1,224 results match your criteria Corns


Dynamic Transcriptome-Based Weighted Gene Co-expression Network Analysis Reveals Key Modules and Hub Genes Associated With the Structure and Nutrient Formation of Endosperm for Wax Corn.

Front Plant Sci 2022 9;13:915400. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Tobacco Research Institute, Anhui Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Hefei, China.

The endosperm of corn kernel consists of two components, a horny endosperm, and a floury endosperm. In the experiment, a kind of floury endosperm corn was identified. The result of phenotypic trait analysis and determination of amino acid content showed that the floury endosperm filled with the small, loose, and scattered irregular spherical shape starch granules and contained higher content of amino acid. Read More

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Potential use of microwave technology in dermatology.

J Dermatolog Treat 2022 Jun 20:1-11. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Mediprobe Research Inc, London, Ontario, Canada.

Background: Microwaves are used in medicine for diagnostics, and treatment of cancer. Recently, novel microwave devices (Swift, Emblation Ltd, UK and miraDry, Miramar Labs Inc., CA) have been cleared by the FDA and Health Canada for various dermatological conditions. Read More

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A label-free visual aptasensor for zearalenone detection based on target-responsive aptamer-cross-linked hydrogel and color change of gold nanoparticles.

Food Chem 2022 Sep 25;389:133078. Epub 2022 Apr 25.

Key Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry for Life Science of Shaanxi Province, School of Chemistry & Chemical Engineering, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710119, China.

ZEN-responsive hydrogel was prepared using ZEN aptamer and a cationic conjugated skeleton which was formed by the electrostatic interaction between acrylamide and poly (diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (PDDA). In the presence of ZEN, the binding of aptamer and ZEN caused the hydrogel to dissociate, releasing the gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) encapsulated in the hydrogel into supernatant, whose color changes serving as response instructions were observed by eyes. To realize low dose visual detection, the TMB-HO was used for quantitative readout by AuNPs released from the hydrogel which can efficiently catalyze the reaction to generate a obvious change. Read More

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September 2022

A 3D star shot to determine the gantry, collimator, and couch axes positions.

J Appl Clin Med Phys 2022 Apr 29:e13623. Epub 2022 Apr 29.

Department of Physics, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.

A linear accelerator has three independent axes that are nominally intersecting at the isocenter. Modern treatment techniques require the coincidence of these axes to lie within a 1-mm diameter sphere. A solution to verify this requirement is to wrap a film on a cylindrical surface, align the cylinder to the linac's isocenter and gantry axis, and take multiple exposures of slits, rotating either the gantry, collimator, or couch between exposures. Read More

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Corn oligopeptides inhibit Akt/NF-κB signaling pathway and inflammatory factors to ameliorate CCl -induced hepatic fibrosis in mice.

J Food Biochem 2022 Apr 11:e14162. Epub 2022 Apr 11.

Beijing Engineering Research Center of Protein and Functional Peptides, China National Research Institute of Food and Fermentation Industries, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

In this study, the effect of corn oligopeptides (COPs) with liver protection activity on mice with hepatic fibrosis (HF) induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl ) was studied. It was proved that COPs can ameliorate the liver injury and inflammation caused by CCl by histopathology and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in mice. The expression of Akt/NF-κB inflammatory pathway was determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and western blotting (WB). Read More

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More than 20 years' follow-up of metatarsal neck shortening oblique osteotomy for rheumatoid forefoot deformity.

J Orthop Sci 2022 Apr 6. Epub 2022 Apr 6.

Department of Rheumatology, Niigata Rheumatic Center, 1-2-8, Honcho, Shibata City, Niigata 957-0054, Japan.

Background: In recent years, advances in pharmacotherapy for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have dramatically improved the control of disease activity. However, a significant number of patients still develop forefoot deformity. The purpose of this study was to investigate the results of more than 20 years' follow-up of metatarsal neck shortening oblique osteotomy (SOO) for forefoot deformity in patients with RA. Read More

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Chymotrypsin is a molecular target of insect resistance of three corn varieties against the Asian corn borer, Ostrinia furnacalis.

PLoS One 2022 8;17(4):e0266751. Epub 2022 Apr 8.

Department of Plant Medicals, Andong National University, Andong, Korea.

The Asian corn borer, Ostrinia furnacalis, is a serious insect pest that can infest corn leaves and stems. Due to its internal feeding behavior, its larvae are not exposed to insecticides that are usually sprayed for pest control. To minimize crop damage caused by O. Read More

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[Application status and prospect of single-cone obturation technique with bioceramic sealers].

Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2022 Apr;57(4):424-429

Department of Operative Dentistry and Endodontics, Guanghua School of Stomatology, Hospital of Stomatology, Sun Yat-sen University & Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Stomatology, Guangzhou 510055, China.

Compared with cold lateral condensation and continuous wave of condensation which are classically used in clinical, newly emerging single-cone obturation technique is easy-to-operate as well as time-saving. Especially when combined with bioceramic root canal sealers of improved physicochemical and biological properties, single-cone obturation technique showed satisfactory short-term outcomes in clinical observations. However, difficulties still exist in avoiding the root canal overfilling and in operating the retreatment. Read More

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A comparison of the efficacy of textured insoles on balance performance in older people with versus without plantar callosities.

Gait Posture 2022 05 29;94:217-221. Epub 2022 Mar 29.

Musculoskeletal Research Center, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran. Electronic address:

Background: Textured insoles have been suggested to enhance foot sensation, which contributes to controlling upright balance. However, the interaction between plantar callosity and the textured surface has not been studied.

Research Question: Firstly, to compare the efficacy of textured insoles on balance performance and foot position sense between two groups of older people: one group had plantar callosity, and the other did not. Read More

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Joint preserving procedures for painful plantar callosities in patients with flexible cavovarus foot.

Foot Ankle Surg 2022 Mar 19. Epub 2022 Mar 19.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Osaka Medical and Pharmaceutical University, 2-7, Daigaku-machi, Takatsuki 569-8686, Japan. Electronic address:

Background: The outcome of a constant joint preserving procedure for painful plantar callosities with cavovarus foot remains unclear.

Methods: Eleven patients (11 feet) who underwent lateral displacement calcaneal osteotomy (LDCO), dorsiflexion first metatarsal osteotomy (DFMO), and plantar fasciotomy (PF), simultaneously were included. The presence of painful callosities, heel alignment of standing (HA), and the Japanese Society for Surgery of the Foot ankle/hindfoot (JSSF) score were evaluated. Read More

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Reply to the comment on "New insights into the biomineralization of mercury selenide nanoparticles through stable isotope analysis in giant petrel tissues" by A. Manceau, J. Hazard. Mater. 425 (2021) 127922. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2021.127922.

J Hazard Mater 2022 06 28;431:128582. Epub 2022 Feb 28.

Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour, E2S UPPA, CNRS, IPREM, Institut des Sciences Analytiques et de Physico-chimie pour l'Environnement et les matériaux, Pau, France.

In the comments reported by A. Manceau [1], relating to our recent paper on mercury (Hg) species-specific isotopic characterization in giant petrel tissues [2] two critical questions were raised. Firstly, according to A. Read More

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Enhanced analytical performance of disposable 3D carbon electrodes prepared with stainless steel wire mesh.

Anal Chim Acta 2022 Apr 3;1202:339674. Epub 2022 Mar 3.

School of Public Health, Nantong University, Nantong, Jiangsu, 226019, China. Electronic address:

This paper aims to use low-cost stainless steel wire mesh (SSWM) as uniform templates to prepare disposable three-dimensional (3D) carbon electrodes to improve their analytical performance. Native SSWM electrodes were prepared with lamination and then coated with carbon cement for bulk preparation of disposable 3D carbon electrodes with drop-casting. The electrodes were then coupled in paper-based analytical devices. Read More

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Preparation and physiochemical properties of enzymatically modified octenyl succinate starch.

J Food Sci 2022 May 26;87(5):2112-2120. Epub 2022 Mar 26.

School of Perfume and Aroma Technology, Shanghai Institute of Technology, Shanghai, China.

The high viscosity and low solubility of octenyl succinate starch (OSAS) in water often lead to low reaction efficiency and uneven distribution of OSA groups, which can be solved by subjecting OSA starch to enzymatic digestion. Waxy corn starch is used to produce OSAS. The molecular weight of enzymolysis modified octenyl succinate starches (E-OSAS) decreased with the addition of enzyme, and the substitution of enzymatically digested OSAS was larger than that of OSAS. Read More

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Mercury speciation in Scottish raptors reveals high proportions of inorganic mercury in Scottish golden eagles (Aquila chrysaetos): Potential occurrence of mercury selenide nanoparticles.

Sci Total Environ 2022 Jul 15;829:154557. Epub 2022 Mar 15.

Trace Element Speciation Laboratory Aberdeen (TESLA), Department of Chemistry, Meston Walk, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB24 3UE, UK; TESLA - Analytical Chemistry, Institute of Chemistry, University of Graz, Universitaetsplatz 1, 8010 Graz, Austria.

Knowledge of the uptake and fate of mercury (Hg) compounds in biota is important in understanding the global cycling of Hg and its transfer pathways through food chains. In this study, we analysed total mercury (T-Hg) and methylmercury (MeHg) concentrations in 117 livers of Scottish birds of prey that were found across Scotland and submitted for post-mortem examination through the Raptor Health Scotland project between 2009 and 2019. Statistical comparisons focussed on six species (barn owl, Tyto alba; Eurasian common buzzard, Buteo buteo; golden eagle, Aquila chrysaetos; hen harrier, Circus cyaneus; Eurasian sparrowhawk, Accipiter nisus; and tawny owl, Strix aluco) and showed that golden eagles had a statistically lower fraction of MeHg compared to other raptor species. Read More

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Recent Updates on Oral and Dermal Film-based Formulations and their Applications.

Curr Drug Deliv 2022 Mar 7. Epub 2022 Mar 7.

Department of Pharmaceutics, Vivekanand Education Society\'s College of Pharmacy, Affiliated to University of Mumbai, Hashu Advani Memorial Complex, Chembur, Mumbai, 400 074, Maharashtra, India.

On the one hand, oral formulations are susceptible to problems including instability accompanied with erratic absorption throughout the gastrointestinal tract, first-pass metabolism, and patient-related and pathological difficulties in consumption. While on the other hand, the world has been observing a shift from conventional dermal formulations to the more cosmetically attractive ones. Amid all these, polymeric films and film-forming systems have come forth as promising candidates for addressing the above problems. Read More

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Preparation of recombinant Kluyveromyces lactis agents for simultaneous degradation of two mycotoxins.

AMB Express 2022 Feb 18;12(1):20. Epub 2022 Feb 18.

State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, 214122, China.

Aflatoxin B (AFB) and zearalenone (ZEN) are widely distributed in corns, peanuts, and other cereals, causing serious threat to food safety and human health. As shown by our previous studies, the recombinant yeast strain Kluyveromyces lactis GG799(pKLAC1-ZPF1) had the ability of degrading AFB and ZEN simultaneously. In this work, the agent preparation process was optimized for K. Read More

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February 2022

First Time Identification of Selenoneine in Seabirds and Its Potential Role in Mercury Detoxification.

Environ Sci Technol 2022 03 16;56(5):3288-3298. Epub 2022 Feb 16.

Universite de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour, E2S UPPA, CNRS, IPREM, Institut des Sciences Analytiques et de Physico-Chimie pour l'Environnement et les Matériaux, 64000 Pau, France.

Birds are principally exposed to selenium (Se) through their diet. In long-lived and top predator seabirds, such as the giant petrel, extremely high concentrations of Se are found. Selenium speciation in biota has aroused great interest in recent years; however, there is a lack of information about the chemical form of Se in (sea)birds. Read More

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Tik Tok tyloma.

Dermatol Online J 2021 Nov 15;27(11). Epub 2021 Nov 15.

Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA Dermatology Section, Department of Immunology, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

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November 2021

Sonography of a case series of talar callosities.

J Ultrasound 2022 Feb 7. Epub 2022 Feb 7.

Department of Dermatology, Hospital Universitario Puerta de Hierro, Madrid, Spain.

Talar callosity is an uncommon condition characterized by asymptomatic hyperkeratotic plaques located on the dorsum of one or both feet. We have detected an increased number of children presenting with this condition after the COVID-19 lockdown. High-frequency ultrasound was performed in all patients who consulted because of talar callosity. Read More

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February 2022

Nail and Foot Procedures.

Authors:
Justin Bailey

Prim Care 2022 Mar 5;49(1):63-83. Epub 2022 Jan 5.

Family Medicine Residency of Idaho, Boise, ID, USA; Department of Family Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine. Electronic address:

Primary care physicians provide a wide variety of treatments and conditions affecting the foot. This article discusses the removal of toenails, both full and partial removal. Subungual hematoma/Subungual blistering evacuation as well as wart, corn, callus, and blister management will also be discussed. Read More

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Pattern of Skin Diseases and Occupational Dermatoses among Paddy Field Workers in Kashmir Valley: A Cross-Sectional Study from North India.

Indian J Community Med 2021 Oct-Dec;46(4):610-613. Epub 2021 Dec 8.

Department of Dermatology, STDs and Leprosy, Government Medical College, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India.

Introduction: Paddy farming is one of the main occupations in Kashmir valley. The workers associated with paddy are exposed to variety of irritants such as manures, fertilizers, and pesticides, besides getting exposed to intense sunlight for long hours due to the nature of their work. All these factors can potentially either trigger skin diseases or can worsen them. Read More

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December 2021

Downwash characteristics and analysis from a six-rotor unmanned aerial vehicle configured for plant protection.

Pest Manag Sci 2022 Apr 26;78(4):1707-1720. Epub 2022 Jan 26.

College of Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China.

Background: One theoretical advantage of using unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) to spray pesticides for maturing corn is that the strong downwash penetrates canopies. However, only few studies have been conducted to examine in-canopy downwash characteristics. This paper investigated the downwash by a six-rotor UAV in mature cornfields. Read More

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Radiographic Factors Associated with Painful Callosities After Forefoot Surgery in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis.

Mod Rheumatol 2021 Dec 23. Epub 2021 Dec 23.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Tokyo, Japan.

Objectives: Operative procedures for rheumatoid forefoot deformities have gradually changed from arthrodesis or resection arthroplasty to joint-preserving surgery. Though joint-preserving arthroplasty has yielded good outcomes, painful plantar callosities may occur postoperatively. This study aimed to reveal the radiographic factors associated with painful callosities after joint-preserving surgery for forefoot deformities in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Read More

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December 2021

[Urinary Bladder Cancer as a Long-term Sequela of Spinal Cord Injury - Relevance to Practice].

Aktuelle Urol 2022 04 21;53(2):137-147. Epub 2021 Dec 21.

Klinische Arbeitsmedizin, Leibniz-Institut für Arbeitsforschung an der TU Dortmund, Dortmund, Germany.

Urinary bladder cancer is the second most common tumour disease after lung cancer leading to death in people with a spinal cord injury. This paper provides a comprehensive overview of the differences relevant to urologists between urinary bladder tumours in this population compared with urinary bladder tumours in the general population.People with a spinal cord injury are 1 to 2 decades younger on average at the time of tumour diagnosis than patients without a spinal cord injury. Read More

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Socks with an U-shaped 3D discharge element are capable to reduce dynamic plantar pressures under the central forefoot.

J Tissue Viability 2022 May 1;31(2):309-314. Epub 2021 Dec 1.

Centro Universitario de Plasencia, Departamento de Enfermería, Universidad de Extremadura, Cáceres, Spain.

Cushioning for the central and plantar zone of the forefoot, integrated into the body of the sock, could reduce excess pressures in that zone. The objective of this study was to verify the capacity of a sock with a cushioning element to reduce forefoot plantar pressures relative to the same sock model without that element. Dynamic plantar pressures were measured in a sample of 38 participants (25 women and 13 men) using the FootScan plate system following the two-step protocol. Read More

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New insights into the biomineralization of mercury selenide nanoparticles through stable isotope analysis in giant petrel tissues.

J Hazard Mater 2022 03 27;425:127922. Epub 2021 Nov 27.

Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour, E2S UPPA, CNRS, IPREM, Institut des Sciences Analytiques et de Physico-chimie pour l'Environnement et les matériaux, Pau, France.

Tiemannite (HgSe) is considered the end-product of methylmercury (MeHg) demethylation in vertebrates. The biomineralization of HgSe nanoparticles (NPs) is understood to be an efficient MeHg detoxification mechanism; however, the process has not yet been fully elucidated. In order to contribute to the understanding of complex Hg metabolism and HgSe NPs formation, the Hg isotopic signatures of 40 samples of 11 giant petrels were measured. Read More

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Mycotoxin Fumonisin B Interferes Sphingolipid Metabolisms and Neural Tube Closure during Early Embryogenesis in Brown Tsaiya Ducks.

Toxins (Basel) 2021 10 20;13(11). Epub 2021 Oct 20.

Department of Animal Science, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung 40227, Taiwan.

Fumonisin B (FB) is among the most common contaminants produced by spp. fungus from corns and animal feeds. Although FB has been known to cause physical or functional defects of embryos in humans and several animal species such as Syrian hamsters, rabbits, and rodents, little is known about the precise toxicity to the embryos and the underlying mechanisms have not been fully addressed. Read More

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October 2021

From high-flying trapeze to highly infectiousdisease: The history of dermatology in the circus.

Authors:
Natalie J Atkin

Clin Dermatol 2021 Jul-Aug;39(4):718-723. Epub 2020 Aug 5.

Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. Electronic address:

There is fascination with the bright lights and high-risk stunts of circus performances that originated in 18th-century Paris. The idea began as a way to display the impressive horsemanship skills of trick-riders. In London, England, former cavalry Sergeant-Major Philip Astley (1742-1814) created a grand performance of horseback riders by adding several unique acts to distinguish his show. Read More

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November 2021

Low-Dose Oral Retinoid Combined with Topical Therapy Successfully Treats Punctate Palmoplantar Keratoderma Lesions Misdiagnosed as Corns: A Case Report.

Indian J Dermatol 2021 Jul-Aug;66(4):446

Department of Dermatology, College of Medicine, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Anyang-si Gyeonggi-do, South Korea. E-mail:

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November 2021

Autoclavable metallic skin peeler: Novel modality for paring of callosities.

J Am Acad Dermatol 2021 Oct 30. Epub 2021 Oct 30.

Department of Dermatology, All India Institute Of Medical Sciences, Bathinda, Punjab, India.

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October 2021