149,551 results match your criteria Coping With the Death of a Child in the ED
Soc Sci Med 2018 Dec 10;221:49-57. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Department of Parks, Recreation and Tourism, Clemson University, Clemson, USA.
Rationale: Medical specialty camps play a significant role in the lives of the youth they serve. These camps have been found to improve self-determination in campers, to develop camper skills in managing a disability or coping with a diagnosis, and to provide campers with respite/escape from the challenges associated with their disability or diagnosis. Youth attending medical specialty camps are often funded through full or partial scholarships, mitigating a significant constraint to their participation. Read More
Behav Res Ther 2018 Dec 8;113:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
The University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, USA.
Resilience following traumatic events has been studied using numerous methodologies. One approach involves quantifying lower-than-expected levels of a negative outcome following trauma exposure. Resilience research has examined personality and coping-related factors. Read More
Addict Behav 2018 Dec 10;92:1-5. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Department of Psychology, Louisiana State University, 236 Audubon Hall, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA. Electronic address:
Sexual minority women (SMW) report greater rates of cannabis use. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom severity is related to greater cannabis use among SMW, and it is theorized that this is due to SMW using cannabis in an attempt to manage negative affectivity associated with PTSD symptoms. However, this is the first known study to test this hypothesis. Read More
Swiss Med Wkly 2018 Dec 15;148:w14689. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Department of Medical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Medical University of Graz, Austria / Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapeutic Medicine, Medical University of Graz, Austria.
Aims Of The Study: Allostatic load (AL), as a marker of cumulative stress, is associated with higher morbidity and mortality, and reduced health-related quality of life (HrQoL) in healthy adults. In patients with hypertension, AL and its association with HrQoL have not been investigated. Therefore, this study aimed to (1) explore AL in a cohort of hypertensive patients and to (2) determine its association with HrQoL, while controlling for other health-related variables. Read More
Fam Process 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Graduate School of Education, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.
Researchers have illustrated the deleterious psychological effects that racial discrimination has exerted on Black Americans. The resulting racial stress and trauma (RST) from experiences with discrimination has been linked to negative wellness outcomes and trajectories for Black youth and families. Racial socialization (RS)-defined as the verbal and nonverbal messages that families use to communicate race to their children-can be a cultural strength and has been associated with positive outcomes in Black youth. Read More
J Clin Nurs 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, the Heart Centre, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Aim And Objectives: To explore patients' lived experiences of daily life and coping with recovery after Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI).
Background: TAVI is increasingly used to treat older patients with severe aortic stenosis with high surgical risk. This novel treatment has been shown to be effective in relieving symptoms, improving survival and prognosis, but its impact on patients' daily life has been sparsely explored. Read More
J Clin Psychol 2018 Dec 15. Epub 2018 Dec 15.
Department of Psychology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee.
Objective: The present study investigated the associations between self-compassion, self-blame, disengagement coping, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression symptom severity among females who had experienced sexual assault. We also examined whether the relationships between self-compassion and both PTSD and depression severity were mediated by self-blame and coping.
Method: A volunteer sample of female adults (N = 207) completed surveys online or on paper. Read More
J Behav Med 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN, 46556, USA.
The purpose of this project was to develop a short-term, theory-based intervention for patients with self-reported limited self-efficacy to perform coping behaviors. Cancer patients with low coping self-efficacy were randomly assigned to a treatment (N = 66) or control condition (N = 68). The treatment, Mastery Enhancement Therapy, was based on self-regulation and self-efficacy theories. Read More
AIDS Care 2018 Dec 14:1-4. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
a SC SmartState Center for Healthcare Quality, Department of Health Promotion, Education, and Behavior, Arnold School of Public Health , University of South Carolina , Columbia , USA.
Though mother-to-child HIV transmission has been dramatically reduced in the past decade, there are currently an estimated 1.8 million children living with HIV across the globe, and over 30% of all new HIV infections occur among youth ages 15-25. While all youth experience developmental challenges, children and adolescents who are living with HIV must navigate these challenges within the context of high HIV stigma and must cope with a host of psychosocial and health-related challenges. Read More
Psychiatry Res 2018 Dec 31;270:831-841. Epub 2018 Oct 31.
