7,324 results match your criteria Cysticercosis


A qualitative assessment of the context and enabling environment for the control of Taenia solium infections in endemic settings.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2021 Jun 11;15(6):e0009470. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Animal and Human Health Program, International Livestock Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya.

Background: Taenia solium (T. solium), is a zoonotic helminth causing three diseases namely; taeniasis (in humans), neurocysticercosis (NCC, in humans) and porcine cysticercosis (PCC, in pigs) and is one of the major foodborne diseases by burden. The success or failure of control options against this parasite in terms of reduced prevalence or incidence of the diseases may be attributed to the contextual factors which underpin the design, implementation, and evaluation of control programmes. Read More

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A Rare Case of Isolated Intramedullary Spinal Cord Cysticercosis.

Cureus 2021 May 6;13(5):e14864. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Cardiology, U N Mehta Institute of Cardiology and Research Centre, Ahmedabad, IND.

Neurocysticercosis is a parasitic disease often involving the central nervous system by and is commonly seen in developing countries. The majority of these cases have either isolated brain involvement or combined involvement of the brain and spinal cord. Isolated involvement of the spinal cord is very rare. Read More

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Muscular Cysticercosis: An Incidental Finding in the Developed World.

JBJS Case Connect 2021 06 10;11(2). Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Serviço de Ortopedia e Traumatologia, Centro Hospitalar Universitário de São João, Porto, Portugal.

Case: We present a case of muscular cysticercosis incidentally diagnosed in a patient admitted for a femoral neck fracture and submitted to total hip arthroplasty.

Conclusion: Human cysticercosis is a parasitic infection representing a major health concern in developing countries. The clinical features are variable and depend on the anatomic location, cyst burden, cysticerci stage, and host inflammatory response. Read More

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Solitary cysticercus in the right temporalis muscle: case report of a rare form of presentation of cysticercosis.

J Surg Case Rep 2021 Jun 4;2021(6):rjab223. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Burns and Plastic Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences Bhopal, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Solitary cysticercus localized to the head and neck musculature is an unusual form of presentation of cysticercosis. Since it is rare and has non-specific manifestations, it can present a diagnostic challenge to the clinician. Our patient was a 16-year-old female who presented with a gradually increasing, painful swelling over right temple region of 6-month duration. Read More

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Solitary cysticercosis of the sternocleidomastoid muscle.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Jun 8;14(6). Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Cysticercosis is a tropical infection caused by the larval form of and is usually known to affect the central nervous system. We report a young man who presented with a swelling in the neck and was treated with surgical excision and antihelminthics. Read More

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Ocular cysticercosis at a teaching hospital in Northern India.

Oman J Ophthalmol 2021 Jan-Apr;14(1):8-13. Epub 2021 Feb 27.

Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman.

Background: Ocular cysticercosis (OC) is common in tropical countries. This study aimed to analyze the clinical presentation patterns, management and treatment outcomes of OC cases seen at a teaching hospital in North India.

Methods: This study took place between March 2014 and February 2019. Read More

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February 2021

Psychiatric Disorders of Neurocysticercosis: Narrative Review.

Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 2021 25;17:1599-1610. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy III, University of Ulm, Ulm, 89075, Germany.

Neurocysticercosis, the most common type of neuroparasitosis, is a condition in which the central nervous system (CNS) is infested with the pork tapeworm cysticercosis' larvae. Neurocysticercosis is the most widespread parasitic CNS disease worldwide, affecting more than 50 million individuals. As neurocysticercosis is prevalent in developing countries, the growing number of migrants and travelers increases prevalence in developed countries. Read More

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Collaborative Studies for the Detection of spp. Infections in Humans within CYSTINET, the European Network on Taeniosis/Cysticercosis.

Microorganisms 2021 May 29;9(6). Epub 2021 May 29.

Center for Global Health, Department of Neurology, Technical University of Munich, 81675 Munich, Germany.

Laboratory tools for diagnosing taeniosis/cysticercosis in non-endemic countries are available; however, there is little data on their performance. To provide information on the sensitivity, specificity, and reproducibility of these tools, inter-laboratory studies were organized within the EU COST-Action CYSTINET (TD1302). Two serological and one coprological Ring Trials (RTs) were organized to test a panel of human-derived sera and stool samples using assays routinely conducted by the participating laboratories to detect spp. Read More

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Reply to "Orbital cysticercosis: clinical features and management outcomes".

Orbit 2021 May 31. Epub 2021 May 31.

Department of Oculoplasty and Ocular Oncology, Dr Shroff's Charity Eye Hospital, New Delhi, India.

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Neurocysticercosis: Current Perspectives on Diagnosis and Management.

Front Vet Sci 2021 10;8:615703. Epub 2021 May 10.

Zhejiang University-University of Edinburgh Institute, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Haining, China.

Porcine cysticercosis, human taeniasis, and (neuro)cysticercosis are endemic in many low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) where they present a significant health burden to affected communities. Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is one of the leading causes of human epilepsy in many hyperendemic regions in Latin America, Asia, and sub-Saharan Africa. The World Health Organization (WHO) reports an estimated 2. Read More

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Insects dispersing taeniid eggs: Who and how?

Vet Parasitol 2021 May 9;295:109450. Epub 2021 May 9.

Epidemiology and Diagnostics Section, Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany.

Taeniosis/cysticercosis and echinococcosis are neglected zoonotic helminth infections with high disease burden caused by tapeworms which circulate between definitive and intermediate host reflecting a predator-prey interaction. Taeniid eggs can remain vital for months, allowing arthropods to mechanically transport them to intermediate hosts. However, the multiple routes that arthropods provide as carriers of taeniid eggs are still often unregarded or not considered. Read More

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Economic evaluations addressing diagnosis and treatment strategies for neglected tropical diseases: an overview.

Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo 2021 24;63:e41. Epub 2021 May 24.

Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Instituto René Rachou, Pesquisa Clínica e Políticas Públicas em Doenças Infecciosas e Parasitárias, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) are those affecting vulnerable people and causing additional social and economic burden. The aim of this study was to carry out a general overview of the health economic assessments involving the diagnosis and treatment of six NTDs: cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL), Chagas disease, cysticercosis, filariasis, schistosomiasis and visceral leishmaniasis (VL). The literature search was based on two of the main medical literature databases (Medline and SciELO) and identified 46 studies. Read More

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New insights on the tapeworm using molecular tools: age-based human definitive host prevalence and deliberation on parasite life span.

Pathog Glob Health 2021 May 24:1-8. Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Parasitology, Asahikawa Medical University, Asahikawa, Japan.

Information on age-based taeniasis prevalence is crucial for control of cysticercosis. taeniasis prevalence was determined for a village in Liangshan Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China that was co-endemic for , and . Individuals who were egg-positive by stool microscopy and/or expelled tapeworms or proglottids post-treatment were diagnosed as having taeniasis. Read More

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Taenia solium taeniasis/cysticercosis: From parasite biology and immunology to diagnosis and control.

Adv Parasitol 2021 8;112:133-217. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

London Centre for Neglected Tropical Disease Research (LCNTDR), Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom; MRC Centre for Global Infectious Disease Analysis, Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Infection with the pork tapeworm (Taenia solium) is responsible for a substantial global burden of disease, not only restricted to its impact on human health, but also resulting in a considerable economic burden to smallholder pig farmers due to pig cysticercosis infection. The life-cycle, parasitology and immunology of T. solium are complex, involving pigs (the intermediate host, harbouring the larval metacestode stage), humans (the definitive host, harbouring the adult tapeworm, in addition to acting as accidental intermediate hosts) and the environment (the source of infection with eggs/proglottids). Read More

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The rosette-forming glioneuronal tumor mimicked cerebral cysticercosis: a case report.

Neurol Sci 2021 May 20. Epub 2021 May 20.

Department of Radiology, Shanghai East Hospital, Tongji University, No. 150 Jimo Road, Pudong New Area, Shanghai, 200120, China.

Introduction: Rosette-forming glioneuronal tumor (RGNT) is a rare variety of slow growing mixed glioneuronal tumor involving primarily fourth ventricular region. This is a comprehensive analysis of a 22-year-old woman with RGNT composed of mainly cystic components. In addition, the case showed multiple lesions located in brain parenchyma which mimicked cerebral cysticercosis. Read More

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A giant solitary fibrous tumour of the liver: a case report.

Acta Chir Belg 2021 Jun 2:1-4. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Ostrava, Ostrava, The Czech Republic.

Background: Solitary fibrous tumour of the liver is a rare mesenchymal tumour, occurring usually in women and with various symptomatology. The symptoms mostly result from pressure of the tumour mass on surrounding organs. Due to unknown biological behaviour and gradual increase of tumour volume, surgical resection is mostly the preferred treatment option. Read More

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Epilepsy in a health district in North-West Cameroon: Clinical characteristics and treatment gap.

Epilepsy Behav 2021 May 11:107997. Epub 2021 May 11.

Neurology Department, Central Hospital Yaoundé/Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences (FMBS), The University of Yaoundé I, Cameroon; Brain Research Africa Initiative (BRAIN), Yaoundé, Cameroon; Brain Research Africa Initiative (BRAIN), Geneva, Switzerland.

Introduction: Epilepsy is a common yet misunderstood condition in Cameroon, including in the Batibo Health district.

Methods: This cross-sectional study describes epilepsy clinical characteristics, the treatment gap, and associated factors in a rural district in Cameroon. After screening for epilepsy using a door-to-door survey, physicians confirmed suspected cases of epilepsy. Read More

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PCR-RFLP assay confirms the existence of different mitochondrial lineages of Taenia hydatigena including a possible geographically restricted group.

Transbound Emerg Dis 2021 May 15. Epub 2021 May 15.

State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Etiological Biology/National Professional Laboratory for Animal Echinococcosis/Key Laboratory of Veterinary Parasitology of Gansu Province/Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Lanzhou, China.

Taenia hydatigena is a widespread tapeworm of canids (primarily dogs) that causes cysticercosis in ruminants (domestic and wild) and manifests as depression and weakness secondary to various hepatic damages and sometimes mortality in young animals, although, commonly encountered cases are asymptomatic. In most taeniids, genetic polymorphism has been found to impact host preferences, distribution, disease epidemiology and management. Recently, we identified two main mitochondrial lineages of T. Read More

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Demand for Cysticercosis Vaccine: Lessons and Insights From the Pig Production and Trading Nodes of the Uganda Pig Value Chain.

Front Vet Sci 2021 27;8:611166. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Animal and Human Health Program, International Livestock Research Institute, Nairobi, Kenya.

cysticercosis disease remains a key challenge to the pig sector in low- and middle-income countries in sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America and South East Asia, resulting in both economic losses and public health impacts. The World Health Organization has ranked it first on the global scale of foodborne parasites. A One Health approach has been recommended for reduction of infection pressure and eradication in the longer term. Read More

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Anterior Segment Findings in Ocular Myocysticercosis in Children: Is it non- specific?

Nepal J Ophthalmol 2021 Jan;13(25):141-145

Nirwana Netralaya, Athkhambhwa, Sasaram- 821115, Bihar, India.

Ocular cysticercosis is a preventable cause of blindness. Medical therapy has been recommended for the retro-orbital and extraocular muscle form. Surgical management is largely done in cases with conjunctival or lid affliction. Read More

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January 2021

Re: orbital cysticercosis: clinical features and management outcomes.

Orbit 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Orbit, Oculoplasty, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Services, Sankara Nethralaya, Medical Research Foundation, Chennai, India.

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An atypical case of cutaneous cysticercosis in buccal mucosa.

J Oral Maxillofac Pathol 2020 Sep-Dec;24(3):591. Epub 2021 Jan 9.

Department of Orthodontics, Tagore Dental College and Hospital, Rathinamangalam, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Cysticercosis is a recognized fatal disease to the humans. , a larval stage of pork tapeworm that causes cysticercosis which is an important cause of morbidity in the world. This case report shows the clinical presentations of an atypical case of cutaneous cysticercosis on the right buccal mucosa and its management. Read More

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January 2021

Evidence for Transmission of Taeniasis/Cysticercosis in a Rural Area of Northern Rwanda.

Front Vet Sci 2021 20;8:645076. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Área de Parasitología del Departamento de Agroquímica y Medioambiente, Universidad Miguel Hernández de Elche, Alicante, Spain.

Cysticercosis is a parasitic infection caused by the metacestode larval stage (cysticercus) of . In humans, cysticercosis may infect the central nervous system and cause neurocysticercosis, which is responsible for over 50,000 deaths per year worldwide and is the major cause of preventable epilepsy cases, especially in low-income countries. Cysticercosis infection is endemic in many less developed countries where poor hygiene conditions and free-range pig management favor their transmission. Read More

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Antiparasitic agents in disseminated cysticercosis: a double-edged sword.

Int J Dermatol 2021 May 2. Epub 2021 May 2.

Department of Dermatology and Venereology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

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Regulatory T Cells as an Escape Mechanism to the Immune Response in Infection.

Front Cell Infect Microbiol 2021 13;11:630583. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Departamento de Investigación en Enfermedades Infecciosas, Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Respiratorias Ismael Cosío Villegas, Tlalpan, Mexico.

Murine cysticercosis by is a model for human neurocysticercosis. Genetic and/or immune differences may underlie the higher susceptibility to infection in BALB/cAnN with respect to C57BL/6 mice. T regulatory cells (Tregs) could mediate the escape of from the host immunity. Read More

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Epilepsy, interictal EEG abnormalities and hippocampal atrophy in patients with calcified neurocysticercosis: a population study in an endemic milieu.

Epileptic Disord 2021 Apr;23(2):357-365

Department of Neurology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Il, USA.

Calcified neurocysticercosis has been associated with hippocampal atrophy (HA). However, the pathogenesis of this association is still elusive. This study assessed the role of epilepsy or interictal EEG abnormalities in the occurrence of HA in the Atahualpa Project cohort. Read More

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Changes in inflammatory gene expression in brain tissue adjacent and distant to a viable cyst in a rat model for neurocysticercosis.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2021 Apr 27;15(4):e0009295. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Infectious Diseases Laboratory Research-LID, Faculty of Science and Philosophy, Alberto Cazorla Talleri, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Perú.

Background: The parasite Taenia solium causes neurocysticercosis (NCC) in humans and is a common cause of adult-onset epilepsy in the developing world. Hippocampal atrophy, which occurs far from the cyst, is an emerging new complication of NCC. Evaluation of molecular pathways in brain regions close to and distant from the cyst could offer insight into this pathology. Read More

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Bovine cysticercosis in the State of São Paulo, Brazil: Prevalence, risk factors and financial losses for farmers.

Prev Vet Med 2021 Apr 18;191:105361. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Centro Universitário Central Paulista (UNICEP), Rua Miguel Petroni, 5111, 13563-470, São Carlos, Brazil. Electronic address:

Taenia saginata is the causative agent of bovine cysticercosis (BCC) and human taeniasis, two diseases that have economical and public health importance, respectively. This research focused on determining BCC prevalence in the state of São Paulo state, Brazil, in the period of 2017-2019, as well as associating risk factors related to disease occurrence and estimate the economic impact to beef producers. Data from 6,277,758 bovine carcasses originating from 571 municipalities and 15 different mesoregions in the state of São Paulo was gathered and analyzed. Read More

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Digital Health Intervention to Increase Health Knowledge Related to Diseases of High Public Health Concern in Iringa, Tanzania: Protocol for a Mixed Methods Study.

JMIR Res Protoc 2021 Apr 22;10(4):e25128. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Centre for Global Health, Institute of Health and Society, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.

Background: Traditionally, health promotion and health education have been provided to communities in the global south in the form of leaflets or orally by health care workers. Digital health interventions (DHIs) such as digital health messages accessed by smartphones have the potential to reach more people at a lower cost and to contribute to strengthening of health care systems. The DHI in this study focuses on disseminating digital health education regarding 3 disease complexes of high public health concern: HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and Taenia solium (neuro)cysticercosis or taeniasis, a parasitic zoonotic disease that requires a One Health approach. Read More

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PREVALENCE OF PORCINE CYSTICERCOSIS AMONG SCAVENGING PIGS IN WESTERN KENYA.

Afr J Infect Dis 2020 31;14(2):30-35. Epub 2020 Jul 31.

Department of Animal Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Egerton University, P.O. Box 536-20115, Egerton, Kenya.

Background: Porcine Cysticercosis (PC) infection is globally classified as a neglected and re-emerging tropical disease. The disease is endemic in Western Kenya yet smallholder farmers continue to practice scavenging pig production, thereby posing public health risk. This study determined the prevalence of PC infection at the farms and slaughter slabs in a cross-sectional survey in two Counties (Busia and Kakamega) of Western Kenya. Read More

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