1,627 results match your criteria Coronary Artery Calcification - CT


Calcification of breast artery as detected by mammography: association with coronary and aortic calcification

Turk J Med Sci 2019 Feb 11;49(1):190-197. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Background/aim: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9740-3580

Materials And Methods: A total of 404 female patients above 40 years of age who, within a 6-month period, had undergone thoracic computed tomography and mammography for various reasons were screened retrospectively at our clinic. Mammographies were assessed for BAC and thoracic CT investigations were assessed for CAC and AC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3906/sag-1807-275DOI Listing
February 2019

Predictive value of osteoprotegerin for early detection coronary artery calcification in type 2 Diabetes Mellitus patients in correlation with extent of calcification detected by multidetector computed tomography.

Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Internal Medicine, Kasr Ainy Cairo University, Cairo. Egypt.

Background: Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is a tumor necrosis factor receptor super-family member. It specifically acts on bone by increasing bone mineral density and bone volume. Recent studies have evidenced its close relation to the development of atherosclerosis and plaque destabilization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1871530319666190211122858DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Progression of coronary atherosclerotic plaque burden and relationship with adverse cardiovascular event in asymptomatic diabetic patients.

BMC Cardiovasc Disord 2019 Feb 11;19(1):39. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Cardiology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

Background: The heterogeneity of risk in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) is acknowledged in new guidelines promulgating different treatment recommendations for diabetics at low cardiac risk. We performed a retrospective longitudinal follow-up study to evaluate coronary plaque progression and its impact on cardiac events in asymptomatic diabetic patients.

Methods: Data of 197 asymptomatic patients (63. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12872-019-1016-4DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read
1.500 Impact Factor

The novel inflammatory marker GlycA and the prevalence and progression of valvular and thoracic aortic calcification: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis.

Atherosclerosis 2019 Jan 24;282:91-99. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

The Ciccarone Center for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA; Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: GlycA is a novel composite biomarker of systemic inflammation reflecting posttranslational glycosylation of acute phase reactants. GlycA has been associated with coronary artery calcium, cardiovascular disease (CVD) events and mortality. Vascular calcifications outside of the coronary arteries are risk markers of CVD and mortality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2019.01.011DOI Listing
January 2019

Comparison of Framingham risk score and chest-CT identified coronary artery calcification in breast cancer patients to predict cardiovascular events.

Int J Cardiol 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

University of Ottawa, Department of Medicine (Division of Cardiology), Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:

Background: In breast cancer patients, coincidental detection of CAC at chest CT may be important in determining cardiovascular (CV) outcomes and facilitate CV disease primary prevention strategies.

Methods: 408 consecutive breast cancer patients referred to cardiac oncology clinic were included in the study. 256 patients without a prior history of coronary artery disease had undergone a chest CT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2019.01.056DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Comparison of Nongated Chest CT and Dedicated Calcium Scoring CT for Coronary Calcium Quantification Using a 256-Dector Row CT Scanner.

Acad Radiol 2019 Jan 23. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Shaanxi University of Chinese Medicine, Xianyang, Shaanxi 712000, China; Department of Radiology, Affiliated Hospital of Shaanxi Chinese Medicine University, Xianyang 712000, China. Electronic address:

Background: Coronary artery calcification (CAC) is a marker of atherosclerosis and an independent risk factor for cardiac-related mortality and frequently detected on noncontrast chest CT. We aimed to investigate the reliability and accuracy of determining CAC using noncontrast, nongated chest CT with 256-detector row.

Materials And Methods: A total of 1318 patients for chest examination were enrolled to undergo both nongated chest CT and dedicated calcium-scoring CT (CSCT) on a 256-detector row CT scanner. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.acra.2018.12.005DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Sex Differences in Coronary Artery and Thoracic Aorta Calcification and Their Association With Cardiovascular Mortality in Heavy Smokers.

JACC Cardiovasc Imaging 2019 Jan 16. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Image Sciences Institute, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, the Netherlands.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate sex differences in the prevalence, extent, and association of coronary artery calcium (CAC) and thoracic aorta calcium (TAC) scores with cardiovascular mortality in a population eligible for lung screening.

Background: CAC and TAC scores derived from chest computed tomography (CT) might be useful biomarkers for individualized cardiovascular disease prevention and could be especially relevant in high-risk populations such as heavy smokers. Therefore, it is important to know the prevalence of arterial calcifications in male and female heavy smokers, and if there are differences in the predictive value calcifications carry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcmg.2018.10.026DOI Listing
January 2019

Elevated renalase levels in patients with acute coronary microvascular dysfunction - A possible biomarker for ischemia.

Int J Cardiol 2019 Mar 2;279:155-161. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Department of Internal Medicine (Section of Nephrology), New Haven, CT, United States of America.

Aims: We explored the relationship between inflammation, renalase an anti-inflammatory protein, and acute chest pain with coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD).

Methods And Results: We used cardiac Rb-82 PET/CT imaging to diagnose coronary artery disease (CAD/CALC) (defect or coronary calcification) and CMD (depressed coronary flow reserve without CAD) in patients with chest pain in an emergency department (ED). Blood samples were collected pre-imaging within 24 h of ED presentation and were analyzed for renalase and inflammatory markers including C-reactive protein, interleukins, interferon gamma, tumor necrosis factor, vascular endothelial growth factor, and metalloproteinases. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01675273183669
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2018.12.061DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Coronary artery CT calcium score assessed by direct calcium quantification using atomic absorption spectroscopy and compared to macroscopic and histological assessments.

Int J Legal Med 2019 Jan 4. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Section of Forensic Pathology, Department of Forensic Medicine, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

The Agatston score (AS) is the gold standard CT calcium scoring method in clinical practice. However, the AS is an indirect method of determining calcium amount, whereas atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) can directly measure the calcium amount. Our primary aim was to investigate the association between the AS and the coronary calcium amount measured by AAS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00414-018-01998-8DOI Listing
January 2019

Composite acute phase glycoproteins with coronary artery calcification depends on metabolic syndrome presence - The Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil).

J Cardiol 2018 Dec 27. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Center for Clinical and Epidemiological Research, University Hospital, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil; Department of Medicine, School of Medicine University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address:

Background: Inflammation has been weakly associated with coronary artery calcium (CAC) in the overall population. However, it is currently unknown whether this varies according to the cardio-metabolic profile. We evaluated the association between GlycA, a unique composite biomarker of pro-inflammatory acute phase glycoproteins, high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), uric acid, and their composite values (composite inflammation) in the overall population and strata according to cardiovascular risk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jjcc.2018.09.006DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Correlation of epicardial fat quantification with severity of coronary artery disease: A study in Indian population.

Indian Heart J 2018 Dec 20;70 Suppl 3:S140-S145. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

Department of CT & MRI, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi, 110060, India. Electronic address:

Objective: We studied the correlation of quantified epicardial fat with severity of coronary artery disease in patients [suspected cases of coronary artery disease (CAD)] referred for computed tomography (CT) coronary angiography and established cutoffs for epicardial fat volume (EFV) for the presence of CAD and obstructive CAD.

Methods: A prospective cum retrospective cross-sectional observational study was carried out on 950 Indian subjects (suspected cases of CAD) who were referred for coronary CT in the year 2013-2016. EFV was quantified using semiautomatic technique on multidetector coronary CT angiography. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ihj.2018.08.009DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6310730PMC
December 2018

Glycemic Control, Cardiac Autoimmunity, and Long-Term Risk of Cardiovascular Disease in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus.

Circulation 2019 Feb;139(6):730-743

Research Division, Joslin Diabetes Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (G.R.S., D.P., A.G., H.L., A.D., M.A.L.).

Background: Poor glycemic control is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM); however, little is known about mechanisms specific to T1DM. In T1DM, myocardial injury can induce persistent cardiac autoimmunity. Chronic hyperglycemia causes myocardial injury, raising the possibility that hyperglycemia-induced cardiac autoimmunity could contribute to long-term CVD complications in T1DM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.118.036068DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6361693PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Incidental Coronary Artery Calcification Seen on Low-Dose Computed Tomography Is a Risk Factor for Obstructive Coronary Artery Disease in Patients Undergoing Liver Transplant.

Transplant Proc 2018 Dec 9;50(10):3487-3495. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Division of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases, Department of Medicine, Keck School of Medicine of University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA. Electronic address:

Incidental arterial calcification (Ca) on low-dose computed tomography (CT) prior to liver transplant (LT) may help identify those at risk for obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). A single-center retrospective study of 358 consecutive patients who had undergone LT was performed. Of the 296 patients who met inclusion criteria, 193 patients (65. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00411345183143
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2018.11.001DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Coronary calcium scoring with partial volume correction in anthropomorphic thorax phantom and screening chest CT images.

PLoS One 2018 20;13(12):e0209318. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Image Sciences Institute, University Medical Center Utrecht and Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Introduction: The amount of coronary artery calcium determined in CT scans is a well established predictor of cardiovascular events. However, high interscan variability of coronary calcium quantification may lead to incorrect cardiovascular risk assignment. Partial volume effect contributes to high interscan variability. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0209318PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6301689PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

Agatston score of the descending aorta is independently associated with coronary events in a low-risk population.

Open Heart 2018 24;5(2):e000893. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Department of Cardiology, Maastricht University Medical Center (MUMC+) and Cardiovascular Research Institute Maastricht (CARIM), Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Objectives: A standard coronary artery calcium scan includes part of the aorta. This additional information is often not included in routine analyses. We aimed to determine the feasibility of assessing the Agatston score of the descending aorta calcification (DAC) on standard coronary calcium scans and the association of this score with coronary events in a low-risk study population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/openhrt-2018-000893DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6269642PMC
November 2018

Centrilobular emphysema and coronary artery calcification: mediation analysis in the SPIROMICS cohort.

Respir Res 2018 Dec 18;19(1):257. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Division of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Medicine and Lung Health Center, University of Alabama at Birmingham, THT 422, 1720, 2nd Avenue South, Birmingham, AL, 35294, USA.

Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with a two-to-five fold increase in the risk of coronary artery disease independent of shared risk factors. This association is hypothesized to be mediated by systemic inflammation but this link has not been established.

Methods: We included 300 participants enrolled in the SPIROMICS cohort, 75 each of lifetime non-smokers, smokers without airflow obstruction, mild-moderate COPD, and severe-very severe COPD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12931-018-0946-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6299495PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

Screening for Early Lung Cancer, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, and Cardiovascular Disease (the Big-3) Using Low-dose Chest Computed Tomography: Current Evidence and Technical Considerations.

J Thorac Imaging 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Center for Medical Imaging North-East Netherlands (CMI-NEN), University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen.

Lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and cardiovascular disease are highly prevalent in the general population and expected to cause most deaths by 2050. For these "Big-3," treatment might cure, delay, or stop the progression of disease at a very early stage. Lung nodule growth rate (a biomarker for lung cancer), emphysema/air trapping (a biomarker for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), and coronary artery calcification (a biomarker for cardiovascular disease) are imaging biomarkers of early stages of the Big-3 that can be acquired with low-dose computed tomography (CT). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/RTI.0000000000000379DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Correlation between coronary atherosclerosis calcification and epicardial adipose tissue volume in patients with nephropathy.

Exp Ther Med 2018 Dec 27;16(6):4669-4673. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, The Central Hospital of Tongchuan Mining Bureau, Tongchuan, Shaanxi 727000, P.R. China.

Correlation between coronary atherosclerosis calcification and epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) volume in patients with nephropathy was investigated. A total of 529 patients with high risk of coronary atherosclerotic nephropathy were selected from August 2013 to September 2016 in Xianyang Central Hospital to serve as research subjects, and their clinical data were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent coronary artery and EAT examination using dual-source CT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/etm.2018.6801DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6256921PMC
December 2018

Inverse J-shaped relation between coronary arterial calcium density and mortality in advanced chronic kidney disease.

Nephrol Dial Transplant 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Division of Renal Medicine and Baxter Novum, Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, Karolinska Institutet, Campus Flemingsberg, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: The coronary artery calcium (CAC) score from cardiac computed tomography (CT) is a composite of CAC volume and CAC density. In the general population, CAC volume is positively and CAC density inversely associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) events, implying that decreased CAC density reflects atherosclerotic plaque instability. We analysed associations of CAC indices with mortality risk in patients with end-stage renal disease [chronic kidney disease Stage 5 (CKD5)]. Read More

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http://fdslive.oup.com/www.oup.com/pdf/production_in_progres
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfy352DOI Listing
December 2018

Association of progressive thoracic aortic calcification with future cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality: ability to improve risk prediction? Results of the Heinz Nixdorf Recall (HNR) study.

Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Institute of Medical Informatics, Biometry, and Epidemiology, University Duisburg-Essen, Holsterhauser Str. 55, Essen, Germany.

Aims: Thoracic aortic calcification (TAC) is measured by computed tomography (CT). We investigated the association of TAC-progression with incident cardiovascular (CV) events and all-cause mortality in a population-based cohort and to determine its predictive value for these endpoints.

Methods And Results: In 3080 participants (45-74 years, 53. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ehjci/jey173DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Coronary artery calcification in patients with diabetes mellitus and advanced chronic kidney disease.

Endocrinol Diabetes Nutr 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Unidad de Nefrología, Fundación para la investigación del Hospital Universitario Príncipe de Asturias, Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, España.

Introduction: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and diabetes mellitus (DM) have high cardiovascular risk. Both conditions are related to systemic atherosclerosis and vascular calcification. The prevalence and severity of coronary artery calcification (CaC) is higher in patients with DM, regardless of their renal function. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.endinu.2018.09.003DOI Listing
November 2018

Alcoholic and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and associations with coronary artery calcification: evidence from the Kangbuk Samsung Health Study.

Gut 2018 Nov 24. Epub 2018 Nov 24.

Nutrition and Metabolism, Faculty of Medicine, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK.

Objective: Recent evidence suggests that alcoholic fatty liver disease (AFLD) and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) may differentially affect risk of cardiovascular mortality. To investigate whether early liver disease due to AFLD or NAFLD have similar or dissimilar effects on risk of early coronary artery atherosclerosis, we have investigated the associations between AFLD and NAFLD and coronary artery calcium (CAC).

Design: A cross-sectional study was performed in 105 328 Korean adults who attended a health check-up programme. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/gutjnl-2018-317666DOI Listing
November 2018
10 Reads

Association of Exercise Capacity, Cardiac Function, and Coronary Artery Calcification with Components for Metabolic Syndrome.

Biomed Res Int 2018 4;2018:4619867. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine and Institute of Wonkwang Medical Science, Wonkwang University School of Medicine, Iksan, Republic of Korea.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of exercise capacity, cardiac function, and coronary artery calcification (CAC) with components of metabolic syndrome in Korean adults.

Method: Medical records of healthy adults who underwent exercise tolerance test (ETT), coronary CT angiography (CTA), and echocardiography of the heart for cardiac health check-up were retrospectively reviewed. Patients who had a history of severe cardiovascular disease or could not perform ETT due to other musculoskeletal problems were excluded. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2018/4619867/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4619867DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6193328PMC
February 2019
10 Reads

Prognostic Value of Vascular Calcifications and Regional Fat Depots Derived From Conventional Chest Computed Tomography.

J Thorac Imaging 2019 Jan;34(1):33-40

Department of Cardiovascular Imaging, Diagnóstico Maipú, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Purpose: The prognostic value of vascular calcifications as well as of regional fat depots has been reported separately, in population-based studies, and using gated-computed tomography (CT) examinations. We, therefore, explored the interplay and prognostic value of vascular calcifications and adipose tissue depots assessed during conventional nongated chest CT.

Materials And Methods: We enrolled a consecutive series of 1250 patients aged between 35 and 74 years who underwent clinically indicated chest CT scans. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/RTI.0000000000000370DOI Listing
January 2019
5 Reads

Serum endostatin level as a marker for coronary artery calcification in type 2 diabetic patients.

J Saudi Heart Assoc 2019 Jan 20;31(1):24-31. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

Department of Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, EgyptEgypt.

Objective: To assess the relationship between serum endostatin (ES) and coronary artery calcification (CAC) in type 2 diabetic (T2DM) patients.

Methods: The study included 110 participants with coronary artery disease (CAD); 55 with T2DM, for serum ES levels by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and CAC by contrast-enhanced spiral computed tomography (CT).

Results: Mean serum ES value was 66. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10167315183018
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsha.2018.09.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6197639PMC
January 2019
15 Reads

Breast Arterial Calcification in the Mammogram Report: The Patient Perspective.

AJR Am J Roentgenol 2019 Jan 24;212(1):209-214. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

2 Department of Cardiology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine patient attitudes about mammographic reporting of breast arterial calcification (BAC), result communication, and action.

Subjects And Methods: A self-administered survey was created for this project and was offered to mammography patients presenting for screening or diagnostic mammography over a 1-month period.

Results: Among those who accepted questionnaires, 61. Read More

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https://www.ajronline.org/doi/10.2214/AJR.18.20171
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2214/AJR.18.20171DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Validation of lung density indices by cardiac CT for quantification of lung emphysema.

Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis 2018;13:3321-3330. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Department of Radiology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Objectives: Cardiovascular disease is often associated with COPD. Lung density quantification of images obtained from cardiac computed tomography (CT) scans would allow simultaneous evaluation of emphysema and coronary artery calcification score and provide further mechanistic insight into the relationship between these syndromes.

Patients And Methods: We assessed the agreement between lung density indices obtained by cardiac and full-lung CT scans. Read More

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https://www.dovepress.com/validation-of-lung-density-indices
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S172695DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6188118PMC
October 2018
6 Reads

Could decorin be a biomarker of coronary artery disease? A pilot study in human beings.

Acta Biomed 2018 Oct 8;89(3):365-369. Epub 2018 Oct 8.

Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, Razavi Hospital, Iran;.

Background And Aim: Nowadays there is a strong necessity in identifying patients who may be exposed to the risk for future cardiovascular events like progressive atherosclerotic disease. Biomarkers are valuable tools for this purpose. Coronary artery calcification (CAC) is utilized as an important tool for the global risk assessment of cardiovascular events in individuals with intermediate risk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.23750/abm.v89i3.6024DOI Listing
October 2018
11 Reads

Coronary artery calcification: recent developments in our understanding of its pathologic and clinical significance.

Curr Opin Cardiol 2018 Nov;33(6):645-652

CVPath institute, Gaithersburg.

Purpose Of Review: Prior investigations have shown the close association between coronary artery calcification (CAC) and total atherosclerotic plaque burden as well as the risk of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. However, recent pathologic and imaging-based studies suggested that massive dense calcifications are usually associated with stable plaque; whereas, micro calcifications, especially in the thin fibrous cap, are related to vulnerable characteristics. Further, the molecular mechanisms for initiation/progression of vascular calcification are highly complex and still need to be elucidated. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00001573-900000000-9916
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/HCO.0000000000000558DOI Listing
November 2018
13 Reads

Use of coronary artery calcium testing to improve coronary heart disease risk assessment in a lung cancer screening population: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA).

J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr 2018 Nov - Dec;12(6):493-499. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute, Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, CA, United States. Electronic address:

Background: Assessment of coronary artery calcium (CAC) during lung cancer screening chest computed tomography (CT) represents an opportunity to identify asymptomatic individuals at increased coronary heart disease (CHD) risk. We determined the improvement in CHD risk prediction associated with the addition of CAC testing in a population recommended for lung cancer screening.

Methods: We included 484 out of 6814 Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) participants without baseline cardiovascular disease who met U. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S19345925183040
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcct.2018.10.001DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Long-term vitamin-K antagonist use and coronary artery calcification.

Herz 2018 Oct 1. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of vitamin K antagonist (VKA) therapy on coronary artery calcification (CAC) by comparing long-term VKA users with metallic prosthetic valves (MPVs) and VKA-free patients undergoing coronary calcium scoring for cardiovascular (CV) risk stratification.

Methods: A total of 108 patients (43 VKA users with MPV and 65 gender-, age-, and risk-factor-matched VKA-free patients) were included in the study. CAC was determined via computed tomography (CT) and quantified on the basis of the Agatston score. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00059-018-4760-9DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Evaluation of NPP1 as a Novel Biomarker of Coronary Artery Disease: A Pilot Study in Human Beings.

Adv Pharm Bull 2018 Aug 29;8(3):489-493. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Pharmaceutical Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Coronary artery calcification (CAC) is utilized as an important tool for global risk assessment of cardiovascular events in individuals with intermediate risk. Ecto phosphodiesterase/nucleotide phosphohydrolase-1(ENPP1) converts extracellular nucleotides into inorganic pyrophosphate and it is a key regulator of tissue calcification that adjusts calcification in tissues like vascular smooth muscle cells. The main purpose of this clinical study was to find out the correlation between ENPP1 serum concentration and CAC in human for the first time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15171/apb.2018.057DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6156488PMC
August 2018
4 Reads

Targeted lung cancer screening selects individuals at high risk of cardiovascular disease.

Lung Cancer 2018 Oct 8;124:148-153. Epub 2018 Aug 8.

Manchester Thoracic Oncology Centre, North West Lung Centre, Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust, Southmoor Road, Wythenshawe, UK; Division of Cancer Sciences, Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK. Electronic address:

Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in populations eligible for lung cancer screening. The aim of this study was to determine whether a brief CV risk assessment, delivered as part of a targeted community-based lung cancer screening programme, was effective in identifying individuals at high risk who might benefit from primary prevention.

Methods: The Manchester Lung Screening Pilot consisted of annual low dose CT (LDCT) over 2 screening rounds, targeted at individuals in deprived areas at high risk of lung cancer (age 55-74 and 6-year risk ≥1. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01695002183052
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lungcan.2018.08.006DOI Listing
October 2018
11 Reads

Determination of Positivity of Computed Tomographic Angiography in Poorly Visualized Left Anterior Descending Artery on Conventional Angiography.

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2018 Oct;28(10):739-743

Department of Cardiac Surgery, King Edward Medical University, Lahore, Pakistan.

Objective: To determine the positivity of CT angiography in visualization of poorly visualized left anterior descending artery (LAD) on conventional angiography for decision of its surgical revascularization.

Study Design: Descriptive study.

Place And Duration Of Study: Department of Cardiac Surgery, Faisalabad Institute of Cardiology, Faisalabad, from July 2014 to March 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/3012DOI Listing
October 2018
10 Reads

Associations of cardiovascular fat radiodensity and vascular calcification in midlife women: The SWAN cardiovascular fat ancillary study.

Atherosclerosis 2018 Dec 8;279:114-121. Epub 2018 Sep 8.

University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, 130 De Soto Street, Pittsburgh, PA, 15261, USA; University of Pittsburgh School of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy and Therapeutics, 3501 Terrace Street, Pittsburgh, PA, 15213, USA. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: Fat radiodensity, measured via CT Hounsfield units (HU), is a potential marker of fat quality. We sought to determine the cross-sectional associations of total heart fat (TAT) and aortic perivascular fat (PVAT) radiodensity with cardiovascular risk factors, coronary artery calcification (CAC), and aortic calcification (AC) in midlife women.

Methods: Fat radiodensity, CAC, and AC were quantified using CT scans. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2018.09.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6295258PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Identifying Coronary Artery Calcification on Non-gated Computed Tomography Scans.

J Vis Exp 2018 08 28(138). Epub 2018 Aug 28.

Gill Heart Institute, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Kentucky.

Coronary artery calcification (CAC) provides an objective measure of coronary artery disease and can readily be identified on non-gated computed tomography (CT) scans with a high correlation with gated cardiac CT scans. This standardized protocol takes a step-wise approach to not only optimizing an image for the identification of calcification but also to distinguishing CAC from other common causes of calcification in the cardiac silhouette. Recognition of CAC on non-gated CT scans helps to identify a very powerful prognostic factor that can influence therapeutic interventions or downstream diagnostic testing without requiring a gated cardiac scan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3791/57918DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6231920PMC
August 2018
1 Read

Three-hour delayed imaging improves assessment of coronary F-sodium fluoride PET.

J Nucl Med 2018 Sep 13. Epub 2018 Sep 13.

Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, United States.

Coronary F-sodium fluoride (F-NaF) PET imaging identifies ruptured plaques in patients with recent myocardial infarction and localizes to atherosclerotic lesions with active calcification. Most studies to date performed the PET acquisition 1-hour (1h) post-injection. Although qualitative and semi-quantitative analysis is feasible with 1h images, often residual blood pool activity makes it difficult to discriminate plaques with F-NaF uptake from noise. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2967/jnumed.118.217885DOI Listing
September 2018
7 Reads

A phantom based evaluation of vessel lumen area quantification for coronary CT angiography.

Int J Cardiovasc Imaging 2018 Sep 8. Epub 2018 Sep 8.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of California, Irvine, CA, 92697, USA.

Coronary computed tomography (CT) angiography is a noninvasive method for visualizing coronary artery disease. However, coronary CT angiography is limited in assessment of stenosis severity by the partial volume effect and calcification. Therefore, an accurate method for assessment of stenosis severity is needed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10554-018-1452-8DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Free-breathing coronary CT angiography using 16-cm wide-detector for challenging patients: comparison with invasive coronary angiography.

Clin Radiol 2018 Nov 6;73(11):986.e1-986.e6. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

Department of Radiology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China. Electronic address:

Aim: To investigate the superiority of free-breathing coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) with 16-cm wide-detector CT for challenging patients who cannot hold their breath.

Mateials And Methods: A total of 76 patients (62% with either heart rate >75 beats/min or arrhythmia) who were unable to breath-hold underwent both free-breathing CCTA and invasive coronary angiography (ICA) were included. Two reviewers evaluated coronary arteries on a per-segment, per-vessel, and per-patient basis for image quality using a four-point scale and stenosis degree. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.crad.2018.06.023DOI Listing
November 2018
15 Reads

Optimized categorization algorithm of coronary artery calcification score on non-gated chest low-dose CT screening using iterative model reconstruction technique.

Clin Imaging 2018 Nov - Dec;52:287-291. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Department of Radiology, Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China.

Objectives: To investigate the optimized categorization algorithm of coronary artery calcification score (CACS) for more accurate risk assessment on non-gated chest low-dose CT (LDCT) screening using iterative model reconstruction (IMR) technique.

Methods: We enrolled 102 patients who required coronary artery CTA examination and had coronary artery calcification (CAC) in this study. The CACS on non-gated LDCT and ECG-gated CT images were both measured by Agatston analysis software on Philips workstation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.08.015DOI Listing
January 2019
17 Reads
0.600 Impact Factor

Sodium-fluoride PET-CT for the non-invasive evaluation of coronary plaques in symptomatic patients with coronary artery disease: a cross-correlation study with intravascular ultrasound.

Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging 2018 11 31;45(12):2181-2189. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Department of Nuclear Medicine, The First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University, Molecular Imaging Precision Medical Collaborative Innovation Center, Taiyuan, 030001, Shanxi Province, China.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the F-sodium fluoride (F-NaF) coronary uptake compared to coronary intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) in patients with symptomatic coronary artery disease.

Background: F-NaF PET enables the assessment of vascular osteogenesis by interaction with surface hydroxyapatite, while IVUS enables both identification and quantification of intra-plaque components.

Methods: Forty-four patients with symptomatic coronary artery disease were included in this prospective controlled trial, 32 of them (30 patients with unstable angina and 2 patients with stable angina), representing the final study cohort, got additional IVUS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00259-018-4122-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6182395PMC
November 2018
3 Reads
5.380 Impact Factor

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: Relationship with cardiovascular risk markers and clinical endpoints.

Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2018 Oct 28;144:144-152. Epub 2018 Aug 28.

Imperial College London, Division of Integrative Systems Medicine and Digestive Health, Department of Surgery and Cancer, London, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common diagnosis and is increasing in prevalence worldwide. NAFLD is usually asymptomatic at presentation; progression of the disease is unpredictable, leading to the development of a variety of techniques for screening, diagnosis and risk stratification. Clinical methods in current use include serum biomarker panels, hepatic ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging, and liver biopsy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2018.08.011DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

The "Extreme Exercise Hypothesis": Recent Findings and Cardiovascular Health Implications.

Curr Treat Options Cardiovasc Med 2018 Aug 28;20(10):84. Epub 2018 Aug 28.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, MI, USA.

Purpose Of Review: The "Extreme Exercise Hypothesis" is characterized by a U-shaped or reverse J-shaped, dose-response curve between physical activity volumes and cardiovascular health outcomes. In this review, we summarize recent findings that may support or refute the "Extreme Exercise Hypothesis." Furthermore, we discuss potential cardiovascular health implications of the cardiac anatomical, structural, contractility, and biomarker abnormalities that have been reported in some veteran endurance athletes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11936-018-0674-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6132728PMC
August 2018
12 Reads

Correlations between the abdominal fat-related parameters and severity of coronary artery disease assessed by computed tomography.

Quant Imaging Med Surg 2018 Jul;8(6):579-587

Department of Radiology, Zhongda Hospital, Medical School of Southeast University, Nanjing 210009, China.

Background: Obesity is considered a challenging public problem, which has been proven to be closely associated with coronary artery disease (CAD). Each risk factor of CAD has been separately studied many times in the past, but very few have comprehensively and quantitatively evaluated the relationship between the abdominal fat-related parameters and severity of CAD. The aim of this study was to analyze whether the abdominal fat-related parameters were associated with severity of CAD using abdominal non-enhanced computed tomography (NECT). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/qims.2018.07.06DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6081356PMC
July 2018
3 Reads

Relationship between fatty liver, specific and multiple-site atherosclerosis and 10-year Framingham Score.

Hepatology 2018 Aug 19. Epub 2018 Aug 19.

Institute of Cardiometabolism and Nutrition (ICAN), Paris, France.

Despite a well-documented increase in the prevalence of subclinical atherosclerosis in patients with steatosis, the relationship between steatosis and atherosclerosis, specific atherosclerotic sites, multiple-site atherosclerosis and cardiovascular (CV) risk prediction is incompletely understood. We studied the relationship between steatosis, atherosclerosis site, multiple-site atherosclerosis, coronary artery calcification (CAC), and 10-year Framingham Risk Score (FRS) in 2554 patients with >1 cardiovascular risk factor (CVRF), free of cardiovascular events and of other chronic liver diseases and drinking <50g alcohol/day. All patients underwent arterial ultrasound [carotid (CP) and femoral (FP) plaques defined as intima-media thickness (IMT)>1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hep.30223DOI Listing
August 2018
1 Read

Adding value to myocardial perfusion SPECT/CT studies that include coronary calcium CT: Detection of incidental pulmonary arterial dilatation.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Aug;97(32):e11359

The Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD.

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the incidence of undiagnosed pulmonary arterial dilatation using the gated computed tomography (CT) images acquired in patients with an otherwise normal Tc-sestamibi single-photon-emission CT (SPECT)/CT myocardial perfusion study.This was a retrospective review of 200 consecutive patients (100 men, mean age 58.7 years) who underwent a myocardial perfusion Tc-sestamibi SPECT/CT study with normal perfusion and with gated CT images acquired for coronary calcium scoring. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000011359DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6133560PMC
August 2018
3 Reads

Echocardiographic calcification score in patients with low/intermediate cardiovascular risk.

Clin Res Cardiol 2019 Feb 6;108(2):194-202. Epub 2018 Aug 6.

Department of Internal Medicine III, Cardiology, Angiology and Pneumology, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 410, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany.

Purpose: Calcification of aortic valve and mitral annulus is associated with cardiovascular risk factors, morbidity and mortality. Assessment of cardiac calcification with echocardiography is feasible, however, only few structured scoring systems have been established so far with limited prognostic data. This study aimed to evaluate an echocardiographic calcification score (echo-CCS) in patients with low/intermediate cardiovascular risk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00392-018-1343-yDOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Coronary artery calcification in lung cancer screening.

Transl Lung Cancer Res 2018 Jun;7(3):361-367

Department of Radiology and Radiologic Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA.

Lung cancer screening has been shown in the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) to result in a statistically significant decrease in lung cancer specific mortality. Also within that trial there was shown to be a 7% decrease in all-cause mortality. While the reasons for this benefit are not entirely clear, it may relate to the detection and treatment of other important findings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/tlcr.2018.05.05DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6037959PMC
June 2018
1 Read

Calcification Patterns in Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma are Associated with Changes in Thyroid Hormones and Coronary Artery Calcification.

J Clin Med 2018 Jul 26;7(8). Epub 2018 Jul 26.

Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul 06591, Korea.

Recent studies suggested that a lower serum thyroid hormone level is associated with more vascular calcification. However, it has been rarely evaluated whether lower thyroid hormone levels affect the calcification of thyroid cancer and there is a relationship between calcification patterns of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and coronary artery calcification (CAC). The study was divided into two groups: First, we retrospectively reviewed 182 PTC patients and examined the correlation between PTC calcification patterns and CAC by coronary computed tomography (CT). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm7080183DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6111282PMC
July 2018
8 Reads

Percutaneous Left Main Coronary Intervention: A Review of Plaque Modification in Left Main Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

J Clin Med 2018 Jul 23;7(7). Epub 2018 Jul 23.

Yale-New Haven Hospital, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06510, USA.

Left main coronary artery (LMCA) stenosis has long been recognized as a marker of increased morbidity and mortality. Current treatment algorithms for LMCA stenosis consider both percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug eluting stents (DES) and coronary bypass surgery, each with advantages based on individual patient characteristics. Since the LMCA is the largest artery in the coronary tree, plaque volume and calcification is greater than other coronary segments and often extends to the distal bifurcation segment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm7070180DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6068647PMC
July 2018
2 Reads