1,047 results match your criteria Craniofacial Orthognathic Surgery


Prognostic Factors for Orthognathic Surgery in Children With Cleft Lip and/or Palate: Dentition and Palatal Morphology.

Cleft Palate Craniofac J 2022 Jun 24:10556656221109425. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Graduate School of Dentistry, 314275Osaka University, Suita, Japan.

To determine dental and palatal morphology in children with cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P) and identify morphological prognostic factors for orthognathic surgery (OGS).

Retrospective cohort study.

Orthodontic department of a university dental hospital. Read More

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Use of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) for the Recovery of Oral Function after Orthognathic Surgery.

J Clin Med 2022 Jun 7;11(12). Epub 2022 Jun 7.

Maxillofacial Surgeon, Ruber Hospital, 28040 Madrid, Spain.

The oral functions of patients are markedly diminished immediately after orthognathic surgery, and novel approaches are needed to accelerate their recovery. The aim of this study was to examine the usefulness of weekly applications of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for this purpose, based on the evidence of its effectiveness in other types of patients with muscle alterations. Maximum jaw opening, bite force, pain, and facial inflammation were compared between patients receiving TENS and those receiving sham-TENS for 30 min at baseline and weekly over a four-week period after orthognathic surgery and were also compared between the before and after of each procedure. Read More

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Evolution of the Human Craniofacial Skeleton, Frequency of Dentofacial Deformities, and Implications for Treatment.

J Craniofac Surg 2022 05 12;33(3):738-739. Epub 2021 Aug 12.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery & Pediatrics, Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, DC.

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"Surgery first" maxillary segmental and mandibular osteotomies with Invisalign therapy.

J Clin Orthod 2022 02;56(2):89-95

Division of Orthodontics, Department of Craniofacial Sciences, University of Connecticut School of Dental Medicine, Farmington, CT.

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February 2022

Pilot study of factors contributing to canine impaction after secondary alveolar bone grafting in unilateral cleft lip and palate patients.

Sci Rep 2022 May 20;12(1):8558. Epub 2022 May 20.

Division of Craniofacial Anomalies, Tohoku University Graduate School of Dentistry, Sendai, Japan.

Alveolar bone grafting (ABG) is broadly performed for cleft lip and palate patients. The rate of canine impaction post-ABG is much higher than the prevalence of canine impaction in non-cleft patients. This pilot study was designed to investigate factors involved in canine eruption failure after ABG and to predict the possibility of canine impaction in unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) patients. Read More

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How Much Opioid Medication Do Patients Need After Orthognathic Surgery?

J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2022 Apr 7. Epub 2022 Apr 7.

Associate Professor, Harvard School of Dental Medicine; Department of Plastic and Oral Surgery, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA. Electronic address:

Purpose: Opioid misuse is a public health crisis. It is incumbent upon surgeons to understand analgesic requirements for operations they perform to inform responsible prescribing practices. The purpose of this study was to quantify opioid use following orthognathic surgery. Read More

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Virtual Surgical Planning (VSP) in Craniomaxillofacial Reconstruction.

Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am 2022 May;30(2):239-253

Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Obaid Center for Reconstructive Transplant Surgery, Mayo Clinic, MA1244W, 200 First Street Southwest, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. Electronic address:

The complex three-dimensional (3D) anatomy of the craniomaxillofacial skeleton creates a challenge for surgical reconstruction. Advances in virtual surgical planning (VSP) have enhanced reconstructive outcomes in craniomaxillofacial aesthetic and reconstructive surgery. This technology has been especially useful in spatially complex cases due to the ability to visualize and manipulate 3D configurations of the cranium through virtual surgery, printing of stereolithographic models, fabrication of cutting and positioning guides, creation of prefabricated hardware, and refinements of custom implants. Read More

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Virtual surgical planning and data ownership: Navigating the provider-patient-vendor relationship.

Bioethics 2022 06 22;36(5):494-499. Epub 2022 Apr 22.

Division of Medical Ethics, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York.

The practice of modern craniomaxillofacial surgery has been defined by emergent technologies allowing for the acquisition, storage, utilization, and transfer of massive amounts of sensitive and identifiable patient data. This alone has thrust providers into an unlikely and unprecedented role as the stewards of vast databases of digital information. This data powers the potent surgical tool of virtual surgical planning, a method by which craniomaxillofacial surgeons plan and simulate procedural outcomes in a digital environment. Read More

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Reproducibility of a three-dimensional skeletal-based craniofacial orientation method for virtual surgical planning.

Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2021 Dec 9. Epub 2021 Dec 9.

Research Program on Integrated Dental Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry of the University of Cuiaba - UNIC, Cuiaba, Mato Grosso, Brazil; Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, General Hospital of Cuiaba, Cuiaba, Mato Grosso, Brazil. Electronic address:

Inadequate craniofacial orientation of computed tomography (CT) scans can have significant implications in all three planes of space. The purpose of this study was to present the reproducibility of a 3-dimensional skeletal-based method of craniofacial orientation for virtual surgical planning. The protocol was defined by landmarks commonly used for cephalometry, and required identification of basion, nasion, right porion, and right orbitale, and navigation in all CT views (coronal, sagittal, and axial) for correction of yaw, roll, and pitch. Read More

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December 2021

Secondary Alveolar Bone Grafting in Patients with Cleft Lip and Palate: A Step-by-Step Video Series.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2022 06 12;149(6):1176e-1180e. Epub 2022 Apr 12.

From the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and Craniofacial Research Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University.

Summary: Secondary alveolar bone grafting is one of the key surgical procedures performed to restore dental arch continuity and facilitate tooth eruption in patients with cleft lip and palate. Harvest of cancellous bone graft from the iliac crest has become the gold standard; however. there is no consensus regarding the ideal technique. Read More

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Correction of Midface Deficiency in Patient With Crouzon Syndrome by Orthognathic Surgery and Patient Specific Facial Implant: Case Report.

J Craniofac Surg 2022 Mar-Apr 01;33(2):e191-e194

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Dental Research Institute, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea.

Abstract: Crouzon syndrome, also known as craniofacial dysostosis, is an autosomal dominant inherited disease characterized by early cranial fusion and consequential craniofacial malformations. In patients with Crouzon syndrome, the growth of the midface is affected due to early fusion of the cranial base, which results in exophthalmos, ocular ptosis, midface deficiency, and maxillary retrognathism. Frontofacial advancement using Le Fort III osteotomy is the conventional method for treating patients with Crouzon syndrome. Read More

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Orthognathic surgery in patients with systemic diseases.

Oral Maxillofac Surg 2022 Mar 28. Epub 2022 Mar 28.

OMFS IMPATH Research Group, Department of Imaging and Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, KU Leuven & Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospitals Leuven, Herestraat 49, 3000, Leuven, Belgium.

Purpose: To review the experience with orthognathic surgery in patients with systemic diseases, syndromic conditions or an oncological history at a tertiary center.

Methods: All patients who had undergone orthognathic surgery and all patients who were considered for orthognathic surgery between January 2013 and August 2020 at a tertiary center were retrospectively reviewed. Patients with cleft lip/palate and orthognathic patients requiring craniofacial surgery or reconstructive surgery were excluded. Read More

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Polysomnography-guided mandibular distraction osteogenesis in Pierre Robin sequence patients.

J Clin Sleep Med 2022 Mar 28. Epub 2022 Mar 28.

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pulmonology, Allergy & Immunology, Weill Cornell Medicine, NY.

Study Objectives: Craniofacial malformations with micrognathia cause high grades of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) measured by polysomnography (PSG). Mandibular Distraction Osteogenesis (MDO) is a novel procedure for upper airway obstruction (UAO) relief. Our primary objective was to describe the utilization of PSGs to improve obstruction in patients undergoing mandibular distraction. Read More

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Skeletal stability after bimaxillary surgery with surgery-first approach for class III asymmetry is not related to virtual surgical occlusal contact.

Clin Oral Investig 2022 Mar 21. Epub 2022 Mar 21.

Graduate Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Science, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan.

Objectives: Surgery-first orthognathic surgery is rarely used in class III asymmetry due to concerns of reduced skeletal stability from unstable surgical occlusion. This study aimed to evaluate if skeletal stability after surgery-first orthognathic surgery is related to virtual surgical occlusal contact or surgical change.

Materials And Methods: We studied 58 adults with class III asymmetry, consecutively corrected by Le Fort I osteotomy and bilateral sagittal split osteotomy using a surgery-first approach. Read More

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Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms in Runt-related Transcription Factor 2 and Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2 Impact on Their Maxillary and Mandibular Gene Expression in Different Craniofacial Patterns - A Comparative Study.

Ann Maxillofac Surg 2021 Jul-Dec;11(2):222-228. Epub 2022 Feb 1.

Department of Stomatology, Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil.

Introduction: This study aimed to evaluate if single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in runt-related transcription factor 2 () and bone morphogenetic protein 2 () are associated with different craniofacial patterns. Furthermore, we also investigated if and expression in the maxilla and mandible are differently expressed according to facial phenotypes and influenced by the SNPs in their encoding genes. Orthognathic patients were included. Read More

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February 2022

Prevalence and associated factors of myofascial pain in orthognathic patients with skeletal class II malocclusion.

Oral Maxillofac Surg 2022 Mar 9. Epub 2022 Mar 9.

Department of Stomatology, Federal University of Parana, 632 Prefeito Lothário Meissner Avenue, Curitiba, PR, 80210-170, Brazil.

Orthognathic patients with skeletal class II malocclusion frequently suffer from myofascial pain (MP).

Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence and associated factors of MP in these patients.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed in adult patients with skeletal Class II malocclusion requiring orthognathic surgery. Read More

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Analysis of the effects of mandibular reconstruction based on microvascular free flaps after oncological resections in 21 patients, using 3D planning, surgical templates and individual implants.

Oral Oncol 2022 04 4;127:105800. Epub 2022 Mar 4.

Department of Oncologic and Reconstructive Surgery, Maria Sklodowska-Curie National Research Institute of Oncology, Poland.

Introduction: Post- resection defects in the area of the head and neck frequently result in functional impairment of the masticatory system and unaesthetic outcome in the facial appearance. In pediatric population they exert a devastating effect on speech development, breathing and facial growth leading to secondary deformations which are extremely challenging in reconstruction by means of conventional surgery protocols.

Material And Methods: 21 patients (14 males/ 7 females) aged 4-17 years old, treated between 2015 and 2019 due to malignant/benign tumors or congenital deformities requiring mandible resection were enrolled in the study. Read More

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A three-dimensional cephalometric analysis of Japanese adults and its usefulness in orthognathic surgery: A retrospective study.

J Craniomaxillofac Surg 2022 Apr 18;50(4):353-363. Epub 2022 Feb 18.

Graduate School of Dentistry, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka, 5650871, Japan.

This study aimed to establish a three-dimensional (3D) cephalometric analysis of craniofacial morphology and discuss its theoretical usefulness in orthognathic patients. Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images of Japanese subjects with skeletal Class I malocclusion before treatment were selected from among 1000 patients so that samples matched a historic 2D cephalometric cohort with normal occlusion using propensity score matching. In each CBCT image, 67 3D measurements were calculated based on manually identified landmarks. Read More

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Reconstruction of Large Defects Using Extended Temporomandibular Joint Patient-Matched Prostheses.

J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2022 Jun 7;80(6):1018-1032. Epub 2022 Feb 7.

Assistant Professor, University of Toronto, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery; Co-director, University of Toronto Fellowship Program in Advanced TMJ and Orthognathic Surgery; Senior Surgeon, Mount Sinai Hospital Centre for Excellence in Advanced TMJ Surgery, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Purpose: Custom temporomandibular joint (TMJ) prostheses are useful in reconstructing large defects following TMJ resection. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of extended-temporomandibular joint replacement (e-TJR) for reconstructing these defects.

Methods: This is a single-group retrospective cohort study that enrolled patients having received an e-TJR between January 2004 and November 2019 at the University of Toronto. Read More

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Le Fort I maxillary osteotomy in a Jehovah's Witness patient: strategies for minimizing blood loss and maximizing safety.

Maxillofac Plast Reconstr Surg 2022 Mar 2;44(1):10. Epub 2022 Mar 2.

Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS, USA.

Background: The Watch Tower Society, the main governing organization of the Jehovah's Witness (JW) faith, introduced the doctrine to refuse blood in 1945 and has been enforcing it since 1961. A member can be expelled for accepting prohibited blood components. Many reconstructive surgeries place patients at an increased risk for blood loss. Read More

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Extensive Gingivoperiosteoplasty Versus Secondary Alveolar Bone Grafting in Patients With Complete Bilateral Cleft Lip and Palate During the Mixed Dentition Period: A Retrospective Outcome Analysis.

Ann Plast Surg 2022 03;88(1s Suppl 1):S27-S32

Craniofacial Center, Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

Background: The concept of gingivoperiosteoplasty (GPP) in the mixed dentition stage as compared with secondary alveolar bone grafting (ABG) in management of alveolar cleft has not been much discussed upon. The authors present the experience with extensive GPP and ABG in the mixed dentition stage in complete bilateral alveolar cleft cases.

Methods: A retrospective review of nonsyndromic patients with complete bilateral alveolar cleft operated on with either GPP or ABG (iliac crest) in the mixed dentition stage with at least 1-year follow-up was performed. Read More

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Factors contributing to delay or absence of alveolar bone grafting.

Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2022 Jun 23;161(6):820-828.e1. Epub 2022 Feb 23.

Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Cleft Palate and Craniofacial Institute, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Mo. Electronic address:

Introduction: Alveolar bone grafting (ABG) delay can lead to suboptimal outcomes. This study seeks to categorize reasons patients with cleft lip and palate have no record of ABG or who underwent later than typical ABG (≥13 years).

Methods: At a single tertiary care center, a retrospective review was performed of all patients with unilateral, complete cleft lip and palate, born 1998-2005. Read More

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Is the pattern of mandibular asymmetry in mild craniofacial microsomia comparable to non-syndromic class II asymmetry?

Clin Oral Investig 2022 Jun 26;26(6):4603-4613. Epub 2022 Feb 26.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Radboud University Medical Center, Geert Grooteplein 10, 6500 HB, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Objectives: To compare the characteristics of mandibular asymmetry in patients with unilateral craniofacial microsomia (CFM) and class II asymmetry.

Materials And Methods: Pretreatment cone-beam computed tomography of consecutive adults with Pruzansky-Kaban type I and IIA CFM (CFM group) was analyzed by 3D cephalometry. Fourteen mandibular landmarks and two dental landmarks were identified. Read More

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Impact of Maximum Tongue Pressure in Patients with Jaw Deformities Who Underwent Orthognathic Surgery.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2022 Feb 4;12(2). Epub 2022 Feb 4.

Department of Molecular Oral Medicine and Maxillofacial Surgery, Graduate School of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima 734-8553, Japan.

Malocclusion and morphological abnormalities of the jawbone often affect the stomatognathic function and long-term postoperative stability in patients with jaw deformities. There are few reports on the effect of maximum tongue pressure (MTP) in these patients. We investigated the relationship between the MTP and jawbone morphology and the effect of the MTP on surgery in 42 patients with jaw deformity who underwent surgical orthodontic treatment at Hiroshima University Hospital. Read More

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February 2022

Oral health-related quality of life before, during, and after orthodontic-orthognathic treatment: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Clin Oral Investig 2022 Mar 23;26(3):2223-2235. Epub 2022 Feb 23.

Department of Dentistry, Section of Orthodontics and Craniofacial Biology, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Objectives: The effect of combined orthodontic-orthognathic treatment was estimated, specifically the impact of pre-surgical orthodontic treatment, on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL).

Materials And Methods: The research question was formulated using the PICO method. The search was carried out in MEDLINE via PubMed, CINAHL, psychINFO, Embase, and Cochrane (until February 3, 2020). Read More

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Combined Surgical-Orthodontic Treatment of Patients With Severe Parry-Romberg Syndrome.

J Craniofac Surg 2022 Feb 21. Epub 2022 Feb 21.

Department of Oral & Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, College of Stomatology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine Shanghai Key Laboratory of Stomatology & Shanghai Research Institute of Stomatology, National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases Department of Orthodontics, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, College of Stomatology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine Shanghai Qingdong Farm Hospital, Shanghai, China.

Abstract: Parry-Romberg syndrome (PRS) refers to a relatively rare dysfunction disease that is characterized by chronic progressive maxillofacial atrophy, especially one side of facial skin, subcutaneous tissue, muscle, and bone. According to the atrophy degree of skin, subcutaneous tissue, and skeleton in the area innervated by the trigeminal nerve, PRS can be classified into mild, moderate, and severe. In general, cases with different severity have specific treatment regimens. Read More

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February 2022

Custom Plates in Orthognathic Surgery: A Single Surgeon's Experience and Learning Curve.

J Craniofac Surg 2022 Feb 18. Epub 2022 Feb 18.

MedStar Georgetown University Hospital, Department of Plastic Surgery, Washington, DC Inova Children's Hospital, Inova Fairfax Division of Plastic Surgery, Medical Director of Pediatric Craniofacial Program, Falls Church, VA Children's National Medical Center, Division of Plastic Surgery, Washington, DC.

Background: Virtual surgical planning (VSP) now allows for the fabrication of custom plates in orthognathic surgery. The senior author was an early adopter, using VSP and stereolithographic splints for over a decade, before transitioning to custom plates in 2019. The authors present our experience and learning curve with this new technology and compare results to a prior cohort of orthognathic patients. Read More

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February 2022

Dynamic Reconstruction of Facial Paralysis in Craniofacial Microsomia.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2022 Apr;149(4):919-929

From the Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Toronto; Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, The Hospital for Sick Children; School of Medicine, Queen's University; and Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, University of Toronto.

Background: Craniofacial microsomia is associated with maxillomandibular hypoplasia, microtia, soft-tissue deficiency, and variable severity of cranial nerve dysfunction, most often of the facial nerve. This study evaluated the incidence of facial paralysis in patients with craniofacial microsomia and outcomes after free functioning muscle transfer for dynamic smile reconstruction.

Methods: A single-center, retrospective, cross-sectional study was performed from 1985 to 2018 to identify pediatric patients with craniofacial microsomia and severe facial nerve dysfunction who underwent dynamic smile reconstruction with free functioning muscle transfer. Read More

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Soft tissue response of lateral bony movement in genioplasty: A 3D landmark-based imaging analysis.

J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2022 Apr 31;75(4):1497-1520. Epub 2022 Jan 31.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Craniofacial Research Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan. Electronic address:

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Defining the Safe Zone for the Low Medial Horizontal Cut in the Sagittal Split Osteotomy.

J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2022 May 10;80(5):822-826. Epub 2022 Jan 10.

Associate Professor, Craniofacial Center, Divisions of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Plastic and Craniofacial Surgery, and Craniofacial Image Analysis Laboratory (CranIAL), Seattle Children's Hospital, Seattle, WA. Electronic address:

Purpose: A recent modification of the sagittal split osteotomy (SSO) utilizes a medial cut placed at the level of the mandibular occlusal plane (low) and terminating anterior to the retrolingular fossa (short). The purpose of this work was to evaluate the position of the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) relative to the medial mandibular ramus cortex in patients undergoing SSO utilizing a low medial cut.

Methods: This was a retrospective, cross-sectional evaluation of patients evaluated at a tertiary-care center for facial skeletal deformities who were candidates for mandibular orthognathic surgery. Read More

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