55,838 results match your criteria Contraception


Are 'low socioeconomic status' and 'religiousness' barriers to minority women's use of contraception? A qualitative exploration and critique of a common argument in reproductive health research.

Midwifery 2019 Mar 25;75:59-65. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Women's and Children's Health (IMCH), Uppsala University, 751 85 Uppsala, Sweden.

Objective: 'Low socioeconomic status' and 'religiousness' appear to have gained status as nearly universal explanatory models for why women in minority groups are less likely to use contraception than other women in the Scandinavian countries. Through interviews with pious Muslim women with immigrant background, living in Denmark and Sweden, we wanted to gain empirical insights that could inform a discussion about what 'low socioeconomic status' and 'religiousness' might mean with regard to women's reproductive decisions.

Design: Semi-structured interviews were conducted in Denmark and Sweden between 2013 and 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.midw.2019.03.017DOI Listing

Perinatal outcomes including long-term neuropsychiatric hospitalizations of offspring conceived during intrauterine contraceptive device use.

Contraception 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Soroka University Medical Center, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel.

Objective: To investigate short-term adverse perinatal outcomes and long-term neuropsychiatric hospitalizations through 18years of age in offspring conceived during copper intrauterine device (IUD) use.

Study Design: We conducted a population-based cohort study comparing the pregnancy outcomes after 22weeks of women who conceived with a copper IUD that was removed, women with a retained IUD and pregnancies without an IUD. Deliveries occurred between the years 1991-2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.contraception.2019.04.005DOI Listing

The Quality of Information on Combined Oral Contraceptives Available on the Internet.

J Obstet Gynaecol Can 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB. Electronic address:

Objective: Combined oral contraceptives (COC) are a popular choice among women. The Internet is an accessible and popular source of information on contraception. The objective of this study was to evaluate the quality of online information on COC. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S17012163193008
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jogc.2019.01.024DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Reproductive Health of Women Veterans: A Systematic Review of the Literature from 2008 to 2017.

Semin Reprod Med 2018 Nov 19;36(6):315-322. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Division of Gynecology, Department of Surgery, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, Massachusetts.

The literature on the reproductive health and healthcare of women Veterans has increased dramatically, though there are important gaps. This article aims to synthesize recent literature on reproductive health and healthcare of women Veterans. We updated a literature search to identify manuscripts published between 2008 and July 1, 2017. Read More

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http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0039-1678750
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1678750DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Abortion Providers' experiences and views on self-managed medication abortion, an exploratory study.

Contraception 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 200 Hawkins Drive, Iowa City, IA, 52242.

Objective: Data on the practice of self-managed medication abortion are limited, in part because this practice takes place purposefully outside of established healthcare systems. Given this, we aimed to ascertain abortion providers' familiarity with self-managed medication abortion and associated complications, compare regional differences, and evaluate provider attitudes.

Study Design: We distributed an online survey to members of Society for Family Planning, Association of Reproductive Health Providers, and the Abortion Care Network between July and September 2017 querying experiences with and opinions about self-managed abortion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.contraception.2019.04.006DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Contraception after pregnancy.

Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

University of Milan, Milano, Lombardia, Italy.

Whatever the outcome, pregnancy provides the opportunity to offer effective contraception to couples motivated to avoid another pregnancy. This narrative review summarises the evidence for health providers, drawing attention to current guidelines, on which contraceptive methods can be used, and when they should be started after pregnancy, whatever its outcome. Fertility returns within one month of the end of pregnancy unless breastfeeding occurs. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/aogs.13627
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/aogs.13627DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Medroxyprogesterone Acetate Decreases Th1, Th17, and Increases Th22 Responses via AHR Signaling Which Could Affect Susceptibility to Infections and Inflammatory Disease.

Front Immunol 2019 3;10:642. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Department of Neurobiology, Physiology and Behavior, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA, United States.

A synthetic progestin, medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA), was used in a novel study to determine progestin effects on human purified macrophages and Th1, Th2, Th17, Th22 cells. MPA concentrations were equivalent to those in the serum of women after 6 and 9 months of progestin use. MPA has no effect on the proliferation of PBMCs and CD4+ T cell clones induced by immobilized anti-CD3 antibodies or by antigen (streptokinase). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2019.00642DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6456711PMC

Venus.

Authors:

BMJ Sex Reprod Health 2019 Apr;45(2):172

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjsrh-2018-200262DOI Listing

Women's and healthcare professionals' views on immediate postnatal contraception provision: a literature review.

BMJ Sex Reprod Health 2019 Apr;45(2):88-94

Public Health England, London, UK.

Objectives: Provision of immediate postnatal contraception, including long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) methods, is increasingly identified and endorsed as a key strategy for reducing unplanned and rapid repeat pregnancies. This literature review aims to evaluatethe views of women and healthcare professionals regarding the receipt, initiation or delivery of these services.

Methods: Databases (Embase, Medline, CINAHL, HMIC) were searched for relevant English language studies, from January2003 to December 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjsrh-2018-200231DOI Listing

Improving contraceptive choice for military servicewomen: better provision serves both women and deployment planning.

BMJ Sex Reprod Health 2019 04;45(2):86-87

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjsrh-2018-200238DOI Listing

The new FSRH guideline on Combined Hormonal Contraception: how does it change practice?

Authors:
Janine Simpson

BMJ Sex Reprod Health 2019 04;45(2):85

Sexual and Reproductive Health, Sandyford, NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde, Glasgow, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjsrh-2018-200295DOI Listing

Formulation and processability screening for the rational design of ethylene-vinyl acetate based intra-vaginal rings.

Int J Pharm 2019 Apr 15;564:90-97. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Research Center Pharmaceutical Engineering GmbH, Inffeldgasse 13, 8010 Graz, Austria; Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department Pharmaceutical Technology and Biopharmacy, University of Graz, Universitaetsplatz 1, 8010 Graz, Austria. Electronic address:

The application of ethylene-vinyl acetate (EVA) copolymers in reservoir-type intra-vaginal rings (IVRs) offers advantages over silicones including i) versatile properties, ii) absence of curing chemistry, and iii) continuous and flexible processing via co-extrusion. Thus, we investigated the capability of EVA based IVRs to deliver broad ranges of estradiol (E2) thereby, fulfilling the requirements of local and systemic hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and contraception. To circumvent the high material needs associated with co-extrusion, we implemented a small-scale screening procedure that accurately predicts the E2 release from IVRs comprising E2 below its solubility concentration in the core. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpharm.2019.04.041DOI Listing
April 2019
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Can a social media campaign increase the use of long-acting reversible contraception? Evidence from a cluster randomized control trial using Facebook.

Contraception 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Planned Parenthood of Northern New England (PPNNE).

Objective: To test whether an informational campaign carried out on social media increased use of long-acting reversible contraception (LARC).

Study Design: We implement a stratified cluster randomized control trial to identify the effect of an informational campaign carried out using Facebook advertisements designed to increase knowledge of the efficacy, ease of use, and safety of LARC. We randomized all zip codes in a three-state study area to either a control group or a treatment group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.contraception.2019.04.001DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Electronic interventions for changing knowledge, attitudes, or practices regarding contraception: a systematic review.

Contraception 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

The Ohio State University, College of Public Health, Division of Epidemiology, Columbus, OH, 43210, USA.

Objectives: We conducted a systematic review of the effectiveness of electronic health education tools designed to improve knowledge, attitudes or practices related to contraception.

Methods: Eligible studies consisted of English-language reports published after 1990 that quantified the effects of an electronic intervention on any of the following outcomes: contraceptive knowledge, attitude toward contraceptives, contraceptive method choice, contraceptive use, or pregnancy. We conducted a systematic search of multiple electronic databases including MEDLINE, Global Health, Academic Search Complete, Cochrane Library, and Gray Literature Report. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.contraception.2019.04.004DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

An exploratory study of the perception of contraceptive safety and impact on lactation among postpartum nurses at women and infants hospital in 2017.

Contraception 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Women and Infants Hospital/Brown University, 101, Dudley, Street Providence Rhode Island, 02905, USA.

Objective: To describe contraceptive knowledge and counseling practices of postpartum nurses.

Methods: We surveyed postpartum nurses at the largest women's hospital in Rhode Island.

Results: We distributed 117 anonymous questionnaires and received 58 responses (response rate=50%). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.contraception.2019.04.003DOI Listing
April 2019
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Contraceptive use and childbirth rates by service branch during the first 24 months on active duty in the United States military from 2013 to 2018: a retrospective cohort analysis.

Contraception 2019 Apr 15. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Division of Adolescent Medicine, Children's Mercy Hospital, Kansas City; University of Missouri, Kansas City, School of Medicine.

Objective: To measure the association of military branch-specific contraceptive education and access policy during basic training with contraceptive use and childbirth among new recruits.

Study Design: Secondary analysis of insurance records from 92,072 active duty servicewomen who started basic training between 2013 and 2017.

Results: Exposure to reproductive health education and access to contraception during basic training differs by military branch. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.contraception.2019.04.002DOI Listing
April 2019
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Contraception Care for Transmasculine Individuals on Testosterone Therapy.

J Midwifery Womens Health 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Yale School of Nursing, Orange, Connecticut.

Contraception and fertility-associated advisement is needed for any individual with a uterus who is engaging in sexual activity with reproductive potential. As greater awareness spreads regarding the health care needs of transgender, nonbinary, and gender-nonconforming individuals, the research on evidence-based care for these populations lags behind. Many clinicians may not be well versed in the best practices to support the sexual and reproductive well-being of individuals who are taking gender-affirming hormone therapy. Read More

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/jmwh.12962
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jmwh.12962DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

The Effect of Hormonal Contraception on Cervico-Vaginal Mucosal Endpoints associated with Human Immunodeficiency Virus Acquisition.

AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 2019 Apr 18. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Eastern Virginia Medical School, 6040, OB/GYN - CONRAD , 1911 N Fort Myer Dr , Arlington, Virginia, United States , 22209 ;

Objective: Reproductive age women may choose to concurrently use topical anti-retrovirals (ARVs) and hormonal contraceptives (HC) to simultaneously prevent human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection and unintended/mistimed pregnancy. There are conflicting data on the effect of HCs on mucosal susceptibility to HIV-1. The objective of this study was to evaluate cervico-vaginal (CV) mucosal data from healthy women before and after initiation of either oral contraceptive pills (OCPs) or depot medroxyprogesterone acetate injection (DMPA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/AID.2018.0298DOI Listing
April 2019
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Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Desire for Reversal of Sterilization Among U.S. Women.

J Womens Health (Larchmt) 2019 Apr 17. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

1 Department of Sociology, Portland State University, Portland, Oregon.

Racial and ethnic disparities in rates of female sterilization, a prominent method of contraception, have been consistently observed for decades. Such disparities are also evident in subsequent desire for reversal of the procedure. Additional work is needed to better understand these patterns, particularly given the historical context of coercive sterilization patterns in minority and low-income women. Read More

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https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/jwh.2018.7157
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/jwh.2018.7157DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Knowledge about menstrual hygiene, sexual health, and contraception in educated late adolescent age girls.

J Family Med Prim Care 2019 Feb;8(2):610-613

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yashodha Hospital, Somajiguda, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Aim: Adolescents are future generation of our country. It is a vulnerable age making them susceptible to many health issues such as reproductive tract infections because of improper menstrual hygiene, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), unexpected pregnancies because of lack of awareness about contraceptive practices, and no proper guidance about sexual health. The aim of this study is to assess the knowledge of college-going adolescent girls regarding menstrual hygiene and their awareness about HIV/AIDS, other STIs, and also their knowledge about contraception. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_320_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6436312PMC
February 2019
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Knowledge, attitude, and practice among Saudi primary health care attendees about family planning in Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

J Family Med Prim Care 2019 Feb;8(2):576-582

Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of contraception are influenced by a host of interdependent demographic, cultural, economic, and social factors, therefore, KAP vary not only in different countries but also from region to region in a country. A cross-sectional study was carried out among Saudi primary health care attendees at Abha city, Saudi Arabia, with the aim to help in developing strategies that may enhance family planning in Abha.

Methods: A structured questionnaire was designed by the researcher to obtain the necessary information from all reproductive age group patients who attended primary health care centers in Abha for a period of 1 month (July to August 2017). Read More

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http://www.jfmpc.com/text.asp?2019/8/2/576/253013
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_363_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6436269PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Assessment of need for limiting family after two children: A cross-sectional study from a Northern State of India.

J Family Med Prim Care 2019 Feb;8(2):407-413

Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College Haldwani, Nainital, Uttarakhand, India.

Background: Success of a programme of free-choice participation, like Family Planning Programme, can be envisaged only when focus is on the needs of the people. Although India was the first country to introduce Family Planning Programme, total fertility rate of 2.1 has not yet been achieved, highlighting that the need of limiting family after two children is not yet felt by the people of India. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_448_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6436259PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Twelve-year experience of office-setting removal of lost intrauterine devices in place for more than 10 years.

Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 2019 Apr 15:1-3. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

a Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology , Kawasaki Municipal Kawasaki Hospital , Kawasaki , Japan.

Objective: We investigated the effectiveness of removing lost intrauterine devices (IUDs) that had been in place for over 10 years, using Lin's biopsy grasper in an office setting.

Methods: This single-centre, retrospective study conducted between March 2006 and June 2018 included 49 women who had had an IUD in place for contraception for more than 10 years and who underwent removal of the lost IUD using Lin's biopsy grasper under transabdominal sonography without use of a tenaculum, anaesthesia and analgesia, after dilation of the cervical os and hysteroscopy.

Results: The women's median age was 52 years (range 34-80 years) and the median duration of insertion was 17 years (range 10-43 years). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13625187.2019.1602763DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Implementing best practices for the provision of long-acting reversible contraception: a survey of obstetrician-gynecologists.

Contraception 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Advancing New Standards in Reproductive Health (ANSIRH), Bixby Center for Global Reproductive Health, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, Oakland, CA, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: To examine obstetrician-gynecologists' practices regarding provision of long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) methods same-day, immediately postpartum, or to women under age 21.

Study Design: Between August 2016 and March 2017, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) sent 2500 of their members an electronic survey questionnaire regarding the provision of LARC methods. ACOG mailed nonresponders paper surveys. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.contraception.2019.03.053DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Unintentional IUD expulsion with concomitant menstrual cup use: a case series.

Contraception 2019 Apr 11. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

University of Colorado, College of Nursing, Mail Stop C288, 13120 East 19th Avenue, Aurora, CO 80045. Electronic address:

Although reproductive age women use both menstrual cups and intrauterine devices (IUDs) simultaneously, it is unknown whether concomitant use reduces contraceptive effectiveness. We report seven cases wherein IUD expulsion occurred during concomitant menstrual cup use. Further research is needed to determine mechanisms of expulsion, predictors, and strategies to avoid expulsions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.contraception.2019.03.047DOI Listing
April 2019
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Conception rates and contraceptive use after bariatric surgery among women with infertility: Evidence from a prospective multicenter cohort study.

Surg Obes Relat Dis 2019 Jan 11. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Bethesda, Maryland.

Background: Lack of prospective trials have resulted in a dearth of information regarding postbariatric surgery conception rates in women with a preoperative history of infertility.

Objective: To examine associations between preoperative history of infertility and postbariatric surgery conception.

Setting: A multicenter cohort study at 10 United States hospitals (2006-2009). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soard.2018.12.026DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Understanding Women Veterans' Family Planning Counseling Experiences and Preferences to Inform Patient-Centered Care.

Womens Health Issues 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Center for Health Equity, Research, and Promotion, VA Pittsburgh Health Care System, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Background: Women veterans' unique experiences in the military and burden of health comorbidities increase their risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes and may influence their counseling needs related to planning or preventing pregnancy. We investigated women veterans' experiences of family planning counseling in the military and Veterans Affairs (VA) health care systems as well as their counseling preferences.

Methods: We conducted 32 qualitative interviews among women veterans ages 18-44 years receiving primary care at the VA Puget Sound or VA Pittsburgh health care systems between March and June 2016 to explore their experiences and preferences related to counseling about pregnancy goals and planning and contraception. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.whi.2019.03.002DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Follow-Up Rates And Contraceptive Choices After Medical Abortion In Adolescents At Cook County Hospital.

J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

John H. Stroger, Jr. Hospital of Cook County, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 1969 W Ogden Ave, Chicago, IL 60612; Northwestern University, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 250 E Superior St, Chicago, IL 60611. Electronic address:

Study Objective: To determine follow-up rates for adolescent patients undergoing medical abortion in comparison to adult patients, identify patient factors associated with follow-up, and evaluate contraceptive choices at the time of follow-up.

Design: Setting and Participants: A retrospective cohort study of adolescent patients (ages 15-19) undergoing first-trimester medical abortions at John H. Stroger, Jr. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpag.2019.04.006DOI Listing
April 2019
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Antifertility effectiveness of a novel polymer matrix composite and its influence on the endometrium in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta).

Contraception 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Family Planning Research Institute, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430030, PR China; Reproductive Medicine Center, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430030, PR China. Electronic address:

Objective(s): To explored the antifertility effectiveness and influence on the endometrium of a micro-copper/low-density polyethylene/methyl vinyl silicone rubber (Cu/LDPE/MVQ) composite in rhesus macaques.

Study Design: Healthy reproductive aged female rhesus macaques underwent abdominal hysterotomy for surgical placement of either the experimental Cu/LDPE/MVQ composite (Cu/LDPE/MVQ, n=5), bare copper wire (Cu, n=5), or hysterotomy only sham-operation group [(SOI, n=4), (SOII, n=6)]. Females in the Cu/LPDE/MVQ, Cu, and SOI groups were housed with fertile males for approximately 3 menstrual cycles. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.contraception.2019.03.049DOI Listing
April 2019
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Medical conditions, pregnancy perspectives, and contraceptive decision-making among young people: an exploratory, qualitative analysis.

Contraception 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Sexual Health and Reproductive Equity Program, School of Social Welfare, University of California, Berkeley, 110 Haviland Hall MC 7400, Berkeley, CA 94720-7400, USA.

Objective: To explore perspectives on family planning among young people who perceive they are infertile or will have difficulty carrying a pregnancy to term owing to medical conditions or procedures.

Methods: This exploratory analysis examined pregnancy plans and contraceptive behavior among 12 young adults with a diagnosed medical condition or who had undergone a medical procedure associated with impaired fertility, and who had discussed fertility with a healthcare provider. We utilized data from a larger study investigating prospective pregnancy intentions and plans among 50 young (ages 18-24) women and their male partners (n=100). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.contraception.2019.03.046DOI Listing
April 2019
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Real world data on Nexplanon® procedure-related events: final results from the Nexplanon observational risk assessment study (NORA).

Contraception 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Berlin Center for Epidemiology and Health Research (ZEG), 10115, Berlin, Germany.

Objectives: We conducted this study to characterize the frequency of insertion-, localization- and removal-related events and their clinically significant consequences among Nexplanon® (etonogestrel radiopaque contraceptive implant) users in the United States during standard clinical practice.

Study Design: The Nexplanon Observational Risk Assessment (NORA) study was a large, prospective cohort study conducted in the United States. A total of 428 Health Care Professionals (HCPs) who had completed the Nexplanon clinical training program recruited women who were newly prescribed Nexplanon. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.contraception.2019.03.052DOI Listing
April 2019
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"It's not something you talk about really": information barriers encountered by women who travel long distances for abortion care.

Contraception 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Guttmacher Institute in New York.

Objective: For individuals traveling significant distances for time-sensitive abortion care, accurate information about service options and locations is critical, but little is known regarding information barriers that individuals may encounter and strategies for circumventing these barriers.

Study Design: In early 2015, we conducted in-depth interviews with 29 patients who had traveled for abortion care at six facilities in Michigan and New Mexico. We identified information-related barriers that respondents encountered in understanding their pregnancy options and/or where to obtain an abortion between the time of pregnancy discovery, including any contact with a crisis pregnancy center, to the day of the abortion procedure through inductive and deductive analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.contraception.2019.03.048DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Relationship between patient characteristics and serum etonogestrel concentrations in contraceptive implant users.

Contraception 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Family Planning.

Objective: To determine whether serum etonogestrel concentrations in contraceptive implant users are associated with certain individual patient characteristics.

Study Design: We enrolled reproductive-age women using etonogestrel contraceptive implants between 12-36months duration and measured a single serum etonogestrel concentration. Participants also completed a questionnaire about demographics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.contraception.2019.03.045DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

"Provoked" feto-maternal hemorrhage may represent insensible cell exchange in pregnancies from 6-22weeks gestational age.

Contraception 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

The University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY.

Objective: To quantify spontaneous and provoked fetal to maternal cell exchange in the first half of pregnancy. Transfer of fetal red blood cells (FRBCs) into the maternal circulation during the first half of pregnancy is poorly characterized but of clinical relevance for miscarriage management and invasive procedures.

Study Design: Prospective, descriptive cohort study of women presenting for surgical termination of pregnancy with sonographically confirmed gestational age (GA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.contraception.2019.03.051DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Intimate partner violence, pregnancy intention and contraceptive use in Honduras.

Contraception 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Tecnológica Centroamericana (UNITEC), Tegucigalpa, Honduras. Electronic address:

Objective(s): We explored the relationship between Intimate Partner Violence (IPV), pregnancy intention and contraceptive use in Honduras.

Study Design: We used the most recent Honduras Demographic and Health Survey (DHS 2011-2012) data to examine the relationship between physical IPV, sexual IPV and emotional IPV with pregnancy intention; contraceptive use; and husband's knowledge of contraceptive use among a sample of 6629 women. Multiple logistic regression was used to estimate effects of IPV on the outcomes, controlling for empowerment indicators and socio-demographic variables. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.contraception.2019.03.050DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

A brief study on the knowledge and choice of contraception methods in married adolescent girls.

Int J Adolesc Med Health 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Ataturk University, Yakutiye Training and Research Hospital, Erzurum, Turkey.

Introduction The fertility rate is 0.25% for 15-19-year-old girls and 16% for 19-year-old girls who are mothers or pregnant with their first child. Fifty-two percent of married adolescents did not have affective contraception. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2018-0091DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

exploring the role of sociocultural context and perceptions of care on maternal and newborn health among Somali refugees in UNHCR supported camps in Kenya.

Confl Health 2019 29;13:11. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

3University of Ottawa, 1 Stewart Street, 312-B, Ottawa, ON K1N6N5 Canada.

Background: Maternal and neonatal survival are key components of population health and may be particularly vulnerable in humanitarian contexts of civil unrest and displacement. Understanding what factors contribute to poor health outcomes throughout the reproductive life cycle and across the continuum of care is crucial for improving health programming in acute and protracted refugee settings.

Methods: We undertook a mixed-methods baseline assessment of factors related to maternal and neonatal health among refugees living in the Dadaab refugee complex in eastern Kenya. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13031-019-0195-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440025PMC
March 2019
1 Read

In pursuit of middle ground: understanding the bone benefits of hormonal contraception in women with anorexia nervosa.

Authors:
Sarah L Berga

Fertil Steril 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fertnstert.2019.02.016DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Fertility optimization in women with cancer: from preservation to contraception.

JBRA Assist Reprod 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Fertility Center of Ribeirão Preto (CEFERP) - Ribeirão Preto - São Paulo - Brasil.

Advances in the early diagnosis and treatment of cancer have reduced mortality rates and improved patient survival. For this reason, professionals from different areas have strived to implement actions to increase patient quality-of-life during and after cancer treatment. Among these measures, integral attention in reproductive health is one of the main points for the inclusion, safety, and autonomy of female patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5935/1518-0557.20190011DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

What Is New in Contraception?: Best Articles From the Past Year.

Authors:
Jamie L Resnik

Obstet Gynecol 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Dr. Resnik is from the Department of Reproductive Medicine at UC San Diego Health Systems, La Jolla, California; email:

This month we focus on current research in contraception. Dr. Resnik discusses five recent publications, which are concluded with a "bottom-line" that is the take-home message. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000003237DOI Listing
April 2019
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Sexual Minority Women's Experiences With Sexual Identity Disclosure in Contraceptive Care.

Obstet Gynecol 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Schools of Medicine and Public Health and Social Work and the Department of Gender and Women's Studies, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin; the University of Chicago School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois; and the Department of Sociology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Objective: To describe a group of young sexual minority women's experiences with and preferences for sexual identity disclosure in the context of contraceptive care.

Methods: In Chicago, Illinois, Salt Lake City, Utah, and Madison, Wisconsin, investigators conducted five focus groups (n=22) and 11 interviews with women aged 20-30 years who identified as something other than heterosexual. Focus groups explored social norms regarding contraceptive care; interviews documented individual experiences with contraceptive care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000003222DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Combined nestorone-testosterone gel suppresses serum gonadotropins to concentrations associated with effective hormonal contraception in men.

Andrology 2019 Apr 10. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Harbor-UCLA Medical Center and Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute, Torrance, CA, USA.

Background: Novel male-based contraceptives are needed to broaden family planning choices. A progestin, Nestorone (Nes) gel, plus a testosterone (T) gel suppresses sperm concentrations to levels associated with effective contraception in normal men. However, administration of two gels on different parts of the body daily is impractical. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/andr.12603DOI Listing
April 2019
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Pregnancy outcomes in patients with multiple sclerosis treated with teriflunomide: Clinical study data and 5 years of post-marketing experience.

Mult Scler 2019 Apr 10:1352458519843055. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Pediatrics, Rady Children's Hospital and University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA.

Background: Teriflunomide is contraindicated in pregnancy. Some pregnancies have occurred despite guidance to use effective contraception.

Objectives: To report outcomes of pregnancies occurring in teriflunomide clinical trials and the post-marketing setting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1352458519843055DOI Listing
April 2019
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Human papilloma virus vaccination and attitudes towards contraception: a cross-sectional study.

Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 2019 Apr 10:1-6. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

b First Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology , Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki , Thessaloniki , Greece.

Objective: Human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccination may result in misconceptions that encourage young women to adopt risky contraceptive practices. The purpose of this article was to investigate whether HPV vaccination status was associated with choice of contraceptive method and adoption of risky sexual behaviour.

Methods: Vaccinated and non-vaccinated visitors to a university department paediatric and adolescent gynaecology clinic were asked to anonymously fill in a survey comprising questions on sociodemographic characteristics, sexual history, opinions on contraception and attitudes towards contraception. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13625187.2019.1595573DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Laparoscopic Myomectomy with Temporary Bilateral Uterine Artery and Utero-Ovarian Vessels Occlusion Compared with Traditional Surgery for Uterine Fibroids: Blood Loss and Recurrence.

Gynecol Obstet Invest 2019 Apr 9:1-7. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Jinhua Hospital of Zhejiang University, Jinhua, China,

Aim: To determine the optimal hemostatic technique for laparoscopic myomectomy (LM) by comparing temporary uterine artery blockage alone or combined with blockage of the utero-ovarian vessels.

Patients: Women with symptomatic uterine myoma attending the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in Jinhua Municipal Central Hospital.

Method: A total of 200 patients with symptomatic uterine fibroids were randomly divided into Group A (n = 65), Group B (n = 67) and Group C (n = 68). Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/499494
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000499494DOI Listing
April 2019
5 Reads

Redox regulation & sperm function: A proteomic insight.

Indian J Med Res 2018 Dec;148(Supplement):S84-S91

Department of Zoology, Redox Biology Laboratory, Ravenshaw University, Cuttack, India.

Infertility affects nearly 15 per cent of all couples within the reproductive age worldwide, with about 50 per cent being exhibited in the male, called male factor infertility. Successful reproduction is dependent on sperm chromatin integrity. Spermatozoa are highly specialized cells that aim to transmit the paternal genomic blueprint to the oocyte. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_242_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6469365PMC
December 2018
1 Read
1.661 Impact Factor

Barriers to Uptake of Postpartum Long-Acting Reversible Contraception: Qualitative Study of the Perspectives of Ugandan Health Workers and Potential Clients.

Stud Fam Plann 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Health workers have received training on delivering postpartum long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) through several projects in Uganda, yet uptake still remains poor. To understand the reasons, and to gather suggestions for improving uptake, we conducted individual semi-structured interviews with a total of 80 postpartum parents, antenatal parents, health workers, and village health teams in rural south-west Uganda. Interviews were recorded, transcribed, translated, and analyzed using qualitative thematic analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/sifp.12088DOI Listing
April 2019
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Contraceptive use, prevalence and predictors of pregnancy planning among female sex workers in Uganda: a cross sectional study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2019 Apr 8;19(1):121. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

School of Public Health, College of Health Sciences Makerere University, P.O. Box 7072, Kampala, Uganda.

Background: Unintended pregnancies are associated with negative consequences to both mother and baby. Female Sex Workers (FSWs) are at high risk of unintended/unplanned pregnancies. However, prevalence of pregnancy planning and its predictors among FSWs has not been comprehensively investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2260-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6454679PMC
April 2019
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Implementation of Recommendations for Long-Acting Contraception among Women Aged 13-18 in Primary Care.

Acad Pediatr 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Department of Medical Education, Colorado Permanente Medical Group, Kaiser Permanente Colorado; Institute for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Colorado; Department of Medicine, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus. Electronic address:

Objectives: Clinical specialty societies recommend long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARC) as first-line contraception for adolescent women. We evaluated whether a combined educational and process improvement intervention enhanced LARC placement in primary care within an integrated health care system.

Methods: The intervention included journal clubs, live continuing education, point-of-care guidelines and new patient materials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.acap.2019.03.009DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads