2,111 results match your criteria Cutaneous Larva Migrans

Dermoscopy of cutaneous larva migrans.

Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2022 Apr 1:1-2. Epub 2022 Apr 1.

Department of Dermatology, Command Hospital Air Force Bangalore, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

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Occupational risk of cutaneous larva migrans: A case report and a systematic literature review.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2022 05 12;16(5):e0010330. Epub 2022 May 12.

Interdisciplinary Department of Medicine, University of Bari, Bari, Italy.

Cutaneous larva migrans (CLM) is a parasitic zoonosis of warm tropical and subtropical areas, although autochthonous cases have been increasingly reported in Western European countries. Data on the prevalence of CLM as an occupational disease in workers exposed to potentially contaminated soil or in close contact with dogs and cats are scant. Herein, we report an autochthonous case of CLM in a dog breeder from southern Italy (Apulia region), along with a systematic literature review describing the risk of CLM infection, mainly according to job categories. Read More

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[Toxocariasis in children: analysis of 85 cases in a paediatric hospital in Argentina].

Rev Chilena Infectol 2021 12;38(6):761-767

Hospital General de Niños "Pedro de Elizalde", Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Background: Toxocariasis is a widely spread parasitic disease. The most frequent clinical form is asymptomatic (AT) although it may present with visceral larva migrans (VLM), ocular larva migrans (OLM) or covert (TE) involvement.

Aims: To describe the clinical presentation, laboratory, evolution and treatment characteristics of the cases and to compare the various clinical forms of presentation. Read More

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December 2021

A Case Report of Intravitreal Dexamethasone Implant with Exudative Retinal Detachment for Ocular Toxocariasis Treatment.

Korean J Parasitol 2022 Apr 20;60(2):133-137. Epub 2022 Apr 20.

Department of Ophthalmology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning 513200, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China.

Toxocariasis is one of the most common geohelminth infections in several parts of the world. We describe a rare case of ocular toxocariasis with secondary exudative retinal detachment treated with albendazole and an intravitreal dexamethasone implant. A 13-year-old boy with counting finger vision was diagnosed with retinal vasculitis and exudative retinal detachment in his right eye. Read More

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Recalcitrant cutaneous larva migrans in an atypical location.

BMJ Case Rep 2022 03 15;15(3). Epub 2022 Mar 15.

Dermatology Department, Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Ocidental EPE, Hospital de Egas Moniz, Lisboa, Portugal.

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Ocular toxocariasis presenting as leukocoria.

Lancet Infect Dis 2022 03;22(3):426

State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China. Electronic address:

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- and -Induced Neurotoxocarosis Is Associated with Comprehensive Brain Transcriptomic Alterations.

Microorganisms 2022 Jan 14;10(1). Epub 2022 Jan 14.

Institute for Parasitology, Centre for Infection Medicine, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, 30559 Hanover, Germany.

and are globally occurring zoonotic roundworms of dogs and cats. Migration and persistence of larvae in the central nervous system of paratenic hosts including humans may cause clinical signs of neurotoxocarosis (NT). As pathomechanisms of NT and host responses against larvae are mostly unknown, whole-genome microarray transcription analysis was performed in cerebra and cerebella of experimentally infected C57Bl/6J mice as paratenic host model at days 14, 28, 70, 98, and 120 post-infection. Read More

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January 2022

First report of the zoonotic nematode Baylisascaris procyonis in non-native raccoons (Procyon lotor) from Italy.

Parasit Vectors 2022 Jan 12;15(1):24. Epub 2022 Jan 12.

Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale del Lazio e Della Toscana "M. Aleandri", Rome, Italy.

Baylisascaris procyonis is a nematode parasite of the raccoon (Procyon lotor), and it can be responsible for a severe form of larva migrans in humans. This parasite has been reported from many countries all over the world, after translocation of its natural host outside its native geographic range, North America. In the period between January and August 2021, 21 raccoons were cage-trapped and euthanized in Tuscany (Central Italy), in the context of a plan aimed at eradicating a reproductive population of this non-native species. Read More

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January 2022

Baylisascaris transfuga (Ascaridoidea, Nematoda) from European brown bear (Ursus arctos) causing larva migrans in laboratory mice with clinical manifestation.

Parasitol Res 2022 Feb 5;121(2):645-651. Epub 2022 Jan 5.

Department of Pathology and Parasitology, University of Veterinary Sciences Brno, Palackého 1946/1, 612 42, Brno, Czech Republic.

Due to the recent recovery of brown bear populations in Central Europe, information about their ascarid parasite, Baylisascaris transfuga is necessary as the parasite represents a part of natural ecological networks. B. transfuga can lead to larva migrans syndrome in accidental hosts, but its zoonotic potential has not been confirmed. Read More

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February 2022

Annular infectious dermatoses.

Clin Dermatol 2021 Dec 31. Epub 2021 Dec 31.

