2,613 results match your criteria Demography[Journal]


Just Another Level? Comparing Quantitative Patterns of Global Expansion of School and Higher Education Attainment.

Demography 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

School of Management, University of Bath, Bath, UK.

The expansion of higher education enrollment and attainment is a key uncertainty in the education profile of future populations. Many studies have examined cross-national determinants of higher education expansion as well the understanding of expansion through the relationship between higher education and the labor market. Early work established a typology for levels of enrollment, but recent empirical studies on the global growth of higher education attainment are scarce, and available projections resort to imposing ad hoc limits on future expansion. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s13524-019-00775-5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-019-00775-5DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Natives' Attitudes and Immigrants' Unemployment Durations.

Demography 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne, Maison des Sciences Économiques, University Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, 110 bd de l'Hôpital, 75642, Paris, France.

In this study, we investigate how the attitude of natives-defined as the perceived trustworthiness of citizens from different countries-affects immigrants' labor market outcomes in Germany. Evidence in the literature suggests that barriers to economic assimilation might be higher for some groups of immigrants, but the role of natives' heterogeneous attitudes toward immigrants from different countries of origin has received little attention. Using individual-level panel data from the German Socio-Economic Panel covering the years 1984 to 2014, we apply survival analysis methods to model immigrants' unemployment durations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-019-00777-3DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Neighborhood Diversity, Neighborhood Affluence: An Analysis of the Neighborhood Destination Choices of Mixed-Race Couples With Children.

Demography 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Sociology, Georgia State University, 1063 Langdale Hall, Atlanta, GA, 30303, USA.

Past research has indicated that mixed-race couples with children appear to possess a heightened preference for neighborhoods that are racially and ethnically diverse and relatively affluent so as to reside in areas that are requisitely accepting of, and safe for, their children. However, neighborhoods with higher racial and ethnic diversity tend to be lower in socioeconomic status, implying that some residentially mobile mixed-race couples with children encounter trade-offs between neighborhood diversity and neighborhood affluence in their residential search processes. To investigate this, we apply discrete-choice models to longitudinal data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics linked to neighborhood-level data from multiple population censuses to compare the neighborhood choices of mixed-race couples with children to those of monoracial couples with children, while assessing how these choices are simultaneously driven by neighborhood diversity and neighborhood affluence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-019-00779-1DOI Listing

Race Matters: Income Shares, Income Inequality, and Income Mobility for All U.S. Races.

Demography 2019 Apr 3. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

U.S. Census Bureau, Center for Economic Studies, 4600 Silver Hill Road, Suitland, MD, 20746, USA.

Using unique linked data, we examine income inequality and mobility across racial and ethnic groups in the United States. Our data encompass the universe of income tax filers in the United States for the period 2000-2014, matched with individual-level race and ethnicity information from multiple censuses and American Community Survey data. We document both income inequality and mobility trends over the period. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s13524-019-00773-7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-019-00773-7DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

A Note on the Effect of Religiosity on Fertility.

Authors:
Dierk Herzer

Demography 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Economics, Helmut-Schmidt-University, Hamburg, Germany.

Very few studies have examined the effect of religiosity on fertility at the macro level. This note extends these studies by using a larger data set and more advanced econometric techniques. In addition, this note estimates the macro-level effect of religiosity on fertility both for a total sample of 25 Christian countries between 1925 and 2000 and for three subsamples: Catholic, Protestant, and mixed Catholic-Protestant countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-019-00774-6DOI Listing

Causal Impact of Having a College Degree on Women's Fertility: Evidence From Regression Kink Designs.

Demography 2019 Mar 21. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Graduate School of Public Administration, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea.

An important factor speculated to affect fertility level is education. Theoretical predictions regarding whether education increases or decreases fertility are ambiguous. This study analyzes the causal impact of higher education on fertility using census data administered by Statistics Korea. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-019-00771-9DOI Listing

Proximate Sources of Change in Trajectories of First Marriage in the United States, 1960-2010.

Authors:
Arun S Hendi

Demography 2019 Mar 21. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Office of Population Research and Department of Sociology, Princeton University, Second Floor, Wallace Hall, Princeton, NJ, 08544, USA.

This study examines proximate sources of change in first-marriage trajectories in the United States between 1960 and 2010. This was a period of tremendous social change: divorce became more common, people started marrying later or not marrying at all, innovations in medicine and changes in social and behavioral factors led to reduced mortality, inequality grew stronger and was reflected by more intense assortative mating, and the country underwent a massive educational expansion. Each of these factors influenced the formation and dissolution of first marriages over this period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-019-00769-3DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Tied Together: Adolescent Friendship Networks, Immigrant Status, and Health Outcomes.

Authors:
Cassie McMillan

Demography 2019 Mar 18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Department of Sociology and Criminology, Pennsylvania State University, 211 Oswald Tower, University Park, PA, 16802, USA.

This study examines the social integration of adolescent immigrants by directly analyzing the composition of their friendship networks. Using statistical network analysis, I first consider whether adolescents are more likely to befriend peers who share their immigrant generation status in a large, diverse sample of 7th through 12th graders from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (n = 67,586). Next, I test whether having a higher proportion of same-generation friends can protect immigrant youth from experiencing negative health outcomes and adopting risky behaviors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-019-00770-wDOI Listing

Is the Family Size of Parents and Children Still Related? Revisiting the Cross-Generational Relationship Over the Last Century.

Demography 2019 Apr;56(2):595-619

Institut National d'études Démographiques (INED), 133, boulevard Davout, F-75020, Paris, France.

In most developed countries, the fertility levels of parents and children are positively correlated. This article analyzes the strength of the intergenerational transmission of family size over the last century, including a focus on this reproduction in large and small families. Using the large-scale French Family Survey (2011), we show a weak but significant correlation of approximately 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-019-00767-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449311PMC
April 2019
3 Reads

The Impact of the Homicide Decline on Life Expectancy of African American Males.

Demography 2019 Apr;56(2):645-663

Department of Sociology, Criminology & Anthropology, University of Wisconsin-Whitewater, Laurentide Hall, Room 2125, 800 West Main Street, Whitewater, WI, 53190, USA.

Homicide is a leading cause of death for young people in the United States aged 15-34, but it has a disproportionate impact on one subset of the population: African American males. The national decline in homicide mortality that occurred from 1991 to 2014 thus provides an opportunity to generate evidence on a unique question-How do population health and health inequality change when the prevalence of one of the leading causes of death is cut in half? In this article, we estimate the impact of the decline in homicide mortality on life expectancy at birth as well as years of potential life lost for African American and white males and females, respectively. Estimates are generated using national mortality data by age, gender, race, and education level. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-019-00768-4DOI Listing

Family Change and Changing Family Demography.

Authors:
Judith A Seltzer

Demography 2019 Apr;56(2):405-426

California Center for Population Research and Department of Sociology, University of California, Los Angeles, 264 Haines Hall, 375 Portola Plaza, Los Angeles, CA, 90095-1551, USA.

Increases in life expectancy, high rates of movement into and out of couple relationships, and increasing exposure to stepfamilies raise new questions about who is in a family, the distinction between who lives together and who is a family member, and the extent to which family members are expected to meet the long-term obligations that define kinship. These questions are important because families have traditionally served as a vital private safety net for family members. Demographic changes increase family members' uncertainty about their relationships. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-019-00766-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6450727PMC
April 2019
9 Reads

Health Measurement and Health Inequality Over the Life Course: A Comparison of Self-rated Health, SF-12, and Grip Strength.

Authors:
Liliya Leopold

Demography 2019 Apr;56(2):763-784

Department of Sociology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

The cumulative (dis)advantage hypothesis predicts education differences in health to increase with age. All previous tests of this hypothesis were based on self-reported health measures. Recent research has suggested that self-reported health measures may not adequately capture differences in key analytical constructs, including education, age, cohort, and gender. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s13524-019-00761-x
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-019-00761-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449289PMC
April 2019
3 Reads

Change in the Stability of First Premarital Cohabitation Among Women in the United States, 1983-2013.

Demography 2019 Apr;56(2):427-450

Department of Sociology & Center for Family and Demographic Research, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH, 43403, USA.

The rapid growth in cohabitation over the past quarter-century necessitates studies of changes in the stability and outcomes of cohabitation. We utilized data from the 1988 National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) and the most recent NSFG data from 2011-2013 to examine the outcomes of two comparable cohorts of first premarital cohabiting women (1983-1988 and 2006-2013). Our results showed that cohabitations formed between 2006 and 2013 lasted longer-18 months, on average-than those formed in the mid-1980s, which lasted for an average of 12 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-019-00765-7DOI Listing

Water, Sanitation, and Child Health: Evidence From Subnational Panel Data in 59 Countries.

Demography 2019 Apr;56(2):729-752

The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), 1201 Eye Street NW, Washington, DC, 20005, USA.

Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) investments are widely seen as essential for improving health in early childhood. However, the experimental literature on WASH interventions identifies inconsistent impacts on child health outcomes, with relatively robust impacts on diarrhea and other symptoms of infection but weak and varying impacts on child nutrition. In contrast, observational research exploiting cross-sectional variation in water and sanitation access is much more sanguine, finding strong associations with diarrhea prevalence, mortality, and stunting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-019-00760-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449314PMC

Sexual Concurrency and Contraceptive Use Among Young Adult Women.

Demography 2019 Apr;56(2):549-572

Population Studies Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Leveraging 2.5 years of weekly data from the Relationship Dynamics and Social Life Study, we investigate the relationship between young women's sexual concurrency and their contraceptive behavior. Specifically, we (1) examine whether young women changed their contraceptive use when switching from one to multiple concurrent sexual partners in the same week; (2) explore the uniformity of contraceptive responses to concurrency across relationship context; and (3) compare the contraceptive behaviors of never-concurrent women with those of ever-concurrent women in weeks when they were not concurrent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-019-00762-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6450760PMC

Misreporting Month of Birth: Diagnosis and Implications for Research on Nutrition and Early Childhood in Developing Countries.

Demography 2019 Apr;56(2):707-728

Friedman School of Nutrition and Department of Economics, Tufts University, Boston, MA, 02111, USA.

A large literature has used children's birthdays to identify exposure to shocks and estimate their impacts on later outcomes. Using height-for-age z scores (HAZ) for more than 990,000 children in 62 countries from 163 Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), we show how random errors in birth dates create artifacts in HAZ that can be used to diagnose the extent of age misreporting. The most important artifact is an upward gradient in HAZ by recorded month of birth (MOB) from start to end of calendar years, resulting in a large HAZ differential between December- and January-born children of -0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-018-0753-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449488PMC

Same-Sex Parents and Children's School Progress: An Association That Disappeared Over Time.

Demography 2019 Apr;56(2):477-501

Department of Political and Social Sciences, European University Institute, Via Roccettini 9, San Domenico, I-50014, Italy.

Research is divided as to whether children living in same-sex parent families achieve different outcomes compared with their peers. In this article, we improve on earlier estimates of such differences and subsequently study whether and why the association between parental union sex composition and children's school progress changed over time. Data from the American Community Survey waves 2008-2015 (N = 1,952,490 including 7,792 children living with a same-sex couple) indicate that children living with same-sex couples were historically more likely to be behind in school but that this association disappeared over time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-018-0759-3DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

A Cohort Comparison of Lifespan After Age 100 in Denmark and Sweden: Are Only the Oldest Getting Older?

Demography 2019 Apr;56(2):665-677

Interdisciplinary Center on Population Dynamics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.

Although Denmark and Sweden have close cultural and historical ties, lifespans for Danes have generally been lower than those of Swedes. Recent improvements in Danish mortality after a period of stagnation have led to the suspicion that there may be positive trends at the very high ages at death within that population and that these trends could be quite different from those observed in Sweden. Although the mean ages at death for Danish and Swedish centenarians have been relatively constant at about 102 years for the cohorts born 1870-1904, the oldest-old in Denmark have been getting older, but no evidence has suggested any increase in lifespan for Swedes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-018-0755-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449298PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Spatial and Social Distance at the Onset of the Fertility Transition: Sweden, 1880-1900.

Demography 2019 02;56(1):169-199

Department of Statistical Sciences, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

Most studies on the fertility transition have focused either on macro-level trends or on micro-level patterns with limited geographic scope. Much less attention has been given to the interplay between individual characteristics and contextual conditions, including geographic location. Here we investigate the relevance of geography and socioeconomic status for understanding fertility variation in the initial phase of the Swedish fertility transition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-018-0737-9DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Changes in Household Composition and Children's Educational Attainment.

Demography 2019 Apr;56(2):525-548

Joint Center for Housing Studies, Harvard University, 1 Bow Street, Suite 400, Cambridge, MA, 02138, USA.

Changes in parental romantic relationships are an important component of family instability, but children are exposed to many other changes in the composition of their households that bear on child well-being. Prior research that focused on parental transitions has thus overlooked a substantial source of instability in children's lives. I argue that the instability in children's residential arrangements is characterized by household instability rather than family instability. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-018-0757-5DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Early-Life Assets in Oldest-Old Age: Evidence From Primary Care Reform in Early Twentieth Century Sweden.

Authors:
Volha Lazuka

Demography 2019 Apr;56(2):679-706

School of Economics and Management, Centre for Economic Demography and Department of Economic History, Lund University, Box 7083, 220 07, Lund, Sweden.

Do early-life effects of investments in public health persist to the oldest-old ages? This article answers this question by using the primary care reform in rural Sweden that between 1890 and 1917 led to the establishment of local health districts, together with openings of hospitals and recruitments of medical personnel, as a natural experiment in early-life environmental conditions. The initiatives undertaken within these districts targeted control of infectious diseases, including various isolation and disinfection measures. This study applies a difference-in-differences method combined with propensity score matching to register-based individual-level data for Sweden from 1968 to 2012 and to multisource, purposely collected data on the reform implementation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-018-0758-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449494PMC
April 2019
4 Reads

Spacing, Stopping, or Postponing? Fertility Desires in a Sub-Saharan Setting.

Demography 2019 Apr;56(2):573-594

Department of Sociology, University of California-Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, 90095-1551, USA.

A growing body of research has argued that the traditional categories of stopping and spacing are insufficient to understand why individuals want to control fertility. In a series of articles, Timæus, Moultrie, and colleagues defined a third type of fertility motivation-postponement-that reflects a desire to avoid childbearing in the short term without clear goals for long-term fertility. Although postponement is fundamentally a description of fertility desires, existing quantitative research has primarily studied fertility behavior in an effort to find evidence for the model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-018-0754-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6450704PMC
April 2019
1 Read

U.S. Mothers' Long-Term Employment Patterns.

Demography 2019 02;56(1):285-320

Department of Sociology, Harvard University, 675 William James Hall, 33 Kirkland St., Cambridge, MA, 02138, USA.

Previous research on maternal employment has disproportionately focused on the immediate postpartum period and typically modeled either cross-sectional employment status or time until a specific employment transition. We instead conceptualize maternal employment as a long-term pattern, extending the observation window and embedding employment statuses in temporal context. Using data from NLSY79 and sequence analysis, we document five common employment patterns of American mothers over the first 18 years of maternity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-018-0745-9DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Repartnering Following Gray Divorce: The Roles of Resources and Constraints for Women and Men.

Demography 2019 Apr;56(2):503-523

Department of Criminology, Sociology, & Geography, Arkansas State University, Jonesboro, AR, 72467, USA.

The doubling of the gray divorce rate (i.e., divorce at age 50 or older) over the past few decades portends growth in later-life repartnering, yet little is known about the mechanisms undergirding decisions to repartner after gray divorce. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-018-0752-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6450723PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

New Evidence of Skin Color Bias and Health Outcomes Using Sibling Difference Models: A Research Note.

Demography 2019 Apr;56(2):753-762

Department of Sociology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, 08544, USA.

In this research note, we use data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) to determine whether darker skin tone predicts hypertension among siblings using a family fixed-effects analytic strategy. We find that even after we account for common family background and home environment, body mass index, age, sex, and outdoor activity, darker skin color significantly predicts hypertension incidence among siblings. In a supplementary analysis using newly released genetic data from Add Health, we find no evidence that our results are biased by genetic pleiotropy, whereby differences in alleles among siblings relate to coloration and directly to cardiovascular health simultaneously. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-018-0756-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449491PMC
April 2019
4 Reads

Job Quality and the Educational Gradient in Entry Into Marriage and Cohabitation.

Demography 2019 Apr;56(2):451-476

Department of Sociology, University of California, Berkeley, Barrows Hall, Berkeley, CA, 94720, USA.

Men's and women's economic resources are important determinants of marriage timing. Prior demographic and sociological literature has often measured resources in narrow terms, considering employment and earnings and not more fine-grained measures of job quality. Yet, scholarship on work and inequality focuses squarely on declining job quality and rising precarity in employment and suggests that this transformation may matter for the life course. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s13524-018-0749-5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-018-0749-5DOI Listing
April 2019
18 Reads

Influences of Material Aspirations on Migration.

Demography 2019 02;56(1):75-102

Department of Sociology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, 08544, USA.

In this article, we investigate the influences of material aspirations on migration in Nepal, positing that material aspirations may have important influences on decisions to migrate and where to locate. We discuss a theoretical model explaining how these aspirations might be key influences in the migration decision. Using detailed continuous migration histories from the 2008-2012 Chitwan Valley Family Study, we estimate logistic and alternative-specific conditional logit models to examine how material aspirations in Nepal influence migration rates and destinations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-018-0751-yDOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Educational Disparities in Adult Mortality Across U.S. States: How Do They Differ, and Have They Changed Since the Mid-1980s?

Demography 2019 Apr;56(2):621-644

Department of Sociology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA.

Adult mortality varies greatly by educational attainment. Explanations have focused on actions and choices made by individuals, neglecting contextual factors such as economic and policy environments. This study takes an important step toward explaining educational disparities in U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-018-0750-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6450761PMC
April 2019
6 Reads

The Timing of Teenage Births: Estimating the Effect on High School Graduation and Later-Life Outcomes.

Demography 2019 02;56(1):345-365

Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau, 4600 Silver Hill Road, Washington, DC, 20233, USA.

We examine the long-term outcomes for a population of teenage mothers who give birth to their children around the end of high school. We compare the mothers whose high school education was interrupted by childbirth (because the child was born before her expected graduation date) with mothers who did not experience the same disruption to their education. We find that mothers who gave birth during the school year are 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-018-0748-6DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Multiple-Partner Fertility in the United States: A Demographic Portrait.

Authors:
Lindsay M Monte

Demography 2019 02;56(1):103-127

Fertility & Family Statistics Branch, U.S. Census Bureau, 4600 Silver Hill Road, Washington, DC, 20233, USA.

Multiple-partner fertility (MPF) occurs when a person has biological children with more than one partner. The 2014 Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP), a nationally representative panel study of individuals and households in the United States, is the first such survey to include a direct question about whether respondents are MPF parents. Understanding the prevalence of such families is important given the known socioeconomic correlates of MPF and the ramifications of entering MPF for both individuals and families. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-018-0743-yDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Dimensions of Reproductive Attitudes and Knowledge Related to Unintended Childbearing Among U.S. Adolescents and Young Adults.

Demography 2019 02;56(1):201-228

Department of Systems, Populations and Leadership, School of Nursing, University of Michigan, 400 N. Ingalls Street, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA.

Measures of attitudes and knowledge predict reproductive behavior, such as unintended fertility among adolescents and young adults. However, there is little consensus as to the underlying dimensions these measures represent, how to compare findings across surveys using different measures, or how to interpret the concepts captured by existing measures. To guide future research on reproductive behavior, we propose an organizing framework for existing measures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-018-0747-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360941PMC
February 2019
5 Reads

Stepfamily Structure and Transfers Between Generations in U.S. Families.

Demography 2019 02;56(1):229-260

California Center for Population Research and Department of Sociology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA.

Unstable couple relationships and high rates of repartnering have increased the share of U.S. families with stepkin. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s13524-018-0740-1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-018-0740-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6451773PMC
February 2019
12 Reads

Immigrant Legal Status and Health: Legal Status Disparities in Chronic Conditions and Musculoskeletal Pain Among Mexican-Born Farm Workers in the United States.

Demography 2019 02;56(1):1-24

Department of Sociology, University of California, Davis, 1282 SSH, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA, 95616, USA.

Immigrant legal status determines access to the rights and privileges of U.S. society. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s13524-018-0746-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-018-0746-8DOI Listing
February 2019
15 Reads

Prevalence and Risk Factors for Early Motherhood Among Low-Income, Maltreated, and Foster Youth.

Demography 2019 02;56(1):261-284

School of Social Work, Institute for Research on Poverty, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1180 Observatory Drive, Madison, WI, 53706, USA.

Early childbearing is associated with a host of educational and economic disruptions for teenage girls and increased risk of adverse outcomes for their children. Low-income, maltreated, and foster youth have a higher risk of teen motherhood than the general population of youth. In this study, we assessed differences in the risk of early motherhood among these groups and investigated whether differences likely reflect selection factors versus effects of involvement with Child Protective Services (CPS) or foster care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-018-0744-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6396831PMC
February 2019
4 Reads

Lifespan Dispersion in Times of Life Expectancy Fluctuation: The Case of Central and Eastern Europe.

Demography 2018 12;55(6):2071-2096

Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.

Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) have experienced considerable instability in mortality since the 1960s. Long periods of stagnating life expectancy were followed by rapid increases in life expectancy and, in some cases, even more rapid declines, before more recent periods of improvement. These trends have been well documented, but to date, no study has comprehensively explored trends in lifespan variation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-018-0729-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6290692PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

The Impact of Forced Migration on Mortality: Evidence From German Pension Insurance Records.

Demography 2019 02;56(1):25-47

RWI, Hohenzollernstr. 1-3, 45128, Essen, Germany.

We examine the long-run effects of forced migration for individuals who were displaced from Eastern Europe to Germany in the aftermath of World War II. Evidence suggests that displaced individuals were worse off economically, facing a considerably lower income and a higher unemployment risk than comparable nondisplaced Germans, even 20 years after being expelled. We extend this literature by investigating mortality outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-018-0742-zDOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Income-Related Gaps in Early Child Cognitive Development: Why Are They Larger in the United States Than in the United Kingdom, Australia, and Canada?

Demography 2019 02;56(1):367-390

School of Education, University of Bristol, Bristol, BS8 1JA, UK.

Previous research has documented significantly larger income-related gaps in children's early cognitive development in the United States than in the United Kingdom, Canada, and Australia. In this study, we investigate the extent to which this is a result of a more unequal income distribution in the United States. We show that although incomes are more unequal in the United States than elsewhere, a given difference in real income is associated with larger gaps in child test scores there than in the three other countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-018-0738-8DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Nonlabor Income and Age at Marriage: Evidence From China's Heating Policy.

Demography 2018 12;55(6):2345-2370

NUS Business School, National University of Singapore, 15 Kent Ridge Drive, Singapore, 119245, Singapore.

We exploit China's heating policy to investigate how nonlabor income affects marriage. From the mid-1950s, the policy gave substantial subsidies to urban residents north of the Huai River. Applying geographic regression discontinuity, we find that with the policy, urban men in the north married 15 months earlier than men in the south. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-018-0732-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6290655PMC
December 2018
1 Read

A Research Note on the Prevalence of Housing Eviction Among Children Born in U.S. Cities.

Demography 2019 02;56(1):391-404

Center for Research on Child Wellbeing and Office of Population Research, Princeton University, 286 Wallace Hall, Princeton, NJ, 08544, USA.

A growing body of research suggests that housing eviction is more common than previously recognized and may play an important role in the reproduction of poverty. The proportion of children affected by housing eviction, however, remains largely unknown. We estimate that one in seven children born in large U. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-018-0735-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6358494PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Union Transitions and Fertility Within First Premarital Cohabitations in Canada: Diverging Patterns by Education?

Authors:
Laura Wright

Demography 2019 02;56(1):151-167

Department of Sociology, University of Saskatchewan, 1019 Arts Building, 9 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 5A5, Canada.

Cohabitation has become increasingly accepted and normalized as part of the family system in Canada and has become the most common way to form a first union. The changing role of cohabitation in the family system is often understood as being driven by the ideational changes associated with the second demographic transition, but increasing international evidence indicates that this explanation is incomplete. Using nationally representative retrospective data from Canadians born between 1940 and 1979 from the 2011 General Social Survey, this study examines transitions out of first premarital cohabitation and fertility within these unions as two measures of the changing role of cohabitation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-018-0741-0DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Parental Origins, Mixed Unions, and the Labor Supply of Second-Generation Women in the United States.

Demography 2019 02;56(1):49-73

Office of Institutional Research, The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX, 78249, USA.

This study examines the joint impact of parental origins and partner choice on the employment behavior of second-generation women in the United States. We find that endogamy (choosing a first- or second-generation partner from the same national-origin group) is associated with lower labor supply among second-generation women, net of the effects of parental origin culture as proxied using the epidemiological approach to cultural transmission. Parental origin effects are mediated by education, but endogamy curtails economic activity regardless of educational attainment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-018-0736-xDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

From Some to None? Fertility Expectation Dynamics of Permanently Childless Women.

Authors:
Alison Gemmill

Demography 2019 02;56(1):129-149

Department of Family, Population & Preventive Medicine, Program in Public Health, Stony Brook University, 101 Nicolls Road, Health Sciences Center, Level 3, Room 071, Stony Brook, NY, 11794-8338, USA.

Permanent childlessness is increasingly acknowledged as an outcome of a dynamic, context-dependent process, but few studies have integrated a life course framework to investigate the complex pathways leading to childlessness. This study focuses on an understudied yet revealing dimension of why individuals remain childless: stated fertility expectations over the life course. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 cohort, I use a combination of sequence analysis, data-driven clustering techniques, and multivariable regression models to identify and describe groups of permanently childless women who follow similar trajectories of stated fertility expectations. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s13524-018-0739-7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-018-0739-7DOI Listing
February 2019
18 Reads

Skin Color and Social Mobility: Evidence From Mexico.

Demography 2019 02;56(1):321-343

El Colegio de México, Centro de Estudios Económicos, Mexico City, Mexico.

In many Latin American countries, census data on race and skin color are scarce or nonexistent. In this study, we contribute to understanding how skin color affects intergenerational social mobility in Mexico. Using a novel data set, we provide evidence of profound social stratification by skin color, even after controlling for specific individual characteristics that previous work has not been able to include, such as individual cognitive and noncognitive abilities, parental education and wealth, and measures of stress and parenting style in the home of origin. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-018-0734-zDOI Listing
February 2019
22 Reads

Separating the Signal From the Noise: Evidence for Deceleration in Old-Age Death Rates.

Authors:
Dennis M Feehan

Demography 2018 12;55(6):2025-2044

Department of Demography, University of California, Berkeley, 2232 Piedmont Avenue, MC #2120, Berkeley, CA, 94720-2120, USA.

Widespread population aging has made it critical to understand death rates at old ages. However, studying mortality at old ages is challenging because the data are sparse: numbers of survivors and deaths get smaller and smaller with age. I show how to address this challenge by using principled model selection techniques to empirically evaluate theoretical mortality models. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-018-0728-xDOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Revising Infant Mortality Rates for the Early Twentieth Century United States.

Demography 2018 12;55(6):2001-2024

National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, MA, 02138, USA.

Accurate vital statistics are required to understand the evolution of racial disparities in infant health and the causes of rapid secular decline in infant mortality during the early twentieth century. Unfortunately, U.S. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s13524-018-0723-2
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-018-0723-2DOI Listing
December 2018
16 Reads

Maternal Age and Child Development.

Demography 2018 12;55(6):2229-2255

University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, 60637, USA.

Although the consequences of teen births for both mothers and children have been studied for decades, few studies have taken a broader look at the potential payoffs-and drawbacks-of being born to older mothers. A broader examination is important given the growing gap in maternal ages at birth for children born to mothers with low and high socioeconomic status. Drawing data from the Children of the NLSY79, our examination of this topic distinguishes between the value for children of being born to a mother who delayed her first birth and the value of the additional years between her first birth and the birth of the child whose achievements and behaviors at ages 10-13 are under study. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s13524-018-0730-3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-018-0730-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6392079PMC
December 2018
18 Reads

Subjective Well-being and Partnership Dynamics: Are Same-Sex Relationships Different?

Demography 2018 12;55(6):2299-2320

Erasmus School of Economics, Postbus 1738, Room H12-10, 3000, DR, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

We analyze Dutch panel data to investigate whether partnership has a causal effect on subjective well-being. As in previous studies, we find that, on average, being in a partnership improves well-being. Well-being gains of marriage are larger than those of cohabitation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-018-0725-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6290656PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Intergenerational Transmission of Multipartner Fertility.

Demography 2018 12;55(6):2205-2228

Demography Unit, Department of Sociology, Stockholm University, 106 91, Stockholm, Sweden.

Using data from administrative registers for the period 1970-2007 in Norway and Sweden, we investigate the intergenerational transmission of multipartner fertility. We find that men and women with half-siblings are more likely to have children with more than one partner. The differences are greater for those with younger versus older half-siblings, consistent with the additional influence of parental separation that may not arise when one has only older half-siblings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-018-0727-yDOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

"His" and "Hers": Meeting the Economic Bar to Marriage.

Demography 2018 12;55(6):2321-2343

Sanford School of Public Policy, Duke University, PO Box 90312, Durham, NC, 27708, USA.

Scholars have suggested that low-income parents avoid marriage because they have not met the so-called economic bar to marriage. The economic bar is multidimensional, referring to a bundle of financial achievements that determine whether couples feel ready to wed. Using the Building Strong Families data set of low-income parents (n = 4,444), we operationalized this qualitative concept into a seven-item index and examined whether couples who met the economic bar by achieving the majority of the items were more likely to marry than couples who did not. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s13524-018-0726-z
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-018-0726-zDOI Listing
December 2018
15 Reads

Patrilocal Residence and Female Labor Supply: Evidence From Kyrgyzstan.

Demography 2018 12;55(6):2181-2203

Center for Evaluation and Development (C4ED), O7 3, 68161, Mannheim, Germany.

Many people live in patrilocal societies, which prescribe that women move in with their husbands' parents, relieve their in-laws from housework, and care for them in old age. This arrangement is likely to have labor market consequences, in particular for women. We study the effect of coresidence on female labor supply in Kyrgyzstan, a strongly patrilocal setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-018-0724-1DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read