296,861 results match your criteria Contact Lens Spectrum[Journal]


Branching mechanisms shaping dendrite architecture.

Dev Biol 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

The University of Queensland, Queensland Brain Institute, Brisbane, Queensland, 4072, Australia. Electronic address:

A neuron's contribution to the information flow within a neural circuit is governed by the structure of its dendritic arbor. The geometry of the dendritic arbor directly determines synaptic density and the size of the receptive field, both of which influence the firing pattern of the neuron. Importantly, the position of individual dendritic branches determines the identity of the neuron's presynaptic partner and thus the nature of the incoming sensory information. Read More

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December 2018

Ribosomal protein eL42 contributes to the catalytic activity of the yeast ribosome at the elongation step of translation.

Biochimie 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Sorbonne Université, Campus Pierre et Marie Curie, Laboratoire "Enzymologie de l'ARN", SU-UR6; (Bâtiment B); Case courrier 60 - 4, Place Jussieu, F-75252, Paris Cedex 05, France.

The GGQ minidomain of the ribosomal protein eL42 was previously shown to contact the CCA-arm of P-site bound tRNA in human ribosome, indicating a possible involvement of the protein in the catalytic activity. Here, using Schizosaccharomyces pombe (S. pombe) cells, we demonstrate that the GGQ minidomain and neighboring region of eL42 is critical for the ribosomal function. Read More

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December 2018

Degradation Rate Observations as a Function of Drug Load in Solid State Drug Products.

J Pharm Sci 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Analytical Research & Development, Pfizer Inc, Sandwich, UK.

Degradation rates of solid state drug products generally increase as the drug load decreases. A model for quantifying this effect based on surface area ratios is proposed here. This model relates the degradation rate to an estimate of the proportion of drug substance in contact with the excipient, and that the drug substance in contact with excipients degrades more quickly. Read More

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December 2018

Risk Factors for Severe Dry Eye Disease: Crowdsourced Research Using DryEyeRhythm.

Ophthalmology 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Juntendo University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Ophthalmology, Tokyo Japan.

This large-scale crowdsourced study using the iPhone application DryEyeRhythm identified the risk factors for severe dry eye disease-type symptoms, which included female sex, collagen disease, hay fever, depression, current contact-lens use, extended screen time, and smoking. Read More

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December 2018
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Associations of Patient Experience in Primary Care With Hospitalizations and Emergency Department Visits on Isolated Islands: A Prospective Cohort Study.

J Rural Health 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Family and Community Medicine, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Higashi-ku, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka, Japan.

Purpose: In rural areas, the management of hospitalizations and emergency department (ED) visits is an important issue, and it is compounded by factors such as the long distance to secondary care facilities, funding difficulties in many rural medical institutions, and shortage of medical staff. While better patient experience (PX) has been shown to reduce hospitalizations and ED visits, previous studies have not considered the differences between urban and rural areas. In addressing this gap, this study examines the association between PX and hospitalizations/ED visits on isolated islands. Read More

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December 2018

Delivering in-school interventions to improve dietary behaviours amongst 11- to 16-year-olds: A systematic review.

Obes Rev 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

The Staffordshire Centre for Psychological Research and Centre for Health Psychology, Staffordshire University, Stoke-on-Trent, UK.

Childhood obesity is a global health concern, which has both short- and long-term health consequences for the individual, and is a potential burden on health care services and the wider economy. The school environment is a setting where changes can be applied to dietary behaviours, as schools have direct and intensive contact with children. This systematic review evaluated school-based interventions designed to improve dietary behaviours among adolescents (11- to 16-year-olds). Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Impact of a patient-flow physician coordinator on waiting times and length of stay in an emergency department: A before-after cohort study.

PLoS One 2018 14;13(12):e0209035. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Division of Emergency Medicine, Department of Community, Primary Care and Emergency Medicine, Geneva University Hospitals and School of Medicine, Geneva, Switzerland.

Objective: Overcrowding is common in most emergency departments (ED). Despite the use of validated triage systems, some patients are at risk of delayed medical evaluation. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of a patient-flow physician coordinator (PFPC) on the proportion of patients offered medical evaluation within time limits imposed by the Swiss Emergency Triage Scale (SETS) and on patient flow within the emergency department of a teaching urban hospital. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Varying redox potential affects P release from stream bank sediments.

PLoS One 2018 14;13(12):e0209208. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Agronomy Department, Iowa State University, Ames, IA, United States of America.

Sediments in streams that drain agricultural watersheds may be sinks that can adsorb P from the stream or sources that can release P to the stream. Sediment characteristics and environmental factors, including the oxidation-reduction (redox) potential of the water associated with the sediment, determine whether P will be adsorbed or released by the sediment. We investigated P adsorption and release by four sediments [three Holocene-age sediments (Camp Creek, Roberts Creek and Gunder) as well as Pre-Illinoian-age Till] that occur in Walnut Creek, a second-order stream in Jasper County, Iowa, that is representative of many small streams in the glaciated upper Midwest of the US. Read More

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December 2018

Does Hands-on Guarding Influence Performance on the Functional Gait Assessment?

J Geriatr Phys Ther 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

CoxHealth, Springfield, Missouri.

Background And Purpose: An accurate fall risk assessment is an important component of fall prevention, though a fall could occur during testing. To minimize this risk, different guarding methods are used, though there is disagreement regarding the optimal method. The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of 2 guarding methods, contact guarding (CG) and standby guarding (SG), on performance during the Functional Gait Assessment (FGA). Read More

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December 2018

CE: Addressing Food Insecurity in Vulnerable Populations.

Am J Nurs 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Heather L. Flores is an NP at the John and Ella Byrd McCain Health and Counseling Center, Alabama A&M University, Huntsville. Azita Amiri is an assistant professor of nursing at the University of Alabama, Huntsville. Contact author: Heather L. Flores, The authors and planners have disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or otherwise.

A review of risk factors, health effects, screening, and resources. ABSTRACT: Food insecurity affects people of all ages, in every area in which nurses work or volunteer. The U. Read More

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December 2018

CE: Original Research: Antineoplastic Drug Administration by Pregnant and Nonpregnant Nurses: An Exploration of the Use of Protective Gloves and Gowns.

Am J Nurs 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Christina C. Lawson is the epidemiology team leader, Candice Y. Johnson and Carissa M. Rocheleau are epidemiologists, and James M. Boiano is an industrial hygienist in the Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations, and Field Studies at the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) in Cincinnati, OH. Feiby L. Nassan is a postdoctoral research fellow at the Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health in Boston. Thomas H. Connor is a research biologist in the Division of Applied Research and Technology at NIOSH. Jorge E. Chavarro is an associate professor in the Departments of Nutrition and Epidemiology at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health at Harvard Medical School, as well as the principal investigator of the Nurses' Health Study 3. Janet W. Rich-Edwards is the director of developmental epidemiology at the Mary Horrigan Connors Center for Women's Health and Gender Biology at Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School. Rich-Edwards received grant funding from NIOSH to support data analysis (grant no. 200-2013-M-54978). Contact author: Christina C. Lawson, The authors and planners have disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or otherwise.

Findings from this cross-sectional study indicate a need for expanded training in safe handling practices.

Abstract: Background: Many antineoplastic (chemotherapeutic) drugs are known or probable human carcinogens, and many have been shown to be reproductive toxicants in cancer patients. Evidence from occupational exposure studies suggests that health care workers who have long-term, low-level occupational exposure to antineoplastic drugs have an increased risk of adverse reproductive outcomes. Read More

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December 2018

Fourier Analysis of Corneal Irregular Astigmatism Due to the Anterior Corneal Surface in Dry Eye.

Eye Contact Lens 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Departments of Innovative Visual Science (S.K., K.M.), and Ophthalmology (S.K., N.M., M.O., S.A., Y.T., K.M., K.N.), Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan; Research and Development Division (Y.T.), Rohto, Kyoto, Japan; and Department of Ophthalmology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai (S.D.K.), New York, NY.

Objectives: To evaluate corneal irregular astigmatism due to the anterior corneal surface using Fourier harmonic analysis with a Placido ring-based corneal topographer (Placido-based topographer) and three-dimensional anterior segment optical coherence tomography (OCT) in dry eyes.

Methods: Forty-four eyes of 44 subjects with dry eye and 20 eyes of 20 normal control subjects were enrolled. Corneal topographic data were obtained using a Placido-based topographer and OCT. Read More

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December 2018

Handshaking promotes deal-making by signaling cooperative intent.

J Pers Soc Psychol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Marketing, Harvard Business School.

We examine how a simple handshake-a gesture that often occurs at the outset of social interactions-can influence deal-making. Because handshakes are social rituals, they are imbued with meaning beyond their physical features. We propose that during mixed-motive interactions, a handshake is viewed as a signal of cooperative intent, increasing people's cooperative behavior and affecting deal-making outcomes. Read More

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December 2018

Excited-State Proton Transfer of 5,8-Dicyano-2-naphthol in High-Temperature and High-Pressure Methanol: Effect of Solvent Polarity and Hydrogen Bonding Ability.

J Phys Chem B 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Science and Engineering , Doshisha University , Kyotanabe , Kyoto 610-0321 , Japan.

Excited-state proton transfer (ESPT) of 5,8-dicyano-2-naphthol (DCN2) in methanol at 30 MPa isobar between 294 and 543 K was studied using time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy. From room temperature up to 513 K, a fluorescence band from an anionic form (RO*, a proton dissociated form of DCN2) was observed, which indicates that the ESPT occurred under these thermal conditions. The time profiles of fluorescence intensity of the normal form of DCN2 (ROH*) (proton-associated form of DCN2) and RO* were analyzed, considering the diffusion process of the contact ion pair RO*···H in the Coulomb field based on the Debye-Smoluchowski theory. Read More

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December 2018

Evaluation of Carriage with the Analysis of Serogroups, Genogroups and Clonal Complexes among Polish Soldiers.

Pol J Microbiol 2018 ;67(4):493-500

Military Institute of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Tropical Medicine , Warsaw , Poland.

Neisseria meningitidis is an etiological factor of invasive meningococcal disease (IMD). This Gram-negative diplococcus is transmitted from person to person via droplets or through a direct physical contact with secretions of infected patients or asymptomatic carriers. The latter account for 5-10% of the general population. Read More

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January 2018

[The development of laboratory diagnostic of leprosy using polymerase chain reaction].

Klin Lab Diagn 2018 ;63(1):55-59

DNA-Technology LLC, 115478, Moscow, Russia.

The purpose of study is to develop techniques of laboratory diagnostic of leprosy on the basis of polymerase chain reaction. The techniques were worked through such as extraction of DNA from various clinical material (bioptates and scarifcate of skin, scrapes from mucous surface of nose and trophic ulcers, blood serum). The systems of oligonucleotides were constructed to 16S pRNA and probe for identifcation of Mycobacterium leprae in real-time format for amplifer DT-96 ("The DNA-Technology", Russia). Read More

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January 2018
1 Read

Characterization of laser ultrasound source signals in biological tissues for imaging applications.

J Biomed Opt 2018 Dec;24(2):1-11

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Cambridge, Massachusett, United States.

Short optical pulses emitted from a tunable Q-switched laser (800 to 2000 nm) generate laser ultrasound (LUS) signals at the surface of biological tissue. The LUS signal's acoustic frequency content, dependence on sample type, and optical wavelength are observed in the far field. The experiments yield a reference dataset for the design of noncontact LUS imaging systems. Read More

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December 2018

Urinary circulating DNA and circulating antigen for diagnosis of schistosomiasis mansoni: a field study.

Trop Med Int Health 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Medical Biochemistry Department, Faculty of Medicine, University of Alexandria, Egypt.

Objective: To evaluate three non- invasive assays for the diagnosis of schistosomiasis mansoni in an Egyptian village.

Methods: Urine was collected for the detection of circulating cathodic antigen (CCA) and cell free parasite DNA (cfpd) by Point-of-contact (POC)-cassette assay and PCR respectively. These tests were compared to Kato Katz (KK) fecal thick smear for detection of Schistosoma mansoni eggs. Read More

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December 2018

Communicative Hand-Waving Gestures Facilitate Object Learning in Preverbal Infants.

Dev Sci 2018 Dec 14:e12787. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Psychology, Otemon Gakuin University, 2-1-15 Nishiai, Ibaraki, Osaka, 567-8502, JAPAN.

The theory of natural pedagogy has proposed that infants can use ostensive signals, including eye contact, infant-directed speech, and contingency to learn from others. However, the role of bodily gestures, such as hand-waving, in social learning has been largely ignored. To address this gap in the literature, this study sought to determine whether 4-month-old infants exhibited a preference for horizontal or vertical (control) hand-waving gestures. Read More

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December 2018
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Use of network analysis multidrug-resistant tuberculosis contact investigation in Kanchanaburi, Thailand.

