31 results match your criteria Current Medical Imaging Reviews[Journal]

  • Page 1 of 1

A Review of Denoising Medical Images Using Machine Learning 
Approaches.

Curr Med Imaging Rev 2018 Oct;14(5):675-685

1Department of Computer Engineering & Technology, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, India; 2Department of Computer Science, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, India.

Background: This paper attempts to identify suitable Machine Learning (ML) approach for image denoising of radiology based medical application. The Identification of ML approach is based on (i) Review of ML approach for denoising (ii) Review of suitable Medical Denoising approach.

Discussion: The review focuses on six application of radiology: Medical Ultrasound (US) for fetus development, US Computer Aided Diagnosis (CAD) and detection for breast, skin lesions, brain tumor MRI diagnosis, X-Ray for chest analysis, Breast cancer using MRI imaging. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1573405613666170428154156DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6225344PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Repeated Transarterial Chemoembolization with Degradable Starch 
Microspheres (DSMs-TACE) of Unresectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma: A Prospective Pilot Study.

Curr Med Imaging Rev 2018 Aug;14(4):637-645

1Department of Diagnostic and Molecular Imaging, Radiation Therapy and Interventional Radiology University Hospital Tor Vergata, Viale Oxford 81, 00133Rome, Italy; 2Liver Unit, University Hospital Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy; 3IRCCS SDN, Naples, Italy; 4Organ Transplantation Unit, University Hospital Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy; 5Department of Radiology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA.

Objective: The aims of this study were to: a) evaluate tumor response rates using modified-Response-evaluation-criteria-in-solid-tumors (mRecist) criteria, b) evaluate safety of Degradable Starch Microspheres Trans-arterial-chemo-embolization (DSMs-TACE) for unresectable hepatocellular-carcinoma (HCC) treatment.

Materials And Methods: We prospectively enrolled 24 HCC cirrhotic patients (21/3 M/F, mean age 66.3 years) to be treated with repeated DSMs-TACE procedures, performed at 4-6 week intervals on the basis of tumor response and patients tolerance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1573405613666170616123657DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6110039PMC
August 2018
9 Reads

Dynamic Contrast-enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging for Differentiating Between Primary Tumor, Metastatic Node and Normal Tissue in Head and Neck Cancer.

Curr Med Imaging Rev 2018 Jun;14(3):416-421

National-Regional Key Technology Engineering Laboratory for Medical Ultrasound, Guangdong Key Laboratory for Biomedical Measurements and Ultrasound Imaging, School of Biomedical Engineering, Health Science Center, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen, China.

Objective: To study the difference of the Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging (DCE-MRI) parameters among the primary tumor, metastatic node and peripheral normal tissue of head and neck cancer.

Materials And Methods: Consecutive newly-diagnosed head and neck cancer patients with nodal metastasis between December 2010 and July 2013 were recruited, and 25 patients (8 females; 24~63,mean 43±11 years old) were enrolled. DCE-MRI was performed in the primary tumor region including the regional lymph nodes on a 3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1573405614666171205105236DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5971198PMC
June 2018
5 Reads

Craniocervical Dissections: Radiologic Findings, Pitfalls, Mimicking Diseases: A Pictorial Review.

Curr Med Imaging Rev 2018 Apr;14(2):207-222

Bezmialem Vakif University, Department of Radiology, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: Craniocervical Dissections (CCD) are a crucial emergency state causing 20% of strokes in patients under the age of 45. Although DSA (digital substraction angiography) is regarded as the gold standard, noninvasive methods of CT, CTA and MRI, MRA are widely used for diagnosis.

Aim: Our aim is to illustrate noninvasive imaging findings in CCD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1573405613666170403102235DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5902863PMC
April 2018
3 Reads
1.060 Impact Factor

Evaluation of Application Value of Transcranial Doppler (TCD) in the Inspection of Cerebral Vasospasm After the Treatment of Intracranial Aneurysm.

Curr Med Imaging Rev 2018 Feb;14(1):143-146

Department of Ultrasound.

Objective This study aimed to explore the application value of transcranial doppler (TCD) in the inspection of cerebral vasospasm (CVS) after the treatment of intracranial aneurysm.

Methods: 105 cases of patients with confirmed intracranial aneurysm were divided into two groups based on the two different treatments - craniotomy and aneurysmal clipping or interventional emboli-zation therapy. TCD was applied to monitor the conditions of CVS of 105 cases, and case study re-search method was used to analyze and conclude the TCD inspection data of patients with intracrani-al aneurysm detected after operation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1573405613666170504150537DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5759172PMC
February 2018
8 Reads

The Clinical Value of Prenatal 3D Ultrasonic Diagnosis on Fetus Hemivertebra Deformity- A Preliminary Study.

Curr Med Imaging Rev 2018 Feb;14(1):139-142

Ultrasound Department, Fifth People's Hospital of Chengdu, Chengdu 611130, Sichuan, China.

Objective: The present study is planned to discuss the clinical value of prenatal 3D ultra-sonic diagnosis on fetus hemivertebra deformity through the retrospective analysis of clinical data of fetus hemivertebra deformity.

Methods: Selected 9 fetus hemivertebra deformity cases, which have been admitted to our hospital during the period from January, 2010 to January, 2016 as study samples, and analyzed their 2D and 3D ultrasonic examination data.

Results: 4 cases of the fetus hemivertebra deformity occurred at lumbar vertebra, 3 cases at thoracic vertebra, and 2 cases at thoracolumbar vertebra. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1573405612666161024160609DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5759173PMC
February 2018
5 Reads

Value of Magnetic Resonance Urography Versus Computerized Tomography Urography (CTU) in Evaluation of Obstructive Uropathy: An Observational Study.

Authors:
Saeed M Bafaraj

Curr Med Imaging Rev 2018 Feb;14(1):129-134

Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Obstructive uropathy is a common public health issue that requires imaging research for providing necessary information. The data is important for determining treatment options, and may influence selective management choices.

Objective: The aim of the study is to determine whether magnetic resonance urography or computerized tomography urography is the best imaging modality among patients with suspected obstructive uropathy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1573405613666171020110522DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5759170PMC
February 2018
9 Reads

Mutual Information Correlation with Human Vision in Medical Image Compression.

Curr Med Imaging Rev 2018 Feb;14(1):64-70

School of 
Information Engineering, Baise University, Baise, Guangxi 533000, China.

Background: The lossy compression algorithm produces different results in various con-trasts areas. Low contrast area image quality declines greater than that of high contrast regions using equal compression ratio. These results were obtained in a subjective study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1573405613666171003151036DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5759175PMC
February 2018
5 Reads

Sphenoethmoid Cell: The Battle for Places Inside of the Nose Between a Posterior Ethmoid Cell and Sphenoid Sinus: 3D-Volumetric Quantification.

Curr Med Imaging Rev 2017 Nov;13(4):478-483

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Konya Training and Research Hospital, Konya, Turkey.

Background: Sphenoethmoid cells may be above the sphenoid sinus with/ or without con-tact to optical nerve. Although sphenoethmoid cells are theoretically considered to possibly influence the sphenoid sinus volume, we could not find any study in the literature on this issue.

Aims: The aim of our study was to detect sphenoethmoid cells and measure the sphenoid sinus vol-ume using multiplanar computerized tomography and also investigate the correlation between the presence of sphenoethmoid cells and the sphenoid sinus volume. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1573405613666170126150024DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5709517PMC
November 2017
19 Reads

A Review on Medical Image Registration as an Optimization Problem.

Curr Med Imaging Rev 2017 Aug;13(3):274-283

State Key Laboratory of Robotics, Shenyang Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Science, Shenyang110016, China.

Objective: In the course of clinical treatment, several medical media are required by a phy-sician in order to provide accurate and complete information about a patient. Medical image registra-tion techniques can provide a richer diagnosis and treatment information to doctors and to provide a comprehensive reference source for the researchers involved in image registration as an optimization problem.

Methods: The essence of image registration is associating two or more different images spatial asso-ciation, and getting the translation of their spatial relationship. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1573405612666160920123955DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5543570PMC
August 2017
6 Reads

Diagnostic Imaging of Hepatocellular Carcinoma - A Pictorial Essay.

Curr Med Imaging Rev 2017 May;13(2):140-153

2 Department of Radiology, Medical University of Gdansk, Smoluchowskiego 17, 80-214 Gdansk, Poland.

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary liver cancer, which develops mostly in the setting of chronic liver disease. European Association for the Study of the Liver (EASL) and European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) prepared guidelines for screening, follow-up and diagnosis of HCC to facilitate decision making and optimize both diagnostic and therapeutic protocols. The review briefly describes etiology, epidemiology and histopathology of HCC and presents EASL-EORTC guidelines for surveillance and diagnosis of HCC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1573405612666160720123748DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5427776PMC
May 2017
19 Reads

Decision Support System for Lymphoma Classification.

Curr Med Imaging Rev 2017 Feb;13(1):89-98

Systems and Biomedical Engineering Department, High Institutes of Engineering, Al Shorouk Academy, Al Shorouk city, Cairo, Egypt.

The diffuse lymphoma is a malignant tumor of lymphoid tissues. It is associated with abnormal, unlimited and uncontrolled proliferation of lymphoid cells. Until now, expert pathologists have identified diffuse lymphoma cells disease manually. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1573405612666160519124752DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5403962PMC
February 2017
11 Reads
1.059 Impact Factor

The Correspondence Between Magnetic Resonance Images and the 
Clinical and Intraoperative Status of Patients with Spinal Tumors.

Authors:
Grzegorz Guzik

Curr Med Imaging Rev 2016 May;12(2):149-155

Department of Orthopaedic Oncology, Specialist Hospital in Brzozów- Podkarpacie Oncology Centre, Dworska 77a, 38-420 Korczyna, Polska.

Abstract Introduction: Surgical treatment of tumors, particularly metastases to the spine, has become increasingly common owing to the progress in anesthesiology and spinal surgery and greater detectability. The patients qualified for surgeries are those with mechanical pain, fracture or at risk of vertebral fracture or neurological complications. The basis for qualification for different types of surgeries is clinical and imaging examination, particularly MRI and CT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1573405612666160128235556DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5078596PMC
May 2016
14 Reads

Acoustic Inversion in Optoacoustic Tomography: A Review.

Curr Med Imaging Rev 2013 Nov;9(4):318-336

Institute for Biological and Medical Imaging, Helmholtz Zentrum München, Ingoldstädter Landstraße 1, Neuherberg 85764, Germay; ; Chair for Biological Imaging, Technische Universität München, Ismaninger Str. 22, München 81675, Germany.

Optoacoustic tomography enables volumetric imaging with optical contrast in biological tissue at depths beyond the optical mean free path by the use of optical excitation and acoustic detection. The hybrid nature of optoacoustic tomography gives rise to two distinct inverse problems: The optical inverse problem, related to the propagation of the excitation light in tissue, and the acoustic inverse problem, which deals with the propagation and detection of the generated acoustic waves. Since the two inverse problems have different physical underpinnings and are governed by different types of equations, they are often treated independently as unrelated problems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/15734056113096660006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3996917PMC
November 2013
8 Reads

Viewpoints on Medical Image Processing: From Science to Application.

Curr Med Imaging Rev 2013 May;9(2):79-88

Department of Medical Informatics, Uniklinik RWTH Aachen, Germany;

Medical image processing provides core innovation for medical imaging. This paper is focused on recent developments from science to applications analyzing the past fifteen years of history of the proceedings of the German annual meeting on medical image processing (BVM). Furthermore, some members of the program committee present their personal points of views: (i) multi-modality for imaging and diagnosis, (ii) analysis of diffusion-weighted imaging, (iii) model-based image analysis, (iv) registration of section images, (v) from images to information in digital endoscopy, and (vi) virtual reality and robotics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1573405611309020002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3782694PMC
May 2013
12 Reads

MRI of Focal Liver Lesions.

Authors:
Nils Albiin

Curr Med Imaging Rev 2012 May;8(2):107-116

Division of Radiology, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.

Magnetic resonance imaging, MRI has more advantages than ultrasound, computed tomography, CT, positron emission tomography, PET, or any other imaging modality in diagnosing focal hepatic masses. With a combination of basic T1 and T2 weighted sequences, diffusion weighted imaging, DWI, and hepatobiliary gadolinium contrast agents, that is gadobenate dimeglumine (Gd-BOPTA) and gadoxetic acid (Gd-EOB), most liver lesions can be adequately diagnosed. Benign lesions, as cyst, hemangioma, focal nodular hyperplasia, FNH or adenoma, can be distinguished from malignant lesions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/157340512800672216DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3462338PMC
May 2012
6 Reads

A Review of Shearwave Dispersion Ultrasound Vibrometry (SDUV) and its Applications.

Curr Med Imaging Rev 2012 Feb;8(1):27-36

Department of Physiology and Biomedical Engineering, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905.

Measurement of tissue elasticity has emerged as an important advance in medical imaging and tissue characterization. However, soft tissue is inherently a viscoelastic material. One way to characterize the viscoelastic material properties of a material is to measure shear wave propagation velocities within the material at different frequencies and use the dispersion of the velocities, or variation with frequency, to solve for the material properties. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3410660PMC
February 2012
15 Reads

Recent results in nonlinear strain and modulus imaging.

Curr Med Imaging Rev 2011 Nov;7(4):313-327

Medical Physics Department, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706.

We report a summary of recent developments and current status of our team's efforts to image and quantify in vivo nonlinear strain and tissue mechanical properties. Our work is guided by a focus on applications to cancer diagnosis and treatment using clinical ultrasound imaging and quasi-static tissue deformations. We review our recent developments in displacement estimation from ultrasound image sequences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/157340511798038639DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3386855PMC
November 2011
8 Reads

Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse (ARFI) Imaging: a Review.

Curr Med Imaging Rev 2011 Nov;7(4):328-339

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University Box 90281, Durham, NC 27708-0281, USA telephone:(919)660-5175, fax:(919)684-4488, kathy.nightingaleduke.edu.

Acoustic radiation force based elasticity imaging methods are under investigation by many groups. These methods differ from traditional ultrasonic elasticity imaging methods in that they do not require compression of the transducer, and are thus expected to be less operator dependent. Methods have been developed that utilize impulsive (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/157340511798038657DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3337770PMC
November 2011
9 Reads

A Review of Vibro-acoustography and its Applications in Medicine.

Curr Med Imaging Rev 2011 Nov;7(4):350-359

Department of Physiology and Biomedical Engineering, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN 55905.

In recent years, several new techniques based on the radiation force of ultrasound have been developed. Vibro-acoustography is a speckle-free ultrasound based imaging modality that can visualize normal and abnormal soft tissue through mapping the acoustic response of the object to a harmonic radiation force induced by ultrasound. In vibro-acoustography, the ultrasound energy is converted from high ultrasound frequencies to a low acoustic frequency (acoustic emission) that is often two orders of magnitude smaller than the ultrasound frequency. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3298414PMC
November 2011
7 Reads

AN OVERVIEW OF ELASTOGRAPHY - AN EMERGING BRANCH OF MEDICAL IMAGING.

Curr Med Imaging Rev 2011 Nov;7(4):255-282

Artann Laboratories, Trenton, NJ 08618 USA.

From times immemorial manual palpation served as a source of information on the state of soft tissues and allowed detection of various diseases accompanied by changes in tissue elasticity. During the last two decades, the ancient art of palpation gained new life due to numerous emerging elasticity imaging (EI) methods. Areas of applications of EI in medical diagnostics and treatment monitoring are steadily expanding. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3269947PMC
November 2011
6 Reads

Mechanical Imaging - a Technology for 3-D Visualization and Characterization of Soft Tissue Abnormalities. A Review.

Curr Med Imaging Rev 2012 Feb;8(1):64-73

Artann Laboratories, Trenton, NJ, USA.

Mechanical Imaging (MI) is a branch of Elastography. MI differs from conventional ultrasonic and MR elastography in that it evaluates soft tissue mechanical structure using stress data rather than dynamic or static strain data. MI closely mimics manual palpation because the MI probe with a force sensor array attached to its tip acts as a palpating finger. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3776320PMC
February 2012
10 Reads

Magnetic Resonance Elastography.

Curr Med Imaging Rev 2012;8(1):46-55

Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA.

Often compared to the practice of manual palpation, magnetic resonance elastography is an emerging technology for quantitatively assessing the mechanical properties of tissue as a basis for characterizing disease. The potential of MRE as a diagnostic tool is rooted in the fact that normal and diseased tissues often differ significantly in terms of their intrinsic mechanical properties. MRE uses magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in conjunction with the application of mechanical shear waves to probe tissue mechanics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/157340512799220562DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4562693PMC
January 2012
5 Reads

Harmonic Motion Imaging (HMI) for Tumor Imaging and Treatment Monitoring.

Curr Med Imaging Rev 2012 ;8(1):16-26

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Columbia University, 351 Engineering Terrace, Mail Code 8904, 1210 Amsterdam Avenue, New York, NY 10027, USA.

Palpation is an established screening procedure for the detection of several superficial cancers including breast, thyroid, prostate, and liver tumors through both self and clinical examinations. This is because solid masses typically have distinct stiffnesses compared to the surrounding normal tissue. In this paper, the application of Harmonic Motion Imaging (HMI) for tumor detection based on its stiffness as well as its relevance in thermal treatment is reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/157340512799220616DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4212938PMC
January 2012
5 Reads

Quantitative Molecular Imaging of Neuronal Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors in the Human Brain with A-85380 Radiotracers.

Curr Med Imaging Rev 2011 May;7(2):107-112

Department of Psychiatry, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, California, USA.

Neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) have been implicated in a spectrum of cognitive functions as well as psychiatric and neurodegenerative disorders, including tobacco addiction and Alzheimer's Disease. The examination of neuronal nAChRs in living humans is a relatively new field. Researchers have developed brain-imaging radiotracers for nAChRs, with radiolabeled A-85380 compounds having the most widespread use. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/157340511795445676DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3389797PMC
May 2011
8 Reads

Magnetic resonance imaging of amyloid plaques in transgenic mouse models of Alzheimer's disease.

Curr Med Imaging Rev 2011 Feb;7(1):3-7

Center for Magnetic Resonance Research and Department of Radiology University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.

A major objective in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease is amyloid plaque reduction. Transgenic mouse models of Alzheimer's disease provide a controlled and consistent environment for studying amyloid plaque deposition in Alzheimer's disease. Magnetic resonance imaging is an attractive tool for longitudinal studies because it offers non-invasive monitoring of amyloid plaques. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3076792PMC
February 2011
6 Reads

X-ray phase sensitive imaging methods: basic physical principles and potential medical applications.

Curr Med Imaging Rev 2010 May;6(2):90-99

Department of Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison. Department of Radiology, University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Phase sensitive imaging theoretically allows for a drastic reduction in x-ray dose while simultaneously achieving comparable or better spatial and contrast resolution compared to traditional x-ray absorption based imaging. Several techniques exist to extract the phase information from an x-ray signal, including x-ray interferometry, diffraction enhanced imaging, in-line holography, coded aperture x-ray imaging, and grating-based interferometry. The physics of each method is reviewed, along with the potential clinical applications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/157340510791268533DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3747977PMC
May 2010
7 Reads

Dynamic Contrast Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Oncology: Theory, Data Acquisition, Analysis, and Examples.

Curr Med Imaging Rev 2009 May;3(2):91-107

Institute of Imaging Science, USA.

Dynamic contrast enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) enables the quantitative assessment of tumor status and has found application in both pre-clinical tumor models as well as clinical oncology. DCE-MRI requires the serial acquisition of images before and after the injection of a paramagnetic contrast agent so that the variation of MR signal intensity with time can be recorded for each image voxel. As the agent enters into a tissue, it changes the MR signal intensity from the tissue to a degree that depends on the local concentration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/157340507780619179DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2760951PMC
May 2009
8 Reads

In Vivo Cellular Imaging for Translational Medical Research.

Curr Med Imaging Rev 2009 Feb;5(1):19-38

Cellular and Molecular Imaging Laboratory, Department of Radiology, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI.

Personalized treatment using stem, modified or genetically engineered, cells is becoming a reality in the field of medicine, in which allogenic or autologous cells can be used for treatment and possibly for early diagnosis of diseases. Hematopoietic, stromal and organ specific stem cells are under evaluation for cell-based therapies for cardiac, neurological, autoimmune and other disorders. Cytotoxic or genetically altered T-cells are under clinical trial for the treatment of hematopoietic or other malignant diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/157340509787354697DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2746660PMC
February 2009
5 Reads

Diffusion Tensor MRI Assessment of Skeletal Muscle Architecture.

Curr Med Imaging Rev 2007;3(3):152-160

Institute of Imaging Science, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, United States ; Department of Radiology and Radiological Sciences, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, United States ; Department of Biomedical Engineering, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, United States ; Department of Chemical and Physical Biology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, United States ; Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, United States.

Diffusion-tensor magnetic resonance imaging (DTI) offers great potential for understanding structure-function relationships in skeletal muscle. The basis for these studies is that water diffuses more readily along the long axes of muscle fibers than along their transverse axes. This diffusion anisotropy can be characterized using a tensor, with the orientation of the principal eigenvalue corresponding to the long axis of the muscle fiber. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/157340507781386988DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4520247PMC
January 2007
5 Reads

Models of functional neuroimaging data.

Curr Med Imaging Rev 2006 Feb;2(1):15-34

The Wellcome Dept. of Cognitive Neurology, University College London Queen Square, London, UK WC1N 3BG.

Inferences about brain function, using functional neuroimaging data, require models of how the data were caused. A variety of models are used in practice that range from conceptual models of functional anatomy to nonlinear mathematical models of hemodynamic responses (e.g. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2880445PMC
February 2006
7 Reads
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