61,437 results match your criteria Contraception


Implementation of telemedicine preoperative visits for abortion procedures through 18 weeks gestation at a Northern California hospital-based center.

Contraception 2022 Jun 21. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of California, Davis; Sacramento, CA.

Objective: Describe the implementation of a preoperative telemedicine program at a Northern California hospital-based center for abortion procedures requiring cervical preparation.

Study Design: We implemented a pilot program using telemedicine for preoperative visits for patients needing cervical preparation prior to an abortion procedure from 12 to 18 weeks. We required ultrasonography for gestational age documentation in addition to placental localization in patients with a prior cesarean delivery. Read More

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Persistent knowledge gaps between 2005 and 2020 in women with epilepsy: Comparison of multicenter studies from Germany.

Seizure 2022 Jun 16;100:36-43. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Epilepsy Center Frankfurt Rhine-Main, Center of Neurology and Neurosurgery, University Hospital Frankfurt, Goethe-University Frankfurt, Frankfurt am Main, Germany; LOEWE Center for Personalized Translational Epilepsy Research (CePTER), Goethe-University Frankfurt, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.

Objective: Epilepsy is a chronic condition that can affect patients of all ages. Women with epilepsy (WWE) require access to specific counseling and information regarding issues related to contraception, pregnancy, and hormonal effects on seizure control and bone mineral density. This study investigated the knowledge among WWE regarding their condition, and whether epilepsy-specific knowledge has improved over the last 15 years. Read More

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Drug Eluting Embolization Particles for Permanent Contraception.

ACS Biomater Sci Eng 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Bioengineering, University of Washington, 3720 15th Avenue Northeast, Seattle, Washington 98105, United States.

Medical technology that blocks the fallopian tubes nonsurgically could increase access to permanent contraception and address current unmet needs in family planning. To achieve total occlusion of the fallopian tube via scar tissue formation, acute trauma to the tubal epithelium must first occur followed by a sustained and ultimately fibrotic inflammatory response. Here, we developed drug-eluting fiber-based microparticles that provide tunable dose and release of potent sclerosing agents. Read More

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Contraception among HIV-positive women in Latvia- knowledge, experience and factors influencing the choice.

Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care 2022 Jun 24:1-7. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Riga Stradins University, Riga, Latvia.

Objectives: Latvia has one of the highest numbers of new HIV cases in the EU. The latest SRH national survey confirmed low effective contraceptive prevalence in the general population, no data were available about women living with HIV (WLHIV). The study aimed to assess knowledge on the use of different contraceptives, to identify factors in choosing contraception, to assess the availability of family planning health care services, and to investigate contraception habits. Read More

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Hormonal Male Contraception: Formative Research to Develop and Test Communication Messaging.

Am J Mens Health 2022 May-Jun;16(3):15579883221094702

Department of Public Health, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA.

Male-controlled contraception is limited, yet a promising hormonal male contraceptive (HMC) development in may increase options for men to share in the work of pregnancy prevention. This study examined college-aged (18-26 years) men's and women's perceptions of influential marketing strategy for an experimental novel HMC method, a transdermal gel. Six focus groups ( = 29) were conducted to glean insights for ad prototype creation. Read More

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Norethisterone Reduces Vaginal Bleeding Caused by Progesterone-Only Birth Control Pills.

J Clin Med 2022 Jun 13;11(12). Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hadassah Medical Center, Faculty of Medicine, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 9190401, Israel.

(1) Background: Progesterone-only pills (POP) are widely used contraceptives. About 40% of women taking these pills report vaginal bleeding/spotting; 25% find this a reason for cessation. To date, no effective remedy has been described. Read More

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Pregnancy and childbirth outcomes among indigenous adolescents in Guatemala: a cohort study.

Reprod Health 2022 Jun 23;19(1):149. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, State University of Campinas, Av. Alexander Fleming, 101-101 Alexander Fleming Street, Campinas, SP, 13083-881, Brazil.

Objective: To assess some characteristics and outcomes associated with pregnancy among Indigenous adolescents and compare them with other women who gave birth in a public hospital in Guatemala.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 8048 cases. Sociocultural variables, gynecological and obstetric history, childbirth, and perinatal outcomes were compared among women who gave birth at San Juan De Dios Hospital between January 2018 and June 2019. Read More

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Fertility and contraception among women of reproductive age following a disaster: a scoping review.

