438 results match your criteria Corneal Laceration

Treatment of Mechanical Corneal Wounds Emergencies during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Absorbable 10-0 Vicryl (Polyglactin 910) Sutures as a Suitable Strategy.

J Pers Med 2022 May 25;12(6). Epub 2022 May 25.

Ophthalmology Department, University Hospital, 42000 Saint-Etienne, France.

Background-The COVID-19 pandemic has changed our standard practices: operating rooms were only available for functional emergencies and outpatient visits were drastically reduced in favor of telemedicine. Aim: To report the personalized "one-shot" surgery using absorbable 10-0 Vicryl (V10-0) or polyglactin 910 monofilament in mechanical corneal injuries from February 2020 to December 2021. Methods-Prospective case series with at least 12-months' follow-up, in a French university hospital. Read More

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Countering choroid prolapse in corneo scleral repair.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2022 Jun;70(6):2210

Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Background: The video shows the meticulous repair of the corneoscleral tear along with management of the choroidal prolapse.

Purpose: The video demonstrates the steps to establish the anatomical integrity of the globe and tips to avoid suture bites through the choroid in a corneo-scleral tear repair.

Synopsis: Identification of important landmarks helps in the establishment of anatomical integrity. Read More

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Innovative method for wound debridement in open globe injury.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2022 Jun;70(6):2210

Ocular Trauma Service, Drashti Netralaya, Dahod, Gujarat, India.

Background: Open globe injury is a serious sight threatening condition. Full-thickness, non-selfsealing corneal lacerations require repair in the operating room. During repair, debridement of the wound is an important step. Read More

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Traumatic corneal wound (microns away from a full-thickness laceration).

Shaina N Kumar

Oxf Med Case Reports 2022 May 23;2022(5):omac043. Epub 2022 May 23.

Department of Ophthalmology, Bronxcare Health System, Bronx, NY, USA.

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Pasteurella Multocida Panophthalmitis: A Devastating Sequela of an Industrial Penetrating Injury.

Cureus 2022 Apr 8;14(4):e23962. Epub 2022 Apr 8.

Ophthalmology, Hospital Raja Permaisuri Bainun, Perak, MYS.

is a rare but aggressive causative organism in panophthalmitis. It is commonly transmitted to humans through contact with cats and dogs as a result of bites or scratches. We report a rare case of panophthalmitis due to following an industrial penetrating injury. Read More

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Retained polyvinyl chloride fragments in the cornea following trauma.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2022 Jun 29;26:101561. Epub 2022 Apr 29.

Department of Ophthalmology, Flaum Eye Institute, University of Rochester Medical Center, USA.

Purpose: PVC is a synthetic plastic polymer used worldwide for a wide range of applications. While it is often associated with ocular trauma, little is known regarding how PVC may interact with ocular tissues. Herein we report the clinical course of a patient with polyvinyl chloride (PVC) embedded in the cornea after a projectile injury, utilizing anterior segment optical tomography to study the relative antigenicity and reactivity of this industrial material in the cornea. Read More

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Resolution of traumatic mydriasis and accommodative dysfunction eight years after sweetgum ball ocular injury.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2022 Jun 21;26:101552. Epub 2022 Apr 21.

Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus Service, Wills Eye Hospital, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Purpose: To present a case of traumatic mydriasis (MD) and accommodative dysfunction (AD) secondary to a sweetgum ball ocular injury that resolved 8 years after the inciting trauma.

Observations: A 6-year-old female presented with left eye ocular trauma after being hit with a sweetgum ball. Sweetgum balls are the small, spiky fallen fruits of the American Sweetgum tree (). Read More

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Tear Strip Meniscometry and Its Clinical Application: Analysis of More Than 2000 Cases.

Transl Vis Sci Technol 2022 05;11(5)

Department of Ophthalmology, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Purpose: To evaluate the association of strip meniscometry tear meniscus volume measurement with signs and symptoms related to dry eye.

Methods: This cross-sectional study enrolled 2234 consecutive outpatients and used dry eye symptomatology and related ocular surface examinations, including the Schirmer test, fluorescein tear film break-up time (BUT), corneal fluorescein vital staining and strip meniscometry. The strip meniscometry cut-off was estimated using a receiver operating characteristic analysis. Read More

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Clinical characteristics and outcomes of ocular injuries in pediatric patients.

Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg 2022 May;28(5):654-661

Department of Ophthalmology, Başkent University Ankara Hospital, Ankara-Turkey.

Background: Childhood eye injuries are one of the most common causes of acquired unilateral blindness. In this study, our purpose was to investigate the demographics, etiology, and outcome of pediatric patients with ocular injury.

Methods: The charts of children with ocular trauma who presented to Baskent University Hospitals, between January 1, 2017 and December 31, 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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Decrease of tear break-up time at Japanese eye clinics during five consecutive years.

Sci Rep 2022 04 27;12(1):6848. Epub 2022 Apr 27.

Department of Ophthalmology, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, 160-8582, Japan.

