1,108 results match your criteria Corns


Pharmacist-Initiated Management of a Suspected Case of Risperidone-Induced Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome in an Aged-Care Resident. The Role of Residential Medication Management Reviews in Medication Safety.

J Pharm Pract 2018 Nov 14:897190018806414. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

1 Ward mm, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

A 70-year-old female aged-care resident was referred by her general practitioner for a residential medication management review after nurses reported difficulties with swallowing, episodes of hyperthermia, elevated blood pressure, and tachycardia. These symptoms were accompanied by increasing confusion and drowsiness. Risperidone had recently been prescribed to treat behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0897190018806414DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Effects of conservation period and Lactobacillus hilgardii inoculum on the fermentation profile and aerobic stability of whole corn and sorghum silages.

J Sci Food Agric 2018 Nov 2. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Department of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences (DISAFA), University of Torino, Largo Braccini 2 10095, Grugliasco, Italy.

Background: Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) inocula have been developed over the years to improve aerobic stability of silages. The aims of the study were to evaluate the effect of different conservation periods and the use of Lactobacillus hilgardii inoculum on aerobic stability, fermentative profile and microbial population of corn and sorghum silages. Trials were carried out on two corns and one sorghum crops. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.9463DOI Listing
November 2018

Mechanotransduction is required for establishing and maintaining mature inner hair cells and regulating efferent innervation.

Nat Commun 2018 10 1;9(1):4015. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Department of Biomedical Science, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, S10 2TN, UK.

In the adult auditory organ, mechanoelectrical transducer (MET) channels are essential for transducing acoustic stimuli into electrical signals. In the absence of incoming sound, a fraction of the MET channels on top of the sensory hair cells are open, resulting in a sustained depolarizing current. By genetically manipulating the in vivo expression of molecular components of the MET apparatus, we show that during pre-hearing stages the MET current is essential for establishing the electrophysiological properties of mature inner hair cells (IHCs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-06307-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6167318PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Rethinking the Negativity Bias.

Authors:
Jennifer Corns

Rev Philos Psychol 2018 5;9(3):607-625. Epub 2018 Feb 5.

Philosophy, School of Humanities, University of Glasgow, 67-69 Oakfield Avenue, Glasgow, G12 8QQ UK.

The negativity bias is a broad psychological principle according to which the negative is more causally efficacious than the positive. Bad, as it is often put, is stronger than good. The principle is widely accepted and often serves as a constraint in affective science. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13164-018-0382-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6132407PMC
February 2018

Common Foot Problems: Over-the-Counter Treatments and Home Care.

Am Fam Physician 2018 Sep;98(5):298-303

Virginia Commonwealth University Fairfax Family Practice, Fairfax, VA, USA.

Most foot disorders do not require podiatry referral or complex interventions. After the clinical diagnosis is made, these conditions can typically be managed with over-the-counter (OTC) and home remedies, with guidance from the primary care physician. Stretching and strengthening exercises, along with the use of heel cups, resolve most plantar fasciitis cases and are at least as effective as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or steroid injections. Read More

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September 2018
2 Reads

Incorrectly fitted footwear, foot pain and foot disorders: a systematic search and narrative review of the literature.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 28;11:43. Epub 2018 Jul 28.

1La Trobe Sport and Exercise Medicine Research Centre, School of Allied Health, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Melbourne, VIC 3086 Australia.

Background: Correct footwear fitting is acknowledged as being vitally important, as incorrectly fitted footwear has been linked to foot pathology. The aim of this narrative review was to determine the prevalence of incorrectly fitted footwear and to examine the association between incorrectly fitted footwear, foot pain and foot disorders.

Methods: A database search of Ovid MEDLINE and CINAHL yielded 1,681 citations for title and abstract review. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0284-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6064070PMC
November 2018
7 Reads

[Musculoskeletal, hearing and skin problems related to playing the instrument].

Med Pr 2018 Aug 12;69(4):383-394. Epub 2018 Jul 12.

Instytut Medycyny Pracy im. prof. J. Nofera w Łodzi / Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Łódź, Poland (Zakład Psychologii Zdrowia i Pracy / Department of Health and Work Psychology).

Background: Physical demands, exposure to noise and intense contact of skin with musical instruments - inevitable in musicians' job - influence the development of musculoskeletal, hearing and skin problems. This paper aims at identifying playing-related health problems among Polish musicians and potential differences in this regard between students and professional musicians.

Material And Methods: This questionnaire study involved 255 musicians who volunteered to participate - 104 students and 151 professional musicians having music education. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13075/mp.5893.00688DOI Listing

Painful callosities in a young boy.

Pediatr Dermatol 2018 Jul;35(4):509-510

Clinical Hospital of the Federal University of Parana, Curitiba, Parana, Brazil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pde.13458DOI Listing

A bioimpedance analysis of head-and-neck cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy.

Curr Oncol 2018 Jun 28;25(3):e193-e199. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

BC Cancer-Fraser Valley Centre, Surrey, BC.

Malnutrition is a frequent manifestation in patients with head-and-neck cancer undergoing radiation therapy and a major contributor to morbidity and mortality. Thus, body composition is an important component of an overall evaluation of nutrition in cancer patients. Malnutrition is characterized by weight loss, loss of muscle mass, changes in cell membrane integrity, and alterations in fluid balance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/co.25.3920DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6023554PMC
June 2018
4 Reads

Effects of plant population density and root-induced cytokinin on the corn compensatory growth during post-drought rewatering.

PLoS One 2018 28;13(6):e0198878. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

Department of biotechnology, College of Agronomy, Henan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang, Henan Province, China.

The effect of plant population density (PPD) and root-induced leaf cytokinin on the compensatory growth of potted corn seedlings during post-drought rewatering was investigated. The study design comprised four treatments: (1) wetness with low PPD, (2) wetness with high PPD, (3) rewatering with low PPD, and (4) rewatering with high PPD. Results showed that drought stress restrained the growth of corns. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0198878PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6023128PMC

Innovative treatment for pes cavovarus: a pilot study of 13 children.

Acta Orthop 2018 Jun 18:1-6. Epub 2018 Jun 18.

a Pediatric Orthopedic Department , Hospital Universitari Son Espases , Palma de Mallorca , Spain.

Background and purpose - Pes cavovarus (PCV) is a complex deformity, frequently related to neurological conditions and associated with foot pain, callosities, and walking instability. The deformity has the tendency to increase during growth. Orthotic treatment is ineffective and surgery may be troublesome. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17453674.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17453674.2018.1486525DOI Listing
June 2018
11 Reads

Effect of debridement of plantar hyperkeratoses on gait in older people - An exploratory trial.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Sep - Oct;78:7-13. Epub 2018 May 31.

Department of Health and Management, National Institute for Physical Education of Catalonia (INEFC) - Lleida Centre, University of Lleida, Lleida, Spain.

Hyperkeratoses are a common cause of foot pain due to the release of inflammatory mediators, which can have an impact on the mobility and independence of people suffering from them. However, the repercussions that hyperkeratoses have on gait parameters remain uncertain.

Aim: The aim of this study is to analyze the repercussions that plantar hyperkeratosis debridement has on several kinematic and kinetic variables of gait in a group of older participants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2018.05.017DOI Listing

Evaluation of a national neurosurgical formative examination: the UK experience.

Br J Neurosurg 2018 Jun 24;32(3):269-272. Epub 2018 May 24.

a Department of Neurosurgery , Leeds General Infirmary , LEEDS , UK.

Introduction: Formative assessment is a key component in medical education and that it is a helpful process for all involved. Until recently there was no national formative examination for neurosurgical trainees. The Neurosurgery Annual in Training Examination (NAiTE) is an annual online, formative assessment that was introduced in 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1476672DOI Listing
June 2018
2 Reads

Solitary calvarial haemangioma presenting as metastatic renal cell carcinoma.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 May 12;2018. Epub 2018 May 12.

Department of Geriatric Medicine, Airedale NHS Foundation Trust, Keighley, UK.

Renal cell carcinoma is the most common renal tumour in adult that often metastasises to the lung, liver or bone. Head and neck lesions are uncommon with no early warning signs and presents with overt metastases at primary presentation in 25%-30% of reported cases. The incidence of haemangiomas that suggest malignancy are similar to that of bone metastasis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2017-223334DOI Listing
May 2018
4 Reads

Efficient removal of cadmium from soil-washing effluents by garlic peel biosorbent.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2018 Jul 2;25(19):19001-19011. Epub 2018 May 2.

School of Metallurgical and Ecological Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Xueyuan Rd. 30, Haidian District, Beijing, 100083, China.

Paddy field soil contaminated by cadmium may produce cadmium-contained corns causing Itai-itai disease, and in situ washing of soil with the organic acid is a good technical choice due to its convenience and cost-effectiveness. While the bottleneck of this technique is how to recycle the huge volume of washing effluent in an efficient and economical way. Biosorption of cadmium on the garlic peel was attempted in present study and it was found quite satisfactorily effective to remove all cadmium from the real soil leaching effluent after three-time sequential adsorption. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11356-018-2109-9
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-2109-9DOI Listing
July 2018
5 Reads

Influence of Agricultural Management on Phytochemicals of Colored Corn Genotypes ( Zea mays L.). Part 2: Sowing Time.

J Agric Food Chem 2018 May 20;66(17):4309-4318. Epub 2018 Apr 20.

Department of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences , University of Turin , Largo Paolo Braccini 2 , 10095 Grugliasco , Turin , Italy.

Among the agronomic practices carried out in corn cultivation, the early sowing time is increasingly used by farmers of temperate regions to improve yield and reduce mycotoxin contamination of corn grains. The present study determined the influence of sowing time on the phytochemical content of grains of 10 colored genotypes of corn. There was a significant improvement of both grain yield (+26%), thousand kernel weight (+3%), and test weight (+2%) in plots sown early. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.8b00326DOI Listing
May 2018
3 Reads

Outcomes of Resection and Joint-Preserving Arthroplasty for Forefoot Deformities for Rheumatoid Arthritis.

Foot Ankle Int 2018 03 7;39(3):292-299. Epub 2018 Feb 7.

1 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama, Japan.

Background: We investigated the clinical outcomes of resection and joint-preserving arthroplasty for forefoot deformities in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

Methods: Sixteen feet of 14 women (average age, 67.1 years; range, 53-82) underwent resection arthroplasty of the metatarsal head (resection group), and 18 feet of 15 women (average age, 61. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1071100717743996DOI Listing
March 2018
2 Reads

Effectiveness of the Cobb-Stainsby excision arthroplasty.

Foot Ankle Surg 2018 Feb 25;24(1):49-53. Epub 2016 Nov 25.

Derriford Hospital, Derriford Road, Crownhill, Plymouth, Devon PL6 8DH, United Kingdom.

Background: Dislocated metatarsophalangeal joints from clawed or hammer toes can be a disabling consequence of several conditions. The Cobb-Stainsby forefoot arthroplasty combines partial phalangectomy (Stainsby) with extensor tendon transfer to the metatarsal head (Cobb). We present a retrospective, three surgeon case series of 215 toes in 126 patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fas.2016.11.007DOI Listing
February 2018
5 Reads

Successful Treatment of Plantar Hyperkeratosis in the Form of Recurrent Corns With Split-Thickness Sole Skin Graft.

Ann Plast Surg 2018 Feb;80(2S Suppl 1):S55-S58

Introduction: Plantar hyperkeratosis, such as corns and calluses, is common in older people and associated with pain, mobility impairment, and functional limitations. It usually develops on the palms, knees, or soles of feet, especially under the heels or balls. There are several treatment methods for plantar hyperkeratosis, such as salicylic acid plaster and scalpel debridement, and conservative modalities, such as using a shoe insert and properly fitting shoes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SAP.0000000000001304DOI Listing
February 2018
8 Reads

[Arthrodesis of the First Metatarsophalangeal Joint by Locking Plate].

Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech 2017 ;84(6):453-461

Oddělení klinické ortopedie, Úrazová nemocnice, Brno.

PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The authors in their paper evaluate a group of patients who underwent arthrodesis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint using a locking plate. MATERIAL AND METHODS In the period 2010-2015, we performed surgery in 51 patients (56 forefeet), of which in 5 cases bilaterally and in 46 cases unilaterally, in 38 women and 13 men. The mean age was 57. Read More

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July 2018
9 Reads

Milk-flow data collected routinely in an automatic milking system: an alternative to milking-time testing in the management of teat-end condition?

Acta Vet Scand 2018 Jan 11;60(1). Epub 2018 Jan 11.

Department of Production Animal Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, PO Box 8146 Dep, 0033, Oslo, Norway.

Background: Having a poor teat-end condition is associated with increased mastitis risk, hence avoiding milking machine settings that have a negative effect on teat-end condition is important for successful dairy production. Milking-time testing (MTT) can be used in the evaluation of vacuum conditions during milking, but the method is less suited for herds using automatic milking systems (AMS) and relationships with teat end condition is poorly described. This study aimed to increase knowledge on interpretation of MTT in AMS and to assess whether milk-flow data obtained routinely by an AMS can be useful for the management of teat-end health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0356-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5765711PMC
January 2018
7 Reads

Intravenous delivery of oncolytic reovirus to brain tumor patients immunologically primes for subsequent checkpoint blockade.

Sci Transl Med 2018 Jan;10(422)

Institute of Cancer Research, 123 Old Brompton Road, London SW7 3RP, UK.

Immune checkpoint inhibitors, including those targeting programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1), are reshaping cancer therapeutic strategies. Evidence suggests, however, that tumor response and patient survival are determined by tumor programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression. We hypothesized that preconditioning of the tumor immune microenvironment using targeted, virus-mediated interferon (IFN) stimulation would up-regulate tumor PD-L1 protein expression and increase cytotoxic T cell infiltration, improving the efficacy of subsequent checkpoint blockade. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/scitranslmed.aam7577DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6276984PMC
January 2018
32 Reads

Monitoring of Callus Maturation and Measurement of Resistance Rates Using Bioelectrical Impedance for Patients Treated With an External Fixator.

Orthopedics 2018 Jan 19;41(1):54-58. Epub 2017 Dec 19.

Evaluation of callus maturation and the decision to remove an external fixator depend on radiographic and clinical findings, which are subjective. Callus fracture or recurrent deformity may occur after premature removal of a fixator. The authors applied a technique to measure bioelectrical impedance to assess callus maturation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/01477447-20171213-01DOI Listing
January 2018
3 Reads

Assessing Health Implications of the Potential Radiation Exposure in the Community During Pregnancy: A Case Study.

Cureus 2017 Oct 12;9(10):e1770. Epub 2017 Oct 12.

Department of Radiation Oncology, BC Cancer Agency, Vancouver Centre.

The unintentional radiation exposure can have significant implications. We present a case of a 30-year-old pregnant female who was exposed to a potentially radioactive rock for over a one week period during her 13 week of pregnancy. After an arduous process of obtaining activity measurements, the most conservative estimate of dose, the female was exposed to, was found to fall within the permissible limits. Read More

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https://www.cureus.com/articles/8913-assessing-health-implic
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.1770DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5726732PMC
October 2017
4 Reads

Prognostic factors for survival in adult patients with recurrent glioblastoma: a decision-tree-based model.

J Neurooncol 2018 Feb 20;136(3):565-576. Epub 2017 Nov 20.

Department of Neurosurgery, Sainte-Anne Hospital, Paris, France.

We assessed prognostic factors in relation to OS from progression in recurrent glioblastomas. Retrospective multicentric study enrolling 407 (training set) and 370 (external validation set) adult patients with a recurrent supratentorial glioblastoma treated by surgical resection and standard combined chemoradiotherapy as first-line treatment. Four complementary multivariate prognostic models were evaluated: Cox proportional hazards regression modeling, single-tree recursive partitioning, random survival forest, conditional random forest. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11060-017-2685-4DOI Listing
February 2018
19 Reads

TMC2 Modifies Permeation Properties of the Mechanoelectrical Transducer Channel in Early Postnatal Mouse Cochlear Outer Hair Cells.

Front Mol Neurosci 2017 18;10:326. Epub 2017 Oct 18.

Department of Biomedical Science, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom.

The ability of cochlear hair cells to convert sound into receptor potentials relies on the mechanoelectrical transducer (MET) channels present in their stereociliary bundles. There is strong evidence implying that transmembrane channel-like protein (TMC) 1 contributes to the pore-forming subunit of the mature MET channel, yet its expression is delayed (~>P5 in apical outer hair cells, OHCs) compared to the onset of mechanotransduction (~P1). Instead, the temporal expression of TMC2 coincides with this onset, indicating that it could be part of the immature MET channel. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnmol.2017.00326DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5651230PMC
October 2017
9 Reads

Prospective, multicentre study of external ventricular drainage-related infections in the UK and Ireland.

J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2018 Feb 25;89(2):120-126. Epub 2017 Oct 25.

Wessex Neurological Centre, University Hospitals Southampton, Southampton, UK.

Objectives: External ventricular drain (EVD) insertion is a common neurosurgical procedure. EVD-related infection (ERI) is a major complication that can lead to morbidity and mortality. In this study, we aimed to establish a national ERI rate in the UK and Ireland and determine key factors influencing the infection risk. Read More

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http://jnnp.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/jnnp-2017-316415
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jnnp-2017-316415DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5800336PMC
February 2018
28 Reads

The risks and external effects of diabetic foot ulcer on diabetic patients: A hospital-based survey in Wuhan area, China.

Wound Repair Regen 2017 09 12;25(5):858-863. Epub 2017 Dec 12.

Department of Wound Repair Surgery, Liyuan Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) is a common complication observed in diabetic patients and affects diabetic patients in multiple ways. Severe DFU even leads to amputation in many cases. Early detection and intervention of DFU in diabetic patients can significantly relieve the pain caused by the ulcer and also keep patients from losing limbs in severe cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/wrr.12589DOI Listing
September 2017
7 Reads

Clinical photographic observation of plantar corns and callus associated with a nominal scale classification and inter- observer reliability study in a student population.

J Foot Ankle Res 2017 12;10:45. Epub 2017 Oct 12.

Spire Hospital Little Aston, Little Aston Hall Lane, B7 3UP, Sutton Coldfield, West Midlands UK.

Background: The management of plantar corns and callus has a low cost-benefit with reduced prioritisation in healthcare. The distinction between types of keratin lesions that forms corns and callus has attracted limited interest. Observation is imperative to improving diagnostic predictions and a number of studies point to some confusion as to how best to achieve this. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-017-0225-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5639769PMC
February 2018
14 Reads

[Clinical effects of simple hallux valgus surgery for transfer metatarsalgia].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2017 Sep;97(35):2737-2741

Department of Orthopedics, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100730, China.

To analyze the clinical effects of simple hallux valgus surgery for transfer metatarsalgia. From September 2011 to November, a total of 21 patients(30 feets)with transfer metatarsalgia of hallux valgus and underwent the simple hallux valgus surgery without lateral metatarsal shortening osteotomy In Department of Orthopedics, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, were enrolled in the study.The hallux valgus angle (HVA), intermetatarsal angle (IMA) , AOFAS scale and analogue score (VAS) were measured pre-operation and a half year, one year, two years after operation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2017.35.005DOI Listing
September 2017
5 Reads

Foot problems in older women.

Authors:
F Guidozzi

Climacteric 2017 Dec 21;20(6):518-521. Epub 2017 Sep 21.

a Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Health Sciences , University of Witwatersrand , Parktown, Johannesburg , South Africa.

Between 20 and 45% of women aged over 65 years of age will develop one or more foot problems, which, although not specific to older women, are more common in that age group than in younger women. These include structural defects of the toes including hallux valgus, hammer, mallet or claw toes, skin disorders, fungal infection of the toes and toe nails, thickened toe nails, ulcers, fissures or cracks between the toes, corns and calluses, flat or high-arched feet. Foot pain is common and may be associated with other co-morbid diseases of the foot. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13697137.2017.1373335DOI Listing
December 2017
4 Reads

Foot disorders in the elderly: A mini-review.

Dis Mon 2018 Mar 20;64(3):64-91. Epub 2017 Aug 20.

Nursing and Physical Therapy Department, Institute of Biomedicine (IBIOMED), Universidad de León, Ponferrada, León, Spain.. Electronic address:

Ageing process is associated with changes to the aspect, biomechanics, structure and function of the foot, it may be related with a marked presence of foot conditions, pain, disability and other overall health problems that constitute a major public health concern. Also, the prevalence of epidemiologic research found an incidence of foot problems which is even higher as a consequence of increasing life expectation. Several studies have also suggested that such foot disorders currently affect between 71 and 87% of older patients and are a frequent cause of medical and foot care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.disamonth.2017.08.001DOI Listing
March 2018
25 Reads

Mucocutaneous Manifestations in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Cross-sectional Study from Eastern India.

Indian J Dermatol 2017 Jul-Aug;62(4):411-417

Department of Dermatology, Venereology, and Leprosy, R. G. Kar Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

Background: Cutaneous manifestations are fairly common in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and they can help in early diagnosis, prompt treatment, and hence reduced morbidity from the disease.

Aims: The objective of the present study was to find out the different patterns of dermatoses in a group of patients with RA from Eastern India.

Methodology: Consecutive patients fulfilling the American Rheumatism Association 1987 revised criteria for the classification of RA and who had different dermatoses were included in this cross-sectional study done over a period of 8 years in a tertiary care hospital in Eastern India. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_260_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5527724PMC
August 2017
1 Read

Foot health of nurses-A cross-sectional study.

Int J Nurs Pract 2017 Aug 19;23(4). Epub 2017 Jun 19.

University of Turku, Department of Nursing Science/Turku, University Hospital, Turku, Finland.

Aim: To analyze the level of nurses' foot health and its associations with work well-being.

Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional study design was applied to a random sample of Finnish nurses (n = 411). The data were collected between May 18 and June 21, 2015 using a self-administered Foot Health Assessment Instrument and analyzed using descriptive statistics and parametric tests. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ijn.12560DOI Listing
August 2017
30 Reads

Occupational Dermatoses among Cottage Industry Workers of Kashmir Valley in North India.

Indian Dermatol Online J 2017 May-Jun;8(3):181-185

Department of Dermatology, Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Leprosy, Government Medical College, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India.

Introduction: Cottage industry is usually a small-scale industry operated from home by family members using their own equipment. Kashmir has a unique cottage industry of its own which deals with production of many handicrafts, which may lead to a peculiar pattern of skin diseases in these artisans. Aim: The aim of this study was to find out the pattern of skin disorders in the cottage industry workers of Kashmir valley, with primary focus on the occupation-related dermatoses and to identify the most common cutaneous manifestation in these workers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2229-5178.206122DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5447337PMC
June 2017
1 Read

Technical principles of direct bipolar electrostimulation for cortical and subcortical mapping in awake craniotomy.

Neurochirurgie 2017 Jun 12;63(3):158-163. Epub 2017 May 12.

Department of Neurosurgery, Spedali Civili and University of Brescia, 25123 Brescia, Italy.

Introduction: Intraoperative application of electrical current to the brain is a standard technique during brain surgery for inferring the function of the underlying brain. The purpose of intraoperative functional mapping is to reliably identify cortical areas and subcortical pathways involved in eloquent functions, especially motor, sensory, language and cognitive functions.

Material And Methods: The aim of this article is to review the rationale and the electrophysiological principles of the use of direct bipolar electrostimulation for cortical and subcortical mapping under awake conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuchi.2016.12.004DOI Listing
June 2017
15 Reads

Resection of cavernous angioma located in eloquent areas using functional cortical and subcortical mapping under awake conditions. Outcomes in a 50-case multicentre series.

Neurochirurgie 2017 Jun 12;63(3):219-226. Epub 2017 May 12.

Department of Neurosurgery, Sainte-Anne Hospital, 75014 Paris, France; Paris Descartes University, Sorbonne Paris Cité, 75006 Paris, France; Réseau d'étude des gliomes, REG, 75000 Groland, France. Electronic address:

Introduction: Surgical resection of supratentorial cavernous angiomas located in eloquent areas poses a significant risk to the patient of postoperative neurological impairment and justifies intraoperative functional monitoring.

Methods: Multicentre retrospective series of adult patients with cavernous angiomas located within eloquent areas and treated with functional-based surgical resection according to functional boundaries under intraoperative functional cortico-subcortical monitoring under awake conditions.

Results: Fifty patients (18 males, mean 36. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuchi.2016.08.008DOI Listing
June 2017
4 Reads

The management and treatment of hyperkeratosis.

Authors:
Rebecca Elwell

Br J Nurs 2017 Apr;26(8):468-470

Macmillan Lymphoedema Advanced Nurse Practitioner, Royal Stoke University Hospital.

Rebecca Elwell, Macmillan Lymphoedema Advanced Nurse Practitioner, Royal Stoke University Hospital, discusses recommendations on management of this skin problem, which may co-occur with chronic oedema. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12968/bjon.2017.26.8.468DOI Listing
April 2017
21 Reads

Lasing of surface-polished polycrystalline Ho: YAG (yttrium aluminum garnet) fiber.

Opt Express 2017 Mar;25(6):6725-6731

A polycrystalline 1.5% Ho: YAG fiber with a diameter of 31 µm was prepared. Surface roughness from grain boundary grooving was reduced by polishing, which decreased the fiber scattering coefficient from 76 m-1 to 35 m-1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.25.006725DOI Listing
March 2017
8 Reads

[Malalignment of the first ray : Clinical and radiological diagnostics].

Authors:
M Walther

Orthopade 2017 May;46(5):388-394

Fachzentrum für Fuß und Sprunggelenkchirurgie, Schön Klinik München Harlaching, FIFA Medical Centre, Harlachinger Str. 51, 81547, München, Deutschland.

Clinical and radiological examination of the foot are mandatory before surgical correction of the forefoot. The clinical examination includes leg axis, position of the hind foot, deformity of the first ray as well as skin conditions, pulse status and possible sensitive deficits. A shortening of the gastrocnemius muscle can be identified using the Silfverskiöld test. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00132-017-3409-3DOI Listing
May 2017
1 Read

[Impacts of climate change on maize potential productivity in Northeast China and the simulation of control measures: A case study of Jilin Province, China].

Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 2017 Mar;28(3):821-828

Shandong Agricultural University Fertilizer Technology Co., Ltd. Feicheng 271600, Shandong, China.

In this study, we collected data of meteorology, soil property, agricultural management and corn yield from five representative sites in Jilin Province, China, and integrated these data into a crop growth model of CERES-maize to simulate the potential productivity of five corn varieties. Our objectives were to simulate, calibrate and validate genetic parameters of the corns based on the analyses of climatic effects on the productivity, and to establish best practices for enhancing crop production in response to climatic change. The results showed that the projected days of sowing-flo-wering and flowering-maturing stages and yields of corn were well consistent with the measured va-lues with normalized mean variances being 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13287/j.1001-9332.201703.038DOI Listing

New production process of the antifungal chaetoglobosin A using cornstalks.

Braz J Microbiol 2017 Jul - Sep;48(3):410-418. Epub 2017 Feb 4.

Harbin Institute of Technology, School of Life Sciences and Technology, Harbin, Heilongjiang, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Chaetoglobosin A is an antibacterial compound produced by Chaetomium globosum, with potential application as a biopesticide and cancer treatment drug. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of utilizing cornstalks to produce chaetoglobosin A by C. globosum W7 in solid-batch fermentation and to determine an optimal method for purification of the products. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjm.2016.11.008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5498411PMC
March 2018
8 Reads

Corns in scleroderma: An underreported entity.

Indian Dermatol Online J 2017 Jan-Feb;8(1):49-50

Department of Dermatology, Father Muller Medical College and Hospital, Kankanady, Mangalore, Karnataka, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2229-5178.198764DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5297273PMC
February 2017
1 Read

Direct electrical bipolar electrostimulation for functional cortical and subcortical cerebral mapping in awake craniotomy. Practical considerations.

Neurochirurgie 2017 Jun 2;63(3):164-174. Epub 2017 Feb 2.

Department of Neurosurgery, Sainte-Anne Hospital, Paris, France; Paris Descartes University, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France.

Introduction: The aim of brain glioma surgery is to maximize the quality of resection, while minimizing the risk of sequelae. Due to the frequent location of gliomas near or within eloquent areas, owing to their infiltrative feature, and because of major interindividual variability, the anatomofunctional organization and connectivity must be studied individually. Therefore, to optimize the benefit-to-risk ratio of surgery, intraoperative functional mapping is extensively used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuchi.2016.08.009DOI Listing
June 2017
3 Reads

Surgical resection of incidental diffuse gliomas involving eloquent brain areas. Rationale, functional, epileptological and oncological outcomes.

Neurochirurgie 2017 Jun 1;63(3):250-258. Epub 2017 Feb 1.

Department of Neurosurgery, Sainte-Anne Hospital, 1, rue Cabanis, 75674 Paris cedex 14, France; Paris Descartes University, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France; Réseau d'étude des gliomes (REG), Groland, France. Electronic address:

Objective: Incidentally discovered diffuse low-grade gliomas progress in a fashion similar to their symptomatic counterparts. Their early detection allows more effective pre-emptive and individualized oncological treatment. We assessed the safety and efficacy of maximal safe resection according to functional boundaries for incidental diffuse low-grade gliomas in eloquent areas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuchi.2016.08.007DOI Listing

Short-term effect of scalpel debridement of plantar callosities versus treatment with salicylic acid patches: The EMEDESCA randomized controlled trial.

J Dermatol 2017 Jun 24;44(6):706-709. Epub 2016 Dec 24.

Department of Nursing and Podiatry, University of Málaga, Malaga, Spain.

This study compares scalpel debridement versus salicylic acid patches in the treatment of plantar callosities. A randomized clinical trial (ACTRN12614000591651) was performed with 62 patients, divided into two intervention groups. Group A received treatment with salicylic acid patches (Callívoro Marthand ) and group B underwent scalpel debridement of plantar callosities. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/1346-8138.13720
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1346-8138.13720DOI Listing
June 2017
9 Reads

Shortening Oblique Osteotomy with Screw Fixation for Correction of the Lesser Metatarsophalangeal Joints of Rheumatoid Forefoot.

Acta Med Okayama 2016 Dec;70(6):477-483

Department of Human Morphology, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama 700-8558,

The metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joints are often and predominantly affected in rheumatoid arthritis. The aim of the current study was to describe surgical techniques of shortening oblique osteotomy for lesser metatarsal bone with screw fixation at the osteotomy site, and to investigate the short-term clinical outcomes of our procedure. Twenty-seven feet (78 toes) of 24 RA patients underwent the shortening oblique osteotomy for the correction of deformity at the lesser MTP joints. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.18926/AMO/54811DOI Listing
December 2016
12 Reads

A rapid Raman detection of deoxynivalenol in agricultural products.

Food Chem 2017 Apr 22;221:797-802. Epub 2016 Nov 22.

The Education Ministry Key Lab of Resource Chemistry, International Joint Laboratory on Resource Chemistry, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Rare Earth Functional Materials, and Shanghai Municipal Education Committee Key Laboratory of Molecular Imaging Probes and Sensors, Department of Chemistry, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai 200234, PR China. Electronic address:

Mycotoxin results in financial damage and considerable safety risks. In this paper, the possibility of portable Raman system-based surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) for a rapid detection of deoxynivalenol (DON) a mycotoxin in cereals was investigated. Under an optimized condition, SERS analysis for pure DON solution has a wide dynamic concentration range from 10M to 10M with the limit of detection (LOD) down to 100nM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2016.11.101DOI Listing
April 2017
6 Reads

[Calluses, corns and others - beware of the self-treatment!]

Authors:
Peter Kovar

MMW Fortschr Med 2016 Dec;158(21-22):64-66

, Elisabethenstraße 15a, D-70176, Stuttgart, Deutschland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s15006-016-9106-zDOI Listing
December 2016