7,303 results match your criteria Contusions


Occupational agricultural injuries among the preadolescent workers of West Bengal, India.

Int J Adolesc Med Health 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Occupational Ergonomics Laboratory, Department of Physiology, University College Science and Technology, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, India.

Introduction Agricultural injuries are an important factor in mortality and morbidity for populations of preadolescents globally. Working preadolescents in agricultural sector are exposed to occupational risks and injury in India. Objective This study mainly assesses the nature of injuries among the preadolescent agricultural workers of West Bengal, India. Read More

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December 2018

Ocular and Intracranial MR Imaging Findings in Abusive Head Trauma.

Top Magn Reson Imaging 2018 Dec;27(6):503-514

Professor of Radiology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Director of Pediatric Neuroradiology, Children Hospital of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA.

Abusive head trauma (AHT) is a form of inflicted head injury. AHT is more frequent in 2-year-old or younger children. It is an important cause of neurological impairment and the major cause of death from head trauma in this age group. Read More

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December 2018
4 Reads

Application of neuro-endoscopic target aspiration of the necrotic core for cerebral contusion with delayed progression: technical note.

Acta Neurochir (Wien) 2018 Dec 4. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Neurosurgery, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.

Background: The optimal management strategy for cerebral contusion remains controversial, especially when standard craniotomy could not be used. We performed neuro-endoscopic target lesionectomy for the delayed progression of cerebral contusion in order to aspirate the necrotic core, which is the primal source of contusional edema.

Methods: The present study included 10 consecutive patients (2 women and 8 men, with a mean age of 67 years old) with traumatic brain injury presenting with delayed deterioration of cerebral contusion where standard craniotomy could not be used. Read More

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December 2018

Time-related morphometric studies on CD34 protein expression in the cerebral blood vessels after fatal brain contusions.

Folia Neuropathol 2018 ;56(3):187-195

In our previous work, we have discussed the importance of neurofilaments in determination of the age of brain contusions. The purpose of this paper is to examine a possibility of angiogenesis-related assessment of the age of brain contusions by means of morphometric analysis of the CD34 expression in the contused sites. The researched material comprised 90 cases divided into nine groups according to the time of death: immediately on the spot, 12 hours, 24 hours, 2 days, 3 days, 4 days, 5 days, 6 days, and 7 days after the head trauma. Read More

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January 2018

Self-Reported Skin Changes by a Selected Number of Astronauts after Long-Duration Mission on ISS as Part of the Skin B Project.

Skin Pharmacol Physiol 2018 Nov 28;32(1):52-57. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

DermaTronnier, Institute for Experimental Dermatology, Witten/Herdecke University, Witten, Germany.

Background: One of the most challenging and important factors of manned space missions is to keep astronauts healthy on orbit. In a study on 46 ISS crew members who were on 6-month (average) missions, skin rashes were the most self-reported event. Furthermore, among notable events, 40% were classified as skin rashes/hypersensitivities. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Rationale and evidence for the incorporation of heparin to the diclofenac epolamine medicated plaster.

Curr Med Res Opin 2018 Nov 26:1-28. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

e Scientific Advisor, IBSA Pharma Inc , Washington , DC USA.

Objective: The nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) diclofenac epolamine (DHEP) formulated as a topical patch has demonstrated efficacy and safety in the localized treatment of acute pain from minor strains, sprains, and contusions, and for epicondylitis and knee osteoarthritis. The glycosaminoglycan heparin enhances the activity of topical NSAIDs formulated as a medicated plaster, even in the absence of any significant release of heparin. Therefore, DHEP Plus, a new formulation of the DHEP medicated plaster containing a small amount of heparin sodium as excipient has been developed. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

ORTHOPEDIC INJURIES IN MEN'S PROFESSIONAL SOCCER IN BRAZIL: PROSPECTIVE COMPARISON OF TWO CONSECUTIVE SEASONS 2017/2016.

Acta Ortop Bras 2018 ;26(5):338-341

Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Centro de Traumatologia do Esporte (CETE) - (DOT-UNIFESP/EPM) - Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, SP, Brazil.

Purpose: The purpose is to compare the incidence and characteristics of injuries sustained in two consecutive seasons of the São Paulo State Football Championship.

Methods: Prospective study performed using an electronic form previously developed by the Medical Committee of the São Paulo State Football Federation, sent to the physicians responsible for the tournament's series A1 and A2 teams, after each round.

Results: 17. Read More

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January 2018
1 Read

Effects of Strength Training Program and Infrared Thermography in Soccer Athletes Injuries.

Sports (Basel) 2018 Nov 19;6(4). Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Escola de Educação Física e Desportes (Departamento de Ginástica), Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Av. Carlos Chagas Filho, Cidade Universitária, Ilha do Fundão, Rio de Janeiro 21.941-590, Brazil.

The purpose of this investigation was to examine the effects of a periodized strength training program and the use of infrared thermography (IRT) in injuries mapping in under 20-year-old (U-20) soccer players. In this study, 26 professional soccer players participated in strength training (ST) twice a week and were tested with IRT consistently across the 1-year. Strength, vertical jump, heat differences and injuries were tracked and analyzed. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Five-Year Review of Patients Presenting with Non-Accidental Injury to a Children's Emergency Unit in Singapore.

Ann Acad Med Singapore 2018 Oct;47(10):413-419

Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.

Introduction: There is an increasing trend of physical child abuse cases reported in Singapore. Children presenting to the Emergency Department with injuries require a high index of suspicion for clinicians to distinguish those that are abusive in nature.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective study of children with diagnosis of NAI presenting to KK Women's and Children's Hospital (KKH) from June 2011 to May 2016 was conducted. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

The impact of musculoskeletal injuries sustained in road traffic crashes on work-related outcomes: a protocol for a systematic review.

Syst Rev 2018 Nov 20;7(1):202. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

RECOVER Injury Research Centre, The University of Queensland, Oral Health Centre, Herston, QLD, 4006, Australia.

Background: Musculoskeletal injuries (strains/sprains, contusions, dislocations, and fractures) are the most common injury sustained in a road traffic crash. They can have a long-term impact upon the ability to engage in work. Persisting symptoms as well as poor physical and psychological recovery may reduce the ability to return to or remain at work necessitating the use of sick leave or alternate duties to enable a gradual return to full duties. Read More

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November 2018
2 Reads

Pediatric and adolescent injury in rodeo.

Res Sports Med 2018 ;26(sup1):114-128

a Department of Orthopedic Surgery , University of Colorado School of Medicine , Aurora , USA.

High injury potential in rodeo is well recognized but the injury data for pediatric and adolescent rodeo athletes remain sparse. A systematic review of the literature published between 1990 and 2017 was conducted to assess the incidence and determinants of rodeo-related injuries in this population and to suggest injury prevention measures. Three of the 10 included studies reported event frequency and exposure data while the other seven pertained to particular injuries and/or rodeo events. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Clinical Profile and Autopsy Findings in Fatal Head Injuries.

J Emerg Trauma Shock 2018 Jul-Sep;11(3):205-210

Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, (JIPMER), Puducherry, India.

Aims: This study aims to correlate the autopsy findings with the clinical picture and imaging report in fatal head injury patients.

Settings And Design: A descriptive study conducted at tertiary care hospital in South India from July 2015 to December 2016.

Patients And Methods: All patients with head injuries who were admitted to our Emergency and Trauma Centre and underwent autopsy were included in the study. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads

Injury patterns among pedestrians using assistive mobility devices.

Injury 2018 Oct 22. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Trauma Administration, St. Joseph Hospital and Medical Center, Phoenix AZ, United States.

Introduction: As the population ages, growing numbers of individuals are turning to assisted mobility devices (AMDs) to maintain independence. These devices often place users in a seated position. Like ambulatory pedestrians, pedestrians seated in an AMD are at risk for involvement in an automobile versus pedestrian crash. Read More

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October 2018

An unusual complication of posterior packing in epistaxis.

North Clin Istanb 2018 12;5(2):157-159. Epub 2018 Apr 12.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Adıyaman University Training and Research Hospital, Adıyaman, Turkey.

Endonasal or transnasal procedures are sometimes necessary in patients with head trauma. Before these procedures, the integrity of the skull base must be considered to avoid penetration of the cranial vault. A 54-year-old man was taken to a district hospital following a car accident. Read More

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April 2018
4 Reads

Pulmonary valve insufficiency 12 years after high-velocity blunt chest trauma.

Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2018 Oct 22. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Sana Herzchirurgie Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Germany.

The spectrum of cardiac injury due to blunt chest trauma may range from cardiac contusions with a clinically silent course to fatal cardiac wall rupture. Pulmonary valve insufficiency due to non-penetrating chest trauma is a rare entity. In this case, pulmonary valve insufficiency as a result of valve tear due to high-velocity blunt chest trauma required surgical replacement. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

Dual-energy CT Imaging of Head: Virtual High Energy Monochromatic (190keV) Images are More Reliable Than Standard 120 kV Images for Detecting Traumatic Intracranial Hemorrhages.

J Neurotrauma 2018 Oct 17. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

University of Maryland School of Medicine, 12264, Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States ;

High energy monochromatic (190keV) images may be more reliable than standard 120 kV Images for detecting intracranial hemorrhages. We aimed to retrospectively compare virtual high monochromatic (190 keV) and standard 120 kV images from dual-energy CT (DECT) for the diagnosis of intracranial hemorrhages in traumatic brain injury (TBI). We analyzed admission CT studies in 100 trauma patients. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

Hip and Groin Injuries Among Collegiate Male Soccer Players: The 10-Year Epidemiology, Incidence, and Prevention.

Orthopedics 2018 Nov 16;41(6):e831-e836. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

The physical and demanding style of play in soccer places these athletes at an elevated risk for hip and groin injuries. Several studies have examined hip and groin injuries in professional and youth soccer in European countries, but few have involved American counterparts. Hip injury data were analyzed retrospectively from the National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance Program for the 2004 to 2014 academic years for collegiate men's soccer. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Can Neck Contusions in Unexplained Pediatric Deaths be Explained by Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation?

J Forensic Sci 2018 Oct 12. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

Department of Pathology, Western Michigan University Homer Stryker MD School of Medicine, Kalamazoo, 49007, MI.

The distribution of cutaneous contusions in infants may raise the possibility of maltreatment. Neck contusions are particularly problematic since they seldom occur outside the setting of abuse, while cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)-related maneuvers may involve the neck. To address the role of CPR in neck findings, we examined 260 consecutive pediatric autopsies in which CPR was attempted. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads

Stem cell transplantation and functional recovery after spinal cord injury: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Anat Cell Biol 2018 Sep 28;51(3):180-188. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Department of Biotechnology, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Spinal cord injury is a significant cause of motor dysfunctions. There is no definite cure for it, and most of the therapeutic modalities are only symptomatic treatment. In this systematic review and meta-analysis, the effectiveness of stem cell therapy in the treatment of the spinal cord injuries in animal models was studied and evaluated. Read More

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September 2018
3 Reads

Adolescent knee pain: fracture or normal? A case report.

J Can Chiropr Assoc 2018 Aug;62(2):105-110

Division of Graduate Studies, Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College.

Background: Knee injuries are the second to fourth most common injuries in youth soccer. In this population, sprains/strains, fractures and contusions are most common. Due to variations in the developing skeleton, it can be difficult to rule out fractures. Read More

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August 2018
2 Reads

Comparison of ultrasonography and computed tomography in the determination of traumatic thoracic injuries.

Am J Emerg Med 2018 Aug 3. Epub 2018 Aug 3.

University of Health Sciences Antalya Education and Research Hospital, Department of Emergency Medicine, Antalya, Turkey.

Objective: In this study, the accuracy of bedside thoracic ultrasonography (TUSG) performed by emergency physicians with patients in the supine position was compared with that of thoracic computed tomography (TCT) for the determination of thoracic injuries due to trauma.

Methods: Patients who suffered the multiple traumas, whose thoracic trauma was identified on physical examination or TCT imaging were included in the study. TUSG was performed following a physical examination by the emergency physician who managed the trauma patient. Read More

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August 2018
9 Reads

Treatment of post-traumatic hematoma and fibrosis using hyaluronidase injection.

Arch Craniofac Surg 2018 Sep 20;19(3):218-221. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Patients complaining of swelling and hematoma caused by contusion of the face can be easily seen in the emergency room. Most of the treatments were conservative treatments such as ice bag application, mild compression dressing, and massage. During the follow-up, fibrosis progression due to hematoma was frequently observed in the contusion site. Read More

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September 2018
8 Reads

Patterns of brain injuries associated with maxillofacial fractures and its fate in emergency Egyptian polytrauma patients.

Chin J Traumatol 2018 Oct 8;21(5):287-292. Epub 2018 Sep 8.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt.

Purpose: Maxillofacial injuries are commonly encountered in the practice of emergency medicine. More than 50% of patients with these injuries have multisystem trauma that requires coordinated management between emergency physicians and surgical specialists in oral and maxillofacial surgery, otolaryngology, plastic surgery, ophthalmology, and trauma surgery. The aim of this study is to identify the patterns of brain injuries associated with maxillofacial trauma and its outcome. Read More

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October 2018
3 Reads

Massive systemic arterial air embolism caused by an air shunt after blunt chest trauma: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 21;51:368-371. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

Japanese Red Cross Kyoto Daini Hospital, Japan. Electronic address:

Introduction: Systemic arterial air embolism (SAAE) is a rare but fatal condition, with only a few cases reported, and the detailed etiology underlying SAAE remains unknown. We report a first case of massive SAAE after blunt chest injury, wherein the presence of traumatic air shunt was confirmed by direct observation during surgery. We also summarize our experience with six other SAAE cases. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

Internal decompression of the acutely contused spinal cord: Differential effects of irrigation only versus biodegradable scaffold implantation.

Biomaterials 2018 Dec 19;185:284-300. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

InVivo Therapeutics Corporation, Cambridge, MA, USA. Electronic address:

Severe spinal cord injury leads to hemorrhage, edema and elevated tissue pressures that propagate ischemia. Liquefactive necrosis of damaged tissue eventually results in chronic cavities due to a wound healing process lacking adhesive contractile cells. Biomaterials can potently influence wound healing responses. Read More

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December 2018
8 Reads

Impaired cerebral compensatory reserve is associated with admission imaging characteristics of diffuse insult in traumatic brain injury.

Acta Neurochir (Wien) 2018 Dec 24;160(12):2277-2287. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

Section of Brain Physics, Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Addenbrooke's Hospital, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, CB2 0QQ, UK.

Background: Continuous assessment of cerebral compensatory reserve is possible using the moving correlation between pulse amplitude of intra-cranial pressure (AMP) and intra-cranial pressure (ICP), called RAP. Little is known about the behavior and associations of this index in adult traumatic brain injury (TBI). The goal of this study is to evaluate the association between admission cerebral imaging findings and RAP over the course of the acute intensive care unit stay. Read More

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December 2018
8 Reads

A systematic review of injuries in gymnastics.

Phys Sportsmed 2018 Sep 22:1-26. Epub 2018 Sep 22.

b Independent Researcher , Calgary , Alberta , Canada.

Objectives: To identify all studies of gymnastics injuries and assess injury rates, types, locations, and causes.

Methods: Seven electronic and two grey literature databases were searched. Two reviewers independently assessed titles/abstracts, abstracted data, and calculated average rates weighted by study size. Read More

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September 2018
6 Reads

Diagnostic Criteria for Commotio Cordis Caused by Violent Attack: Review of the Literature.

Am J Forensic Med Pathol 2018 Dec;39(4):330-336

From the Sezione di Medicina Legale, Dipartimento di Scienze della Sanità Pubblica e Pediatriche, "Università degli Studi di Torino," Torino, Italy.

The diagnosis of lethal commotio cordis (CC) is really complex. The forensic pathologist's task is even more relevant when he/she has to explain a CC diagnosis caused by an assault in a trial. The purpose of this study was to analyze the literature on lethal CC as a result of violent attacks and identify relevant parameters that may help in the diagnosis. Read More

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December 2018

The monocyte locomotion inhibitory factor inhibits the expression of inflammation-induced cytokines following experimental contusion in rat tibia.

Scand J Immunol 2018 Sep 16;88(3):e12702. Epub 2018 Aug 16.

Laboratorio de Biomecánica, Instituto Nacional de Rehabilitación "Luis Guillermo Ibarra Ibarra" (INRLGII), Mexico City, Mexico.

Entamoeba histolityca produces the monocyte locomotion inhibitory factor (MLIF), a pentapeptide with powerful anti-inflammatory properties. MLIF may regulate trauma-induced inflammation through the effects it exerts directly or indirectly on immune cells, modulating the production and/or expression of the cytokines involved in the inflammatory processes that occur after damage. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of MLIF on production of pro/anti-inflammatory cytokines after contusion in the rat tibia. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

Factors Related to the Use of Topical vs. Oral NSAIDs for Sprains, Strains, and Contusions in a Senior Population: A Retrospective Analysis of Administrative Claims Data.

Drugs Aging 2018 10;35(10):937-950

Comprehensive Health Insights, Inc, Humana Inc, 515 W. Market Street, Louisville, KY, 40202, USA.

Background: Research to date on sprains, strains, and contusions has focused mainly on the analysis of sports-related injuries, occupational injuries, injuries resulting from automobile accidents, and severe injuries that result in inpatient hospital stays. Little is known about real-world acute sprains, strains, and contusions in an aging population. Patients may be treated with over-the-counter, oral, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for acute sprains, strains, and contusions or may require the use of prescription NSAIDs. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

Genitoanal Injury in Sexually Assaulted Adult Women: Six-Year Retrospective in Bangkok.

Am J Forensic Med Pathol 2018 Dec;39(4):312-324

From the Department of Forensic Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Sexual assault persists as a global problem. Even when sexual assault does not result in obvious visible wounds, genitoanal injury must be evaluated because it is often pertinent for legal outcomes. Macroscopic ("naked eye") examination is valuable when colposcope is not available or when patients do not consent. Read More

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December 2018

Temporal lobe contusions on computed tomography are associated with impaired 6-month functional recovery after mild traumatic brain injury: a TRACK-TBI study.

Neurol Res 2018 Nov 3;40(11):972-981. Epub 2018 Sep 3.

a Department of Neurological Surgery , University of California San Francisco , San Francisco , CA , USA.

Introduction: Mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) can cause persistent functional deficits and healthcare burden. Understanding the association between intracranial contusions and outcome may aid in MTBI treatment and prognosis.

Methods: MTBI patients with Glasgow Coma Scale 13-15 and 6-month outcomes [Glasgow Outcome Scale-Extended (GOSE)], without polytrauma from the prospective TRACK-TBI Pilot study were analyzed. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read
1.450 Impact Factor

Traumatic dural venous sinus thrombosis; a challenge in management of head injury patients.

J Clin Neurosci 2018 Nov 28;57:169-173. Epub 2018 Aug 28.

Department of Neurosurgery, Birmingham University Hospital, Birmingham B15 2GW, United Kingdom.

Venous sinus thrombosis secondary to traumatic brain injury and head trauma is increasingly detected following contrast enhanced cranial imaging in acute trauma. The presence of sinus thrombosis poses further challenges in the management of traumatic brain injury patients with cerebral contusions, intraparenchymal haemorrhages or subdural/extradural haemorrhages. The decision to anti-coagulate such trauma induced venous sinus thrombosis is controversial and requires further attention and research to delineate risks versus benefits of treatment. Read More

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November 2018
5 Reads
1.320 Impact Factor

Analysis of 4 Years of Injury in Professional Rodeo.

Clin J Sport Med 2018 Aug 29. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Department of Health Sciences, University of Colorado Colorado Springs, Colorado Springs, Colorado.

Objective: To analyze injury frequency, density, location, type, mechanism of injury (MOI), activity phase of injury, and injury risk in professional rodeo.

Design: Retrospective epidemiological review.

Setting: Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association sanctioned rodeos from 2011 to 2014. Read More

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August 2018
1 Read

Sulfonylurea Receptor 1, Transient Receptor Potential Cation Channel Subfamily M Member 4, and KIR6.2:Role in Hemorrhagic Progression of Contusion.

J Neurotrauma 2018 Oct 4. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

1 Department of Neurosurgery, University of Maryland School of Medicine , Baltimore, Maryland.

In severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), contusions often are worsened by contusion expansion or hemorrhagic progression of contusion (HPC), which may double the original contusion volume and worsen outcome. In humans and rodents with contusion-TBI, sulfonylurea receptor 1 (SUR1) is upregulated in microvessels and astrocytes, and in rodent models, blockade of SUR1 with glibenclamide reduces HPC. SUR1 does not function by itself, but must co-assemble with either KIR6. Read More

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October 2018
13 Reads

Epidemiological Findings of Soccer Injuries During the 2017 Gold Cup.

Orthop J Sports Med 2018 Aug 20;6(8):2325967118791754. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

Cedars-Sinai Kerlan-Jobe Institute, Santa Monica, California, USA.

Background: Surveillance programs are vital to analyze the cause and nature of lesions and ultimately establish protocols of action to lower injury rates.

Purpose: To evaluate the adherence of team doctors to an electronic surveillance system and determine the incidence and characteristics of injuries among soccer players participating in the 2017 Gold Cup.

Study Design: Descriptive epidemiological study. Read More

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August 2018
5 Reads

Age Distribution and Concomitant Injuries in Pulmonary Contusion: An Analysis Based on Routine Data.

Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2018 Nov 24;66(8):678-685. Epub 2018 Aug 24.

Department of Trauma and Orthopedic Surgery, University Erlangen, Erlangen, Germany.

Background:  As the population ages, low-energy thoracic injuries are becoming increasingly relevant in individual injuries, particularly pulmonary contusions (PCs) and their common concomitant injuries. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and age distribution of thoracic trauma, especially PC, to make conclusions about common secondary diagnoses and developments in management.

Methods:  A retrospective analysis of 209,820 cases, based on German routine data from the years 2009 to 2015, with a main diagnosis (MD) or secondary diagnosis (SD) of thoracic trauma (S27 according to ICD-10) was performed. Read More

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November 2018
13 Reads

Surgical treatment for a case of coronary steal from a traumatic coronary artery-cameral fistula after blunt cardiac injury.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2018 13;51:50-53. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

University of Illinois at Chicago, 1740 W Taylor St, Chicago, IL 60612, United States; Advocate Christ Medical Center, 4440 95th St, Oak Lawn, IL 60453, United States.

Introduction: Blunt cardiac trauma covers a spectrum of injuries from clinically insignificant myocardial contusions to lethal ruptures of cardiac valves and chambers. Traumatic coronary artery-cameral fistulas (TCAF) are a rare sequelae of blunt chest trauma.

Case Presentation: A 53-year-old male developed a TCAF after a motor vehicle collision. Read More

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August 2018
10 Reads

Injury incidence in elite youth field hockey players at the 2016 European Championships.

PLoS One 2018 23;13(8):e0201834. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

Department of Pediatric Surgery and Pediatric Urology, University Hospital Frankfurt, Theodor-Stern-Kai 7, Frankfurt/M, Germany.

Despite being an essential consideration when deciding rule changes, injury prevention strategies, and athlete development models, there is little epidemiological data of U18 field hockey player injuries-something explicitly referred to in the 2015 International Olympic Committee's Consensus Statement on Youth Athlete Development. The aim of this study was to quantify incidence and characteristics of injuries in elite youth field hockey players during a major international tournament. Standardized reporting forms detailing time, location on pitch, mechanism and anatomical location of injury were completed for new musculoskeletal conditions resulting in a time stoppage by the umpire and where a player was noticeably affected by an injury for up to 20 s regardless of time stoppage. Read More

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August 2018
8 Reads

Prevalence, Patterns, and Clinical Relevance of Hypoxic-Ischemic Injuries in Children Exposed to Abusive Head Trauma.

J Neuroimaging 2018 Nov 19;28(6):608-614. Epub 2018 Aug 19.

Division of Neuroradiology, The Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD.

Background And Purpose: Hypoxic-ischemic injuries (HIIs) are a scarcely investigated but important cause of morbidity and mortality in children who suffered abusive head trauma (AHT). The purpose of this study is to determine: (a) prevalence, types, and clinical relevance of cytotoxic edema compatible with HII in nonpenetrating AHT, (b) their relationship to other classic neuroimaging findings of AHT, and (c) their correlation with clinical outcomes.

Methods: Diffusion-weighted imaging sequences of magnetic resonance imagings performed on children under 5 years diagnosed with AHT were reviewed to detect the most common patterns of acute parenchymal damage. Read More

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November 2018
1 Read

Occupational traumatic injuries among offshore seafood processors in Alaska, 2010-2015.

J Safety Res 2018 Sep 19;66:169-178. Epub 2018 Jul 19.

College of Public Health and Human Sciences, Oregon State University, USA.

Introduction: The U.S. Coast Guard and Federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration have identified the Alaskan offshore seafood processing industry as high-risk. Read More

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September 2018
6 Reads

Pulmonary contusions in the elderly after blunt trauma: incidence and outcomes.

J Surg Res 2018 Oct 25;230:110-116. Epub 2018 May 25.

Division of Trauma, Department of Surgery, Stony Brook University School of Medicine, Stony Brook, New York. Electronic address:

Background: In the general population with blunt chest trauma, pulmonary contusions (PCs) are commonly identified. However, there is limited research in the elderly. We sought to evaluate the incidence and outcomes of PCs in elderly blunt trauma admissions. Read More

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October 2018
2 Reads

A comparison of four different imaging modalities - Conventional, cross polarized, infra-red and ultra-violet in the assessment of childhood bruising.

J Forensic Leg Med 2018 Oct 4;59:30-35. Epub 2018 Aug 4.

Division of Population Medicine, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Heath Park, Cardiff, CF14 4YS, UK. Electronic address:

Background: It is standard practice to image concerning bruises in children. We aim to compare the clarity and measurements of bruises using cross polarized, infra-red (IR) and ultra-violet (UV) images to conventional images.

Methods: Children aged <11 years with incidental bruising were recruited. Read More

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October 2018
1 Read

THE EFFECTS OF AN AQUATIC MANUAL THERAPY TECHNIQUE, AQUASTRETCH™ ON RECREATIONAL ATHLETES WITH LOWER EXTREMITY INJURIES.

Int J Sports Phys Ther 2018 Apr;13(2):214-228

Spring Valley Hospital, Las Vegas, NV, USA.

Background: When paired together, manual therapy and exercise have been effective for regaining range of motion (ROM) in multiple conditions across varied populations. Although exercise in an aquatic environment is common, research investigating manual therapy in this environment is limited. There is little evidence on AquaStretch an aquatic manual therapy technique, but anecdotal clinical evidence suggests its effectiveness. Read More

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April 2018
2 Reads

Gender Differences in Intra-articular and Extra-articular Injuries Associated with Acute Anterior Cruciate Ligament Ruptures.

J Knee Surg 2018 Aug 1. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, National University Hospital Sports Centre, National University Health System, Singapore.

Females are well known to have a two to nine times increase in relative risk of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture as compared with males. However, there is limited literature available regarding the rates of associated intra-articular and extra-articular injuries associated with ACL ruptures. The purpose of this study was to investigate the gender differences in intra-articular and extra-articular injuries associated with ACL ruptures in an acute setting. Read More

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August 2018
2 Reads

Trends in All-terrain Vehicle Injuries From 2000 to 2015 and the Effect of Targeted Public Safety Campaigns.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2018 Sep;26(18):663-668

From the Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University (Mr. Kleiner), and the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery (Dr. Johnson and Dr. Cruz), the Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI.

Introduction: All-terrain vehicles (ATVs) represent a notable portion of orthopaedic injuries presenting to emergency departments (EDs) in the United States. Public awareness campaigns have targeted these injuries, and this study sought to examine the effect of the 2007 American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons public safety campaign on ATV use.

Methods: The United States Consumer Product Safety Commission National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) was used to obtain national estimates of ATV and dirt bike injuries for the years 2000 to 2015. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

IL-6 and IL-20 as potential markers for vitality of skin contusion.

J Forensic Leg Med 2018 Oct 25;59:8-12. Epub 2018 Jul 25.

Department of Forensic Pathology, School of Forensic Medicine, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China. Electronic address:

The detection of vitality of wounds is very important in forensic practice. This study is performed using quantitative real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) in both mouse and human skin wounds for the application of IL-6 and IL-20 in order to differentiate intravital wounds from postmortem wounds. RT-qPCR analysis of contused mouse skin showed that increased IL-6 and IL-20 mRNA levels were found in comparison to intact skin tissues. Read More

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October 2018
10 Reads

Epidemiological characteristics of surgically treated civilian traumatic brachial plexus injuries in Serbia.

Acta Neurochir (Wien) 2018 Sep 29;160(9):1837-1845. Epub 2018 Jul 29.

School of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.

Background: Traumatic brachial plexus injuries are generally severe, and in many cases associated with surrounding tissue injuries, which makes them hard to diagnose at the right time. This paper presents etiological and epidemiological characteristics of surgically treated civilian traumatic brachial plexus injuries.

Methods: This retrospective study included 68 patients, operated due to the traumatic brachial plexus injuries at Clinic for Neurosurgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, during the 11-year period. Read More

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September 2018
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