Special Education Department, School of Education, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:
The matter of whether different coping styles are correlated with increased Internet addiction or not remains a topic of debate. Most researchers have argued that Internet addiction is linked to low positive coping and high negative coping; however, others have rejected this opinion. Consequently, this meta-analysis examined the link between coping style and Internet addiction to address this controversy. Read More
Sci Total Environ 2018 Nov 30;657:340-350. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
Institute for Sustainable Plant Protection, National Research Council, Via Madonna del Piano 10, Sesto Fiorentino, Florence 50019, Italy.
We tested the independent and interactive effects of nitrogen (N; 0 and 80 kg ha), phosphorus (P; 0, 40 and 80 kg ha), and ozone (O) application/exposure [ambient concentration (AA), 1.5 × AA and 2.0 × AA] for five consecutive months on biochemical traits of the O-sensitive Oxford poplar clone. Read More
J Comp Psychol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Universite Grenoble Alpes.
Studies on facial attractiveness in human adults, infants, and newborns have consistently reported a visual preference for faces rated as attractive compared with faces rated as unattractive. Biological accounts of facial attractiveness have typically presented such preferences as arising from adaptations for mate choice or as by-products of general sensory bias. In this cross-species study, we examined whether explicit ratings of attractiveness made by human judges would predict implicit visual preferences in other humans and also in rhesus macaques and, if they do, whether such preferences would extend beyond conspecific faces. Read More
J Consult Clin Psychol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Centre for Child and Adolescent Mental Health, Eastern and Southern Norway.
Objective: The objective of the study was to examine the effectiveness of a transdiagnostic program (EMOTION, Coping Kids Managing Anxiety and Depression) targeting symptoms of anxiety and depression in schoolchildren by comparing the intervention condition (EC) to a control condition (CC).
Method: A clustered randomized design was used with schools as the unit of randomization. Children ( = 1686) aged 8-12 years in 36 schools completed screening using the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale (MASC-Child) and The Mood and Feelings Questionnaire Short version (SMFQ-Child). Read More
Early Interv Psychiatry 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Douglas Mental Health University Institute, Montreal, Canada.
Aim: This paper aims to advance our understanding of the experience of participating in peer support groups for family members of persons with psychosis and to expand the scant body of literature on peer support in the context of early intervention services for psychosis. Such an examination is relevant because the implementation and uptake of family-focused interventions remain inconsistent in early intervention services, despite their proven benefits.
Methods: To enable family caregivers to support one another, a family peer support project was initiated at an early intervention service for psychosis in Montreal, Canada. Read More
BMC Psychol 2018 Dec 14;6(1):58. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Psychology, University of Bielefeld, Bielefeld, Germany.
Background: Disorders-of-consciousness (DOC) are rare conditions leading to very severe physical and mental disabilities. Providing care for DOC patients has been described as a stressful experience, eroding the physical and psychological health of the caregiver. Different forms of care may have different impacts on the caregivers and institutionalized care has been suggested to have an unburdening effect, but this possibility has never been empirically studied. Read More
Health Qual Life Outcomes 2018 Dec 14;16(1):231. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Acaster Lloyd Consulting Ltd, London, UK.
Background: Leakage is a major concern for people who use a stoma, but people's experience and its impact is not well understood. This study aimed to establish a definition of leakage through clinical and user input. This information was used to develop and validate a new measurement tool to understand the impact of leakage for people using a stoma appliance, in the UK, US, France, and Denmark. Read More
BMC Public Health 2018 Dec 14;18(1):1373. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Health, Behaviour and Society, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia.
Background: Ethiopia is currently facing new challenges related to food insecurity among the urban poor. Pensioners are segments of the population with reduced income and working capacity because of advancement of age and other related problems. There is no empirical evidence on Jimma Town pensioner's household food insecurity and coping strategies. Read More
BMC Geriatr 2018 Dec 14;18(1):312. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Faculty for Health and Social Sciences, University in South-Eastern Norway, Post box 235, 3603, Kongsberg, Norway.
Background: The general opinion in society is that everyone has the right to live in their own home as long as possible. Provision of community home health care services is therefore increasingly common. Healthcare personnel encounter ethically difficult situations when providing care, but few studies describe such situations in the context of community home health care services. Read More
Patient Educ Couns 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Louise Granofsky Psychosocial Oncology Program, Segal Cancer Center, Jewish General Hospital, Montreal, Canada; Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research, Jewish General Hospital, Montreal, Canada; Departments of Psychology, Oncology and Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Canada.
Objective: Bibliotherapy refers to psychological self-help interventions that utilize treatment books to improve psychological well-being. Research supports bibliotherapy as an efficacious intervention for a variety of mental health problems. Yet, few studies have investigated bibliotherapy in psychosocial oncology. Read More
Orv Hetil 2018 Dec;159(50):2115-2121
Pszichológiai Intézet, Eötvös Loránd Tudományegyetem Budapest, Izabella u. 46., 1064.
Irritable bowel syndrome is a chronic functional gastrointestinal disorder with a prevalence of 7-21%. It has a negative impact on health-related quality of life and work productivity and it is associated with increased psychological distress and mental comorbidity, like major depression disorder and generalised anxiety disorder. Due to biopsychosocial factors and the brain-gut axis playing a key role in the aetiology of the disease, the use of psychological treatments has great importance in the therapy of irritable bowel syndrome. Read More
J Fam Nurs 2018 Dec 13:1074840718816745. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
2 Miami University, Oxford, OH, USA.
The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine the experiences of mothers of breast cancer patients. The theory of health-related family quality of life informed data collection and data analysis. Thirty women were interviewed about their perceptions of family quality of life following their daughters' diagnoses. Read More
Genes (Basel) 2018 Dec 12;9(12). Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Division of Evolutionary Biology, Faculty of Biology, LMU Munich, Grosshaderner Str. 2, 82152 Planegg-Martinsried, Germany.
Coping with daily and seasonal temperature fluctuations is a key adaptive process for species to colonize temperate regions all over the globe. Over the past 18,000 years, the tropical species Drosophila ananassae expanded its home range from tropical regions in Southeast Asia to more temperate regions. Phenotypic assays of chill coma recovery time (CCRT) together with previously published population genetic data suggest that only a small number of genes underlie improved cold hardiness in the cold-adapted populations. Read More
Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Dec;97(49):e13562
Second Medical Department.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is the most prevalent functional gastrointestinal disorder. Psychosocial stress is one of the pathogenic factors involved in the pathogenesis of IBS. The Pressure Management Indicator (PMI) is a validated questionnaire to analyze all aspects of occupational stress-a model involving sources of pressure, the mechanisms of coping, the personality, and the resulting effects of the interaction between these 3 elements. Read More
Physiol Behav 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Department of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Cagliari, Italy. Electronic address:
Understanding the mechanisms underlying conditioned avoidance is a critical step toward the development of novel treatments of anxiety. In this context, the two-way active avoidance (2WAA) task is a validated paradigm to investigate uncontrolled avoidance, a hallmark of anxiety disorders. The outbred Roman high- (RHA) and low-avoidance (RLA) rat lines are selected for respectively rapid vs. Read More
Cancer Nurs 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Author Affiliations: Centre for Online Health, Faculty of Medicine Princess Alexandra Hospital, Woolloongabba, The University of Queensland (Ms Meiklejohn); University Centre for Rural Health, University of Sydney, New South Wales (Dr Bailie); Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, New South Wales (Dr Jon Adams); Wellbeing and Preventable Chronic Diseases Division, Menzies School of Health Research, Charles Darwin University, Darwin, NT (Dr Garvey); QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Royal Brisbane Hospital, Queensland (Drs Bernardes and Valery, Ms Marcusson, and Mr Arley); Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Unit, Queensland Health, Brisbane, QLD (Dr Williamson); Wellbeing and Preventable Chronic Diseases Division, Menzies School of Health Research, Charles Darwin University, Darwin, NT (Mr Arley); University of Newcastle School of Medicine and Public Health, Callaghan, NSW; Southside Clinical School, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD (Dr Martin); Division of Cancer Services, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, QLD; Cancer Stream Leader-Metro South Health and Hospital Service; University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD (Dr Walpole); QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Royal Brisbane Hospital, Queensland, Australia (Dr Valery).
Background: Disparity in outcomes between Indigenous and non-Indigenous people after cancer diagnosis is multifactorial, including lower cancer screening participation, later diagnosis, reduced access and uptake of cancer treatment, higher rate of comorbidities, and barriers accessing the health system. Little is known about cancer survivorship experiences.
Objective: The aim of this study was to explore Indigenous Australian cancer survivor's perspectives of cancer survivorship. Read More
J Behav Med 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
University of Utah, Salt Lake City, USA.
In a study of 199 couples in which one person had type 1 diabetes, we examined how patient appraisal of the diabetes as shared versus individual was associated with collaborative, supportive and unsupportive behavior and whether patient shared illness appraisal was most beneficial for health when it occurred in the context of supportive behavior. We assessed illness appraisal among patients with type 1 diabetes and their partners and had patients complete relationship and health measures. Results showed partners were more likely than patients to hold shared illness appraisals. Read More
BMC Public Health 2018 Dec 12;18(1):1369. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, P.O. Box 453, SE - 405 30, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Background: Undocumented migrants (UMs) in Europe constitute a heterogeneous group. They are typically in a vulnerable and marginalised situation, since most of them have exhausted their options for gaining asylum and protection from war and persecution, many are traumatised and fear disclosure and deportation, and they typically lack basic social security. The present study investigates living conditions, access to human rights and mental health of UMs living in Sweden. Read More
Death Stud 2018 Dec 12:1-11. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
b Department of Psychology , University of Wisconsin-Madison , Madison , Wisconsin , USA.
Using a mixed-methods approach, we examined how participants' memories of socialization regarding death might influence their self-reported coping with losses in childhood and adulthood. We recruited 318 adults to complete an online survey. Path analyses indicated that participants who remembered their parents shielding them less from issues related to death reported better coping as children and adults. Read More
Health Soc Care Community 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Australian Lymphedema Education, Research & Treatment, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
Our qualitative study addresses a significant gap in the scholarship on return-to-work after cancer by examining the impact of secondary lymphoedema on individuals in paid employment. We undertook an Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis of interviews with 14 cancer survivors (13 women) with secondary lymphoedema in Sydney, Australia. Our interviewees were engaged in paid employment during and after their lymphoedema diagnosis. Read More
Front Psychol 2018 20;9:2235. Epub 2018 Nov 20.
Department of Politics, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom.
Human activity in Antarctica has increased sharply in recent years. In particular during the winter months, people are exposed to long periods of isolation and confinement and an extreme physical environment that poses risks to health, well-being and performance. The present study aimed to gain a better understanding of processes contributing to psychological resilience in this context. Read More
Front Physiol 2018 21;9:1645. Epub 2018 Nov 21.
Department of Life Science, Tunghai University, Taichung, Taiwan.
Two major strategies are used by most fish to maintain energy homeostasis under hypoxia. One is to utilize alternative metabolic pathways to increase energy production, and the other is to limit energy expenditure by suppressing energy-consuming processes, especially ionoregulation. Some anabantoid fishes live in tropical rivers, where hypoxic environments occur frequently. Read More
Support Care Cancer 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Klinik für Innere Medizin II, Hämatologie und Internistische Onkologie, Universitätsklinikum Jena, Am Klinikum 1, 07747, Jena, Germany.
Background: Data on patients' needs with respect to physicians' ethical behavior and virtues are important but not available in most cases.
Patients And Methods: In an iterative process together with patients' representatives, we developed a standardized questionnaire which was distributed to the representatives of the Women's Self-Help after Cancer in Germany. We started with the classical ethical virtues and clustered them to characteristics. Read More
Women Birth 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of Nursing and Health Promotion, Oslo Metropolitan University, P.O. Box 4 St. Olavs plass, 0130 Oslo, Norway. Electronic address:
Background: There is increasing evidence that fear of birth can have long-term effects on the childbearing woman and the method of birth.
Aim: To examine differences between five hospitals in Norway in the occurrence of fear of birth, counselling received and method of birth.
Method: Source data was from the Norwegian cohort of the Bidens study and retrieved through a questionnaire and electronic patient records from five different hospitals in Oslo, Drammen, Tromsø, Ålesund and Trondheim, which included 2145 women. Read More
Aging Ment Health 2018 Dec 6:1-25. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
a Department of Psychology , University of Siegen , Siegen , Germany.
Objectives: Survivors of the Holocaust have reached an age during which it is common for them to look back on their lives. Previous research has shown that reminiscence can take on either adaptive ('self-positive') or detrimental ('self-negative') forms, which in turn are differently linked to psychological well-being. Thus, the question of "why" and "how" Holocaust survivors recall their autobiographical memories may hold important information about the underlying coping processes at play. Read More
Gerontologist 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Virginia Tech Center for Gerontology, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg.
Background And Objectives: Older adults with HIV face greater health burden than HIV-uninfected counterparts. Little is known about resources that might mediate the influence of physiological health burden on psychological well-being. Informed by the stress process model, we assessed the influence of multifaceted health burden indicators on depressive symptoms and evaluated the mediating effects of social support adequacy. Read More
Psychol Health Med 2018 Dec 12:1-13. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
c School of Public Health , Indiana University , Bloomington , IN , USA.
Clinically significant depression has been consistently identified as a phenomenon directly linked to stress and stress coping. Leisure behavior as purposeful coping strategy (i.e. Read More
Sante Publique 2018 July August;30(4):445-454
Objectives: The study presents the French validation of the scale of Need for Recovery after work (Need for Recovery) as well as the average scores according to sex, age, occupation and branch of industry.
Method: A representative sample of the French employees completed a questionnaire made up of the Need for Recovery Scale, Perceived Stress Scale, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and Maslach Burnout Inventory - General Survey. Analyses of internal consistency led us to withdraw an item from original scale; validity as well as discriminating quality were evaluated with the adequate analyses. Read More
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem 2018 Dec 10;26:e3058. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Universitat Jaume I, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Castellón, Comunidad Valenciana, Spain.
Objectives: the current study aimed to adapt the Self-Transcendence Scale (STS) to the Spanish context and analyse its psychometric properties.
Method: the STS was administered to a general Spanish population of adults (i.e. Read More
Rev Bras Enferm 2018 ;71(suppl 6):2635-2642
Universidade Federal Fluminense, Aurora de Afonso Costa Nursing School. Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Objective: To understand the spiritual needs of the patients' family caregiver under Oncology palliative care.
Method: A descriptive, qualitative study with 20 family caregivers of patients hospitalized in an Oncology palliative unit. The data were collected through a phenomenological interview, and analyzed by the method of Amadeo Giorgi supported in the Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Perception. Read More
Cien Saude Colet 2018 Dec;23(12):4129-4142
Depto. Nutrição Social, Instituto de Nutrição, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Rio de Janeiro RJ Brasil.
This study sought to investigate the relationship between domestic maltreatment and excess weight, body fat and abdominal fat among adolescents from the public schools in the city of Rio de Janeiro - Brazil. It involved a cross-sectional study using data from the Risk Factor Surveillance System and Protection of Health of Adolescents, held in 2007 by the municipality of Rio de Janeiro. The sample consisted of 1628 students aged 13 to 19 years, of both sexes, in the 9th year of school. Read More
Acta Biomed 2018 Dec 7;89(7-S):60-69. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Department of Psychology, Swansea University.
Background And Aim Of The Work: Numbers of elderly people worldwide continue to grow. Increasingly these individuals require nursing and residential care to meet their needs. Nursing is an occupation associated with burnout amongst its workforce, associated with increases of emotional exhaustion, depersonalisation and decreases in personal accomplishment. Read More
Support Care Cancer 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz, Untere Zahlbacher Str. 8, 55131, Mainz, Germany.
Purpose: Fatigue has found increasing attention as a debilitating and lasting condition of cancer patients. However, it has remained unclear to what degree long-term survivors of malignant melanoma suffer from fatigue. Therefore, this study aimed to determine fatigue and its link with quality of life, aftercare behavior, and mental and physical symptoms among melanoma survivors. Read More
Pediatr Cardiol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Department of Cardiology, Pediatric Heart Centre, University Children's Hospital Zurich, Steinwiesstr. 75, 8032, Zurich, Switzerland.
The absence of cardiac symptoms, the improved exercise tolerance and the increased life expectancy are the advantages of a successful cardiac device therapy. Nevertheless, the fact of a lifelong device dependency, the inherent possibility of device malfunction and the progression of the underlying heart disease may impact the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and the psychological adjustment of these individuals. To date, an overview of findings on these topics is lacking. Read More
Front Psychol 2018 27;9:2325. Epub 2018 Nov 27.
Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.
Researchers have suggested that the link between personality traits and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) could be a crucial factor in understanding the disorder's diatheses. The aim of our study was to contribute to research on personality differences (based on fine motor precision - a novel approach) in children with and without ADHD symptoms. The Children Sustained Attention Task (CSAT) and Proprioceptive Diagnostics of Temperament and Character (DP-TC) were administered to children with an ADHD diagnosis and age-matched controls. Read More
Psychiatry Res 2018 Dec 4;271:454-458. Epub 2018 Dec 4.
The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL USA.
Children with severe aggressive behavioral problems are one of the groups most frequently referred to mental health clinics, and they engage in behaviors that put them at risk for substance use problems and a host of other negative outcomes. The present study aimed to assess the long-term outcome (six-year follow up) of the Coping Power Program delivered in a mental health hospital for children with behavioral disorders. We recruited one hundred and twenty children (mean age = 9. Read More
Psychiatry Res 2018 Dec 3;271:421-427. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Maastricht University Medical Center, Department of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology, School for Mental Health and Neuroscience, Maastricht, the Netherlands; KU Leuven, Department of Neuroscience, Research Group Psychiatry, Leuven, Belgium.
Research has found that Obsessive Compulsive Symptoms (OCS) in schizophrenia are associated with either more or less negative symptoms and either better or poorer cognitive functioning. In order to explain these contradictory results, (Lysaker et al., 2004), performed a cluster analysis resulting in 2 OCS positive (OCSpos) clusters, one with higher functioning (HF) and one with poorer functioning (PF) compared to 2 OCS negative (OCSneg) clusters. Read More
Perspect Psychiatr Care 2018 Dec 7. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Department of Psychiatric Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey.
Purpose: This study was conducted to evaluate a stress coping course for psychological resilience among a group of university nursing students.
Design And Methods: This was a quantitative study that had a pretest/posttest design without a control group. Data were collected from 78 first-year nursing students using a Stress Self-assessment Checklist and the Psychological Resilience Questionnaire (PRQ). Read More
Int J Neuropsychopharmacol 2018 Dec 8. Epub 2018 Dec 8.
Department of Cellular and Integrative Physiology, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, USA.
High dietary salt intake (HDSI) increases risk of stress-related neuropsychiatric disorders. Here, we explored the contribution of HDSI-induced neuroinflammation in key stress-responsive brain regions, the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) and basolateral amygdala (BLA), in promoting exaggerated neuronal activation and coping behaviors in response to acute psychogenic stress. Mice that underwent HDSI exhibited increased active stress coping behaviors during and after an acute swim stress, and these were reduced by concurrent administration of minocycline, an inhibitor of microglial activation, without affecting body fluid hyperosmolality caused by HDSI. Read More
Front Public Health 2018 26;6:341. Epub 2018 Nov 26.
Alliance for Research in Exercise, Nutrition and Activity (ARENA), School of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA, Australia.
Despite the well-established benefits of regular participation in physical activity, many Australians still fail to maintain sufficient levels. More self-determined types of motivation and more positive affect during activity have been found to be associated with the maintenance of physical activity behaviour over time. Need-supportive approaches to physical activity behaviour change have previously been shown to improve quality of motivation and psychological well-being. Read More