27,043 results match your criteria Coronary CT Angiography

Measurement of epicardial adipose tissue using non-contrast routine chest-CT: a consideration of threshold adjustment for fatty attenuation.

BMC Med Imaging 2022 Jun 25;22(1):114. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Department of Radiology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, No. 180 Fenglin Rd, Xuhui District, Shanghai, 200032, China.

Background: Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is known as an important imaging indicator for cardiovascular risk stratification. The present study aimed to determine whether the EAT volume (EV) and mean EAT attenuation (mEA) measured by non-contrast routine chest CT (RCCT) could be more consistent with those measured by coronary CT angiography (CCTA) by adjusting the threshold of fatty attenuation.

Methods: In total, 83 subjects who simultaneously underwent CCTA and RCCT were enrolled. Read More

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Association of S100A8/A9 with lipid-rich necrotic core and treatment with biologic therapy in patients with psoriasis: results from an observational cohort study.

J Invest Dermatol 2022 Jun 21. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Section of Inflammation and Cardiometabolic Diseases, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD. Electronic address:

Psoriasis is a systemic inflammatory disease with increased risk of atherosclerotic events and premature cardiovascular disease. S100A7, A8/A9, and A12 are protein complexes that are produced by activated neutrophils, monocytes, and keratinocytes in psoriasis. Lipid-rich necrotic core (LRNC) is a high-risk coronary plaque feature previously found to be associated with cardiovascular risk factors and psoriasis severity. Read More

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Hemostatic Biomarkers and Volumetry Help to Identify High-Risk Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms.

Life (Basel) 2022 May 31;12(6). Epub 2022 May 31.

Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria de Navarra-IdiSNA, 31008 Pamplona, Spain.

Predicting the progression of small aneurysms is a main challenge in abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) management. The combination of circulating biomarkers and image techniques might provide an alternative for risk stratification. We evaluated the association of plasma TAT complexes (TAT) and D-dimer with AAA severity in 3 groups of patients: group 1, without AAA ( = 52), group 2, AAA 40-50 mm ( = 51) and group 3, AAA > 50 mm ( = 50). Read More

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Retinal Microvascular Changes in Familial Hypercholesterolemia: Analysis with Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography.

J Pers Med 2022 May 26;12(6). Epub 2022 May 26.

Cardiology Department, University Hospital, 21000 Dijon, France.

Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is a common but underdiagnosed genetic disorder affecting cholesterol metabolism, leading to atherosclerotic disease. The relationship between retinal microvascular changes and the presence of atheroma in patients with FH (FH group), and in comparison to volunteers without FH (CT group), needs further investigation. This cross-sectional study was conducted in a university hospital between October 1, 2020 and May 31, 2021. Read More

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Coexistence of Cor Triatriatum Sinister, Fibroelastoma and Pulmonary Veins Ostial Anatomy Variant as Incidental Findings in Coronary Computed Tomography Angiography.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2022 Jun 13;12(6). Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Department of Internal and Occupational Diseases, Hypertension and Clinical Oncology, Wroclaw Medical University, Borowska 213, PL 50-556 Wroclaw, Poland.

Coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) is a noninvasive examination whose main purpose is to exclude significant stenosis in the coronary arteries. The obtained computed tomography images may also provide information about other coexisting pathologies of the heart and vessels. The paper presents images of cardiac lesions in a 44-year-old hypertensive patient who underwent CCTA, based on which significant stenosis in the coronary arteries was excluded, the suspicion of a cor triatriatum sinister was confirmed and the presence of fibroelastoma and a variant of the anatomy of the pulmonary veins ostial was confirmed. Read More

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Added Value of CCTA-Derived Features to Predict MACEs in Stable Patients Undergoing Coronary Computed Tomography.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2022 Jun 12;12(6). Epub 2022 Jun 12.

Department of Medicine-DIMED, University of Padova, 31100 Padua, Italy.

Clinical evidence has emphasized the importance of coronary plaques' characteristics, rather than lumen stenosis, for the outcome of cardiovascular events. Coronary computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) has a well-established role as a non-invasive tool for assessing plaques. The aim of this study was to compare clinical characteristics and CCTA-derived information of stable patients with non-severe plaques in predicting major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) during follow-up. Read More

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Predicting CT-Based Coronary Artery Disease Using Vascular Biomarkers Derived from Fundus Photographs with a Graph Convolutional Neural Network.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2022 Jun 4;12(6). Epub 2022 Jun 4.

Department of Diagnostic Radiology, LKS Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.

The study population contains 145 patients who were prospectively recruited for coronary CT angiography (CCTA) and fundoscopy. This study first examined the association between retinal vascular changes and the Coronary Artery Disease Reporting and Data System (CAD-RADS) as assessed on CCTA. Then, we developed a graph neural network (GNN) model for predicting the CAD-RADS as a proxy for coronary artery disease. Read More

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Whole-Blood Transcriptional Profiles Enable Early Prediction of the Presence of Coronary Atherosclerosis and High-Risk Plaque Features at Coronary CT Angiography.

Biomedicines 2022 Jun 2;10(6). Epub 2022 Jun 2.

Centro Cardiologico Monzino IRCCS, 20138 Milan, Italy.

Existing tools to estimate cardiovascular (CV) risk have sub-optimal predictive capacities. In this setting, non-invasive imaging techniques and omics biomarkers could improve risk-prediction models for CV events. This study aimed to identify gene expression patterns in whole blood that could differentiate patients with severe coronary atherosclerosis from subjects with a complete absence of detectable coronary artery disease and to assess associations of gene expression patterns with plaque features in coronary CT angiography (CCTA). Read More

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Diagnostic accuracy of CCTA-derived versus angiography-derived quantitative flow ratio (CAREER) study: a prospective study protocol.

BMJ Open 2022 Jun 23;12(6):e055481. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Department of Cardiology, Huadong Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University, Shanghai, China

Introduction: Coronary CT angiography (CCTA)-derived quantitative flow ratio (CT-QFR) is a novel non-invasive technology to assess the physiological significance of coronary stenoses, which enables fast and on-site computation of fractional flow reserve (FFR) from CCTA images. The objective of this investigator-initiated, prospective, single-centre clinical trial is to evaluate the diagnostic performance of CT-QFR with respect to angiography-derived QFR, using FFR as the reference standard.

Methods And Analysis: A total of 216 patients who have at least one lesion with a diameter stenosis of 30%-90% in an artery with ≥2. Read More

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Investigation of the Frequency of Coronary Artery Anomalies in MDCT Coronary Angiography and Comparison of Atherosclerotic Involvement between Anomaly Types.

Tomography 2022 Jun 20;8(3):1631-1641. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Department of Radiology, Malatya Training and Research Hospital, 44330 Malatya, Turkey.

Coronary artery anomalies (CAAs) are rare anatomical variations characterized by abnormal origin, course, or termination of the coronary arteries. This study aims to identify incidental CAAs in patients who underwent multidetector computed tomography coronary angiography (MDCTCA) to determine their incidence and to evaluate whether there is a difference between CAA types in terms of coronary atherosclerotic involvement. For this purpose, patients who underwent MDCTCA between December 2018 and January 2022 were retrospectively assessed. Read More

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Evaluation of the Appropriate Use of Coronary Computed Tomography Angiography: A Retrospective, Single-Center Analysis.

J Cardiovasc Dev Dis 2022 Jun 4;9(6). Epub 2022 Jun 4.

Department of Internal Medicine III-Cardiology and Angiology, Innsbruck Medical University, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria.

Purpose: We assessed the application of appropriate use criteria of coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) in comparison to invasive coronary angiography results and revascularization rates in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD).

Methods: 1305 patients referred to invasive coronary angiography (ICA) after CCTA were evaluated retrospectively. The primary indication for CCTA was assessed according to the consensus for intermediate-risk (15-85% pre-test probability) into appropriate (A), inappropriate (I), and uncertain while referring to published guidelines. Read More

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Multimodality Image-Guided Embolization of Bronchial Artery Pseudoaneurysm in a Patient With Aortopathy.

JACC Case Rep 2022 Jun 15;4(12):721-726. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Houston Methodist DeBakey Heart and Vascular Center, Houston Methodist Hospital, Houston, Texas, USA.

A 59-year-old man received an incidental diagnosis of a 5-cm right para-aortic mass that was initially thought to be of venous origin. Multimodality imaging revealed a right bronchial artery pseudoaneurysm that was treated with endovascular embolization. Bronchial artery pseudoaneurysms are extremely rare and can be fatal if ruptured. Read More

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Synchronous Type 3 EVAR Endoleaks at Multiple Sites Following Transfemoral Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement.

JACC Case Rep 2022 Jun 15;4(12):742-750. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Department of Vascular Surgery, NCH Healthcare System, Naples, Florida, USA.

We describe a complication following transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve replacement in a patient who underwent remote endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. This report highlights technical complications to be vigilant of when using intravascular catheterization in patients with previous aneurysm repair while also showcasing synchronous type 3 endoleaks at multiple sites. (). Read More

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Angiographic Lesion Morphology Provides Incremental Value to Generalize Quantitative Flow Ratio for Predicting Myocardial Ischemia.

Front Cardiovasc Med 2022 6;9:872498. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Department of Radiology, Fuwai Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.

Aim: The quantitative flow ratio (QFR) is favorable for functional assessment of coronary artery stenosis without pressure wires and induction of hyperemia. The aim of this study was to explore whether angiographic lesion morphology provides incremental value to generalize QFR for predicting myocardial ischemia in unselected patients.

Methods: This study was a substudy to the CT-FFR CHINA trial, referring 345 participants from five centers with suspected coronary artery disease on coronary CT angiography for diagnostic invasive coronary angiography (ICA). Read More

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Clonal hematopoiesis in men living with HIV and association with subclinical atherosclerosis.

AIDS 2022 Jun 23. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Objectives: People living with HIV (PLWH) are at increased risk for premature cardiovascular disease (CVD). Clonal hematopoiesis (CH) is a common age-related condition that may be associated with increased CVD risk. The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence of CH and its association with chronic inflammation and CVD in PLWH. Read More

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Coronary artery-bronchial artery fistula imaging characteristics and its correlation with pulmonary disease severity.

Heart Vessels 2022 Jun 21. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Department of Radiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, 325000, Zhejiang, China.

Hemoptysis is a common clinical emergency, bronchial arterial embolization is considered to be an effective treatment. The presence of coronary artery-bronchial artery fistula (CBF) may lead to recurrence of hemoptysis after treatment. It is necessary to investigate the imaging characteristics of a CBF and its correlation with the severity of pulmonary disease. Read More

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Diagnostic accuracy of coronary computed tomography angiography-derived fractional flow reserve (CT-FFR) in patients before liver transplantation using CT-FFR machine learning algorithm.

Eur Radiol 2022 Jun 22. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology and Neuroradiology, University Hospital Essen, Essen, Germany.

Objectives: Liver transplantation (LT) is associated with high stress on the cardiovascular system. Ruling out coronary artery disease (CAD) is an important part of evaluation for LT. The aim of our study was to assess whether CT-derived fractional flow reserve (CT-FFR) allows for differentiation of hemodynamically significant and non-significant coronary stenosis in patients evaluated for LT. Read More

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Spontaneous coronary artery dissection: insights from computed tomography coronary angiography follow-up.

N Z Med J 2022 May 20;135(1555):41-47. Epub 2022 May 20.

Department of Cardiology, Waitematā District Health Board, Auckland, New Zealand.

Methods: Patients with SCAD on invasive coronary angiography who underwent a follow-up CTCA between 2010 and 2018 at our institute were included. CTCA was reported by two cardiologists-one with knowledge of the SCAD location, and a second blinded. Assessment of dissection healing were made and optimal timing of CTCA was also calculated. Read More

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Plaque progression at coronary CT angiography links non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and cardiovascular events: a prospective single-center study.

Eur Radiol 2022 Jun 21. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Department of Radiology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University; Shanghai Institute of Medical Imaging, No. 180 Fenglin Road, Xuhui District, Shanghai, 200032, China.

Objectives: The presence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has been associated with major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs); however, the mechanisms that initiate the risk for MACEs in patients with NAFLD remain unknown. We sought to investigate whether plaque progression (PP), determined by coronary CT angiography (CCTA), moderate the relationship between NAFLD and MACEs.

Methods: A total of 1683 asymptomatic participants (mean age, 63. Read More

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[Cardiovascular consequences of smoking : Imaging overview].

Radiologie (Heidelb) 2022 Jun 20. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Universitätsklinik für Radiologie, Medizinische Universität Innsbruck, Anichstr. 35, 6020, Innsbruck, Österreich.

Clinical Issue: Smoking, which affects the whole cardiovascular system, primarily results in atheromatous plaques with risk of vascular stenosis or aneurysmatic vascular changes with risk of rupture.

Standard Radiological Methods: Depending on location, sonography provides an initial assessment of alterations. Angiography in combination with computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) allows further evaluation and, if necessary, therapy planning. Read More

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Age related compositional plaque burden by CT in patients with future ACS.

J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr 2022 May 31. Epub 2022 May 31.

Department of Medicine, Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute, Torrance CA, USA.

Background: We examined age differences in whole-heart volumes of non-calcified and calcified atherosclerosis by coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) of patients with future ACS.

Methods: A total of 234 patients with core-lab adjudicated ACS after baseline CCTA were enrolled. Atherosclerotic plaque was quantified and characterized from the main epicardial vessels and side branches on a 0. Read More

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A new and automated risk prediction of coronary artery disease using clinical endpoints and medical imaging-derived patient-specific insights: protocol for the retrospective GeoCAD cohort study.

BMJ Open 2022 Jun 20;12(6):e054881. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Introduction: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of death worldwide. More than a quarter of cardiovascular events are unexplained by current absolute cardiovascular disease risk calculators, and individuals without clinical risk factors have been shown to have worse outcomes. The 'anatomy of risk' hypothesis recognises that adverse anatomical features of coronary arteries enhance atherogenic haemodynamics, which in turn mediate the localisation and progression of plaques. Read More

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The removal of floating right heart thrombi and pulmonary embolus using AngioJet device and venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation: a case report.

Ann Transl Med 2022 May;10(10):612

Department of Operation Room, Taizhou Hospital of Zhejiang Province, Zhejiang University, Linhai, China.

Background: Floating right heart thrombi (FRHTS), known as thrombi in transit, are usually located in the atrium or ventricle. Generally, it occurs in patients with pulmonary embolism (PE) and dyspnea, chest pain, syncope and palpitations are the most common symptoms on presentation. The mortality of patients with FRHTS is higher than that of those without FRHTS. Read More

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Right Ventricular Thrombus Masquerading as a Tumor.

Cureus 2022 Jun 16;14(6):e26014. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Cardiology, Maimonides Medical Center, Brooklyn, USA.

Cardiac tumors are an uncommon phenomenon. Although they can be cardiac in origin, most represent a distant neoplastic growth metastasizing to the heart. Cardiac tumors can be benign or malignant. Read More

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PET/CT-Based Characterization of 18F-FDG Uptake in Various Tissues Reveals Novel Potential Contributions to Coronary Artery Disease in Psoriatic Arthritis.

Front Immunol 2022 2;13:909760. Epub 2022 Jun 2.

National Heart Lung and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, United States.

Background And Objectives: Psoriasis is a heterogeneous inflammatory disease that involves the skin, joints, liver, heart, and other organs. Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD), but the relative contributions of inflammatory and metabolic dysregulation to CVD are incompletely understood. We set out to discover novel potential contributors to CVD in PsA patients by comprehensively phenotyping a cohort of PsA patients using these advanced technologies. Read More

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Patient-specific fluid-structure simulations of anomalous aortic origin of right coronary arteries.

JTCVS Tech 2022 Jun 25;13:144-162. Epub 2022 Feb 25.

Department of Pediatrics (Cardiology), Department of Bioengineering, and Institute for Computational and Mathematical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif.

Objectives: Anomalous aortic origin of the right coronary artery (AAORCA) may cause ischemia and sudden death. However, the specific anatomic indications for surgery are unclear, so dobutamine-stress instantaneous wave-free ratio (iFR) is increasingly used. Meanwhile, advances in fluid-structure interaction (FSI) modeling can simulate the pulsatile hemodynamics and tissue deformation. Read More

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Machine learning-based prediction of insufficient contrast enhancement in coronary computed tomography angiography.

Eur Radiol 2022 Jun 16. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, 1105, AZ, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Objectives: Patient-tailored contrast delivery protocols strongly reduce the total iodine load and in general improve image quality in CT coronary angiography (CTCA). We aim to use machine learning to predict cases with insufficient contrast enhancement and to identify parameters with the highest predictive value.

Methods: Machine learning models were developed using data from 1,447 CTs. Read More

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Functional stress imaging to predict abnormal coronary fractional flow reserve: the PACIFIC 2 study.

Eur Heart J 2022 Jun 16. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Department of Cardiology, Amsterdam UMC, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1117, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Aims: The diagnostic performance of non-invasive imaging in patients with prior coronary artery disease (CAD) has not been tested in prospective head-to-head comparative studies. The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic performance of qualitative single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), quantitative positron emission tomography (PET), and qualitative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with a prior myocardial infarction (MI) or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

Methods And Results: In this prospective clinical study, all patients with prior MI and/or PCI and new symptoms of ischaemic CAD underwent 99mTc-tetrofosmin SPECT, [15O]H2O PET, and MRI, followed by invasive coronary angiography with fractional flow reserve (FFR) in all coronary arteries. Read More

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CT coronary angiogram in children with Kawasaki patients: experience in 52 patients.

Cardiol Young 2022 Jun 16:1-5. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Department of Cardiology, Institut Jantung Negara, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Background: CT is an accepted non-invasive imaging tool to assess the coronary arteries in adults; however, its utilisation in children is limited by high heart rate and lack of standardised protocol. We sought to assess diagnostic quality and factors that affect image quality of CT in assessing coronary artery lesions in Kawasaki patients less than 18 years of age.

Methodology: CT coronary angiography was performed on patients with Kawasaki disease diagnosed with coronary aneurysm or suspected to have coronary stenosis. Read More

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A model combining rest-only ECG-gated SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging and cardiovascular risk factors can effectively predict obstructive coronary artery disease.

BMC Cardiovasc Disord 2022 Jun 15;22(1):268. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Department of Nuclear Medicine, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, No.185, Juqian Street, Changzhou, 213003, Jiangsu Province, China.

Objective: The rest-only single photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) had low sensitivity in diagnosing obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). Improving the efficacy of resting MPI in diagnosing CAD has important clinical significance for patients with contraindications to stress. The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a model predicting obstructive CAD in suspected CAD patients, based on rest-only MPI and cardiovascular risk factors. Read More

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