2,356 results match your criteria Dacryocystitis


Outcome of transcanalicular laser dacryocystorhinostomy with endonasal augmentation in acute versus post-acute dacryocystitis.

Eye (Lond) 2022 May 19. Epub 2022 May 19.

Department of Ophthalmology, Guru Nanak Eye Centre (Associated with Maulana Azad Medical College), New Delhi, India.

Objective: To study the outcomes of transcanalicular laser dacryocystorhinostomy (TCL-DCR) with endonasal augmentation in acute versus post-acute dacryocystitis and compare it with external DCR in post-acute settings.

Methods: A prospective, randomised study was conducted in 90 adult cases of Acute dacryocystitis. All the patients were started on systemic antibiotics and a 4 mm × 4 mm osteotomy was created using TCL-DCR. Read More

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Solitary fibrous tumour of lacrimal sac masquerading as lacrimal sac mucocele: a diagnostic and surgical dilemma.

BMJ Case Rep 2022 May 17;15(5). Epub 2022 May 17.

Department of Pathology, Prolife Diagnostics, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.

Swellings in medial canthal area in eye most often involve the lacrimal sac, the commonest aetiology being chronic dacryocystitis. Very rarely, there is a deviation in the routine diagnosis when the pathology comes out to be a lacrimal sac tumour. We report the case of a young man who presented with a medial canthal mass not extending above the medial canthal ligament. Read More

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Toll-Like Receptor signaling in the pathogenesis of chronic dacryocystitis: Implication of c-FOS transcription factor and its downstream effector chemokine genes CCL2, CCL4, CXCL3, CXCR4 with shift of the M1/M2 macrophage phenotype.

Comb Chem High Throughput Screen 2022 May 9. Epub 2022 May 9.

Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University.

Introduction TLRs are fundamental elements in the orchestration of innate immune system. These receptors seem to be responsible for the inflammation and fibrosis in chronic dacryocystitis. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of toll-Like receptors (TLR2 and TLR4) signaling pathway and its downstream effector chemokine genes in the pathogenesis of chronic dacryocystitis. Read More

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Epstein-Barr Virus Dacryoadenitis in a Young Woman.

Intern Med 2022 15;61(10):1629. Epub 2022 May 15.

Division of General Medicine, Department of Comprehensive Medicine 1, Saitama Medical Center, Jichi Medical University, Japan.

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The importance of considering the possibility of ocular sporotrichosis in areas with high incidence rates of sporotrichosis.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2022 May 9. Epub 2022 May 9.

Ophthalmology Service, Hospital do Servidor Público Estadual de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Ocular sporotrichosis involving adnexa can present in 4 types: granulomatous conjunctivitis, dacryocystitis, Parinaud oculoglandular syndrome, and bulbar conjunctivitis. The incidence of ocular sporotrichosis has increased in regions with high incidence rates of sporotrichosis. We present a series of three cases of ocular involvement by the fungus Sporothrix species, including its manifestations, approaches, and relevance in areas where sporotrichosis has considerable incidence rates. Read More

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Misdiagnosis of fungal infections of the orbit.

Can J Ophthalmol 2022 May 4. Epub 2022 May 4.

From the Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, Iowa. Electronic address:

Objective: To evaluate the accuracy of the initial diagnosis in the case of fungal infections of the orbit and identify factors that may influence patient outcomes.

Methods: An institutional review board-approved retrospective chart review was conducted across 2 large academic centres to identify cases of fungal infections involving the orbit from January 1, 1998, to November 15, 2019. Data collected included patient demographics, past medical history, examination findings, diagnosis, treatment, imaging, and outcomes. Read More

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Primary Monocanalicular Stent Intubation for Children With Congenital Nasolacrimal Duct Obstruction: Surgical Outcome and Risk Factors.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2022 May 3. Epub 2022 May 3.

Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.

Purpose: To determine the risk factors impacting the surgical success of primary monocanalicular stent intubation for congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (CNLDO).

Methods: This is a retrospective interventional case series of patients 18 years and younger treated more than a 12-year period with monocanalicular stent intubation with inferior turbinate fracture for CNLDO by a single surgeon. Patients with dacryocystoceles, dacryocystitis, Down syndrome and previous tear duct surgery were excluded. Read More

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Emerging antimicrobial resistance and need for antimicrobial stewardship for ocular infections in India: A narrative review.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2022 05;70(5):1513-1521

Department of Medical Affairs, Novartis Healthcare Private Limited, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Patients with ocular infections are at increased risk of vision impairment and may require immediate medical care to preserve their vision. Management of ocular bacterial infections has evolved in recent years and includes a pragmatic selection of broad-spectrum antibiotics based on the causative bacteria. Nevertheless, the treatment of bacterial ocular infections is increasingly becoming a challenge, as the causative bacterium acquires resistance to antibiotics through intrinsic and acquired methods. Read More

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Improvement in Dacryoendoscopic Visibility after Image Processing Using Comb-Removal and Image-Sharpening Algorithms.

J Clin Med 2022 Apr 7;11(8). Epub 2022 Apr 7.

Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennoudai, Tsukuba 305-8575, Japan.

Recently, a minimally invasive treatment for lacrimal passage diseases was developed using dacryoendoscopy. Good visibility of the lacrimal passage is important for examination and treatment. This study aimed to investigate whether image processing can improve the dacryoendoscopic visibility using comb-removal and image-sharpening algorithms. Read More

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Lacrimal Sac Tumors: A Case Series.

Ocul Oncol Pathol 2022 Feb 18;8(1):42-51. Epub 2021 Oct 18.

Medical Education, Bangladesh Eye Hospital and Institute, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Objective: The aim of the study was to describe the clinical presentation, management strategies, and outcomes in a case series of primary lacrimal sac tumors.

Methods: This retrospective study was conducted in Sheikh Fajilatunnessa Mujib Eye Hospital and Training Institute, Bangladesh, from July 1 to December 31, 2020, and included all patients who were evaluated, treated, and followed up for at least 6 months from January 2013 to October 2020. One patient developed a recurrence of the adenocarcinoma of the lacrimal sac after 1 year of primary treatment. Read More

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February 2022

Endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy for refractory nasolacrimal duct obstruction with a small lacrimal sac (≤ 5 mm in diameter).

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2022 Mar 23. Epub 2022 Mar 23.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Peking University People's Hospital, Beijing, 100044, China.

Background: Although endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) is a standard procedure for nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO), the failure rate remains approximately 10%. A small lacrimal sac is considered the main reason for surgical failure. We explored the efficacy of endoscopic DCR for the treatment of NLDO with a small lacrimal sac. Read More

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Management of chronic dacryocystitis cases after failed external dacryocystorhinostomy using endoscopic technique with a novel lacrimal ostium stent.

Int J Ophthalmol 2022 18;15(3):413-419. Epub 2022 Mar 18.

Department of Orbital and Oculoplastic Surgery, Eye Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou 325027, Zhejiang Province, China.

Aim: To demonstrate the outcomes of endoscopic endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy (En-DCR) with an novel lacrimal ostium stent (LOS) which was performed in patients with recurrent epiphora after failed external dacryocystorhinostomy (Ex-DCR) and analyze the causes of failed Ex-DCR.

Methods: From September 2015 and December 2017, the clinic data of 29 cases suffered from recurrent epiphora after failed Ex-DCR was reviewed. The LOS were implanted into the ostium at the end of the revisional surgery. Read More

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Tear miRNAs Identified in a Murine Model of Sjögren's Syndrome as Potential Diagnostic Biomarkers and Indicators of Disease Mechanism.

Front Immunol 2022 4;13:833254. Epub 2022 Mar 4.

Department of Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, United States.

Objective: The tear miRNAome of the male NOD mouse, a model of ocular symptoms of Sjögren's syndrome (SS), was analyzed to identify unique miRNAs.

Methods: Male NOD mice, aged 12-14 weeks, were used to identify tear miRNAs associated with development of autoimmune dacryoadenitis. Age- and sex-matched male BALB/c mice served as healthy controls while age-matched female NOD mice that do not develop the autoimmune dacryoadenitis characteristic of SS were used as additional controls. Read More

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Differently Expressed Circular RNAs in Lacrimal Sacs From Patients With Chronic Dacryocystitis.

Front Genet 2022 28;13:834111. Epub 2022 Feb 28.

Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China.

This study was designed to identify differently expressed circular RNAs (circRNAs) and investigate their potential roles in lacrimal sacs from patients with chronic dacryocystitis. The lacrimal sac samples of three chronic dacryocystitis patients and three control subjects were collected for RNA sequencing after ribosomal RNA was depleted. Differently expressed circRNAs and messenger RNAs (mRNAs) were used for co-expression analysis. Read More

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February 2022

Acute dacryocystitis retention syndrome due to Epstein-Barr virus.

Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol (Engl Ed) 2022 Mar 12. Epub 2022 Mar 12.

Servicio de Oftalmología, Hospital Clínico Universitario, Valladolid, Spain.

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Outcomes of External Dacryocystorhinostomy under General and Local Anesthetics in a Tertiary Clinic.

Beyoglu Eye J 2022 18;7(1):25-29. Epub 2022 Feb 18.

Department of Ophthalmology, Izmir Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey.

Objectives: In our clinic, although we prefer to perform dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) under general anesthetics, we also perform it under local anesthetics for patients with a high risk of general anesthesia. Herein this study, we aimed to present our experiences in external DCR under both general and local anesthetics in a tertiary clinic.

Methods: Medical records of the patients who had epiphora, were followed up in the oculoplastic section between January 2014 and December 2020 were collected. Read More

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February 2022

Acute-onset dacryoadenitis following immunisation with mRNA COVID-19 vaccine.

BMJ Case Rep 2022 Mar 7;15(3). Epub 2022 Mar 7.

Ophthalmology, British Columbia Children's Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

A 14-year-old boy was referred to the ophthalmology department with a 4-day history of rapid-onset right upper lid pain, swelling and erythema starting 9 hours after his first dose of COVID-19 mRNA vaccination (BNT162b2/Comirnaty, Pfizer-BioNTech). On examination, he had significant right upper lid ptosis, oedema and erythema, with associated limitation of right eye abduction and elevation. He was found to have acute dacryoadenitis with orbital inflammatory disease on clinical and laboratory investigations. Read More

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Factors involved in the success and failure of endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy from our experience.

Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp (Engl Ed) 2022 Jan-Feb;73(1):11-18

Servicio de Otorrinolaringología, Hospital General de Requena, Valencia, Spain.

Introduction: Chronic dacryocystitis is the condition secondary to permanent lacrimonasal duct stenosis (LNDS) that generates epiphora and recurrent conjunctivitis. Endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (EDCR) is a more natural route than the external route and offers higher success rates than the laser technique. We value this centre's experience in this procedure. Read More

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February 2022

Clinical Treatment Efficacy Using One-snip Punctoplasty and Irrigation Technique in Primary Canaliculitis Patients.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2022 Apr 18;36(2):154-158. Epub 2022 Feb 18.

Department of Ophthalmology, Inje University Busan Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea.

Purpose: This study aims to report the efficacy and safety of one-snip punctoplasty and 18-gauge irrigation technique in patients with primary canaliculitis.

Methods: All patients diagnosed with primary canaliculitis between January 2020 and August 2021 at Inje University Busan Paik Hospital are included. All patients underwent one-snip punctoplasty and 18-gauge irrigation technique. Read More

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COVID-19-Related Chronic Bilateral Dacryoadenitis: A Clinicopathological Study.

JAMA Ophthalmol 2022 Apr;140(4):312-318

Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine and Graduate School of Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.

Importance: Pathological features of ophthalmic aftereffects of COVID-19 are important for new insight in treating patients.

Objective: To examine the expression of SARS-CoV-2 nucleocapsid protein and angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) in lacrimal gland tissues of a patient with COVID-19 and a patient without COVID-19.

Design, Setting, And Participants: In this retrospective case-control study, the case of a 35-year-old woman with positive test results for SARS-CoV-2 who had had lacrimal gland enlargements for 6 months was analyzed. Read More

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Microdebridement of Intranasal Cysts Associated With Congenital Dacryocystoceles.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2022 Feb 15. Epub 2022 Feb 15.

Division of Ophthalmology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Division of Ophthalmology, The Goldschleger Eye Institute, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel The Sheba Talpiot Medical Leadership Program Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Purpose: The surgical management of congenital dacryocystoceles has evolved in recent decades. The aim of this study was to explore the effectiveness of endoscopic examination and powered microdebridement in the management of nasal cysts associated with congenital dacryocystoceles.

Methods: In this retrospective case series, all patients with congenital dacryocystoceles who underwent surgical intervention under general anesthesia at a single institution over a 12-year period (2009-2020) were included. Read More

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February 2022

Ocular Manifestations of Sporotrichosis in a Hyperendemic Region in Brazil: Description of a Series of 120 Cases.

Ocul Immunol Inflamm 2022 Jan 26:1-9. Epub 2022 Jan 26.

Laboratory of Clinical Research in Infectious Ophthalmology, Evandro Chagas National Institute of Infectious Diseases (INI), Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (FIOCRUZ), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Purpose: To describe 120 cases of ocular sporotrichosis.

Methods: Review of medical records of patients with culture-proven (from eye specimen) ocular sporotrichosis, in Rio de Janeiro, from 2007 to 2017.

Results: Women were more affected (61. Read More

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January 2022

Multi-resistant dacryocystitis and preseptal cellulitis: case and review of literature.

Orbit 2022 Jan 25:1-4. Epub 2022 Jan 25.

Department of Ophthalmology, Sydney Hospital and Sydney Eye Hospital, Sydney, Australia.

A 61-year-old man with no significant past medical history presented to a quaternary ophthalmic referral center with acute right-sided medial canthal pain, periorbital edema, and erythema despite oral antibiotic therapy. CT imaging confirmed the presence of right preseptal cellulitis and lacrimal sac aspiration identified . A diagnosis of acute right-sided dacryocystitis with preseptal cellulitis was made. Read More

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January 2022

A Prospective Longitudinal Study to Evaluate the Outcomes of Success of Endoscopic DCR in Pediatric Age Group.

Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2022 Mar 2;74(1):18-22. Epub 2020 Sep 2.

Department of Otolaryngology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Near Kalabaug, Ajmer, Rajasthan 305001 India.

Children with nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO) have different therapeutic approach from that used in adults. Dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) is the most common procedure in adults but it is less frequently carried out in children, indicated in children which are refractory to probing. The objective of the study is to report a series of 30 cases of paediatric epiphora who underwent endoscopic endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy surgery, for primary obstruction of nasolacrimal duct and results, outcomes of success are evaluated. Read More

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Clinical, Radiological and Histopathological Features of Patients With Lacrimal Gland Enlargement.

Arch Iran Med 2021 Dec 1;24(12):910-915. Epub 2021 Dec 1.

Department of Pathology, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Background: The purpose of this study was to describe the radiologic and histopathologic features of lacrimal gland in patients presenting with lacrimal gland enlargement.

Methods: We retrospectively retrieved the data of patients with lacrimal gland enlargement in Farabi Eye Hospital between 2012 and 2017. These data included demographics, the patients' facial photographs, orbital CT-scans, and histopathological findings of lacrimal gland biopsies. Read More

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December 2021

Masterka® stent complicated by chronic canaliculitis with Pseudomonas aeruginosa superinfection in a six-year-old child.

J Fr Ophtalmol 2022 Mar 5;45(3):e111-e113. Epub 2022 Jan 5.

Instituto de Oftalmología Fundación Conde de Valenciana, Campus ABC, Santa Fe, Prol Vasco de Quiroga 4001 tour a, Santa Fe, Cuajimalpa 05330, Mexico City.

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Acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction: clinical and histological findings of 275 cases.

BMC Ophthalmol 2022 Jan 5;22(1):12. Epub 2022 Jan 5.

Centre of Eye Diseases, Vilnius University Hospital Santaros Klinikos, Santariskiu 2, LT-08661, Vilnius, Lithuania.

Background: Acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction is a blockage of the lacrimal outflow system usually caused by local nonspecific inflammation of the lacrimal sac and the nasolacrimal duct. However, cases exist where the primary nasolacrimal system obstruction is caused by malignancies. Our aim was to investigate lacrimal sac pathologies in patients with acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction and compare their clinical manifestations. Read More

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January 2022

Dacryocystitis in dogs caused by foreign bodies-Diagnosis and therapy in 14 Cases.

Vet Ophthalmol 2022 Mar 4;25(2):180-185. Epub 2022 Jan 4.

Small Animal Department, Leipzig University, Leipzig, Germany.

Objective: To describe foreign bodies (FBs) in the nasolacrimal sac of dogs, the history, and simple diagnostic and therapeutic approaches. Animals studied Fourteen dogs of different breeds, ages, and sexes were presented with unilateral dacryocystitis and had been treated without success for over 1-8 months.

Procedures: Patient history, including prior treatment, was obtained from medical records. Read More

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A case report of exophytic nasal papilloma with acute dacryocystitis as the first symptom.

BMC Ophthalmol 2021 Dec 29;21(1):458. Epub 2021 Dec 29.

Department of Opthalmology, Hospital of Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, No.39 Shi-er-qiao Road, Chengdu, 610072, Sichuan Province, PR China.

Background: This study aims to explore a case of exophytic nasal papilloma with acute dacryocystitis as the first symptom.

Case Presentation: A 72-year-old male patient complaining of "a 10-year history of tearing and purulent discharge from the right eye, with subsequent redness and pain in the inner canthus for three days" was initially diagnosed with acute dacryocystitis of the right eye. The patient was treated with anti-inflammatory therapy. Read More

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December 2021