2,443 results match your criteria Consciousness and Cognition [Journal]


A standard conceptual framework for the study of subjective time.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Apr 17;71:114-122. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Psychology, University of Zürich, Switzerland; Chair of Cognitive Science, ETH Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zürich, Switzerland; Swiss Distance Learning University, Faculty of Psychology, Brig, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Research on the mental representation of time ('subjective time') has provided broad insights into the nature of time perception and temporal processing. As the field comprises different scientific disciplines, such as psychology, philosophy, and neuroscience, studies differ with regard to the basic terms and concepts used. For this reason, research on subjective time lacks a coherent conceptual system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.04.004DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Masking procedures can influence priming effects besides their effects on conscious perception.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Apr 16;71:92-108. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Georg-Elias-Müller Institute for Psychology, University of Göttingen, Germany. Electronic address:

Masked priming has been employed to study the role of consciousness for different levels of visual processing. However, masking procedures differ systematically between studies. To examine these procedural differences we contrasted priming effects with metacontrast masking, which is often applied in the context of perceptual priming, and priming effects with sandwich pattern masking, frequently used in studies on semantic priming. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.03.009DOI Listing

Unconscious versus conscious thought in creative science problem finding: Unconscious thought showed no advantage!

Conscious Cogn 2019 Apr 16;71:109-113. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Department of Psychology, Education and Child Studies, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

Unconscious thought theory (UTT) suggests that creativity benefits more from unconscious thought than conscious thought. However, previous studies have only focused on creative problem solving. This study aims to explore the effect of unconscious thought and conscious thought in creative science problem finding (CSPF). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.03.010DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Automaticity of pitch class-color synesthesia as revealed by a Stroop-like effect.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Apr 9;71:86-91. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Center for Integrated Human Brain Science, Brain Research Institute, University of Niigata, Japan.

Pitch classes (e.g., do, re, and mi) in music evoke color sensations in pitch class-color synesthesia, which is a recently described form of synesthesia in musicians. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.04.001DOI Listing

Emotions associated with different textures during touch.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Apr 6;71:79-85. Epub 2019 Apr 6.

Brunel University London, College of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Life Sciences, Kingston Lane, Uxbridge, Middlesex UB8 3PH, United Kingdom; Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Centre for Experimental Psychology, 2a Shelepikhinskaya Quay, 123290 Moscow, Russia.

Haptics plays an important role in emotion perception. However, most studies of the affective aspects of haptics have investigated emotional valence rather than emotional categories. In the present study, we explored the associations of different textures with six basic emotions: fear, anger, happiness, disgust, sadness and surprise. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.03.012DOI Listing

Auditory awareness negativity is an electrophysiological correlate of awareness in an auditory threshold task.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Mar 28;71:70-78. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Gösta Ekman Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Sweden. Electronic address:

One theory of visual awareness proposes that electrophysiological activity related to awareness occurs in primary visual areas approximately 200 ms after stimulus onset (visual awareness negativity: VAN) and in fronto-parietal areas about 300 ms after stimulus onset (late positivity: LP). Although similar processes might be involved in auditory awareness, only sparse evidence exists for this idea. In the present study, we recorded electrophysiological activity while subjects listened to tones that were presented at their own awareness threshold. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10538100183054
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.03.008DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Visual expectations change subjective experience without changing performance.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Mar 28;71:59-69. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Psychology Department, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA.

It is widely believed that visual expectations can change the subjective experiences of humans. We investigated how visual expectations in a recognition task affected objective performance and subjective perception. Using a 2-alternative-forced-choice task based on digit recognition of briefly presented and visually masked digits, we found over two experiments that expectations changed the quality of the experiences without changing the performance capabilities associated with the quality of experience. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.03.007DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Task manipulation effects on the relationship between working memory and go/no-go task performance.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Mar 28;71:39-58. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Purdue University, United States.

Go/no-go tasks are widely used in psychology as measures of inhibition, mind-wandering, and impulsivity, but relatively little research has explored the impact that task manipulations have on task performance and measurement of the intended psychological constructs. Experiment 1 investigated the differences between perceptual and semantic versions of go/no-go tasks and how task performance relates to individual differences in working memory capacity (WMC), a widely-studied cognitive construct. The type of decision performed on the go/no-go stimuli influenced performance, but not the relationship with WMC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.03.006DOI Listing
March 2019
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Social exclusion reduces the sense of agency: Evidence from intentional binding.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Mar 26;71:30-38. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Social Brain, Body and Action Lab, Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour, McMaster University, Canada. Electronic address:

Social exclusion is known to induce an immediate threat to one's perceived sense of control. The sense of agency is an important human experience, strongly associated with volitional action. Healthy participants perceive the temporal interval between a voluntary action and its effect to be shorter than the same interval when it separates an involuntary action and effect. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.03.004DOI Listing

Self-reported inner speech relates to phonological retrieval ability in people with aphasia.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Mar 25;71:18-29. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Center for Brain Plasticity and Recovery, Georgetown University Medical Center, United States; Department of Neurology, Georgetown University Medical Center, United States; Center for Aphasia Research and Rehabilitation, Georgetown University Medical Center, United States; Research Division, MedStar National Rehabilitation Hospital, United States.

Many individuals with aphasia report the ability to say words in their heads despite spoken naming difficulty. Here, we examined individual differences in the experience of inner speech (IS) in participants with aphasia to test the hypotheses that self-reported IS reflects intact phonological retrieval and that articulatory output processing is not essential to IS. Participants (N = 53) reported their ability to name items correctly internally during a silent picture-naming task. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.03.005DOI Listing
March 2019
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Evidence for distinct clusters of diverse anomalous experiences and their selective association with signs of elevated cortical hyperexcitability.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Mar 21;71:1-17. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Department of Psychology, Lancaster University, LA1 4YF, UK.

Visual cortical hyperexcitability is now known to be an underlying factor for aberrant visual experience, including hallucinations, and pattern or light induced visual discomfort. Such factors have also been observed in neurological and non-clinical groups (albeit in attenuated form) - consistent with the notion of a continuum of anomalous experiences. Utilizing an exploratory factor analysis (EFA) approach (n = 300), Study 1 developed a revised proxy screening measure for visual cortical hyperexcitability - the Cortical Hyperexcitability index - II(CHi-II). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.03.003DOI Listing
March 2019
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Perceptual organization of line configurations: Is visual awareness necessary?

Conscious Cogn 2019 Apr 19;70:101-115. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Department of Psychology, University of Haifa, Israel; Institute of Information Processing and Decision Making, University of Haifa, Israel. Electronic address:

We examined whether configuring, which determines the appearance of grouped elements as a global shape, requires visual awareness, using a priming paradigm and two invisibility-inducing methods, CFS and sandwich masking. The primes were organized into configurations based on closure, collinearity, and symmetry (collinear primes), or on closure and symmetry (noncollinear primes). The prime-target congruency could be in configuration or in elements. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.02.005DOI Listing

The mood-enhancement function of autobiographical memories: Comparisons with other functions in terms of emotional valence.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Apr 16;70:88-100. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Department of Psychology, University of Zurich, Switzerland; University Research Priority Program "Dynamics of Healthy Aging", University of Zurich, Switzerland. Electronic address:

In two studies, we examined the emotional valence of memories used for mood-enhancement in relation to memories serving self, social and directive functions. Our sample included a total of 263 participants aged between 45 and 82 years. In Study 1, participants recalled memories in response to 51 cue words. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.03.002DOI Listing

Meditation focused on self-observation of the body impairs metacognitive efficiency.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Apr 11;70:116-125. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS), Paris, France; Subjective Correlates of Cognitive Mechanisms Group (EHESS/CNRS/ENS), PSL Research University, Paris, France; École Polytechnique, Palaiseau, France.

In the last decade of research on metacognition, the literature has been focused on understanding its mechanism, function and scope; however, little is known about whether metacognitive capacity can be trained. The specificity of the potential training procedure is in particular still largely unknown. In this study, we evaluate whether metacognition is trainable through generic meditation training, and if so, which component of meditation would be instrumental in this improvement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.03.001DOI Listing

The hand of God or the hand of Maradona? Believing in free will increases perceived intentionality of others' behavior.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Apr 9;70:80-87. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Ghent University, Belgium.

The question of whether free will actually exists has been debated in philosophy for centuries. However, how belief in free will shapes the perception of our social environment still remains open. Here we investigate whether belief in free will affects how much intentionality we attribute to other people. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.02.004DOI Listing

Inducing synesthesia in non-synesthetes: Short-term visual deprivation facilitates auditory-evoked visual percepts.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Apr 7;70:70-79. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, United States. Electronic address:

Sounds can modulate activity in visual cortex, facilitating the detection of visual targets. However, these sound-driven modulations are not thought to evoke conscious visual percepts in the general population. In individuals with synesthesia, however, multisensory interactions do lead to qualitatively different experiences such as sounds evoking flashes of light. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.02.006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6436976PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Coffee cues elevate arousal and reduce level of construal.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Apr 5;70:57-69. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

University of Toronto Scarborough, Canada.

Coffee and tea are two beverages commonly-consumed around the world. Therefore, there is much research regarding their physiological effects. However, less is known about their psychological meanings. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10538100183033
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.02.007DOI Listing
April 2019
10 Reads

Unconscious processing of coarse visual information during anticipatory threat.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Apr 1;70:50-56. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University, Nijmegen, the Netherlands.

Rapid detection of threats has been proposed to rely on automatic processing of their coarse visual features. However, it remains unclear whether such a mechanism is restricted to detection of threat cues, or whether it reflects a broader sensitivity to even neutral coarse visual information features during states of threat. We used a backward masking task in which participants discriminated the orientation of subliminally presented low (3 cpd) and high (6 cpd) spatial frequency gratings, under threat (of shock) and safe conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.01.018DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Electrophysiological and phenomenological effects of short-term immersion in an altered sensory environment.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Apr 28;70:39-49. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Department of Psychology, State University of New York at Binghamton, United States.

We examined the spontaneous cerebral electrophysiology and phenomenology during short-term perceptual deprivation consisting of an edgeless visual field combined with monotonous auditory input that eliminated potential grounding cues (multimodal Ganzfeld). Subjects (N = 22) were instructed to self-report perceptual fading using a button press. Relaxed wakefulness with closed eyes and viewing of a time-varying stimulus array served as control conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.02.003DOI Listing

Consciousness and topologically structured phenomenal spaces.

Authors:
Robert Prentner

Conscious Cogn 2019 Apr 26;70:25-38. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

ETH Zürich, Professur für Philosophie, 8092 Zürich, Switzerland. Electronic address:

There are strong reasons to believe that our conscious inner life is structured, suggested both by introspection as well as scientific psychology. One of the most salient structural characteristics of conscious experiences is known as unity of consciousness. In this contribution, we wish to demonstrate how features of experience that pertain to the unity of consciousness could be made precise in terms of mathematical relations that hold between phenomenal objects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.02.002DOI Listing

Relationships between implicit and explicit uncertainty monitoring and mindreading: Evidence from autism spectrum disorder.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Apr 16;70:11-24. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Department of Philosophy, University of Maryland, USA.

We examined performance on implicit (non-verbal) and explicit (verbal) uncertainty-monitoring tasks among neurotypical participants and participants with autism, while also testing mindreading abilities in both groups. We found that: (i) performance of autistic participants was unimpaired on the implicit uncertainty-monitoring task, while being significantly impaired on the explicit task; (ii) performance on the explicit task was correlated with performance on mindreading tasks in both groups, whereas performance on the implicit uncertainty-monitoring task was not; and (iii) performance on implicit and explicit uncertainty-monitoring tasks was not correlated. The results support the view that (a) explicit uncertainty-monitoring draws on the same cognitive faculty as mindreading whereas (b) implicit uncertainty-monitoring only test first-order decision making. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.01.013DOI Listing
April 2019
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Enactive social cognition: Diachronic constitution & coupled anticipation.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Apr 15;70:1-10. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Philosophy, Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia. Electronic address:

This paper targets the constitutive basis of social cognition. It begins by describing the traditional and still dominant cognitivist view. Cognitivism assumes internalism about the realisers of social cognition; thus, the embodied and embedded elements of intersubjective engagement are ruled out from playing anything but a basic causal role in an account of social cognition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.02.001DOI Listing

Social contents in dreams: An empirical test of the Social Simulation Theory.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Mar 13;69:133-145. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Psychology, University of Turku, FI-20014 Turku, Finland; Turku Brain and Mind Center, University of Turku, FI-20014 Turku, Finland; Department of Cognitive Neuroscience and Philosophy, School of Biosciences, University of Skövde SE-54128, Skövde, Sweden.

Social Simulation Theory (SST) considers the function of dreaming to be the simulation of social events. The Sociality Bias and the Strengthening hypotheses of SST were tested. Social Content Scale (SCS) was developed to quantify social events. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.01.017DOI Listing
March 2019
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Learning of novel semantic relationships via sudden comprehension is associated with a hippocampus-independent network.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Mar 11;69:113-132. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Memory and Consciousness Research Group, Departments of Neurology and Stereotactic Neurosurgery, Otto-von-Guericke-University, Leipziger Strasse 44, 39120 Magdeburg, Germany. Electronic address:

Sudden comprehension-or insight-during problem-solving can enhance learning, but the underlying neural processes are largely unknown. We investigated neural correlates of learning from sudden comprehension using functional magnetic resonance imaging and a verbal problem-solving task. Solutions and "solutions" to solvable and unsolvable verbal problems, respectively, were presented to induce sudden comprehension or continued incomprehension. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.01.005DOI Listing

Manipulating memory associations changes decision-making preferences in a preconditioning task.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Mar 8;69:103-112. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Fudan University, China. Electronic address:

Memories of past experiences can guide our decisions. Thus, if memories are undermined or distorted, decision making should be affected. Nevertheless, little empirical research has been done to examine the role of memory in reinforcement decision-making. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10538100183031
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.01.016DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

The developmental difference of inattentional blindness in 3-to-5-year-old preschoolers and its relationship with fluid intelligence.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Mar 7;69:95-102. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Hangzhou College for Preschool Teachers, Zhejiang Normal University, Hangzhou, China. Electronic address:

Preschoolers can focus on the events that they are interested in and shield other information that may still be obvious and important, and this phenomenon is termed as inattentional blindness (IB). The present study investigated the developmental differences in IB and explored its relationship with fluid intelligence in 3-to-5-year-old preschoolers. With the involvement of one hundred and thirty-five preschoolers, it was found that the IB rates decreased with age during 3-to-5-year-olds. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.01.014DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Eight-year-olds, but not six-year-olds, perform just as well as adults when playing Concentration: Resolving the enigma?

Conscious Cogn 2019 Mar 5;69:81-94. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Center on Autobiographical Memory Research, Department of Psychology and Behavioural Sciences, Aarhus University, Bartholins Allé 9, Bld. 1350, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark. Electronic address:

Anecdotal reports suggest that children often outperform adults when playing Concentration. This is surprising as cognitive processes tend to develop progressively throughout childhood. To date, very few studies have examined this apparent paradox, and with mixed results. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.01.015DOI Listing

Bayes, time perception, and relativity: The central role of hopelessness.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Mar 1;69:70-80. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

DVC-R&I Portfolio & CeBRI, Federation University, Australia.

Time judgement and time experience are distinct elements of time perception. It is known that time experience tends to be slow, or dilated, when depressed, but there is less certainty or clarity concerning how depression affects time judgement. Here, we use a Bayesian Prediction Error Minimisation (PEM) framework called 'distrusting the present' as an explanatory and predictive model of both aspects of time perception. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.01.012DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Neurochemical models of near-death experiences: A large-scale study based on the semantic similarity of written reports.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Mar 1;69:52-69. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Buenos Aires Physics Institute (IFIBA) and National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET), Pabellón I, Ciudad Universitaria (1428), Buenos Aires, Argentina.; Departamento de Física, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina; UMR7225 Institut du cerveau et de la moelle épinière (ICM), Paris, France. Electronic address:

The real or perceived proximity to death often results in a non-ordinary state of consciousness characterized by phenomenological features such as the perception of leaving the body boundaries, feelings of peace, bliss and timelessness, life review, the sensation of traveling through a tunnel and an irreversible threshold. Near-death experiences (NDEs) are comparable among individuals of different cultures, suggesting an underlying neurobiological mechanism. Anecdotal accounts of the similarity between NDEs and certain drug-induced altered states of consciousness prompted us to perform a large-scale comparative analysis of these experiences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.01.011DOI Listing

Do semantic priming and retrieval of stimulus-response associations depend on conscious perception?

Conscious Cogn 2019 Mar 31;69:36-51. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Tel Aviv University, Israel. Electronic address:

What function does conscious perception serve in human behavior? Many studies relied on unconscious priming to demonstrate that unseen stimuli can be extensively processed. However, showing a small unconscious priming effect falls short of showing that the process underlying such priming is independent of conscious perception. Here, we investigated to what extent the retrieval of learned stimulus-response associations and semantic priming depend on conscious perception by using a liminal-prime paradigm that allows comparing conscious and unconscious processing under the same stimulus conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.01.010DOI Listing

Hand function, not proximity, biases visuotactile integration later in object processing: An ERP study.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Mar 25;69:26-35. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Claremont McKenna College, United States. Electronic address:

Behavioral studies document a functional hand proximity effect: objects near the palm, but not the back of the hand, affect visual processing. Although visuotactile bimodal neurons integrate visual and haptic inputs, their receptive fields in monkey cortex encompass the whole hand, not just the palm. Using ERPs, we investigated whether hand function influenced the topology of integrated space around the hand. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.01.007DOI Listing

Translating experimental paradigms into individual-differences research: Contributions, challenges, and practical recommendations.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Mar 24;69:14-25. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Research School of Psychology, The Australian National University, Australia.

Psychological science has long been cleaved by a fundamental divide between researchers who experimentally manipulate variables and those who measure existing individual-differences. Increasingly, however, researchers are appreciating the value of integrating these approaches. Here, we used visual attention research as a case-in-point for how this gap can be bridged. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.01.008DOI Listing
March 2019
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Ignorance is strength: May human mind's unique capabilities stem from its limitations?

Authors:
Gregory Gurevich

Conscious Cogn 2019 Mar 24;69:1-13. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

The Herta and Paul Amir Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Haifa, Mount Carmel, Haifa 31905, Israel. Electronic address:

Radical views on heuristics and biases, and more generally, non-optimal patterns of human judgement, construe them either as an unwelcome mental handicap or a great evolution-based advantage. A more moderate position recognizes both sides, depending on the context and the situation at hand. This paper suggests that at least in some cases, apparently unsound human judgment may be viewed as a hallmark of true intelligence, enabling its major insights while also making it so hard to analyze and fully comprehend. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.01.009DOI Listing
March 2019
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Unconscious arithmetic: Assessing the robustness of the results reported by Karpinski, Briggs, and Yale (2018).

Conscious Cogn 2019 Feb 18;68:97-106. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Visual Perception Laboratory, Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, corporate member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, and Berlin Institute of Health, 10117 Berlin, Germany; Department of General and Biological Psychology, Psychologische Hochschule Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

In 2012, a study by Sklar et al. reported that participants could solve invisible subtractions. This notion of unconscious arithmetic has been influential because it challenges current theories of consciousness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.01.003DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Biased belief in the Bayesian brain: A deeper look at the evidence.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Feb 19;68:107-114. Epub 2019 Jan 19.

Monash University, Australia.

A recent critique of hierarchical Bayesian models of delusion argues that, contrary to a key assumption of these models, belief formation in the healthy (i.e., neurotypical) mind is manifestly non-Bayesian. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.01.006DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Eye gaze as a means of giving and seeking information during musical interaction.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Feb 17;68:73-96. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Dept. of Music Acoustics, University of Music and Performing Arts Vienna, Austria.

During skilled music ensemble performance, a multi-layered network of interaction processes allows musicians to negotiate common interpretations of ambiguously-notated music in real-time. This study investigated the conditions that encourage visual interaction during duo performance. Duos recorded performances of a new piece before and after a period of rehearsal. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10538100183040
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.01.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6374286PMC
February 2019
9 Reads

Training novice practitioners to reliably report their meditation experience using shared phenomenological dimensions.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Feb 15;68:57-72. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Lyon Neuroscience Research Centre, INSERM U1028, CNRS UMR5292, Lyon 1 University, Lyon, France. Electronic address:

Empirical descriptions of the phenomenology of meditation states rely on practitioners' ability to provide accurate information on their experience. We present a meditation training protocol that was designed to equip naive participants with a theoretical background and experiential knowledge that would enable them to share their experience. Subsequently, novices carried on with daily practice during several weeks before participating in experiments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.01.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6374282PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Reaction time indices of automatic imitation measure imitative response tendencies.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Feb 10;68:115-118. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Ghent University, Belgium.

In his review, Ramsey (2018) argues that it is currently unclear what reaction time indices of automatic imitation measure due to lacking research on their validity and domain-specificity. In our commentary, we argue that this conclusion is based on two misconceptions, namely that automatic imitation was designed as a laboratory measure of motor mimicry and that psychometric approaches to validity can readily be applied to experimental settings. We then show that reaction time indices of automatic imitation measure covert imitative response tendencies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.01.001DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Unity and diversity of executive functions in creativity.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Feb 8;68:47-56. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

University of Arizona, United States.

Increasing evidence suggests that executive functions (EFs) - a set of general-purpose control processes that regulate thoughts and behaviors - are relevant for creativity. However, EF is not a unitary process, and it remains unclear which specific EFs are involved. The present study examined the association between the three EFs, both uniquely (EF-Specific) and together (Common EF), and three measures of creativity. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10538100183040
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2018.12.005DOI Listing
February 2019
12 Reads

The importance of identifying underlying process abnormalities in alexithymia: Implications of the three-process model and a single case study illustration.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Feb 31;68:33-46. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Division of Behavioral and Social Research, National Institute on Aging/National Institutes of Health, United States.

We present an in-depth case study of a rare individual (whom we will refer to as "Jane") who reported an inability to experience emotion. Jane completed a range of assessments measuring alexithymia, emotional awareness, and emotion recognition ability. She, along with 22 control participants, also underwent skin conductance (SC) measurement and facial electromyography (EMG) during exposure to affective images, and self reported the valence/arousal of their responses to those images. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2018.12.004DOI Listing
February 2019
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The role of response readiness in subliminal visuomotor processes.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Feb 27;68:23-32. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

School of Psychology, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710062, China; Shaanxi Provincial Key Laboratory of Behavior & Cognitive Neuroscience, Xi'an 710062, China. Electronic address:

The present study aims to examine the impact of response readiness on visuomotor processes triggered by subliminal stimuli using a mixed paradigm involving the masked prime paradigm and a foreperiod paradigm. Experiment 1 ensured that response readiness was successfully manipulated in the mixed paradigm. Importantly, Experiment 2 found that the negative compatibility effect (NCE; a behavioral indicator of subliminal visuomotor processes) disappeared and that response time lost its power to modulate the compatibility effect (CE) with reduced response readiness (due to temporal uncertainty). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10538100183037
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2018.12.002DOI Listing
February 2019
9 Reads

Visual imagery: The past and future as seen by patients with Alzheimer's disease.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Feb 26;68:12-22. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Laboratoire de Psychologie des Pays de la Loire (EA 4638), Université de Nantes, Nantes 44000, France.

We investigated visual imagery for past and future thinking in Alzheimer's Disease (AD). We invited AD patients and controls to retrieve past events and to imagine future events. Participants also provided a "Field" response if they see the event through their own eyes, or an "Observer" response if they see themselves in the scene as a spectator would. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2018.12.003DOI Listing
February 2019
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Episodic specificity induction and scene construction: Evidence for an event construction account.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Feb 18;68:1-11. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Harvard University, Dept. of Psychology, 33 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA. Electronic address:

Research has suggested that an episodic specificity induction (ESI)- training in recollecting details of a past event- impacts subsequent memory, imagination, problem solving, and creativity. We have hypothesized that induction effects may be attributable to event construction- the assembly and maintenance of a mental scenario filled with setting, people, and action details. We examine whether ESI impacts metrics of event detail in a standard scene construction task, which is a paradigm focused on the spatial integrity of a mental scenario and the stage upon or setting in which such a scenario occurs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2018.12.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6361685PMC
February 2019
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Schizophrenia patients are impaired in recognition task but more for intentionality than physical causality.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Jan 14;67:98-107. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Laboratoire HANDIReSP (EA4047), Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin-En-Yvelines, Versailles, France; Service de Psychiatrie de l'Adulte et d'Addictologie, Centre Hospitalier de Versailles, Le Chesnay, France.

