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    1 OF 110

    Child dermoid cyst mimicking a craniopharyngioma: the benefit of MRI T2-weighted diffusion sequence.
    Childs Nerv Syst 2017 Sep 18. Epub 2017 Sep 18.
    Department of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Necker Hospital, Université René Descartes, Paris Cité Sorbonne, Paris, France.
    Background: Brain dermoid cysts are very rare lesions. Although benign, these cysts may be associated with devastating complications due to mass effect or meningitis. The discovery of completely asymptomatic dermoid cysts in the pediatric population is exceedingly rare. Read More

    Ganglioneuroblastoma Arising in an Ovarian Dermoid Cyst: First Report in the Literature.
    Int J Gynecol Pathol 2017 Sep 13. Epub 2017 Sep 13.
    Department of Pathology, Belfast Health and Social Care Trust, Belfast, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom (S.R., W.G.M.) Douglass Hanly Moir Pathology, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia (D.J.).
    The development of a somatic neoplasm within an ovarian dermoid cyst (mature cystic teratoma) is a rare, but well described, phenomenon which occurs in approximately 1% of all cases. Any of the tissue components of a dermoid cyst has the potential to undergo neoplastic transformation with carcinoid tumors and squamous cell carcinomas being among the most common neoplasms. We report a case of a ganglioneuroblastoma arising within an ovarian dermoid cyst, an association which, as far as we are aware, has not been described previously. Read More

    A Case of Mature Cystic Teratoma in an 8-year-old Girl: A Rare Case Report.
    Indian J Med Paediatr Oncol 2017 Apr-Jun;38(2):210-211
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, North-Eastern Indira Gandhi Regional Institute of Health and Medical Sciences, Shillong, Meghalaya, India.
    Ovarian tumors are commonly seen in reproductive age group in women. However, when they occur at extremes of age, the suspicion of malignancy increases. The detection of dermoid cyst at 8 years of age is uncommon and hence is being reported to acquaint the doctors of this possibility. Read More

    Successful ultrasound-guided drainage of an intra-abdominal collection in late pregnancy.
    BMJ Case Rep 2017 Sep 11;2017. Epub 2017 Sep 11.
    Department of Interventional Radiology, Mid Essex Hospital Services NHS Trust, Chelmsford, Essex, UK.
    Pregnancy complicated by an intra-abdominal collection is uncommon and poses a challenge in the management. We present a case that illustrates successful treatment via ultrasound-guided drainage of a collection associated with a dermoid cyst in a 30 weeks pregnant patient presenting with fever and right-sided abdominal pain. Following treatment, the patient clinically improved rapidly. Read More

    Role of MRI in Diagnosis of Ruptured Intracranial Dermoid Cyst.
    Acta Inform Med 2017 Jun;25(2):141-144
    Faculty of Medicine, Pristine University, Pristine, Kosovo.
    Introduction: Intracranial dermoid cystic tumors account for <1% of all intracranial masses.

    Case Report: A 52-year-old male, having headaches, nausea and is presented with a history of 2 episodes of new onset seizures. On presentation, the patient had a normal physical exam, including a complete neurological and cranial nerve exam. Read More

    Brainstem dermoid cyst rupture with hydrocephalus in a child.
    Oxf Med Case Reports 2017 Sep 1;2017(9):omx048. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Children's Hospital 'Agia Sofia', Athens, Greece.
    Intracranial dermoid cysts are ectodermal lesions of embryological origin. They are of slow progression and symptoms associated with unruptured cysts are most commonly due to mass effect. However, a potential rupture in the ventricular system is rare and can cause meningitis, seizures and hydrocephalus. Read More

    Massive Intradural Dermoid Cyst Without Sinus Tract.
    J Craniofac Surg 2017 Sep 1. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    *Department of Plastic Surgery, The Ohio State University, Columbus †Northeast Ohio Medical University, Rootstown ‡Department of Pediatric Plastic and Craniomaxillofacial Surgery, Akron Children's Hospital, Akron, OH.
    Dermoid cysts can present as a rare, benign, congenital intracranial tumor of neuroectoderm origin trapped during embryogenesis. Past clinical reports have reported lesions in the posterior fossa, at the midline, and in the intradural region all in conjunction with a superficial sinus tract. The authors present a unique patient of a completely intracranial, intradural, dermoid tumor of the midline cerebellum devoid of any evidence of sinus tract. Read More

    Congenital dermoid fistulas of the anterior chest region (CDFACR): usefulness of sonography for complete resection.
    Radiol Case Rep 2017 Sep 4;12(3):628-631. Epub 2017 Jul 4.
    Department of Radiology, Saitama Children's Medical Center, 2100 Magome, Iwatsuki, Saitama 339-8551, Japan.
    Congenital dermoid fistulas of the anterior chest regions (CDFACRs) consist of a skin orifice at the anterior border of the sternocleidomastoid muscle with fistulas extending caudally in the subcutaneous tissue near the sternoclavicular joint. We report 2 pediatric CDFACR cases with pathognomonic sonography findings. By using sonography, we could diagnose the fistulas as CDFACRs by focusing on their location and direction and could reveal the distal side for complete resection. Read More

    [Malignant teratoma: about a case and a review of the literature].
    Pan Afr Med J 2017 29;27:61. Epub 2017 May 29.
    Service d'Anatomopathologie du Centre Hospitalier National (CHN) de Nouakchott, Mauritanie.
    Dermoid cysts account for 10-20% of ovarian germ cell tumors. Malignant transformation within ovarian dermoid cyst has been reported in 1-2 per cent of the cases. The treatment remains controversial. Read More

    Laparoscopic repair of a rectal fistula due to a benign ovarian dermoid cyst.
    Obstet Gynecol Sci 2017 Jul 14;60(4):383-386. Epub 2017 Jul 14.
    Gynecologic Cancer Center, Kyungpook National University Medical Center, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.
    Ovarian dermoid cysts are one of the most common benign neoplasms in women. Rectal fistula formation due to an ovarian dermoid cyst, particularly a benign dermoid cyst, is extremely rare. A 17-year-old girl with symptoms of lower abdominal pain, passage of sebaceous materials in the stool, and hematochezia was found to have an 11-cm dermoid cyst complicated with a rectal fistula formation. Read More

    The Youngest Reported and Successfully Treated Patient with a Dermoid Cyst of the Parotid Gland: A Rare Pediatric Case.
    Case Rep Otolaryngol 2017 16;2017:4187030. Epub 2017 Jul 16.
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Düsseldorf University Hospital (UKD), Duesseldorf, Germany.
    Dermoid cysts (DCs) are rare benign, epithelial-lined lesions. Up to 7% of them are found in the head and neck region and 80% of those predominantly occur in the orbit, in the nose, and in the floor of the mouth. The average age of presentation is around the age of six. Read More

    Report of a rare cyst at a rare site: Heterotopic gastrointestinal cyst partially lined with dermoid cyst epithelium.
    Natl J Maxillofac Surg 2017 Jan-Jun;8(1):81-84
    Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Pt. B.D. Sharma University of Health Sciences, Post Graduate Institute of Dental Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana, India.
    Heterotopic gastrointestinal cysts (HGCs) of the oral cavity are rare benign lesions mimicking benign or malignant pathologies. These cysts are usually discovered during infancy but may not appear until well into adulthood. The epithelial lining of these cysts shows variable presentation with the presence of an enteric lining as an essential component. Read More

    Thyroglossal duct cysts in children: Sonographic features every radiologist should know and their histopathological correlation.
    Clin Imaging 2017 Jul 12;46:57-64. Epub 2017 Jul 12.
    The Hospital for Sick Children, Department of Medical Imaging, University of Toronto, 555 University Avenue, 2nd floor, Toronto, ON, M5G1X8, Canada. Electronic address:
    Distinguishing between thyroglossal duct cysts (TGDC) and dermoid cysts (DC) sonographically can be challenging. We illustrate the three sonographic features in neck masses in children recently identified as being most suggestive of TGDC (septa, irregular wall and solid elements) and their corresponding histopathology. These three variables form a proposed predictive model for TGDC as a guide to surgical intervention. Read More

    Two Concurrent Large Epidermoid Cysts in Sublingual and Submental Region Resembling Plunging Ranula: Report of a Rare Case.
    Ann Maxillofac Surg 2017 Jan-Jun;7(1):155-158
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Institute of Dental Sciences, Siksha 'O' Anusandhan University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.
    An elderly female patient presented to surgical outpatient clinic with complaint of gradual onset of painless submental and sublingual midline swellings for 6 months of duration. The swellings were noncompressible, nontranslucent, nonpulsatile, and nontender on palpation. Clinical diagnosis was plunging ranula or dermoid cysts. Read More

    Encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis: A case report with review of literature.
    Neuroradiol J 2017 Jan 1:1971400917693638. Epub 2017 Jan 1.
    1 Department of Radiodiagnosis, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, India.
    Encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis (ECCL) or Haberland syndrome is an uncommon sporadic neurocutaneous syndrome of unknown origin. The rarity and common ignorance of the condition often makes diagnosis difficult. The hallmark of this syndrome is the triad of skin, ocular and central nervous system (CNS) involvement and includes a long list of combination of conditions. Read More

    Virilization in a Postmenopausal Female Due to Androgen Secreting Ovarian Dermoid Cyst.
    J Midlife Health 2017 Apr-Jun;8(2):98-100
    Department of Pathology, JIPMER, Puducherry, India.
    Virilizing ovarian dermoid cysts are very rare. The source of androgen in these cysts may be tumors such as Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor or Leydig cell hyperplasia. A 52-year-old postmenopausal female with virilization was found to have an ovarian dermoid cyst on ultrasound. Read More

    Clinical Characteristics of Idiopathic Epidermoid and Dermoid Cysts of the Ear.
    J Audiol Otol 2017 Jul 5;21(2):77-80. Epub 2017 Jul 5.
    Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
    Background And Objectives: Epidermoid and dermoid cysts are benign cystic lesions, lined by ectodermal squamous epithelium. They are not common in the head and neck areas, which constitute ~7% of all cases of epidermoid and dermoid cysts. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics of epidermoid and dermoid cysts that developed around the ear. Read More

    Osteolytic Skull Lesions-Our Experience.
    J Neurosci Rural Pract 2017 Jul-Sep;8(3):434-438
    Department of Neurosurgery, Nil Ratan Sircar Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
    Objective: To present an overview of varied clinical presentations, investigations and treatment options for Osteolytic skull lesions.

    Study Design: It is a prospective study.

    Materials And Methods: We conducted this study from January 2013 to December 2015 in the Department of Neurosurgery, Nil Ratan Sircar Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata. Read More

    Occurrence of dermoid cyst in the floor of the mouth: the importance of differential diagnosis in pediatric patients.
    J Appl Oral Sci 2017 May-Jun;25(3):341-345
    Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Faculdade de Odontologia; Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Unidade de Cirurgia Buco-maxilo-facial, Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.
    Lesions in the floor of the mouth can be a challenging diagnosis due to the variety of pathological conditions that might be found in this area. Within a broad range of lesions, attention has to be addressed to those that require specific management, such as a dermoid cyst (DC) and a ranula. Especially in pediatric patients, in whom the failure of diagnosis can postpone the correct treatment and cause sequelae later in life. Read More

    The Rare Extragonadal Omental Teratoma: A Case Report.
    J Minim Invasive Gynecol 2017 Sep - Oct;24(6):1046-1048. Epub 2017 Jun 27.
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Spedali Civili di Brescia, Brescia, Italy.
    Teratomas of extragonadal origin are extremely rare, and the most common extragonadal site to find teratomas is the omentum. Teratomas are typically found in women of reproductive age, but they are also seen in young girls and postmenopausal women. Generally, teratomas arise from germ cells that may induce different cells to originate from the 3 primitive embryonic layers. Read More

    Ultrasonographic features differentiating thyroglossal duct cysts from dermoid cysts.
    Ultrasonography 2017 May 24. Epub 2017 May 24.
    Department of Radiology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify ultrasonographic features that can be used to differentiate between thyroglossal duct cysts (TGDCs) and dermoid cysts (DCs).

    Methods: We searched surgical pathology reports completed between January 2004 and October 2015 and identified 66 patients with TGDCs or DCs who had undergone preoperative ultrasonography. The ultrasound images were reviewed by two radiologists who were blinded to the pathological diagnosis. Read More

    Vesical dermoid: a rare bladder tumour.
    BMJ Case Rep 2017 Jun 14;2017. Epub 2017 Jun 14.
    Department of Urology, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.
    Dermoid cysts are benign developmental lesions consisting of tissues of more than one germ cell lineage origin. The urinary bladder is a very rare location of dermoid cysts. We report a case of an 18-year-old woman who presented with suprapubic pain, dysuria and turbid urine. Read More

    Carcinoid transformation of presacral dermoid cyst in patient with currarino syndrome: a case report.
    Br J Neurosurg 2017 Jun 14:1-2. Epub 2017 Jun 14.
    a Department of Neurosurgery , The Walton Centre for Neurology and Neurosurgery , Liverpool , UK.
    Currarino syndrome (CS) is a congenital disorder characterized by partial sacral agenesis, anorectal malformation and a presacral mass. Only three cases of carcinoid transformation of the presacral mass have been described in the literature. We present a case of carcinoid transformation of presacral dermoid cyst in patient with Currarino syndrome. Read More

    Laparoendoscopic single-site adnexal surgery: Preliminary Indian experience.
    J Minim Access Surg 2017 Jul-Sep;13(3):170-175
    Department of Minimal Access Surgery, Hinduja Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
    Introduction: Laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) is an emerging technique in gynaecology. The proposed advantages of the LESS include better cosmesis and reduction in pain. We report our preliminary experience with LESS in the treatment of adnexal pathology. Read More

    A Case of Ecchordosis Physaliphora in the Prepontine Cistern: A Rare Entity in the Differential Diagnosis of an Epidermoid Cyst.
    World Neurosurg 2017 Sep 9;105:1033.e11-1033.e14. Epub 2017 Jun 9.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.
    Background: Ecchordosis physaliphora (EP) is a benign notochordal remnant that is usually asymptomatic. We report a case of a symptomatic large EP mimicking an epidermoid cyst.

    Case Description: A 44-year-old woman presented with right facial dysesthesia. Read More

    [Keratoplasty classification and primary disease spectrum analysis of 315 cases].
    Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi 2017 Jun;53(6):460-463
    Department of Ophthalmology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, China.
    Objective: To identify the primary disease spectrum and trends of surgical procedure of keratoplasty patients. Methods: Retrospective case series study. To review all patients who underwent keratoplasty at Department of ophthalmology in Tongji Hospital from January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2015. Read More

    Intrasellar dermoid cyst mimicking pituitary apoplexy: A case report and review of the literature.
    J Clin Neurosci 2017 Jun 7. Epub 2017 Jun 7.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, PR China. Electronic address:
    Intrasellar dermoid cysts are extremely unusual lesions, with only four cases reported to date, and have not been previously reported in association with sudden-onset symptoms. Here, we present the case of an intrasellar dermoid cyst with sudden-onset symptoms mimicking pituitary apoplexy in an elderly woman. A 69year-old woman presented with sudden onset of headache, dizziness, and decreased visual acuity. Read More

    [The diagnosis of pilomatrixoma in children is not as easy as it may seem. A review of 126 cases].
    Cir Pediatr 2017 Jan 25;30(1):46-49. Epub 2017 Jan 25.
    Hospital Universitario Miguel Servet. Zaragoza.
    Objective: To describe our experience with pilomatrixomas, clinical presentation, clinical accuracy, associated diseases, and surgical treatment.

    Methods: A retrospective review of patients with a pathology report of an excised pilomatrixoma between 2011 and 2014. Data regarding gender, age of intervention, number of masses, size, location, and preoperative clinical diagnosis, pathology report, recurrences, and associated diseases were collected. Read More

    Dermoid of the oral cavity: case report with histopathology correlation and review of literature.
    J Radiol Case Rep 2016 Dec 31;10(12):19-27. Epub 2016 Dec 31.
    Department of Radiology, Nemours Hospital, Orlando, FL, USA.
    Dermoid cysts are rare masses of the oral cavity derived from ectodermal elements. These are benign, slow-growing tumors that are typically asymptomatic but cause complications of inflammation or dysphagia, dystonia, and airway encroachment due to mass effects. We report the case of a 17 year old female with a painless mass in the left side of the oral cavity. Read More

    Partial Encephalocraniocutaneous Lipomatosis Syndrome.
    J Pediatr Neurosci 2017 Jan-Mar;12(1):102-104
    Department of Paediatric Neurology, Stanley Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
    Encephalocranial lipomatosis is a rare disorder that characteristically involves ectomesodermal tissues such as skin, eye, and the central nervous system. Here, we report a 3-year-old girl presented with developmental delay, seizures, limbal dermoid, and weakness of right lower limb. Imaging revealed hemiatrophy, arachnoid cyst, and polymicrogyria. Read More

    Dermoid of the Posterior Fossa in Chiari II Malformation: The First Reported Case.
    J Pediatr Neurosci 2017 Jan-Mar;12(1):40-42
    Department of Pediatrics, Children's of Alabama, Birmingham, AL, USA.
    Dermoid cysts are rare lesions, particularly in children. Chiari II malformations are seen in patients with myelomeningocele. Here, we present a child with Chiari II malformation who, during a Chiari II decompression, was found to have a dermoid cyst. Read More

    Primary retroperitoneal mature cystic teratoma (dermoid cyst) in a 51-year-old male:Case report and historical literature review.
    SAGE Open Med Case Rep 2017 23;5:2050313X17700745. Epub 2017 Mar 23.
    Department of Pathology, Ohio Valley Medical Center, Wheeling, WV, USA.
    Objectives: Primary retroperitoneal mature cystic teratomas are exceedingly uncommon in males aged 50 years and above, and only seven cases have been reported in the literature so far. They usually occur in infants less than 6 months and young females. The aim of this article is to present a rare case of a 51-year-old male with a primary retroperitoneal mature cystic teratoma located in the right infrarenal area adherent to the psoas muscle and to discuss a historical literature review. Read More

    Sparing a Craniotomy: The Role of Intraoperative Methylene Blue in Management of Midline Dermoid Cysts.
    Plast Reconstr Surg 2017 Jun;139(6):1445-1451
    Hershey, Pa. From the Division of Plastic Surgery, Penn State Hershey Medical Center.
    Background: Midline nasal dermoid cysts are rare congenital anomalies that extend intracranially in approximately 10 percent of cases. Cysts with intracranial extension require a craniotomy to avoid long-term complications, including meningitis, abscesses, and cavernous sinus thrombosis. Current guidelines recommend preoperative imaging with either magnetic resonance imaging or computed tomography to determine appropriate management. Read More

    [RARE CASE OF HUGE OMENTAL DERMOID].
    Harefuah 2016 Oct;155(10):615-617
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Baruch Padeh Medical Center, Poriya.
    Introduction: Ovarian dermoid cyst is a benign germ cell tumor usually occurring during fertile age. In contrast, giant omental dermoid is extremely rare and is thought to originate from ovarian torsion, detachment and omental implantation. We present a case of a 73 year old patient with 26 cm giant omental dermoid weighing more than 6 kg. Read More

    A Rare Case of an Autoamputated Ovary with Mature Cystic Teratoma.
    J Menopausal Med 2017 Apr 28;23(1):74-76. Epub 2017 Apr 28.
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Yangsan, Korea.
    Autoamputated ovary with mature cystic teratoma (MCT) is a rarely reported gynecologic entity with an unknown prevalence. A 34-year-old woman referred to our clinic for presumed left ovarian tumor. Pelvic examination, ultrasonography and computed tomography scan revealed a 5-cm, cystic ovarian mass with calcification and fat component, and tumor markers were as follows, cancer antigen (CA) 125; 10. Read More

    Extraoral approach of the surgical treatment of sublingual epidermoid cyst: A case report.
    J Pak Med Assoc 2017 May;67(5):796-798
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, S�leyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey.
    Epidermoid and dermoid cysts account for <0.01% of all oral cavity lesions with dermoid cyst which is twice as common to epidermoid. Epidermoid cysts are benign lesions that occur rarely in children. Read More

    [Systematic proposal of fertility preservation by mature oocyte cryopreservation for recurrent benign ovarian tumors].
    Gynecol Obstet Fertil Senol 2017 Jun 13;45(6):359-365. Epub 2017 May 13.
    Centre d'assistance médicale à la procréation et de préservation de la fertilité, hôpital Jeanne-de-Flandre, CHU de Lille, avenue Eugène-Avinée, 59037 Lille cedex, France; EA 4308 gamétogenèse et qualité du gamète, CHU de Lille, 59037 Lille cedex, France.
    Objectives: To investigate prospectively the pattern of the follicular growth and to characterize the COH outcome in terms of oocyte number and maturity in patients with voluminous recurrent benign ovarian tumors with a high surgical risk of significant reduction of the ovarian follicular content.

    Methods: The inclusion criteria were: age between 18 and 36, presence of at least one benign ovarian tumor (≥ 5cm) with high risk of recurrence. The fertility preservation cycle was performed at least 3 months after the cyst surgery. Read More

    Intramedullary epidermoid cysts in adults: Case report and updated literature review.
    Neurochirurgie 2017 May 8;63(2):99-102. Epub 2017 May 8.
    Service de neurochirurgie, Pr-Dufour hôpital La Timone adultes, Aix-Marseille université, AP-HM, 264, rue St-Pierre, 13005 Marseille, France.
    Epidermoid cysts are classical tumors in neurosurgery, but spinal locations are rare and intramedullary locations represent only approximately 80 cases in the literature. Intramedullary epidermoid cysts arise from ectodermic tissue inclusion during neural tube closure. Intramedullary epidermoid cysts are more frequent in young patients and in a thoracic location. Read More

    Rare Locations of Epidermoid Cyst: Case Reports and Review.
    Ethiop J Health Sci 2016 Nov;26(6):595-601
    Department of Oralmedicine and radiology, AECS Maaruti College of Dental Sciences & Research Centre, Bangalore.
    Background: Epidermoid cysts are benign lesions encountered throughout the body. Eighty percent of epidermoid cyst seen in ovaries and testicles, whereas in head and neck region they account for only 1.6-7. Read More

    Considerations in the management of congenital cranial dermoid cysts.
    J Neurosurg Pediatr 2017 Jul 21;20(1):30-34. Epub 2017 Apr 21.
    Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Advocate Children's Hospital, Park Ridge; and.
    OBJECTIVE Congenital dermoid cysts (CDCs) develop from the entrapment of the surface ectoderm along the lines of embryonic fusion and have a capacity to grow. Given this capacity for continual expansion, the timing of removal and anticipation of possible epidural extension is important. METHODS The authors retrospectively reviewed records of patients with the diagnosis of dermoid cyst presenting over a period of 10 years. Read More

    Rare cases imitating acute appendicitis: Three case reports and a review of literature.
    Rozhl Chir 2017 ;96(2):82-87
    Acute appendicitis with its characteristic clinical course is one of the most common diagnoses that require urgent surgery. The following three case reports present patients with symptoms typical of acute appendicitis which was, however, not confirmed intraoperatively. Preoperative CT or MRI were not requested because symptoms clearly indicated acute appendicitis. Read More

    Homozygous germ-line mutation of the PMS2 mismatch repair gene: a unique case report of constitutional mismatch repair deficiency (CMMRD).
    BMC Med Genet 2017 Apr 5;18(1):40. Epub 2017 Apr 5.
    Medical Genetics and Cancer Epidemiology, Genomic Medicine, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, The University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester, M13 9WL, UK.
    Background: Constitutional mismatch repair deficiency syndrome results from bi-allelic inheritance of mutations affecting the key DNA mismatch repair genes: MLH1, MSH2, MSH6 or PMS2. Individuals with bi-allelic mutations have a dysfunctional mismatch repair system from birth; as a result, constitutional mismatch repair deficiency syndrome is characterised by early onset malignancies. Fewer than 150 cases have been reported in the literature over the past 20 years. Read More

    Intraoperative Rupture of Ovarian Dermoid Cysts in the Pediatric and Adolescent Population: Should this Change your Surgical Management?
    J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol 2017 Mar 20. Epub 2017 Mar 20.
    Division of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX.
    Study Objective: 1) To determine the incidence of chemical peritonitis after cystectomy for ovarian dermoid cysts with intraoperative cyst rupture in the pediatric and adolescent population. 2) To examine the intraoperative and postoperative outcomes of cystectomies performed for ovarian dermoid cysts by laparoscopy and laparotomy, especially those with intraoperative cyst rupture.

    Design: A retrospective cohort study of females who underwent ovarian cystectomy with proven ovarian dermoid pathology between July 2007 and July 2015. Read More

    Oculoectodermal syndrome: twentieth described case with new manifestations.
    An Bras Dermatol 2016 Sep-Oct;91(5 suppl 1):160-162
    Instituto de Medicina Integral Professor Fernando Figueira (IMIP) - Recife (PE), Brazil.
    Oculoectodermal syndrome is a rare disease characterized by the association of aplasia cutis congenita, epibulbar dermoids, and other abnormalities. This report describes the twentieth case of the disease. We report a 4-year-old female child who presented with the classical features of the syndrome: aplasia cutis congenita and epibulbar dermoids. Read More

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