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    1 OF 8

    Maxillofacial features and systemic malformations in expanded spectrum Hemifacial Microsomia.
    Am J Med Genet A 2017 May 20;173(5):1208-1218. Epub 2017 Mar 20.
    Department of Pediatric and Neonatology, Inter-Regional Center for Rare-Diseases, San Paolo Hospital, Savona, Italy.
    Hemifacial microsomia (HFM) is a rare, multisystemic congenital disease with estimated frequency of 1/26370 births in Europe. Most cases are sporadic and caused by unilateral abnormal morphogenesis of the first and second pharyngeal arches. The aim of this study is to define the types and frequency of maxillofacial and systemic malformations in HFM patients. Read More

    Deep Orbital Dermoid Cyst Bulging into the Superior Orbital Fissure: Clinical Presentation and Management.
    J Ophthalmic Vis Res 2017 Jan-Mar;12(1):110-112
    Department of Prosthodontics, Geetanjali Dental College and Research Institute, Geetanjali University, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India.
    Purpose: To present a case of deep orbital dermoid cyst with emphasis on clinical presentation, imaging spectrum, differential diagnosis and management.

    Case Report: A 28-year-old female was referred to our hospital with chief complaint of drooping of right eyelid and progressive headache. Ocular motility, visual acuity and fundus examination were normal. Read More

    Endoscopic Transnasal Transpterygoid Excision of an Infratemporal Dermoid Cyst.
    J Craniofac Surg 2017 Jun;28(4):951-954
    Ear Nose and Throat Department, Adana Numune Training and Research Hospital, Adana, Turkey.
    Objective: Intracranial dermoid cysts are rare, slow-growing masses of sellar, parasellar regions, and posterior cranial fossa. The symptomatology of these cysts depends on the localization and presence of rupture. The preoperative diagnosis of these cysts by imagining techniques is distinctive as they have characteristic appearances. Read More

    Dermoid cysts: clinical predictors of complex lesions and surgical complications.
    J AAPOS 2017 Feb 9;21(1):44-47. Epub 2017 Jan 9.
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, Iowa; Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, Iowa. Electronic address:
    Purpose: To evaluate the clinical characteristics and role of imaging in the evaluation of dermoid cysts and to determine predictors of cyst rupture during surgical excision of dermoid cysts.

    Methods: In this single-center, consecutive, nonrandomized comparative case series, the records of consecutive patients with suspected dermoid cysts who underwent surgery between January 1, 2000, and December 31, 2014, were reviewed retrospectively for demographic information, clinical findings, preoperative imaging, surgical details, and pathology reports.

    Results: A total of 100 patients were included. Read More

    Unsuspected Conjunctival Orbital Dermoid Cyst: Aids in Diagnosis.
    Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg 2017 Jan 5. Epub 2017 Jan 5.
    David G. Cogan Laboratory of Ophthalmic Pathology, Department of Ophthalmology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A.
    A 25-year-old man with Type 1 diabetes mellitus experienced rapid visual decline and was scheduled for right cataract surgery. At the time of administering an inferotemporal retrobulbar block, a white discharge appeared spontaneously on the surface of the globe. Superotemporally a cyst was found and its contents were subtotally evacuated. Read More

    Can a dermoid cyst lead to an abnormal origin of an extraocular muscle?
    Indian J Ophthalmol 2016 Sep;64(9):676-678
    Department of Orbit and Oculoplastics, Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan.
    A 5-year-old boy presented with a large 5 cm × 5 cm cyst covering the left eye completely since birth. The cyst was excised in toto and was sent for histopathological examination. During the surgery, the inferior oblique (IO) muscle was seen originating from medial orbital wall, 10-12 mm behind the medial orbital margin, just posterior to the lacrimal bone and moving laterally, downward, and posteriorly from its origin making a more acute angle - around 20° to its site of origin. Read More

    [Clinical and pathological analysis of ocular tumors in 504 children cases].
    Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi 2016 Oct;52(10):764-768
    Tianjin Eye Hospital and Institute, Clinical College of Ophthalmology of Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology and Vision Science, Tianjin 300020, China.
    Objective: To analyze the clinical features and pathological classification of chlidren's ocular tumors. Methods: Retrospective case series study. Five hundred and four cases (506 eyes) of ocular tumor with biopsy-proven in children below 14 years old between January 2002 and December 2014 from Tianjin Eye Hospital were performed to retrospectively investigated the lesion location, clinical features and histopathologic classification of these lesions. Read More

    Extraconal cystic schwannoma mimicking an orbital dermoid cyst.
    Arq Bras Oftalmol 2016 Jul-Aug;79(4):258-60
    Setor de Plástica Ocular, Centro de Referência em Oftalmologia, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, GO, Brazil.
    To our knowledge, we report the first case of an extraconal orbital cystic schwannoma in Brazilian literature. The tumor grew slowly and progressively and was associated with minimal eccentric proptosis and diplopia. The radiologic study (orbital computed tomography) revealed a rounded, encapsulated, and extraconal cystic mass in the superior medial region of the right orbit in the supraorbital and supratrochlear nerve topography. Read More

    Orbital Dermoid Cyst: Classification and its Impact on Surgical Management.
    Semin Ophthalmol 2016 Sep 6:1-5. Epub 2016 Sep 6.
    a Ophthalmology Department, Faculty of Medicine , Tanta University , Tanta , Egypt.
    Purpose: Analysis of different clinical types of orbital dermoid cyst, and studying the impact of preoperative classification on the proposed surgical procedure.

    Methods: A retrospective study of orbital dermoid cyst cases. The clinical and imaging data were reviewed. Read More

    Clinical Outcomes of Ruptured Periorbital and Orbital Dermoid Cysts.
    Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg 2016 Jul 13. Epub 2016 Jul 13.
    *Corneo-Plastic Unit and Eye Bank, Queen Victoria Hospital, East Grinstead, United Kingdom; †Department of Ophthalmology, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; and ‡South Australian Institute of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia.
    Purpose: To evaluate the clinical outcomes of ruptured dermoid cysts.

    Methods: A multicenter, retrospective study of all cases of periorbital and orbital dermoid cysts with histopathological evidence of rupture, including those with clinical rupture, was performed over a 10-year period. Demographics and clinical outcomes of ruptured dermoid cysts were recorded. Read More

    Phenotypic characterization of epibulbar dermoids.
    Int Ophthalmol 2017 Jun 12;37(3):499-505. Epub 2016 Jul 12.
    Seattle Children's Research Institute, Seattle, WA, USA.
    The purpose of this study was to characterize the phenotypic presentation, clinical course, and outcomes of epibulbar dermoids (EpDs) which are the most common congenital eye tumor in children. Sixty-eight dermoids were identified in 58 eyes of 48 patients of Seattle Children's Hospital between 1981 and 2014 via electronic medical record search. Patients were organized into: "EpD-Only" [patients without other congenital anomalies (n = 13)], "EpD-CFM" [patients with a craniofacial microsomia (CFM) diagnosis (n = 25)], and "EpD-Other" [patients with other congenital anomalies (n = 10)]. Read More

    Diagnosis and treatment of pediatric frontotemporal pits: report of 2 cases.
    J Neurosurg Pediatr 2016 Oct 8;18(4):471-474. Epub 2016 Jul 8.
    Departments of 1 Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery.
    In contrast to more common nasal and cervical lesions, the frontotemporal pit is a rarely encountered lesion that is often associated with a dermoid and may track intracranially. Due to delays in diagnosis, the propensity to spread intracranially, and the risk of infection, awareness of these lesions and appropriate diagnosis and management are important. The authors present 2 cases of frontotemporal pits from a single institution. Read More

    Acute Lid Swelling: a Series of Unusual Cases, Treatment and Follow-up.
    Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 2016 Apr 26;233(4):402-5. Epub 2016 Apr 26.
    Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital Zurich, Zürich, Switzerland (Chairman: Prof. Dr. K. Landau).
    Background: There are many different aetiologies for acute lid swelling, including infection, inflammation, degeneration, tumours and trauma. We present five uncommon cases of acute lid swelling and give an overview of differential diagnoses for rapidly evolving eyelid swelling.

    History And Signs: We reviewed the charts of five patients with initial presentation of acute lid swelling. Read More

    A rare localization of pure dermoid cyst in the frontal bone.
    Neuroradiol J 2016 Apr 25;29(2):130-3. Epub 2016 Feb 25.
    Department of Biotechnological and Applied Clinical Sciences, Radiology Unit, University of L'Aquila, Italy.
    We report the case of an 84-year-old woman who came to our attention with right palpebral edema associated with pain in the omolateral fronto-orbital region. The patient underwent an MRI scan that revealed a rounded, extracerebral intradiploic cystic lesion with dyshomogeneous signal intensity. Computed tomography (CT) imaging was also performed with reformatted 3D reconstruction. Read More

    A microanatomic abnormality of the lacrimal gland associated with Goldenhar syndrome.
    Surv Ophthalmol 2016 Sep-Oct;61(5):654-63. Epub 2016 Feb 16.
    Department of Pathology, Wills Eye Institute, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
    A 12-month-old male infant, noted from birth to have a diffuse right temporal epibulbar thickening that encroached on the limbus inferotemporally, was found to manifest stigmata of Goldenhar syndrome, including a limbal dermoid with vellus hairs, esotropia, astigmatism, fullness and ectropion of the lower eyelid, preauricular skin tag, agenesis of the right kidney, and a supernumerary rib. In the excised epibulbar specimen, in addition to a solid dermoid, lobules of lacrimal gland tissue were interpreted as a portion of the palpebral or orbital lobes. This tissue displayed a unique histopathologic finding. Read More

    Glabellar dermoid cyst: A case presentation.
    Ophthalmic Genet 2016 Sep 17;37(3):331-2. Epub 2016 Feb 17.
    a Department of Ophthalmology , Bolu Gerede State Hospital , Gerede-Bolu , Turkey.
    Dermoid cysts are one of the most common non-inflammatory space-occupying orbital lesions in the pediatric population. They are ectodermal cysts which may contain squamous epithelium with dermal contents such as skin, hair follicles, sebaceous glands, or sweat glands. Dermoid cyts are often innocent, however complications such as inflammation of the fistula or preseptal cellulitis are occasionally seen. Read More

    The Appropriate Surgical Approach to Frontotemporal Dermoid Cysts in Adult Patients.
    Ann Plast Surg 2017 Jan;78(1):54-58
    From the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Hanyang University Guri Hospital, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Guri, Korea.
    Because frontotemporal dermoid cysts are superficial masses on the zygomaticofrontal suture, they are usually removed by simple direct excision in pediatric patients. Adult patients, however, require a more involved treatment approach because these cysts may be large and extend deeply into the surrounding tissue. From 2008 to 2015, 33 adult patients with frontotemporal dermoid cysts were treated in our clinic under a new treatment algorithm. Read More

    [Endoscopic transethmoidal resection of medial orbital lesions].
    Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi 2015 Aug;51(8):569-75
    Institute of orbital diseases, the General Hospital of the Armed Police Force, Beijing 100039, China.
    Objective: To determine the indications, surgical skills, and complications for removal of intraorbital lesions using an endoscopic transethmoidal approach.

    Methods: A retrospective case series of 12 cases between May 2014 and January 2015 were conducted. Data included visual acuity, exophthalmos, ocular movement, and eyelid function of preoperation and follow-up. Read More

    [Orbital dermoid cysts: Clinical spectrum and outcome].
    J Fr Ophtalmol 2015 Dec 10;38(10):950-4. Epub 2015 Nov 10.
    Service d'ophtalmologie, CHU Farhat Hached, rue Ibn Jazzar, 4031 Sousse, Tunisie.
    Introduction: Dermoid cysts are benign congenital orbital tumors, they are classified as choristomas. Clinical manifestations vary according to location and size.

    Materials And Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 43 cases of dermoid cysts surgically treated between July 1998 and March 2009. Read More

    Orbital tumours and tumour-like lesions: exploring the armamentarium of multiparametric imaging.
    Insights Imaging 2016 Feb 31;7(1):43-68. Epub 2015 Oct 31.
    Department of Radiology, Geneva University Hospital and University of Geneva, Rue, Gabrielle-Perret-Gentil 4, 1211, Geneva 14, Switzerland.
    Although the orbit is a small anatomical space, the wide range of structures present within it are often the site of origin of various tumours and tumour-like conditions, both in adults and children. Cross-sectional imaging is mandatory for the detection, characterization, and mapping of these lesions. This review focuses on multiparametric imaging of orbital tumours. Read More

    Post Surgical Giant Epidermal Inclusion Cyst of the Lid and Orbit- A Rare Case.
    J Clin Diagn Res 2015 Sep 1;9(9):ND01-3. Epub 2015 Sep 1.
    Demonstrator, Department of Pathology, Burdwan Medical College & Hospital , West Bengal, India .
    Epidermoid cyst within the lid and orbit is extremely rare. Epidermoid tumours are inclusion of ectodermal elements in the site not normally containing these structures. It is of two types; primary type related to implantation of ectoderm at the time of closure of the neural groove and secondary type caused by post traumatic inclusion of the surface epithelium. Read More

    A new surgical "noose" technique for excision of pediatric ocular adnexal and anterior orbital cysts.
    J AAPOS 2015 Aug 31;19(4):372-5. Epub 2015 Jul 31.
    Department of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Adult Strabismus, Aravind Eye Hospital, Anna Nagar, Madurai.
    We describe a "noose technique" that facilitates complete surgical excision of all forms of pediatric adnexal and anterior orbital extraocular cysts, including conjunctival retention cysts, parasitic cysts involving the conjunctiva, Tenon's capsule, or rectus muscle, superficial cysts, and deep dermoid cysts. The technique provides good exposure and facilitates handling of tissues, maintains surgical planes, minimizes bleeding, decreases injury to collateral tissues, reduces surgical time, allows for utilization of less skilled assistants, and ensures complete excision in most cases. The noose technique is a versatile procedure that can be applied to extraocular cysts of any location or size both in children and adults. Read More

    Conservative Surgical Management of a Grade III Corneal Dermoid.
    Cornea 2015 Oct;34(10):1318-20
    *Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Adıyaman University, Adıyaman, Turkey; †Department of Ophthalmology, Bağlar Hospital, Diyarbakır, Turkey; and ‡Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Adıyaman University, Adıyaman, Turkey.
    Purpose: To present a rare, unique, grade III corneal dermoid treated with conservative surgical management.

    Methods: An 8-month-old boy was admitted to our clinic with a lesion on the central cornea of the right eye and a corneal mass in the left eye. The mass had a skin-like surface and protruded to the outside of the palpebral fissure. Read More

    Ectopic cilia associated with an orbital dermoid cyst and sinus tract: case report.
    J Neurosurg Pediatr 2015 Aug 15;16(2):203-6. Epub 2015 May 15.
    Pediatrics, University Hospital Olomouc, Czech Republic.
    Ectopic cilia are extremely rare congenital anomalies in which eyelash follicles appear in an abnormal place on the eyelid, most typically on the lateral quadrant of the anterior surface of the upper eyelid. In the majority of cases, simple surgical excision of ectopic cilia is indicated because of its cosmetic aspect. There is usually no associated medical co-morbidity with this anomaly. Read More

    Different locations of dermoid cysts in the orbital region.
    Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 2015 Apr 22;232(4):489-92. Epub 2015 Apr 22.
    Department of Oculoplastic Surgery, Jules Gonin Eye Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Background: Dermoid cysts are frequent unilateral congenital benign tumors that can be found at different locations throughout the body. In the orbital region, dermoid cysts occur predominantly in the supero-temporal quadrant. However, different orbital locations are possible, making this entity an important differential diagnosis for orbital tumors. Read More

    Severe microphthalmos with cyst and unusually huge dermolipoma.
    J Craniofac Surg 2015 Mar;26(2):e142-4
    From the *The State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou; †Department of Ophthalmology, The First Hospital of Putian City, Fujian Province, the People's Republic of China.
    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to report an unusual case of severe microphthalmos, together with an orbital cyst and huge ocular surface dermolipoma.

    Methods: This is a clinical report relating clinical features as well as imaging and histopathologic findings, along with surgical management of the patient.

    Results: A 5-month-old Chinese male infant was referred, with 2 large masses in the left eye that were present since birth. Read More

    [Current aspects of eyelid, lacrimal and orbital surgery in childhood].
    Ophthalmologe 2015 Feb;112(2):102-9
    Zentrum für Augenheilkunde, Universität zu Köln, Kerpener Str. 62, 50924, Köln, Deutschland,
    Background: During childhood the spectrum of disorders of the eyelid, the lacrimal drainage system and the orbit as well as the subsequent therapeutic management differ from those in adults.

    Objectives: This review outlines the clinical picture and treatment of the most common eyelid, lacrimal drainage and orbital diseases in childhood.

    Methods: The study comprises a PubMed literature review and own clinical results. Read More

    [Retrospective analysis of clinical, radiological, and histopathological presentation of periocular dermoid cysts].
    Vestn Oftalmol 2015 Nov-Dec;131(6):16-19
    National Centre of Ophthalmology named after acad. Zarifa Aliyeva, Ministry of Health of Azerbaijan Republic, 32/15 Javadkhan St., Baku, Azerbaijan, AZ 1114.
    Unlabelled: Aim - to determine the contribution of clinical and radiological findings to proper diagnosis of dermoid cysts and treatment decision making and also, to identify their distinctive histopathological features.

    Material And Methods: This is a retrospective analysis of сlinical signs, assessment

    Results: and treatment outcomes in 52 patients with orbital dermoids.

    Results: The patients enrolled mostly complained of painless non-inflammatory swelling of the upper eyelid that spatially corresponded to the cyst. Read More

    Rare orbital cystic lesions in children.
    J Craniomaxillofac Surg 2015 Mar 24;43(2):238-43. Epub 2014 Nov 24.
    The State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, 510060, People's Republic of China.
    Purpose: To analyze the clinical features, imaging findings and surgical management of rare orbital cystic lesions in children.

    Materials And Methods: Clinical records of 5 Chinese children with rare orbital cystic lesions including cystic teratoma, congenital cystic eye, optic nerve sheath cyst, parasitic cyst, and meningoencephalocele were reviewed. Their clinical history, symptoms and signs, ultrasonography or computed tomography/magnetic resonance imaging (CT/MRI), surgical management were presented in detail. Read More

    Intracranial Extension of an Orbital Epidermoid Cyst.
    Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg 2016 Nov/Dec;32(6):e135-e136
    Department of Ophthalmology, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, Mississippi, U.S.A.
    Epidermoid and dermoid cysts represent the most common cystic lesions of the orbit and commonly arise from bony sutures or the intradiplpoic space of orbital bones. Massive intracranial extension of an epidermoid cyst arising from the intradiploic space of an orbital bone is very rarely seen. We present a case of a 55-year-old male who was incidentally found to have massive intracranial extension of an intradiploic epidermoid cyst of the superolateral orbital bone with minimal symptoms. Read More

    Cryptic respiratory epithelial cyst of the lateral orbit in a 3 year old with strabismus and amblyopia.
    J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 2014 Mar 4;51 Online:e19-21. Epub 2014 Mar 4.
    Although choristomatous cystic orbital lesions are not uncommon in the pediatric population, these lesions rarely cause strabismus without being clinically obvious. Common choristomas, such as dermoid cysts and epidermoid cysts, usually cause vision loss through amblyopia or changes in refractive error. A 3-year-old girl with a history of esotropia and presumed lipodermoid who subsequently developed an abduction deficit and worsening of her visual acuity to 20/70 from a baseline of 20/50 is described. Read More

    Orbital epidermoid cysts: a diagnosis to consider.
    J Ophthalmol 2014 8;2014:508425. Epub 2014 Sep 8.
    Ophthalmology Department, Kasr Al Ainy Medical School, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.
    Background. Orbital epidermoids form a rare pathological entity that is separate from dermoid cysts. They have variable clinical and radiological presentations and they should be considered in the differential diagnosis of orbital cystic lesions. Read More

    Epithelial cyst of the superior oblique muscle trochlea.
    Orbit 2014 Oct 12;33(5):392-4. Epub 2014 Jun 12.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Policlinico "Santa Maria alle Scotte" , Siena , Italy .
    Most of the congenital orbital cysts are choristomas such as dermoid or epidermoid and only in a few cases they are epithelial. Clinically, they manifest as cystic movable formations mostly localized in the upper temporal quadrant of the orbit. We describe here the case of a 49-year-old man with an orbital cyst localized in the upper-nasal quadrant of the orbit and which was showing signs of a gradual enlargement and progression over the past weeks. Read More

    Compressive optic neuropathy secondary to a lateral rectus muscle dermoid cyst.
    Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg 2015 May-Jun;31(3):e63-4
    Departments of *Ophthalmology, †Radiology, ‡Neurosurgery, §Pathology, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, and ‖Eyelid and Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Glenview, IL, U.S.A.
    A 48-year-old man presented 2 weeks after sudden OS vision loss. On examination, the patient had decreased OS visual acuity, an ipsilateral afferent pupil defect, and proptosis. MRI of the orbit with and without gadolinium showed a large, enhancing heterogeneous mass extending to the orbital apex. Read More

    Foam sclerotherapy for periorbital dermoid cysts.
    Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg 2014 May-Jun;30(3):267-70
    Department of Ophthalmic Plastic Surgery, LV Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India.
    Purpose: To report nonsurgical treatment of periorbital dermoid cysts with foam sclerotherapy using sodium tetradecyl sulfate (STS).

