2,423 results match your criteria Consciousness and Cognition [Journal]


Relationships between implicit and explicit uncertainty monitoring and mindreading: Evidence from autism spectrum disorder.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Feb 15;70:11-24. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Philosophy, University of Maryland, USA.

We examined performance on implicit (non-verbal) and explicit (verbal) uncertainty-monitoring tasks among neurotypical participants and participants with autism, while also testing mindreading abilities in both groups. We found that: (i) performance of autistic participants was unimpaired on the implicit uncertainty-monitoring task, while being significantly impaired on the explicit task; (ii) performance on the explicit task was correlated with performance on mindreading tasks in both groups, whereas performance on the implicit uncertainty-monitoring task was not; and (iii) performance on implicit and explicit uncertainty-monitoring tasks was not correlated. The results support the view that (a) explicit uncertainty-monitoring draws on the same cognitive faculty as mindreading whereas (b) implicit uncertainty-monitoring only test first-order decision making. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.01.013DOI Listing
February 2019

Enactive social cognition: Diachronic constitution & coupled anticipation.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Feb 14;70:1-10. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Philosophy, Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia. Electronic address:

This paper targets the constitutive basis of social cognition. It begins by describing the traditional and still dominant cognitivist view. Cognitivism assumes internalism about the realisers of social cognition; thus, the embodied and embedded elements of intersubjective engagement are ruled out from playing anything but a basic causal role in an account of social cognition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.02.001DOI Listing
February 2019

Social contents in dreams: An empirical test of the Social Simulation Theory.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Mar 13;69:133-145. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Psychology, University of Turku, FI-20014 Turku, Finland; Turku Brain and Mind Center, University of Turku, FI-20014 Turku, Finland; Department of Cognitive Neuroscience and Philosophy, School of Biosciences, University of Skövde SE-54128, Skövde, Sweden.

Social Simulation Theory (SST) considers the function of dreaming to be the simulation of social events. The Sociality Bias and the Strengthening hypotheses of SST were tested. Social Content Scale (SCS) was developed to quantify social events. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.01.017DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Learning of novel semantic relationships via sudden comprehension is associated with a hippocampus-independent network.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Mar 11;69:113-132. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Memory and Consciousness Research Group, Departments of Neurology and Stereotactic Neurosurgery, Otto-von-Guericke-University, Leipziger Strasse 44, 39120 Magdeburg, Germany. Electronic address:

Sudden comprehension-or insight-during problem-solving can enhance learning, but the underlying neural processes are largely unknown. We investigated neural correlates of learning from sudden comprehension using functional magnetic resonance imaging and a verbal problem-solving task. Solutions and "solutions" to solvable and unsolvable verbal problems, respectively, were presented to induce sudden comprehension or continued incomprehension. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.01.005DOI Listing

Manipulating memory associations changes decision-making preferences in a preconditioning task.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Mar 8;69:103-112. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Fudan University, China. Electronic address:

Memories of past experiences can guide our decisions. Thus, if memories are undermined or distorted, decision making should be affected. Nevertheless, little empirical research has been done to examine the role of memory in reinforcement decision-making. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10538100183031
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.01.016DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

The developmental difference of inattentional blindness in 3-to-5-year-old preschoolers and its relationship with fluid intelligence.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Mar 7;69:95-102. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Hangzhou College for Preschool Teachers, Zhejiang Normal University, Hangzhou, China. Electronic address:

Preschoolers can focus on the events that they are interested in and shield other information that may still be obvious and important, and this phenomenon is termed as inattentional blindness (IB). The present study investigated the developmental differences in IB and explored its relationship with fluid intelligence in 3-to-5-year-old preschoolers. With the involvement of one hundred and thirty-five preschoolers, it was found that the IB rates decreased with age during 3-to-5-year-olds. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.01.014DOI Listing

Eight-year-olds, but not six-year-olds, perform just as well as adults when playing Concentration: Resolving the enigma?

Conscious Cogn 2019 Mar 5;69:81-94. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Center on Autobiographical Memory Research, Department of Psychology and Behavioural Sciences, Aarhus University, Bartholins Allé 9, Bld. 1350, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark. Electronic address:

Anecdotal reports suggest that children often outperform adults when playing Concentration. This is surprising as cognitive processes tend to develop progressively throughout childhood. To date, very few studies have examined this apparent paradox, and with mixed results. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.01.015DOI Listing

Bayes, time perception, and relativity: The central role of hopelessness.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Mar 1;69:70-80. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

DVC-R&I Portfolio & CeBRI, Federation University, Australia.

Time judgement and time experience are distinct elements of time perception. It is known that time experience tends to be slow, or dilated, when depressed, but there is less certainty or clarity concerning how depression affects time judgement. Here, we use a Bayesian Prediction Error Minimisation (PEM) framework called 'distrusting the present' as an explanatory and predictive model of both aspects of time perception. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.01.012DOI Listing

Neurochemical models of near-death experiences: A large-scale study based on the semantic similarity of written reports.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Mar 1;69:52-69. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Buenos Aires Physics Institute (IFIBA) and National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET), Pabellón I, Ciudad Universitaria (1428), Buenos Aires, Argentina.; Departamento de Física, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina; UMR7225 Institut du cerveau et de la moelle épinière (ICM), Paris, France. Electronic address:

The real or perceived proximity to death often results in a non-ordinary state of consciousness characterized by phenomenological features such as the perception of leaving the body boundaries, feelings of peace, bliss and timelessness, life review, the sensation of traveling through a tunnel and an irreversible threshold. Near-death experiences (NDEs) are comparable among individuals of different cultures, suggesting an underlying neurobiological mechanism. Anecdotal accounts of the similarity between NDEs and certain drug-induced altered states of consciousness prompted us to perform a large-scale comparative analysis of these experiences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.01.011DOI Listing

Do semantic priming and retrieval of stimulus-response associations depend on conscious perception?

Conscious Cogn 2019 Mar 31;69:36-51. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Tel Aviv University, Israel. Electronic address:

What function does conscious perception serve in human behavior? Many studies relied on unconscious priming to demonstrate that unseen stimuli can be extensively processed. However, showing a small unconscious priming effect falls short of showing that the process underlying such priming is independent of conscious perception. Here, we investigated to what extent the retrieval of learned stimulus-response associations and semantic priming depend on conscious perception by using a liminal-prime paradigm that allows comparing conscious and unconscious processing under the same stimulus conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.01.010DOI Listing

Hand function, not proximity, biases visuotactile integration later in object processing: An ERP study.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Mar 25;69:26-35. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Claremont McKenna College, United States. Electronic address:

Behavioral studies document a functional hand proximity effect: objects near the palm, but not the back of the hand, affect visual processing. Although visuotactile bimodal neurons integrate visual and haptic inputs, their receptive fields in monkey cortex encompass the whole hand, not just the palm. Using ERPs, we investigated whether hand function influenced the topology of integrated space around the hand. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.01.007DOI Listing

Translating experimental paradigms into individual-differences research: Contributions, challenges, and practical recommendations.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Mar 24;69:14-25. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Research School of Psychology, The Australian National University, Australia.

Psychological science has long been cleaved by a fundamental divide between researchers who experimentally manipulate variables and those who measure existing individual-differences. Increasingly, however, researchers are appreciating the value of integrating these approaches. Here, we used visual attention research as a case-in-point for how this gap can be bridged. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.01.008DOI Listing
March 2019
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Ignorance is strength: May human mind's unique capabilities stem from its limitations?

Authors:
Gregory Gurevich

Conscious Cogn 2019 Mar 24;69:1-13. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

The Herta and Paul Amir Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Haifa, Mount Carmel, Haifa 31905, Israel. Electronic address:

Radical views on heuristics and biases, and more generally, non-optimal patterns of human judgement, construe them either as an unwelcome mental handicap or a great evolution-based advantage. A more moderate position recognizes both sides, depending on the context and the situation at hand. This paper suggests that at least in some cases, apparently unsound human judgment may be viewed as a hallmark of true intelligence, enabling its major insights while also making it so hard to analyze and fully comprehend. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.01.009DOI Listing
March 2019
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Unconscious arithmetic: Assessing the robustness of the results reported by Karpinski, Briggs, and Yale (2018).

Conscious Cogn 2019 Feb 18;68:97-106. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Visual Perception Laboratory, Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, corporate member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, and Berlin Institute of Health, 10117 Berlin, Germany; Department of General and Biological Psychology, Psychologische Hochschule Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

In 2012, a study by Sklar et al. reported that participants could solve invisible subtractions. This notion of unconscious arithmetic has been influential because it challenges current theories of consciousness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.01.003DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Biased belief in the Bayesian brain: A deeper look at the evidence.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Feb 19;68:107-114. Epub 2019 Jan 19.

Monash University, Australia.

A recent critique of hierarchical Bayesian models of delusion argues that, contrary to a key assumption of these models, belief formation in the healthy (i.e., neurotypical) mind is manifestly non-Bayesian. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.01.006DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Eye gaze as a means of giving and seeking information during musical interaction.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Feb 17;68:73-96. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Dept. of Music Acoustics, University of Music and Performing Arts Vienna, Austria.

During skilled music ensemble performance, a multi-layered network of interaction processes allows musicians to negotiate common interpretations of ambiguously-notated music in real-time. This study investigated the conditions that encourage visual interaction during duo performance. Duos recorded performances of a new piece before and after a period of rehearsal. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10538100183040
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.01.002DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Training novice practitioners to reliably report their meditation experience using shared phenomenological dimensions.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Feb 15;68:57-72. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Lyon Neuroscience Research Centre, INSERM U1028, CNRS UMR5292, Lyon 1 University, Lyon, France. Electronic address:

Empirical descriptions of the phenomenology of meditation states rely on practitioners' ability to provide accurate information on their experience. We present a meditation training protocol that was designed to equip naive participants with a theoretical background and experiential knowledge that would enable them to share their experience. Subsequently, novices carried on with daily practice during several weeks before participating in experiments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.01.004DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Reaction time indices of automatic imitation measure imitative response tendencies.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Feb 10;68:115-118. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Ghent University, Belgium.

In his review, Ramsey (2018) argues that it is currently unclear what reaction time indices of automatic imitation measure due to lacking research on their validity and domain-specificity. In our commentary, we argue that this conclusion is based on two misconceptions, namely that automatic imitation was designed as a laboratory measure of motor mimicry and that psychometric approaches to validity can readily be applied to experimental settings. We then show that reaction time indices of automatic imitation measure covert imitative response tendencies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2019.01.001DOI Listing
February 2019
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Unity and diversity of executive functions in creativity.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Feb 8;68:47-56. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

University of Arizona, United States.

Increasing evidence suggests that executive functions (EFs) - a set of general-purpose control processes that regulate thoughts and behaviors - are relevant for creativity. However, EF is not a unitary process, and it remains unclear which specific EFs are involved. The present study examined the association between the three EFs, both uniquely (EF-Specific) and together (Common EF), and three measures of creativity. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10538100183040
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2018.12.005DOI Listing
February 2019
9 Reads

The importance of identifying underlying process abnormalities in alexithymia: Implications of the three-process model and a single case study illustration.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Feb 31;68:33-46. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Division of Behavioral and Social Research, National Institute on Aging/National Institutes of Health, United States.

We present an in-depth case study of a rare individual (whom we will refer to as "Jane") who reported an inability to experience emotion. Jane completed a range of assessments measuring alexithymia, emotional awareness, and emotion recognition ability. She, along with 22 control participants, also underwent skin conductance (SC) measurement and facial electromyography (EMG) during exposure to affective images, and self reported the valence/arousal of their responses to those images. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2018.12.004DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

The role of response readiness in subliminal visuomotor processes.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Feb 27;68:23-32. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

School of Psychology, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710062, China; Shaanxi Provincial Key Laboratory of Behavior & Cognitive Neuroscience, Xi'an 710062, China. Electronic address:

The present study aims to examine the impact of response readiness on visuomotor processes triggered by subliminal stimuli using a mixed paradigm involving the masked prime paradigm and a foreperiod paradigm. Experiment 1 ensured that response readiness was successfully manipulated in the mixed paradigm. Importantly, Experiment 2 found that the negative compatibility effect (NCE; a behavioral indicator of subliminal visuomotor processes) disappeared and that response time lost its power to modulate the compatibility effect (CE) with reduced response readiness (due to temporal uncertainty). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10538100183037
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2018.12.002DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Visual imagery: The past and future as seen by patients with Alzheimer's disease.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Feb 26;68:12-22. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Laboratoire de Psychologie des Pays de la Loire (EA 4638), Université de Nantes, Nantes 44000, France.

We investigated visual imagery for past and future thinking in Alzheimer's Disease (AD). We invited AD patients and controls to retrieve past events and to imagine future events. Participants also provided a "Field" response if they see the event through their own eyes, or an "Observer" response if they see themselves in the scene as a spectator would. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2018.12.003DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Episodic specificity induction and scene construction: Evidence for an event construction account.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Feb 18;68:1-11. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Harvard University, Dept. of Psychology, 33 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA. Electronic address:

Research has suggested that an episodic specificity induction (ESI)- training in recollecting details of a past event- impacts subsequent memory, imagination, problem solving, and creativity. We have hypothesized that induction effects may be attributable to event construction- the assembly and maintenance of a mental scenario filled with setting, people, and action details. We examine whether ESI impacts metrics of event detail in a standard scene construction task, which is a paradigm focused on the spatial integrity of a mental scenario and the stage upon or setting in which such a scenario occurs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2018.12.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6361685PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Schizophrenia patients are impaired in recognition task but more for intentionality than physical causality.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Jan 14;67:98-107. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Laboratoire HANDIReSP (EA4047), Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin-En-Yvelines, Versailles, France; Service de Psychiatrie de l'Adulte et d'Addictologie, Centre Hospitalier de Versailles, Le Chesnay, France.

It is now largely accepted that patients with schizophrenia have a deficit to attribute mental states to others, such as intentions, needs and motivations but also to perform memory tasks. According to one hypothesis, these impairments may be due to an early visual attention deficit during the encounter of social stimuli. Another hypothesis posits a robust correlation between intention attribution and autobiographical memory that results in impaired recollection of past events making it difficult to infer others' intentions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2018.11.007DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Influence of cognitive stance and physical perspective on subjective and autonomic reactivity to observed pain and pleasure: An immersive virtual reality study.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Jan 13;67:86-97. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Fondazione Santa Lucia, IRCCS, Rome, Italy; SCNLab, Department of Psychology, University of Rome "La Sapienza", Rome, Italy. Electronic address:

Observing others' pain may induce a reaction called personal distress that may be influenced by top-down (imagine self or other in pain, i.e., self- vs other-oriented stance) and bottom-up (physical perspective of those who suffer, i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2018.11.010DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Perceptual size discrimination requires awareness and late visual areas: A continuous flash suppression and interocular transfer study.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Jan 12;67:77-85. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Psychology and Counselling, School of Psychology and Public Health, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address:

We applied continuous flash suppression (CFS) during an interocular transfer paradigm to evaluate the importance of awareness and the contribution of early versus late visual structures in size recognition. Specifically, we tested if size judgements of a visible target could be influenced by a congruent or incongruent prime presented to the same or different eye. Without CFS, participants categorised a target as "small" or "large" more quickly when it was preceded by a congruent prime - regardless of whether the prime and target were presented to the same or different eye. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2018.11.012DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Metric error monitoring in the numerical estimates.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Jan 6;67:69-76. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Koç University, Department of Psychology & Research Center for Translational Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address:

Recent studies have shown that participants can keep track of the magnitude and direction of their errors while reproducing target intervals (Akdoğan & Balcı, 2017) and producing numerosities with sequentially presented auditory stimuli (Duyan & Balcı, 2018). Although the latter work demonstrated that error judgments were driven by the number rather than the total duration of sequential stimulus presentations, the number and duration of stimuli are inevitably correlated in sequential presentations. This correlation empirically limits the purity of the characterization of "numerical error monitoring". Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2018.11.011DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Trypophobic images gain preferential access to early visual processes.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Jan 6;67:56-68. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Kwansei Gakuin University, Japan.

Trypophobia is a common but unusual phobia that is induced by viewing many clustered objects. Previous studies suggested that this trypophobia is caused by the specific power spectrum of the images; this idea has not been fully investigated empirically. In the present study, we used breaking continuous flash suppression (b-CFS) to clarify whether the trypophobic images affect access to visual awareness, and what features of trypophobic images contribute to rapid access of awareness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2018.11.009DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Action co-representation and the sense of agency during a joint Simon task: Comparing human and machine co-agents.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Jan 3;67:44-55. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

ONERA, The French Aerospace Lab, Département Traitement de l'Information et Systèmes, Salon-de-Provence, France.

Recent studies have suggested that individuals are not able to develop a sense of joint agency during joint actions with artificial systems. We sought to examine whether this lack of joint agency is linked to individuals' inability to co-represent the machine-generated actions. Fifteen participants observed or performed a Simon response time task either individually, or jointly with another human or a computer. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10538100183011
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2018.11.008DOI Listing
January 2019
9 Reads

Multiple routes to mind wandering: Predicting mind wandering with resource theories.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Jan 28;67:26-43. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

PracticeCraft, LLC, 1210 Green Knoll Dr., Sugar Land, TX 77579, United States. Electronic address:

Three experiments examine individual (attentional capacity) and task-related characteristics leading to mind wandering, and the effect of mind wandering on task performance. Drawing on resource theories, we tested interactive nonlinear effects of these predictors, manipulating task demand using math tests of varying difficulty (Exp 1: N = 143, three levels between-subjects; Exp 2: N = 59, three levels within-subjects; Exp 3: N = 133, four levels within-subjects). Results confirmed that mind wandering was most frequent during extreme task demand levels, although the effect varied somewhat between experiments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2018.11.006DOI Listing
January 2019
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Dispositional mindfulness attenuates the emotional attentional blink.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Jan 22;67:16-25. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Memory and Cognition Lab, Institute of Psychology, University of Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France; Center for Psychiatry & Neuroscience, INSERM U894, Paris, France; Institut Universitaire de France, France.

Emotional stimuli have been shown to automatically hijack attention, hindering the detection of forthcoming targets. Mindfulness is defined as a present moment non-judgemental attentional stance that can be cultivated by meditation practices, but that may present interindividual variability in the general population. The mechanisms underlying modification in emotional reactivity linked to mindfulness are still a matter of debate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2018.11.004DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Intentional binding coincides with explicit sense of agency.

Conscious Cogn 2019 Jan 21;67:1-15. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 3-8-1 Komaba, Meguro, Tokyo 153-8902, Japan.

Sense of agency, a feeling of generating actions and events by oneself, stems from action-outcome congruence. An implicit marker of sense of agency is intentional binding, which is compression of subjective temporal interval between action and outcome. We investigated relationships between intentional binding and explicit sense of agency. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2018.11.005DOI Listing
January 2019
17 Reads

Increased phantom recollection after sleep.

Conscious Cogn 2018 Nov 17;66:101-114. Epub 2018 Nov 17.

Cognition, Languages, Language & Ergonomics Laboratory, University of Toulouse-CNRS, Toulouse, France.

Sleep is known to benefit memory consolidation, but its effect on false memory is less clear. We applied the simplified conjoint recognition paradigm to investigate how sleep affects the cognitive processes behind correct or false recognition, according to fuzzy-trace theory, and measured the retrieval of verbatim traces, retrieval of gist traces, and phantom recollection. Participants studied 24 lists of semantically related words lacking the strongest common associate or theme word. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2018.11.003DOI Listing
November 2018
12 Reads

A methodological dilemma for investigating consciousness empirically.

Authors:
Tobias Schlicht

Conscious Cogn 2018 Nov 15;66:91-100. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Institute for Philosophy II, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universitätsstr. 150, 44780 Bochum, Germany.

This paper exposes a methodological dilemma arising for the research program of finding the neural correlate of consciousness (NCC), the minimal set of brain processes sufficient for a particular percept. The main claim is that it is doubtful that the right kind of correlations will ever be obtained because the foregoing conceptual decisions regarding the relations between consciousness, attention, cognitive access, report, and other cognitive functions determine the interpretation of the correlation data that can be obtained. Relying on subjective reports likely leads to confounding the NCC with neural mechanisms for cognitive functions because reports presuppose cognitive access. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2018.11.002DOI Listing
November 2018
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Shared credit for shared success: Successful joint performance strengthens the sense of joint agency.

Authors:
Janeen D Loehr

Conscious Cogn 2018 Nov 14;66:79-90. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Department of Psychology, University of Saskatchewan, 9 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 5A5, Canada. Electronic address:

When people perform joint actions together, they experience a sense of joint agency, or shared control over actions and their effects. The current study examined how internal and external cues related to the success of a joint action influence joint agency. In three experiments, partners coordinated their actions to produce eight-tone sequences that matched a metronome pace. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2018.11.001DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

How pervasive is mind wandering, really?

Conscious Cogn 2018 Nov 6;66:74-78. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA.

Recent claims that people spend 30-50% of their waking lives mind wandering (Killingsworth & Gilbert, 2010; Kane et al., 2007) have become widely accepted and frequently cited. While acknowledging attention to be inconstant and wavering, and mind wandering to be ubiquitous, we argue and present evidence that such simple quantitative estimates are misleading and potentially meaningless without serious qualification. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2018.10.002DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Eye contact reduces lying.

Conscious Cogn 2018 Nov 5;66:65-73. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Human Information Processing Laboratory, Faculty of Social Sciences/Psychology, Tampere University, Tampere FI-33014, Finland. Electronic address:

The perception of watching eyes has been found to reduce dishonest behavior. This effect, however, has only been shown in situations where it can be explained by increased adherence to rules and norms, and thus a watching-eyes effect on dishonesty per se has not been demonstrated. Moreover, the effect has been investigated only with images of watching eyes, not in an interactive situation with a live person, which may arguably have different effects on behavior. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2018.10.006DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Influence of automation on mind wandering frequency in sustained attention.

Conscious Cogn 2018 Nov 2;66:54-64. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

System and Information Processing Department, ONERA, Salon de Provence, France.

There is accumulating evidence which shows that mind wandering may be increased within automated environments. This is particularly concerning when considering the negative effect of mind wandering on short-term performance. Seventeen participants performed an obstacle avoidance task under two conditions, manual and automated, each lasting 40 min. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10538100183016
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2018.09.012DOI Listing
November 2018
10 Reads

Evidence of relational retrieval, even in the absence of the relational eye movement effect (REME).

Conscious Cogn 2018 Nov 2;66:40-53. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Department of Cognitive Psychology & MTA-ELTE Social Minds Research Group, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary; Department of Cognitive Science, Central European University, Budapest, Hungary.

Eye movements indicate relational memory retrieval by disproportional viewing of a matching stimulus compared to non-matching stimuli after a pair learning study phase (the REME). Experiment 1 showed that the magnitude of the eye movement effect is linked to the subjective confidence level of the responses and we could not find evidence of the REME in incorrect responses, where participants lack conscious recollection. In experiment 2 we used a no-choice task, where participants were instructed to learn the test displays after they have completed a pair learning study phase. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2018.10.003DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Wanting or having to: The role of goal self-concordance in episodic future thinking.

Conscious Cogn 2018 Nov 1;66:26-39. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Psychology and Neuroscience of Cognition Research Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Liège, Belgium.

While it is established that goal processing is a central component of episodic future thinking, how personal goals shape future event representations is not fully understood. Here, we explored the influence of the source of motivation underlying goal pursuit. Personal goals differ in their degree of self-concordance, which depends on the primary motives underlying goal pursuit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2018.10.004DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

An examination of the sequential trial effect on experiences of agency in the Simon task.

Conscious Cogn 2018 Nov 31;66:17-25. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Department of Psychology, Utrecht University, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Previous research shows that agency experiences are reduced when response selection is dysfluent. Expanding on this work, we report two experiments addressing the influence of Simon response conflict on agency. Participants responded to congruent and incongruent Simon task trials and indicated their experienced agency after each response. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2018.10.005DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Getting absorbed in experimentally induced extraordinary experiences: Effects of placebo brain stimulation on agency detection.

Conscious Cogn 2018 Nov 21;66:1-16. Epub 2018 Oct 21.

Department of Psychology, University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Previous work demonstrated that placebo brain stimulation can function as an experimental tool to elicit mystical and quasi-mystical (i.e., extraordinary) experiences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2018.09.010DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

Subjective embodiment during the rubber hand illusion predicts severity of premonitory sensations and tics in Tourette Syndrome.

Conscious Cogn 2018 Oct 15;65:368-377. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Sackler Centre for Consciousness Science, University of Sussex, UK; Department of Neuroscience, Brighton & Sussex Medical School, UK; Sussex Partnership NHS Foundation Trust, UK.

In Tourette Syndrome, the expression of tics and commonly preceding premonitory sensations is associated with perturbed subjective feelings of self-control and agency. We compared responses to the Rubber Hand Illusion in 23 adults with TS and 22 controls. Both TS and control participants reported equivalent subjective embodiment of the artificial hand: feelings of ownership, location, and agency were greater during synchronous visuo-tactile stimulation, compared to asynchronous. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2018.09.011DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Comparing embodiment experiences in expert meditators and non-meditators using the rubber hand illusion.

Conscious Cogn 2018 Oct 15;65:325-333. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

College of Science and Integrative Health, Southern California University of Health Sciences, Whittier, CA, United States.

One assessment of embodiment is the rubber hand illusion (RHI), a visuo-tactile illusion in which individuals attribute a sense of ownership to a rubber hand and disownership to their real hand. Interestingly, interoception seems to influence RHI susceptibility. In this study, we administered the RHI and the Multidimensional Assessment of Interoceptive Awareness (MAIA) to examine embodiment experiences and interoceptive awareness in experienced meditators (n = 15) and non-meditators (n = 15). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2018.09.003DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Unexpected action outcomes produce enhanced temporal binding but diminished judgement of agency.

Conscious Cogn 2018 Oct 11;65:310-324. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Consciousness Lab, Institute of Psychology, Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland.

Sense of agency (SoA) is the feeling of being the author of given actions and their effects. Recent works have investigated the cue integration approach to agency, according to which different predictive and inferential cues form SoA. In the current research we focus on how two such cues, i. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10538100173060
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2018.09.007DOI Listing
October 2018
11 Reads

Action-effect binding and agency.

Conscious Cogn 2018 Oct 10;65:304-309. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Department of Psychology, University of Würzburg, Germany. Electronic address:

The sense of agency is a pervasive phenomenon that accompanies conscious acting and extends to the consequences of one's actions in the environment. Subjective feelings of agency are typically explained in terms of predictive processes, based on internal forward models inherent to the sensorimotor system, and postdictive processes, i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2018.10.001DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Hypnotic and non-hypnotic suggestion to ignore pre-cues decreases space-valence congruency effects in highly hypnotizable individuals.

Conscious Cogn 2018 Oct 3;65:293-303. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

The Shanghai Key Lab of Brain Functional Genomics, Shanghai Changning-ECNU Mental Health Center, School of Psychology and Cognitive Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China; NYU-ECNU Institute of Brain and Cognitive Science, NYU Shanghai and Collaborative Innovation Center for Brain Science, Shanghai, China; Tongji Hospital, School of Medicine, Tongji University, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Previous studies have shown that the speed of identifying emotional words is affected by pre-cues of up or down arrows, called the space-valence congruency effect (Zhang, Hu, Zhang, & Wang, 2015). In the present study, we investigate whether this effect is influenced by hypnotic or non-hypnotic suggestions to ignore pre-cues in highly hypnotizable individuals (HHIs). In all conditions, target words (including positive words, negative words and neutral words) primed by up or down arrows were presented to pre-screened HHIs. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10538100183007
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2018.09.009DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Conscious awareness is required for the perceptual discrimination of threatening animal stimuli: A visual masking and continuous flash suppression study.

Conscious Cogn 2018 Oct 25;65:280-292. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Department of Psychology and Counselling, School of Psychology and Public Health, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address:

We investigated if the subliminal processing of threatening animal (snakes and spiders) and neutral object (cars and houses) stimuli can influence the discrimination of a subsequent visible stimulus. The prime and target pair were either identical, of the same category but with different physical features, or different in category and physical features. In two experiments, participants discriminated the basic level category (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2018.09.008DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

How do the body schema and the body image interact?

Conscious Cogn 2018 Oct 24;65:352-358. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

Institut Jean Nicod, Department of cognitive studies, Ecole Normale Superieure, PSL University, 29 rue d'Ulm, 75005 Paris, France.

Despite their differences, body schema and the body image representations are not only consistent in everyday life, but also sometimes consistent in pathological disorders, such as in Alice in Wonderland syndrome and anorexia nervosa. The challenge is to understand how they achieve such consistency. Recently, we suggested that these two representations were co-constructed (Pitron & Vignemont, 2017). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10538100183026
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2018.08.007DOI Listing
October 2018
14 Reads

An investigation of global-local processing bias in a large sample of typical individuals varying in autism traits.

Conscious Cogn 2018 Oct 21;65:271-279. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

Department of Psychology, McGill University, 1205 Dr Penfield Ave, Montreal, QC H3A 1B1, Canada. Electronic address:

Although individuals with an autism spectrum disorder display impaired function across several social and behavioral domains, they possess intact, and often superior visual processing abilities for local relative to global aspects of their visual environment. To address whether differences in visual processing similarly vary within typical individuals as a function of their level of social competence, using the Navon hierarchical figures task, here we examined the relationship between global-local visual processing style and the number of autism-like traits in a large sample of 434 typically developed persons. In line with the existing literature, our data indicated an overall global processing bias. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2018.09.002DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads