25 results match your criteria Delirium Dementia and Amnesia

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Post-traumatic Confusional State: A Case Definition and Diagnostic Criteria.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2020 11 29;101(11):2041-2050. Epub 2020 Jul 29.

Mary Free Bed Rehabilitation Hospital, Grand Rapids, Michigan.

In response to the need to better define the natural history of emerging consciousness after traumatic brain injury and to better describe the characteristics of the condition commonly labeled posttraumatic amnesia, a case definition and diagnostic criteria for the posttraumatic confusional state (PTCS) were developed. This project was completed by the Confusion Workgroup of the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine Brain Injury Interdisciplinary Special Interest group. The case definition was informed by an exhaustive literature review and expert opinion of workgroup members from multiple disciplines. Read More

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November 2020

Prevalence and Improvement of Caine-Positive Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome in Psychiatric Inpatient Admissions.

Psychosomatics 2020 Jan - Feb;61(1):31-38. Epub 2019 Aug 14.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD.

Background: Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome (WKS) resulting from thiamine deficiency is classically defined as including encephalopathy, ataxia, and ophthalmoplegia. Only 16% of autopsy-confirmed patients with WKS exhibit all three signs. Caine-positive WKS criteria include two or more of the following: nutritional deficiency, delirium or mild memory impairment, cerebellar dysfunction/ataxia, and oculomotor abnormalities. Read More

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January 2021

Shift in Hospitalizations for Alzheimer's Disease to Related Dementias in France between 2007 and 2017.

J Prev Alzheimers Dis 2019 ;6(2):108-111

Michaël Rochoy, 20 rue André Pantigny, 62230 Outreau, France. +33667576735,

Introduction: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the first cause of dementia. Diagnostic criteria have evolved: proposals to revise the NINCDS-ADRDA criteria were published in 2007. Our aim was to analyze the evolution in the coding of AD in the French nationwide exhaustive hospital discharge database (PMSI) between 2007 and 2017. Read More

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Dementia-related adverse events in PARADIGM-HF and other trials in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction.

Eur J Heart Fail 2017 01 20;19(1):129-137. Epub 2016 Nov 20.

BHF Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK.

Aims: Inhibition of neprilysin, an enzyme degrading natriuretic and other vasoactive peptides, is beneficial in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), as shown in PARADIGM-HF which compared the angiotensin receptor-neprilysin inhibitor (ARNI) sacubitril/valsartan with enalapril. As neprilysin is also one of many enzymes clearing amyloid-β peptides from the brain, there is a theoretical concern about the long-term effects of sacubitril/valsartan on cognition. Therefore, we have examined dementia-related adverse effects (AEs) in PARADIGM-HF and placed these findings in the context of other recently conducted HFrEF trials. Read More

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January 2017

Organic delirious states and other psychiatric disorders: lessons for the hepatologists.

Metab Brain Dis 2013 Jun 6;28(2):235-8. Epub 2012 Nov 6.

Centre for Psychiatric Research, Aarhus University Hospital Risskov, Risskov 8240, Denmark.

Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is characterized by a wide variety of neuropsychiatric symptoms, and from a psychiatric perspective its nosological status calls for clarification. According to the ICD-10 classification, it can be classified as delirium due to overt HE's core symptom of clouding of consciousness in increasing degrees. Minimal/covert HE with impairment of neurocognitive function is more difficult to classify and could correspond to Mild Cognitive Impairment or mild degrees of dementia. Read More

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Cognitive disconnective syndrome by single strategic strokes in vascular dementia.

J Neurol Sci 2012 Nov 28;322(1-2):176-83. Epub 2012 Aug 28.

Centro para Doença de Alzheimer, Instituto de Psiquiatria, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (CDA/IPUB/UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro RJ, Brazil.

Strategic regions correspond to associative, limbic and paralimbic structures and related circuits, that underpin cognitive/behavioral functions. Strokes in these eloquent sites produce pictures of vascular dementia with syndromic features due to specific site lesion and/or interruption of their interconnections. This study aims at analysing subcortical strategic strokes that express similar cognitive/behavioral elements, by sharing common pathways. Read More

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November 2012

Serum uric acid levels and the clinical characteristics of depression.

Clin Biochem 2012 Jan 20;45(1-2):49-53. Epub 2011 Oct 20.

Department of Psychiatry, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, 600 Tianhe Road, Guangzhou, 510630, Guangdong Province, People's Republic of China.

Objective: This study was designed to investigate the correlation between serum uric acid (UA) levels and the clinical characteristics of depression.

Design And Methods: The serum UA levels were measured in 124 patients with depression, 660 patients with different types of other mental disorders (OMD) and 42 healthy subjects. Clinical characteristics of depression and OMD were also investigated. Read More

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January 2012

Clinical manifestations of neurosarcoidosis.

Bratisl Lek Listy 2009 ;110(9):576-9

Department ofNeurology, Split University Hospital, Split, Croatia.

Sarcoidosis is a chronic disease of unknown aetiology. Neurosarcoidosis is registered in 5% of patients with sarcoidosis. Clinical manifestations of sarcoidosis are numerous and diverse. Read More

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December 2009

Neurocognitive disorders: cluster 1 of the proposed meta-structure for DSM-V and ICD-11.

Psychol Med 2009 Dec 1;39(12):2001-12. Epub 2009 Oct 1.

School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.

Background: In an effort to group mental disorders on the basis of aetiology, five clusters have been proposed. In this paper, we consider the validity of the first cluster, neurocognitive disorders, within this proposal. These disorders are categorized as 'Dementia, Delirium, and Amnestic and Other Cognitive Disorders' in DSM-IV and 'Organic, including Symptomatic Mental Disorders' in ICD-10. Read More

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December 2009

[Pseudo-dementia conversion and post-traumatic stress disorder].

Encephale 2007 May-Jun;33(3 Pt 1):352-5

Service de Psychiatrie Adulte et CNRS UMR 7593, Hôpital de la Pitié-Salpêtrière (AP-HP), 47-83, boulevard de l'Hôpital, 75013 Paris, France.

Background: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is often associated with other psychiatric syndromes. However, studies exploring conversion and PTSD comorbidity are scarce.

Case-report: This paper reports the case of a 45 year-old patient without medical or psychiatric history. Read More

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September 2007

Behavioural disturbances following Japanese B encephalitis.

Eur Psychiatry 2003 Oct;18(6):269-73

Etablissement Public de Santé CHARCOT, 30 rue Marc-Laurent, 78370 Plaisir cedex, France.

Clinically, Japanese B encephalitis (JBE) is often overlooked as its occurrence in Western countries is rare. However, its neurological, cognitive and psychiatric sequelae constitute a major public health problem in the Far East where JBE is endemic. European and American subjects may however experience the JBE when returning from a Far East journey. Read More

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October 2003

[Organic dementia syndrome. Organic mental disorders].

Authors:
H P Kapfhammer

Internist (Berl) 2001 Oct;42(10):1387-404; quiz 1404-5

Klinikum der Universität München, Psychiatrische Klinik und Poliklinik, Nussbaumstrasse 7, 80336 München.

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October 2001

Hypericum perforatum as a nootropic drug: enhancement of retrieval memory of a passive avoidance conditioning paradigm in mice.

Authors:
A E Khalifa

J Ethnopharmacol 2001 Jun;76(1):49-57

Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Pharmacy, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.

Depression, among other non-cognitive symptoms, is common in patients with dementia. The effect of Hypericum perforatum (St. John's Wort) extract, with well-documented antidepressant activity, was tested on memory retrieval 24 h after training on a one-trial passive avoidance task in mice. Read More

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Forgetting rates in neuropsychiatric disorders.

J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1998 Dec;65(6):890-8

Division of Psychiatry and Psychology, United Medical and Dental Schools of Guy's and St Thomas's Hospital, St Thomas's Campus, London, UK.

Objective: Previous studies have attributed accelerated forgetting rates on recognition memory tasks to temporal lobe pathology, but findings in some patient groups may have been attributable to metabolic disruption. Findings in psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia are conflicting. The purpose of the present study was to compare forgetting rates in patients with confusional states (post-electroconvulsive therapy (post-ECT), delirium), with those obtained in schizophrenic patients (with putative temporal lobe pathology), non-ECT depressed patients, and healthy controls. Read More

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December 1998

Diagnosis and management of memory loss and cognitive disorders among elderly persons.

Psychiatr Serv 1995 Jan;46(1):29-35

Department of Psychiatry, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina.

Memory loss and other cognitive dysfunctions, although common in elderly persons, are not universal features of old age. Instead they herald the presence of various neuropsychiatric diseases, which are first recognized as syndromes. The two most common neuropsychiatric syndromes, dementia and delirium, produce global changes in cognition and other capacities. Read More

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January 1995

Introduction to background papers for the suggested changes to DSM-IV: cognitive disorders.

J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 1992 ;4(4):360-8

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle 98195.

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December 1992

[Differential diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease].

Authors:
G Aimard A Vighetto

Rev Prat 1989 Feb;39(6):466-70

The differential diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease is a problem that arises in different circumstances. At an advanced stage of the disease the symptoms are so typical that the clinical diagnosis can be made immediately. Complementary examinations (i. Read More

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February 1989

Disturbed behaviour in the elderly.

Authors:
C J van Tiggelen

Aust Fam Physician 1986 Feb;15(2):107-11, 114-6, 118-9

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February 1986

Drug treatment of organic brain syndromes.

Authors:
K Davison

Br J Hosp Med 1985 Aug;34(2):112-5

The potential of drugs to do harm as well as good is nowhere more critical than in the treatment of organic brain syndromes. Appropriate management of different clinical situations may require particular drugs to be used, withheld, or withdrawn. This article offers guidance in making these difficult decisions. Read More

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DSM-III and the diagnosis of organic mental disorders.

Authors:
J M Ellison

Ann Emerg Med 1984 Jul;13(7):521-8

Among the many emergency patients who complain of behavioral symptoms, a significant proportion suffer from a physical illness manifesting as an organic mental disorder. Dementia and delirium should be considered in the presence of an impairment of orientation, alertness, or cognition. Effort is required to remain aware of the organic differential diagnoses of hallucinatory, delusional, amnestic, and affective disorders or of personality changes not associated with overt changes of sensorium or cognitive abilities. Read More

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Organic brain syndromes: new classification, concepts and prospects.

Authors:
Z J Lipowski

Can J Psychiatry 1984 Apr;29(3):198-204

The concept, definitions and classification of organic mental disorders have been radically revised in DSM-III, the new American classification. Seven organic brain syndromes have been included and their diagnostic criteria explicitly formulated. The boundary between so-called functional and organic mental disorders has been blurred. Read More

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The organic brain syndromes.

Authors:
C E Wells

Psychiatr Clin North Am 1981 Aug;4(2):319-31

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Organic brain syndromes.

Authors:
J P McEvoy

Ann Intern Med 1981 Aug;95(2):212-20

Awareness of the medical disorders that frequently present with neuropsychiatric signs and symptoms and careful attention to a basic medical evaluation in every "psychiatric" patient will obviate referral of such patients to mental health facilities where their medical problems are less likely to be property diagnosed and treated. These disorders can be organized according to the predominant area of psychopathology (delirium, dementia, organic amnestic, delusional, hallucinatory, affective, and personality syndromes). Read More

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On psychiatric symptoms of neuro-Behçet's syndrome.

Folia Psychiatr Neurol Jpn 1978 ;32(2):191-7

Studies were made on the groups of psychiatric symptoms of Neuro-Behçet's syndrome in six cases considered to be brain stem encephalitis, including one case of autopsy. Psychiatric symptoms appeared from one to eight years after neurological symptoms first occurred. This group of psychiatric symptoms can be divided roughly into the early-stage, middle-stage, terminal-stage and episodic groups. Read More

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September 1978
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