408 results match your criteria Corneal Laceration


Ophthalmic Emergencies in the Field.

Authors:
Ann E Dwyer

Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Genesee Valley Equine Clinic, 925 Chili Scottsville Road, Scottsville, NY 14546, USA. Electronic address:

Ophthalmic problems account for up to 20% of emergencies in equine practice. Presenting problems may involve the periocular region, adnexa, or globe. Practitioners must have the experience to restrain horses with painful ocular conditions and the knowledge of how to perform a thorough eye examination. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Ocular characteristics and complications in patients with osteogenesis imperfecta: a systematic review.

Acta Ophthalmol 2021 May 19. Epub 2021 May 19.

Department of Internal Medicine, Section Endocrinology, Amsterdam Bone Center, Amsterdam University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Purpose: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a rare inherited heterogeneous connective tissue disorder characterized by bone fragility, low bone mineral density, skeletal deformity and blue sclera. The dominantly inherited forms of OI are predominantly caused by mutations in either the COL1A1 or COL1A2 gene. Collagen type I is one of the major structural proteins of the eyes and therefore is the eye theoretically prone to alterations in OI. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Poor Outcome in Camel-Related Eye Trauma with Ruptured Globe.

Int Med Case Rep J 2021 7;14:219-222. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Ophthalmology, Tabuk University, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia.

Purpose: To report the poor visual outcome of ruptured globe caused by camel bites.

Observations: A 48-year-old camel caregiver presented to the emergency department after being bitten by a camel in the left side of his face. Ophthalmic examination revealed a superior scleral wound from 9 to 2 o'clock, about 6 mm from the limbus extending to the equator with prolapse of uveal and vitreous tissues, an opaque cornea, total hyphema, diffuse subconjunctival hemorrhage, and a lower lid laceration involving the lid margin and the nasolacrimal duct. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Drones' side effect: facial and ocular trauma caused by an aerial drone.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Mar 17;14(3). Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Ophthalmology Department, CHU de Liège, Liège, Belgium.

An adult man was struck in the face by his own aerial drone. The propellers hit the upper face region leading to forehead and eyelid lacerations, a partial scleral laceration, conjunctival laceration, hyphaema, traumatic iritis and forward displacement of one haptic of the intraocular lens from a previous cataract surgery. In the last decade, drone use has significantly increased and drone-related injuries have become an emerging cause of trauma. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Subconjunctival enucleation with orbital implant placement in standing horses: 20 cases (2014-2017).

J Am Vet Med Assoc 2021 Mar;258(6):661-667

Objective: To develop a protocol for subconjunctival enucleation and orbital implant placement in standing horses and to document short- and long-term complications, cosmesis, and client satisfaction.

Animals: 20 horses with nonneoplastic ocular disease requiring enucleation.

Procedures: A standardized protocol of surgical suite cleaning, patient preparation, sedation, local nerve blocks, surgical procedure, and postoperative care was performed. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Retained cilia in anterior chamber in repaired post-traumatic corneal laceration.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Feb 4;14(2). Epub 2021 Feb 4.

Department of Ophthalmology (RP Centre), All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

Individualized Corneal Patching for Treatment of Corneal Trauma Combined with Tissue Defects.

J Ophthalmol 2020 23;2020:8437479. Epub 2020 Nov 23.

Eye Hospital of Shandong First Medical University, Jinan, China.

Aim: To evaluate the efficacy of individualized corneal patching using a minimal graft for corneal trauma combined with tissue defects.

Methods: Fifteen eyes (15 patients) were enrolled in this study, including 8 eyes with corneal perforation induced by removal of metal foreign bodies, 5 eyes with corneal laceration resulting from metal trauma, and 2 eyes with pencil injuries to the cornea. The size, shape, and depth of the tissue defects were assessed. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2020

Lamellar Dissection Technique for Traumatic Cataract With Corneal Incarceration.

Cornea 2021 Mar;40(3):393-397

Department of Ophthalmology, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH; and.

Purpose: To describe a technique for traumatic cataract management for cases in which part of the anterior capsule has been incarcerated into a healed corneal laceration.

Methods: This is a single-center retrospective chart review of 3 patients with capsular/corneal incarceration after penetrating injury. Each patient underwent primary globe repair, followed by subsequent cataract surgery with intraocular lens (IOL) and iris prosthesis placement. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Tectonic Graft for Persistent Leakage and Visual Outcome After Corneal Perforation Repair: A Case Series.

