27,783 results match your criteria Current Nutrition & Food Science[Journal]


Implications of the mitochondrial interactome of mammalian thioredoxin 2 for normal cellular function and disease.

Free Radic Biol Med 2019 Apr 21. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

Department of Chemistry, University of Patras, Rion 26504, Greece. Electronic address:

Multiple thioredoxin isoforms exist in all living cells. To explore the possible functions of mammalian mitochondrial thioredoxin 2 (Trx2), an interactome of mouse Trx2 was initially created using (i) a monothiol mouse Trx2 species for capturing protein partners from different organs and (ii) yeast two hybrid screens on human liver and rat brain cDNA libraries. The resulting interactome consisted of 195 proteins (Trx2 included) plus the mitochondrial 16S RNA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2019.04.018DOI Listing

Perceived Weight Status, Disease Risk and Weight Loss Among Young Adults.

S D Med 2019 Mar;72(3):102-108

Health and Nutritional Sciences Department, South Dakota State University.

Introduction: Accurate perception of overweight status can influence weight management practices and may contribute to perceived risk of weight-related diseases. Understanding how weight perception impacts weight management and perceived risks in young adults is important, as it is during this time that individuals are forming lifestyle behaviors and likely not burdened by chronic disease.

Methods: Cross-sectional data from 86 young adults (18-25 years) were analyzed. Read More

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The effects of quercetin supplementation on lipid profiles and inflammatory markers among patients with metabolic syndrome and related disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 2019 Apr 24:1-14. Epub 2019 Apr 24.

b Research Center for Biochemistry and Nutrition in Metabolic Diseases , Kashan University of Medical Sciences , Kashan , Iran.

Aims: This systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was performed to determine the effect of quercetin administration on lipid profiles and inflammatory markers among patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and related disorders.

Methods: We searched systematically online databases including Cochrane Library, EMBASE, MEDLINE, and Web of Science to identify the relevant RCTs until November 2018. Q-test and I statistics were applied to assess heterogeneity among included studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10408398.2019.1604491DOI Listing

Aspirin Use and Lethal Prostate Cancer in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study.

Eur Urol Oncol 2019 Mar 31;2(2):126-134. Epub 2018 Jul 31.

Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA; Department of Nutrition, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA; Channing Division of Network Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: Aspirin use probably protects against some malignancies but its effects on lethal prostate cancer (PC) are unclear.

Objective: To investigate the association between regular aspirin use and lethal PC.

Design, Setting, And Participants: Participants were aged 40-75 yr at baseline in 1986 and have been followed with biennial questionnaires. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.euo.2018.07.002DOI Listing

Identifying Geriatric Patients at Risk for Malnutrition: A Quality Improvement Project.

J Nutr Gerontol Geriatr 2019 Apr 24:1-15. Epub 2019 Apr 24.

a University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Nursing , Birmingham , AL , USA.

Malnourishment leads to poor outcomes in the geriatric surgical population and national guidelines recommend preoperative nutrition screening. However, care practices do not reflect current recommendations. As a quality-improvement project, a validated nutritional screening tool, the Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF), was implemented in the preoperative clinic of a large academic health center to identify patients at-risk for malnutrition prior to elective surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21551197.2019.1604464DOI Listing

Liquid marble-derived solid-liquid hybrid superparticles for CO capture.

Nat Commun 2019 Apr 23;10(1):1854. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shanxi University, 030006, Taiyuan, China.

The design of effective CO capture materials is an ongoing challenge. Here we report a concept to overcome current limitations associated with both liquid and solid CO capture materials by exploiting a solid-liquid hybrid superparticle (SLHSP). The fabrication of SLHSP involves assembly of hydrophobic silica nanoparticles on the liquid marble surface, and co-assembly of hydrophilic silica nanoparticles and tetraethylenepentamine within the interior of the liquid marble. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-09805-7DOI Listing

A high-throughput screen for the identification of compounds that inhibit nematode gene expression by targeting spliced leader trans-splicing.

Int J Parasitol Drugs Drug Resist 2019 Apr 5;10:28-37. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

School of Medicine, Medical Sciences and Nutrition, University of Aberdeen, Institute of Medical Sciences, Foresterhill, Aberdeen, AB25 2ZD, UK.

Infections with parasitic nematodes are among the most significant of the neglected tropical diseases affecting about a billion people living mainly in tropical regions with low economic activity. The most effective current strategy to control nematode infections involves large scale treatment programs with anthelmintic drugs. This strategy is at risk from the emergence of drug resistant parasites. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S22113207183019
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpddr.2019.04.001DOI Listing
April 2019
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Acute study of dose-dependent effects of (-)-epicatechin on vascular function in healthy male volunteers: A randomized controlled trial.

Clin Nutr 2019 Apr 9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences, School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy, University of Reading, PO Box 226, RG2 6AP, Reading, United Kingdom.

Background & Aims: There is convincing clinical evidence to suggest that flavanol-containing foods/beverages are capable of inducing improvements in human vascular function. However, whilst (-)-epicatechin has been tested for efficacy, a full dose-dependency has yet to be established, particularly at doses below 1 mg/kg BW. The current study examined the dose-dependent effects of (-)-epicatechin on human vascular function with concurrent measurement of plasma (-)-epicatechin metabolites and levels of circulating nitrite and nitrate species, NO. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2019.03.041DOI Listing

Asthma prevalence among women aged 18 to 44 in the United States: National health and nutrition examination survey 2001-2016.

J Asthma 2019 Apr 24:1-10. Epub 2019 Apr 24.

d HealthPartners Institute , Minneapolis , MN , USA.

Objective: To provide updated prevalence estimates of asthma and asthma medication use for women of childbearing age in the United States.

Methods: Using data from 11,383 women aged 18-44, including a subset of 1,245 pregnant women, enrolled in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2001-2016), we assessed the age-adjusted prevalence of self-reported diagnosed asthma. For women aged 18-44, we stratified by year, demographics, and other characteristics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02770903.2019.1602874DOI Listing

Common Habits, Adverse Events, and Opinions Regarding Pre-Workout Supplement Use Among Regular Consumers.

Nutrients 2019 Apr 16;11(4). Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Exercise and Performance Nutrition Laboratory, Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO 63301, USA.

The purpose of the present study was to examine characteristics of multi-ingredient pre-workout supplement (MIPS) users, their common patterns/habits of MIPS ingestion, and their associated feelings about the effectiveness and safety of this class of supplements. An online electronic survey was distributed through social media to assess self-reported supplementation practices and preferences among adult males and females who reported regular MIPS use. A total of 1045 individuals responded, with 872 of these individuals (males: = 636, 72. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11040855DOI Listing

β-carotene in Obesity Research: Technical Considerations and Current Status of the Field.

Nutrients 2019 Apr 13;11(4). Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Department of Food Sciences and Human Nutrition, University of Illinois Urbana Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA.

Over the past decades, obesity has become a rising health problem as the accessibility to high calorie, low nutritional value food has increased. Research shows that some bioactive components in fruits and vegetables, such as carotenoids, could contribute to the prevention and treatment of obesity. Some of these carotenoids are responsible for vitamin A production, a hormone-like vitamin with pleiotropic effects in mammals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11040842DOI Listing

A Selective Role of Dietary Anthocyanins and Flavan-3-ols in Reducing the Risk of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Review of Recent Evidence.

Nutrients 2019 Apr 13;11(4). Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Center for Nutrition Research, Institute for Food Safety and Health, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, IL 60616, USA.

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is the most common form of DM and its prevalence is increasing worldwide. Because it is a progressive disease, prevention, early detection and disease course modification are possible. Diet plays a critical role in reducing T2DM risk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11040841DOI Listing

The Impact of Maternal Eating Disorders on Dietary Intake and Eating Patterns during Pregnancy: A Systematic Review.

Nutrients 2019 Apr 13;11(4). Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, Medical University Hospital Tübingen, 72076 Tübingen, Germany.

Maternal nutrition in pregnancy has a key influence on optimum fetal health. Eating disorders (EDs) during pregnancy may have detrimental effects on fetal growth and the child's early development. There is limited knowledge concerning the eating behavior, dietary intake and derived nutritional biomarkers as well as the nutrient supplementation in women with EDs during pregnancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11040840DOI Listing

Energy, Macronutrient Intake, and Anthropometrics of Vegetarian, Vegan, and Omnivorous Children (1⁻3 Years) in Germany (VeChi Diet Study).

Nutrients 2019 Apr 12;11(4). Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Fachhochschule des Mittelstands (FHM), University of Applied Sciences, 33602 Bielefeld, Germany.

Due to the lack of current, large-scale studies examining their dietary intake and health, there are concerns about vegetarian (VG) and vegan (VN) diets in childhood. Therefore, the Vegetarian and Vegan Children Study (VeChi Diet Study) examined the energy and macronutrient intake as well as the anthropometrics of 430 VG, VN, and omnivorous (OM) children (1⁻3 years) in Germany. A 3-day weighed dietary record assessed dietary intake, and an online questionnaire assessed lifestyle, body weight (BW), and height. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11040832DOI Listing
April 2019
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Protein Supplements and Their Relation with Nutrition, Microbiota Composition and Health: Is More Protein Always Better for Sportspeople?

Nutrients 2019 Apr 12;11(4). Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Institute of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition, University of Eastern Finland, P.O. Box 1627, FI-70211 Kuopio, Finland.

Sports nutrition products are developed and targeted mainly for athletes to improve their nutrient intake, performance, and muscle growth. The fastest growing consumer groups for these products are recreational sportspeople and lifestyle users. Although athletes may have elevated physiological protein requirements and they may benefit from dietary supplements, the evidence regarding the role of dietary protein and supplements in the nutrition of recreational sportspeople and sedentary populations is somewhat complex and contradictory. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11040829DOI Listing

Intramuscular Adipose Tissue and the Functional Components of Sarcopenia in Hospitalized Geriatric Patients.

Geriatrics (Basel) 2017 Feb 22;2(1). Epub 2017 Feb 22.

University Center for Geriatrics, ZNA (ZiekenhuisNetwerk Antwerpen), Antwerpen 2000, Belgium.

Intramuscular adipose tissue (IMAT) could be an important missing value in the assessment of sarcopenia. This study tries to determine the relation between IMAT, muscle strength, functionality and mortality. In addition, the relation with nutritional status is screened. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics2010011DOI Listing
February 2017

The effect of acute caffeine ingestion on upper and lower body anaerobic exercise performance.

Eur J Sport Sci 2019 Apr 23:1-8. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

a Centre for Sport, Exercise and Life Sciences , Coventry University , Coventry , UK.

The current study examined the effect of acute caffeine ingestion on mean and peak power production, fatigue index and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) during upper body and lower body Wingate anaerobic test (WANT) performance. Using a double-blind design, 22 males undertook one upper body and one lower body WANT, 60 min following ingestion of caffeine (5 mg*kg) and one upper body and one lower body WANT following ingestion of placebo (5 mg*kg Dextrose). Peak power was significantly higher (P = . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2019.1601261DOI Listing

COMPARATIVE EFFICACY AND SAFETY OF THREE CURRENT CLINICAL TREATMENTS FOR GIRLS WITH CENTRAL PRECOCIOUS PUBERTY: A NETWORK META-ANALYSIS.

Endocr Pract 2019 Apr 23. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

From: 1Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, 200025, China.

: The optimal treatment for girls with central precocious puberty (CPP) is unknown. We conducted a network meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy and safety of existing treatments to provide credible clinical guidelines. We compared gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogue (GnRHa) therapy, GnRHa plus growth hormone (GH) combination therapy, and no-treatment therapy to treat girls with CPP by performing an electronic search for studies in PubMed, Embase, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure databases, and Wanfang Data from their inception until 30 September 2018. Read More

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http://journals.aace.com/doi/10.4158/EP-2019-0008
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4158/EP-2019-0008DOI Listing
April 2019
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Greenhouse Gas Emissions in the United States Food System: Current and Healthy Diet Scenarios.

Environ Sci Technol 2019 Apr 23. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy , Tufts University , Boston , Massachusetts 02111 , United States.

We estimate the impact on greenhouse gas emissions (GHGE) of shifting from the current average United States diet to four alternative diets that meet the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA). In contrast to prior studies, which rely on process-based life-cycle-analysis GHGE estimates from the literature for particular food items, we combine a diet model, an environmentally extended input-output model of energy use in the U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.8b06828DOI Listing

Testing the deconditioning hypothesis of low back pain: A study in 1182 older women.

Eur J Sport Sci 2019 Apr 23:1-7. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

a Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences , Deakin University , Geelong , Australia.

This study assessed the deconditioning hypothesis of low back pain (LBP) by examining physical function in relation to LBP and self-reported physical activity in women. This cross-sectional study recruited a representative population-based sample of females aged greater than 60 years. In total, 1182 women were included in the study and completed questionnaires (physical activity and LBP intensity) and functional testing (countermovement jump, chair rise, gait speed and grip strength). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2019.1606942DOI Listing

Ready-to-Use Supplemental Food for Nutritional Supplementation in Cystic Fibrosis.

Curr Dev Nutr 2019 May 12;3(5):nzz016. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Department of Pediatrics, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO.

Undernutrition is common in cystic fibrosis (CF) and is correlated with long-term outcomes, yet current nutritional interventions have not demonstrated consistent improvements in energy intake, and subsequently, growth. Development of novel nutritional interventions to increase energy intake is essential to improve clinical outcomes of individuals with CF. Ready-to-use supplemental food (RUSF) is a modifiable, inexpensive, palatable, safe, and nutrient-dense food for treatment or prevention of acute malnutrition in developing countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cdn/nzz016DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6468303PMC

Dynamics of thymol dietary supplementation in quail (): Dataset on thymol bioavailability, egg yolk fatty acids profile and performance traits.

Data Brief 2019 Jun 30;24:103884. Epub 2019 Mar 30.

Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales, Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnología de los Alimentos (ICTA), Córdoba, Argentina.

Dietary supplementation with thymol (2-isopropyl-5-methylphenol) has been proposed as a strategy to improve modern intensive poultry production. Moreover, its antioxidant properties and potential beneficial influence on lipid metabolism have fostered current research focusing on enhancing nutritional quality of meat and egg products. In general, studies have focused on the overall effects of dietary supplementation once the supplementation protocol has finished and using only one potential dose, without actually measuring bioactive compounds' concentration in the diet supplied or target tissues. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S23523409193023
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2019.103884DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6463762PMC
June 2019
1 Read

High intensity aerobic exercise does not prime the brain for anodal transcranial direct current stimulation.

Brain Stimul 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition (IPAN), School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Faculty of Health, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.brs.2019.04.007DOI Listing

The relationship between food label use and dietary intake in adults: A systematic review.

Appetite 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Nutrition and Dietetics, College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia. Electronic address:

Poor diet, resulting from high intake of ultra-processed packaged foods, is increasingly recognised as a key contributing factor to ill health. Food labels provide information on the nutritional content of packaged foods to consumers, which may influence consumption of nutrients such as energy, fat, saturated fat, trans-fats, sodium and added sugars. This review aims to summarise the current evidence for the association between use of food labels and dietary intake. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2019.03.025DOI Listing

Omega-3 and omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids and metabolic syndrome: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Clin Nutr 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Department of Food and Nutrition, Yeungnam University, 280 Daehak-Ro, Gyeongsan, Gyeongbuk, 38541, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Background & Aims: Previous studies suggest that polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) may reduce the risk of metabolic diseases, but some have shown ambiguous results. The aim of this study was to systematically evaluate and summarize available evidence on the association between omega-3 and omega-6 PUFA levels and risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS).

Methods: A systematic literature search of articles published until December 2017 was conducted in PubMed, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library databases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2019.03.032DOI Listing

Doxorubicin-induced neurotoxicity is associated with acute alterations in synaptic plasticity, apoptosis, and lipid peroxidation.

Toxicol Mech Methods 2019 Apr 22:1-33. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

a Department of Drug Discovery and Development , Auburn University , Auburn , Alabama , USA.

Cognitive deficits are commonly reported by patients following treatment with chemotherapeutic agents. Anthracycline-containing chemotherapy regimens are associated with cognitive impairment and reductions in neuronal connectivity in cancer survivors, and doxorubicin is a commonly used anthracycline. Although it has been reported that doxorubicin distribution to the central nervous system is limited, considerable doxorubicin concentrations are observed in the brain with co-administration of certain medications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15376516.2019.1600086DOI Listing

Physiological Factors Which Influence Cognitive Performance in Military Personnel.

Hum Factors 2019 Apr 22:18720819841757. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

University of Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia.

Objective: To identify and detail physiological factors that influence cognition in military personnel.

Background: Maintenance of cognitive and task performance is important under several scenarios, none more so than in a military context. Personnel are prepared for and trained to tolerate many of the stressors they encounter; however, consideration of stressors typically extends only as far as the physical, psychological, and environmental requirements of a given task. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0018720819841757DOI Listing

Rural pharmacy workforce: Influence of curriculum and clinical placement on pharmacists' choice of rural practice.

Aust J Rural Health 2019 Apr;27(2):132-138

Pharmacy, College of Medicine and Dentistry, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland, Australia.

Objective: This two-phase study aimed to explore the influence of a university rural curriculum and clinical placements on pharmacists' choice to practise in a rural or remote area.

Design: A sequential mixed-methods approach involved the design of both a questionnaire and semistructured in-depth interviews to collect quantitative and qualitative data.

Setting: Regional, rural and remote practice areas according to the Pharmacy Access/Remoteness Index of Australia classifications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ajr.12490DOI Listing

Evidence-Based Strategies and Recommendations for Preservation of Central Venous Access in Children.

JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2019 Apr 21. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

VANGUARD, Venous Access (VANGUARD) Task Force, Society of Interventional Radiology (SIR), Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.

Children with chronic illness often require prolonged or repeated venous access. They remain at high risk for venous catheter-related complications (high-risk patients), which largely derive from elective decisions during catheter insertion and continuing care. These complications result in progressive loss of the venous capital (patent and compliant venous pathways) necessary for delivery of life-preserving therapies. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/jpen.1591
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jpen.1591DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Use and interpretation of hemoglobin concentrations for assessing anemia status in individuals and populations: results from a WHO technical meeting.

Ann N Y Acad Sci 2019 Apr 21. Epub 2019 Apr 21.

Evidence and Programme Guidance Unit, Department of Nutrition for Health and Development, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

Anemia is an important public health problem that negatively affects health of individuals and economic potential of populations. An accurate case definition is critical for understanding burden and epidemiology of anemia, for planning public health interventions, and for clinical investigation and treatment of patients. The current threshold hemoglobin concentrations for diagnosis of anemia were proposed in 1968 and based on studies predominantly of Caucasian adult populations in Europe and North America. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nyas.14090DOI Listing

The role of cancer in marijuana and prescription opioid use in the United States: A population-based analysis from 2005 to 2014.

Cancer 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Department of Radiation Medicine and Applied Sciences, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California.

Background: For patients with cancer, marijuana may be an alternative to prescription opioid analgesics. This study analyzed self-reported marijuana and prescription opioid use among people with cancer over a 10-year time period.

Methods: Population-based data sets from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey between 2005 and 2014 were compiled for respondents aged 20 to 60 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cncr.32059DOI Listing

Dietary intake in patients with peripheral arterial disease and concomitant periodontal disease.

Br J Nutr 2019 Apr 22:1-23. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

Medical University of Graz,Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Angiology, Auenbruggerplatz 15, 8036 Graz,Austria.

Nutrition plays a crucial role in the pathophysiology and management of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and periodontal disease (PD). As PD can have profound effects on an individual's functional ability to eat and can affect nutrient intake, we aimed to evaluate the role of PD severity on dietary intake (DI) and quality in PAD patients and compare it to current dietary recommendations for cardiovascular disease (CVD). PD stages of 421 consecutive PAD patients were determined according to a standardised basic periodontal examination (PSR) ("healthy", "gingivitis", "moderate periodontitis" and "severe periodontitis"). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114519000850DOI Listing

[Interpretation of policies for group standards and the practice of group standardizations in Chinese Preventive Medicine Association].

Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 2019 Apr;40(4):371-375

Standardization Committee, Chinese Preventive Medicine Association, Beijing 100021, China; Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 102206, China.

Recent years, national laws and government policies were published as series to encourage the development of group standardizations. The updated Standardization Law of the People's Republic of China, implemented on January 1(st), 2018, stipulates that group standard is a part of the Chinese standard system. Under the current supportive circumstances, more institutes and organizations have joined in the writing and releasing procedures of group standards'. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2019.04.001DOI Listing

Role of Leptin in the Association Between Body Adiposity and Persistent Asthma: A Longitudinal Study.

Obesity (Silver Spring) 2019 Apr 20. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

VIMA: Aging and Chronic Diseases, Epidemiological and Public Health Approaches, INSERM U1168, Villejuif, France.

Objective: Obesity is a likely risk factor for asthma. However, underlying mechanisms by which obesity affects asthma activity remain poorly understood. This study aimed to investigate the role of leptin, an adipocyte-derived proinflammatory protein, as a mediator in the association between body adiposity (assessed using BMI, waist circumference, and body fat percentage) and persistent asthma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/oby.22466DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read
3.734 Impact Factor

The role of inflammation, oxidative stress, angiogenesis, and apoptosis in the pathophysiology of endometriosis: Basic science and new insights based on gene expression.

J Cell Physiol 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Research Center for Biochemistry and Nutrition in Metabolic Diseases, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.

Endometriosis is a frequent and chronic illness in young women which could be defined by the existence of endometrial stroma and glands outside of the normal site of the lining of the uterus. It has painful symptoms. The advanced stage of endometriosis may lead to gynecological malignancies, such as ovarian cancer, and other complications, including infertility. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcp.28666DOI Listing

A Small In Vitro Fermentation Model for Screening the Gut Microbiota Effects of Different Fiber Preparations.

Int J Mol Sci 2019 Apr 18;20(8). Epub 2019 Apr 18.

VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Limited, Post Office Box 1000, Tietotie 2, 02044 Espoo, Finland.

The development of prebiotic fibers requires fast high-throughput screening of their effects on the gut microbiota. We demonstrated the applicability of a mictotiter plate in the in vitro fermentation models for the screening of potentially-prebiotic dietary fibers. The effects of seven rye bran-, oat- and linseed-derived fiber preparations on the human fecal microbiota composition and short-chain fatty acid production were studied. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/20/8/1925
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms20081925DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Effect of plant-based diets with varying ratios of ω6 to ω3 fatty acids on growth performance, tissue composition, fatty acid biosynthesis and lipid-related gene expression in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar).

Comp Biochem Physiol Part D Genomics Proteomics 2019 Mar 16;30:290-304. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Department of Ocean Sciences, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's A1C 5S7, NL. Canada. Electronic address:

Little is known about how variation in omega-6 to omega-3 (ω6:ω3) fatty acid (FA) ratios affects lipid metabolism and eicosanoid synthesis in salmon, and the potential underlying molecular mechanisms. The current study examined the impact of five plant-based diets (12-week exposure) with varying ω6:ω3 (0.3-2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cbd.2019.03.004DOI Listing

Arrdc2 and Arrdc3 Elicit Divergent Changes in Gene Expression in Skeletal Muscle following Anabolic and Catabolic Stimuli.

Physiol Genomics 2019 Apr 19. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Rancho BioSciences, United States.

Skeletal muscle is a highly plastic organ regulating various processes in the body. As such, loss of skeletal muscle underlies the increased morbidity and mortality risk that is associated with numerous conditions. However, no therapies are available to combat the loss of muscle mass during atrophic conditions, which is due in part to the incomplete understanding of the molecular networks altered by anabolic and catabolic stimuli. Read More

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https://www.physiology.org/doi/10.1152/physiolgenomics.00007
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/physiolgenomics.00007.2019DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Association of Accelerometer-Measured Light-Intensity Physical Activity With Brain Volume: The Framingham Heart Study.

JAMA Netw Open 2019 Apr 5;2(4):e192745. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Framingham Heart Study, Framingham, Massachusetts.

Importance: Dementia risk may be attenuated by physical activity (PA); however, the specific activity levels optimal for dementia prevention are unclear. Moreover, most older adults are unable to meet the nationally recommended PA guidelines, set at 150 minutes of moderate to vigorous PA per week.

Objective: To assess the association of total steps walked per day and total dose (intensity × duration) of PA with brain volumes on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) among Framingham Heart Study participants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.2745DOI Listing

Pre ketogenic diet counselling.

J Pak Med Assoc 2019 Apr;69(4):592-594

Department of Gynaecology, Bharti Hospital, Karnal, India.

This communication describes the aims and aspects of counseling prior to start of a ketogenic diet (KD). It uses a reader-friendly bio-psycho-social format to list and structure the various components of pre ketogenic diet counseling. These include strength mapping, risk and benefit explanation, and understanding the patient's selfcare responsibilities. Read More

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April 2019
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Soy sauce fermentation: Microorganisms, aroma formation, and process modification.

Food Res Int 2019 Jun 8;120:364-374. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Department of Food Science and Nutrition, School of the Environment, University of the Aegean, Metropolite Ioakeim 2, GR 81400 Myrina, Lemnos, Greece; School of Chemical Engineering, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Soy sauce is an increasingly popular oriental fermented condiment produced through a two-step fermentation process called koji (solid-state fermentation) and moromi (brine fermentation). Complex microbial interactions play an essential role in its flavor development during the fermentation. Tetragenococcus halophilus and Zygosaccharomyces rouxii are predominant among the microbes involved in the moromi stage. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S09639969193015
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2019.03.010DOI Listing
June 2019
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The epidemiology of aerobic physical activity and muscle-strengthening activity guideline adherence among 383,928 U.S. adults.

Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 2019 Apr 18;16(1):34. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Physically Active Lifestyles Research Group (USQ PALs), Centre for Health, Informatics, and Economics Research, Institute for Resilient Regions, University of Southern Queensland, Education City, Springfield Central, Brisbane, QLD, 4300, Australia.

Background: The World Health Organization's 'Global Recommendations on Physical Activity for Health' state that adults should engage in regular moderate-to-vigorous intensity aerobic physical activity (MVPA; e.g. walking, running, cycling) and muscle-strengthening activity (MSA; e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12966-019-0797-2DOI Listing

Comparison of estimates and time series stability of Korea Community Health Survey and Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

Authors:
Ji Son Ki Ho Kim

Epidemiol Health 2019 7;41:e2019012. Epub 2019 Apr 7.

Graduate School of Public Health, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.

Objectives: In South Korea, there are two nationwide health surveys conducted by the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: the Korea Community Health Survey (KCHS) and Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). The two surveys are directly comparable, as they have the same target population with some common items, and because both surveys are used in various analyses, identifying the similarities and disparities between the two surveys would promote their appropriate use. Therefore, this study aimed to compare the estimates of six variables in KCHS and eight variables in KNHANES over a six-year period and compare time series stability of region-specific and sex- and age-specific subgroup estimates. Read More

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http://e-epih.org/journal/view.php?doi=10.4178/epih.e2019012
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2019012DOI Listing
April 2019
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Luminescent Molecularly Imprinted Polymers Based on Covalent Organic Frameworks and Quantum Dots with Strong Optical Response to Quinoxaline-2-Carboxylicacid.

Polymers (Basel) 2019 Apr 17;11(4). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Food Nutrition and Human Health, Beijing Engineering and Technology Research Center of Food Additives, Beijing Technology and Business University, 11 Fucheng Road, Beijing 100048, China.

Three-dimensional molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) based on quantum dots-grafted covalent organic frameworks (QDs-grafted COFs) are reported in this study. The compound 1,3,5-triformylphloroglucinol-P-phenylenediamine was used as COF material to react with the amino-modified CdSe/ZnS QDs by Schiff-base reactions. The amino-derived QDs reacted with quinoxaline-2-carboxylicacid (QCA) via a non-covalent interaction. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/2073-4360/11/4/708
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/polym11040708DOI Listing
April 2019
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Synergistic Effects of Plant Derivatives and Conventional Chemotherapeutic Agents: An Update on the Cancer Perspective.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2019 Apr 17;55(4). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto, Alameda Prof. Hernâni Monteiro, 4200-319 Porto, Portugal.

Synergy is a process in which some substances cooperate to reach a combined effect that is greater than the sum of their separate effects. It can be considered a natural "straight" strategy which has evolved by nature to obtain more efficacy at low cost. In this regard, synergistic effects may be observed in the interaction between herbal products and conventional drugs or biochemical compounds. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/medicina55040110DOI Listing

Comparative Analysis of Volatiles of 15 Brands of Extra-Virgin Olive Oils Using Solid-Phase Micro-Extraction and Solvent-Assisted Flavor Evaporation.

Molecules 2019 Apr 17;24(8). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Beijing Engineering and Technology Research Center of Food Additives, Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Food Nutrition and Human Health, School of Food and Chemical Engineering, Beijing Technology and Business University (BTBU), Beijing 100048, China.

Aroma profiles, key aroma compound quantification, and cluster analysis of 15 brands of extra-virgin olive oils (EVOOs) from three countries (Spain, Italy, and Greece) were investigated in the current study. Aroma compounds were isolated from the oil by using solvent-assisted flavor evaporation (SAFE) and solid-phase micro-extraction (SPME) and analyzed by gas chromatography-olfactometry mass spectrometry (GC-MS/O). A total of 89 compounds were screened by SPME/SAFE-GC-MS/O with chromatographic columns in 15 brands of samples. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules24081512DOI Listing

The Influence of Diet on MicroRNAs that Impact Cardiovascular Disease.

Molecules 2019 Apr 17;24(8). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences and the Canadian Centre for Agri-food Research in Health and Medicine (CCARM), Albrechtsen Research Centre, St. Boniface Hospital, Winnipeg, MB R2H2A6, Canada.

Food quality and nutritional habits strongly influence human health status. Extensive research has been conducted to confirm that foods rich in biologically active nutrients have a positive impact on the onset and development of different pathological processes, including cardiovascular diseases. However, the underlying mechanisms by which dietary compounds regulate cardiovascular function have not yet been fully clarified. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/1420-3049/24/8/1509
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules24081509DOI Listing
April 2019
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Self-Assembly of Metal Nanoclusters for Aggregation-Induced Emission.

Int J Mol Sci 2019 Apr 17;20(8). Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Beijing Advanced Innovation Center of Materials Genome Engineering, Research Center for Bioengineering and Sensing Technology, School of Chemistry and Biological Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China.

Aggregation-induced emission (AIE) is an intriguing strategy to enhance the luminescence of metal nanoclusters (NCs). However, the morphologies of aggregated NCs are often irregular and inhomogeneous, leading to instability and poor color purity of the aggregations, which greatly limit their further potential in optical applications. Inspired by self-assembly techniques, manipulating metal NCs into well-defined architectures has achieved success. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/20/8/1891
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms20081891DOI Listing
April 2019
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Environmental impacts of dietary quality improvement in China.

J Environ Manage 2019 Jun 15;240:518-526. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Institute for Interdisciplinary Information Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China.

Dietary-related risks rank top among all the health risks in many countries. The 2nd United Nations Sustainable Development Goal aims to end hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture. Yet whether improving nutritional quality also benefits the environment is still under-explored, particularly for developing countries. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03014797193041
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.03.106DOI Listing
June 2019
6 Reads