2,070 results match your criteria Cutaneous Larva Migrans


Keys to Unlock the Enigma of Ocular Toxocariasis: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Ocul Immunol Inflamm 2021 Apr 28:1-12. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Metabolic Diseases Research Center, Research Institute for Prevention of Non-Communicable Diseases, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences,Qazvin, Iran.

: Ocular toxocariasis (OT) is a zoonotic infection caused by larval stages of and . The current review and meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the global prevalence of OT.: Five English (PubMed, Scopus, Science Direct, Web of Science, and Google Scholar) databases were explored and 101 articles met the inclusion criteria. Read More

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Cutaneous larva migrans in a beach volleyball player.

IDCases 2021 24;24:e01084. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

National Centre for Sports Medicine, 63A Zwirki & Wigury, 02-091 Warsaw, Poland.

Athletes playing beach volleyball come into contact with sand and may contract skin parasites. We present a case of in a 20-year-old Polish female beach volleyball player. The athlete participated in The World Tour in Asia (China, Malaysia, Cambodia) a month before. Read More

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Clinico-radiologic Characteristics of Pulmonary Visceral Larva Migrans Caused by Ascaris suum.

Intern Med 2021 Apr 5. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Neurology, Respirology, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Miyazaki, Japan.

Objective Visceral larva migrans (VLM) caused by Ascaris suum is a major health problem in pig farming regions. The clinical characteristics of pulmonary VLM caused by A. suum, however, are unclear. Read More

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North Italy: Welcome to the Tropics!

Infect Dis Rep 2021 Mar 5;13(1):215-218. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Dermatologic Clinic, Department of Health Science, University of Eastern Piedmont, Via Solaroli 17, 28100 Novara, Italy.

We describe a case of cutaneous in an 8-year-old Caucasian girl. The lesion appeared ten days after a bath in the river in a valley in the north-east of Piedmont. The patient was successfully treated with Albendazole 400 mg daily for 5 days. Read More

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Entodermoscopy: A Useful Tool for the Diagnosis of Cutaneous Larva Migrans.

Dermatol Pract Concept 2021 Mar 8;11(2):e2021014. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Dermatology Clinic, Hospital Maggiore, University of Trieste, Italy.

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A systematic review and an individual patient data meta-analysis of ivermectin use in children weighing less than fifteen kilograms: Is it time to reconsider the current contraindication?

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2021 Mar 17;15(3):e0009144. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

WorldWide Antimalarial Resistance Network (WWARN), Oxford, United Kingdom.

Background: Oral ivermectin is a safe broad spectrum anthelminthic used for treating several neglected tropical diseases (NTDs). Currently, ivermectin use is contraindicated in children weighing less than 15 kg, restricting access to this drug for the treatment of NTDs. Here we provide an updated systematic review of the literature and we conducted an individual-level patient data (IPD) meta-analysis describing the safety of ivermectin in children weighing less than 15 kg. Read More

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Outbreak of cutaneous larva migrans among Danish students at a high school on Zanzibar.

Travel Med Infect Dis 2021 May-Jun;41:102008. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Aarhus University Hospital, Palle Juul-Jensens Boulevard 99, 8200 Aarhus N, Denmark. Electronic address:

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reduces the vertical transmission of larvae in mice.

J Helminthol 2021 Mar 2;95:e11. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Postgraduate Program in Health Sciences - Parasitology Laboratory, Federal University of Rio Grande (FURG), Academic Area of the University Hospital,Rio Grande, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

Probiotics have been shown to reduce the intensity of Toxocara canis infection in mice. However, larval transmission of this nematode also occurs via transplacental and transmammary routes. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the Saccharomyces boulardii probiotic on the vertical transmission of T. Read More

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Hepatic Visceral Larva Migrans Causing Hepatic Artery Pseudo-Aneurysm.

Indian Pediatr 2021 Feb;58(2):184-186

Department of Hepatology and Clinical Nutrition, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

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February 2021

Multiple itchy lesions after recent travel.

BMJ 2021 02 24;372:n231. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Faculty of Medicine, Aix Marseille Université, Marseille, France.

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February 2021

Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using recombinant Fasciola cathepsin L1 for the diagnosis of human fasciolosis caused by Fasciola hepatica/gigantica hybrid type.

Parasitol Int 2021 Jun 20;82:102311. Epub 2021 Feb 20.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Division of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki, Japan; Center for Animal Disease Control, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki, Japan. Electronic address:

Recombinant Fasciola cathepsin L-1 (rCatL1) was evaluated in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the serodiagnosis of human fasciolosis in Japan. Quality characteristics of the test were accessed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, with sera from fasciolosis patients (n = 10), patients with no evidence of parasitic infections (n = 29), and patients with other helminth infections (n = 119). Both the sensitivity and specificity of the test achieved 100% with the control samples. Read More

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Detection of antigens and anti-Toxocara canis antibodies in children with different asthma severities.

Immun Inflamm Dis 2021 Feb 8. Epub 2021 Feb 8.

Laboratorio de Parasitología Experimental, Subdirección de Medicina Experimental, Instituto Nacional de Pediatría (INP), Ciudad de México, México.

Introduction: Toxocara canis can produce or exacerbate asthma, and the detection of anti-T. canis immunoglobulin G (IgG) does not discriminate between recent infection or active larva migrans. In this study, we searched for T. Read More

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February 2021

Cutaneous larva migrans in a young child following circumrotation as a cultural ritual.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Jan 25;14(1). Epub 2021 Jan 25.

Paediatrics, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Oxford, Oxfordshire, UK

Cutaneous larva migrans is an acquired, self-limited infestation caused by cat hookworm, , and dog hookworm, The disease is acquired by direct contact with contaminated soil. Circumrotation is a religious ritual practised by devotees of Hinduism as a fulfilment of vows taken at the shrine and involves rolling over with uncovered upper body on the sand over a distance of up to 600 m. It is a reported mode of acquisition of cutaneous larva migrans infestation. Read More

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January 2021

[Parasitic dermatoses from abroad].

Hautarzt 2021 Feb;72(2):163-174

Klinik und Poliklinik für Dermatologie und Venerologie, Universitätsklinikum Köln, Kerpener Str. 62, 50937, Köln, Deutschland.

Increased migration, the omnipresent desire to travel, climate change and a globally more mobile population enhance the risk of spreading infectious, tropical pathogens across international borders. In addition to diarrhea and fever, skin diseases present one of the most common reasons for a medical consultation upon return among travelers. These diseases are often caused by parasites. Read More

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February 2021

Experimental Infection with in Chickens.

Helminthologia 2020 Dec 19;57(4):384-387. Epub 2020 Nov 19.

Laboratory of Parasitology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Azabu University, 1-17-71 Fuchinobe, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-5201, Japan.

The larvae of the genus can cause larva migrans in mammals and birds. This study investigated the larval migration of , the roundworm of kinkajou (), in chickens and the associated clinical manifestations of the host. Thirty-six 3-week-old chickens divided into 6 groups were orally inoculated with 3,000 eggs/chick. Read More

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December 2020

Cutaneous larva migrans in the city.

Clin Case Rep 2020 Dec 29;8(12):3162-3163. Epub 2020 Sep 29.

Department of Family Medicine Mayo Clinic Jacksonville Florida.

Cutaneous larva migrans is typically reported in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. However, cutaneous larva migrans cases are spreading and should now be recognized even in urban, nontropical settings. Read More

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December 2020

In Vivo Observation of Cutaneous Larva Migrans by Fluorescence-Advanced Videodermatoscopy.

Emerg Infect Dis 2021 Jan;27(1):281-283

Fluorescence-advanced videodermatoscopy is not a widespread diagnostic technique. Its application in dermatology can facilitate the diagnosis of diseases such as cutaneous larva migrans by enabling us to recognize the precise position of larva in vivo on the skin. Using this noninvasive technique, we detected a case of cutaneous larva migrans in a patient. Read More

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January 2021

Cutaneous Larva Migrans Infestation Over Buttocks and Perineal Region: A Case Series of Five Toddlers From Sri Lanka and Literature Review.

Cureus 2020 Nov 5;12(11):e11335. Epub 2020 Nov 5.

Pediatrics, Base Hospital, Mahaoya, LKA.

Cutaneous larva migrans (CLM) is a cutaneous infestation caused by a hookworm larva. We report five toddlers who presented to the pediatric clinic with characteristic cutaneous lesions of CLM over the buttock and perianal region over periods of variable duration. Lesions of four children were typical and linear and one child had an atypical lesion. Read More

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November 2020

Unusual presentations of cutaneous larva migrans in British military personnel.

BMJ Mil Health 2020 Nov 26. Epub 2020 Nov 26.

Department of Infection & Tropical Medicine, Birmingham Heartlands Hospital, Birmingham, UK.

Cutaneous larva migrans (CLM) is one of numerous skin diseases that occur in British military personnel on deployments to the tropics and sub-tropics. It is typically managed by military primary healthcare services, but diagnostic uncertainty or unavailability of anti-helminthic medication may prompt referral to UK Role 4 healthcare services. Cases of CLM seen at the UK Role 4 Military Infectious Diseases & Tropical Medicine Service from 2005 to 2020 were identified and their case notes were reviewed to identify learning and discussion points. Read More

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November 2020

Proteomic alterations in the plasma of Beagle dogs induced by Toxocara canis infection.

J Proteomics 2021 02 17;232:104049. Epub 2020 Nov 17.

State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Etiological Biology, Key Laboratory of Veterinary Parasitology of Gansu Province, Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Lanzhou, Gansu Province 730046, PR China; College of Veterinary Medicine, Shanxi Agricultural University, Taigu, Shanxi Province 030801, PR China. Electronic address:

Toxocara canis causes ocular larva migrans and visceral larva migrans in humans. Knowledge about the molecular mechanism of T. canis-hosts interaction is limited. Read More

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February 2021

Field application of a novel multiplex qPCR assay reveals the occurrence of the zoonotic hookworm Ancylostoma braziliense in Nigerian dogs.

Acta Trop 2021 Jan 13;213:105758. Epub 2020 Nov 13.

Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC 3052, Australia.

A number of gastrointestinal parasites have been reported to infect dogs in Nigeria, some of which have zoonotic potential. Of these, hookworms are the most prevalent, with both Ancylostoma caninum and Uncinaria stenocephala reported in the country. In this study, we subjected 203 hookworm microscopy-positive samples of the 885 individual faecal samples collected from dogs in Nigeria to a recently developed multiplex qPCR for the detection and characterisation of canine hookworm species. Read More

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January 2021

Seroepidemiological Study of Toxocariasis in Children Aged 6-14 Year Old in Sanandaj, Western Iran.

Iran J Parasitol 2020 Jul-Sep;15(3):435-439

Department of Parasitology and Mycology, Faculty of Medicine, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran.

Background: Toxocariasis is a disease caused by nematodes and occurs from consuming their eggs. The main hosts of these worms are dogs and cats. The disease in humans becomes a visceral larva migrans (VLM). Read More

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October 2020

Larva migrans in Votuporanga, São Paulo, Brazil: Where does the danger hide?

Rev Bras Parasitol Vet 2020 28;29(3):e004920. Epub 2020 Sep 28.

Universidade Brasil, Fernandópolis, SP, Brasil.

Soil samples collected near municipal schools (public/EMEI and private/EPEI schools), clubs (CLB), public squares (PS) and residential condominiums (CND) and samples of animal faeces from the Zoonosis Control Centre (CCZ) of the municipality of Votuporanga/SP were analysed using the Baermann method for the detection of zoonotic helminth larvae. The prevalence rates of the nematode genera identified were determined, and the results were compared using Fisher's exact and chi-square frequency tests. Information about cases of larvae migrans in the population were collected from the Family Health Units and the private health plans. Read More

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December 2020

Status of human toxocariasis, a neglected parasitic zoonosis in Iran: a systematic review from past to current.

Trop Doct 2020 Oct 17;50(4):285-291. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Infectious and Tropical Disease Research Center, 48432Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Although human toxocariasis can lead to serious complications including neurological, ocular and visceral complications, there is a lack of comprehensive epidemiological information about the seroprevalence of species in humans. In the present study, we analysed and reviewed the overall seroprevalence of human toxocariasis in Iran. The data collection was systematically undertaken on published articles using the PubMed, Google Scholar, ScienceDirect and Scopus databases. Read More

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October 2020

Magnetic resonance imaging in dogs with neuroangiostrongyliasis (rat lungworm disease).

Parasitology 2021 Feb 21;148(2):198-205. Epub 2020 Sep 21.

Veterinary Imaging Associates, 52-56 Atchison St, St Leonards, NSW 2065, Australia.

The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) appearance of the brain and spinal cord in humans with neuroangiostrongyliasis (NA) due to Angiostrongylus cantonensis infection has been well reported. Equivalent studies in animals are lacking. This case series describes clinical and MRI findings in 11 dogs with presumptively or definitively diagnosed NA. Read More

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February 2021

Distribution of Toxocara cati larvae in experimentally infected BALB/c mice.

Vet Parasitol 2020 Sep 23;285:109220. Epub 2020 Aug 23.

Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran. Electronic address:

The experimental infection of mice with Toxocara cati provides one of the best models for pathological and immunological study of the visceral larva migrans syndrome. To broaden our knowledge of T. cati larval migration, BALB/c mice were inoculated with 500 embryonated eggs of T. Read More

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September 2020

The visceral larva migrans caused by : a case report.

Pan Afr Med J 2020 3;36:150. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Radiology Department, Mother and Child Hospital, CHU Mohammed VI, Université Cadi Ayyad, Marrakech, Morocco.

Hepatic toxocarosis is caused by the dog´s roundworm, Toxocara canis. Responsible for an eosinophilic inflammatory syndrome causing liver damage that can be detected on ultrasound, computed tomography and sometimes magnetic resonance imaging. We report the case of a nine-year-old child, living in countryside, with a notion of cohabitation with canids. Read More

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December 2020

Larvae in Mice of Different Strains and Infectivity of Tissue Larvae.

Helminthologia 2020 Sep 5;57(3):288-292. Epub 2020 Aug 5.

Laboratory of Parasitology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Azabu University, 1-17-71 Fuchinobe, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-5201, Japan.

Migration of larvae in different mouse strains were compared, and infectivity of the persisting larvae in mice tissues were investigated. Five strains of mice, BALB/c, C57BL/6, AKR, B10.BR, and ICR were inoculated with 1,000 eggs/mouse, and necropsied at week 13 post inoculation (PI). Read More

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September 2020

[Rare parasitic infections of the lung].

Pneumologe (Berl) 2020 Jul 22:1-7. Epub 2020 Jul 22.

Medizinische Klinik m. S. Infektiologie und Pneumologie, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Charitéplatz 1, 10117 Berlin, Deutschland.

Pulmonary parasitic infections occur worldwide; however, in Germany, these infections are rarely considered as the primary diagnosis due to their infrequent incidence. Parasitic infections of the lungs can present with a variety of pulmonary manifestations. Therefore, these infections should be considered relevant in cases of unclear diagnostic findings or failure to respond to treatment in order to identify these potentially curable diseases as soon as possible. Read More

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Matrix metalloproteinases activation in Toxocara canis induced pulmonary pathogenesis.

J Microbiol Immunol Infect 2020 Aug 11. Epub 2020 Aug 11.

Department of Parasitology, School of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, 402, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Background: Toxocara canis, a source of visceral larva migrans, causes toxocariasis and induces respiratory symptoms. The reasons by which the pulmonary pathological alteration in the lungs infected with T. canis remain unclear. Read More

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