst with dermal sinus tract has been rarely reported especially in adults. We recently experienced a noteworthy patient with frontotemporal dermoid cyst with incomplete dermal sinus tract.

Case Description: A 43-year-old female presented with recurrent subcutaneous mass in the left superolateral orbital region. Read More

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December 2020

Clinicopathological analysis of 719 pediatric and adolescents' ocular tumors and tumor-like lesions: a retrospective study from 2000 to 2018 in China.

Int J Ophthalmol 2020 18;13(12):1961-1967. Epub 2020 Dec 18.

Department of Ophthalmology, the Second Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou 310009, Zhejiang Province, China.

Aim: To describe the clinicopathologic features and classification of pediatric and adolescent ocular tumors and tumor-like lesions.

Methods: A total of 719 cases of pathologically confirmed ocular tumors and tumor-like lesions in a pediatric population from two academic institutions over an 18-year period were retrospectively analyzed. The main outcome measures were the clinical and pathological features of the cases. Read More

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December 2020


Cesk Slov Oftalmol 2020 ;76(4):146-157

Aim: To report an overview of the most frequent tumors of the orbit, suggest diagnostic approach and possible solution according to experience with own cohort of patients.

Material And Methods: From patients files from the Department of Ophthalmology and Department of Stomatology, First Medical Faculty, Charles University, and General Faculty Hospital in Prague, Czech Republic, there were selected patients, who underwent the surgery due to the suspicion of malignant development in the orbit during the period 2005 - 2019. From the surgical records we found information about 497 cases. Read More

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December 2020

Orbital and periorbital dermoid cysts: Comparison of clinical features and management outcomes in children and adults.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2021 Sep 16;31(5):2631-2638. Epub 2020 Nov 16.

Ophthalmic Pathology laboratory, L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Purpose: To compare differences in clinical presentation and management outcomes of orbital and periorbital dermoid cysts in children and adults.

Methods: A retrospective interventional comparative consecutive case series. 203 patients in (148 children [Age ⩽18 years] and 55 adults [Age >18 years]), who underwent excision biopsy for orbital/periorbital dermoid cyst were included. Read More

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September 2021

Cranial dermoid cyst with long-term development treated by ethanol sclerotherapy: a case report.

Case Reports Plast Surg Hand Surg 2020 Oct 26;7(1):130-133. Epub 2020 Oct 26.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Shinshu University School of Medicine and Graduate School of Medicine, Matsumoto, Japan.

Here, we describe the case of an 80-year-old woman who presented with cranial dermoid cyst causing orbital disfigurement. The cyst was treated successfully with ethanol sclerotherapy and has shown no growth for 1 year. Read More

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October 2020

Epidermoid and Dermoid Cysts of the Head and Neck.

J Craniofac Surg 2021 Jan-Feb 01;32(1):e25-e27

Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Maxillofacial Surgery, General Hospital Zadar, Zadar, Croatia.

Abstract: Epidermoid and dermoid cysts (ECs and DCs) are congenital anomalies occurring in areas of embryonic fusion. Their incidence in the head and neck region is low and ranges from 1.6% to 7%. Read More

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Masquerades of Acquired Dacryocystocele.

Clin Ophthalmol 2020 2;14:1855-1858. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Govindram Seksaria Institute of Dacryology, L.V. Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad 500034, Telangana, India.

Introduction: Dacryocystocele can be congenital or acquired and acute or chronic, based on underlying pathology. An inferomedial anterior orbital mass lesion can masquerade an acquired dacryocystocele with similar symptomatology; however, the treatment varies. Hence, a careful examination of the swelling to differentiate these masquerades is needed to ensure rightful treatment. Read More

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Medial orbital dermoid cyst.

Can J Ophthalmol 2020 12 16;55(6):531-532. Epub 2020 Jul 16.

Department of Ophthalmology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont.

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December 2020

A Case Series of Intramuscular Orbital Choristomatous Cysts.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2021 Mar-Apr 01;37(2):e51-e53

Orbital, Plastic and Lacrimal Clinic, Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, East Melbourne.

Intramuscular choristomatous cystic lesions within the orbit are rare but may require removal due to their volume effects. The authors describe 2 such cases of intramuscular cysts in adult patients. Both patients presented with symptoms due to local mass effects with swelling, proptosis and diplopia. Read More

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