1,486 results match your criteria Cystic Hygroma Imaging


[Neonatal sepsis by Citrobacter Freundii as a debut of cystic lymphatic malformation].

Andes Pediatr 2022 Apr;93(2):265-269

Hospital Universitario Politecnic La Fe, Valencia, España.

Cystic lymphatic malformation (CLM) is a rare and benign entity caused by alterations in the embryological development of lymphatic structures. Its typical location is in the head and neck, although it has also been described at the abdominal level. It may not be evident in the first stages of life and its first manifestation may be a complication such as abdominal distension, hemorrhage, or sepsis, which may put the patient's life at risk. Read More

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Mesenteric cystic lymphangioma in an adult: An unusual case report.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2022 Jun 4;78:103917. Epub 2022 Jun 4.

Department of General Surgery, Mohamed VI University Hospital, Oujda, Morocco.

Introduction: Cystic lymphangioma is a benign malformation tumor of the lymphatic system. Its location is variable, and mesenteric localization remains extremely rare.

Case Presentation: We describe a rare case of cystic lymphangioma of the mesentery in a 26 years old woman. Read More

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Using deep-learning in fetal ultrasound analysis for diagnosis of cystic hygroma in the first trimester.

PLoS One 2022 22;17(6):e0269323. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Department of Radiology and Medical Imaging, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada.

Objective: To develop and internally validate a deep-learning algorithm from fetal ultrasound images for the diagnosis of cystic hygromas in the first trimester.

Methods: All first trimester ultrasound scans with a diagnosis of a cystic hygroma between 11 and 14 weeks gestation at our tertiary care centre in Ontario, Canada were studied. Ultrasound scans with normal nuchal translucency were used as controls. Read More

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New-onset axillary lymphangioma: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2022 Jun 19;16(1):242. Epub 2022 Jun 19.

Department of Surgery, Banner MD Anderson Cancer Center-Phoenix, University of Arizona College of Medicine-Phoenix, 925 East McDowell Rd., Phoenix, AZ, 85006, USA.

Background: Lymphangioma is a rare diagnosis in adult patients and typically presents in early infancy. These tumors are a result of malformation of the lymphatic vessels and usually involve the head, neck, and axilla.

Case Presentation: We report the case of a 28-year-old African female who recently immigrated from East Africa and presented to our surgical breast clinic with a large and rapidly growing left axillary mass. Read More

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Adaptive Proton Therapy of Pediatric Head and Neck Cases Using MRI-Based Synthetic CTs: Initial Experience of the Prospective KiAPT Study.

Cancers (Basel) 2022 May 25;14(11). Epub 2022 May 25.

West German Proton Therapy Centre Essen, 45147 Essen, Germany.

Background And Purpose: Interfractional anatomical changes might affect the outcome of proton therapy (PT). We aimed to prospectively evaluate the role of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) based adaptive PT for children with tumors of the head and neck and base of skull.

Methods: MRI verification images were acquired at half of the treatment course. Read More

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Comments on the article «Spontaneous regression of a cervical giant cystic lymphangioma».

Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp (Engl Ed) 2022 May-Jun;73(3):199

Servicio de Otorrinolaringología, Hospital Quironsalud, Valencia, Spain. Electronic address:

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First trimester screening: Increased nuchal translucency or cystic hygroma?

Ultraschall Med 2022 04 5;43(2):111-114. Epub 2022 Apr 5.

Centre for Ultrasound and Prenatal Medicine, Frankfurt/Main, Germany.

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A supraclavicular cystic lymphangioma in adult: a rare entity.

J Surg Case Rep 2022 Mar 30;2022(3):rjac141. Epub 2022 Mar 30.

Surgery Department, CHU Ambroise Paré, 7000 Mons, Belgium.

Cystic lymphangioma is a benign congenital disease that is more seen in head and neck regions. We report a case of a 54-year-old man with a growing supraclavicular mass. The ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging suggested a cystic lymphangioma. Read More

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Algorithmic Approach to the Splenic Lesion Based on Radiologic-Pathologic Correlation.

Radiographics 2022 May-Jun;42(3):683-701. Epub 2022 Mar 18.

From the Department of Radiology, MedStar Georgetown University Hospital, 3800 Reservoir Rd NW, CCC Building Ground Floor, CG 201, Washington, DC 20007 (N.K., M.A.M.); the Joint Pathology Center, Silver Spring, Md (A.A.); and the American Institute for Radiologic Pathology, Silver Spring, Md (M.A.M.).

Splenic lesions are commonly discovered incidentally at imaging, without clinical signs or symptoms that may aid in diagnosis. As such, the differential diagnosis and subsequent management are based primarily on imaging characteristics. Much has been written about the myriad pathologic conditions that can occur in the spleen; however, there is little guidance on the approach to an incidental splenic mass. Read More

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Cystic hygroma of the neck - case report.

Rom J Morphol Embryol 2021 Jul-Sep;62(3):845-848

Department of ENT, Faculty of Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania; Department of Radiotherapy, City Hospital, Victor Babeş University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Timişoara, Romania;

Cystic hygromas (CHs) are benign congenital malformations of the lymphatic system mainly diagnosed in small children aged less than two years old. They may give a multitude of local, sometimes severe complications. The most used method of treatment is surgical removal. Read More

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Rare Case of Cystic Lymphangioma Transforming Into Lymphangiosarcoma: A Case Report.

Front Oncol 2022 18;12:814023. Epub 2022 Feb 18.

Department of Radiology, China Resources & WISCO General Hospital, Wuhan University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Cystic lymphangioma (CL) is a rare benign tumor that mainly occurs in the neck and axilla and usually occurs in children, whereas lymphangiosarcoma (LAS) is a rare invasive tumor, usually secondary to chronic lymphedema caused by various causes, with a rare malignant transformation from CL. We presented the case of a 63-year-old woman who underwent four surgical excisions for multiple recurrence of CL in the right groin. The changes of imaging and pathological examination revealed the unusual process of its gradual malignant transformation into LAS. Read More

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February 2022

Lymphangioma: A Rare Benign Cystic Pancreatic Lesion.

Cureus 2022 Jan 9;14(1):e21056. Epub 2022 Jan 9.

Medicine, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, SAU.

Pancreatic lesions are more commonly identified nowadays with the widespread use of imaging investigations. Pancreatic lesions are heterogeneous groups of pathologies with different behavior and prognosis. It is quite difficult to differentiate these lesions because of the shared clinical manifestation and the overlapping imaging features of these lesions. Read More

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January 2022

Pediatric breast lymphatic malformation with recurrent presentation in an adolescent female.

BJR Case Rep 2022 Jan 10;8(1):20210077. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Medical University of South Carolina, Breast Imaging, Charleston, South Carolina, United States.

This case report summarizes a rare case of left chest wall/breast lymphatic malformation or cystic lymphangioma in a female child of 18 months with multiple late recurrences in adolescence. By maternal history, the mass was excised initially, but the patient presented at age 15 and 17 years for recurrences and associated symptoms. Comments focus on a complex clinical history and treatment management of patient symptoms and concerns. Read More

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January 2022

Atypical Antenatal Presentation of an Unusual Nonmucinous Papillary Variant of Giant Congenital Pulmonary Airway Malformation Masquerading as Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia with Volvulus.

J Med Ultrasound 2021 Oct-Dec;29(4):284-287. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Fetal Medicine and Perinatology, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kochi, Kerala, India.

We report a case of a huge congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM) that was referred as congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Initial ultrasound evaluation revealed a huge cystic lesion with septations, in the thorax, causing mediastinal shift and compression effects, suggesting the possibility of a thoracic lymphangioma, or bowel herniation with obstruction. A fetal magnetic resonance imaging reported possible bowel herniation through a posterior defect in the diaphragm, with volvulus, reinforcing the diagnosis of CDH. Read More

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Adrenal cysts of lymphatic origin: A clinical and pathological study of six cases and systematic literature review.

Ann Diagn Pathol 2022 Apr 4;57:151888. Epub 2022 Jan 4.

Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, Departamento de Patologia, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address:

Adrenal cysts are rare, benign, and usually asymptomatic, being detected as an incidental finding on imaging methods. Adrenal Cysts of Lymphatic Origin (ACLO) and Adrenal Lymphangiomas (AL) are types of endothelial cyst and are the most prevalent subtype in this series. This study aims to present a single institutional experience of these rare cysts and compare their features with those found in the review of existing literature on ACLO and AL. Read More

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Incidental giant adrenal lymphangioma presenting as nonfunctional cystic mass.

Turk J Surg 2021 Sep 28;37(3):299-302. Epub 2021 Sep 28.

Clinic of General Surgery, Ankara Umut Hospital Ankara, Turkey.

Adrenal masses can be encountered with many different clinical manifestations and a diverse spectrum of etiologies in clinical practice. Recent advances in imaging and laboratory studies as well as their increasingly widespread use and easy accessibility have currently made it possible to diagnose a greater number of surrenal masses than ever. The basic approach principles vary for incidentally detected masses, benign/malignant masses, and hormonoactive masses. Read More

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September 2021

Primary cardiac and pericardial lymphangiomas: clinical, radiologic, and pathologic characterization derived from an institutional series and review of the literature.

Virchows Arch 2022 Jun 10;480(6):1211-1221. Epub 2022 Jan 10.

Department of Pathology and Cell Biology, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, 630 West 168th Street, VC14-238C, New York, NY, 10032, USA.

Lymphangiomas are comprised of aggregates of lymphatic vessels, considered to represent either aberrant embryogenic remnants or developing secondary to obstruction. Lymphangiomas primary to the heart and pericardial are exceedingly rare, and to date sparingly reported in individual case reports. In this study, the histopathologic, clinical, and radiologic features of 35 cases of cardiac/pericardial lymphangiomas described in the literature to date together with four cases from our own institution (39 cases in total) are examined to provide clinicopathologic characterization. Read More

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Cystic Lymphangioma of the Small Bowel Mesentery in a Child.

J Pediatr 2022 05 23;244:248-249. Epub 2021 Dec 23.

Department of Pediatric Surgery "A", Children's Hospital, Tunis El Manar University, Tunis, Tunisia.

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Pancreatic Lymphangioma: An Unusual Cause of Abdominal Lump.

Cureus 2021 Nov 10;13(11):e19452. Epub 2021 Nov 10.

General Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Raipur, IND.

Lymphangiomas are uncommon benign malformations that can occur anywhere in the body. These are hamartomatous malformations with lymphatic differentiation, which uncommonly involve the abdomen and rarely the pancreas. The size of the cysts in pancreatic lymphangioma directly correlates with the clinical manifestations; however, most of them are non-specific. Read More

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November 2021

Imaging diagnosis of a giant choledochal cyst in an infant.

Radiol Case Rep 2022 Feb 4;17(2):404-411. Epub 2021 Dec 4.

Department of Pathology, School of Medical Sciences and Research, Sharda Hospital, Sharda University, Greater Noida, 201306 UP, India.

The usual etiologies of giant abdominal cystic masses in infants are mesenteric cyst, enteric duplication cyst, ovarian cyst in females, cystic lymphangioma, however, the presentation of a choledochal cyst in a gigantic form, is unusual. The primary modality for diagnosis of this entity is ultrasound, followed by MRI. The characteristic ultrasound features of a choledochal cyst are a well-defined cystic lesion which may be found to replace any segment of the biliary tree and is distinctly separate from the gallbladder. Read More

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February 2022

Computed Tomography Image Characteristics before and after Interventional Treatment of Children's Lymphangioma under Artificial Intelligence Algorithm.

Comput Math Methods Med 2021 9;2021:2673013. Epub 2021 Dec 9.

Department of Image, Anhui Children's Hospital, Hefei, 230051 Anhui, China.

The artificial intelligence algorithm was used to analyze the characteristics of computed tomography (CT) images before and after interventional treatment of children's lymphangioma. Retrospective analysis was performed, and 30 children with lymphangioma from the hospital were recruited as the study subjects. The ultrasound-guided bleomycin interventional therapy was adopted and applied to CT scanning through convolutional neural network (CNN). Read More

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February 2022

Case report: Omental lymphangioma mimicking gastric cystic tumor.

Radiol Case Rep 2022 Jan 14;17(1):212-215. Epub 2021 Nov 14.

Department of Medical Imaging, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, No.100, Tzyou 1st Rd., Sanmin Dist., Kaohsiung City, 80756, Taiwan.

Omental lymphangioma is a rare pathology presented in the abdomen, and it can mimic several clinical conditions. Owing to its variable signs and symptoms, making a correct diagnosis by clinicians may be difficult. Surgical excision is the gold standard treatment. Read More

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January 2022

Perigraft hygroma mimicking recurrent angiosarcoma of the right atrium.

Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2022 Feb 17;70(2):184-189. Epub 2021 Nov 17.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Radboud University Medical Center, Geert Grooteplein Zuid 10, 6525 GA, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Primary cardiac angiosarcoma is extremely rare, has a poor prognosis and has no specific clinical manifestation. A 31-year-old pregnant woman presented to the emergency department with signs of pericardial tamponade. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) showed a mass within her right atrium. Read More

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February 2022

Peritoneal disease: key imaging findings that help in the differential diagnosis.

Br J Radiol 2022 Feb 23;95(1130):20210346. Epub 2021 Nov 23.

Department of Medical Imaging, Coimbra Hospital and University Centre, Coimbra, Portugal.

The peritoneum is a unique serosal membrane, which can be the site of primary tumors and, more commonly, secondary pathologic processes. Peritoneal carcinomatosis is the most common malignant condition to affect the peritoneal cavity, and the radiologist plays an important role in making the diagnosis and assessing the extent of disease, especially in sites that may hinder surgery. In this review, we address the role of the radiologist in the setting of peritoneal pathology, focusing on peritoneal carcinomatosis as this is the predominant malignant process, followed by revising typical imaging findings that can guide the differential diagnosis. Read More

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February 2022

Mesenteric cystic lymphangioma.

Surgery 2021 11 17;170(5):e25-e26. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

University of Tunis El Manar, Faculty of medicine of Tunis, Department of surgery, Mahmoud El Matri Hospital, Ariana, Tunisia. Electronic address: https://twitter.com/chebbi_faouzi.

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November 2021

Lymphangiomatous endothelial cyst of the adrenal gland: A case report.

Urol Case Rep 2021 Nov 18;39:101859. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

Habib Bourguiba Hospital, Urology Department, Sfax, Tunisia.

Cystic adrenal tumors are rare with an incidence of approximately 0.06% in the general population. Four main histological types are distinguished: Endothelial cysts of lymphangiomatous or angiomatous origin, pseudocysts, epithelial cysts and cysts of parasitic origin. Read More

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November 2021

Incidental solitary cystic mediastinal lymphangioma with mass effect complications.

Br J Hosp Med (Lond) 2021 Sep 6;82(9):1-3. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University Hospitals of North Midlands NHS Trust, Stoke-on-Trent, UK.

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September 2021

Euploid First-Trimester Cystic Hygroma: A More Benign Entity than Previously Thought?

Fetal Diagn Ther 2021 21;48(9):667-671. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin, Ireland.

Objective: Studies summarizing the outcome of first-trimester septated cystic hygroma are generally based on small studies or from multiple centers with limited ascertainment. We reviewed the natural history of a large cohort of such cases from a single tertiary referral center, with the aim being to establish contemporary outcome data, particularly in the setting of normal karyotype.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study from 2007 to 2017 was conducted at a single tertiary referral prenatal diagnosis center. Read More

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November 2021

Intermittent Administration Regimen of Sirolimus for Refractory Cervicofacial Lymphatic Malformation.

J Craniofac Surg 2022 May 17;33(3):850-854. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Department of Burns and Plastic Surgery, Children's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China.

Background: The cervicofacial lymphatic malformations (LMs) often have poor outcomes due to their microcystic component and diffuse infiltration. Mostly, traditional treatments are inadequate for these refractory cases. Recent researches have shown that sirolimus is effective in the treatment of complicated LMs, however, there is still no standard strategy. Read More

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Long-term outcome of fetus with ameliorated cystic hygroma.

Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol 2021 Sep;60(5):874-877

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Jichi Medical University, 3311-1 Shimotsuke, Tochigi 329-0498, Japan.

Objective: Cystic hygroma often ameliorates or disappears with pregnancy progression. Fetuses/neonates with amelioration, when without chromosomal or major structural abnormality, generally show a favorable outcome at birth. The present study was aimed to clarify the short/long-term outcomes of fetuses/neonates with the amelioration of cystic hygroma during pregnancy. Read More

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September 2021