1,381 results match your criteria Deep Neck Infections


The "July effect": Outcomes in microvascular reconstruction during resident transitions.

Laryngoscope 2019 Apr 9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New Jersey, U.S.A.

Objectives/hypothesis: To evaluate the "July effect," as a possible risk factor for perioperative complications in otolaryngology microvascular reconstruction during the transitional period in the academic calendar.

Study Design: Retrospective database review.

Methods: Microvascular reconstruction outcomes in the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (2005-2016) database were compared between the first academic quarter (July-September) to the last academic quarter (April-June). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.27988DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Fatal deep neck infection and respiratory arrest.

Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent) 2019 Jan 15;32(1):67-69. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Baylor University Medical Center and Texas A&M College of DentistryDallasTexas.

Despite the wide availability of antibiotics and medical care, deep neck infections requiring hospitalization are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Thus, early recognition and aggressive treatment are key in preventing unfavorable outcomes. We present the case of a patient who rapidly progressed from nonspecific upper respiratory symptoms to obstructive airway loss and death due to a swiftly worsening deep neck infection. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/08998280.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08998280.2018.1533313DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6442906PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Modelling human papillomavirus biology in oropharyngeal keratinocytes.

Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 2019 May;374(1773):20180289

Institute of Cancer and Genomic Sciences, College of Medical and Dental Sciences, University of Birmingham , Vincent Drive, Birmingham B15 2TT , UK.

Most human papillomavirus (HPV) positive head and neck cancers arise in the tonsil crypts; deep invaginations at the tonsil surface that are lined with reticulated epithelium infiltrated by immune cells. As in cervical HPV infections, HPV16 is the most prevalent high-risk type in the oropharyngeal cancers, and a genital-oral route of infection is most likely. However, the natural history of HPV-driven oropharyngeal pathogenesis is an enigma, although there is evidence that it is different to that of cervical disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2018.0289DOI Listing
May 2019
5 Reads

Comparing Complications and Costs of Total Hip Arthroplasty and Hemiarthroplasty for Femoral Neck Fractures: A Propensity Score-Matched, Population-Based Study.

J Bone Joint Surg Am 2019 Apr;101(7):572-579

Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Surgery (B.R., D.P., H.K., D.W., R.J., and H.J.K.), and Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation (D.P. and H.J.K.), University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Background: Although the prevalence of displaced femoral neck fractures in the elderly population is increasing worldwide, there remains controversy as to whether these injuries should be managed with hemiarthroplasty or total hip arthroplasty. Although total hip arthroplasties result in better function, they are more expensive and may have higher complication rates. Our objective was to compare the complication rates and health-care costs between hemiarthroplasty and total hip arthroplasty for displaced femoral neck fractures in the elderly population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2106/JBJS.18.00539DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Ten years of deep neck space abscesses.

J Laryngol Otol 2019 Mar 29:1-5. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Otolaryngology,Royal Gwent Hospital,Newport,Wales,UK.

Background: The incidence of deep neck space abscesses, which can result in significant morbidity and mortality, is rising. The aetiology is thought to be dental. However, this study suggests a reduction in tonsillectomies may be associated with the rise. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022215119000458DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Chronic laryngitis caused by Mycobacterium Kansasii in a traveler.

Laryngoscope 2019 Mar 26. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Head and Neck Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio.

Chronic laryngitis commonly presents with dysphonia, and infectious causes include tuberculosis and endemic mycoses. We present a 58-year-old female with laryngitis for 5 years, fevers, chills, fatigue, malaise, myalgias, anterior neck pain, and night sweats after multicontinent exposure. Bronchoscopy cultures were negative. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.27952DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Long-term Health Outcomes and Health System Costs Associated With Surgical Site Infections: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

Ann Surg 2019 Mar 19. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Clinical Epidemiology, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Objectives: To examine the association between surgical site infections (SSIs) and hospital readmissions and all-cause mortality, and to estimate the attributable health care costs of SSIs 1 year following surgery.

Background: SSIs are a common postoperative complication; the long-term impact of SSI on health outcomes and costs has not been formally evaluated.

Methods: This retrospective cohort study included all adult patients who underwent surgery at the 1202-bed teaching hospital in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, and were included in the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database between 2010 and 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SLA.0000000000003285DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Are panels of clinical, laboratory, radiological, and microbiological variables of prognostic value in deep neck infections? An analysis of 301 consecutive cases.

Acta Otolaryngol 2019 Feb;139(2):214-218

e Department of Neuroscience DNS, Audiology Unit , University of Padova , Treviso , Italy.

Background: Deep neck infections (DNIs) are often clinically challenging, and may be life-threatening.

Objective: The present retrospective study aimed to identify panels of clinical, laboratory, radiological, and microbiological parameters that could identify patients with DNIs at higher risk of complications or long-term hospitalization.

Materials And Methods: The investigation concerned 301 consecutive patients with DNIs treated at our institution between 2000 and 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2018.1532606DOI Listing
February 2019

Incidence and risk of surgical site infection after adult femoral neck fractures treated by surgery: A retrospective case-control study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Mar;98(11):e14882

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University.

Surgical site infections (SSI) are devastating complications after surgery for femoral neck fractures. There are a lot of literature have shown a strong association between diabetic patients and SSI. This study aimed to identify diabetes as an independent risk factor of SSI, focusing on femoral neck fractures, and to investigate the other potential risk factors for SSI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014882DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6426521PMC
March 2019
3 Reads

Delirium after hip hemiarthroplasty for proximal femoral fractures in elderly patients: risk factors and clinical outcomes.

Clin Interv Aging 2019 26;14:427-435. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Surgery Department, Maasstad Hospital, 3079 DZ Rotterdam, the Netherlands,

Background: The primary aim of the present study was to verify the potential risk factors for developing a delirium after hip fracture surgery. The secondary aim of this study was to examine the related clinical outcomes after a delirium developed post-hip fracture surgery.

Patients And Methods: Data were extracted from a prospective hip fracture database and completed by retrospective review of the hospital records. Read More

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https://www.dovepress.com/delirium-after-hip-hemiarthroplast
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S189760DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6396663PMC
February 2019
8 Reads

Computed tomography-guided navigation assisted drainage for inaccessible deep neck abscess: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Mar;98(10):e14674

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea.

Rationale: Deep neck infections (DNIs) in the head and neck area are difficult to treat due to the anatomical complexity of the cervical region. Since inflammation causes changes in anatomy, it is often difficult to find the exact location of the abscess, which leads to failed surgical drainage.

Patient Concern: A 76-year-old female patient was referred to our clinic with trismus and right-side facial swelling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014674DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6417517PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Parapharyngeal abscess secondary to lymphovenous malformation.

J Laryngol Otol 2019 Mar 1;133(3):256-259. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology,Brighton and Sussex University Hospitals Trust,Brighton,UK.

Background: Deep neck space abscesses are an uncommon but life-threatening emergency presentation to the ENT surgeon because of potential acute airway compromise.

Objective: This paper presents a novel case of a palatine tonsillar, low-flow, lymphovenous malformation pre-disposing to multifocal deep neck space collections and resultant acute airway compromise. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022215119000318DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Outcomes of surgical treatment for hemangiomas.

Pediatr Dermatol 2019 Mar 22;36(2):207-212. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Department of Biostatistics & Bioinformatics, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina.

Objective: To quantify complications and rates of adverse events associated with surgical excision of hemangiomas in children using a national surgical database.

Data Source: Pediatric American College of Surgeons (ACS) National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP -pediatric), years 2012-2016.

Methods: Subjects included children under 18 years with a postoperative diagnosis of International Classification of Diseases (ICD), 9th revision code: 228. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pde.13751DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6428594PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Epidemiology and resource utilization of ludwig angina ED visits in the United States 2006-2014.

Laryngoscope 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Surgery, Division of Otolaryngology/Head & Neck Surgery, Howard University College of Medicine, Washington, District of Columbia, U.S.A.

Objectives: Ludwig angina is a potentially lethal submandibular space infection. We aim to describe the epidemiological characteristics of Ludwig angina patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) and to examine outcomes and resource utilization to determine their burden on ED and hospitals.

Methods: Using the Nationwide Emergency Department Sample database, a nationally representative all-payer database, we retrospectively reviewed all ED visits between 2006 and 2014 for patients admitted with a primary diagnosis of Ludwig angina (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, 528. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.27734DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Defining the role of surgical drainage in paediatric deep neck space infections.

Clin Otolaryngol 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Alder Hey Children's Hospital, Liverpool, UK.

Objectives: Surgical drainage is the traditional mainstay of treatment of paediatric deep neck space infection (DNSI), but recently non-operative management in selected cases has been advocated. We sought to identify any characteristics predictive of requirement for surgical intervention.

Design: Retrospective cohort study using receiver operating characteristics analyses. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/coa.13315
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/coa.13315DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Pediatric parapharyngeal infection resulting in cervical instability and occipital-cervical fusion-case report and review of the literature.

Childs Nerv Syst 2019 May 18;35(5):893-895. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Department of Neurosurgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, 300 Pasteur Drive, Standford, 94305, CA, USA.

Parapharyngeal infection is the most common deep neck space infection in children and, in rare instances, can result in bony destruction of the cervical spine. We report one such case that required occipital to cervical fusion and halo-vest fixation. We also review the literature and discuss the etiology, diagnosis, and treatment options for managing pediatric cervical bony destruction secondary to infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00381-019-04083-6DOI Listing
May 2019
3 Reads

Systematic review of the role of corticosteroids in cervicofacial infections.

Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Maxillofacial surgery Trainees Research Collaborative, Queen Elizabeth University Hospital, Glasgow.

The role of corticosteroids in the management of cervicofacial infections continues to cause controversy. Systemic anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects that reduce swelling and improve symptoms in the head and neck may make these agents an effective addition to the antibiotics used and to surgical management, although this same effect may dull the physiological response to infection, and allow infections to progress. We have systematically reviewed the evidence for the use of corticosteroids in common cervicofacial infections following the PRISMA guidelines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjoms.2019.01.010DOI Listing
February 2019

Incidence of surgical-site infection following open reduction and internal fixation of a distal femur fracture: An observational case-control study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Feb;98(7):e14547

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery.

Surgical-site infection (SSI) is a common complication in orthopedic surgery; however, SSI after surgically managed distal femur fractures was not well studied. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of SSI and identify some modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors.The patients' electronic medical records (EMRs) were reviewed to identify those who sustained a distal femur fracture and treated by open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) between March 2014 and February 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014547DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6408021PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

The Addition of Hip Arthroscopy to Periacetabular Osteotomy Does Not Increase Complication Rates: A Prospective Case Series.

Am J Sports Med 2019 Mar 7;47(3):543-551. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.

Background:: Previous studies on periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) reported complication and reoperation rates of 5.9% and 10%, respectively. Hip arthroscopy is increasingly utilized as an adjunct procedure to PAO to precisely treat associated intra-articular pathology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0363546518820528DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Dietary behaviors and survival in people with head and neck cancer: Results from Head and Neck 5000.

Head Neck 2019 Jan 30. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

National Institute of Health (NIHR) Bristol Biomedical Research Centre, Nutrition Theme, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom.

Background: The association between diet and head and neck cancer (HNC) survival is unclear.

Methods: Cox proportional hazard models measured the association between fruit, vegetable, and deep-fried food intake and HNC overall survival adjusting for clinical, social and lifestyle variables including smoking, alcohol, and HPV status.

Results: Fruit and vegetable intake and improved survival were associated in minimally adjusted analyses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hed.25660DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Timely Identified Early Migration of Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter by Focused Ultrasound.

J Med Ultrasound 2018 Oct-Dec;26(4):215-217. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Emergency, Wan Fang Hospital, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan.

A peripherally inserted central venous catheter (PICC) has been widely applied to central venous assess. There were some known complications such as phlebitis, leakage, blockage, dislodgment, breakage, or malposition of PICC. Catheter migration was assessed by using chest radiograph or administering contrast medium. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JMU.JMU_62_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6314091PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Assessment of Safety and Outcome of Lateral Hypothalamic Deep Brain Stimulation for Obesity in a Small Series of Patients With Prader-Willi Syndrome.

JAMA Netw Open 2018 Nov 2;1(7):e185275. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Division of Functional Neurosurgery of Institute of Psychiatry, Department of Neurology, University of São Paulo Medical School, São Paulo, Brazil.

Importance: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been investigated for treatment of morbid obesity with variable results. Patients with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) present with obesity that is often difficult to treat.

Objective: To test the safety and study the outcome of DBS in patients with PWS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.5275DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6324383PMC
November 2018
3 Reads

Hydro-dissection assisted puncture of an esophageal balloon for percutaneous transesophageal gastrotubing: early experience concerning the technical feasibility, safety, and efficacy.

Acta Radiol 2019 Jan 12:284185118822628. Epub 2019 Jan 12.

Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: Percutaneous transesophageal gastrotubing (PTEG) is an alternative means of access into the stomach when conventional transabdominal gastric access is not possible.

Purpose: To describe the early clinical experience, technical feasibility, safety, and efficacy of the hydro-dissection assisted puncture of an esophageal balloon used for PTEG.

Material And Methods: A retrospective review was conducted of six, consecutive patients with feeding problems and who were treated with hydro-dissection assisted puncture of an esophageal balloon for PTEG. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0284185118822628DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

The role of immediate versus secondary removal of the odontogenic focus in treatment of deep head and neck space infections. A retrospective analysis of 248 patients.

Clin Oral Investig 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Plastic Surgery, University hospital Bonn, Sigmund-Freud-Strasse 25, 53127, Bonn, Germany.

Objectives: Aim of this study was to investigate conditions and predisposing factors for head and neck infection progress regarding the length of stay (LOS) in hospital, with special emphasis on the time of removal of the odontogenic infection focus.

Material And Methods: A 3-year retrospective study reviewed hospital records of 248 subjects who were treated under inpatient conditions with severe odontogenic infections who received surgical incisions, drainage, and intravenous (IV) antibiotics. Outcomes measured included age, gender, involved fascial spaces, LOS, number of infected spaces, antibiotics administered, and comorbidities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00784-018-02796-7DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Infected "Mycotic" Aneurysm of the Common Carotid Artery-A Differential Diagnosis to Tumor of the Neck.

Front Surg 2018 10;5:75. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Maxillofacial Surgery, Zealand University Hospital, Køge, Denmark.

Infected "mycotic" Aneurysm (IA) of the extracranial carotid artery is a rare condition that can be fatal if mistaken for other pathology. An 83-year-old man presented with a mass on the neck initially suspected malignant. Weeks later it grew rapidly and was found to be an IA, thus requiring acute surgery. Read More

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fsurg.2018.00075
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fsurg.2018.00075DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6297873PMC
December 2018
13 Reads

[Surgical site infection following abdominal surgery in China: a multicenter cross-sectional study].

Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Dec;21(12):1366-1373

East War Zone Hospital of PLA, Research Institute of General Surgery, Nanjing 210002, China.

Objective: To determine the incidence of surgical site infection (SSI) after abdominal surgery and to further evaluate the related risk factors of SSI in China.

Methods: The multicenter cross-sectional study collected clinical data of all adult patients who underwent abdominal surgery from May 1, 2018 to May 31, 2018 in 30 domestic hospitals, including basic information, perioperative parameters, and incisional microbial culture results. The primary outcome was the incidence of SSI within postoperative 30 days. Read More

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December 2018
17 Reads

[Clinical application of computed tomography angiography and three-dimensional reconstruction in repairing high-voltage electrical burn wounds in necks, shoulders, axillas, and upper arms with tissue flaps].

Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi 2018 Dec;34(12):874-880

Department of Burns and Plastic Surgery, General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan 750004, China.

To explore the application value of computed tomography angiography (CTA) and three-dimensional reconstruction in repairing high-voltage electrical burn wounds in necks, shoulders, axillas, and upper arms with tissue flaps. From December 2014 to December 2018, 12 patients with high-voltage electrical burns in necks, shoulders, axillas, and upper arms were hospitalized. The size of wounds ranged from 13 cm×10 cm to 32 cm×15 cm after complete debridement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1009-2587.2018.12.011DOI Listing
December 2018

[Clinical outcome of enhanced recovery after surgery for hemiarthroplasty for the treatment of femoral neck fractures in elderly patients].

Zhongguo Gu Shang 2018 Dec;31(12):1100-1103

Department of Joint Surgery, Ningbo No.6 Hospital, Ningbo 351000, Zhejiang, China.

Objective: To analyze and evaluate the clinical outcomes of enhanced recovery after surgery(ERAS) for hemiarthroplasty for the treatment of femoral neck fractures in elderly patients.

Methods: From January 2015 to December 2016, 466 patients with femoral neck fractures were admitted in our department. Among them, 154 patients were more than 80 years old, with an average age of (83. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1003-0034.2018.12.005DOI Listing
December 2018
13 Reads

"Revision of subtrochanteric femoral nonunions after intramedullary nailing with dynamic condylar screw".

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 Dec 21;19(1):448. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

BG University Hospital Bergmannsheil, Bochum, Germany.

Background: Nonunions of the subtrochanteric region of the femur after previous intramedullary nailing can be difficult to address. Implant failure and bone defects around the implant significantly complicate the therapy, and complex surgical procedures with implant removal, extensive debridement of the nonunion site, bone grafting and reosteosynthesis usually become necessary. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the records of a series of patients with subtrochanteric femoral nonunions who were treated with dynamic condylar screws (DCS) regarding their healing rate, subsequent revision surgeries and implant-related complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-018-2372-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6303875PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

[Application of deep circumflex iliac artery based iliac-internal oblique musculofascial chimeric flaps in reconstruction of complex oromandibular defects].

Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 12;32(12):1567-1571

Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Cancer Hospital of Shantou University Medical College, Shantou Guangdong, 515031, P.R.China.

Objective: To evaluate the reliability and effectiveness of a deep circumflex iliac artery based iliac-internal oblique musculofascial chimeric flap (DCIA-IIOF) in reconstruction of complex oromandibular defect.

Methods: Between January 2010 and December 2015, DCIA-IIOFs were used to repair complex oromandibular defects in 11 patients. There were 8 males and 3 females, with an age of 27-75 years (median, 56 years). Read More

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http://www.rrsurg.com/article/10.7507/1002-1892.201806023
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7507/1002-1892.201806023DOI Listing
December 2018
16 Reads

Guillain-Barré syndrome following bacterial meningitis: a case report and literature review.

BMC Neurol 2018 Dec 17;18(1):208. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Neurology, the Second Hospital of Dalian Medical University, No. 467 Zhongshan Road, Shahekou District, Dalian City, 116027, Liaoning Province, China.

Background: We reported a case of an adult that presented Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) after bacterial meningitis which was secondary to chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM). To our knowledge, this is the first case involving an adult presenting with GBS following bacterial meningitis.

Case Presentation: A 46-year man with type 2 diabetes and otitis media (OM) suffered with fever, headache, and vomiting for 6 days. Read More

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https://bmcneurol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12883-
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12883-018-1211-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6296051PMC
December 2018
15 Reads

Nonthermal atmospheric plasma enhances myoblast differentiation by eliciting STAT3 phosphorylation.

FASEB J 2019 Mar 14;33(3):4097-4106. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Otolaryngology, School of Medicine, Ajou University, Suwon, South Korea.

The use of nonthermal atmospheric plasma (NTP) in the biomedical field has recently expanded into cell death induction in cancer, infection prevention, inflammation treatment, and wound-healing enhancement. NTP has been demonstrated to enhance skin and muscle regeneration, but its effects on tissue regeneration, following deep tissue or muscle damage, remains underinvestigated. In this study, we determined the effects of NTP on muscle differentiation and the mechanisms of NTP's contribution to differentiation and regeneration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1096/fj.201800695RRDOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Thulium laser enucleation of the prostate (ThuLEP): Results, complications, and risk factors in 139 consecutive cases.

Arab J Urol 2018 Dec 5;16(4):411-416. Epub 2018 Jul 5.

Department of Urology and Men's Health, Al Garhoud Private Hospital, Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

Objectives: To report our experience with the emerging technique of thulium laser enucleation of the prostate (ThuLEP) for the treatment for prostate hyperplasia.

Patients And Methods: Our inclusion criteria were an International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) of >15 and a quality-of-life (QoL) score of >3 in patients with confirmed bladder outflow obstruction, no longer responsive to medical therapy, with a significant post-void residual urine volume (PVR; >100 mL), with or without recurrent urinary tract infection and/or acute urinary retention. Patients with neurogenic bladder, urethral strictures, bladder stones, and previously failed transurethral prostate surgery were excluded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aju.2018.05.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6277267PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

Technique Tip: Platysma-flap Approach to the Clavicle.

Tech Hand Up Extrem Surg 2019 Mar;23(1):31-32

Valais Hospital, Martigny.

The surgical treatment of a displaced fracture of the clavicular shaft generally consists in an open reduction and plate fixation. The most common complications of the classic direct "transplatysma" approach are hardware related. These consist of simple hardware irritations requiring secondary plate removal but also feared wound healing problems ranging from dehiscence to superficial and deep wound infections. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BTH.0000000000000219DOI Listing
March 2019
15 Reads

Gas gangrene in the deep spaces of the head and neck visualized on computed tomography images.

Oral Radiol 2018 Jan 20;34(1):83-87. Epub 2017 Mar 20.

Department of Oral Radiology, Osaka Dental University, 1-5-17, Otemae, Chuo-ku, Osaka, 540-0008, Japan.

Cellulitis accompanied by gas gangrene is a rapidly-spreading and potentially fatal infection. Here, we present a case of gas gangrene in the deep spaces of the head and neck in an elderly woman, diagnosed by computed tomography (CT). An 86-year-old woman with Alzheimer's disease, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and osteoporosis was referred to our institute by her local dentist. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11282-017-0277-9
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11282-017-0277-9DOI Listing
January 2018
14 Reads

Complications Following 250 Cemented Modular Hip Hemiarthroplasties.

Scand J Surg 2018 Nov 25:1457496918812226. Epub 2018 Nov 25.

2 Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Central Finland Hospital, Jyväskylä, Finland.

Background And Aims:: Hemiarthroplasty is a common method of treating displaced femoral neck fractures, especially among elderly non-active patients with frailty syndrome. Complications arising from the use of a modern, modular hemiendoprosthesis via a posterior approach have been poorly reported in this population. The aim of this study was to evaluate complications and mortality associated with the use of Lubinus sp II cemented, unipolar hemiarthroplasty prosthesis and posterior approach during a 9-year follow-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1457496918812226DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Deep neck infection in patients with and without human immunodeficiency virus: a comparison of clinical features, complications, and outcomes.

Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018 12 22;56(10):962-967. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Otolaryngology, Chiang Mai University Hospital, Chiang Mai, 50200, Thailand. Electronic address:

We retrospectively studied the clinical features, complications, and outcomes of deep neck infections in 31 adult patients with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (HIV group) and 192 patients without (non-HIV group). In the HIV group, the cause was more likely to be odontogenic (21 (68%) compared with 90 (47%); odds ratio (OR) 2.38; 95% CI 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjoms.2018.11.004DOI Listing
December 2018
7 Reads

Noninvasive label-free detection of circulating white and red blood clots in deep vessels with a focused photoacoustic probe.

Biomed Opt Express 2018 Nov 23;9(11):5667-5677. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Arkansas Nanomedicine Center, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, 4301 W. Markham St., Little Rock, AR 72205, USA.

Blood clotting is a serious clinical complication of many medical procedures and disorders including surgery, catheterization, transplantation, extracorporeal circuits, infections, and cancer. This complication leads to high patient morbidity and mortality due to clot-induced pulmonary embolism, stroke, and in some cases heart attack. Despite the clear medical significance, little progress has been made in developing the methods for detection of circulating blood clots (CBCs), also called emboli. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/BOE.9.005667DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6238938PMC
November 2018
15 Reads

Infections of the Neck.

Emerg Med Clin North Am 2019 Feb;37(1):95-107

Department of Emergency Medicine, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, 11234 Anderson Street MC A-108, Loma Linda, CA 92354, USA. Electronic address:

Infection of the neck is a relatively common emergency department complaint. If not diagnosed and managed promptly, it may quickly progress to a life-threatening infection. These infections can result in true airway emergencies that may require fiberoptic or surgical airways. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.emc.2018.09.003DOI Listing
February 2019
14 Reads

Tracheal Infection Resulting from High Endotracheal Tube Cuff Pressure in an Unconscious Patient with Brain Trauma.

Korean J Neurotrauma 2018 Oct 31;14(2):155-158. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Department of Neurosurgery, Gyeongsang National University Hospital, Gyeongsang National University School of Medicine, Jinju, Korea.

Deep neck infections (DNIs) are mainly caused by dental caries, tonsillitis, and pharyngitis; however, DNIs can also occur after head and neck trauma. A 79-year-old male patient underwent a craniectomy due to an acute subdural hematoma. The patient was unconscious and continued to have a fever, but no clear cause was found. Read More

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https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.13004/kjnt.2018.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.13004/kjnt.2018.14.2.155DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6218336PMC
October 2018
8 Reads

Transoral Point-of-Care Ultrasound in the Diagnosis of Parapharyngeal Space Abscess.

J Emerg Med 2019 Jan 1;56(1):70-73. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Background: Parapharyngeal space abscesses (PPSA) are deep-space neck infections that are associated with significant morbidity and, rarely, mortality if not promptly diagnosed and treated. The diagnosis is often difficult, as the clinical presentation can mimic peritonsillar abscesses (PTA). Transoral point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) may be a useful tool to help distinguish PTAs from other deep-space infections such as PPSAs. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07364679183095
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2018.09.034DOI Listing
January 2019
11 Reads

Odontogenic deep neck space infection in a patient with hyper-IgE syndrome: A case report.

J Clin Exp Dent 2018 Oct 1;10(10):e1049-e1053. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

DDS, DMSc, Professor and Chair, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Nara Medical University, Nara, Japan.

Hyperimmunoglobulin E syndrome is a primary immunodeficiency state that is characterized by eczema, recurrent skin and lung infections, and markedly increased levels of IgE. Odontogenic infection can spread to vital and deep structures in such immunocompromised patients. We report a case of a 19-year-old man with hyperimmunoglobulin E syndrome presenting deep neck space infection that had spread from periapical periodontitis of the lower molars. Read More

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http://www.medicinaoral.com/medoralfree01/aop/55239.pdf
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4317/jced.55239DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6203909PMC
October 2018
12 Reads

High Risk of Deep Neck Infection in Patients with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: A Nationwide Population-Based Cohort Study.

J Clin Med 2018 Oct 25;7(11). Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Department of Otolaryngology, Chiayi Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chiayi 613, Taiwan.

Objective: To investigate the risk of deep neck infection (DNI) in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM).

Methods: The database of the Registry for Catastrophic Illness Patients, affiliated to the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, was used to conduct a retrospective cohort study. In total, 5741 patients with T1DM and 22,964 matched patients without diabetes mellitus (DM) were enrolled between 2000 and 2010. Read More

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http://www.mdpi.com/2077-0383/7/11/385
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm7110385DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6262288PMC
October 2018
18 Reads

Parapharyngeal Abscesses Caused by Group G Streptococcus.

Case Rep Otolaryngol 2018 27;2018:7307290. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Juntendo University Faculty of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Deep neck abscess is a life-threatening infection that causes laryngeal edema and upper airway occlusion. The predominant bacterial species involved in this disorder is group A streptococcus. Group G streptococcus (GGS) constitutes the normal commensal flora of the human upper airway. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/criot/2018/7307290/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/7307290DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6181002PMC
September 2018
18 Reads

A Lot to Choke on: Case of Adult Epiglottitis with Concurrent Peritonsillar Abscess in a Patient with a Sore Throat.

J Emerg Med 2018 Dec 17;55(6):841-844. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

University of California San Diego, San Diego, California.

Background: In the winter months, one often sees a large increase in the volume of patients presenting to emergency departments with acute pharyngitis. While most cases of acute pharyngitis are benign, a rare minority can be life threatening.

Case Report: We report a case of epiglottis with a concomitant peritonsillar abscess (PTA) in an adult who presented to the emergency department with a sore throat. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07364679183093
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2018.09.017DOI Listing
December 2018
27 Reads

Urgent Infections of the Head and Neck.

Med Clin North Am 2018 Nov 20;102(6):1109-1120. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, 2233 Post Street, 3rd floor, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA.

Infections of the head and neck are common and appropriately managed by primary care providers in most cases. However, some infections are associated with significant morbidity and require urgent recognition and management by specialty services. These include deep neck space infections originating in the oral cavity, pharynx, and salivary glands, as well as complicated otologic and sinonasal infection. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00257125183007
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mcna.2018.06.015DOI Listing
November 2018
15 Reads

Traumatic deep neck infection due to pulling a tooth with pliers.

Authors:
Sema Avcı

Acta Biomed 2018 Oct 8;89(3):406-407. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Kars Harakani State Hospital.

Deep neck infection is life-threatening and mortal condition that requires immediate treatment. This infection is generally polymicrobial and frequently seen after upper respiratory infections, poor dental hygiene, trauma and surgery to the head and neck region. The symptoms of deep neck infections are swelling, dysphagia, pain, trismus, dysphonia and otalgia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.23750/abm.v89i3.6439DOI Listing
October 2018

Outcomes of Conversion Total Hip Arthroplasty From Free Vascularized Fibular Grafting.

J Arthroplasty 2019 01 21;34(1):88-92. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

Duke University Hospital, NC.

Background: Conversion total hip arthroplasties (THAs) from prior free vascularized fibular grafting (FVFG) are infrequently reported in the literature. We characterized the perioperative outcomes of patients undergoing conversion THA and compared them with those of a matched cohort of patients undergoing primary THA for osteonecrosis of the femoral head and neck (ONFHN).

Methods: The institutional database was queried for patients with FVFG requiring conversion to THA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2018.09.041DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Impact of venous thromboembolism during admission for meningioma surgery on hospital charges and postoperative complications.

J Clin Neurosci 2019 Jan 9;59:218-223. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Department of Neurological Surgery, Center for Skull Base and Pituitary Surgery, Neurological Institute of New Jersey, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ, USA; Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ, USA. Electronic address:

Surgical resection of meningiomas has been associated with high rates of venous thromboembolic events (VTE) as compared with all other intracranial tumors. There is a paucity of data regarding the clinical complications and comorbidities associated with this cohort yet the underlying pathophysiological mechanism for this tumor-specific finding remains unclear. Our goal was to determine the various impacts of VTE on meningioma surgery in a large cohort of inpatient admissions. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09675868183017
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2018.09.018DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Periodontitis is associated with incident chronic liver disease-A population-based cohort study.

Liver Int 2019 Mar 27;39(3):583-591. Epub 2018 Oct 27.

Transplantation and Liver Surgery Clinic, Helsinki University Hospital and University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

Background & Aims: Chronic liver disease is a major health concern worldwide and the identification of novel modifiable risk factors may benefit subjects at risk. Few studies have analyzed periodontitis as a risk factor for liver complications. We studied whether periodontitis is associated with incident severe liver disease. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/liv.13985
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/liv.13985DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads