31 results match your criteria Current Psychiatry Reviews[Journal]

  • Page 1 of 1

Influence of Culture in Obsessive-compulsive Disorder and Its Treatment.

Curr Psychiatry Rev 2017 Dec;13(4):285-292

1Genomics of Psychiatric and Neurodegenerative Diseases Laboratory, National Institute of Genomic Medicine (INMEGEN), Mexico City, Mexico; 2Clinical Research, Carracci Medical Group, Mexico City, Mexico; 3Departamanto de Psiquiatría y Salud Mental, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City, Mexico.

Background: The aspects of cultural identity and its impact on obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) have been un-derstudied. There are different opinions, ranging from the idea that culture does not affect the symptoms of this condition to the idea that cultures with high religiosity may have more severity of OCD. Also, the concept of OCD has considerably var-ied across history and cultures, from being considered an issue related to lack of control of blasphemous ideas, and a part of anxious issues, to the description of complex neurobiological systems in its causation. Read More

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http://www.eurekaselect.com/159038/article
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/2211556007666180115105935DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5872369PMC
December 2017
15 Reads

Mental Health Disorder Therapeutic Modalities Modified for the GMS.

Curr Psychiatry Rev 2017 Dec;13(4):259-263

1Faculty of Nursing, Thammasat University, Bangkok, Thailand, 2Faculty of Nursing, Thammasat University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background: Mental health disorders can affect physical and psychological behaviors. The people of the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) have a high risk of mental health disorders, such as depression, stress, and substance abuse be-cause the people in this region are trafficked for forced sex work and various forms of forced labor. In these situations, vic-tims often endure violence and abuse from trafficking recruiters, employers, and other individuals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1573400513666170721102543DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5872344PMC
December 2017
2 Reads

Mental Health and Mental Disorder Recommendation Programs.

Authors:
Manyat Ruchiwit

Curr Psychiatry Rev 2017 12;13(4):264-268

Department of Mental Health and Psychiatric Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Thammasat University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background: The characteristic differences among the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) countries in terms of trade and investment, society and cultural values, medical information and technology, and the living and working environment have become major health problems in terms of mental disorders. The purpose of this article is to identify the gaps in those aspects, to propose mental health and mental disorder recommendation programs, and to recommend policies for policy makers and research investors.

Methods: A comparative analysis and literature review of existing policy, including overviews of previous research were used to generate a synthesis of the existing knowledge of the mental health and mental disorder recommendation programs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1573400513666170721102543DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5872373PMC
December 2017
2 Reads

A Review of the Relationships among the Key Determinants Affecting the Mental Health Disorders of the People in Greater Mekong Subregion Countries.

Curr Psychiatry Rev 2017 Dec;13(4):252-258

Department of Mental Health and Psychiatric Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Thammasat University, Thailand.

Background: ASEAN integration aims to transform the GMS into a single market with free flows of products, services, and skilled labor, as well as investment openness, which will ultimately force regional economic growth. Therefore, this integration is likely to bring about a big change to this area in the new era; it can subsequently cause many problems as well, including mental health issues of the people in this region. The characteristic differences among the GMS member countries in terms of trade and investment, so-cial and cultural values, medical information and technology, and the living and working environment have become major problems affecting mental health disorders, which are usually identified as depression, stress, and substance abuse. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1573400513666170720143417DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5830688PMC
December 2017
2 Reads

Comparison of the Determinants of the Health Service System and the Health Status of the People in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS).

Curr Psychiatry Rev 2017 Dec;13(4):246-251

Faculty of Nursing, Thammasat University, Pathum Thani, Thailand.

Background: Health is influenced by numerous factors that affect the health service system and health status of the people in every country. This article aims to compare the determinants of the health service system and the health status of the people in Thailand, the Lao PDR, Vietnam, and Cambodia; and to recommend policies that impact the population's health and the country's development. Methods: A comprehensive search of the literature from a variety of online search and academic databases, and synthesis of previous study was used in this paper. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1573400513666170720145042DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5830689PMC
December 2017
2 Reads

Treatment of Insomnia, Insomnia Symptoms, and Obstructive Sleep Apnea During and After Menopause: Therapeutic Approaches.

Curr Psychiatry Rev 2015;11(1):63-83

Stanford University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford, CA 94305 ; University of Texas Medical Branch, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Galveston, TX 77555.

Understanding sleep complaints among menopausal women is an emerging area of clinical and research interest. Several recent reviews have focused on mechanisms of menopausal insomnia and symptoms. In this review, we present a discussion on the most relevant and recent publications on the treatment of sleep disorders for menopausal women, with a focus on menopause-related insomnia, insomnia symptoms, and obstructive sleep apnea. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1573400510666140929194848DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4607064PMC
January 2015
27 Reads

Detecting Sudden Gains during Treatment of Major Depressive Disorder: Cautions from a Monte Carlo Analysis.

Curr Psychiatry Rev 2015 Feb;11(1):19-31

Department of Psychiatry, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center.

Sudden gains are relatively large, quick, stable drops in symptom scores during treatment of depression that may (or may not) signal important therapeutic events. We review what is known and unknown currently about the prevalence, causes, and outcomes of sudden gains. We argue that valid identification of sudden gains (vs. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4606893PMC
February 2015
6 Reads

Collecting Information for Rating Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF): Sources of Information and Methods for Information Collection.

Authors:
Monrad Aas I H

Curr Psychiatry Rev 2014 Nov;10(4):330-347

Research Unit, Division of Mental Health and Addiction, Vestfold Hospital Trust, PO Box 2267, 3103 Tönsberg, Norway.

Introduction: Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) is an assessment instrument that is known worldwide. It is widely used for rating the severity of illness. Results from evaluations in psychiatry should characterize the patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1573400509666140102000243DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4287015PMC
November 2014
22 Reads

Jumping on the Train of Personalized Medicine: A Primer for Non- Geneticist Clinicians: Part 3. Clinical Applications in the Personalized Medicine Area.

Curr Psychiatry Rev 2014 May;10(2):118-132

Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON L8N 3Z5, Canada.

The rapid decline of sequencing costs brings hope that personal genome sequencing will become a common feature of medical practice. This series of three reviews aim to help non-geneticist clinicians to jump into the fast-moving field of personalized genetic medicine. In the first two articles, we covered the fundamental concepts of molecular genetics and the methodologies used in genetic epidemiology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1573400510666140630170549DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4287884PMC
May 2014
6 Reads

Jumping on the Train of Personalized Medicine: A Primer for Non-Geneticist Clinicians: Part 2. Fundamental Concepts in Genetic Epidemiology.

Curr Psychiatry Rev 2014 May;10(2):101-117

Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON L8N 3Z5, Canada.

With the decrease in sequencing costs, personalized genome sequencing will eventually become common in medical practice. We therefore write this series of three reviews to help non-geneticist clinicians to jump into the fast-moving field of personalized medicine. In the first article of this series, we reviewed the fundamental concepts in molecular genetics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1573400510666140319235334DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4287874PMC
May 2014
29 Reads

Visual and associated affective processing of face information in schizophrenia: A selective review.

Curr Psychiatry Rev 2015;11(4):266-272

McLean Hospital, Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, Belmont, MA, USA.

Perception of facial features is crucial in social life. In past decades, extensive research showed that the ability to perceive facial emotion expression was compromised in schizophrenia patients. Given that face perception involves visual/cognitive and affective processing, the roles of these two processing domains in the compromised face perception in schizophrenia were studied and discussed, but not clearly defined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1573400511666150930000817DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4849484PMC
January 2015
13 Reads

The Future of D-Cycloserine and Other Cognitive Modifiers in Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders.

Curr Psychiatry Rev 2014 ;10(4):317-324

University of South Florida, Department of Pediatrics, 880 6th Street South, Suite 460, Box 7523, St. Petersburg, FL 33701, , ; Universitry of South Florida, Department of Psychiatry, 880 6th Street South, Suite 460, Box 7523, St. Petersburg, FL 33701, Phone: (727) 767-8230, Fax: (727) 767-7786.

Variants of exposure therapy are effective for treating obsessive-compulsive and related disorders (OCRDs). However, significant numbers of patients do not respond adequately to exposure therapy resulting in continued distress and functional impairment. Therefore, novel approaches to augmenting exposure therapy are needed to adequately treat non- and partial-responders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1573400510666140619224942DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4223803PMC
January 2014
22 Reads

Genetics of Opioid Dependence: A Review of the Genetic Contribution to Opioid Dependence.

Curr Psychiatry Rev 2014 May;10(2):156-167

Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton, ON, Canada ; Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Neurosciences, McMaster University, ON, Canada ; Population Genomics Program, Chanchlani Research Centre, McMaster University, ON, Canada ; Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, ON, Canada.

This narrative review aims to provide an overview of the impact of opioid dependence and the contribution of genetics to opioid dependence. Epidemiological data demonstrate that opioid dependence is a global trend with far-reaching effects on the social, economic, and health care systems. A review of classical genetic studies of opioid use suggests significant heritability of drug use behavior, however the evidence from molecular genetic studies is inconclusive. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1573400510666140320000928DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4155832PMC
May 2014
15 Reads

Jumping on the Train of Personalized Medicine: A Primer for Non-Geneticist Clinicians: Part 1. Fundamental Concepts in Molecular Genetics.

Curr Psychiatry Rev 2014 May;10(2):91-100

Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON L8N 3Z5, Canada.

With the decrease in sequencing cost and the rise of companies providing sequencing services, it is likely that personalized whole-genome sequencing will eventually become an instrument of common medical practice. We write this series of three reviews to help non-geneticist clinicians get ready for the major breakthroughs that are likely to occur in the coming years in the fast-moving field of personalized medicine. This first paper focuses on the fundamental concepts of molecular genetics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1573400510666140319234955DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4133961PMC
May 2014
26 Reads

Caregiver Burden in Fragile X Families.

Curr Psychiatry Rev 2013 Feb;9(1)

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of California, Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, California.

Complex caregiving issues occur in multigenerational families carrying the fragile X mutation and premutation. The same family members may care for children or siblings with fragile X syndrome (FXS) and for elderly parents with fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome (FXTAS). Family caregivers experience anxiety, depression, neglect of personal health care needs, employment difficulties, and loss of social support, leading to isolation and further psychiatric consequences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/157340013805289590DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3863355PMC
February 2013
5 Reads

Neurobiological Underpinnings of the Estrogen - Mood Relationship.

Curr Psychiatry Rev 2012 Aug;8(3):247-256

University of Wisconsin, Alzheimer's Disease Research Center ; University of Wisconsin, School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin ; Geriatric Research Education and Clinical Center, William S. Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital, Madison, Wisconsin.

Women are at a higher risk than men to develop mood disorders and depression. The increased risk is associated with fluctuating estrogen levels that occur during reproductive cycle events, particularly during the menopausal transition, a time characterized by drastic fluctuations in estrogen levels and increases in new onset and recurrent depression. Conversely, recent data show that hormone therapy, particularly transdermal estradiol formulations, may prevent mood disorders or even serve as a treatment regimen for women with diagnosed mood disturbances via estrogen regulation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/157340012800792957DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3753111PMC
August 2012
11 Reads

Ages of Onset of Mood and Anxiety Disorders in Fragile X Premutation Carriers.

Curr Psychiatry Rev 2013 Feb;9(1):65-71

Department of Public Health Sciences, University of California Davis, Davis, California.

Objective: premutation carriers of both genders have a high lifetime prevalence of anxiety and depressive disorders, however little is known regarding the onset ages of these conditions. This study compared onset ages of mood and anxiety disorders in premutation carriers with typical onset ages of the same disorders in the general population.

Methods: Eighty-one premutation carriers (42% men; average age 62, SD 10) with and without FXTAS completed the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-TR. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/157340013805289662DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4383251PMC
February 2013
8 Reads

FRAGILE X SYNDROME: PSYCHIATRIC MANIFESTATIONS, ASSESSMENT AND EMERGING THERAPIES.

Curr Psychiatry Rev 2013 Feb;9(1):53-58

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of California Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, California ; Medical Investigation of Neurodevelopmental Disorders (M.I.N.D.) Institute, University of California Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, California.

Fragile X Syndrome (FXS), the most common inherited cause of intellectual disabilities, is an X-linked dominant disorder caused by the amplification of a CGG repeat in the 5' untranslated region of the fragile X mental retardation gene 1 (). Prevalence estimates of the disorder are approximately 1/3600. Psychiatric manifestations of the disorder include anxiety, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, autism, mood instability and aggression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/157340013805289644DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4306413PMC
February 2013
8 Reads

COGNITIVE DYSFUNCTION IN PREMUTATION CARRIERS.

Curr Psychiatry Rev 2013 Feb;9(1):78-84

Departments of Psychology and Medicine, University of Colorado Denver, Denver, Colorado.

Premutation carriers of the fragile X mental retardation gene (especially men) older than 50 may develop a neurodegenerative disease, the fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome (FXTAS). Carriers may present with varied cognitive impairments. Attention, working memory, declarative and procedural learning, information processing speed, and recall are among the cognitive domains affected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/157340013805289635DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4304642PMC
February 2013
11 Reads

Postpartum Depression in Women with the Premutation.

Curr Psychiatry Rev 2013;9(1):72-77

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of California Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, California.

Background: Psychiatric disorders in women with the premutation are common and include attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, anxiety, depression, and eating disorders. This pilot study explored the risk factors for postpartum depression (PPD) in women with the premutation.

Methods: We conducted a chart review of 50 women premutation carriers with major depressive disorder who had children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/157340013805289680DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4304645PMC
January 2013
26 Reads

PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS ASSOCIATED WITH FXTAS.

Curr Psychiatry Rev 2013;9(1):59-64

Medical Investigation of Neurodevelopmental Disorders (M.I.N.D.) Institute, University of California Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, California ; Department of Pediatrics, University of California Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, California.

Carriers of the FMR1 premutation (with 55-200 CGG repeats) may present with multiple medical and psychiatric disorders. Middle-aged carriers (males more often than females) may suffer from fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome (FXTAS). FXTAS is a newly discovered neurodegenerative disease characterized by intention tremor and ataxia, along with several other neurological features. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/157340013805289699DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4304643PMC
January 2013
11 Reads

Internet Addiction: A Brief Summary of Research and Practice.

Curr Psychiatry Rev 2012 Nov;8(4):292-298

reSTART Internet Addiction Recovery Program, Fall City, WA 98024.

Problematic computer use is a growing social issue which is being debated worldwide. Internet Addiction Disorder (IAD) ruins lives by causing neurological complications, psychological disturbances, and social problems. Surveys in the United States and Europe have indicated alarming prevalence rates between 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/157340012803520513DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3480687PMC
November 2012
69 Reads

Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Pharmacological Interventions for Weight Gain from Antipsychotics and Mood Stabilizers.

Curr Psychiatry Rev 2012 Feb;8(1):25-36

Department of Psychiatry, Roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine, The University of Iowa, 200 Hawkins Drive, Iowa City, Iowa, 52242.

Pharmacological treatments for serious mental illness (SMI) can cause weight gain and adverse metabolic effects. Many second generation antipsychotics and mood stabilizers appear to be particularly problematic in this regard. Several studies have investigated interventions for antipsychotic-induced, or less commonly mood stabilizer -induced, weight gain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/157340012798994867DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3375952PMC
February 2012
17 Reads

The Neuropsychopharmacology of Pathological Gambling.

Curr Psychiatry Rev 2012 Feb;8(1)

Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine.

Pathological gambling (PG) is an impulse control disorder with prevalence estimates in the range of 0.2-2% in the general population. PG can significantly impact one's ability to function as it may negatively influence social, financial, and occupational aspects of life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/157340012798994911DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3840429PMC
February 2012
7 Reads

Anti-NMDA Receptor Encephalitis in Psychiatry.

Curr Psychiatry Rev 2011 ;7(3):189-193

Department of Neurology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA ; Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), Hospital Clinic, University of Barcelona, Spain.

Anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis is an autoimmune disorder in which antibodies attack NMDA (-methyl-D-aspartate)-type glutamate receptors at central neuronal synapses. Symptoms include a highly characteristic set of neurologic deficits, but also prominent psychiatric manifestations that often bring mental health professionals into the course of care. Distinct phases of illness have become increasingly appreciated, and include a range of psychotic symptoms early in the course of the disease followed by more severe fluctuations in consciousness with neurologic involvement, and ultimately protracted cognitive and behavioral deficits. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/157340011797183184DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3983958PMC
January 2011
4 Reads

Review of Interventions for Parental Depression from Toddlerhood to Adolescence.

Curr Psychiatry Rev 2009 Nov;5(4):226-235

Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA.

Because of the recurrent course, significant burden, and intergenerational impact of depression, there is a great need for interventions for depressed parents and their children. This article reviews eight interventions that 1) aim to impact the functioning and well-being of 18-month to 18-year old children of depressed parents and 2) have been evaluated in controlled studies. The interventions are described and the empirical evidence of their efficacy is reviewed and critiqued. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2932642PMC
November 2009
21 Reads

The Genetics of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder.

Curr Psychiatry Rev 2010 May;6(2):91-103

Yale Child Study Center, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut ; Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut.

OCD is a psychiatric disorder with a lifetime prevalence of 1-3% and is a significant cause of disability worldwide. Family studies indicate that OCD has a significant hereditable component, with relatives of OCD cases being 4 times more likely to develop the disorder than the general population. Linkage studies in OCD have generally been underpowered and have failed to reach the statistical threshold for genome-wide significance, but they have nevertheless been useful for revealing potential regions of interest for future candidate gene studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/157340010791196439DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3747631PMC
May 2010
5 Reads

Expectancy and the Treatment of Depression: A Review of Experimental Methodology and Effects on Patient Outcome.

Curr Psychiatry Rev 2010 Feb;6(1):1-10

Department of Psychiatry Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons New York State Psychiatric Institute 1051 Riverside Drive New York, NY 10032.

Expectancies are a class of psychological and neurobiological processes that may be responsible for part of the improvement observed with psychiatric treatments. Patients' expectations can substantially affect the results of clinical trials, and managing them is an important part of clinical care. This review describes the history of research on expectancy effects in Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), the relationship between expectancies and placebo effects, and what is currently known about the mechanisms of action of expectancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/157340010790596571DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4011659PMC
February 2010
7 Reads

Modifiable Midlife Risk Factors for Late-Life Cognitive Impairment and Dementia.

Curr Psychiatry Rev 2009 May;5(2):73-92

Departments of Psychiatry (T.F.H., M.G.) and Neurology (M.G.), School of Medicine, and the Department of Epidemiology (M.G.), Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

The baby boom generation is approaching the age of greatest risk for cognitive impairment and dementia. There is growing interest in strategies to modify the environment in midlife to increase the probability of maintaining cognitive health in late life. Several potentially modifiable risk factors have been studied in relation to cognitive impairment and dementia in late life, but methodological limitations of observational research have resulted in some inconsistencies across studies. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2782871PMC
May 2009
8 Reads

HIV, STD, and Sexual Risk Reduction for Individuals with a Severe Mental Illness: Review of the Intervention Literature.

Curr Psychiatry Rev 2008 May;4(2):87-100

Center for Health and Behavior Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY.

Seroprevalence studies indicate that HIV infection rates are elevated among individuals with a severe mental illness (SMI) compared to the general population. The higher prevalence of HIV among individuals with SMI has prompted the development and evaluation of tailored sexual risk reduction programs for these individuals. In this paper, we review the literature on sexual risk-reduction interventions for individuals with SMI, including interventions for both uninfected and infected individuals. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2440705PMC
May 2008
9 Reads

Trait vs. State Markers for Schizophrenia: Identification and Characterization through Visual Processes.

Curr Psychiatry Rev 2006 Nov;2(4):431-438

Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, USA.

One central issue in schizophrenia research is to identify and characterize behavioral and biological markers that are intrinsic to the complex psychiatric disorder and that can serve as targets for detection, treatment, and prevention. A trait marker represents the properties of the behavioral and biological processes that play an antecedent, possibly causal, role in the pathophysiology of the psychiatric disorder, whereas a state marker reflects the status of clinical manifestations in patients. Certain visual functions, while deficient in schizophrenia, may be independent of psychosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/157340006778699729DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1866220PMC
November 2006
14 Reads
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