1,562 results match your criteria Conjunctivitis Viral


Baseline characteristics and clinical symptoms related to respiratory viruses identified among patients presenting with influenza-like illness in primary care.

Clin Microbiol Infect 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Sorbonne Université, INSERM, Institut Pierre Louis d'épidémiologie et de Santé publique (IPLESP UMRS 1136), Paris, France; Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines, UVSQ, UFR de Médecine, Versailles, France; Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris APHP, Hôpital Ambroise Paré, Service de Médecine Interne, Boulogne Billancourt, France.

Objectives: We aimed to identify patients' clinical characteristics associated with respiratory viruses identified among patients presenting with influenza-like illness (ILI).

Methods: A sample of patients of all ages presenting with ILI was included by physicians of the French Sentinelles network during two seasons (2015/16 and 2016/17). Nasopharyngeal samples were tested for the presence of influenza virus (IV), respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), rhinovirus (HRV), and metapneumovirus (HMPV). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cmi.2019.01.014DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Lassa Fever in Travelers from West Africa, 1969-2016.

Emerg Infect Dis 2019 Feb;25(2):245-248

Lassa virus is a rodentborne arenavirus responsible for human cases of Lassa fever, a viral hemorrhagic fever, in West Africa and in travelers arriving to non-Lassa-endemic countries from West Africa. We describe a retrospective review performed through literature search of clinical and epidemiologic characteristics of all imported Lassa fever cases worldwide during 1969-2016. Our findings demonstrate that approximately half of imported cases had distinctive clinical features (defined as fever and >1 of the following: pharyngitis, sore throat, tonsillitis, conjunctivitis, oropharyngeal ulcers, or proteinuria). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2502.180836DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346466PMC
February 2019
1 Read

A severe case of refractory esophageal stenosis induced by nivolumab and responding to tocilizumab therapy.

J Immunother Cancer 2018 Dec 27;6(1):156. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Department of Medicine, Division of Immunology and Allergy, Lausanne University Hospital CHUV, rue du Bugnon 46, CH-1011, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Background: The prevalence of esophageal stenosis caused by immune checkpoint inhibitors in the context of induced immune mucositis and esophagitis is extremely rare.

Case Presentation: We report the case of a patient with stage IV pulmonary adenocarcinoma treated for 6 months with nivolumab who developed bilateral sterile conjunctivitis followed by oropharyngeal mucositis and esophagitis complicated by a severe esophageal stenosis. The laryngeal margin and hypopharyngeal mucosa appeared highly inflammatory with fibrinous deposits. Read More

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https://jitc.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s40425-018-0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40425-018-0481-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307169PMC
December 2018
12 Reads

[Rehabilitation of Anophthalmic Patients with Prosthetic Eyes in Germany Today - Supply Possibilities, Daily Use, Complications and Psychological Aspects].

Klin Monbl Augenheilkd 2019 Jan 19;236(1):54-62. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Klinik und Poliklinik für Allgemeine Augenheilkunde, Uniklinik Köln, Köln.

Background: A smooth supply with a visually appealing prosthetic eye after enucleation is not just a cosmetic solution, it is also a key factor in successful social and psychological rehabilitation.

Objectives: This article provides an overview of the current state of medical and ocular care regarding prosthetic eyes in Germany. It focuses mainly on the newest clinical results, daily care, complications, and psychological aspects of wearing prosthetic eyes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0764-4974DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Outbreak of Epidemic Keratoconjunctivitis Caused by Human Adenovirus Type D53 in an Eye Care Clinic - Los Angeles County, 2017.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2018 Dec 7;67(48):1347-1349. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

On June 22, 2017, the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health (LAC DPH) was notified of seven patients who were seen at an eye care clinic on June 8, 2017, and later developed symptoms of epidemic keratoconjunctivitis (EKC). EKC is a contagious, severe form of viral conjunctivitis that can cause pain and blurred vision for up to 4 weeks (1). LAC DPH conducted an investigation, which identified 17 patients with EKC, including 15 who had visited the optometry clinic and two who were household contacts of clinic patients. Read More

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http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/67/wr/mm6748a4.htm?s_cid=mm6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6748a4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6329482PMC
December 2018
15 Reads

Cross-linked hyaluronic acid gel occlusive device for the treatment of dry eye syndrome.

Authors:
John P Fezza

Clin Ophthalmol 2018 8;12:2277-2283. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Center for Sight, Sarasota, FL, USA,

Purpose: A new cross-linked hyaluronic acid (xlHA) gel occlusive device was assessed for safety and efficacy in the treatment of dry eyes.

Methods: This was an institutional review board-approved, single-site, open-label, prospective study to assess the efficacy and safety of placing the xlHA gel in the lower canaliculus. Seventy-four participants aged 25-95 years with dry eyes, who failed treatment with artificial tears, were included. Read More

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https://www.dovepress.com/cross-linked-hyaluronic-acid-gel-o
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S187963DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6231461PMC
November 2018
10 Reads

Current Breakthroughs in Structure-based Design of Synthetic and Natural Sourced Inhibitors Against Zika Viral Targets.

Curr Top Med Chem 2018 ;18(20):1792-1803

Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy Laboratory, Division of Pharmacognosy, Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Jadavpur University, Kolkata -700032, India.

Background: Zika is a worldwide pandemic dreadful viral transmission through Aedes mosquito vector. It significantly causes fever, joint pain or rash, and conjunctivitis. Pregnant mothers suffering from Zika viral infection may have fetal abnormalities due to severe neurological problems, characterized by microcephaly along with Guillain-Barré syndrome, issuing ZIKV a major public health concern as declared by the World Health Organization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1568026619666181120125525DOI Listing
January 2018
9 Reads
3.402 Impact Factor

ADenoVirus Initiative Study in Epidemiology (ADVISE)-results of a multicenter epidemiology study in Germany.

Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2019 Jan 25;257(1):249-251. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Department of Ophthalmology, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00417-018-4150-2DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Feline Herpesvirus 1 and Mycoplasma spp. Conventional PCR Assay Results From Conjunctival Samples From Cats in Shelters With Suspected Acute Ocular Infections.

Top Companion Anim Med 2018 Jun 29;33(2):45-48. Epub 2018 May 29.

Center for Companion Animal Studies in the Department of Clinical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80524, USA. Electronic address:

Signs of ocular infections like discharge and conjunctivitis occur commonly in cats in shelters and feline herpesvirus 1 (FHV-1), Chlamydia felis, Mycoplasma spp, and feline calicivirus (FCV) are thought to be the most common causes. While molecular assays are available to amplify nucleic acids of each of these agents as single tests or in panels, additional information is needed concerning whether the assay results can be used to predict response to treatment. The objectives of this study were to report results for conventional polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays that amplify nucleic acids of FHV-1, Mycoplasma spp. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.tcam.2018.05.001DOI Listing
June 2018
2 Reads

Photo Rounds: Painful facial blisters, fever, and conjunctivitis.

J Fam Pract 2018 Sep;67(9):573-575

University of Colorado Family Medicine, Denver, USA. Email:

Following Tx for facial blisters, our patient returned with what appeared to be viral conjunctivitis. Further evaluation revealed a missed tip-off to the proper Dx. Read More

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September 2018
12 Reads

[Cases of Zika virus infection in Turkey: newly married couple returning from Cuba].

Mikrobiyol Bul 2018 Jul;52(3):308-315

Public Health General Directorate, Microbiology Reference Laboratories and Biological Products Department, National Arboviruses and Viral Zoonoses Laboratory, Ankara, Turkey.

Zika virus is a Flavivirus in the family Flaviviridae, and transmitted to humans by Aedes species mosquitoes. Zika virus infection is asymptomatic in 80% of cases and has a mild course when symptoms occur. These symptoms include headache, myalgia, mild fever, maculopapular rash and conjunctivitis. Read More

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http://www.mikrobiyolbul.org/linkout.aspx?pmid=30156517
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5578/mb.66991DOI Listing
July 2018
12 Reads
0.654 Impact Factor

Recurrent chikungunya retinitis.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Aug 27;2018. Epub 2018 Aug 27.

University hospitals of Plymouth, Royal Eye Infirmary, Derriford, Plymouth, UK.

Chikungunya is a systemic viral disease transmitted to humans by infected mosquitoes in endemic areas of Africa, Asia and more recently in the Americas. Chikungunya infection produces a sudden onset of fever, joint pains and erythematous skin eruption. A plethora of ocular manifestations have been described ranging from a non-specific conjunctivitis to exudative retinal detachment. Read More

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http://casereports.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bcr-2017-22286
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2017-222864DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6119402PMC
August 2018
12 Reads

Infectious keratoconjunctivitis in free-ranging mule deer in Wyoming: a retrospective study and identification of a novel alphaherpesvirus.

J Vet Diagn Invest 2018 Sep 21;30(5):663-670. Epub 2018 Jul 21.

Wyoming State Veterinary Laboratory, Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY (Muñoz Gutiérrez, Sondgeroth, Williams, Montgomery, Miller).

We describe the clinicopathologic findings, relative prevalence, and pathogens associated with infectious keratoconjunctivitis in mule deer ( Odocoileus hemionus) in Wyoming. Seventeen cases with ocular lesions were identified among 1,036 mule deer postmortem submissions (1.6%) in an ~16 y period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1040638718787862DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Infectious Keratitis After Ocular Surface Stem Cell Transplantation.

Cornea 2018 Nov;37(11):1395-1399

Department of Ophthalmology, Cincinnati Eye Institute, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

Purpose: To describe the rate, clinical/microbiological characteristics, and outcomes of infectious keratitis in eyes with limbal stem cell deficiency after ocular surface stem cell transplantation (OSST).

Methods: In this retrospective chart review of 278 eyes that underwent OSST between January 2006 and December 2016, eyes treated for previous infectious keratitis (bacterial, fungal, or viral) were included. Demographics, risk factors, course, microbiological characteristics, and outcomes were assessed. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00003226-201811000-0001
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ICO.0000000000001690DOI Listing
November 2018
7 Reads

Kawasaki Disease in the neonate: case report and literature review.

Pediatr Rheumatol Online J 2018 Jul 3;16(1):43. Epub 2018 Jul 3.

Division of Rheumatology, Department of Pediatrics, IWK Health Centre, Dalhousie University, 5980 University Ave, Halifax, NS, B3K 6R8, Canada.

Background: Kawasaki Disease (KD), the leading cause of acquired heart disease in children in the developed world, is extremely rare in neonates. We present a case of incomplete KD in a neonate and a review of the literature on neonatal KD.

Case Presentation: A previously healthy full term 15 day old Caucasian male with an unremarkable antenatal and perinatal history, presented on Day 2 of illness with fever, rash, irritability, and poor feeding. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12969-018-0263-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6029347PMC
July 2018
3 Reads

Chikungunya in Children: A Clinical Review.

Pediatr Emerg Care 2018 Jul;34(7):510-515

Assistant Professor of Pediatrics (Chapman), Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Children's National Health System, George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington DC.

Chikungunya (CHIKV) is an emerging arboviral infection with recent spikes in transmission in the Americas. Chikungunya is most commonly transmitted by mosquitos, specifically Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. These mosquitoes are found throughout many parts of the United States. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PEC.0000000000001529DOI Listing
July 2018
3 Reads

Zika Virus Infection and Differential Diagnosis in a Cohort of HIV-Infected Patients.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 2018 Oct;79(2):237-243

Flavivirus Laboratory, Oswaldo Cruz Institute/Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (Fiocruz), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Background: Zika virus (ZIKV) emergence in South America revealed the lack of knowledge regarding clinical manifestations in HIV-infected individuals.

Objectives: We described the clinical characteristics, laboratory manifestations, differential diagnosis, and outcome of ZIKV infection in a large, single-center cohort of HIV-infected patients.

Methods: HIV-infected patients aged 18 years and older with clinical suspected arboviral disease from an ongoing cohort were followed from February 2015 through December 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/QAI.0000000000001777DOI Listing
October 2018
38 Reads

Management of Ocular Infection in a White-faced Saki Monkey ().

Comp Med 2018 Aug 15;68(4):319-323. Epub 2018 Jun 15.

Animal Care Sciences, Smithsonian Institution National Zoological Park, Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute, Washington, DC.

A 20-y-old male intact white-faced saki monkey (Pithecia pithecia) presented with an acute ocular disease of the right eye. Clinical signs included periocular swelling, conjunctivitis, and anisocoria with a miotic right pupil. Conjunctival swabs were positive for Human herpesvirus 1 (HHV1) according to PCR amplification with sequencing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.30802/AALAS-CM-17-000119DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6103422PMC
August 2018
15 Reads

Coxsackievirus A24 Variant Associated with Acute Haemorrhagic Conjunctivitis Cases, French Guiana, 2017.

Intervirology 2017 13;60(6):271-275. Epub 2018 Jun 13.

Institut Pasteur, Unité de Biologie des Virus Entériques, INSERM U994, Paris, France.

In 2017, numerous cases of acute haemorrhagic conjunctivitis (AHC) were reported in the Caribbean and in South America. Preliminary reports identified adenoviruses and enteroviruses in some patient samples but, until now, none of the etiologic agents have been fully characterized. We report the full-length genomic sequences of 4 coxsackievirus A24 (CV-A24) isolates collected from AHC patients in French Guiana during this outbreak (May and June 2017). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000489339DOI Listing
June 2018
1 Read

Seasonal distribution of ocular conditions treated at the emergency room: a 1-year prospective study.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2018 Apr;81(2):116-119

Ulucanlar Eye Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Purpose: To determine the clinical characteristics and seasonal distribution of patients admitted to the ocular emergency department of a tertiary ophthalmology care center.

Methods: The study cohort includes 27,120 patients who were admitted to ocular emergency room between November 2013 and November 2014. The age, sex, reason for admission, diagnosis, and complete ocular examination reports were recorded for each patient. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5935/0004-2749.20180026DOI Listing
April 2018
6 Reads

Symptomatic Zika Virus Infection in Infants, Children, and Adolescents Living in Puerto Rico.

JAMA Pediatr 2018 Jul;172(7):686-693

Department of Pediatrics, St Luke's Episcopal Hospital-Ponce Health Sciences University Consortium, Ponce, Puerto Rico.

Importance: Little information is available regarding Zika virus (ZIKV) infection in children.

Objective: To describe patients younger than 18 years who were infected with ZIKV and were enrolled in the Sentinel Enhanced Dengue and Acute Febrile Illness Surveillance System (SEDSS).

Design, Setting, And Participants: Children infected with ZIKV with 7 or fewer days of fever or emancipated minors aged 14 to 17 years with a generalized maculopapular rash, arthritis or arthralgia, or nonpurulent conjunctivitis were eligible for enrollment on or before December 31, 2016, in Puerto Rico. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.0870DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6137503PMC
July 2018
22 Reads

ZIKA virus infection causes persistent chorioretinal lesions.

Emerg Microbes Infect 2018 May 25;7(1):96. Epub 2018 May 25.

Division of Biotechnology Review and Research-III, Office of Biotechnology Products, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, MD, 20993, USA.

Zika-infected patients can have eye involvement ranging from mild conjunctivitis to severe chorioretinal lesions, however the possible long-term sequelae of infection and timeline to recovery remain unknown. Here we describe the partial recovery of chorioretinal lesions in an immunocompetent patient diagnosed with bilateral posterior uveitis associated with Zika infection and show that some lesions resolved with focal atrophy evident as pigmentary changes on funduscopy. To better understand the progression of the lesions and correlate the changes in fundus imaging with local viral load, immune responses, and retinal damage, we developed a symptomatic mouse model of ocular Zika virus infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41426-018-0096-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5970181PMC
May 2018
4 Reads

Prevalence of risk factors of allergic diseases among children aged 8-9 years in poltava region (the results of the first stage of the research).

Wiad Lek 2018;71(3 pt 2):699-704

Higher State Educational Establishment Of Ukraine "Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy", Poltava, Ukraine.

Objective: Introduction: According to the European Academy of Allergology and Clinical Immunology (EAACI, 2016), allergy is the most common chronic disease in Europe. The aim: The aim of the investigation is to study the spread of risk factors of allergic reactions in children who are 8-9 years old of Poltava region.

Patients And Methods: Materials and methods: The investigation included two stages: the 1st contained interviewing; the 2nd one - additional clinical and lab investigation of children, who require the further diagnosis specification. Read More

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August 2018
26 Reads

Molecular epidemiology of circulating human adenovirus types in acute conjunctivitis cases in Chandigarh, North India.

Indian J Med Microbiol 2018 Jan-Mar;36(1):113-115

Department of Virology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

Human adenovirus (HAdV) is a major cause of viral conjunctivitis. The various serotypes implicated in the causation are 3, 4, 8, 19 and 37. The present study aimed to know the circulating types of HAdV causing acute conjunctivitis in North India. Read More

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http://www.ijmm.org/text.asp?2018/36/1/113/231663
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijmm.IJMM_17_258DOI Listing
September 2018
6 Reads

Management of chronic complications associated with herpes zoster ophthalmicus.

Curr Opin Ophthalmol 2018 Jul;29(4):334-339

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO) has the potential to cause significant visual morbidity and functional disability in patients with recalcitrant disease, keratitis, and postherpetic neuralgia. This article will review the current methods of prevention and treatment of anterior segment-related chronic complications of HZO.

Recent Findings: HZO-related anterior segment ocular complications can range to include conjunctivitis, keratitis, and uveitis that can all be difficult to manage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ICU.0000000000000492DOI Listing

Molecular epidemiology of human adenovirus infections in Denmark, 2011-2016.

J Clin Virol 2018 07 21;104:16-22. Epub 2018 Apr 21.

Virus & Microbiological Special Diagnostics, Infectious Disease Preparedness, Statens Serum Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address:

Background: Human adenoviruses (HAdVs) can cause respiratory tract infections, conjunctivitis, diarrhoea and outbreaks have been reported. However, little is known about the disease burden and the molecular epidemiology of HAdV.

Objectives: To retrospectively perform a molecular characterization of HAdV positive samples received at Statens Serum Institut during the period 2011-2016 and to compare this with demographic information, geographic location, sample collection date and type and co-infection with other viral pathogens. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcv.2018.04.012DOI Listing
July 2018
2 Reads

Variation in the TEK gene is not associated with asthma but with allergic conjunctivitis.

Int J Immunogenet 2018 Jun 18;45(3):102-108. Epub 2018 Apr 18.

Department of Genetics, Cell- and Immunobiology, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary.

The Tie2 receptor is an important player in angiogenesis. The Tie2 mRNA and protein are abundantly expressed in the lungs and the associated pathway also has an important role in the development and function of the eye. Tie2 is encoded by the TEK gene in humans. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/iji.12365
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/iji.12365DOI Listing
June 2018
14 Reads

Adenovirus Ocular Infections: Prevalence, Pathology, Pitfalls, and Practical Pointers.

Eye Contact Lens 2018 Sep;44 Suppl 1:S1-S7

EVMS Department of Ophthalmology, Eastern Virginia Medical School (D.G.-Z.), Norfolk, VA; Department of Ophthalmology, Wills Eye Hospital (C.R.), Philadelphia, PA; Department of Ophthalmology, Eastern Virginia Medical School (J.D.S.), Virginia Eye Consultants, Norfolk, VA; and EVMS Department of Ophthalmology (A.R.D.).

Adenoviral conjunctivitis comprises a large number of physician office visits in the United States and places a great financial burden on health care. It is estimated that the incidence of adenovirus infection to be as high as 20 million cases per year in the United States. There are multiple adenovirus serotypes, each associated with different types and severity of infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ICL.0000000000000226DOI Listing
September 2018
11 Reads

A novel herpesvirus associated with chronic superficial keratitis and proliferative conjunctivitis in a great horned owl (Bubo virginianus).

Vet Ophthalmol 2019 Jan 14;22(1):67-75. Epub 2018 Apr 14.

Department of Medicine and Epidemiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California-Davis, Davis, CA, USA.

An adult great-horned owl (Bubo virginianus; GHOW) presented with a history of recurrent corneal ulceration of the right eye (OD). Findings included ulcerative superficial keratitis, proliferative conjunctivitis, and iris pigmentary changes. The ulcer was initially nonresponsive to medical therapy, but showed rapid and appropriate healing following diamond burr debridement. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/vop.12570
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/vop.12570DOI Listing
January 2019
13 Reads

Feline Herpesvirus 1 US3 Blocks the Type I Interferon Signal Pathway by Targeting Interferon Regulatory Factor 3 Dimerization in a Kinase-Independent Manner.

J Virol 2018 06 29;92(12). Epub 2018 May 29.

Division of Zoonosis of Natural Foci, State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Biotechnology, Harbin Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Harbin, People's Republic of China

As a prevalent agent in cats, feline herpesvirus 1 (FHV-1) infection contributes to feline respiratory disease and acute and chronic conjunctivitis. FHV-1 can successfully evade the host innate immune response and persist for the lifetime of the cat. Several mechanisms of immune evasion by human herpesviruses have been elucidated, but the mechanism of immune evasion by FHV-1 remains unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JVI.00047-18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5974484PMC
June 2018
7 Reads

Clinical and virological analysis of epidemic keratoconjunctivitis caused by adenovirus type 54 in a regional ophthalmic clinic in Kyushu, Japan.

Clin Ophthalmol 2018 19;12:511-517. Epub 2018 Mar 19.

Department of Ophthalmology, Fukuoka University School of Medicine, Fukuoka, Japan.

Background: Human adenovirus type 54 (HAdV-54) is a novel type of adenovirus that belongs to species D and has thus far been detected only in Japan in patients with epidemic keratoconjunctivitis (EKC). There was a large nationwide outbreak of HAdV-54 EKC from 2015 to 2016 in Japan. The clinical characteristics of an outbreak of HAdV-54 conjunctivitis treated in a regional ophthalmic clinic in Fukuoka, Japan, in 2016 were analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S148264DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5863712PMC
March 2018
4 Reads

Clinical and Laboratory Profile of Zika and Dengue Infected Patients: Lessons Learned From the Co-circulation of Dengue, Zika and Chikungunya in Brazil.

PLoS Curr 2018 Feb 15;10. Epub 2018 Feb 15.

Medical Clinic Department, Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul, Campo,Grande, MS, Brazil.

Background: The current triple epidemic caused by dengue, zika and chikungunya constitutes a serious health problem in Brazil. The aim of this study was to investigate acute samples (up to the 7 days of symptoms) from patients presenting acute fever syndrome suspected as arboviral infection and characterize the clinical and laboratorial profile during the co-circulation of dengue, zika and chikungunya in Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul (MS), midwest region of Brazil.

Methods: All suspected cases (n=134) were tested by using serological and molecular diagnostic tests including DENV, ZIKV and CHIKV RT-PCR, Dengue nonstructural protein 1 (NS1) antigen capture ELISA, anti- DENV IgM ELISA and anti-CHIKV IgM ELISA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/currents.outbreaks.0bf6aeb4d30824de63c4d5d745b217f5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5843488PMC
February 2018
12 Reads

Adenovirus-associated acute conjunctivitis in Beijing, China, 2011-2013.

BMC Infect Dis 2018 03 20;18(1):135. Epub 2018 Mar 20.

Beijing Center for Disease Prevention and Control, No.16, Hepingli Middle Road, Beijing, 100013, People's Republic of China.

Background: Human adenovirus (HAdV)-associated acute conjunctivitis is a common infectious disease and causes significant morbidity among residents in Beijing, China. However, little is known about the epidemiology and type distribution of acute adenoviral conjunctivitis in Beijing.

Methods: Acute conjunctivitis surveillance was conducted in 18 hospitals in Beijing from July through October during 2011-2013. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-018-3014-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5859447PMC
March 2018
8 Reads
2.610 Impact Factor

Molecular characterization of feline calicivirus variants from multicat household and public animal shelter in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Braz J Microbiol 2018 Oct - Dec;49(4):777-784. Epub 2018 Feb 28.

Universidade Federal Fluminense, Instituto Biomédico, Departamento de Microbiologia e Parasitologia, Niterói, RJ, Brazil.

The aim of this study was to perform the molecular characterization of conserved and variable regions of feline calicivirus capsid genome in order to investigate the molecular diversity of variants in Brazilian cat population. Twenty-six conjunctival samples from cats living in five public short-term animal shelters and three multicat life-long households were analyzed. Fifteen cats had conjunctivitis, three had oral ulceration, eight had respiratory signs (cough, sneeze and nasal discharge) and nine were asymptomatic. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S15178382173080
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjm.2018.01.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6175694PMC
December 2018
9 Reads

Selected mosquito borne illnesses - Zika.

Dis Mon 2018 May 28;64(5):235-245. Epub 2018 Feb 28.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Wellington Regional Medical Center, Blue Health, LLC, Palm Beach County, FL, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.disamonth.2018.01.010DOI Listing
May 2018
2 Reads

Conjunctival transcriptome profiling of Solomon Islanders with active trachoma in the absence of Chlamydia trachomatis infection.

Parasit Vectors 2018 02 21;11(1):104. Epub 2018 Feb 21.

Clinical Research Department, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, WC1E 7HT, UK.

Background: Clinical signs of active (inflammatory) trachoma are found in many children in the Solomon Islands, but the majority of these individuals have no serological evidence of previous infection with Chlamydia trachomatis. In Temotu and Rennell and Bellona provinces, ocular infections with C. trachomatis were seldom detected among children with active trachoma; a similar lack of association was seen between active trachoma and other common bacterial and viral causes of follicular conjunctivitis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-018-2682-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5822555PMC
February 2018
12 Reads

Clinical Age-Specific Seasonal Conjunctivitis Patterns and Their Online Detection in Twitter, Blog, Forum, and Comment Social Media Posts.

Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2018 02;59(2):910-920

Francis I. Proctor Foundation for Research in Ophthalmology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States.

Purpose: We sought to determine whether big data from social media might reveal seasonal trends of conjunctivitis, most forms of which are nonreportable.

Methods: Social media posts (from Twitter, and from online forums and blogs) were classified by age and by conjunctivitis type (allergic or infectious) using Boolean and machine learning methods. Based on spline smoothing, we estimated the circular mean occurrence time (a measure of central tendency for occurrence) and the circular variance (a measure of uniformity of occurrence throughout the year, providing an index of seasonality). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1167/iovs.17-22818DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5815847PMC
February 2018
7 Reads

Development of a Pediatric Ebola Predictive Score, Sierra Leone.

Emerg Infect Dis 2018 02;24(2):311-319

We compared children who were positive for Ebola virus disease (EVD) with those who were negative to derive a pediatric EVD predictor (PEP) score. We collected data on all children <13 years of age admitted to 11 Ebola holding units in Sierra Leone during August 2014-March 2015 and performed multivariable logistic regression. Among 1,054 children, 309 (29%) were EVD positive and 697 (66%) EVD negative, with 48 (5%) missing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2402.171018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5782873PMC
February 2018
24 Reads

Aetiology of neonatal conjunctivitis evaluated in a population-based setting.

Acta Paediatr 2018 May 6;107(5):774-779. Epub 2018 Feb 6.

Department of Children and Adolescents, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland.

Aim: Our aim was to study prospectively the aetiology of neonatal conjunctivitis in a population-based setting.

Methods: Altogether 173 neonates with clinical conjunctivitis aged on average 20 (SD 10) days were recruited from child welfare clinics in Oulu, Finland, in 2010-2015. Conjunctival specimens were collected from 167 neonates for multiplex polymerase chain reaction to detect 16 respiratory viruses, from 163 for polymerase chain reaction to detect Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae and from 160 for bacterial culture studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/apa.14227DOI Listing
May 2018
3 Reads

T cell immunity to Zika virus targets immunodominant epitopes that show cross-reactivity with other Flaviviruses.

Sci Rep 2018 01 12;8(1):672. Epub 2018 Jan 12.

Department of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom.

Zika virus (ZIKV) Infection has several outcomes from asymptomatic exposure to rash, conjunctivitis, Guillain-Barré syndrome or congenital Zika syndrome. Analysis of ZIKV immunity is confounded by the fact that several related Flaviviruses infect humans, including Dengue virus 1-4, West Nile virus and Yellow Fever virus. HLA class II restricted T cell cross-reactivity between ZIKV and other Flaviviruses infection(s) or vaccination may contribute to protection or to enhanced immunopathology. Read More

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-18781-1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-18781-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5766511PMC
January 2018
4 Reads

Infection and Replication of Influenza Virus at the Ocular Surface.

J Virol 2018 04 14;92(7). Epub 2018 Mar 14.

Influenza Division, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

Although influenza viruses typically cause respiratory tract disease, some viruses, particularly those with an H7 hemagglutinin, have been isolated from the eyes of conjunctivitis cases. Previous work has shown that isolates of multiple subtypes from both ocular and respiratory infections are capable of replication in human ocular tissues and corneal or conjunctival cell monolayers, leaving the determinants of ocular tropism unclear. Here, we evaluated the effect of several variables on tropism for ocular cells cultured and examined the potential effect of the tear film on viral infectivity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JVI.02192-17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5972870PMC
April 2018
4 Reads

Role of enhanced receptor engagement in the evolution of a pandemic acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis virus.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2018 01 28;115(2):397-402. Epub 2017 Dec 28.

Virology Division, Department of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, 3584CL Utrecht, The Netherlands;

Acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis (AHC) is a painful, contagious eye disease, with millions of cases in the last decades. Coxsackievirus A24 (CV-A24) was not originally associated with human disease, but in 1970 a pathogenic "variant" (CV-A24v) emerged, which is now the main cause of AHC. Initially, this variant circulated only in Southeast Asia, but it later spread worldwide, accounting for numerous AHC outbreaks and two pandemics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1713284115DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5777043PMC
January 2018
21 Reads

Bilateral disciform keratitis of presumed adenoviral etiology.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2018 01;66(1):132-134

Department of Ophthalmology, Cukurova Dr. Askim Tufekci State Hospital, Adana, Turkey.

Adenoviral conjunctivitis may lead to subepithelial corneal infiltrates as a late complication. Herein, we aim to present a 19-year-old healthy female, who developed bilateral disciform keratitis three weeks after suffering adenoviral conjunctivitis. She presented with widespread subepithelial corneal infiltrates in addition to central corneal edema with white distinct border resembling immune stromal ring, as well as Descemet's folds and keratic precipitates in the central area. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijo.IJO_688_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5778549PMC
January 2018
7 Reads

[The prevalence and risk factors of allergic rhinitis among the children of the preschool age].

Vestn Otorinolaringol 2017;82(6):47-51

Altai State Medical University, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Barnaul, Russia, 656038.

The objective of the present work was to estimate the prevalence and risk factors of the development of allergic rhinitis among the children at the age from 3 to 6 years. The cross-sectional study was carried out in five cities of the Altai region during the period from 2015 to 2016. The prevalence of allergic rhinitis was evaluated with the use of the Russian language version of the ISAAC questionnaire filled up by the parents of the children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/otorino201782647-51DOI Listing
March 2018
1 Read

Costs of Conjunctivitis Outbreak, Réunion Island, France.

Emerg Infect Dis 2018 01;24(1):168-170

During January-April 2015, a major outbreak of conjunctivitis on Réunion Island caused a large public health impact. On the basis of general practitioner consultations, emergency department visits, and eye medication sales during the 13-week epidemic, we estimated a total healthcare cost of €3,341,191 from the outbreak. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2401.170916DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5749441PMC
January 2018
6 Reads

Crystalline lens dislocation secondary to bacterial endogenous endophthalmitis.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2017 Sep 8;7:149-152. Epub 2017 Jul 8.

Department of Ophthalmology, Henry Ford Hospital, 2799 West Grand Blvd, Detroit, MI, United States.

Purpose: To present an unusual case of endogenous endophthalmitis secondary to Group A (GAS) that resulted in dislocation of the crystalline lens.

Observations: An immunocompetent 51-year-old man presented to the emergency room (ER) with upper respiratory infection (URI) symptoms and painful right eye. He was diagnosed with URI and viral conjunctivitis and discharged on oral azithromycin and polytrim eyedrops. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajoc.2017.07.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5722171PMC
September 2017
6 Reads

An outbreak of acute haemorrhagic conjunctivitis associated with coxsackievirus A24 variant in The Gambia, West Africa.

BMC Res Notes 2017 Dec 6;10(1):692. Epub 2017 Dec 6.

Clinical Research Department, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK.

Objective: An outbreak of acute haemorrhagic conjunctivitis occurred in The Gambia, West Africa in 2011. Affected individuals presented with conjunctival haemorrhages, swelling and ocular discharge. In an effort to identify a causative agent of the disease, ocular swabs were taken from patients during the acute and convalescent phases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-017-3007-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5717804PMC
December 2017
4 Reads

Pigeon paramyxovirus type 1 from a fatal human case induces pneumonia in experimentally infected cynomolgus macaques (Macaca fascicularis).

Vet Res 2017 11 21;48(1):80. Epub 2017 Nov 21.

Department of Viroscience, Erasmus University Medical Centre Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Although avian paramyxovirus type 1 is known to cause mild transient conjunctivitis in human beings, there are two recent reports of fatal respiratory disease in immunocompromised human patients infected with the pigeon lineage of the virus (PPMV-1). In order to evaluate the potential of PPMV-1 to cause respiratory tract disease, we inoculated a PPMV-1 isolate (hPPMV-1/Netherlands/579/2003) from an immunocompromised human patient into three healthy cynomolgus macaques (Macaca fascicularis) and examined them by clinical, virological, and pathological assays. In all three macaques, PPMV-1 replication was restricted to the respiratory tract and caused pulmonary consolidation affecting up to 30% of the lung surface. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13567-017-0486-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5697235PMC
November 2017
9 Reads

The tear cytokine profile in patients with active Graves' orbitopathy.

Endocrine 2018 02 16;59(2):402-409. Epub 2017 Nov 16.

Singapore National Eye Centre, Singapore, Singapore.

Purpose: The primary aim of this study is to isolate cytokines specific for active Graves' orbitopathy (GO) in the tears of affected patients. The secondary aim is to identify other cytokines of interest and to look at the profile of their levels over time.

Methods: This is a prospective pilot study conducted at the Singapore National Eye Centre. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12020-017-1467-2DOI Listing
February 2018
1 Read