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    21898 results match your criteria Deep Venous Thrombosis and Thrombophlebitis

    1 OF 438

    Hepatic Vena Cava Syndrome : New Concept of Pathogenesis.
    Hepatol Res 2017 Feb 7. Epub 2017 Feb 7.
    Center for Vein, Lymphatic & Vascular Malformation, George Washington University, Washington, USA.
    Hepatic vena cava syndrome (HVCS) also known as membranous obstruction of inferior vena cava was considered a rare congenital disease and included under Budd Chiari syndrome. It is now recognized as a bacterial infection induced disease related to poor hygienic living condition. Localized thrombophlebitis of IVC at the site close to hepatic veins (HV) outlets is the initial lesion which converts on resolution into stenosis or complete obstruction, the circulatory equilibrium being maintained by development of cavo-caval collateral anastomosis. Read More

    [Superficial venous thrombosis. A state of art].
    Orv Hetil 2017 Jan;158(4):129-138
    II. Sebészeti Klinika, Semmelweis Egyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar Budapest, Kútvölgyi út 4., 1125.
    For a long time superficial thrombophlebitis has been thought to be a rather benign condition. Recently, when duplex ultrasound technique is used for the diagnosis more and more often, the disease is proved to be more dangerous than anticipated. Thrombosis propagates to the deep veins in 6-44% and pulmonary embolism was observed on the patients in 1,5-33%. Read More

    Reasons for the persistent incidence of venous thromboembolism.
    Thromb Haemost 2017 Jan 15;117(2):390-400. Epub 2016 Dec 15.
    John A. Heit, MD, Stabile 6-Hematology Research, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street, SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA, Tel.: +1 507 284 4634, Fax: +1 507 266 9302, E-mail:
    Reasons for trends in venous thromboembolism (VTE) incidence are uncertain. It was our objective to determine VTE incidence trends and risk factor prevalence, and estimate population-attributable risk (PAR) trends for each risk factor. In a population-based cohort study of all residents of Olmsted County, Minnesota from 1981-2010, annual incidence rates were calculated using incident VTE cases as the numerator and age- and sex-specific Olmsted County population estimates as the denominator. Read More

    Clinical case report: discitis osteomyelitis complicated by inferior vena cava venous thrombosis and septic pulmonary emboli.
    Radiol Case Rep 2016 Dec 17;11(4):370-374. Epub 2016 Sep 17.
    Department of Radiology, Einstein Medical Center, 5501 Old York Road, Philadelphia, PA 19141, USA.
    Viridans group streptococcus is an infrequent cause of osteomyelitis that is found in association with infective endocarditis. Only a few studies report viridans osteomyelitis in the absence of endocarditis. Vertebral pyogenic osteomyelitis can sometimes be complicated by psoas or paraspinal abscesses. Read More

    Predicting and preventing thromboembolic events in patients receiving cisplatin-based chemotherapy for germ cell tumours.
    Eur J Cancer 2016 Dec 4;69:151-157. Epub 2016 Nov 4.
    Department of Cancer Medicine, Institut Gustave Roussy, Université Paris-Sud, 94800 Villejuif, France. Electronic address:
    Background: Patients with germ cell tumours (GCT) receiving cisplatin-based chemotherapy are at high risk of thromboembolic events (TEE). Previously, we identified serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and body surface area (BSA) as independent predictive factors for TEE. The aim of this study was to validate these predictive factors and to assess the impact of thromboembolism prophylaxis in patients at risk of deep venous thrombosis (DVT). Read More

    The role of Fusobacterium necrophorum in pharyngotonsillitis - A review.
    Anaerobe 2016 Dec 28;42:89-97. Epub 2016 Sep 28.
    Department of Biomedicine, Aarhus University, Denmark. Electronic address:
    Fusobacterium necrophorum is a gram-negative anaerobic bacterium that is the causative agent of the invasive disease Lemierre's syndrome. In addition, it is also associated with peritonsillar abscess formation and otitis media in small children. Recent research has shown that F. Read More

    Hepatic Infarction Caused by Portal Vein Thrombophlebitis Misdiagnosed as Infiltrative Hepatic Malignancy with Neoplastic Thrombus.
    Korean J Gastroenterol 2016 Sep;68(3):156-60
    Department of Internal Medicine, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University, Seongnam, Korea.
    Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) is a form of venous thrombosis that usually presents in chronic form without any sequalae in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) or liver cirrhosis. Accurate differential diagnosis of bland PVT from neoplastic PVT is an important step for planning treatment options, but the acute form can be challenging. Here we present a case of acute hepatic infarction caused by acute bland PVT combined with pylephlebitis, which was misdiagnosed as infiltrative hepatic malignancy with neoplastic PVT owing to the perplexing imaging results and elevated tumor markers. Read More

    Life threatening hemoptysis from Hughes Stovin syndrome: Is it that rare?
    Respir Med Case Rep 2016 15;19:98-102. Epub 2016 Aug 15.
    Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Badr Hospital, Helwan University, Egypt.
    Introduction: Hughes-Stovin syndrome is a life-threatening disorder of unknown etiology. This condition is characterized by vasculitis, deep venous thrombosis and aneurysms that mainly involve the pulmonary arteries resulting in hemoptysis. It has been described in literature less than 40 times. Read More

    Lemierre's Syndrome Associated Mycotic Aneurysm of the External Carotid Artery with Primary Internal Carotid Artery Occlusion in a Previously Healthy 18-Year-Old Female.
    Ann Vasc Surg 2016 Oct 13;36:291.e11-291.e14. Epub 2016 Jul 13.
    Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX. Electronic address:
    Lemierre's syndrome is a rare life-threatening condition characterized by internal jugular vein thrombosis and is typically associated with a gram-negative infection with septic metastasis secondary to a retropharyngeal abscess that involves the vasculature of the head and neck. We report a case of Lemierre's syndrome in an 18-year-old female adolescent who developed an internal carotid artery occlusion and ipsilateral external carotid artery (ECA) mycotic aneurysm complicated by fulminant pseudomonal sepsis. The patient was managed with open ligation of the ECA with essentially complete recovery. Read More

    Medical complications following splenectomy.
    J Visc Surg 2016 Aug 8;153(4):277-86. Epub 2016 Jun 8.
    Université Paris Diderot-Paris 7, Hôpital Beaujon, Service de Médecine Interne, 100, boulevard du Général-Leclerc, 92110 Clichy, France. Electronic address:
    Splenectomy is attended by medical complications, principally infectious and thromboembolic; the frequency of complications varies with the conditions that led to splenectomy (hematologic splenectomy, trauma, presence of portal hypertension). Most infectious complications are caused by encapsulated bacteria (Meningococcus, Pneumococcus, Hemophilus). These occur mainly in children and somewhat less commonly in adults within the first two years following splenectomy. Read More

    Initial management and outcomes after superficial thrombophlebitis: The Cardiovascular Research Network Venous Thromboembolism study.
    J Hosp Med 2016 Jun 1;11(6):432-4. Epub 2016 Feb 1.
    Division of Hospital Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California.
    Although superficial thrombophlebitis (SVTE) is generally considered a benign, self-limited disease, accumulating evidence suggests that it often leads to more serious forms of venous thromboembolism. We reviewed the medical charts of 329 subjects with SVTE from the Cardiovascular Research Network Venous Thromboembolism cohort study to collect information on the acute treatment of SVTE and subsequent diagnosis of deep venous thrombosis within 1 year. All participants received care within Kaiser Permanente Northern California, a large, integrated healthcare delivery system. Read More

    Considerations for Imaging the Inferior Vena Cava (IVC) with/without IVC Filters.
    Semin Intervent Radiol 2016 Jun;33(2):109-21
    Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois.
    Deep venous thrombosis (DVT), thrombosis of the inferior vena cava, and pulmonary embolism (PE) constitute a continuum that includes venous thromboembolic (VTE) disease. VTE is the third most common cardiovascular disorder that affects all races, ethnicities, gender, and ages. VTE predominantly affects the elderly population, exponentially increasing in incidence with increasing age. Read More

    Lower extremity compartment syndrome in the setting of iliofemoral deep vein thrombosis, phlegmasia cerulea dolens and factor VII deficiency.
    BMJ Case Rep 2016 Apr 25;2016. Epub 2016 Apr 25.
    Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, Cardiff and Vale University Health Board, Cardiff, UK.
    Acute compartment syndrome requires urgent fasciotomies to prevent irreversible muscle damage. We present a case of massive iliofemoral deep vein thrombosis (DVT) presenting as acute compartment syndrome. A healthy 21-year-old man presented with a 2-day history of worsening left leg pain with swelling and bluish discolouration. Read More

    The prevalence of and predictors to indicate bilateral venous duplex ultrasound testing to detect contralateral asymptomatic lower extremity deep venous thrombosis in patients with acute symptomatic lower extremity deep venous thrombosis.
    J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord 2016 Apr 11;4(2):172-8. Epub 2015 Nov 11.
    Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery and Orthopedics, Botucatu Medical School-UNESP, Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil.
    Objective: The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence of and predictors to indicate bilateral venous duplex ultrasound (DU) to detect contralateral asymptomatic deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in patients with acute symptomatic lower extremity DVT.

    Methods: Venous DU reports along with medical records of the patients were collected from February 2005 to April 2012 in a tertiary university hospital in Botucatu, Brazil. All patients with DVT detected in one lower extremity routinely underwent contralateral limb venous DU examination. Read More

    Postoperative Massive Pulmonary Embolism Due to Superficial Vein Thrombosis of the Upper Limb.
    J Clin Med Res 2016 Apr 27;8(4):338-41. Epub 2016 Feb 27.
    Division of Anesthesiology, Department of Anesthesiology, Endoscopy and Cardiology, Istituto Nazionale Tumori Fondazione Pascale, Naples, Italy.
    It is well known that deep vein thrombosis of the upper extremities is linked to high morbidity/mortality, resulting in 12-20% of all documented pulmonary embolism; however, there are few data about thromboembolism originating from a vein and/or a branch of a superficial vein of the upper extremities. Pulmonary embolism secondary to upper limb superficial vein thrombosis (not combined with upper extremities deep vein thrombosis) is a very rare clinical manifestation with few cases reported in the literature. We report a rare case of thrombophlebitis in departure from a superficial branch of the cephalic vein of the right arm, complicated by cardiac arrest secondary to a massive pulmonary embolism in a patient who underwent major surgery for ovarian cancer. Read More

    Catheter impregnation, coating or bonding for reducing central venous catheter-related infections in adults.
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2016 Mar 16;3:CD007878. Epub 2016 Mar 16.
    Department of Paediatrics, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 50603.
    Background: The central venous catheter (CVC) is essential in managing acutely ill patients in hospitals. Bloodstream infection is a major complication in patients with a CVC. Several infection control measures have been developed to reduce bloodstream infections, one of which is impregnation of CVCs with various forms of antimicrobials (either with an antiseptic or with antibiotics). Read More

    Superficial vein thrombosis treated for 45 days with rivaroxaban versus fondaparinux: rationale and design of the SURPRISE trial.
    J Thromb Thrombolysis 2016 Aug;42(2):197-204
    Center for Vascular Medicine and Department of Medicine III, Division of Angiology, University Hospital "Carl Gustav Carus", Technical University Dresden, Fetscherstrasse 74, 01307, Dresden, Germany.
    Patients with superficial vein thrombosis (SVT) are commonly treated with low-molecular weight heparin or fondaparinux in prophylactic, intermediate or therapeutic dosages for treatment periods of 10-45 days. This practice is also reflected by the current guideline recommendations. However, given the broad range of thromboembolic complication rates in SVT (between 0 and 30 % have been reported) it seems reasonable to suspect that risk stratification is needed to differentiate patients at low risk who may not benefit from anticoagulation from those at high risk who may need higher dosages or a longer duration of anticoagulation. Read More

    [Mondor's disease of penis: A case report].
    Rev Med Interne 2016 Sep 10;37(9):636-8. Epub 2016 Mar 10.
    Service d'urologie, clinique Porte-Océane, 4, rue Jacques-Monod, 85101 Les Sables-d'Olonne, France.
    Introduction: Mondor's disease is a rare superficial thrombophlebitis, historically involving the thoracic venous system of women. However, it can occur in both gender and all over the skin.

    Case Report: We report a 40-year-old man with type one diabetes who presented with a thrombosis of the superficial dorsal vein of the penis that he treated as a fungal infection. Read More

    Phlegmasia Cerulea Dolens in the Upper Extremity: A Case Report and Systematic Review and Outcomes Analysis.
    Vasc Endovascular Surg 2016 Feb 11;50(2):98-101. Epub 2016 Feb 11.
    Vascular Surgery, Pennsylvania Hospital, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
    Phlegmasia cerulea dolens (PCD) is a rare form of venous gangrene that arises secondary to occlusion of venous outflow from a limb. Classically described in the lower extremity, it is rare in the upper extremity. We present a case report of upper extremity PCD and a systematic review with data analysis of 37 cases of PCD published in PubMed. Read More

    Lemierre Syndrome of the Femoral Vein, Related to Fusobacterium necrophorum Abscess of Vastus Lateralis.
    J Emerg Med 2016 Apr 15;50(4):e191-3. Epub 2016 Feb 15.
    Department of Radiology, Cliniques universitaires St Luc, Université Catholique de Louvain, Bruxelles, Belgique.
    Background: Lemierre syndrome is an uncommon, potentially lethal disorder combining acute oropharyngeal infection caused by Fusobacterium necrophorum, with jugular vein suppurative thrombosis, complicated by anaerobic sepsis with secondary multiple metastatic abscesses. Optimal treatment outcome with reduced or absence of sequelae can be achieved with early diagnosis.

