27,226 results match your criteria Current Nutrition & Food Science[Journal]


FEMALE PATTERN HAIR LOSS AND ANDROGEN EXCESS: A REPORT FROM THE MULTIDISCIPLINARY ANDROGEN EXCESS AND PCOS COMMITTEE.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2019 Feb 20. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Dermatology and Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA.

Objective: To determine the current state of knowledge and provide evidence-based recommendations that could be valid for all specialists taking care of female pattern hair loss (FPHL), a common form of hair loss in women that is characterized by the reduction of hair density in the central area of the scalp, while the frontal hairline is generally well conserved.

Participants: An expert task force appointed by Androgen Excess and PPCOS society, which included specialists from dermatology, endocrinology, and reproductive endocrinology.

Evidence: Levels of evidence were assessed and graded from A to D. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1210/jc.2018-02548DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

[Sustainable development goals and mental health].

Vertex 2018 Nov;XXIX(142):300-303

Centre for Global Mental Health, King's College London, Institute of Psychiatry.

In 2015, the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) set the course for a more equitable distribution of resources globally. For the first time in history, this collective global commitment explicitly included mental health-related objectives, and manifested them as targets in the health SDG 3. This represents a unique opportunity to increase coverage and quality of services, especially in low- and middle-income countries, in which the current treatment gap surpasses 80% even for the most severe disorders. Read More

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November 2018

Associations of exercise, nutritional status, and smoking with cognitive decline among older adults in Taiwan: Results of a longitudinal population-based study.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2019 Feb 6;82:133-138. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Health Management, I-Shou University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

This study aimed to explore the long-term effects of exercise, smoking, and nutritional status on cognitive reserve and changes in cognitive function among Taiwanese adults aged ≥65 years. Data were obtained from the Taiwan Longitudinal Study of Aging, a national representative population-based cohort study. Results showed that the average baseline scores on the Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire (SPMSQ) and Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA) were 9. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2018.12.008DOI Listing
February 2019

Evaluation of (indigenous drug) as oxidative stress down-regulator using serum-free explant culture system.

Indian J Pharmacol 2018 Nov-Dec;50(6):326-331

Food and Drug Toxicology Research Centre, ICMR National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Context: The importance of phytochemicals/natural products as potential therapeutic agents in the present context is gaining a lot of importance. India with a rich heritage of such preparations needs evaluation as potent drugs. Explant culture system is a method, which is sensitive, reliable, reproducible and is capable of mimicking the conditions maintaining the tissue in sufficiently high level of integration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijp.IJP_480_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6364338PMC
February 2019

Review of evidence based clinical practice guidelines developed in Latin America and Caribbean during the last decade: an analysis of the methods for grading quality of evidence and topic prioritization.

Global Health 2019 Feb 19;15(1):14. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Clinical Research Institute and Health Technology Assessment Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá D.C., Colombia.

Background: In the last decade, efforts have been made in Latin America and the Caribbean to advance in the methodological development of evidence based clinical practice guidelines, among other strategies to improve the health provision of services and indicators.

Objectives: To build an evidence map to show the regional GRADE impact in developing clinical practice guidelines and contrast the results with current needs.

Methods: A systematic literature search was conducted in databases, developer's websites, health ministries, repositories and grey literature. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12992-019-0455-0DOI Listing
February 2019

A multimodal and multidisciplinary program to prevent loss of mobility in patients aged over 70 years: study protocol of a multicenter cluster randomized study in primary care (the PRISME-3P study).

BMC Geriatr 2019 Feb 19;19(1):48. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Hospices Civils de Lyon, Service de Médecine Gériatrique, Centre Hospitalier Lyon-Sud, Pierre-Bénite, France.

Background: Reduced mobility is the first sign of functional decline and can lead to dependency in elderly people. Screening for the risk of mobility limitation in this population is an important public health issue to prevent further disabilities. Despite the current lack of guidelines, primary care healthcare providers may have a central role to play in this type of screening. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12877-019-1059-5DOI Listing
February 2019

Dietary fish oil supplementation alters liver gene expressions to protect against LPS-induced liver injury in weanling piglets.

Innate Immun 2019 Jan;25(1):60-72

Hubei Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science, Hubei Collaborative Innovation Center for Animal Nutrition and Feed Safety, Wuhan Polytechnic University, Wuhan, China.

Here, the potential mechanisms of the protective effects of fish oil against LPS-induced liver injury in a piglet model were investigated by using RNA sequencing. Twenty-four piglets were used in a 2 × 2 factorial design, and the main factors included diet (5% corn oil or 5% fish oil) and immunological challenge (LPS or saline, on d 19). All piglets were slaughtered at 4 h after challenge, and liver samples were collected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1753425918821420DOI Listing
January 2019

Positive Impact of Pulsed Electric Field on Lactic Acid Removal, Demineralization and Membrane Scaling during Acid Whey Electrodialysis.

Int J Mol Sci 2019 Feb 13;20(4). Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Institute of Nutrition and Functional Foods (INAF), Dairy Research Center (STELA) and Department of Food Sciences, Université Laval, Québec, QC G1V 0A6, Canada.

The drying of acid whey is hindered by its high mineral and organic acid contents, and their removal is performed industrially through expensive and environmentally impacting serial processes. Previous works demonstrated the ability to remove these elements by electrodialysis alone but with a major concern-membrane scaling. In this study, two conditions of pulsed electric field (PEF) were tested and compared to conventional DC current condition to evaluate the potential of PEF to mitigate membrane scaling and to affect lactic acid and salt removals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms20040797DOI Listing
February 2019

9-Methylfascaplysin Is a More Potent Aβ Aggregation Inhibitor than the Marine-Derived Alkaloid, Fascaplysin, and Produces Nanomolar Neuroprotective Effects in SH-SY5Y Cells.

Mar Drugs 2019 Feb 18;17(2). Epub 2019 Feb 18.

School of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China.

β-Amyloid (Aβ) is regarded as an important pathogenic target for Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most prevalent neurodegenerative disease. Aβ can assemble into oligomers and fibrils, and produce neurotoxicity. Therefore, Aβ aggregation inhibitors may have anti-AD therapeutic efficacies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/md17020121DOI Listing
February 2019

The application of the CRISPR-Cas9 genome editing machinery in food and agricultural science: Current status, future perspectives, and associated challenges.

Biotechnol Adv 2019 Feb 16. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Nutrition and Food Science Area, Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Food Science, Toxicology and Forensic Medicine Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitat de València, Avda.Vicent Andrés Estellés, s/n, 46100, Burjassot, València, Spain. Electronic address:

The recent progress in genetic engineering has brought multiple benefits to the food and agricultural industry by enhancing essential characteristics of agronomic traits. Powerful tools in the field of genome editing, such as siRNA-mediated RNA interference for targeted suppression of gene expression and transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALENs) and zinc-finger nucleases (ZFNs) for DNA repair have been widely used for commercial purposes. However, in the last few years, the discovery of the CRISPR-Cas9 system has revolutionized genome editing and has attracted attention as a powerful tool for several industrial applications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biotechadv.2019.02.006DOI Listing
February 2019
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Indicator Amino Acid Oxidation Protein Requirement Estimate in Endurance-Trained Men 24h Post-Exercise Exceeds both the EAR and Current Athlete Guidelines.

Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Exercise Nutrition Research Laboratory, Western University, London, Canada.

Despite studies indicating increased protein requirements in endurance-trained (ET) individuals, the Institute of Medicine has concluded, that "no additional dietary protein is suggested for healthy adults undertaking resistance or endurance exercise" and the controversy regarding exercise effects on protein requirements continues. The objective of this study was to determine the dietary protein requirement of healthy young ET men (≥1 y training experience) 24h post-exercise (to minimize any acute effects of the previous training session) by measuring the oxidation of ingested L-[1-C] phenylalanine to CO in response to graded intakes of protein [Indicator Amino Acid Oxidation (IAAO) Technique]. Eight men (V ̇O, 64. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/ajpendo.00174.2018DOI Listing
February 2019

Environmental Risk Factors Associated with Child Stunting: A Systematic Review of the Literature.

Ann Glob Health 2018 Nov 5;84(4):551-562. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Child Health Research Centre, The University of Queensland, Center for Children's Health Research South Brisbane, AU.

Background: Stunting, a form of malnutrition characterized by impaired linear growth in the first two years of life, affects one quarter of children globally. While nutritional status remains the key cause of stunting, there is evidence that environmental risk factors are associated with stunting.

Objective: The objective of this review is to explore the current literature and compile the environmental risk factors that have been associated with stunting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.9204/aogh.2361DOI Listing
November 2018

Efficacy of ω-3 supplementation in patients with psoriasis: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Clin Rheumatol 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Research Center for Biochemistry and Nutrition in Metabolic Diseases, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.

Several studies have been conducted with the aim of investigating the effect of Omega(ω)-3 on different psoriasis indices including Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) score, erythema, scaling, itching, area involved, and infiltration. Nevertheless, a pooled analysis of trials that evaluated these variables has not been conducted. Therefore, the aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the efficacy of ω-3 fatty acids in treating patients with psoriasis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10067-019-04456-xDOI Listing
February 2019

Protein extraction from agri-food residues for integration in biorefinery: Potential techniques and current status.

Bioresour Technol 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Chemical, Environmental and Materials Engineering, Universidad de Jaén, Campus Las Lagunillas, 23071 Jaén, Spain; Center for Advanced Studies in Energy and Environment, Universidad de Jaén, Campus Las Lagunillas, 23071 Jaén, Spain. Electronic address:

The biorefinery concept is attracting scientific and policy attention as a promising option for enhancing the benefits of agri-food biomass along with a reduction of the environmental impact. Obtaining bioproducts based on proteins from agri-food residues could help to diversify the revenue stream in a biorefinery. In fact, the extracted proteins can be applied as such or in the form of hydrolyzates due to their nutritional, bioactive and techno-functional properties. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2019.02.040DOI Listing
February 2019

Health students' experiences of the process of interprofessional education: a pilot project.

J Interprof Care 2019 Feb 19:1-10. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

g School of Nutrition, Physiology and Consumer Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences , Potchefstroom Campus, NWU , Potchefstroom , South Africa.

The need for interprofessional education (IPE) in health science disciplines is a current global trend. However, despite international support and demand, IPE is still new to many health professions curricula in South Africa. Furthermore, while ample existing academic literature addresses commonly encountered barriers to IPE, there is still a need to investigate the dynamics and challenges associated with the process of implementing IPE at universities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13561820.2019.1572600DOI Listing
February 2019

Anti-adhesive effects of human soluble thrombomodulin and its domains.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Molecular Pathobiology and Cell Adhesion Biology, Mie University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-174 Edobashi, Tsu-city, Mie, 514-8507, Japan.

We reported previously that leukocyte β2 integrins (LFA-1 and Mac-1) bind to the serine/threonine-rich domain of thrombomodulin (TM) expressed on vascular endothelial cells (VECs). Recombinant human soluble TM (rhsTM, TMD123) has been approved as a therapeutic drug for septic disseminated intravascular coagulation. However, the roles of TMD123 on the adhesion of leukocyte integrins to VECs remain unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2019.02.041DOI Listing
February 2019

A randomised controlled trial of performance review and facilitated feedback to increase implementation of healthy eating and physical activity-promoting policies and practices in centre-based childcare.

Implement Sci 2019 Feb 18;14(1):17. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW, Australia.

Background: While it is recommended that childcare services implement policies and practices to support obesity prevention, there remains limited evidence to inform policy and practice. The aim of this study is to examine the effectiveness of performance review and facilitated feedback in increasing the implementation of healthy eating and physical activity-promoting policies and practices in childcare services.

Methods: The study was conducted with childcare services in the Hunter New England region of New South Wales, Australia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13012-019-0865-7DOI Listing
February 2019

Comparison of lower leg muscle strength and grip strength for diagnosing slower gait speed in the elderly.

Osteoporos Sarcopenia 2017 Sep 5;3(3):128-131. Epub 2017 Sep 5.

Department of Food and Nutrition, Kyoto Women's University, Kyoto, Japan.

Objectives: Sarcopenia, decreased muscle volume and muscle weakness in the elderly is a serious risk of various adverse outcomes. Current diagnostic procedure for sarcopenia includes gait speed, grip strength, and percentage of skeletal muscle volume. However, lower leg muscle strength decreases much faster than grasp power, and we have evaluated the usefulness of its measurement using a recently developed instrument (Locomoscan). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S24055255173003
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.afos.2017.07.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6372762PMC
September 2017
1 Read

Preparative isolation and purification of zearalenone from rice culture by combined use of macroporous resin column and high-speed counter-current chromatography.

J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci 2019 Feb 10;1110-1111:43-50. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Food Quality and Safety-State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base, Ministry of Science and Technology/ Key Laboratory for Control Technology and Standard for Agro-product Safety and Quality, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs/ Key Laboratory for Agro-product Safety Risk Evaluation (Nanjing), Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs/ Collaborative Innovation Center for Modern Grain Circulation and Safety/ Institute of Food Safety and Nutrition, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanjing, China. Electronic address:

Zearalenone is one of the most harmful mycotoxins found in grains and there is a large demand for zearalenone substrate for research purposes. A new separation method was developed for the preparative purification of zearalenone from rice culture of Fusarium graminearum by utilizing macroporous resin column combined with high-speed counter-current chromatography. Zearalenone was adsorpted on XAD-2 resin at 25 °C, neutral pH and a feed flow of 4 BV/h, followed by dynamic desorption by 60% ethanol solution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchromb.2019.02.009DOI Listing
February 2019

Endometriosis-associated ovarian cancer: What have we learned so far?

Clin Chim Acta 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Division of Laboratory Medicine, Asia University Hospital, Asia University, Taichung, Taiwan; Deparment of Food Nutrition and Health Biotechnology, Asia University, Taichung, Taiwan; Deparment of Post-Baccalaureate Veterinary Medicine, Asia University, Taichung, Taiwan; Deparment of Nursing, Asia University, Taichung, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Endometriosis is defined as the presence of ectopic endometrial tissue outside of the uterine cavity, most commonly in the ovaries and peritoneum. It is a complex disease that is influenced by multiple factors. It is also a common gynecological disorder and affects approximately 10-15% of all women of reproductive age. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00098981193006
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cca.2019.02.016DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Current concepts in severe acute and necrotizing pancreatitis: an evidence-based approach.

Gastroenterology 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Surgery, Amsterdam Gastroenterology and Metabolism, Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

The incidence of acute pancreatitis continues to rise, inducing substantial medical and social burden, with annual costs exceeding two billion dollars in the USA alone. Although the majority of patients develop mild pancreatitis, 20% develop severe and/or necrotizing pancreatitis, requiring advanced medical and interventional care. Morbidity resulting from local and systemic complications as well as invasive interventions result in mortality rates historically as high as 30%. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.gastro.2019.01.269DOI Listing
February 2019

Occupational exposure and airflow obstruction and self-reported COPD among ever-employed US adults using a COPD-job exposure matrix.

Am J Ind Med 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Division of Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, Maryland.

Introduction: This study examined the association of spirometry-defined airflow obstruction and self-reported COPD defined as self-reported doctor diagnosed chronic bronchitis or emphysema, with occupational exposure among ever-employed US adults.

Methods: Data were obtained from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2008 to 2011-2012, a nationally representative study of the non-institutionalized civilian US population. Reported current and/or longest held job were used to create prevalence estimates and prevalence odds ratios (PORs) (adjusted for age, gender, race, and smoking status) for airflow obstruction and self-reported COPD by occupational exposure, determined using both NHANES participants' self-reported exposures and eight categories of COPD job exposure matrix (JEM) assigned exposures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22958DOI Listing
February 2019

Beverage Complexity Yields Unpredicted Power Results for Seven Discrimination Test Methods.

J Food Sci 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Univ. of Illinois, 905 S. Goodwin Ave., Urbana, IL, 61801, U.S.A.

The power of discrimination tests is crucial in determining sample size and resources needed for testing. Although research has been conducted on the power analysis of several discrimination testing methods, much of the previous research has focused on basic taste solutions, which may not be directly applicable to food and beverage systems. The objective of the current study was to compare the power of seven discrimination tests: Panelist-Articulated-2-Alternative Forced Choice (PA-2-AFC), triangle, triangle with partial presentation, duo-trio, duo-trio with partial presentation, 4-category rating methods for R-index measure, and same-different pairwise comparison for R-index measure using commercial-type beverage products. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1750-3841.14476DOI Listing
February 2019

A randomized controlled trial protocol for people with traumatic brain injury enrolled in a healthy lifestyle program (GLB-TBI).

Contemp Clin Trials Commun 2019 Jun 31;14:100328. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

North Texas Traumatic Brain Injury Model System, USA.

Weight gain is prevalent among people with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and may be attributable to environmental or injury-specific factors such as mobility impairment, endocrine dysfunction, behavioral and emotional disorders, and sensory loss. Few weight management programs exist to meet the unique needs of this population. Researchers modified a nationally recognized, evidence-based weight-loss program, Group Lifestyle Balance™ (GLB), to address the needs of over-weight and obese people post TBI (GLB-TBI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conctc.2019.100328DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6365803PMC

Tipping the Scale Toward Gastric Disease: A Host-Pathogen Genomic Mismatch?

Curr Genet Med Rep 2018 Dec 10;6(4):199-207. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Department of Population and Quantitative Health Sciences, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Chronic infection with infection is necessary but not sufficient to initiate development of intestinal-type gastric adenocarcinoma. It is not clear what additional factors tip the scale from commensal bacteria towards a pathogen that facilitates development of gastric cancer. Genetic variants in both the pathogen and host have been implicated, but neither alone explains a substantial portion of disease risk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40142-018-0153-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6373874PMC
December 2018

Diversity and redundancy of the ripening regulatory networks revealed by the fruitENCODE and the new CRISPR/Cas9 and mutants.

Hortic Res 2019 11;6:39. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

1Laboratory of Fruit Biology, College of Food Science and Nutritional Engineering, China Agricultural University, 100083 Beijing, China.

Tomato is considered as the genetic model for climacteric fruits, in which three major players control the fruit ripening process: ethylene, ripening transcription factors, and DNA methylation. The fruitENCODE project has now shown that there are multiple transcriptional circuits regulating fruit ripening in different species, and H3K27me3, instead of DNA methylation, plays a conserved role in restricting these ripening pathways. In addition, the function of the core tomato ripening transcription factors is now being questioned. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41438-019-0122-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6370854PMC
February 2019

Blood Glucose Level Prediction for Diabetics Based on Nutrition and Insulin Administration Logs Using Personalized Mathematical Models.

J Healthc Eng 2019 10;2019:8605206. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Medical Informatics Research & Development Centre, University of Pannonia, Egyetem u. 10, 8200 Veszprém, Hungary.

According to recent surveys, the current ways of diabetics trying to estimate their insulin need based on experience and conjecture are sometimes inefficient in practice. This paper proposes a prediction algorithm and presents the validation of the model in outpatient care. The algorithm consists of two state-of-the-art models that calculate nutrition absorption and glycaemia including insulin evolution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/8605206DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6350605PMC
January 2019

Iron and liver fibrosis: Mechanistic and clinical aspects.

World J Gastroenterol 2019 Feb;25(5):521-538

Department of Nutritional Sciences, School of Life Course Sciences, Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine, King's College London, London SE1 9NH, United Kingdom.

Liver fibrosis is characterised by excessive deposition of extracellular matrix that interrupts normal liver functionality. It is a pathological stage in several untreated chronic liver diseases such as the iron overload syndrome hereditary haemochromatosis, viral hepatitis, alcoholic liver disease, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis and diabetes. Interestingly, regardless of the aetiology, iron-loading is frequently observed in chronic liver diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3748/wjg.v25.i5.521DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6371002PMC
February 2019

Effect of a novel supplementary porridge on the nutritional status of infants and young children diagnosed with moderate acute malnutrition in Uganda: a cluster randomised control trial.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

College of Agriculture, Engineering and Science, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa.

Background: Moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) and anaemia are prevalent among infants and young children (IYC) in Uganda. A lack of consensus regarding the most effective strategy for managing MAM among IYC resulted in the present study comparing the effect of malted sorghum-based porridge (MSBP) (an active malt, extruded maize and soy sorghum supplementary porridge developed for the purpose of the present study) as an intervention versus an extruded maize and soy micronutrient fortified blend (CSB+) as a control and current standard care. Outcome measures were anthropometric status and haemoglobin levels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jhn.12635DOI Listing
February 2019

Phenotype, treatment practice and outcome in the cobalamin-dependent remethylation disorders and MTHFR deficiency: Data from the E-HOD registry.

J Inherit Metab Dis 2019 Feb 17. Epub 2019 Feb 17.

Inherited Metabolic Diseases Clinic, Section of Clinical Genetics and Metabolism, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, Colorado.

Aim: To explore the clinical presentation, course, treatment and impact of early treatment in patients with remethylation disorders from the European Network and Registry for Homocystinurias and Methylation Defects (E-HOD) international web-based registry.

Results: This review comprises 238 patients (cobalamin C defect n = 161; methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase deficiency n = 50; cobalamin G defect n = 11; cobalamin E defect n = 10; cobalamin D defect n = 5; and cobalamin J defect n = 1) from 47 centres for whom the E-HOD registry includes, as a minimum, data on medical history and enrolment visit. The duration of observation was 127 patient years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jimd.12041DOI Listing
February 2019

Exploring Family-Medicine Providers' Perspectives on Group Care Visits for Maternal and Infant Nutrition Education.

J Nutr Educ Behav 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI. Electronic address:

Objective: Explore current maternal and infant nutrition education practices and family medicine primary care providers' views on a group care model to deliver nutrition education to mother-infant dyads.

Design: In-depth interviews.

Setting: Family medicine clinics in 1 Midwestern US hospital system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jneb.2019.01.009DOI Listing
February 2019

Association of reported fish intake and supplementation status with the omega-3 index.

Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 2019 Mar 11;142:4-10. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

OmegaQuant, LLC, 5009W. 12th St., Suite 8, Sioux Falls, SD 57106, United States; Sanford School of Medicine, University of South Dakota, Sioux Falls, SD, United States.

Background: An Omega-3 Index (O3I; EPA+DHA as a % of erythrocyte total fatty acids) in the desirable range (8%-12%) has been associated with improved heart and brain health.

Objective: To determine the combination of fish intake and supplement use that is associated with an O3I of >8%.

Design: Two cross-sectional studies comparing the O3I to EPA+DHA/fish intake. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.plefa.2019.01.002DOI Listing

Nutrition and its role in human evolution.

J Intern Med 2019 Feb 17. Epub 2019 Feb 17.

Vice Chancellor and Dean for Agriculture and Life Sciences, Texas A&M AgriLife, College Station, TX, USA.

Our understanding of human evolution has improved rapidly over recent decades, facilitated by large-scale cataloguing of genomic variability amongst both modern and archaic humans. It seems clear that the evolution of the ancestors of chimpanzees and hominins separated 7-9 million years ago with some migration out of Africa by the earlier hominins; Homo sapiens slowly emerged as climate change resulted in drier, less forested African conditions. The African populations expanded and evolved in many different conditions with slow mutation and selection rates in the human genome, but with much more rapid mutation occurring in mitochondrial DNA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joim.12878DOI Listing
February 2019
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Maternal executive function and the family food environment.

Appetite 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Center for Human Growth and Development, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA; Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

The family food environment plays an important role in supporting children's dietary quality, regulating eating behaviors, and promoting a healthy weight status. However, relatively little is known regarding parent-level factors that support or hinder parents' ability to create health-promoting family food environments. The current study examines whether executive function among mothers, or mothers' capacity to control their thoughts, emotions, and actions, is associated with qualities of the family food environment that support children's healthy eating and weight. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2019.02.004DOI Listing
February 2019

Self-Reported Body Weight Changes, Perceptions, and Weight Loss Techniques among Stroke Survivors.

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

VARRD Center for Visual and Neurocognitive Rehabilitation, Atlanta VA Medical Center, Atlanta, Georgia; Emory University, School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia. Electronic address:

Background: Little is known about the body weight goals and trends of stroke survivors, despite evidence that overweight and obesity can negatively influence poststroke rehabilitation outcomes. Thus, the purpose of this study was to identify self-reported body weight trends over time in stroke survivors and nonstroke controls (>50 years old) and describe the methods used to attempt to achieve body weight goals.

Methods: Self-reported body weight 1) at age 25 years, 2) 10 years prior to the current assessment, 3) 1 year prior to the current assessment, 4) current weight, and 5) age of heaviest body weight were collected from adults self-reporting a stroke in the 2011-2012 and 2013-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (stroke: N = 387 and nonstroke: N = 5085). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2019.01.028DOI Listing
February 2019
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Primary and secondary prevention of preterm birth: a review of systematic reviews and ongoing randomized controlled trials.

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dalhousie University, Halifax Nova Scotia, Canada.

Background: Preterm birth (PTB) is a leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality. Interventions aimed at preventing PTB can be classified as primary, secondary, or tertiary prevention.

Objective: To conduct a review of systematic reviews on the effectiveness and safety of primary and secondary preterm birth prevention interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejogrb.2018.12.022DOI Listing
January 2019

Technical note: Bovine adipocyte and preadipocyte co-culture as an efficient adipogenic model.

J Dairy Sci 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824. Electronic address:

Reductionist studies of adipose tissue biology require reliable in vitro adipocyte culturing models. Current protocols for adipogenesis induction in stromal vascular fraction-derived preadipocytes require extended culturing periods and have low adipogenic rates. We compared the adipogenic efficiency of a 7-d co-culture model of visceral (VIS) and subcutaneous (SC) stromal vascular fraction-derived preadipocytes with mature adipocytes with a 14-d standard adipocyte differentiation protocol. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3168/jds.2018-15626DOI Listing
February 2019

Silver nanoparticles assessment in moisturizing creams by ultrasound assisted extraction followed by sp-ICP-MS.

Talanta 2019 May 24;197:530-538. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Trace Element, Spectroscopy and Speciation Group (GETEE), Strategic Grouping in Materials (AEMAT), Department of Analytical Chemistry, Nutrition and Bromatology, Faculty of Chemistry, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Avenida das Ciencias, s/n., 15782 Santiago de Compostela, Spain. Electronic address:

Advances on nanometrology require reliable sample pre-treatment methods for extracting/isolating nanomaterials from complex samples. The current development deals with a discontinuous ultrasonication (60% amplitude, 15 cycles of ultrasound treatment for 59 s plus relaxing stage for 59 s, 20 mL of methanol) method for a fast and quantitative extraction of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) from moisturizing creams. Possibilities offered by modern inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) which allow 'single particle' assessment (sp-ICP-MS) have been used for Ag NPs assessment (Ag NPs concentration and Ag size distribution). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2019.01.068DOI Listing
May 2019
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Role of Abdominal US in Diagnosis of NEC.

Authors:
Jae H Kim

Clin Perinatol 2019 Mar 20;46(1):119-127. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

SPIN Program, San Diego Mothers' Milk Bank, Division of Neonatology, UC San Diego, 9300 Campus Point Drive MC7774, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA; Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Rady Children's Hospital-San Diego, 3020 Children's Way, San Diego, CA 92123. Electronic address:

Current assessment for and diagnosis of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) remain inadequate. The introduction of interrogating bowel with ultrasound when NEC is suspected or when NEC has occurred presents greater opportunity to characterize the physical changes that have occurred in the bowel wall structures. The evaluation of bowel by ultrasound has been shown to have high specificity for bowel necrosis. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00955108183143
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clp.2018.10.006DOI Listing
March 2019
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Maternal employment and child health in Nepal: The importance of job type and timing across the child's first five years.

Soc Sci Med 2019 Feb 6;224:94-105. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Population Studies Center, University of Michigan, 426 Thompson Street, P.O. Box 1248, Ann Arbor, MI, 48106-1248, USA; Institute for Social and Environmental Research Nepal, Bharatpur Metropolitan City, Ward No. 15, Chitwan, Nepal. Electronic address:

The increase in female labor force participation (FLFP) in the paid labor market since the mid-1900s is one of the most pronounced family transitions and increasingly a global phenomenon. While this may improve income and bargaining power of the women, it may also increase stress and decrease time with children. Using the Chitwan Valley Family Study in Nepal, we explore the consequences of this transition for children's health by combining newly collected data on child health outcomes, quarterly data on women's employment, and data on households and neighborhoods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2019.02.009DOI Listing
February 2019
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Depression is associated with diabetes status of family members: NHANES (1999-2016).

J Affect Disord 2019 Feb 6;249:121-126. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

School of Life Sciences, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Background: The majority of the studies in this area focus on the psychological impact of having diabetic children or adolescents on parents, while a limited number of studies have investigated the effect of diabetes on the mental health status of family members in the general population. Thus, the aim of the current study is to explore the possible association between mental health disorders (depression, anxiety and panic) and diabetes status of family members among a national sample of adults in the United States.

Methods: Our analysis included 1,787 and 25,574 participants in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2004 and 2005-2016, respectively. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01650327183302
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.02.019DOI Listing
February 2019
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Tuberculosis screening for prospective migrants to high-income countries: systematic review of policies.

Public Health 2019 Feb 13;168:142-147. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

King's College London, School of Population Health and Environmental Sciences, London, UK.

Objective: To compare predeparture tuberculosis (TB) screening policies, including screening criteria and screening tests, and visa requirements for prospective migrants to high-income countries that have low to intermediate TB incidence and high immigration.

Study Design: Systematic review of policy documents.

Methods: We systematically identified high-income, high net-migration countries with an estimated TB incidence of <30 per 100,000. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00333506183040
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2018.12.016DOI Listing
February 2019
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The bidirectional crosstalk between metastatic uveal melanoma cells and hepatic stellate cells engenders an inflammatory microenvironment.

Exp Eye Res 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Inserm, Université de Rennes 1, UMR 1241, Nutrition, Métabolismes et Cancer (NuMeCan), Rennes, France; Département d'ophtalmologie, Faculté de Médecine, Université Laval, Québec, Canada; Centre Universitaire d'ophtalmologie-Recherche and Axe Médecine Régénératrice, Centre de Recherche du CHU de Québec-Université Laval, Québec, Canada; Centre de Recherche en Organogénèse Expérimentale de l'Université Laval/LOEX, Québec, Canada; Service d'ophtalmologie, CHU de Rennes, Rennes, France. Electronic address:

Uveal melanoma is the most common primary ocular neoplasm in adults. It is peculiar for its hematogenous dissemination and its high propensity to spread to the liver. Current treatments rarely prolong patient survival. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.exer.2019.02.012DOI Listing
February 2019
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Comparative Genomics, Siderophore Production, and Iron Scavenging Potential of Root Zone Soil Bacteria Isolated from 'Concord' Grape Vineyards.

Microb Ecol 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Washington State University, PO Box 646420, Pullman, WA, USA.

Iron (Fe) deficiency in crop production is a worldwide problem which often results in chlorosis in grapevines, particularly in calcareous soils. Siderophores secreted by microorganisms and Strategy II plants can chelate Fe and other metals in soil solution, and siderophore-Fe complexes can then be utilized by plants and microbes. Plants may also shift rhizosphere conditions to favor siderophore-producing microbes, which can increase plant available Fe. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00248-019-01324-8DOI Listing
February 2019
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High Hydrostatic Pressure Processing Better Preserves the Nutrient and Bioactive Compound Composition of Human Donor Milk.

J Nutr 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Background: When mother's milk is insufficient, pasteurized human donor milk (DM) is the recommended supplement for hospitalized very-low-birth-weight infants. The current method of pasteurization (Holder, 62.5°C, 30 min) negatively affects heat-sensitive nutrients and bioactive proteins. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jn/nxy302DOI Listing
February 2019

Persistent Economic Burden of the Gluten Free Diet.

Nutrients 2019 Feb 14;11(2). Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Medicine, Celiac Disease Center, Columbia University Medical Center, Harkness Pavilion, 180 Fort Washington Avenue, New York, NY 10032, USA.

Gluten free (GF) products have been reported to be more expensive and less available than their gluten containing counterparts. We examined the current U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11020399DOI Listing
February 2019

What Do We Know about Diet and Markers of Cardiovascular Health in Children: A Review.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 Feb 14;16(4). Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand.

Chronic diseases such as cancer, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the main health concerns in the 21st century, with CVD as the number one cause of mortality worldwide. Although CVD hard endpoints such as stroke or heart attack do not usually occur in children, evidence shows that the manifestation of CVD risk factors begins in childhood, preceding clinical complications of CVD in adulthood. Dietary intake is a modifiable risk factor that has been shown to make a substantial contribution to the risk of CVD in adulthood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16040548DOI Listing
February 2019
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A comparison of the Mediterranean diet and current food consumption patterns in Spain from a nutritional and water perspective.

Sci Total Environ 2019 Feb 8;664:1020-1029. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

International Institute for Applied System Analysis (IIASA), Laxenburg, Austria.

The promotion of responsible consumption is a key strategy to achieve environmental benefits, sustainable food security, and enhance public health. Countries like Spain are making efforts to reverse growing obesity and promote healthy diets, such as the recommended and traditional Mediterranean, recognized as a key strategy to improve the population's health with locally grown, traditional, and seasonal products like fruits, vegetables, olive oil, and fish. With a view to connecting water, agriculture, food security, nutrition and health, this research aims to investigate and compare the nutritional and water implications of the current food consumption of Spanish households with the recommended Mediterranean diet. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.02.111DOI Listing
February 2019

fMRI Neural Responses to Visual and Auditory Food Stimuli Pre and Post Roux-En-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) and Sleeve Gastrectomy (SG).

Neuroscience 2019 Feb 12. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Mount Sinai St. Luke's Hospital, Department of Psychiatry, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, N.Y., United States of America; Touro College and University System, 33 W 23(rd) Street, New York, N.Y 10010, United States of America. Electronic address:

Of current obesity treatments, bariatric surgery induces the most weight loss. Given the marked increase in the number of bariatric surgeries performed, elucidating the mechanisms of action is a key research goal. We compared whole brain activation in response to high-energy dense (HED) vs. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03064522193008
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroscience.2019.01.061DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads