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    Influence of Agricultural Management on Phytochemicals of Colored Corn Genotypes ( Zea mays L.). Part 2: Sowing Time.
    J Agric Food Chem 2018 Apr 20. Epub 2018 Apr 20.
    Department of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences , University of Turin , Largo Paolo Braccini 2 , 10095 Grugliasco , Turin , Italy.
    Among the agronomic practices carried out in corn cultivation, the early sowing time is increasingly used by farmers of temperate regions to improve yield and reduce mycotoxin contamination of corn grains. The present study determined the influence of sowing time on the phytochemical content of grains of 10 colored genotypes of corn. There was a significant improvement of both grain yield (+26%), thousand kernel weight (+3%), and test weight (+2%) in plots sown early. Read More

    Outcomes of Resection and Joint-Preserving Arthroplasty for Forefoot Deformities for Rheumatoid Arthritis.
    Foot Ankle Int 2018 Mar 7;39(3):292-299. Epub 2018 Feb 7.
    1 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama, Japan.
    Background: We investigated the clinical outcomes of resection and joint-preserving arthroplasty for forefoot deformities in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

    Methods: Sixteen feet of 14 women (average age, 67.1 years; range, 53-82) underwent resection arthroplasty of the metatarsal head (resection group), and 18 feet of 15 women (average age, 61. Read More

    Effectiveness of the Cobb-Stainsby excision arthroplasty.
    Foot Ankle Surg 2018 Feb 25;24(1):49-53. Epub 2016 Nov 25.
    Derriford Hospital, Derriford Road, Crownhill, Plymouth, Devon PL6 8DH, United Kingdom.
    Background: Dislocated metatarsophalangeal joints from clawed or hammer toes can be a disabling consequence of several conditions. The Cobb-Stainsby forefoot arthroplasty combines partial phalangectomy (Stainsby) with extensor tendon transfer to the metatarsal head (Cobb). We present a retrospective, three surgeon case series of 215 toes in 126 patients. Read More

    Successful Treatment of Plantar Hyperkeratosis in the Form of Recurrent Corns With Split-Thickness Sole Skin Graft.
    Ann Plast Surg 2018 Feb;80(2S Suppl 1):S55-S58
    Introduction: Plantar hyperkeratosis, such as corns and calluses, is common in older people and associated with pain, mobility impairment, and functional limitations. It usually develops on the palms, knees, or soles of feet, especially under the heels or balls. There are several treatment methods for plantar hyperkeratosis, such as salicylic acid plaster and scalpel debridement, and conservative modalities, such as using a shoe insert and properly fitting shoes. Read More

    [Arthrodesis of the First Metatarsophalangeal Joint by Locking Plate].
    Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech 2017 ;84(6):453-461
    Oddělení klinické ortopedie, Úrazová nemocnice, Brno.
    PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The authors in their paper evaluate a group of patients who underwent arthrodesis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint using a locking plate. MATERIAL AND METHODS In the period 2010-2015, we performed surgery in 51 patients (56 forefeet), of which in 5 cases bilaterally and in 46 cases unilaterally, in 38 women and 13 men. The mean age was 57. Read More

    Milk-flow data collected routinely in an automatic milking system: an alternative to milking-time testing in the management of teat-end condition?
    Acta Vet Scand 2018 Jan 11;60(1). Epub 2018 Jan 11.
    Department of Production Animal Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, PO Box 8146 Dep, 0033, Oslo, Norway.
    Background: Having a poor teat-end condition is associated with increased mastitis risk, hence avoiding milking machine settings that have a negative effect on teat-end condition is important for successful dairy production. Milking-time testing (MTT) can be used in the evaluation of vacuum conditions during milking, but the method is less suited for herds using automatic milking systems (AMS) and relationships with teat end condition is poorly described. This study aimed to increase knowledge on interpretation of MTT in AMS and to assess whether milk-flow data obtained routinely by an AMS can be useful for the management of teat-end health. Read More

    Intravenous delivery of oncolytic reovirus to brain tumor patients immunologically primes for subsequent checkpoint blockade.
    Sci Transl Med 2018 Jan;10(422)
    Institute of Cancer Research, 123 Old Brompton Road, London SW7 3RP, UK.
    Immune checkpoint inhibitors, including those targeting programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1), are reshaping cancer therapeutic strategies. Evidence suggests, however, that tumor response and patient survival are determined by tumor programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression. We hypothesized that preconditioning of the tumor immune microenvironment using targeted, virus-mediated interferon (IFN) stimulation would up-regulate tumor PD-L1 protein expression and increase cytotoxic T cell infiltration, improving the efficacy of subsequent checkpoint blockade. Read More

    Assessing Health Implications of the Potential Radiation Exposure in the Community During Pregnancy: A Case Study.
    Cureus 2017 Oct 12;9(10):e1770. Epub 2017 Oct 12.
    Department of Radiation Oncology, BC Cancer Agency, Vancouver Centre.
    The unintentional radiation exposure can have significant implications. We present a case of a 30-year-old pregnant female who was exposed to a potentially radioactive rock for over a one week period during her 13 week of pregnancy. After an arduous process of obtaining activity measurements, the most conservative estimate of dose, the female was exposed to, was found to fall within the permissible limits. Read More

    Prognostic factors for survival in adult patients with recurrent glioblastoma: a decision-tree-based model.
    J Neurooncol 2018 Feb 20;136(3):565-576. Epub 2017 Nov 20.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Sainte-Anne Hospital, Paris, France.
    We assessed prognostic factors in relation to OS from progression in recurrent glioblastomas. Retrospective multicentric study enrolling 407 (training set) and 370 (external validation set) adult patients with a recurrent supratentorial glioblastoma treated by surgical resection and standard combined chemoradiotherapy as first-line treatment. Four complementary multivariate prognostic models were evaluated: Cox proportional hazards regression modeling, single-tree recursive partitioning, random survival forest, conditional random forest. Read More

    TMC2 Modifies Permeation Properties of the Mechanoelectrical Transducer Channel in Early Postnatal Mouse Cochlear Outer Hair Cells.
    Front Mol Neurosci 2017 18;10:326. Epub 2017 Oct 18.
    Department of Biomedical Science, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom.
    The ability of cochlear hair cells to convert sound into receptor potentials relies on the mechanoelectrical transducer (MET) channels present in their stereociliary bundles. There is strong evidence implying that transmembrane channel-like protein (TMC) 1 contributes to the pore-forming subunit of the mature MET channel, yet its expression is delayed (~>P5 in apical outer hair cells, OHCs) compared to the onset of mechanotransduction (~P1). Instead, the temporal expression of TMC2 coincides with this onset, indicating that it could be part of the immature MET channel. Read More

    Prospective, multicentre study of external ventricular drainage-related infections in the UK and Ireland.
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2018 Feb 25;89(2):120-126. Epub 2017 Oct 25.
    Wessex Neurological Centre, University Hospitals Southampton, Southampton, UK.
    Objectives: External ventricular drain (EVD) insertion is a common neurosurgical procedure. EVD-related infection (ERI) is a major complication that can lead to morbidity and mortality. In this study, we aimed to establish a national ERI rate in the UK and Ireland and determine key factors influencing the infection risk. Read More

    The risks and external effects of diabetic foot ulcer on diabetic patients: A hospital-based survey in Wuhan area, China.
    Wound Repair Regen 2017 09 12;25(5):858-863. Epub 2017 Dec 12.
    Department of Wound Repair Surgery, Liyuan Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.
    Diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) is a common complication observed in diabetic patients and affects diabetic patients in multiple ways. Severe DFU even leads to amputation in many cases. Early detection and intervention of DFU in diabetic patients can significantly relieve the pain caused by the ulcer and also keep patients from losing limbs in severe cases. Read More

    Clinical photographic observation of plantar corns and callus associated with a nominal scale classification and inter- observer reliability study in a student population.
    J Foot Ankle Res 2017 12;10:45. Epub 2017 Oct 12.
    Spire Hospital Little Aston, Little Aston Hall Lane, B7 3UP, Sutton Coldfield, West Midlands UK.
    Background: The management of plantar corns and callus has a low cost-benefit with reduced prioritisation in healthcare. The distinction between types of keratin lesions that forms corns and callus has attracted limited interest. Observation is imperative to improving diagnostic predictions and a number of studies point to some confusion as to how best to achieve this. Read More

    [Clinical effects of simple hallux valgus surgery for transfer metatarsalgia].
    Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2017 Sep;97(35):2737-2741
    Department of Orthopedics, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100730, China.
    To analyze the clinical effects of simple hallux valgus surgery for transfer metatarsalgia. From September 2011 to November, a total of 21 patients(30 feets)with transfer metatarsalgia of hallux valgus and underwent the simple hallux valgus surgery without lateral metatarsal shortening osteotomy In Department of Orthopedics, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, were enrolled in the study.The hallux valgus angle (HVA), intermetatarsal angle (IMA) , AOFAS scale and analogue score (VAS) were measured pre-operation and a half year, one year, two years after operation. Read More

    Foot problems in older women.
    Climacteric 2017 Dec 21;20(6):518-521. Epub 2017 Sep 21.
    a Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Health Sciences , University of Witwatersrand , Parktown, Johannesburg , South Africa.
    Between 20 and 45% of women aged over 65 years of age will develop one or more foot problems, which, although not specific to older women, are more common in that age group than in younger women. These include structural defects of the toes including hallux valgus, hammer, mallet or claw toes, skin disorders, fungal infection of the toes and toe nails, thickened toe nails, ulcers, fissures or cracks between the toes, corns and calluses, flat or high-arched feet. Foot pain is common and may be associated with other co-morbid diseases of the foot. Read More

    Foot disorders in the elderly: A mini-review.
    Dis Mon 2018 Mar 20;64(3):64-91. Epub 2017 Aug 20.
    Nursing and Physical Therapy Department, Institute of Biomedicine (IBIOMED), Universidad de León, Ponferrada, León, Spain.. Electronic address:
    Ageing process is associated with changes to the aspect, biomechanics, structure and function of the foot, it may be related with a marked presence of foot conditions, pain, disability and other overall health problems that constitute a major public health concern. Also, the prevalence of epidemiologic research found an incidence of foot problems which is even higher as a consequence of increasing life expectation. Several studies have also suggested that such foot disorders currently affect between 71 and 87% of older patients and are a frequent cause of medical and foot care. Read More

    Mucocutaneous Manifestations in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Cross-sectional Study from Eastern India.
    Indian J Dermatol 2017 Jul-Aug;62(4):411-417
    Department of Dermatology, Venereology, and Leprosy, R. G. Kar Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
    Background: Cutaneous manifestations are fairly common in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and they can help in early diagnosis, prompt treatment, and hence reduced morbidity from the disease.

    Aims: The objective of the present study was to find out the different patterns of dermatoses in a group of patients with RA from Eastern India.

    Methodology: Consecutive patients fulfilling the American Rheumatism Association 1987 revised criteria for the classification of RA and who had different dermatoses were included in this cross-sectional study done over a period of 8 years in a tertiary care hospital in Eastern India. Read More

    Foot health of nurses-A cross-sectional study.
    Int J Nurs Pract 2017 Aug 19;23(4). Epub 2017 Jun 19.
    University of Turku, Department of Nursing Science/Turku, University Hospital, Turku, Finland.
    Aim: To analyze the level of nurses' foot health and its associations with work well-being.

    Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional study design was applied to a random sample of Finnish nurses (n = 411). The data were collected between May 18 and June 21, 2015 using a self-administered Foot Health Assessment Instrument and analyzed using descriptive statistics and parametric tests. Read More

    Occupational Dermatoses among Cottage Industry Workers of Kashmir Valley in North India.
    Indian Dermatol Online J 2017 May-Jun;8(3):181-185
    Department of Dermatology, Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Leprosy, Government Medical College, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India.
    Introduction: Cottage industry is usually a small-scale industry operated from home by family members using their own equipment. Kashmir has a unique cottage industry of its own which deals with production of many handicrafts, which may lead to a peculiar pattern of skin diseases in these artisans. Aim: The aim of this study was to find out the pattern of skin disorders in the cottage industry workers of Kashmir valley, with primary focus on the occupation-related dermatoses and to identify the most common cutaneous manifestation in these workers. Read More

    Technical principles of direct bipolar electrostimulation for cortical and subcortical mapping in awake craniotomy.
    Neurochirurgie 2017 Jun 12;63(3):158-163. Epub 2017 May 12.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Spedali Civili and University of Brescia, 25123 Brescia, Italy.
    Introduction: Intraoperative application of electrical current to the brain is a standard technique during brain surgery for inferring the function of the underlying brain. The purpose of intraoperative functional mapping is to reliably identify cortical areas and subcortical pathways involved in eloquent functions, especially motor, sensory, language and cognitive functions.

    Material And Methods: The aim of this article is to review the rationale and the electrophysiological principles of the use of direct bipolar electrostimulation for cortical and subcortical mapping under awake conditions. Read More

    Resection of cavernous angioma located in eloquent areas using functional cortical and subcortical mapping under awake conditions. Outcomes in a 50-case multicentre series.
    Neurochirurgie 2017 Jun 12;63(3):219-226. Epub 2017 May 12.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Sainte-Anne Hospital, 75014 Paris, France; Paris Descartes University, Sorbonne Paris Cité, 75006 Paris, France; Réseau d'étude des gliomes, REG, 75000 Groland, France. Electronic address:
    Introduction: Surgical resection of supratentorial cavernous angiomas located in eloquent areas poses a significant risk to the patient of postoperative neurological impairment and justifies intraoperative functional monitoring.

    Methods: Multicentre retrospective series of adult patients with cavernous angiomas located within eloquent areas and treated with functional-based surgical resection according to functional boundaries under intraoperative functional cortico-subcortical monitoring under awake conditions.

    Results: Fifty patients (18 males, mean 36. Read More

    Lasing of surface-polished polycrystalline Ho: YAG (yttrium aluminum garnet) fiber.
    Opt Express 2017 Mar;25(6):6725-6731
    A polycrystalline 1.5% Ho: YAG fiber with a diameter of 31 µm was prepared. Surface roughness from grain boundary grooving was reduced by polishing, which decreased the fiber scattering coefficient from 76 m-1 to 35 m-1. Read More

    [Malalignment of the first ray : Clinical and radiological diagnostics].
    Orthopade 2017 May;46(5):388-394
    Fachzentrum für Fuß und Sprunggelenkchirurgie, Schön Klinik München Harlaching, FIFA Medical Centre, Harlachinger Str. 51, 81547, München, Deutschland.
    Clinical and radiological examination of the foot are mandatory before surgical correction of the forefoot. The clinical examination includes leg axis, position of the hind foot, deformity of the first ray as well as skin conditions, pulse status and possible sensitive deficits. A shortening of the gastrocnemius muscle can be identified using the Silfverskiöld test. Read More

    New production process of the antifungal chaetoglobosin A using cornstalks.
    Braz J Microbiol 2017 Jul - Sep;48(3):410-418. Epub 2017 Feb 4.
    Harbin Institute of Technology, School of Life Sciences and Technology, Harbin, Heilongjiang, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:
    Chaetoglobosin A is an antibacterial compound produced by Chaetomium globosum, with potential application as a biopesticide and cancer treatment drug. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of utilizing cornstalks to produce chaetoglobosin A by C. globosum W7 in solid-batch fermentation and to determine an optimal method for purification of the products. Read More

    Direct electrical bipolar electrostimulation for functional cortical and subcortical cerebral mapping in awake craniotomy. Practical considerations.
    Neurochirurgie 2017 Jun 2;63(3):164-174. Epub 2017 Feb 2.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Sainte-Anne Hospital, Paris, France; Paris Descartes University, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France.
    Introduction: The aim of brain glioma surgery is to maximize the quality of resection, while minimizing the risk of sequelae. Due to the frequent location of gliomas near or within eloquent areas, owing to their infiltrative feature, and because of major interindividual variability, the anatomofunctional organization and connectivity must be studied individually. Therefore, to optimize the benefit-to-risk ratio of surgery, intraoperative functional mapping is extensively used. Read More

    Surgical resection of incidental diffuse gliomas involving eloquent brain areas. Rationale, functional, epileptological and oncological outcomes.
    Neurochirurgie 2017 Jun 1;63(3):250-258. Epub 2017 Feb 1.
    Department of Neurosurgery, Sainte-Anne Hospital, 1, rue Cabanis, 75674 Paris cedex 14, France; Paris Descartes University, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France; Réseau d'étude des gliomes (REG), Groland, France. Electronic address:
    Objective: Incidentally discovered diffuse low-grade gliomas progress in a fashion similar to their symptomatic counterparts. Their early detection allows more effective pre-emptive and individualized oncological treatment. We assessed the safety and efficacy of maximal safe resection according to functional boundaries for incidental diffuse low-grade gliomas in eloquent areas. Read More

    Short-term effect of scalpel debridement of plantar callosities versus treatment with salicylic acid patches: The EMEDESCA randomized controlled trial.
    J Dermatol 2017 Jun 24;44(6):706-709. Epub 2016 Dec 24.
    Department of Nursing and Podiatry, University of Málaga, Malaga, Spain.
    This study compares scalpel debridement versus salicylic acid patches in the treatment of plantar callosities. A randomized clinical trial (ACTRN12614000591651) was performed with 62 patients, divided into two intervention groups. Group A received treatment with salicylic acid patches (Callívoro Marthand ) and group B underwent scalpel debridement of plantar callosities. Read More

    Shortening Oblique Osteotomy with Screw Fixation for Correction of the Lesser Metatarsophalangeal Joints of Rheumatoid Forefoot.
    Acta Med Okayama 2016 Dec;70(6):477-483
    Department of Human Morphology, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama 700-8558,
    The metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joints are often and predominantly affected in rheumatoid arthritis. The aim of the current study was to describe surgical techniques of shortening oblique osteotomy for lesser metatarsal bone with screw fixation at the osteotomy site, and to investigate the short-term clinical outcomes of our procedure. Twenty-seven feet (78 toes) of 24 RA patients underwent the shortening oblique osteotomy for the correction of deformity at the lesser MTP joints. Read More

    A rapid Raman detection of deoxynivalenol in agricultural products.
    Food Chem 2017 Apr 22;221:797-802. Epub 2016 Nov 22.
    The Education Ministry Key Lab of Resource Chemistry, International Joint Laboratory on Resource Chemistry, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Rare Earth Functional Materials, and Shanghai Municipal Education Committee Key Laboratory of Molecular Imaging Probes and Sensors, Department of Chemistry, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai 200234, PR China. Electronic address:
    Mycotoxin results in financial damage and considerable safety risks. In this paper, the possibility of portable Raman system-based surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) for a rapid detection of deoxynivalenol (DON) a mycotoxin in cereals was investigated. Under an optimized condition, SERS analysis for pure DON solution has a wide dynamic concentration range from 10M to 10M with the limit of detection (LOD) down to 100nM. Read More

    Identification of canine papillomavirus by PCR in Greyhound dogs.
    PeerJ 2016 8;4:e2744. Epub 2016 Dec 8.
    Department of Biomedical and Diagnostic Sciences, University of Tennessee , Knoxville , TN , United States of America.
    Background: Corns are hard protuberances that occur on the digital footpads of Greyhound dogs. The cause of these lesions is unknown and there is little information about them in the veterinary literature. We received anecdotal examples of dog to dog spread of corns suggesting an infectious cause. Read More

    Foot Conditions among Homeless Persons: A Systematic Review.
    PLoS One 2016 9;11(12):e0167463. Epub 2016 Dec 9.
    Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
    Introduction: Foot problems are common among homeless persons, but are often overlooked. The objectives of this systematic review are to summarize what is known about foot conditions and associated interventions among homeless persons.

    Methods: A literature search was conducted on MEDLINE (1966-2016), EMBASE (1947-2016), and CINAHL (1982-2016) and complemented by manual searches of reference lists. Read More

    Phytochemicals and antioxidant capacity in four Italian traditional maize (Zea mays L.) varieties.
    Int J Food Sci Nutr 2017 Aug 29;68(5):515-524. Epub 2016 Nov 29.
    a Dipartimento di Biologia , Università degli Studi di Pisa , Pisa , Italy.
    Flours of four pigmented (from orange to red and dark red) local Italian corns, studied for their soluble, soluble conjugate, and insoluble-bound phenols and flavonoids, showed a prevalence of the insoluble-bound fraction (70-80%). Correlations were found between the flours antioxidant capacity, measured with CUPRAC, FRAP, and DPPH methods, and soluble phenols and flavonoids content. A correlation was also found between ascorbic acid content and flours antioxidant power. Read More

    Spatial Distribution of Selected Chemical Cell Wall Components in the Embryogenic Callus of Brachypodium distachyon.
    PLoS One 2016 28;11(11):e0167426. Epub 2016 Nov 28.
    Department of Plant Anatomy and Cytology, Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of Silesia in Katowice, Katowice, Poland.
    Brachypodium distachyon L. Beauv. (Brachypodium) is a species that has become an excellent model system for gaining a better understanding of various areas of grass biology and improving plant breeding. Read More

    Classifying injury narratives of large administrative databases for surveillance-A practical approach combining machine learning ensembles and human review.
    Accid Anal Prev 2017 Jan 15;98:359-371. Epub 2016 Nov 15.
    School of Industrial Engineering, Purdue University, 1287 Grissom Hall, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA.
    Injury narratives are now available real time and include useful information for injury surveillance and prevention. However, manual classification of the cause or events leading to injury found in large batches of narratives, such as workers compensation claims databases, can be prohibitive. In this study we compare the utility of four machine learning algorithms (Naïve Bayes, Single word and Bi-gram models, Support Vector Machine and Logistic Regression) for classifying narratives into Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Injury and Illness event leading to injury classifications for a large workers compensation database. Read More

    Does the use of high-heeled shoes lead to fore-foot pathology? A controlled cohort study comprising 197 women.
    Foot Ankle Surg 2016 Dec 14;22(4):239-243. Epub 2015 Nov 14.
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, St. Olavs University Hospital, Trondheim, Norway.
    Background: High-heeled shoes have been suggested as a main explanation for the female dominance in foot pain and deformities. Aim of study was to test this hypothesis scientifically.

    Methods: Women 40-66 years were included in two groups. Read More

    Factors Associated With Callus in Patients with Diabetes, Focused on Plantar Shear Stress During Gait.
    J Diabetes Sci Technol 2016 11 1;10(6):1353-1359. Epub 2016 Nov 1.
    Department of Gerontological Nursing/Wound Care Management, Division of Health Sciences and Nursing, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
    Background: The aim of this study is to identify whether plantar shear stress in neuropathic patients with diabetes with callus is increased compared with those without callus.

    Method: The differences in foot deformity, limited joint mobility, repetitive stress of walking, and ill-fitting shoes between patients with callus and those without callus were also determined. Subjects were recruited from the Diabetic Foot Outpatient Clinic. Read More

    Ergonomic footwear for Sri Lankan primary schoolchildren: A review of the literature.
    Work 2016 Oct;55(2):285-295
    Department of Textile and Clothing Technology, University of Moratuwa, Katubedda, Western Province, Sri Lanka.
    Background: Foot ailments are common among schoolchildren, some of which may be attributed to wearing ill-fitting footwear. As schoolchildren often participate in athletic activity, they are doubly vulnerable to foot ailments, and are particularly vulnerable to conditions such as hallux valgus, Achilles tendonitis, athlete's foot, corns and calluses. Thus, there is an acute need for the design and manufacture of ergonomic footwear for this target group. Read More

    Comparison of Postoperative Height Changes of the Second Metatarsal Among 3 Osteotomy Methods for Hallux Valgus Deformity Correction.
    Foot Ankle Int 2017 Jan 30;38(1):20-26. Epub 2016 Sep 30.
    3 Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Inje University, Ilsan Paik Hospital, Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea.
    Background: We aimed to compare the postoperative height of the second metatarsal head relative to the first metatarsal head using axial radiographs among 3 different commonly used osteotomy techniques: proximal chevron metatarsal osteotomy (PCMO), scarf osteotomy, and distal chevron metatarsal osteotomy (DCMO).

    Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the radiographs and clinical findings of the patients with painful callosities under the second metatarsal head, complicated by hallux valgus, who underwent isolated PCMO, scarf osteotomy, or DCMO from February 2005 to January 2015. Each osteotomy was performed with 20 degrees of plantar ward obliquity. Read More

    Evaluation of the dermatologic life quality among cleanroom workers in a secondary battery factory.
    Ann Occup Environ Med 2016 2;28(1):39. Epub 2016 Sep 2.
    Department of Occupational & Environmental Medicine, Eulji University Hospital, 95 Dunsanseo-ro, Seo-gu, Daejeon, 35233 Republic of Korea.
    Background: Cleanroom air is extremely dry, as it is maintained within 1 % of relative humidity. Few studies have assessed the dermatologic life quality of workers in ultralow-humidity environments. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the dermatologic life quality of cleanroom workers using the Skindex-29, compared to those of non-cleanroom workers. Read More

    Methylmercury varies more than one order of magnitude in commercial European rice.
    Food Chem 2017 Jan 11;214:360-365. Epub 2016 Jul 11.
    Trace Element Speciation Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Meston Walk, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB24 3UE, United Kingdom. Electronic address:
    Rice is known to accumulate methylmercury (MeHg) in the rice grains. MeHg as a neurotoxin impacts on the human central nervous systems and especially on the developing brain. In this exploratory study, 87 commercial rice products sold in Europe, including nine baby-rice products, were analyzed for total Hg and MeHg content. Read More

    J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad 2016 Jan-Mar;28(1):161-3
    Background: Diabetes mellitus affects more than 285 million people worldwide. The prevalenceis expected to rise to 439 million by the year 2030. Diabetic foot ulcers precede 84% of non-traumatic amputations in diabetics. Read More

    Estimate of genetic gain in popcorn after cycles of phenotypic recurrent selection.
    Genet Mol Res 2016 May 20;15(2). Epub 2016 May 20.
    Departmento de Biologia, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Lavras, MG, Brasil.
    Popcorn is widely consumed in Brazil, yet there are few breeding programs for this crop. Recurrent selection (RS) is a viable breeding alternative for popcorn; however, the gains achieved must be frequently checked. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of selection for grain type (round and pointed) after four cycles of phenotypic RS on the main agronomic traits of popcorn, to estimate the genetic gain achieved for the trait of expansion volume (EV), and to obtain estimates of phenotypic correlations for the main traits of the crop in the UFLA E and UFLA R populations. Read More

    Association between preoperative pain intensity of MTP joint callosities of the lesser toes and fore-mid-hindfoot deformities in rheumatoid arthritis cases.
    Mod Rheumatol 2017 Jan 16;27(1):50-53. Epub 2016 Jun 16.
    a Department of Orthopaedics , Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine , Japan.
    Objectives: To determine whether preoperative pain intensity in callosities of the lesser toe metatarsopharangeal (MTP) joint was associated with the grade of fore-mid-hindfoot deformities, because rheumatoid arthritis (RA) foot deformity includes the whole part of foot, and curiously differences between cases in the pain intensity of MTP joint callosities are often observed.

    Methods: We evaluated 24 feet that had undergone forefoot surgery [August, 2014 - December, 2015] for painful lesser toe MTP joint deformity (callosities) in RA cases. A preoperative self-administered foot evaluation questionnaire (SAFE-Q) and pressure distribution information for foot function were also investigated. Read More

    Polypyrrole nanowire as an excellent solid phase microextraction fiber for bisphenol A analysis in food samples followed by ion mobility spectrometry.
    Talanta 2016 Aug 3;156-157:147-153. Epub 2016 May 3.
    Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, P.O. Box 14115-175, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:
    A polypyrrole nanowire coated fiber was prepared and used in head-space solid phase microextraction coupled with ion mobility spectrometry (HS-SPME-IMS) to the analysis of bisphenol A (BPA) in canned food samples, for the first time. This fiber was synthesized by electrochemical oxidation of the monomer in aqueous solution. The fiber characterization by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) revealed that the new fiber exhibited two-dimensional structures with a nanowire morphology. Read More

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