6,781 results match your criteria Cysticercosis


Oxfendazole: a promising agent for the treatment and control of helminth infections in humans.

Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

e Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health , 615 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore , MD 21205 , USA.

Introduction: Oxfendazole (methyl [5-(phenylsulphinyl)-1H benzimidazole- 2-yl] carbamate) has a particularly long metabolic half-life in ruminants, and its metabolite fenbendazole also has anthelminthic action. A very limited number of drugs are available for the treatment of some zoonotic helminth infections, such as neurocysticercosis and echinococcosis. More recent work has expanded oxfendazole's non-clinical safety profile and demonstrated its safety and bioavailability in healthy human volunteers, thus advancing the possibility of a new and greatly needed option for antiparasitic treatment of geohelminths and tissue parasites. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Subcutaneous nodules of cysticercosis as a sign of asymptomatic neurocysticercosis in an HIV positive patient.

Rev Soc Bras Med Trop 2018 Nov-Dec;51(6):861-863

Division of Dermatology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, Gauteng, South Africa.

Cysticercosis is caused by the hematogenous dissemination of the larval form (cysticercus) of Taenia solium. It can affect any organ or tissue in the body but commonly affects the subcutaneous tissue, central nervous system, eyes, and skeletal muscle. Skin lesions can assist as a marker in the diagnosis of asymptomatic neurocysticercosis in endemic areas. Read More

View Article
May 2018
1 Read

Porcine cysticercosis (Taenia solium and Taenia asiatica): mapping occurrence and areas potentially at risk in East and Southeast Asia.

Parasit Vectors 2018 Nov 29;11(1):613. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

One Health Center for Zoonoses and Tropical Veterinary Medicine, Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine, Basseterre, Saint Kitts and Nevis.

Background: Due to the relative short life span and the limited spatial movement, porcine cysticercosis is an excellent indicator of current local active transmission. The aim of this study was to map at province-level, the occurrence of T. solium and T. Read More

View Article
November 2018

Optic Nerve Cysticercosis at the Orbital Apex Presenting as Optic Neuritis.

Authors:
Neha Goel

J Ophthalmic Vis Res 2018 Oct-Dec;13(4):508-510

ICARE Eye Hospital and Postgraduate Institute, Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Purpose: To describe an unusual presentation of ocular cysticercosis and highlight the role of imaging in diagnosis.

Case Report: A 33-year-old female presented with loss of vision in her right eye and features suggesting optic neuritis. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain and orbits revealed a cystic lesion with peripheral rim enhancement in the optic nerve substance at the orbital apex. Read More

View Article
November 2018

Factors Associated With Cysticidal Treatment Response in Extraparenchymal Neurocysticercosis.

J Clin Pharmacol 2018 Nov 26. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Neuroinflammation Unit, IIBM-UNAM/INNN/Facultad de Medicina- UNAM, Ciudad de México, México.

Extraparenchymal neurocysticercosis is the most severe form of cysticercosis, and response to treatment is suboptimal. We sought to determine how demographic and clinical characteristics and albendazole sulfoxide concentrations were related to cysticidal treatment response. We conducted a longitudinal study of 31 participants with extraparenchymal vesicular parasites who received the same treatment, albendazole 30 mg/kg/day for 10 days with dexamethasone 0. Read More

View Article
November 2018
3 Reads

Bovine cysticercosis and taeniosis: The effect of an alternative post-mortem detection method on prevalence and economic impact.

Prev Vet Med 2018 Dec 12;161:1-8. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

Department of Veterinary Public Health and Food Safety, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, 133 Salisburylaan, B-9820 Merelbeke, Belgium.

In Europe, bovine cysticercosis (BCC) is detected by routine meat inspection (MI) at the slaughterhouse. The prevalence of BCC in Belgium based on MI is estimated at 0.23%. Read More

View Article
December 2018

Evaluating Urban Taeniasis as a Threat to Cysticercosis Elimination in Northern Peru.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2018 Nov 19. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon.

Reintroduction of into a region in Peru where it had been eliminated prompted evaluation of the possibility of reintroduction from an urban reservoir of taeniasis. In a cross-sectional study of an adjacent urban area, we found low prevalence of taeniasis (4/1,621; 0.25%), suggesting minimal risk of parasite reintroduction into rural areas through this route. Read More

View Article
November 2018
1 Read

Presentation of cysticercosis of the lateral pterygoid muscle as temporomandibular disorder: A diagnostic and therapeutic challenge.

J Indian Prosthodont Soc 2018 Oct-Dec;18(4):377-383

Division of Radiology, Department of Oral Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, PA, USA.

Orofacial pain can often be the chief complaint of many systemic disorders. Cysticercosis involving the lateral pterygoids may cause limitation of mouth opening and may mimic clinical symptoms of a temporomandibular disorder. A 37-year-old female presented with 1-month-old complaint of limited mandibular range of motion. Read More

View Article
April 2018
3 Reads

Mathematical model of the life cycle of taenia-cysticercosis: transmission dynamics and chemotherapy (Part 1).

Theor Biol Med Model 2018 11 19;15(1):18. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Immunology, Biomedical Research Institute, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, 04510, CDMX, Mexico.

Background: Taenia solium is the aetiological agent of human taeniasis, pig cysticercosis and human neurocysticercosis, which are serious public health problems, especially in developing countries.

Methods: A mathematical model of the transmission dynamics of taeniasis-cysticercosis is formulated. The model consists of a coupled system of differential equations, which are density-dependent equations for describing the flow of the parasite through the life cycle. Read More

View Article
November 2018
1 Read

Prevalence and distribution of Taenia solium cysticercosis in naturally infected pigs in Punjab, India.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 Nov 15;12(11):e0006960. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Sydney School of Veterinary Science, The University of Sydney, Camden, NSW, Australia.

Background: Taenia solium (T. solium) cysticercosis remains a neglected zoonotic disease in India. The current study was planned to estimate the prevalence of T. Read More

View Article
November 2018
2 Reads

Epidemiology of Taenia saginata taeniosis/cysticercosis: a systematic review of the distribution in southern and eastern Africa.

Parasit Vectors 2018 Nov 6;11(1):578. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), P.O. Box 30709, Nairobi, Kenya.

Background: The beef tapeworm, Taenia saginata, causing cysticercosis in bovines and taeniosis in humans, is thought to have a global distribution. In eastern and southern Africa, cattle production plays a crucial role in the economy, but a clear overview of the prevalence of T. saginata in the region is still lacking. Read More

View Article
November 2018
2 Reads

Towards a cysticercosis-free tropical resort island: A historical overview of taeniasis/cysticercosis in Bali.

Acta Trop 2018 Oct 29. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Department of Parasitology, Asahikawa Medical University, Asahikawa, Japan. Electronic address:

Taeniasis and cysticercosis are known to be endemic in several Indonesian islands, although relatively little recent epidemiological data are available. As most Indonesian people are Muslims, taeniasis/cysticercosis caused by the pork tapeworm, Taenia solium, has a restricted presence in non-Muslim societies and is endemic only among some Hindu communities on the island of Bali. Bali has long been known to be endemic for taeniasis/cysticercosis; almost a century ago levels of cysticercosis of 20-30% were described in cattle and 2-3% in pigs. Read More

View Article
October 2018
5 Reads

A modified lateral flow assay, using serum, for the rapid identification of human and bovine cysticercosis in the absence of false positives.

Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 2018 Nov 1. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Instituto de Investigaciones Biomédicas 'Dr. Francisco J. Triana-Alonso' Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Edo. Aragua. Universidad de Carabobo, Venezuela.

Background: Previously we reported the use of a monoclonal antibody-based (HP10) antigen (Ag) detection lateral flow assay (LFA) for the diagnosis of extraparenchymal neurocysticercosis (EP-NCC). The assay performed well when used with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples but not with their paired serum samples, due to false-positive reactions in some known negative control cases.

Methods: Our novel modification involves pretreatment of serum samples using a combination of sodium deoxycholate and dithiothreitol. Read More

View Article
November 2018
3 Reads

[A Social Network Perspective on the Transmission of Infections in Tibetan School Children in Sichuan].

Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2018 Sep;49(5):754-758

Department of Health and Social Behavior Science, West China School of Public Health, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China.

Objective: To determine the transmission characteristics of infections from a social network perspective in Tibetan school children in Sichuan.

Methods: A cluster sampling strategy was adopted to select two primary schools with high level of infections in the Tibetan agriculture areas of Liangshan prefecture, Sichuan province. All of the students from the selected schools were enrolled in the study. Read More

View Article
September 2018
1 Read

Epidemiology of taeniosis/cysticercosis in Europe, a systematic review: eastern Europe.

Parasit Vectors 2018 Oct 30;11(1):569. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Department of Veterinary Public Health and Food Safety, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Salisburylaan 133, 9820, Merelbeke, Belgium.

Background: Taenia solium and Taenia saginata are food-borne parasites of global importance. In eastern Europe only fragmented information is available on the epidemiology of these zoonotic parasites in humans and animal populations. In particular for T. Read More

View Article
October 2018
6 Reads

Response to letter to editor from Dr Sandeep Moudgil: Is the biopsy warranted for cerebral cysticercosis?

QJM 2018 Oct 30. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

View Article
October 2018
1 Read

'Cerebral Cysticercosis' in the era of Magnets: Do we still need to punch the brain first?

QJM 2018 Oct 30. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Pediatric Neurology.

View Article
October 2018
1 Read

Axonal swellings and spheroids: a new insight into the pathology of neurocysticercosis.

Brain Pathol 2018 Oct 28. Epub 2018 Oct 28.

Infectious Diseases Laboratory Research-LID, Faculty of Science and Philosophy, Alberto Cazorla Talleri, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Perú.

Neurocysticercosis is a parasitic brain disease caused by the larval form (Cysticercus cellulosae) of the Taenia solium and is the leading cause of preventable epilepsy world-wide. However, the pathophysiology and relation to the wide range of clinical features remains poorly understood. Axonal swelling is emerging as an important early pathological finding in multiple neurodegenerative diseases and causes of brain injury, but has not been well-described in neurocysticercosis. Read More

View Article
October 2018
17 Reads
3.840 Impact Factor

Pathological and molecular identification of porcine cysticercosis in Maharashtra, India.

Acta Parasitol 2018 Dec;63(4):784-790

Department of Veterinary Parasitology, Nagpur Veterinary College, Nagpur, Maharashtra 440006, India.

Porcine cysticercosis, caused by metacestodes of Taenia solium is an important emerging zoonotic disease with public health and economic significance. Pigs acquire the disease through consumption of Taenia solium eggs excreted by human tapeworm carriers. The present study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of porcine cysticercosis in Nagpur and Mumbai region of Maharashtra, India by P/M examination of carcasses followed by histopathology of affected organs in infected animals and molecular identification of cysts for confirmation. Read More

View Article
December 2018
12 Reads

Neurocysticercosis.

Authors:
Hector H Garcia

Neurol Clin 2018 Nov 20;36(4):851-864. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

Cysticercosis Unit, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Neurologicas, Jr Ancash 1271, Lima 1, Peru; Center for Global Health, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, SMP, Lima 31, Peru. Electronic address:

Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is a major contributor to the burden of seizure disorders and epilepsy in most of the world. NCC encompasses a variety of clinical presentations, depending on number, location, size, evolutionary stage of lesions, and the inflammatory response of the host, with late-onset seizures, headache, and intracranial hypertension the most frequent manifestations. Diagnosis and therapy depend on the type of NCC, considering its location and stage of the lesions. Read More

View Article
November 2018
1 Read

[Study on diagnosis of atypical cerebral cysticercosis].

Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi 2018 May;30(4):424-427

Shandong Institute of Parasitical Diseases, Jining 272000, China.

Objective: To analyze the characteristics of the results of serum immunological tests and brain CT image examinations of atypical cerebral cysticercosis patients, so as to provide the reference for improving the diagnosis of the disease.

Methods: Totally 446 suspected cerebral cysticercosis patients were chosen as the study objects, all of them were given experimental treatment with praziquantel, and then the patients with atypical cerebral cysticercosis were diagnosed according to the treatment effect and review results of brain CT or MRI. Meanwhile, all the 446 patients were tested for serum specific IgG and IgG4 antibodies and cysticercus circulating antigen (CAg) by ELISA, McAb ELISA and PEG-ELISA respectively, and the IHA test was also performed. Read More

View Article
May 2018
11 Reads

The epidemiology of Taenia spp. infection and Taenia solium cysticerci exposure in humans in the Central Highlands of Vietnam.

BMC Infect Dis 2018 Oct 22;18(1):527. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC, 3052, Australia.

Background: Vietnam is endemic for taeniasis and T. solium cysticercosis. Despite this, information on the epidemiological characteristics of the diseases in the Central Highlands of Vietnam are poorly described. Read More

View Article
October 2018
5 Reads

Atypical histopathology findings in presumed epibulbar cysticercosis.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Oct 21;2018. Epub 2018 Oct 21.

Ophthalmology, All india Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India.

View Article
October 2018
1 Read

Superior oblique muscle cysticercosis: importance of long-term assessment by a single observer.

Can J Ophthalmol 2018 Oct 13;53(5):e193-e195. Epub 2018 Feb 13.

Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

View Article
October 2018
1 Read

Blood-brain barrier disruption and angiogenesis in a rat model for neurocysticercosis.

J Neurosci Res 2018 Oct 13. Epub 2018 Oct 13.

Infectious Diseases Laboratory Research-LID, Faculty of Science and Philosophy, Alberto Cazorla Talleri, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Perú.

Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is a helminth infection affecting the central nervous system caused by the larval stage (cysticercus) of Taenia solium. Since vascular alteration and blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption contribute to NCC pathology, it is postulated that angiogenesis could contribute to the pathology of this disease. This study used a rat model for NCC and evaluated the expression of two angiogenic factors called vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF-A) and fibroblast growth factor (FGF2). Read More

View Article
October 2018
11 Reads

Screening for neurocysticercosis in internationally adopted children: yield, cost and performance of serological tests, Italy, 2001 to 2016.

Euro Surveill 2018 Oct;23(40)

Infectious and Tropical Diseases Unit, Careggi University Hospital, Florence, Italy.

IntroductionNeurocysticercosis (NCC) is one of the leading causes of epilepsy worldwide. The majority of cases in Europe are diagnosed in immigrants. Currently in Italy, routine serological screening for cysticercosis is recommended for internationally adopted children (IAC) coming from endemic countries. Read More

View Article
October 2018
3 Reads

Spatial analysis of dengue, cysticercosis and Chagas disease mortality in Ecuador, 2011-2016.

Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 2018 Oct 8. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Centro de Investigación en Salud Pública y Epidemiología Clínica (CISPEC), Universidad UTE, Quito, Ecuador.

Background: Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) continue to be an important cause of disability and mortality in the poorest tropical and subtropical areas.

Methods: This is an ecological study. We included all death certificates with dengue, cysticercosis and Chagas disease in Ecuador from 2011 to 2016. Read More

View Article
October 2018
16 Reads

Seroprevalence of sarcocystosis in the local communities of Pangkor and Tioman Islands using recombinant surface antigens 3 (rSAG3) of Sarcocystis falcatula.

Trop Med Int Health 2018 Oct 4. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Objective: To investigate the seroprevalence of Sarcocystosis in the local communities of Pangkor and Tioman islands, Malaysia, by using antigenic recombinant surface antigens 2 and 3 from Sarcocystis falcatula (rSfSAG2 and rSfSAG3) as the target proteins via Western blot and ELISA assays.

Methods: SfSAG2 and SfSAG3 genes were isolated from S. falcatula and expressed in Escherichia coli expression system. Read More

View Article
October 2018
10 Reads
2.330 Impact Factor

Epidemiology of Taenia saginata taeniosis/cysticercosis: a systematic review of the distribution in the Americas.

Parasit Vectors 2018 Sep 20;11(1):518. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Sciensano, Brussels, Belgium.

Background: The distribution of Taenia saginata in the Americas is unclear. Establishing the distribution, economic burden, and potentials for control of bovine cysticercosis is increasingly important due to the growing demand for beef. This paper aims to take the first step and reviews the recent distribution of T. Read More

View Article
September 2018
1 Read

Spatial distribution of Taenia solium exposure in humans and pigs in the Central Highlands of Vietnam.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 Sep 20;12(9):e0006810. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.

Background: Taenia solium, a pork-borne parasitic zoonosis, is the cause of taeniasis and cysticercosis in humans. In Vietnam, poor sanitation, the practice of outdoor defecation and consumption of raw/undercooked pork have been associated with infection/exposure to T. solium in both humans and pigs. Read More

View Article
September 2018
2 Reads

[Epidemiology of epilepsy in Spain and Latin America].

Rev Neurol 2018 Oct;67(7):249-262

Hospital Regional Universitario de Malaga, Malaga, Espana.

Introduction: The connection between Spain and Latin America on the cultural, ethnic and commercial levels has been very important over the last five centuries, and this accounts for the existence of a common identity that can condition the epidemiology of chronic diseases with genetic and environmental determinants, such as epilepsy. In the last 15 years significant changes have come about in the economic development and the healthcare conditions in these countries as well as the migratory flows among them that may have brought about changes in the previous epidemiological situation. We present an exhaustive review of the epidemiological studies describing the status of epilepsy in Spain and Latin America. Read More

View Article
October 2018
1 Read

Improved methods to capture the total societal benefits of zoonotic disease control: Demonstrating the cost-effectiveness of an integrated control programme for Taenia solium, soil transmitted helminths and classical swine fever in northern Lao PDR.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 Sep 19;12(9):e0006782. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Australian Animal Health Laboratory (AAHL) Regional Program, CSIRO, Geelong, VIC, Australia.

Background: Control and elimination of zoonotic diseases requires robust information about their effect on both human and livestock health in order to enable policy formulation and the allocation of resources. This study aimed to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of controlling Taenia solium taeniasis/cysticercosis in both humans and pigs, and soil-transmitted helminths (STH) in humans by integrating their control to on-going human and animal health control programmes in northern Lao People's Democratic Republic.

Method: A cross-sectional study was carried out in 49 households, focusing on the prevalence of T. Read More

View Article
September 2018
1 Read

Taenia solium cysticercosis in West Africa: status update.

Parasite 2018 18;25:49. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

Institut Pasteur de Côte d'Ivoire, B.P. 490, Abidjan 01, Côte d'Ivoire - Institut Pasteur, 25-28 Rue du Dr Roux, 75015 Paris, France.

Cysticercosis is caused by the larvae of the cestode Taenia solium. Few data are available on the prevalence of this disease in pigs and humans in West African countries. The aim of this study was to provide an overview of existing data concerning the spread of this parasitosis in the countries of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) on the basis of the literature published over the last five decades. Read More

View Article
September 2018
1 Read

Teaching NeuroImages: Spinal intramedullary cysticercosis: The pseudotumoral form.

Neurology 2018 Sep;91(12):e1202-e1203

From the Departments of Neurosurgery (C.A.J.), Neuropathology (G.C.d.A.), and Neurology (J.A.M.P.), Barretos Cancer Hospital; and School of Health Sciences Dr. Paulo Prata (FACISB) (R.K.D.), Barretos, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

View Article
September 2018
2 Reads

Subretinal Cysticercosis Extraction With Bimanual, 3-D, Heads-Up-Assisted Pars Plana Vitrectomy: Clinicopathological Correlation and Surgical Technique.

Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina 2018 Sep;49(9):708-711

A 16-year-old male presented with blurred vision in the right eye after recent travel to Nicaragua. Funduscopic examination revealed subretinal cysticercosis superior to the optic nerve. The cyst was drained and excised using a bimanual, three-dimensional, heads-up-assisted pars plana vitrectomy without complications. Read More

View Article
September 2018
1 Read

A gel-free proteomic analysis of Taenia solium and Taenia crassiceps cysticerci vesicular extracts.

Parasitol Res 2018 Dec 13;117(12):3781-3790. Epub 2018 Sep 13.

Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Instituto de Microbiologia Paulo de Góes, Av. Carlos Chagas Filho, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, 373, Brazil.

The taeniasis/cysticercosis complex is a zoonosis caused by the presence of the parasite Taenia solium in humans. It is considered a neglected disease that causes serious public health and economic problems in developing countries. In humans, the most common locations for the larval form are the skeletal muscles, ocular system, and the central nervous system, which is the most clinically important. Read More

View Article
December 2018
2 Reads

Molecular Detection of Taeniid Eggs in Beetles Collected in an Area Endemic for .

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2018 Nov;99(5):1198-1200

School of Veterinary Medicine, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Peru.

The aim of this study was to demonstrate the presence of eggs in beetles collected from sources within the natural environment through molecular techniques. Fifty-four pools of beetles were collected in three villages in Piura, Peru. DNA was extracted using the FastDNA spin kit for soil. Read More

View Article
November 2018
1 Read
2.700 Impact Factor

Factors Associated with the 18-Month Cumulative Incidence of Seroconversion of Active Infection with Cysticercosis: A Cohort Study among Residents of 60 Villages in Burkina Faso.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2018 Oct;99(4):1018-1027

Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Souro Sanou, Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso.

Taeniasis/cysticercosis (CC) is an important disease complex with significant burden. This large-scale cohort study aimed at estimating and exploring individual- and village-level factors associated with the cumulative incidences of seroconversion (SC) and seroreversion (SR) of active human CC in three provinces of Burkina Faso. In 60 villages, blood samples were collected and interviews regarding sociodemographic variables and knowledge, attitude, and practices toward the disease complex were conducted at baseline and 18-month follow-up ( = 2,211), with the presence of active CC being determined using the B158/B60 antigen enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (Ag-ELISA). Read More

View Article
October 2018
7 Reads

Ultrasonographic assessment of paediatric ocular emergencies: A tertiary eye hospital based observation.

World J Emerg Med 2018 ;9(4):272-275

Dr. Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110029, India.

Background: The purpose of this study is to assess the utility of ocular ultrasound B scan in the emergency at the first point of care for detecting posterior segment and orbital pathologies in cases of paediatric ocular emergencies.

Methods: A prospective observational study involving 122 paediatric patients presenting to eye emergency over a period of ninety days were assessed with ultrasonography for the posterior segment as well as orbital pathology whenever indicated. The ocular ultrasound was performed gently over closed eyelids. Read More

View Article
January 2018
1 Read

Neurocysticercosis and epilepsy in sub-Saharan Africa.

Brain Res Bull 2018 Aug 28. Epub 2018 Aug 28.

Kinshasa University School of Medicine, Democratic Republic of Congo.

Neurocysticercosis is a public health problem and the leading cause of epilepsy in developing countries especially in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). In this paper, the authors review the epidemiology of cysticercosis and neurocysticercosis, as well as the non-specific clinical manifestations which render clinical diagnosis challenging especially in the sub-Saharan African context. Special attention is given to the association of epilepsy and neurocysticercosis, the former being the most common symptom of the later, and the role of the later in epileptogenesis is discussed. Read More

View Article
August 2018
2 Reads

Proteomic profile associated with cell death induced by androgens in Taenia crassiceps cysticerci: proposed interactome.

J Helminthol 2018 Aug 28:1-9. Epub 2018 Aug 28.

Departamento de Inmunología,Instituto de Investigaciones Biomédicas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México,AP 70228,Ciudad de México,04510,Mexico.

Androgens have been shown to exert a cysticidal effect upon Taenia crassiceps, an experimental model of cysticercosis. To further inquire into this matter, the Taenia crassiceps model was used to evaluate the expression of several proteins after testosterone (T4) and dihydrotestosterone (DHT) in vitro treatment. Under 2-D proteomic maps, parasite extracts were resolved into approximately 130 proteins distributed in a molecular weight range of 10-250 kDa and isoelectrical point range of 3-10. Read More

View Article

Co-occurrence of swine cysticercosis due to Taenia solium and Taenia hydatigena in ethnic minority villages at the Thai-Myanmar border.

J Helminthol 2018 Aug 28:1-9. Epub 2018 Aug 28.

Department of Parasitology,Asahikawa Medical University,Asahikawa,Hokkaido,Japan.

As part of the international joint projects working towards the control of taeniosis/cysticercosis in Asia Pacific, epidemiological studies on Taenia solium cysticercosis have been carried out in high-incidence populations, such as minority groups in Thailand. To assess the epidemiology of cysticercotic infections in pigs in the hill-tribe minority villages (Karen) in Tak province, Thailand, we conducted serological screening and necropsies. The patterns of antibody response to T. Read More

View Article
August 2018
7 Reads

Role of FNAC in diagnosing lesions of hand and wrist.

Diagn Cytopathol 2018 Oct 25;46(10):853-858. Epub 2018 Aug 25.

Department of Pathology, University College of Medical Sciences and GTB Hospital, Delhi, India.

Background: Swellings in the hand and wrist are frequently encountered in clinical practice and fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is used as a primary diagnostic modality in most of them. A wide spectrum of lesions can be encountered at these sites. The aim of this study was to report the prevalence and spectrum of hand and wrist lesions and evaluate the diagnostic role of FNAC. Read More

View Article
October 2018
19 Reads

Oral Cysticercosis: A Case Series and Review of Literature.

J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018 Jul 19. Epub 2018 Jul 19.

Chairman, Department of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Medanta-The Medicity, Gurugram, Haryana, India.

The cysticercus is the larval form of the pork tapeworm. Oral cavity involvement of cysticercosis is rare but frequently reported from developing countries. This report presents 3 cases of oral cysticercosis involving the tongue and buccal mucosa in isolation. Read More

View Article
July 2018
1.280 Impact Factor

Distinguishing neurocysticercosis epilepsy from epilepsy of unknown etiology using a minimal serum mass profiling platform.

Exp Parasitol 2018 Sep 8;192:98-107. Epub 2018 Aug 8.

Dept. of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Oklahoma HSC, Oklahoma City, 73104, USA. Electronic address:

Neurocysticercosis is associated with epilepsy in pig-raising communities with poor sanitation. Current internationally recognized diagnostic guidelines for neurocysticercosis rely on brain imaging, a technology that is frequently not available or not accessible in areas endemic for neurocysticercosis. Minimally invasive and low-cost aids for diagnosing neurocysticercosis epilepsy could improve treatment of neurocysticercosis. Read More

View Article
September 2018
1 Read

Updates on the management of neurocysticercosis.

Curr Opin Infect Dis 2018 Oct;31(5):377-382

Center for Global Health, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia.

Purpose Of Review: The goal of this review is highlight recent developments regarding neurocysticercosis, including recently developed guidelines.

Recent Findings: Recent diagnostic criteria highlight the importance of neuroimaging in establishing a diagnosis. Monoclonal antibody-based antigen detection and the enzyme-linked immunotransfer blot can be confirmatory. Read More

View Article
October 2018
9 Reads

Extra-Ocular Cysticercosis Mimicking Orbital Cellulitis.

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2018 Aug;28(8):654-655

Department of Paediatrics, Torbay Hospital, Torquay, UK.

View Article
August 2018
3 Reads
0.320 Impact Factor

Combined Brain Mapping and Compact Intraoperative MRI for Brain Tumor Resection.

Stereotact Funct Neurosurg 2018 24;96(3):172-181. Epub 2018 Jul 24.

Department of Neurosurgery, Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell, Manhasset, New York, USA.

Background: Surgery on patients with lesions in the dominant hemisphere for language is best done with awake language mapping. Intraoperative MRI (iMRI) has also been proposed as an ideal method for tumor resection control in patients with primary brain tumors.

Objectives: This study examines the feasibility of low-field iMRI during awake craniotomy and tumor resection. Read More

View Article
July 2018
12 Reads

Evolution of concepts in the management of cysticercosis of the brain: Then (1970) and now (2018).

Neurol India 2018 Jul-Aug;66(4):919-927

Department of Neurological Sciences, Christian Medical College Hospital, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India.

View Article

Transmission of porcine cysticercosis in the Portuguesa state of Venezuela.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2018 Jul 19. Epub 2018 Jul 19.

Instituto de Investigaciones Biomédicas "Francisco J. Triana-Alonso" Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Sede Aragua, Universidad de Carabobo, Maracay, Venezuela.

The aim of this study was to assess transmission of Taenia solium cysticercosis in Palmarito Arriba, a small village in the rural area of the Portuguesa state of Venezuela, through (1) an evaluation of T. solium transmission risk factors present in the community and (2) serological detection of the secreted metacestode HP10 antigen (HP10 Ag) and of anti-metacestode antibodies in sera from rural pigs. Risk factors associated with transmission of cysticercosis were the following: 100% (23/23) of the households lacked piped water, 87. Read More

View Article
July 2018
10 Reads