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    1880 results match your criteria Cutaneous Larva Migrans

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    Epidemiological profile of cutaneous larva migrans in travelers returning to France between 2003 and 2015.
    Travel Med Infect Dis 2017 Jun 15. Epub 2017 Jun 15.
    Unité de Recherche sur Les Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales émergentes (URMITE) CNRS-IRD UMR 6236, Méditerranée Infection, Faculté de Médecine et de Pharmacie, Aix-Marseille-Université, Marseille, France. Electronic address:
    Background: Cutaneous larva migrans (CLM) is caused by the penetration and migration of canine or feline hookworm larvae into the skin, and frequently affects travelers from high-income countries returning from tropical and sub-tropical areas. Unfortunately, this pathology is neglected due to poor understanding among both physicians and travelers. This study describes the profile of cases reported in Marseille, France. Read More

    Seroepidemiological study and associated risk factors of Toxocara canis infection among preschool children in Osun State, Nigeria.
    Acta Trop 2017 Jun 4;173:85-89. Epub 2017 Jun 4.
    Department of Molecular Parasitology and Tropical Diseases, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan; Tropical Medicine Division, International PhD Program in Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:
    Human toxocariasis is caused by the nematode, Toxocara canis and it is a poorly understood phenomenon in Nigeria. Seroepidemiological studies have not been previously carried out among the preschool aged children in Nigeria. A cross-sectional study was conducted in pre-school children in four communities from Osun State, Nigeria between January and July 2016. Read More

    Beyond the raccoon roundworm: The natural history of non-raccoon Baylisascaris species in the New World.
    Int J Parasitol Parasites Wildl 2017 Aug 30;6(2):85-99. Epub 2017 Apr 30.
    Southeastern Cooperative Wildlife Disease Study, Department of Population Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA.
    A total of 10 species of Baylisascaris, a genus of ascaridoid nematodes, occur worldwide and 6 of them occur in the New World. Most of the Baylisascaris species have a similar life cycle with carnivorous mammals or marsupials serving as definitive hosts and a smaller prey host serving as paratenic (or intermediate) hosts. However, one species in rodents is unique in that it only has one host. Read More

    Rash in a foreign worker.
    Malays Fam Physician 2016 31;11(2-3):39-41. Epub 2016 Aug 31.
    MD (USM), FAFP (Mal), FRACGP (Aust), AM (MAL), School of Medicine, Taylor's, University, Selangor D.E., Malaysia.
    Hookworm-related cutaneous larva migrans (HrCLM) is a zoonosis which is endemic in many sub-tropic and tropical countries including Malaysia. We report a case of a 40-year old plantation worker who presented with a pruritic rash on his abdomen. It is important for clinicians to diagnose and treat HrCLM promptly as this condition results in considerable morbidity when treatment is delayed. Read More

    Prevalence of Toxocara antibodies among patients clinically suspected to have ocular toxocariasis: A retrospective descriptive study in Sri Lanka.
    BMC Ophthalmol 2017 Apr 24;17(1):50. Epub 2017 Apr 24.
    Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka.
    Background: Human toxocariasis, caused by Toxocara canis, T. cati, and T. vitulorum of dogs, cats and ruminants respectively, is recognized as an important zoonotic infection worldwide. Read More

    The impact of global climate change on the spread of parasitic nematodes
    Ann Parasitol 2017;63(1):15-20
    Department of Parasitology, Institute of Genetics and Microbiology of Wrocław University, ul. Przybyszewskiego 63, 51-148 Wrocław, Poland
    Climate changes may influence the frequency, intensity and geographical distribution of parasites, directly affecting their dispersive stages in the environment (eggs, larvae) and, indirectly, the larvae living mainly in invertebrate intermediate hosts. In biologically diverse nematodes climate warming contributes to the increase in the range of distribution, colonization of new hosts and modification of their development cycles. This is particularly acute in the Arctic and pertains, for instance, to nematodes Ostertagia gruehneri and Setaria tundra parasitizing reindeer Rangifer tarandus and Umingmakstrongylus pallikuukensis in musk oxen (Ovibos moschatus). Read More

