1,147 results match your criteria Corns


Cyanidin-related antidepressant-like efficacy requires PI3K/AKT/FoxG1/FGF-2 pathway modulated enhancement of neuronal differentiation and dendritic maturation.

Phytomedicine 2020 Jun 20;76:153269. Epub 2020 Jun 20.

Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center of Chinese Medicinal Resources Industrialization, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, 138 Xianlin Road, Nanjing, Jiangsu, 210023, China. Electronic address:

Background: Cyanidin (CY) is one of the most abundant anthocyanidins found in red-purple diet sources such as grapes, blueberries and purple corns. CY has been proven to exhibit a wide range of biological functions including antioxidant, antiviral, anticarcinogenic and anti-inflammatory properties.

Purpose: This study investigated the anti-depressive activity of CY and its related mechanism. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phymed.2020.153269DOI Listing

Patient-Centered Health Education Intervention to Empower Preventive Diabetic Foot Self-care.

Adv Skin Wound Care 2020 Jul;33(7):360-365

Meryl Makiling, RN, is Staff Nurse, HVI-Podiatry Clinic, Cleveland Clinic, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. Hiske Smart, CNS, is Clinical Nurse Specialist, King Hamad University Hospital, Busaiteen, Kingdom of Bahrain. The authors have disclosed no financial relationships related to this article. This article was originally published as Makiling M, Smart H. Patient-centred health educational intervention to empower preventive diabetic foot self-care. WCET J 2019;39(4):32-40. © Advances in Skin and Wound Care and World Council of Enterostomal Therapists.

Background: Diabetes impairs the body's ability to produce or respond to the hormone insulin resulting in abnormal metabolism of carbohydrates and elevated glucose levels in the body. Because of these factors, diabetes can cause several complications that include heart disease, stroke, hypertension, eye complications, kidney disease, skin complications, vascular disease, nerve damage, and foot problems. Diabetes education allows patients to explore effective interventions into living their life with diabetes and incorporate the necessary changes to improve their lifestyle. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.ASW.0000666896.46860.d7DOI Listing

The split transfer of tibialis anterior tendon to peroneus tertius tendon for equinovarus foot in children with cerebral palsy.

Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2020 May;54(3):262-268

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Ortopediatri Academy of Pediatric Otrhopaedics, İstanbul, Turkey.

Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze the results of the split anterior tibialis tendon transfer (SPLATT) to peroneus tertius (PT) for equinovarus foot deformity in children with cerebral palsy (CP).

Methods: The medical records of 25 ambulatory CP patients (mean age: 8.7±3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/j.aott.2020.03.571DOI Listing

Toxigenicity and phylogeny of section in poultry feed in Iran.

Curr Med Mycol 2020 ;6(1):22-29

Department of Mycology, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran.

Background And Purpose: This study was conducted to evaluate the presence of aflatoxigenic strains and level of aflatoxin in poultry feed. Aflatoxigenic strains were investigated in corn and soybean meal as the ingredients of poultry feed, as well as in two types of commercial feed, namely pellet and mash. The gene sequencing was performed to identify the species of section

Materials And Methods: All samples were randomly collected from feed storage silos located in Iran in 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.18502/cmm.6.1.2504DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7217249PMC
January 2020

Optimisation of extraction procedure and development of LC-DAD-MS methodology for anthocyanin analysis in anthocyanin-pigmented corn kernels.

Food Chem 2020 Jul 28;319:126515. Epub 2020 Feb 28.

Centre for Nutrition and Food Sciences, Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation, University of Queensland, Coopers Plains, QLD 4108, Australia. Electronic address:

An ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-diode array detector-mass spectrometry method was developed for characterisation and quantification of anthocyanin components in complex corn-kernel matrices. The anthocyanin profiles and total anthocyanin content (TAC) of mature seeds of five types of anthocyanin-pigmented corn were reported. Internal standard was used to validate the efficiency of extraction and optimise the liquid extraction procedure for anthocyanins. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2020.126515DOI Listing

Generation of Otic Lineages from Integration-Free Human-Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells Reprogrammed by mRNAs.

Stem Cells Int 2020 1;2020:3692937. Epub 2020 Mar 1.

Centre for Stem Cell Biology, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK.

Damage to the sensory hair cells and the spiral ganglion neurons of the cochlea leads to deafness. Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) are a promising tool to regenerate the cells in the inner ear that have been affected by pathology or have been lost. To facilitate the clinical application of iPSCs, the reprogramming process should minimize the risk of introducing undesired genetic alterations while conferring the cells the capacity to differentiate into the desired cell type. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/3692937DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7068143PMC

Arsenic accumulation and speciation in strawberry plants exposed to inorganic arsenic enriched irrigation.

Food Chem 2020 Jun 23;315:126215. Epub 2020 Jan 23.

Center for Research in Sustainable Chemistry-CIQSO, University of Huelva, 21071 Huelva, Spain; Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Experimental Sciences, University of Huelva, 21071 Huelva, Spain. Electronic address:

The accumulation and transformation of arsenic species have been studied in the context of hydroponic cultivation of strawberry plants. Cultivation experiments have been performed by adding inorganic arsenic at concentrations of 10, 100 and 1000 µg L via root irrigation. The total arsenic content was determined by Hydride Generation-Atomic Fluorescence Spectrometry (HG-AFS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2020.126215DOI Listing

Effects of Increasing Levels of Defatted Rice Bran on Intestinal Physical Barrier and Bacteria in Finishing Pigs.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Nov 28;9(12). Epub 2019 Nov 28.

Institute of Swine Science, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China.

The aims of this study were to assess the effects of increasing levels of DFRB as a replacement for corns on intestinal physical barrier function and bacteria of finishing pigs. A total of 35 castrated finishing pigs (age: 158.5 ± 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9121039DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6940934PMC
November 2019

Expression profiling of single cells and patient cohorts identifies multiple immunosuppressive pathways and an altered NK cell phenotype in glioblastoma.

Clin Exp Immunol 2020 Apr 16;200(1):33-44. Epub 2019 Dec 16.

Leeds Institute of Medical Research at St James's, University of Leeds School of Medicine, St James's University Hospital, Leeds, UK.

Glioblastoma (GBM) is an aggressive cancer with a very poor prognosis. Generally viewed as weakly immunogenic, GBM responds poorly to current immunotherapies. To understand this problem more clearly we used a combination of natural killer (NK) cell functional assays together with gene and protein expression profiling to define the NK cell response to GBM and explore immunosuppression in the GBM microenvironment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cei.13403DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7066386PMC

Pitfall prayer marks: Recognition and appropriate treatment: A case report and review of literature.

Dermatol Ther 2020 01 20;33(1):e13176. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

Department of Dermatology, University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland.

Prayer marks are asymptomatic callosities resulting from repeated, extended pressure, and friction exerted on bony prominences when praying on hard ground. A 41-year-old woman with ulcerative colitis treated with infliximab was referred to our clinic due to skin changes on her feet that were suspected to be drug eruptions. The patient presented several asymptomatic, hyperpigmented, and hyperkeratotic plaques over the lateral malleoli suggesting that the lesions had a mechanical cause. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dth.13176DOI Listing
January 2020

Association between teat-end hyperkeratosis and mastitis in dairy cows: A systematic review.

J Dairy Sci 2020 Feb 20;103(2):1843-1855. Epub 2019 Nov 20.

Department of Veterinary Hygiene and Public Health, School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, Sao Paulo State University (UNESP), Botucatu, SP, Brazil, 18618-681.

A systematic review was conducted to elucidate the role of teat-end hyperkeratosis (THK) as a risk factor for clinical mastitis (CM) or subclinical mastitis (SCM). Scientific papers on the subject were identified by means of a database search. All types of peer-reviewed analytical studies, observational or experimental and published in English, could be included in the review, regardless of publication year. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3168/jds.2019-16811DOI Listing
February 2020

The plantarward oblique Chevron osteotomy: an optional method to treat hallux valgus with painful plantar callosities.

Sci Rep 2019 11 22;9(1):17364. Epub 2019 Nov 22.

Department of Orthopaedics, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, P.R. China.

Hallux valgus (HV) is a foot deformity that can be treated with Chevron osteotomy, and a modified plantarward oblique osteotomy has been proposed in recent years. However, no research has focused on the correctional power of the osteotomy. The aim of this study was to examine the character of this plantarward oblique Chevron osteotomy (POCO) and to determine the rationale of this method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-53479-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6874594PMC
November 2019
5.078 Impact Factor

Integrated fundal assessment pathway for patients with suspected shunt malfunction via digital retinal images.

Br J Neurosurg 2019 Oct 23:1-4. Epub 2019 Oct 23.

Department of Neurosurgery, Leeds General Infirmary , Leeds , UK.

Papilloedema is an important clinical sign in the assessment of neurosurgical patients presenting with suspected shunt malfunction. We describe our 18-month experience using a newly acquired nonmydriatic digital retinal camera to acquire fundal photographs for this purpose. It was used to take digital photographs in 67 patients presenting with suspected shunt malfunction and 54% of these images were discussed with the on-call ophthalmology team for advice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2019.1675588DOI Listing
October 2019

Use of an acrylic jig to aid orbital reconstruction after resection of a sphenoid intraosseous meningioma: a technical note.

Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2019 12 6;57(10):1156-1157. Epub 2019 Oct 6.

Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Leeds General Infirmary, Leeds LS1 3EX.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjoms.2019.08.026DOI Listing
December 2019
1 Read

Variance of Protein and Starch Granule Morphology between Corn and Steam Flaked Products Determined Starch Ruminal Degradability Through Altering Starch Hydrolyzing Bacteria Attachment.

Animals (Basel) 2019 Aug 29;9(9). Epub 2019 Aug 29.

Institute of Dairy Science, MoE Key Laboratory of Molecular Animal Nutrition, College of Animal Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China.

The current study investigated differences of γ- protein contents and starch granule characteristics between raw and steam flaked corns and their influences on ruminal starch hydrolyzing bacteria (SHB) attached to corn grain. Two types of raw (Corn1 and Corn2) and their steam-flaked products (SFCorn1 and SFCorn2) were applied to explore physiochemical structures and SHB attachment. SDS-PAGE was conducted to detect γ- protein patterns, scanning electron microscope, and small angle X-ray scattering were performed to obtain starch granule morphology, while crystallinity, DQ starch, and DAPI staining were applied to quantify SHB. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9090626DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6769831PMC

Clarin-2 is essential for hearing by maintaining stereocilia integrity and function.

EMBO Mol Med 2019 09 26;11(9):e10288. Epub 2019 Aug 26.

Mammalian Genetics Unit, MRC Harwell Institute, Harwell, UK.

Hearing relies on mechanically gated ion channels present in the actin-rich stereocilia bundles at the apical surface of cochlear hair cells. Our knowledge of the mechanisms underlying the formation and maintenance of the sound-receptive structure is limited. Utilizing a large-scale forward genetic screen in mice, genome mapping and gene complementation tests, we identified Clrn2 as a new deafness gene. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15252/emmm.201910288DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6728604PMC
September 2019
2 Reads

Systemic Sclerosis: A Clinical Analysis of Foot Findings in 52 Cases.

J Assoc Physicians India 2018 Jun;66(6):49-51

Assistant Professor, Hi-Tech Medical College & Hospital, Bhubaneshwar, Orissa.

Introduction: The diagnosis of systemic sclerosis is mostly clinical and is identified by the various cutaneous changes. The cutaneous changes in systemic sclerosis are already well established and supported by a large number of studies and textbooks. Very few literatures describe foot findings in patients with systemic sclerosis. Read More

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June 2018
3 Reads

Thoracic Radiation Therapy in Patients With Entirely Intracardiac Leadless Cardiovascular Implantable Electronic Devices: 2 Case Reports and a Review of the Literature.

Pract Radiat Oncol 2019 Nov 29;9(6):e620-e624. Epub 2019 Jun 29.

Department of Radiation Oncology, East Carolina University Brody School of Medicine, Greenville, North Carolina. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.prro.2019.06.013DOI Listing
November 2019
6 Reads

Foot callus thickness does not trade off protection for tactile sensitivity during walking.

Nature 2019 07 26;571(7764):261-264. Epub 2019 Jun 26.

Department of Human Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA.

Until relatively recently, humans, similar to other animals, were habitually barefoot. Therefore, the soles of our feet were the only direct contact between the body and the ground when walking. There is indirect evidence that footwear such as sandals and moccasins were first invented within the past 40 thousand years, the oldest recovered footwear dates to eight thousand years ago and inexpensive shoes with cushioned heels were not developed until the Industrial Revolution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1345-6DOI Listing
July 2019
36 Reads

A treatment protocol for botulinum toxin injections in the treatment of pachyonychia congenita-associated keratoderma.

Br J Dermatol 2020 Mar 8;182(3):671-677. Epub 2019 Sep 8.

Department of Dermatology, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Background: Severely debilitating plantar keratoderma pain is the most distressing clinical feature of pachyonychia congenita (PC). Several earlier publications have reported therapeutic success with plantar injections of botulinum toxin (Btx).

Objectives: To describe our 4-year experience during which we administered a total of 30 plantar Btx injections to five patients with PC following an optimized protocol. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjd.18169DOI Listing
March 2020
8 Reads

Measuring Workload with Paired Detectors.

Health Phys 2019 09;117(3):233-241

National Dosimetry Services, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Linear accelerator workloads for each available photon energy are important quantities to know for radiation safety considerations, and presented is a technique to measure the workload using paired detectors. The signals from the two detectors can give sufficient information to separate the signal contributions from 6 and 18 MV photon fields and, combined with a signal-per-monitor-unit calibration factor, yields the number of monitor units delivered for each energy. CR-39 NTD is a neutron detector chosen for its ability to discriminate between 6 MV and 18 MV radiation fields. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/HP.0000000000000984DOI Listing
September 2019
5 Reads

Generation of human and rabbit recombinant antibodies for the detection of Zearalenone by phage display antibody technology.

Talanta 2019 Aug 14;201:397-405. Epub 2019 Apr 14.

Molecular Biotechnology Laboratory, School of Biotechnology, Institute of Agricultural Technology, Suranaree University of Technology, Nakhon Ratchasima, 30000, Thailand. Electronic address:

This article reports the identification, engineering and characterisation of recombinant single chain variable fragment (scFv) antibody against Zearalenone (ZEN), an oestrogenic mycotoxin, using phage display antibody technology. To increase the chance of obtaining clones that can bind to free toxin, the conjugated proteins of the target antigen, i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2019.04.034DOI Listing
August 2019
3 Reads

Effectiveness of a theory-based foot care education program (3STEPFUN) in improving foot self-care behaviours and foot risk factors for ulceration in people with type 2 diabetes.

Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2019 Jun 10;152:29-38. Epub 2019 May 10.

School of Nursing, Faculty of Health, Queensland University of Technology, Australia.

Aims: To evaluate the effectiveness of a theory-based foot care education intervention program (3STEPFUN) for people with type 2 diabetes at low risk of developing a foot ulcer.

Methods: A controlled, pre-test/ post-test quasi-experimental design was used. From 119 participants, 60 participants in the control group received usual care and a foot care brochure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2019.05.003DOI Listing
June 2019
2 Reads

Available energy and amino acid digestibility of yellow dent corn fed to growing pigs1.

J Anim Sci 2019 Jul;97(7):2952-2964

State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing, P.R. China.

Two experiments were conducted to determine the DE and ME as well as the apparent ileal digestibility (AID) and standardized ileal digestibility (SID) of CP and AA in corn fed to growing pigs. All corn was yellow dent corn collected from different areas in China. In Exp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jas/skz161DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6606493PMC
July 2019
4 Reads

Extraction and Identification of Anthocyanins in Corn Cob and Corn Husk from Cacahuacintle Maize.

J Food Sci 2019 May 17;84(5):954-962. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Dept. of Food and Biotechnology, Facultad de Química, Univ. Nacional Autónoma de México., C.P, 04510, Mexico City, Mexico.

Pigmented maize has been extensively studied due to its high anthocyanin content. This study has been focused mainly on kernel, although the whole plant of purple corn is a potential source of anthocyanins. First, general parameters of extraction (solvent system, solvent-to-solid ratio, number of extractions, and acid type) were established depending on the total anthocyanins content. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/1750-3841.14
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1750-3841.14589DOI Listing
May 2019
26 Reads

Roles of sulfite and internal recirculation on organic compound removal and the microbial community structure of a sulfur cycle-driven biological wastewater treatment process.

Chemosphere 2019 Jul 25;226:825-833. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

School of Chemistry and Environment, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, China. Electronic address:

A sulfur cycle-driven bioprocess was developed for co-treatment wet flue gas desulfurization wastes with municipal sewage, as a result of sludge minimization. In this process, organics removal (one of the main objectives in sewage treatment) is closely associated with biological sulfate/sulfite reduction (BSR). In the previous studies, both the pros and corns of sulfite (SO) in microbial activities were demonstrated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.03.139DOI Listing
July 2019
11 Reads
3.340 Impact Factor

Calibrating TrueBeam jaws by considering collimator walkout to improve the dose uniformity at abutting field junctions.

J Appl Clin Med Phys 2019 May 8;20(5):120-126. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Medical Physics, Fraser Valley Centre, British Columbia Cancer Agency, Surrey, BC, Canada.

Jaw positions on a linear accelerator are calibrated to have accurate field size values over the range of jaw positions and to have excellent junctions when matching fields. It is sufficient to have field size accuracy on the order of a millimeter for most clinical applications but good junctions require submillimeter precision and accuracy in the jaw positioning. Presented is a method to measure collimator walkout with the MV imager and a mathematical model to determine an optimal origin for calibrating jaws on the TrueBeam accelerator. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/acm2.12586DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6523019PMC
May 2019
4 Reads

Predictors of Epileptic Seizures and Ability to Work in Supratentorial Cavernous Angioma Located Within Eloquent Brain Areas.

Neurosurgery 2019 10;85(4):E702-E713

Department of Neurosurgery, Sainte-Anne Hospital, Paris, France.

Background: The postoperative outcomes and the predictors of seizure control are poorly studied for supratentorial cavernous angiomas (CA) within or close to the eloquent brain area.

Objective: To assess the predictors of preoperative seizure control, postoperative seizure control, and postoperative ability to work, and the safety of the surgery.

Methods: Multicenter international retrospective cohort analysis of adult patients benefitting from a functional-based surgical resection with intraoperative functional brain mapping for a supratentorial CA within or close to eloquent brain areas. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/neurosurgery/advance-article/doi/10
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/neuros/nyz063DOI Listing
October 2019
33 Reads

Assessment of the human health risks of heavy metals in nine typical areas.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2019 Apr 6;26(12):12311-12323. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

MOE Key Laboratory of Groundwater Circulation and Environmental Evolution, China University of Geosciences (Beijing), Beijing, 100083, China.

Human health risks of five different heavy metals were assessed in nine typical areas in Asia, Europe, and Africa. The geoaccumulation index (I) of arsenic (As) in Hyderabad (HB), cadmium (Cd) in Veles (VL), and lead (Pb) in Murcia (MC) were found to be 5, indicating extreme contamination. This is related to their high concentrations in soil. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-04076-zDOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Relationship of callosities of the forefoot with foot deformity, Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index, and joint damage score in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

Mod Rheumatol 2020 Mar 1;30(2):287-292. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Tokyo, Japan.

We aimed to investigate the relationship of callosities of the forefoot with foot deformity, the Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (HAQ-DI) and modified total Sharp score (TSS) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). A total of 202 patients and 404 feet were enrolled. We examined the prevalence of callosities. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14397595.2019.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14397595.2019.1589921DOI Listing
March 2020
21 Reads

Description of the surgical technique for condylectomy with minimally invasive surgery to treat interdigital helomas on the lesser toes: a Delphi study.

J Foot Ankle Res 2019 14;12:13. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

1Behavioural and Health Sciences Department, Miguel Hernandez University, Ctra. Nnal. 332 s/n, 03550 San Juan de Alicante, Spain.

Background: Descriptions of the techniques for condylectomies via minimally invasive surgery (MIS) to treat interdigital helomas of the lesser toes are scarce in the literature. This study aimed to define and describe this surgical technique.

Methods: This observational study was performed using the Delphi method. Read More

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https://jfootankleres.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-019-0322-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6376773PMC
July 2019
3 Reads

Differences Between Patient-Reported Versus Clinician-Observed Nonulcerative Signs and Symptoms of the Foot in Patients With Diabetes Mellitus.

J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs 2019 Mar/Apr;46(2):113-116

Kimie Takehara, PhD, RN, School of Health Sciences, Department of Nursing, Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya University, Aichi, Japan. Makoto Oe, PhD, RN, Global Nursing Research Center, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan. Yumiko Ohashi, RN, The University of Tokyo Hospital, Tokyo, Japan. Yuichiro Tsunemi, PhD, MD, Department of Dermatology, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Tokyo, Japan. Takashi Kadowaki, PhD, MD, Department of Metabolic Diseases, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan. Hiromi Sanada, PhD, WOCN, RN, Department of Gerontological Nursing/Wound Care Management, Global Nursing Research Center, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.

Purpose: The primary aim of this study was to compare patient reported versus clinician-observed nonulcerative foot conditions in patients attending a diabetic foot clinic and deemed at risk for diabetic foot ulcers.

Design: Retrospective review of medical records.

Subjects And Setting: The medical records of 126 patients with diabetes mellitus and deemed at risk for developing diabetic foot ulcers were reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/WON.0000000000000504DOI Listing
May 2019
34 Reads

Simulation Improves Podiatry Student Skills and Confidence in Conservative Sharp Debridement on Feet .

J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 2018 Nov;108(6):466-471

Background:: An essential skill for podiatrists is conservative sharp debridement of foot callus. Poor technique can result in lacerations, infections and possible amputation. This pilot trial explored whether adding simulation training to a traditional podiatry clinical placement improved podiatry student skills and confidence in conservative sharp debridement, compared with traditional clinical placement alone. Read More

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http://www.japmaonline.org/doi/10.7547/16-121
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.7547/16-121DOI Listing
November 2018
6 Reads

Physico-chemical, thermal, and rheological properties of nixtamalized creole corn flours produced by high-energy milling.

Food Chem 2019 Jun 16;283:481-488. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados (CINVESTAV-IPN), Libramiento Norponiente 2000, Fracc. Real de Juriquilla, Querétaro, Qro. C.P 76230, Mexico. Electronic address:

High-energy milling (HEM) was used to produce nixtamalized corn flours, the traditional nixtamalization process was used as a control. Four creole grains were stone-milled, adjusted to an appropriate moisture content and calcium hydroxide concentration and milled using HEM. The physicochemical, thermal, and rheological characteristics of the flours and corn masas were affected by the HEM process. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2019.01.044DOI Listing
June 2019
4 Reads

Crossing the equator: a northern occurrence of the pygmy right whale.

Zoological Lett 2018 17;4:30. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

2Department of Vertebrate Zoology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., 20013-7012 USA.

Here we document the first stranding record of the pygmy right whale in the Northern Hemisphere-on the coast of The Gambia, Africa (NE Atlantic Ocean, around latitude 13° N)-a location in stark contrast to its current distribution exclusively south of the equator. The original specimen is now missing and untraceable, but a photo found in the files of the Marine Mammal Program, Smithsonian Institution shows sufficient diagnostic features that allow it to be taxonomically identified as the pygmy right whale, , including: small body size; streamlined overall body shape; generally dark skin coloration; arched rostrum along the lateral margin; triangular and narrow rostrum in dorsal view; lack of head callosities; some fringes on the dorsal surface of the tongue; small and relatively posteriorly positioned dorsal fin; and small and dark-colored flipper. On the whole, a stranding of the pygmy right whale in the Northern Hemisphere, although likely to be a chance event, calls for more detailed studies of how climate change and ocean currents affect the evolution and distribution (re-patterning) of marine mammals and, ultimately, the entire marine ecosystem. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40851-018-0117-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6296048PMC
December 2018
11 Reads

Pharmacist-Initiated Management of a Suspected Case of Risperidone-Induced Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome in an Aged-Care Resident. The Role of Residential Medication Management Reviews in Medication Safety.

J Pharm Pract 2020 Jun 14;33(3):382-385. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Ward mm, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

A 70-year-old female aged-care resident was referred by her general practitioner for a residential medication management review after nurses reported difficulties with swallowing, episodes of hyperthermia, elevated blood pressure, and tachycardia. These symptoms were accompanied by increasing confusion and drowsiness. Risperidone had recently been prescribed to treat behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0897190018806414DOI Listing
June 2020
43 Reads

Effects of conservation period and Lactobacillus hilgardii inoculum on the fermentation profile and aerobic stability of whole corn and sorghum silages.

J Sci Food Agric 2019 Mar 20;99(5):2530-2540. Epub 2018 Dec 20.

Department of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences (DISAFA), University of Torino, Grugliasco, Italy.

Background: Lactic acid bacteria inocula have been developed over the years to improve the aerobic stability of silages. The aims of the study were to evaluate the effect of various conservation periods and the use of Lactobacillus hilgardii inoculum on aerobic stability, fermentative profile and microbial population of corn and sorghum silages. Trials were carried out on two corns and one sorghum crops. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.9463DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Mechanotransduction is required for establishing and maintaining mature inner hair cells and regulating efferent innervation.

Nat Commun 2018 10 1;9(1):4015. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Department of Biomedical Science, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, S10 2TN, UK.

In the adult auditory organ, mechanoelectrical transducer (MET) channels are essential for transducing acoustic stimuli into electrical signals. In the absence of incoming sound, a fraction of the MET channels on top of the sensory hair cells are open, resulting in a sustained depolarizing current. By genetically manipulating the in vivo expression of molecular components of the MET apparatus, we show that during pre-hearing stages the MET current is essential for establishing the electrophysiological properties of mature inner hair cells (IHCs). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-06307-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6167318PMC
October 2018
8 Reads

Examination of the Effect of Suitable Size of Shoes under the Second Metatarsal Head and Width of Shoes under the Fifth Metatarsal Head for the Prevention of Callus Formation in Healthy Young Women.

Sensors (Basel) 2018 Sep 28;18(10). Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Department of Life Support Technology (Molten), Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan.

Excessive pressure and shear stress while walking cause a risk of callus formation, which eventually causes foot ulcers in patients with diabetes mellitus. Callus under the second metatarsal head (MTH) has been associated with increased shear stress/pressure ratios (SPR). Callus under the fifth MTH has been associated with increased peak shear stress (PSS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s18103269DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6210491PMC
September 2018
11 Reads

Rethinking the Negativity Bias.

Authors:
Jennifer Corns

Rev Philos Psychol 2018 5;9(3):607-625. Epub 2018 Feb 5.

Philosophy, School of Humanities, University of Glasgow, 67-69 Oakfield Avenue, Glasgow, G12 8QQ UK.

The negativity bias is a broad psychological principle according to which the negative is more causally efficacious than the positive. Bad, as it is often put, is stronger than good. The principle is widely accepted and often serves as a constraint in affective science. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13164-018-0382-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6132407PMC
February 2018
4 Reads

Common Foot Problems: Over-the-Counter Treatments and Home Care.

Am Fam Physician 2018 09;98(5):298-303

Virginia Commonwealth University Fairfax Family Practice, Fairfax, VA, USA.

Most foot disorders do not require podiatry referral or complex interventions. After the clinical diagnosis is made, these conditions can typically be managed with over-the-counter (OTC) and home remedies, with guidance from the primary care physician. Stretching and strengthening exercises, along with the use of heel cups, resolve most plantar fasciitis cases and are at least as effective as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or steroid injections. Read More

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September 2018
17 Reads

Incorrectly fitted footwear, foot pain and foot disorders: a systematic search and narrative review of the literature.

J Foot Ankle Res 2018 28;11:43. Epub 2018 Jul 28.

1La Trobe Sport and Exercise Medicine Research Centre, School of Allied Health, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Melbourne, VIC 3086 Australia.

Background: Correct footwear fitting is acknowledged as being vitally important, as incorrectly fitted footwear has been linked to foot pathology. The aim of this narrative review was to determine the prevalence of incorrectly fitted footwear and to examine the association between incorrectly fitted footwear, foot pain and foot disorders.

Methods: A database search of Ovid MEDLINE and CINAHL yielded 1,681 citations for title and abstract review. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13047-018-0284-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6064070PMC
November 2018
15 Reads

[Musculoskeletal, hearing and skin problems related to playing the instrument].

Med Pr 2018 Aug 12;69(4):383-394. Epub 2018 Jul 12.

Instytut Medycyny Pracy im. prof. J. Nofera w Łodzi / Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Łódź, Poland (Zakład Psychologii Zdrowia i Pracy / Department of Health and Work Psychology).

Background: Physical demands, exposure to noise and intense contact of skin with musical instruments - inevitable in musicians' job - influence the development of musculoskeletal, hearing and skin problems. This paper aims at identifying playing-related health problems among Polish musicians and potential differences in this regard between students and professional musicians.

Material And Methods: This questionnaire study involved 255 musicians who volunteered to participate - 104 students and 151 professional musicians having music education. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13075/mp.5893.00688DOI Listing
August 2018
13 Reads

Painful callosities in a young boy.

Pediatr Dermatol 2018 Jul;35(4):509-510

Clinical Hospital of the Federal University of Parana, Curitiba, Parana, Brazil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pde.13458DOI Listing
July 2018
10 Reads

A bioimpedance analysis of head-and-neck cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy.

Curr Oncol 2018 06 28;25(3):e193-e199. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

BC Cancer-Fraser Valley Centre, Surrey, BC.

Malnutrition is a frequent manifestation in patients with head-and-neck cancer undergoing radiation therapy and a major contributor to morbidity and mortality. Thus, body composition is an important component of an overall evaluation of nutrition in cancer patients. Malnutrition is characterized by weight loss, loss of muscle mass, changes in cell membrane integrity, and alterations in fluid balance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/co.25.3920DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6023554PMC
June 2018
6 Reads

Effects of plant population density and root-induced cytokinin on the corn compensatory growth during post-drought rewatering.

PLoS One 2018 28;13(6):e0198878. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

Department of biotechnology, College of Agronomy, Henan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang, Henan Province, China.

The effect of plant population density (PPD) and root-induced leaf cytokinin on the compensatory growth of potted corn seedlings during post-drought rewatering was investigated. The study design comprised four treatments: (1) wetness with low PPD, (2) wetness with high PPD, (3) rewatering with low PPD, and (4) rewatering with high PPD. Results showed that drought stress restrained the growth of corns. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0198878PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6023128PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

Innovative treatment for pes cavovarus: a pilot study of 13 children.

Acta Orthop 2018 Dec 18;89(6):668-673. Epub 2018 Jun 18.

a Pediatric Orthopedic Department , Hospital Universitari Son Espases , Palma de Mallorca , Spain.

Background and purpose - Pes cavovarus (PCV) is a complex deformity, frequently related to neurological conditions and associated with foot pain, callosities, and walking instability. The deformity has the tendency to increase during growth. Orthotic treatment is ineffective and surgery may be troublesome. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17453674.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17453674.2018.1486525DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6300739PMC
December 2018
50 Reads

Effect of debridement of plantar hyperkeratoses on gait in older people - An exploratory trial.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2018 Sep - Oct;78:7-13. Epub 2018 May 31.

Department of Health and Management, National Institute for Physical Education of Catalonia (INEFC) - Lleida Centre, University of Lleida, Lleida, Spain.

Hyperkeratoses are a common cause of foot pain due to the release of inflammatory mediators, which can have an impact on the mobility and independence of people suffering from them. However, the repercussions that hyperkeratoses have on gait parameters remain uncertain.

Aim: The aim of this study is to analyze the repercussions that plantar hyperkeratosis debridement has on several kinematic and kinetic variables of gait in a group of older participants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2018.05.017DOI Listing
May 2019
7 Reads

Evaluation of a national neurosurgical formative examination: the UK experience.

Br J Neurosurg 2018 Jun 24;32(3):269-272. Epub 2018 May 24.

a Department of Neurosurgery , Leeds General Infirmary , LEEDS , UK.

Introduction: Formative assessment is a key component in medical education and that it is a helpful process for all involved. Until recently there was no national formative examination for neurosurgical trainees. The Neurosurgery Annual in Training Examination (NAiTE) is an annual online, formative assessment that was introduced in 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2018.1476672DOI Listing
June 2018
5 Reads

Solitary calvarial haemangioma presenting as metastatic renal cell carcinoma.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 May 12;2018. Epub 2018 May 12.

Department of Geriatric Medicine, Airedale NHS Foundation Trust, Keighley, UK.

Renal cell carcinoma is the most common renal tumour in adult that often metastasises to the lung, liver or bone. Head and neck lesions are uncommon with no early warning signs and presents with overt metastases at primary presentation in 25%-30% of reported cases. The incidence of haemangiomas that suggest malignancy are similar to that of bone metastasis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2017-223334DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5950561PMC
May 2018
11 Reads