1,629 results match your criteria Dementia Frontotemporal Lobe

An autopsy case of corticobasal syndrome with pure diffuse Lewy Body Disease.

Neurocase 2021 Jun 15:1-7. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Neurology, Tokyo Metropolitan Bokutoh Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Corticobasal syndrome (CBS) is associated with diverse pathological substrates such as tau, prion protein, transactive response and, rarely, alpha synuclein. We report the case of a54-year-old man, who presented with asymmetric levodopa-poor-responsive parkinsonism, frontal lobe signs and behavioral changes. He was diagnosed with CBS, and postmortem analyses revealed Lewy body disease Braak stage VI without comorbid pathologies. Read More

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18F-THK5351 PET Can Identify Core Lesions in Different Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Phenotypes.

Clin Nucl Med 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

From the Department of Neurology, Tokyo Metropolitan Geriatric Hospital Research Team for Neuroimaging, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Tokyo Metropolitan Geriatric Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract: Two patients with different amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) phenotypes underwent 18F-THK5351 PET to visualize lesions undergoing astrogliosis by measuring monoamine oxidase B activity. Patient 1 was a 57-year-old man with flail leg syndrome. Elevated uptake was observed inside the motor cortex, corresponding to the leg area in a cortical homunculus. Read More

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A disease-specific metabolic imaging marker for diagnosis and progression evaluation of semantic variant primary progressive aphasia.

Eur J Neurol 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

PET Center, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Background: The diagnosis and monitoring of semantic variant primary progressive aphasia (sv-PPA) are clinically challenging. We aimed to establish a distinctive metabolic pattern in sv-PPA for diagnosis and severity evaluation.

Methods: Fifteen sv-PPA patients and 15 controls were enrolled to identify sv-PPA-related pattern (sv-PPARP) by principal component analysis of F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission-tomography. Read More

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Impairment of episodic memory in genetic frontotemporal dementia: A GENFI study.

Alzheimers Dement (Amst) 2021 13;13(1):e12185. Epub 2021 May 13.

Douglas Mental Health University Institute Department of Psychiatry McGill University Montreal Canada.

Introduction: We aimed to assess episodic memory in genetic frontotemporal dementia (FTD) with the Free and Cued Selective Reminding Test (FCSRT).

Methods: The FCSRT was administered in 417 presymptomatic and symptomatic mutation carriers (181 chromosome 9 open reading frame 72 [], 163 progranulin [], and 73 microtubule-associated protein tau []) and 290 controls. Group differences and correlations with other neuropsychological tests were examined. Read More

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Validation of The Edinburgh cognitive and behavioural ALS screen (ECAS) in behavioural variant frontotemporal dementia and Alzheimer's disease.

Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Human Cognitive Neuroscience -Psychology, School of Philosophy, Psychology and Language Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Midlothian, United Kingdom.

The Edinburgh Cognitive and Behavioural ALS Screen (ECAS) was developed to assess cognitive and behavioural changes in an anterior frontotemporal syndrome (executive functions, language, fluency and behaviour), common in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) and also assesses posterior cerebral dysfunction (memory and visuospatial abilities).

Objectives: To validate the ECAS in behavioural variant Frontotemporal Dementia (bvFTD) without ALS, as compared with Alzheimer's disease (AD), against comprehensive neuropsychological assessment. Compare its sensitivity to that of the Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination (ACE-III) and investigate behavioural changes in both types of dementia. Read More

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Agitation and Dementia: Prevention and Treatment Strategies in Acute and Chronic Conditions.

Front Neurol 2021 16;12:644317. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Neuroscience, Imaging and Clinical Sciences, University G. d'Annunzio of Chieti-Pescara, Chieti, Italy.

Agitation is a behavioral syndrome characterized by increased, often undirected, motor activity, restlessness, aggressiveness, and emotional distress. According to several observations, agitation prevalence ranges from 30 to 50% in Alzheimer's disease, 30% in dementia with Lewy bodies, 40% in frontotemporal dementia, and 40% in vascular dementia (VaD). With an overall prevalence of about 30%, agitation is the third most common neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) in dementia, after apathy and depression, and it is even more frequent (80%) in residents of nursing homes. Read More

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Strategic infarct locations for post-stroke cognitive impairment: a pooled analysis of individual patient data from 12 acute ischaemic stroke cohorts.

Lancet Neurol 2021 06 23;20(6):448-459. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK.

Background: Post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) occurs in approximately half of people in the first year after stroke. Infarct location is a potential determinant of PSCI, but a comprehensive map of strategic infarct locations predictive of PSCI is unavailable. We aimed to identify infarct locations most strongly predictive of PSCI after acute ischaemic stroke and use this information to develop a prediction model. Read More

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Differential early subcortical involvement in genetic FTD within the GENFI cohort.

Neuroimage Clin 2021 29;30:102646. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Neurologische Klinik und Poliklinik, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Munich German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE), Munich Munich Cluster of Systems Neurology, Munich, Germany.

Background: Studies have previously shown evidence for presymptomatic cortical atrophy in genetic FTD. Whilst initial investigations have also identified early deep grey matter volume loss, little is known about the extent of subcortical involvement, particularly within subregions, and how this differs between genetic groups.

Methods: 480 mutation carriers from the Genetic FTD Initiative (GENFI) were included (198 GRN, 202 C9orf72, 80 MAPT), together with 298 non-carrier cognitively normal controls. Read More

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A longitudinal observation of brain structure between AD and FTLD.

Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2021 Mar 24;205:106604. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Department of Neurology, State Key Laboratory of Complex Severe and Rare Diseases, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Introduction: Alzheimer's disease (AD) and frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) are the leading causes of dementia. To better understand the disease development of cognitive function and anatomical structure in AD and FTLD, we analyzed the changes in brain volume by MRI and the psychological test results. Here, we report a dynamic observation of brain structure. Read More

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Clinical and radiological aspects of bilateral temporal abnormalities: pictorial essay.

Radiol Bras 2021 Mar-Apr;54(2):115-122

Universidade Estadual de Campinas (Unicamp), Campinas, SP, Brazil.

The temporal lobes are vulnerable to several diseases, including infectious, immune-mediated, degenerative, vascular, metabolic, and neoplastic processes. Therefore, lesions in the temporal lobes can pose a diagnostic challenge for the radiologist. The temporal lobes are connected by structures such as the anterior commissure, corpus callosum, and hippocampal commissure. Read More

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Neuroimaging Biomarkers of Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy: Targets for the Academic Memory Disorders Clinic.

Neurotherapeutics 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Neurology, Boston University Alzheimer's Disease Research Center, Boston University CTE Center, Boston University School of Medicine, 72 E Concord St, Suite B7800, MA, 02118, Boston, USA.

Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is a neurodegenerative disease associated with exposure to repetitive head impacts, such as those from contact sports. The pathognomonic lesion for CTE is the perivascular accumulation of hyper-phosphorylated tau in neurons and other cell process at the depths of sulci. CTE cannot be diagnosed during life at this time, limiting research on risk factors, mechanisms, epidemiology, and treatment. Read More

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Brain hypometabolic changes in 14 adolescent-adult patients with Niemann-Pick disease type C assessed by 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography.

J Neurol 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Neuropsychiatry Unit, The Royal Melbourne Hospital, Level 2, John Cade Building, Melbourne, 3050, Australia.

Objective: Niemann Pick disease type C (NPC) is a rare progressive neurovisceral lysosomal disorder caused by autosomal recessive mutations in the NPC1 or NPC2 genes. 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) is a positron-emitting glucose analogue for non-invasive imaging of brain metabolism. FDG PET is commonly used for dementia imaging but its specific application to NPC is rarely described. Read More

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Quantifying progression in primary progressive aphasia with structural neuroimaging.

Alzheimers Dement 2021 Mar 30. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Neurology, University Hospital Ulm, Ulm, Germany.

Introduction: The term primary progressive aphasia (PPA) sums up the non-fluent (nfv), the semantic (sv), and the logopenic (lv) variant. Up to now, there is only limited data available concerning magnetic resonance imaging volumetry to monitor disease progression.

Methods: Structural brain imaging and an extensive assessment were applied at baseline and up to 4-year(s) follow-up in 269 participants. Read More

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Correlation of Frontal Atrophy and CSF Tau Levels With Neuropsychiatric Symptoms in Patients With Cognitive Impairment: A Memory Clinic Experience.

Front Aging Neurosci 2021 5;13:595758. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Unit of Behavioral Neurology, IRCCS Mondino Foundation, Pavia, Italy.

: Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) are a distressful condition. We aimed to investigate the BPSD distribution in subjects with cognitive impairment, and the potential correlations between BPSD and neurodegeneration in terms of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) tau and brain atrophy. : One-hundred patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or dementia (Alzheimer's disease, AD; Lewy-body disease, LBD; frontotemporal dementia, FTD; vascular dementia, VD) underwent a complete diagnostic workup, including 3T-MRI and/or CT and CSF. Read More

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Diagnostic Utility of Measuring Cerebral Atrophy in the Behavioral Variant of Frontotemporal Dementia and Association With Clinical Deterioration.

JAMA Netw Open 2021 03 1;4(3):e211290. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Memory and Aging Center, Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco.

Importance: The presence of atrophy on magnetic resonance imaging can support the diagnosis of the behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD), but reproducible measurements are lacking.

Objective: To assess the diagnostic and prognostic utility of 6 visual atrophy scales (VAS) and the Magnetic Resonance Parkinsonism Index (MRPI).

Design, Setting, And Participants: In this diagnostic/prognostic study, data from 235 patients with bvFTD and 225 age- and magnetic resonance imaging-matched control individuals from 3 centers were collected from December 1, 1998, to September 30, 2019. Read More

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Recent developments on PET radiotracers for TSPO and their applications in neuroimaging.

Acta Pharm Sin B 2021 Feb 25;11(2):373-393. Epub 2020 Aug 25.

Division of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Massachusetts General Hospital & Department of Radiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA.

The 18 kDa translocator protein (TSPO), previously known as the peripheral benzodiazepine receptor, is predominately localized to the outer mitochondrial membrane in steroidogenic cells. Brain TSPO expression is relatively low under physiological conditions, but is upregulated in response to glial cell activation. As the primary index of neuroinflammation, TSPO is implicated in the pathogenesis and progression of numerous neuropsychiatric disorders and neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's disease (AD), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Parkinson's disease (PD), multiple sclerosis (MS), major depressive disorder (MDD) and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). Read More

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February 2021

[A case suspected of Alzheimer type dementia showing multimodal (face and voice) person recognition disorder from face and voice].

Rinsho Shinkeigaku 2021 Mar 23;61(3):182-187. Epub 2021 Feb 23.

Department of Neurology, Asahi Hospital of Neurology and Rehabilitation.

A 90-year-old woman presented with a multimodal (face and voice) person recognition disorder. Although she had moderate general cognitive impairment, her visual cognitive capacity, other than face recognition, was well preserved. She could identify the faces and voices of family members but could not recall the names and voices of relatives whom she met infrequently, famous individuals, or the medical staff. Read More

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Distinctive Oculomotor Behaviors in Alzheimer's Disease and Frontotemporal Dementia.

Front Aging Neurosci 2020 4;12:603790. Epub 2021 Feb 4.

Institute for Research Marqués de Valdecilla (IDIVAL), University of Cantabria and Department of Neurology, Marqués de Valdecilla University Hospital, Santander, Spain.

Oculomotor behavior can provide insight into the integrity of widespread cortical networks, which may contribute to the differential diagnosis between Alzheimer's disease and frontotemporal dementia. Three groups of patients with Alzheimer's disease, behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) and semantic variant of primary progressive aphasia (svPPA) and a sample of cognitively unimpaired elders underwent an eye-tracking evaluation. All participants in the discovery sample, including controls, had a biomarker-supported diagnosis. Read More

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February 2021

Regional prefrontal cortical atrophy predicts specific cognitive-behavioral symptoms in ALS-FTD.

Brain Imaging Behav 2021 Feb 15. Epub 2021 Feb 15.

Frontotemporal Disorders Unit, Department of Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital, 55 Fruit Street, Boston, MA, 02114, USA.

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis-Frontotemporal Dementia (ALS-FTD) may present typical behavioral variant FTD symptoms. This study aims to determine whether profile and severity of cognitive-behavioral symptoms in ALS/ALS-FTD are predicted by regional cortical atrophy. The hypothesis is that executive dysfunction can be predicted by dorsolateral prefrontal cortical (dlPFC) atrophy, apathy by dorsomedial PFC (dmPFC) and anterior cingulate cortical (ACC) atrophy, disinhibition by orbitofrontal cortical (OFC) atrophy. Read More

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February 2021

A Comparative Study of the Behavioral Profile of the Behavioral Variant of Frontotemporal Dementia and Parkinson's Disease Dementia.

Dement Geriatr Cogn Dis Extra 2020 Sep-Dec;10(3):182-194. Epub 2020 Dec 15.

Department of Neurology, Bangur Institute of Neurosciences, and Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research, Kolkata, India.

Background: Executive dysfunction is the common thread between pure cortical dementia like the behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) and subcortical dementia like Parkinson's disease dementia (PDD). Although there are clinical and cognitive features to differentiate cortical and subcortical dementia, the behavioral symptoms differentiating these 2 conditions are still not well known.

Objective: To evaluate the behavioral profile of bvFTD and PDD and compare them to find out which behavioral symptoms can differentiate between the two. Read More

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December 2020

Clinical impact of 11C-Pittsburgh compound-B positron emission tomography in addition to magnetic resonance imaging and single-photon emission computed tomography on diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment to Alzheimer's disease.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jan;100(3):e23969

Department of Radiology.

Abstract: This study aimed to evaluated the clinical impact of adding [11C] Pittsburgh compound-B (11C-PiB) PET for clinical diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) to Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia.Twenty six (mean age 78.5 ± 5. Read More

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January 2021

An autopsy case of corticobasal syndrome due to asymmetric degeneration of the motor cortex and substantia nigra with TDP-43 proteinopathy, associated with Alzheimer's disease pathology.

Neuropathology 2021 Jun 3;41(3):214-225. Epub 2021 Feb 3.

Department of Pathology and Applied Neurobiology, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan.

We herein report a case of corticobasal syndrome (CBS) due to asymmetric degeneration of the motor cortex and substantia nigra with transactivation response DNA-binding protein of 43 kDa (TDP-43) proteinopathy, associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology. An 85-year-old man initially noticed that he had difficulty in walking and had trouble in moving his right hand and lower limb one year later. His gait disturbance was aggravated, and at the age of 87 years, his neurological examination revealed parkinsonism and positive frontal lobe signs. Read More

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White Matter Atrophy in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients With Mild Cognitive Impairment.

Front Neurosci 2020 18;14:602501. Epub 2021 Jan 18.

Department of Nuclear Medicine, Daping Hospital, Army Medical University, Chongqing, China.

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients are highly susceptible to developing dementia, especially for those with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), but its underlying cause is still unclear. In this study, we performed a battery of neuropsychological tests and high-resolution sagittal T1-weighted structural imaging to explore how T2DM affects white matter volume (WMV) and cognition in 30 T2DM-MCI patients, 30 T2DM with normal cognition (T2DM-NC) patients, and 30 age-, sex-, and education-matched healthy control (HC) individuals. The WMV of the whole brain was obtained with automated segmentation methods. Read More

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January 2021

Evaluation of MR Visual Rating Scales in Major Forms of Dementia.

J Neurosci Rural Pract 2021 Jan 4;12(1):16-23. Epub 2020 Nov 4.

Department of Neurology, Lady Hardinge Medical College, Delhi, India.

 The aim of the study is to visually rate major forms of dementia using global cortical atrophy (GCA), medial temporal lobe atrophy (MTA), and Fazeka's scales and Koedam's score using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The purpose is to correlate the visual rating scales (VRS) with severity of dementia.  Thirty patients fulfilling DSM 5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) criteria for Alzheimer's dementia (AD), vascular dementia (VaD), and frontotemporal dementia (FTD) underwent MRI brain. Read More

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January 2021

Different patterns of gray matter atrophy in behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia with and without episodic memory impairment.

Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 2021 02 1. Epub 2021 Feb 1.

Grupo de Neurologia Cognitiva e do Comportamento, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil.

Background: Differentiating patients with behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) from Alzheimer's disease (AD) is important as these two conditions have distinct treatment and prognosis. Using episodic impairment and medial temporal lobe atrophy as a tool to make this distinction has been debatable in the recent literature, as some patients with bvFTD can also have episodic memory impairment and medial temporal lobe atrophy early in the disease.

Objectives: To compare brain atrophy patterns of patients with bvFTD with and without episodic memory impairment to that of patients with AD. Read More

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February 2021

More Than Words: Extra-Sylvian Neuroanatomic Networks Support Indirect Speech Act Comprehension and Discourse in Behavioral Variant Frontotemporal Dementia.

Front Hum Neurosci 2020 14;14:598131. Epub 2021 Jan 14.

Penn Frontotemporal Degeneration Center, Department of Neurology, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, United States.

Indirect speech acts-responding "I forgot to wear my watch today" to someone who asked for the time-are ubiquitous in daily conversation, but are understudied in current neurobiological models of language. To comprehend an indirect speech act like this one, listeners must not only decode the lexical-semantic content of the utterance, but also make a pragmatic, bridging inference. This inference allows listeners to derive the speaker's true, intended meaning-in the above dialog, for example, that the speaker cannot provide the time. Read More

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January 2021

Autosomal Dominant Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration in a Filipino Family with Progranulin Mutation.

Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord 2020 22;49(6):557-564. Epub 2021 Jan 22.

Department of Neurology, Seoul National University College of Medicine & Neurocognitive Behavior Center, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Republic of Korea.

Background: Compared to Western populations, familial frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) is rare among Asians. Progranulin (GRN) gene mutation, which is a major cause of FTLD, is likewise rare. We present a family with FTLD from the Philippines with an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance and GRN mutation and briefly review reports of GRN mutations in Asia. Read More

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January 2021

Japanese Familial Cases of Frontotemporal Dementia and Parkinsonism with N279K Tau Gene Mutation.

Mov Disord Clin Pract 2021 Jan 3;8(1):126-132. Epub 2020 Nov 3.

Department of Neurology Kitano Hospital, Tazuke Kofukai Medical Research Institute Osaka Japan.

Background: Mutations in the tau gene linked to chromosome 17 cause frontotemporal dementia and parkinsonism (FTDP-17).

Objective: This study presents 3 Japanese familial cases diagnosed with N279K tau gene mutation, including 1 autopsy-confirmed case.

Methods: We compared the clinical presentations, cognitive functions, and images between the 3 familial cases diagnosed with N279K mutation. Read More

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January 2021

The interplay of emotional and social conceptual processes during moral reasoning in frontotemporal dementia.

Brain 2021 Apr;144(3):938-952

The University of Sydney, Brain and Mind Centre, Camperdown, Australia.

Cooperative social behaviour in humans hinges upon our unique ability to make appropriate moral decisions in accordance with our ethical values. The complexity of the neurocognitive mechanisms underlying moral reasoning is revealed when this capacity breaks down. Patients with the behavioural variant of frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) display striking moral transgressions in the context of atrophy to frontotemporal regions supporting affective and social conceptual processing. Read More

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Molecular and Anatomical Imaging of Dementia With Lewy Bodies and Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration.

Semin Nucl Med 2021 May 2;51(3):264-274. Epub 2021 Jan 2.

Department of Radiology, St Vincent's University Hospital, Dublin 4, Ireland; UCD - SVUH PET CT Research Centre, St Vincent's University Hospital, Dublin 4, Ireland. Electronic address:

Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) are common causes of dementia. Early diagnosis of both conditions is challenging due to clinical and radiological overlap with other forms of dementia, particularly Alzheimer's disease (AD). Structural and functional imaging combined can aid differential diagnosis and help to discriminate DLB or FTLD from other forms of dementia. Read More

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