    The role of domestic dogs in the transmission of zoonotic helminthes in a rural area of Mekong river basin.
    Acta Parasitol 2017 Jun;62(2):393-400
    Department of Helminthology Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400.
    Dogs have been bred since ancient times for companionship, hunting, protection, shepherding and other human activities. Some canine helminth parasites can cause significant clinical diseases in humans as Opisthorchis viverrini causing cholangiocarcinoma in Southeast Asian Countries. In this study, socio-cultural questionnaire, canine parasitological analysis, necropsy, parasite molecular confirmation and dog roaming data were evaluated in Savannakhet, Lao-PDR, a typical Mekong Basin area. Read More

    BAYLISASCARIS PROCYONIS LARVA MIGRANS IN TWO CAPTIVE NORTH AMERICAN BEAVERS (CASTOR CANADENSIS).
    J Zoo Wildl Med 2017 Mar;48(1):232-236
    Baylisascaris procyonis larva migrans was diagnosed in two North American beavers ( Castor canadensis ) belonging to a zoological park in Clarke County, Georgia. Both beavers presented with neurological signs. One beaver died naturally and despite attempted treatment, the other beaver was euthanatized because of severe clinical signs and poor prognosis. Read More

    Cutaneous Larva Migrans Associated with Löffler's Syndrome in a 6-Year-Old Boy.
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 2017 Mar 23. Epub 2017 Mar 23.
    1Department of Dermatology, Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China 2Department of Dermatology, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.
    Cutaneous larva migrans is a frequent dermatologic problem among travelers in tropical areas, but its association with Löffler's syndrome is an extremely rare condition, particularly in children. Here, we describe a 6-year old boy presenting cutaneous larva migrans associated with Löffler's syndrome. Read More

    Larval infestation in a common Pariah Kite Milvus migrans (Boddaert).
    J Parasit Dis 2017 Mar 21;41(1):199-201. Epub 2016 Mar 21.
    Department of Zoology, Rampurhat College, Birbhum, West Bengal 731 224 India.
    This paper describes a case of larval infestation in a common Pariah Kite Milvus migrans (Boddaert). Examination on the larvae revealed that the larvae were of the family Sarcophagidae (Diptera). Read More

    [Cutaneous larva migrans in Turkey: an imported case report].
    Mikrobiyol Bul 2017 Jan;51(1):94-99
    Ankara Educational and Research Hospital, Department of Infectious Diseases, Ankara, Turkey.
    Cutaneous larva migrans (CLM) is a parasitic infection most commonly found in tropical and subtropical areas. However, with the ease and increase of foreign travel to many countries around the world, the infection is not limited to these areas. CLM is an erythematous, serpiginous infection with skin eruption caused by percutaneous penetration of the larvae to the skin. Read More

    Abdominal Mass Secondary to Human Toxocariasis.
    APSP J Case Rep 2017 Jan-Feb;8(1). Epub 2017 Jan 5.
    Pediatric Surgery Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Toxocariasis is an extensive helminthic infection that leads to visceral larva migrans in humans. A 2.5-year-old girl referred for abdominal mass. Read More

    Seroepidemiological Study of Toxocariasis in the Owners of Domestic Cats and Dogs in Mashhad, Northeastern Iran.
    Iran J Parasitol 2016 Apr-Jun;11(2):265-268
    Dept. of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran.
    Background: Toxocariasis is the clinical terms applied to infection of human with Ascarid nematodes in the order Ascaridida, named Toxocara canis and T. cati. Because in recent years in Iran many people desire to keep pets (cats and dogs), and lacking of seroepidemiological study of toxocariasis in Mashhad, we decided to determine the seroprevalence of toxocariasis among people who own cats and dogs in comparison with control group. Read More

    Draft Genome of Toxocara canis, a Pathogen Responsible for Visceral Larva Migrans.
    Korean J Parasitol 2016 Dec 31;54(6):751-758. Epub 2016 Dec 31.
    Department of Parasitology and Institute of Medical Education, College of Medicine, Hallym University, Chuncheon 24253, Korea.
    This study aimed at constructing a draft genome of the adult female worm Toxocara canis using next-generation sequencing (NGS) and de novo assembly, as well as to find new genes after annotation using functional genomics tools. Using an NGS machine, we produced DNA read data of T. canis. Read More

    Cutaneous larva migrans.
    Recent Pat Inflamm Allergy Drug Discov 2017 Jan 10. Epub 2017 Jan 10.
    Department of Paediatrics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong.
    Background: Cutaneous larva migrans is one of the most common skin diseases reported in travelers returning from tropical regions. Western physicians, however, are often not familiar of this condition.

    Objective: To review in depth the epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, complications, and treatment of cutaneous larva migrans. Read More

    Treatment of cutaneous larva migrans with a single session of carbon dioxide laser: a study of ten cases in the Philippines.
    J Cosmet Dermatol 2017 Mar 29;16(1):91-94. Epub 2016 Nov 29.
    MediSkin Dermatology Clinic, Davao Doctors Hospital, Davao City, Philippines.
    Background: Cutaneous larva migrans (CLM) has a detrimental effect on patients' emotional and physical quality of life. Due to local unavailability of gold standard oral treatments for CLM, carbon dioxide laser was attempted. We present a case series where a single session of carbon dioxide laser treatment was associated with cessation of signs and symptoms of CLM. Read More

    Baylisascaris procyonis Roundworm Seroprevalence among Wildlife Rehabilitators, United States and Canada, 2012-2015.
    Emerg Infect Dis 2016 Dec;22(12):2128-2131
    Baylisascaris procyonis roundworms can cause potentially fatal neural larva migrans in many species, including humans. However, the clinical spectrum of baylisascariasis is not completely understood. We tested 347 asymptomatic adult wildlife rehabilitators for B. Read More

    Gnathostomiasis in Brazil: an emerging disease with a challenging diagnosis.
    J Travel Med 2016 Jul 30;24(1). Epub 2016 Oct 30.
    Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland.
    This case report describes the second reported case of gnathostomiasis acquired in Brazil. The French traveller returned from a sport fishing trip from Tocantins where he was repeatedly consuming raw freshwater fish marinated with lemon juice. Gnathostoma infection was diagnosed based on clinical symptoms, dietary record and by detection of specific antibodies in the blood. Read More

    The Mitochondrial Genomes of the Zoonotic Canine Filarial Parasites Dirofilaria (Nochtiella) repens and Candidatus Dirofilaria (Nochtiella) Honkongensis Provide Evidence for Presence of Cryptic Species.
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2016 Oct 11;10(10):e0005028. Epub 2016 Oct 11.
    Institute for Parasitology and Tropical Veterinary Medicine, Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany.
    Background: Cutaneous dirofilariosis is a canine mosquito-borne zoonosis that can cause larva migrans disease in humans. Dirofilaria repens is considered an emerging pathogen occurring with high prevalence in Mediterranean areas and many parts of tropical Asia. In Hong Kong, a second species, Candidatus Dirofilaria hongkongensis, has been reported. Read More

    Ocular parasitoses: A comprehensive review.
    Surv Ophthalmol 2017 Mar - Apr;62(2):161-189. Epub 2016 Oct 6.
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. Electronic address:
    Parasitic infections of the eyes are a major cause of ocular diseases across the globe. The causative agents range from simple organisms such as unicellular protozoans to complex metazoan helminths. The disease spectrum varies depending on the geographic location, prevailing hygiene, living and eating habits of the inhabitants, and the type of animals that surround them. Read More

    Imported cutaneous larva migrans by a 31-year-old French woman after a travel in Gabon.
    BMJ Case Rep 2016 Sep 12;2016. Epub 2016 Sep 12.
    Service de Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales, Hôpital de la Croix-Rousse, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Lyon, France Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Lyon, France Centre International de Recherche en Infectiologie, CIRI, Inserm U1111, CNRS UMR5308, ENS de Lyon, UCBL1, Lyon, France.

    In vitro production of Toxocara canis excretory-secretory (TES) antigen.
    J Parasit Dis 2016 Sep 20;40(3):1038-43. Epub 2014 Dec 20.
    Department of Animal Biotechnology, Madras Veterinary College (TANUVAS), Chennai, India.
    Toxocara canis is a widespread gastrointestinal nematode parasite of dogs and cause Toxocara larva migrans, an important zoonotic disease in humans on ingestion of infective eggs. Toxocarosis is one of the few human parasitic diseases whose serodiagnosis uses a standardized antigen, T. canis excretory secretory antigen (TES). Read More

    Optimal ELISA antigen for the diagnosis of Ascaris suum infection in humans.
    Parasitol Res 2016 Dec 8;115(12):4701-4705. Epub 2016 Sep 8.
    Division of Parasitology, Department of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, University of Miyazaki, 5200 Kihara, Kiyotake, 889-1692, Miyazaki, Japan.
    Ascarid nematodes, Ascaris suum, Toxocara canis and Toxocara cati, are the most important causative species of larva migrans syndrome (LMS) in humans. Although the diagnosis of ascarid LMS is generally based on serological tests, specific serological tests for A. suum infection have not been fully developed. Read More

    [Toxocarosis and acalculous acute cholecystitis: Consequence or coincidence?].
    Rev Chilena Infectol 2016 Jun;33(3):346-51
    Servicio de Pediatría, Hospital Dr. Eduardo Schütz Schroeder, Puerto Montt, Chile.
    Human toxocarosis is a chronic larval parasitosis listed as one of the five most important neglected diseases by the CDC. The larvae can spread systemically and migrate to different tissues including liver and gallbladder. Acalculous acute cholecystitis (AAC) is a rare disease in children. Read More

    Seroprevalence of Toxocara spp. in a rural population in Central African Gabon.
    Parasitol Int 2016 Dec 2;65(6 Pt A):632-634. Epub 2016 Sep 2.
    Division of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, Department of Medicine I, Medical University of Vienna, Austria; Centre de Recherches Médicales de Lambaréné, Lambaréné, Gabon; Institut für Tropenmedizin, Universität Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany. Electronic address:
    Toxocara spp. are zoonotic parasites with global distribution infecting humans by incidental ingestions of eggs shed in feces of dogs or cats. High seroprevalences have been reported from several regions of Africa, however data from the Central African region remain limited. Read More

    Permeability and Viability of Baylisascaris procyonis Eggs in Southern Texas Soils.
    J Parasitol 2016 Dec 19;102(6):608-612. Epub 2016 Aug 19.
    Caesar Kleberg Wildlife Research Institute, Texas A&M University-Kingsville, 700 University Blvd, MSC 218, Kingsville, Texas 78363.
    Baylisascaris procyonis is a nematode whose definitive host is the raccoon ( Procyon lotor ). Adult parasites are not particularly pathogenic to raccoons; however, larvae in intermediate hosts can cause visceral, ocular, and neural larva migrans. Humans serve as dead-end hosts, and pathological responses are similar to those found in infected intermediate hosts. Read More

    Ocular toxocariasis presenting as bilateral scleritis with suspect retinal granuloma in the nerve fiber layer: a case report.
    BMC Infect Dis 2016 Aug 18;16(1):426. Epub 2016 Aug 18.
    Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Pusan National University, Yangsan, Korea.
    Background: This report details ocular toxocariasis presenting as bilateral scleritis with suspect retinal granuloma in the nerve fiber layer.

    Case Presentation: The patient presented with scleritis, which did not improve with systemic steroid. Intraocular pressure was elevated, and well demarcated hyper-reflective round lesion were noted in both eyes. Read More

    Helminth Infections and Cardiovascular Diseases: Toxocara Species is Contributing to the Disease.
    Curr Cardiol Rev 2017 ;13(1):56-62
    Department of Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran.
    Toxocariasis is the clinical term used to describe human infection with either the dog ascarid Toxocara canis or the feline ascarid Toxocara cati. As with other helminths zoonoses, the infective larvae of these Toxocara species cannot mature into adults in the human host. Instead, the worms wander through organs and tissues, mainly the liver, lungs, myocardium, kidney and central nervous system, in a vain attempt to find that, which they need to mature into adults. Read More

    Seroprevalence and associated risk factors of Toxocara infection in Korean, Manchu, Mongol, and Han ethnic groups in northern China.
    Epidemiol Infect 2016 Oct 26;144(14):3101-3107. Epub 2016 Jul 26.
    College of Animal Science and Technology,Chanchun Dci-Tech University,Shuangyang,Jilin Province,PR China.
    Toxocariasis is a very prevalent zoonotic disease worldwide. Recently, investigators have focused more on Toxocara spp. seroprevalence in humans. Read More

    Cutaneous Manifestations of Selected Parasitic Infections in Western Pacific and Southeast Asian Regions.
    Curr Infect Dis Rep 2016 Sep;18(9):30
    Department of Parasitology, College of Public Health, University of the Philippines Manila, P. Gil St., Ermita, Manila, 1000, Philippines.
    Cutaneous manifestations of parasitic infections often result in discomfort, debilitation, and even stigmatization. Data on cutaneous manifestations of parasitic infections, however, are limited. This article provides updates on the cutaneous manifestations of parasitic infections which are known to occur in Western Pacific and Southeast Asian regions, such as scabies, pediculosis, cutaneous larva migrans, larva currens, cutaneous schistosomiasis, cutaneous enterobiasis, cutaneous cysticercosis, acute dermatolymphangioadenitis (lymphatic filariasis), and cutaneous amoebiasis. Read More

    [Multiple pulmonary opacities revealing toxocariasis].
    Rev Pneumol Clin 2016 Aug 28;72(4):273-6. Epub 2016 Jun 28.
    Service des maladies respiratoires, hôpital Maison-Blanche, CHU de Reims, 45, rue Cognacq-Jay, 51 092 Reims cedex, France; EA 4683, université de médecine et de pharmacie, 51100 Reims, France. Electronic address:
    Introduction: Toxocariasis is a parasitosis which complicates the accidental infestation of the humans by larvae of a roundworms belonging of the genus Toxocara. In adults, the discovery is often incidental during a hypereosinophilia check-up. Clinical signs are not specific and depend on affected organs. Read More

    Got the Travel Bug? A Review of Common Infections, Infestations, Bites, and Stings Among Returning Travelers.
    Am J Clin Dermatol 2016 Oct;17(5):451-462
    Department of Dermatology, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 9500 Euclid Ave, Cleveland, OH, USA.
    The popularity of international travel continues to increase among Americans, even though they often experience subsequent illness on return from their journey. The pathogens responsible are not necessarily endemic to the destination itself but are often the result of poor sanitary conditions or activities engaged in while away. Skin disease ranks third among all medical concerns in returning travelers. Read More

    Cerebral Larva Migrans Caused by Baylisascaris spp. in a Free-ranging North American Porcupine ( Erethizon dorsatum ).
    J Wildl Dis 2016 Jul 17;52(3):763-5. Epub 2016 Jun 17.
    2 School of Veterinary Medicine and Utah Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, Utah State University, 950 E, 1400 North, Logan, Utah 84341, USA;
    A free-ranging North American porcupine ( Erethizon dorsatum ) from Utah, US, exhibited neurologic symptoms and was submitted for necropsy. Histologic examination of the brain revealed severe encephalitis with an intralesional nematode larva consistent with Baylisascaris spp. Neurologic larva migrans had not been reported in free-ranging porcupines, or from wildlife in Utah. Read More

    Larva migrans syndrome caused by Toxocara and Ascaris roundworm infections in Japanese patients.
    Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2016 Sep 6;35(9):1521-9. Epub 2016 Jun 6.
    Division of Parasitology, Department of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, University of Miyazaki, Kihara 5200, Kiyotake-cho, Miyazaki City, Miyazaki, 889-1692, Japan.
    Larva migrans syndrome (LMS) caused by Toxocara and Ascaris roundworms is generally believed to be more common in children, while a report from Japan suggests that it is more common in adults. We conducted a large-scale retrospective study to confirm these findings and to clarify what caused the difference between Japan and other countries, to reveal overlooked aspects of this disease. The clinical information of 911 cases which we diagnosed as Toxocara or Ascaris LMS during 2001 and 2015 was analysed. Read More

    [Cutaneous larva migrans syndrome on a malformed foot (a case report)].
    Pan Afr Med J 2016 19;23:50. Epub 2016 Feb 19.
    Service de Parasitologie et de Mycologie, Hôpital Militaire de Moulay Ismail, Meknès, Maroc.
    Cutaneous larva migrans syndrome is a subcutaneous dermatitis caused by hookworms' larvae, originating from animals in parasitic impasse in humans. Transcutaneous infestation is favored by contact with contaminated soil. We report the case of a 15-month-old child, native of Guinea - Bissau, suffering from cutaneous larva migrans syndrome on a malformed foot. Read More

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