776 results match your criteria Critical Reviews in Microbiology [Journal]


Recent perspectives on the virulent factors and treatment options for multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2019 Apr 23:1-19. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

a Department of Biotechnology , Dayananda Sagar College of Engineering , Bangalore , India.

Acinetobacter baumannii (AB) is one of the most notorious and opportunistic pathogens, which caused high morbidity and mortality rate and World Health Organization (WHO) declared this bacterium as priority-1 pathogen in 2017. The current antibacterial agents, such as colistins, carbapenems, and tigecyclines have limited applications, which necessitate novel and alternative therapeutic remedies. Thus, the understanding of recent perspectives on the virulent factors and antibiotic resistance mechanism exhibited by the bacteria are extremely important. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2019.1600472DOI Listing

Antibiotic adjuvants: an alternative approach to overcome multi-drug resistant Gram-negative bacteria.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2019 Apr 15:1-14. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

a College of Veterinary Medicine , Yangzhou University , Yangzhou , Jiangsu , China.

Antibiotic resistance in Gram-negative pathogens has emerged and constituted a global crisis, thereby novel antibiotics and other anti-infective strategies are urgently needed. However, the growing gap between clinical need and drug innovation, coupled with the membrane permeability barrier in Gram-negative bacteria restricts the discovery of Gram-negative antibiotics. Antibiotic adjuvants approach provides an alternative and complementary strategy for new antibiotic discovery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2019.1599813DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Iron/iron oxide nanoparticles: advances in microbial fabrication, mechanism study, biomedical, and environmental applications.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2019 Apr 15:1-23. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

a Key Laboratory for Space Bioscience and Biotechnology, School of Life Sciences , Northwestern Polytechnical University , Xi'an , PR China.

Microbially synthesized iron oxide nanoparticles (FeONPs) hold great potential for biomedical, clinical, and environmental applications owing to their several unique features. Biomineralization, a process that exists in almost every living organism playing a significant role in the fabrication of FeONPs through the involvement of 5-100 nm sized protein compartments such as dodecameric (Dps), ferritin, and encapsulin with their diameters 9, 12, and ∼32 nm, respectively. This contribution provides a detailed overview of the green synthesis of FeONPs by microbes and their applications in biomedical and environmental fields. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2019.1593101DOI Listing

Targeted antibiotic discovery through biosynthesis-associated resistance determinants: target directed genome mining.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2019 Apr 15:1-23. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

c Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, Facultad de Ciencias Marinas , Ensenada , Baja California , México.

Intense competition between microbes in the environment has directed the evolution of antibiotic production in bacteria. Humans have harnessed these natural molecules for medicinal purposes, magnifying them from environmental concentrations to industrial scale. This increased exposure to antibiotics has amplified antibiotic resistance across bacteria, spurring a global antimicrobial crisis and a search for antibiotics with new modes of action. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2019.1590307DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read
6.020 Impact Factor

Silver, biofilms and wounds: resistance revisited.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2019 Feb 22:1-15. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

a R&D Department, Centre of Excellence in Biofilm Science (CEBS) , 5D Health Protection Group Ltd , Liverpool Bio-Innovation Hub , Liverpool , UK.

Silver is added to an array of commercially available healthcare products including wound dressings. However, overuse of silver is being raised as a potential health concern due to the possible selection of tolerant or resistant bacteria and as a factor that may induce cross resistance to antibiotics. To date, there are only a limited number of studies that have documented evidence of silver resistance in bacteria isolated from medical situations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2019.1573803DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Biofilm formation by staphylococci in health-related environments and recent reports on their control using natural compounds.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2019 Feb 20:1-22. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

a School of Science , Monash University Malaysia , Selangor , Malaysia.

Staphylococci are Gram-positive bacteria that are ubiquitous in the environment and able to form biofilms on a range of surfaces. They have been associated with a range of human health issues such as medical device-related infection, localized skin infection, or direct infection caused by toxin production. The extracellular material produced by these bacteria resists antibiotics and host defence mechanism which complicates the treatment process. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2019.1573802DOI Listing
February 2019

Role of abnormal microRNA expression in Helicobacter pylori associated gastric cancer.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2019 Feb 19:1-13. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

a The First laboratory of cancer institute , First Hospital of China Medical University , Shenyang , China.

Epidemiological studies have shown that Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection is a risk factor for gastric cancer (GC). HP infection may induce the release of pro-inflammatory mediators, and abnormally increase the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS), nitric oxide (NO), and cytokines in mucosal epithelial cells of the stomach. However, the specific mechanism underlying the pathogenesis of HP-associated GC is still poorly understood. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1040841X.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2019.1575793DOI Listing
February 2019
7 Reads

Correction.

Authors:

Crit Rev Microbiol 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2019.1574421DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Establishment of an ideal gut microbiota to boost healthy growth of neonates.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2019 Feb 18:1-12. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

a Department of Biomedical Sciences and Institute for Medical Science , Chonbuk National University Medical School , Jeonju , Jeollabuk-do , South Korea.

For decades, supporting the optimal growth of low birth weight (LBW) infants has been considered one of the most important paediatric challenges, despite advances in neonatal intensive care technology and nutrition interventions. Since gut microbiota affects such diverse phenotypes in adults, the difference in gut microbiota composition between normal infants and LBW infants raises the possibility of gut microbiota playing an important role in different growth rates of neonates. Based on the concept that probiotics are generally beneficial to the health, numerous studies have been made on probiotics as a supplement to the diet of the LBW infants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2018.1561643DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

An update on possible pathogenic mechanisms of periodontal pathogens on renal dysfunction.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2019 Feb 7:1-25. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

b Department of Prosthodontics, Manipal College of Dental Sciences , Manipal Academy of Higher Education , Manipal , Karnataka , India.

Periodontitis is a potential source of permanent systemic inflammation that initiates renal dysfunction and contributes to the development of chronic kidney diseases (CKDs). Although numerous studies have confirmed the bidirectional role of periodontal infection and renal inflammation, no literature has yet highlighted the sophisticated pathogenic mechanisms by which periodontal pathogens, particularly Porphynomonas Gingivalis, induce renal dysfunction and contributed in the development of CKDs. The present review aims to critically analyze and highlight the novel pathogenesis of periodontitis induced CKDs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2018.1553847DOI Listing
February 2019

Anaerobes in cystic fibrosis patients' airways.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2019 Jan 21:1-15. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

a Univ Brest , INSERM, EFS , UMR 1078, GGB, F-29200 Brest , France.

Anaerobes are known to constitute an important part of the airway microbiota in both healthy subjects and cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. Studies on the potential role of anaerobic bacteria in CF and thus their involvement in CF pathophysiology have reported contradictory results, and the question is still not elucidated. The aim of this study was to summarize anaerobe diversity in the airway microbiota and its potential role in CF, to provide an overview of the state of knowledge on anaerobe antibiotic resistances (resistome), and to investigate the detectable metabolites produced by anaerobes in CF airways (metabolome). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2018.1549019DOI Listing
January 2019
13 Reads

Targeting nuclear proteins for control of viral replication.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2019 Jan 21:1-19. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

b Department of Biomedical and Diagnostic Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine , The University of Tennessee , Knoxville , USA.

Viruses are obligate intracellular parasites that exploit host cell machineries for replication. In this review, we focus on the current understanding of host cell nuclear proteins whose translocation from the nucleus to cytoplasm is induced and utilized by viruses to support viral replication and infection. Utilization of nuclear proteins for viral replication and infection involves disruption of nuclear import, enhancement of nuclear export, removal of nuclear localization signal (NLS) from nuclear proteins and alteration of nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) to cooperatively support viral replication. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2018.1553848DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

The zebrafish model of tuberculosis - no lungs needed.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2018 Nov 21;44(6):779-792. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

b Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy , Kuwait University , Kuwait , State of Kuwait.

Tuberculosis is still a global health burden. It is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis which afflicts around one third of the world's population and costs around 1.3 million people their lives every year. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1040841X.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2018.1523132DOI Listing
November 2018
12 Reads

Fructose-rich niches traced the evolution of lactic acid bacteria toward fructophilic species.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2019 Jan 21:1-17. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

b Faculty of Science and Technology , Libera Università di Bolzano , Bolzano , Italy.

Fructophilic lactic acid bacteria (FLAB) are found in fructose-rich habitats associated with flowers, fruits, fermented foods, and the gastrointestinal tract of several insects having a fructose-based diet. FLAB are heterofermentative lactobacilli that prefer fructose instead of glucose as carbon source, although additional electron acceptor substrates (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2018.1543649DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Life inside and out: making and breaking protein disulfide bonds in Chlamydia.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2019 Jan 21:1-18. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

c School of Life Sciences , University of Technology Sydney , Ultimo , NSW , Australia.

Disulphide bonds are widely used among all domains of life to provide structural stability to proteins and to regulate enzyme activity. Chlamydia spp. are obligate intracellular bacteria that are especially dependent on the formation and degradation of protein disulphide bonds. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2018.1538933DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Protein glycosylation: Sweet or bitter for bacterial pathogens?

Crit Rev Microbiol 2019 Jan 11:1-21. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

a Department of Biotechnology , Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee , Roorkee , Uttarakhand 247667 , India.

Protein glycosylation systems in many bacteria are often associated with crucial biological processes like pathogenicity, immune evasion and host-pathogen interactions, implying the significance of protein-glycan linkage. Similarly, host protein glycosylation has been implicated in antimicrobial activity as well as in promoting growth of beneficial strains. In fact, few pathogens notably modulate host glycosylation machineries to facilitate their survival. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1040841X.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2018.1547681DOI Listing
January 2019
12 Reads

Underscoring interstrain variability and the impact of growth conditions on associated antimicrobial susceptibilities in preclinical testing of novel antimicrobial drugs.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2018 Dec 6:1-14. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

c Department of Biological Sciences , The Border Biomedical Research Center, University of Texas at El Paso , El Paso , TX , USA.

In the era of multidrug resistant (MDR) organisms, reliable efficacy testing of novel antimicrobials during developmental stages is of paramount concern prior to introduction in clinical trials. Unfortunately, interstrain variability is often underappreciated when appraising the efficacy of innovative antimicrobials as preclinical testing of a limited number of standardized strains in unvarying conditions does not account for the vastness and potential for hyperdiversity among and within microbial populations. In this review, the importance of accounting for interstrain variability's potential to impact breadth of novel drug efficacy evaluation in the early stages of drug development will be discussed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2018.1538934DOI Listing
December 2018
5 Reads

Bacterial Min proteins beyond the cell division.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2018 Dec 11:1-11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

a Infectious Disease Biology , Institute of Life Sciences , Bhubaneswar , India.

Min system in Escherichia coli is one of the well-studied phenomena of self-organization and spatial distribution of proteins. Several multidisciplinary approaches were used to study the oscillation phenomena of the Min system. The focus of most of these studies was to understand the role of Min system in placement of the Z-ring to the mid-cell and to characterize its interaction with divisome proteins. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2018.1538932DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

The biotechnological potential of Epicoccum spp.: diversity of secondary metabolites.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2018 Nov 28;44(6):759-778. Epub 2018 Oct 28.

a NAP-BIOP - LABMEM, Department of Microbiology, Institute of Biomedical Sciences , University of São Paulo , São Paulo , Brazil.

Epicoccum is a genus of ubiquitous fungi typically found in air, in soil, and on decaying vegetation. They also commonly display an endophytic lifestyle and are isolated from diverse plant tissues. The fungi from the genus Epicoccum are mainly known for their use as biocontrol agents against phytopathogens and for their ability to produce many secondary metabolites with potential biotechnological applications, such as antioxidant, anticancer,r and antimicrobial compounds. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1040841X.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2018.1514364DOI Listing
November 2018
37 Reads

Beyond the expected: the structural and functional diversity of bacterial amyloids.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2018 Nov 25;44(6):653-666. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

a Instituto de Hortofruticultura Subtropical y Mediterránea ''La Mayora'' - Departamento de Microbiología , Universidad de Málaga , Málaga , Spain.

Intense research has confirmed the formerly theoretical distribution of amyloids in nature, and studies on different systems have illustrated the role of these proteins in microbial adaptation and in interactions with the environment. Two lines of research are expanding our knowledge on functional amyloids: (i) structural studies providing insights into the molecular machineries responsible for the transition from monomer to fibers and (ii) studies showing the way in which these proteins might participate in the microbial fitness in natural settings. Much is known about how amyloids play a role in the social behavior of bacteria, or biofilm formation, and in the adhesion of bacteria to surfaces; however, we are still in the initial stages of understanding a complementary involvement of amyloids in bacteria-host interactions. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1040841X.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2018.1491527DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Sources and mechanisms of bioaerosol generation in occupational environments.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2018 Nov 14;44(6):739-758. Epub 2018 Oct 14.

a School of Engineering , Griffith University , Brisbane , Australia.

The primary purpose of this study was to critically review published data related to the sources and mechanisms of aerosolization of microorganisms, their fragments and metabolites in a variety of occupational environments. The processes and mechanisms considered in the review include bursting bubbles; liquid dispersion as the result of irrigation, separation, high pressure cleaning and technological water recycling; manual and automated handling of contaminated material in agriculture, waste processing and industrial processes; as well as high temperature industrial processes. The review identifies the gaps in the existing knowledge regarding the sources of bioaerosol, aerosolization mechanisms, bioaerosol distribution and potential risks for the workers and residents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2018.1508125DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Human endogenous retrovirus-K (HML-2): a comprehensive review.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2018 Nov 14;44(6):715-738. Epub 2018 Oct 14.

a Section of Infections of the Nervous System , National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health , Bethesda , MD , USA.

The human genome contains a large number of retroviral elements acquired over the process of evolution, some of which are specific to primates. However, as many of these are defective or silenced through epigenetic changes, they were historically considered "junk DNA" and their potential role in human physiology or pathological circumstances have been poorly studied. The most recently acquired, human endogenous retrovirus-K (HERV-K), has multiple copies in the human genome and some of them have complete open reading frames that are transcribed and translated, especially in early embryogenesis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2018.1501345DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6342650PMC
November 2018
4 Reads

Scavenger Receptors: Promiscuous Players during Microbial Pathogenesis.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2018 Nov 14;44(6):685-700. Epub 2018 Oct 14.

a Instituto de Investigação e Inovação em Saúde (i3S), Group of Molecular Microbiology , Universidade do Porto , Porto , Portugal.

Innate immunity is the most broadly effective host defense, being essential to clear the majority of microbial infections. Scavenger Receptors comprise a family of sensors expressed in a multitude of host cells, whose dual role during microbial pathogenesis gained importance over recent years. SRs regulate the recruitment of immune cells and control both host inflammatory response and bacterial load. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1040841X.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2018.1493716DOI Listing
November 2018
14 Reads

Photodynamic inactivation as an emergent strategy against foodborne pathogenic bacteria in planktonic and sessile states.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2018 Nov 14;44(6):667-684. Epub 2018 Oct 14.

b LEPABE, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering , University of Porto , Porto , Portugal.

Foodborne microbial diseases are still considered a growing public health problem worldwide despite the global continuous efforts to ensure food safety. The traditional chemical and thermal-based procedures applied for microbial growth control in the food industry can change the food matrix and lead to antimicrobial resistance. Moreover, currently applied disinfectants have limited efficiency against biofilms. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1040841X.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2018.1491528DOI Listing
November 2018
9 Reads

miRNAs in enterovirus infection.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2018 Nov 14;44(6):701-714. Epub 2018 Aug 14.

a Laboratoire de Virologie EA3610, Faculté de Médecine, CHU Lille, University of Lille , Lille , France.

During the last years, it has become evident that miRNAs are important players in almost all physiological and pathological processes, including viral infections. Enterovirus infections range from mild to severe acute infections concerning several organ systems and are also associated with chronic diseases. In this review, we summarize the findings on the impact of acute and persistent enterovirus infection on the expression of cellular miRNAs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2018.1499608DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Recent progress in bio-inspired biofilm-resistant polymeric surfaces.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2018 Sep 17;44(5):633-652. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

a Department of Food Environmental and Nutritional Sciences , Università degli Studi di Milano , Milano , Italy.

Any surface of human interest can serve as a substrate for biofilm growth, sometimes with detrimental effects. The social and economic consequences of biofilm-mediated damage to surfaces are significant, the financial impact being estimated to be billions of dollars every year. After describing traditional biocide-based approaches for the remediation of biofilm-affected surfaces, this review deals with more recent developments in material science, focusing on non-toxic, eco-sustainable nature-inspired biomaterials with anti-biofilm properties superior to the conventional biocide-based approaches in terms of addressing the biofilm problem. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2018.1489369DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

E. coli and colorectal cancer: a complex relationship that deserves a critical mindset.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2018 Sep 17;44(5):619-632. Epub 2018 Jun 17.

a Molecular Microbiology and Genomics Consultants , Zotzenheim , Germany.

To the multiple factors that may eventually result in colorectal cancer (CRC), strains of E. coli have now been added, in particular strains producing colibactin from their polyketide synthesis (pks) locus. The evidence and mechanistic explanations for this unfortunate effect of what is in most cases a harmless commensal are discussed in the first part of this review. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2018.1481013DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Biosensor for the detection of Listeria monocytogenes: emerging trends.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2018 Sep 23;44(5):590-608. Epub 2018 May 23.

a Department of Botany, Institute of Science , Banaras Hindu University , Varanasi , India.

The early detection of Listeria monocytogenes (L. monocytogenes) and understanding the disease burden is of paramount interest. The failure to detect pathogenic bacteria in the food industry may have terrible consequences, and poses deleterious effects on human health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2018.1473331DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads

Bacteriolysis - a mere laboratory curiosity?

Crit Rev Microbiol 2018 Sep 21;44(5):609-618. Epub 2018 May 21.

b Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd. , Kfar Saba , Israel.

The role of bacteriolysis in the pathophysiology of microbial infections dates back to 1893 when Buchner and Pfeiffer reported for the first time the lysis of bacteria by immune serum and related this phenomenon to the immune response. Later on, basic anti-microbial peptides and certain beta-lactam antibiotics have been shown not only to kill microorganisms but also to induce bacteriolysis and the release of cell-wall components. In 2009, a novel paradigm was offered suggesting that the main cause of death in sepsis is due to the exclusive release from activated human phagocytic neutrophils (PMNs) traps adhering upon endothelial cells of highly toxic nuclear histone. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2018.1473332DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Antimicrobial photodynamic therapy - what we know and what we don't.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2018 Sep 11;44(5):571-589. Epub 2018 May 11.

d Department of Dermatology , University Medical Center Regensburg , Regensburg , Germany.

Considering increasing number of pathogens resistant towards commonly used antibiotics as well as antiseptics, there is a pressing need for antimicrobial approaches that are capable of inactivating pathogens efficiently without the risk of inducing resistances. In this regard, an alternative approach is the antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT). The antimicrobial effect of aPDT is based on the principle that visible light activates a per se non-toxic molecule, the so-called photosensitizer (PS), resulting in generation of reactive oxygen species that kill bacteria unselectively via an oxidative burst. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2018.1467876DOI Listing
September 2018
8 Reads

Alternative antimicrobials: the properties of fatty acids and monoglycerides.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2018 Sep 7;44(5):561-570. Epub 2018 May 7.

a School of Life Sciences, Pharmacy, and Chemistry , Kingston University , Kingston upon Thames , UK.

With the rising antibiotic resistance of many bacterial species, alternative treatments are necessary to combat infectious diseases. The World Health Organization and the US Centres for Disease Control and Prevention have warned that some infections, such as those from Neisseria gonorrhoeae, may be untreatable within a few years. One avenue of exploration is the use of antimicrobial fatty acids and their derivatives for therapeutic prevention or treatment of bacterial infections. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2018.1467875DOI Listing
September 2018
4 Reads

Nitrogen metabolism in cyanobacteria: metabolic and molecular control, growth consequences and biotechnological applications.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2018 Sep 12;44(5):541-560. Epub 2018 Mar 12.

a National University of Ireland - Galway, Plant Systems Biology Lab, School of Natural Sciences, Plant and AgriBiosciences Research Centre , Galway , Ireland.

Cyanobacteria are one of the earliest branching groups of organisms on the planet, and during their evolutionary history were submitted to varying selective pressures. Nowadays, cyanobacteria can grow in a variety of conditions, using a large number of nitrogen sources. The control of the nitrogen metabolism in cyanobacteria depends on a fine-tuning regulatory network involving 2-oxoglutarate (2-OG), PII, PipX, and NtcA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2018.1446902DOI Listing
September 2018
6 Reads

Bunyavirales ribonucleoproteins: the viral replication and transcription machinery.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2018 Sep 8;44(5):522-540. Epub 2018 Mar 8.

a CAS Key Laboratory of Pathogenic Microbiology and Immunology , Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences , Beijing , China.

The Bunyavirales order is one of the largest groups of segmented negative-sense single-stranded RNA viruses, which includes many pathogenic strains that cause severe human diseases. The RNA segments of the bunyavirus genome are separately encapsidated by multiple copies of nucleoprotein (N), and both termini of each N-encapsidated genomic RNA segment bind to one copy of the viral L polymerase protein. The viral genomic RNA, N and L protein together form the ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complex that constitutes the molecular machinery for viral genome replication and transcription. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2018.1446901DOI Listing
September 2018
8 Reads

Exploitation of microbial forensics and nanotechnology for the monitoring of emerging pathogens.

Authors:
Habib Bokhari

Crit Rev Microbiol 2018 Aug 7;44(4):504-521. Epub 2018 Mar 7.

a Microbiology & Public Health Lab, Department of Biosciences , COMSATS Institute of Information Technology , Islamabad , Pakistan.

Emerging infectious diseases remain among the leading causes of global mortality. Traditional laboratory diagnostic approaches designed to detect and track infectious disease agents provide a framework for surveillance of bio threats. However, surveillance and outbreak investigations using such time-consuming approaches for early detection of pathogens remain the major pitfall. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2018.1444013DOI Listing
August 2018
17 Reads

Endemic and emerging acute virus infections in Indonesia: an overview of the past decade and implications for the future.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2018 Aug 16;44(4):487-503. Epub 2018 Feb 16.

a Department of Viroscience , Erasmus MC , Rotterdam , the Netherlands.

Being the largest archipelago country in the world, with a tropical climate and a unique flora and fauna, Indonesia habitats one of the most diverse biome in the world. These characteristics make Indonesia a popular travel destination, with tourism numbers increasing yearly. These characteristics also facilitate the transmission of zoonosis and provide ideal living and breading circumstances for arthropods, known vectors for viral diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2018.1438986DOI Listing
August 2018
12 Reads

The regulation of host cellular and gut microbial metabolism in the development and prevention of colorectal cancer.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2018 Aug 23;44(4):436-454. Epub 2018 Jan 23.

a Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology , Shanghai Jiao-Tong University School of Medicine Renji Hospital, Key Laboratory of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, Ministry of Health, State Key Laboratory of Oncogene and Related Gene. Shanghai Institute of Digestive Disease , Shanghai , China.

Metabolism regulation is crucial in colorectal cancer (CRC) and has emerged as a remarkable field currently. The cellular metabolism of glucose, amino acids and lipids in CRC are all reprogrammed. Each of them changes tumour microenvironment, modulates bacterial composition and activity, and eventually promotes CRC development. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2018.1425671DOI Listing
August 2018
9 Reads

Bacterial pathogenesis and interleukin-17: interconnecting mechanisms of immune regulation, host genetics, and microbial virulence that influence severity of infection.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2018 Aug 18;44(4):465-486. Epub 2018 Jan 18.

a School of Medical Science, and Menzies Health Institute Queensland , Griffith University , Southport , Australia.

Interleukin-17 (IL-17) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine involved in the control of many different disorders, including autoimmune, oncogenic, and diverse infectious diseases. In the context of infectious diseases, IL-17 protects the host against various classes of microorganisms but, intriguingly, can also exacerbate the severity of some infections. The regulation of IL-17 expression stems, in part, from the activity of Interleukin-23 (IL-23), which drives the maturation of different classes of IL-17-producing cells that can alter the course of infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2018.1426556DOI Listing
August 2018
8 Reads

On the intrinsic constraint of bacterial growth rate: M. tuberculosis's view of the protein translation capacity.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2018 Aug 15;44(4):455-464. Epub 2018 Jan 15.

a College of Life Sciences , Central China Normal University , Wuhan , China.

In nature, the maximal growth rates vary widely among different bacteria species. Fast-growing bacteria species such as Escherichia coli can have a shortest generation time of 20 min. Slow-growing bacteria species are perhaps best known for Mycobacterium tuberculosis, a human pathogen with a generation time being no less than 16 h. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2018.1425672DOI Listing
August 2018
10 Reads

Synchronous application of antibiotics and essential oils: dual mechanisms of action as a potential solution to antibiotic resistance.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2018 Aug 10;44(4):414-435. Epub 2018 Jan 10.

a Infectious Disease Research Group, The School of Pharmacy , De Montfort University , Leicester , UK.

Antibiotic resistance has increased dramatically in recent years, yet the antibiotic pipeline has stalled. New therapies are therefore needed to continue treating antibiotic resistant infections. One potential strategy currently being explored is the use of non-antibiotic compounds to potentiate the activity of currently employed antibiotics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2018.1423616DOI Listing
August 2018
7 Reads
1 Citation
6.020 Impact Factor

Resistance mechanisms of Helicobacter pylori and its dual target precise therapy.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2018 May 2;44(3):371-392. Epub 2018 Jan 2.

a Tumor Etiology and Screening Department of Cancer Institute and General Surgery , the First Hospital of China Medical University , Shenyang , China.

Helicobacter pylori drug resistance presents a significant challenge to the successful eradication of this pathogen. To find strategies to improve the eradication efficacy of H. pylori, it is necessary to clarify the resistance mechanisms involved. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2017.1418285DOI Listing
May 2018
6 Reads

An insight into the ecology, diversity and adaptations of Gordonia species.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2018 Aug 25;44(4):393-413. Epub 2017 Dec 25.

b Institute of Bioinformatics and Biotechnology , Savitribai Phule Pune University , Pune , India.

The bacterial genus Gordonia encompasses a variety of versatile species that have been isolated from a multitude of environments. Gordonia was described as a genus about 20 years ago, and to date, 39 different species have been identified. Gordonia is recognized for symbiotic associations with multiple hosts, including aquatic (marine and fresh water) biological forms and terrestrial invertebrates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2017.1418286DOI Listing
August 2018
7 Reads

Retraction.

Authors:

Crit Rev Microbiol 2017 12 6. Epub 2017 Dec 6.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2017.1326488DOI Listing
December 2017
5 Reads

Recent advances in the microbiological diagnosis of bloodstream infections.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2018 May 29;44(3):351-370. Epub 2017 Nov 29.

a Dipartimento di Ricerca Traslazionale e delle Nuove Tecnologie in Medicina e Chirurgia , Università di Pisa , Pisa , Italy.

Rapid identification (ID) and antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) of the causative agent(s) of bloodstream infections (BSIs) are essential for the prompt administration of an effective antimicrobial therapy, which can result in clinical and financial benefits. Immediately after blood sampling, empirical antimicrobial therapy, chosen on clinical and epidemiological data, is administered. When ID and AST results are available, the clinician decides whether to continue or streamline the antimicrobial therapy, based on the results of the in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility profile of the pathogen. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2017.1407745DOI Listing
May 2018
11 Reads

Epigenetic regulation in bacterial infections: targeting histone deacetylases.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2018 May 3;44(3):336-350. Epub 2017 Oct 3.

a Department of Microbiology , Faculty of Biochemistry, Biophysics and Biotechnology, Jagiellonian University , Kraków , Poland.

Pathogens have developed sophisticated strategies to evade the immune response, among which manipulation of host cellular epigenetic mechanisms plays a prominent role. In the last decade, modulation of histone acetylation in host cells has emerged as an efficient strategy of bacterial immune evasion. Virulence factors and metabolic products of pathogenic microorganisms alter expression and activity of histone acetyltransferases (HATs) and histone deacetylases (HDACs) to suppress transcription of host defense genes through epigenetic changes in histone acetylation marks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2017.1373063DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6109591PMC
May 2018
12 Reads

Navigating the structure-function-evolutionary relationship of CsaA chaperone in archaea.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2018 May 18;44(3):274-289. Epub 2017 Sep 18.

a Department of Biophysics , University of Delhi South Campus , New Delhi , India.

CsaA is a protein involved in the post-translational translocation of proteins across the cytoplasmic membrane. It is considered to be a functional homolog of SecB which participates in the Sec-dependent translocation pathway in an analogous manner. CsaA has also been reported to act as a molecular chaperone, preventing aggregation of unfolded proteins. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2017.1357535DOI Listing
May 2018
10 Reads

Review of egg-related salmonellosis and reduction strategies in United States, Australia, United Kingdom and New Zealand.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2018 May 14;44(3):290-303. Epub 2017 Sep 14.

a School of Animal and Veterinary Science , University of Adelaide , Roseworthy , Australia.

Globally, Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica is one of the most commonly reported causes of foodborne illness in humans. Contaminated food products of animal origin, particularly egg and egg products are frequently implicated in outbreaks of human salmonellosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2017.1368998DOI Listing
May 2018
15 Reads

Alternatives to antibiotics in poultry feed: molecular perspectives.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2018 May 11;44(3):318-335. Epub 2017 Sep 11.

e Institut de recherche et de développement en agroenvironnement , Québec , Canada.

The discovery of the growth promoting property of antibiotics led to their use as antibiotic feed additives (AFAs) in animal feed at sub-therapeutic doses. Although this has been beneficial for animal health and productivity, it has been, essentially, a double-edged sword. The continued and non-judicious use of AFAs has led to the selection and dissemination of antibiotic-resistant strains of poultry pathogens such as Salmonella, Campylobacter and Escherichia coli. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2017.1373062DOI Listing
May 2018
8 Reads

Viral deubiquitinases: role in evasion of anti-viral innate immunity.

Crit Rev Microbiol 2018 May 8;44(3):304-317. Epub 2017 Sep 8.

a Department of Biological Sciences, Laboratory of Immunology and Infectious Disease Biology , Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) Bhopal , Bhopal , India.

Host anti-viral innate-immune signalling pathways are regulated by a variety of post-translation modifications including ubiquitination, which is critical to regulate various signalling pathways for synthesis of anti-viral molecules. A homeostasis of host immune responses, induced due to viral infection and further ubiquitination, is maintained by the action of deubiquitinases (DUB). Infecting viruses utilize the process of deubiquitination for tricking host immune system wherein viral DUBs compete with host DUBs for inhibition of innate-immune anti-viral signalling pathways, which instead of maintaining an immune homeostasis bring about virus-mediated pathogenesis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1040841X.2017.1368999DOI Listing
May 2018
11 Reads