Department of Dermatology and Allergy, Technische Universität München, Munich, Germany. Electronic address:

Annular configuration is conspicuous in the clinical manifestation of many skin diseases and can be helpful for the diagnosis and differential diagnosis. Variations may include arciform, ring-form, annular, circinate, serpiginous, gyrated, polycyclic, targeted or figurate forms, in different colors, sizes, and numbers, with various textures and surfaces. In infectious dermatoses, the annular reactions can be specific or nonspecific, while the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. Read More

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December 2021

Cutaneous larva migrans imported from a tropical trip - Case report and literature review.

Ann Agric Environ Med 2021 Dec 30;28(4):709-712. Epub 2020 Dec 30.

Department of Medical Biology and Biochemistry, L. Rydygier Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Bydgoszcz, Poland.

Introduction: Cutaneous larva migrans (CLM) is a zoonotic disease caused by hookworms characteristic of tropical and subtropical regions. In Poland, new cases appear every year in patients who have travelled to tropical areas. Most of the cases are initially under-diagnosed, which results in a delay in starting proper treatment. Read More

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December 2021

Noninvasive imaging techniques for the diagnosis of cutaneous larva migrans.

Skin Res Technol 2022 03 19;28(2):374-376. Epub 2021 Dec 19.

Dermatology Section, Department of Medical, Surgical and Neurological Sciences, Santa Maria Alle Scotte Hospital, Siena, Italy.

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Hepatic larva migrans presenting with upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage: A case report.

SA J Radiol 2021 26;25(1):2200. Epub 2021 Nov 26.

Department of Radiodiagnosis, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India.

Visceral larva migrans (VLM) occurs because of a host inflammatory response to the migrating larvae of a nematode. Patients usually present with fever, hepatomegaly and abdominal pain; vascular arterial complications are uncommon. A 19-year female presented with fever, jaundice, abdominal discomfort and melena. Read More

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November 2021

A Review of Infectious Diseases Associated with Religious and Nonreligious Rituals.

Interdiscip Perspect Infect Dis 2021 6;2021:1823957. Epub 2021 Dec 6.

Division of Infectious Diseases and Geographic Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.

Rituals are an integral part of human life but a wide range of rituals (both religious and non-religious), from self-flagellation to blood brotherhood to ritual sprinkling of holy water, have been associated with transmission of infections. These infections include angiostrongyliasis, anthrax, brucellosis, cholera, COVID-19, cutaneous larva migrans, Ebola, hepatitis viruses, herpes simplex virus, HIV, human T-cell leukemia virus (HTLV), kuru, , meningoencephalitis, orf, rift valley fever, and sporotrichosis. Education and community engagement are important cornerstones in mitigating infectious risks associated with rituals. Read More

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December 2021

Is it canine DUSN?: Another view of retinopathies, some acquired, and others possibly "inherited": Another view of retinopathies, some acquired, and others possibly "inherited".

Vet Ophthalmol 2022 Mar 11;25(2):96-108. Epub 2021 Dec 11.

Department of Comparative Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA.

The term retinopathy has been used to group several heterogeneous retinal abnormalities that are clearly acquired or are suspected/proposed to be inherited. Some share characteristic focal/multifocal hyperreflective tapetal lesions with a dark center, and areas of non-tapetal depigmentation suggestive of patchy or diffuse outer retinal atrophy. Progression is variable, and some develop unilateral or bilateral fundus changes resembling the clearly inherited form of retinal degeneration referred to as PRA. Read More

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Cutaneous larva migrans in early infancy: A Ugandan case report.

Clin Case Rep 2021 Nov 12;9(11):e05080. Epub 2021 Nov 12.

Epicentre Uganda Medecins Sans Frontieres Kampala Uganda.

Helminths are an important cause of worm infestation in low-income countries. The majority spread with soil to skin contact. In unusual patients presenting below 1 year, treatment can be challenging. Read More

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November 2021

Toxocariasis-associated urinary system diseases: a systematic review of reported cases.

Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 2021 Nov 16. Epub 2021 Nov 16.

Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol 4717647745, Iran.

Background: Toxocariasis is a neglected tropical disease caused by Toxocara canis and Toxocara cati. Toxocara species can involve many organs, such as the brain, heart and lungs, however, the urinary system involvement of toxocariasis is largely unknown.

Methods: We performed a systematic review to identify cases infected with urinary tract toxocariasis. Read More

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November 2021

Cutaneous larva migrans: an unusual souvenir from a Scottish holiday.

Clin Exp Dermatol 2022 Mar 23;47(3):593-594. Epub 2021 Nov 23.

Department of Dermatology, Charing Cross Hospital, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, London, UK.

Cutaneous larva migrans acquired in western Scotland. A reminder that with a warming climate, conditions conventionally restricted to the tropics may be contracted in the British Isles in the absence of foreign travel. Read More

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Eosinophilic Granuloma of the Liver Mimicking Metastatic Liver Tumor.

Intern Med 2022 May 19;61(10):1511-1517. Epub 2021 Oct 19.

Department of Gastroenterology and Medicine, Fukuoka University Faculty of Medicine, Japan.

We herein report a case of coagulation necrosis with granulation and eosinophilic infiltration of the liver. A 37-year-old woman was diagnosed with a new mass lesion in the liver 1 month after breast cancer surgery and admitted for a further examination. Because the tumor occurred immediately after surgery, it was considered essential to determine whether or not it was a metastatic liver tumor from breast cancer. Read More

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Toxocara cati larval migration in rats: experimental histopathological study.

Ann Parasitol 2021 ;67(2):265-273

Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kafrelsheikh University, 33516 Kafrelsheikh, Egypt.

Toxocara spp. (T. canis and T. Read More

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October 2021

Measurement of the IgG Avidity Index in the Diagnosis of Clinical Toxocariasis Patients.

Pathogens 2021 Aug 26;10(9). Epub 2021 Aug 26.

Laboratoire de Parasitologie-Mycologie, Institut Hospitalo-Universitaire Méditerranée Infection, 13385 Marseille, France.

spp. are parasitic nematodes responsible for human toxocariasis, a common zoonotic helminth infection. The five main features of human toxocariasis are the classical ocular toxocariasis and visceral larva migrans syndrome, followed by covert toxocariasis, common toxocariasis and neurotoxocariasis. Read More

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Common Dermatologic Conditions in Returning Travelers.

Curr Trop Med Rep 2021 Jun 16;8(2):104-111. Epub 2021 Feb 16.

Investigador SNI Senacyt Panamá, Clinical Research Department, Instituto Conmemorativo Gorgas de Estudios de la Salud, Panamá City, Panamá.

Purpose Of Review: Travel medicine practitioners often are confronted with returning travelers with dermatologic disorders that could be of infectious causes or inflammatory or allergic. Some dermatologic processes are the result of exposure to insects or acquired due to environmental exposures. There is a broad range of dermatosis of infectious and non-infectious etiologies that clinicians need to consider in the differential diagnosis of dermatosis in travelers. Read More

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Current Use of Ivermectin in Dermatology, Tropical Medicine, and COVID-19: An Update on Pharmacology, Uses, Proven and Varied Proposed Mechanistic Action.

Indian Dermatol Online J 2021 Jul-Aug;12(4):500-514. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Departments of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy, ABVIMS and Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Ivermectin is a broad-spectrum antiparasitic drug with anti-inflammatory, anti-viral, anti-bacterial, and anti-tumor effects. In this review, we discuss the history, pharmacology, multimodal actions, indications in dermatology and tropical medicine, therapeutic and prophylactic use of ivermectin in COVID-19, safety, adverse effects, special considerations, and drug interactions of ivermectin. Read More

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J Wildl Dis 2021 10;57(4):874-883

Department of Pathobiology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Rd E, Guelph Ontario, Canada N1G 2W1.

Passive surveillance is an important component of wildlife health surveillance that allows for the identification of emerging pathogens as well as population-level threats. We investigated the most common causes of morbidity and mortality in rodents and lagomorphs submitted to the Canadian Wildlife Health Cooperative (CWHC) in Ontario and the Ontario Veterinary College (OVC) over a 30-yr period. A total of 836 cases representing 13 species of rodents and three species of lagomorph were submitted to the CWHC and the OVC wildlife pathology service. Read More

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October 2021

Isolated cutaneous larva migrans over the scalp in a hod carrier.

Br J Dermatol 2021 10 3;185(4):e157. Epub 2021 Aug 3.

Department of Dermatology, Venereology, and Leprosy, RG Kar Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

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October 2021

A Unique Case of Cutaneous Larva Migrans and Asymptomatic Löeffler's Syndrome.

Cureus 2021 Jun 27;13(6):e15960. Epub 2021 Jun 27.

Internal Medicine, Regional Medical Center Bayonet Point, Hudson, USA.

Cutaneous larva migrans is a fairly common parasitic skin disease typically found in more tropical climates such as the southeastern United States, with the most commonly encountered organism known as the hookworm, . Löeffler's syndrome is a rare pulmonary manifestation with vague diagnostic criteria but frequently characterized by diffuse migratory pulmonary infiltrates on imaging studies with accompanying serum eosinophilia. Here, we present a unique case of Löeffler's syndrome secondary to cutaneous larva migrans. Read More

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Atypical gnathostomiasis-confirmed cutaneous larva migrans, Vietnam.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Jul 15;14(7). Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Therapeutic and Research Department, Institute of Malariology, Parasitology, and Entomology Quy Nhon, Quy Nhon, Viet Nam.

We reported a case of gnathostomiasis in a 42-year-old woman with an unclear history of eating high-risk foods and had a non-migratory skin lesion, negative serological testing and normal blood eosinophil counts. A diagnosis of gnathostomiasis was based on a live, third-stage larva that was randomly taken from the patient's skin lesion by herself. The presenting case report demonstrates challenges in correctly diagnose cutaneous gnathostomiasis even in endemic countries due to atypical skin lesions, negative serology testing and the absence of eosinophilia and thus, the widely used classic triad of suggestive evidence of gnathostomiasis is not fulfilled. Read More

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