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    618 results match your criteria Contact Stomatitis

    1 OF 13

    [Clinical presentation of cowpox virus infection in South American camelids - A review].
    Tierarztl Prax Ausg G Grosstiere Nutztiere 2018 Feb 21;46(1):50-56. Epub 2018 Feb 21.
    Cowpox virus (CPXV) infection is a reportable and potentially zoonotic disease that occurs sporadically in a variety of animals. During the past six decades, CPXV infection has been extensively researched and described in both domestic (cat, dog, horse, cattle) and zoo animals (e. g. Read More

    Evaluation of biofilm formation on various parts of implant material surfaces.
    Niger J Clin Pract 2018 Jan;21(1):33-37
    Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Ordu University, Ordu, Turkey.
    Aims: Candida albicans adhesion to any oral substrata is the first and essential stage in forming a pathogenic fungal biofilm. In general, yeast cells have remarkable potential to adhere to host surfaces, such as teeth or mucosa, and to artificial, non-biological surfaces, such as dental materials. C. Read More

    Superhydrophilic co-polymer coatings on denture surfaces reduce Candida albicans adhesion-An in vitro study.
    Arch Oral Biol 2018 Mar 27;87:143-150. Epub 2017 Dec 27.
    Department of Removable Partial Prosthodontics, Graduate School, Tokyo Medical and Dental University (TMDU), 1-5-45, Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8549, Japan. Electronic address:
    Objective: In this study, we aimed to investigate denture-base-resin coatings prepared with a crosslinkable co-polymer containing sulfobetaine methacrylamide (SBMAm) and the relationship between their surface characteristics and the initial adhesion of Candida albicans (C. albicans).

    Methods: Acrylic resin discs were coated with co-polymers containing various concentrations of SBMAm and N,N'-(4,7,10-trioxa-1,13-tridecadiamine) diacrylamide (JDA) as crosslinking agent. Read More

    CE: Oral Care for Head and Neck Cancer Symptom Management.
    Am J Nurs 2018 Jan;118(1):24-34
    Laura Cullen is an evidence-based practice scientist, Sharon Baumler is a staff nurse, Michele Farrington is a clinical health care research associate, Cindy Dawson is the interim chief nursing officer, Peggy Folkmann is a nurse clinician (retired), and Loraine Brenner is a nurse clinician, all in the Department of Nursing Services and Patient Care at the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City. Contact author: Laura Cullen, The authors gratefully acknowledge Jimmy Reyes, DNP, RN, AGNP, for his translation of the oral care insert into Spanish, and the DAISY Foundation for the partial funding it provided. The authors and planners have disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or otherwise.
    : An evidence-based practice change at a radiation oncology center in a large academic medical center was designed to reduce the severity of oral mucositis in adults receiving radiation treatment for head and neck cancer. In the intervention described, patients were given newly created oral care kits and educational materials to improve their oral hygiene. Evaluations were conducted at three points during the project (before radiation treatment, during week 4 to 5 of treatment, and one month after treatment). Read More

    Hypersensitivity to Dental Composites and Resin-Bonding Agents.
    Dent Update 2016 Nov;43(9):836-8, 841-2
    Adverse reactions to dental materials are not an uncommon occurrence, although hypersensitivity has gained much renewed interest in light of public concerns over the safety of dental materials. Hypersensitivity can affect both patients and dental professionals and may manifest as either allergic contact dermatitis or stomatitis. Methacrylic monomers, such as MMA, EGDMA, TEGDMA and Bis-GMA, have been documented as causative allergens, however, little has been documented on the risk of such monomers in composites and bonding agents. Read More

    Contact stomatitis.
    Clin Dermatol 2017 Sep - Oct;35(5):435-440. Epub 2017 Jun 24.
    Department of Dermatology, Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, AZ.
    Contact stomatitis occurs in up to 10% of the population. Mechanical or chemical irritation, ill-fitting dentures, and dental fillings can induce irritant contact stomatitis. Type I hypersensitivity and type IV hypersensitivity to dental products and foods are frequently responsible for the allergic types of contact stomatitis. Read More

    Role of Scleral Contact Lenses in Management of Coexisting Keratoconus and Stevens-Johnson Syndrome.
    Cornea 2017 Oct;36(10):1267-1269
    *Tej Kohli Cornea Institute, L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India; and †Bausch & Lomb Contact Lens Centre, L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India.
    Purpose: To report the rare coexistence of keratoconus and Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) managed with scleral contact lenses (ScCLs).

    Methods: This is a retrospective case series. Five patients (9 eyes) who had coexisting SJS and corneal ectasia were identified from the database during the 2-year period. Read More

    The effect of enriching denture adhesives with chlorhexidine diacetate on the proliferation of Candida albicans: an in vitro analysis.
    J Biol Regul Homeost Agents 2017 Apr-Jun;31(2 Suppl 1):45-52
    Senior Lecturer, Dept. of Oral Rehabilitation, The Maurice and Gabriela Goldschleger School of Dental Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.
    Denture adhesives are widely used in dentistry. The growth of Candida albicans on the denture base is common on both jaws, particularly in elderly patients. A strong correlation has been found between the growth of Candida albicans and dentures, potentially leading to denture stomatitis. Read More

    Allergic contact dermatitis to acrylates.
    J Biol Regul Homeost Agents 2017 Apr-Jun;31(2):529-534
    Interdisciplinary Department of Medicine, University of Bari “Aldo Moro”, Bari, Italy.
    Acrylates and methacrylates are a large group of chemically reactive monomers that are polymerized into acrylic plastics. These have very broad applications in glues, coatings and various plastic materials. Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) caused by acrylates can be occupational, mainly in dentistry workers during the manufacturing and implantation of dental prosthesis, and in nail technicians during the sculpturing and application of artificial nails. Read More

    Oral symptoms and salivary findings in oral lichen planus, oral lichenoid lesions and stomatitis.
    BMC Oral Health 2017 Jun 29;17(1):103. Epub 2017 Jun 29.
    Section for Oral Pathology and Oral Medicine, Department of Odontology, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, 20 Noerre Allé, DK-2200, Copenhagen N, Denmark.
    Background: To examine if patients with oral lichen planus, oral lichenoid lesions and generalised stomatitis and concomitant contact allergy have more frequent and severe xerostomia, lower unstimulated and chewing-stimulated saliva and citric-acid-stimulated parotid saliva flow rates, and higher salivary concentration of total protein and sIgA than cases without contact allergy and healthy controls.

    Methods: Forty-nine patients (42 women, aged 61.0 ± 10. Read More

    Fabrication of denture base materials with antimicrobial properties.
    J Prosthet Dent 2018 Feb 26;119(2):292-298. Epub 2017 May 26.
    Associate Professor, Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Biotechnology Research Center, Sahand University of Technology, Tabriz, Iran.
    Statement Of Problem: Acrylic resin denture base resins are colonized by oral and nonoral bacteria and Candida species. This reservoir of microorganism causes denture stomatitis, which can be implicated in some life-threating infections in older denture wearers.

    Purpose: The purpose of this in vitro study was to incorporate quaternized N,N-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate (DMAEMA) monomer into a denture base resin and investigate its antimicrobial and mechanical properties. Read More

    Quantification of l-carvone in toothpastes available on the Swedish market.
    Contact Dermatitis 2017 Oct 19;77(4):224-230. Epub 2017 May 19.
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Dermatology, Lund University, Skåne University Hospital, 205 02, Malmö, Sweden.
    Background: Toothpastes have widespread use in the population, and contain flavours to give a pleasant and often minty aroma. Flavours are prevalent allergens in toothpastes, and adverse reactions often present as perioral dermatitis or stomatitis. l-Carvone, a mint flavour found in spearmint oil, is one of these allergens. Read More

    Oncolytic Recombinant Vesicular Stomatitis Virus (VSV) Is Nonpathogenic and Nontransmissible in Pigs, a Natural Host of VSV.
    Hum Gene Ther Clin Dev 2017 06;28(2):108-115
    1 United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Services , Foreign Animal Disease Research Unit, Plum Island, New York.
    Vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) is a negative-stranded RNA virus that naturally causes disease in livestock including horses, cattle and pigs. The two main identified VSV serotypes are New Jersey (VSNJV) and Indiana (VSIV). VSV is a rapidly replicating, potently immunogenic virus that has been engineered to develop novel oncolytic therapies for cancer treatment. Read More

    Benign reactive lymphadenopathy associated with submandibular gland enlargement during orthodontic treatment.
    J Oral Maxillofac Pathol 2017 Jan-Apr;21(1):181
    Department of Oral Pathology, Army College of Dental Sciences, Secunderabad, Telangana, India.
    Lymphadenopathy may be caused due to various reasons, most common being infections, neoplasms and immunologic disorders. Considering the frequent use of biomaterials in dentistry, it is not uncommon to find allergic reactions in the oral mucosa. Delayed-type hypersensitivity is one mechanism of allergy, which may manifest as either contact stomatitis or rarely present as only lymphadenopathy. Read More

    Effects of trimethylsilane plasma coating on the hydrophobicity of denture base resin and adhesion of Candida albicans on resin surfaces.
    J Prosthet Dent 2017 Dec 21;118(6):765-770. Epub 2017 Apr 21.
    Professor, Department of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering, University of Missouri, Columbia, Mo.
    Statement Of Problem: Candida-associated denture stomatitis is the most common oral mucosal lesion among denture wearers. Trimethylsilane (TMS) plasma coating may inhibit the growth of Candida albicans on denture surfaces.

    Purpose: The purpose of this in vitro study was to investigate whether TMS plasma coatings can effectively reduce C albicans adhesion on denture base acrylic resin surfaces. Read More

    Review: allergic contact stomatitis.
    Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol 2017 May 21;123(5):559-565. Epub 2017 Feb 21.
    Department of Periodontology and Oral Medicine, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, Pretoria, South Africa.
    Allergic contact stomatitis (ACS) is an oral mucosal immunoinflammatory disorder variably characterized clinically by erythematous plaques, vesiculation, ulceration, and/or hyperkeratosis and by pain, burning sensation, or itchiness. ACS is brought about by a T cell-mediated, delayed hypersensitivity immune reaction generated by a second or subsequent contact exposure of an allergen with the oral mucosa, in a genetically susceptible, sensitized subject. Lichenoid contact reaction is a variant of ACS brought about by direct contact with the oral mucosa of certain metals in dental restorations. Read More

    Treatment of recurrent aphthous stomatitis with Er,Cr:YSGG laser irradiation: A randomized controlled split mouth clinical study.
    J Photochem Photobiol B 2017 May 22;170:1-5. Epub 2017 Mar 22.
    Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Near East University, Mersin, Turkey.
    The present randomized controlled split mouth clinical study aimed to investigate the efficacy of Er,Cr:YSGG laser irradiation on pain reduction and healing rate of recurrent aphthous stomatitis. 40 patients with RAS were recruited for this study and RAS ulcerations of each patient were randomly assigned to the control or test group. In the test group, Er,Cr:YSGG laser with non-contact mode was used to irradiate RAS lesions. Read More

    Contact Allergy to (Ingredients of) Toothpastes.
    Dermatitis 2017 Mar/Apr;28(2):95-114
    From acdegroot publishing, Wapserveen, The Netherlands.
    The literature on contact allergy to (ingredients of) toothpastes is critically reviewed. We have found 47 case reports, small case series (n = 2-5) and citations published between 1900 and 2016 describing more than 60 patients allergic to toothpastes, and in addition 3 larger case series and many descriptions of toothpaste allergy among selected groups of patients. Allergic reactions usually manifest as cheilitis with or without dermatitis around the mouth, less frequently by oral symptoms. Read More

    Allergic Stomatitis From Orthodontic Adhesives.
    Mil Med 2017 Mar;182(3):e1883-e1885
    Department of Allergy and Immunology, Wilford Hall Ambulatory Surgical Center, 2200 Bergquist Drive, Lackland Air Force Base, TX 78236.
    We report a case of a type IV hypersensitivity reaction causing oral stomatitis, presumed to be the result of common dental adhesives. The case was diagnosed using patch testing to the dental adhesives that were used in the patient. Both of the adhesives tested contained a form of acrylate that is being seen more frequently in the literature as a cause of type IV hypersensitivity reactions. Read More

    Swiss Dent J 2017;127(1):27-37
    Poliklinik für Zahnärztliche Prothetik und Werkstoffkunde, Universitätsklinikum Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.
    Allergen-triggered lichenoid oral mucosa lesions may occur both in oral lichen planus (OLP) and oral lichenoid lesions (OLL). Clinically, OLP and OLL are difficult to distinguish from each other. An OLP should be checked by histological examination. Read More

    Synthesis, Antifungal Activity, and Biocompatibility of Novel 1,4-Diazabicyclo[2.2.2]Octane (DABCO) Compounds and DABCO-Containing Denture Base Resins.
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2017 04 24;61(4). Epub 2017 Mar 24.
    Department of Prosthodontics, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
    The fungal pathogen causes a variety of oral infections, including denture stomatitis, which is characterized by inflammation of the oral mucosa in direct contact with dentures and affects a significant number of otherwise healthy denture wearers. While antifungal treatment reduces symptoms, infections are often recurrent. One strategy to address this problem is to incorporate compounds with fungicidal activities into denture materials to prevent colonization. Read More

    Symptomatic oral lesions may be associated with contact allergy to substances in oral hygiene products.
    Clin Oral Investig 2017 Nov 13;21(8):2543-2551. Epub 2017 Jan 13.
    Section for Oral Medicine, Clinical Oral Physiology, Oral Pathology and Anatomy, Department of Odontology, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, 20 Noerre Allé, 2200, Copenhagen N, DK, Denmark.
    Objective: Dental materials and oral hygiene products may be responsible for oral contact allergic reactions. We aimed to determine the occurrence of allergies in patients with symptomatic oral lichen planus (OLP), oral lichenoid lesions (OLLs) and stomatitis and investigate if patch testing could identify contact allergies to dental materials and oral hygiene products in these patients.

    Methods: Forty-nine patients (7 men, 42 women) aged 31 to 77 years (61 ± 10. Read More

    Epidemiology and Molecular Characteristics of Mycoplasma pneumoniae During an Outbreak of M. pneumoniae-associated Stevens-Johnson Syndrome.
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 2017 Jun;36(6):564-571
    From the *Epidemic Intelligence Service, and †Respiratory Diseases Branch, Division of Bacterial Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; ‡Department of Pediatrics, Section of Infectious Diseases, University of Colorado School of Medicine, and §Department of Pediatrics, Section of Infectious Diseases, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Children's Hospital Colorado, Aurora, Colorado; ¶Behavioral and Clinical Surveillance Branch, Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; ‖Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Children's Hospital Colorado, Aurora, Colorado; and **Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment, Denver, Colorado.
    Background: An increase in Mycoplasma pneumoniae-associated Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) cases at a Colorado pediatric hospital led to an outbreak investigation. We describe the epidemiologic and molecular characteristics of M. pneumoniae among SJS case-patients and surrounding community members during the outbreak. Read More

    Efficacy and effectiveness of an rVSV-vectored vaccine in preventing Ebola virus disease: final results from the Guinea ring vaccination, open-label, cluster-randomised trial (Ebola Ça Suffit!).
    Lancet 2017 02 23;389(10068):505-518. Epub 2016 Dec 23.
    WHO, Geneva, Switzerland.
    Background: rVSV-ZEBOV is a recombinant, replication competent vesicular stomatitis virus-based candidate vaccine expressing a surface glycoprotein of Zaire Ebolavirus. We tested the effect of rVSV-ZEBOV in preventing Ebola virus disease in contacts and contacts of contacts of recently confirmed cases in Guinea, west Africa.

    Methods: We did an open-label, cluster-randomised ring vaccination trial (Ebola ça Suffit!) in the communities of Conakry and eight surrounding prefectures in the Basse-Guinée region of Guinea, and in Tomkolili and Bombali in Sierra Leone. Read More

    Filaggrin gene mutations and the distribution of filaggrin in oral mucosa of patients with oral lichen planus and healthy controls.
    J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2017 May 9;31(5):887-893. Epub 2017 Jan 9.
    Department of Odontology, Oral Pathology and Oral Medicine, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen N, Denmark.
    Background: Lichen planus (LP) is a chronic inflammatory disease of unknown aetiology affecting the skin and oral mucosa. Oral lichenoid lesions (OLLs), like oral contact reactions, may resemble oral lichen planus (OLP) both clinically and histopathologically. As OLP and OLL are hyperkeratotic diseases and filaggrin is essential to keratinization, the distribution of filaggrin may be altered in these lesions. Read More

    Mechanism of membrane fusion induced by vesicular stomatitis virus G protein.
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2017 01 14;114(1):E28-E36. Epub 2016 Dec 14.
    Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115;
    The glycoproteins (G proteins) of vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) and related rhabdoviruses (e.g., rabies virus) mediate both cell attachment and membrane fusion. Read More

    Clinical characteristics of an allergic reaction to a polyether dental impression material.
    J Prosthet Dent 2017 Apr 27;117(4):470-472. Epub 2016 Oct 27.
    Assistant Professor, Department of Prosthodontics, Dental School, Ludwig-Maximilians University, Munich, Germany. Electronic address:
    Allergic and hypersensitivity reactions to dental impression materials may occur throughout dental treatment, with diverse manifestations from slight redness to severe pain and a burning mouth with total stomatitis. Patients are often unaware of these allergic reactions, which makes early identification of the cause almost impossible. In addition, symptoms usually begin after 24 hours and mostly in patients with a preexisting history of allergic responses. Read More

    Management of a Patient With Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis Using Silicone Transfer Foam Dressings and a Secondary Absorbent Dressing.
    J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs 2016 Nov/Dec;43(6):650-651
    Kimberly D. McCarthy, BSN, RN, CWON, School of Nursing, University of Mississippi, Medical Center, Jackson, Mississippi and Molnlycke Health Care, LLC. Rachel M. Donovan, BSN, RN, CWOCN, St. Tammany Parish Hospital, 1202 S Tyler St, Covington, Louisiana.
    Background: Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is an exfoliative disorder of the skin usually caused by a drug reaction. The primary goal of wound care for patients with TEN is prevention of further mechanical trauma to the skin, along with management of wound infection.

    Case: A 77-year-old woman with TEN was successfully managed with a perforated silver soft contact foam and a superabsorbent outer layer. Read More

    Beneficial Effects of Everolimus on Autism and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms in a Group of Patients with Tuberous Sclerosis Complex.
    J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol 2017 May 31;27(4):383-388. Epub 2016 Oct 31.
    2 Department of Child Neurology, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul University , Istanbul, Turkey .
    Objectives: Such neuropsychiatric symptoms as autism spectrum disorders, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), intellectual disability, aggression, and epilepsy are very common in patients with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). Everolimus, a mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor, is a recent and effective treatment for TSC patients with giant cell astrocytomas and renal angiomyolipoma, and it has been shown to have a potential to reduce tumor volume. However, there is a paucity of studies on the effects of everolimus on neuropsychiatric symptoms. Read More

    Intranasal Location and Immunohistochemical Characterization of the Equine Olfactory Epithelium.
    Front Neuroanat 2016 13;10:97. Epub 2016 Oct 13.
    Institute of Veterinary Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Justus Liebig University Giessen Giessen, Germany.
    The olfactory epithelium (OE) is the only body site where neurons contact directly the environment and are therefore exposed to a broad variation of substances and insults. It can serve as portal of entry for neurotropic viruses which spread via the olfactory pathway to the central nervous system. For horses, it has been proposed and concluded mainly from rodent studies that different viruses, e. Read More

    Use of sodium hyaluronate and synthetic amino acid precursors of collagen for the symptomatic treatment of mucositis in patients undergoing haematopoietic stem cell transplants.
    J Biol Regul Homeost Agents 2016 Jul-Sep;30(3):889-894
    Department of Surgical Sciences, Dental School, University of Turin, Turin, Italy.
    Oral mucositis (OM) may occur in up to 100% of patients undergoing condition regimen to hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT). From the patient’s perspective, OM is one of the most debilitating side effects of transplantation. It is commonly thought that oral hygiene can modify the incidence and severity of oral mucositis, therefore professional oral health care (POHC) is recommended prior to conditioning regimen for HSCT. Read More

    Spatiotemporal dynamics of the Ebola epidemic in Guinea and implications for vaccination and disease elimination: a computational modeling analysis.
    BMC Med 2016 09 7;14(1):130. Epub 2016 Sep 7.
    Laboratory for the Modeling of Biological and Socio-technical Systems, Northeastern University, 360 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.
    Background: Among the three countries most affected by the Ebola virus disease outbreak in 2014-2015, Guinea presents an unusual spatiotemporal epidemic pattern, with several waves and a long tail in the decay of the epidemic incidence.

    Methods: Here, we develop a stochastic agent-based model at the level of a single household that integrates detailed data on Guinean demography, hospitals, Ebola treatment units, contact tracing, and safe burial interventions. The microsimulation-based model is used to assess the effect of each control strategy and the probability of elimination of the epidemic according to different intervention scenarios, including ring vaccination with the recombinant vesicular stomatitis virus-vectored vaccine. Read More

    Unmet diagnostic needs in contact oral mucosal allergies.
    Clin Mol Allergy 2016 1;14(1):10. Epub 2016 Sep 1.
    Section of Allergology and Clinical Immunology, Department of Internal Medicine and Infectious Diseases, University of Bari Medical School, Bari, Italy.
    The oral mucosa including the lips is constantly exposed to several noxious stimuli, irritants and allergens. However, oral contact pathologies are not frequently seen because of the relative resistance of the oral mucosa to irritant agents and allergens due to anatomical and physiological factors. The spectrum of signs and symptoms of oral contact allergies (OCA) is broad and a large number of condition can be the clinical expression of OCA such as allergic contact stomatitis, allergic contact cheilitis, geographic tongue, oral lichenoid reactions, burning mouth syndrome. Read More

    [Mucosal diseases from an allergological perspective].
    Hautarzt 2016 Oct;67(10):780-785
    Univ. Klinik für Dermatologie, LKH Graz, Auenbruggerplatz 8, 8036, Graz, Österreich.
    The oral allergy syndrome is one of the most common form of food allergy and manifests as contact urticaria of the oral mucosa after consumption of cross reacting foods. Whereas allergic contact stomatitis often occurs due to dental materials, allergic contact cheilitis is usually a reaction due to topical therapeutics like herpes ointments or lip care products. As late type reactions are more frequent than immediate type reactions in the anogenital mucosa, contact dermatitis in this area should be identified via epicutaneous testing. Read More

    Effect of incorporating seed oils on the antifungal property, surface roughness, wettability, weight change, and glucose sorption of a soft liner.
    J Prosthet Dent 2017 Jan 1;117(1):178-185. Epub 2016 Aug 1.
    Professor, Department of Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge and Implantology, Coorg Institute of Dental Sciences, Virajpet, Coorg, and Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Bangalore, India.
    Statement Of Problem: The colonization of Candida albicans on soft liners causes the deterioration of material surface properties and denture stomatitis.

    Purpose: The purpose of this in vitro study was to investigate the effect of incorporating seed oil on the antifungal properties, surface roughness, wettability, weight changes, and glucose adsorption/absorption of a soft liner.

    Material And Methods: Centratherum anthelminticum, Ocimum sanctum Linn, and Linum usitatissimum seed oils were incorporated into a soft liner, and the diameter of the inhibition zone (DIZ) was calculated relative to the growth of C albicans at 24, 48, and 72 hours and 7 days. Read More

    Transcription Factors Efg1 and Bcr1 Regulate Biofilm Formation and Virulence during Candida albicans-Associated Denture Stomatitis.
    PLoS One 2016 25;11(7):e0159692. Epub 2016 Jul 25.
    Department of Oral and Craniofacial Biology, Dental School, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America.
    Denture stomatitis (DS) is characterized by inflammation of the oral mucosa in direct contact with dentures and affects a significant number of otherwise healthy denture wearers. The disease is caused by Candida albicans, which readily colonizes and form biofilms on denture materials. While evidence for biofilms on abiotic and biotic surfaces initiating Candida infections is accumulating, a role for biofilms in DS remains unclear. Read More

    Toxicity of soluble film automatic dishwashing products as reported to the United Kingdom National Poisons Information Service 2008-2015.
    Clin Toxicol (Phila) 2016 Nov 20;54(9):862-866. Epub 2016 Jul 20.
    a NPIS (Birmingham Unit), City Hospital , Birmingham , UK.
    Introduction: Soluble film automatic dishwashing tablets, unlike their traditional counterparts, require no removal from an outer protective wrapper prior to use. Instead, the tablets are enclosed by a water-soluble polyvinyl alcohol film and are loaded straight into the dishwashing machine. They most commonly contain a source of hydrogen peroxide (often as sodium percarbonate) and non-ionic surfactants. Read More

    Proliferation, migration, and expression of oral-mucosal-healing-related genes by oral fibroblasts receiving low-level laser therapy after inflammatory cytokines challenge.
    Lasers Surg Med 2016 Dec 15;48(10):1006-1014. Epub 2016 Jul 15.
    Araraquara School of Dentistry, UNESP-Univ. Estadual Paulista, Araraquara, SP, 14.801-903, Brazil.
    Background And Objectives: Increased expression of inflammatory cytokines in the oral cavity has been related to the etiopathogenesis of oral mucositis and to delayed oral mucosal repair. Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) stimulates proliferation and migration of gingival fibroblasts, but the effects of specific inflammatory cytokines on oral mucosal cells and the modulation of these effects by LLLT have not been fully investigated. Therefore, this study investigated the effects of LLLT on oral fibroblasts after being challenged by oral-mucositis-related inflammatory cytokines. Read More

    Acrylate and methacrylate contact allergy and allergic contact disease: a 13-year review.
    Contact Dermatitis 2016 Sep 11;75(3):157-64. Epub 2016 Jul 11.
    Birmingham Skin Centre, Sandwell and West Birmingham Hospitals NHS Trust, Birmingham, B18 7QH, UK.
    Background: (Meth)acrylates are important causes of contact allergy and allergic contact disease, such as dermatitis and stomatitis, with new and emerging sources resulting in changing clinical presentations.

    Objectives: To identify the (meth)acrylates that most commonly cause allergic contact disease, highlight their usefulness for screening, and examine their relationship with occupational and clinical data.

    Methods: A retrospective review of results from patch tests performed between July 2002 and September 2015, in one tertiary Cutaneous Allergy Unit, was performed

    Results: A series of 28 (meth)acrylates was applied to 475 patients. Read More

    Stevens-Johnson Syndrome and Corneal Ectasia: Management and a Case for Association.
    Am J Ophthalmol 2016 Sep 4;169:276-81. Epub 2016 Jul 4.
    Department of Ophthalmology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, Massachusetts; Boston Foundation for Sight, Needham, Massachusetts.
    Purpose: To report the occurrence of corneal ectasia (ECT) in patients with history of Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS), and to make the case for an association between these 2 diagnoses. We also report the impact of prosthetic replacement of the ocular surface ecosystem (PROSE) treatment on visual acuity (VA) in these patients.

    Design: Retrospective cohort study. Read More

    Amalgam Contact Allergy in Oral Lichenoid Lesions.
    Dermatitis 2016 Jul-Aug;27(4):215-21
    From the Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.
    Background: Oral lichenoid lesions (OLLs) cannot be distinguished from oral lichen planus (OLP) except that causative factors can be identified. Amalgam is one of the causative allergens, and replacement may lead to resolution.

    Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, prognosis, and aggravating factors of amalgam contact allergy in patients with OLLs. Read More

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