1,687 results match your criteria Current Psychiatry Reports[Journal]


Identification and Management of Domestic and Sexual Violence in Primary Care in the #MeToo Era: an Update.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Feb 8;21(2):12. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of General Practice, The University of Melbourne, 200 Berkeley Street, Carlton, Victoria, 3058, Australia.

Purpose Of Review: We discuss recent evidence around the identification and response to domestic and sexual violence in primary care for perpetrators and victims, in the context of feminist social media movements such as #MeToo.

Recent Findings: There is no recent research on identification and response to perpetrators in health settings. There is some limited recent evidence for how health settings can address domestic and sexual violence for female victims and their children. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-0991-6DOI Listing
February 2019

Treatments of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Civilian Populations.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Feb 8;21(2):11. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurosciences, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Posttraumatic stress disorder is a chronic, heterogeneous disorder for which a multitude of psychotherapies, pharmaceuticals, and immerging treatment programs are available. Majority of efficacy studies focus on Caucasian male military populations, which may be a reason why not all patients respond to treatment with long-term positive outcomes. Additionally, effects of treatment on symptom clusters have been neglected. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-0994-3DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Does Prenatal Maternal Distress Contribute to Sex Differences in Child Psychopathology?

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Feb 7;21(2). Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Psychology, University of Denver, 2155 South Race Street, Denver, CO, 80208, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Prenatal maternal psychological distress is an established risk factor for the development of psychopathology in offspring. The purpose of this review is to evaluate whether sex differences in fetal responses to maternal distress contribute to sex differences in subsequent psychopathology.

Recent Findings: Male and female fetuses respond differently to stress signals. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-0992-5DOI Listing
February 2019

Links Between Stress, Sleep, and Inflammation: Are there Sex Differences?

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Feb 7;21(2). Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Center for Health and Community, Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Inflammation has emerged as an important biological process in the development of many age-related diseases that occur at different frequencies in men and women. The aim of this review was to examine the current evidence linking stress and sleep with inflammation with a focus on sex differences.

Recent Findings: Psychosocial stress that occurs either acutely or chronically is associated with elevated levels of systemic inflammation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11920-019-0993-4
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-0993-4DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Parenting in Patients with Borderline Personality Disorder, Sequelae for the Offspring and Approaches to Treatment and Prevention.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Feb 7;21(2). Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of General Psychiatry, Center for Psychosocial Medicine, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.

Purpose Of Review: We review recent findings concerning the implications of borderline personality disorder (BPD) on parenting behaviors, the parent-child relationships, and parental and child outcomes. We focus on self-report and interview data characterizing parents with BPD and their children as well as on observational paradigms investigating parent-child relationships and the quality of dyadic interactions. Novel treatment approaches are discussed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-0996-1DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Global Burden of Disease and the Impact of Mental and Addictive Disorders.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Feb 7;21(2):10. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Institute for Mental Health Policy Research, 33 Russell Street, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 2S1, Canada.

Purpose Of Review: This contribution reviews the newest empirical evidence regarding the burden of mental and addictive disorders and weighs their importance for global health in the first decades of the twenty-first century.

Recent Findings: Mental and addictive disorders affected more than 1 billion people globally in 2016. They caused 7% of all global burden of disease as measured in DALYs and 19% of all years lived with disability. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-0997-0DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

National Child Mental Health Quality Measures: Adherence Rates and Extent of Evidence for Clinical Validity.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Jan 31;21(1). Epub 2019 Jan 31.

American Psychiatric Association, Washington, DC, USA.

Purpose Of Review: To provide an overview of the selection process and annual updates of the child mental health measures within the Child Core Set, describe national and statewide adherence rates, and summarize findings from a systematic literature review examining measure adherence rates and whether adherence is associated with improved clinical outcomes.

Recent Findings: Five national quality measures target child mental health care processes. On average, national adherence varied widely by state, and performance did not substantially improve during the past 5 years. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-0986-3DOI Listing
January 2019

Psychosocial Interventions Targeting Social Functioning in Adults on the Autism Spectrum: a Literature Review.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Jan 31;21(1). Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Psychiatry, Translational Research Laboratory, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, 125 South 31st Street, Room 2202, Philadelphia, PA, 19104-3403, USA.