Trop Med Int Health 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Clinical Sciences and Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Mahidol University, Nakhon Pathom, Thailand.

Objective: To characterize an MDR-TB outbreak and incorporate social network analysis with contact investigation to detect case-contact linkages and clusters.

Methods: MDR-TB cases registered in the district hospital between October 2012 and September 2015 were interviewed and their contacts were investigated. A relationship-based weighted network was constructed. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Wishing to be perceived as a capable and resourceful person - A qualitative study of melanoma patients' experiences of the contact and interaction with healthcare professionals.

J Clin Nurs 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Nursing, Umeå University, SE -901 85, Umeå, Sweden.

Aims And Objectives: We aimed to explore patients' experiences of contact and interaction with healthcare professionals (HCPs) during the diagnostic process of melanoma.

Background: In Sweden, most patients with suspected skin lesions seek care at the primary level of services in the first instance. Previous research describe the diagnostic process as a complex journey with uncertainty. Read More

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December 2018
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Wafer-Scale Fabrication of High-Performance n-Type Polymer Monolayer Transistors Using a Multi-Level Self-Assembly Strategy.

Adv Mater 2018 Dec 14:e1806747. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences (BNLMS), Key Laboratory of Bioorganic Chemistry and Molecular Engineering of Ministry of Education, Key Laboratory of Polymer Chemistry and Physics of Ministry of Education, Center of Soft Matter Science and Engineering, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, China.

Wafer-scale fabrication of high-performance uniform organic electronic materials is of great challenge and has rarely been realized before. Previous large-scale fabrication methods always lead to different layer thickness and thereby poor film and device uniformity. Herein, the first demonstration of 4 in. Read More

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December 2018

Human native endocarditis caused by Streptococcus canis-a case report.

APMIS 2019 Jan;127(1):41-44

Centre for Cardiovascular Surgery and Transplantation, Brno, Czech Republic.

We report a very rare case of Streptococcus canis native infective endocarditis in a 73-year-old woman living in close contact with her dog. Her echocardiography showed large calcifications in the mitral annulus, massive regurgitation below the posterior leaflet, and adjacent vegetation. Blood culture was positive for Streptococcus Lancefield group G. Read More

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January 2019
2 Reads

Mental health carers' experiences of an Australian Carer Peer Support program: Tailoring supports to carers' needs.

Health Soc Care Community 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Psychosocial Research Centre, Department of Psychiatry, University of Melbourne, Coburg, Victoria, Australia.

Carer Peer Support Workers (CPSWs) are people who have lived experience as carers/family members of persons with a mental illness, and are employed to provide support to other carers/family members. This qualitative study aimed to explore carers' experiences within a community-based CPSW pilot program in an Australian mental health service. Semi-structured phone interviews were conducted with 20 carer participants in 2015, 5-10 months following their last contact with the service. Read More

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December 2018

Confinement of Perovskite-QDs within a Single MOF Crystal for Significantly Enhanced Multiphoton Excited Luminescence.

Adv Mater 2018 Dec 14:e1806897. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

State Key Laboratory of Silicon Materials, Cyrus Tang Center for Sensor Materials and Applications, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310027, China.

The development of the photostable higher-order multiphoton-excited (MPE) upconversion single microcrystalline material is fundamentally and technologically important, but very challenging. Here, up to five-photon excited luminescence in a host-guest metal-organic framework (MOF) and perovskite quantum dot (QD) hybrid single crystal ZJU-28⊃MAPbBr is shown via an in situ growth approach. Such a MOF strategy not only results in a high QD loading concentration, but also significantly diminishes the aggregation-caused quenching (ACQ) effect, provides effective surface passivation, and greatly reduces the contact of the QDs with the external bad atmosphere due to the confinement effect and protection of the framework. Read More

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December 2018

The effect of anti-IL-17 treatment on the reaction to a nickel patch test in patients with allergic contact dermatitis.

Int J Dermatol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Dermatology and Allergy, Herlev and Gentofte Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Hellerup, Denmark.

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December 2018

Health Literacy, Sociodemographic Factors, and Cognitive Training in the ACTIVE Study of Older Adults.

Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

University of Florida.

Objective: Health literacy is critical for understanding information from healthcare providers and correct use of medications and includes the capacity to filter other information in navigating health care systems. Older adults with low health literacy exhibit more chronic health conditions, worse physical functioning, and poorer mental health. This study examined the relationship between sociodemographic variables and health literacy, and the impact of cognitive training on change in health literacy over 10 years in older adults. Read More

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December 2018

Hepatocyte Injury Induced by Contrast-Enhanced Diagnostic Ultrasound.

J Ultrasound Med 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Radiology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.

Objectives: Contrast-enhanced diagnostic ultrasound (US) has a potential to induce localized biological effects. The potential for contrast-enhanced diagnostic US bioeffects in liver were researched, with guidance from a report by Yang et al (Ultrasonics 2012; 52:1065-1071).

Methods: Contact and standoff scanning was performed for 10 minutes with a diagnostic US phased array at 1. Read More

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December 2018

The histone chaperone complex FACT promotes proliferative switch of G cancer cells.

Int J Cancer 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

School of Science and Health, Western Sydney University, Australia.

Cancer cell repopulation through cell cycle re-entry by quiescent (G ) cell is thought to be an important mechanism behind treatment failure and cancer recurrence. Facilitates Chromatin Transcription (FACT) is involved in DNA repair, replication and transcription by eviction of histones or loosening their contact with DNA. While FACT expression is known to be high in a range of cancers, the biological significance of the aberrant increase is not clear. Read More

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December 2018
5.085 Impact Factor

Pediatric tinea capitis caused by Trichophyton violaceum and Trichophyton soudanense in Rochester, Minnesota, United States.

Int J Dermatol 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of Dermatology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.

Background: Tinea capitis is a common pediatric dermatophyte infection. Its main pathogen in the United States is Trichophyton tonsurans accounting for greater than 95% of the infections. Other pathogens including Trichophyton violaceum and Trichophyton soudanense are common in Africa. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Hospitalised burns in children up to 16 years old: A 10-year population-based study in Australia.

J Paediatr Child Health 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Australian Institute of Health Innovation, Macquarie University, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Aim: Globally, burns remain a significant public health issue that disproportionately affect young children. The current study examines the 10-year epidemiological profile of burn hospitalisations, hospital treatment cost and health outcomes by age group for children ≤16 years in Australia.

Methods: National, population-based, linked hospital and mortality data from 1 July 2002 to 30 June 2012 were used to identify burn-related hospitalisations. Read More

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December 2018

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with dynamic obstruction and high left ventricular outflow gradients associated with paradoxical apical ballooning.

Echocardiography 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Mount Sinai West, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York City, New York.

Background: Acute left ventricular (LV) apical ballooning with normal coronary angiography occurs rarely in obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (OHCM); it may be associated with severe hemodynamic instability.

Methods, Results: We searched for acute LV ballooning with apical hypokinesia/akinesia in databases of two HCM treatment programs. Diagnosis of OHCM was made by conventional criteria of LV hypertrophy in the absence of a clinical cause for hypertrophy and mitral-septal contact. Read More

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December 2018

¹⁶¹Dy time-domain synchrotron Mössbauer spectroscopy as a new way forward for investigating single molecule magnets incorporating Dy ions.

Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Technische Universitat Kaiserslautern, Fachbereich Physik, Erwin-Schödinger-Straße Gebäude 56, 67663, Kaiserslautern, GERMANY.

Time-domain synchrotron Mössbauer spectroscopy (SMS) based on the Mössbauer effect of ¹⁶¹Dy has been used to investigate the magnetic properties of a DyIII-based single molecule magnet (SMM). The magnetic hyperfine field of [Dy(Cy₃PO)₂(H₂O)₅] Br₃·2(Cy₃PO)·2H₂O ·2EtOH is with B₀=582.3(5) T significantly larger than the one of the free-ion DyIII with a ⁶H15/2 ground state. Read More

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December 2018

Self-Powered Chemical Sensing Driven by Graphene-Based Photovoltaic Heterojunctions with Chemically Tunable Built-In Potentials.

Small 2018 Dec 12:e1804303. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

KU-KIST Graduate School of Converging Science and Technology, Korea University, 145 Anam-ro, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul, 02841, Republic of Korea.

Ultralow power chemical sensing is essential toward realizing the Internet of Things. However, electrically driven sensors must consume power to generate an electrical readout. Here, a different class of self-powered chemical sensing platform based on unconventional photovoltaic heterojunctions consisting of a top graphene (Gr) layer in contact with underlying photoactive semiconductors including bulk silicon and layered transition metal dichalcogenides is proposed. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

Allergic contact connubial dermatitis caused by hair products.

Contact Dermatitis 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Immunology and Allergology Department, Centro Hospitalar Vila Nova de Gaia/Espinho, Espinho, Portugal.

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December 2018

Use of essential oils: A General population survey.

Contact Dermatitis 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Dermatology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

Minnesota State Fair attendees >18 years old were invited to complete a 17-question, institutional review board-approved survey on EO use. The questionnaire was designed with input by experts in contact dermatitis (EW, SH) and survey methodology (NG, EW). Read More

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December 2018

Occupational contact dermatitis to isopropanol-containing disinfectant based on a genetic defect.

Contact Dermatitis 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Dermatology and Venerology, Medical University of Graz, Austria.

A 52-year-old non-atopic healthy female Caucasian developed severe hand eczema after 13 years of working as a nurse. No recent changes had occurred in her work activities. The bouts of eczema correlated with her occupational activity. Read More

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December 2018

A metatranscriptomics-based assessment of small-scale mixing of sulfidic and oxic waters on redoxcline prokaryotic communities.

Environ Microbiol 2018 Dec 10. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research Warnemünde (IOW), Biological Oceanography, Seestr. 15, D-18119, Rostock, Germany.

Lateral intrusions of oxygen caused by small-scale mixing are thought to shape microbial activity in marine redoxclines. To examine the response of prokaryotes to such mixing events we employed a shipboard mixing experiment in the euxinic central Baltic Sea: oxic, nitrate containing and sulfidic water samples without detectable oxygenized substances were incubated directly or after mixing. While nitrate, nitrite and ammonium concentrations stayed approximately constant in all incubations, we observed a decrease of sulfide after the contact with oxygen in the sulfide containing incubations. Read More

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December 2018

Arthroscopic double-row rotator cuff repair: a comprehensive review of the literature.

SICOT J 2018 14;4:57. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul, Turkey.

Rotator cuff repairs seek to achieve adequate tendon fixation and to secure the fixation during the process of biological healing. Currently, arthroscopic rotator cuff repair has become the gold standard. One of the earliest defined techniques is single-row repair but the inadequacy of single-row repair to precisely restore the anatomical footprint as well as the significant rates of retear especially in large tears have led surgeons to seek other techniques. Read More

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December 2018

Prevalence of intestinal parasites and the absence of soil-transmitted helminths in Añatuya, Santiago del Estero, Argentina.

Parasit Vectors 2018 Dec 14;11(1):638. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Fundación Mundo Sano, Paraguay, 1535, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Background: Intestinal parasites (IP) have been reported in point studies from different provinces of Argentina. The presence of soil-transmitted helminths (STH) was detected in many of these studies, including varied prevalences of all five species of STH in the north were the climate is more appropriate for transmission. Nonetheless, Argentina lacks a comprehensive prevalence map of STH. Read More

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December 2018

Evaluation of an educational intervention in oral health for primary care physicians: a cluster randomized controlled study.

BMC Oral Health 2018 Dec 14;18(1):218. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Clinical Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Bergen, P.O. Box 7804, N-5020, Bergen, Norway.

Background: Family physicians are in frequent contact with patients, and their contribution to oral health promotion programs could be utilized more effectively. We implemented an oral health care (OHC) educational seminar for physicians and evaluated its impact on their knowledge retention in OHC.

Methods: We conducted an educational trial for primary care physicians (n = 106) working in Public Health Centers in Tehran city. Read More

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December 2018
1.147 Impact Factor

Factors associated with overweight cats successfully completing a diet-based weight loss programme: an observational study.

BMC Vet Res 2018 Dec 14;14(1):397. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Institute of Veterinary Science, University of Liverpool, Neston, UK.

Background: The most common approach for controlled weight loss in cats is dietary caloric restriction, using a purpose-formulated diet. Most previous studies have only assessed short-term outcomes, and no previous study has examined overall success (i.e. Read More

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December 2018

Improving detection of tuberculosis among household contacts of index tuberculosis patients by an integrated approach in Myanmar: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Infect Dis 2018 Dec 14;18(1):660. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Epidemiology Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkhla, 90110, Thailand.

Background: Contact tracing for tuberculosis (TB) is a recommended measure to improve the case detection rate; however, actual implementation in Myanmar is limited and low detection rates have been reported. Household contacts of a known index TB case are at high risk of infection, thus a more strategic action for contact tracing is required to achieve the goal of the World Health Organization End TB Strategy. This study aimed to assess TB case detection rates among household contacts by an integrated approach and identify risk factors for TB. Read More

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December 2018

In Silico Characterization of B Cell and T Cell Epitopes for Subunit Vaccine Design of Salmonella typhi PgtE: A Molecular Dynamics Simulation Approach.

J Comput Biol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

4 Data Mining and Text Mining Laboratory, Department of Bioinformatics, Bharathiar University , Coimbatore, India .

Typhoid fever is an acute illness in humans, caused by Salmonella typhi, a gram-negative bacterium. Outer membrane proteins of S. typhi have strong potential for its use in the development of subunit vaccine against typhoid. Read More

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December 2018

Tan's Contact for Trapped Lieb-Liniger Bosons at Finite Temperature.

Phys Rev Lett 2018 Nov;121(22):220402

CPHT, Ecole Polytechnique, CNRS, Université Paris-Saclay, Route de Saclay, 91128 Palaiseau, France.

The universal Tan relations connect a variety of microscopic features of many-body quantum systems with two-body contact interactions to a single quantity, called the contact. The latter has become pivotal in the description of quantum gases. We provide a complete characterization of the Tan contact of the harmonically trapped Lieb-Liniger gas for arbitrary interactions and temperature. Read More

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November 2018

Simultaneous Adsorption and Electrochemical Reduction of N-Nitrosodimethylamine using Carbon-TiO Composite Reactive Electrochemical Membranes.

Environ Sci Technol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

This study focused on synthesis and characterization of Ti4O7 reactive electrochemical membranes (REMs) amended with powder activated carbon (PAC) or multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). These composite REMs were evaluated for simultaneous adsorption and electrochemical reduction of N-Nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA). The carbon-Ti4O7 composite REMs had high electrical conductivities (1832 to 2991 S m-1), where carbon and Ti4O7 were in direct electrical contact. Read More

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December 2018

Aortic valve endocarditis and cerebral mycotic aneurysm due to brucellosis.

J Cardiol Cases 2011 Dec 27;4(3):e179-e182. Epub 2011 Aug 27.

Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine Radiology Department, Ankara, Turkey.

Brucellosis is an infectious disease caused by Gram-negative coccobacilli. Direct contact with the infected tissue or blood, consumption of infected dairy products, and inhalation of infectious aeresol particles can transmit the disease. Brucella endocarditis is rare but the most fatal complication of brucellosis. Read More

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December 2011

Carrying and hand-use patterns in Panamanian white-faced capuchins (Cebus capucinus).

Primates 2000 Oct;41(4):407-411

Department of Anthropology, East Carolina University, 27858, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.

The aim of this project was to examine the potential influence of postural regulation on capuchin hand-use patterns by focusing on tasks that involved the carrying of objects. Two months were spent on Barro Colorado Island, Panama, collecting data on ten white-faced capuchins (Cebus capucicus) (four adult males/six adult females). Over 215 contact hours were spent with the monkeys, and a total of 213 carries were recorded. Read More

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October 2000

Removal of Heavy Metal Ions from Household Drinking Water Using Acacia Galpinii Seeds and Seed Pods.

J Health Pollut 2016 Dec 22;6(12):7-14. Epub 2016 Dec 22.

Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Applied Sciences, National University of Science and Technology, Zimbabwe.

Background: Contamination of drinking water with heavy metals poses a human health threat, particularly in low-income countries where point-of-use water purification systems are beyond the reach of a majority of households.

Objectives: The study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of Acacia galpinii (monkey thorn tree) biomass in removing lead (Pb (ll)), cadmium (Cd (ll)), calcium (Ca (ll)), and magnesium (Mg (ll)) ions from drinking water.

Methods: A. Read More

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December 2016