7,624 results match your criteria Contusions


[Injuries among Sapienza University students].

G Ital Med Lav Ergon 2020 Mar;42(1):11-15

Dipartimento di Sanità Pubblica e Malattie Infettive, Sapienza Università di Roma.

Summary: Background. The phenomenon of accidents during the university course is a public health problem. Students spend a lot of time at university and in structure for training. Read More

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Using Workers' Compensation Claims Data to Describe Nonfatal Injuries among Workers in Alaska.

Saf Health Work 2020 Jun 21;11(2):165-172. Epub 2020 Feb 21.

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Western States Division, USA.

Background: To gain a better understanding of nonfatal injuries in Alaska, underutilized data sources such as workers' compensation claims must be analyzed. The purpose of the current study was to utilize workers' compensation claims data to estimate the risk of nonfatal, work-related injuries among occupations in Alaska, characterize injury patterns, and prioritize future research.

Methods: A dataset with information on all submitted claims during 2014-2015 was provided for analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.shaw.2020.01.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7303486PMC

Electrical stunning parameters: impact on the quality of turkey meat ().

J Food Sci Technol 2020 Jul 22;57(7):2612-2618. Epub 2020 Feb 22.

Postgraduate Program in Food Technology (PPGTAL), Federal University of Technology - Paraná (UTFPR), Linha Santa Bárbara, S/N - Caixa postal 135, Francisco Beltrão, PR CEP 85601-970 Brazil.

Pre-slaughter conditions can interfere with the quality of meat. Proper stunning systems can minimize the occurrence of meat anomalies. The goal of this study was to assess the effects of electrical stunning parameters on the quality of turkey meat. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13197-020-04297-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7270237PMC

Lethal recreational activities involving horses - A Forensic study.

Authors:
Roger W Byard

Leg Med (Tokyo) 2020 Jun 6;46:101728. Epub 2020 Jun 6.

School of Medicine, The University of Adelaide, Frome Road, Adelaide, South Australia, 5005, Australia. Electronic address:

A search was undertaken of the Forensic Science South Australia, Australia, autopsy database over a 25-year period from 1995 to 2019 with the aim of understanding more about the role that recreational horse use not involving racing may have in mortality. Eight cases were found with an age range of 8-73 years (mean 47 years) and a male:female ratio of 5:3. The major category was a fall while riding (N = 7) with the remaining case (N = 1) sustaining a lethal kicking. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.legalmed.2020.101728DOI Listing

Injuries to the Head and Face From Skateboarding: A 10-Year Analysis From National Electronic Injury Surveillance System Hospitals.

J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2020 May 6. Epub 2020 May 6.

Academic-Vice Chair, Division of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, MI.

Purpose: To estimate the incidence of patients presenting to emergency departments (EDs) as a result of facial trauma sustained from skateboarding.

Patients And Methods: The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) database was queried for skateboard-related head and face fractures, contusions, abrasions, and lacerations from 2009 through 2018. We identified 2,519 reported injuries, extrapolating to a national incidence of 100,201 injuries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.joms.2020.04.039DOI Listing

Implication of image guidance in endoscopic third ventriculostomy: Technical note.

Surg Neurol Int 2020 2;11:87. Epub 2020 May 2.

Department of Neurosurgery, Liaquat National Hospital, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan.

Background: Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is an advanced surgical procedure and plays a major role in the management of hydrocephalus. The complications associated with this procedure are grave and unforgiving. Image guidance system (IGS) can help reduce these complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.25259/SNI_408_2019DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7265348PMC

Injury Profile of Male and Female Senior and Youth Handball Players: A Systematic Review.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 Jun 1;17(11). Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Isabel I, 09001 Burgos, Spain.

Handball is a team sport in which players are exposed to high physical conditioning requirements and several contacts and collisions, so they must face various musculoskeletal injuries throughout their career. The aim of this study was to summarize the characteristics of handball injuries both in training and in competition contexts, differentiating by gender and age. A systematic review was conducted and a total of 15 studies (33 cohorts) met the inclusion criteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17113925DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7312653PMC

Contusion Progression Following Traumatic Brain Injury: A Review of Clinical and Radiological Predictors, and Influence on Outcome.

Neurocrit Care 2020 May 27. Epub 2020 May 27.

Division of Anaesthesia, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Secondary injuries remain an important cause of the morbidity and mortality associated with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Progression of cerebral contusions occurs in up to 75% of patients with TBI, and this contributes to subsequent clinical deterioration and requirement for surgical intervention. Despite this, the role of early clinical and radiological factors in predicting contusion progression remains relatively poorly defined due to studies investigating progression of all types of hemorrhagic injuries as a combined cohort. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12028-020-00994-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7253145PMC

Case report: nosocomial fungemia caused by Candida diddensiae.

BMC Infect Dis 2020 May 27;20(1):377. Epub 2020 May 27.

Department of Laboratory Medicine, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Republic of Korea.

Background: Candida diddensiae, a yeast found in olive oil, is considered non-pathogenic to humans. Here, we describe the first case of fungemia caused by C. diddensiae in a hospitalized patient with underlying diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-020-05095-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7251903PMC

Induction of Diffuse Axonal Brain Injury in Rats Based on Rotational Acceleration.

J Vis Exp 2020 May 9(159). Epub 2020 May 9.

Division of Anesthesia and Critical Care, Soroka University Medical Center and the Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev;

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of death and disability. Diffuse axonal injury (DAI) is the predominant mechanism of injury in a large percentage of TBI patients requiring hospitalization. DAI involves widespread axonal damage from shaking, rotation or blast injury, leading to rapid axonal stretch injury and secondary axonal changes that are associated with a long-lasting impact on functional recovery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3791/61198DOI Listing

The Behavioral Neuroscience of Traumatic Brain Injury.

Psychiatr Clin North Am 2020 Jun;43(2):305-330

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Traumatic brain injury is a calamity of various causes, pathologies, and extremely varied and often complex clinical presentations. Because of its predilection for brain systems underlying cognitive and complex behavioral operations, it may cause chronic and severe psychiatric illness that requires expert management. This is more so for the modern epidemic of athletic and military brain injuries which are dominated by psychiatric symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psc.2020.02.009DOI Listing

Size of Initial Bone Bruise Predicts Future Lateral Chondral Degeneration in ACL Injuries: A Radiographic Analysis.

Orthop J Sports Med 2020 May 6;8(5):2325967120916834. Epub 2020 May 6.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, Connecticut, USA.

Background: Bone marrow contusions are common after an acute anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. It is unknown whether the severity of this initial bruise can predict the potential of developing chondral changes even after ACL reconstructive surgery (ACLR).

Purpose: To investigate whether the initial bone bruise area could be predictive of progressive chondral defects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2325967120916834DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7222279PMC

Kitesurf injury trauma evaluation study: A prospective cohort study evaluating kitesurf injuries.

World J Orthop 2020 Apr 18;11(4):243-251. Epub 2020 Apr 18.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Xpert Clinic, Amsterdam 1103 TB, the Netherlands.

Background: Kitesurfing is an increasingly popular and potentially dangerous extreme water sport. We hypothesized that kitesurfing has a higher injury rate than other (contact) sports and that the minority of injuries are severe.

Aim: To investigate the incidence and epidemiology of kitesurfing injuries in a Dutch cohort during a complete kitesurfing season. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5312/wjo.v11.i4.243DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7206197PMC

Tennis-related adult maxillofacial trauma injuries.

Phys Sportsmed 2020 May 18:1-4. Epub 2020 May 18.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson, AZ, USA.

Tennis participation continues to increase amongst adults across the United States. The purpose of this study was to analyze trends in adult tennis-related facial injury epidemiology, demographics, diagnoses, and locations of injury.: The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System was evaluated for tennis-related facial injuries in adults from 2009 through 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00913847.2020.1768451DOI Listing

Pulmonary contusion mimicking COVID-19: A case report.

World J Clin Cases 2020 Apr;8(8):1554-1560

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Jiangxi Provincial People's Hospital Affiliated to Nanchang University, Nanchang 330006, Jiangxi Province, China.

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a major public health emergency with obvious characteristics of human-to-human transmission, and there are infective asymptomatic carriers. Early identification and proper management of patients with COVID-19 are important. Features in chest computed tomography (CT) can facilitate identifying newly infected individuals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12998/wjcc.v8.i8.1554DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7190958PMC

CT Findings of Pediatric Handlebar Injuries.

Radiographics 2020 May-Jun;40(3):815-826

From the Department of Radiology, Phoenix Children's Hospital, 1919 E Thomas Rd, Phoenix, AZ 85016.

Direct bicycle handlebar injuries are a significant cause of chest and abdominal trauma and morbidity in the pediatric population. However, these injuries have been underemphasized. While blunt abdominal trauma has been described well, the literature is limited in reviewing trauma imaging specifically related to direct handlebar injuries in the pediatric population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1148/rg.2020190126DOI Listing

Prognostics of Hospitalization Length and Mortality in Patients with Traumatic Frontal Brain Contusions.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2020 ;1279:53-59

Department of Pediatrics, Koshi Zonal Hospital, Biratnagar, Nepal.

Traumatic brain injury has ripple effect on the physical, cognitive, behavioral, and emotional domains of quality of life and portends a long-term neurological disability in survivors. In this study we evaluated the prognostic role of demographic and clinico-radiological variables on the hospitalization length and mortality in 71 of patients with frontal brain contusions. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) plots were performed, with area under the curve (AUC) values, for graphical comparison of variables that would predict mortality and hospitalization length. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/5584_2020_529DOI Listing
January 2020

Traumatic complete outer ear amputation by human bite, a forensic case report and review of the literature.

J Forensic Leg Med 2020 Apr 8;71:101936. Epub 2020 Mar 8.

Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece.

We present a case of a complete external ear amputation, caused by a human bite, that took place during a quarrel in a local farmers' market. The male victim was transferred to the Hospital. After surgical reattachment of the auricle, a forensic clinical examination was performed, as per legal obligation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2020.101936DOI Listing

Kinematic analysis of penile reflexes in a rat model of spinal cord injury.

Asian J Androl 2020 Apr 21. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Department of Anatomical Sciences and Neurobiology, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40202, USA.

The ex-copula penile dorsiflexion reflex (PDFR) is an established measure of sexual dysfunction in male rat models of spinal cord injury. Although the PDFR after complete spinal transection is well described, information regarding the more clinically relevant incomplete spinal contusion injury model is limited. This study examined, using two-dimensional (2D) kinematic analysis, the relationship between the PDFR and degree of white matter sparing (WMS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/aja.aja_1_20DOI Listing

[Effect of electroacupuncture on tissue elasticity and expression of muscular MyoD and myogenin in rats with acute gastrocnemius contusion].

Zhen Ci Yan Jiu 2020 Apr;45(4):287-92

Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210000.

Objective: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) at "Ashi" acupoint and "Kunlun" (BL60) on elastic modulus, histopathological changes and expression of myogenic regulatory factors in gastrocnemius(GM) contusion rats, so as to explore the therapeutic effect of local acupoint selection and acupoint selection along channel.

Methods: Male SD rats were randomly divided into blank control (=5), model (=15), Ashi-point (=15) and BL60 (=15) groups. The acute GM contusion model was established by striking (free falling) the GM with a homemade hitter. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13702/j.1000-0607.190361DOI Listing

The Prevalence of Injuries and Traumas in Elite Goalball Players.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 04 6;17(7). Epub 2020 Apr 6.

Student Research Group of Adapted Physical Activity, The Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education in Katowice, 40-065 Katowice, Poland.

Background: The last decade has seen the dynamic development of Paralympic sport, including the development of training facilities and training methods that allow for the achievement of results at the highest level in this group. This may be associated with an increased risk of injury and traumas. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence and locations of injuries and the types of trauma suffered by goalball players. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17072496DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7177653PMC
April 2020
2.063 Impact Factor

Management of Traumatic Brain Injury: From Present to Future.

Antioxidants (Basel) 2020 Apr 2;9(4). Epub 2020 Apr 2.

Department of Chemical, Biological, Pharmacological and Environmental Sciences, Messina University, Viale F. Stagno D'Alcontres 31, 98166 Messina, Italy.

TBI (traumatic brain injury) is a major cause of death among youth in industrialized societies. Brain damage following traumatic injury is a result of direct and indirect mechanisms; indirect or secondary injury involves the initiation of an acute inflammatory response, including the breakdown of the blood-brain barrier (BBB), brain edema, infiltration of peripheral blood cells, and activation of resident immunocompetent cells, as well as the release of numerous immune mediators such as interleukins and chemotactic factors. TBI can cause changes in molecular signaling and cellular functions and structures, in addition to tissue damage, such as hemorrhage, diffuse axonal damages, and contusions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/antiox9040297DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7222188PMC

Persistent Bradycardia in a Pediatric Patient After Blunt Cardiac Trauma.

Ann Emerg Med 2020 04;75(4):521-523

Integrated Medical Sciences Department, Charles E. Schmidt College of Medicine, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annemergmed.2019.10.019DOI Listing

Abusive Head Trauma in Infants and Children.

Pediatrics 2020 04 23;145(4). Epub 2020 Mar 23.

Department of Pediatrics, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas.

Abusive head trauma (AHT) remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the pediatric population, especially in young infants. In the past decade, advancements in research have refined medical understanding of the epidemiological, clinical, biomechanical, and pathologic factors comprising the diagnosis, thereby enhancing clinical detection of a challenging diagnostic entity. Failure to recognize AHT and respond appropriately at any step in the process, from medical diagnosis to child protection and legal decision-making, can place children at risk. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2020-0203DOI Listing

Evaluation of Anterolateral Ligament Healing After Anatomic Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction.

Am J Sports Med 2020 04 16;48(5):1078-1087. Epub 2020 Mar 16.

Sports Medical Center, Konkuk University Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: Few studies have reported the healing process of anterolateral ligament (ALL) injuries.

Purpose/hypothesis: This study investigated the healing status of ALL injuries after primary anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction (ACLR). Additionally, we investigated the association between the healing status of ALL injuries and associated lesions such as osseous lesions and meniscal tears occurring at the time of an ACL rupture. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0363546520908805DOI Listing

Biomarkers in traumatic brain injury: new concepts.

Neurol Sci 2020 Mar 10. Epub 2020 Mar 10.

Department of Neurology, Slingeland Hospital, Doetinchem, The Netherlands.

Traumatic brain injury is a multifaceted condition that encompasses a spectrum of injuries: contusions, axonal injuries in specific brain regions, edema, and hemorrhage. Brain injury determines a broad clinical and disability spectrum due to the implication of various cellular pathways, genetic phenotypes, and environmental factors. It is challenging to predict patient outcomes, to appropriately evaluate the patients, to determine a suitable treatment strategy and rehabilitation program, and to communicate with patient relatives. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10072-019-04238-yDOI Listing

5-HT7 Receptor Inhibition Transiently Improves Respiratory Function Following Daily Acute Intermittent Hypercapnic-Hypoxia in Rats With Chronic Midcervical Spinal Cord Contusion.

Neurorehabil Neural Repair 2020 04 26;34(4):333-343. Epub 2020 Feb 26.

Department of Biological Sciences, National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

. Intermittent hypoxia can induce respiratory neuroplasticity to enhance respiratory motor outputs following hypoxic treatment. This type of respiratory neuroplasticity is primarily mediated by the activation of Gq-protein-coupled 5-HT2 receptors and constrained by Gs-protein-coupled 5-HT7 receptors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1545968320905806DOI Listing

Recovery of locomotion in cats after severe contusion of the low thoracic spinal cord.

J Neurophysiol 2020 Apr 26;123(4):1504-1525. Epub 2020 Feb 26.

Department of Neuroscience, Groupe de Recherche sur le Système Nerveux Central (GRSNC of FRQ-S), Faculty of Medicine, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Canada.

Large bilateral contusions of the T10 thoracic spinal cord were performed in 16 adult cats using a calibrated impactor. EMG and video recordings allowed weekly assessments of key locomotor parameters during treadmill training for 5 wk. Thirty-five days postcontusion, several hindlimb locomotor parameters were very similar to the prelesion ones despite some long-term deficits such as paw drag and disrupted fore-hindlimb coupling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/jn.00498.2019DOI Listing

Risk factors concerning complications following permanent pacemaker implantation for patients on antithrombotic therapy: a cohort study.

J Investig Med 2020 Apr 24;68(4):828-837. Epub 2020 Feb 24.

Nursing Department, Faculty of Nursing, Physiotherapy and Podology, Universidad de Sevilla, Seville, Spain.

The objective of this study was to identify the complications and associated factors presented by patients after pacemaker implantation, according to a regimen of antithrombotic therapy or without it. This is an analytical observational study on a prospective cohort of 310 consecutive patients with a permanent pacemaker implanted, included from January 1 to December 31, 2014 from 1 single center. The follow-up was conducted on 310 patients for 6 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jim-2019-001238DOI Listing

Facing Facts: Facial Injuries from Stand-up Electric Scooters.

Cureus 2020 Jan 15;12(1):e6663. Epub 2020 Jan 15.

Otolaryngology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, USA.

Background Stand-up electric scooters (SES) are a popular public transportation method. Numerous safety concerns have arisen since their recent introduction. Methods A retrospective chart review was performed to identify patients presenting to the emergency departments in Indianapolis, who sustained SES-related injuries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.6663DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7021242PMC
January 2020

State of the Art Imaging Review of Blunt and Penetrating Cardiac Trauma.

Can Assoc Radiol J 2020 Aug 18;71(3):301-312. Epub 2020 Feb 18.

Emergency and Trauma Radiology, Vancouver General Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Traumatic cardiovascular injuries are only second to the central nervous system injuries as a cause of death in young adult population. Multidetector computed tomography is the gold standard diagnostic modality in patients with blunt or penetrating chest trauma and clinical suspicion of cardiac injury. The imaging spectrum of cardiac injuries includes but not limits to pericardial rupture, myocardial contusions, valve rupture, coronary artery injuries, cardiac herniations, and cardiac tamponade. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0846537119899200DOI Listing
August 2020
0.584 Impact Factor

Bruise detection and visibility under alternate light during the first three days post-trauma.

J Forensic Leg Med 2020 Jan 19;69:101893. Epub 2019 Dec 19.

Georgia State University, School of Public Health, PO Box 3995, Atlanta, GA, 30302, United States.

Introduction: Cutaneous bruises are often hard to detect particularly on individuals with a darker complexion. Researchers and federal agencies have recommended the use of alternate light to aide in the assessment of subtle injury. However, studies are limited in their evaluation of wavelength performance during the first few days of bruise healing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2019.101893DOI Listing
January 2020
0.989 Impact Factor

Toddalia asiatica. L. - A rich Source of Phytoconstituents and Potential Pharmacological Actions, an Appropriate Plant for Recent Global Arena.

Cardiovasc Hematol Agents Med Chem 2020 Feb 11. Epub 2020 Feb 11.

Department of Biochemistry, K.S. Rangasamy College of Arts and Science, Tiruchengode 637215, TamilNadu, India.

Toddalia asiatica. L. is used for a long period against various chronic diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1871525718666200212095756DOI Listing
February 2020

Mechanism of brain swelling in cases of brain evisceration due to catastrophic craniocerebral injury - an autopsy study.

Forensic Sci Med Pathol 2020 Mar 28;16(1):107-112. Epub 2020 Jan 28.

Institute of Forensic Medicine, University of Belgrade - School of Medicine, 31a Deligradska str., Belgrade, 11000, Serbia.

Some previously reported cases of brain evisceration in catastrophic craniocerebral injuries showed the presence of brain swelling. The aim of this study was to observe the occurrence of focal or diffuse brain swelling in such cases in order to explain the underlying mechanism. An observational autopsy study included 23 adults, 18 males and 5 females, whose average age was 48 ± 22 years (range: 19-89 years) and who died as the result of catastrophic craniocerebral injury with brain evisceration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12024-019-00207-1DOI Listing

Epidemiology of lacrosse injuries treated at the United States emergency departments between 1997 and 2015.

Res Sports Med 2020 Jul-Sep;28(3):426-436. Epub 2020 Jan 27.

Department of Orthopedics, Johns Hopkins University , Baltimore, MD, USA.

Lacrosse has gained substantial popularity across age groups in the past few decades, but epidemiologic sex differences of lacrosse injuries in emergency settings have not been well described. We characterized and described lacrosse-related injuries presenting to United States Emergency Departments (US EDs) using data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS). From 1997 to 2015, 7,587 lacrosse-related injuries were treated at US EDs (national estimate of 256,358 injuries). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15438627.2020.1721499DOI Listing
January 2020
1.425 Impact Factor

A system of radiological criteria for grading and prognosticating temporal lobe contusions.

Neuroradiol J 2020 Apr 22;33(2):179-185. Epub 2020 Jan 22.

Post-Graduate Institute of Neurological Surgery, Dr Achanta Lakshmipathi Neurosurgical Centre, India.

Introduction: Temporal contusions are common in patients with head injuries and require close monitoring due to the propensity of these patients to deteriorate rapidly and fatally. This study attempts to introduce a radiological grading system for temporal lobe contusions and analyse its prognostic value so as to better identify patients at risk of deterioration.

Methods: The study was conducted as a cross-sectional observational study from April 2011-March 2017 on 42 patients with temporal lobe contusion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1971400919893114DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7140305PMC

Risk factors for corticosteroid insufficiency during the sub-acute phase of acute traumatic brain injury.

Neural Regen Res 2020 Jul;15(7):1259-1265

Tianjin Neurological Institute; Key Laboratory of Post-trauma Neuro-repair and Regeneration in Central Nervous System, Ministry of Education; Tianjin Key Laboratory of Injuries, Variations and Regeneration of Nervous System, Tianjin, China.

Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis dysfunction may lead to the occurrence of critical illness-related corticosteroid insufficiency. Critical illness-related corticosteroid insufficiency can easily occur after traumatic brain injury, but few studies have examined this occurrence. A multicenter, prospective, cohort study was performed to evaluate the function of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and the incidence of critical illness-related corticosteroid insufficiency during the sub-acute phase of traumatic brain injury. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1673-5374.272611DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7047797PMC

Analysis of injury incidences in the Korea national men's soccer teams.

J Exerc Rehabil 2019 Dec 31;15(6):861-866. Epub 2019 Dec 31.

Department of Sport Science, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, Korea.

The purpose of this study was to identify the frequency and characteristics of injuries that occurred during the training camps and matches of the national soccer teams (under-20 [U-20], under-23 [U-23], A men's national teams). The research data were based on injuries that occurred from January 2016 to December 2017. The athletic trainer, a member of the Korea Football Association, recorded injuries based on the recording sheet of the Asian Football Confederation Daily Medical Report. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12965/jer.1938624.312DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6944875PMC
December 2019

Incidence of Displaced Posterolateral Tibial Plateau and Lateral Femoral Condyle Impaction Fractures in the Setting of Primary Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tear.

Am J Sports Med 2020 03 9;48(3):545-553. Epub 2020 Jan 9.

Twin Cities Orthopedics, Edina, Minnesota, USA.

Background: Bone bruising of the posterolateral tibial plateau and the lateral femoral condyle sulcus terminalis has a well-established association with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears. Impaction fractures of the femur and tibia may occur in these locations; however, there is a paucity of literature describing these fractures.

Purpose: The primary objective was to quantify the incidence, size, and location of impaction fractures of the posterolateral tibial plateau and lateral femoral condyle in patients with primary ACL tears. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0363546519895239DOI Listing

Electric Scooters: Case Reports Indicate a Growing Public Health Concern.

Am J Public Health 2020 02;110(2):177-179

Peyton L. Nisson and Ray Chu are with the Department of Neurosurgery, Cedars-Sinai, Los Angeles, CA. Eric Ley is with the Department of Surgery, Cedars-Sinai.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305499DOI Listing
February 2020

Non-Time-Loss and Time-Loss Softball Injuries in Secondary School Athletes: A Report From the National Athletic Treatment, Injury and Outcomes Network (NATION).

J Athl Train 2020 Feb 8;55(2):188-194. Epub 2020 Jan 8.

Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Context: Most studies of injury trends associated with softball focus on injuries requiring at least 24 hours of missed participation time (time-loss [TL] injuries), with little focus on those that do not (non-time-loss [NTL] injuries). A better understanding of injury trends associated with softball will improve athlete care.

Objective: To describe NTL and TL injuries experienced by secondary school girls' softball players. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4085/1062-6050-105-19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7017891PMC
February 2020

Occupational Eye Injuries in the agricultural settings: a retrospective study from North-Eastern Italy.

Acta Biomed 2020 Dec 23;90(4):457-467. Epub 2020 Dec 23.

Azienda USL di Reggio EmiliaV.le Amendola n.2 - 42122 REServizio di Prevenzione e Sicurezza negli Ambienti di Lavoro (SPSAL)Dip. di Prevenzione.