The aim of this retrospective chart review study was to evaluate the 5-year trend of ocular surface examination results in participants who visited the eye clinic from 2015 to 2019, underwent corneal and lacrimal examinations, refraction, and intra-ocular pressure measurements, and reported six dry eye-related symptoms. A total of 1468 patients were analyzed. Tear break-up time (BUT) decreased continuously for five consecutive years: 4. Read More

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Post-traumatic Fungal Keratitis and Endophthalmitis Caused by with Late Recurrence following Therapeutic Full-thickness Penetrating Keratoplasty.

Ocul Immunol Inflamm 2022 Apr 11:1-4. Epub 2022 Apr 11.

Department of Ophthalmology & Vision Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Background: To report a rare case of fungal keratitis and endophthalmitis due to .

Methods: Case report.

Results: A 71-year-old immunocompetent male sustained a corneal laceration, traumatic cataract, and retinal detachment due to penetrating injury from a nail pulled from a wooden deck. Read More

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Sports ball projectile ocular trauma in dogs.

Vet Ophthalmol 2022 Apr 5. Epub 2022 Apr 5.

Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA.

Objective: To describe the clinical features, management, and outcome of dogs presenting with sports ball projectile ocular injuries.

Animals Studied: Eighteen dogs.

Procedures: A retrospective study reviewing cases of ocular injury due to a sports ball projectile that presented to the Cornell University ophthalmology service between 2004 and 2021. Read More

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Epithelial ingrowth as a rare complication of nonpenetrating traumatic corneal injury.

Clin Exp Optom 2022 Mar 7:1-3. Epub 2022 Mar 7.

Department of Ophthalmology, Ege University, Izmir, Turkey.

Trauma-related corneal epithelial ingrowth is a rare condition which was defined in only one previous report among the literature. A sequela-free recovery can be achieved with appropriate diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up. A 40-year-old female patient with a history of trauma about 6 months ago was referred to our clinic with the corneal scar in the left eye. Read More

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Unusual presentation of corneal laceration in a post-LASIK eye following blunt trauma.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2022 Jun 10;26:101419. Epub 2022 Feb 10.

Vision Health Research Center, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran.

Purpose: To report a case with full thickness corneal laceration behind the intact LASIK flap after blunt trauma.

Observations: A 48-year-old man with a history of LASIK surgery was hit by a shovel. Slit-lamp examination showed 4+ corneal edema. Read More

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Isolated globe rupture without concomitant eyelid laceration or orbital trauma following facial dog bite injury in a child.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2022 Mar 3;25:101381. Epub 2022 Feb 3.

Texas Oculoplastics Consultants (TOC) Eye & Face, 3705 Medical Parkway, Suite 120, Austin, TX, 78705, USA.

Purpose: Facial dog bites often cause periorbital trauma; however, the globe is rarely damaged. Most globe injury following dog bites results from unusual circumstances and typically presents with concomitant periorbital and ocular adnexal injuries.

Observations: The case presented is a rare presentation of isolated globe rupture without orbital trauma following facial dog bite in a child without history or evidence of decreased blink reflex, mental deficiency, or substance use. Read More

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Epidemiological Characteristics and Outcome of Open Globe Injuries in Tabuk City, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: Retrospective Cohort Study.

Ophthalmol Ther 2022 Apr 12;11(2):759-769. Epub 2022 Feb 12.

Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Al-Kharj, Saudi Arabia.

Introduction: The objective of this study was to assess the epidemiological characteristics, clinical features and visual outcomes of open globe eye injury (OGI) in Tabuk, Saudi Arabia.

Methods: A retrospective chart review of OGI patients who had undergone operative repair of their injuries in Tabuk, Saudi Arabia. The collected data included patients' demographics, duration between trauma and presentation and the mechanism of trauma, wound location, extent of injury, presence of intraocular foreign body, and initial and final visual acuity data. Read More

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Corneal lacerations following crab claw injuries.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2022 Mar 20;25:101288. Epub 2022 Jan 20.

Cornea Cataract and Anterior Segment Division, The Wilmer Eye Institute, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 600 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD, 21287, USA.

Purpose: To present two cases of full-thickness corneal lacerations following crab claw injuries.

Observations: The first case is a 61-year-old male who presented to the emergency department (ED) with right-eye discharge, pain, and vision loss. Prior to presentation, the patient was with his friends on a fishing trip when one of them caught a crab and threw it to the patient, striking him in the right eye. Read More

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Open Globe Injury Secondary to "Durian" Fruit Fall.

Cureus 2021 Nov 29;13(11):e19978. Epub 2021 Nov 29.

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia School of Medical Sciences, Kota Bharu, MYS.

A devastating ocular injury can be caused by durian, the "king of fruits." We report a case of open globe injury secondary to a durian fruit fall. A 54-year-old unfortunate male was accidentally hit by a durian fruit that fell from a tree. Read More

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November 2021

Establishment of a prediction tool for ocular trauma patients with machine learning algorithm.

Int J Ophthalmol 2021 18;14(12):1941-1949. Epub 2021 Dec 18.

Department of Ophthalmology, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan 49241, Republic of Korea.

Aim: To predict final visual acuity and analyze significant factors influencing open globe injury prognosis.

Methods: Prediction models were built using a supervised classification algorithm from Microsoft Azure Machine Learning Studio. The best algorithm was selected to analyze the predicted final visual acuity. Read More

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December 2021

Comment on: Tear Stability With Masks in Dry Eye Disease.

Cornea 2022 04;41(4):e7

Servicio de Oftalmología, Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Departamento de Inmunología, Oftalmología y ORL, Instituto de Investigaciones Oftalmológicas Ramón Castroviejo, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria del Hospital Clínico San Carlos (IdISSC), Madrid, Spain.

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Retained Metallic Intraocular Foreign Body With Excellent Visual Outcome.

Cureus 2021 Oct 9;13(10):e18633. Epub 2021 Oct 9.

Ophthalmology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, MYS.

A healthy 25-year-old gentleman sustained a left eye perforating injury involving a metallic intraocular foreign body. Upon examination, his best-corrected visual acuity was 6/6 in the right eye and 1/60 in the left eye. There was a full thickness cornea-scleral laceration wound with uveal tissue prolapse at 7 o'clock. Read More

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October 2021

Development and characterization of a hydrogel-based adhesive patch for sealing open-globe injuries.

Acta Biomater 2022 01 19;137:53-63. Epub 2021 Oct 19.

Department of Ophthalmology, Schepens Eye Research Institute, Massachusetts Eye and Ear, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, United States. Electronic address:

Full-thickness wounds to the eye can lead to serious vision impairment. Current standards of care (from suturing to tissue transplantation) usually require highly skilled surgeons and use of an operating theater. In this study, we report the synthesis, optimization, and in vitro and ex vivo testing of photocrosslinkable hydrogel-based adhesive patches that can easily be applied to globe injuries or corneal incisions. Read More

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January 2022

Ocular trauma in counter insurgency and proxy war environment: Epidemiological study, 1992-2004.

Med J Armed Forces India 2021 Oct 27;77(4):390-396. Epub 2020 Jul 27.

Graded Specialist (Ophthalmology), Command Hospital (Central Command), Lucknow, India.

Background: To analyze the epidemiology of hospitalized ocular injuries occurring in counter insurgency and proxy war environment in a forward area of northern India over a period of 13 years.

Methods: Retrospective observational study of medical records was performed of 458 patients with ocular injuries primarily treated at zonal referral hospital of Indian Army between January 1992 and December 2004.

Results: A total of 559 eyes with ocular injuries were studied. Read More

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October 2021

Case Series: Ocular Trauma Secondary to Masks during the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Optom Vis Sci 2021 11;98(11):1299-1303

Department of Ophthalmology, Peking University Third Hospital, Haidian District, Beijing, China.

Significance: Previously, people had only recognized the discomfort of masks, and no one had ever realized the risk of ocular trauma associated with masks. We classify the causes of injuries into two categories and emphasize the importance of using masks properly.

Purpose: This study aimed to characterize and classify ocular injuries caused by masks. Read More

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November 2021

Cat Inflicted Eye Injury in a Child.

J Med Cases 2021 May 5;12(5):209-212. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

Ocular injuries, especially corneal abrasions are a common phenomenon noted in the pediatric emergency department. Most of these are minor injuries and are well described in literature. However, there is very limited data on corneal cat scratch injuries and their management. Read More

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Surgical technique for the management of corneal perforation in brittle cornea.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2021 Sep;69(9):2521-2523

Department of Pediatric Ophthalmology, Narayana Nethralaya 2, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

Brittle cornea syndrome is among the few special scenarios in ophthalmology that are a nightmare not only for the operating surgeon but also for the patient. Here, the thin and fragile corneas are unable to maintain the shape and structural integrity of the globe and are more prone to minor traumatic or spontaneous corneal perforations. Suturing a brittle cornea and closure of the corneal perforation in a brittle cornea are very challenging requiring the utmost care and special precautions. Read More

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September 2021

Evaluating the presence of SARS-CoV-2 in the intraocular fluid of COVID-19 patients.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2021 Sep;69(9):2503-2506

Department of Ophthalmology, ASG Eye Hospital, BT Road, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

Purpose: To detect the presence of SARS-CoV-2 in aqueous and vitreous humor of COVID-19 patients in a pilot study.

Methods: : Consecutive patients planned for emergency ophthalmic surgeries after ocular trauma were subjected to naso-oropharyngeal RT-PCR test for SARS-CoV-2. Laboratory-confirmed cases were enrolled for the study. Read More

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September 2021

Occult Foreign Body of the Eyelid Presenting as Recurrent Eyelid Ecchymosis.

Cureus 2021 Jun 8;13(6):e15521. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Cornea, Cataract and Refractive Surgery, Orbit Eye Hospital, Mumbai, IND.

Treatment strategies for treating periocular retained foreign bodies depend on the nature of the foreign body, its composition, size, location, and presenting symptoms. Foreign bodies retained in the ocular adnexa can be asymptomatic and lie dormant for long periods of time. In this communication, we present the case of a 32-year-old female who presented with a history of multiple episodes of recurrent edema and ecchymosis of the left lower eyelid, occurring over the past three years. Read More

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