5,553 results match your criteria Dermoid Cyst


Robotic Excision of Retrorectal Mass.

J Gastrointest Surg 2018 Jun 15. Epub 2018 Jun 15.

Department of Surgery, Division of Colon and Rectal Surgery, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, 330 Brookline Ave, Boston, MA, 02215, USA.

Background: Retrorectal cysts make up a small but challenging group of pelvic masses, especially if they extend high into the pelvis. We present a case of successful robotic removal of a large retrorectal cyst.

Methods: Video presentation of a robotic excision of a retrorectal mass. Read More

View Article

Atypical imaging features of posterior fossa's dermoid cyst: Case report and review of literature.

Surg Neurol Int 2018 7;9:97. Epub 2018 May 7.

Department of Neurosurgery, Trauma and Burns Center, Ben Arous, Faculty of Medicine of Tunis, El Manar-Tunis University, Tunisia.

Background: Intracranial dermoid cysts are uncommon lesions with characteristic imaging appearances. Symptomatic clinical presentation usually occurs in one of two ways: mass effect or rupture. Radiologically, dermoid cysts typically present as low density masses on computed tomography (CT) scan and are generally hyperintense on T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences with variable signal on T2-weighted sequences. Read More

View Article

Bilateral dermoid ovarian torsion in a young woman: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2018 Jun 8;12(1):159. Epub 2018 Jun 8.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Women's Specialized Hospital, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Of all patients undergoing emergency surgery for acute pelvic pain, approximately 2.7% of cases are caused by ovarian torsion. We report a rare occurrence of bilateral ovarian torsion in a young woman. Read More

View Article

Dermoid Cyst of the Floor of the Mouth: Diagnostic Imaging Findings.

Cureus 2018 Apr 2;10(4):e2403. Epub 2018 Apr 2.

Chirurgia Maxillo Facciale, San Bortolo Hospital, Vicenza, ITA.

Dermoid cysts of the floor of the mouth are rare, accounting for 11% of all dermoid cysts in the head and neck region. We report a case of a dermoid cyst of the floor of the mouth in a 12-year-old boy investigated with ultrasonography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and non-enhanced computed tomography (CT) scans. The lesion contained free calcified corpuscles (i. Read More

View Article

Congenital Perirectal Dermoid Cyst: A Rare Cause of Complex, Recurrent Pediatric Fistula-in-ano.

Front Pediatr 2018 16;6:143. Epub 2018 May 16.

Division of Pediatric Surgery, Children's Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, United States.

Perianal abscess and fistula-in-ano are well-described in the pediatric population. They are most common in infants less than 1 year of age and often resolve with oral antibiotics; occasionally they require drainage or fistulotomy. The etiology is commonly associated with cryptoglandular obstruction and subsequent infection, however alternative diagnoses should be considered in cases of recurrent abscesses and fistulae that are refractory to standard treatments. Read More

View Article
May 2018
2 Reads

Dermoid Cyst of the Prepontine Cistern and Meckel's Cave: Illustrative Case and Systematic Review.

J Neurol Surg B Skull Base 2018 Apr 11;79(2):139-150. Epub 2017 Aug 11.

Department of Neurosurgery, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States.

 Dermoid cysts are benign, congenital malformations that account for ∼0.5% of intracranial neoplasms. The authors describe a 42-year-old female with a prepontine dermoid cyst who underwent apparent gross total resection (GTR) but experienced cyst recurrence. Read More

View Article

An Infratemporal Dermoid Cyst that Expanded the Foramen Ovale: A Case Report.

World Neurosurg 2018 Jun 1. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

Department of Neurosurgery, Fukuoka University, Faculty of Medicine, Fukuoka, Japan.

Background: Dermoid cysts are rare tumors that are usually seen in the midline structure of the brain, but rarely arise in the petrous apex and cavernous sinus. There have been very few reports of dermoid cysts arising in the infratemporal fossa with scarce anatomical descriptions. Here, we report the case of a patient with a dermoid cyst in the left infratemporal fossa. Read More

View Article
June 2018
1 Read

Spinal Intramedullary Abscess Secondary to Dermal Sinus in Children.

Eur J Pediatr Surg 2018 Jun 1. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

Department of Orthodontics, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India.

