2,056 results match your criteria Dacryocystitis


[Intraoperative prevention of dacryocystitis relapse].

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(5. Vyp. 2):270-275

Research Institute of Eye Diseases, 11A Rossolimo St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119021; I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Chair of Ophthalmology, 8-2 Malaya Trubetskaya St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119991.

The article reviews the literature devoted to modern intraoperative methods of preventing cicatricial process at the site of dacryostoma after endonasal endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy. Despite the constant improvement of the surgery technique, complications in the postoperative period still occur. They include the formation of granulation tissue at the sites of dacryostoma, synechiae in the nasal cavity, or narrowing of the dacryostoma, which ultimately leads to a relapse of the disease. Read More

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January 2018
2 Reads

Outcome of Transcanalicular Endolaser and External Dacryocystorhinostomy in Chronic Dacryocystitis.

Mymensingh Med J 2018 Oct;27(4):673-678

Dr Muhammad Rafiqul Islam, Junior Consultant, Department of Ophthalmology, Mymensingh Medical College Hospital (MMCH), Mymensingh, Bangladesh.

Nasolacrimal duct obstruction due to chronic dacryocystitis is the most common cause of epiphora. Dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) is the treatment of choice for chronic dacryocystitis. This can be carried out by external, endoscopic and endolaser surgical approach. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

Endoscopic and Radiologic Findings in Failed Dacryocystorhinostomy: Teaching Pearls for Success.

Am J Rhinol Allergy 2018 Nov 28:1945892418815044. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

4 Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Albaha University, Al Bahah, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Although several studies have commented on causes of dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) failure, detailed description of anatomical findings in such cases remains insufficient.

Objective: Our objective was primarily to analyze radiologic, endoscopic, and intraoperative findings in patients presenting with failed DCR and secondarily to assess the outcome of revision endoscopic DCR (endo-DCR) carried out at our institution.

Methods: Twenty-four failed DCRs presenting to our tertiary care center were retrospectively analyzed. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Improving the Results of Endonasal Dacryocystorhinostomy with Mitomycin C Application: A Prospective Case-Control Study.

Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018 Dec 19;70(4):477-481. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Department of ENT, Gandhi Medical College, Bhopal, MP 462001 India.

Many surgical advancement paved to surgical success in endonasal endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy. Mitomycin C is a systemic chemotherapeutic agent derived from that inhibits the synthesis of DNA, cellular RNA, and protein by inhibiting the synthesis of collagen by fibroblasts. The objective of the study was to evaluate the advantage of mitomycin C in primary endoscopic endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy without stenting. Read More

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December 2018
6 Reads

Ocular Surface Disease of Rabbits.

Vet Clin North Am Exot Anim Pract 2019 Jan;22(1):1-14

Comparative Ophthalmology, University of Georgia, 2200 College Station Road, Athens, GA 30202, USA. Electronic address:

Rabbits have become a popular house pet that is encountered with increasing frequency in small animal veterinary practice. The unique anatomy of the rabbit predisposes them to developing surface ocular problems including the development of dacryocystitis, as well as conjunctivitis and keratitis. This article endeavors to give an updated outline of the various conditions affecting the rabbit ocular surface, with emphasis on diagnosis and treatment. Read More

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January 2019

Comparing Outcomes of the Standard Technique of Endoscopic DCR with Its Modifications: A Retrospective Analysis.

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018 Nov 20:194599818813123. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

1 Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Army College of Medical Sciences and Associated Base Hospital, Delhi Cantt, New Delhi, India.

Objective: To compare the outcomes of various techniques of endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR).

Study Design: Retrospective case record analysis.

Settings: Tertiary care referral center. Read More

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November 2018
6 Reads

Dacryocystitis and Rhinosinusitis Secondary to Sarcoidosis.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Nov 15. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Oculoplastic, Orbital, and Lacrimal Surgery, Aichi Medical University Hospital.

Sarcoidosis rarely develops in the lacrimal sac. Lacrimal sac sarcoidosis may be associated with sarcoidosis-related rhinosinusitis. The anatomical and histological relationship between the lacrimal drainage system and nasal mucosa has been indicated as a predisposing factor for this concomitance. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Dacryocystosclerotherapy as an alternative to dacryocystectomy.

Orbit 2018 Nov 13:1-5. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

a Govindram Seksaria Institute of Dacryology, L.V. Prasad Eye Institute , Hyderabad , India.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to perform a histopathological assessment of the efficacy of sclerosing agents in dacryocystosclerotherapy (DCST) and to evaluate its role as an alternative to dacryocystectomy (DCT) in a specific group of patients.

Methods: Thirteen lacrimal drainage systems of 10 patients with primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction (PANDO) were studied. All patients were awaiting a DCT, indications being repeated attacks of dacryocystitis with severe systemic or ocular co-morbidities and/or refusal for a dacryocystorhinostomy. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Universal ocular screening of 481 infants using wide-field digital imaging system.

BMC Ophthalmol 2018 Oct 30;18(1):283. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Department of Ophthalmology, Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences Key Lab, 1 Dongjiaominxiang, Dongcheng District, Beijing, 100730, China.

Background: Universal ocular screening of infants is not a standard procedure in children's health care system in China. This pilot study investigated prevalence of ocular abnormalities of 6 weeks-age infants using wide-field digital imaging system.

Methods: Infants aged 6 weeks around were consecutively enrolled in a public hospital between April 2015 and August 2016. Read More

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October 2018
7 Reads

Dacryoendoscopy-assisted nasal endoscopic marsupialization for congenital dacryocystocele.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Dec 19;115:54-57. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Department of Oculoplastic, Orbital, and Lacrimal Surgery, Aichi Medical University Hospital, Aichi, Japan.

Objective: To examine the surgical outcome of dacryoendoscopy-assisted nasal endoscopic marsupialization for congenital dacryocystocele.

Methods: This is a retrospective, observational study that included 7 sides of 6 patients with congenital dacryocystocele. The surgical indication in 5 of the patients was acute dacryocystitis while one of the patients had no spontaneous resolution after long-term observation. Read More

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December 2018
6 Reads

Microbiological study of dacryocystitis in northwest of Iran.

Clin Ophthalmol 2018 25;12:1859-1864. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

School of Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.

Background: The prevalence of bacterial pathogens isolated from patients with acute and chronic dacryocystitis and the pattern of antibiotic susceptibility tests are varied in each region. Moreover, the management of dacryocystitis is only based on clinical observations without microbiological evaluation. The present study aimed to identify epidemiologic and etiologic factors of dacryocystitis in our geographical area. Read More

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September 2018

Comparison of outcomes of conventional transcanalicular laser dacryocystorhinostomy and modified transcanalicular laser dacryocystorhinostomy.

Wideochir Inne Tech Maloinwazyjne 2018 Sep 10;13(3):401-406. Epub 2018 Jul 10.

Department of Ophthalmology, University of Health Sciences, Bagcilar Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Introduction: Transcanalicular laser DCR (TL-DCR) approaches have been developed for the formation of a fistula between the nasal cavity and the lacrimal sac to ensure the continuity of the lacrimal drainage system over the years. However, the success rate of TL-DCR has varied widely.

Aim: To evaluate and compare the success rates of conventional transcanalicular multidiode laser dacryocystorhinostomy and modified transcanalicular multidiode laser dacryocystorhinostomy. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

Lacrimal sac lymphoma: A series of Japanese patients.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2018 Oct 1:1120672118803510. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Department of Oculoplastic, Orbital & Lacrimal Surgery, Aichi Medical University Hospital, Nagakute, Japan.

Purpose: To present cases of primary lacrimal sac lymphoma in a Japanese population.

Methods: In this retrospective case series, five cases (two males and three females; mean age: 49.8 years; age range: 38-62 years) were included. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

The trend of resistance to antibiotics for ocular infection of Staphylococcus aureus, coagulase-negative staphylococci, and Corynebacterium compared with 10-years previous: A retrospective observational study.

PLoS One 2018 7;13(9):e0203705. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

Department of Ophthalmology, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan.

Objective: To retrospectively identify epidemiological trends of infection on the ocular surface and investigate trends of resistance to bacterial antibiotics compared with 10-years previous for Staphylococcus aureus, coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS), and Corynebacterium in Japan.

Materials And Methods: Bacterial isolate samples were collected from the conjunctival sacs of eyes afflicted with conjunctivitis, keratitis, dacryocystitis, and hordeolum from September 2004 through November 2005 (n = 145 isolates) and September 2014 through November 2015 (n = 195 isolates) at the Baptist Eye Institute, Kyoto, Japan. The prevalence of methicillin-resistant S. Read More

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September 2018
10 Reads

Pathological changes of the nasolacrimal duct in rabbit models of chronic dacryocystitis: correlation with lacrimal endoscopic findings.

Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2018 Nov 5;256(11):2103-2112. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

Department of Ophthalmology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 1095 Jiefang Avenue, Qiaokou District, Wuhan, 430030, China.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to explore the pathological changes of the nasolacrimal duct in rabbits with experimentally induced obstructive dacryocystitis in correlation with lacrimal endoscopic findings.

Methods: The rabbit model of obstructive dacryocystitis was created by injecting 0.15 ml of self-curing resin into the lacrimal duct. Read More

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November 2018
7 Reads
1.910 Impact Factor

Primary tubercular dacryocystitis - a case report and review of 18 cases from the literature.

Orbit 2018 Aug 24:1-4. Epub 2018 Aug 24.

c Department of Pathology , Maulana Azad Medical College & Associated Lok Nayak Hospital , Delhi , India.

Tuberculosis is an airborne communicable disease primarily affecting lungs. Primary tuberculosis of the lacrimal sac is very rare. A 15-year-old girl presented with bilateral epiphora for 8 months. Read More

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August 2018
1 Read

Metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma mimicking acute dacryocystitis.

Can J Ophthalmol 2018 Aug 11;53(4):e132-e134. Epub 2017 Dec 11.

Department of Ophthalmology, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

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August 2018
7 Reads

Ocular bacterial infections and antibiotic resistance patterns in patients attending Gondar Teaching Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia.

BMC Res Notes 2018 Aug 17;11(1):597. Epub 2018 Aug 17.

Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Objectives: Empirical selections of antimicrobial therapy based on clinical observations are common clinical practices in Ethiopia. This study identified common external ocular infections and determined antibiotic susceptibility testing in northwest Ethiopia.

Results: Among 210 patients studied, conjunctivitis 32. Read More

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August 2018
1 Read

Acute dacryocystitis complicated by orbital cellulitis and loss of vision: A case report and review of the literature.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 9;50:130-134. Epub 2018 Aug 9.

Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Introduction: Acute dacryocystitis usually presents as a pre-septal cellulitis since the lacrimal sac lies anterior to the orbital septum. Orbital cellulitis secondary to acute dacryocystitis is very rare due to a variety of anatomic barriers to the orbit but can occur and result in abscess formation with risk of visual compromise.

Presentation Of Case: We describe a case of otherwise healthy adult who presented with complete visual loss following orbital cellulitis and abscess formation secondary to acute dacryocystitis. Read More

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August 2018
6 Reads

Acute Vision Loss From Dacryocystitis.

JAMA Ophthalmol 2018 Oct;136(10):1207-1208

Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, San Francisco.

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October 2018

Acute Dacryocystitis.

N Engl J Med 2018 Aug;379(5):474

Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA

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[Periorbital, blue tumour in newborn twins].

Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 2018 Jul 13;162. Epub 2018 Jul 13.

Franciscus Gasthuis en Vlietland, afd. Kindergeneeskunde, Rotterdam.

Newborn twins both had a blue, smooth tumour in the inner angle of the orbit; one of them had two such tumours. They were diagnosed with congenital dacryocystoceles. If decompression into the nose is not effective, patients should undergo probing early in life to reduce the incidence of dacryocystitis and orbital cellulitis. Read More

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July 2018
3 Reads

[Diagnostics and treatment of lacrimal duct diseases : A structured patient-centred care concept].

HNO 2018 Oct;66(10):751-759

Universitätsklinik und Poliklinik für Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Heilkunde, Kopf- und Hals-Chirurgie, Universitätsklinikum Halle (Saale), Halle, Deutschland.

Background: The cardinal symptom of lacrimal stenosis is epiphora and a subjective high level of discomfort due to continuous dacryorrhea.

Objective: The aim of the current paper is to present a structured review of common diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for lacrimal stenosis.

Materials And Methods: The most important diagnostic and therapeutic approaches are analysed using the existing literature and by reporting the authors' own experiences. Read More

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October 2018

The use of an ostial stent does not increase the success rate of endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy.

J Laryngol Otol 2018 Aug 12;132(8):718-723. Epub 2018 Jul 12.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery,Okmeydanı Research and Training Hospital,Istanbul,Turkey.

Objective: This prospective, controlled study assessed how placing a stent into a newly formed ostium affects ostial patency, success and complication rates in endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy patients.

Methods: In group 1 (40 eyes of 36 patients), both silicone tube intubation and tube stenting were performed. In group 2 (36 eyes of 34 patients), only silicone tube intubation was performed. Read More

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Chronic lacrimal canaliculitis - the answer to a three-year history of red eye.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Jul-Aug;81(4):341-343

Central Lisbon Hospital Center, Lisbon - Portugal.

Chronic lacrimal canaliculitis is a rare infection of the lacrimal system, and can lead to misdiagnosis due to its overlapping presentation to other common entities. The authors report a case of lacrimal canaliculitis with a three-year history of recurrent unilateral red eye and mucopurulent discharge. Here, we describe the clinical course, surgical details, and microbial analysis of canaliculitis infection. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads

A case of neglected silicone tube in lacrimal duct for 20 years.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2018 Sep 22;11:41-44. Epub 2018 May 22.

Department of Ophthalmology, Osaka Medical College, Takatsuki City, Osaka, Japan.

Purpose: To report a case of prolonged placement of a lacrimal silicone tube for 20 years, with evaluation of the lacrimal duct using lacrimal micro-endoscopy and inspection of deformation of the lacrimal tube.

Observations: This study involved a case of dacryocystitis in which a silicone tube had been placed in the patient 20-years previous and that was treated conservatively. Although granulation tissue formation due to dacryocystitis in the lacrimal duct was observed under lacrimal micro-endoscopy, subjective and objective resolution of symptoms, including granulated tissue formation, was achieved after removal of the silicone tube and conservative medical treatment. Read More

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September 2018

Innovative Use of Insulated Microear Ball Probe Cautery in Creation of Nasal Mucosal Flap in EnDCR.

Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018 Jun 17;70(2):299-305. Epub 2018 Feb 17.

Department of ENT, Gandhi Medical College, Bhopal, MP 462001 India.

To study the outcome and complications of endoscopic endonasal dacryocystrhinostomy without stenting. Randomised prospective observational design. Tertiary academic centre. Read More

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June 2018
4 Reads

Comparison of Endonasal DCR Surgery Using Cautery and Surgical Blade Technique in Cases of Chronic Dacryocystitis.

Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018 Jun 7;70(2):295-298. Epub 2018 Feb 7.

Nehru Nagar, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh India.

Dacryocystitis is defined as inflammation of lacrimal sac. This can be congenital or acquired. Congenital dacryocystitis is commonly chronic while acquired dacryocystitis is acute and chronic both. Read More

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June 2018
10 Reads

[The multidisciplinary approach to the diagnostics and surgical treatment of the lacrimal passages].

Vestn Otorinolaringol 2018;83(3):88-93

Federal budgetary institution of science 'G.N. Gabrichevsky Moscow Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Federal Service on Surveillance for Consumer Rights Protection and Human Well-Being', Moscow, Russia, 125212.

The primary objective of the present study was to highlight the current state of research on the pathology of the lacrimal organs based on the results of the analysis of the relevant publications in the domestic and foreign scientific literature. Special attention in this review is given to the problems of diagnostics, indications for the probing, the treatment and stenting strategies. The authors report their original observations contributing to the better understanding of the anatomical features of the nasolacrimal passages. Read More

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October 2018

Trends in dacryocystitis in China: A STROBE-compliant article.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Jun;97(26):e11318

Department of Ophthalmology, The Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University, Guiyang.

The aim of the study was to review the distribution, current trends, and microbiological characteristics of bacterial pathogens isolated from dacryocystitis patients in China during the last 15 years.This is a retrospective multiple-center noncomparative case series. The medical records of 15,452 consecutive patients from 7 cities diagnosed as having dacryocystitis between 2002 and 2016 were reviewed. Read More

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June 2018
10 Reads

Nasolacrimal Sac Diverticulum: A Case Series and Literature Review.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2018 Jun 21. Epub 2018 Jun 21.

Orbital Plastic and Lacrimal Clinic, Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, East Melbourne, Victoria.

Purpose: To describe the demographics, presentation, treatment, and outcome in 10 cases of lacrimal sac diverticulum and to review the literature on this topic, and to determine the incidence of diverticula from a series of dacryocystograms.

Methods: Data were collected for all consecutive patients with lacrimal sac diverticulum seen between 2003 and 2015, including patient demographics, clinical presentation, imaging findings, treatment, and follow-up. A systematic literature review was performed for cases of lacrimal sac diverticulum. Read More

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June 2018
13 Reads

Cultures of Proximal and Distal Segments of Silicone Tubes After Dacryocystorhinostomy.

Authors:
Bruce B Becker

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2018 Jun 19. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Stein Eye Institute, University of California Los Angeles David Geffen School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California, U.S.A.

Purpose: To compare the results of cultures of the proximal and distal segments of silicone tubes after dacryocystorhinostomy.

Methods: The medical records of patients undergoing a dacryocystorhinostomy and silicone intubation were reviewed. The inclusion criteria were cultures of both distal and proximal stent segments after removal, dye testing, evaluation of the tear meniscus, and notation of the presence or absence of discharge before and after removal. Read More

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June 2018
9 Reads

IgG4-related disease: review of the histopathologic features, differential diagnosis, and therapeutic approach.

APMIS 2018 Jun;126(6):459-476

The James Homer Wright Pathology Laboratories of the Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.

Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is an uncommon disorder that demonstrates characteristic clinicopathologic features including sclerosing lesions with storiform fibrosis, increased IgG4+ plasma cells with an increased IgG4+/IgG+ plasma cell ratio, obliterative phlebitis, and often an increased serum IgG4 level. This review summarizes the characteristic histopathologic and clinical features of IgG4-RD with detailed discussion of the histopathologic characteristics of the most commonly involved anatomic sites. We also present recent advances in our understanding of the pathophysiologic mechanisms of IgG4-RD and discuss updates on the treatment, prognosis, and outcomes of this rare disease, including discussion of the possible association between IgG4-RD and malignancy. Read More

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June 2018
9 Reads

Dacryocystitis due to sporothrix inoculated vis an unusual mode: Case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Jun;97(25):e11182

Department of Pathology, Second Hospital of Jilin University, Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin, P.R. China.

Rationale: Sporotrichosis is the most common subcutaneous mycosis. It is caused by the dimorphic fungus Sporothrix schenckii. Ocular sporotrichosis is uncommon and has been rarely reported. Read More

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June 2018
11 Reads

A multidisciplinary, minimally invasive approach combining lacrimoscopy and fluoroscopically guided stenting for management of nasolacrimal apparatus obstruction in dogs.

J Am Vet Med Assoc 2018 Jun;252(12):1527-1537

OBJECTIVE To describe and evaluate outcomes of a multidisciplinary, minimally invasive approach combining lacrimoscopy and fluoroscopically guided stenting for management of nasolacrimal apparatus (NLA) obstruction in dogs. DESIGN Prospective, nonrandomized clinical trial. ANIMALS 16 client-owned dogs with confirmed NLA obstruction. Read More

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June 2018
5 Reads

The microbiologic profile of dacryocystitis.

Orbit 2018 May 11:1-7. Epub 2018 May 11.

a Institute of Ophthalmology and Visual Science , Rutgers New Jersey Medical School , Newark , NJ , USA.

Purpose: Recent studies suggest an increasing incidence of gram-negative bacteria and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in dacryocystitis. Since patients are often treated empirically without culture data, a changing microbiologic profile will markedly affect the success of oral treatment. To provide current guidelines for the treatment of this common condition, we investigated the microbiology and antibiogram of dacryocystitis seen at our institution. Read More

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Sunray appearance in lacrimal canaliculitis.

Indian J Pathol Microbiol 2018 Apr-Jun;61(2):296-297

Department of Histopathology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

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October 2018
5 Reads

Dacryocystitis mimicking erysipelas due to a giant dacryolith.

J Dermatol 2018 Oct 14;45(10):e272-e274. Epub 2018 Apr 14.

Department of Dermatology, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan.

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October 2018
2 Reads

Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus With Orbital Findings Preceding Skin Rash.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2018 Jul/Aug;34(4):e113-e115

Department of Ophthalmology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, U.S.A.

The authors describe 2 patients who presented with orbital findings and later developed vesicular lesions that were positive for varicella zoster virus and consistent with Herpes Zoster ophthalmicus. One case is the first to involve dacryoadenitis and orbital myositis preceding disseminated Herpes Zoster. In the other case, a patient developed zoster orbital syndrome leading to elevated intraocular pressure, loss of vision, and afferent pupillary defect. Read More

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The Imbalance of Lymphocyte Subsets and Cytokines: Potential Immunologic Insights Into the Pathogenesis of Chronic Dacryocystitis.

Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2018 Apr;59(5):1802-1809

Department of Ophthalmology, Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Purpose: To explore the quantitative distributions of different lymphocyte subsets in the lacrimal sac mucosa and identify changes of Th1- and Th2-associated cytokines in the tears of patients with chronic dacryocystitis.

Methods: Lacrimal sac mucosal specimens from patients with chronic dacryocystitis were analyzed. Hematoxylin-eosin staining and Masson staining were performed for pathologic analysis, and immunohistochemical staining was performed for the detection of CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, CD20+, Th1, and Th2 lymphocytes. Read More

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Actinomycetes canaliculitis complicating congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction in an infant.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2018 04;66(4):574-577

Department of Ophthalmology, Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College and General Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Actinomyces israelii is a Gram-positive anaerobic organism commonly associated with canaliculitis in adults. Pediatric canaliculitis is relatively rare, especially in infancy. We report the case of an 11-month-old boy who presented with co-existing canaliculitis and congenital nasolacrimal obstruction. Read More

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April 2018
5 Reads

Answer to April 2018 Photo Quiz.

J Clin Microbiol 2018 Apr 26;56(4). Epub 2018 Mar 26.

Department of Pediatrics, Levine Children's Hospital at Carolinas Medical Center, Charlotte, North Carolina, USA.

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April 2018
7 Reads

Photo Quiz: A 9-Year-Old Girl with Eye Swelling and Drainage.

J Clin Microbiol 2018 Apr 26;56(4). Epub 2018 Mar 26.

Department of Pediatrics, Levine Children's Hospital at Carolinas Medical Center, Charlotte, North Carolina, USA.

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April 2018
8 Reads

Primary lacrimal canaliculitis - A clinical entity often misdiagnosed.

J Curr Ophthalmol 2018 Mar 19;30(1):87-90. Epub 2017 Jul 19.

Sankara Eye Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab, India.

Purpose: Primary lacrimal canaliculitis (PLC) is a unique disorder which often gets misdiagnosed by the general as well as speciality-trained ophthalmologists. Elderly patients with history of chronic or recurrent epiphora with discharge, often get mislead towards chronic dacryocystitis. The aim of our report is to discuss the misleading diseases in our PLC patients and to revisit this hidden disease. Read More

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March 2018
3 Reads

Recognition and Management of Acute Dacryocystic Retention.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2018 Jul/Aug;34(4):333-335

Orbital Plastic and Lacrimal Clinic, Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, East Melbourne, VIC.

Purpose: Acute noninfectious dacryocystic retention is an under-recognized condition heralded by painful lacrimal sac swelling, obstruction, and epiphora. This longitudinal chart review aimed to estimate the incidence of this condition in an urban Australian population, while further defining the signs and symptoms of the disease and options for management.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 1,593 consecutive patients presenting with acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction and epiphora between 1990 and 2015. Read More

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August 2018
12 Reads

[Radio-wave surgery in the treatment of dacryocystitis].

Authors:
I A Filatova

Vestn Oftalmol 2018 ;134(1):70-76

Helmholtz Moscow Research Institute of Eye Diseases, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, 14/19 Sadovaya-Chernogryazskaya St., Moscow, Russian Federation, 105062.

By improving the existing surgical technologies for dacryocystitis, one enhances the effectiveness of patient rehabilitation.

Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness of radio-wave surgery in the treatment of dacryocystitis and lacrimal sac abscesses.

Material And Methods: The clinical group consisted of 207 patients ranging in age from 7 to 89 years (the mean age of 41±7. Read More

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January 2018
5 Reads

Tomographic and anatomical study of the orbit and nasolacrimal duct in capybaras (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris-Linnaeus, 1766).

Anat Histol Embryol 2018 Aug 12;47(4):298-305. Epub 2018 Mar 12.

School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, UNESP - Sao Paulo State University, Botucatu, SP, Brazil.

The objective of this study was to describe the reference values of cranial measurements of capybaras, correlating the ocular orbit with the nasolacrimal duct. The documentation of its results can contribute to standardizing characteristics of anatomical normality and favouring the correct diagnosis and treatment of changes. The capybara carcasses, maintained by freezing, were distributed in two groups (G) designated GA (n = 12) adult animals (A) and GY (n = 13) for young animals (Y). Read More

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Nasal oncocytoma causing unilateral epiphora in an elderly patient: the vital role of nasendoscopy.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Mar 9;2018. Epub 2018 Mar 9.

Department of Otolaryngology, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Norwich, UK.

Oncocytomas are rare glandular tumours, typically found in salivary glands and kidneys. A 76-year-old man presented to an ophthalmology department after 3 months of persistent right-sided epiphora. Lacrimal syringing and a fluorescein dye test demonstrated an obstruction at the level of the nasolacrimal duct (NLD). Read More

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March 2018
5 Reads

The pancreatic and extrapancreatic manifestations of IgG4-related disease.

Diagn Interv Radiol 2018 Mar-Apr;24(2):83-88

Diagnostic Radiology Service, Singapore General Hospital, Outram Road, Singapore.

The association between immunoglobulin IgG4 and autoimmune pancreatitis was first shown in 2001. Since then many previously established fibrosclerotic diseases demonstrating synchronous or metachronous multiorgan involvement have been included within the ambit of IgG4-related disease. Diagnostic criteria have been proposed involving 1) serum IgG4 level elevated beyond 135 mg/dL, 2) IgG4+ to IgG+ plasma cell ratio > 40% and >10 IgG4+ cells per high power field of biopsy sample and 3) a constellation of imaging features which involve a variety of organ systems. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads