J Craniofac Surg 2017 Jan;28(1):14-16
*Division of Neurosurgery, Children's National Health System †The George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington, DC ‡Department of Neurosurgery, Mayo Clinic Hospital, Rochester, MN §Division of Laboratory Medicine, Children's National Health System, Washington, DC ||TLC Perinatal, Silver Spring, MD ¶Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Children's National Health System, Washington, DC.
Craniosynostosis, or premature fusion of the cranial sutures, occurs in approximately 1 in 2500 live births. The genetic causes and molecular basis of these disorders have greatly expanded over the last 2 decades, with numerous causative and contributory mutations having been identified. The role of fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) mutations in the etiology of certain eponymous forms of craniosynostosis is now well elucidated; the most common syndromes associated with craniosynostosis are Pfeifer (FGFR1, FGFR2), Apert (FGFR2), Crouzon (FGFR2), Saethre-Chotzen (TWIST1), Jackson-Weiss (FGFR2), Greig (GL13), and Muenke (FGFR3) syndromes. Read More