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    84 results match your criteria Dermatologic Manifestations of Pulmonary Disease

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    Clinical characteristics and factors associated with disability and impaired quality of life in children with juvenile systemic sclerosis.
    Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) 2018 Feb 18. Epub 2018 Feb 18.
    Center for Immunity and Immunotherapies, Seattle Children's Research Institute, Seattle, WA.
    Objective: To investigate clinical manifestations of juvenile systemic sclerosis (jSSc), including disease characteristics and patient quality of life, through the multinational Childhood Arthritis and Rheumatology Research Alliance (CARRA) Legacy Registry.

    Methods: Subjects with jSSc were prospectively enrolled between 2010 and 2013. Diagnosis of jSSc was determined by the enrolling pediatric rheumatologist, with disease onset required prior to age 18. Read More

    Pediatric leukemia susceptibility disorders: manifestations and management.
    Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program 2017 12;2017(1):242-250
    Clinical Genetics Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD.
    The clinical manifestations of inherited susceptibility to leukemia encompass a wide phenotypic range, including patients with certain congenital anomalies or early-onset myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and some with no obvious medical problems until they develop leukemia. Leukemia susceptibility syndromes occur as a result of autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, or X-linked recessive inheritance, or de novo occurrence, of germline pathogenic variants in DNA repair, ribosome biogenesis, telomere biology, hematopoietic transcription factors, tumor suppressors, and other critical cellular processes. Children and adults with cytopenias, MDS, dysmorphic features, notable infectious histories, immunodeficiency, certain dermatologic findings, lymphedema, unusual sensitivity to radiation or chemotherapy, or acute leukemia with a family history of early-onset cancer, pulmonary fibrosis, or alveolar proteinosis should be thoroughly evaluated for a leukemia susceptibility syndrome. Read More

    Beyond the Bowel: Extraintestinal Manifestations of Inflammatory Bowel Disease.
    Radiographics 2017 Jul-Aug;37(4):1135-1160. Epub 2017 May 26.
    From the Department of Diagnostic Radiology (J.D.O., S.E.S., L.E.J., M.R., A.M.S.), University of Utah, 30 North 1900 East, #1A71, Salt Lake City, UT 84132; and the Department of Diagnostic Radiology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wis (B.P.S.).
    Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic, relapsing immune-mediated inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. IBD includes two major disease entities: Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis. Imaging plays an important role in the diagnosis and surveillance of these complex disorders. Read More

    Nivolumab Causing a Polymyalgia Rheumatica in a Patient With a Squamous Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.
    J Immunother 2017 Mar 6. Epub 2017 Mar 6.
    Departments of *Pharmacology †Pain and Palliative Care ‡Rheumatology ∥Pneumology, CHU of Caen §Department of General Medicine, Medical School, Normandie University, Caen, France.
    The anti-programmed cell-death-1 antibody, nivolumab, has been recently approved for the treatment of advanced non-small cell lung cancer. Although, today, immune-related adverse effects such as dermatologic, digestive, hepatic, and endocrine toxicities are well-known with immune checkpoint inhibitors, rheumatic diseases are less well described. Herein, we report the case of a patient without a history of arthritis who developed polymyalgia rheumatica after 13 cycles of nivolumab used for the treatment of advanced non-small cell lung cancer. Read More

    [Dermatomyositis as the first manifestation of small cell carcinoma: case report and literature review].
    Medwave 2016 Nov 15;16(10):e6609. Epub 2016 Nov 15.
    Escuela de Medicina, Universidad de Valparaíso, Viña del Mar, Valparaíso, Chile; Servicio de Cirugía, Hospital Dr. Eduardo Pereira, Valparaíso, Chile.
    Dermatomyositis is an autoimmune inflammatory myopathy associated with dermatologic findings. Its association with neoplasms is widely reported and has been shown to be higher in lung cancer, particularly small-cell carcinoma, probably as it originates from neuroendocrine cell precursors, as well as breast and ovarian cancer. The low frequency of dermatomyositis makes it difficult to suspect the underlying lesions among the diagnostic possibilities of systemic diseases with cutaneous manifestations. Read More

    Amyopathic Dermatomyositis: A Concise Review of Clinical Manifestations and Associated Malignancies.
    Am J Clin Dermatol 2016 Oct;17(5):509-518
    Department of Dermatology, University of California San Diego, 10991 Twinleaf Court, San Diego, CA, 92131, USA.
    Amyopathic dermatomyositis is a rare, idiopathic, connective tissue disease that presents with dermatologic lesions of classic dermatomyositis but lacks the myopathy of this disease. Cutaneous manifestations may include Gottron's sign, heliotrope rash, and characteristic patterns of poikiloderma. There is a substantial risk for developing interstitial lung disease or malignancy in patients with amyopathic dermatomyositis. Read More

    Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome: a large single family cohort.
    Respir Res 2016 Feb 29;17:22. Epub 2016 Feb 29.
    Department of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada.
    Background: Birt-Hogg-Dubé (BHD) syndrome is an autosomal dominant condition characterized by dermatologic lesions, pulmonary manifestations, and renal tumors. The syndrome arises from germline mutations in the folliculin (FLCN) gene. We present findings from the single largest family BHD cohort described to date. Read More

    Treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: a network meta-analysis.
    BMC Med 2016 Feb 3;14:18. Epub 2016 Feb 3.
    Department of Medicine, Division of Critical Care, McMaster University, 1200 Main St W, L8S 4L8, Hamilton, ON, Canada.
    Background: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is an interstitial lung disease associated with high morbidity and mortality. Effective treatments for IPF are limited. Several recent studies have investigated novel therapeutic agents for IPF, but very few have addressed their comparative benefits and harms. Read More

    Spectrum of Eosinophilic End-Organ Manifestations.
    Immunol Allergy Clin North Am 2015 Aug 17;35(3):403-11. Epub 2015 Jun 17.
    Division of Allergy and Inflammation, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, 330 Brookline Avenue, Boston, MA 02215, USA; Division of Infectious Diseases, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, 330 Brookline Avenue, Boston, MA 02215, USA.
    Eosinophil-associated disorders can affect practically all tissues and organs in the body, either individually or in combination. This article provides an overview of end-organ manifestations of eosinophilia and discusses selected organ systems, including the upper and lower respiratory, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, nervous, dermatologic, and renal systems. Mechanisms by which eosinophilia leads to end-organ damage are also considered. Read More

    Pulmonary manifestations of pyoderma gangrenosum: 2 cases and a review of the literature.
    Respir Med 2015 Apr 14;109(4):443-50. Epub 2015 Jan 14.
    Department of Respiratory Medicine and Allergology, Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark.
    Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is a rare ulcerative neutrophilic dermatologic disease that occasionally is accompanied by extracutaneous manifestations, amongst these is pulmonary involvement. The etiology is unknown. More than 50% of PG cases are associated with an underlying systemic disease such as inflammatory bowel disease, rheumatoid arthritis, hematological disorder or malignancy. Read More

    Neurological and ocular fascioliasis in humans.
    Adv Parasitol 2014 ;84:27-149
    Departamento de Parasitologia, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Valencia, Valencia, Spain.
    Fascioliasis is a food-borne parasitic disease caused by the trematode species Fasciola hepatica, distributed worldwide, and Fasciola gigantica, restricted to given regions of Africa and Asia. This disease in humans shows an increasing importance, which relies on its recent widespread emergence related to climate and global changes and also on its pathogenicity in the invasive, biliary, and advanced chronic phases in the human endemic areas, mainly of developing countries. In spite of the large neurological affection capacity of Fasciola, this important pathogenic aspect of the disease has been pronouncedly overlooked in the past decades and has not even appear within the numerous reviews on the parasitic diseases of the central nervous system. Read More

    IL-33/IL-31 axis: a new pathological mechanisms for EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors-associated skin toxicity.
    J Cell Biochem 2013 Dec;114(12):2673-6
    School and Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Department of Human Pathology, University Policlinic "G. Martino", via Consolare Valeria 1, Messina, 90125, Italy; Institute of Biomedicine and Molecular Immunology "A. Monroy" (IBIM)-Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), via Ugo la Malfa 153, Palermo, 90146, Italy.
    The dermatologic side effects are the most common adverse effects associated with Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Although the mechanisms underlying the development of the skin toxicity remain unclear, immunological mechanisms are considered to be involved. A possible correlation between plasma levels of certain cytokines and development of skin toxicity has been reported. Read More

    Cutaneous manifestations in patients with POEMS syndrome.
    Int J Dermatol 2013 Nov 4;52(11):1349-56. Epub 2013 Apr 4.
    Department of Dermatology, Mayo Clinic, RochesterDepartment of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Mayo Clinic, RochesterDivision of Hematology, Mayo Clinic, RochesterDivision of Clinical Biochemistry and Immunology, Mayo Clinic, RochesterDivision of Biomedical Statistics and Informatics, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.
    Background: Polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal gammopathy, and skin changes syndrome is a rare multisystem paraneoplastic condition associated with plasma cell dyscrasia.

    Methods: From our institution's dysproteinemia database, 107 patients met criteria for polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal gammopathy, and skin changes syndrome between January 1, 2000, and October 1, 2009. Medical records were reviewed for documented syndrome features at diagnosis. Read More

    Ultrasonographic assessment of the thyroid gland structure in inflammatory bowel disease patients.
    Adv Clin Exp Med 2012 Jan-Feb;21(1):43-6
    Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Wroclaw Medical University, Poland.
    Background: The etiopathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), encompassing Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), is still not fully elucidated and seems to be multifactorial. It has been suggested that genetic, immunological and environmental factors participate in IBD development. IBD extraintestinal manifestations include rheumatic, metabolic, dermatologic, ophthalmologic, hepatobiliary, pancreatic, urologic, pulmonary, neurological, hematological and thromboembolic complications. Read More

    Prospective international multicenter phase II trial of intravenous pegylated liposomal doxorubicin monochemotherapy in patients with stage IIB, IVA, or IVB advanced mycosis fungoides: final results from EORTC 21012.
    J Clin Oncol 2012 Nov 8;30(33):4091-7. Epub 2012 Oct 8.
    Department of Dermatology, University Hospital of Zurich, Gloriastrasse 31, 8091 Zurich, Switzerland.
    Purpose: Mycosis fungoides (MF) is the most common primary cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. There is a need for multicenter trials involving defined patient populations using rigorous assessment criteria. We have investigated pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) in a clearly defined patient population with advanced MF. Read More

    Symptoms and esophageal motility based on phenotypic findings of scleroderma.
    Dis Esophagus 2013 Feb-Mar;26(2):197-203. Epub 2012 May 16.
    Section of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19140, USA.
    Scleroderma esophagus is characterized by ineffective peristalsis and reduced esophageal sphincter pressure. Esophageal disease in scleroderma can precede cutaneous manifestations and has been associated with Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) and pulmonary fibrosis (PF). The objective of the study is to evaluate the impact of cutaneous findings, RP, and PF on demographics, symptoms, and esophageal motility in patients with scleroderma. Read More

    Pediatric scleroderma: systemic or localized forms.
    Pediatr Clin North Am 2012 Apr 6;59(2):381-405. Epub 2012 Apr 6.
    Division of Rheumatology, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15224, USA.
    Pediatric scleroderma includes 2 major groups of clinical entities, systemic sclerosis (SSc) and localized scleroderma (LS). Although both share a common pathophysiology, their clinical manifestations differ. LS is typically confined to the skin and underlying subcutis, with up to a quarter of patients showing extracutaneous disease manifestations such as arthritis and uveitis. Read More

    Composite B-cell and T-cell lineage post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder of the lung with unusual cutaneous manifestations of mycosis fungoides.
    Am J Dermatopathol 2012 Apr;34(2):220-5
    Department of Pathology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, USA.
    We present the case of a 17-year-old male kidney transplant recipient who presented initially with dermatologic symptoms and was found to have histologic changes in the skin that were consistent with mycosis fungoides. Shortly after this diagnosis was made, imaging studies demonstrated multifocal interstitial and airspace consolidation in both lungs. Physical examination revealed no lymphadenopathy or hepatosplenomegaly, but an open lung biopsy revealed an Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-negative monomorphic T-cell posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) with a concomitant EBV-positive B-cell PTLD involving the same lesion of the lung. Read More

    Extraintestinal manifestations of inflammatory bowel disease.
    Gastroenterol Hepatol (N Y) 2011 Apr;7(4):235-41
    Dr. Levine is an Associate Physician in the Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Endoscopy at Brigham and Women's Hospital and an Instructor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School, both in Boston, Massachusetts.
    Extraintestinal manifestations of inflammatory bowel disease are prevalent in both ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. The most common manifestations involve the musculoskeletal and dermatologic systems. Other manifestations involve the hepatopan-creatobiliary system (eg, primary sclerosing cholangitis) as well as the ocular, renal, and pulmonary systems. Read More

    Skin signs of systemic diseases.
    Clin Dermatol 2011 Sep-Oct;29(5):531-40
    Department of Dermatology, University of Athens, Andreas Sygros Hospital, 5th Ionos Dragoumi St, 16121 Athens, Greece.
    The skin should not be considered as an isolated organ but rather as a definite functioning system that communicates with the internal environment. Skin signs of systemic diseases occur frequently and sometimes feature the first symptoms of an internal disease; furthermore, these manifestations may be the sole expressions of otherwise asymptomatic systemic disorders. A number of dermatologic signs, symptoms, and disorders can be invaluable as markers of systemic disease. Read More

    Pulmonary manifestations of inflammatory bowel disease: case presentations and review.
    J Crohns Colitis 2010 Oct;4(4):390-7
    Department of Gastroenterology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
    Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is associated with a number of extraintestinal manifestations that may involve most organ systems. Extraintestinal manifestations are more common in Crohn disease (CD) and may include rheumatologic, ocular, dermatologic, biliary and pulmonary manifestations. The most common pulmonary manifestations of IBD are drug-induced lung disease. Read More

    Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome.
    Emerg Med Clin North Am 2010 May;28(2):393-407, Table of Contents
    Positive Health Program at San Francisco General Hospital, University of California San Francisco, Building 80, Ward 84, 995 Potrero Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA.
    Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) must be considered in the differential diagnosis for any patient infected with HIV who has begun ART in the preceding months. Distinguishing between manifestations of IRIS and active infection is of paramount importance and poses a diagnostic challenge to the provider in the acute care setting. Presentations of IRIS are often atypical for the precipitating pathogen, and novel presentations are likely. Read More

    Erythema induratum of Bazin.
    Dermatol Online J 2010 Apr 15;16(4). Epub 2010 Apr 15.
    University of California Davis, Sacramento, California, USA.
    An 81-year-old woman with a history of renal cell carcinoma and years of slowly, progressively enlarging pulmonary nodules of uncertain etiology presented with several weeks of painful lower extremity nodules. A biopsy revealed changes consistent with nodular vasculitis. A purified protein derivative and QuantiFERON test were positive, favoring the diagnosis of erythema induratum of Bazin. Read More

    Extraintestinal manifestations of inflammatory bowel disease: epidemiology, diagnosis, and management.
    Ann Med 2010 Mar;42(2):97-114
    Department of Gastroenterology, Medical Section, Herlev Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Abstract Extraintestinal manifestations occur rather frequently in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), e.g. ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD). Read More

    Metastatic prostatic adenocarcinoma mimicking inflammatory breast carcinoma: a case report.
    Clin Breast Cancer 2010 Feb;10(1):E3-5
    Johns Hopkins University and Sinai Hospital Program in Internal Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.
    Prostate adenocarcinoma can manifest as a fairly indolent tumor or as a very aggressive cancer with significant invasive and metastatic potential. Common metastatic sites include bone, liver, lymph nodes, and adrenal glands. Dermatologic manifestations are rare. Read More

    Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis: a pathologic study of autopsy cases.
    Arch Pathol Lab Med 2009 Dec;133(12):1943-8
    Department of Pathology, James Homer Wright Pathology Laboratories, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA.
    Context: -Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) is a rare but serious disorder initially described as a purely dermatologic process. Isolated autopsy reports have described multiorgan involvement by this disease.

    Objective: -To further illustrate the varied and systemic involvement of NSF by describing the autopsy experience at the Massachusetts General Hospital. Read More

    Long-term complications of sulphur mustard poisoning in intoxicated Iranian veterans.
    J Med Toxicol 2009 Dec;5(4):191-5
    Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Shiraz University of Medical Science, Shiraz, Iran.
    Introduction: Sulphur mustard (SM) is an alkylating chemical warfare agent that was widely used during the Iran-Iraq conflict(1980-1988). Delayed complications of SM in different organs were evaluated in this study.

    Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed from March 2005 to June 2006. Read More

    Tropical dermatology: Tropical diseases caused by protozoa.
    J Am Acad Dermatol 2009 Jun;60(6):897-925; quiz 926-8
    Department of Dermatology at Federal University of the State of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
    Unlabelled: Protozoan infections are very common among tropical countries and have an important impact on public health. Leishmaniasis is the most widely disseminated protozoan infection in the world, while the trypanosomiases are widespread in both Africa and South America. Amebiasis, a less common protozoal infection, is a cause of significant morbidity in some regions. Read More

    [Hereditary blistering diseases. Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of epidermolysis bullosa].
    Hautarzt 2009 May;60(5):378-88
    Universitätsklinik für Dermatologie, Paracelsus Medizinische Privatuniversität (PMU), Salzburg.
    Hereditary epidermolysis bullosa (EB) is a term for a heterogeneous group of rare genetic disorders characterized by marked fragility of the skin and mucous membranes following minor trauma. Significant progress has been made in understanding the molecular basis of EB, which has far-reaching implications for an improved classification with consequences for prognosis, genetic counseling, DNA-based prenatal and preimplantation testing, and the development of future treatments including gene therapy. Besides mucocutaneous changes, EB leads to a number of systemic manifestations whose management requires multidisciplinary access. Read More

    High ratio of IgG4-positive plasma cell infiltration in cutaneous plasmacytosis--is this a cutaneous manifestation of IgG4-related disease?
    Hum Pathol 2009 Sep 22;40(9):1269-77. Epub 2009 Apr 22.
    Department of Diagnostic Pathology, Kyoto University Hospital, Kyoto 606-8507, Japan.
    Cutaneous plasmacytosis is a rare condition affecting middle-aged individuals, characterized by multiple red-brown papules and plaques over the trunk. It has been reported mainly in Japan. The condition is accompanied by polyclonal hypergammaglobulinemia and superficial lymphadenopathy. Read More

    [Corneal manifestations in systemic diseases].
    An Sist Sanit Navar 2008 ;31 Suppl 3:155-70
    Departamento de oftalmología, Clínica Universitaria de Navarra, Pamplona 31008, Spain.
    Systemic diseases affecting the cornea have a wide range of manifestations. The detailed study of all pathologies that cause corneal alteration is unapproachable, so we have centered our interest in the most prevalent or characteristic of them. In this paper we have divided these pathologies in sections to facilitate their study. Read More

    Cardiac tamponade: a rare complication of idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome.
    J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) 2009 Feb;10(2):188-91
    Section of Cardiovascular Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, USA.
    Idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome (IHES) is a rare systemic disease with multiple clinical presentations including cardiac, pulmonary and dermatologic manifestations. Little is known about the pathophysiology and potential triggers of this condition. Approximately 40-70% of these cases have cardiac involvement, which is the major cause of morbidity and mortality. Read More

    Rendu-Osler-Weber Syndrome: case report and literature review.
    Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2008 May-Jun;74(3):452-7
    Faculdade de Medicina de Marília, Brazil.
    Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia or Rendu-Osler-Weber Disease is a rare fibrovascular dysplasia that makes vascular walls vulnerable to trauma and rupture, causing skin and mucosa bleeding. It is of dominant autosomal inheritance, characterized by recurrent epistaxis and telangiectasia on the face, hands and oral cavity; visceral arteriovenous malformations and positive family history. Epistaxis is often the first and foremost manifestation. Read More

    Pediatric morphea (localized scleroderma): review of 136 patients.
    J Am Acad Dermatol 2008 Sep 20;59(3):385-96. Epub 2008 Jun 20.
    Department of Dermatology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois 60611-2997, USA.
    Background: Morphea is an autoimmune inflammatory sclerosing disorder that may cause permanent functional disability and disfigurement.

    Objectives: We sought to determine the clinical features of morphea in a large pediatric cohort.

    Methods: We conducted a retrospective chart review of 136 pediatric patients with morphea from one center, 1989 to 2006. Read More

    Cutaneous manifestations of cystic fibrosis.
    Pediatr Dermatol 2008 Mar-Apr;25(2):150-7
    Division of Dermatology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts, USA.
    Cystic fibrosis is an autosomal recessive disease reported in 1 in 2500 live births in Northern American and Northern European Caucasian populations. Classic disease findings include chronic bacterial infection of airways and sinuses, malabsorption of fat, infertility in men, and elevated concentrations of chloride in sweat. Less well-recognized findings associated with cystic fibrosis include cutaneous findings, which can be primary or secondary manifestations of the disease process. Read More

    Late-onset sarcoidosis after liver transplantation for primary biliary cirrhosis.
    J Clin Gastroenterol 2007 Mar;41(3):329-32
    Departments of Medicine, Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel.
    Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) and systemic sarcoidosis are granulomatous diseases of unknown etiology whose hepatic manifestations may infrequently be imitative of one another. Described herein is the first reported case in the medical literature of systemic sarcoidosis developing after liver transplantation for PBC. The presented patient, who suffered from typical clinical, laboratory, and pathologic manifestations of PBC, developed decompensated liver cirrhosis within a course of 8 years, necessitating orthotopic liver transplantation. Read More

    Oral manifestations of Wegener's granulomatosis: a report of three cases and a literature review.
    J Am Dent Assoc 2007 Mar;138(3):338-48; quiz 396, 398
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Diagnostic Sciences, University of Florida, College of Dentistry, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA.
    Background: Hyperplastic granular gingivitis or "strawberry gingivitis" is a rare manifestation of Wegener's granulomatosis (WG), but it is nearly pathognomonic for this multisystem autoimmune vasculitis. The dentist may be the first health care professional to see patients with symptoms and findings of this condition. Early diagnosis and treatment is the most important factor in the management of this potentially fatal disease. Read More

    Tropical dermatology: fungal tropical diseases.
    J Am Acad Dermatol 2005 Dec;53(6):931-51, quiz 952-4
    Department of Medical Clinics (Dermatology), Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
    Unlabelled: Fungal infections are common in tropical countries and can have an important impact on public health. Lobomycosis is a common fungal infection in the tropical rain forest of South America, and paracoccidioidomycosis (South American blastomycosis) is a widespread and sometimes severe illness. Penicilliosis marneffei is an opportunistic infection of AIDS patients in southeast Asia. Read More

    Chronic granulomatous disease: two members of a single family with different dermatologic manifestations.
    Skinmed 2005 Sep-Oct;4(5):320-2
    Department of Dermatology, Dr. Manuel Gea González, General Hospital, Mexico City, Mexico.
    Case 1: A 33-year-old man with a 14-year history of localized skin disease on the face and scalp was evaluated at the department of dermatology. The physical examination revealed plaques with papules, pustules, and a golden yellow crusting on the forehead, cheeks, upper lip, and chin (Figure 1). The scalp presented fine, whitish scales. Read More

    Cardiac manifestations of graft-versus-host disease.
    Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2005 Oct;11(10):773-80
    Department of Pediatrics, Children's Memorial Hospital, Chicago, Illinois, USA.
    Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality after bone marrow transplantation. Well-documented manifestations of GVHD include dermatologic, gastrointestinal, hepatic, pulmonary, musculoskeletal, and hematologic manifestations and sicca syndrome. To date, the heart has only rarely been reported to be a target of GVHD. Read More

    Cutaneous effects of smoking.
    J Cutan Med Surg 2004 Nov-Dec;8(6):415-23
    Division of Dermatology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
    Background: Cigarette smoking is the single biggest preventable cause of death and disability in developed countries and is a significant public health concern. While known to be strongly associated with a number of cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases and cancers, smoking also leads to a variety of cutaneous manifestations.

    Objective: This article reviews the effects of cigarette smoking on the skin and its appendages. Read More

    Activation of the type I interferon system in primary Sjögren's syndrome: a possible etiopathogenic mechanism.
    Arthritis Rheum 2005 Apr;52(4):1185-95
    Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Objective: The etiopathogenesis of primary Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is largely unknown. In other autoimmune diseases, type I interferon (IFN) may play a pivotal role by triggering and sustaining the disease process. We therefore aimed to determine whether patients with primary SS had an activated type I IFN system. Read More

    The hand in metastatic disease and acral manifestations of paraneoplastic syndromes.
    Hand Clin 2004 Aug;20(3):335-43, vii
    Division of Hand, Elbow, and Microsurgery, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Michigan Medical Center, 2098 South Main Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48103, USA.
    Metastatic tumors to the hand and wrist are rare, accounting for approximately 0.1% of all metastatic lesions to the skeleton. The biochemically mediated pathways of bone metastases, the location of the hand at the distal extremity, and the small amount of marrow in the bones of the hand and wrist account for the low prevalence of acrometastases. Read More

    Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection presenting as neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, and acute hepatitis in a child.
    J Microbiol Immunol Infect 2004 Apr;37(2):128-30
    Department of Pediatrics, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, No. 325 Cheng-Kung Road, Section 2, Neihu, Taipei, Taiwan 114, ROC.
    Extrapulmonary manifestations of Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia are uncommon and include hematologic, gastrointestinal, musculoskeletal, dermatologic, and neurologic complications. We report a case of serologically-confirmed M. pneumoniae infection complicated by severe neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, and hepatitis. Read More

    [Dermatologic occupationally relevant type I allergies].
    Hautarzt 2004 Jan;55(1):34-41
    Dermatologische Klinik mit Poliklinik des Universitätsklinikums Erlangen, Erlangen.
    In Germany the most frequent initial report of occupational disease is due to occupational skin diseases ("Berufskrankheitenanzeige nach Nr. 5101 der Berufskrankheitenverordnung") defined as "severe or recurrent skin diseases that force the discontinuation of any activity that causes or that could be causing the development, the worsening, or the recurrence of the skin disease". The majority of these occupational skin diseases consists of irritant and allergic contact dermatitis. Read More

    Cutaneous Strongyloides stercoralis infection: an unusual presentation.
    J Am Acad Dermatol 2003 Aug;49(2 Suppl Case Reports):S157-60
    Ohio State University, OH, USA.
    Strongyloides stercoralis is a widespread, soil-transmitted, intestinal nematode common in tropical and subtropical countries. The parasite is unique in its capability to carry out its entire life cycle inside the human body. Human beings contract strongyloidiasis by penetration of filariform larvae into the skin or mucous membrane after contact with contaminated soil. Read More

    The use of infliximab in cutaneous sarcoidosis.
    J Drugs Dermatol 2003 Aug;2(4):413-4
    Department of Internal Medicine, Sections of Dermatology and Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, 4515 Willard Avenue #1018, Chevy Chase, MD 20815, USA.
    Infliximab, a chimeric (humanized mouse) monoclonal antibody which specifically inhibits TNF-alpha, has recently shown efficacy in the treatment of refractory sarcoidosis. The manifestations of sarcoidosis are diverse; however, the long-term effects on the lungs are often the most life-threatening. We describe a patient with sarcoidosis who experienced the complete resolution of her cutaneous disease and stabilization of her pulmonary symptoms after initiation of infliximab. Read More

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