JNMA J Nepal Med Assoc 2020 Sep 27;58(229):696-698. Epub 2020 Sep 27.

Tilganga Institute of Ophthalmology, Gaushala, Nepal.

Keratoplasty is a modality of treatment for large and leaking corneal perforation in a tertiary center. We report cases of 20and 30-years old men presented in an emergency with history of road traffic accident 1 and 3 days back. Best corrected visual acuity was hand movement in both injured eye. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2020

Experimental study of trabecular tissue repair for corneal defect in rabbits.

Int J Ophthalmol 2020 18;13(9):1356-1360. Epub 2020 Sep 18.

Ophthalmology Center of the Army, General Hospital of Xinjiang Military Region, Urumchi 830013, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China.

Aim: To investigate the mechanism and effect of trabecular tissue repair for corneal defect, and to provide a theoretical basis for its clinical application.

Methods: Trabeculectomy was performed on 40 (80 eyes) of 70 New Zealand white rabbits. Take trabecular tissue for backup. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2020

Intraocular endoscopy in the management of ocular trauma: clinical settings and treatment outcomes at a tertiary eye care centre.

Eye (Lond) 2020 Sep 11. Epub 2020 Sep 11.

Smt. Kanuri Santhamma Center for Viteoretinal Diseases, LV Prasad Eye Institute, Kallam Anji Reddy Campus, Hyderabad, 500034, India.

Purpose: To report the application of endoscopy in the management of ocular trauma, describe the clinical settings and the treatment outcomes.

Methods: Retrospective, consecutive, non-comparative case series at a tertiary eye care centre. Data recorded included aetiology of trauma, presenting vision, corneal condition at presentation, per-operative clinical findings during endoscopy, prognostication of the cases on table, final visual and anatomic outcome. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2020

Full- versus partial-thickness sutures: experimental models of corneal injury repair.

Int Ophthalmol 2021 Jan 11;41(1):325-334. Epub 2020 Sep 11.

Retina Service, Asociación Para Evitar la Ceguera en México, Hospital "Dr. Luis Sánchez Bulnes", Vicente García Torres 46, San Lucas, Coyoacan, C.P. 04030, Mexico City, Mexico.

Purpose: To evaluate the performance of full-thickness (FT) versus partial-thickness (PT) sutures in a full-thickness corneal wound in an animal model.

Methods: This is a prospective, experimental, comparative, longitudinal study. A 6-mm linear, full-thickness corneal incision was performed on the right eye of eight domestic pigs. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

Penetrating ocular injury from motor vehicle rear-view side-mirror.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2020 Dec 18;20:100863. Epub 2020 Aug 18.

Montefiore Medical Center, 3332 Rochambeau Avenue 3rd Floor, Bronx, NY, USA.

Purpose: To report a case of penetrating ocular injury due to automobile rear-view side-mirror.

Observations: This is a case of a 49-year-old male who developed penetrating eye injury with a full thickness corneal laceration after isolated motor vehicle damage to the rear-view side-mirror. This patient subsequently required surgical repair of the corneal laceration and likely will need further surgical interventions in the future for ocular rehabilitation. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2020

Ciprofloxacin-loaded bioadhesive hydrogels for ocular applications.

Biomater Sci 2020 Sep;8(18):5196-5209

Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA and Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA and Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.

The management of corneal infections often requires complex therapeutic regimens involving the prolonged and high-frequency application of antibiotics that provide many challenges to patients and impact compliance with the therapeutic regimens. In the context of severe injuries that lead to tissue defects (e.g. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2020

Microscope-integrated Intraoperative Optical Coherence Tomography for Anterior Segment Surgical Maneuvers.

Transl Vis Sci Technol 2020 06 18;9(7):18. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Science, Eye and ENT Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, 200031, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: To evaluate the potential value of microscope-integrated optical coherence tomography (MI-OCT) in anterior segment surgical maneuvers.

Methods: Twenty-four ophthalmology residents, who were randomly and evenly divided into two groups, performed four anterior segment surgical maneuvers (corneal tunnel, scleral tunnel, simple corneal suture, and corneal laceration repair) on porcine eyes with (group B) or without (group A) real-time MI-OCT feedback. All residents performed the maneuvers again without MI-OCT. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Clinical profile of ocular injuries in a geographically isolated Colombian municipality.

Int Emerg Nurs 2020 09 19;52:100909. Epub 2020 Aug 19.

