Histol Histopathol 2017 Dec 1;32(12):1239-1279. Epub 2017 Aug 1.
Department of Cell Biology and Histology, School of Medicine, Campus of International Excellence, "Campus Mare Nostrum", IMIB-Arrixaca, University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain.
We review the morpho-functional basis of the different types of angiogenesis and report our observations, including the formation of angiogenesis-related secondary structures. First of all, we consider the following issues: a) conceptual differences between angiogenesis and vasculogenesis, b) incidence of angiogenesis in pre- and postnatal life, c) regions of vascular tree with angiogenic capacity, d) cells (endothelial cells, pericytes, CD34+ adventitial stromal cells of the microvasculature and inflammatory cells) and extracellular matrix components involved in angiogenesis, e) events associated with angiogenesis, f) different types of angiogenesis, including sprouting and intussusceptive angiogenesis, and other angiogenic or vascularization forms arising from endothelial precursor cells (postnatal vasculogenesis), vasculogenesis mimicry, vessel co-option and piecemeal angiogenesis. Subsequently, we consider the specific morpho-functional characteristics of each type of angiogenesis. Read More