Background: Occupational Eye Injury (OEI) represents a common world-wide event accounting for between 3.3% and 6.1% of all occupational compensation claims. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.23750/abm.v90i4.7602DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7233762PMC
December 2020

Epidemiology of Foot Injuries Using National Collegiate Athletic Association Data From the 2009-2010 Through 2014-2015 Seasons.

J Athl Train 2020 Feb 2;55(2):181-187. Epub 2020 Jan 2.

Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Laurentian University, Sudbury, ON, Canada.

Context: Researchers analyzing data from the National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance Program have not considered the differences in foot injuries across specific sports and between males and females.

Objective: To describe the epidemiologic differences in rates of overall foot injuries and common injuries among sports and between sexes.

Design: Descriptive epidemiology study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4085/1062-6050-560-18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7017902PMC
February 2020

Sports participation related to injuries and illnesses among ambulatory youth with chronic diseases: results of the health in adapted youth sports study.

BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil 2019 16;11:36. Epub 2019 Dec 16.

2Department of Rehabilitation, Physical Therapy Science & Sports, Brain Center, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, the Netherlands.

Background: Although sports participation leads to important health enhancement for youth with chronic diseases or physical disabilities (CDPD), it may pose an increased risk for injury or illness. This study investigated the incidence, type, severity and risks to (sports-related) injuries and illnesses among ambulatory youth with CDPD.

Methods: Over a 12-month period, every 2 weeks, the characteristics of injuries and illnesses were registered by an online questionnaire and phone-based interview. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13102-019-0145-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6915977PMC
December 2019

Survival following traumatic thoracic compartment syndrome managed with VV-ECMO.

Trauma Case Rep 2019 Dec 19;24:100249. Epub 2019 Nov 19.

Trauma Services, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Whilst post-traumatic respiratory failure is the most common indication for use of VV-ECMO in trauma patients, its use in traumatic thoracic compartment syndrome is not yet well described. Thoracic compartment syndrome, a rare complication of thoracic trauma, occurs in the setting of chest wall injuries, impaired chest wall compliance, pulmonary contusions and subsequent high ventilatory pressures. This in turn impairs venous return and increases risk of circulatory arrest due to obstructive shock. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tcr.2019.100249DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6911920PMC
December 2019

Injury from electric scooters in Copenhagen: a retrospective cohort study.

BMJ Open 2019 12 22;9(12):e033988. Epub 2019 Dec 22.

Emergency Medical Services, University of Copenhagen, Region Hovedstaden (Capital Region of Denmark), Copenhagen, Denmark.

Objective: To analyse injuries related to manual and electric scooter use from January 2016 up to and including July 2019.

Setting: Electric scooter rental services were launched in Denmark in January 2019. The services were provided by private companies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-033988DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6936991PMC
December 2019

Lung Contusion in Polytrauma: An Analysis of the TraumaRegister DGU.

Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2019 Dec 13. Epub 2019 Dec 13.

Committee on Emergency Medicine, Intensive Care and Trauma Management (Sektion NIS) of the German Trauma Society (DGU).

Background:  Thorax trauma frequently occurs in which injuries to the bony chest, lung contusions (LCs), and others are diagnosed. The significance of this violation is described very differently and is mostly based on monocentric data.

Methods:  A retrospective analysis of the TraumaRegister DGU (TR-DGU) dataset (Project 2014-062) was performed between 2009 and 2014 (injury severity score [ISS] ≥ 16, primary admission to a trauma center, no isolated traumatic brain injury). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1700505DOI Listing
December 2019
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Risk of knee osteoarthritis after different types of knee injuries in young adults: a population-based cohort study.

Br J Sports Med 2020 Jun 11;54(12):725-730. Epub 2019 Dec 11.

Clinical Sciences Lund, Orthopaedics, Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Lund University, Faculty of Medicine, Lund, Sweden.

Objectives: To estimate the risk of clinically diagnosed knee osteoarthritis (OA) after different types of knee injuries in young adults.

Methods: In a longitudinal cohort study based on population-based healthcare data from Skåne, Sweden, we included all persons aged 25-34 years in 1998-2007 (n=149 288) with and without diagnoses of knee injuries according to International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-10. We estimated the HR of future diagnosed knee OA in injured and uninjured persons using Cox regression, adjusted for potential confounders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2019-100959DOI Listing