It is now largely accepted that patients with schizophrenia have a deficit to attribute mental states to others, such as intentions, needs and motivations but also to perform memory tasks. According to one hypothesis, these impairments may be due to an early visual attention deficit during the encounter of social stimuli. Another hypothesis posits a robust correlation between intention attribution and autobiographical memory that results in impaired recollection of past events making it difficult to infer others' intentions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2018.11.007DOI Listing
January 2019
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Influence of cognitive stance and physical perspective on subjective and autonomic reactivity to observed pain and pleasure: An immersive virtual reality study.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Jan 13;67:86-97. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Fondazione Santa Lucia, IRCCS, Rome, Italy; SCNLab, Department of Psychology, University of Rome "La Sapienza", Rome, Italy. Electronic address:

Observing others' pain may induce a reaction called personal distress that may be influenced by top-down (imagine self or other in pain, i.e., self- vs other-oriented stance) and bottom-up (physical perspective of those who suffer, i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2018.11.010DOI Listing
January 2019
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Perceptual size discrimination requires awareness and late visual areas: A continuous flash suppression and interocular transfer study.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Jan 12;67:77-85. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Psychology and Counselling, School of Psychology and Public Health, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address:

We applied continuous flash suppression (CFS) during an interocular transfer paradigm to evaluate the importance of awareness and the contribution of early versus late visual structures in size recognition. Specifically, we tested if size judgements of a visible target could be influenced by a congruent or incongruent prime presented to the same or different eye. Without CFS, participants categorised a target as "small" or "large" more quickly when it was preceded by a congruent prime - regardless of whether the prime and target were presented to the same or different eye. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2018.11.012DOI Listing
January 2019
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Metric error monitoring in the numerical estimates.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Jan 6;67:69-76. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Koç University, Department of Psychology & Research Center for Translational Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address:

Recent studies have shown that participants can keep track of the magnitude and direction of their errors while reproducing target intervals (Akdoğan & Balcı, 2017) and producing numerosities with sequentially presented auditory stimuli (Duyan & Balcı, 2018). Although the latter work demonstrated that error judgments were driven by the number rather than the total duration of sequential stimulus presentations, the number and duration of stimuli are inevitably correlated in sequential presentations. This correlation empirically limits the purity of the characterization of "numerical error monitoring". Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2018.11.011DOI Listing
January 2019
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Trypophobic images gain preferential access to early visual processes.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Jan 6;67:56-68. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Kwansei Gakuin University, Japan.

Trypophobia is a common but unusual phobia that is induced by viewing many clustered objects. Previous studies suggested that this trypophobia is caused by the specific power spectrum of the images; this idea has not been fully investigated empirically. In the present study, we used breaking continuous flash suppression (b-CFS) to clarify whether the trypophobic images affect access to visual awareness, and what features of trypophobic images contribute to rapid access of awareness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2018.11.009DOI Listing
January 2019
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Action co-representation and the sense of agency during a joint Simon task: Comparing human and machine co-agents.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Jan 3;67:44-55. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

ONERA, The French Aerospace Lab, Département Traitement de l'Information et Systèmes, Salon-de-Provence, France.

Recent studies have suggested that individuals are not able to develop a sense of joint agency during joint actions with artificial systems. We sought to examine whether this lack of joint agency is linked to individuals' inability to co-represent the machine-generated actions. Fifteen participants observed or performed a Simon response time task either individually, or jointly with another human or a computer. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10538100183011
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2018.11.008DOI Listing
January 2019
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Multiple routes to mind wandering: Predicting mind wandering with resource theories.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Jan 28;67:26-43. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

PracticeCraft, LLC, 1210 Green Knoll Dr., Sugar Land, TX 77579, United States. Electronic address:

Three experiments examine individual (attentional capacity) and task-related characteristics leading to mind wandering, and the effect of mind wandering on task performance. Drawing on resource theories, we tested interactive nonlinear effects of these predictors, manipulating task demand using math tests of varying difficulty (Exp 1: N = 143, three levels between-subjects; Exp 2: N = 59, three levels within-subjects; Exp 3: N = 133, four levels within-subjects). Results confirmed that mind wandering was most frequent during extreme task demand levels, although the effect varied somewhat between experiments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2018.11.006DOI Listing
January 2019
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