A 2-month-old boy was presented with widespread lateralized blue macules (nevus cesius), an extensive nevus flammeus, and large patches of cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita. Moreover, he had macrocephaly, a coarse facial appearance with depressed nasal bridge, retinal abnormalities, septal defects of the heart, and obliteration of the left brachiocephalic vein and major veins of the left arm with pronounced collateralization. The multisystem disorder of this boy cannot be categorized within the present classification of distinct types of phacomatosis pigmentovascularis. Read More
Megalencephaly-capillary malformation-polymicrogyria syndrome (MCAP), previously known as macrocephaly-cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita and macrocephaly-capillary malformation syndrome, is a rare multiple-malformation syndrome that is characterized by progressive megalencephaly, capillary malformations of the midline face and body, or distal limb anomalies such as syndactyly. Herein, we report a female infant case that satisfies the recently proposed criteria of MCAP and describe the distinctive neuroradiological and morphological features. We have also reviewed recently published reports and the diagnostic criteria proposed by various authors in order to facilitate the clinical diagnosis of these children in pediatric neurology clinics. Read More
Purposes: To correlate the clinical picture and fundus fluorescein angiography findings in case of presumed cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita.
Methods: A 41-year-old woman with presumed cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita who is a known case of hypothyroidism for the last 6 years and has bilateral peripheral retinal vascular abnormalities, peripheral retinal nonperfusion on fluorescein angiography and bilateral optic disk drusen.
Result: A patient presented with blurring of vision in both eyes for last 6 months. Read More
Vascular stains are a common reason for consultation in pediatric dermatology clinics. Although vascular stains include all vascular malformations, the term is most often used to refer to capillary malformations, but capillary malformations include a wide range of vascular stains with different clinical features, prognoses, and associated findings. The discovery of several mutations in various capillary malformations and associated syndromes has reinforced these differences, but clinical recognition of these different types of capillary vascular stains is sometimes difficult, and the multitude of classifications and confusing nomenclature often hamper the correct diagnosis and management. Read More
Cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita (CMTC) is a rare, commonly benign, congenital, localized or generalized vascular anomaly of unknown aetiology. It is characterized by persistent cutis marmorata, telangiectasia and phlebectasia. Extracutaneous findings may be associated with CMTC in 18. Read More
The authors present the case of a child with megalencephaly-capillary malformation syndrome who developed a rapidly progressive holocord syringomyelia that was treated surgically. A 3-year-old boy with megalencephaly-capillary malformation-polymicrogyria (MCAP) syndrome presented with several months of right leg weakness, worsening scoliosis, and increased seizures. An MRI study of the brain demonstrated a Chiari I malformation and massively dilated syringomyelia extending from C-2 to the conus medullaris. Read More
Phacomatosis pigmentovascularis (PPV) is a rare genodermatosis characterized by the co-existence of an extensive vascular and a pigmentary nevus with or without extracutaneous manifestations. We report two such rare cases. The first is a 3-year-old boy exhibiting a rare association of cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita with aberrant dermal melanocytosis along with hypospadias and melanosis oculi (traditionally classified as PPV type Vb or phacomatosis cesiomarmorata - Happle's classification). Read More
Unlabelled: Vascular anomalies and related conditions cause overgrowth of tissues. The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy and safety of liposuction techniques for pediatric overgrowth diseases. Patients treated between 2007 and 2015 who had follow-up were reviewed. Read More
The megalencephaly capillary malformation syndrome (MCAP, OMIM 602501) is known to be associated with mosaic mutations in PIK3CA occurring during embryogenesis. Standard sequencing technologies are relatively poor at indentifying sequence changes that only affect a small percentage of cells, and the mutations are frequently not identified in lymphocyte DNA, with biopsies of the affected tissues often being required to detect mosaic mutations. Such invasive procedures are not always acceptable to parents. Read More
Phacomatosis pigmentovascularis is a rare, congenital condition characterized by a combination of cutaneous melanocytic lesions and vascular malformation. We discuss an entirely unique case of Phacomatosis pigmentovascularis with nevus of Ota, extensive Mongolian spot, nevus flammeus, nevus anemicus and cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita, which may represent a heretofore undescribed variant of phacomatosis pigmentovascularis. Read More
Phacomatosis pigmentovascularis is a rare genodermatosis characterized by the combination of an extensive pigmentary nevus with a widespread vascular nevus. The coexistence of aberrant dermal melanocytosis and cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita has been termed phacomatosis pigmentovascularis type V or phacomatosis cesiomarmorata. Phacomatosis pigmentovascularis type V was first described in a 3-month-old boy in 2000. Read More
Cutis Marmorata Telangiectatica Congenita (CMTC) is a congenital localized or generalized vascular anomaly, usually sporadic in occurrence. It can be associated with other cutaneous or systemic manifestations. About 300 cases have been reported. Read More
The name capillary malformation has caused much confusion because it is presently used to designate numerous quite different disorders such as naevus flammeus, the salmon patch, the vascular naevus of the hereditary 'megalencephaly-capillary malformation syndrome' and the skin lesions of non-hereditary traits such as 'capillary malformation-arteriovenous malformation' and 'microcephaly-capillary malformation'. To avoid such bewilderment, the present review describes the distinguishing clinical and genetic criteria of 20 different capillary malformations, and a specific name is given to all of them. The group of capillary naevi includes naevus flammeus, port-wine naevus of the Proteus type, port-wine naevus of the CLOVES type, naevus roseus, rhodoid naevus, cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita, congenital livedo reticularis, segmental angioma serpiginosum, naevus anaemicus, naevus vascularis mixtus and angiokeratoma circumscriptum. Read More
Cutis Marmorata Telangiectatica Congenita (CMTC) is a rare, sporadic condition usually present at birth characterized by localized or generalized persistent cutis marmorata, telangiectasia and phlebectasia. We report a preterm female newborn, the third child of non-related caucasian parents, with CMTC at birth who showed typical cutaneous features and monolateral congenital glaucoma. The pathogenesis of this disorder is unknown and the cause is probably multifactorial. Read More
Cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita (CMTC) is a very rarely occurring congenital disorder with persistent cutis marmorata, telangiectasia, and phlebectasia. This disorder may be associated with cutaneous atrophy and ulceration of the involved skin. We herewith report a 20-year-old female patient with CMTC since childhood along with ulcerations on both breasts. Read More
Most infantile hemangiomas have a spontaneous and uneventful involution and, hence, may be treated expectantly. Others, however, will present some complication along their evolution that may require prompt therapeutic interventions. Ulceration is the most common complication, and amblyopia is frequently associated with periocular tumors. Read More
Many practitioners assume every vascular lesion is a hemangioma; then tell parents not to worry, because hemangiomas "go away" after they grow. In fact, over the past three decades, advances in the stratification of vascular lesions, identification of clinical associations and syndromic vascular anomalies, and the discovery of germline and somatic mutations accompanying certain vascular anomalies have broadened our understanding. Concomitantly, the evaluation and management of vascular anomalies have become more sophisticated, and a laissez-faire approach is often inadequate. Read More
Megalencephaly-capillary malformation (MCAP) syndrome is an overgrowth syndrome that is diagnosed by clinical criteria. Recently, somatic and germline variants in genes that are involved in the PI3K-AKT pathway (AKT3, PIK3R2 and PIK3CA) have been described to be associated with MCAP and/or other related megalencephaly syndromes. We performed trio-exome sequencing in a 6-year-old boy and his healthy parents. Read More
A new-born male baby with typical features of Adams-Oliver syndrome (AOS) is described. Adams-Oliver syndrome is the association of aplasia cutis congenita with terminal transverse limb reduction defects with or without cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita. The patient presented with brachydactyly involving all the digits of his hands and shortening of both big toes along with aplasia cutis on the scalp. Read More
Background: Cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita (CMTC) is a vascular malformation, diagnosed based on cutaneous manifestations. It is associated with limb length discrepancy (LLD) and asymmetry, but the exact extent of this and its relationship to the site of the cutaneous manifestations have not been delineated.
Objectives: To review the orthopaedic problems associated with CMTC, concentrating on the assessment and management of the LLD. Read More
Cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita (CMTC) is an uncommon, congenital, vascular malformation, characterised by a fixed, generalised or localised, reticulate erythematous rash. We report an eighty day old male child who presented with the above lesion involving the left upper and lower limbs with underlying atrophic changes. Read More
We report the case of a boy with cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita, strokelike episodes, and a pinpoint stenosis of the left internal carotid artery. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a stenosis of an intracranial artery in a patient with cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita. Read More
Am J Med Genet A 2014 Jan 15;164A(1):199-203. Epub 2013 Nov 15.
Servicio de Genética, División de Pediatría, Hospital Civil de Guadalajara "Dr. Juan I. Menchaca", Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico; Instituto de Genética Humana "Dr. Enrique Corona-Rivera", Centro Universitario de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico.
To our knowledge, there are nine previous reports of patients with congenital scrotal agenesis (CSA), seven of which were bilateral, and unilateral in two, also named as hemiscrotal agenesis (HSA). Here, we report a male infant with the previously undescribed co-occurrence of HSA with cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita (CMTC), and hydronephrosis due to vesicoureteral reflux, all of them on the left side. CMTC is a segmental vascular malformation usually attributed to mosaicism of a postzygotic mutation, whereas the mechanisms in the CSA involve a failure on the labioscrotal fold (LSF) development due to a localized 5α-reductase deficiency and/or androgen insensitivity. Read More
Background: Categorization of vascular anomalies with overgrowth is evolving rapidly with the aid of massively parallel genomic sequencing; however, accurate clinical diagnosis is still essential. We identified a group of patients with an extensive, diffuse, reticulate capillary malformation (CM) and variable hypertrophy without major complications.
Objective: We sought to study a subset of patients with diffuse CM to better define prognosis and management. Read More
Neonatal lupus is a rare disease caused by the transplacental transfer of maternal autoantibodies to the foetus, characterized by transient clinical manifestations such as cutaneous, haematological, and hepatobiliary events or permanent such as congenital heart block. The typical cutaneous manifestations include erythematous, scaly, annular or arched lesions on the face, with slight central atrophy and photosensitivy, clinically and histologically similar to subacute cutaneous lupus. However, in some cases, the lesions may resemble those in cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita, although this phenomenon is rare and only eight such cases have been reported to date. Read More
Cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita is a well-characterized cutaneous vascular disorder with variable and rare ocular involvement. It has been reported in association with glaucoma, bilateral congenital retinal detachments, bilateral tractional retinal detachments secondary to proliferative vitreoretinopathy, and retinoblastoma. This case demonstrates novel findings of bilateral peripheral retinal vascular abnormalities and retinal nonperfusion on fluorescein angiography without retinal detachment that have not previously been described in cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita. Read More
Prenat Diagn 2013 Oct 23;33(10):1010-2. Epub 2013 Jul 23.
Division of Human Genetics, Department of Pediatrics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine and The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA; Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine and The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
J Med Case Rep 2013 Feb 27;7:55. Epub 2013 Feb 27.
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Science, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8575, Japan.
Introduction: Phacomatosis pigmentovascularis is a rare congenital condition characterized by vascular malformation associated with extensive pigmented nevi. Even though it forms a large, prominent skin lesion, therapy for phacomatosis pigmentovascularis is rarely discussed. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of phacomatosis pigmentovascularis type II treated with combined laser therapy using Q-switched alexandrite and long-pulsed dye lasers. Read More
Vascular birthmarks can be difficult to diagnose in the perinatal period due to varied growth characteristics and similar initial appearances. Location and type of birthmark can provide signals that extracutaneous involvement may be a concern. This article provides a baseline framework that can help diagnose, define associations and guide workup and treatment in these neonates. Read More
Clinical Issue: Causes and imaging patterns of hydrocephalus differ depending on the age of the patient. Traditionally, hydrocephalus was classified into non-communicating and communicating hydrocephalus but more recent classifications also take the site of occlusion and the etiology into account.
Diagnostics: For the diagnostic work-up computed tomography (CT), sonography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are available and MRI is the method of choice for children and adolescents as it allows determination of the cause and location of a possible obstruction. Read More
Unlabelled: Macrocephaly-cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita is a multiple congenital anomaly syndrome first described in 1997 in children with macrocephaly, cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita, and several other abnormalities. Since 2007, this syndrome has been renamed macrocephaly-capillary malformation.
Case Report: The pregnancy was marked by polyhydramnios associated with fetal macrosomia and macrocephaly. Read More
Aim: Macrocephaly-cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita (M-CMTC) is a craniofacial defect secondary to macrosomia; a case is presented in order to increase knowledge of the related complications in particular with respect to craniofacial development.
Case Report: The authors report a case of M-CMTC evaluated from the genetic standpoint and that of craniofacial development. The aim was to analyse the patient's clinical development and to plan orthopaedic and surgical treatment, focused on detecting and correcting structural and/or functional maxillomandibular anomalies that are likely to worsen over time. Read More
Macrocephaly-capillary malformation (OMIM 602501) is a rare overgrowth and asymmetry syndrome. Cardiac arrhythmias were reported to occur in few patients. We present a case in which fetal arrhythmia was the presenting symptom of the syndrome. Read More
We report a series of four patients with macrocephaly-capillary malformation (M-CM) who are the first ever reported M-CM patients among Chinese individuals. The salient clinical features and recent diagnostic criteria are discussed. M-CM is a multisystem disease characterized by macrocephaly and cutaneous vascular malformation. Read More