58,007 results match your criteria Contraception


Contemporary prescriptions pattern of different dose levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine systems in an Italian service for family planning.

Gynecol Endocrinol 2020 Aug 4:1-4. Epub 2020 Aug 4.

Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences for Mother, Child and Adult, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Modena, Modena, Italy.

Objective: Current research informations fail to adequately inform about when levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) 52 mg is used instead of other lower dose LNG-IUSs (13.5 and 19.5 mg) and other long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) in clinical practice. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09513590.2020.1802420DOI Listing

Uterine dimensions and intrauterine device malposition: can ultrasound predict displacement or expulsion before it happens?

Arch Gynecol Obstet 2020 Aug 3. Epub 2020 Aug 3.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Health Sciences Konya Training and Research Hospital, Konya, Turkey.

Objective: Intrauterine devices (IUDs) are the most commonly used method of long-acting reversible contraception. IUD malpositions are described as expulsion, embedding, displacement, and perforation, which may cause contraception failure, organ injury, hemorrhage, and infection. The aim of the study was to evaluate the relationship between displacement and IUD positioning in the uterus, and uterine dimensions as measured using transvaginal ultrasonography. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00404-020-05713-0DOI Listing

Exploring Knowledge, Beliefs, and Attitudes about Teen Pregnancy among Latino Parents in Arkansas.

South Med J 2020 Aug;113(8):386-391

From the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock.

Objectives: Arkansas has the highest incidence of teen pregnancy in 15- to 19-year-olds in the United States, and Latinas remain one of the cultural groups that are most at risk of becoming adolescent mothers. Teen mothers and their children are more likely to face poor socioeconomic conditions and negative health sequelae that perpetuate the cycle of poverty. Tailored interventions meant for families, communities, and/or churches should address both abstinence and other types of contraception to educate young people how to stay healthy, prevent unwanted pregnancy, and empower them to make informed decisions. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.14423/SMJ.0000000000001129DOI Listing

Time Trends in Massachusetts Adolescents' Postabortion Contraceptive Uptake.

J Adolesc Health 2020 Jul 31. Epub 2020 Jul 31.

Research Department, Planned Parenthood League of Massachusetts, Boston, Massachusetts; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts; Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to assess uptake of postabortion contraception across changes in insurance regulations and insurance type used on the day of abortion, accounting for demographic characteristics and consent type (parental vs. judicial) for abortion among Massachusetts adolescents.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective record review of 1,375 minors (≤17 years) presenting for their first lifetime surgical abortion at a statewide network of abortion clinics between 2010 and 2016. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2020.05.048DOI Listing

Adolescent and covert family planning users' experiences self-injecting contraception in Uganda and Malawi: implications for waste disposal of subcutaneous depot medroxyprogesterone acetate.

Reprod Health 2020 Aug 3;17(1):117. Epub 2020 Aug 3.

University of Malawi, Polytechnic, PO Box 303, Chichiri, Blantyre 3, Malawi.

Background: Self-administered subcutaneous depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA-SC) is poised to increase access to contraception; however, governments are concerned about the waste management of used units. Self-injectors in Malawi and Uganda are currently instructed to store used units in containers and return them to health workers for disposal. However, this may not be feasible in low-resource settings, especially for younger or covert self-injectors. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-020-00964-1DOI Listing

Salpingectomy versus Tubal Occlusion for Permanent Contraception During Cesarean Delivery: Outcomes and Physician Attitudes.

J Minim Invasive Gynecol 2020 Jul 31. Epub 2020 Jul 31.

University of Cincinnati, College of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 231 Albert Sabin Way, Cincinnati, OH 45267-0526.

Study Objective: Compare clinical outcomes and physician attitudes toward tubal occlusion and salpingectomy during cesarean section.

Design: Retrospective cohort study with survey.

Setting: Private hospital in Cincinnati, Ohio. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmig.2020.07.025DOI Listing

Evaluation of Senegal supply chain intervention on contraceptive stockouts using routine stock data.

PLoS One 2020 3;15(8):e0236659. Epub 2020 Aug 3.

Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom.

Background: Until 2011, stockouts of family planning commodities were common in Senegalese public health facilities. Recognizing the importance of addressing this problem, the Government of Senegal implemented the Informed Push Model (IPM) supply system, which involves logisticians to collect facility-level stock turnover data once a month and provide contraceptive supplies accordingly. The aims of this paper were to evaluate the impact of IPM on contraceptive availability and on stockout duration. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0236659PLOS

Leaf and Fruit Methanolic Extracts of Azadirachta indica Exhibit Anti-fertility Activity on Rats' Sperm Quality and Testicular Histology.

Curr Pharm Biotechnol 2020 Jul 30. Epub 2020 Jul 30.

Department of Biochemistry, Biomedical Research Centre, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Autonoma de Coahuila Unidad Torreon, Torreon. Mexico.

Background: The world's population is still growing, having an impact on the environment and the economic growth of developing countries; so that, there is currently a particular interest in the development of new fertility control methods, focused on male contraception. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of methanolic extracts of leaf and fruit of Azadirachta indica on sperm quality and testicular histology of Long Evans rats.

Method: Antifertility effects of a methanolic leaf and fruit extracts of A. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1389201021666200730145621DOI Listing

A cross-sectional study exploring obesity and pregnancy planning among women attending an antenatal clinic in Suva, Fiji.

Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 2020 Aug 3. Epub 2020 Aug 3.

Department of Women's Health, Neonatology and Paediatrics, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: Pregnancy planning enables maternal health optimisation which is particularly important for women who have obesity and are at increased risk of adverse perinatal outcomes.

Aims: The prevalence of pregnancy planning and its relationship to body mass index (BMI) was investigated in a cohort of women attending antenatal clinics in the main referral hospital in Suva, Fiji.

Materials And Methods: The questionnaire captured health and socio-demographic data, anthropometry and asked about pregnancy planning. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ajo.13221DOI Listing

Sleep quality in women who use different contraceptive methods.

Sleep Sci 2020 Apr-Jun;13(2):131-137

Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Enfermagem - São Paulo - Brazil.

Background: Both menstrual cycle and hormone alterations influence sleep pattern. The aim of this study was to evaluate sleep quality in women who use different contraceptive methods.

Material And Methods: This study was a descriptive, cross-sectional survey. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5935/1984-0063.20190142DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7384524PMC

Young Aboriginal people.

Sex Health 2020 Aug 3. Epub 2020 Aug 3.

Surveillance data indicate that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander young people are more likely than their non-Indigenous counterparts to experience sexually transmissible infections (STIs) and teenage pregnancy. Despite increasing emphasis on the need for strengths-based approaches to Aboriginal sexual health, limited published data document how young Aboriginal people reduce sexual health risks encountered in their everyday lives. In-depth interviews with 35 young Aboriginal women and men aged 16-21 years in two remote Australian settings were conducted; inductive thematic analysis examining sexual health risk reduction practices was also conducted. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/SH19204DOI Listing

Stressful life events, the incidence of infertility, and the moderating effect of maternal responsiveness: a longitudinal study.

J Dev Orig Health Dis 2020 Aug 3:1-9. Epub 2020 Aug 3.

Maternal & Child Health Program, Department of Family Science, School of Public Health, University of Maryland, 4200 Valley Dr., Suite 1142, College Park, MD20742, USA.

Although the association between stress and poor reproductive health is well established, this association has not been examined from a life course perspective. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 cohort (N = 1652), we fit logistic regression models to test the association between stressful life events (SLEs) (e.g. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S2040174420000690DOI Listing

Factors influencing sexual and reproductive health among adolescents in Lao PDR.

Glob Health Action 2020 Jul;13(sup2):1791426

Athena Institute, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Van Amsterdam , Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: Adolescents are particularly vulnerable to poor sexual and reproductive health outcomes. In addition, Lao PDR has the highest teenage pregnancy rate in southeast Asia and a high maternal mortality ratio.

Objective: This study aimed to provide a comprehensive exploration of factors that influence SRH knowledge, attitudes, and practices of adolescents in Bokeo Province, Lao PDR. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/16549716.2020.1791426DOI Listing

Quality of family planning services for women of reproductive age in Lao PDR.

Glob Health Action 2020 Jul;13(sup2):1788261

Athena Institute, Faculty of Science, Vrije Universiteit van Amsterdam , Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Background: In Lao PDR, 15% of the married women want to postpone or prevent having a child, yet most are not using contraceptives to achieve this. Literature shows that usage of contraceptives is strongly dependent on the quality of family planning services. However, little is known about the quality of family planning services in Lao PDR. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/16549716.2020.1788261DOI Listing

Married couples' dynamics, gender attitudes and contraception use in Savannakhet Province, Lao PDR.

Glob Health Action 2020 Jul;13(sup2):1777713

Athena Institute, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam , Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Background: The use of contraception in Lao PDR remains inadequate. In 2017, unmet contraception needs among married women aged 15-49 were 14.3% in Lao PDR overall and 18. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/16549716.2020.1777713DOI Listing

Venous thromboembolism in the hormonal milieu.

Curr Opin Hematol 2020 Sep;27(5):327-332

Hematology Division, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital.

Purpose Of Review: Hormonal therapy is administered for multiple indications including contraception, alleviation of menopausal symptoms, hypogonadism, and more recently, gender-affirming care. Data suggest varying degrees of increased risk for venous thromboembolism (VTE).

Recent Findings: While oral progestin only methods do not appear to increase the risk of VTE, an association was seen with injection progestin contraception. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MOH.0000000000000599DOI Listing
September 2020

Perceptions and practice of state Medicaid officials regarding informed consent for female sterilization.

Contraception 2020 Jul 30. Epub 2020 Jul 30.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio USA; Department of Bioethics, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio USA. Electronic address:

Objective: To explore the attitudes, beliefs, and interpretations of individual state Medicaid office employees regarding their state's postpartum sterilization policy and its impact on patient care. Study Design We invited employees in all 50 state Medicaid director's offices who self- or peer-identified as best informed about the sterilization policy to participate in semi-structured qualitative interviews. Using a pilot-tested interview guide, we transcribed, coded, and analyzed each interview. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.contraception.2020.07.092DOI Listing

Engendering health systems in response to national rollout of dolutegravir-based regimens among women of childbearing potential: a qualitative study with stakeholders in South Africa and Uganda.

BMC Health Serv Res 2020 Aug 1;20(1):705. Epub 2020 Aug 1.

Community Health Systems Group, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool, L3 5QA, UK.

Background: In the era of rapid dolutegravir rollout, concerns about neural tube defects have complicated the health systems response among women of childbearing potential. This qualitative study, which was nested within the DolPHIN-2 clinical trial, examined the current and future health system opportunities and challenges associated with the transition to dolutegravir-based regimen as first line antiretroviral therapy among women of childbearing potential in South Africa and Uganda.

Method: Semi-structured in-depth interviews with members of antiretroviral therapy guideline development groups and affiliates were conducted. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12913-020-05580-0DOI Listing

The clinical characteristic, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of cerebral cortical vein thrombosis: a systematic review of 325 cases.

J Thromb Thrombolysis 2020 Jul 31. Epub 2020 Jul 31.

Department of Neurology, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Chang Chun Road 45, Xicheng, Beijing, China.

Cerebral cortical vein thrombosis (CCVT) is a rare type of cerebral venous thrombosis, which is frequently combined with cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST). We aimed to compare the difference of clinical features between the isolated and the combined subtypes of CCVT. A literature search was conducted utilizing the PubMed Central and EMBASE databases to identify studies up to Dec 2019. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11239-020-02229-xDOI Listing

Estimating the market size for a dual prevention pill: adding contraception to pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) to increase uptake.

BMJ Sex Reprod Health 2020 Jul 31. Epub 2020 Jul 31.

Center for Biomedical Research, Population Council, New York, New York, USA.

Introduction: Uptake of oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) remains low. The objective of this analysis was to estimate the potential market size in priority sub-Saharan African countries for a 28-day dual prevention pill (DPP) regimen containing the active pharmaceutical ingredients in oral PrEP and oral contraceptive pills (OCPs) for the prevention of HIV and unintended pregnancy.

Methods: We selected 15 countries in sub-Saharan Africa for analysis. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjsrh-2020-200662DOI Listing

Missed Opportunities for Discussing Contraception in Adolescent Primary Care.

J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol 2020 Jul 28. Epub 2020 Jul 28.

Division of Adolescent Medicine and Departments of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Pediatrics, University of Colorado.

Background: Over half of adolescents are sexually active by age 18 and represent half of STI, but they do not obtain routine medical care so discussing contraception at each visit becomes imperative. Our study objectives were to determine the frequency of visits before contraception was discussed/initiated, and to assess factors affecting primary care contraception provision.

Methods: A retrospective chart review (January 2009-June 2019) was conducted for preventive, follow-up and sick visits; Title X confidential visits were excluded. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpag.2020.07.012DOI Listing

The effect of an educational video on long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) utilization at 6-8 weeks postpartum period: a randomized controlled trial.

Arch Gynecol Obstet 2020 Jul 30. Epub 2020 Jul 30.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Rama VI Rd., Bangkok, 10400, Thailand.

Purpose: Long-acting reversible contraception is highly effective in preventing unintended pregnancy and unsafe abortion. An educational video administered during early postpartum period might be an effective tool to improve postpartum LARC use. The objectives were to evaluate whether a postpartum educational video about LARC could increase postpartum LARC utilization at 6-8 weeks postpartum and to assess why postpartum women did not receive LARC. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00404-020-05710-3DOI Listing

Progesterone - friend or foe?

Front Neuroendocrinol 2020 Jul 27:100856. Epub 2020 Jul 27.

School of Psychology, University of Auckland, New Zealand; Laboratory of Neuro Imaging, School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA.

Estradiol is the "prototypic" sex hormone of women. Yet, women have another sex hormone, which is often disregarded: Progesterone. The goal of this article is to provide a comprehensive review on progesterone, and its metabolite allopregnanolone, emphasizing three key areas: biological properties, main functions, and effects on mood in women. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yfrne.2020.100856DOI Listing

Hormonal Contraception Effects On Pulmonary Function In Adolescents With Cystic Fibrosis.

J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol 2020 Jul 27. Epub 2020 Jul 27.

Department of Pediatrics, Adolescent Medicine Division, CHU Sainte-Justine, 3175 Ch Cote Sainte-Catherine, Montreal, Quebec, H3T 1C5, Canada; University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Background: Estrogens are suspected to have a negative effect on pulmonary function in women with cystic fibrosis (CF). The aim of our study was to investigate, in a CF adolescent population, the effect of hormonal contraception (HC) on lung function by assessing the Force Expiratory Volume in 1 second (FEV1), the number of exacerbations of pulmonary condition and antibiotic use.

Methods: We conducted a cohort retrospective chart review of girls from age 13 to 18 y. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpag.2020.07.014DOI Listing

Improving capacity at school-based health centers to offer adolescents counseling and access to comprehensive contraceptive services.

J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol 2020 Jul 27. Epub 2020 Jul 27.

University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, United States.

Study Objectives: Many pediatric providers serving adolescents are not trained to offer comprehensive contraceptive services, including intrauterine devices (IUDs) and implants, despite high safety and satisfaction among adolescents. This study assessed an initiative to train providers at school-based health centers (SBHCs) to offer students the full range of contraceptive methods.

Design: Surveys were administered at baseline pre-training and at follow-up three months post-training. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpag.2020.07.010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7385555PMC

Postnatal Care of Woman with Rheumatic Diseases.

Authors:
Maria Mouyis

Adv Ther 2020 Jul 29. Epub 2020 Jul 29.

Rheumatology Department, West Middlesex University Hospital, London, UK.

Caring for women in the postnatal period can be challenging. One of the most important aspects is ensuring disease control as there is a risk of flare in the postpartum period. Other aspects of care also need to be addressed with the mother in mind such as breastfeeding or with the neonate in mind such as vaccinations or complications of the maternal condition affecting the neonate. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12325-020-01448-1DOI Listing

Unmet family planning needs among female refugees and asylum seekers in Germany - is free access to family planning services enough? Results of a cross-sectional study.

Reprod Health 2020 Jul 29;17(1):115. Epub 2020 Jul 29.

Department of Gynecology, Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, corporate member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, and Berlin Institute of Health, Augustenburger Platz 1, 13353, Berlin, Germany.

Background: After the 1968 United Nations International Conference on Human Rights, access to family planning services became a human right. Such a service is of central importance to women's empowerment and is empirically needed to provide adequate healthcare. For registered refugees and asylum seekers in Germany complementary family planning services, including all forms of contraception, are free of charge. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12978-020-00962-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7389815PMC

Knowledge, attitude and practice of emergency contraceptive pills among community pharmacy practitioners working in Kathmandu Valley: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Health Serv Res 2020 Jul 29;20(1):699. Epub 2020 Jul 29.

Department of Pharmaceutical and Health Service Research, Nepal Health Research and Innovation Foundation, Lalitpur, Nepal.

Background: Unintended pregnancy occurs due to incorrect or inconsistent use of a contraception method. Such pregnancies can create an economic burden on the family, society and nation as a whole. Unintended pregnancy is the underlying cause of abortion which can also result in infertility and maternal death. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12913-020-05543-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7392703PMC

Underestimation of pregnancy risk among women in Vietnam.

BMC Womens Health 2020 Jul 29;20(1):159. Epub 2020 Jul 29.

Division of Epidemiology, The Ohio State University, College of Public Health, Cunz Hall, 1841 Neil Avenue, Columbus, OH, 43210, USA.

Background: Addressing women's inaccurate perceptions of their risk of pregnancy is crucial to improve contraceptive uptake and adherence. Few studies, though, have evaluated the factors associated with underestimation of pregnancy risk among women at risk of unintended pregnancy.

Methods: We assessed the association between demographic and behavioral characteristics and underestimating pregnancy risk among reproductive-age, sexually-active women in Hanoi, Vietnam who did not desire pregnancy and yet were not using highly-effective contraception (N = 237). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12905-020-01013-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7388449PMC

Contraception usage and the desired number of offspring of Indigenous women from the Gomeroi lands.

Aust J Rural Health 2020 Jul 29. Epub 2020 Jul 29.

Mater Research Institute, Aubigny Place, South Brisbane, QLD, Australia.

Objectives: To describe the current contraception usage patterns from a cohort of Australian Indigenous women, including their ideal family size and spacing between children.

Design: Cross-sectional analysis of data (2012-2019).

Setting: Data are from a longitudinal study, the Gomeroi gaaynggal (babies from Gomeroi lands) program, based in rural and remote Gomeroi lands in New South Wales. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ajr.12638DOI Listing

Women's issues.

Epileptic Disord 2020 Jul 29. Epub 2020 Jul 29.

Department of Neurology & Neurological Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA, USA.

Special considerations are required for women with epilepsy. These include issues such as catamenial exacerbation, concerns for contraception, teratogenesis (including both anatomical and neurodevelopmental effects), and other concerns for pregnancy complications such as increased seizures or adverse obstetric outcomes. In this manuscript, several cases are presented and discussed addressing some of the important issues in the management of women with epilepsy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1684/epd.2020.1173DOI Listing

Progesterone, reproduction, and psychiatric illness.

Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol 2020 Jun 18. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA; Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA. Electronic address:

Mood and anxiety disorders are vastly overrepresented in women, and one important contributor to these differences is the fluctuation in sex steroids in women during the reproductive years. Considerable evidence supports a role for abnormal sensitivity to these hormonal fluctuations for some women, who develop mood symptoms associated with reproductive transitions. This chapter presents evidence of the role of endogenous progesterone and its metabolites in such mood symptoms, and then goes on to cover the evidence concerning exogenous progesterone's effects on mood. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bpobgyn.2020.06.001DOI Listing

Migrant Women's Access to Sexual and Reproductive Health Services in Malaysia: A Qualitative Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 Jul 26;17(15). Epub 2020 Jul 26.

International Institute for Global Health (UNU-IIGH), United Nations University, Kuala Lumpur 56000, Malaysia.

Providing sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services to migrant workers is key to fulfilling sustainable developmental goals. This study aims to explore key informants' views on the provision of SRH services for migrant women in Malaysia, exploring the provision of SRH education, contraception, abortion, antenatal and delivery, as well as the management of gender-based violence. In-depth interviews of 44 stakeholders were conducted from July 2018 to July 2019. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17155376DOI Listing
July 2020
2.063 Impact Factor

Intrauterine Device Use in Adolescents With Disabilities.

Pediatrics 2020 Aug;146(2)

Division of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Background And Objectives: Intrauterine devices (IUDs) are increasingly being used in adolescents and nulliparous women for contraception. Levonorgestrel IUDs also have beneficial effects on bleeding and pain. Although they are recommended for menstrual suppression in adolescents with disabilities, there are limited data on their use in this population. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2020-0016DOI Listing

Education and training for pharmacy professionals and their support staff to manage requests for emergency contraception within community pharmacy in England.

BMJ Sex Reprod Health 2020 Jul 27. Epub 2020 Jul 27.

Centre for Pharmacy Postgraduate Education (CPPE), The University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PT, UK.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjsrh-2020-200645DOI Listing

Women's age and total motile normal morphology sperm count predict fecundability: a prospective cohort study.

BMJ Sex Reprod Health 2020 Jul 27. Epub 2020 Jul 27.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, Pokfulam, Hong Kong.

Objective: This study investigated the role of women's age, serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) level and semen parameters in predicting fecundability.

Methods: This was a prospective cohort study on couples attending for preconceptional health check. Occurrence of conception at 1 year after ceasing contraception and time to pregnancy were noted by telephone follow-up. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjsrh-2020-200639DOI Listing

Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Partner relationships, Sexual and Reproductive Health: A Cross-sectional Online Survey.

J Med Internet Res 2020 Jul 22. Epub 2020 Jul 22.

Reproductive Medicine Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, National Health Commission Key Laboratory of Study on Abnormal Gametes and Reproductive Tract, 81 Meishan Road, Hefei, Anhui, China, Hefei, CN.

Background: In the past few months, the coronavirus disease COVID-19 pandemic has caused extensive economic and social damage.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of COVID-19 pandemic and related containment measures on partner relationships, sexual and reproductive health.

Methods: From May 1 to 5, 2020, we recruited 3,500 young Chinese online. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/20961DOI Listing

Unsatisfied contraceptive preferences due to cost among women in the United States.

Contracept X 2020 7;2:100032. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Population Research Center and Department of Sociology, University of Texas at Austin, 305 E. 23rd St., Stop G18000, Austin, TX 78712.

Objectives: To examine prevalence and characteristics associated with cost barriers to preferred contraceptive use.

Study Design: Among a nationally representative sample of women at risk of unplanned pregnancy in 2015-2017, we used Poisson regression to assess characteristics associated preferring a(nother) method in the absence of cost.

Results: Overall, 22% preferred to use a(nother) method. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conx.2020.100032DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7378558PMC

Levonorgestrel vs combined oral contraceptive pills in treatment of female acne and hirsutism.

Dermatol Ther 2020 May 26:e13700. Epub 2020 May 26.

Department of Dermatology, Venerology and Andrology, Faculty of Medicine, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt.

Combined oral contraception was used in many studies for treatment of acne and hirsutism. However, levonorgestrel (LNG) alone has not been evaluated before. Our objective is to evaluate the efficacy of oral contraceptive (OC) pills containing LNG and ethinyl estradiol (EE) compared with LNG only for the treatment of acne and hirsutism in a randomized, controlled prospective clinical trial. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/dth.13700DOI Listing

Exploring factors constraining utilization of contraceptive services among adolescents in Southeast Nigeria: an application of the socio-ecological model.

BMC Public Health 2020 Jul 25;20(1):1162. Epub 2020 Jul 25.

Health Policy Research Group, Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria Enugu-Campus, Enugu, Nigeria.

Background: High rate of teenage pregnancy in Nigeria is potentially an indication of poor access to and utilization of contraceptives among this age group. This paper presents findings from in-depth exploration of perceived barriers to utilization of contraceptive services by adolescents.

Methods: A qualitative study was conducted in six communities in Ebonyi state, southeast Nigeria. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-09276-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7382857PMC

Unintended pregnancy and abortion by income, region, and the legal status of abortion: estimates from a comprehensive model for 1990-2019.

Lancet Glob Health 2020 Jul 22. Epub 2020 Jul 22.

Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA, USA.

Background: Unintended pregnancy and abortion estimates document trends in sexual and reproductive health and autonomy. These estimates inform and motivate investment in global health programmes and policies. Variability in the availability and reliability of data poses challenges for measuring and monitoring trends in unintended pregnancy and abortion. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(20)30315-6DOI Listing

Cardiovascular Risk and Statin Therapy Considerations in Women.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2020 Jul 16;10(7). Epub 2020 Jul 16.

Department 5, "Carol Davila" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 050474 Bucharest, Romania.

Despite major progress in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases, women remain an underdiagnosed and insufficiently treated group, with higher hospitalization and death rates compared to men. Obesity, more frequently encountered in women, raises the risk of metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular diseases as women age. There are some differences based on sex regarding the screening, diagnosis, and treatment of dyslipidemia, as it has been observed that women are less frequently prescribed statins and, when they are, they receive lower doses, even after myocardial infarction or coronary revascularization. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics10070483DOI Listing

Adherence to Mediterranean Diet and Maternal Lifestyle during Pregnancy: Island-Mainland Differentiation in the CRIBS Birth Cohort.

Nutrients 2020 Jul 22;12(8). Epub 2020 Jul 22.

Institute for Anthropological Research, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia.

Maternal nutrition and lifestyle in pregnancy are important modifiable factors for both maternal and offspring's health. Although the Mediterranean diet has beneficial effects on health, recent studies have shown low adherence in Europe. This study aimed to assess the Mediterranean diet adherence in 266 pregnant women from Dalmatia, Croatia and to investigate their lifestyle habits and regional differences. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu12082179DOI Listing

Society of Family Planning Annual Meeting 2020.

Authors:

Contraception 2020 Jul 21. Epub 2020 Jul 21.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.contraception.2020.07.006DOI Listing

Documentation of contraceptive counseling in female veterans of reproductive age.

Am J Health Syst Pharm 2020 Jul 24. Epub 2020 Jul 24.

Department of Pharmacy, South Texas Veterans Health Care System, Audie L. Murphy Veterans Hospital, San Antonio, TX.

Purpose: To assess the rate at which contraceptive counseling is provided to women of childbearing age prescribed teratogenic medications at Michael E. DeBakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center (MEDVAMC). Women of childbearing age comprise a large demographic of women veterans and may require contraceptive counseling in the event a potentially teratogenic medication is prescribed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ajhp/zxaa159DOI Listing

An interactive website for informed contraception choice: randomised evaluation of .

Digit Health 2020 Jan-Dec;6:2055207620936435. Epub 2020 Jun 26.

Institute for Global Health, University College London, UK.

Objective: Improving use of effective contraception to prevent unintended pregnancy is a global priority, but misperceptions and concerns about contraception are common. Our objective was to evaluate an interactive website to aid informed choice of contraception.

Methods: The website is an interactive digital intervention which offers tailored advice to aid contraception decision-making (www. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2055207620936435DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7359649PMC

Using qualitative evaluation components to help understand context: case study of a family planning intervention with female community health volunteers (FCHVs) in Nepal.

BMC Health Serv Res 2020 Jul 23;20(1):685. Epub 2020 Jul 23.

HERD International, Thapathali, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Background: Evaluations of health interventions are increasingly concerned with measuring or accounting for 'context'. How to do this is still subject to debate and testing, and is particularly important in the case of family planning where outcomes will inevitably be influenced by contextual factors as well as any intervention effects. We conducted an evaluation of an intervention where female community health volunteers (FCHVs) in Nepal were trained to provide better interpersonal communication on family planning. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12913-020-05466-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7379347PMC

Cost-effectiveness of integrated HIV prevention and family planning services for Zambian couples.

AIDS 2020 Jul 21. Epub 2020 Jul 21.

Rwanda Zambia HIV Research Group, Department of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine, School of Medicine and Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Laney Graduate School, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA 30322.

Objective: To present the incremental cost from the payer's perspective and effectiveness of couples' family planning counseling (CFPC) with long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) access integrated with couples' voluntary HIV counseling and testing (CVCT) in Zambia. This integrated program is evaluated incremental to existing individual HIV counseling and testing and family planning services.

Design: Implementation and modeling SETTING:: 55 government health facilities in Zambia SUBJECTS:: Patients in government health facilities INTERVENTION:: Community health workers and personnel promoted and delivered integrated CVCT+CFPC from March 2013-September 2015. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/QAD.0000000000002584DOI Listing

Framework Development for an Immediate Postpartum Long-Acting Reversible Contraception Program.

J Dr Nurs Pract 2020 Mar 27;13(1):25-30. Epub 2020 Jan 27.

College of Nursing, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois.

Background: With the high rates of unintended pregnancy and associated maternal morbidity and mortality in the United States, particularly among poor and minority women, it is imperative that all individuals have information about and access to long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) methods in the immediate postpartum period.

Objective: The creation of a framework to provide guidance, address barriers, and dispel myths associated with the implementation of an immediate postpartum LARC program.

Methods: A multistep approach to develop a framework to guide planning and implementation of an immediate postpartum LARC program. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1891/2380-9418.JDNP-D-19-00032DOI Listing