Reprod Health 2022 Jun 23;19(1):147. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Division of Reproductive Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway NE, Mailstop S 107-2, GA, 30341, Atlanta, USA.

Background: The prevalence and severity of disasters triggered by natural hazards has increased over the last 20 years. Women of reproductive age may encounter unique reproductive health challenges following a disaster. In this scoping review we identify gaps in literature to inform future research and search for potential associations between disasters by natural hazards and post-disaster fertility and contraception among women of reproductive age. Read More

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Barriers to Accessing Contraception and Cervical and Breast Cancer Screening During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

J Obstet Gynaecol Can 2022 Jun 20. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1Z4.

Objective: This study sought to examine how access to contraception and cervical and breast cancer screening British Columbia, Canada, has been affected by COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods: From August 2020 to March 2021, 3691 female residents of British Columbia (age 25-69 y) participated in this study. We used generalized estimating equations to analyze the proportion of females accessing contraception and the proportion having difficulty accessing contraception across the phases of pandemic control measures, and logistic regression to analyze cervical and breast cancer screening. Read More

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Knowledge and intention to use long-acting reversible contraception among university students.

J Am Coll Health 2022 Jun 23:1-4. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA.

Objective: To assess the relationship between knowledge of long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) and intention to use LARC among female students.

Participants: Participants consisted of a convenience sample of 292 female undergraduate and graduate students at a large midwestern university.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional in-person survey and multivariate analysis of LARC knowledge and intention to use LARC. Read More

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Development and Pilot Testing of a Dispensing Protocol on Emergency Contraceptive Pills for Community Pharmacists in Belgium.

Pharmacy (Basel) 2022 Jun 1;10(3). Epub 2022 Jun 1.

Clinical Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapy, Department of Pharmaceutical and Pharmacological Sciences, KU Leuven, 3000 Leuven, Belgium.

Community pharmacists in Belgium frequently dispense emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs). However, variable and insufficient counseling practices exist across pharmacies, highlighting the need for standardization and quality improvement strategies. The aim of this project was to develop and test an ECP dispensing protocol for pharmacists. Read More

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Spatial variations in family planning demand to limit childbearing and the demand satisfied with modern methods in sub-Saharan Africa.

Reprod Health 2022 Jun 22;19(1):144. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, School of Public Health, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV, USA.

Background: There is an increasing demand for family planning to limit childbearing in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). However, limited studies have quantified the spatial variations. This study examined: (i) the spatial patterns in the demand for family planning to limit childbearing and satisfied with modern methods, and (ii) the correlates of the demand for family planning to limit childbearing satisfied with modern methods in SSA. Read More

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Association of clinic setting with quality indicator performance in systemic lupus erythematosus: a cross-sectional study.

Arthritis Res Ther 2022 Jun 22;24(1):150. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.

Background: Healthcare quality for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a modifiable target for improving patient outcomes. We aimed to assess the quality of care processes in different clinic settings, comparing a subspecialty lupus clinic with hospital-based and private general rheumatology clinics.

Methods: Patients with SLE (n = 258) were recruited in 2016 from a subspecialty lupus clinic (n = 147), two hospital general rheumatology clinics (n = 56) and two private rheumatology clinics (n = 55). Read More

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Sexual and Reproductive Health Care Experiences and Perceptions of Women with Congenital Heart Disease.

Pediatr Cardiol 2022 Jun 22. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Center for Women's Health Research and Innovation, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Due to medical advances, women with congenital heart disease (CHD) are living longer, healthier lives and many are considering pregnancy. The hemodynamic changes of pregnancy present high risks of morbidity and mortality for many women with CHD. As little is known about these women's reproductive health experiences, this study explores their perceptions of pregnancy and family planning care as related to CHD. Read More

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Infected myometrial hematoma due to malpositioned levonorgestrel intrauterine device: a case report.

Contraception 2022 Jun 19. Epub 2022 Jun 19.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Center, 12631 East 17(th) Avenue B198-6, Aurora, CO 80045, USA. Electronic address:

This case report highlights serious permanent sequelae of a malpositioned levonorgestrel intrauterine device. Initial cervical injury resulted in fistula formation and large hematoma eventually requiring hysterectomy. Uterine depth less than 5. Read More

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Dishonoured: The Fate of Infants Born out of Wedlock.

Authors:
Michael Obladen

Neonatology 2022 Jun 22:1-8. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Department of Neonatology, Charité University Medicine, Berlin, Germany.

This paper investigates causes and consequences of the prejudice towards extramaritally born infants. The main rationale for such defamation seems to have been religious teachings. However, rather than a matter of sexual morals, "illegitimacy" became an economic issue when infants were maintained on taxpayers' money. Read More

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Ethical Issues in Providing and Promoting Contraception to Women with Opioid Use Disorder.

J Clin Ethics 2022 ;33(2):112-123

Division Director of the Division of General Obstetrics and Gynecology and Associate Professor with Tenure at the University of North Carolina¬-Chapel Hill, in Chapel Hill, North Carolina USA.

The ethical obligation to provide a reasonably safe discharge option from the inpatient setting is often confounded by the context of homelessness. Living without the security of stable housing is a known determinant of poor health, often complicating the safety of discharge and causing unnecessary readmission. But clinicians do not have significant control over unjust distributions of resources or inadequate societal investment in social services. Read More

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Contraception and Healthcare Utilization by Reproductive-Age Women Who Use Drugs in Rural Communities: a Cross-Sectional Survey.

J Gen Intern Med 2022 Jun 15. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Division of General Internal Medicine & Geriatrics, Addiction Medicine Section, Department of Medicine, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR, USA.

Background: Women who use drugs (WWUD) have low rates of contraceptive use and high rates of unintended pregnancy. Drug use is common among women in rural U.S. Read More

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"No one size fits all" A Multi-Method Survey of Oncology Allied Health Professionals Experiences with Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender/Queer Questioning Adolescent, and Young Adult Patients with Cancer and Reproductive and Sexual Health".

J Adolesc Young Adult Oncol 2022 Jun 22. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Grossman School of Medicine, New York, New York, USA.

To assess training needs for providers who care for adolescent and young adult (AYA) lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender/queer questioning (LGBTQ) cancer patients, we conducted a mixed-method survey. During their cancer care experience, AYA cancer patients experience physical, psychosocial, and reproductive health challenges. In addition to these challenges, AYA LGBTQ individuals are a diverse and medically underserved population who experience unique challenges and disparities in medical care. Read More

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Evaluation of a media literacy education program for sexual health promotion in older adolescents implemented in Southern universities.

J Am Coll Health 2022 Jun 21:1-7. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Fact Forward, Research and Evaluation Team, Columbia, South Carolina, USA.

Objective: This study evaluated a media literacy education program designed for sexual health promotion, , in southeastern universities.

Participants: Participants included college students from four universities in the southeastern United States (n = 457).

Methods: was implemented on college campuses either in a group setting, one-on-one setting, at a student event, or online only. Read More

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Postpartum Care in the Time of COVID-19: The Use of Telemedicine for Postpartum Care.

Telemed J E Health 2022 Jun 21. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology & Women's Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine/Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, New York, USA.

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Fertility Preferences and Contraceptive Change in Low- and Middle-Income Countries.

Stud Fam Plann 2022 Jun;53(2):361-376

Department of Sociology, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, 43210, USA.

The past four decades have witnessed an enormous increase in modern contraception in most low- and middle-income countries. We examine the extent to which this change can be attributed to changes in fertility preferences versus fuller implementation of fertility preferences, a distinction at the heart of intense debates about the returns to investments in family planning services. We analyze national survey data from five major survey programs: World Fertility Surveys, Demographic Health Surveys, Reproductive Health Surveys, Pan-Arab Project for Child Development or Family Health, and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys. Read More

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The Effect of Family Planning Counseling on Incident Pregnancy in Nepal.

Stud Fam Plann 2022 Jun;53(2):315-338

Richard Saltonstall Professor of Population Sciences and Professor of Economics and International Health, Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health 655 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA.

An intervention aimed at institutionalizing postpartum intrauterine device (PPIUD) services was introduced in Nepal between 2015 and 2019. The intervention was evaluated using a cluster-randomized stepped-wedge trial, with data on women being collected immediately after delivery and at one- and two-year postpartum follow-ups. The sample consists of 19,155 women. Read More

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Discontinuation rate of long-acting reversible contraceptives and associated factors among reproductive-age women in Butajira town, Central Ethiopia.

Womens Health (Lond) 2022 Jan-Dec;18:17455057221104656

Department of Midwifery, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Wolkite University, Wolkite, Ethiopia.

Background: Discontinuation of contraceptives without any change in fertility intention is often associated with unintended pregnancy which ends up with induced abortion and unplanned birth. Despite the Ethiopian government's emphasis on the provision of long-acting contraceptive methods, little attention has been paid to the study of its discontinuation; particularly, no study has been reported in the study area. Thus, this study aimed to assess the discontinuation rate of long-acting reversible contraceptives and associated factors among reproductive-age women in Butajira town, Central Ethiopia, 2020. Read More

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Individual characteristics, including olfactory efficiency, age, body mass index, smoking and the sex hormones status, and food preferences of women in Poland.

PeerJ 2022 15;10:e13538. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Department of Basic Biomedical Science, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences in Sosnowiec, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland.

Background: Food choices made by most people mainly depend on food preferences. Knowing how certain factors affect food preferences can help dietitians working with women to understand the relationship between individual factors and the challenges faced by the women in changing eating habits. The aim of the study was to examine the food preferences of women and to assess the impact of the sense of smell, age, body mass index (BMI), smoking and hormonal status (phase of the menstrual cycle, hormonal contraception) on the declared pleasure derived from eating various types of food. Read More

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Déterminants de la non-satisfaction des besoins en planification familiale chez les jeunes femmes mariées au Burundi.

Sante Publique 2021 ;33(3):445-458

Introduction: In Burundi, seven individuals among ten are aged under 25 and one among five are aged 15-24. Improving the needs of these young people in Sexual and Reproductive Health is essential to guarantee their health and facilitate their education, offer them meaningful employment and reduce poverty.

Purpose Of Research: To search the "determinants" of Unmet Need for Family Planning (FP) among young married women in this country. Read More

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Understanding the role of female sterilisation in Indian family planning through qualitative analysis: perspectives from above and below.

Sex Reprod Health Matters 2021 ;29(2):2080166

Assistant Professor, Department of Epidemiology & Population Health, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, UK.

Since the 1990s, the global approach to family planning has undergone fundamental transformations from population control to addressing reproductive health and rights. The Indian family planning programme has also transitioned from being vertical, target-oriented, and clinic-based to a supposedly target-free, choice-based programme that champions reproductive rights. Despite contraceptive choices being offered and voluntary adoption encouraged, there is a heavy reliance on female sterilisation. Read More

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Assurer l’accès aux droits sexuels et reproductifs en temps de crise sanitaire : le Planning familial en mouvement.

Sante Publique 2022 ;33(6):1033-1037

From the beginning of the first lockdown, Le Planning Familial, a feminist and SRHR delivery service organization, with its 70 local associations have come together to pursue its mission: to ensure access to SRHR and women's rights. The quarantine has had major consequences: it has increased gender-based violence including domestic violence, it has complicated women's lives (in accessing sexual health services, late-term abortions, abortion for minors, renewal of contraception, filing of complaints, etc.) and it has limited access to information and rights (presence of antichoice movements on the internet). Read More

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«  ». Violences médicales et gynécologiques en consultation de contraception.

Authors:
Leslie Fonquerne

Sante Publique 2022 ;33(5):663-673

Introduction: In France, “the pill crisis” has brought into question the centrality of oral contraception within the “contraceptive standard”, as well as the drawbacks associated with its use, and is more widely part of a dynamic of raising awareness about medical and gynecological violence, at work since the early 2010s.

Purpose Of Research: This paper intends to question the medical and gynecological violence faced by women seeking medical attention in order to access what is supposed to be a condition for their emancipation : contraception.

Method: As part of a sociological research project on the prescriptions and uses of oral contraception, nearly seventy interviews were conducted with seventeen users of oral contraception and thirty-one health professionals authorized to prescribe contraception. Read More

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Development of a Translational Exposure-Bracketing Approach to Streamline the Development of Hormonal Contraceptive Drug Products.

Clin Pharmacol Ther 2022 Jun 20. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Center for Pharmacometrics and Systems Pharmacology, Department of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmacy, University of Florida, Orlando, FL, USA.

Worldwide, 922 million women of reproductive age (or their partners) use some sort of contraception to prevent pregnancy. Oral combined hormonal contraceptives (CHC) typically utilize a combination of a progestin and an estrogen. CHC are potentially at risk to metabolic drug-drug interaction (DDI) via CYP3A4, the main enzyme involved in the oxidative metabolism of ethinyl estradiol (EE) and most progestins, e. Read More

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