    Case Report: We present a clinical case of Fusobacterium necrophorum abscess complicated with femoral vein thrombosis, called atypical localization of Lemierre syndrome. Read More

    A case of Lemierre's Syndrome with a brief literature review.
    J Infect Public Health 2016 Sep-Oct;9(5):681-3. Epub 2016 Feb 11.
    Department of Medicine, St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center, 350W Thomas Rd, Phoenix, AZ 85013, United States. Electronic address:
    The last fifteen years have witnessed a remarkable increase in the reported cases of Lemierre's Syndrome (LS), which was once called the forgotten disease. LS manifests as oropharyngitis and a blood stream infection with Fusobacterium necrophorum and internal jugular vein thrombosis. LS is a challenge for clinicians, as it is often difficult to diagnose and is associated with significant morbidity. Read More

    [Management of postpartum ovarian vein thrombosis. The experience of Amiens university hospital].
    Gynecol Obstet Fertil 2016 Feb 10;44(2):88-95. Epub 2016 Feb 10.
    Centre de gynécologie-obstétrique du CHU d'Amiens, avenue René-Laennec, 80480 Salouel, France.
    Objectives: Postpartum ovarian vein thrombophlebitis is an uncommon complication that may threaten mothers' lives. The extension of thrombosis in the inferior vena cava causes a pulmonary embolisme risk and requires urgent care. The main objective of this study was, from a series of patients, to determine the clinical and paraclincal signs to suggest the diagnosis of postpartum ovarian vein thrombosis. Read More

    Murine model of large-vein electrolytic injury induction of thrombosis with slow resolution.
    Thromb Res 2016 Apr 28;140:149-52. Epub 2016 Jan 28.
    Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, United States.
    Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and its sequela, pulmonary embolism, occur at a rate of 1 per 1000 person/year. Experimental models for evaluation of DVT have many short-comings, such as mechanical occlusion or stenosis to cause thrombosis, rather than the clinical scenario of thrombosis causing occlusion/stenosis. The goal of this study was to develop a model of flow-based large-vein thrombosis with resistance to resolution, to model clinical DVT behavior. Read More

    Prevalence of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism in patients with superficial vein thrombosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
    J Thromb Haemost 2016 May 15;14(5):964-72. Epub 2016 Mar 15.
    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Insubria, Varese, Italy.
    Unlabelled: Essentials The association of superficial vein thrombosis (SVT) with venous thromboembolism (VTE) is variable. We performed a meta-analysis to assess the prevalence of concomitant VTE in patients with SVT. Deep vein thrombosis was found in 18. Read More

    Pylephlebitis Complicating Acute Appendicitis: Prompt Diagnosis with Contrast-Enhanced Computed Tomography.
    J Emerg Med 2016 Mar 22;50(3):e147-9. Epub 2016 Jan 22.
    Department of Diagnostic Radiology, University of Pamukkale, Denizli, Turkey.
    Background: Pylephlebitis, a rare complication of abdominal infections, is a septic thrombophlebitis of the portal venous system with high rates of morbidity and mortality.

    Case Report: We present a case of pylephlebitis complicating acute appendicitis and report the utility of a computed tomography scan in the diagnosis. WHY SHOULD AN EMERGENCY PHYSICIAN BE AWARE OF THIS?: The prompt diagnosis and appropriate treatment of pylephlebitis are crucial to reduce morbidity and mortality, but clinical presentation is often nonspecific. Read More

    The Forgotten One: Lemierre's Syndrome Due to Gram-Negative Rods Prevotella Bacteremia.
    Am J Case Rep 2016 Jan 11;17:18-22. Epub 2016 Jan 11.
    Department of Internal Medicine, Paul L. Foster School of Medicine, Texas Tech University Health Science Center, El Paso, TX, USA.
    Background: Lemierre's syndrome (LS) is a rare syndrome caused by an acute oropharyngeal infection with metastatic spreading. It was described in 1939 as jugular vein septic thrombophlebitis associated with retropharyngeal infection. Different organisms can cause LS, such as Fusobacterium species, Peptostreptococcus, group B and C, Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, and Enterococcus species, but the most commonly isolated pathogen is Fusobacterium necrophorum, a common oral flora. Read More

