363 results match your criteria Corneal Laceration


Computed Tomography Diagnostic Abilities for Open-Globe Injuries in Pediatric Versus Adult Patients.

Pediatr Emerg Care 2019 Jan 29. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

From the Departments of Ophthalmology, and.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the role of computed tomography (CT) in the diagnosis of open-globe trauma and intraocular foreign body (IOFB) in pediatric and adult age groups.

Methods: Medical records of cases with open-globe trauma at Inonu University Hospital's Ophthalmology Emergency Service were retrospectively evaluated. Preoperative orbital CT images of the cases obtained at emergency services and their clinical and/or surgical findings were compared in pediatric and adult groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PEC.0000000000001747DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

TRAUMATIC CORNEAL LACERATION IN NORTHWESTERN NIGERIA.

J West Afr Coll Surg 2017 Oct-Dec;7(4):72-84

Department of Ophthalmology, University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Nigeria.

Background: Corneal laceration is a partial or full thickness corneal injury resulting from direct or indirect ocular trauma. Cornea laceration generally leads to the development of corneal opacity which is a significant cause of blindness worldwide, particularly in developing countries where facility for corneal transplant is not readily available. Clinical outcomes depend on causes, the part of cornea involved, and availability of skilled human resource and presence of corneal transplant services. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6237321PMC
November 2018
6 Reads

Case Report: Penetrating Corneal Injury Under an Intact Laser-assisted in Situ Keratomileusis Flap.

Optom Vis Sci 2018 Nov;95(11):1083-1086

University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota

Significance: As the prevalence of post-laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) patients rises, recognition of possible traumatic complications and their management in this population becomes increasingly relevant. Penetrating injuries and intraocular foreign bodies are possible in post-LASIK corneas despite an intact anterior corneal surface. However, with prompt recognition and treatment, excellent visual recovery can be achieved. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001297DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Primary versus secondary intraocular lens implantation in traumatic cataract after open-globe injury in pediatric patients.

J Cataract Refract Surg 2018 Dec 5;44(12):1446-1453. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

From the Children Eye Care Center (P. Sen), Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus (Shah, Jain, Mohan), and the Department of Retina and Uvea (A. Sen), Sadguru Netra Chikitsalaya, Chitrakoot, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Purpose: To compare the visual and refractive outcomes and complications of primary and secondary intraocular lens (IOL) implantation after open-globe injury in pediatric patients.

Setting: Sadguru Netra Chikitsalaya, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Design: Retrospective case series. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08863350183074
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrs.2018.07.061DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Combined Keratoplasty, Pars Plana Vitrectomy, and Flanged Intrascleral Intraocular Lens Fixation to Restore Vision in Complex Eyes With Coexisting Anterior and Posterior Segment Problems.

Cornea 2018 Nov;37 Suppl 1:S78-S85

Department of Ophthalmology, Kanazawa University Graduate School of Medical Science, Kanazawa, Japan.

Purpose: To restore vision in complex eyes with coexisting anterior and posterior segment problems, combined corneal transplantation (penetrating keratoplasty [PK] or Descemet-stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty [DSAEK]), pars plana vitrectomy (PPV), and/or flanged intrascleral intraocular lens (IOL) fixation, designated vitreocorneal surgery are performed. In this study, we evaluated the usefulness of vitreocorneal surgery for eyes with complex comorbidities.

Methods: Thirteen consecutive eyes in 13 patients with coexisting corneal pathology (ie, corneal scarring, bullous keratoplasty, corneal laceration) and posterior segment pathology (ie, aphakia without capsular support, retinal detachment, intravitreal foreign body) underwent vitreocorneal surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ICO.0000000000001716DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

[Unilateral combined strabismus surgery to correct esotropia : Video article on recession of the medial rectus muscle and plication of the lateral rectus muscle].

Ophthalmologe 2018 Nov;115(11):961-966

Klinik für Augenheilkunde, Goethe-Universität, Universitätsklinikum Frankfurt, Theodor-Stern-Kai 7, 60590, Frankfurt am Main, Deutschland.

Objective Of Surgery: The aim of strabismus surgery to correct esotropia is orthotropic alignment or microstrabismus to achieve best possible binocularity, a larger visual field, better appearance, and a frequently connected improved self-esteem. A widely used technique to correct esotropia is combined unilateral strabismus surgery with recession of the medial rectus muscle and plication of the lateral rectus muscle.

Indications: Indications are esotropia of various origins or decompensating esophoria over 15 prism diopters. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00347-018-0784-z
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00347-018-0784-zDOI Listing
November 2018
16 Reads

Sequential traumatic corneal open globe rupture in a patient with osteogenesis imperfecta type I.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2018 Sep 6;11:35-36. Epub 2018 May 6.

Department of Ophthalmology, Cullen Eye Institute, Baylor College of Medicine, 6565 Fannin Street, Houston, TX, USA.

Purpose: To report a case of sequential open globe rupture in a young patient with osteogenesis imperfecta type I following minor accidental blunt injury. This represented the patient's sole clinical manifestation of connective tissue disease, leading to a diagnosis of osteogenesis imperfecta type I at the age of 12 years old.

Observations: A 12-year-old male presented with right eye pain following accidental blunt trauma at school while wearing protective lenses. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S24519936183007
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajoc.2018.05.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6097226PMC
September 2018
6 Reads

Predicting visual function after an ocular bee sting.

Int Ophthalmol 2018 Aug 13. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

West Virginia University Eye Institute, 1 Medical Center Dr, Morgantown, WV, 26506, USA.

Purpose: To report a case of toxic optic neuropathy caused by an ocular bee sting.

Methods: Case report and literature review.

Results: A 44-year-old female presented with no light perception vision 2 days after a corneal bee sting in her right eye. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10792-018-0978-zDOI Listing
August 2018
5 Reads

Open Globe: Corneal Laceration Injury with Negative Seidel Sign.

Clin Pract Cases Emerg Med 2018 Aug 12;2(3):266-267. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

Kimbrough Ambulatory Care Center, Department of Ophthalmology, Fort Meade, Maryland.

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https://escholarship.org/uc/item/0vz2b1xm
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5811/cpcem.2018.4.38086DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6075488PMC
August 2018
4 Reads

Major ocular trauma in Taiwan: 2002-2004 versus 2012-2014.

Sci Rep 2018 May 4;8(1):7081. Epub 2018 May 4.

Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan.

We investigated the temporal changes in major eye injuries in Taiwan by reviewing the medical records of all patients with ocular trauma hospitalized at the National Cheng Kung University Hospital during 2002-2004 and 2012-2014. A total of 169 eyes (161 patients) during 2002-2004 and 121 eyes (120 patients) during 2012-2014 were enrolled (mean ± SD age: 41.9 ± 20. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-25030-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5935687PMC
May 2018
5 Reads
5.080 Impact Factor

Quantitative Analysis of Macular Thickness following Open Globe Injury in Subjects with Clear Media and no Retinal Damage.

J Ophthalmic Vis Res 2018 Apr-Jun;13(2):149-152

Department of Ophthalmology, Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

Purpose: To evaluate the change in macular thickness after open globe injury (OGI) in patients with clear media and without retinal damage using optical coherence tomography (OCT).

Methods: In this longitudinal observational pilot study, 17 patients with clear media and without retinal damage who underwent repair of OGI for corneal, corneoscleral, or scleral laceration were studied. In addition to routine follow-up, all patients were examined at the first and third postoperative months and best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), slit-lamp examination, applanation tonometry, dilated fundus examinations, and macular OCT scans were documented. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jovr.jovr_25_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5905308PMC
May 2018
7 Reads

PENETRATING OCULAR INJURY WITH RETAINED INTRAOCULAR FOREIGN BODY FROM DRYWALL.

Retin Cases Brief Rep 2018 Mar 23. Epub 2018 Mar 23.

Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts.

Purpose: To present a case of open globe injury and retained intraocular foreign body secondary to drywall.

Methods: Interventional case report.

Results: A 21-year-old man presented with corneal laceration, iris defect, and vitreous hemorrhage after hammering drywall. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ICB.0000000000000737DOI Listing

Ophthalmologic Complications Associated With Oculofacial Plastic and Esthetic Surgeries.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Jul;29(5):1208-1211

Department of Ophthalmology, Kim's Eye Hospital, Myung-Gok Eye Research Institute, Konyang University College of Medicine.

Purpose: To assess the ophthalmologic complications after oculofacial plastic and esthetic surgeries, including their incidence and management.

Methods: A retrospective study was performed on 110 patients who presented with ocular complications followed by oculofacial plastic and esthetic surgeries from January 2014 to December 2015. The incidence and management of complications after each surgery or procedure were analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000004515DOI Listing
July 2018
10 Reads

RISK FACTORS, TREATMENT STRATEGIES, AND OUTCOMES OF ENDOPHTHALMITIS ASSOCIATED WITH SEVERE FUNGAL KERATITIS.

Retina 2018 Feb 22. Epub 2018 Feb 22.

Qingdao Eye Hospital, Shandong Eye Institute, Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Qingdao, China.

Purpose: To investigate risk factors, treatment strategies, and outcomes of endophthalmitis associated with severe fungal keratitis.

Methods: Data from 392 patients diagnosed with fungal keratitis were retrospectively examined. Patients had severe disease that was refractory to topical or systemic antifungal therapy, and the infection involved the endothelium or perforated the cornea. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/IAE.0000000000002112DOI Listing
February 2018
6 Reads

A five-year retrospective study of the epidemiological characteristics and visual outcomes of pediatric ocular trauma.

BMC Ophthalmol 2018 Jan 18;18(1):10. Epub 2018 Jan 18.

Ophthalmology department, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Limoges, 2, avenue Martin Luther King, Limoges, France.

Background: Pediatric trauma can lead to serious visual impairment as a result of the trauma itself or secondary to amblyopia. Precise data on epidemiological characteristics and visual outcomes of pediatric ocular injuries are valuable for the prevention of monocular blindness.

Methods: A total of 268 cases of pediatric ocular trauma admitted to the Department of Ophthalmology of the Lithuanian University of Health Sciences Hospital from January 2008 to December 2013 were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12886-018-0676-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5774107PMC
January 2018
10 Reads

Rigid Gas Permeable Contact Lens as a Vision-Sparing Tool in Children After Traumatic Corneal Laceration.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 2018 May 19;55(3):178-181. Epub 2017 Dec 19.

Purpose: To evaluate the clinical value of rigid gas permeable contact lenses in children after traumatic corneal scarring.

Methods: This comparative study included 15 children (age range: 5.7 to 14 years; mean ± standard deviation = 9. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/01913913-20171027-01DOI Listing
May 2018
3 Reads

The mechanics of corneal deformation and rupture for penetrating injury in the human eye.

Injury 2018 Feb 2;49(2):230-235. Epub 2017 Dec 2.

Google[X], 100 Mayfield Ave., Mountain View, CA 94043, USA.

Penetrating eye injuries are surgical emergencies with guarded visual prognosis. The purpose of the current study was to determine the force required to rupture the cornea with a penetrating object, and to study how this force is affected by the object geometry. Thirty-six human cadaveric eyes from donors of various ages were characterized for diameter, axial length, and pre-test intraocular pressure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2017.11.037DOI Listing
February 2018
12 Reads

Sealing of Corneal Lacerations Using Photoactivated Rose Bengal Dye and Amniotic Membrane.

Cornea 2018 Feb;37(2):211-217

San Antonio Uniformed Services Health Education Consortium, San Antonio, TX.

Purpose: Watertight closure of perforating corneoscleral lacerations is necessary to prevent epithelial ingrowth, infection, and potential loss of the eye. Complex lacerations can be difficult to treat, and repair with sutures alone is often inadequate. In this study, we evaluated a potentially sutureless technology for sealing complex corneal and scleral lacerations that bonds the amniotic membrane (AM) to the wound using only green light and rose bengal dye. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ICO.0000000000001389DOI Listing
February 2018
18 Reads

[Practical assessment of DSAEK in the management of endothelial decompensation following penetrating keratoplasty].

J Fr Ophtalmol 2017 Dec 11;40(10):844-852. Epub 2017 Nov 11.

Département d'ophtalmologie, hôpital de Mercy, CHR de Metz-Thionville, 1, allée du Château, CS45001, 57085 Metz cedex 03, France.

Purpose: To report our anatomical and functional results as well as possible complications of the first six Descemet's stripping endothelial keratoplasties (DSAEK) performed in our department for endothelial decompensation after penetrating keratoplasty (PK) METHODS: This was a retrospective and observational monocentric study of six patients with DSAEK after prior PK between January 2015 and July 2016. The data collected were: demographic characteristics (age, sex), ophthalmological comorbidities, initial indication for PK, delay between PK and DSAEK. Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) preoperatively and at 1, 3 and 6 months postoperatively were collected in Monoyer's and Parinaud scale and converted to log MAR for statistical analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfo.2017.05.011DOI Listing
December 2017
12 Reads

Visual and Refractive Outcomes of Children After Early Secondary Cataract Extraction Following Wound Repair for Penetrating Ocular Trauma.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 2018 Mar 14;55(2):122-127. Epub 2017 Nov 14.

Purpose: To evaluate the visual and refractive outcomes in children 8 years of age or younger with corneal laceration and cataract following penetrating ocular injuries who underwent primary corneal tear repair followed within 1 to 8 weeks by early secondary cataract extraction.

Methods: This retrospective, non-comparative case series reviewed the admission and operative charts of children 8 years of age or younger (range: 3 to 8 years) who underwent corneal wound repair as the primary surgical procedure followed within 1 to 8 weeks by cataract extraction with intraocular lens implantation, with a minimum follow-up period of 6 months. The main outcome measures were best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and refractive error as the spherical equivalent at the final follow-up visit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/01913913-20170703-04DOI Listing
March 2018
12 Reads
0.730 Impact Factor

New pinhole sulcus implant for the correction of irregular corneal astigmatism.

J Cataract Refract Surg 2017 Oct;43(10):1297-1306

From the Department of Ophthalmology (C.C.Trindade, Santhiago), University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Ciencias Medicas Medical School (B.C. Trindade) and Cançado-Trindade Eye Institute (F.C.Trindade), Belo Horizonte, Brazil; the Moran Eye Center (Werner), Salt Lake City, Utah, and the University of Cincinnati (Osher), Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.

Purpose: To evaluate the effect on visual acuity of the implantation of a new intraocular pinhole device (Xtrafocus) in cases of irregular corneal astigmatism with significant visual impairment.

Setting: University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Design: Prospective case series. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrs.2017.09.014DOI Listing
October 2017
4 Reads

Collagen cross-linking as an adjunct for repair of corneal lacerations: a cadaveric study.

Can J Ophthalmol 2017 Oct 18;52(5):508-512. Epub 2017 Mar 18.

Department of Ophthalmology, Queen's University, Kingston, Ont. Electronic address:

Objective: To determine the efficacy of collagen cross-linking (CXL) as an adjunct to suturing in the repair of corneal lacerations.

Methods: A cadaveric study was undertaken in which a linear 5 mm corneal laceration was created in the central cornea of 20 eyes. The eyes were then randomized to receive 1 (n = 8), 2 (n = 8), or 3 (n = 4) standard corneal sutures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcjo.2017.01.015DOI Listing
October 2017
7 Reads

Forceps trauma in a newborn presenting as iris heterochromia.

J AAPOS 2017 Oct 1;21(5):425-426. Epub 2017 Sep 1.

Department of Ophthalmology, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:

Birth-associated ocular trauma is common and often minor, including subconjunctival and retinal haemorrhage and eyelid edema. Significant ocular trauma during birth, usually associated with forceps-assisted delivery, is rarer and can include Descemet's membrane rupture, lid lacerations, hyphema, Purtcher retinopathy, facial nerve palsy, corneal edema, and corneal laceration. We report the first case of ocular birth trauma from forceps presenting as isolated iris heterochromia and a pseudo rubeosis iridis, which completely resolved by 1 month of age with no known adverse ocular sequelae. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaapos.2017.06.015DOI Listing
October 2017
10 Reads

Corneal melt following collagen crosslinking and topography-guided customized ablation treatment for keratoconus.

Can J Ophthalmol 2017 Jun 18;52(3):e88-e91. Epub 2017 Jan 18.

Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont; Department of Ophthalmology, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ont. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcjo.2016.11.007DOI Listing
June 2017
10 Reads

Cannula-associated Ocular Injuries during Cataract Surgery: A Preventable Intraoperative Complication?

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2017 Jan-Mar;24(1):54-56

Department of Ophthalmology, The James Cook University Hospital, Middlesbrough TS4 3BW, UK.

Although rare, inadvertently dislodged cannula can occur during cataract surgery. We report two cases of cannula-associated ocular injury during stromal hydration of the main corneal incision despite the use of Luer-lock syringes. Case 1 suffered from an initially occult intraocular injury which led to a delayed presentation of vitreous prolapsing into the anterior chamber, presumed posterior capsular rupture, vitreous hemorrhage, and multiple retinal tears, which required a three-port pars plana vitrectomy and cryotherapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_208_15DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5433130PMC
June 2017
33 Reads

Secondary Sulcus-Fixed Foldable IOL Implantation with 25-G Infusion in Patients with Previous PPV after Open-Globe Injury.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2017 Nov;27(6):786-790

Department of Ophthalmology, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin - PR China.

Purpose: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of secondary sulcus-fixed foldable intraocular lens (IOL) implantation through a clear corneal incision with 25-G infusion in patients with previous pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) after open-globe injury, and to analyze postoperative outcomes and prognostic factors of treatment.

Methods: Clinical data of 89 eyes of 89 patients with open-globe injury who underwent secondary sulcus-fixed foldable IOL implantation through a clear corneal incision with 25-G infusion after vitrectomy in our hospital between January 2008 and June 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. The examinations before IOL implantation mainly included visual acuity, slit-lamp examination, direct and indirect ophthalmoscope, visual electrophysiology, corneal endothelium, B scan, ultrasound biomicroscope, and intraocular pressure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5301/ejo.5000963DOI Listing
November 2017
24 Reads

Corneal and Corneoscleral Injury in Combat Ocular Trauma from Operations Iraqi Freedom and Enduring Freedom.

Mil Med 2017 03;182(S1):114-119

Department of Ophthalmology, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, 8901 Wisconsin Avenue, Bethesda MD 20889.

Objectives: To examine the incidence and the etiology of corneal and corneoscleral injuries in the setting of combat ocular trauma, and to determine what effect these injuries have on overall visual impairment from combat ocular trauma.

Methods: Retrospective, noncomparative, interventional case series, analyzing U.S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7205/MILMED-D-16-00041DOI Listing
March 2017
11 Reads

A rare case of keratitis.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2017 Apr 7;5:81-84. Epub 2016 Dec 7.

Department of Ophthalmology, VA Boston Healthcare System, 150 South Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA, USA.

Purpose: We report a rare case of fungal keratitis in a patient sustaining a corneal laceration from impact with a piece of moldy plaster.

Observations: The patient was treated with topical voriconazole with resolution of active keratitis and formation of a stromal scar. The patient's final visual acuity was 20/20 in the affected eye. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajoc.2016.12.005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5758013PMC
April 2017
5 Reads

Finite element analysis and experimental evaluation of penetrating injury through the cornea.

J Mech Behav Biomed Mater 2017 02 3;66:104-110. Epub 2016 Nov 3.

Google[X], Mountain View, CA, USA.

Penetration injuries of the eye are among the most frequent causes of permanent visual impairment resulting from trauma. The purpose of this study was to determine the peak strain at which rupture occurs in the cornea due to a penetrating object. Probes of varying diameters (1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmbbm.2016.11.001DOI Listing
February 2017
4 Reads

Tegadermdressing and Lacri-lube ointment moisture chamber to manage exposure keratopathy.

Can J Ophthalmol 2016 Oct 11;51(5):e149-e151. Epub 2016 Jul 11.

University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcjo.2016.05.010DOI Listing
October 2016
13 Reads

Infectious crystalline keratopathy caused by Cladosporium sp. after penetrating keratoplasty: a case report.

Int Med Case Rep J 2016 29;9:267-71. Epub 2016 Aug 29.

Cornea Department, Oftalmo Center Blumenau, Blumenau, Santa Catarina, Brazil.

Background: Infectious crystalline keratopathy is a rare, progressive infection characterized by the insidious progression of branches and crystalline corneal opacities with minimal or no inflammation. This case report describes the evolution of an infectious crystalline keratopathy caused by Cladosporium sp., which developed after tectonic keratoplasty in a patient with a history of ocular trauma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IMCRJ.S110046DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5010152PMC
September 2016
10 Reads

Anesthesia for Traumatic Diaphragmatic Hernia Associated with Corneal Laceration.

Am J Case Rep 2016 Sep 6;17:646-9. Epub 2016 Sep 6.

Department of Anesthesiology, Rasoul Akram Medical Complex Affiliated with Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

BACKGROUND Diaphragmatic rupture can be seen in up to 5% of car accidents, and 80%-100% of diaphragmatic hernias are associated with other vital organ injuries. Brain, pelvis, long bones, liver, spleen, and aorta are some other organs that can be severely damaged and need different anesthetic managements. CASE REPORT A 37-year-old male victim of a head-on collision who was suffering diaphragmatic rupture and corneal laceration was prepared for an emergency operation 11 hours after the car accident. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5013980PMC
September 2016
4 Reads

Change of Optical Intensity during Healing Process of Corneal Wound on Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography.

Sci Rep 2016 08 26;6:32352. Epub 2016 Aug 26.

Joint Shantou International Eye Center, Shantou University &the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shantou, China.

The purpose of this study is to investigate the process of corneal wound healing after penetrating injury with the change in optical intensity on anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) and to investigate factors associated with severity of corneal scar. Forty-seven eyes from 47 patients with repaired corneal laceration were included. AS-OCT was performed on 1day, 1week, 1, 3 and 6 months after primary repair. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep32352DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4999820PMC
August 2016
13 Reads

Post-traumatic endophthalmitis caused by Streptococcus parauberis: First human case report.

Indian J Med Microbiol 2016 Jul-Sep;34(3):382-4

Department of Medical Microbiology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

A 12-year-old boy presented with trauma to left eye with a wooden stick. On examination, there was full thickness corneal laceration with cataractous lens behind the laceration. The laceration was sutured, and intravitreal injections of vancomycin, ceftazidime and clindamycin were administered. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0255-0857.188360DOI Listing
February 2017
3 Reads

Inhibition of recurrence of epithelial ingrowth with an amniotic membrane pressure patch to a laser in situ keratomileusis flap with a central stellate laceration: a case report.

BMC Ophthalmol 2016 Jul 18;16:111. Epub 2016 Jul 18.

Department of Ophthalmology, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Yonsei-ro Seodaemun-gu, 120-752, Seoul, South Korea.

Background: Surgical lifting and scraping is a well-known treatment for epithelial ingrowth, but treatment for epithelial ingrowth on the centrally perforated laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) flap has not been well studied.

Case Presentation: We present a patient who had epithelial ingrowth to the backside of the flap through a central LASIK flap laceration with a stellate shape. The patient had undergone uncomplicated bilateral LASIK surgery 3 years before the trauma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12886-016-0291-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4950235PMC
July 2016
15 Reads

Impact of Microscope-Integrated OCT on Ophthalmology Resident Performance of Anterior Segment Surgical Maneuvers in Model Eyes.

Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2016 07;57(9):OCT146-53

Ophthalmology, Duke University Eye Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States 2Biomedical Engineering, Pratt School of Engineering Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States.

Purpose: The integration of swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) into the operating microscope enables real-time, tissue-level three-dimensional (3D) imaging to aid in ophthalmic microsurgery. In this prospective randomized controlled study, we evaluated the impact of SS microscope-integrated OCT (MI-OCT) on ophthalmology residents' performance of ophthalmic microsurgical maneuvers.

Methods: Fourteen ophthalmology residents from a single institution were stratified by year of training and randomized to perform four anterior segment surgical maneuvers on porcine eyes with (MI-OCT+) or without (MI-OCT-) direct intraoperative OCT guidance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1167/iovs.15-18818DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4968783PMC
July 2016
15 Reads

Long-term outcomes of wedge resection at the limbus for high irregular corneal astigmatism after repaired corneal laceration.

Int J Ophthalmol 2016 18;9(6):843-7. Epub 2016 Jun 18.

Department of Ophthalmology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, Henan Province, China.

Aim: To evaluate the clinical value of wedge resection at corneal limbus in patients with traumatic corneal scarring and high irregular astigmatism.

Methods: Patients with traumatic corneal astigmatism received wedge resection at least 6mo after suture removal from corneal wound. The uncorrected distance visual acuities (UCVA) and best corrected distance visual acuities (BCVA), pre- and post-operation astigmatism, spherical equivalent (SE), safety and complications were evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.18240/ijo.2016.06.09DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4916140PMC
July 2016
14 Reads

Comparing biometry in normal eyes of children with unilateral cataract/corneal disease to age-matched controls.

Nepal J Ophthalmol 2015 Jul;7(14):108-16

Objective: To compare ocular biometry and central corneal thickness of unaffected healthy eyes of pediatric patients with monocular cataracts/corneal opacities and age- matched controls.

Materials And Methods: We studied 329 eyes of 329 children who were between 1 and 12 years old. The study group (n: 164) consisted of healthy fellow eyes of children operated for unilateral congenital/traumatic cataract and corneal laceration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/nepjoph.v7i2.14959DOI Listing
July 2015
18 Reads

Ruptured Globe due to a Bird Attack.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2016 Jan-Apr;7(1):112-4. Epub 2016 Feb 20.

Bahrain Defence Force Royal Medical Services, Riffa, Bahrain.

Introduction: Bird attacks are in general an uncommon event. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case in Bahrain. There have been very few cases reported worldwide. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000444180DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4899648PMC
June 2016
5 Reads

Ocular injuries from fireworks: the 11-year experience of a US level I trauma center.

Eye (Lond) 2016 Oct 10;30(10):1324-1330. Epub 2016 Jun 10.

Department of Ophthalmology, Southern California Permanente Medical Group, San Diego, CA 92120, USA.

PurposeCharacterize ocular trauma and visual outcomes from firework injuries at a level I trauma center.MethodsRetrospective review of all firework injuries at Harborview Medical Center between 2003 and 2013.ResultsThree hundred and twenty-seven patients sustained firework injuries, of which 100 (31%) sustained ocular injuries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/eye.2016.104DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5129850PMC
October 2016
8 Reads

Corneoscleral Laceration and Ocular Burns Caused by Electronic Cigarette Explosions.

Cornea 2016 Jul;35(7):1015-8

*Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO; and †Department of Ophthalmology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO.

Purpose: To report cases of acute globe rupture and bilateral corneal burns from electronic cigarette (EC) explosions.

Methods: Case series.

Results: We describe a series of patients with corneal injury caused by EC explosions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ICO.0000000000000881DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4900417PMC
July 2016
6 Reads

A Comparison of Rebound to Indentation Tonometry in Supine Sedated Children with Glaucoma.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2016 Apr-Jun;23(2):183-6

King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; Eye Institute, Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.

Purpose: To compare intraocular pressure (IOP) measurements by rebound tonometry (Icare PRO; Icare Finland Oy, Helsinki, Finland) to measurements by indentation tonometry (Pneumotonometer Model 30 classic and Tono-Pen XL; Reichert, Buffalo, NY, USA) in supine sedated children with glaucoma.

Methods: Prospective comparative observational study of Saudi Arabian children with glaucoma undergoing chloral hydrate sedation for ophthalmic examination (February 2012 - February 2013). Nonglaucomatous eyes were included as controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0974-9233.179707DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4845616PMC
March 2017
4 Reads

AN ATYPICAL CASE OF SYMPATHETIC OPHTHALMIA AFTER LIMBAL CORNEAL LACERATION.

Retin Cases Brief Rep 2017 Spring;11(2):141-144

*Ruby Eye Hospital and Research Center, Govinda Vihar, Berhampur, India; †Kar Eye Hospital, Jayadev Vihar, Bhubaneswar, India; and ‡M.K.C.G. Medical College, Berhampur, India.

Background/purpose: To report a case of atypical sympathetic ophthalmia after limbal corneal laceration.

Methods And Results: An 11-year-old child had a successful left eye corneal laceration repair at the temporal limbus with excision of exposed nonnecrotic iris tissue, resulting in good visual acuity of 20/80 and 20/25 on postoperative Days 1 and 7, respectively. The patient was prescribed 1 mg/kg oral prednisolone in a tapering dose as prophylaxis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ICB.0000000000000313DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5388012PMC
September 2017
9 Reads

Combination management by C-arm fluoroscopy and extraocular muscle severance for penetrating ocular trauma with a retrobulbar foreign body.

Orbit 2016 Jun 12;35(3):167-9. Epub 2016 Apr 12.

a Department of Ophthalmology , Yamaguchi University Graduate School of Medicine , Ube City Yamaguchi , Japan.

We report here the successful removal of a retrobulbar metallic foreign body in a patient with penetrating ocular trauma by a transconjunctival approach and combination management with C-arm fluoroscopy and extraocular muscle severance. A 37-year-old man sustained a penetrating injury to the right eye while using an iron hammer. Initial slitlamp examination revealed a corneoscleral laceration, iridocele, anterior chamber collapse, and a traumatic cataract. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/01676830.2016.1139596DOI Listing
June 2016
22 Reads

Conjunctival pedicle flap in management of open globe injury with corneal tissue loss.

BMJ Case Rep 2016 Mar 14;2016. Epub 2016 Mar 14.

Centre for Ocular Regeneration, L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Accidental injury with scissors led to an open globe injury with iris prolapse and corneal tissue loss in the right eye of a 15-year-old girl. Attempts to suture the laceration normally, led to persistent aqueous leak, and tight suturing was leading to unacceptable distortion of the corneal contour. In the absence of donor tissue or tissue glue, a bulbar conjunctival pedicle flap was used to augment sutures placed without undue tension, and watertight closure of the globe was achieved. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2015-213703DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4800212PMC
March 2016
5 Reads

A case of Tannerite(®) target mixture causing severe blast injury.

Burns 2016 Jun 20;42(4):e47-50. Epub 2016 Feb 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center, 1 Medical Center Blvd, Winston-Salem, NC, 27103, United States.

Tannerite(®) is a proprietary blend of an oxidizer, ammonium nitrate, and aluminum powder catalyst used to make homemade exploding targets. While it is currently approved for unrestricted sale in the United States, it can be used to form devices capable of inflicting major blast injury. We present here a case of close proximity exposure to detonation of the mixed Tannerite(®) blend. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.burns.2016.01.020DOI Listing
June 2016
13 Reads

Epidemiology of open globe injuries in cap bon: about 100 cases.

Tunis Med 2015 Oct;93(10):618-22

Background: Open globe injuries are a major cause of permanent visual impairment and blindness.

Objectives: In this retrospective study, we identify clinical characteristics and outcome of a series of open globe injuries.

Methods: Operating department records were reviewed to identify all patients who had undergone repair of an open globe injury from January 2006 to November 2013 at the department of ophtalmology in the university hospital of Nabeul in Tunisia. Read More

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October 2015
10 Reads

Outcome of phacoemulsification following corneal and lens laceration in cats and dogs (2000-2010).

Vet Ophthalmol 2017 Jan 19;20(1):4-10. Epub 2015 Dec 19.

Willows Veterinary Centre & Referral Service, Solihull, West Midlands, UK.

Objective: To investigate the success rate of phacoemulsification following corneal and lens laceration in dogs and cats.

Procedure: Retrospective review of cats and dogs presenting with corneal and lens laceration and treated with phacoemulsification.

Results: The records of 33 patients (33 eyes: six feline, 27 canine) presenting to a private referral center were reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/vop.12335DOI Listing
January 2017
8 Reads

Corneal Emergencies.

Authors:
Ellen B Belknap

Top Companion Anim Med 2015 Sep 9;30(3):74-80. Epub 2015 Jul 9.

Metropolitan Veterinary Referral Hospital, Akron, OH, USA. Electronic address:

Corneal emergencies can be due to a number of different causes and may be vision threatening if left untreated. In an attempt to stabilize the cornea, it is of benefit to place an Elizabethan collar on the patient to prevent further corneal damage. This article discusses the diagnosis, prognosis, and management of corneal emergencies in dogs and cats. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.tcam.2015.07.006DOI Listing
September 2015
3 Reads

Presentation and Management Outcomes of Corneal and Scleral Perforations in Geriatric Nursing Home Residents.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2015 Sep;94(36):e1518-0

From the Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Prince of Wales Hospital (YYYF, ALY, VJ); Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, The Chinese University of Hong Kong (MY, ALY, VJ); Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Hang Seng Management College, Hong Kong (MY); and Centre for Eye Research Australia, University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia (VJ).

We compared the clinical presentation and treatment outcomes of corneal and scleral perforations in geriatric nursing home residents, geriatric community residents, and non-geriatric population. The medical records of patients who were treated for corneal and scleral perforations at the Prince of Wales Hospital, Hong Kong between January 1, 2004 and May 1, 2013, were reviewed retrospectively. Of 144 cases, 53 (37%) occurred in the geriatric population, of which 16 (11%) lived in nursing homes, and 37 (26%) were community residents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000001518DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4616641PMC
September 2015
11 Reads
2 Citations
5.723 Impact Factor