Magister in Epidemiology, Optometry School, Saint Thomas University, Bucaramanga, Colombia. Electronic address:

Objective: To characterize epidemiologically eye trauma in the municipality of Santa Rosa Del Sur, Bolívar, Colombia from June 2015 to May 2016.

Methodology: A descriptive observational study of eye injuries was performed in patients recruited consecutively. Trauma characterization was performed following the international Birmingham Eye Trauma Terminology System (BETTS) classification and incorporating ocular adnexa and burns. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2020

Visual Outcome of Pediatric Traumatic Cataract in Lumbini Eye Institute, Bhairahawa, Nepal.

Nepal J Ophthalmol 2020 Jan;12(23):17-24

Lumbini Eye Institute, Bhairahawa, Nepal.

Introduction: There are not many studies of pediatric trauma in Nepal. Therefore, this study was conducted to find out the visual outcome of pediatric traumatic cataract and causes of poor visual acuity.

Materials And Methods: In this hospital based prospective study, all children visiting the pediatric department of Lumbini Eye Institute and Research Center with traumatic cataract and visual outcome after surgery from July 2018 to August 2019 were evaluated. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2020

Surgical management of pediatric eye injuries.

Oman J Ophthalmol 2020 May-Aug;13(2):84-88. Epub 2020 May 28.

Department of Surgery, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates.

Background: Eye injury is a leading cause of unilateral childhood blindness. The purpose of this research was to study the management and visual outcome of pediatric eye injuries necessitating hospitalization and surgical repair.

Materials And Methods: This is a retrospective study of children having eye injury that needed surgical repair over the period of 2012 and 2017. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Blunt ocular trauma in patients over 70: Clinical characteristics and prognosis.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2020 Jul 27:1120672120946579. Epub 2020 Jul 27.

Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Purpose: To describe the mechanisms and outcomes of open globe injuries (OGIs) in patients 70 years or older.

Methods: A retrospective chart review of patients from two large academic centers in Israel who were underwent surgery for OGI. Data was collected from surgical and clinic charts. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Spontaneous resolution of a traumatic cataract in a patient with an open-globe ocular injury: a case report.

BMC Ophthalmol 2020 Jul 13;20(1):285. Epub 2020 Jul 13.

Department of Ophthalmology, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, 107#, Wenhua Xi Road, Jinan, Shandong, 250012, PR China.

Background: We report a case of spontaneous resolution of a traumatic cataract in a patient with an open-globe ocular injury. This case highlights the importance of conservative management in these types of cases, as excellent visual outcome is possible without invasive surgical intervention.

Case Presentation: A 13-year-old boy presented with a corneal laceration in the left eye caused by a neuter pen. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

International globe and adnexal trauma epidemiology study (IGATES): a report from Central India on visual outcome in open globe injuries and correlation with ocular trauma score.

Int Ophthalmol 2020 Nov 15;40(11):2797-2806. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Department of Ophthalmology, NKP Salve Institute of Medical Sciences, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India.

Purpose: To evaluate the factors influencing final visual outcome after surgical repair of open globe injuries (OGIs) and to correlate the Ocular Trauma Score (OTS) system.

Methods: Prospective cross-sectional study of patients with OGIs from International Globe and Adnexal Trauma Epidemiology Study (IGATES) database at a tertiary referral eye centre in Central India over 2 years. Pre-operative factors affecting final visual outcome and correlation with OTS were evaluated. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2020

A case report of fulminant endophthalmitis caused by Streptococcus dysgalactiae in a patient with traumatic corneal laceration.

BMC Ophthalmol 2020 Jun 18;20(1):238. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Department of Cornea and Refractive Surgery, Kim's Eye Hospital, 136, Yeongshin-ro, Yeongdeungpo-gu, Seoul, South Korea.

Background: To report a case of enucleation caused by Streptococcus dysgalactiae endophthalmitis after traumatic corneal laceration.

Case Presentation: A 69-year-old man with history of retinal detachment treated with vitrectomy and subsequent cataract surgery presented with traumatic corneal laceration while cutting grass. Appropriate repair of corneal laceration and intravitreal antibiotics (vancomycin, ceftazidime) injection was performed. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Pediatric Ocular Trauma during Eid Festivities in Yemen.

Korean J Ophthalmol 2020 06;34(3):187-191

Pediatric Unit, Magrabi Eye Hospital, Sana'a, Yemen.

Purpose: We sought to elucidate causes of ocular trauma in children younger than 17 years of age during the Eid festivities in Sana'a, Yemen.

Methods: A prospective observational case series study was conducted in two tertiary emergency hospitals (Al-Thawra and Magrabi Hospital). The Eid Al-Fitr festive holidays in 2016 lasted 10 days from July 3 to 12. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Corneal Sealants in Clinical Use: A Systematic Review.

Curr Eye Res 2020 09 27;45(9):1025-1030. Epub 2020 May 27.

Save Sight Institute, Discipline of Ophthalmology, Sydney Medical School, The University of Sydney , Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Aim: To review the use of clinical corneal sealants for the closure of full thickness corneal wounds.

Methods: A systematic review was conducted across CENTRAL, Medline, PubMed, Embase, Scopus, mRCT and ICTRP for the keywords of 'cornea', 'full-thickness wound', 'sealant' and their synonyms. Only evidence level 2 of higher as graded by Oxford Centre of Evidence-based Medicine were included for this review. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2020

Spectrum of Ocular Injuries and Visual Outcome Following Firework Injury to the Eye.

J Emerg Trauma Shock 2020 Jan-Mar;13(1):39-44. Epub 2020 Mar 19.

Department of Ophthalmology, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India.

Background: Ocular injury due to fireworks requires urgent ophthalmic assessment and management to preserve vision.

Methods: Spectrum of injury, type of intervention, visual outcome, and reasons for visual loss were assessed in consecutive patients presenting over 2 years with firework-related eye injury. The final visual outcome was recorded as best-corrected visual acuity. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Lenticular fungal infection caused by Aspergillus in a patient with traumatic corneal laceration: a case report.

BMC Ophthalmol 2020 May 1;20(1):173. Epub 2020 May 1.

Department of Cornea and Refractive Surgery, Kim's Eye Hospital, Myunggok Eye Research Institute, Konyang University College of Medicine, 136, Yeongshin-ro, Yeongdeungpo-gu, Seoul, South Korea.

Background: To report a case of lenticular infection caused by Aspergillus, which was diagnosed 13 weeks after traumatic corneal laceration.

Case Presentation: A 60-year-old woman presented with traumatic corneal laceration including anterior lens capsule rupture and traumatic cataract after being hit with a chestnut in the right eye. There were multiple injuries due to tiny thorns of the chestnut, including the conjunctiva, sclera, cornea, and anterior lens capsule. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Retained eyelid bee stinger: A case of secondary corneal abrasion.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2020 Jun 20;18:100670. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

Davidorf Eye Group, 7320 Woodlake Avenue, Suite 190, West Hills, CA, 91307, USA.

Purpose: Bee sting injuries to the eye and surrounding tissue are an infrequent occurrence. Here we present an interesting Case of a 64 year old bee keeper who was stung in the left upper eyelid.

Observations: After the injury, she developed pain and inflammation of the eyelid though a few days after the injury noted increased eye pain. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Conjunctival Implantation Cyst in the Orbicularis Oculi Muscle: Review of a Possible Origin From Displaced Stem Cells With a Differential Diagnosis.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2021 Jan-Feb 01;37(1):1-11

Ophthalmic Plastic Surgery Service, Department of Ophthalmology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear/Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A.

Purpose: To document a unique case of a corneal/conjunctival epithelial inclusion cyst located in the orbicularis oculi muscle with a comprehensive review of variant conjunctival cysts and simulating conditions.

Methods: Clinicopathologic case report with detailed histopathologic and immunohistochemical evaluation for cytokeratins combined with a tabulation of mimicking lesions and relevant literature citations.

Results: A 59-year-old man experienced severe blunt left periorbital trauma that resulted in a limbal partial-thickness corneal wound with an associated epithelial abrasion and a full-thickness eyelid laceration extending from the superior fornix to the margin. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Finite Element Analysis of Air Gun Impact on Post-Keratoplasty Eye.

Clin Ophthalmol 2020 21;14:179-186. Epub 2020 Jan 21.

Department of Ophthalmology, Fukuoka University School of Medicine, Fukuoka, Japan.

Purpose: Due to the mechanical vulnerability of eyes that have undergone penetrating keratoplasty (PKP), it is clinically important to evaluate the possibility of corneal wound dehiscence by blunt impact. We have previously developed a simulation model resembling a human eye based on information obtained from cadaver eyes and applied three-dimensional finite element analysis (FEA) to determine the physical and mechanical response to an air gun impact at various velocities on the post-PKP eye.

Methods: Simulations in a human eye model were performed with a computer using a FEA program created by Nihon, ESI Group. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2020