Introduction:  Congenital dermal sinuses (CDS) are uncommon lesions. They are most often noted in lumbosacral region and may lead to meningitis or spinal abscess. Intramedullary spinal cord abscess (IMSCA) due to CDS is rare and often co-exists with an inclusion tumor such as dermoid/epidermoid cyst. Read More

View Article

Rescue technique for complete removal of an accidentally ruptured orbital dumbbell deep dermoid cyst: A case report.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2018 Jun 1;10:55-58. Epub 2018 Feb 1.

Department of Oculoplastic, Orbital & Lacrimal Surgery, Aichi Medical University Hospital, Aichi, Japan.

Purpose: To report a rescue technique for complete removal of an accidentally ruptured orbital dumbbell deep dermoid cyst.

Observations: A 33-year-old female presented with left proptosis with retrobulbar discomfort for 3 months. Computed tomography images showed an orbital dumbbell deep dermoid cyst. Read More

View Article
June 2018
4 Reads

Rare Location for Pilonidal Sinus: the Nasal Dorsum.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 May 14. Epub 2018 May 14.

Pathology Clinic, Regional Training and Research Hospital, Erzurum, Turkey.

Pilonidal sinuses are recurrent chronic inflammatory lesions which may occur due to penetration of hair particles into skin. Herein, the authors report a pilonidal sinus case that is unusually seen on nasal dorsum and totally excised with the open technique rhinoplasty method. A 20-year-old male patient was admitted to the authors' outpatient clinic with complaints of dysmorphism and discharge from nasal dorsum. Read More

View Article
May 2018
1 Read

Infected intradural dermoid cyst with complete dermal sinus of posterior fossa.

World Neurosurg 2018 May 10. Epub 2018 May 10.

department of Neurosurgery, Hassan II Teaching Hospital, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Fez, Morocco.

Background: Intracranial dermoid cysts represent benign embryologic tumors. Children and young adults are most affected. Infected intradural dermoid cyst with complete dermal sinus of posterior fossa is exceptional. Read More

View Article

Ovarian reserve evaluation after laparoscopic cyst enucleation, depending on applied haemostasis technique and with particular consideration of endometrial cysts.

Prz Menopauzalny 2018 Mar 11;17(1):22-27. Epub 2018 Apr 11.

Department of Endoscopic Gynecology and Oncological Gynecology, Institute of Polish Mother's Health, Lodz, Poland.

Aim Of The Study: was an evaluation of the effects, exerted by obtained haemostasis on ovarian reserve, depending on haemostasis technique, applied after laparoscopic enucleation of endometrial cysts.

Material And Methods: Sixty-six female patients, at the age of 20-35 years, were included into the study. The diameters of the cystic lesions were within 40-70 mm. Read More

View Article
March 2018
1 Read

Cystic mass of the floor of the mouth.

J Clin Exp Dent 2018 Mar 1;10(3):e287-e290. Epub 2018 Mar 1.

MD, PhD. Head of Otorhinolaryngology department, Hospital General Universitari de Castelló. Castelló de la Plana, Spain.

Background: Epidermoid and dermoid cysts in the oral cavity are relatively uncommon lesions of developmental origin. They often remain asymptomatic for years until they grow enough to interfere with speech, deglutition and less often with breathing which can pose a critical risk to the airway and require immediate surgery.

Case Description: A case of an epidermoid cyst of the floor of the mouth affecting a 37-year-old man is presented; this lesion was surgically enucleated with an intraoral approach. Read More

View Article

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Transvaginal Ultrasonography (TVU) at Ovarian Pain Caused by Benign Ovarian Lesions.

Acta Inform Med 2018 ;26(1):15-18

Radiology Clinic, University Clinical Centre in Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Research Goal: The aim of the research is to define the possibilities of TVU and the MRI in the diagnosis of the most common benign ovarian lesions which cause pelvic pain.

Patients And Methods: In study were included n=74 patients with pelvic pain, who were examined with TVU and then with an MRI of pelvis. Diagnostic results of all patients (n=74) divided into two groups according to the modality that was performed (TVU results n=74 and MRI results n=74 MRI ). Read More

View Article
January 2018

Auto-amputated adnexa in a young woman: Multimodal imaging to rule in a pelvic rolling stone.

J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod 2018 Apr 20. Epub 2018 Apr 20.

Lyon 1 Claude Bernard University, Villeurbanne, France; Radiology Department, Centre Hospitalier Lyon Sud, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Pierre Bénite, France. Electronic address:

We report the case of a 26-year-old woman with a right auto-amputated adnexa and a free-floating mass in the pouch of Douglas using multimodal imaging studies including ultrasonography, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging. The absence of an ovary and the evidence of an amorphous and potentially calcified mass, with no connection to the genital tract - in particular when it is found to be mobile - are the key imaging findings. Prospective diagnosis of adnexal auto-amputation could assist surgeons in patient management with a curative laparoscopy in symptomatic women, or potentially expectant management in young women who are asymptomatic or have unrelated symptoms. Read More

View Article
April 2018
4 Reads

Ovarian borderline mucinous tumor with squamous overgrowth: An unusual finding with review of literature.

Indian J Pathol Microbiol 2018 Apr-Jun;61(2):261-263

Department of Pathology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Udupi, Karnataka, India.

Borderline mucinous tumor (BMT) is often associated with other entities such as dermoid cyst, Brenner tumor, and endometriosis. Squamous areas are often associated which may be a part of BMT or its associated conditions. Here, we describe squamous overgrowth in a case of intestinal type of mucinous borderline tumor in a 29-year-old uniparous female and discuss the diagnostic difficulties. Read More

View Article

Autoamputation of the Appendix in a Chronic Adnexal Abscess.

Case Rep Obstet Gynecol 2018 13;2018:6010568. Epub 2018 Feb 13.

University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Medicine, Kansas City, MO, USA.

Autoamputation of the appendix has rarely been described in the literature. We present a case of a pelvic mass, thought to be a dermoid cyst based on preoperative imaging. After surgical removal and pathological examination, the mass was found to be a chronic pelvic abscess containing the right adnexa as well as an autoamputated vermiform appendix. Read More

View Article
February 2018

Coexisting sublingual dermoid cyst and heterotopic gastrointestinal cyst: Case report.

J Clin Exp Dent 2018 Feb 1;10(2):e196-e199. Epub 2018 Feb 1.

Research Assistant, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Akdeniz University, Antalya, Turkey.

A heterotopic oral gastrointestinal cyst coexisting with a lingual dermoid cyst is a rare condition, with only 3 reported cases in the English-language literature. Clinically, both gastrointestinal and dermoid cysts tend to manifest as an asymptomatic swelling. Cysts above the mylohyoid often present with sublingual swelling, whereas those below the mylohyoid present with submental swelling. Read More

View Article
February 2018

Multiple Bilateral Ovarian Mature Cystic Teratomas with Ovarian Torsion: A Case Report.

Oman Med J 2018 Mar;33(2):163-166

School of Nursing, Philadelphia University, Amman, Jordan.

Ovarian tumors are a common form of neoplasm in women. Mature cystic teratoma is the most common type, with a bilateral incidence of 8-15%. However, few cases are reported as bilateral and multiple. Read More

View Article

[Surgical treatment of an auto-immune hemolytic anemia].

Rev Med Interne 2018 Jun 9;39(6):435-438. Epub 2018 Apr 9.

Service de médecine interne, CHU de Poitiers, 2, rue de la Milétrie, 86021 Poitiers cedex, France.

Introduction: Auto-immune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) is a rare cause of anemia, characterized by autoantibodies directed against self red blood cells. It can be primary or secondary, in particular due to lymphoproliferative diseases.

Case Report: We report the case of a 24-year-old woman who presented with a severe macrocytic anemia associated with an ovarian teratoma. Read More

View Article

Simultaneous Occurrence of a Midline Sublingual Dermoid Cyst with Respiratory Epithelium and Submental Dermoid Cyst in a Paediatric Patient: A Case Report and Review of Literature.

J Maxillofac Oral Surg 2018 Jun 4;17(2):188-192. Epub 2016 Oct 4.

3Cleft and Craniofacial Unit, Meenakshi Ammal Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu India.

Aim: To present the case of a simultaneously occuring sublingual dermoid cyst with respiratory epthelium and a submental dermoid cyst, and also to review literatures on the same.

Methods: A complete examination, radiograph, MRI and excision biopsy of both lesions were carried out and diagnosis was arrived at histopathologically.

