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    1 OF 111

    The history of an unknown dermatological wax collection from Cluj-Napoca University "Iuliu Hatieganu", Romania.
    Wien Med Wochenschr 2017 Apr 26. Epub 2017 Apr 26.
    University G. Marconi, Rome, Italy.
    Among the dermatological wax collections across Europe, one of the latest created is the collection from Cluj-Napoca University, Romania. The initiator was Professor Coriolan Tataru and the moulage artist employed was Dr. Richard Hoffmann. Read More

    A 34-Year-Old Obese Woman with Rash, Finger Swelling and Fever.
    Int J Infect Dis 2017 Apr 10. Epub 2017 Apr 10.
    Department of Infectious Disease, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, China. Electronic address:
    Disseminated tuberculosis first presenting as cutaneous lesion is uncommon and difficult to diagnose on account of its divers clinical forms. We present a 34-year-old obese woman with rash, finger swelling and fever. The patient was firstly manifested by fever and mass in palm and finger, gradually involving multisystems injury. Read More

    Evidence of neurofibromatosis type 1 in a multi-morbid Inca child mummy: A paleoradiological investigation using computed tomography.
    PLoS One 2017 12;12(4):e0175000. Epub 2017 Apr 12.
    Anthropology, Natural History Museum of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
    Objective: In this study, an Inca bundle was examined using computed tomography (CT). The primary aim was to determine the preservation status of bony and soft tissues, the sex, the age at the time of death, possible indicators for disease or even the cause of death, as well as the kind of mummification. A secondary aim was to obtain a brief overview of the wrapping in order to gain additional information on the cultural background. Read More

    Unusual Sites of Cutaneous Tuberculosis: A Report of Two Cases.
    Case Rep Dermatol Med 2017 27;2017:7285169. Epub 2017 Feb 27.
    Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Government Medical College, Patiala, Punjab, India.
    Cutaneous tuberculosis (CTB) is an uncommon small subset of extrapulmonary tuberculosis, comprising 1-1.5% of all extrapulmonary tuberculosis manifestations, which manifests only in 8.4-13. Read More

    Understanding cutaneous tuberculosis: two clinical cases.
    JMM Case Rep 2016 Dec 16;3(6):e005070. Epub 2016 Dec 16.
    Insitute of Microbiology, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore , Rome , Italy.
    Tuberculosis (TB) is an ancient human disease and remains today one of the most important public health problems and the second most frequent cause of death from an infectious disease worldwide. While pulmonary TB is the most common form, extra-pulmonary TB is on the rise due to the increase in immunosuppressed subjects. Cutaneous TB manifestations are rare forms of extra-pulmonary TB due to systemic dissemination of bacilli or direct inoculation, involving skin or skin-associated tissue, more common in immunocompromised subjects. Read More

    Infectious diseases prevalence, vaccination coverage, and diagnostic challenges in a population of internationally adopted children referred to a Tertiary Care Children's Hospital from 2009 to 2015.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Mar;96(12):e6300
    Department of Health Sciences, University of Florence, Meyer Children's University Hospital, Florence, Italy.
    Infectious diseases are common in internationally adopted children (IAC).With the objective to evaluate infectious diseases prevalence in a large cohort of IAC and to explore possible risk factors for tuberculosis (TB) and parasitic infections, clinical and laboratory data at first screening visit of all IAC (<18 years) consecutively referred to our Center in 2009 to 2015 were collected and analyzed.In total, 1612 children (median age: 5. Read More

    [Cutaneous manifestations of sarcoidosis].
    Z Rheumatol 2017 Mar 17. Epub 2017 Mar 17.
    Abteilung für Dermatologie, Venerologie und Allergologie, Universitätsmedizin Göttingen, Robert-Koch-Str. 40, 37075, Göttingen, Deutschland.
    Skin manifestations of sarcoidosis occur in up to 30% of cases. This review summarizes and illustrates in detail the differences between specific and unspecific skin manifestations of sarcoidosis. Important differential diagnoses, such as tuberculosis, cutaneous lymphoma and syphilis have to be excluded. Read More

    [Rare cutaneous tuberculosis in sub-Saharan Africa developed on discoid lupus erythematous lesion].
    Bull Soc Pathol Exot 2017 Feb 28. Epub 2017 Feb 28.
    Dermatologie, hôpital institut d'hygiène sociale de Dakar, université Cheikh-Anta-Diop de Dakar, BP 7045, Dakar, Sénégal.
    Lupus vulgaris is a common presentation of cutaneous tuberculosis (TB), but its ulcerative or vegetating form also called vorax is rare.We report a case of lupus vulgaris in its vorax form, which occurred in a patient with discoid lupus erythematous. A 42-year-old patient monitored for chronic lupus erythematosus consulted again for a facial tumor and fever. Read More

    Tc-99m Sulfur Colloid Lymphoscintigraphy with Single-photon Emission Computed Tomography/Computed Tomography in a Case of Acquired Vulval Lymphangiomas.
    Indian J Nucl Med 2017 Jan-Mar;32(1):73-74
    Department of Nuclear Medicine and PET/CT, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.
    We describe the lymphoscintigraphy findings of a 25-year-old female patient who was undergoing presurgical workup for lymphangiomas of the vulva. She had a history of treatment for disseminated tuberculosis 6 years back and presented with herpetiform oozing vesicles in the external genitalia. Single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) confirmed cutaneous tracer accumulation in the vulval lesions and demonstrated the presence of densely calcified inguinal nodes secondary to healed tuberculosis as the etiology of secondary lymphangioma. Read More

    Cutaneous leishmaniasis associated with anti-tumour necrosis factor-α drugs: an emerging disease.
    Clin Exp Dermatol 2017 Apr 27;42(3):331-334. Epub 2017 Feb 27.
    Department of Dermatology, Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, IDIBELL, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
    Leishmaniasis is endemic in several geographic areas of the world. In each of these areas, particular species of Leishmania with differing aggressiveness to humans predominate. In the European Mediterranean basin, cutaneous leishmaniasis usually presents with discrete, self-healing skin lesions. Read More

    Cutaneous Tuberculosis.
    Microbiol Spectr 2017 Jan;5(1)
    Department of Medicine, Louisiana State University School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA 70112.
    Cutaneous tuberculosis (TB) may present in various clinical manifestations. Skin involvement may occur as a result of exogenous inoculation, contiguous spread from a nearby focus of infection, or by hematogenous spread from a distant focus. Because the clinical presentation of cutaneous TB can vary widely, it is important to have a high index of suspicion in appropriate clinical settings. Read More

    CD4 count and risk of anti-tuberculosis drug-associated cutaneous reactions in HIV-infected Thai patients.
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 2017 Mar;21(3):338-344
    Biostatistics Center of Excellence, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.
    Objectives: Tuberculosis (TB) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected patients. However, anti-tuberculosis drugs can cause cutaneous adverse drug reactions (CADRs). This study was conducted to evaluate differences in CADR incidence between low and high CD4 cell count in patients with low and high CD4 cell count and to identify other risk factors for CADR in HIV-TB co-infected patients. Read More

    Stellera chamaejasme and its constituents induce cutaneous wound healing and anti-inflammatory activities.
    Sci Rep 2017 Feb 21;7:42490. Epub 2017 Feb 21.
    Natural Products Research Center, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Gangneung, Republic of Korea.
    Stellera chamaejasme L. (Thymelaeaceae) is a perennial herb that is widely used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat tumours, tuberculosis and psoriasis. S. Read More

    Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology of Papulonodular Lesions of Skin: A Study of 50 Cases.
    J Clin Diagn Res 2016 Dec 1;10(12):EC09-EC13. Epub 2016 Dec 1.
    Professor and Head of Department, Department of Pathology, JSS Medical College, JSS University , Mysuru, Karnataka, India .
    Introduction: Skin is one of the frequent site of disease in human body. Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC) is a safe diagnostic method in these cases. FNAC has some limitation, particularly related to representativity of samples, exact typing of skin adnexal tumours and classifying the nature of metastatic cutaneous nodules. Read More

    Transdermal delivery of isoniazid and rifampin in guinea pigs by electro-phonophoresis.
    Drug Deliv 2017 Nov;24(1):467-470
    a National Clinical Laboratory on Tuberculosis, Beijing Key Laboratory on Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis Research, Beijing Chest Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Tuberculosis and Thoracic Tumor Institute , Beijing , China and.
    Electro-phonophoresis (EP) has been used as a drug delivery approach in clinical fields. The objective of the present study is to evaluate the skin permeability of isoniazid and rifampin in guinea pigs by EP to provide reference basis for clinical applications of such transdermal delivery system in the treatment of patients with superficial tuberculosis. Isoniazid and rifampin solutions were delivered transdermally with or without EP in health guinea pigs for 0. Read More

    Serious fungal infections in Pakistan.
    Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2017 Feb 4. Epub 2017 Feb 4.
    Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan.
    The true burden of fungal infection in Pakistan is unknown. High-risk populations for fungal infections [tuberculosis (TB), diabetes, chronic respiratory diseases, asthma, cancer, transplant and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection] are numerous. Here, we estimate the burden of fungal infections to highlight their public health significance. Read More

    Disseminated Nocardiosis in renal transplant recipient under therapy for pulmonary tuberculosis: a case report.
    BMC Res Notes 2017 Feb 3;10(1):83. Epub 2017 Feb 3.
    Department of Microbiology, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal.
    Background: Nocardiosis is an opportunistic infection in a patient with underlying immune suppression and organ transplant. Clinical syndromes are varied and ranges from pulmonary, disseminated, cutaneous along with central nervous system involvement.

    Case Presentation: Herein, we report a rare case of disseminated pulmonary nocardiosis with cerebral manifestation in a 66 year-old-Nepali farmer; with a history of renal transplantation and undergoing therapy for pulmonary tuberculosis. Read More

    Leishmaniasis recidivans in Ethiopia: cutaneous and mucocutaneous features.
    J Infect Dev Ctries 2017 Jan 30;11(1):106-110. Epub 2017 Jan 30.
    Ayder Referral Hospital, Mekelle, Ethiopia.
    Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is endemic in Ethiopia. An unusual clinical form of this disease is leishmaniasis recidivans (LR), a prolonged, relapsing form of cutaneous leishmaniasis resembling tuberculosis of the skin that may persist for many years with a chronic and relapsing course. This rare variant has been shown to be caused by Leishmania tropica species in the Old World and by Leishmania braziliensis, Leishmania amazonensis, Leishmania panamensis, and Leishmania guyanensis in the New World, as reported in various studies. Read More

    Tuberculosis mimicking primary systemic vasculitis: not to be missed!
    Trop Doct 2017 Apr 16;47(2):158-164. Epub 2017 Jan 16.
    5 Professor and Head, Department of Clinical Immunology, JIPMER, Puducherry, India.
    Infections are an important differential diagnosis in patients presenting with features of systemic vasculitis. We report a young lady with constitutional features, leg ulcers, digital gangrene and absent peripheral pulses with cervical adenopathy. Chest imaging revealed multiple necrotic lung lesions and involvement of left subclavian artery at its origin from the aorta, Histopathology from cervical lymph nodes showed multiple caseated lymph nodes, which in the context of a positive Mantoux test led us to diagnose tuberculosis and institute appropriate therapy. Read More

    Mycobacterium haemophilum: A report of cutaneous Infection in a Patient with end-stage renal disease.
    Int J Mycobacteriol 2016 Dec 9;5 Suppl 1:S236. Epub 2016 Nov 9.
    Pediatric Respiratory Diseases Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:
    Introduction: Mycobacterium haemophilum is a slow-growing nontuberculous mycobacterium (NTM) that can cause ulcerating cutaneous or subcutaneous nodular skin lesions in immunocompromised and immunocompetent patients. Acid-fast staining cannot distinguish NTM from M. tuberculosis; culturing at two temperatures with iron-supplemented media and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) are needed for optimal detection of M. Read More

    Characteristics and epidemiological profile of Buruli ulcer in the district of Tiassalé, south Côte d'Ivoire.
    Acta Trop 2016 Dec 27. Epub 2016 Dec 27.
    Unité de Formation et de Recherche des Sciences Médicales, Université Félix Houphouët-Boigny, 01 BP V 34, Abidjan 01, Côte d'Ivoire.
    Buruli ulcer (BU) is a cutaneous infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans. It is the third most common mycobacterial disease in the world in the immunocompetent patient and second in Côte d'Ivoire after tuberculosis. This study aimed to assess the characteristics and epidemiological profile of BU in the district of Tiassalé, an important focus of the disease in south Côte d'Ivoire, in order to better direct actions for prevention and control. Read More

    A Rare Case of Coexistence of Borderline Lepromatous Leprosy with Tuberculosis Verrucosa Cutis.
    Case Rep Infect Dis 2016 24;2016:1746896. Epub 2016 Nov 24.
    Department of Dermatology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Pondicherry, India.
    Occurrence of pulmonary tuberculosis with leprosy is known but association of cutaneous tuberculosis with leprosy is rare. We report a case of borderline lepromatous leprosy coexistent with tuberculosis verrucosa cutis in a 29-year-old male, who presented with multiple skin coloured nodules and hyperkeratotic scaly lesions of 3-month duration. Dual infections are associated with high mortality and morbidity. Read More

    Visceral and tissular reactivity in acute heart failure due to supraventricular tachyarrhythmia in a young patient.
    Rom J Morphol Embryol 2016 ;57(3):1099-1105
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, Romania;
    Observation of major pathological alterations in a young person involves etiological and clinical justifications, in order to properly assess, treat and control these conditions. The aim of this paper is to present severe, acute pathological lesions, installed in a young person, secondary to hypodiastolic heart failure, due to persistent supraventricular tachyarrhythmia, triggered by a post-traumatic external stimulus, with complete remission post-electrical conversion. Pathological and clinical modification are revealed, in a young person, shortly after a minor thoracic trauma, in the absence of traumatic injury but with high-frequency palpitations onset and progressive installation of vascular, visceral and interstitial stasis modifications, as well as of vascular and tissular hypoperfusion with reactive vasoconstriction. Read More

    [Disseminated histoplasmosis in patients with AIDS. Buenos Aires, 2009-2014].
    Medicina (B Aires) 2016 ;76(6):332-337
    Centro de Micología, Departamento de Microbiología, Parasitología e Inmunología, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina.
    A retrospective study was carried out on 171 cases of disseminated histoplasmosis diagnosed in HIV/AIDS patients during the period 2009-2014. Although HIV diagnosis rates remained stable over the study period, a sensible increase in the number of histoplasmosis cases was observed in the last three years. Disseminated histoplasmosis was prevalent in males with an average age of 37. Read More

    [Sarcoidosis and uveitis : An update].
    Ophthalmologe 2016 Nov 30. Epub 2016 Nov 30.
    Swiss Eye Institute, Rotkreuz, Schweiz.
    Ocular involvement in sarcoidosis is present in up to one third of patients and is frequently manifested before the underlying systemic disease has been diagnosed. With a view to the therapeutic consequences an early diagnosis of the underlying disease is advantageous. In cases of visual loss early diagnostic measures include invasive procedures, such as ultrasound-guided bronchoalveolar lavage and transbronchial biopsy, if nodular conjunctival or cutaneous manifestations which would confirm the diagnosis are not present. Read More

    Arteriocutaneous Fistula Associated with Bilateral Femoral Pseudoaneurysms Caused by Bacillus Calmette-Guérin. Apropos of a Case and Review of Literature.
    Ann Vasc Surg 2017 Feb 27;39:291.e1-291.e6. Epub 2016 Nov 27.
    Department of Angiology, Endovascular and Vascular Surgery, Hospital Universitario Dr. Peset, Valencia, Spain.
    Vascular complications of intravesical instillation of bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) are rare. BCG is an attenuated strain of Mycobacterium bovis that was initially developed for vaccination against tuberculosis, but it has also been used as an adjuvant treatment for bladder transitional carcinoma. We report a patient with a history of instillation of BCG 2 years before, who underwent surgical treatment of 2 pseudoaneurysms. Read More

    A short history of phototherapy, vitamin D and skin disease.
    Photochem Photobiol Sci 2017 Mar;16(3):283-290
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.
    The earliest record between sun exposure and skin disease goes back five millennia to the ancient Egyptians. The modern scientific era of medical light therapy and skin diseases started in 1877 when Downs and Blunt reported that exposure to light inhibited fungal growth in test tubes. Continuing research generated a growing medical interest in the potential the effects of light to treat and cure skin diseases considered as parasitic. Read More

    A Slowly Growing Orange Patch on the Cheek: Diagnosis of Lupus Vulgaris 20 Years After Onset of First Skin Changes.
    Dermatol Ther (Heidelb) 2017 Mar 25;7(1):181-185. Epub 2016 Nov 25.
    Department of Dermatology, Saarland University Medical School, Homburg/Saar, Germany.
    Tuberculosis is a worldwide occurring disease that affects approximately 20-40% of the world's population and in particular in developing countries. However, in times of migration, industrialised countries are again being more and more affected. Cutaneous tuberculosis is rare and lupus vulgaris represents its most common form. Read More

    [Description of duplicate records held on the Notifiable Diseases Information System, Brazil, 2008-2009].
    Epidemiol Serv Saude 2016 Jul-Sep;25(3):487-498
    Fundação Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Rio de Janeiro-RJ, Brasil.
    Objective: to describe the proportion of duplicate records held on the Brazilian Notifiable Diseases Information System, 2008-2009.

    Methods: identification of duplicate records of dengue, leprosy, visceral leishmaniasis and cutaneous leishmaniasis, meningitis and tuberculosis was conducted using Reclink III(r); the proportion of duplicate records was calculated by geographical region, state and municipal population size categories.

    Results: visceral leishmaniasis (VL) and meningitis had higher proportions of duplicate notification (5. Read More

    Primary Tuberculosis of Hand Soft Tissue.
    World J Plast Surg 2016 Sep;5(3):313-318
    Department of Burns, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, AMU, Aligarh, India.
    The musculoskeletal extrapulmonary tuberculosis is uncommon, the upper extremity tuberculosis is not common and the mycobacterial involvement of skin of hands and synovial sheath of tendons is rare. This prospective observational study was undertaken between August 2014 and December 2015 in a tertiary referral hospital. Patients attending with suspected primary tuberculosis of soft tissue of the hand were included. Read More

    Molecular Characteristics of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Strains Isolated from Cutaneous Tuberculosis Patients in China.
    Acta Derm Venereol 2017 Apr;97(4):472-477
    Institute of Dermatology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Nanjing, China.
    Cutaneous tuberculosis (CTB) is probably underreported due to difficulties in detection and diagnosis. To address this issue, genotypes of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains isolated from 30 patients with CTB were mapped at multiple loci, namely, RD105 deletions, spacer oligonucleotides, and Mycobacterial Interspersed Repetitive Unit-Variable Number Tandem Repeats (MIRU-VNTRs). Fifty-eight strains of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) were mapped as experimental controls. Read More

    Dual T cell- and B cell-intrinsic deficiency in humans with biallelic RLTPR mutations.
    J Exp Med 2016 Oct 19;213(11):2413-2435. Epub 2016 Sep 19.
    Laboratory of Human Genetics of Infectious Diseases, Necker Branch, Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale U1163, 75015 Paris, France.
    Combined immunodeficiency (CID) refers to inborn errors of human T cells that also affect B cells because of the T cell deficit or an additional B cell-intrinsic deficit. In this study, we report six patients from three unrelated families with biallelic loss-of-function mutations in RLTPR, the mouse orthologue of which is essential for CD28 signaling. The patients have cutaneous and pulmonary allergy, as well as a variety of bacterial and fungal infectious diseases, including invasive tuberculosis and mucocutaneous candidiasis. Read More

    Mycobacterium fortuitum infection of the scalp after a skin graft.
    BMJ Case Rep 2016 Oct 19;2016. Epub 2016 Oct 19.
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas, McGovern School of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA.
    Mycobacterium fortuitum is a non-tuberculous mycobacterium found in the soil and water of most regions of the world, and it can cause disease in immunocompetent and immunocompromised hosts. We present a 52-year-old man who developed a scalp abscess under a free flap for cranium coverage after a motor vehicle accident. Culture of material drained from the abscess grew M. Read More

    [Immunological evaluation during treatment of a case of borderline lepromatous leprosy].
    Rev Alerg Mex 2016 Oct-Dec;63(4):413-419
    Hospital San Angel Inn Chapultepec. Ciudad de México, México.
    Background: Leprosy is a chronic granulomatous infection that affects skin and peripheral nerves. Its prevalence has declined, but is still observed mainly in poor rural areas.

    Case Report: A male city dweller with photophobia and chronic dermatosis in the face: nodular and erythematous lesions, pustules, keratitis and entropion, partial eyebrows loss, and edema on eyelids, chin, and nose bridge. Read More

    [A case of mediastinum actinomycosis by Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans].
    Rev Pneumol Clin 2016 Dec 24;72(6):363-366. Epub 2016 Oct 24.
    Pôle de spécialités cancérologiques, service de chirurgie thoracique et vasculaire, hôpital Avicenne, faculté de médecine SMBH, université Paris 13, Assistance publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), CHU Paris-Seine-Saint-Denis, 125, rue de Stalingrad, 93000 Bobigny, France.
    The actinomycosis is a suppurative infection due to an anaerobic and microaerophillic bacteria called actinomyces. Only few case reports are described for the mediastinal locations of this rare entity. We report a new case of inflammatory pseudotumor in the mediastinum due to Aggregatibacte actinomycetemcomitans revealed by hemoptysis. Read More

    Pulmonary tuberculosis due to Mycobacterium bovis revealed by skin lesion in slaughterhouse worker.
    Clin Respir J 2016 Apr 7. Epub 2016 Apr 7.
    Department of Medical Pathology, Şifa University, Medical Faculty, Izmir, Turkey.
    A 46-year-old male patient who has worked as a butcher was admitted to the hospital with an unhealing wound on the dorsal side of his hand. Incisional biopsy was performed from the lesion and histopathological diagnosis revealed a granulomatous inflammatory process, compatible with tuberculosis. The patient was directed to the department of chest diseases for further investigation in terms of pulmonary Tuberculosis (TB) infection. Read More

    Effects of flavonoids from Martynia annua and Tephrosia purpurea on cutaneous wound healing.
    Avicenna J Phytomed 2016 Sep-Oct;6(5):578-591
    Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Dr. H. S. Gour University, Sagar, Madhya Pradesh, India-470003.
    Objective: Martynia annua L. (M. annua), (Martyniaccae) has been traditionally used in the treatment of epilepsy, sore throat and inflammatory disorders. Read More

    Tuberculosis Penis with 'Watering Can Penis' Appearance: Report of a Rare Case with Retrograde Urethrography and Voiding Cystourethrography Findings.
    Pol J Radiol 2016 20;81:454-457. Epub 2016 Sep 20.
    Department of Radiodiagnosis, M.V. Jayaram Medical College and Research Hospital, Hosakote, Bangalore, India.
    Background: A 'watering can penis' secondary to penile tuberculosis is an extremely rare clinical entity. Retrograde Urethrography - Voiding Cystourethrography evaluation of the urethra and the urinary bladder plays a very important role in the diagnostics as well as further management of the urethral abnormalities. To the best of our knowledge, this is only the second case in literature where a 'watering can penis' was noted secondary to penile TB. Read More

    Tinea on a Tattoo.
    Acta Dermatovenerol Croat 2016 Aug;24(3):223-4
    Marius Irimie, MD, 40, Zizinului Street, Bl. 31, Sc. C, Ap. 2, 500414, Brasov, Romania;
    In the last twenty years, the prevalence of individuals with tattoos in the general population has increased in Europe (1) as well as in Australia (2) and the United States of America (3). A series of complications such as acute inflammatory reactions, allergic contact dermatitis (4,5), photoinduced, lichenoid, and granulomatous reactions (6, 7), pseudolymphoma (8), pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia (9), skin infections (6), and skin cancers (10) may occur on tattoos. Infectious complications on tattoos include bacterial infections (pyoderma, leprosy, syphilis, cutaneous tuberculosis, mycobacteriosis) (11-14), viral infections (molluscum contagiosum, warts, herpes simplex, hepatitis B and C) (15-17), and fungal infections (sporotrichosis, dermatophytosis) (18,19). Read More

    Cutaneous tuberculosis revealing multifocal tuberculosis in immunocompetent patients.
    Int J Mycobacteriol 2015 Sep 18;4(3):255-7. Epub 2015 Jun 18.
    Department of Dermatology Venereology, Hassan II University Hospital Fez, Morocco.
    Multifocal tuberculosis (TB) is rare. It occurs especially in immunocompromised patients. Association with skin involvement is rarer, and few cases are reported in the literature. Read More

    Topical Simvastatin as Host-Directed Therapy against Severity of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Mice.
    Sci Rep 2016 Sep 16;6:33458. Epub 2016 Sep 16.
    International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB), Cape Town Component, Cape Town, South Africa.
    We recently demonstrated that statins mediate protection against intracellular pathogens, Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Listeria monocytogenes in mice. Here, we investigated the immunomodulatory potential of simvastatin as a topical or systemic host-directed drug therapy in controlling inflammatory responses in an experimental mouse model of cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania major (LV39). In an ear infection model, topical application of simvastatin directly on established lesions significantly reduced severity of the disease reflected by ear lesion size and ulceration. Read More

    Laryngeal Leishmaniasis with Extra-pulmonary Tuberculosis.
    J Assoc Physicians India 2015 Sep;63(9):71-3
    Department of Otorhinolaryngology.
    Clinical presentations of Leishmania infection include visceral (most common form), cutaneous, mucocutaneous, mucosal and post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis. Mucosal form of leishmaniasis mostly involves oral and nasal mucosa. Rarely, laryngeal and pharyngeal mucosa may also be involved. Read More

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