Identification, Associated Factors, and Prognosis of Symptom Clusters in Taiwanese Patients With Heart Failure.
J Nurs Res 2017 Feb 17. Epub 2017 Feb 17.
1RN, PhD, Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, Taoyuan, Taiwan, ROC 2RN, PhD, FAAN, Professor, College of Nursing, University of Kentucky, Lexington, USA 3RN, DNSc, Chair Professor, Department of Nursing, Asia University, Taichung, Taiwan, ROC.
Background: Patients with heart failure (HF) have multiple distressing symptoms that are associated with poor outcomes. These symptoms do not occur in isolation from each other but likely occur as discrete clusters that may prove helpful to clinicians trying to counsel patients about symptom monitoring and management. Defining common symptom clusters and determining the associations between symptom clusters and outcomes may improve patient management. Read More