7,348 results match your criteria Contusions


Ulnar Variance in Scaphoid Fractures: Retrospective Analysis of 182 Cases.

J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol 2019 Mar;24(1):13-16

* Clinic for Hand and Plastic Surgery, Luzerner Kantonsspital, Lucerne, Switzerland.

Background: Literature provides little and controversial evidence regarding the influence of ulnar variance (UV) on the incidence of scaphoid fractures. The aim of this retrospective study was to assess UV in a large number of patients with acute scaphoid fracture in comparison to a control group of the same population.

Methods: During a two year period, 182 patients with acute scaphoid fractures (fracture group) and 182 ethnicity-, gender- and age-matched patients with wrist contusions (control group) were treated in three non-university hospitals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S2424835519500036DOI Listing

How does early decompressive craniectomy influence the intracranial volume relationship in traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients?

Neurol Neurochir Pol 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Radiology, Czerniakowski Hospital, Warsaw, Poland.

Background: Decompressive craniectomy (DC) is a common neurosurgical procedure involving the removal of part of the skull vault combined with subsequent duroplasty. The goal of DC is to produce extra space for the swollen brain and/or to reduce intracranial pressure. In the present study, DC was performed in order to create space for the swollen brain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5603/PJNNS.a2018.0002DOI Listing
February 2019

Clinical experience with two-point mDixon turbo spin echo as an alternative to conventional turbo spin echo for magnetic resonance imaging of the pediatric knee.

Pediatr Radiol 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Diagnostic Imaging, UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital, 747 52nd Street, Oakland, CA, 94609, USA.

Background: Two-point modified Dixon (mDixon) turbo spin-echo (TSE) sequence provides an efficient, robust method of fat suppression. In one mDixon acquisition, four image types can be generated: water-only, fat-only, in-phase and opposed-phase images.

Objective: To determine whether PD mDixon TSE water-only and, by proxy, PD in-phase images generated by one acquisition can replace two conventional PD TSE sequences with and without fat suppression in routine clinical MR examination of the knee. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-019-04349-wDOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Improving Survival with Tranexamic Acid in Cerebral Contusions or Traumatic Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: Univariate and Multivariate Analysis on Independent Factors associated with Lower Mortality.

World Neurosurg 2019 Feb 2. Epub 2019 Feb 2.

Clinical Professor, Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong, FRCS, MS, PhD, LLM. Electronic address:

Background: Fall with head injury is an epidemic challenge especially with the aging population. Contributing factors for mortality included the development of cerebral contusions and delayed traumatic intracerebral hematoma. Currently, there is no established treatment for these conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.01.145DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

The First Decade of Web-Based Sports Injury Surveillance: Descriptive Epidemiology of Injuries in US High School Boys' Ice Hockey (2008-2009 Through 2013-2014) and National Collegiate Athletic Association Men's and Women's Ice Hockey (2004-2005 Through 2013-2014).

J Athl Train 2018 Dec;53(12):1129-1142

Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Context: Web-based sports injury surveillance via programs such as the High School Reporting Information Online system and the National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance Program has aided efforts to collect data on ice hockey injuries.

Objective: To describe the epidemiology of injuries sustained in high school boy's ice hockey in the 2008-2009 through 2013-2014 academic years and collegiate men's and women's ice hockey in the 2004-2005 through 2013-2014 academic years using Web-based surveillance.

Design: Descriptive epidemiology study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4085/1062-6050-176-17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6365065PMC
December 2018
4 Reads
1.509 Impact Factor

Isolated right atrial rupture from blunt trauma: a case report with systematic review of a lethal injury.

J Cardiothorac Surg 2019 Feb 4;14(1):28. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Trauma Department, Hurley Medical Center, One Hurley Plaza, Flint, MI, 48503, USA.

Background: Isolated right atrial rupture (IRAR) from blunt chest trauma is rare. There are no physical exam findings and non-invasive testing specific to the condition, which result in diagnostic delays and poor outcomes. We present a case of IRAR along with a systematic review of similar cases in the literature. Read More

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https://cardiothoracicsurgery.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13019-019-0836-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360731PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

The pathology and aetiology of subcortical clefts in infants.

Forensic Sci Int 2019 Jan 19;296:115-122. Epub 2019 Jan 19.

Department of Neuropathology and Ocular Pathology, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford University Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom.

In infants, traumatic surface contusions of the brain are rare but subcortical clefts or cysts, variously labelled "contusional tears", "contusional clefts", "cortical tears" or "parenchymal lacerations" have been ascribed to trauma, and are even said to be characteristic of shaking and abuse. We describe the pathology of subcortical clefts or haemorrhages in seven infants. In none were the axonal swellings characteristic of traumatic axonal injury seen in relation to the clefts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2019.01.011DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Sailing Injuries: A Review of the Literature.

Authors:
Andrew Nathanson

R I Med J (2013) 2019 Feb 1;102(1):23-27. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Clinical Professor of Emergency Medicine, Department of Emergency Medicine, Alpert Medical School of Brown University.

Sailors are at risk for acute injuries, overuse injuries, environmental injuries, and sailing-related illnesses. Sailing-related injury rates vary from 0.29 to 5. Read More

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February 2019
1 Read

Unusual case of a fatal upper esophageal trauma caused by a toothpick.

J Forensic Leg Med 2019 Jan 19;62:82-86. Epub 2019 Jan 19.

Forensic Medicine and Forensic Sciences and of Ethics and Medical Law, Institute of Legal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, Azinhaga de Santa Comba, Celas, 3000-548, Coimbra, Portugal. Electronic address:

The authors report the case of the unexpected death of a fifty-year-old female found by her partner in the bathroom floor. External examination revealed some contusions dispersed by different corporal areas and an unusually placed green discoloration of the anterior cervical region. After neck dissection and opening the esophagus, a three and a half centimeter wooden toothpick fragment was found at the upper region, covered by a purulent substance associated with puncture wounds. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1752928X183027
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.01.008DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

[THE ANALYSIS OF MORTALITY CAUSES IN PATIENTS WITH SEVERE TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY IN ALMATY].

Georgian Med News 2018 Dec(285):17-20

Kazakh Medical University of Continuing Education, Almaty; Kazakhstan's medical university «KSPH», Almaty, Kazakhstan.

The purpose of this study was to analyze the cases of traumatic brain injuries in hospitals of Almaty and the factors that cause traumatic brain injury with fatal outcome. The material for the study were clinical cases of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and deaths according to Almaty for 2012-2015, the total number of patients - 217, of which, in 2012 - 56, in 2013 - 48, in 2014 - 51, 2015 - 62. The criterion for inclusion in the study was the presence of an isolated TBI. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Time Trends of Head Injuries Over Multiple Seasons in Professional Male Football (Soccer).

Sports Med Int Open 2019 Jan 28;3(1):E6-E11. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Institute of Sports and Preventive Medicine, Saarland University, Saarbrücken, Germany.

The present study aimed to investigate time trends of head injuries and their injury mechanisms since a rule change as monitoring may help to identify causes of head injuries and may advance head injury prevention efforts. Based on continuously recorded data from the German football magazine "kicker Sportmagazin " as well as other media sources, a database of head injuries in the 1 German male Bundesliga was generated comprising 11 seasons (2006/07-2016/17). Injury mechanisms were analysed from video recordings. Read More

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http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/a-0808-2551
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0808-2551DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6349547PMC
January 2019
8 Reads

New or Blossoming Hemorrhagic Contusions After Decompressive Craniectomy in Traumatic Brain Injury: Analysis of Risk Factors.

Front Neurol 2018 15;9:1186. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Department of Neurosurgery, Umberto I General Hospital, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona, Italy.

The development or expansion of a cerebral hemorrhagic contusion after decompressive craniectomy (DC) for traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs commonly and it can result in an unfavorable outcome. However, risk factors predicting contusion expansion after DC are still uncertain. The aim of this study was to identify the factors associated with the growth or expansion of hemorrhagic contusion after DC in TBI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2018.01186DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340989PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Injuries Associated With Standing Electric Scooter Use.

JAMA Netw Open 2019 Jan 4;2(1):e187381. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

National Clinician Scholars Program, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California.

Importance: Since September 2017, standing electric scooters have proliferated rapidly as an inexpensive, easy mode of transportation. Although there are regulations for safe riding established by both electric scooter companies and local governments, public common use practices and the incidence and types of injuries associated with these standing electric scooters are unknown.

Objective: To characterize injuries associated with standing electric scooter use, the clinical outcomes of injured patients, and common use practices in the first US metropolitan area to experience adoption of this technology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.7381DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Neuroendoscopy-a minimally invasive alternative in the surgical management of traumatic intracerebral contusions?

Authors:
Niklas Marklund

Acta Neurochir (Wien) 2019 Feb 22;161(2):231-232. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Skåne University Hospital, Department of Clinical Sciences Lund, Neurosurgery, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00701-019-03813-8DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Chemical composition, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of the essential oils from male and female specimens of Baccharis punctulata (Asteraceae).

J Ethnopharmacol 2019 Jan 17;234:1-7. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Embrapa Clima Temperado, Rodovia BR 392, km 78. Caixa Postal 403, CEP: 96010-971 Pelotas, RS, Brazil. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Baccharis punctulata (Asteraceae), popularly known as "Chíllka saru saru" in Bolivia, has been used by rural communities in Bustillo Province of the Potosi Department for treatment of asthma, luxations and contusions.

Aim Of The Study: To analyze the chemical composition of the essential oils obtained from leaves of female (BPF) and male (BPM) specimens and evaluate their anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.

Material And Methods: Chemical composition analyses of Baccharis punctulata essential oils isolated by hidrodistillation from leaves of male and female specimens were performed by GC-FID-MS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2019.01.005DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Death or Damnation: Surrogacy and Religious Beliefs.

Am J Hosp Palliat Care 2019 Jan 16:1049909118823189. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

5 St. Luke's Rehabilitation Institute, Spokane, WA, USA.

MC is a 42-year-old female who was in a motor vehicle accident and suffered multiple contusions as well as a fracture of the left femur, pelvic ramus, and left orbit. Due to contusion of the brain, MC has been comatose for over a week and is on mechanical ventilation to protect her airway. There is no written declaration of surrogacy. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1049909118823189
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1049909118823189DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

The epidemiology of wrist and hand injury in two hospitals in Jerusalem: substantial differences between population subgroups.

Isr J Health Policy Res 2019 Jan 9;8(1). Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Braun School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel.

Background: Wrist and hand injuries are common and constitute a major economic burden. General injury prevention programs have failed to demonstrate a decrease in injury rates. We hypothesized that there are differences in injury patterns in culturally diverse subpopulations of a metropolitan area treated within the same medical system, which may partly explain the difficulties associated with injury prevention. Read More

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https://ijhpr.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13584-018-
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13584-018-0278-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6327559PMC
January 2019
5 Reads

Patterned Bruises From Abusive Squeezing.

Pediatr Emerg Care 2019 Jan 7. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Connecticut Children's Medical Center, Hartford, CT.

Bruising is the most common presentation of child physical abuse. Many patterns of abusive bruising result in positive or negative imprints of the implement used (eg, fingertips in "grab mark" contusions or hand in slap injury). However, bruising may also form along the lines of greatest anatomical stress (eg, gluteal cleft or pinna bruising). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PEC.0000000000001717DOI Listing
January 2019
11 Reads

Extracorporeal Carbon Dioxide Removal in the Management of Complex Bilateral Flail Chest Injury.

ASAIO J 2019 Jan 3. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

From the Division of Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, Louisiana.

Flail chest is an uncommon consequence of traumatic injury. Medical management includes mechanical ventilation for internal pneumatic stabilization. Control of respiratory drive is necessary to avoid paradoxical movement and impairment of recovery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MAT.0000000000000942DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads
1.385 Impact Factor

Roylea cinerea (D.Don) Baillon: Ethnomedicinal uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology: A review.

J Ethnopharmacol 2019 Mar 27;232:193-200. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Shoolini University, PO Box 9, Solan, Himachal Pradesh 173212, India. Electronic address:

ROYLEA CINEREA (D.DON) BAILLON: Roylea cinerea (D.Don) Baillon family Lamiaceae is a shrub of the monotypic genus. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03788741183030
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2018.12.042DOI Listing
March 2019
8 Reads

Limited Influence of Flail Chest in Patients With Blunt Thoracic Trauma - A Matched-pair Analysis.

In Vivo 2019 Jan-Feb;33(1):133-139

Trauma Department, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany

Background: Flail chest is considered as one of the most severe forms of blunt thoracic trauma. However, its actual influence on post-traumatic morbidity and mortality is debatable.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective cohort analysis was performed of multiply injured patients (injury severity score ≥16) at a level I trauma center. Read More

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http://iv.iiarjournals.org/lookup/doi/10.21873/invivo.11449
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21873/invivo.11449DOI Listing
September 2018
8 Reads

Supracerebellar Transtentorial Approach for Occipital Meningioma to Maximize Visual Preservation: Technical Note.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2018 Dec 19. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Department of Neurosurgery, North Shore University Hospital, Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell, Manhasset, New York.

Background And Importance: Surgery for resection of tentorial meningiomas compressing primary visual cortex carries a significant risk of worsening vision. This concern is especially acute in patients with a preexisting visual deficit. Approaches that involve mechanical retraction of the occipital lobe further threaten visual function. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/ons/advance-article/doi/10.1093/ons
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ons/opy380DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

The Prevalence of Dementia and Cognitive Impairment in Hospitals.

Dtsch Arztebl Int 2018 Nov;115(44):733-740

Working Group Psychiatric Epidemiology, Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Technical University of Munich (TUM), Klinikum rechts der Isar, Munich, Germany:; Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Mannheim, Mannheim, Germany.

Background: The care of elderly patients with comorbid dementia poses an increasing challenge in the acute inpatient setting, yet there remains a lack of representative studies on the prevalence and distribution of dementia in general hospitals.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study of patients aged 65 and older in randomly selected general hospitals in southern Germany. Patients were excluded if they were in an intensive care unit or isolation unit or if they were on specialized wards for psychiatry, neurology, or geriatric medicine. Read More

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https://www.aerzteblatt.de/10.3238/arztebl.2018.0733
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3238/arztebl.2018.0733DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6318438PMC
November 2018
11 Reads

Veterinary-focused assessment with sonography for trauma-airway, breathing, circulation, disability and exposure: a prospective observational study in 64 canine trauma patients.

J Small Anim Pract 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Lodi's ICU and Sub ICU Head, ASST Lodi 26900, Italy.

Objective: To describe the technique and findings of the 'veterinary focused assessment with sonography for trauma-airway, breathing, circulation, disability and exposure' protocol in dogs suffering from trauma.

Materials And Methods: Prospective observational study on a new point-of-care ultrasound protocol on 64 dogs suffering from trauma and comparison of findings with radiology.

Results: Comparison of the results of this new ultrasound protocol for trauma patients with radiography findings for pneumothorax, pleural effusion, alveolar-interstitial syndrome and abdominal effusion revealed positive agreement of 89, 83, 100 and 87% and negative agreement of 76, 83, 76 and 92%, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jsap.12968DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

The ability of the ICD-AIS map to identify seriously injured patients in road traffic accidents-A study from Finland.

Traffic Inj Prev 2018 13;19(8):819-824. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

d Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology , North Kymi Hospital , Kouvola , Finland.

Objective: In Finland, the severity of road traffic injuries is determined using the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision, Finnish Modification (ICD-10-FM) injury codes from Finnish Hospital Discharge data and the automatic conversion tool (ICD-AIS map) developed by the Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine (AAAM). The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of the ICD-AIS map to identify seriously injured patients due to traffic accidents in Finnish injury data by comparing the severity rating generated by an expert and by the ICD-AIS map.

Methods: Our data came from the North Kymi Hospital (level 2 trauma center at the time of the study). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15389588.2018.1520985DOI Listing
December 2018

Occupational agricultural injuries among the preadolescent workers of West Bengal, India.

Int J Adolesc Med Health 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Occupational Ergonomics Laboratory, Department of Physiology, University College Science and Technology, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, India.

Introduction Agricultural injuries are an important factor in mortality and morbidity for populations of preadolescents globally. Working preadolescents in agricultural sector are exposed to occupational risks and injury in India. Objective This study mainly assesses the nature of injuries among the preadolescent agricultural workers of West Bengal, India. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2018-0178DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Ocular and Intracranial MR Imaging Findings in Abusive Head Trauma.

Top Magn Reson Imaging 2018 Dec;27(6):503-514

Professor of Radiology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Director of Pediatric Neuroradiology, Children Hospital of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA.

Abusive head trauma (AHT) is a form of inflicted head injury. AHT is more frequent in 2-year-old or younger children. It is an important cause of neurological impairment and the major cause of death from head trauma in this age group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/RMR.0000000000000169DOI Listing
December 2018
18 Reads

Application of neuro-endoscopic target aspiration of the necrotic core for cerebral contusion with delayed progression: technical note.

Acta Neurochir (Wien) 2019 Feb 4;161(2):225-230. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Neurosurgery, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.

Background: The optimal management strategy for cerebral contusion remains controversial, especially when standard craniotomy could not be used. We performed neuro-endoscopic target lesionectomy for the delayed progression of cerebral contusion in order to aspirate the necrotic core, which is the primal source of contusional edema.

Methods: The present study included 10 consecutive patients (2 women and 8 men, with a mean age of 67 years old) with traumatic brain injury presenting with delayed deterioration of cerebral contusion where standard craniotomy could not be used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00701-018-3753-zDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Time-related morphometric studies on CD34 protein expression in the cerebral blood vessels after fatal brain contusions.

Folia Neuropathol 2018 ;56(3):187-195

In our previous work, we have discussed the importance of neurofilaments in determination of the age of brain contusions. The purpose of this paper is to examine a possibility of angiogenesis-related assessment of the age of brain contusions by means of morphometric analysis of the CD34 expression in the contused sites. The researched material comprised 90 cases divided into nine groups according to the time of death: immediately on the spot, 12 hours, 24 hours, 2 days, 3 days, 4 days, 5 days, 6 days, and 7 days after the head trauma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/fn.2018.78699DOI Listing
January 2018
1 Read

Self-Reported Skin Changes by a Selected Number of Astronauts after Long-Duration Mission on ISS as Part of the Skin B Project.

Skin Pharmacol Physiol 2019 28;32(1):52-57. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

DermaTronnier, Institute for Experimental Dermatology, Witten/Herdecke University, Witten, Germany.

Background: One of the most challenging and important factors of manned space missions is to keep astronauts healthy on orbit. In a study on 46 ISS crew members who were on 6-month (average) missions, skin rashes were the most self-reported event. Furthermore, among notable events, 40% were classified as skin rashes/hypersensitivities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000494689DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Rationale and evidence for the incorporation of heparin to the diclofenac epolamine medicated plaster.

Curr Med Res Opin 2018 Nov 26:1-28. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

e Scientific Advisor, IBSA Pharma Inc , Washington , DC USA.

Objective: The nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) diclofenac epolamine (DHEP) formulated as a topical patch has demonstrated efficacy and safety in the localized treatment of acute pain from minor strains, sprains, and contusions, and for epicondylitis and knee osteoarthritis. The glycosaminoglycan heparin enhances the activity of topical NSAIDs formulated as a medicated plaster, even in the absence of any significant release of heparin. Therefore, DHEP Plus, a new formulation of the DHEP medicated plaster containing a small amount of heparin sodium as excipient has been developed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03007995.2018.1551194DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Forensic Pathological Identification and Antidiastole of Commotio Cordis.

Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi 2018 Oct 25;34(5):538-541. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Department of Forensic Pathology, School of Forensic Medicine, China Medical University, Shenyang 110122, Liaoning Province, China.

Commotio cordis (CC) is the acute death caused by the cardiac rhythm disorder after a sudden blunt external force to the precordium of a healthy person without previous heart disease. As one type of violent heart damage, CC is rare with relatively small external force and sudden death, therefore causing disputes. This paper reviews the epidemiology, mechanisms and the key points in forensic identification of CC, discusses the identification and antidiastole of CC, myocardial contusion, sudden cardiac death and death from inhibition, and provides assistance to forensic pathologists to identify such causes of death. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12116/j.issn.1004-5619.2018.05.020DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Homogeneity of Different Functional mRNA Indicators for Wound Age Estimation.

Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi 2018 Oct 25;34(5):487-491. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

School of Forensic Medicine, Shanxi Medical University, Jinzhong 030600, Shanxi Province, China.

Objectives: To explore the homogeneity level of four different functional mRNA (PUM2, TAB2, Cx45 and CHRNA1) expressions in rats with skeletal muscle contusion.

Methods: The relative expressions of PUM2, TAB2, Cx45 and CHRNA1 mRNAs were detected by quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). The coefficient of variation () of the relative expressions for different individuals in each injury group was calculated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12116/j.issn.1004-5619.2018.05.006DOI Listing
October 2018
8 Reads

ORTHOPEDIC INJURIES IN MEN'S PROFESSIONAL SOCCER IN BRAZIL: PROSPECTIVE COMPARISON OF TWO CONSECUTIVE SEASONS 2017/2016.

Acta Ortop Bras 2018 ;26(5):338-341

Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Centro de Traumatologia do Esporte (CETE) - (DOT-UNIFESP/EPM) - Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, SP, Brazil.

Purpose: The purpose is to compare the incidence and characteristics of injuries sustained in two consecutive seasons of the São Paulo State Football Championship.

Methods: Prospective study performed using an electronic form previously developed by the Medical Committee of the São Paulo State Football Federation, sent to the physicians responsible for the tournament's series A1 and A2 teams, after each round.

Results: 17. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1413-785220182605194940DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6220654PMC
January 2018
1 Read

Effects of Strength Training Program and Infrared Thermography in Soccer Athletes Injuries.

Sports (Basel) 2018 Nov 19;6(4). Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Escola de Educação Física e Desportes (Departamento de Ginástica), Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Av. Carlos Chagas Filho, Cidade Universitária, Ilha do Fundão, Rio de Janeiro 21.941-590, Brazil.

The purpose of this investigation was to examine the effects of a periodized strength training program and the use of infrared thermography (IRT) in injuries mapping in under 20-year-old (U-20) soccer players. In this study, 26 professional soccer players participated in strength training (ST) twice a week and were tested with IRT consistently across the 1-year. Strength, vertical jump, heat differences and injuries were tracked and analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/sports6040148DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6315819PMC
November 2018
5 Reads

Five-Year Review of Patients Presenting with Non-Accidental Injury to a Children's Emergency Unit in Singapore.

Ann Acad Med Singapore 2018 Oct;47(10):413-419

Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.

Introduction: There is an increasing trend of physical child abuse cases reported in Singapore. Children presenting to the Emergency Department with injuries require a high index of suspicion for clinicians to distinguish those that are abusive in nature.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective study of children with diagnosis of NAI presenting to KK Women's and Children's Hospital (KKH) from June 2011 to May 2016 was conducted. Read More

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October 2018
4 Reads

The impact of musculoskeletal injuries sustained in road traffic crashes on work-related outcomes: a protocol for a systematic review.

Syst Rev 2018 Nov 20;7(1):202. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

RECOVER Injury Research Centre, The University of Queensland, Oral Health Centre, Herston, QLD, 4006, Australia.

Background: Musculoskeletal injuries (strains/sprains, contusions, dislocations, and fractures) are the most common injury sustained in a road traffic crash. They can have a long-term impact upon the ability to engage in work. Persisting symptoms as well as poor physical and psychological recovery may reduce the ability to return to or remain at work necessitating the use of sick leave or alternate duties to enable a gradual return to full duties. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13643-018-0869-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6247704PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

Pediatric and adolescent injury in rodeo.

Res Sports Med 2018 ;26(sup1):114-128

a Department of Orthopedic Surgery , University of Colorado School of Medicine , Aurora , USA.

High injury potential in rodeo is well recognized but the injury data for pediatric and adolescent rodeo athletes remain sparse. A systematic review of the literature published between 1990 and 2017 was conducted to assess the incidence and determinants of rodeo-related injuries in this population and to suggest injury prevention measures. Three of the 10 included studies reported event frequency and exposure data while the other seven pertained to particular injuries and/or rodeo events. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15438627.2018.1439034DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Clinical Profile and Autopsy Findings in Fatal Head Injuries.

J Emerg Trauma Shock 2018 Jul-Sep;11(3):205-210

Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, (JIPMER), Puducherry, India.

Aims: This study aims to correlate the autopsy findings with the clinical picture and imaging report in fatal head injury patients.

Settings And Design: A descriptive study conducted at tertiary care hospital in South India from July 2015 to December 2016.

Patients And Methods: All patients with head injuries who were admitted to our Emergency and Trauma Centre and underwent autopsy were included in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JETS.JETS_127_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6182969PMC
November 2018
10 Reads

Scurvy-Characteristic Features and Forensic Issues.

Am J Forensic Med Pathol 2019 Mar;40(1):43-46

School of Humanities, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia.

Scurvy is a multisystem condition that arises from vitamin C deficiency. As humans cannot synthesize vitamin C, serum and tissue levels depend on bioavailability, utilization, and renal excretion. Deficiencies result in defective collagen formation with swelling of gums, leg ulceration, and bleeding manifestations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PAF.0000000000000442DOI Listing
March 2019
9 Reads

Injury patterns among pedestrians using assistive mobility devices.

Injury 2019 Jan 22;50(1):16-19. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Trauma Administration, St. Joseph Hospital and Medical Center, Phoenix AZ, United States.

Introduction: As the population ages, growing numbers of individuals are turning to assisted mobility devices (AMDs) to maintain independence. These devices often place users in a seated position. Like ambulatory pedestrians, pedestrians seated in an AMD are at risk for involvement in an automobile versus pedestrian crash. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2018.10.025DOI Listing
January 2019

An unusual complication of posterior packing in epistaxis.

North Clin Istanb 2018 12;5(2):157-159. Epub 2018 Apr 12.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Adıyaman University Training and Research Hospital, Adıyaman, Turkey.

Endonasal or transnasal procedures are sometimes necessary in patients with head trauma. Before these procedures, the integrity of the skull base must be considered to avoid penetration of the cranial vault. A 54-year-old man was taken to a district hospital following a car accident. Read More

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http://www.kuzeyklinikleri.com/jvi.aspx?pdir=nci&plng=tu
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.14744/nci.2017.75547DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6191550PMC
April 2018
11 Reads

Pulmonary valve insufficiency 12 years after high-velocity blunt chest trauma.

Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2018 Oct 22. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Sana Herzchirurgie Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Germany.

The spectrum of cardiac injury due to blunt chest trauma may range from cardiac contusions with a clinically silent course to fatal cardiac wall rupture. Pulmonary valve insufficiency due to non-penetrating chest trauma is a rare entity. In this case, pulmonary valve insufficiency as a result of valve tear due to high-velocity blunt chest trauma required surgical replacement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejcts/ezy353DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Dual-Energy Computed Tomography Imaging of Head: Virtual High-Energy Monochromatic (190 keV) Images Are More Reliable Than Standard 120 kV Images for Detecting Traumatic Intracranial Hemorrhages.

J Neurotrauma 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

1 Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, R. Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland.

High-energy monochromatic (190 keV) images may be more reliable than standard 120 kV Images for detecting intracranial hemorrhages. We aimed to retrospectively compare virtual high monochromatic (190 keV) and standard 120 kV images from dual-energy computed tomography (CT; DECT) for the diagnosis of intracranial hemorrhages in traumatic brain injury (TBI). We analyzed admission CT studies in 100 trauma patients. Read More

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https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/neu.2018.5985
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/neu.2018.5985DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Hip and Groin Injuries Among Collegiate Male Soccer Players: The 10-Year Epidemiology, Incidence, and Prevention.

Orthopedics 2018 Nov 16;41(6):e831-e836. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

The physical and demanding style of play in soccer places these athletes at an elevated risk for hip and groin injuries. Several studies have examined hip and groin injuries in professional and youth soccer in European countries, but few have involved American counterparts. Hip injury data were analyzed retrospectively from the National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance Program for the 2004 to 2014 academic years for collegiate men's soccer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/01477447-20181010-01DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Can Neck Contusions in Unexplained Pediatric Deaths be Explained by Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation?

J Forensic Sci 2018 Oct 12. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

Department of Pathology, Western Michigan University Homer Stryker MD School of Medicine, Kalamazoo, 49007, MI.

The distribution of cutaneous contusions in infants may raise the possibility of maltreatment. Neck contusions are particularly problematic since they seldom occur outside the setting of abuse, while cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)-related maneuvers may involve the neck. To address the role of CPR in neck findings, we examined 260 consecutive pediatric autopsies in which CPR was attempted. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/1556-4029.13919
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1556-4029.13919DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

Stem cell transplantation and functional recovery after spinal cord injury: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Anat Cell Biol 2018 Sep 28;51(3):180-188. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Department of Biotechnology, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Spinal cord injury is a significant cause of motor dysfunctions. There is no definite cure for it, and most of the therapeutic modalities are only symptomatic treatment. In this systematic review and meta-analysis, the effectiveness of stem cell therapy in the treatment of the spinal cord injuries in animal models was studied and evaluated. Read More

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https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6172584/
Web Search
https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.5115/acb.2018.51
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.5115/acb.2018.51.3.180DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6172584PMC
September 2018
4 Reads

Adolescent knee pain: fracture or normal? A case report.

J Can Chiropr Assoc 2018 Aug;62(2):105-110

Division of Graduate Studies, Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College.

Background: Knee injuries are the second to fourth most common injuries in youth soccer. In this population, sprains/strains, fractures and contusions are most common. Due to variations in the developing skeleton, it can be difficult to rule out fractures. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6173220PMC
August 2018
3 Reads