1,097 results match your criteria Corns
Med Chir Rev 1830 Oct;13(26):438-440
Med Chir Rev 1845 Jul;2(3):239-243
Acta Orthop 2018 Jun 18:1-6. Epub 2018 Jun 18.
a Pediatric Orthopedic Department , Hospital Universitari Son Espases , Palma de Mallorca , Spain.
Background and purpose - Pes cavovarus (PCV) is a complex deformity, frequently related to neurological conditions and associated with foot pain, callosities, and walking instability. The deformity has the tendency to increase during growth. Orthotic treatment is ineffective and surgery may be troublesome. Read More
Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2018 May 31;78:7-13. Epub 2018 May 31.
Department of Health and Management, National Institute for Physical Education of Catalonia (INEFC) - Lleida Centre, University of Lleida, Lleida, Spain.
Hyperkeratoses are a common cause of foot pain due to the release of inflammatory mediators, which can have an impact on the mobility and independence of people suffering from them. However, the repercussions that hyperkeratoses have on gait parameters remain uncertain.
Aim: The aim of this study is to analyze the repercussions that plantar hyperkeratosis debridement has on several kinematic and kinetic variables of gait in a group of older participants. Read More
Br J Neurosurg 2018 May 24:1-4. Epub 2018 May 24.
a Department of Neurosurgery , Leeds General Infirmary , LEEDS , UK.
Introduction: Formative assessment is a key component in medical education and that it is a helpful process for all involved. Until recently there was no national formative examination for neurosurgical trainees. The Neurosurgery Annual in Training Examination (NAiTE) is an annual online, formative assessment that was introduced in 2014. Read More
BMJ Case Rep 2018 May 12;2018. Epub 2018 May 12.
Department of Geriatric Medicine, Airedale NHS Foundation Trust, Keighley, UK.
Renal cell carcinoma is the most common renal tumour in adult that often metastasises to the lung, liver or bone. Head and neck lesions are uncommon with no early warning signs and presents with overt metastases at primary presentation in 25%-30% of reported cases. The incidence of haemangiomas that suggest malignancy are similar to that of bone metastasis. Read More
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2018 May 2. Epub 2018 May 2.
School of Metallurgical and Ecological Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Xueyuan Rd. 30, Haidian District, Beijing, 100083, China.
Paddy field soil contaminated by cadmium may produce cadmium-contained corns causing Itai-itai disease, and in situ washing of soil with the organic acid is a good technical choice due to its convenience and cost-effectiveness. While the bottleneck of this technique is how to recycle the huge volume of washing effluent in an efficient and economical way. Biosorption of cadmium on the garlic peel was attempted in present study and it was found quite satisfactorily effective to remove all cadmium from the real soil leaching effluent after three-time sequential adsorption. Read More
J Agric Food Chem 2018 May 20;66(17):4309-4318. Epub 2018 Apr 20.
Department of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences , University of Turin , Largo Paolo Braccini 2 , 10095 Grugliasco , Turin , Italy.
Among the agronomic practices carried out in corn cultivation, the early sowing time is increasingly used by farmers of temperate regions to improve yield and reduce mycotoxin contamination of corn grains. The present study determined the influence of sowing time on the phytochemical content of grains of 10 colored genotypes of corn. There was a significant improvement of both grain yield (+26%), thousand kernel weight (+3%), and test weight (+2%) in plots sown early. Read More
Foot Ankle Int 2018 Mar 7;39(3):292-299. Epub 2018 Feb 7.
1 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama, Japan.
Background: We investigated the clinical outcomes of resection and joint-preserving arthroplasty for forefoot deformities in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
Methods: Sixteen feet of 14 women (average age, 67.1 years; range, 53-82) underwent resection arthroplasty of the metatarsal head (resection group), and 18 feet of 15 women (average age, 61. Read More
Foot Ankle Surg 2018 Feb 25;24(1):49-53. Epub 2016 Nov 25.
Derriford Hospital, Derriford Road, Crownhill, Plymouth, Devon PL6 8DH, United Kingdom.
Background: Dislocated metatarsophalangeal joints from clawed or hammer toes can be a disabling consequence of several conditions. The Cobb-Stainsby forefoot arthroplasty combines partial phalangectomy (Stainsby) with extensor tendon transfer to the metatarsal head (Cobb). We present a retrospective, three surgeon case series of 215 toes in 126 patients. Read More
Ann Plast Surg 2018 Feb;80(2S Suppl 1):S55-S58
Introduction: Plantar hyperkeratosis, such as corns and calluses, is common in older people and associated with pain, mobility impairment, and functional limitations. It usually develops on the palms, knees, or soles of feet, especially under the heels or balls. There are several treatment methods for plantar hyperkeratosis, such as salicylic acid plaster and scalpel debridement, and conservative modalities, such as using a shoe insert and properly fitting shoes. Read More
Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech 2017 ;84(6):453-461
Oddělení klinické ortopedie, Úrazová nemocnice, Brno.
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The authors in their paper evaluate a group of patients who underwent arthrodesis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint using a locking plate. MATERIAL AND METHODS In the period 2010-2015, we performed surgery in 51 patients (56 forefeet), of which in 5 cases bilaterally and in 46 cases unilaterally, in 38 women and 13 men. The mean age was 57. Read More
Acta Vet Scand 2018 Jan 11;60(1). Epub 2018 Jan 11.
Department of Production Animal Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, PO Box 8146 Dep, 0033, Oslo, Norway.
Background: Having a poor teat-end condition is associated with increased mastitis risk, hence avoiding milking machine settings that have a negative effect on teat-end condition is important for successful dairy production. Milking-time testing (MTT) can be used in the evaluation of vacuum conditions during milking, but the method is less suited for herds using automatic milking systems (AMS) and relationships with teat end condition is poorly described. This study aimed to increase knowledge on interpretation of MTT in AMS and to assess whether milk-flow data obtained routinely by an AMS can be useful for the management of teat-end health. Read More
Sci Transl Med 2018 Jan;10(422)
Institute of Cancer Research, 123 Old Brompton Road, London SW7 3RP, UK.
Immune checkpoint inhibitors, including those targeting programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1), are reshaping cancer therapeutic strategies. Evidence suggests, however, that tumor response and patient survival are determined by tumor programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression. We hypothesized that preconditioning of the tumor immune microenvironment using targeted, virus-mediated interferon (IFN) stimulation would up-regulate tumor PD-L1 protein expression and increase cytotoxic T cell infiltration, improving the efficacy of subsequent checkpoint blockade. Read More
Cureus 2017 Oct 12;9(10):e1770. Epub 2017 Oct 12.
Department of Radiation Oncology, BC Cancer Agency, Vancouver Centre.
The unintentional radiation exposure can have significant implications. We present a case of a 30-year-old pregnant female who was exposed to a potentially radioactive rock for over a one week period during her 13 week of pregnancy. After an arduous process of obtaining activity measurements, the most conservative estimate of dose, the female was exposed to, was found to fall within the permissible limits. Read More
J Neurooncol 2018 Feb 20;136(3):565-576. Epub 2017 Nov 20.
Department of Neurosurgery, Sainte-Anne Hospital, Paris, France.
We assessed prognostic factors in relation to OS from progression in recurrent glioblastomas. Retrospective multicentric study enrolling 407 (training set) and 370 (external validation set) adult patients with a recurrent supratentorial glioblastoma treated by surgical resection and standard combined chemoradiotherapy as first-line treatment. Four complementary multivariate prognostic models were evaluated: Cox proportional hazards regression modeling, single-tree recursive partitioning, random survival forest, conditional random forest. Read More
Front Mol Neurosci 2017 18;10:326. Epub 2017 Oct 18.
Department of Biomedical Science, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom.
The ability of cochlear hair cells to convert sound into receptor potentials relies on the mechanoelectrical transducer (MET) channels present in their stereociliary bundles. There is strong evidence implying that transmembrane channel-like protein (TMC) 1 contributes to the pore-forming subunit of the mature MET channel, yet its expression is delayed (~>P5 in apical outer hair cells, OHCs) compared to the onset of mechanotransduction (~P1). Instead, the temporal expression of TMC2 coincides with this onset, indicating that it could be part of the immature MET channel. Read More
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2018 Feb 25;89(2):120-126. Epub 2017 Oct 25.
Wessex Neurological Centre, University Hospitals Southampton, Southampton, UK.
Objectives: External ventricular drain (EVD) insertion is a common neurosurgical procedure. EVD-related infection (ERI) is a major complication that can lead to morbidity and mortality. In this study, we aimed to establish a national ERI rate in the UK and Ireland and determine key factors influencing the infection risk. Read More
Wound Repair Regen 2017 09 12;25(5):858-863. Epub 2017 Dec 12.
Department of Wound Repair Surgery, Liyuan Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.
Diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) is a common complication observed in diabetic patients and affects diabetic patients in multiple ways. Severe DFU even leads to amputation in many cases. Early detection and intervention of DFU in diabetic patients can significantly relieve the pain caused by the ulcer and also keep patients from losing limbs in severe cases. Read More
J Foot Ankle Res 2017 12;10:45. Epub 2017 Oct 12.
Spire Hospital Little Aston, Little Aston Hall Lane, B7 3UP, Sutton Coldfield, West Midlands UK.
Background: The management of plantar corns and callus has a low cost-benefit with reduced prioritisation in healthcare. The distinction between types of keratin lesions that forms corns and callus has attracted limited interest. Observation is imperative to improving diagnostic predictions and a number of studies point to some confusion as to how best to achieve this. Read More
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2017 Sep;97(35):2737-2741
Department of Orthopedics, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100730, China.
To analyze the clinical effects of simple hallux valgus surgery for transfer metatarsalgia. From September 2011 to November, a total of 21 patients(30 feets)with transfer metatarsalgia of hallux valgus and underwent the simple hallux valgus surgery without lateral metatarsal shortening osteotomy In Department of Orthopedics, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, were enrolled in the study.The hallux valgus angle (HVA), intermetatarsal angle (IMA) , AOFAS scale and analogue score (VAS) were measured pre-operation and a half year, one year, two years after operation. Read More
Climacteric 2017 Dec 21;20(6):518-521. Epub 2017 Sep 21.
a Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Health Sciences , University of Witwatersrand , Parktown, Johannesburg , South Africa.
Between 20 and 45% of women aged over 65 years of age will develop one or more foot problems, which, although not specific to older women, are more common in that age group than in younger women. These include structural defects of the toes including hallux valgus, hammer, mallet or claw toes, skin disorders, fungal infection of the toes and toe nails, thickened toe nails, ulcers, fissures or cracks between the toes, corns and calluses, flat or high-arched feet. Foot pain is common and may be associated with other co-morbid diseases of the foot. Read More
Dis Mon 2018 Mar 20;64(3):64-91. Epub 2017 Aug 20.
Nursing and Physical Therapy Department, Institute of Biomedicine (IBIOMED), Universidad de León, Ponferrada, León, Spain.. Electronic address:
Ageing process is associated with changes to the aspect, biomechanics, structure and function of the foot, it may be related with a marked presence of foot conditions, pain, disability and other overall health problems that constitute a major public health concern. Also, the prevalence of epidemiologic research found an incidence of foot problems which is even higher as a consequence of increasing life expectation. Several studies have also suggested that such foot disorders currently affect between 71 and 87% of older patients and are a frequent cause of medical and foot care. Read More
Indian J Dermatol 2017 Jul-Aug;62(4):411-417
Department of Dermatology, Venereology, and Leprosy, R. G. Kar Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
Background: Cutaneous manifestations are fairly common in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and they can help in early diagnosis, prompt treatment, and hence reduced morbidity from the disease.
Aims: The objective of the present study was to find out the different patterns of dermatoses in a group of patients with RA from Eastern India.
Methodology: Consecutive patients fulfilling the American Rheumatism Association 1987 revised criteria for the classification of RA and who had different dermatoses were included in this cross-sectional study done over a period of 8 years in a tertiary care hospital in Eastern India. Read More
Int J Nurs Pract 2017 Aug 19;23(4). Epub 2017 Jun 19.
University of Turku, Department of Nursing Science/Turku, University Hospital, Turku, Finland.
Aim: To analyze the level of nurses' foot health and its associations with work well-being.
Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional study design was applied to a random sample of Finnish nurses (n = 411). The data were collected between May 18 and June 21, 2015 using a self-administered Foot Health Assessment Instrument and analyzed using descriptive statistics and parametric tests. Read More
Indian Dermatol Online J 2017 May-Jun;8(3):181-185
Department of Dermatology, Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Leprosy, Government Medical College, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India.
Introduction: Cottage industry is usually a small-scale industry operated from home by family members using their own equipment. Kashmir has a unique cottage industry of its own which deals with production of many handicrafts, which may lead to a peculiar pattern of skin diseases in these artisans. Aim: The aim of this study was to find out the pattern of skin disorders in the cottage industry workers of Kashmir valley, with primary focus on the occupation-related dermatoses and to identify the most common cutaneous manifestation in these workers. Read More
Neurochirurgie 2017 Jun 12;63(3):158-163. Epub 2017 May 12.
Department of Neurosurgery, Spedali Civili and University of Brescia, 25123 Brescia, Italy.
Introduction: Intraoperative application of electrical current to the brain is a standard technique during brain surgery for inferring the function of the underlying brain. The purpose of intraoperative functional mapping is to reliably identify cortical areas and subcortical pathways involved in eloquent functions, especially motor, sensory, language and cognitive functions.
Material And Methods: The aim of this article is to review the rationale and the electrophysiological principles of the use of direct bipolar electrostimulation for cortical and subcortical mapping under awake conditions. Read More
Neurochirurgie 2017 Jun 12;63(3):219-226. Epub 2017 May 12.
Department of Neurosurgery, Sainte-Anne Hospital, 75014 Paris, France; Paris Descartes University, Sorbonne Paris Cité, 75006 Paris, France; Réseau d'étude des gliomes, REG, 75000 Groland, France. Electronic address:
Introduction: Surgical resection of supratentorial cavernous angiomas located in eloquent areas poses a significant risk to the patient of postoperative neurological impairment and justifies intraoperative functional monitoring.
Methods: Multicentre retrospective series of adult patients with cavernous angiomas located within eloquent areas and treated with functional-based surgical resection according to functional boundaries under intraoperative functional cortico-subcortical monitoring under awake conditions.
Results: Fifty patients (18 males, mean 36. Read More
Br J Nurs 2017 Apr;26(8):468-470
Macmillan Lymphoedema Advanced Nurse Practitioner, Royal Stoke University Hospital.
Rebecca Elwell, Macmillan Lymphoedema Advanced Nurse Practitioner, Royal Stoke University Hospital, discusses recommendations on management of this skin problem, which may co-occur with chronic oedema. Read More
Orthopade 2017 May;46(5):388-394
Fachzentrum für Fuß und Sprunggelenkchirurgie, Schön Klinik München Harlaching, FIFA Medical Centre, Harlachinger Str. 51, 81547, München, Deutschland.
Clinical and radiological examination of the foot are mandatory before surgical correction of the forefoot. The clinical examination includes leg axis, position of the hind foot, deformity of the first ray as well as skin conditions, pulse status and possible sensitive deficits. A shortening of the gastrocnemius muscle can be identified using the Silfverskiöld test. Read More
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 2017 Mar;28(3):821-828
Shandong Agricultural University Fertilizer Technology Co., Ltd. Feicheng 271600, Shandong, China.
In this study, we collected data of meteorology, soil property, agricultural management and corn yield from five representative sites in Jilin Province, China, and integrated these data into a crop growth model of CERES-maize to simulate the potential productivity of five corn varieties. Our objectives were to simulate, calibrate and validate genetic parameters of the corns based on the analyses of climatic effects on the productivity, and to establish best practices for enhancing crop production in response to climatic change. The results showed that the projected days of sowing-flo-wering and flowering-maturing stages and yields of corn were well consistent with the measured va-lues with normalized mean variances being 2. Read More
Braz J Microbiol 2017 Jul - Sep;48(3):410-418. Epub 2017 Feb 4.
Harbin Institute of Technology, School of Life Sciences and Technology, Harbin, Heilongjiang, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:
Chaetoglobosin A is an antibacterial compound produced by Chaetomium globosum, with potential application as a biopesticide and cancer treatment drug. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of utilizing cornstalks to produce chaetoglobosin A by C. globosum W7 in solid-batch fermentation and to determine an optimal method for purification of the products. Read More
Indian Dermatol Online J 2017 Jan-Feb;8(1):49-50
Department of Dermatology, Father Muller Medical College and Hospital, Kankanady, Mangalore, Karnataka, India.
Neurochirurgie 2017 Jun 2;63(3):164-174. Epub 2017 Feb 2.
Department of Neurosurgery, Sainte-Anne Hospital, Paris, France; Paris Descartes University, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France.
Introduction: The aim of brain glioma surgery is to maximize the quality of resection, while minimizing the risk of sequelae. Due to the frequent location of gliomas near or within eloquent areas, owing to their infiltrative feature, and because of major interindividual variability, the anatomofunctional organization and connectivity must be studied individually. Therefore, to optimize the benefit-to-risk ratio of surgery, intraoperative functional mapping is extensively used. Read More
Neurochirurgie 2017 Jun 1;63(3):250-258. Epub 2017 Feb 1.
Department of Neurosurgery, Sainte-Anne Hospital, 1, rue Cabanis, 75674 Paris cedex 14, France; Paris Descartes University, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France; Réseau d'étude des gliomes (REG), Groland, France. Electronic address:
Objective: Incidentally discovered diffuse low-grade gliomas progress in a fashion similar to their symptomatic counterparts. Their early detection allows more effective pre-emptive and individualized oncological treatment. We assessed the safety and efficacy of maximal safe resection according to functional boundaries for incidental diffuse low-grade gliomas in eloquent areas. Read More
J Dermatol 2017 Jun 24;44(6):706-709. Epub 2016 Dec 24.
Department of Nursing and Podiatry, University of Málaga, Malaga, Spain.
This study compares scalpel debridement versus salicylic acid patches in the treatment of plantar callosities. A randomized clinical trial (ACTRN12614000591651) was performed with 62 patients, divided into two intervention groups. Group A received treatment with salicylic acid patches (Callívoro Marthand ) and group B underwent scalpel debridement of plantar callosities. Read More
Acta Med Okayama 2016 Dec;70(6):477-483
Department of Human Morphology, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama 700-8558,
The metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joints are often and predominantly affected in rheumatoid arthritis. The aim of the current study was to describe surgical techniques of shortening oblique osteotomy for lesser metatarsal bone with screw fixation at the osteotomy site, and to investigate the short-term clinical outcomes of our procedure. Twenty-seven feet (78 toes) of 24 RA patients underwent the shortening oblique osteotomy for the correction of deformity at the lesser MTP joints. Read More
Food Chem 2017 Apr 22;221:797-802. Epub 2016 Nov 22.
The Education Ministry Key Lab of Resource Chemistry, International Joint Laboratory on Resource Chemistry, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Rare Earth Functional Materials, and Shanghai Municipal Education Committee Key Laboratory of Molecular Imaging Probes and Sensors, Department of Chemistry, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai 200234, PR China. Electronic address:
Mycotoxin results in financial damage and considerable safety risks. In this paper, the possibility of portable Raman system-based surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) for a rapid detection of deoxynivalenol (DON) a mycotoxin in cereals was investigated. Under an optimized condition, SERS analysis for pure DON solution has a wide dynamic concentration range from 10M to 10M with the limit of detection (LOD) down to 100nM. Read More
MMW Fortschr Med 2016 Dec;158(21-22):64-66
, Elisabethenstraße 15a, D-70176, Stuttgart, Deutschland.
PeerJ 2016 8;4:e2744. Epub 2016 Dec 8.
Department of Biomedical and Diagnostic Sciences, University of Tennessee , Knoxville , TN , United States of America.
Background: Corns are hard protuberances that occur on the digital footpads of Greyhound dogs. The cause of these lesions is unknown and there is little information about them in the veterinary literature. We received anecdotal examples of dog to dog spread of corns suggesting an infectious cause. Read More
PLoS One 2016 9;11(12):e0167463. Epub 2016 Dec 9.
Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
Introduction: Foot problems are common among homeless persons, but are often overlooked. The objectives of this systematic review are to summarize what is known about foot conditions and associated interventions among homeless persons.
Methods: A literature search was conducted on MEDLINE (1966-2016), EMBASE (1947-2016), and CINAHL (1982-2016) and complemented by manual searches of reference lists. Read More
Int J Food Sci Nutr 2017 Aug 29;68(5):515-524. Epub 2016 Nov 29.
a Dipartimento di Biologia , Università degli Studi di Pisa , Pisa , Italy.
Flours of four pigmented (from orange to red and dark red) local Italian corns, studied for their soluble, soluble conjugate, and insoluble-bound phenols and flavonoids, showed a prevalence of the insoluble-bound fraction (70-80%). Correlations were found between the flours antioxidant capacity, measured with CUPRAC, FRAP, and DPPH methods, and soluble phenols and flavonoids content. A correlation was also found between ascorbic acid content and flours antioxidant power. Read More
PLoS One 2016 28;11(11):e0167426. Epub 2016 Nov 28.
Department of Plant Anatomy and Cytology, Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of Silesia in Katowice, Katowice, Poland.
Brachypodium distachyon L. Beauv. (Brachypodium) is a species that has become an excellent model system for gaining a better understanding of various areas of grass biology and improving plant breeding. Read More
Accid Anal Prev 2017 Jan 15;98:359-371. Epub 2016 Nov 15.
School of Industrial Engineering, Purdue University, 1287 Grissom Hall, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA.
Injury narratives are now available real time and include useful information for injury surveillance and prevention. However, manual classification of the cause or events leading to injury found in large batches of narratives, such as workers compensation claims databases, can be prohibitive. In this study we compare the utility of four machine learning algorithms (Naïve Bayes, Single word and Bi-gram models, Support Vector Machine and Logistic Regression) for classifying narratives into Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Injury and Illness event leading to injury classifications for a large workers compensation database. Read More
Foot Ankle Surg 2016 Dec 14;22(4):239-243. Epub 2015 Nov 14.
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, St. Olavs University Hospital, Trondheim, Norway.
Background: High-heeled shoes have been suggested as a main explanation for the female dominance in foot pain and deformities. Aim of study was to test this hypothesis scientifically.
Methods: Women 40-66 years were included in two groups. Read More
J Diabetes Sci Technol 2016 11 1;10(6):1353-1359. Epub 2016 Nov 1.
Department of Gerontological Nursing/Wound Care Management, Division of Health Sciences and Nursing, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
Background: The aim of this study is to identify whether plantar shear stress in neuropathic patients with diabetes with callus is increased compared with those without callus.
Method: The differences in foot deformity, limited joint mobility, repetitive stress of walking, and ill-fitting shoes between patients with callus and those without callus were also determined. Subjects were recruited from the Diabetic Foot Outpatient Clinic. Read More
Dermatol Surg 2016 Nov;42(11):1304-1307
Department of Dermatology, School of Medicine, Istanbul Medipol University Istanbul, Turkey.
Work 2016 Oct;55(2):285-295
Department of Textile and Clothing Technology, University of Moratuwa, Katubedda, Western Province, Sri Lanka.
Background: Foot ailments are common among schoolchildren, some of which may be attributed to wearing ill-fitting footwear. As schoolchildren often participate in athletic activity, they are doubly vulnerable to foot ailments, and are particularly vulnerable to conditions such as hallux valgus, Achilles tendonitis, athlete's foot, corns and calluses. Thus, there is an acute need for the design and manufacture of ergonomic footwear for this target group. Read More