Purpose Of Review: There is a perceived shortage of evidence-based treatment programs for adults on the autism spectrum. This article reviews the recent research literature on psychosocial/behavioral interventions targeting social functioning in autistic adults without intellectual disability.

Recent Findings: We identified only 41 peer-reviewed studies published from 1980 to 2017 that tested intervention programs focused on one or more of the behavioral components of social functioning (i. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-0989-0DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

A Review of the Relationship Between Emotional Learning and Memory, Sleep, and PTSD.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Jan 19;21(1). Epub 2019 Jan 19.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Purpose Of Review: The emotional memory and learning model of PTSD posits maladaptive fear conditioning, extinction learning, extinction recall, and safety learning as central mechanisms to PTSD. There is increasingly convincing support that sleep disturbance plays a mechanistic role in these processes. The current review consolidates the evidence on the relationships between emotional memory and learning, disturbed sleep, and PTSD acquisition, maintenance, and treatment. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11920-019-0987-2
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-0987-2DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Obesity in Adolescents with Psychiatric Disorders.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Jan 19;21(1). Epub 2019 Jan 19.

Department of Psychiatry, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Purpose Of Review: This narrative review synthesized recent research related to obesity in adolescents with psychiatric disorders, with a focus on epidemiology, mechanisms, and weight management approaches. The paper reviews literature on depressive and anxiety disorders, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders.

Recent Findings: Depression has a bidirectional relationship with obesity. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-0990-7DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Evolving Models of Integrated Behavioral Health and Primary Care.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Jan 19;21(1). Epub 2019 Jan 19.

New York State Psychiatric Institute, 1051 Riverside Drive, New York, NY, 10032, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Mental and physical disorders commonly co-occur leading to higher morbidity and mortality in people with mental and substance use disorders (collectively called behavioral health disorders). Models to integrate primary and behavioral health care for this population have not yet been implemented widely across health systems, leading to efforts to adapt models for specific subpopulations and mechanisms to facilitate more widespread adoption.

Recent Findings: Using examples from the UK and USA, we describe recent advances to integrate behavioral and primary care for new target populations including people with serious mental illness, people at the extremes of life, and for people with substance use disorders. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-0985-4DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Sex Differences in Adolescent Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa: Beyond the Signs and Symptoms.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2019 Jan 12;21(1). Epub 2019 Jan 12.

Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Milano Bicocca, Cadore 48, 20900, Monza, Italy.

Purpose Of Review: We review research related to sex differences in eating disorders (EDs) in adolescents. Prior work has explored clinical differences; thus, we examine literature in areas identified as playing an etiological or maintenance role in EDs including: genetics, hormones, neurocognitive inefficiencies, and reward circuitry.

Recent Findings: Sex steroids appear to a play role in the unmasking of genetic risk for development of EDs and puberty may be a heightened period of risk for females. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11920-019-0988-1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-0988-1DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads
3.238 Impact Factor

Correction to: Robust Findings From 25 Years of PTSD Genetics Research.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Nov 26;20(12):119. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, 401 Quarry Road, Room 3320, Stanford, CA, 94305, USA.

The original version of this article contained an error in the title. The correct title should read "Robust Findings From 25 Years of PTSD Genetics Research" as shown above. The original article has been corrected. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0984-xDOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

A Review of the Neurobiological Basis of Trauma-Related Dissociation and Its Relation to Cannabinoid- and Opioid-Mediated Stress Response: a Transdiagnostic, Translational Approach.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Nov 7;20(12):118. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.

Dissociative experiences have been associated with increased disease severity, chronicity, and, in some cases, reduced treatment response across trauma-related and other psychiatric disorders. A better understanding of the neurobiological mechanisms through which dissociative experiences occur may assist in identifying novel pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment approaches. Here, we review emerging work on the dissociative subtype of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and other trauma-related disorders providing evidence for two related overarching neurobiological models of dissociation, the defense cascade model of dissociation and Mobb's threat detection model. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11920-018-0983-y
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0983-yDOI Listing
November 2018
21 Reads

PTSD and Physical Health.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Oct 26;20(12):116. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

San Francisco Veterans Affairs Health Care System, 4150 Clement Street, San Francisco, CA, 94121, USA.

Purpose Of Review: We review evidence linking PTSD to physical health symptoms and specific disorders, highlighting areas with multiple studies and objective measures of disease states when available. We also examine evidence for biological, behavioral, and psychosocial mechanisms underlying these associations and discuss the clinical implications of recent research.

Recent Findings: Recent meta-analyses have found that evidence is particularly strong for increased risk of cardiovascular, metabolic, and musculoskeletal disorders among patients with PTSD. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0977-9DOI Listing
October 2018
21 Reads

Diagnosis and Management of Neuropsychiatric Symptoms in Alzheimer's Disease.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Oct 27;20(12):117. Epub 2018 Oct 27.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Purpose Of Review: To explore the most recent developments in the effective diagnosis and treatment of neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) in Alzheimer's disease (AD).

Recent Findings: The clinical diagnosis of NPS in AD is facilitated by the use of the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI). CT and MRI scans can be useful for detecting structural changes indicating AD. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0978-8DOI Listing
October 2018
10 Reads

Robust Findings From 25 Years of PSTD Genetics Research.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Oct 23;20(12):115. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, 401 Quarry Road, Room 3320, Stanford, CA, 94305, USA.

Purpose Of Review: The purpose of this review is to contextualize findings from the first 25 years of PTSD genetics research, focusing on the most robust findings and interpreting results in light of principles that have emerged from modern genetics studies.

Recent Findings: Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) encompassing tens of thousands of participants enabled the first molecular genetic heritability and genetic correlation estimates for PTSD in 2017. In 2018, highly promising loci for PTSD were reported, including variants in and near the CAMKV, KANSL1, and TCF4 genes. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0980-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6209025PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Chromosomes to Social Contexts: Sex and Gender Differences in PTSD.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Oct 22;20(12):114. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.

Purpose Of Review: This review highlights recent research on sex- and gender-related factors in the prevalence, symptom expression, and treatment of PTSD. Further discoveries about the underlying mechanisms of sex and gender effects have the potential to shape innovative directions for research.

Recent Findings: The prevalence of PTSD is substantially higher among women, but women show a modest advantage with respect to treatment response. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11920-018-0981-0
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0981-0DOI Listing
October 2018
12 Reads

Ethical Considerations for Mental Health Clinicians Working with Adolescents in the Digital Age.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Oct 13;20(12):113. Epub 2018 Oct 13.

Cambridge Health Alliance/Harvard Medical School, 1493 Cambridge St, Cambridge, MA, 02139, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Adolescents' use of digital technologies is constantly changing and significantly influences and reflects their mental health and development. Technology has entered the clinical space and raises new ethical dilemmas for mental health clinicians. After an update on this shifting landscape, including a brief review of important literature since 2014, this article will demonstrate how core ethical principles may be applied to clinical situations with patients, using vignettes for illustration. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11920-018-0974-z
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0974-zDOI Listing
October 2018
14 Reads

Update on Assisted Outpatient Treatment.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Oct 13;20(12):112. Epub 2018 Oct 13.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, 27710, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Assisted outpatient treatment (AOT) is an outpatient court-ordered treatment for people with severe mental illness (SMI) whose care needs are often unmet in the community due, in part, to treatment non-adherence. AOT is controversial, and the goal of this review is to provide an update on recent research, the status of AOT in the United States, and future directions for research and implementation.

Recent Findings: Several recent studies have demonstrated that it is not just a lack of access to appropriately intensive care that prevents some individuals with SMI from engaging in and benefiting from treatment and that AOT can improve engagement and patient outcomes over and above the provision of care. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11920-018-0982-z
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0982-zDOI Listing
October 2018
11 Reads

The Current Evidence for Acute Stress Disorder.

Authors:
Richard A Bryant

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Oct 13;20(12):111. Epub 2018 Oct 13.

School of Psychology, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, 2052, Australia.

Purpose Of Review: The aim of this review is to provide a summary of the current evidence pertaining to the course of acute and chronic posttraumatic stress, the diagnosis of acute stress disorder (ASD), and treatment of acute stress disorder and prevention of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Recent Findings: Although acute stress disorder was introduced partly to predict subsequent PTSD, longitudinal studies indicate that ASD is not an accurate predictor of PTSD. Recent analytic approaches adopting latent growth mixture modeling have shown that trauma-exposed people tend to follow one of four trajectories: (a) resilient, (b) worsening, (c) recovery, and (d) chronically distressed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11920-018-0976-x
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0976-xDOI Listing
October 2018
8 Reads

Sex Differences in Personality Disorders.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Oct 11;20(12):107. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, Faculty of Medicine, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany.

Purpose Of Review: This review aims to give an overview on the current literature on sex differences in personality disorders and to highlight the potential of dimensional approaches.

Recent Findings: Empirical findings on sex differences in personality disorders are inconsistent and appear to be highly dependent on study settings. Current studies have mainly focused on borderline and antisocial personality disorder and the question whether these are sex-specific representations of a common substrate. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11920-018-0975-y
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0975-yDOI Listing
October 2018
12 Reads

Estrogens, Aging, and Working Memory.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Oct 11;20(12):109. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Department of Psychology, Social Sciences Center, and Department of Psychiatry, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, N6A 5C2, Canada.

Purpose Of Review: Working memory (WM) is a key process that is integral to many complex cognitive tasks, and it declines significantly with advancing age. This review will survey recent evidence supporting the idea that the functioning of the WM system in women is modulated by circulating estrogens.

Recent Findings: In postmenopausal women, increased estrogen concentrations may be associated with improved WM function, which is evident on WM tasks that have a high cognitive load or significant manipulation demands. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11920-018-0972-1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0972-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6182645PMC
October 2018
5 Reads

Gender-Affirming Hormone Use in Transgender Individuals: Impact on Behavioral Health and Cognition.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Oct 11;20(12):110. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Penn PROMOTES Research on Sex and Gender in Health, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Purpose Of Review: With increasing numbers of transgender and gender non-binary individuals presenting for care, knowing how to elucidate the mental health and cognitive outcomes of gender-affirming hormone therapy (GAHT) is necessary. This article reviews the present literature covering GAHT effects on mood, behavioral health, and cognition in these individuals and offers research priorities to address knowledge gaps.

Recent Findings: Although there are some conflicting data, GAHT overwhelmingly seems to have positive psychological effects in both adolescents and adults. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0973-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6354936PMC
October 2018
4 Reads

Building Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Expertise in Ghana Through Training and Knowledge Dissemination: a Review of the Initial Collaboration Stages, Opportunities, and Challenges.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Sep 27;20(11):105. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

University of Michigan, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI, 48197, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Improving child and adolescent mental health (CAMH) is a priority worldwide. The majority of children with psychiatric conditions in low-middle-income countries (LMIC), like Ghana, receive no treatment due largely to limited resources and few CAMH training opportunities. The Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital (KATH) and University of Michigan (UM) established a partnership to expand CAMH training for general psychiatrists in Ghana. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0959-yDOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

The Impact of Psychotropic Medications on Bone Health in Youth.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Sep 24;20(11):104. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan Medical School, 4250 Plymouth Road, SPC 5766, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109-2700, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Psychotropics are prescribed to youth at rapidly growing rates and may negatively impact bone health. Little awareness exists of this association among prescribing providers. Childhood and adolescence are critical times for bone development. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0960-5DOI Listing
September 2018
5 Reads

Autism Spectrum Disorder and Transition-Aged Youth.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Sep 21;20(11):103. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

Division of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, 3550 Market Street, 3rd Floor, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA.

Purpose Of Review: This article discusses common issues surrounding transition to adulthood in youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We review recent evidence on co-occurring medical and mental health conditions and topics of education and employment, sexuality and relationships, independent living, and financial support.

Recent Findings: Transitioning individuals with ASD have increased risk for several medical and behavioral health comorbidities and should be routinely screened for co-occurring conditions. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0967-yDOI Listing
September 2018
8 Reads

Sex Differences in Vulnerability to Prenatal Stress: a Review of the Recent Literature.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Sep 18;20(11):102. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

Department of Medicine, Division of Allergy, Pulmonary, and Critical Care Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, T-1218 Medical Center North, 1161 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN, 37232-2650, USA.

Purpose Of Review: To evaluate the degree to which recent studies provide evidence that the effects of prenatal maternal stress (PNMS) on child health outcomes vary depending on the child's biological sex. In this review, we used a broad definition of stress, including negative life events, psychological stress, and established stress biomarkers. We identified 50 peer-reviewed articles (published January 2015-December 2017) meeting the inclusion criteria. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0961-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6329286PMC
September 2018
5 Reads

Examining the Relationship Between Neurosteroids, Cognition, and Menopause With Neuroimaging Methods.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Sep 17;20(11):96. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

Clinical Neuroscience Research Unit, Department of Psychiatry, Robert Larner M.D. College of Medicine, University of Vermont, 1 South Prospect St, Burlington, VT, 05401, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Previous literature has shown inconsistent findings regarding the effects of neurosteroids on the brain in postmenopausal women. The goal of this paper is to examine how and whether advances in neuroimaging have helped elucidate the relationship between the withdrawal of and/or treatment with neurosteroids and cognition at menopause.

Recent Findings: Neuroimaging techniques such as structural and functional MRI have been used in recent studies to examine the relationship between neurosteroids and brain structure and functioning. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0963-2DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Transitional Aged Youth.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Sep 17;20(11):100. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

Hospital Universitario Infanta Leonor, Madrid, Spain.

Purpose Of Review: Extensive research has been conducted on attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adults; however, less is known about ADHD during the transition from childhood to adulthood. Transitional aged youth (TAY) with ADHD represents a particularly vulnerable population as their newfound independence and responsibility often coincides with the development of comorbid disorders. The purpose of this review is to provide an update on the evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of TAY-ADHD. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0968-xDOI Listing
September 2018
8 Reads

Neurocognitive and Information Processing Biases in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Sep 17;20(11):99. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

Psychology (116B), National Center for PTSD at VA Boston Healthcare System, 150 S. Huntington Ave., Boston, MA, 02130, USA.

Purpose Of Review: We review recent research addressing neurocognitive and information processing abnormalities in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), including studies informing direction of causality. We additionally consider neurocognition in the context of co-morbid mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) and psychosocial treatments for PTSD.

Recent Findings: Learning, memory, attention, inhibitory functions, and information processing biases frequently accompany PTSD, reflecting potential bi-directional relationships with PTSD. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11920-018-0964-1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0964-1DOI Listing
September 2018
13 Reads

Social Determinants of Mental Health: Where We Are and Where We Need to Go.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Sep 17;20(11):95. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

Disparities Research Unit, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, 50 Staniford Street, Suite 830, Boston, MA, 02114, USA.

Purpose Of Review: The present review synthesizes recent literature on social determinants and mental health outcomes and provides recommendations for how to advance the field. We summarize current studies related to changes in the conceptualization of social determinants, how social determinants impact mental health, what we have learned from social determinant interventions, and new methods to collect, use, and analyze social determinant data.

Recent Findings: Recent research has increasingly focused on interactions between multiple social determinants, interventions to address upstream causes of mental health challenges, and use of simulation models to represent complex systems. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11920-018-0969-9
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0969-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6181118PMC
September 2018
8 Reads

PTSD in Children Below the Age of 6 Years.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Sep 17;20(11):97. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

Division of Child and Adolescent Health Psychology, Department of Psychology, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Purpose Of Review: This review summarizes the latest evidence and developments in the validation of PTSD diagnostic criteria for children 6 years and under (PTSD<6Y), discusses the limitations of the current diagnostic criteria, and highlights areas for future research.

Recent Findings: Research has found that the DSM-5 PTSD<6Y, and a similar version in the DC:0-5, currently provides the most developmentally sensitive classification of PTSD for young children. In contrast, preliminary evidence suggests that the ICD-11 criteria might not appropriately capture PTSD in young children. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0966-zDOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Children of Parents with Eating Disorders.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Sep 17;20(11):101. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

Baruch Ivcher School of Psychology, Interdisciplinary Center, Herzliya, Herzliya, Israel.

Purpose Of Review: Our primary goal in this article is to review recent findings (from 2015 and on) concerning children of parents with eating disorders. This review addresses the question of whether the offspring of parents with past or present eating disorders have adverse outcomes. This update is timely and informative because recent research includes controlled studies and large cohort designs and earlier reviews relied on case report evidence. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11920-018-0970-3
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0970-3DOI Listing
September 2018
37 Reads

The Walking Wounded: Emerging Treatments for PTSD.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Sep 14;20(10):94. Epub 2018 Sep 14.

Department of Psychiatry, Atrium Health, Charlotte, NC, USA.

Purpose Of Review: We review the published literature over the last 24 months in the treatment of PTSD for our military men and women. We examined the updated clinical practice guidelines published in June 2017 by the Veteran's administration and Department of Defense and contrasted the guidelines with the most recent literature. We also discuss new directions in PTSD research. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0941-8DOI Listing
September 2018
4 Reads

Trauma and Aging.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Sep 7;20(10):93. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

Kaiser Permanente, Center for Health Research, Honolulu, HI, USA.

Purpose Of Review: The aim of this paper is to present a succinct summary of the major scientific findings on trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and aging over the past few years.

Recent Findings: There have been several reports from longitudinal investigations using representative samples of veterans regarding traumatic exposure and subsequent effects on health and functioning. There has also been further documentation of the significant association between PTSD and dementia as well as accelerated aging in late life. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0943-6DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Computer-Assisted Cognitive-Behavior Therapy in Medical Care Settings.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Sep 7;20(10):92. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

Departments of Internal Medicine & Pediatrics, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY, USA.

Purpose Of Review: We reviewed research on computer-assisted cognitive-behavior therapy (CCBT) performed in medical settings with the goals of assessing the effectiveness of this newer method of treatment delivery, evaluating the need for clinician support of therapeutic computer programs, and making suggestions for future research and clinical implementation.

Recent Findings: The overall results of randomized, controlled trials suggest that CCBT can be an effective treatment for depression in primary care patients and health care anxiety. Also, it can be a useful component of treatment for somatic conditions including irritable bowel syndrome, diabetes, fibromyalgia, and chronic pain. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0947-2DOI Listing
September 2018
19 Reads

The Neuropeptide Hormone Oxytocin in Eating Disorders.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Sep 4;20(10):91. Epub 2018 Sep 4.

Neuroendocrine Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital and Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, 55 Fruit Street BUL457, Boston, MA, 02114, USA.

Purpose Of Review: The neurohormone oxytocin (OXT) impacts food intake as well as cognitive, emotional, and social functioning-all of which are central to eating disorder (ED) pathology across the weight spectrum. Here, we review findings on endogenous OXT levels and their relationship to ED pathology, the impact of exogenous OXT on mechanisms that drive ED presentation and chronicity, and the potential role of genetic predispositions in the OXT-ED link.

Recent Findings: Current findings suggest a role of the OXT system in the pathophysiology of anorexia nervosa. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0957-0DOI Listing
September 2018
12 Reads

Memory and Forgetting.

Authors:
Chris R Brewin

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Aug 28;20(10):87. Epub 2018 Aug 28.

Clinical Educational & Health Psychology, University College London, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT, UK.

Purpose Of Review: I summarize recent developments in understanding the phenomenology of memory in PTSD, describe the most prominent theoretical models, and outline new forms of treatment aimed at modifying the traumatic memory.

Recent Findings: Intrusive memories that have the quality of being relived in the present have been highlighted in ICD-11. Debate over whether trauma memories are disorganized has led to a distinction between global narratives that are usually well rehearsed and episodic memories of the most frightening moments when disruptions and fragmentation may occur. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0950-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6132786PMC
August 2018
2 Reads

Measuring Psychiatric Symptoms Remotely: a Systematic Review of Remote Measurement-Based Care.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Aug 28;20(10):81. Epub 2018 Aug 28.

Health Services Research & Development (HSR&D) Center of Innovation (COIN), VA Puget Sound Health Care System, 1660 South Columbian Way, Seattle, WA, 98108, USA.

Purpose Of Review: This article systematically reviews studies examining remote measurement-based care (RMBC), defined as using technology to measure patients' psychiatric symptoms outside the context of a clinical encounter.

Recent Findings: Thirty-six studies were identified that measured patients' psychiatric symptoms remotely and provided feedback to treatment providers. The majority were single group designs. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0958-zDOI Listing
August 2018
3 Reads

Leveraging Technology in Post-Disaster Settings: the Role of Digital Health/Telemental Health.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Aug 28;20(10):88. Epub 2018 Aug 28.

Harvard Program in Refugee Trauma, Harvard Global Mental Health Program, 22 Putnam Avenue, Cambridge, MA, 02139, USA.

The Purpose Review: This paper will review the literature on global disasters and the mental health impact of disasters, and discuss the use of digital health/telemental health in providing care in post-disaster settings.

Recent Findings: Global disasters, natural and manmade, are on the rise. As a consequence, there are increases in the health and mental health impact in the affected populations. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0953-4DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

Neuroimaging Predictors and Mechanisms of Treatment Response in Social Anxiety Disorder: an Overview of the Amygdala.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Aug 28;20(10):89. Epub 2018 Aug 28.

Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Aberrant amygdala activity is implicated in the neurobiology of social anxiety disorder (SAD) and is, therefore, a treatment target. However, the extent to which amygdala predicts clinical improvement or is impacted by treatment has not been critically examined. This review highlights recent neuroimaging findings from clinical trials and research that test links between amygdala and mechanisms of action. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0948-1DOI Listing
August 2018
1 Read

Weight Suppression in Eating Disorders: a Research and Conceptual Update.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Aug 28;20(10):80. Epub 2018 Aug 28.

Drexel University, Philadelphia, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Weight suppression, the discrepancy between an individual's highest past weight at adult height and his or her current weight, is related to many characteristics of individuals with eating disorders. This paper reviews research findings from the past 5 years, draws several implications regarding the mechanism underlying these effects, and proposes new approaches to measuring weight suppression.

Recent Findings: Studies were reviewed under the categories of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and mixed or miscellaneous samples, with more studies falling into the last category than in the first two. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11920-018-0955-2
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0955-2DOI Listing
August 2018
18 Reads

Please Don't Leave Me-Separation Anxiety and Related Traits in Borderline Personality Disorder.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Aug 28;20(10):83. Epub 2018 Aug 28.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Medical Center - University of Freiburg, Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg, Hauptstrasse 5, D-79104, Freiburg, Germany.

Purpose Of Review: In light of the apparent symptomatic resemblance of separation anxiety disorder (SAD) symptoms on the one hand and abandonment fears, anxiousness, and separation insecurity central to borderline personality disorder (BPD) on the other hand, a comprehensive overview of separation anxiety and related traits in BPD is provided.

Recent Findings: Epidemiological, environmental, psychological, and neurobiological data connecting BPD to separation events, feelings of loneliness, insecure attachment styles, dimensional separation anxiety as well as SAD per se suggest a partly shared etiological pathway model underlying BPD and SAD. Differential diagnostic aspects and implications for treatment are discussed, highlighting separation anxiety as a promising transdiagnostic target for specific psychotherapeutic and pharmacological treatment approaches in BPD. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0951-6DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

Review of Use of Asynchronous Technologies Incorporated in Mental Health Care.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Aug 28;20(10):85. Epub 2018 Aug 28.

Department of Psychiatry, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Mental health clinicians should understand how technologies augment, enhance, and provide alternate means for the delivery of mental healthcare. These technologies can be used asynchronously, in which the patient and the clinician need not be communicating at the same time. This contrasts with synchronous technologies, in which patient and clinician must communicate at the same time. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0954-3DOI Listing
August 2018
17 Reads

Psychosocial Treatments Targeting Anxiety and Depression in Adolescents and Adults on the Autism Spectrum: Review of the Latest Research and Recommended Future Directions.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Aug 28;20(10):82. Epub 2018 Aug 28.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Purpose Of Review: This synthesis of treatment research related to anxiety and depression in adolescents and adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) focuses on the scientific support for various forms of psychosocial interventions, useful adaptations to standard interventions, and engagement of candidate therapeutic mechanisms.

Recent Findings: There is considerable evidence for the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) to treat co-occurring problems with anxiety, but there has been relatively little research on treatment of co-occurring depression. Multiple mechanisms of treatment effect have been proposed, but there has been little demonstration of target engagement via experimental therapeutics. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11920-018-0949-0
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-018-0949-0DOI Listing
August 2018
4 Reads