1,709 results match your criteria Current Psychiatry Reports[Journal]


Community Interventions to Promote Mental Health and Social Equity.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Mar 29;21(5):35. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Jane and Terry Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior at UCLA, Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, David Geffen School of Medicine, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Purpose Of Review: We review recent community interventions to promote mental health and social equity. We define community interventions as those that involve multi-sector partnerships, emphasize community members as integral to the intervention, and/or deliver services in community settings. We examine literature in seven topic areas: collaborative care, early psychosis, school-based interventions, homelessness, criminal justice, global mental health, and mental health promotion/prevention. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-1017-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440941PMC

Disparities Based on Race, Ethnicity, and Socioeconomic Status Over the Transition to Adulthood Among Adolescents and Young Adults on the Autism Spectrum: a Systematic Review.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Mar 22;21(5):32. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Boston University, 900 Commonwealth Ave, Floor 2, Boston, MA, 02215, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Few studies have examined disparities in autism services and functional outcomes over the life course. Transition to adulthood is an especially important developmental period, as it sets up trajectories of adult functioning. This systematic review summarizes patterns of service use and transition outcomes according to race, ethnicity, and socioeconomic characteristics over the transition to adulthood. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-1016-1DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Risk-Taking Behavior in Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): a Review of Potential Underlying Mechanisms and of Interventions.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Mar 22;21(5):33. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Department of Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Purpose Of Review: Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with several forms of risk-taking behavior (RTB). This paper aims to examine the scope of ADHD-related RTB, to highlight potential underlying mechanisms of this association, and to review initial evidence for interventions aimed to treat ADHD-related RTB.

Recent Findings: Multiple lines of evidence indicate that ADHD is associated with real-life RTB across several domains (e. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-1019-yDOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Autism Spectrum Disorders and ADHD: Overlapping Phenomenology, Diagnostic Issues, and Treatment Considerations.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Mar 22;21(5):34. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Department of Psychology, Syracuse University, 800 University Avenue, Syracuse, NY, 13244, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are both increasing in prevalence and commonly co-occur with each other. The goal of this review is to outline what has been published recently on the topics of ASD, ADHD, and the comorbid state (ASD+ADHD) with a particular focus on shared phenomenology, differential diagnosis, and treatment considerations.

Recent Findings: ASD and ADHD have shared genetic heritability and are both associated with shared impairments in social functioning and executive functioning. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-1020-5DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Metacognitive Therapy for Anxiety Disorders: a Review of Recent Advances and Future Research Directions.

Authors:
Peter M McEvoy

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Mar 18;21(5):29. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

School of Psychology, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, Western Australia, 6845, Australia.

Purpose Of Review: This review describes (a) key features of the metacognitive model as they relate to anxiety and related disorders, (b) central components of metacognitive therapy (MCT), (c) the current empirical status of MCT, (d) recent developments, (e) controversies and (f) future research directions.

Recent Findings: Evidence is accumulating that MCT is effective for anxiety and related disorders. Emerging evidence suggests that MCT may be effective with children and adolescents and compares well to other evidence-supported treatments such as cognitive behaviour therapy and mindfulness-based approaches. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-1014-3DOI Listing

An Integrated Model of Slow-Wave Activity and Neuroplasticity Impairments in Major Depressive Disorder.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Mar 18;21(5):30. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Center for Sleep and Circadian Neurobiology, University of Pennsylvania, 125 S.31st St., Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA.

Purpose Of Review: In this review, we aim to integrate the most recent research highlighting alterations in sleep slow-wave activity (SWA), and impairments in neuroplasticity in major depressive disorder (MDD) into a novel model of disorder maintenance.

Recent Findings: Sleep homeostasis has been shown to be impaired in MDD, with a subset of individuals also demonstrating impaired SWA. SWA is considered a marker of the homeostatic regulation of sleep, and is implicated in the downscaling of synaptic strength in the context of maintaining homeostatic plasticity. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-1013-4DOI Listing

Advances in the Treatment of Tourette's Disorder.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Mar 18;21(5):31. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Division of Neurology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, The University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, 3501 Civic Center Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Purpose Of Review: This article was written in order to bring the reader up to date with developments that have occurred in the treatment of Tourette disorder (TD) over the last 5 years.

Recent Findings: Despite the fact that TD has been recognized for over a century, the understanding of the underlying mechanisms remains poor. There has been limited development in the last 5 years for new therapeutic options. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-1018-zDOI Listing

Terrorism Media Effects in Youth Exposed to Chronic Threat and Conflict in Israel.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Mar 13;21(4):28. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Liberal Arts, Phoenix Community College (Faculty Emeritus), Phoenix, AZ, 85013, USA.

Purpose Of Review: This paper reviews the extant research on the effects of contact with terrorism media coverage on psychological outcomes in youth in the context of chronic threat and conflict in Israel.

Recent Findings: The extant research is inconclusive with respect to the relationship between media contact and a variety of psychological outcomes in Israeli studies of youth exposed to ongoing threat and repeated terrorist attacks. Additional research is needed to examine potential differences in outcomes and the factors that influence youth coping and adaptation in an environment of chronic threat and extensive media coverage. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-1005-4DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Fear and Anxiety Disorders Related to Childbirth: Epidemiological and Therapeutic Issues.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Mar 12;21(4):27. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Faculty of Medical Sciences, Department of Psychiatry, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon.

Purpose Of Review: This paper seeks to identify the risk factors of fear of childbirth (FOC) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) related to birth and reviews the efficacy of their respective screening tools and therapeutic interventions.

Recent Findings: Biofeedback, hypnosis, internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy, and antenatal education are promising treatments for FOC. Training midwives to address traumatic birth experiences could help in preventing PTSD. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-1010-7DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Phenibut (β-Phenyl-γ-Aminobutyric Acid): an Easily Obtainable "Dietary Supplement" With Propensities for Physical Dependence and Addiction.

Authors:
Edward A Jouney

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Mar 9;21(4):23. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Phenibut (β-phenyl-γ-aminobutyric acid) is a psychoactive GABA analogue currently being marketed online as an anxiolytic and nootropic dietary supplement. Its use is growing in popularity, but its pharmacological activity is well beyond that of a conventional nutritional supplement, and similar to that of a prescription strength sedative. This review will focus on the potential adversities of phenibut use and will discuss what treatment options may be beneficial to afflicted patients. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-1009-0DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Genetics of Alcoholism.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Mar 9;21(4):26. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 S. Euclid, CB 8134, Saint Louis, MO, 63110, USA.

Purpose Of Review: We review the search for genetic variants that affect the risk for alcohol dependence and alcohol consumption.

Recent Findings: Variations in genes affecting alcohol metabolism (ADH1B, ALDH2) are protective against both alcohol dependence and excessive consumption, but different variants are found in different populations. There are different patterns of risk variants for alcohol dependence vs. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-1008-1DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Women and Autism Spectrum Disorder: Diagnosis and Implications for Treatment of Adolescents and Adults.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Mar 9;21(4):22. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Lurie Center for Autism, Massachusetts General Hospital, 1 Maguire Road, Lexington, MA, 02421, USA.

Purpose Of Review: We review the recent literature regarding the implications of gender on the diagnosis and treatment of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in women and adolescent females. We also discuss important clinical observations in treating this population.

Recent Findings: Growing research supports gender specificity in ASD symptom presentation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-1006-3DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Single-Photon Emission Computed Tomography and Positron Emission Tomography Studies of Antisocial Personality Disorder and Aggression: a Targeted Review.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Mar 9;21(4):24. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Research Imaging Centre, CAMH, Toronto, Canada.

Purpose Of Review: This paper aims to provide a comprehensive discussion of single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and positron emission tomography (PET) studies of antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) and aggression.

Recent Findings: Among ASPD males with high impulsivity, the density of brainstem serotonin (5-HT) transporters shows a relationship with impulsivity, aggression, and ratings of childhood trauma. 5-HT receptor (R) binding in the striatum, anterior cingulate cortex, and orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) correlated with anger, aggression, and psychopathic traits in another study of violent offenders, most of whom were diagnosed with ASPD. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-1011-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440931PMC
March 2019
8 Reads

Mentalization-Based Treatment for Personality Disorders: Efficacy, Effectiveness, and New Developments.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Mar 9;21(4):25. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Institute for Psychosocial Prevention, University of Heidelberg, Bergheimer Str. 54, 69115, Heidelberg, Germany.

Purpose Of The Review: This review aims to outline the most recent evidence on the efficacy and effectiveness of mentalization-based treatment (MBT) for personality disorders (PD) from 2015 to 2018 and to describe new treatment developments.

Recent Findings: Since 2015, 14 new-primarily effectiveness-MBT trials have been published. The main body of studies investigated adult populations (n = 11), patients with a borderline personality disorder (BPD) diagnosis (n = 8), and compared MBT with another psychotherapeutic treatment (n = 6). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-1012-5DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Lessons Learned in Prison and Jail-Based Telepsychiatry.

Authors:
Edward Kaftarian

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Mar 2;21(3):15. Epub 2019 Mar 2.

Orbit Health Telepsychiatry, Encino, CA, USA.

Purpose Of Review: The purpose of this article is to review the unique benefits and challenges of implementing telepsychiatry in correctional facilities.

Recent Findings: Telepsychiatry has been shown to be an effective mode of patient care delivery in jails and prisons. Psychiatry staffing shortages nationwide are impacting the ability of correctional facilities to provide sufficient psychiatric care to inmates. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-1004-5DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Genetics of Anxiety Disorders.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Mar 2;21(3):16. Epub 2019 Mar 2.

Department of Psychiatry, Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy, Center of Mental Health, University of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany.

Purpose Of Review: Anxiety disorders are among the most common mental disorders with a lifetime prevalence of over 20%. Clinically, anxiety is not thought of as a homogenous disorder, but is subclassified in generalized, panic, and phobic anxiety disorder. Anxiety disorders are moderately heritable. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-1002-7DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Maternal Sleep in Pregnancy and Postpartum Part II: Biomechanisms and Intervention Strategies.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Mar 2;21(3):19. Epub 2019 Mar 2.

Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Health, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH, USA.

Purpose Of Review: As described in Part I of this two-part review, maternal sleep has wide-ranging implications for maternal health and overall family functioning. In addition, poor sleep quality and insufficient sleep are highly prevalent and characterized by considerable racial disparities.

Recent Findings: Part II of this review discusses physiological mechanisms, including inflammation and appetite hormones, by which sleep impacts multiple facets of women's health during pregnancy and postpartum. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11920-019-1000-9
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-1000-9DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Treating Circadian Rhythm Disruption in Bipolar Disorder.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Mar 2;21(3):14. Epub 2019 Mar 2.

Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Disruptions in circadian rhythms are believed to underlie the illness course of bipolar disorder (BD). This review evaluates recent studies on the treatment of circadian dysfunction in BD.

Recent Findings: Targeted social rhythm therapy may be useful for bipolar depression though some studies suggest that a non-targeted psychosocial or pharmacological intervention may be just as efficacious. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-1001-8DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

The Relationship Between Perinatal Mental Health and Stress: a Review of the Microbiome.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Mar 2;21(3):18. Epub 2019 Mar 2.

Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Our current understanding of the underlying mechanisms and etiologies of perinatal mood and anxiety disorders (PMADs) is not clearly identified. The relationship of stress-induced adaptations (i.e. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-0998-zDOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Maternal Sleep in Pregnancy and Postpartum Part I: Mental, Physical, and Interpersonal Consequences.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Mar 2;21(3):20. Epub 2019 Mar 2.

Department of Psychiatry, The University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Sleep is a critical restorative behavior which occupies approximately one third of people's lives. Extensive data link sleep health with disease and mortality risk in the general population. During pregnancy and following childbirth, unique factors contribute to overall sleep health. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-0999-yDOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Emotion Regulation Over the Life Span.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Mar 2;21(3):17. Epub 2019 Mar 2.

Department of Psychology, Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, Philipps-University Marburg, Gutenbergstr. 18, 35037, Marburg, Germany.

Purpose Of Review: Emotional symptoms are common and persistent in youth and adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and cause clinically significant impairments. We review recent neuropsychological, neurophysiological, and peripheral psychophysiological evidence for emotion and emotion regulation deficits in ADHD across youth and adults.

Recent Findings: Central and autonomous nervous system correlates argue in favor of more general self-regulation deficits and also specific emotional deficits in ADHD. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-1003-6DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Identification and Management of Domestic and Sexual Violence in Primary Care in the #MeToo Era: an Update.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Feb 8;21(2):12. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of General Practice, The University of Melbourne, 200 Berkeley Street, Carlton, Victoria, 3058, Australia.

Purpose Of Review: We discuss recent evidence around the identification and response to domestic and sexual violence in primary care for perpetrators and victims, in the context of feminist social media movements such as #MeToo.

Recent Findings: There is no recent research on identification and response to perpetrators in health settings. There is some limited recent evidence for how health settings can address domestic and sexual violence for female victims and their children. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-0991-6DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Treatments of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Civilian Populations.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Feb 8;21(2):11. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurosciences, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Posttraumatic stress disorder is a chronic, heterogeneous disorder for which a multitude of psychotherapies, pharmaceuticals, and immerging treatment programs are available. Majority of efficacy studies focus on Caucasian male military populations, which may be a reason why not all patients respond to treatment with long-term positive outcomes. Additionally, effects of treatment on symptom clusters have been neglected. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-0994-3DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Does Prenatal Maternal Distress Contribute to Sex Differences in Child Psychopathology?

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Feb 7;21(2). Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Psychology, University of Denver, 2155 South Race Street, Denver, CO, 80208, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Prenatal maternal psychological distress is an established risk factor for the development of psychopathology in offspring. The purpose of this review is to evaluate whether sex differences in fetal responses to maternal distress contribute to sex differences in subsequent psychopathology.

Recent Findings: Male and female fetuses respond differently to stress signals. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-0992-5DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Links Between Stress, Sleep, and Inflammation: Are there Sex Differences?

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Feb 7;21(2). Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Center for Health and Community, Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Inflammation has emerged as an important biological process in the development of many age-related diseases that occur at different frequencies in men and women. The aim of this review was to examine the current evidence linking stress and sleep with inflammation with a focus on sex differences.

Recent Findings: Psychosocial stress that occurs either acutely or chronically is associated with elevated levels of systemic inflammation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11920-019-0993-4
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-0993-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6426453PMC
February 2019
8 Reads

Parenting in Patients with Borderline Personality Disorder, Sequelae for the Offspring and Approaches to Treatment and Prevention.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Feb 7;21(2). Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of General Psychiatry, Center for Psychosocial Medicine, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.

Purpose Of Review: We review recent findings concerning the implications of borderline personality disorder (BPD) on parenting behaviors, the parent-child relationships, and parental and child outcomes. We focus on self-report and interview data characterizing parents with BPD and their children as well as on observational paradigms investigating parent-child relationships and the quality of dyadic interactions. Novel treatment approaches are discussed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-0996-1DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Global Burden of Disease and the Impact of Mental and Addictive Disorders.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Feb 7;21(2):10. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Institute for Mental Health Policy Research, 33 Russell Street, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 2S1, Canada.

Purpose Of Review: This contribution reviews the newest empirical evidence regarding the burden of mental and addictive disorders and weighs their importance for global health in the first decades of the twenty-first century.

Recent Findings: Mental and addictive disorders affected more than 1 billion people globally in 2016. They caused 7% of all global burden of disease as measured in DALYs and 19% of all years lived with disability. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-0997-0DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

National Child Mental Health Quality Measures: Adherence Rates and Extent of Evidence for Clinical Validity.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Jan 31;21(1). Epub 2019 Jan 31.

American Psychiatric Association, Washington, DC, USA.

Purpose Of Review: To provide an overview of the selection process and annual updates of the child mental health measures within the Child Core Set, describe national and statewide adherence rates, and summarize findings from a systematic literature review examining measure adherence rates and whether adherence is associated with improved clinical outcomes.

Recent Findings: Five national quality measures target child mental health care processes. On average, national adherence varied widely by state, and performance did not substantially improve during the past 5 years. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-0986-3DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Psychosocial Interventions Targeting Social Functioning in Adults on the Autism Spectrum: a Literature Review.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Jan 31;21(1). Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Psychiatry, Translational Research Laboratory, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, 125 South 31st Street, Room 2202, Philadelphia, PA, 19104-3403, USA.

Purpose Of Review: There is a perceived shortage of evidence-based treatment programs for adults on the autism spectrum. This article reviews the recent research literature on psychosocial/behavioral interventions targeting social functioning in autistic adults without intellectual disability.

Recent Findings: We identified only 41 peer-reviewed studies published from 1980 to 2017 that tested intervention programs focused on one or more of the behavioral components of social functioning (i. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-0989-0DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

A Review of the Relationship Between Emotional Learning and Memory, Sleep, and PTSD.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Jan 19;21(1). Epub 2019 Jan 19.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Purpose Of Review: The emotional memory and learning model of PTSD posits maladaptive fear conditioning, extinction learning, extinction recall, and safety learning as central mechanisms to PTSD. There is increasingly convincing support that sleep disturbance plays a mechanistic role in these processes. The current review consolidates the evidence on the relationships between emotional memory and learning, disturbed sleep, and PTSD acquisition, maintenance, and treatment. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11920-019-0987-2
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-0987-2DOI Listing
January 2019
12 Reads

Obesity in Adolescents with Psychiatric Disorders.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Jan 19;21(1). Epub 2019 Jan 19.

Department of Psychiatry, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Purpose Of Review: This narrative review synthesized recent research related to obesity in adolescents with psychiatric disorders, with a focus on epidemiology, mechanisms, and weight management approaches. The paper reviews literature on depressive and anxiety disorders, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders.

Recent Findings: Depression has a bidirectional relationship with obesity. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-0990-7DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Evolving Models of Integrated Behavioral Health and Primary Care.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Jan 19;21(1). Epub 2019 Jan 19.

New York State Psychiatric Institute, 1051 Riverside Drive, New York, NY, 10032, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Mental and physical disorders commonly co-occur leading to higher morbidity and mortality in people with mental and substance use disorders (collectively called behavioral health disorders). Models to integrate primary and behavioral health care for this population have not yet been implemented widely across health systems, leading to efforts to adapt models for specific subpopulations and mechanisms to facilitate more widespread adoption.

Recent Findings: Using examples from the UK and USA, we describe recent advances to integrate behavioral and primary care for new target populations including people with serious mental illness, people at the extremes of life, and for people with substance use disorders. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-0985-4DOI Listing
January 2019
11 Reads

Sex Differences in Adolescent Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa: Beyond the Signs and Symptoms.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Jan 12;21(1). Epub 2019 Jan 12.

Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Milano Bicocca, Cadore 48, 20900, Monza, Italy.

Purpose Of Review: We review research related to sex differences in eating disorders (EDs) in adolescents. Prior work has explored clinical differences; thus, we examine literature in areas identified as playing an etiological or maintenance role in EDs including: genetics, hormones, neurocognitive inefficiencies, and reward circuitry.

Recent Findings: Sex steroids appear to a play role in the unmasking of genetic risk for development of EDs and puberty may be a heightened period of risk for females. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11920-019-0988-1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-0988-1DOI Listing
January 2019
11 Reads
3.238 Impact Factor

Correction to: Robust Findings From 25 Years of PTSD Genetics Research.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Nov 26;20(12):119. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, 401 Quarry Road, Room 3320, Stanford, CA, 94305, USA.

The original version of this article contained an error in the title. The correct title should read "Robust Findings From 25 Years of PTSD Genetics Research" as shown above. The original article has been corrected. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0984-xDOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

A Review of the Neurobiological Basis of Trauma-Related Dissociation and Its Relation to Cannabinoid- and Opioid-Mediated Stress Response: a Transdiagnostic, Translational Approach.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Nov 7;20(12):118. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.

Dissociative experiences have been associated with increased disease severity, chronicity, and, in some cases, reduced treatment response across trauma-related and other psychiatric disorders. A better understanding of the neurobiological mechanisms through which dissociative experiences occur may assist in identifying novel pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment approaches. Here, we review emerging work on the dissociative subtype of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and other trauma-related disorders providing evidence for two related overarching neurobiological models of dissociation, the defense cascade model of dissociation and Mobb's threat detection model. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11920-018-0983-y
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0983-yDOI Listing
November 2018
30 Reads

PTSD and Physical Health.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Oct 26;20(12):116. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

San Francisco Veterans Affairs Health Care System, 4150 Clement Street, San Francisco, CA, 94121, USA.

Purpose Of Review: We review evidence linking PTSD to physical health symptoms and specific disorders, highlighting areas with multiple studies and objective measures of disease states when available. We also examine evidence for biological, behavioral, and psychosocial mechanisms underlying these associations and discuss the clinical implications of recent research.

Recent Findings: Recent meta-analyses have found that evidence is particularly strong for increased risk of cardiovascular, metabolic, and musculoskeletal disorders among patients with PTSD. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0977-9DOI Listing
October 2018
26 Reads

Diagnosis and Management of Neuropsychiatric Symptoms in Alzheimer's Disease.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Oct 27;20(12):117. Epub 2018 Oct 27.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Purpose Of Review: To explore the most recent developments in the effective diagnosis and treatment of neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) in Alzheimer's disease (AD).

Recent Findings: The clinical diagnosis of NPS in AD is facilitated by the use of the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI). CT and MRI scans can be useful for detecting structural changes indicating AD. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0978-8DOI Listing
October 2018
15 Reads

Robust Findings From 25 Years of PSTD Genetics Research.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Oct 23;20(12):115. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, 401 Quarry Road, Room 3320, Stanford, CA, 94305, USA.

Purpose Of Review: The purpose of this review is to contextualize findings from the first 25 years of PTSD genetics research, focusing on the most robust findings and interpreting results in light of principles that have emerged from modern genetics studies.

Recent Findings: Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) encompassing tens of thousands of participants enabled the first molecular genetic heritability and genetic correlation estimates for PTSD in 2017. In 2018, highly promising loci for PTSD were reported, including variants in and near the CAMKV, KANSL1, and TCF4 genes. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0980-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6209025PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Chromosomes to Social Contexts: Sex and Gender Differences in PTSD.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Oct 22;20(12):114. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.

Purpose Of Review: This review highlights recent research on sex- and gender-related factors in the prevalence, symptom expression, and treatment of PTSD. Further discoveries about the underlying mechanisms of sex and gender effects have the potential to shape innovative directions for research.

Recent Findings: The prevalence of PTSD is substantially higher among women, but women show a modest advantage with respect to treatment response. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11920-018-0981-0
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0981-0DOI Listing
October 2018
15 Reads

Ethical Considerations for Mental Health Clinicians Working with Adolescents in the Digital Age.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Oct 13;20(12):113. Epub 2018 Oct 13.

Cambridge Health Alliance/Harvard Medical School, 1493 Cambridge St, Cambridge, MA, 02139, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Adolescents' use of digital technologies is constantly changing and significantly influences and reflects their mental health and development. Technology has entered the clinical space and raises new ethical dilemmas for mental health clinicians. After an update on this shifting landscape, including a brief review of important literature since 2014, this article will demonstrate how core ethical principles may be applied to clinical situations with patients, using vignettes for illustration. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11920-018-0974-z
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0974-zDOI Listing
October 2018
21 Reads

Update on Assisted Outpatient Treatment.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Oct 13;20(12):112. Epub 2018 Oct 13.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, 27710, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Assisted outpatient treatment (AOT) is an outpatient court-ordered treatment for people with severe mental illness (SMI) whose care needs are often unmet in the community due, in part, to treatment non-adherence. AOT is controversial, and the goal of this review is to provide an update on recent research, the status of AOT in the United States, and future directions for research and implementation.

Recent Findings: Several recent studies have demonstrated that it is not just a lack of access to appropriately intensive care that prevents some individuals with SMI from engaging in and benefiting from treatment and that AOT can improve engagement and patient outcomes over and above the provision of care. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11920-018-0982-z
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0982-zDOI Listing
October 2018
14 Reads

The Current Evidence for Acute Stress Disorder.

Authors:
Richard A Bryant

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Oct 13;20(12):111. Epub 2018 Oct 13.

School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, 2052, Australia.

Purpose Of Review: The aim of this review is to provide a summary of the current evidence pertaining to the course of acute and chronic posttraumatic stress, the diagnosis of acute stress disorder (ASD), and treatment of acute stress disorder and prevention of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Recent Findings: Although acute stress disorder was introduced partly to predict subsequent PTSD, longitudinal studies indicate that ASD is not an accurate predictor of PTSD. Recent analytic approaches adopting latent growth mixture modeling have shown that trauma-exposed people tend to follow one of four trajectories: (a) resilient, (b) worsening, (c) recovery, and (d) chronically distressed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11920-018-0976-x
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0976-xDOI Listing
October 2018
8 Reads

Sex Differences in Personality Disorders.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Oct 11;20(12):107. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, Faculty of Medicine, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany.

Purpose Of Review: This review aims to give an overview on the current literature on sex differences in personality disorders and to highlight the potential of dimensional approaches.

Recent Findings: Empirical findings on sex differences in personality disorders are inconsistent and appear to be highly dependent on study settings. Current studies have mainly focused on borderline and antisocial personality disorder and the question whether these are sex-specific representations of a common substrate. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11920-018-0975-y
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0975-yDOI Listing
October 2018
16 Reads

Estrogens, Aging, and Working Memory.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Oct 11;20(12):109. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Department of Psychology, Social Sciences Center, and Department of Psychiatry, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, N6A 5C2, Canada.

Purpose Of Review: Working memory (WM) is a key process that is integral to many complex cognitive tasks, and it declines significantly with advancing age. This review will survey recent evidence supporting the idea that the functioning of the WM system in women is modulated by circulating estrogens.

Recent Findings: In postmenopausal women, increased estrogen concentrations may be associated with improved WM function, which is evident on WM tasks that have a high cognitive load or significant manipulation demands. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11920-018-0972-1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0972-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6182645PMC
October 2018
6 Reads

Gender-Affirming Hormone Use in Transgender Individuals: Impact on Behavioral Health and Cognition.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Oct 11;20(12):110. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Penn PROMOTES Research on Sex and Gender in Health, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Purpose Of Review: With increasing numbers of transgender and gender non-binary individuals presenting for care, knowing how to elucidate the mental health and cognitive outcomes of gender-affirming hormone therapy (GAHT) is necessary. This article reviews the present literature covering GAHT effects on mood, behavioral health, and cognition in these individuals and offers research priorities to address knowledge gaps.

Recent Findings: Although there are some conflicting data, GAHT overwhelmingly seems to have positive psychological effects in both adolescents and adults. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0973-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6354936PMC
October 2018
7 Reads

Building Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Expertise in Ghana Through Training and Knowledge Dissemination: a Review of the Initial Collaboration Stages, Opportunities, and Challenges.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Sep 27;20(11):105. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

University of Michigan, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI, 48197, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Improving child and adolescent mental health (CAMH) is a priority worldwide. The majority of children with psychiatric conditions in low-middle-income countries (LMIC), like Ghana, receive no treatment due largely to limited resources and few CAMH training opportunities. The Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital (KATH) and University of Michigan (UM) established a partnership to expand CAMH training for general psychiatrists in Ghana. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0959-yDOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads