442,325 results match your criteria Depression


Effect of sertraline in patients with newly diagnosed depression and type 2 diabetes mellitus or hypertension: An observational study from south India.

Diabetes Metab Syndr 2020 Jun 30;14(5):1065-1068. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmacy, Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research (SRIHER), Deemed to be University (DU), Porur, Chennai, 600 116, Tamil Nadu, India. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: Patients with either type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM) or hypertension (HTN) are more prone to develop depression when compared with the general population. Along with comorbid of either T2DM or HTN, treatment of depression may become an even bigger challenge. The present study aimed to observe the effect of sertraline in newly diagnosed depression patients with T2DM or HTN. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsx.2020.06.059DOI Listing

Does community-level social capital mitigate the impact of widowhood & living alone on depressive symptoms?: A prospective, multi-level study.

Soc Sci Med 2020 Jun 26;259:113140. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.

Widowhood and living alone are linked to increased risk of depression. We examined prospectively whether community-level social capital can mitigate the adverse impact of widowhood and living alone on depressive symptoms. We used data of the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study of functionally independent adults aged 65 years or older. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2020.113140DOI Listing

The Interaction of Adverse Childhood Experiences and Resiliency on the Outcome of Depression Among Children and Youth, 8-17 year olds.

Child Abuse Negl 2020 Jul 6;107:104616. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, 915 Greene Street, Columbia, SC 29208, USA.

Background: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are common among children. Little is known on how resilience factors and positive childhood experiences (PCEs) may moderate the relationship between ACEs and childhood depression.

Objective: Our study fills this gap by providing recent, nationally representative estimates of ACE and PCE exposure for ages 8-17 and examines the associations between ACE exposure and PCEs on the outcome of depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104616DOI Listing

Unravelling fatigue in hemodialysis patients: comparing retrospective reports to real-time assessments with an mHealth Experienced Sampling Method.

J Pain Symptom Manage 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Neuropsychology and Psychopharmacology, Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands; School for Mental Health and Neuroscience, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands; Limburg Brain Injury Centre, The Netherlands.

Context: Fatigue is prevalent among hemodialysis (HD) patients and associated with depressive mood. To advance our understanding of its etiology and develop appropriate treatments, reliable measurement instruments are needed. However, conventional fatigue and mood questionnaires are prone to bias due to their retrospective nature and may misrepresent or overestimate actual symptom experience (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.06.042DOI Listing

Abnormal white matter microstructures in Parkinson's disease and comorbid depression: a whole-brain diffusion tensor imaging study.

Neurosci Lett 2020 Jul 6:135238. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, China; Center for MRI Research, Academy for Advanced Interdisciplinary Studies, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, China; McGovern Institute for Brain Research, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, China. Electronic address:

Objective: Depressive symptoms are the most common non-motor symptom accompanying Parkinson's disease (PD); however, the neural basis of depression in PD remains unclear. The aim of this study was to characterize possible depression-related white matter microstructural differences in patients with PD and comorbid depression compared with PD patients and healthy controls (HC) without depression.

Methods: We used diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to analyze white matter integrity in depressed PD patients (n = 30), non-depressed PD patients (n = 43), and HC (n = 91). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neulet.2020.135238DOI Listing

Cocaine added to heroin fails to affect heroin-induced brain hypoxia.

Brain Res 2020 Jul 6:147008. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Behavioral Neuroscience Branch, National Institute on Drug Abuse, Intramural Research Program, National Institutes of Health, DHHS, 251 Bayview Boulevard, Baltimore, Maryland 21224-6825, USA. Electronic address:

Heroin and cocaine are both highly addictive drugs that cause unique physiological and behavioral effects. These drugs are often co-administered and cocaine has been found in ∼20% of cases of opioid overdose death. Respiratory depression followed by brain hypoxia is the most dangerous effect of high-dose opioids that could result in coma and even death. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.brainres.2020.147008DOI Listing

Resilience in the LPS-induced acute depressive-like behaviors: increase of CRMP2 neuroprotection and microtubule dynamics in hippocampus.

Brain Res Bull 2020 Jul 6. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Department of Psychiatry, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Jiefang Road No.238, Wuhan, 430060, China.

Depressive-like behaviors occur at 24 h after lipopolysaccharide (LPS) injection, but whether the animals have resilience has not been reported. This study is to explore the existence of resilience in the LPS-induced acute depressive-like behaviors and its biological changes in the neuroprotection and microtubule dynamics. The behavioral tests of Sprague-Dawley male rats, including body weight (BW), sucrose preference test (SPT), forced swimming test (FST) and open field test (OFT), which are used to explore depressive and anxiety-like behaviors, were detected at 24 h after intraperitoneal injection of LPS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.brainresbull.2020.06.015DOI Listing

Physical Function Impairment and Frailty in Middle-Aged People Living With Human Immunodeficiency Virus in the REPRIEVE Trial Ancillary Study PREPARE.

J Infect Dis 2020 Jul;222(Supplement_1):S52-S62

University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, Colorado, USA.

Background: People with human immunodeficiency virus (PWH) are at risk for accelerated development of physical function impairment and frailty; both associated with increased risk of falls, hospitalizations, and death. Identifying factors associated with physical function impairment and frailty can help target interventions.

Methods: The REPRIEVE trial enrolled participants 40-75 years of age, receiving stable antiretroviral therapy with CD4+ T-cell count >100 cells/mm3, and with low to moderate cardiovascular disease risk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jiaa249DOI Listing

The phosphodiesterase-4 inhibitor roflumilast, a potential treatment for the comorbidity of memory loss and depression in Alzheimer's disease: a preclinical study in APP/PS1 transgenic mice.

Int J Neuropsychopharmacol 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Departments of Neuroscience and Behavioral Medicine & Psychiatry, the Rockefeller Neuroscience Institute, West Virginia University Health Sciences Center, Morgantown, WV, USA.

Background: Depression is highly related to Alzheimer's disease (AD),yet no effective treatment is available. Phosphodiesterase-4 (PDE4) has been considered a promising target for treatment of AD and depression. Roflumilast, the first PDE4 inhibitor approved for clinic use, improves cognition at doses that do not cause side effects such as emesis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ijnp/pyaa048DOI Listing

Internet, gaming, and smartphone usage patterns of children and adolescents in Korea: A c-CURE clinical cohort study.

J Behav Addict 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

6Department of Psychiatry, Uijeongbu St. Mary's Hospital, Catholic University College of Medicine, Gyeonggi, South Korea.

Background And Aim: Whereas many studies on Internet gaming disorder (IGD) have used self-report questionnaires, only a few have adopted clinical interviews and samples. The current study aimed at using data from face-to-face diagnostic interviews, based on the criteria for IGD in the DSM-5, to determine the Internet, gaming, and smartphone usage patterns of children and adolescents.

Methods: A latent class analysis was conducted using data collected through diagnostic interviews for Internet, gaming, and smartphone addiction with 190 participants (M = 13. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1556/2006.2020.00022DOI Listing

Validity and reliability of EQ-5D-5L among patients with axial spondyloarthritis in Singapore.

Eur J Rheumatol 2020 Apr 1;7(2):71-78. Epub 2020 Apr 1.

Department of Medicine, Duke-NUS Medical School, 8 College Road, Singapore.

Objective: This study aims to evaluate the reliability and validity of EuroQOL-5 Dimensions-5 Levels (EQ-5D-5L) among patients with axial spondyloarthritis (SpA) in Singapore.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving patients with axial SpA in an Asian tertiary hospital from 2017 to 2018. This study followed the COnsensus-based Standards for selection of health Measurement Instruments framework. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/eurjrheum.2020.19043DOI Listing

Development of depression in patients with oral cavity cancer: a systematic review.

Acta Otolaryngol 2020 Jul 9:1-6. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, and Audiology, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: The incidence of oral cancer is approximately 300,000 patients annually. A cancer diagnosis and treatment affect both physical and mental issues.

Objectives: The aim of this systematic review was to examine the development of depression in patients who have been treated for oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2020.1778785DOI Listing

Antidepressant-like Effect of Merazin Hydrate Depends on NO/ERK by Suppressing Its Downstream NF-κB or Nonactivating CREB/BDNF in Mouse Hippocampus.

ACS Chem Neurosci 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Institute of TCM-Related Comorbid Depression, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210023, P.R. China.

Merazin hydrate (MH), an essential ingredient of Fructus aurantii, has been identified to have an antidepressant-like effect. However, the molecular mechanisms of MH modulate depressive behavior are largely uncharacterized. Here, in lipopolysaccharide-induced mice, we identified that a single administration of MH recovered depressive behaviors and down-regulated the expressions of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) in the hippocampus after 1 day. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acschemneuro.0c00246DOI Listing

Antidepressants, the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale Conundrum, and Quality of Life.

Authors:
Ronald W Pies

J Clin Psychopharmacol 2020 Jul/Aug;40(4):339-341

From the Department of Psychiatry, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JCP.0000000000001221DOI Listing

Implementation Strategies for Depression and Anxiety Screening in a Pediatric Cystic Fibrosis Center: A Quality Improvement Project.

Pediatr Pulmonol 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Seattle Children's Hospital, Seattle, WA.

Background: Guidelines to integrate mental health screening (MHS) into cystic fibrosis (CF) care has increased adoption across US and European CF Centers, however there has been limited discussion on specific strategies for implementation.

Objective: Share key strategies that led to successful MHS implementation in one pediatric CF center and report implementation and screening outcomes.

Methods: Parent partners, mental health experts from the Department of Psychiatry, and the CF clinic team co-designed interventions to support 3 major stakeholders: (1) patients and families (2) clinic team, and (3) hospital system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ppul.24951DOI Listing

The astrocytic-neuronal crosstalk gets jammed: alternative perspectives on the onset of neuropsychiatric disorders.

Eur J Neurosci 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Regensburg, 93053, Regensburg, Germany.

Investigating interactions of glia cells and synapses during development and in adulthood is the focus of several research programmes which aim at understanding the neurobiology of brain physiological and pathological processes. Both glia-specific released and membrane-bound proteins play essential roles in the development, maintenance and functionality of synaptic connections. Alterations in synaptic contacts in specific brain areas are hallmarks of several brain diseases, such as major depressive disorder, autism spectrum disorder and schizophrenia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ejn.14900DOI Listing

The Crying Clinic: Increasing accessibility to Infant Mental Health services for immigrant parents at risk for peripartum depression.

Infant Ment Health J 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Aisling Discoveries Child and Family Centre, Scarborough, Canada.

Peripartum depression (PPD) is considered a major public health concern due to its profound impact on families, including infants. In this paper, we report on a pilot initiative designed to reduce barriers and stigma related to the use of traditional infant mental health services for immigrant parents deemed at high risk of PPD. The Crying Clinic (CC) is an innovative walk-in service offered in a culturally diverse Canadian community to support maternal well-being and healthy parent-infant relationships. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/imhj.21879DOI Listing

Psychological and Ocular Surface State of Ophthalmologists and Ophthalmic Nurses Working With Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019.

Authors:
Yi Shao Wei Zhang

JAMA Ophthalmol 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi, China.

Importance: The influence on the psychology and ocular surface of ophthalmologists and ophthalmic nurses in Wuhan, China, during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is not yet fully understood.

Objective: To characterize mental state and ocular surface state of ophthalmologists and ophthalmic nurses in Wuhan, China, and similar areas during the COVID-19 outbreak.

Design, Setting, And Participants: This survey study assessed ophthalmologists and ophthalmic nurses in Wuhan, China, and Jiangxi, China, a province approximately 300 km south of Wuhan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2020.2289DOI Listing

Can and should neurologists screen their patients for depression? Yes, and….

Neurol Clin Pract 2020 Jun;10(3):186-187

Boston University School of Medicine (JPN); VA Center for Healthcare Organization and Implementation Research, Bedford, MA; and Health Policy Consultant (SS-M), Santa Maria, CA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1212/CPJ.0000000000000758DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7292567PMC

The Association of Negative Urgency with Psychological Distress: Moderating Role of Proactive Coping Strategies.

J Psychol 2020 Jul 9:1-12. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Koç University.

Negative urgency, which is the tendency to act impulsively under the influence of negative emotions, is a risk factor for various psychological disorders including anxiety and depression. In contrast, proactive coping is a future oriented coping strategy that aims to prepare the self for future stressors by reappraising the stressors as challenges or keep oneself prepared for impending losses. Although the effect of proactive coping and preventive coping strategies on reducing depression and anxiety has been consistently documented, the association of their interaction with risk factors received little attention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00223980.2020.1784824DOI Listing

Brain entropy and neurotrophic molecular markers accompanying clinical improvement after ketamine: Preliminary evidence in adolescents with treatment-resistant depression.

J Psychopharmacol 2020 Jul 9:269881120928203. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Medical School, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, USA.

Background: Current theory suggests that treatment-resistant depression (TRD) involves impaired neuroplasticity resulting in cognitive and neural rigidity, and that clinical improvement may require increasing brain flexibility and adaptability.

Aims: In this hypothesis-generating study, we sought to identify preliminary evidence of brain flexibility correlates of clinical change within the context of an open-label ketamine trial in adolescents with TRD, focusing on two promising candidate markers of neural flexibility: (a) entropy of resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) signals; and (b) insulin-stimulated phosphorylation of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and glycogen synthase-3-beta (GSK3β) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells.

Methods: We collected resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging data and blood samples from 13 adolescents with TRD before and after a series of six ketamine infusions over 2 weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0269881120928203DOI Listing

Do Depression and Binge Drinking Explain the Increased Risk of Sexual Violence Among Sexual Minority Middle and High School Girls?

J Interpers Violence 2020 Jul 9:886260520938506. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, USA.

Sexual violence (SV) occurs at rates higher among sexual minority youth than heterosexual youth, but the mechanisms explaining this higher risk are understudied. We examined if binge drinking and depression explain the higher rates of SV victimization among sexual minority middle and high school girls. Female students ( = 1,145) in Grades 7th to 10th completed a survey that assessed for SV, binge drinking, depression, sexual orientation identification, and sex at birth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0886260520938506DOI Listing

Estimating the Savings of a Migraine Free Life: Results from the Spanish Atlas.

Eur J Neurol 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Headache Unit, Neurology Department, Vall d'Hebron University Hospital & Headache Research Group, VHIR, Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona, Member of the Headache Study Group of the Spanish Neurological Society (GECSEN), Barcelona, Spain.

Background: Migraine is a common and costly neurological disorder. The aim of this study was to quantify the costs of chronic (CM) and episodic migraine (EM) in Spain, evaluating the impact of psychiatric comorbidities and disability, and estimate the economic savings of reducing the number of migraine days by 50%.

Methods: This was an observational, cross-sectional analysis of data from migraine patients who participated in the Spanish Migraine Atlas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ene.14431DOI Listing

How do substance use disorders compare to other psychiatric conditions on structural brain abnormalities? A cross-disorder meta-analytic comparison using the ENIGMA consortium findings.

Hum Brain Mapp 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Department of Psychiatry, Université de Montreal, CHU Ste Justine Hospital, CHU Ste-Justine, Montreal, Canada.

Alcohol use disorder (AUD) and cannabis use disorder (CUD) are associated with brain alterations particularly involving fronto-cerebellar and meso-cortico-limbic circuitry. However, such abnormalities have additionally been reported in other psychiatric conditions, and until recently there has been few large-scale investigations to compare such findings. The current study uses the Enhancing Neuroimaging Genetics through Meta-Analysis (ENIGMA) consortium method of standardising structural brain measures to quantify case-control differences and to compare brain-correlates of substance use disorders with those published in relation to other psychiatric disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hbm.25114DOI Listing

Sedentary behaviour, physical activity and mental health in older adults: an isotemporal substitution model.

Scand J Med Sci Sports 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, Center for Active and Healthy Ageing (CAHA), University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.

Introduction: Regular moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) is associated with improved mental health, but the evidence for the effect of reducing sedentary behaviour (SB) or increasing light PA (LPA) in older adults, is lacking. Using isotemporal substitution (IS) models, the aim of this paper is to investigate the effect of substituting SB with LPA or MVPA on associations with mental health in older adults.

Methods: Data from 1,360 older adults (mean age 75. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/sms.13762DOI Listing

Competing Crises: COVID-19 Countermeasures and Social Isolation among Older Adults in Long Term Care.

J Adv Nurs 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Grand River Hospital and St. Mary's Hospital, Kitchener, ON, Canada.

While debate over the appropriate scope and goals of COVID-19 lockdowns has raged, all public health agencies have been clear on one matter: older adults have the highest rates of mortality (Comas-Herrera et al., 2020) and should be isolated (Public Health Agency of Canada, 2020). Older adults and individuals with complex health conditions are most vulnerable to the virus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jan.14467DOI Listing

[The influence of emotional state and coping ability on the outcome of the assisted reproductive technology among infertile couples].

Psychiatr Hung 2020 ;35(3):337-353

Debreceni Egyetem, Nepegeszsegugyi Kar, Magatartastudomanyi Intezet, Debrecen, Hungary, E-mail:

Introduction: Infertility and its treatment impose significant physical and emotional burden on infertile couples. The most commonly used assisted reproductive technology is the In Vitro Fertilization (IVF). Approximately one third of the treatments results in pregnancy. Read More

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January 2020

[Psychology of celebrity worship: A literature review].

Psychiatr Hung 2020 ;35(3):322-336

ELTE Eotvos Lorand Tudomanyegyetem, Pszichologiai Intezet, Budapest, Hungary, E-mail:

In the past two decades, there has been a considerable research interest in celebrity worship. According to the general view, celebrity worship can be considered as a continuum, ranging from a healthy enthusiasm to an exces - sive involvement. A considerable proportion of research investigating this phenomenon has focused on the explora - tion of the underlying mechanisms of excessive celebrity worship. Read More

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January 2020

Patients with depression and anxiety symptoms from adjustment disorder related to their shoulder may be ideal patients for arthroscopic rotator cuff repair.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2020 Jul;29(7S):S80-S86

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Duke Sport Science Institute, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA.

Background: Mood symptoms may be due to shoulder-related depression or anxiety or clinical anxiety/depression. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship of shoulder-related and pre-existing diagnosis of depression or anxiety with changes in American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score after rotator cuff repair.

Methods: A retrospective review of prospectively collected data on subjects undergoing arthroscopic rotator cuff repair was reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jse.2020.03.046DOI Listing

Quality of Life Assessments in Individuals With Young-Onset Dementia and Their Caregivers.

J Geriatr Psychiatry Neurol 2020 Jul 9:891988720933348. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Southampton, United Kingdom.

Background: Quality of life (QoL) has seldom been investigated or explicitly measured in young-onset dementia (YoD). The aims of this study were (1) to investigate and compare QoL self- and proxy reports in a sample of YoD patients and caregivers using different conceptual assessments of QoL and (2) to examine the relationship between caregiver QoL and both burden and mental health.

Methods: There were 52 participants (26 YoD patient-caregiver dyads). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0891988720933348DOI Listing

Anxiety Sensitivity and Panic Disorder: Evaluation of the Impact of Cognitive-Behavioral Group Therapy.

Issues Ment Health Nurs 2020 Jul 9:1-7. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

School of Nursing, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS) and Anxiety Disorders Program of Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, Brazil.

Anxiety sensitivity (AS) is a multidimensional construct associated with the etiology and maintenance of panic disorder (PD) symptoms. However, only a few studies have evaluated whether cognitive-behavioral group therapy (CBGT) can modify the condition. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of CBGT on AS in patients with PD and to analyze AS and its dimensions as predictors of response to CBGT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01612840.2020.1780527DOI Listing

Effect of supplementary omega-3 fatty acids on pregnant women with complications and pregnancy outcomes: review from literature.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2020 Jul 9:1-17. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Department of Food Technology and Nutrition Science, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali, Bangladesh.

Numerous benefits have been associated with omega-3 fatty acid consumption during pregnancy and the postpartum period, whether it is consumed in the diet with seafood or supplements such as fish oil. This review primarily aimed to assess the current situation of the impact of omega-3 long-chain Poly Unsaturated Fatty Acid (PUFA) supplementation on the outcomes of pregnancy. The electronic search of Medline, PubMed, Public Library of Science (PLOS) and Google Scholar databases was carried out for papers from 01 February 1995 to 01 March 2017 using keywords such as "pregnancy," "supplement," "long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids," "omega 3 fatty acids," and "clinical trials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14767058.2020.1786522DOI Listing

Each post matters: a content analysis of #mentalhealth images on Instagram.

J Vis Commun Med 2020 Jul 9:1-11. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

School of Social Work, Department of Public Health, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA.

This study examined mental health-related content on a popular visual-based social media platform, Instagram. A content analysis was completed by using the search term '#mentalhealth' on public Instagram posts ( = 758). Our data showed that wellness practices related to mental health (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17453054.2020.1781535DOI Listing

Associations between symptom severity and treatment burden in people living with HIV.

J Adv Nurs 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Case Western Reserve University, Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Aim: To examine the association between symptoms severity and treatment burden in people living with HIV.

Design: Correlational, secondary analysis of data from participants diagnosed with HIV enrolled in a descriptive, cross-sectional study examining physical activity patterns.

Methods: We analysed data from 103 men and women using self-report data collected between March 2016 - February 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jan.14461DOI Listing

Low testosterone is associated with dysregulated eating symptoms in young adult men.

Int J Eat Disord 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA.

Objective: Extant animal and human data indicate that natural variation in circulating levels of testosterone may contribute to differential risk for dysregulated eating among males. Indeed, testosterone ablation in postpubertal male rodents results in stimulatory effects on sweet-taste preferences, and lower levels of circulating testosterone in adolescent boys have been found to predict dysregulated eating symptoms during mid-to-late puberty. Nonetheless, no prior study has examined whether lower testosterone is associated with dysregulated eating in adulthood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eat.23320DOI Listing

Baicalin attenuates inflammatory pain associated depressive symptoms via Akt-mediated adult hippocampal neurogenesis.

Metab Brain Dis 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Department of Laboratory Animal Science, Shanxi Key Laboratory of Laboratory Animal and Animal Model of Human Diseases, Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan, Shanxi Province, China.

Depression is one of main symptoms accompanying thermal hyperalgesia and mechanical allodynia induced by inflammatory pain. On physiological level, depressive symptoms could be attenuated by sufficient level of hippocampal neural plasticity. Adult hippocampal neurogenesis (AHN) plays critical roles in clearing panic memory, increasing psychiatric adaptability and preventing depressive emotion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11011-020-00599-yDOI Listing

Adverse Childhood Experiences and Health Indicators in a Young Adult, College Student Sample: Differences by Gender.

Int J Behav Med 2020 Jul 8. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Department of Health Sciences, California State University, Northridge, Northridge, CA, USA.

Background: The original Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) study demonstrated strong, graded relationships between child maltreatment and household dysfunction and adult health status. The present study re-examined these relationships in a sample of young adult, college students to better characterize the developmental timing of health problems related to ACE exposure and differences by biological sex.

Method: A cross-sectional general health questionnaire that included items on ACE was administered to young adults (ages 18-29) at universities in California (n = 3880), Minnesota (n = 7708), and Texas (n = 451) between 2017 and 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12529-020-09913-5DOI Listing