Results: The histopathology of the submental swelling revealed orthokeratinized stratified squamous epithelium with underlying connective tissue consisting of dense irregularly arranged collagen fibres with fibroblasts along with chronic inflammatory cell infiltrate of lymphocytes and plasma cells. Read More

View Article
June 2018
1 Read

The Tonsillouvular Fissure Approach: Access to Dorsal and Lateral Aspects of the Fourth Ventricle.

World Neurosurg 2018 Jun 31;114:e1107-e1119. Epub 2018 Mar 31.

Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: Although approaches to the fourth ventricle (FV) have been studied well, approaches to the lesions located in the dorsal and lateral aspects of the FV have not been shown in anatomic or clinical studies. The aim of this study is to show for the first time in the literature the tonsillouvular fissure approach (TUFA) in anatomic dissections and its use in surgical series.

Methods: For anatomic studies, 4 formalin-fixed human cadaveric heads infused with colored silicone and 10 cerebellar specimens were dissected in a stepwise manner. Read More

View Article

A giant dermoid cyst of the orbit.

Orbit 2018 Mar 28:1-4. Epub 2018 Mar 28.

a Orbit, Oculoplasty, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Services , Sankara Nethralaya, Medical Research Foundation , Chennai , India.

To describe a unique case of a non-germinomatous germ cell tumor, a giant orbital dermoid, present in adulthood. A 31-year-old male presented in our clinic with gradual, painless, progressive proptosis in the left eye since 28 years associated with gradual loss of vision. The left eye showed gross proptosis. Read More

View Article

Endoscopic removal of a suprasellar dermoid cyst in a pediatric patient: a case report and review of the literature.

Childs Nerv Syst 2018 Mar 20. Epub 2018 Mar 20.

Ibni Sina Hospital, Department of Neurosurgery, Ankara University School of Medicine, Sihhiye, 06100, Ankara, Turkey.

Introduction: Dermoid cysts (DCs) are unusual benign congenital intracranial tumors that typicallyarise in the midline and form as a result of abnormal sequestration of ectodermal cells during neural tubeformation. In all age groups, endoscopic approaches are preferable for the removal of sellar lesions. A 6-year-old girl with recurrent meningitis underwent endoscopic endonasal surgery forsellar DC. Read More

View Article
March 2018
6 Reads

Intradiploic epidermoid cyst of the orbital roof: a case report.

Orbit 2018 Mar 20:1-3. Epub 2018 Mar 20.

a Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences , University of Adelaide and South Australian Institute of Ophthalmology , Adelaide , Australia.

Intradiploic epidermoid cysts are uncommon in the orbital walls and typically present with chronic headaches. We present the unusual presentation of a 46-year-old man where a long-standing intradiploic mass of the orbital roof led to acute onset of pain and mechanical ptosis. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed an intradiploic cystic mass within the orbital roof. Read More

View Article
March 2018
1 Read

Rare Report of Unilateral Postauricular Dermoid Cyst.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 May;29(3):767-768

Department of Pathology, Soonchunhyang University Cheonan Hospital, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Cheonan, Republic of Korea.

Dermoid cysts are benign developmental anomalies that occurred as a result of the sequestration of the skin along the lines of embryonic closure. Those occurring in the cervicofacial region are uncommon, accounting for about 7% of all dermoids and its presence in postauricular region is further exceptionally rare. A healthy 19-year-old Asian boy presented with a unilateral postauricular cyst that had been present since childhood without any symptom. Read More

View Article
May 2018
3 Reads

Endoscopic endonasal surgery for epidermoid and dermoid cysts: a 10-year experience.

J Neurosurg 2018 Mar 16:1-11. Epub 2018 Mar 16.

Neurological Surgery, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

OBJECTIVE Epidermoid and dermoid cysts may be found along the cranial base and are commonly resected via open transcranial approaches. The use of endoscopic endonasal approaches for resection of these tumors has been rarely reported. METHODS The authors retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 21 patients who underwent endoscopic endonasal surgery for epidermoid and dermoid cyst resection at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center between January 2005 and June 2014. Read More

View Article

Subcutaneoscopic Excision of External Angular Dermoid Cysts: Our Covert Scar Approach in 11 Cases.

Eur J Pediatr Surg 2018 Mar 13. Epub 2018 Mar 13.

Division of Pediatric Surgery, Michael E. DeBakey Department of Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, Texas, United States.

Introduction:  External angular dermoid cysts, or epidermoid inclusion cysts, are a common subcutaneous tumor of the head and neck. For the majority of these lesions, excision is relatively simple and performed through an incision immediately overlying the mass. Facial lesions in pediatric patients present a unique challenge in that a direct approach carries the potential for visible scar formation. Read More

View Article
March 2018
2 Reads

Suprasellar keratinous cyst: A case report and review on its radiological features and treatment outcome.

Surg Neurol Int 2018 22;9:15. Epub 2018 Jan 22.

Department of Neurosurgery, St Vincent's Hospital Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Background: Keratinous or epidermoid cysts (ECs) are encapsulated lesions lined by squamous cell epithelium. They comprise approximately 1% of intracranial lesions. Contrary to dermoid cysts, they lack dermal elements such as sebaceous or apocrine glands and hair follicles. Read More

View Article
January 2018

Electroconvulsive therapy for medication-refractory depression in a patient with ruptured intracranial dermoid cyst, meningioma, and neurofibromatosis.

Indian J Psychiatry 2017 Oct-Dec;59(4):493-495

Department of Psychopharmacology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is considered relatively contraindicated in patients with intracranial space-occupying lesions. A 53-year-old male presented with a 5-year history of medication-refractory major depressive disorder. Brain imaging findings suggested the presence of a ruptured dermoid cyst in the transverse sinus and a calcified meningioma in the temporal lobe sulcal space. Read More

View Article

Chronic subdural hematoma of the posterior fossa treated by suboccipital craniotomy.

Surg Neurol Int 2018 5;9:20. Epub 2018 Feb 5.

Department of Neurosurgery, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Kawada-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) of the posterior fossa is uncommon in adults. Only a few cases have been reported, and most of these were secondary to head injury or anticoagulant therapy. We herein describe a case of successful surgical treatment of CSDH in the posterior fossa after surgical removal of a large supratentorial and infratentorial dermoid cyst. Read More

View Article
February 2018

Occipital intraosseous dermoid cyst with restricted diffusion on magnetic resonance imaging in a child.

Radiol Case Rep 2018 Feb 23;13(1):248-253. Epub 2017 Dec 23.

Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, 1405 Clifton Rd NE, Atlanta, GA 30322 USA.

A 4-year-old girl presented repeatedly with a complicated occipital mass, which was erroneously treated as a pyogenic granuloma. Imaging performed before a planned surgical resection detected an underlying intraoccipital dermoid with a sinus tract to the skin surface and extension into the posterior fossa. This case highlights the value of high-resolution computed tomography imaging for depiction of anatomic details and the value of magnetic resonance imaging for differential diagnosis and surgical management. Read More

View Article
February 2018
3 Reads

[Dermoid cysts of the posterior cerebral fossa in children revealed by recurrent aseptic meningitis: Report of two cases and a review of the literature].

Neurochirurgie 2018 Mar 15;64(1):68-72. Epub 2018 Feb 15.

Département de neurochirurgie, faculté de médecine, UDL Sidi Bel-Abbés, Algérie.

Introduction: Dermoid cysts of central nervous system are very rare. The usual clinical presentation is dominated by intracranial hypertension, epilepsy and cranial palsy. The revelation mode could be recurrent aseptic meningitis. Read More

View Article
March 2018
2 Reads

Endoscopic Excision of Benign Facial Masses in Children: A Review of Outcomes.

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2018 May 15;28(5):617-621. Epub 2018 Feb 15.

2 Division of Pediatric Surgery, Lucile Packard Children's Hospital, Stanford University Medical Center , Stanford, California.

Purpose: Benign masses of the eyebrow and forehead are common in pediatric patients and can result in facial asymmetry, discomfort, or super-infection. Excision is classically conducted via an incision directly over the mass, which can produce sub-optimal cosmesis. Recently, an endoscopic approach using pediatric brow-lift equipment has been adopted. Read More

View Article
May 2018
1 Read

Dermoid cysts of the conus medullaris: Clinical review, case series and management strategies.

J Clin Neurosci 2018 Apr 10;50:247-251. Epub 2018 Feb 10.

The University of Texas Southwestern, Department of Neurological Surgery, United States.

Background: The management of dermoid cysts can be tedious as they have a tendency to recur, and respond poorly to chemotherapy and radiation. Management is especially difficult for tumors involving highly eloquent areas such as the conus medullaris.

Objective: We aim to provide a summary of the pathology, clinical presentation, and operative management strategies of dermoid cysts involving the conus medullaris. Read More

View Article
April 2018
2 Reads

Haematocolpos caused by a large vulvar dermoid cyst complicating type Ib female circumcision.

J Obstet Gynaecol 2018 May 8;38(4):583-584. Epub 2018 Feb 8.

c Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology , Al-Galaa Teaching Hospital & As-Salam International Hospital , Cairo , Egypt.

View Article
May 2018
1 Read

Asymmetrically enlarged parietal foramina in a rare case of Goldenhar syndrome with a possible etiopathogenesis.

Oncotarget 2018 Jan 20;9(2):2962-2968. Epub 2017 Dec 20.

Department of Pediatrics, Shinshu University School of Medicine, Matsumoto, Nagano, Japan.

Goldenhar´s syndrome (GS) also known as oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum (OAVS) is a relatively rare condition. GS is of multifactorial etiology that includes environmental and/or genetic factors, in addition to teratogens that disturb the blastogenesis. A 5-year-old girl from Saudi Arabia, was a member of dizygotic twins conceived by assisted reproductive technology (ART), and born with features of GS. Read More

View Article
January 2018
3 Reads

Diagnostic Dilemma: Cerebellopontine Angle Lipoma Versus Dermoid Cyst.

Cureus 2017 Nov 30;9(11):e1894. Epub 2017 Nov 30.

Department of Neurological Surgery, Houston Methodist Hospital.

Both lipomas and dermoid cysts of the cerebellopontine angle are rare tumors. These tumors differ in their embryological origin but share similar features on imaging. Both of these congenital lesions can be found in the cerebellopontine angle (CPA), and symptomatic clinical presentation is dictated by the location of the lesion. Read More

View Article
November 2017
1 Read

Congenital cyst of the orbit: A case report.

Natl J Maxillofac Surg 2017 Jul-Dec;8(2):167-169

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Jabalpur Hospital and Research Centre, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Dermoid cyst is an example of choristoma (i.e., tumors that originate from aberrant primordial tissue which result in normal appearing tissue in an abnormal location). Read More

View Article
February 2018
1 Read

Teratoid Cyst of the Postauricular Region: The First Ever Case Report.

Case Rep Pathol 2017 12;2017:9235925. Epub 2017 Dec 12.

Department of Pathology, Chitwan Medical College, Bharatpur, Nepal.

Rudolf Virchow is considered to be the first scientist to have used the word sebaceous cyst. It was thought that these lesions occurred due to retention of sebaceous secretion consequent to obstruction of sebaceous ducts of sebaceous glands, although that was found not to be the case. In all these cysts, the cavity is filled with keratin. Read More

View Article
December 2017
5 Reads

Double dermal sinus tracts of the cervical and thoracic regions: a case in a 3-year-old child and review of the literature.

Childs Nerv Syst 2018 May 26;34(5):987-990. Epub 2017 Dec 26.

Department of Neurosurgery, Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Hershey, PA, 17033, USA.

Introduction: Dermal sinus tracts are rare congenital abnormalities characterized by an epithelium-lined tract that extends from the subcutaneous tissue to the underlying thecal sac or neural tube. These developmental anomalies can present asymptomatically with a cutaneous dimple or with devastating complications including recurrent episodes of meningitis, or neurological complications including paralysis. Dermal sinus tracts generally occur as single lesions, and the presentation of midline double dermal sinus tracts of the cervical and thoracic regions has not been previously described. Read More

View Article
May 2018
6 Reads

Anterior orbital leiomyoma originating from the supraorbital neurovascular bundle.

SAGE Open Med Case Rep 2017 11;5:2050313X17740991. Epub 2017 Dec 11.

Department of Ophthalmology, Sisli Hamidiye Etfal Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose: To present a young female patient with left anterior orbital leiomyoma that originates from the supraorbital neurovascular bundle.

Case Presentation: A 41-year-old female patient was admitted to our clinic with a complaint of swelling of the left upper eyelid. Based on the ophthalmological and imaging assessments, the excisional biopsy with the preliminary diagnosis of dermoid cyst was planned. Read More

View Article
December 2017
3 Reads

Fatty filum terminale (FFT) as a secondary tethering element in children with closed spinal dysraphism.

Childs Nerv Syst 2018 May 19;34(5):925-932. Epub 2017 Dec 19.

Department of Neurological Sciences, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of FFT as an additional tethering element in children operated for closed spinal dysraphism, where FFT was not the primary tethering pathology.

Methods: This is a retrospective study of 195 children (< 18 years of age) who underwent surgery for closed spinal dysraphism and did not have FFT as the primary diagnosis. All patients were operated during the period 2005-2017 by a single surgeon. Read More

View Article
May 2018
9 Reads

New Grading System for Limbal Dermoid: A Retrospective Analysis of 261 Cases Over a 10-Year Period.

Cornea 2018 Jan;37(1):66-71

State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, China.

Purpose: To establish a new scoring system for limbal dermoid, in order to unify the diagnostic criteria and assess the prognosis.

Methods: A retrospective study was conducted on 261 patients with limbal dermoid. The basic information, clinical features, and pathology of dermoids were recorded, and the prognosis at 1 year after keratoplasty was assessed at follow-up. Read More

View Article
January 2018
8 Reads

Intracranial complications of midline nasal dermoid cysts.

Acta Chir Belg 2017 Dec 4:1-4. Epub 2017 Dec 4.

a Department of Plastic Surgery , Gent University , Gent , Belgium.

Background: Nasal dermoid cysts are common tumors in children. Due to anomalies in embryologic development of the nasal complex, sometimes an intracranial extension exists. When these cysts become infected they can lead to meningitis, brain abscess and death. Read More

View Article
December 2017
11 Reads

Intramedullary holocord abscess secondary to infected dermoid cyst.

Acta Neurochir (Wien) 2018 Jan 28;160(1):209-212. Epub 2017 Nov 28.

Department of Neurosurgery, Cliniques Universitaires Saint Luc, Avenue Hippocrate, 10, 1200, Brussels, Belgium.

In the literature, less than ten cases of holocord intramedullary abscess in children have been described. A 15-month-old girl presented with flaccid paraplegia and dermal sinus in the sacral region. MRI highlighted an infected lumbar dermoid cyst. Read More

View Article
January 2018
7 Reads

Nasal dermoid sinus cyst in a young girl: A case report.

J Dermatol 2018 May 22;45(5):e132-e133. Epub 2017 Nov 22.

Department of Dermatology, Fujita Health University School of Medicine, Toyoake, Japan.

View Article
May 2018
2 Reads

Acute Urinary Retention Induced by Chemical Meningitis Which Occurred Due to a Ruptured Dermoid Cyst.

Intern Med 2018 Mar 20;57(5):729-731. Epub 2017 Nov 20.

Department of Internal Medicine, Osaka City General Hospital, Japan.

Meningitis retention syndrome (MRS), a rare complication of aseptic meningitis, can present with acute urinary retention. The rupture of a dermoid cyst, which is a benign intracranial tumor, can sometimes induce chemical meningitis. We herein present a case of chemical meningitis and acute urinary retention that was induced by the rupture of a dermoid cyst. Read More

View Article
March 2018
3 Reads

Ectopic Ovary With Dermoid Cyst as a Result of Possible Asymptomatic Autoamputation.

J Hum Reprod Sci 2017 Jul-Sep;10(3):226-230

Department of Minimally Invasive Surgery, Credence Hospital, Trivandrum, Kerala, India.

A 32-year-old woman, who presented for laparoscopic sterilization after two full-term normal deliveries, was incidentally diagnosed to have a left-sided complex cyst in the pouch of Douglas (POD). She had no history of previous surgeries or any symptoms of lower abdominal pain, nausea, or vomiting in the past. She underwent laparoscopy, and the left ovary and distal portion of the fallopian tube were absent in their normal position. Read More

View Article
November 2017
2 Reads

Large Dermoid Cyst Presenting as Recurrent Pancreatitis.

Gastroenterology Res 2017 Oct 26;10(5):322-324. Epub 2017 Oct 26.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, The Brooklyn Hospital Center, Academic Affiliate of The Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Clinical Affiliate of The Mount Sinai Hospital, 121 Dekalb Avenue, Brooklyn, NY 11201, USA.

Pancreatic dermoid cysts are rare and benign congenital abnormalities of germ cell origin. They occur equally in males and females without age predilection. Though radiographic imaging aids in the diagnosis, most times they are inconclusive and require fine-needle aspiration cytology for confirmation. Read More

View Article
October 2017
1 Read