    Methods: Single-center, retrospective, interventional case series. Clinical records of all patients diagnosed to have congenital orbital dermoid cyst and treated with STS foam sclerotherapy between 2012 and 2013 were reviewed. Read More

    Minimal invasive biopsy of intraconal expansion by PET/CT/MRI image-guided navigation: a new method.
    J Craniomaxillofac Surg 2014 Oct 19;42(7):1184-9. Epub 2014 Mar 19.
    Department of Oromaxillofacial Surgery (Head: Univ. Prof. Dr. Kärcher Hans), Medical University Graz, Auenbruggerplatz 5, 8036 Graz, Austria.
    Unlabelled: Intraorbital tumours are often undetected for a long period and may lead to compression of the optic nerve and loss of vision. Although CT, MRI's and ultrasound can help in determining the probable diagnosis, most orbital tumours are only diagnosed by surgical biopsy. In intraconal lesions this may prove especially difficult as the expansions are situated next to sensitive anatomical structures (eye bulb, optic nerve). Read More

    Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia of the orbit and ocular adnexa: report of 5 cases.
    JAMA Ophthalmol 2014 May;132(5):633-6
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison3McPherson Eye Research Institute, University of Wisconsin, Madison.
    Importance: To report the clinical and histopathologic findings of ocular adnexal angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia, an unusual but often misdiagnosed benign disorder.

    Observations: The ophthalmologic findings of angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia with ocular adnexal involvement are variable and include eyelid swelling, ptosis, proptosis, and loss of vision. Imaging studies typically reveal a well-circumscribed mass in the orbit. Read More

    In vivo confocal microscopy in goldenhar syndrome: a case report.
    BMC Ophthalmol 2013 Oct 16;13:55. Epub 2013 Oct 16.
    Cornea and Ocular Surface Unit, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy.
    Background: Goldenhar Syndrome is characterized by malformations of multiple anatomical districts. Between these, bulbar dermoids are common and represent a significant clinical problem as they can affect both ocular function and aesthetic comfort.Histologic characterization of dermoids has been extensively performed; however, no reports exist describing in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM) of these lesions. Read More

    [The pathological analysis of 213 children with ocular tumor].
    Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi 2013 Jan;49(1):37-40
    Henan Eye Institute, Henan Key Laboratory of Keratonosus, Zhengzhou 450003, China.
    Objective: To analyze the pathological classification of ocular tumor in children.

    Methods: 213 cases (214 eyes) of ocular tumor in children below 14 years old between January 2001 and December 2007 in Henan Eye Institute were reviewed retrospectively, the pathological classification were made according to the location and nature of the tumor.

    Results: There were 17 eyes (7. Read More

    A clinical update and radiologic review of pediatric orbital and ocular tumors.
    J Oncol 2013 12;2013:975908. Epub 2013 Mar 12.
    Department of Radiology, University of California-San Diego, 200 West Arbor Drive, San Diego, CA 92103, USA.
    While pediatric orbital tumors are most often managed in tertiary care centers, clinicians should be aware of the signs of intraocular and orbital neoplasms. In the pediatric population, a delay in diagnosis of orbital and intraocular lesions, even if benign, can lead to vision loss and deformity. Intraocular lesions reviewed are retinoblastoma, medulloepithelioma, and retinal astrocytic hamartoma. Read More

    An analysis of 2,480 space-occupying lesions of the orbit from 1976 to 2011.
    Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg 2013 Mar-Apr;29(2):79-86
    Orbital Unit, Department of Visual Science, University of Naples Federico II, Napoli, Italy.
    Purpose: To evaluate the frequencies of orbital space-occupying lesions seen at single orbital unit in a period of 35 years.

    Methods: In this retrospective case series, the authors reviewed the medical records of 2,480 consecutive patients referred to the authors' Orbital Unit for evaluation of an orbital mass between 1976 and 2011. The final diagnosis in each case was established by a combination of history, ocular findings, diagnostic imaging, and histopathologic analysis, when available. Read More

    Intraconal orbital dermoid cyst in an adult patient: a rare location.
    Semin Ophthalmol 2013 Mar;28(2):94-6
    Department of Imaging and Interventional Radiology, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong.
    Orbital dermoid cyst is a rare cause of orbital tumor in the adult population. Most of the orbital dermoids are extraconal, arising adjacent to bone suture and occurring in the pediatric patients. Deep orbital dermoid cyst located entirely intraconally is extremely rare. Read More

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