    Paralytic Ileus due to Superior Mesenteric Venous Thrombosis after Transarterial Injection for Hepatocellular Carcinoma.
    Intern Med 2016 1;55(1):37-42. Epub 2016 Jan 1.
    Department of Gastroenterology and Rheumatology, Fukushima Medical University School of Medicine, Japan.
    A 69-year-old man was admitted to hospital with abdominal pain. In the four years prior to his presentation, he had undergone repeated transarterial chemoembolizations and injections for hepatocellular carcinoma. He underwent his 8th transcatheter arterial therapy one month prior to admission. Read More

    Atypical Lemierre syndrome.
    Eur Ann Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Dis 2016 Apr 21;133(2):123-4. Epub 2015 Dec 21.
    Service d'ORL et chirurgie cervico-faciale, hôpital Claude-Huriez, centre hospitalier régional universitaire de Lille, rue Michel-Polonovski, 59037 Lille cedex, France.
    Introduction: Lemierre syndrome is a complication of oropharyngeal infection and consists of a combination of internal jugular vein septic thrombophlebitis with septicaemia and distant septic emboli (mainly in the lungs). We describe an atypical case with facial vein and anterior jugular vein thrombophlebitis.

    Case Summary: A 34-year-old woman attended the emergency room with tonsillitis, left head and neck cellulitis, left facial vein thrombosis and lung abscesses. Read More

    Thrombosed Aneurysm of the External Jugular Vein: A Rare Cause of Cervical Mass.
    J Craniofac Surg 2016 Jan;27(1):e36-7
    *Maxillofacial Surgery Unit †Department of Plastic, Reconstructive, Aesthetic Surgery and Burn Unit, Central Hospital of São João, Porto, Portugal.
    Background: External jugular vein aneurysm is a rare condition with few cases described in the literature. Complications include thrombus formation, thrombophlebitis, pulmonary embolism, rupture, and cosmetic complaint.

    Methods And Results: The authors present a clinical case and treatment of thrombosed aneurysm of the external jugular vein in a 47-year-old man. Read More

    [Monitoring of the state of the proximal portion of thrombus in conservative treatment of patients with varicothrombophlebitis].
    Angiol Sosud Khir 2015 ;21(4):64-9
    Omsk State Medical University of the Russian Public Health Ministry, Omsk, Russia.
    Ultrasound duplex scanning (USD) was used to study dynamics of the state of the proximal portion of the thrombus in patients presenting with acute varicothrombophlebitis of saphenous veins during conservative treatment. We examined a total of fifty-four 29-to-78-year-old (mean age 53.5 years) patients with acute varicothrombophlebitis of saphenous veins, including 15 (27. Read More

    Treatment for superficial infusion thrombophlebitis of the upper extremity.
    Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2015 Nov 20(11):CD011015. Epub 2015 Nov 20.
    Department of Medical, Oral and Biotechnological Sciences, University "G. D'Annunzio" of Chieti-Pescara, via dei Vestini 31, Chieti, Italy, 66013.
    Background: Although superficial thrombophlebitis of the upper extremity represents a frequent complication of intravenous catheters inserted into the peripheral veins of the forearm or hand, no consensus exists on the optimal management of this condition in clinical practice.

    Objectives: To summarise the evidence from randomised clinical trials (RCTs) concerning the efficacy and safety of (topical, oral or parenteral) medical therapy of superficial thrombophlebitis of the upper extremity.

    Search Methods: The Cochrane Vascular Group Trials Search Co-ordinator searched the Specialised Register (last searched April 2015) and the Cochrane Register of Studies (2015, Issue 3). Read More

    Foam sclerotherapy.
    Phlebology 2015 Nov;30(2 Suppl):18-23
    Freeman Hospital, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.
    Foam sclerotherapy is a minimally invasive treatment for lower limb varicose veins. Current evidence indicates that its efficacy may not be as high as surgery or endovenous ablation. The minimally invasive nature of the treatment however means that it has a wide application, and it can be particularly useful in patients who are not suitable for other types of treatment. Read More

    [Venous thromboembolic risk during repatriation for medical reasons].
    J Mal Vasc 2015 Dec 6;40(6):391-4. Epub 2015 Nov 6.
    Service de médecine vasculaire, groupe hospitalier Paris Saint-Joseph, 185, rue Raymond-Losserand, 75014 Paris, France.
    In France, approximately 3000 people are repatriated every year, either in a civil situation by insurers. Repatriation also concerns French army soldiers. The literature is scarce on the topic of venous thromboembolic risk and its prevention during repatriation for medical reasons, a common situation. Read More

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