Sci Rep 2022 04 4;12(1):5608. Epub 2022 Apr 4.
Department of Respiratory Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, 54 Kawahara-cho, Shogoin, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8507, Japan.
In patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), emphysema, airway disease, and extrapulmonary comorbidities may cause various symptoms and impair physical activity. To investigate the relative associations of pulmonary and extrapulmonary manifestations with physical activity in symptomatic patients, this study enrolled 193 patients with COPD who underwent chest inspiratory/expiratory CT and completed COPD assessment test (CAT) and the Life-Space Assessment (LSA) questionnaires to evaluate symptom and physical activity. In symptomatic patients (CAT ≥ 10, n = 100), emphysema on inspiratory CT and air-trapping on expiratory CT were more severe and height-adjusted cross-sectional areas of pectoralis muscles (PM index) and adjacent subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT index) on inspiratory CT were smaller in those with impaired physical activity (LSA < 60) than those without. Read More